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Steffensen uajymonf/

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Country Director (Thailand) Mr. Craig M.

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011 EkdifiHa&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf - EkdifiHawmf wnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;? &yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESihf w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;? - trsKd;om;pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrIckdifrma&;? - pnf;urf;jynf0h aom 'Dru dk a&pDpepf &Sio f efcidk rf matmifwnfaqmufa&;? - zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'ESihftnD acwfrDzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufaom EkdifiHawmfopfwnfaqmufa&;? pD;yGm;a&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf - pkdufysKd;a&;udk ydkrdkzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufatmif aqmif&GufNyD; acwfrDpufrIEkdifiH xlaxmifa&;ESihf tjcm;pD;yGm; a&;u@rsm;udkvnf; bufpHkzGHUNzdK; wkd;wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;? - aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepf yDjyifpGmjzpfay:vma&;? - jynfwGif; jynfyrS twwfynmESihf t&if;tESD;rsm; zdwfac:í zGHUNzdK; wkd;wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;? - EkdifiHawmf\ pD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvHk;udk zefwD;EkdifrIpGrf;tm;onf EkdifiH awmf ESihf wkdif;&if;om;jynfolwdkY\ vuf0,fwGif&Sda&;? vlrIa&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf - wpfrsKd;om;vHk;\ pdwf"mwfESihf tusihfpm&dwåjrihfrm;a&;? - trsKd;*kPf Zmwd*kPfjrihfrm;a&;ESihf ,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm;? trsKd; om;a&;vu©Pmrsm; raysmuf ysufatmifxdef;odrf;apmifha&Smufa&;? - ppfrSefaom rsKd;cspfpdwf"mwfjzpfonfh jynfaxmifpkpdwf"mwf &Sifoefxufjrufa&;? - wpfrsKd;om;vHk; usef;rmBuHhckdifa&;ESihf ynm&nfjrihfrm;a&;

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"mwfykH-AFP

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BuD;Xmersm;udk jynfaxmifpak &G; aumufyJGaumfr&Sifu arwåm &yfcH nd§EdIif;xm;aMumif; Ekd0if bm26&ufxw k Ef idk if yH ikd f owif; pmrsm;wGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/


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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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5

Home ajraps;EIef;rsm;qufvufwufaeí pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm; pwifpdk;&drfaeMu&

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

jynfodrf; &efukef? Edk0ifbm-24 jynfwGif; aiGaMu;wwfEdkifol rsm;onf NcHajrrsm;wGifom &if; ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; jyKvkyfMuaom aMumihf ajraps;EIef;rsm; quf vufjrifhwufaeojzihf pD;yGm; a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;u pdk;&drfae Muonf/ 1997 0ef;usiu f xdik ;f Edik if H rS pwifNyD; tm&SwdkufwGif BuHK awGUcJh&aompD;yGm;a&; tusyf twnf;\ oufa&mufraI Mumifh jynfwGif;üyg tdrfNcHajr&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHrIu@wGif pD;yGm;a&;t usyftwnf;BuHKawGUcJh&onf/ ,if;tcsed u f tmqD,EH ikd if rH sm; rS &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;0ifa&muf vmEdkifrnfudk arQmfvifhNyD;jynf wGi;f NcaH jrrsm;wGif &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS I rsm;jyKcMhJ ujcif;aMumifjh zpfaMumif; ydkYukef? oGif;ukefpD;yGm;a&;vkyf ief;&SifwpfOD;u qdkonf/ ]]tdrNf caH jraps;uGuf tajc taeu tusKd ; aqmif a wG awmifrsufpdvnfukefw,f/ 'D ESpu f NcaH jrESpv f aYdk jymvk&Yd w,f}} [k r@dKit f rd Nf caH jrtusK;d aqmif ukrÜPDrS refae*sif; 'g½kdufwm OD;oef;OD;u qdkonf/ vuf&SdjynfwGif;tdrfNcHajr

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&efukefNrdKU\2008 ckESpfESifh 2011 ckESpf ajraps;EIef;tajcjyZ,m; NrdKYwGif; 6 NrdKYe,frS tdrfNcHajr 2008 ckESpf ysrf;rQaps;EIef;ql;avbk&m;vrf;? usyf 400ç000 rS (wpfayywfvnf r[mAE¨Kvrf; ponfUvrf;rwef;rsm; 700ç000 Mum; ysrf;rQaps;) - jynfvrf;? urÇmat;bk&m;vrf; usyf 200ç000 rS vrf;rwef;rS wpfayywfvnf 400ç000 Mum; ysrf;rQaps;EIef; - vSnf;wef;? 8 rdkif? vrf;rwef; usyf 100ç000 rS wpfayywfvnf ysrf;rQaps;EIef; 120ç000 Mum; - vdIifom,mpufrIZkef wpf{u usyfodef; 800 rS ysrf;rQac:aps;EIef; 1ç000 Mum; - 0g;wpf&mpufrIZkH wpf{u usyfodef; 450 rS ysrf;rQac:aps;EIef; 500 Mum; - '*kHqdyfurf;pufrIZkef wpf{u usyfodef; 700 rS ysrf;rQac:aps;EIef; 800 Mum; - ajrmuf'*kH tdrfNcHajraps; usyfodef; 150 0ef;usif ay 60_ ay 40 wpfuGuf

2011 ckESpf usyf 900ç000 rS 1ç000ç000 ausmf usyf 500ç000 rS usyf 700ç000 usyf 200ç000 rS 300ç000 Mum; usyfodef; 1ç000 rS 1ç500 Mum; usyfodef; 800 rS 1ç000 Mum; usyfodef; 1ç400 rS 1ç600 Mum; usyfodef; 400 rS 600 Mum;


6

Home

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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8

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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10

Life

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

aumifrav;vufudkqGJwm pdwfrqkd;yg

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11

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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xnhfrSmyg/ iSufaysmzl;csOfxnhfNyD;oGm;&ifawmh t&omqm;eJY[if; cwfreI x Yf nhNf y;D rD;zdak y:ucsv&Ykd ygNy/D ok;H xyfom;&JU tqDukd iSuaf ysm csOu f xde;f xm;ay;ovdk iSuaf ysmzl;csO&f UJ tcsO"f mwfuv kd nf; ok;H xyf om;u xde;f xm;ay;wJt h wGuf t&omwu,fu h kd xl;jcm;wJh iSuaf ysm zl;csOfaMumfudk jrnf;prf;Munhfapcsifygw,f/


12

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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14

Health r&Sdrjzpfaq;0g;rsm;udk jynfwGif;üxkwfvkyfEkdifygu aq;ukop&dwf 30&mckdifEIef;cefY oufomEkdif

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

uGef&ufckepfcku urÇmhattkdif'DtufpfaeY usif;yrnf jrwfpkrGef

&efukef? Ekd0ifbm - 26 tdwfcsftkdifAD^attkdif'Dtufpf umuG,favQmhcsa&;vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&Gufaeonfh uGef&uftzGJUtpnf;ckepfckyl;aygif;í urÇmh attkdif'Dtufpfa&m*gwkdufzsufa&;aeY tcrf;tem;ESihfaps;a&mif;yGJawmfudk vmrnfh 'DZifbm 3&uf nae 3em&DwGif &efukef jynfvrf;&Sd ,k'óef&dyfomü jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Myanmar Positive Group (MGP)rS tBuHay;wm0efcH ukdoD[BudKif uajymonf/ 'DZifbm 1 &ufwGif usa&mufonfh World AIDS Day tcrf;tem;udk Myanmar Positive Group (MGP)? Myanmar Positive Women Network? National NGO Network (3N)? Myanmar MSM Network? Myanmar Drug User Network ? Myanmar Interfaith Network ESifh Sex Worker in Myanmar ponfu h eG &f ufrsm; yl;aygif;um vkyaf qmifomG ;rnfjzpfNy;D tdwcf sf tkdifADykd;jzihf touf&Sifaexkdifolrsm; zefwD;xm;onfh vufrItEkynmypönf;rsm;vnf; a&mif;csoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; txufyg yk*d¾KvfxHrSod&onf/ ,ckEpS w f iG u f sa&mufrnfh urÇmah ttkid 'f t D ufpaf &m*g wku d zf suaf &;aeYaqmify'k rf mS ]Getting to Zero}jzpfaMumif; od&onf/

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onf h enf ; vrf ; rsm;rS m vnf ; trsdK;rsdL;&Sdonf/ aea&mifjcnf wdkuf½dkufxdawGUrI enf;yg;ap &ef ta&jym;vdrf;aq;rsm;? xD;? OD;xkyfaqmif;jcif;wdkYjzifhvnf; umuG,fEdkifouJhodkY aea&mif jcnf'Pfudk umuG,fEdkifonfh toD;tESHrsm; pm;oHk;jcif;rSm vnf; toH;k 0ifaom enf;vrf; wpfckjzpfaMumif; a'gufwm cifarmifviG u f ajymMum;onf/ ADwmrifat? tD;?pD? azm vpftufqpfESifh ADwmrif B5 onf ta&jym;twGuftaumif; qHk; ADwmrif"mwfrsm;jzpfMuNyD; vdr;f aq;rsm;wGiv f nf; tqdyk g "mwfrsm;tm; rygrjzpf xnfh oGif;toHk;jyKMuavh&Sdonf/ ]]obm0toD;tESaH wGrmS yg0ifwAhJ w D mrift;D u ta&jym; twGuaf umif;w,f/ axmywf oD;wkdY? iSufaysmoD;wkdY? oabFm oD;wkdYrSm yg0ifMuw,f/ tJ'g awGudk pm;wmvnf; aumif; w,f / axmywf o D ; qd k v nf ; rsufESmaygif;wifzdkY twGuf toH k ; jyKMuwmawG v nf ; &S d

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Vol.10, Vol.10, No.37 No.13  December  June 16, 12011 , 2011

&if;ES;D jr§KyfEEHS ikd rf nfth vm;tvmrsm;udk a'otvduk f avhvmazmfxwk xf m;oifh xl;oefY aejynfawmf? Edk0ifbm-21 vuf&SdEdkifiHa&;tajctaet& jynf y &if ; ES D ; jr§ K yf E S H r I r sm; tif wdu k t f m;wdu k 0f ifa&muf&efwm plaeonfh tcsdefwGif jynfe,f ESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&rsm;t aejzifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHEdkifrnfh t vm;tvmrsm;udk avhvmazmf xkwx f m;oifah Mumif;trsK;d om; pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk; wufr0I efBu;D Xme? arG;jrLa&;ESihf a&vkyif ef;0efBu;D Xmejynfaxmif pk0efBuD; OD;wifEdkifodef;u ajym Mum;onf/ ]]jynfe,feJY wdkif;a'oBuD;

awGtvdkuf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHEdkifrnfh ydw k ef&, S f(tvm;tvm)udkavh vmazmfxkwfNyD; vkyfyg}} [lí trSwf 2 pufrI0efBuD;XmewGif Edk0ifbm 21 &ufu usif;yvkyf cJhaom jynfwGif;? jynfy&if;ESD; jrK§ yEf rHS ?I pufru I @pGr;f tifo;kH pGJ rIEiS hf pufrZI ek rf sm; zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wuf a&;qdkif&mnd§EdIif;tpnf;ta0; ü jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;rS pufrIvufrIqdkif&m0efBuD;rsm; tm;wdu k w f eG ;f ajymMum;cJo h nf/ jynfe,fEiS hf wdik ;f a'oBuD; rsm;tvdkuf ig;ESpftwGif; 8&m cdik Ef eI ;f wd;k wuf&ef aqmif&u G &f rnfh tajctaewGif &if;ESD;jr§Kyf ESrH rI sm;vdt k yfonf/ rdrw d aYkd 'o

