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Top Tips For Feline Hygiene Remembering Dogs That Served America Discover the World of the Miniature Horse Dairy Cow Receives A Pardon

Southern NH & VT Mud Season 2020

Inside this issue of 4 Legs & a Tail 2. Windham County Humane Society Announces Expansion

The Brattleboro shelter is looking for your help to move full steam ahead


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4. A New Model For Animal Welfare – Socially Conscious Sheltering Kathy Collinsworth A look at how the Monadnock Humane Society ensures the best outcome for pets and animals

6. Therapeutic Riding Organization Grows in the Keene Area Ruth Goldstein 7. The Four-Legged Friends Behind the Co-op’s Products: Rico of Archway Farm Jen Risley Meet Rico and his new life on a New Hampshire farm 8. Small But Mighty: Discover the World of the Miniature Horse Jennifer Roberts-Keating

10. Issues with Static Cling?, Dorothy Crosby How to have a better bond with your horse

12. Dairy Cow Receives Pardon As Yet Another New England Dairy Farm Shuts Their Doors Tomten Farm and Sanctuary commit

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to keeping a special milk cow from going to slaughter and she finds herself living the life of Riley. 13. Adoption Desiree Diamadis How one Jack Russell found her forever home 1 5. Bringing Home a New Friend Maria Karunungan Tips to acclimate your new pet to their new home

16. Shelter Dog Beer Can Campaign Helps Reunite Missing Dog with Owner A Florida brewery that recently began placing shelter dogs’ faces on beer cans helped reunite a Minnesota woman with her dog 17. You Might Want to Retract That! Cathy White You see them everywhere. Canines of all shapes and sizes sporting flexi-leads (a.k.a. retractable leashes). But should they be? 1 8. But I Read it Online! Scott Borthwick Some of the wacky web "solutions" dealing with pet issues

19. Service Animals and More! service and therapy dogs

Eileen M. Wolfe, DVM

The differences between

20. Tips to Safeguard Yourself, Family, Pets, and Property from the Spring Tick Invasion 22. Top Tips For Feline Hygiene 24. When Things Go Wrong, Sometimes They Go Really Wrong, Part 3 Sandra Waugh, VMD, MS 26. Memorial Day: Remembering All Who Have Served, Including Military Dogs Kate Kelly 28. Have Some 4 Legs & a Tail Fun! 4 Legs & a Tail Volume K.120 P.O. Box 841 Lebanon, NH 03766 603-727-9214 KarynS.4LT@gmail.com Spring 2020

Publishers: Tim Goodwin, Tim Hoehn Sales Manager: Karyn Swett Graphic Design: Kristin Wolff

Pg. 22 If you have a tale about a tail or a photo that will make us smile, we’d like to hear from you. 4 Legs & a Tail is published quarterly and distributed free of charge throughout Southern NH & VT. 4 Legs & a Tail, Inc. is locally owned and operated and acts as a moderator without approving, disapproving or guaranteeing the validity or accuracy of any data or claim. Any reproduction in whole or part is prohibited.

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Windham County Humane Society Announces Expansion


he Windham County Humane Society (WCHS) has announced an expansion project which will double the size of the existing building and provide a greater level of care for animals and pet owners. The original building, constructed in 2000, was adequate when the society was helping 300 homeless animals a year, but the WCHS now helps over 1,700 owned and unowned animals every year within the same space. Over the years, the shelter has seen an ever-increasing demand for supportive programs and preventative services that help to create brighter futures for animals and the people that love them. Founded in 1887 the WCHS has been serving pets and people for over 130 years. The mission of the organization is to ensure the safety and well-being of animals and enhance the relationship between individuals and pets. WCHS supports the human-animal bond through traditional adoptions services, bringing the unconditional love of animals to over 750 families each year, and through their progressive Pet Care Assistance Program. The WCHS is the only shelter in Vermont offering affordable wellness care to help address financial hardships faced by many

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pet owners, keeping families together and preventing animal suffering and neglect. In 2019, the Pet Care Assistance program provided health care services including dentals, surgeries, medications, parasite prevention, blood tests and prescription food. The program administered 857 vaccines and spayed and neutered 323 cats, 88 dogs and 15 rabbits. “The work that WCHS is doing to support families and their animals is critical to the health and happiness of this community. As both a business man and a lifelong dog lover, it is an honor to support this dedicated organization” said community member and shelter supporter, Joe Little, President of Park Place Financial Advisors. The WCHS transport program saves the lives of animals facing euthanasia in overcrowded shelters in the south. Last year, 213 dogs and 165 cats were transported to WCHS to find their new homes. “Dogs come largely from the deep south” said Executive Director Annie Guion, “while cats come from all over, including other shelters in Vermont where overpopulation is still a problem.” The shelter developed the transport program to both save the lives of adoptable animals and to

meet the demand in southern Vermont for furry family members. The expansion includes state of the art surgical & exam spaces, as well as vastly improved housing for dogs, cats and other small animals. It will enhance disease control measures, so that animals recovering from illness or injury can be isolated from healthy, adoptable animals as they wait for their new homes. The new addition will add an entrance so that animals entering the building as strays or owner surrenders are kept separate from animals who are ready for adoption. The intake entrance will also provide the privacy that grief-stricken families who are surrendering a family pet deserve. Phase one of the project is to build the addition at a cost of 1.95 million. WCHS has already raised over 1 million towards that goal. Now the WCHS seeks the support of the general public to raise the additional $800,000 needed to break ground on the project. Once the addition is started, fundraising will continue to raise the 1 million needed to renovate the existing facility. “We are extremely grateful to be part of such a caring and generous community whose support makes our innovative programs possible. We are really excited to expand our level of care for animals and their families throughout Windham County and beyond, now and for many years to come”, said Guion. There are a number of ways that you can help support the Campaign. Visit the “Building Our Future” page on the website at www.windhamcountyhumane.org to learn more about the project. Donations can be mailed to WCHS, Attn: Capital Campaign, P.O. Box 397, Brattleboro, VT 05302 or you can make a donation online through the website. Three -year pledges can be paid out over time by signing up online for a recurring monthly donation. The WCHS can also accept gifts of stock or securities. All gifts towards the campaign are tax deductible. For more information about the Humane Society’s programs, please call 802-254-2232 or email John O’Farrell, Director of Development at john@windhamcountyhumane.org. Together we can build brighter futures for people and animals in need, each and every day.

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Socially Conscious Sheltering Kathy Collinsworth - Executive Director of Monadnock Humane Society


or over 145 years, Monadnock Humane Society has served the Monadnock region by providing compassionate care and aid to animals and people. The citizens who joined together in 1875 to form the Keene Humane Society did so because they recognized that cruelty is the enemy of civilization and they wanted to alleviate suffering. They could not have imagined that their efforts would be continued and even expanded by equally passionate citizens and reverberate well into the 21st Century. The animal welfare field has changed drastically since then, but even so - compassion has always been at the heart of the work done by MHS. In the past ten years and we continue to see new trends and models developing. One model that we are most aligned with and have officially signed onto to show our commitment to ensure that our animals have the best outcomes is the “Socially Conscious Sheltering” model.

Here are some of the highlights of what it means to be a Socially Conscious Shelter and how MHS is assimilating and adopting those standards:

A Socially Conscious Shelter… …ensures that every unwanted or homeless pet has a safe place to go for shelter and care. At MHS, we serve 44 towns and are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and 365 days a year to meet this need. And, as an open adoption facility, we will never turn away any unwanted pets. …assesses the medical and behavioral needs of homeless animals and ensuring these needs are thoughtfully addressed. At MHS, we ensure that pets within the shelter are receiving timely and appropriate veterinary care and that the mental health needs of animals housed in a shelter are understood. Enrichment is provided, including toys, exercise, space, elevated perching areas, hiding places, and behavioral training.

…places every healthy and safe animal. At MHS, healthy is defined as a good or excellent prognosis for a comfortable life. Safe means that the animal has not exhibited behavior that is likely to result in severe injury or death to another animal or person. If a euthanasia decision needs to be made, it is never made based on how long a pet has been at the shelter or the number of cages.

