Page 1





. l, _Ayu..J.Ji.o.a-- Awa rd -wi nning po lice K9 tea m,

O ffi cer Jo hn Azevedo and Blitz

Did you know lhal almosl 70% of a dog's immune syslem is found in lhe digeslive lrad? It's true. That's why Officer Azevedo trusts Eukanuba<!l dog food for innovations like FOS. The FOS in ~ukanuba is clinicatly proven to stimulate the

growth of good bacteria in a dog's digestive tract, which helps support your dog's strong defenses. See, Eukanuba may be a premium dog food. but professionals who rely on resu lts know it's worth it. 110% money-back guarantee: Visit your local pet store to unlock the power of performance for your dog.

¡Visit fo r more info. 002009 P& G

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4 5 74 77

every Issue editor's letter snapshots coming up source guide

clippings 11

news The latest news, tips, ideas and more

14 mindful gardener Easy ways to green the Earth

16 hort couture Pamper garden-weary hands with a DIY manicure

18 star plant Species tulips: Quirky and dra matic, lhey unly Ileetingly resemble modern garden varieties

24 notes from a gardener Making the grade: Edilor-at-large Stephen Westcotl-Gratlon delivers his annual garden report card

how-to 26 techniques Making new plants from root cullings: Enjoy more of you r favo urile specimens with liltle efforl (and no cost!)

30 design matters Holding courl: Slruggling foundation plants and visible mechanics don't do justice to this atl raclive bungalow

canad iangarden


34 container guru Window dressing: Craft your own fall arrangement lo capture the spirit of the season

grassroots 66 transCanada


Our corres pondenls reporl un their regions



insider Tak ing care of husiness: A look beyond the pages of seed catalogues into their journey to you r mailhox

82 groundswell Experts share their go-to sources for trusled garden ing advice

on our cover~ Glorious fall colour in a city retreat. St ory, page 38, Photograph by Virginia Macdonald :

A Colourful Finale Careful plantings in this urban retreat bu ild all year to a pinnacl e of autumn shades that both stirs and soothes the senses



Prairie Palette The Sizzling shades of fall foliage se l the stage for the star performers of this Saskatoon garden to really shine


Hidden Assets An inner-cily plol masquerades as a sop histicaled verda nt oasis



styling by Ann Marie Favot ~


Tru e Colours From glossy leaves to vibrant sta 1ks, Swiss chard is a rainbow of great-tasting goodness

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ALMOST A DECADE AGO, I was standing in the elegan t

Prince Edward County, Ontario, garden of my stepmother, Susan Richardson, marvelling at the celebration of texture

as tall feathery plumes ofhlourning maiden grass (Miscan· thus sillen .~js 'Gracil limus') waved in the eve n ing light. " II

never forget it. Soaring above her other plantings, the impressive maiden grass was exactly the lype of clement I love to

see in gardens. Strong, uynamic, even dumina ting, it is structured without bei ng formal. Better sti 11, maiden grass keeps its good looks all winter. There's no plant-except mayue the startlingly spare seeclhead s on the spent stalks of purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)-that looks quite as magical when covered in hoarfrost. Maiden grass is massive-grow ing up to 1.3 metres in the righ t conditions. Saclly, my 3D-centimetre by 4.8-metre diminutive garden plot (no exaggeration!) is not an ideal spot for my giant beau. Though I know there are many sma ller options that coulcl work in my garden-'Red Rooster' sedge (Corex 'Red Rooster') and Baby lUt umbrella grass (Cyperus

involucratus ·Nanus·), for example-my hearl longs for

maiden grass. And si nce this is the colour issue, I will a lso share with you that in my botanical fantasy, as leggy MiscOIl/hus reaches its full height, the magnificent palm-sized

leaves of a few 'Ba llawley' elephant car (Bergenia 'Ballawley') specimens planted at its base will turn their particular shade of sl riki ng lipst ick red for con I rast. For a sense of it, turn to gardener Kevin O'Neill's efforts-also nole his use

I 'Ballawl,Y' e lephant car

Maiden grass

of zebra grass (Misconthus sinensis 'Zebrinus')-i n our story "A Colourful Fin a le," beginning on page 38, As luck would have it, I can plant Bflrgflnia late this season and glory in its garnet beauty next autumn. Unfortunately, the maiden grass will have to wait another year. Perh aps I'll break ranks with my neighbours and plant it on my front terrace. Among the clipped boxwoods o n my midtown Toronto st reet, my Miscall/hus w ill stand in a proud, flour ishing cluster-a breed apart, just as I like it.