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16

Regional

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

rdk;MuufoGefeDjyefpdkufaom awmifolrsm; qkH;½IH;rIrsm; rsKd;rif;OD;

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17

Regional

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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18

Regional

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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PHOTO NEWS

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19

Opportunity

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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SHORE

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20


Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011 :::::::::::::::::::::: ynma&;owif;wkdrsm; ::::::::::::::::::::::

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ynm&yfqkdif&ma[majymyGJusif;yrnf &efukef? Ekd0ifbm - 23

“Tunnelling and Underground Space Utilization”

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22

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

tkdifbDoifwef;wufa&mufcGifh ynmoifqkay;rnf aevif;xGef; &efukef? Ekd0ifbm - 26 a[mifaumifESifh NAdwdefwkdYwGif wuúokdvf0ifcGifhoifwef;wpfck jzpfaom International Baccalaureate (IB) oifwef;wuf a&muf E k d i f & ef jref r mausmif ; om;rsm;tm; ynmoifqkay; tyfrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ a[mifaumifwGif wnf&Sd aom Lin Po Chun World College wGif 2012 ckEp S ?f Mo*kwv f ü oifMum;rnfh IB oifwef;t wGuf jrefrmausmif;om;ESpfOD; tm; ynmoifqk csD;jr§ifhrnfjzpf

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Vol.10, Vol.9, No.37 No.29  December October 7,12010 , 2011

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24

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25

Article

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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26

Article pmtkyfopf ,ck&ufydkif;twGif; odod omom pma&;usJ o G m ;onf / ra&;jzpfoavmufyif &Sdonf/ pmtkyfopfwpftkyfudk BudK;pm; yrf;pm; ]NzdK}ae&aomaMumifh jzpfygonf/ pmtkyfBuD;rSm enf; enf ; aemaemr[k w f ? pmrsuf ES m 500 ausmf qk d ' f B uD ; / t aMumif ; t&mrS m vnf ; us,f ovm;? eufovm; rar;ESifh/ ]]vlom;tBudKumvrS jyifopf awmfvSefa&;odkY}} (From Prehuman Times to the French

'kwd, acgif;pOfwwfxm;onf/ þrQ &Snv f sm;axGjym;vSaom? ordik ;f jzpfpOfBuD;twGif; EkdifiHa&;zHGNzdK; rI\ r@dKifrsm; (wpfenf;EkdifiH a&;tpDtpOf) tqifhqifh zHGUNzdK; ykHudk qef;ppfavhvmxm;aom usr;f BuD;jzpfonf/ emrnfausmf z&efppfzlul,m;rm;\ ,ckESpf 2011 xkwf pmtkyfopf ]]The Origins of Political Order}} jzpfygonf/ usrf ; &S i f z l u l , m;rm;u qdkcJhyg c&D;&SnfBuD;udk tqifh ESpfqifh cJGjyonf/ ]obm0\ ay;pmurf;pmudkom &SmazGpm; aomufMu&aom trJvu dk t f pk av;rsm; (Small groups of hunter-gatherers)rS aqGrsKd; om;csif;udk tajccHaom ]rsKd;wl pkrsm;}(Tribes)tjzpfodkY pkpnf; vmonfu yxrtqifh? 'kwd ,tqifhrSm tqdkygrsKd;wlpkrsm; rSm ]acwfopfEidk if aH wmf} (Modern State)tjzpf? tqifq h ifjh zpf wGef;vmykHjzpfonf/ usrf;&Sifu yxrtqifu h kd ]aemufcu H m;t jzpfom cif;jyNyD; 'kwd,tqifh udk tEkpdwfzGifhqkdonf/ txl; ojzif h Ek d i f i H a &;rsuf E S m pm\ r@dKio f ;Hk &yf (Ekid if w H nfaqmuf a&;? w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;ESifh 'D rdu k a&pD)wpfqifNh yD;wpfqifh zHUG NzdK;vmykHESifh tqkdyg r@dKifrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;rsufESmpmtygt0if usefrsufESmpmrsm;ESifh tjyeft vSecf sw d q f ufaus;Zl;jyKMuykrH sm; udk rwlaom Ekid if rH sm;\ tawGU tBuHKrsm;jzifh qufpyfajc&mcH jyonf/ yxrr@d K if ]Ek d i f i H w nf aqmufa&;} (State Building) \ aus;Zl;jyKrIrSm ]aqGrsKd;om; csif;opö mcHrIxuf ausmfv G e f aom EkdifiHawmftay: opömcH rI}udk zefw;D wnfaqmufay;Ekid f jcif ; jzpf o nf / wpf e nf ; qd k & vQif ]nDaemifom;csif;rsm;\ Ekdifvkdrif;xuftkyfpkd;rI} ( tyranny of cousins )ud k xd e f ; csKyf a y;onf / ]oef p G r f ; aom tpdk;&}(Strong government)

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

NLD vTwfawmfxJa&mufvmvQif

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Current Affairs

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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29

Current Affairs

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

ajymouJhokdY ]]jrefrmEkdifiH trSef wu,f ajymif;vJaeygNyDvm;}} xdkar;cGef;udk jynfwGif;&Sd EkdifiH a&;orm;tcsKdU? EkdifiHa&;txl; pdwyf g0ifpm;oltcsKUd ESihf omref jynfolrsm;odkY ar;jref;cJh&m tm; vH;k eD;yg;u ajymif;vJrrI sm; pwif aeNyD[k wnDwñGwfwnf; ajz Muonf/ or®wOD;ode;f pdef ajymMum; cJah omrdecYf eG ;f rsm;rSm vGecf o hJ nfh ESpf 20 twGif; rBuHKzl;atmif xl;jcm;í jynfolrsm;wGif arQmf vih f c suf r sm; pwif & S i f o ef c J h onf/ txufygyk*d¾Kvftm;vHk; u todtrSwjf yKaom tajymif; tvJrsm;rSm vGefcJhonfh oHk;v ausmfu EkdifiHawmfor®wOD; odef;pdefESihf a':atmifqef; pkMunfwYdk yxrqH;k awGUqHak qG; aEG;aom Mo*kwf19&uf aemuf ykid ;f wGif qufwu dk af y:xGuv f m cJhonf/ jynfot l rsm;pku rvdv k m; aom {&m0wDjrpfqHkpDrHudef;udk OD;ode;f pdeu f &yfqidk ;f cJjh cif;? wpf EkdifiHvHk;&Sd ,mOftkd,mOfa[mif; av;aomif;ausmfudk tpm;xkd; vJvS,fay;&efESihf ukrÜPDrsm;?

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tajymif;tvJrsm; ,cif rjrif awGUcJh&zl;aMumif; zGihf[onf/ wyfrawmftpk;d &u 'Dru dk a&pDEkdifiHodkY ul;ajymif;onfhjzpf pOf 'Drkdu&ufwkdifaZ;&Sif;wGif ynm&yfoabmt& tqifhoHk; qif h & S d a Mumif ; pma&;q&m OD;ausmf0if;ESifh [m;Awfwuú odkvfrS vlxka&;&mrl0g'r[m bG J U &xm;NyD ; Ek d i f i H t oG i f u l ; ajymif ; a&;ES i h f y wf o uf a om aqmif;yg;rsm; a&;om;aeol a'guf w mwif a rmif o ef ; u ajymonf/ urÇmausmf EkdifiHa&;ynm &Sifjzpfaom ygarmu© zdvpf yD&Srpfpwmtqkdudk udk;um;í 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHodYk ul;ajymif;rI wGif Liberalization (ajzavQmh a&;tqifh)? Transition (ul; ajymif;a&;tqifh)ESihf Consolidation (ckdifrmapa&;tqifh) wkdYjzpfonf/ ]]Liberalization (ajzavQmh a&;tqifh)vdkYajymwJhtxJrSm t"d u tcsuf B uD ; oH k ; csuf y g w,f/ yxrwpfcsufuawmh vlYtcGihfta&;eJYqkdifwJhudpöyg/ 'k w d , tcsuf u awmh ygwD tzGUJ t pnf;awGeq YJ idk w f u hJ pd yö g/

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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pDrHudef;taumiftxnfazmf olrsm;ESifh pOfqufrjywf awGU qHkaqG;aEG;jcif;wdkYjzpfaMumif; od&onf/


31

Chicken Soup

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

CHICKEN SOUP

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w,f/ tckvdk pum;pjywfoGm; wJhtcsdefMumav ae&wm r½dk; r&GjzpfavyJ/ olu oufjyif; wpfcsufcdk;csvdkufNyD; uRefrudk vSrf;tuJcwfw,f/ olwpfckck ajymawmhr,fqdkwmudk uRefr odaeayr,fh bmrSowdrxm;rd ovdkrsKd; [efaqmifaecJhw,f/ ]igeifhudkajymp&mwpfck&Sdw,f} vkdY oluwdk;nif; nifomwJh t oHeJYajymw,f/ NyD;awmh pum; cP&yfoGm;ao;w,f/ ]igeifh udkcspfaeNyD/ ighrSm 'DvdkcHpm;rI rsKd;ay:wm tawmfMumaeNyD} vdkY oluRefrudkr0Hhr&JMunfhNyD; ajymvmw,f/ NyD;awmh rsufESm BuD;eD&JNyD; olYacgif;udk iHkYxm; vdkufw,f/ ntarSmifxrJ mS awmifrS olY rsufESmaoG;a&mifvTrf;aewm udk uRefrjrifae&w,f/ uRefr