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…aligns shelter policy with the needs of the community. We are committed to communicating directly and intentionally with members of the community and other organizations we serve to ensure that we are meeting unmet needs. We feel we are an integral part of the community and understand that we have to remain fluid and adapt as the conversations change. Services such as the Animal Spring 2020

Safety Net, emergency boarding, a pet food pantry, rabies vaccination/microchipping clinics, low-cost feline spay/ neuter clinics are a few of the many services and programs we currently offer and will continue to build on.

Monadnock Humane Society receives no state or federal funding, and is not affiliated with other national or international humane organizations such as the HSUS or ASPCA – we rely on the generosity of the community for support. We are excited about the changes we see down …alleviates suffering and make the road and are thankful to be going on appropriate euthanasia decisions. At this journey together with you. MHS, each decision is made with all of For more information the available information regarding an about MHS, visit our website at animal, both historically and through www.monadnockhumanesociety.org . individual evaluation. If an animal sufTo read more about the Socially fers from a disease or injury that cannot Conscious Sheltering model, visit the be addressed with reasonable intervenwebsite at http://scsheltering.org/ tion, then euthanasia may be appropriate. These are very similar to the decisions made by pet owners for their beloved pets at the end of the pet’s life. …enhances the human-animal bond through safe placements and post-adoption support. At MHS, our staff works hard to understand the lifestyle of the adopter and the needs and traits of the pet to make the best match possible. If for any reason, the match doesn’t work out we will always take the animal back. As part of our on-going support we do a post-adoption call, provide discounted training, rabies vaccinations, microchip/ lost pet assistance, and have staff available to answer questions regarding an adopted pet’s care. This is to ensure a successful future for the pet and owner. …considers the health, wellness, and safety of animals for each community when transferring animals between communities. Moving dogs and cats from communities that do not have homes available for them to our community where people are actively seeking pets saves lives. At MHS, we ensure that communities are supported to work toward solving pet overpopulation and as we move animals we help educate and support the overpopulated area about the care of pets. …reduces, manages and discloses risks for animals and people in the community that receives the animal(s). At MHS, we understand any infectious disease risks that might be brought into our area and proactively manage these risks. (Heartworm disease is a good example). We do so through careful medical diagnosis and quarantine management with a highly-trained staff and veterinary team. As we adopt and expand on these principles, and evolve to meet the needs of our community we realize how fortunate we are to live in a region that understands and supports the work we do. It’s because of you that we can accomplish so much. Spring 2020

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Therapeutic Riding Organization Grows in the Keene Area

Volunteers: Amanda Hiltz (Marlborough, NH) and Christelle Gonzales (Keene, NH) Rider: Zeke Racano of Keene

Ruth Goldstein - True Hope Therapeutic Horsemanship


ave you ever felt the joy of connecting with a horse, on the ground or in the saddle? Have you ever watched a scattered, frantic, or withdrawn child focus on a horse with intensity and gentleness? These are some of the feelings we want to bring to all children and adults, regardless of physical, emotional, or mental challenges or financial status. True Hope Therapeutic Horsemanship is a NH non-profit organization dedicated to helping humans and horses find the therapeutic benefits of riding while promoting the ethical use of equines. We offer lessons to children and adults who are living with one or more physical, cognitive, emotional, social, or behavioral challenges. These can include learning disabilities, PTSD, ADHD, autism, trisomy 23, epilepsy and more. True Hope also allows parent-identified, self-identified, or school-identified challenges such as mild anxiety, mild depression, and mild behavioral issues. True Hope Therapeutic Horsemanship was founded in 2018 after a prominent local therapeutic riding organization, Miracles in Motion, closed its doors in 2017. Our board members and instructor are horse owners, special education advocates, and past Miracles in Motion teachers and volunteers. We all have a passion for horses and the benefits that come from the therapeutic bond between horses and their riders. With Jayce Howard Marlborough, NH

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activity sites in Troy and Westmoreland, True Hope is also always looking we primarily serve Cheshire County, NH. for new volunteers. Therapeutic riding Wh at is t herapeut ic r id ing? lessons require a lot of hands-on peopleTherapeutic or adaptive riding provides power. Each lesson generally requires a horseback riding lessons for individuals leader whose job it is to help groom, tack, with special needs. Therapeutic riding is and lead the horse. The leader is responsitaught by experienced instructors who ble for the safety and motion of the horse have received specialized training and in the ring. The lessons also often require are certified to work with 1-2 side-walkers who make students with disabilities. sure the rider is balanced These instructors adapt their Cheyenne Smith and safe in the saddle. No teaching style, the environ- Marlow, NH experience is necessary. We ment and/or equipment to offer new-volunteer training facilitate the acquisition of every month where you will riding skills and participate learn everything you need to in an enjoyable and transforknow to participate in this fulfilling opportunity. mative activity. This spring will be a busy What are the benefits and exciting time for us. of therapeutic riding? We are opening our newest Therapeutic or adaptive riding positively impacts the cogni- activity site at Merry Meadow Farm in tive, physical, emotional and social Westmoreland, NH. We feel very lucky wellbeing of individuals with special to have the use of this wonderful facility. needs. Physically, the rhythmic motion Working with Merry Meadow Farm will of a horse’s gait can mimic the natural allow us to serve additional participants human gait and can improve muscle in the western part of Cheshire County. strength, balance, coordination, and We are also thrilled to be offering an unf lexibility. Cognitively, therapeutic mounted equine life-skills development horsemanship is shown to improve program with Emily Aho at the Newfocus, memory, planning, judgment foundland Pony Conservancy Center in ability, and problem-solving skills. Jaffrey NH. Stayed tuned for more details Emotionally, the interaction and con- on this partnership in future issues. nection between a horse and a human For more info on participating in our can help to develop a sense of empathy, a programs or volunteering with True Hope sense of empowerment, increasing sense Therapeutic Horsemanship, go to www. of trust, and increase in self-confidence TrueHopeTH.org or contact Becki at inforand self-esteem. mation@TruehopeTH.org or 603-757-2808. Recently the mom of one of True Hope’s You can also follow us on Facebook for weekly riders said, ” My daughter looks forward posts and updates at https://www.facebook. to her lesson each week. Her teacher is com/truehopetherapeutichorsemanship/ so caring and understanding. This has been great therapy for her as she faced a Ruth began volunteering and riding at traumatic situation no child should ever Miracles in Motion in 2014. She has always go through. It has given her confidence loved horses, and she says that “As I’ve that she can do it.” gotten older I’ve appreciated more True Hope is accepting new riders as and more the healing and grounding we move into our Spring and Summer power of spending time in the company sessions. Sessions are 6 weeks long and of these amazing creatures.” Ruth will be offered at our 2 activity sites in began volunteering with True Hope in Troy and Westmoreland. Please note that 2018 and became a board member in we do have scholarship funds available the Spring of 2019. For her day job, she through The Penny Clarke Miracles in works at Cheshire Medical Center as the Motion Scholarship. outpatient registered dietitian. Spring 2020

The Four-Legged Friends Behind the Co-op’s Products:

Rico of Archway Farm


Jen Risley - Keene, NH

love shining a light on all the farmers and producers who provide a bounty of local food and locally made products to our community. In this article, however, I move the spotlight over and down, from the business person to their four-legged friends -- the working dogs, cats, and other animals who also make these local products possible. Our next Four-Legged Farm Friend article highlights Rico, a 2-year old Sato dog from Archway Farm in Keene, NH (a Sato dog is a slang term for a mixed breed dog). Mark Florenz owns and operates Archway Farm, a small-scale farrow-to-finish pastured pig farm. “Rico is a rescue dog from Puerto Rico, hence his name,” shares Mark. “Though strangely there is some debate in our family about how to spell his name.” Rico traveled from Puerto Rico to New Hampshire via Sterling Animal Shelter in Sterling, MA. “We specifically looked for a dog that didn’t have any herding instinct,” said Mark. “A poorly trained herding dog can upset or hurt livestock, and I knew I didn’t have the time or skills to do that training. Some people can train dogs to herd pigs, but that is a lot more challenging than herding sheep or cows. Every type of livestock has its own way of moving.”

