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8. Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής,(in greek, Dictionary of Modern Greek Language) Ίδρυμα Τριανταφυλλίδη, 1999

MORALS AND CUSTOMS

INTRODUCTION The morals and customs are the habits of a social group maintained by tradition that regulate the activities of this group. They are actions found between customs and the law. The wide variety of morals and customs is attributed to the varying degree of evolution of the societies. They help maintain the character of each society. Their laws, often unrecorded, are enforced upon the individuals, because non-compliance leads to general disapproval and social isolation of the offender. They are passed among generations by means of language and religion. They can be classified into social and religious. This separation cannot be absolute since some customs belong to both categories. The social customs regulate the relations between persons belonging to a particular society, place and time. They are associated with the law because they incorporate the consciousness and the perception of people for a given time period. The morals are the consensus behavioral patterns that change over time; they vary from place to place and reflect the current ethics of a society. The customs incorporate the key feature of repetition and the ritual. These are the marriage, birth and baptism, the celebration, the strong belief in the supernatural forces, the spell or the evil eye is the negative energy that can affect people, animals and objects. Democritus, Plutarch and Aristotle tried to explain this widespread phenomenon. Demosthenes says that the spell causes a failure of effort and suffering. The death rituals are customs conserved and revived from antiquity to the present day. The social characteristics of the Hellenistic period are: The introduction of new eastern deities. All the old cults continue to exist, at the same time, however, new, Eastern cults spread with most characteristic phenomenon the worship of the personal welfare of the kings and other prominent political figures. Kings from the Hellenistic kingdoms of the East were also participating. The organizing city used to send messengers “spondoforous” to invite them to the festivities. From 3 rd century BC the first unions appeared "the Dionysian artists» (Dionysian Technites), undertaking to staff the musical and dramatic events and contribute to the success of the festivities. The number of

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Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
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