Ref: 'Make a Wish' by Jess Bunbury

pm-26? pmtkyfopf? arQmfvifhcsufopf? vrf;opf rS ajym&vQif a&SUquf&rnfh þc&D;rSmvnf; urf;rjrif? vrf;rjrif r[kwaf wmhyg/ qdck NhJ yD;aomusr;f (The Origins of Political Power) rSmyif usr;f &Sizf u l , l m;rm;u a&G;aumuf yJ'G rD u kd a&pDrS &ifu h suaf om 'Dru kd a&pDorYkd wifay;Ekid rf nfh vD Am 5 ck (okrYd [kw)f ukwf 5 acsmif;udk ,ckvdk tñTef;ay;NyD;jzpfonf/ pD;yGm;a&;wkd;wufrI (Economic growth)? EkdifiHwnfaqmuf a&;(State building)? w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;(Rule of Law)? 'Dru kd a&pD (Democracy)? vlrIEkd;Mum;vIyf&Sm;rI (Social Mobilization)wdkYjzpf onf/ wpfrsK;d om;vk;H pnf;vk;H nDnw G pf mG jzifh tqkyd g ukwf 5 acsmif;udk omNyKd iw f rl MuvQif acwfr'D rD u dk &ufwpfEidk if aH wmfopfqo D Ykd tao

tcsmOD;wnfrnfh vrf;aMumif;opfwpfck trSeyf ifazmfEidk v f rd rhf nf[k tmrcHxm;onf/ zlu, l m;rm;ñTeaf om tqdyk gvrf;opf\ OD;wnf&mudk pma&;ol u pdwu f ;l jzifyh aHk zmfMunfah erdonf/ þae&m? þa'owGif wkid ;f &if; om;tm; vk;H nD&if;tpfukdpdw"f mwfjzifhOr uJGodu k rf ysu&f adS eMurnf/ pD;yGm;a&;zHGUNzdK;rI\ toD;tyGifhtjzpf tqifhjrifhynma&;ESifh t aumif;qkH;b0t&nftaoG;udk vlwkdif;udk,fpDcHpm;EkdifMurnf/ w&m;Oya'\ a&SUarSmufwiG f vlwidk ;f vlwidk ;f wef;wlnrD QpmG &Sd ae&rnf/ vlxq k E´EiS hf vlxt k usK;d pD;yGm;udk ud, k pf m;jyKaom aumif; rGefonfh tkyfcsKyfa&;\tNrdKuft&omudk EkdifiHom;wkdif; wif;jynfh

usyf jynfh cHpm;cGi&hf rnf/ wlnaD om tusK;d pD;yGm;twGuf Ekid if o H m; rsm; udk,fwkdifpnf;½kH;vIyf&Sm;Muaom t&yfbuftzJGUtpnf;rsm; vGwf vGwfvyfvyf &Sifoefaernf/ NyD;..]Nidrf;csrf;a&;onf ysm;&nfuJhodkY tpOf}qdak om q&mNird ;f (NrKd UrNird ;f )\ r*Fvmaw;oHukd olwt Ykd m;vk;H oHNydKifoDqdkaeMuygvdrfhrnf/ tcsKyq f &kd vQif Ak'j¨ rwfpmG a[mMum;awmfral om r*Fvmw&m; awmfrS ]ywd½lyvlYtzJGUtpnf;}(ynmjzifhxkHrGrf;aom vlYabmif) jzpf ygvdrfhr,f/ ,cktcg toufajcmufq,feD;NyDjzpfaom pma&;ol wpf a,muf tdkZmwmaumif;awmhrnf xifygonf/ /


32

Opinion odkYaom aqmif;yg;udk ra&;csiyf g/a&;&efvnf; r&nf&G,fyg/ odkYaomf ra&;csif bJa&;&aom aqmif;yg;jzpfyg onf/ tb,f a Mumif h q k d a omf acwfpepfajymif;vJaomfvnf; tusih f q k d ; ? ÓOf q k d ; rajymif ; vJaom 0efxrf;? ajcmufpm;? a[muf p m; 0ef x rf ; rsm;t aMumif; yifjzpfygonf/ tusih f q k d ; ? ÓOf q k d ; ud k azsmufzsuf&efrSm vGefpGmcufcJ vSonf[kxifygonf/ wpfcsdefu uRefawmfhukd,f awGUav;tenf;i,ftm;wifjy vdkygonf/ wyfrawmfrS tem;,lNyD; pkaqmif;xm;aomaiGav;ESihf wyfrSL;BuD; csD;jr§ifhvdkufaomaiG pav;rsm;tm; wlom;armifwkdY ESihfaygif;pyfum qkdifi,fav; wpfqkdifzGifhcJhygonf/ ]um;ypönf;qkdif}..trJ qD? b&dwfqD? tif*sif0kdif? *D,m 0kdif? 0g&Sm? aumfywf? vT? wHjruf pnf;ESihf rlvDrsKd;pHka&mif;aom qkdifuav;jzpfygonf/ qk d i f c ef ; iS m ;crS m wpf v usyfokH;aomif;/ wpfaeY usyf wpfaxmifaygh/ vQypf pfr;D roH;k í aiGrukef yg/ a&? qkdifa&SU bkef;awmfBuD; ausmif;rS pGeBYf ux J m;írukejf yef yg/ qkdifzGifhNyD; wpf&uf? ESpf &uf? oHk;&ufajrmufawmh vmygNyD/ qkdifvkdifpifvkyf&rnfwJh/ vdkif pifu wpfaomif;ig;axmif? 0ef aqmifcuusyfwpfaomif;wJh? vdkifpifjyKvkyfc[kajymygonf/ olwakYd &m0efxrf;awGr[kwv f m;/ 'Dusyfwpfaomif;a&m b@m xJa&muf&JUvm; rajymwwfyg/ &Si;f jyonfrmS qkid u f "dk mwf yH½k u kd cf ESpaf xmifih g;&m? rD;owf axmufcHpm? &Jpcef;axmufcH pm? qkdifteD;ywf0ef;usifwGif tdraf xmifpq k ,fp\ k axmufcH csu?f vkid pf iftwGuf ½H;k csKyo f mG ; vmp&dw?f vkid pf ifpm&Gupf mwrf; zk d ; ajymygonf / awmf y gao; onf/ vrf;c&D; a&zkd;rygí/ cufNy?D bmvky&f rnfenf;/

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, Vol.9, No.37 No.29  December October 7,12010 , 2011

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34

Business

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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35

Knowledge

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

7DAY

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BOOK R E V I E W

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ARIES

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arxkef&moDzGm; (ar 22-ZGef 21)

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jrefrmUEkdifiHa&;uefhvefh jzwfjrifuGif; (OD;)odef;azjrifh rsm;\ a[majymcsufrsm; em; axmifcJhyHkrStp 'dkiftmcDtkyf csKyf a &;? *sD p D b D a t ES p f j crf ; uGJjcif;? xkdrS &efukefwuúodkvf odYkwufa&mufNyD; ausmif;om; or*¾ E S i h f ywf o uf y H k ? ocif aygufpjzpfvmyHkESihf 'dkYArm t pnf ; t½H k ; \ tcef ; u@ud k ajyjypf a om pum;toH k ; t EIef;jzihf a0a0qmqm ajymoGm; &m pmzwf o l t aejzih f a'gif ; a'gif ; ajy; zwf ½ I & rnf j zpf y g onf/ ,if;rSqufí ausmif; om;oydwfBuD;ay:aygufvmyHk ESi(hf OD;)ode;f azjrifh tdE, ´d oko Yd mG ; a&mufjcif;? 1300 jynfhta&; awmfyHk? e*g;eD pmtkyftoif;? jrefrmjynf uGefjrLepfygwDay: aygufvmyHk? 'kwd,urÇmppfBuD; jzpfyGm;vmaomtcg ]t*Fvdyf tcuf? jrefrmtcsuf}[lí qkyf

'DZifbm 6 &uf txd

udkifNyD; ocifvli,frsm;\ vGwf vyf a &;Bud K ;yrf ; rI xd k r S quf í urÇ m ppf t ajctaeud k t cGihfaumif;,lcJhaom jrefrmrsKd; cspfvli,fwkdY *syefESifhyl;aygif; um wyfrawmfzGJUpnf;EkdifcJhjcif;? xk d w yf r awmf u yif zuf q pf *syefwdkYtm; wefjyefawmfvSef jcif ; ? ppf N yD ; acwf t*F v d y f w k d Y wpfzefjyefvnfa&muf&SdvmNyD; jAL½kdua&pDtkyfcsKyfa&;udk jyef vnftoufoiG ;f &efBuKd ;pm;jcif;? pD;yGm;a&;vuf0g;BuD;tkyfrIajc vSrf;(0g)puúLjzLpDrHudef;udk jref rmacgif;aqmifrsm;OD;aqmifí cg;cg;oD;oD;y,fcsjcif;? zqyv tzGUJ BuD;ESit fh wl vlx, k MkH unfrI &vmaom AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef; ESihf ¤if;\ &Jabmf&Jbufrsm;jzpf aom ocifpkd;? ocifoef;xGef; wdkYMum; tufaMumif;xifvmrI?

ocif p k d ; \ *k d P f ; *P0g'pd w f aMumifAh rmjynfueG jf rLepfygwDrS tvHeDcGJxGufjcif;? jzpfay:ae aomEkid if aH &;tay: ocif oef; xGe;f \ tajctaerSef r½I jrifEidk f rIESihf ,HkMunfrIvGefuJrIaMumifh aemufqHk; zqyvtzGJUBuD;t ay: a0zefyw k cf wfrI rsm;&Sv d mí jrefrmjynfuGefjrLepfygwDtm; zqyvrS xkwf y,fcjhJ cif;? txl; ojzifh ta&;BuD;aom jrefrmh orkid ;f tcsK;d auGUrsm;wGif ocifjr? ocifpdk;? ocifoef;xGef;? ocif atmifqef;(0g)AdkvfcsKyfatmif qef;? Akdvfvusfm? (OD;) ausmfNidrf; wdkY\ &yfwnfcsuf oabmxm; rsm;tay: (OD;) odef;azjrihf\t jrifudk &Sif;vif;jywfom;pGmod &SdEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/ waumif; pmtkyw f u dk rf S wefz;dk 7ç000 usyf jzihf jzefYcsdonf/

urÇmhaps;tBuD;qkH; r*Fvm0wfpkHawG r*Fvmtcrf;tem;rsm;jyKvyk Mf uonft h cgwdik ;f qef;onfxufqef;? vSonfxufvaS omr*Fvm 0wfprkH sm;udk a&G;cs,0f wfqifvmMu&m urÇmay:wGif aps;tBuD;qH;k [kowfrw S x f m;onfrh *Fvm 0wfpt kH csKd Uudk azmfjyvdu k yf gonf/ 1/ a':vm 12 oef;wef The Diamond Wedding Gown udk 150 um&uf&pdS ed rf sm;pDjc,fumwD xGicf sKyv f yk x f m;onf/ J ;kH a&1000ausmEf iS h5f um&uf&dS 2/ a':vm 8'or5 oef;wef White Gold Diamond Dress udkykvv &Sm;yg;a&TjzLa&mifped rf sm;jzifh csKyv f yk x f m;onf/ f yk x f m;onf/ 3/ a':vm 1'or5 oef;wef Peacock Wedding Dress udak 'gif;arT; 2009 ckjzifch sKyv 4/ a':vm 1'or5 oef; Danasha Luxury Gown udk 75 um&uf&dS t&nftaoG;jrifph ed rf sm;? a&T rsm;jzifh csKyv f yk x f m;onf/ 5/ awmf0ifrif;orD;udwrf pf',fwef\r*Fvm0wfprkH mS a':vm 416700 wefz;kd &So d nf/ f yk x f m;Ny;D a':vm 250000 wefz;kd 6/ Platinum Wedding Dress rSm yvufweD rfukd toH;k jyKcsKyv &So d nf/ 7/ Mauro Adami Wedding Dress onf ydk;om;ESifhyvufwDerfudktoHk;jyKxm;NyD; a':vm 250000 wefz;kd &So d nf/ 8/ ausmufrsu&f wem 9999 um&ufjzifch sKyv f yk x f m;onfh a[mifaumifr*Fvm0wfpo kH nf a': vm 154000 wefz;dk &So d nf/ k oH;k jyKcsKyv f yk f 9/ Bach ngoc xiem y' Wedding Gown onf pdef 222 vH;k ? ywåjrm;tvH;k 100 udt xm;uma':vm 117ç000 wefz;kd &So d nf/ 10/ Imperial Pearl Syndicate Gown onf arG;ykvJtvHk;a&wpfodef;jzifh csKyfvkyfxm;um —Source:bornrich.com a':vm 100ç000 wefz;kd &So d nf/