On a typical day, Rico loves to ‘help’ Mark with the morning chores. “He likes anything that involves piglets, as they are fun to lick and play with,” adds Mark. “He has figured out how to get into one of our winter pig loafing areas and will periodically go in and visit the pigs, and see if there is anything tasty to eat. During the summer he is deathly afraid of the electric fence, so generally won’t get anywhere near the pigs.” When you visit Archway Farm’s store you may be lucky enough to get a hello from Rico. “He loves to greet farm visitors, sometimes a little too much for his own good,” laments Mark. Learn more about Archway Farm at www.archway.farm. Also, be sure to pick up a package of their Animal Welfare Approved pork the next time you shop at the co-op.

Know of a farm animal I should highlight in a future article? I’d love to hear from you! Please email me at marketing@monadnockfood.coop. Spring 2020

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Photos courtesy of Frost Hill Miniature Horses

Small but MIGHTY:

Discover the World of the Miniature Horse


rom the massive draft horse to the diminutive Miniature Horse, horses and ponies come in all shapes and sizes! What the smallest members of the equine family lack in size, they make up for in big personalities. Many of our customers have jumped into the world of raising and showing Miniature Horses. In this blog, we explore the world of Miniature Horses and take a look into what makes them so special. Introducing the Mini Miniature Horses are perfectly proportioned, sizeddown versions of their larger full-sized equine counterparts. Due to over 400 years of selective breeding, a fullgrown Miniature Horse will measure in height no larger than 34” at the last hairs of the mane and will weigh an average of 225 to 350 pounds, with the range, largely depending on their sex, build, and conditioning level. They come in a wide array of common and unusual coat colors, including cremello, champagne, perlino, silver bay, and grulla, and patterns such as pinto, appaloosa, and pintaloosa. In 1978, the American Miniature Horse Association (AMHA) was developed to promote the breed and create a permanent registry for these very small equines (VSEs). They also sanction a complete circuit of shows where Miniature Horses compete against each other in a variety of classes and divisions. 8 4 Legs & a Tail

For Karen Rudolph, the owner of Frost Hill Farm Miniature Horses in Hampstead, NH, the progression from full-sized horses to their miniature counterparts was a natural one. “I’ve had horses my whole life. As a youth, I showed in the hunter ring and at American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) shows,” explains Karen. She had always been fascinated with “little” horses, so there was always a token little horse on their farm. As an adult and a horse show mom to her daughters, Karen became more enamored with miniatures, obsessing over magazines and websites. Eventually, her daughters convinced her to take the plunge, with Karen purchasing her first show quality miniature in 2002. Then in 2006, Karen entered the show ring with her minis and the rest, as they say, is history. Now Karen’s farm is exclusively miniatures, except for a token large pony/lawn ornament that she rescued from a kill pen. These small but mighty horses are quite easy to maintain and are considerably less expensive to keep in comparison to full-size horses. “I am drawn to their huge personalities,” exclaims Karen. “I enjoy the grooming and the prep time involved with showing them. Minis tend to grow hair yearround, so they need to be body clipped before every show.” An Activity for Everyone Miniature Horses and their owners can take part in numerous equine sports and activities.

Not only are they loveable equine companions and pets, but they are also highly versatile in and out of the show ring. The AMHA horse shows feature a large number of different classes, with miniatures competing in halter, in-hand hunter/ jumper, obstacle, showmanship, single pleasure driving, country pleasure driving, roadster, multi-hitch driving, liberty, and the costume division. Miniature Horses are also frequently seen at open shows and 4-H shows competing both in-hand and in harness classes. Showing her minis is one of Karen’s favorite experiences. “I love to show them! I show my herd in halter as youngsters and then driving and performance classes as they mature,” she explains. “My biggest accomplishment was having one of my homebred miniatures win AMHA Regional Grand Champion Gelding then go on to become a three-time World Champion as well. I have also owned many great Miniature Horses bred by other farms, many are multi World/ National Champions now and one was World Grand Champion Amateur Junior Mare in 2019.” Due to their small size and understanding nature, they also make excellent leadline horses and help teach many young equestrians the ropes. The AMHA recommends that miniatures should only be mounts for riders under 70 pounds. At The Cheshire Horse, we carry Miniature Horse tack that is specifically sized for riding minis under saddle plus all the supplies to help care for them on a smaller size scale. Karen also has a few minis that are used as therapy horses. “I also love to share my little horses with others,” she explains. “I enjoy visiting nursing homes and assisted living facilities. Watching the horses interact with the elderly residents is probably the most rewarding part of these little horses.” Due to their size and affectionate personalities, many people find them friendly and unthreatening, making them a wonderful introduction to horses benefiting people of all ages. Miniature Horses are an active part of many equine-assisted therapy

programs. Karen also brings a few of her miniatures (dressed in costume!) to unicorn parties, which have made her granddaughters’ dreams come true. Words of Wisdom Miniatures Horses are an exciting and fun addition to any horse lover’s life, however, it is important that new mini owners take the time to educate themselves about the new members of their family. “Some people jump into Miniature Horse ownership without the proper knowledge to own them,” remarks Karen. “They are still horses - not dogs.” Due to their small size, minis require an exactly measured diet; slightly too much feed or too little can be extremely dangerous leading to serious health problems. In the winter, miniatures can get extremely heavy coats; they can easily get too thin and hide it under thick winter fur. Just as with full-sized horses, it is suggested that new miniature owners seek the oversight and teachings of a knowledgeable equestrian. When given the proper care and attention, your Miniature Horse will quickly become an equine companion that will live for 20-30 years. But, be prepared to be engulfed by Miniature Horses… as Karen tells us, “Miniature Horses are like potato chips, you can’t have just one!” At The Cheshire Horse, we have everything that you need to properly care for your Miniature Horses. If you have any questions about the Miniature Horse tack and equipment that we carry or would like assistance choosing the best grain for your Miniature Horse, we invite you to speak to a member of our friendly and experienced sales staff.

Spring 2020

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Issues with Static Cling? Dorothy Crosby - Stoddard, NH


ave you ever been driving down the road with the radio on when your longtime favorite song comes on? You know this song so well – music, lyrics, rests, all of it – that you could sing it without the accompaniment of the group featured on the radio! But you want to listen, sing along, and enjoy the entire experience. Only, just as the verses begin, the static does too. You try and tune it in, but to no avail. Every now and then the sound

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returns, clear as could be – only to disappear again. You are so tuned in you are in the right place and never miss a beat! But it’s not the same, quite frustrating, and changes your mood. This must be how our horses feel when we attempt to communicate something or initiate a request when we are not right on”. It may be something they know well, but our attempts get mumbled in our feeble and incomplete attempts to explain the request. Sometimes they don’t understand because they don’t know this maneuver or instruction well enough yet; they attempt to guess at it’s meaning but fall short of what we were hoping for. Either way, the static in the background, emanating from our excessive movement, too strongly applied aids, or uncoordinated translation of the information leads to frustration on their part – and even more so, on ours! It’s like you’re singing your heart out, but the music comes and goes and can’t be heard amidst the static interference! Developing an independent seat and hands – something we all hear of often – is crucial to solid, soft, and clear communication. Clear intent, coined by Sally Swift as important to communicating our every meaning, is another significant piece: say what you mean, and mean what you say! Knowing the correct application of our aids is certainly important. Our “use of

self”, a central piece from Sally Swift’s Centered Riding®, emphasizes that how we use our bodies to make this exercise easier for the horse so we “get out of his way” is what allows it to happen. It sounds overwhelming and impossible – but with some diligence, understanding and effort can be quite attainable. First, we need to know that any time we learn something new it has to get into muscle memory first. It takes around 1,000 repetitions for this to happen. You don’t have to ride 1,000 times, just repeat it that many. For example, if you are learning to post, think about how many times you will post just going around your arena once; within a few rides, you can solidify this skill to a decent level, though it will always welcome improvement throughout your riding career. Also, significant to know is that, regardless of your age or experience, the new expertise has to come from your gross motor skills first; they do not discriminate. That is, fine motor skills don’t kick in until the gross motor skills learn it first. Therefore, all those initial movements are big and awkward and seem to take way more effort at first. Because that’s real. Then, when you’ve accomplished a good level of competency, the movements get smaller, more refined, and more controlled – and more effortless, and easier to carry out. Consider something you already do quite well (a circle or shoulder-in, or a transition, perhaps?) and remember back to when you were learning it. Now picture our horses trying to interpret our attempts to give instructions or communicate information; do we make it easier or more difficult for them to comply? Often, I hear riders say they “only” want to (insert fun activity here). The technical/ precision piece doesn’t matter; it’s all about the fun. Fun, yes, for sure! But many want to dance with their horses; they want the bond, the relationship, and the fun! Rather than an activity, they do together, the goal of many riders is a partnership experience in whatever they share with their horse. Spring 2020