If I could grow anything in my garden this fall,

it would be a combination of my favourite Miscanthus, maiden grass, and the striking

(and colourful) 'Ballawley' elephant ear. Erin McLaughlin, editor-in-chief 4 . canadiangarden Find more magazines at


l Fall Flavour You've just picked a bushel of apples.


Now, what are you going to make with these delicious pickings?

I If I have lois of apples. I'll make applesauce. Recently I took a French cooking class where we learned to make chunky applesauce-from scratch! It's actually very easy to do and can be stored in the freezer for a long time. The sauce can be used for both sweet and savou ry dishes. I've added it to braised pork and it was excellen t ~

flORENCE KWOK assistant art director Look for Florence's

unique artistic

VIRGINIA MACDONALD photographer Turn to page

38, and see

how Vi rginia

gracefully captures fall at its best in a Tor onto garden.

I'd definitely make an apple crumble! But I would also photograph the apples on the trees, keep snapping while baking the crumble, and then shoot the crumble itself, all golden brown and juicy with a scoop of ice cream. Yes, this makes me appreciate and love fall.

Diabetic Nerve Pain?

touches dappled

thr ough out.

CYBELE YOUNG I know summer is over when I look outside and admire the crisp blue of the fall sky- its intensity and clarity is invigorating. It's also a signal to start baking. I love to bake. I'll make pie, crumble, crumble, pie and more crumble (crunching on apples as I go)~ ::



Nerv. palo 10 .. y teet keep, ... up at ollht.


illustratur Creativity abounds for Cybele. Take nole of her work in " Noles from a Gardener" on page 24.

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After rubblll910 a tew drop, ot Neurale .. I¡.. eoJoyloglite agalo with a good olght"s ,I"p.

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VOLUME 20 NO.7 FALL 2009

EOITOR·iN·CHIEF Eri II McLaughlin I ART OIRECTOli jo""phine Woe rl man


SENIOR EO ITOII Deonoo Dor ily ASSISTAN T EDITOR Karina Le iman i , ASS ISTANT ART DIREC TOR F loronce Kwok EDITOII·AT·LARGE Slevlle" \\"e,IOOI{-Gral{oo HOIITICULTURAL EO ITOII An n e Marie Van I\esl CONTRIBUT ING EOITORS Tina Forrasler. Cbrislina Selby REGIONAL CORR[sPONOENTS A li son Beel. David lIobso". l.orry Hod s""n . M ic hael La .celio . Sandra Phinney







SENI"" .'C. PRES"l£N' ''EW ... 0 .. ' ~O D,G"AL SOWT'O"S Go'tOY' )uhn Clintun

1'"1 Str>n Sis

' O'ERn~ I NC

SALE' D'RECTDR jul io Wig.gins

nH:ITAL .. ED .. Zuu bal.e SeH"t



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"ANAe [ R~

VICE.PRE~"l£N '.