Cancer

u&u#f&moDzGm; (ZGef 22-Zlvkdif 22)

tvkyfavQmufxm;olrsm; tem*wftusKd;rsm;aomvkyfief;rsm;vkyfudkif&rnf/ twwfynm tajc wnfí aqmif&u G o f rl sm;jynfyynm&yfrsm;oifMum;&rnf/ pm&Gupf mwrf;? aiGaMu;udprö eS o f rQowd ESifh,SOfNyD; aqmif&Gufyg/ jyóemjzpfwwfonf/ Oya'ESifh ruif;aom tvkyfrsm;a&Smifyg/ tBuD; tuJrsm;xHrS taxmuftul&rnf/ ½kwfw&ufvmaom tBuHÓPfrsm;udk tokH;csí tusKd;&Sdrnf/

LEO

od[f&moDzGm; (Zlvkdif23-Mo*kwf23)

a&T? vuf0wf&wem? Nc?H um;? tcef;tp&So d nfrsm;vma&mufaygifEyHS gu vufrcH&/ teD;uyftwGi;f vl'u k a© y;wwfonf/ ae&mtajymif;tvJupd rö sm; xl;xl;jcm;jcm;tqifajyrnf/ ,SONf yKd iv f molrsm; tay:tEkid &f rnf/ &mxl;wd;k ? jynfyc&D;oGm;? pmar;yGaJ jzqdyk gu rvJaG ocsmaygufatmifued ;f qku d f rnf/ usef;rma&;tnHhBuHKolrsm;tzdkYorm;jyo? cJGpdwfjcif;rStp ukorIatmifjrifjcif;&Sdrnf/

Virgo

uef&moDzGm; (Mo*kwf24-pufwifbm22)

qefYusifbufjyKolrsm;ESifh awGUwwfonf/ BuD;uJolrsm;ESifh y#dyu©jzpfwwfonf/ ,SOfNydKif&ef cufcJ olrsm;ESifh xdyfwdkuf&ifqkdif&rnf/ rnfonfhudpöudkaqmif&Gufap vlod&SifMum;jzpfrnf/ Oya'ESifh ruif;aomvkyif ef;rsm;? pGepYf m;Ny;D vky&f aom tvkyrf sm; tukov kd Ef iS hf ruif;aomvkyif ef;rsm;a&Smif MuOf&ayrnf/ aiGaMu;tay;t,ludpörsm;wGifvnf; tjiif;yGm;zG,f&mrsm;&Sdrnf/

LIbra

wl&moDzGm; (pufwifbm23-atmufwkdbm23)

udk,fydkifvkyfief;pD;yGm;vkyfolrsm;tzdkY rnfonfhtvkyfpD;yGm;aqmif&Gufonfjzpfap vl,kHrxm;&/ olwpfyg;xHrS &&Sad omowif;pum;ay: tajcwnfí qk;H jzwf&efroif/h wpfyg;olvyk o f vdv k u dk w f yk jcif;r&Sad p&/ aqmif&u G o f rQupd t ö 00wGif odo k o kd yd o f yd v f yk u f ikd af v tusK;d ay;avjzpfrnf/ wpfyg; olESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufaomvkyfief;rsm; tusKd;ray;/

Scorpio

NAdpäm&moDzGm; (atmufwkdbm24-Ekd0ifbm22)

vkyfudkifaqmif&GuforQ atmifjrifjcif;&Sdrnf/ tcuftcJrsm;ausmfvTm;Edkifrnf/ ½kwfw&ufjzpfay: vmaom tajymif;tvJopfvufc&H rnf/ vlrsK;d uJt G usK;d ay;rnf/ td;k tdru f pd ö tvkyaf e&majymqkrd I rSeforQtqifajyrnf/ pufypönf;rsm;xl;xl;jcm;jcm;0ifudef;&Sdonf/ NcH? um;? tcef;ESifh ywfoufí aiG0ifrnf/ wpfOD;xufykdaom arwåma&;udpörsm; ay:aygufrnf/ c&D;uHaumif;rnf/

Sagittarus "Ek&moDzGm; (Ekd0ifbm23-'DZifbm21)

rSe;f onfEiS hf vufawGUuGmrnf/ tdrw f iG ;f a&;? vlraI &;tnHrh sm;&Srd nf/ ud, k u f rnfrQat;csr;f pGmaeap wpfyg;olrSpdrf;um;'ku©ay;jcif;&Sdrnf/ wpfyg;olrS taxmuftulrawmif;qkdbJ &wwfonf/ ae&mtajymif;ta&TU? tajymif;tvJrsm;twGufvnf;aumif;? c&D;udpörsm;twGufvnf;aumif; pDpOf aqmif&u G rf rI sm;tqifajyrnf/ acsmufweG ;f rnfo h rl sm;&Srd nf/ ynma&;wGif tzsu0f ifEikd o f nf/

Capricorn rum&&moDzGm; ('DZifbm22-Zefe0g&D20) aqmif&u G o f nfh udprö eS o f rQ atmifjrifrnf/ aiGaMu;udpaö jymqkrd rI sm;atmifrnf/ tvkypf ;D yGm;aqmif &GufrIwGif tBuD;tuJ\ taxmufulaumif;rsm;&rnf/ tkd;tdrfopfrsm;ydkif&rnf/ tvSLtwef;r*F vmudpörsm; aqmif&GufNyD; &ufydkif;wGif; wkd;wufuHaumif;jcif;rsm; tckdiftrmjzpfay:rnf/ rdom;pk udprö sm;atmifjrifrnf/ vkyif ef;&Sirf sm; tvkyo f rm;jyóemBuHKrnf/ ynm&Smolrsm; pdwyf sUH vGirhf nf/

Aquarius

ukrf&moDzGm; (Zefe0g&D21-azazmf0g&D18)

trSet f wkid ;f ajymwwfjcif;? vkyo f nfu h pd rö sm;wm0ef,&l jJ cif;? pdw"f mwfcidk rf mjcif;aMumifh atmifjrifrI tjynfht0&rnf/ ysKd&G,folrsm;tzdkY tcspfa&;? arwåma&;pef;yGifhrnf/ ynma&;udpörsm; aqmif&Guf atmifjrifrnf/ c&D;ESifhywfoufaom udpörsm;BuHKrnf/ vlrsKd;uJG? vlrsKd;jcm;tusKd;ay;rnf/ t&yfa0; ESifh qufoG,fNyD; vkyfaomudpörsm; aumif;aomtusKd;quf&&Sdrnf/

Pisces

rdef&moDzGm; (azazmf0g&D19-rwf20)

twdkuftcHMum;rS wkd;wufrnf/ aiGaMu;udpöajymqkdaqmif&Gufjcif;rsm; tqifajyrnf/ vl,kH'ku© ay;wwfonf/ ½kwfw&ufay:aygufaom tajctaersm;udk tokH;csí b0wkd;wufrnf/ udk,fa&; udk,fwmudpöxuf rdom;pka&;&mudpörsm;aqmif&Guf&rnf/ aqGrsKd;om;csif;rsm;xuf olpdrf;ESifh yl;wJG vkyfaomudpörsm; tqifajyatmifjrifrnf/ t&yfa0;rS vufaqmifypönf;rsm;vufcH&&Sdrnf/


36

News Analysis

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

A[dktm&SrS 'Drkdua&pDESif;qD Munfae0if;rif; A[dktm&S&Sd um*spfpwefEkdifiH or®wa&G;aumufyw JG iG f vuf&dS 0efBuD;csKyf t,fvfrmZbwft wefbm,ufzfu a&G;aumufyGJ NydKifbuf 16OD;tay: jywfjywf om;om;tEkdif&&SdcJhonf/ a&G; aumufyGJwGif rJqE´ pkpkaygif; 63 &mckdifEIef;ESihf tjcm;NydKif bufrsm;tay: tjywftom pD;&&SdcJhNyD; ,if;rSaeí 'kwd, tBudrf xdyfwkdufrJcGJrIudk a&Smif vTJEkdifcJhonf/ ¤if;\ teD;qHk; NyKd ib f ufEpS Of ;D rSm qE´raJ ygif; 15 &mckdifEIef;pDcefYom&&SdcJhonf/ a&G ; aumuf y G J r S m or® w pepfrS ygvDrefpepfusifhoHk;&ef toGiful;ajymif;a&; wm&Snf aom Mum;umvwpf&yftqHk; owfjcif;jzpfovdk toGiful; ajymif;a&;tpOftvmopfrsm; vnf;xif[yfaeonf/ ,if;rSm vG e f c J h a om 18 vu or® w umrefbufbmuD,ufzftm; &mxl;rS jzKwfcscJhNyD;aemuf um *spf p wef E k d i f i H w G i f yxrqH k ; usi;f yonfhor®wa&G;aumufyJG jzpfonf/ tajccHOya'opfwpf &yfatmufwGif jynfolrsm;u acgif ; aqmif o pf u d k a &G ; cs,f onfh yxrOD;qHk;tBudrfvnf; jzpfonf/ vuf&Sdor®wu 0if a&muf,SOf NydKifjcif;rjyKonfh yxrqH;k a&G;aumufyv JG nf;jzpf onf/ a&G;aumufyGJwGif rpöwm twef b m,uf z f r S m &S i f ; &S i f ; vif ; vif ; tEk d i f & ol j zpf a omf vnf; a&G;aumufyGJusif;yyHkESifh