I am certainly not saying any of us can attain perfection. I know I am not even close (ask the horses I ride; oh wait, you can just watch them and see how often they do it perfectly…). But for him/her to understand and do their best, I have to be soft and clear and do my best – and get rid of the static cling! It’s only fair. It’s a constant conversation if we are working together; if I expect them to understand, then I have to work on how I communicate, as in any close relationship. So, isn’t it my responsibility to get rid of the static to make this easier and more fun for both of us? Only then we can be a real team. An amazing team! And make that beautiful music together… Owner of Equi-librium and based in Stoddard NH, Dorothy Crosby is certified as both a Level III Centered Riding®Clinician/Instructor and CHA English and Western Instructor.  Director of the Riding Program and Barn Manager at Southmowing Stables in Guilford VT, she loves working with riders and horses of all ages and abilities. Recently certified with Conformation Balancing, a program for fascia release in horses, Dorothy loves the softening and changes in the horses. Dorothy offers clinics, lessons, workshops, and fascia release bodywork sessions both on and off the farm.

Spring 2020

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Dairy Cow Receives Pardon As Yet Another New England Dairy Farm Shuts Their Doors. 

Riley at her new home in Haverhill, NH


omten Farm and Sanctuary commits to keeping a special milk cow from going to slaughter and she finds herself living the life of Riley. Jersey cow, R ipley, has found her “Believe It or Not”. Haverhill, NH - It’s not often one sees an animal sanctuary and a dairy farm team up to save a life but that is just what happened when a struggling New Hampshire dairy farmer chose to gift one of his cows to Tomten Farm and Sanctuary instead of sending her for processing. As one local dairy farmer after another suffers financial losses due to milk prices plummeting below the

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cost of production, traditional family farms throughout New England continue to close at an alarming rate. Both farmers and cows find themselves in trouble as communities find their landscape and neighbors forever changed. Ripley, a 9-year-old Jersey cow, who h a s produc e d over 10 0,0 0 0 pounds and almost 15,000 gallons of milk, was one of the thousands of dairy cows who are finding themselves at risk as barns close their doors once and for all. After years of remaining on the same farm, they are run through herd dispersal sales, shipped to auction or loaded onto trailers to go straight to the processor and be “beefed.” But, lucky for Ripley, she found her “believe it or not” moment thanks to the effort of one small farm, the caring farmer who ow ned her and the generous people who made it possible via their contributions to the 100 % donorfunded and 100% volunteer-staffed, Tomten Farm and Sanctuary. The c ol l ab orat ion b e t we e n Jenifer Vickery of Tomten Farm and Sanctuary and Hal Covert of Peaked Moon Farm presented an opportunity to not only save a special cow but to shed light on the plight of the less than 1500 dairy farms left in

New England and the many animals and humans whose fate will be forever changed by their closing. “It doesn’t have to be ‘us against them’,” says Tomten founder Jenifer Vickery when asked why she would consider teaming up a dairy farmer. “Everyone is on their own journey surviving the best they know-how and we respect that while hoping to do more, be more and give more to animals in need. Raising awareness and promoting compassion for humans and animals is an important part of our mission and directly impacts the future of the animals we love. Without it, there will be nothing left but Big Ag and it will be a significant loss for humans and animals.” In t he c a s e of t he c ow c a l le d Ripley on one ear tag and Riley on another, this act of generosity not only saved her but offered Covert the satisfaction of saving the life of at least one of the spent production cows in his herd who, for several years, has been part of his living as a New England dairy farmer.   Tomten founder Vickery says, “We have no doubt that Ripley will be an ambassador for the remaining dairy cows in New England and help to inspire compassion while c r e at i ng a d e e p e r aw a r e ne s s of small farms, the animals who reside on them and the direction agriculture is heading.”  She, her Board and all who support Tomten Farm and Sanctuary are hopeful that Ripley’s well-deserved pardon will stimulate thought and conversation in New Hampshire and beyond. Ripley resides in Haverhill, NH with 4 other rescued cows where she remains for the rest of her days feeling the sun on her back, the earth beneath her feet and is valued simply for her beautiful presence. Tomten Farm and Sanctuary is a 501(c)(3) dedicated to providing peace, protection, and possibility to animals in need. It is home to 50 + rescued animals, including horses, goats, sheep, donkeys, pigs, cats, rabbits, chickens, geese and ducks. The Sanctuary opens its gates to the public during regularly scheduled RSVP Farm Tours. Their next public tour is June 21st where they welcome all to get up close and personal with the rescues, hear their stories and be touched by the magic and miracle of each life. For more information and to rsvp, TF&S invites all to travel beside them virtually via their very active Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/tomtenfarmandsanctuary/. Spring 2020

Adoption Desiree Diamadis


rowing up we had numerous pets in our family, ranging from your typical dogs and cats to the more exotic birds and rabbits with the occasional frog as well. One pet captured my heart and helped me through my roughest years as a teenager. She was a Jack Russell Terrier / Chihuahua Mix named Ladybug. I connected with her on an incredible level; her ability to sense my emotions led her to always be right there when I needed a friend. We had adopted Ladybug from another family who could no longer keep her, as we had done with all our other pets. As a family, we always felt as if these animals had not been saved by us but had added love to our home when we needed it most. Sadly, Ladybug passed away when she was 13 years old, but memories of her gentle and kind spirit will remain in my heart forever as a reminder of why we need pets in our families just as much as they need us. As I became an adult with a growing family of my own, it came time for us to choose a pet, and of course, adoption was the way we were going to do so. The world had the stars aligned on the day I decided to do some searching and a Jack Russell Terrier / Chihuahua Mix named Ruby popped up on the first page. I emailed the adoption agency the next day with hopes of meeting Ruby. I filled out my application and patiently awaited response from the agency, and the very next day I got a phone call from Ruby’s foster mom. That following Saturday we got the chance to meet her, and it was love at first sight. Ruby immediately connected with me and my family, coming home with us that very day for a trial Spring 2020

period. We knew from the moment she came home with us that she would be part of our family. Born as a stray in North Carolina, Ruby had only been with foster families until we found each other. Since moving in, she has formed an incredible bond with our family and is flourishing. She always greets us at the door when we arrive home with lots of love and is our sidekick wherever we go. Adoption has made both mine and my family’s hearts incredibly full for decades, and that is why I can recommend the process. It’s an opportunity to bring our homeless animals into a loving, stable home while giving us the chance to experience a one of an incomparable kind of love. There are so many pets looking to give love in this world, and our job as humans is to give them the love that they have for us right back. Desiree is an avid dog lover, mom, and wife. She grew up in upstate New York and recently moved to the area. She is a Receptionist at VCA Windham Animal Hospital in Brattleboro, as well as a local business owner. Ruby is the first adoption experience that she has initiated and she plans to continue to adopt in the future!

