Unfortunately for humanity, the Library was destroyed. Although almost all of its precious data was lost its objectives and values survived, and were carried and re-installed few centuries later in Europ during the Renaissance movement in the 14th century, descended by the European Enlightenment of the 16th and 17th centuries Alexandria is the first city where a ‘necropolis’ – a city of the dead- is mentioned. By this term Diodorus attempted to describe the unusual nature of Alexandrian cemeteries - which had no parallel in the world, for either size, monumentality or function – as a meeting point between the worlds of the living and the dead. The burial customs from the hellenistic time to the roman, reflect all the cross-cultural experience in Roman socio-political context. The next chapter deals with the legend of Alexander in the tradition, in the islamic world, and to todays symbolisms. Processions are a diachronic common aspect in a wide variety of ceremonies in the Mediterranean. As a collective ritual we can recognize it in sporadic and regular religious feasts. The processions, are wide spread in the Mediterranean world, and are a quite recognisable collective action. It has survived in all religions and cults, in all times, and has many different purposes, kinds, forms.
The last section is an overview of the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine public baths in Egypt exploring the diachronic role of their public aspect in the Mediterranean. Bathing is a relaxing enjoyable act in Hellenistic – Roman Egypt that continued to the Arab era until today. The culture of bathing is a great evidence of interaction between Greece and Egypt in the daily life-style. There is no doubt that Greek made an evolution of the bathing style that in some cases was related to religious attitude. The ideas of purification and knowledge, joy and pleasure were attested in many different texts and archaeological evidence. Bath was in many cases related to prostitution especially in the Roman and Late Roman period, a common habit in all ports around the Mediterranean. The epilogue describes the cosmopolitan society of Alexandreia in the 19thc. and the works done at that time, always consorted with the cultural heritage of the city.
Project Partner 3, Yarmouk University (Jordan) The monuments that testify the roman influence are numerous in Jordan, too. Among others are described in the present study the cities in the Decapolis region which did not resemble each other
Published on Feb 12, 2014