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vmoljzpfonf/ ¤if;\ t"du Nyd K if b ufE S p fO D ;jzpf a om rm'l [a&mhzEf iS hf wm&S, D ufzw f x Ydk uf oabmxm;aysmah ysmif;Ny;D Ekid if H a&;wG i f xJ x J 0 if 0 if & S d o l j zpf onf / or® w a[mif ; bmuD ,ufzfvufxufwGif jyKvG,f jyifvG,fvkyfEkdifrIt&nftcsif; udBk uD;BuD;rm;rm;jyocJo h jl zpfNy;D tpkd;&ESifh twdkuftcHMum; vl; vmacgufwkYHvGef;xkd;&if; wpf BudrfwGif 0efBuD;csKyfwm0efudk yif xrf;aqmifcJholjzpfonf/ a&G;aumufco H r®wtjzpf yxrqHk; jyKvkyfonfh owif; pm&Sif;vif;yGJwGif tar&duef ppftajcpkdufpcef;ESihfywfouf í ¤if;\ &yfwnfcsufudk xkwf azmfajymMum;cJhNyD; 2014 ckESpf wG i f ouf w rf ; uk e f q H k ; ygu um*spf p wef N rd K Uawmf t jyif buf&Sdrmewfpftar&duefppf tajcpkdufpcef;tm; qufvuf oufwrf; wkd;cGihfjyKawmhrnfr [kwfaMumif; ajymMum;cJhonf/ (rmewfpfppftajcpkdufpcef;rS aeí tmz*efepöwef&Sd tar&d uef w yf r sm;xH axmuf y H h a &; ypönf;rsm;ay;ydkYvsuf&Sdonf) rd r d E k d i f i H \ vH k N cH K a&;ud k tav;xm;&rnfjzpfNyD; tjcm; rnfonfEh idk if u H rQ um*sppf wef EkdifiHtay: vufwHkYjyefwkduf ckdufjcif;udk tjzpfrcHEkdif[kajym Mum;cJhonf/ ½k&Sm;ppftajcpkduf pcef;ESihfywfoufírl um*spf pwef a &G ; aumuf c H o r® w u ,if;odkY ylyefrIrazmfjycJhay/ um*spfpwefa&G;aumuf cHor®wwpfa,muf Ekid if t H Bu;D tuJwm0efrsm;udk ausyGefrnf vm;qko d nfukd qufvufapmifh Munf&h OD;rnfjzpfonf/ odaYk omf wpf c sd e f w nf ; rS m yif um*spf pwefNrdKUawmfbD&SufzfrS wuf <uvIyf&Sm;ol vli,frsm;u a&G; aumufyw JG iG f 0ifa&muf,OS Nf yKd if jcif ; rjyKbJ &mxl ; rS E k w f x G u f ay;rnfh Mum;jzwftpdk;&acgif; aqmif rpö½kdZmtm; aus;Zl;wif &SdaMumif;jyo&ef qHk;jzwfcJhMu onf/ ]Roses for Roza}[k t rnf a y;xm;aom vI y f & S m ;rI wGif yg0ifolvli,frsm;u um *spfpwefor®wtdrfjzLawmfodkY oGm;a&mufcJhNyD; ]Spasibo }[l aom pum;vHk;ay:atmif yef; yGihfrsm; pDwef;cJhMuonf/ ]Nidrf; csrf;aom toGiful;ajymif;rI twGuf? olrukd,folr csrf;om atmif r vk y f c J h j cif ; twG u f ? ykdí crf;em;aom 'Drkdua&pDudk aqmifMuOf;vmcJhjcif;twGuf Thank You} jzpfonf/ —Ref: Roses for Roza By: Economist


37

International

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

Photo - AP

EkdifiHwumtmumo,mOfrSL;oHk;OD; urÇmajrjyifodkY ab;uif;vHkNcHKpGm jyefvnfa&muf&Sd

tar&duefEkdifiHqkdif&m ygupöwefoHtrwfBuD; &mxl;rS EkwfxGuf

tpövmrmbwf? Ekd0ifbm - 22 ygupöwefEidk if \ H vufeufuidk f wyf z G J U rsm;tm; xd e f ; csKyf a &; 0g&Sifweftm; wdkufwGef;xm; onfhrSwfcsuf a&;om;ay;ydkYcJh onf[laom pGyfpGJcH&rIrsm;&Sd aepOfwGif tar&duefEkdifiHqkdif &m ygupöwefoHtrwfBuD; &m xl;rS Ekwx f u G o f mG ;aMumif; od& onf/ vufrSwfa&;xkd;xm;jcif; r&Sad omrSwcf suu f kd ¤if;a&;om; jcif;r[kwfaMumif; oHtrwf BuD ; [l p d e f [ uf u meD u ajym Mum;aomfvnf; wif;rmrlavsmh enf;ap&ef ¤if;taejzihf &mxl;rS EkwfxGufay;jcif;jzpfaMumif; rpöwm[ufumeDu ajymMum; onf/ ygupöwefEidk if zH mG ; tar&d uefpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD; jzpfol refq;dk tD*supf u f rpöwm [ufumeDonf ,if;rSwfcsuf

tm; xkdpOfu tar&duefppfOD; pD;csKyrf sm;\tBu;D tuJAv kd cf sKyf BuD;rdu k rf v l efxH ay;tyf&ef ¤if; tm; apckdif;cJhaMumif;ajymMum; onf/ tar&duefwdkY\ pD;eif;rI aMumifh tkdprmbifvm'ifao qH;k cJNh y;D aemufyidk ;f ygupöwefppf bufu tpkd;&tm; jzKwfcsrnfh ta&;udk wm;qD;ay;&ef tar &duefEkdifiHu tultnDay;a&; ,if;rSwfcsufpmwGif azmfjycJh onf[kqkdonf/ rpöwm[uf umeDrSm ygupöwefor®w t qpf t vD Z m'g&D E S i f h eD ; pyf o l r[mrdwfwpfOD;jzpfonf/ tar&duefEkdifiHu tul tnD a y;ygu tmz*ef o l y k e f tkypf rk sm;ESiq fh ufo, G af eonfh ygupöwefaxmufvrS ;f a&;Xme wpfckudk zsufodrf;ay;rnf[k rpöwmZm'g&Du tqkdygpmwGif azmfjycJhonf[kvnf; owif; wGif azmfjyxm;onf/ —Ref: UPI

armfpudk? Ekd0ifbm - 21 Ekid if w H umtmumopcef; (ISS) wGif ajcmufveD;yg; aexkdifcJh aom tmumo,mOfrSL;oHk;OD; onf ½k&mS ;Ekid if rH S qk, d Zk t f mum o,mOfjzifh urÇmajrodkY avxD; rsm;toH;k jyKí ab;uif;vHNk cKH pmG qif ; ouf E k d i f c J h a Mumif ; od & onf/,if;rSmtar&duefEidk if u H vGefcJhonfhaEG&moDwGif ¤if;\ tmumovGef;ysH,mOfrsm;tm; tem;ay;NyD;aemuf yxrOD;qHk; tBudrf tmumo,mOfrSL;rsm; urÇmajrodkY jyefvnfqif;ouf

vmjcif;vnf; jzpfonf/ tar&dueftmumo,mOf rSL; rkdufazmfqrf? *syefrS qmwkd &Sdzl½lum0gESihf ½k&Sm;tmumo ,mOfrSL; qm*sDaAmfaumhAfwkdY onf umZufpwefEidk if t H v,f ykdif;ESif;rsm;pdkpGwfaeonfhjruf cif;rsm;ay: aerxGufrD qif; oufvmMuonf/ ]]tqif ; u wu,f u d k aumif;ygw,f/ tm;vH;k aumif; w,f}}[kurÇmah vxkxJjyefvnf 0ifa&mufpOf tylcsdefjyif;xef

rIaMumifh rnf;eufoGm;aom TMA-02 qk d , k Z f q vif ' gyH k tmumo,mOfrS xGuv f monfh ½k&Sm;tmumo,mOfrSL; qm*sD aAmfaumhAfuajymonf/ tar&dueftmumoat *sifpD(NASA )\ vGef;ysH,mOf tpD t pOf t m; &yf e m;cJ h N yD ; aemuf EkdifiHaygif; 16 EkdifiH rQ a0toH k ; jyKonf h Ek d i f i H w um tmumopcef ; rS tmumo ,mOfrSL;rsm;ESihf ypönf;rsm;tm; urÇmajrodYk o,f,yl aYkd qmifa&;

rSm ½k&Sm;tmumo,mOfrsm; udkomtoHk;jyKae&onf/ urÇmajrodkY jyefvmaom tmumo,mOf r S L ;rsm;ae&m wGif ,cif &ufowåywftwGi;f EkdifiHwumtmumopcef;odkY a&muf&SdcJhonfh tar&dueftm umo,mOfrSL; ',f&De,fbm; bifhESihf ½k&Sm;tmumo,mOfrSL; rsm;jzpfonfh tefwef&Sufy&D a&mhAEf iS fh temwkv d t D AD mepf&iS f wk d Y u 0if a &muf a e&m,l r nf —Ref: Reuters jzpfonf/


38

Commodity Watch tDvufx&Gefepfypรถnf;aps;EIef;rsm;

Computer CPU

Kyats

Intel P4 Dual Core 3.2 (E 6700) (775) Processor

60,225

trsKd;tpm;

Intel P4 DualCore 3.0 (E5700) (775) Processor

53,625

SamSung(LCD)

Intel P4 Core i3 3.1 GHz (1155,2100) Processor

95,700

Intel P4 Core i5 3.1 GHz (1155,2400) Processor

152,625

Intel P4 Core i7 3.4 Ghz (1155,2600) Processor

240,075

Motherboard

MSI G4 1M-P28 (775)

50,325

MSI PH51A-P35 (B3)

84,150

ASUS P5G41T-MLX (775)

51,150

ASUS P8H61-MLX Plus (1155)

71,775

ASUS P8H67MLE (1155)

94,050

Gigabyte P67A-UD3 (B3) (1155)

Gigabyte G41MT-S2 (775)

51,150

Gigabyte H55M- S2V (1156)

82,500

PC Memory

1 GB DDR (400) Kingston

39,600

1 GB DDR2 (800) Kingston

14,850

2 GB DDR2 (800) Kingston

22,275

4 GB DDR3 (1333) Kingston

22,275

Harddisk

500 GB Seagate SATA

39,600

1.5 TB Seagate SATA

66,000

2 TB Seagate SATA

80,850

PCI Express Card

MSI EAH 5450 1GB DDR3 PCI Express Card

43,725

MSI N430GT 1GB PCI Express Card

68,475

MSI N430GT 2GB PCI Express Card

72,600

ASUS ENGTX520 1GB PCI Express Card

54,450

ASUS ENGT 430 1GB DDR3 PCI Express Card

67,650

ASUS EHA 5750 Formula 1GB DDR5 PCI Express Card

Gigabyte Geforce 210 TC 1GI 1GB PCI Express Card

41,250

Gigabyte Geforce 220TC 1GB PCI Express Card

57,750

Memory Stick

Memory Stick Apacer 4 GB

7,500

Memory Stick Sony 8 GB

13,000

Memory Stick Sony 16 GB

23,500

Memory Stick Verbatim 16 GB

16,000

UPS

Power Tree (650 VA) UPS

36,000

Power Tree (1250 VA) UPS

61,000

Power Pro (650 VA) UPS

33,000

Power Pro (1200 VA) UPS

62,000

Star (650 VA) UPS LED

30,525

Star (650 VA) UPS LCD Display

32,174

East (650 VA) UPS LED

34,650

East (650 VA) UPS LCD Display

42,900

East (1200 VA) UPS

63,525

DVD Writer

HP DVD Writer (SATA)

22,500

ASUS DVD Writer (SATA)

23,925

Liteon DVD Writer (SATA)

25,575

tdwfaqmifwdyd#utbd"mef

armf',f

aps;EIef;(usyf)

22-350

195,000

LG(LCD)

22LH15R

195,000

Sony (LCD)

22BH300

250,000

Toshiba

LZE 21-28

120,000

Daewoo

DTU2131NZF

145,000

DTU2132NZF

145,000

DVD EVD (coeco)

8082

26,000

EVD(sukura)

DVK75

30,000

LG

DV276

35,000

Toshiba

DV380

30,000

Daewoo

1400S

49,000

HDMI999

59,000

HQ

144,375

a&cJaowรฅm Samsung

RA20F17

185,000

SR811

499,000

19AGV7

280,000

NR.BT222

285,000

Sanyo Hitachi Panasonic

160,000

Ek0d ifbm(25) &ufu aumuf,x l m;aomaps;EIe;f jzpfonf/

Note Book Acer Intel Core i7 2.70Ghz 4GB DDR3, 750GB HDD,14.0"

