him the rights of a Roman citizen as well as his name, Flavius. He begins to deal with history after settling in Athens, while he is going through the sixth decade of his life. There, at the homeland of Xenophon, he indulges in the works of the historian whom he sets as an example. To Arrian Xenophon becomes a literary standard and an ideal of life. Unlike the great historians Thucydides and Xenophon, Arrian was based primarily on written sources (Nearchus, Megastheni, Eratosthenes), and sometimes autopsy. His best and most important work, rescued in full including an Annex the Indian, is "Alexander's Anabasis." It consists of seven books written in the Attic dialect and uses the work of Xenophon's "Cyrus Anabasis" as a model. The books do not only describe the expedition of Alexander the Great against Persia, but they also lay out the entire history along with the key elements. Arrian thought that the feats of the Macedon commander were works of fate, and that no one ever pursued projects greater than this.
He described Alexander as: â€œ[T]he strong, handsome commander with one eye dark as the night and one blue as the skyâ€?. However, Arrian lacked political thought, so his attitude towards the conquests of Alexander was the attitude of the Greeks against the barbarians. Errors, omissions and defects limit the historical value of this project and highlight his mediocrity as a researcher. In response to criticism, Arrian had this to say about his work: "No matter who I am that makes this claim. I need not declare my name- though it is by no mean unheard of in the world; I need not specify my country and family, or any official position I may have