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Spring 2020


Maria Karunungan - Burlington, VT

welve years ago, I fell in love with a quiet, meek yellow fraidy-dog who had, ironically, been named by his previous owner, “Argonaut” after the bold sailor Jason. I was a volunteer groomer at an animal shelter, and every week when I saw his name was on the bath list, I eagerly sought him out. At first, he had to be carried into the room, because he was too scared to walk. He would crouch down on the bottom of the tub, which I had lined with a soaking towel for comfort, and allow me to gently sponge him with warm lather. It was during the drying and brushing phase that I learned how much he secretly liked petting. He would lean into my hand provided I didn’t suddenly move, and his eyes would soften. He was adorable and I couldn’t stop thinking about him. I realized I was in trouble when I started to actually worry that he would get adopted. It was then I knew I had to put my name in the hat. As it turned out, there weren’t too many takers. Argie was very fearful, and as soon as someone tried to meet him, he would completely lose his bowels. It wasn’t an attractive quality. I was sure, though, that we could figure it out. And I was motivated, because I had fallen in love. As a dog trainer, I am not one of those people who believes in lining everything up perfectly and making sure every groove exactly fits when it comes to matchmaking between dogs and their prospective human guardians. I really do believe that, sometimes you just fall in love and sometimes you make it work. So, here are some tips towards making a new match work for you: • If you’re able to set it up, arrange to stay home for at least a few days, if not a week or two. Working from home, if possible, is a nice way to help your dog transition into your environment and give you time to really get to know your dog and figure out what he or she needs to successfully become a member of your family. Spring 2020

• For your sake, primarily, it’s a good idea to show your dog where the bathroom is outside, before you even enter the house with your dog. Don’t assume your new dog understands where to go. Some dogs pee when they are excited, and some dogs just don’t know what to do in a new place. If a shelter or rescue marked the dog as housetrained, it’s possible the observations were accurate in only one situation. The dog might not be foolproof in another environment or when change is afoot. Always assume your new friend doesn’t know where the bathroom is and show them a good spot. The nice thing about this strategy is if you have a preference (e.g., you’d rather they didn’t pee where you plan to grow your vegetables next spring), you can literally cultivate where their normal toileting spot should be from the very first day. This can be accomplished by taking your dog there and hanging out with him while he does his business, then cheering and giving him a cookie for a job well done in the right place. • Don’t be surprised if, when you bring your dog home, he or she sleeps a lot for the first few days. Dogs who have been in a temporary situation of any kind, however nice that situation might be, are often stressed by change. Sleeping is a sign that they are comfortable. It’s like when you come home from traveling on a business trip and sink into a familiar bed. In your case, the dog’s bed is likely new, or maybe was used by another dog, but it still has that whiff of…. Dare he hope?... home. • Plan to keep your dog on leash at all times when outside or at least safely enclosed with a high wooden fence. Other types of fences may be adequate, but if you plan to let your dog out at some point unsupervised, you should go outside with him every time for the first few weeks. Some dogs climb fences, other dogs look for holes along the bottom, and yet others simply have springs for legs. It may take awhile for your dog to learn the normal sounds and activities in his new neighborhood,

and until he does, it’s possible something he’s not familiar with will spook him and cause him to bolt; or you may discover he is an intrepid adventurer and might be prone to wandering off if you aren’t actively watching. Assume that your dog doesn’t yet know exactly how to be the best member of the family and will need some crafty set-ups to ensure bad habits don’t set in. Hindsight’s always 20-20 and you may learn that your new pal has a proclivity for shoes. Erring on the side of proactive management from the get-go will help your dog “win” from the beginning. Set up a nice cozy “den”, such as a crate, and check to see if your dog may be comfortable there – toss a treat in, then out, then in, then out – so he doesn’t think you’re going to trick him into staying there. Have a wonderful chewy available for him to enjoy when he goes in – such as a scrumptious stuffed Kong – and let it be a blissful prize for spending some quiet time alone. Sometimes bringing a new dog home is done on impulse, but acting impulsively doesn’t mean you can’t still be smart about easing your dog into their new life with you. Put a little bit of thought into the first few days. Adjusting how your home is set up, as well as how you’ll incorporate your dog’s needs into your daily schedule (some of those needs will fill your needs, too, I wager!), will go a long way to ensuring a lifetime of success. If you get stuck, hire a positive reinforcement trainer to help you or consider taking some group classes for the fun and camaraderie, and for the little bits of practical wisdom you may pick up along the way! Maria Karunungan is an honors graduate of The Academy for Dog Trainers, where she earned her Certificate in Training and Counseling. Maria also holds a Ph.D. in Educational Studies. She has trained service dogs, therapy dogs, shelter dogs, and pet dogs for over 15 years and currently works with Fetch the Leash in downtown Burlington.

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Shelter Dog Beer Can Campaign Helps Reunite Missing Dog With Owner Associated Press


Hazel makes the "cover" of Motorworks Beer

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Florida brewery that recently began placing shelter dogs’ faces on beer cans helped reunite a Minnesota woman with her dog, Hazel, who went missing three years ago. Earlier this month, Motorworks Brewing in Bradenton teamed up with the Manatee County Animal Shelter to turn beer cans into adoption flyers for shelter dogs. Monica Mathis of St. Paul, Minnesota, told KSTP that she couldn’t believe it when she spotted Hazel’s face on a beer can that had been photographed and posted on social media. Hazel, a terrier mix, was among the dogs featured on beer cans called “The Four Packs.”

Mathis saw the post and something about one dog’s eyes caught her attention. “Oh my gosh that looks like my dog, I think that’s my dog,’” Mathis said. But the featured dog’s name was Day Day. Mathis contacted the shelter, which needed proof that Day Day was in fact Hazel. “I sent everything I could find — all the pictures so I could stop an adoption process from happening because I could’ve lost her again,” Mathis said. Mathis said she was living in Iowa when Hazel disappeared in 2017. “She was on a leash outside and I went to get her and she was gone from our yard,” Mathis said. She searched, called shelters, but never found the dog. She said she has no idea how the dog got to Florida. Then, a new job took her to Minnesota. Several years went by until she saw the beer can campaign on Jan. 24. The shelter confirmed that Day Day is Hazel. “I was amazed, I was crying. An emotional wreck,” Mathis said. Mathis said animal services couldn’t immediately find her because the contact information on Hazel’s microchip was out of date. “Keep track of exactly what company you use, make sure your stuff gets updated, especially if your pet goes missing and don’t ever give up,” Mathis said. Hans Wohlgefahrt of Manatee County Animal Services, said they saw the photos and vet records, which provided proof Hazel belonged to Mathis. “This dog was such an important part of her family that she had everything to prove she was her owner,” Wohlgefahrt said. “There was really no way we could trace her back to that particular owner. It’s a great reminder to people when they do these things to go into their profile and make sure all their contact information is up to date.”