J{u~in .... n

IWest) Kuvin McJ:: ..... an


(Eas!) Suzanne Tremb lay

" . . EDITOR Ta r. Nul.n

N'TION AL ACCOY~ ' "AN'GERS David Lawrence. La u ro Qu.eD (M ontr • • 1) lulie Cou IQu.~ed Steph,no (lionno (C lossolied.) Tuoy Luri"


DIRECT RE'PON'E Kath(ocD lri.h KEY 'CCOUN""H'GERS Jessica Seolt. Gayle Ta guchi KEY ACCOUNT ASSOC,.TE Tonya COW.D 360· SOWT'ONS ACCOUNT O,RECTORS ConDie Cumer. KenDelh Machlum (M ontr • • 1) p.lricia Chiloa uneuf

.DvERTlSlNG' TR .... C Coo"O INATOR Yvunno Ped en

PROMOTIONS 'I>O"OT'O~S "A/I. GU Jud i Pruu l"

CRE ..... DIREC'OR Linda Sle~hcn .... o AR' DIRECTO"' Sus.n Jockso ". 1).n K i,hehuk. Peter ~...oor t .... n

DIRECTOR. H.... "UND HUO""AL DISTR IBUTION "'HA"". HernioMenehiso CONSUMER "A."ElI"""AHA""R II Ui COSI' CONSU .. E. PRO"",,TlOH ' '''C''L''' A m . n da Siune

Jennifer Murray


INT£"N Jessica Lewi.

GENER.L O", •• "OHS '. . N.GO Li.c P. u (·Hu.

O"'.'''ONS ... NAC • • Juh n "uij)C" HOllIE & G.RDEH ... ES .. ASUR Wilham Tu lly

8USI"US " . N'GER ""ncy IIsler ASSOC"'E 6U~ ' NU~ " A" ACERS Ansel P "Jociu •• Vincent Cbeung

WE.,.AS .... ON<lUSH .. ED" Dm itry Ileniaminuv

CONT.OlLER Marilyn Kielly

G.,PH'C DOSH:,."R A lcund ra lshigoH


""OJOCT SpEc,.uST Caruline Lee SAlU O''''''lATlON ' ''' Ct'''S' lJuminilMajka

DIROCTO •• CONSu .. E. ,"SlGttU ~ .. A.K .. RESUACH Kennelh ~ I 'eh(um


DI.OC'"". CO .... UN'C.TIOHS .ND PROOOOTIOHS Avra Gulden!>

S"£$ " ANACER. f.melio ~runOl


H.TlONAL SALES MANAGERS Ch.rleno ColwiH . C("ude M o reb"nd. Vit sio ia Mills


COIII"uH IC.1I0NS PR<IMOllONS SPECOOUSTS lani. Dav id,on I're,.id . Sleph.nio "us


COIII .. UH lc.nON' PR<I .. m'ONS C"""O INATOR C .. Ho MeGh.,.

SUPERVISM. ADVERTlSI .. C O.EU'>ONS Li .... o hone,,"u !

- - - - - - - -'l!inscontinental - - - - - - - TRANSCONTINENTAL MEDIA PREStDEN T Natolio La riviere SE .. IOR VICE·PRESIDENT BUSINESS&. CONSUMER SOLutiONS GROUP Pierre Marcoux VICE·PREStDENT &. GROUP PUBLISHER. ENGLISH CANAOA J.~queline HOI... e SENIOR VICE·PRESIDENT SALES &. 360· SOLuttONS Ran.u ll Poliquin VICE·PRESIDENT. CONSUMER M.RMETING . ENGLISH MAGAZINES Chti8topher Purcell ASSISTA NT TO TH( PUBLtSH(R Scot! Newl o nd . WWW.!fOuSCooli .... nl.t· me

HOW TO REACH US ADDRESS 25 She~~ard Ave. \\' .. Suile 100. Toronto. ON M2N 6S7 PHONE 4 16·7lJ·7f,t)0 FAX 4 16 ·227·8 298 SUBSCRIPTION INQUIR IES 905·9 . 6·0893 WEBS(TE canad iangardening.eom SUBSCRI~T I ON E.... IL subscriplions0'canad ia EDI TORIAL EM.IL ma i lbox@.c. "ad ia ngortlen iog .com Canadian Gardening magaz ine can no l proce •• un.olidted manu.oript . or arl malerial. and t he Publisher ... .,mes no responsibility whalsoover for lheir relurn.