966,000

Intel Atom 1.66 Ghz 1GB DDR3, 320GB HDD,10.1"

229,425

Asus Intel Atom 1.66 Ghz 1GB DDR2, 160GB HDD,10.2"

225,000

Apple Intel Core i5 2.3 Ghz 4GB DDR3, 320GB HDD,13.3"

1,086,000

Hp Intel Core i3 2.10 Ghz 4GB DDR3,500GB HDD,15.6"

515,000

Sony Intel Core i5 2.30 Ghz 4GB DDR3,500GB HDD,14.0"

1,038,000

MSI Intel Core i3 2.4 Ghz 2GB DDR3, 500GB HDD,14.0"

478,000

Washing

Daewoo

DW900C

179,000

DW172C

199,000

DWF200KR

320,000

Daewoo

rSwfcsuf- txufygaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm Ed0k ifbm(26) &ufwiG f r[mAEยจKvyef;NcH vrf;&Sd Capital ESihf OK jrefrmqdik w f rYkd aS umuf,lxm;jcif;jzpfonf/

tdrfaqmufypรถnf;aps;EIef;rsm;

117,975

pm;aomufukefaps;EIef;rsm;

TV

Technoland qki d rf S

Vol.10, No.37 ๏‚ญ December 1, 2011

trsKd;trnf

a&wGufykH aps;EIef;

bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; qifwHqdyf) bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; INSee) bdvyfajr (jrif;acgif;wHqdyf) bdvyfajr (ausmufql;wHqdyf) tkwf (ukef;tkwf-yxrwef;pm;) tkwf (ukef;tkwf-'kwd,wef;pm;) tkwf (8 ayguftkwf) tkwf (10 ayguftkwf) oJ (tMurf;) oJ (tEk) ausmuf umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.3mm) umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.312mm) umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.34mm) umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.346mm) umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.42mm) Posco Mu,fpdrf;(6/7/8 ay) Posco Mu,fpdrf;(9/10 ay) Posco Mu,fpdrf;(11/12 ay) ยฝdk;ยฝdk;oGyfrdk;jym;(qifeD 6/7/8/9/10/11/12) ยฝdk;ยฝdk;oGyfrdk;jym;(qif 6/7/8) xkH;(8 ydรณmtdwf)

wpftdwf wpftdwf wpftdwf wpftdwf wpfvkH; wpfvkH; wpfvkH; wpfvkH; wpfusif; wpfusif; wpfusif; 1 ay 1 ay 1 ay 1 ay 1 ay 1 ayEIef; 1 ayEIef; 1 ayEIef; 1 ay 1 ayEIef; wpftdwf

4รง800 4รง700 4รง000 4รง500 98 85 98 135 10รง000 11รง000 40รง000 700 800 950 1รง000 1รง160 510 515 520 535 330 1รง000

txufygaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm Ek0d ifbm (26) &ufwiG f aumuf,x l m;aomaps;EIe;f rsm;jzpfNyD; ajymif;vJrItenf;i,f&SdEdkifonf/

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aps;EIef;(usyf)

qef(ay:qef;arT;) qef(awmifysH) qef(ZD,m) qD(yJqD&S,f) qD(pm;tkef;qD) qD(&efukefyJqD) qm;(tkdiftdk'if;) MuufoGefeD MuufoGefjzL oMum; refusnf;rSnfh(taphvGwf) tmvl; EdkYqD EdkYpdrf; MuufO^bJO ukvm;yJjcrf; Muufom;(arG;jrLa&;) Muufom;(Arm) 0ufom; trJom;

wpfjynf wpfjynf wpfjynf wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfxkyf wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfbl; wpfbl; wpfvkH; wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm wpfydรณm

1รง000-1รง800 1รง000-1รง400 600-1รง000 3รง300 1รง750 4รง000 100 600-800 2รง500 1รง350-1รง500 3รง500 900-1รง000 550-650 570-600 90-110 1รง400 5รง000 6รง000 5รง000 5รง000

ig;? ykpGef aps;EIef;rsm;

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ig;&HU ig;cl ig;usnf; ig;ajyr ig;yaemf ig;&SOhf ig;jrpfcsif; ig;Muif; ig;acgif;yG ig;oavmuf ig;wef ig;z,f uuwpf uoabmif; ig;bwf? ig;aMumif; ig;ykPร–m; ykpGefaMumh ykpGefabmhcsdwf ykpGef(qwfao;) ykpGef(qwfBuD;) ykpGefajymifwkyfBuD; ig;rsKd;pkH wDvm;AD;,m;

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c&rf;csOo f ;D (tif;oD;) yef;a*:zD a*:zDxkyf rkefvmOeD bdkpm;yJoD; c&rf;oD; a&TyJoD; rkefnif;jzLxkyf iยฝkwfoD;(yDeH) iยฝkwf&Snf iยฝkwfyG

1 aowรฅm 1 xkyf 1 xkyf 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 vkH; 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm

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1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm 1 ydรณm

2รง000-3รง500 2รง000-3รง500 2รง000-3รง500 1รง500-4รง000 1รง000-1รง700 1รง700-2รง300 1รง200-1รง600 1รง800-3รง200 1รง900-3รง200 2รง000-25รง000 1รง000-1รง900 1รง500-2รง800 2รง000-4รง000 2รง000-4รง500 2รง000-7รง500 2รง000-3รง800 1รง400-2รง000 2รง800-5รง000 7รง000-10รง000 7รง000-10รง000 10รง000-26รง000 1รง000-2รง500 900-1รง400

Ekd0ifbm(24)&ufu MunhfjrifwdkifA[kdpHjyig;aps;BuD;rS aumuf,lxm;aom vufum;aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

pm;zdkaqmifokH;oD;ESHaps;EIef;rsm;

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um;rsKd;pHkaps;EIef;rsm; aps;EIef;(usyf)

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17รง000-18รง000 500-700 400-500 1รง000-1รง200 1รง200-1รง500 40-100 2รง000-2รง500 1รง000-1รง200 2รง500-3รง000 4รง000 2รง500-3รง000

plygqvGef; plZluD; 0uf*Gef R+ [dkif;vyfqyf 4ND plZluD; R_ (2Way)

86^87 - 2005 CNG

wdk,dkwm (vDrdwuf)

wdk,dkwm (zifaumuf)

90 96

rwfcfwl;205 cs,f&D0uf*Gef vefcยฝkZm

95 - 97

aps;EIef;rsm;rSm oD&dr*Fvmaps;rS Ekd0ifbm (26)&ufu aumuf,lxm;aom vufum; aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

v^t^o 100 atmuf 2* 175 - 400 2* 145 4c 230

Nov (19)

Nov (20)

Nov (21)

Nov (22)

Nov (23)

Nov (24)

Nov (25)

"mwfqD 'DZ,f

2รง500 3รง400 3รง700 3รง800

2รง500 3รง400 3รง700 3รง800

2รง500 3รง4t00 3รง700 3รง800

2รง500 3รง400 3รง700 3รง800

2รง500 3รง400 3รง700 3รง800

2รง500 3รง400 3รง700 3รง800

2รง500 3รง400 3รง700 3รง800

'DZ,f Premier 'DZ,f

340

4* 6* 4*

240 125 1รง000

Ek0d ifbm (26)&ufu &efuek Nf rKd U&Sd um;yJpG m;wef;rsm;wGijf zpfay:aeaom armfawmf ,mOfac:aps;EIe;f rsm;jzpfygonf/,ck&ufyikd ;f aps;EIe;f rsm; tajymif;tvJ&EdS idk o f nf/

Octane

4c

yk*ยพvdu pufokH;qD qdkifrsm;rS aps;EIef;rsm;


39

Puzzle&Classified

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

Free Classified

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40

Article

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, Vol.9, No.37 No.29  December October 7,12010 , 2011

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odr;f a&;qkid &f m aumfrwDtwGi;f a&;rSL; OD;ode;f vGifu 7 Day News odkY ajymonf/ ]]vTwaf wmfu 'DvxJrmS em;r,f/ 'DZifbm wpfvem;r,f/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfrSm awmhtJ'DOya'rlMurf;udk twnfjyKzdkYrygao; bl;/ pm(40) odkY


Vol.10, Vol.9, No.37 No.29  December October 7,12010 , 2011

&efukef? yk*H? tif;av;[dkw,frsm; Zefe0g&Dvtxdtcef;jynfh{nfhonf&&Sdxm;

ordkif;0ifqHawmf&Sifbk&m;yGJ usif;yrnf

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ppfawG? Edk0ifbm-23 &cdik jf ynfe,f? aygufawmNrKd U e,f? taemufz½ku H muRe;f awmifbuf tpGef;awmifxdyfay:wGifwnfxm;udk;uG,fvsuf&Sdonfh ordkif;0if qHawmf&iS b f &k m;yGaJ wmfukd vmrnf'h ZD ifbmvtwGi;f usi;f yjyKvyk f oGm;rnf jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ tqdyk gbk&m;yGaJ wmfukd vmrnf'h ZD ifbmv 5&ufrS10 &uftxd (ewfawmfvqef; 10 &ufaeYrS ewfawmfvjynfah eYtxd) 6&ufwikd f wdik u f si;f yjyKvyk o f mG ;rnfjzpfonf/yGaJ wmf&ufrsm;twGi;f bk&m;zl; jynforl sm;oGm;vmrIv, G u f al p&eftwGuf ppfawGNrKd UrSaeí pd;k rJusD qdyu f rf;odYk yk*v ¾ u d ydik o f abFmrsm;? tjrefa&,mOfrsm;ESihf armfawmf bkwfrsm;ajy;qGJay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/ tqdkygbk&m;yGJ wGiaf ysmyf &JG iT yf rJG sm;tjzpf tqifjh rifZh mwfobifrsm;jzifh ajzazsmaf y; oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; bk&m;zl;rsm;onfvnf; qHawmf&Sifbk&m;&ifjyifü&Sd aom ausmif;? odrf? Z&yfrsm;wGiftcrJhwnf;cdkEdkifMurnfjzpfonf/ ]]yGaJ wmf&ufawGtwGi;f bk&m;&ifjyifrmS &Sw d hJ ausmif;? odr?f Z&yf awGrSm &yfeD;&yfa0;uvmMuwJh bk&m;zl;{nfhonfawG pdwfcsrf;csrf; omomeJY wnf;cdEk ikd zf t Ykd wGuf pDpOfay;xm;ygw,f/ wcsKUd vGwv f w G f vyfvyf wnf;cdkcsifwJholawGqdkvnf;tcaMu;aiGay;NyD; yk*¾vdu wnf;cdck ef;awGrmS wnf;cdEk ikd Mf uygw,f}} [k qHawmf&iS b f &k m;a*gyu tzGJU0ifwpfOD;u qdkonf/ qHawmf&iS b f &k m;rSm ppfawGNrKd UrS 12 rdik cf efu Y mG a0;onfh pd;k rJusD qdyfurf;odkY oabFmrsm;? tjrefa&,mOfrsm;ESifh armfawmfbkwfrsm; jzifh oGm;vm&Ny;D ,if;qdyu f rf;rSwpfqifh awmifrsm;udak usmjf zwfí bk&m;odYk oGm;a&muf&aMumif;ESihf xdo k o Ykd mG ;vma&;cufcaJ omfvnf; bk&m;yGJawmf&ufrsm;twGif; bk&m;zl;y&dowfrsm; pnfum;wwf aMumif;od&onf/ tqdyk gapwDrmS acwftqufqufrif;ESijhf ynforl sm;jyKjyifu;kd uG,fcJhMuonfh ordkif;0ifapwDawmfwpfqljzpfaomfvnf; oGm;a&;? vma&;cufco J jzifh bk&m;yGaJ wmf&ufrsm;twGi;f txl;tpDtpOfjzifh aqmif&Gufay;onfh c&D;pOfrsm;jzifhom oGm;a&mufzl;ajrmfEdkifMu aMumif; od&onf/