Spring 2020



ou see them everywhere. Canines of all shapes and sizes sporting flexileads (a.k.a. retractable leashes). They’re clearly ubiquitous. But should they be? Proponents argue that their charges aren’t as restricted as they are with a traditional leash, and they have freedom to roam and sniff without a whole lot of supervision. Though that, however, may be the root cause of a number of problems these leashes present. Although it’s right there in the name, let’s look at what defines a retractable leash. A thin cord (or tape) encircles a spring-loaded device inside a bulky plastic handle. A button or switch allows the leash to extend and retract. It’s a simple idea, though not a new one. The earliest patented retractable in America was invented by Mary A. Delaney all the way back in 1908. Called a “leading device”, it featured a drum and spring mechanism that permitted a chain to spool out in stages. 112 years later you’ll find a plethora of patented retractables on the market. They start in price at under $10 (please avoid!) and go up from there. Some costlier models have built -in LED lighting and poop bag holders. Flexi, a German company, was largely responsible for popularizing retractable leads in the 1970’s; and now, “flexi-lead” or “flexi” is virtually synonymous with any retractable leash. Serious dog people (trainers, handlers, etc.) tend not to like retractables; most with good reason. Debra Theriault, ACDBC, CCUI, is a professional trainer (hence all the letters) and owner of Yankee Dog in Brattleboro, VT; a training center Spring 2020

and doggie daycare. She doesn’t allow retractables in classes and says “I don’t like them so much…I do not see much use for them except for very specific conditions.”. The only people she feels should use flexis are people experienced in the leash’s action, people with exercise restricted dogs and people with elderly dogs “that enjoy a slow, quiet, sniffy walk”. She doesn’t believe that these leads should ever be used with large breeds, especially those that are bred to pull (though manufacturers produce retractables they claim will handle 110 pound+ dogs). Theriault believes that retractable leashes encourage all dogs to pull. And, “Most flexi users are not experienced handlers and won’t or don’t control the lead well.”, she says. Unmanaged dogs on flexi leads are the main reason these leashes get a bad rap. They can be extremely hazardous to both dogs and owners. When a leash fails to retract, for instance, a person’s first instinct is to grab the cord to gain control of their dog. The result: serious burns, cuts, amputations and “degloving”, wherein skin and soft tissue are ripped off an unlucky user’s fingers. A snapped cord can mean facial or eye injuries should it ricochet back at the leash holder. This is the stuff of ER visits, often with follow-up surgery. Dogs themselves may sustain neck, throat, and spinal injuries if they abruptly run out of leash. Entanglement with other dogs, people and stationary objects may cause additional problems. Too much cord (and some flexis spool out to over 20 feet) can mean that a dog can actually run into the street and find themselves at the mercy of motor vehicles while still technically being “on leash”. Dropping the plastic handle housing the lead’s mechanism is another potential peril to the dog. Indeed, a New Hampshire family saw how brutal a dropped handle could be when that happened as they were exiting their vehicle. Their dog was understandably terrified by the loud, weighty object bouncing unseen behind him and took off. He was found on the side of a road the next day with avulsed and debrided paw skin and pads. A painful and pricey surgery was needed followed by a lengthy recovery. So, if retractable leashes are that terrible, then why are they so popular? That’s anyone’s guess. But if you’re set on going with a flexi, then you should follow certain guidelines to ensure the safest possible experience for you, your dog and others. Features to look for, says Theriault, are

“A strong, easy to use comfortable loop for the wrist. Tape style cord. Good solid and fast locking mechanism. (A) grip/ handle that fits your hand well and is not uncomfortable or difficult to hold.” Ask the advice of a trainer or veterinarian before you buy. Make sure you see the leash in action, and handle it, if possible. Speak with folks you see using them about their experiences, good and bad. Don’t use that flexi in urban areas, with so many obstacles and distractions. Open space is your best friend if you’re planning on a retractable. If, however, this information has changed your mind about flexi use, or you’re welcoming a new dog into your family, then get yourself a proper leash. For all-around use, you can’t go wrong with a six-foot leather or sturdy nylon/ cotton rope style lead. The latter come in all kinds of fun patterns and cool colors, many with matching collars to really jazz up your pup. And once you’ve gotten that leash, make your next stop with your pup an obedience class. A well-behaved dog makes for a delightful walking companion. Cathy White lives in Walpole with her husband Jeff and Labradors Pippa and Nigel. Cathy is a Boston University alum, with a degree in Journalism.

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But I Read it Online! Scott Borthwick - Canaan, NH

Modern technology can be a won-

derful thing. Information from all over the world is at your fingertips. However with all that information available, are you sitting down, not all of it is true. In my business, I run into this all the time. Many people first try to solve problems on their own before calling a professional.

This is not a bad thing. Self-reliance is part of what makes America great. In the old days, natural remedies were called old wives tales or folklore or even witchcraft. Today it’s all online and here are a few I have dealt with. Cayenne Pepper and Irish Spring soap: These two items are considered deterrents for garden pests. Particularly woodchucks or groundhogs. Sometimes these homemade cures are together and sometimes separately. One call I received the customer used both. Over the next three years of trapping them there, I caught over 15 woodchucks. Now they may have been running into the cage traps in hopes of me taking them away from the smell but I don’t think so. I do know that I sneezed every time I went there to check traps.

others. It has to be used generously on a regular basis to have any effect. Some people swear by it but in all my years in this business, I have not known it to work well. A lady told me once that she saw online that if you pee around the base of your trees beavers won’t chew them down. I doubt this works. But if it does I would have to drink massive quantities of beer to protect my 11 acres of trees on a brook. Hmm, this one might be worth a try.

Peppermint oil: Supposedly this works to deter mice and other rodents. Urine either Human or Coyote: If you like the smell of peppermint this Coyote urine may work occasionally might be worth a try. Unfortunately, I to deter some plant-eaters but it attracts was told the other day from a friend that in their combat against mice in an old building one person used peppermint oil and one used the snap traps. Most of the mice caught were in traps next to where the peppermint oil was applied. Mothballs: These work great for moths. A lot of the squirrel calls we get are after the homeowners have applied a generous amount of them. In some places the smell is unbearable. We were working on the roof near the chimney one time and the mothball smell was so strong in the house that it was coming out of the chimney. My company would never recommend them for two reasons. One is they only work for what they are intended. They are called mothballs, not squirrelballs or skunkballs. Secondly, they are toxic. If we recommend their use and someone’s child or pet eats them and gets sick we are liable. There are many others online to choose from and most don’t work consistently. If you want your wildlife problem solved quickly and without affecting the smell of your house you should call a Nuisance Wildlife Professional first.

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Scott Borthwick owns Estate Wildlife Control. He lives in Canaan, NH with his wife Donna, two dogs, a couple of horses and one tough old chicken named Henrietta. Spring 2020

Service Animals and More!

from service animals and emotional support animals by the fact that they work with their handlers for the benefit of other people. They include animals used in animal-assisted education (reading dogs), animal-assisted therapy (therapy dogs), and animals used in other animal-assisted activities (such as the visitation dogs in Eileen M. Wolfe, DVM - Vermont Veterinary Medical Association nursing homes and hospitals). Although the term “therapy dog/therapy animal” f you’ve wondered what’s going on with peacocks on airplanes and dogs at the is frequently used, it has a very specific salad bar in the grocery store, you’re not alone. Veterinarians are concerned about the unfortunate trend of pets being mistakenly, and sometimes fraudulently, presented meaning: it is a dog or other animal used as either service animals or emotional support animals. It’s a complex topic, and the as part of a goal-directed therapeutic intermore we all know about it, the better everyone’s rights are protected, particularly vention by a licensed therapist. those who genuinely depend on their service animals and emotional support ani- The federal rights of access granted to mals. Service animals and emotional support animals each work with their handler service animals and emotional support anifor the benefit of that handler, and each has some federal rights of access – but there mals are important for those who depend are important differences between them! What defines these groups and what are on these animals and should not be abused the differences in their rights of access? by others. Businesses have certain rights with regard to these animals as well. And SERVICE ANIMALS any business or facility may choose to • Are defined by the Americans with grant access to any pet or animal. Disabilities Acts


More info on all types of assistance animals, including printable infographics for businesses and others, is available at www.vtvets.org under the One Health link.

• Are trained to perform one or more specific tasks that help with the disability of the owner/handler • Are nearly always dogs

The Vermont Veterinary Medical Association (VVMA), founded in 1898, is a professional organization of 380 veterinarians dedicated to compassionate animal care and quality medicine.