CA .. ADIAH "ARDENI .. G (ISON 0047-3463)" po,.toh>hed "''''" )"ar (WHO!. Ann LlO!. AD<iI. May. Ju ne. SummO!. fait) bI' T" n.croo _ .. edia G.P., 25 Sh<ppa,d A·", 1'1.• SJOe 100. ""~n". ON M2N 6S7. 1010""""," 41G-73J·76OCl. P",:age poid a' ~"""' uga. Onto I'riot<-d ., ~. C2OO9 c.~ n GM~"'",i"lino . .... riIt<' r..... ~ . •• ""odOClioo r"'l'JO<" must be modo '" COPIBEC (poP« .. "odo.xtioo,). BOI).71 7·20ZI 0< Cm ~OM · SN i INctrooic ""ocILJction,). BOI).563-5665. S<J~"" """' $24 .91; lor roo)ONr (......., iHuoo) ~ GST. U.S. $ 15 p«_. f o<.;.n~:rdd $4500< \U'. s;~ pOC' $4 .% SMd.....".. _ ... .00 oi1e-q .. 0<""",,",0<<10<0<>


~~.8to< 7(7SOn . ~.Mo "' "I>m .ONl3PN3 ; ~ . W. ",.~ 'n. ' ""ncioI," """"oI tn.r.,..."........ oIc.~ ~aw

IhrO<lilh In. Pu~:>:ons'=t;loU PrOi'"'" and tn. Ca_ ......... F.n:tlowortl o<w~...o _1010""," Prit(ini "" T!~I"",,:' I {).rop/"ja. 20'9 20th Stteet UsI. ()wen Sound . ON N 4~ ~2 . Dostti!>J1td by C.. " To Coosl

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or rea


Food is one of the greatest pleasures in life ... and now is the time to celebrate all the fresh flavours of summer! Eating real, local, Canadian foods is all about taste and getting as many nutrients into your diet as possible.

buying loca lly grown Cooking local means that you are putt ing fresh, nutritious and great-tasting food on your table. It's easier than you thin k. • Plan your fam ily's menus around the harvest and the availabi lity o f produce.

• Be flexible when shopping - if the farm -fresh fruit or vegetable isn't o n your shopping list buy it because it's available now. • Shop at g rocery stores and markets that sell local produce. Look for "local"or "fresh from the farm" signage in the produce section. • Always buy the freshest, most loca l foods available. • Plan on eating the fresh produce in the next day or so but remember that some fruits and vegetables ca n be frozen and enjoyed later as well. You can fi nd more informat ion at www.eatrea . " Trade-markCM'I1ed or used under license by U n i ~ u mada,T(;O'OOI0, Ontario IMW 3R2

all about corn Nothing signals summer more in Canada tha n corn on the cob! This yummy vegetable is a low-fat complex carbohydrate (one ear is about 60 calories). A source of phosphorus and mag nesium, it also contai ns modest levels of folate and fibre. Delicious and nutritious, here are tips for w hen you're servi ng corn:

Hellmann's· makes it right Hellman n's· Rea l Mayon naise supports loca l, Canad ian food. True to th is commitment, it uses locally sourced

• Idea lly, the best tasting corn is picked the

ingredients for its products,

morning you buy it. Most supermarkets and

like eggs from Canad ian

ma rkets post this information, or just ask!

egg farmers and canola oi l

• Look for corn husks that are tig ht and green

from t he Prai ries.

w ith moist, soft sil k that is light golden. • Refrigerate sweet corn unt il you're ready to start cooking. This helps to delay the natu ral conversion of the suga r in the kernels to sta rch.

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To lea rn more about the Real Food Movement, and how to get more local food s into your diet, go to

Grown-in-Canada Fruit & Vegetable

Cook for real

Availability Guide

Combi ne Hell mann's· Rea l Mayonnaise with m inced ja lapeno

pepper and fresh coriander for a spicy spread that tastes delicious on fresh-from-the-field corn! We've also included all the how-to cooking informat ion to grill, boil, steam or microwave corn pe rfectly!

./= in season ./ - peak season


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Applfl Apricou BluRerrifs Cantaloupe

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Mectarlnes Peach


Plums Raspburles

.' .' .' .' .I ./ .'