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xkdYaMumifh ,ckESpfc&D;oGm; &moDrpS í [dw k ,frsm;jyefvnf jyKjyifrIrsm;&SdvmNyD; ,ckvuf&Sd wGif &efukefNrdKU&Sd ukefonfBuD; rsm;[dw k ,fEiS hf ,kZe[dw k ,fwYdk rSm jyKjyifrIrsm; jyKvkyfvsuf&Sd onf/,ckEpS Zf efe0g&DrS pufwif bmvuket f xd &efuek af vqdyf 0ifaygufrS c&D;oGm; 266ç988 OD; 0ifa&mufcJhaMumif; 0efBuD; XmerS owif;&&Sdonf/

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ES i f h D-Form jznf h x m;aom pm&G u f t m; xk w f N yD ; ay;ae& aMumif ; av,mOf v uf r S w f a&mif;ud, k pf m;vS,rf sm;u ajym onf/ xku d o Jh Ykd xkwaf y;aom ykpH H jzifh oGm;a&muf&mwGif tqif

rmef,kausmf

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wpfEkdifiHom jyKvkyf&aMumif; pkH prf;od&Sd&onf/ xkduJhodkY D-Form &&Sd&ef twGuf 0efaqmifrIay;aom vk y f i ef ; tm; wpf a pmif v Qif 2ç000 usyf ay;oGif;&aMumif; od&onf/


43

Vol.10, No.37 ď&#x201A;­ December 1, 2011

Cartoon


44

Asia

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

urÇmhaps;tcsKdqHk; wmwmemEdkum; 2012 armf',ftopf xkwfvkyfrnf e,l;a'vD? Ekd0ifbm - 22 urÇ m h a ps;tcsKd q H k ; um;tjzpf owfrSwfcH&NyD; 2009 ckESpfu ay:xGucf o hJ nfhwmwmemEku d m; udk ,cktcg 2012 xkwf armf ',ftjzpf ydkrdktqifhjr§ifhwif xkwfvkyfum aps;uGufodkY jzefYcsd oGm;&ef&SdaMumif;od&onf/ 2012 emEkdum;wGif um; ta&mifudk a&mifpHk&Ekdifrnfjzpf NyD; um;twGif; tjyiftqif rsm;wGiv f nf; ydí k Zdrcf u H m;qef qef jyifqifxm;onf[k qkd

onf/ xkdYjyif 2012 armf',f um;onf ,cif u m;a[mif ; xuf qDpm;ydkoufomrnf[k ukrÜPDuajymonf/ þodkY 2012 armf',fwGif tqifhjr§ifhwifrIrsm;jyKvkyfxm; &jcif;rSm 0,folrsm;bufrS t BujH yKcsurf sm;aMumifjh zpfaMumif; wmwmarmfawmfum;ukrP Ü \ D tdEd´,'g½kdufwmyDtrf wmvef u attufzfyDodkYajymonf/ 2012 um;opfwiG f tif*siyf g0g udk jrif;aumifa& 38 aumift

xdwkd;jr§ifhxm;onf/ odkYaomf um;aps;EIef;udkrl ,cifaps;a': vm 2ç000 cefYom qufvuf xm;&Sda&mif;csrnfjzpfonf/ pm&if;rsm;t& wmwmem Ekdum;rsm;onf NyD;cJhonfhESpfu xuf ,ckESpfwGif a&mif;tm; 85 &mckdifEIef;wufcJhonf/ wm wmemEdkudk 2009 ckESpfwGif aps; uG u f j zef Y p Of u ½l y D ; wpf o d e f ; (a':vm 1ç979)jzifh a&mif;cs cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; urÇmhaps;tcsKdqHk; um;tjzpf rSwfwrf;0ifcJhonf/ —Ref: BBC

2012 wGif zdvpfykdiftxufwef;ausmif;tm;vHk; tifwmeuftoHk;jyKEkdifrnf reDvm? Ekd0ifbm - 23 zdvpfyidk Ef idk if w H iG f ,cktcg tpd;k &txuf w ef ; ausmif ; aygif ; 33ç006 ausmif;&Sd ausmif;om; 4 'or 4 oef;cefo Y nf tifwm euftoHk;jyKcGihf&&SdaeNyD; vm rnfh2012 ckEpS w f iG f Ekid if w H pf0ef; vHk;&Sd txufwef;ausmif;tm; vHk;wGif tifwmeufcsdwfquf ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od& onf/ ,ckaMunmcsufudk zdvpf ykdifynma&;Xmeu xkwfjyefcJh jcif;jzpfNyD; tifwmeuftoHk;jyK í pmwwfajrmufa&;vIyf&Sm;rI rsm; ydkrdkaqmif&GufEkdif&ef&nf &G,faMumif;qkdonf/ ynma&;0efBuD; tmrifvl tpfpx½kdu ]]uRefawmfwkdY[m pmoif c ef ; awG ? td r f o mawG xyfaqmufae½HkeJYrvHkavmuf ygbl ; / ynma&;rS m wu,f h

awmf v S e f a &;u tk d i f w D e nf ; ynmeJY vkyEf idk rf S &rSmyg}}[kajym onf/ zd v pf y k d i f y nma&;Xme onf tif w meuf t oH k ; jyKrI uRr;f usiaf p&ef ausmif; q&m? q&mraygif ; 13ç538 OD ; ud k vnf; avhusix fh m;aMumif;od& onf/ ynma&;Xmeonf2012 ckESpfwGif txufwef;ausmif; tm;vH;k ü tifwmeufcsw d q f uf Ekdif&ef cGJwrf;&efyHkaiG yDqkd 1 'or 8 bDvD,H (pifumyla': vm 54oef ; )&&S d x m;onf / ,ck tcsdefxd zdvpfykdifEkdifiHwGif txufwef;ausmif; tm;vHk;\ 97 &mckid Ef eI ;f tm; uGeyf sLwmrsm; wyfqifxm;NyD; 68 &mckdifEIef; rSm tifwmeuftoHk;jyKcGihf& xm;NyDjzpfonf/ —Ref: Philippine Enquirer

xkdif;a&BuD;rIrsm;aMumifU pD;yGm;a&; wkd;wufrIEIef; 1 &mckdifEIef;avsmUusEkdif pifumyl? Ekd0ifbm - 22 Ny;D cJo h nfv h rsm;twGi;f a&Bu;D rI rsm;aMumifh xkdif;EkdifiH\ pD;yGm; a&;wkd;wufrIEIef;onf 1 &mckdif EI e f ; cef Y avsmh u sEk d i f a Mumif ; urÇmhbPfu azmfjyonf/ urÇ m h b Pf u ¤if ; \ aemufqHk;xkwf ta&SUtm&SESihf ypdzdwfpD;yGm;a&;tpD&ifcHpmü xkdif;pD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufrIonf ,ckESpftwGif; 2 'or 4 &mckdif EIef;om&Sdrnf[k cefYrSef;azmfjy cJh&m ,if;rSm vGefchJonfhajcmuf vu cef Y r S e f ; csuf 3 'or 7 &mck d i f E I e f ; xuf 1 &mck d i f E I e f ; ausmf avsmh u soG m ;jcif ; jzpf onf/ tpD & if c H p mü ]]a&BuD ; rI

awG & J U tusKd ; ouf a &muf r I aMumifh 2011 &JU aemufqHk; oHk; vywf b@ma&;umv[m txdckdufqHk;ygyJ/ txl;ojzihf befaumufywf0ef;usifpufrI vkyif ef;e,fajrawGrmS ukex f w k f vkyfrIawGxdckdufcJh&ygw,f}}[k azmfjyxm;onf/ xkjYd yif urÇmb h Pfuta&SU awmiftm&SEidk if rH sm;wGif a&Bu;D rIrsm;aMumifh qHk;½HI;&rI wefzkd;udk ,cktcsdeftxd tNyD;owf rcefY rSef;Ekdifao;aMumif; qkdonf/ urÇmb h Pfu xkid ;f Ekid if \ H pD;yGm; a&;wk d ; wuf r I o nf vmrnf h 2012 ckESpf wGifrl 4 &mckdifEIef; &Sdrnf[k cefY rSef;xm;onf/ —Ref: Xinhua


45

International

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

aemufausmzHk; - tDwvDudk u,fwif&ef EdkifiHwumaiGaMu; &efykHaiGtzJGY jyifqifae rS xdt k awmtwGi;f tDwvD EkdifiHwGif jyóemwpfpkHwpf&m ay:vmygu ,l½dkZkef\ t½Iduf xdk;ESufcH&jcif;jzpfvdrfhrnf [k jyifopfor®w eDudkvyfqmudkZD ½kH;uxkwfjyefcJhonf/ xdkY tjyif jyifopfor®wqmudkZDESifh *sm reDt"dywdtef*svmrmu,fvf wdkYonf ,cif&ufowåywfu

jyifopfEkdifiHwGif jyKvkyfcJhonfh xdyfoD;tpnf;ta0;tNyD;wGif vnf; tDwvDNydKvJygu ,l½dk aiGaMu; tqkH;owfyifjzpfvdrfh rnfjzpfaMumif; owday;ajym Mum;cJhaMumif; 0efBuD;csKyf½kH;u xkwfjyefajymMum;cJhonf/

rluuf&SftrfbmeD

—Ref: AFP

aemufausmzHk; - aewdk;axmufyHUa&;vrf;aMumif; ygupöwef jzwfawmuf rS

aoqkH;cJhonfh ygupöwef wyfzJGU0ifrsm;twGuf *kPfjyK atmuf a rh z G , f tcrf ; tem; tm; ygupö w ef M unf ; wyf t BuD;tuJu OD;aqmifusif;ycsdef rSmyif aewkd;twGuf ta&;yg aom axmufyahH &;vrf;aMumif; jzwfawmufrIjzpfay:vmjcif; jzpfonf/ wmvD b ef p cef ; rsm;[k rouF m aom ae&mrsm;tm; tar&duef-tmz*eftxl;wyf zJUG rsm;u avaMumif;rSwu dk cf u kd f pOf ygupöwefppfbufu apmifh Muyfaeonfh e,fpyf*dwfayguf ES p f c k u d k y g xd r S e f r I j zpf a y:cJ h jcif;jzpfonf/ ,if;wkdufcdkufrI