• Can go anywhere the public is allowed to go • Have no certification or standardized form of proof, as this is seen by the ADA as a potential barrier for those who need service animals. EMOTIONAL SUPPORT ANIMALS suffering from PTSD that they are in a stressful situation and should remove themselves. It is also worth noting that • Provide emotional support to those with occasionally miniature horses are service psychological/psychiatric disorders or animals due to their longer life span: traindisabilities simply by their physical ing a service animal can be very costly and presence. They do not perform specific the loss of one can also be emotionally distressing to their handler. tasks. • Are defined by the Aircraft Carrier Access Act (ACA) and the Fair Housing Act (FHA)

• Are not limited as to species, though airlines may decline to accommodate emotional support animals that could be dangerous to other passengers • Have federal rights of access only on airplanes and in housing situations

There is a final class of assistance animals that have no federal rights of access: the animals used in animal-assisted intervention. These animals are differentiated

• Do require documentation from a licensed mental health professional who is currently treating the owner/ handler stating the necessity of the emotional support animal The very important distinction to remember is the task(s) that service animals perform, which could be performed on command or on cue. There are psychiatric service animals, which are different from emotional support animals because they do perform such a task. It might be fetching medicine for a person on command, or it might be alerting a veteran Spring 2020

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to SafeGuard Yourself, Family, Pets, and Property from Tick Invasion


icks can be present all year round (see the article on Ticks in the Fall 2019 issue of 4 Legs & A Tail). Unless there are below zero temperatures for several days and/or there is a little snow cover, ticks can survive and be present come spring. Places ticks love to inhabit: • The woods • Damp places such as stone walls, muddy areas, leaf litter, woodpiles • Tall grasses and brush around homes and the edges of lawns Landscape Modification TIPS from the Center for Disease Control: • Remove leaf litter, tall grasses and brush around your home at the edge of your lawn area • If you have a wooded area behind the house, install a 3’ - 4’ barrier of wood chips or gravel between the lawns and wooded area to restrict tick migration into recreational areas • Mow the lawn frequently • Stack firewood or any other wood you are collecting, neatly and in a dry area • Keep any playground equipment, patios, or outside play areas away from yard edges and trees Before you go to enjoy the outdoors: • Treat your clothing and gear with products containing 0.5% permethrin • Use EPA registered insect repellents containing materials such as DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus Know where to expect ticks: • Avoid wooded and brushy areas with high grass and leaf litter • Walk in the center of trails Ticks do not fly, but can easily attach themselves to your clothing, your skin, a pet’s fur when you brush up against a bush or tree when you are out walking in the woods or even a wooded path After you come indoors: • Check clothing for ticks • Examine gear, children, and pets • Shower soon after being outdoors Check the body for ticks* after being outdoors – if any found, remove immediately • If you or your child present symptoms of Lyme Disease, visit your physician as soon as possible Check pets for ticks* daily, especially once outside. • Remove a tick immediately • Visit the veterinarian if the pet presents symptoms of Lyme Disease * See the Center for Disease Control’s website (www.cdc.gov/ticks) for diagrams of where to check on humans and pets for ticks

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Spring 2020

CONSULT A PROFESSIONAL FOR ASSISTANCE WITH ELIMINATING THE TICK HABITAT IN YOUR YARD Here are some TIPS for hiring a professional for assistance with tick elimination: Do your due diligence when you research for potential professionals. • Ask if the individual has liability insurance* - If so and you hire the individual, do not commence work on your property until you have received a copy of the individual’s Certificate of Insurance directly from his/her insurance company *This tip is meant for any individual you are hiring to work on your property inside or outside; you need to protect yourself against any liability should injury to the individual or your property occur • Ask if the individual is licensed in the state in which the property is located - All states require anyone hired to go on another's property to apply any pesticide or organic material to be not only licensed under the state's laws but also be current. - If the individual advises s/he is licensed, ask to see the credentials provided by the state upon the license’s renewal and take a picture of the card for later reference if necessary Questions to ask the insured & state-licensed professional: • What is the procedure?* • How long will the application be viable?* • Are there numerous applications?* • What products will be used?* • Does the professional have a business card and/or any informational materials to offer? *The answers should all be offered to you in writing accompanying a proposed cost. ORGANICS only REPEL We all want to do our best for the environment and ourselves, and organics can go a long distance in doing so. However, remember that if you choose organic products for dealing with ticks, please be sure to read the label on any product that advises it is organic. The label will only advise the product “repels” the tick. It will not advise it kills the tick. Only pesticides will kill the ticks. For further information or assistance with reducing tick invasion on your property, call 603-363-9347 and speak to the insured and state-licensed professionals at Surf & Turf Landscape Specialist, LLC and to schedule, an on-site complimentary consultation, Licensed in NH, VT, and MA. Spring 2020

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TOP TIPS for FELINE HYGIENE • Hairballs are a common issue for cat owners and brushing or grooming your cat is the best way to reduce the hair they will ingest doing their own grooming and will greatly reduce hair balls.

to take on grooming your cat yourself make it as easy on yourself as possible.

The right tools. Like any important job, there are tools that can make the • Detecting injury or illness.  Grooming job easier. is a good chance to pay close attention to any boo-boo’s or other concerns around you cat’s health. • Accustoming a cat to regular handling and providing valuable interaction between cat and owner.  If your cat ever does have an injury it will be easier for ats are usually totally into hygiene you to assess if your cat is accustomed all by themselves; constantly self- to being touched everywhere by you. grooming. In fact, cats spend up to fifty • Long haired cats or cats that spend percent of their waking hours grooming time outdoors do get dirt that is more themselves. Cats start grooming their difficult to clean away. kittens right away and it is an instant bond between Mom and kitten. This can For many cat owners the thought of be the case between owner and cat as grooming their cat sounds like somewell. There are definite reasons that thing they would put on their wish list right after root canal! If you are going grooming your cat is a good idea.


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The Basics: Brushes - Slicker brushes are curved or slanted brushes with very thin teeth. They are ideal for medium- to long-coated cats. The Pin Brush helps to remove knots and tangles in fur to prevent matting. The pins easily go through long fur to carefully comb and neaten the coat. And cats with short, sleek hair can often be groomed with a bristle brush. Combs - A Fine toothed comb (sometimes also called a flea comb) can be run through your cat’s coat from head to tail, being sure to always brush in the direction of the fur to avoid any discomfort. Concentrate on one section at a time to remove any dead hair, dirt, and debris, and take extra caution when brushing around the face and belly as the skin is particularly delicate. Steel Toothed combs (sometimes two sided) are popular to reach below your cat’s topcoat to gently remove loose hairs and reduce shedding. They can also be great to remove mats. Mats can occur anywhere, but main problem areas for long haired cats include behind the ears, on and around the legs, under arms, tail and around the anus. These areas are also among the most sensitive areas on the body. Exercise great care in brushing and combing through them. Spring 2020

Toothbrush and Paste - I know this is a lot to ask but…you should try to brush your cat’s teeth daily. At minimum 3 times a week. If you are very regular about brushing it will be less stressful for your cat. Plaque begins to harden in less than one day, so it is most effectively removed before it turns to tartar.  Poor dental hygiene can lead to many health risks for felines.

Cat Wipes - These are a must have to quickly and frequently wipe away dander, dirt, and saliva residue. Make sure to choose a product that is unscented and free from parabens, chlorine, and other harmful ingredients. Grooming Glove - These are an awesome option especially for cats who distrust traditional brushes and grooming tools. You just slide the glove onto your hand and stroke your cat like you would normally do petting them. The velcro-like surfaces will feel like a cat’s tongue to them; like a massage similar to grooming they got as a kitten.

When grooming matted fur do not use scissors because it is very easy to cut the cat.

In closing…remember to always have lots of your cats’ favorite treats around with all the above to make grooming a fun rewarding activity if you can. Also; there are some cats who just do not tolerate being groomed. If your cat fights the grooming process, and there is some potential that injury could occur to your More Advanced: cat or yourself it is safer for everybody Professional Pet Nail Clippers - The to make an appointment with a profesmain reason cats’ claw at things is to sional groomer or a veterinarian to have keep their nails in good shape. You your cat groomed. may want to choose a pair with a safety guard to keep you from cutting too much or too close to the nerve.  You should also keep a nail file to smooth out the rough edges right after a cut. Grooming Clippers - A popular option is a “silent” trimmer to safely remove fur without the buzzing and vibration of conventional clippers. This will be less stressful alternative for sensitive cats.  If the mats are to tight be very careful not to cut the cat with the clippers also. It takes just one fast movement of the cat to do this, especially the loose areas.  The mats can be tight and pull on the skin and make it very uncomfortable to the cat. Make sure to get the correct size blades.