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Rhllbilb, field and G,eenhouH Strawberries WatUmflon





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B,o«oli Brussels Sprouts

Cabbage Carrots



Spicy Mayo Corn on the Cob INGREDIENTS: 1/4 cup (50 ml) Hellmann's· Real Mayonnaise 1 tbsp (15 mL) each minced jalapeno pepper and fresh coriander 4 local cooked cobs of corn 1 tbsp (15 ml) grated Parmesan or Romano cheese PREPARATION:

Spicy Mayo: In small bowl, whisk together Hellmann's· Real Mayonnaise, jalapeno pepper and coriander; spread on corn. Sprinkle with cheese. Makes 4 servings_ Cooking Corn:

GRILL: Brush w ith 1 tbsp (1S mL) vegetable oil. Place on greased grill over med ium-high heat; close lid and grill, turning frequent ly, until lightly grill marked, 10 to 15 minutes.

Cauliflower Celery (oln, Sweet (hicory (Curfy Endive) CurumlHor(Fitld) Cu<umbft, Greenhouse E!!lIplant Escalole Flddleheads

Galik CH" Ltttu<e. Hud Ltttu<e. Luf

Mushrooms Onions, Green Onion<, Cooking

Pa"nip' Peas. Rf!lular Peas. Snow Peppe"

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Potatou, New Potatou, StOOlie

BOIL: Bring !Xlt of water to boil; add corn, cover and cook until tender, 8 to 10 minutes.


STEAM: Pour enough water into saucepan to come 1 inch (25 cm) up side; bring to boil. Place corn on rack above water and cover t ightly; cook until tender, 11 to 13 minutes.

Ruubaga Spl .... ch

MICROWAVE: Place in lO-inch (25 crn) microwaveable dish; cover and microwave on High until tender, 8 to 10 minutes, Let stand, covered, for 5 minutes before serving.

Tomat ....l. Field Tomat .... s. GreenhouH Turnip Zucchini

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,a. ;;t® atZ

Per serving: about 259 cal,S g pro, 15 g total fa t (2 9 sat. fat), 30 9 carb, 5 g fibre, 6 mg chol. 11 8 mg sodium, 308 mg potaSSium. % RDI: 2% calcium, 6% iron, 3% vit A. 15% vit C. 26% folate,

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.-:Find more magazines at

.....~~RAlJ or

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clippings NEWS Classic High Fern BOOTS in Sha le/ Blue, $130,



Brass Beetle BOOTJACK ,

$39.50, Lee Valley Tools

It is possible to leave dirt at the door this fall. These classic,

Shag bold stripe indoor/ outdoor DOORMAT in Camouflage, $45, Chilewich

stylish accessories will help keep the season's mud and wet leaves from your clean floors, letting you putter about the garden care· free long after the

Gauntlet Ruby Rose GLOVES , $38, West County Gardener

first snow flies. DRYWALKERS

boot slippers, $29.80, Lee Valley Tools


$22.50, Lee Valley Tools


nine to 12, adult gardeners will also find much to reflect on in its spare but elegant paragraphs.

' ,j Sm,II ifGllrdtD








GARDENER - Stephen


o ONE SMAll GARDEN by Barbara Nichol,

Tundra Books. $14.99 A charming collection of diary-like entries about the author's lOO-year-old garden in Cabbagetown, Toronto, that covers topiCS as diverse as ants, tulips, tree experts and trespassers in a delightful prose that's botanically sound. Although the text is aimed primarily at children aged

Turner & Patrick von Aderkas, Timber Press, $39.95 Written by two University of Victoria professors, this easy-to-understand volume should be on every gardener's bookshelf. Divided into fou r sections (mushrooms, wild plants, garden plants and houseplants), the text is supported by great photos. Readers will learn why it isn't a good idea to eat the honey made from rhododendron nectar, and may think twice before decking their halls with boughs of holly and ivy this year- both are poisonous (but poinsettias aren't).