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&Jrif; rluuf&Sf'kdif½lbDtrfbmeDonf tdEd´,pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifBuD; jzpfNyD; tdEd´,EkdifiH\ tBuD;rm; qH;k yk*v ¾ u d ykid f ukrP Ü BD uD; Reliance Industries \ Ouú|ESihf trI a qmif t &m&S d c sKyf j zpf onf/ 2011 ckESpfpm&if; t& tm&SwGif 'kwd,tcsrf;omqHk; yk*Kd¾ vjf zpfNy;D urÇmay:wGif e0r ajrmuf tcsrf;omqHk;jzpfonf/ rl u uf & S f t rf b meD t m; 1957 ckESpf {NyDv 19 &ufwGif rG e f b k d i f ; Nrd K UüarG ; zG m ;cJ h o nf / ¤if; \zcif 'kid ½f b l t D rfbmeDrmS xk d t csd e f u tao;pm;pD ; yG m ; a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;jzpfaomf vnf; aemufykdif;wGif tdEd´, pufrIvkyfief;wGif *E¦0ifwpfOD; jzpfvmonf/ trfbmeDwYdkrdom; pkonf 1970 ausmfESpfrsm;t xd rGefbkdif;NrdKU blvuf&Sf0ga'o wGif tdyfcef;ESpfcef;om&dSaom wdkufcef; üaexkdifcJhonf/

rl u uf & S f o nf tajccH ynma&;udk rGefbkdif;NrdKUrSmyif oif,lcJhNyD; bHkabwuúodkvfrS "mwkaA'tif*sifeD,mbGJU&&SdcJh onf / quf v uf í rl u uf & S f onf tar&duefEidk if H pwef;zk'Yd f wuúodkvfwGifpD;yGm;a&;r[m bGJU 2ESpfoifwef;wufa&mufcJh aomf v nf ; wpf E S p f o m NyD ; ajrmufNyD; 1980 jynfhESpfwGif ausmif;rS xGucf o Jh nf/ xkt d csed f wGif ¤if;\zcif 'kdif½lbDtrfbm eDrSmvnf; txnftvdyfcsnf rQifrsm;xkwfvkyf&mrS ydkvDtuf pwmcsnfrQifrsm;yg xkwfvkyf cGihf&&Sdvmí om;tBuD;jzpfol rl u uf & S f t rf b meD t m; MBA oifwef;rS &yfem;apí ¤if;\ vkyfief;wGifyg0ifulnD&efpDrHcJh jcif; jzpfonf/ rl u uf & S f t rf b meD o nf 1981 ckESpfrSpí Reliance puf rIvkyfief;wGif 0ifa&mufvkyf

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yifjzpfonf/ rpöwmrufAD'uf vufxufwiG f or®woufwrf; udkav;ESpfrS ajcmufESpfodkY wkd; jr§ifhcJhonf/ —Ref: The Hindu

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rJay;&rnfh a&G;aumufyGJtpD tpOf r S m 2012 ck E S p f rwf v txd Mumjrih f r nf j zpf o nf / ygvD r ef E S p f & yf p vH k ; twG u f tusKH ; 0if r nf h a&G ; aumuf y G J yxrtqifhwGif tzGJU0if 508 OD;yg jynfolYvTwfawmfudkpwif

a&G;cs,frnfjzpfonf/ Ekd0ifbm 8 &ufrSpí uefY uGufqE´jyrIrsm; jyefvnfjzpf ay:vmNyD; 10 &uftwGif; qE´ jyol41OD;aoqH;k cJu h mvl2­ç000 ausmf xdckduf'Pf&m&&SdcJhonf/ —Ref: BBC

ukdifcJhNyD; txnftvdyfcsnfrQif rsm;rS ydkvDtufpwmcsnfrQif rsm; xkwfvkyfjcif;vkyfief;? a&eH "mwk v k y f i ef ; rsm;? a&eH c suf puf½v kH yk if ef;? xkrd w S pfqihaf &eH ESihf obm0"mwfaiGU&SmazGa&; ESihf xkwfvkyfjcif;rsm;udk ur ux jyKOD;pD;OD;aqmifcJhonf/ rl u uf & S f t rf b meD o nf enf ; ynmus,fus,fjyefYjyefYtoHk; jyKum urÇmhtqifhrD puf½Hkt opf 51 ½HkudkxlaxmifcJhonf/ rl u uf & S f t rf b meD o nf enf ; ynmyk d i f ; t& urÇ m ay: wGif t½IyfaxG;qHk; owif;t csuftvufESihf qufoG,fa&; enf;ynmukrP Ü jD zpfaom Reliance qufo, G af &;vDrw d ufukd vnf; xlaxmifcJhonf/ urÇm ay:wGif tBuD;rm;qHk; a&eHcsuf puf½w kH pf½u kH v kd nf; tdE, ´d Ekid if H *sref m*g;a'owGifwnfaqmuf cJhNyD; ,if;puf½HkrSyif vQyfppf

"mwftm;xkwv f yk Nf y;D a&eH"mwk ypönf;puf½Hkrsm;? qdyfurf;ESihf tjcm;tajccHtaqmufttHk rsm;udkaygif;pnf;xm;onf/ tar&d u ef a ':vm 27 bDvD,Hcsrf;omaom rluuf&Sf trfbmeDonf Bank of America aumf y d k a &;&S i f ; \ 'g½k d u f w m bkwftzGJU0ifjzpfovkd EkdifiHw umqufqaH &;aumifp\ D Ekid if H wumtBuH a y;bk w f t zG J U 0if wpf OD;vnf;jzpfonf/ rluuf&SftrfbmeDwGif nD wpfOD;ESihf nDrESpfOD;&SdNyD; ZeD; onf eDwmtrfbmeDESihf om; orD;oH;k OD;xGe;f um;cJo h nf/ ¤if; wkdY rdom;pk0ifav;OD;onf uef a':vm 77 oef;tukeftuscH wnf a qmuf x m;aom urÇ m ay:wGif aps;tBuD;qHk;tdrf[k qkMd uonfh rGeb f idk ;f NrdKU&Sd 27 xyf yg tefwDvD,mpHtdrfü aexkdif Muonf/ —Ref: Wikipedia

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46

Interview

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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48

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49

Entertainment

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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10

Top

M ov i e s

in America

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Movie Review My Week With Marilyn

tar&duef*E¦0ifrif;orD; rm&DvifrGef½kd;wpf a,muf 1956 ckEpS f wGif ]The Prince and the Showgirl} Zmwfum; ½ku d u f ;l aepOf pdwt f aESmift h ,Sujf zpfp&mrsm; BuKH awGU&csed üf ,if;Zmwfum; ½ku d u f ;l ol\ vufaxmuf 'g½du k w f mwpfO;D jzpfol Colin Clark u rm&Dvif rGe½f ;dk tm; ulnDonf/ Clark rSm rm&DvifESihf toufuGmjcm;aomf vnf; olwkdYESpfOD;om; oDwif;wpfywftwGif; &if;ESD;rI? aysm&f iT rf rI sm; &&Scd MhJ uonf/ okaYd omf rGe½f ;dk rSm rGe½f ;dk yifjzpf &m vli,fav;\ az;rulnDcspfcifESpfoufrIuvnf; olrtwGuf rvHkavmufygay/ Michelle Williams? Eddie Redmayne? Kenneth Branggh ? Julia Ormond wkdYyg0ifxm;onfh Zmwfum;tm; Simon Curtis u ½du k u f ;l xm;onf/ Ekid if H wum½kyf&SifjyyGJESpfckwGif jyoNyD;aomZmwfum;tm; The Weinstein Company u Ekd0ifbmv 23 &ufwGif jzefYcsdcJhonf/


Vol.10, Vol.9, No.37 No.29  December October 7,12010 , 2011

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51

Sports

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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52

Sports

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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53

International

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

Oa&my'Hk;usnfumuG,fa&;pepf ½k&Sm; ypfrSwfxm;zG,f&Sd tD&eftay: ydwfqkdhwm;qD;rIrsm;csrSwf&ef armfpudk? Ekd0ifbm - 23 tar&duefEidk if u H ausmaxmuf aemufcHay;xm;onfh Oa&my 'Hk;usnfumuG,fa&;pepftm; ypf r S w f x m;í ½k & S m ;Ek d i f i H u ¤if;\ 'Hk;usnfrsm;udk jzefYMuuf csxm;oG m ;Ek d i f a Mumif ; ½k & S m ; or®w 'Drx D &DrufA'D ufuajym Mum;onf/ ½k&Sm;or®wu ½k&Sm;EkdifiH taejzifh vdktyfygu tar&d uefEkdifiH\ Mum;jzwfwkdufcdkuf a&;'Hk;usnfrsm;ESihfa&'gpepf rsm;tm;ypf r S w f x m;í ½k & S m ; EkdifiH taemufykdif;ESifh awmif ykid ;f wdw Yk iG f wku d cf si;f ypf 'H;k usnf rsm;csxm;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ½k & S m ;owif ; at*sif p D ( R I A Novocti)tm; ajymMum;onf/

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54

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

Photo - Reuters

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jyKjyifajymif;vJrItwGuf axmufcHcsufrsm;ay;&ef aumf rwDwpf&yfzGJUpnf;oGm;rnfjzpf aMumif; bm&def;bk&if [mruf bif t D q mt,f v f c gvD z mu ajymMum;onf/ emusifp&mt jzpf t ysuf r sm; xyf r H r jzpf ay:a&; oifcef;pm,la&SUquf &ef pdwfykdif;jzwfxm;aMumif; bm &de;f bk&ifuajymMum;onf/ —Ref: UPI

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tpö v mrf r pf t k y f p k r sm;xH r S rausreyf ajymqdkrIrsm;xGuf ay:rvmao;aMumif; ½kdufwm owif;wGifazmfjyonf/ odaYk omf tkyfpki,frsm;u ¤if;wkdYrSm vspf vsL½IcHae&aMumif; ajymMum; onf/ Ek0d ifbmv 23&ufwiG f vpf Asm;trsKd;om;toGiful;ajymif; a&;aumifpD½Hk;rsm;&Sd&m bif*gZD NrdKU [dkw,fa&SUü vlaygif; 150 cefY uefu Y u G q f E´jycJMh uaMumif; rsuf j rif o uf a orsm;uajym onf/ ,if;uefu Y u G q f E´jyrIrsm; tm;tpd;k &tzGUJ wGifta&;ygonfh ae&mr&&SdonfhtwGuf a'go xGufaeMuaom t0g*DESifh rm *&m&DbmrsK;d EG,pf rk sm;ujyKvyk f cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/ —Ref: Reuters


55

International

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, Vol.9, No.37 No.29  December October 7,12010 , 2011

½k&Sm;or®w&mxl;twGuf rpöwmylwiftm; w&m;0iftrnfpm&if; wifoGif;

Photo - AFP

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Photo - AFP

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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tcsyfykd

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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D

tcsyfykd

Vol.10, No.37  December 1, 2011

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7 Days News Journal, Vol 10, No. 37  

7 Days News Journal, Vol 10, No. 37