misfortunes nor jealousy at home; but towards the close of their lives are both of them said to have incurred great odium with their countrymen, if, that is, we may take the stories least like poetry as our guide to the truth”. Its aim is the moral education of his contemporaries through the presentation of prominent people, because he believes that the interaction with great men of the past even with those who are negative examples, affects the human character. "It is not histories I am writing, but lives; and in the most glorious deeds there is not always an indication of virtue or vice, indeed a small thing like a phrase or a jest often makes a greater revelation of a character than battles where thousands die." Plutarch (Life of Alexander/Life of Julius Caesar, Parallel Lives, [tr. E.L. Bowie]) His work is not distinguished by the diligence and accuracy of the real historian. There are many mistakes of names, places and chronologies. Sometimes there is manipulation of the events. The lively narration though, the charming anecdotes and the wisely comments do not allow the reader to understand the above flaws. Plutarch succeeded with his work in one hand, through the allegory of the Romans and Greeks to put forth to the world conqueror Rome the Greek splendor, recalling the intensity and extent of the tradition that stemmed from conquered Greece and secondly, to propose the coupling of the two worlds as of equal merit for the civilization. His work was particularly popular in the Western world since the 15th century onwards. Rousseau, Frederick II the Great of Prussia, Beethoven and Goethe were avid fans of him. Shakespeare consulted him for many of his works and particularly in that of Brutus. Napoleon was carrying his work always with him. Even today his work belongs in the group of best read ancient writers.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Εγκυκλοπαίδεια Πάπυρος Larousse Britannica, (in greek Encyclopedia Papyrus Larousse Britannica ), τ.48, σελ. 275-276 Easterling, P.E. -. Knox, B.M.W, Η Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Λογοτεχνίας, (The History of Ancient Greek Literature) Αθήνα 2000, Εκδόσεις Δημ. Παπαδήμα, σελ. 869-874 Will Durant, Παγκόσμιος Ιστορία του Πολιτισμού, (in greek History of World Civilization), τ. Γ’, σελ. 563-568.