'October Glory' red maple Acer rubrum 'October Glory' BENEFITS looking for a tree with great fall colour that won't make your allergies go into overdrive come spring? Completely pollen-free, 'October Glory' is one of several female red maple cultivars identified as the least likely to trigger allergies. Tom Ogren , who has a master of science in agriculture and studies the connection between plants and allergies, adds, "Because of its extensive bloom of female flowers, 'October Glory' is not only pollen- and allergy-free, it's also a very effective large pollen trap. A big 'October Glory' will catch pollen from local male red maple trees and turn it into seed." SIZE 16 m (h), 11 m (w) ZONE 4 CULTIVATION Prefers slightly acidic, moist soil -Lorraine Flanigan SOURCE GUIDE , PAGE 77

12 · canad l3ngarden

FAll 2009

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Bring the rainforest to your yord.

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clippings MINDFUL GARDENER Mindful Gardener celebrates and supports the progress and ~f<efforts of environmentally conscious businesses




eco-SUPPORT Tired of using plastic twist-ties to support your plants? Instead, try Japanese Paper Ties made from 100 per cent unbleached, recycled paper. Th is handy roll of paper allows you to cut each tie to the desired length. The ties will not bruise or damage your plants and are completely

biodegradable. Suitable for indoor or outdoor use. PAPER TIES , $4.95, Lee Valley Tools

sweet TREAT Trying to avoid sugar and artificial sweeteners, but finding it hard to find a convenient alternative? Honibe Honey Drops are the perfect solution. Simply add a Honey Drop to your tea or coffee without the muss and fuss of honey from a jar. All natural, 100 per cent dried PEL honey is conveniently packed and ready to use. HONEY DROPS, starting at $8.99 for box of 20, Hon ibe


green SNACKS

~ •

It's harvest time, but if you aren't into baking, these bars are fabulous healthy substitutes to homemade pie. Made with natural ingredients, Uirabar is a snack worth packing in your next lunch or bringing on your next nature walk.


APPLE PIE, PECAN PIE AN D CHERRY PIE, $2 .29 each, Ul rabar



/lvr I1Ivr(l8r1,'I)lllips. gv Iv conodiansard(lnins.cQmlecv/ril.",O Find more magazines at

,1•l !

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clippings HORT COUTURE Jurlique Rose HAND CREAM , $60, Pistachio

Hand Relief HAND LOTION ,

$30, Aveda ·

The Gardener's Naturally Foaming Clay SOAP, $17.50, Lee Valley Tools

",0 Gardener's HAND SCRUB ,

$6, Upper

Canada Soap Company

Butter london


Horse Power NAil FERTILIZER ,

At the end of a tough gardening season, pamper your hands with a do-it-yourself manicure. Our choice products include formaldehyde-, toluene- and DPB-free nail polish, a reusable glass nail file and scru bs, salves and creams with natural ingredients.


,~ \. Quo


$8.99, Shoppers Drug Mart

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$23 , Pistachio




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clippings STAR PLANT


rcquclltly a nd regrellably overlooked by spring Imlll enthu sias ts arc the distinctive, little species tulips; cven tulip taxonomists place species flowe rs in "Di vi-

sion "15"-a ca tchall for misfits that don't conform to (lilY of

th e first



Essentially wilt!nuwcrs that require minimal can:. species (or ooln Il iea I) Iu Iips arc less susceptible to pests and disea se lhan arc the majority of modern cultivars . Most of these naturallypcs will increase slowly if they're given the same 18 ¡


I FALL 2009

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One style does not fit all. evolution O F bladder protection THE

For a free sample call 1-888-747-7243 toll free or vis it f<>llr>o:i In .............. _




_dod", - . . _


TUI.... Io.twgIst_lt_oISCA~_~

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STAR PLANT cunditiuns lhat they enjoy in the wilJ: goutl urai nage; hut, dry summers; and cold winters. Different species bloom at different limes, from early spring (dwarf rosy-purple and Leatherbulb tulips) to late spring or even early summer (horned and Candia tulips); all are reliably hardy Lo Zune 4 (or Zone 3 with excellent drai nage and a dry w inter mulch of evergreen boughs, pille need les or coarse leaves). The bulbs of species tulips are small: one-third to onehalf as large as modern cu ltivars, and their fl owers look best when planted in groups of 12 or more.

