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scare even the evil eye. The circular dances symbolize the human effort for good fortune and protection from evil. The phallic symbol was also used against evil. They would often call experts to exorcise the evil from their homes. They used sulfur or salty water, to spray the house and sacrifices to Zeus. There were days that one should not sow or get married, one should not cross a river without saying prayers or clip the nails when sacrifices were being offered to the gods. Diviners, charmers, charlatans, iatromanteis, farmakomanteis, kathartes and scurrilous predicted the future, interpret dreams, calm or outraged the dead. Serving the rich they were performing their techniques for protection or to cause suffering to anyone whom their customer dictated. Famous were the women of Thessaly, which had a reputation of knowing the secrets of Medea. The Orphics teach the art of stones, drugs, hymns and other arts for the resurrection of the dead. Dionysus is the god of magic as are the deities of the moon, Artemis, Hecate and Persephone. Magic dominates all aspects of everyday life and all classes of people promising wealth, health, fertility, fame, beauty, and every dream that people wish for.

BURIAL CUSTOMS The funeral rites were "prothesis" "ekfora" and "perideipno." The women were preparing the body for the “prothesis” of the deceased; they washed it, anoint it with oil, dressed and adorned it with flowers and jewelry. Prothesis lasted one day and served the purpose of the last farewell and grieving for the deceased. The "ekfora" was the transfer the deceased from the house to the grave. It was taking place before the sunrise at the third day after the death. In "perideipno" the meal after the funeral, friends and relatives assembled at home. The tomb was adorned with ribbons and wreaths, and "Melikraton", a mixture of honey, milk and wine was poured over it. Pottery was broken and sacrifices were made. A number of ceremonies during the year were dedicated to the memory of the dead person such as the “Genesia” (the birthday of the dead), the Nemesia, the Nekysia (the time from the date of death), the Epitafia, the Allatheades, the Orea, the Apofrades, the Miarai Hmerai, the Anthestiria and the Eniafsia. The funeral ceremonies were sacred and it was a curse for someone to be left unburied. Unburied were left the suicides, the traitors, the sacrilegious and those stricken by lightning. The relatives of the dead did not participate in entertainments, removed their ornaments and wore black. They cut their hair and threw it on the coffin or in the fire if it was a burning. There were visits to the grave with deposition of flowers wreaths and fabric strips and these are patterns that reflect the perception of death and the dead.


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project