FEEDING TIP If you free-feed your cat their favorite kibble, you have probably encountered the pile of undigested food your cat has “returned” to your home. While the convenience of freefeeding is undeniable, cats can over-eat at times in addition to eating too quickly. To slow down you cats’ eating habits and increase digestion time, try adding some medium size marbles to your cats dish. They won’t eat the marbles, but they will eat slower and keep that kibble in the cat and not the floor!

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When Things Go Wrong, Sometimes They Really Go Wrong, Part 3 (and by attending to this early enough it can end up right) Sandra L Waugh VMD, MS

ast seen at 31 weeks old, the Portuguese Water Dog still had some growing to do and teeth to fully erupt. Here is where we ended in the last issue:

31 weeks and 6 days old. The blue arrow points to the upper right canine, yellow arrow to lower right canine, green arrow to upper left canine, and the lower left canine was hidden by the upper incisors in the middle and far right photographs. The lower canine teeth were finally erupting but some upper teeth were in the way. After all that work to get the incisors to be visible, two had to be extracted! The photographs at left were taken at 7 months and 15 days old, which was 13 days after the extractions of the upper incisors. The lower canine teeth were now easily seen and positioned nicely. At last the lower canine teeth had an unobstructed path in which to fully erupt. The blue arrow points to the upper right canine, yellow arrow to lower right canine, green arrow to upper left canine, and white arrow to the lower left canine.

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At 10 months and 21 days old, a little more than three months after the previous photographs, the mouth was at or near its final appearance. The upper and lower incisors were not perfectly lined up, but functional. In veterinary dentistry the comfort of the pet is the goal, not to attain a “perfect smile�. The series of photographs also demonstrates how wide the base of the canine tooth is, and why a good sized gap is necessary for all four canine teeth. The blue arrow points to the upper right canine, yellow arrow to lower right canine, green arrow to upper left canine, and white arrow to the lower left canine. The premolars and molars had also erupted very nicely by this time. The orange arrows point to the lower right carnassial tooth on the left and the upper left carnassial tooth on the right. These are the big teeth seen at the corners of the lips. Hopefully these three articles will convince you that changes happen in the mouth at a rapid pace during the change from puppy to young adult in the dog. When the development is not following the normal path, intervention is best done sooner rather than later. At some point the rapid changes that occur during the growth phase will stop, and it becomes much more difficult, if not impossible, to get the teeth into a normal (or close to normal) position. The corrections in this dog were started at 5 months of age, which usually would be too late. Fortunately the teeth were less developed than would be usual at that age, and that allowed all of the changes to occur.

If you feel that something is wrong, DO NOT WAIT AND SEE. All you will see is things either not changing or going from bad to worse! If you have a puppy, ask your veterinarian to check the development of the teeth at each vaccination appointment. Intervention can be done as early as 8 weeks of age, or at any time if development goes awry. You can also teach your puppy to let you look at the teeth so you can do your own examinations. This will also make it easier to introduce teeth brushing at 7 months of age, or whenever all of the adult teeth are fully erupted. Start to Finish in 5 months. Remarkable what the body can accomplish with a little help! Spring 2020

Dr. Waugh is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. She also holds a Masters Degree from Washington State University of Veterinary Medicine and is owner of Windsor Pet Dental, PLC. www.4LegsAndATail.com 25

Memorial Day: Remembering All Who Have Served, Including Military Dogs

Dogs in the Military

A Military Guard Dog in Kosovo


emorial Day, initially known as Decoration Day, began shortly after the Civil War in the way that one might expect a day of remembrance to begin — mourners started placing flags or flowers on the grave sites of those from their communities who died in the war.

In 1868, General John Logan, commander in chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization of Northern Civil War veterans, proclaimed that May 30 each year should be known as Decoration Day. The South was not comfortable accepting Logan’s proclamation of a date, and they set their own timetable for honoring their departed loved ones; some states picked June 3, which the birth date of Jefferson Davis, who had served as president of the Confederacy.

Time Heals Some Wounds

As World War I veterans returned, Memorial Day (as it had been renamed in 1882) grew to be a day to remember all of our military, no matter what war they served in. While there have been other changes in the holiday over time (including the fact that the holiday is now celebrated on the last Monday of May regardless of the date), the successful raid on Osama Bin Laden also brought a detail to public attention of something else that has changed. Today military honor — in survival and in death — now includes canine members of the military. Several years ago at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden met with the units that carried out the raid on Osama Bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan, it was noted by the press that Cairo, the military dog who participated in the raid, was also present. Dogs have not always come home and been so honored. 26 4 Legs & a Tail

While dogs have almost certainly followed along with military units knowing they might find men who would pet them and slip them a bite to eat now and then, there was no official program to train and use dogs in the military until World War II. William W. Putney, a Marine Corps officer, who had just earned a degree in veterinary science when he went into officers’ training school at Quantico, Virginia, was instrumental to beginning such a program for the marines. Putney was asked to organize a newly established war dog training program that was to be based at what is now Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

Putney and Training the Dogs

Today’s dogs are raised to be in the military, but when Putney began the program, dogs were pets recruited from families. The dogs then had to be conditioned not to react to gunfire and other loud noises; they needed to learn to signal danger to their handlers via body stance or ear movement, not barking. They were also trained to sniff out land mines and trip wires and carry messages. After the invasion of Guam, Putney and a unit of men with their dogs were sent to the South Pacific where the use of the animals was credited with saving many lives, including Putney’s. Captain Putney was leading a patrol of men with three of the dogs to flush out Japanese soldiers hiding in caves on one of the surrounding islands. A Doberman named Cappy was out in front of the unit when a shot rang out; Cappy was killed, but the men were alerted to the danger. Had Cappy not been in the lead, Putney would have been ahead of his men, and he likely would have been shot instead.

No Honor Awaited

As the war ended and the men and dogs started being sent home, Putney came home to learn that as the dogs came back, the plan was to euthanize them; those in the States assumed that dogs who had been trained to fight and protect could not be returned to lives with families. Putney felt otherwise, and Putney convinced the officers at Camp LeJeune, to permit him to start a program to desensitize the dogs — a multi-step process. The dogs had been trained to answer to a single person, so they had to become Spring 2020

accustomed to several handlers (male and female). They had to acclimate to normal street sounds and movement, and many other aspects of daily life. An ultimate test was whether a dog could be taken for a walk in the community; would the dog be all right if someone walked past quickly, or if a person approached to pet him or her? Each of these milestones had to be reached very gradually. Of the 559 dogs who were in the Marine Corps at the end of World War II, 540 were discharged to civilian life. Of the 19 who had to be euthanized, 15 were because of health reasons. Only four could not adapt to civilian life.

continue to guard and protect our military personnel as they were trained to do, with courage, loyalty and honor. While our hearts go out to the families of the men and women of the military who have lost their lives in service to our country, we should also include gratitude for the men and women who have trained the canine team members — and the dogs themselves — whose efforts have helped reduce the toll on human life in the many conflicts where these animals have served.

Always Faithful

In his book, Always Faithful, Putney noted that because the canine corps was not maintained in the years immediately following World War II, some of the lessons they had learned about working with the animals had to be re-learned by those working with the next generation of animals. Unfortunately, one of the lessons — that the dogs could be desensitized — was never passed on, and from 1949-2000, euthanasia for former military animals was the law of the land. Though Captain Putney returned to civilian life and had become a veterinarian in Los Angeles, he continued to advocate for change to the system, and three years before he died — sixty years since he had trained the dogs in the first canine unit, the Senate pass as house bill that permits handlers to detrain and adopt their dogs when their military usefulness has ended (October 24, 2000). Today all branches of our Armed Forces use trained military dogs to patrol air bases, military compounds, ammunition depots and military checkpoints. There are approximately 600-700 of these canines in the Middle East in such places as Kuwait, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. They Spring 2020

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