Group species tulips together with other spring flowers that will extend the season of bloom


karataviensel ZONE 4


(Anemone blanda and cvs.) ZONE 4


( Pulmonaria spp. and cvs .) ZONE 4


poeticus var. recurvus) ZONE 3



IRIS (Iris reticulata and cvs.) ZONE 4

20 ¡ canad iangardening,com

FAll 2009

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Using a


With Crest Pro-Health. you get it all. If you're using a sensitivity toothpaste, you're not getting t he protection against t artar, plaque and


gingivitis you want Crest Pro-Health ' is the only toothpaste that protects against sensitivity plus all these areas dentists check most.







Healthy-Looking. Beauuful Sm~es for Life.


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STAR PLANT • In fall, plant bulbs in rich , well-drained soil six

centimetres apart, 10 centimetres deep (rule of thumb: three times the height of the bulb). • Deter pesky wildlife by enriching the soil with

bone- and/or bloodmeal (follow package directions).




(TulljJa acuminata)

LADY TULIP (r c/u$lima)

height (em)

humilis var. pulchella syn. T. pulchella) MARJOLLET TULIP

(T. marjol/etii)

lEATHERBULB TULIP (T. praestans)

(T. saxatilis [Bakeri Group] 'Lilac Wonder')

LATE TULIP (T. tarda)




Glaucous, wavy leaves; solitary flowers have lO-cm-long spidery, pale red or yellow, pointed tepals *

Blooms mid- to late spring. No known wild populations


Glaucous leaves; one to two star-shaped flowers per stem, up to 10 em across, white with dark pink to crimson striped outer tepals

Blooms in mid-spring; will naturalize if left undisturbed . Native from Iran to Tibet


Thin, glaucous leaves; one to three star-shaped, rose-mauve or purple flowers per stem, up to 8 em across

Blooms in early spring. Native to Turkey and northern Iran


Upright grey-green leaves; solitary 12-cm-wide flowers are creamy white with dark pink margins

Blooms in mid-spring. Native to southeast France


Downy, grey-green leaves; four to five bowl-shaped orange-red flowers per stem, up to 12 cm across

Blooms in early spring. Native to Tajikistan and Kazakhstan


Shiny, bright green leaves; one to four star-shaped, pink to lilac flowers with yellow centres per stem, up to 8 em across

Blooms in mid- to late spring; fragrant. Native to Crete; AGM 1995, reconfirmed in 2008


Bright green recurved leaves; one to six star-shaped, white flowers with yellow centres per stem, up to 6 em across

Blooms in mid-spring, often sold erroneously as T. dasystemon. Native to the Tian Shan, its blooms open in succession over a monthhence its epithet ~Iate," or " tardy~


Linear. grey-green leaves; six to 12 starshaped white flowers with greyish purple blotches per stem, up to 5 em across



I •






• Cut off stems after flowering to prevent plants from seeding. • Pull out leaves with a sharp tug once they have turned completely yellow. • Discard any plants that display streaky, blotched or discoloured leaves due to virus; do not compost.

- .~---------



Blooms in mid-spring; malodorous flowers. Native to the Tian Shan; AGM 1993, reconfirmed 2008

* Tulips don't have petals or sepals, but rather "tepals," which are undifferentiated petal-like structures that are fused together at their base. 22 · canad iangarden ing .com


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~ A' T~u....-r... Af-7<>W."'-.


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rnm@~~ITD~ li~~ ~[j@~~ Editor-at-Iarge Stephen Westcott-Gratton ponders his plants and delivers his annual garden report card


In the world of horticulture, lots of the small disappointments are more than compensated for by myriad small triumphs.

or gardens and gardeners alike, the Day of Reckoning is nigh. [['s lime to take stuck of our respective plots, assess our pla nts and issue a passing or fai ling grade-w ith a n eye to avoiding simila r blunders next year. Whi le those specimens thai don't pass muster may have already snuffed it, it's useful to remernuer their names. Furtu nately, my list of non-starlers is short, bUl it cont ains several surprises . Two clumps of zebra g ra ss (Miscall/hus .~illell.~is 'Zebrinus'J growing side by side behaved dramatically di fferently: one failed to emerge at all, while its neighbour grew more robustly than ever. As wd l, a sizable patch of toad Ii lies (TTicy rUs birla 'M iyazaki') was nowhere to be fou nd.l fear that an early-albeit brief-autumn freeze a year ago killed several plants that were sti ll in active growth: a blue rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriocus 'Marina') also hi t the Just. I'll have to mull over some alternat ive fa ll-hlooming spec ies to fill in the gaps, or maybe just divide a generous clump of apparently indestructible Japanese anemones (An emone x hyhrida 'Robusti ssima') instead. In the "plants that go above and beyond the ca ll of du ty" category are Golden Spirit smokebu sh (Colinlls coggygrio 'Ancot'), whic h continues to soa r, and golden spiderwort (Tradescantia [Andersoniana Group] 'Sweet Kate'), which excels for its clear, bright yellow foliage that never looks tired. Althou gh rm seemi ngly more immune to heucheras than most, the yellow-green foliage of 'Lime Rickey ' always delivers the goods . Honourable mentions for height and grace go to my

meadow rue (Thalictfllm oquilegiifolium) that topped ou t at 2.5 metres and my delphiniums from the New Mi llennium Series (the secret here is to huy them young, and keep their feet in the shade and their heads in the sun). For length of bloom, any of the red-flowered forms of masterwort (Aslralltia major 'Rubra') are real garden workhorses, lasting for weeks while prov iding much neeJed "airspace" in a c rowdeJ border. Naturally a certain amount of shopping gets do ne over the course of the growi ng season, and this year was no exception_ To make way for the newcomers , I cleared away three scrubby, overgrown foundation sh rubs that were past I heir sellby date a nd replaced them with a two-mette-high weeping Nootka falsecypress (Chamaecy paris noolkalensis 'Pendula'), a tree I've lusted after for ages . I gather, however, that its conspicuous ly droopin g habit does n't suit every taste: a neighbour recently sympathized, ~ It got sick, huhT' I've also wanted a corkscrew hazd (CorY/lis OI'ellana 'Contorta') for a long time, but I'm glad I waited, since th is spring saw the wide release of a stable red-leaved cu ltivar Cil lIed 'Red Majesti c' that adds yet another dimension to Ihis mad Iy-off-i n-a II-d i rect ions arch itectu ra I sh rub, And fina lly, I hought Oil impulse a borderline hardy 'Waterfall' Japanese maple (Acer palmalum var. disseclum '\Naterfall'), which may turn out to be the most expensive "annual"' rve ever purchased. But I don't care-it still merits an A+ on my garden's repor t card. That sort of beaut y can't be measured in dollars and cents. ::

24 . canad l3ngarden

FAll 2009

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Enjoy more of your favourite specimens with little effort (and at no cost!) BY STEPHEN WESTCOTT-GRATTON


illly plants ca n produce stems (or shoots) from buds on their roots; by taking root cuttings, gardeners can propagate thei r favo urite pla nts with lill ie effort and a lot less lime th a n uy growing them from seed. The new speci mens will be genetica lly identica l to the parent plan \. a nl! cu lt ings of herbaceous perenn ial s often nower d uri ng their first year of growth . The trick to propagatin g from rool cu l\in gs is to toke the cutt in gs when the parent planl is dormant: either in latu

autumn or first thing in spring. \oVoody plant material that is still young enough to handle easily is a lso well su ited \0 this propagation tech nique. 26 . canadiangarder.

Gu 10 canadian8arclcnillg.comltecilniques fur more lwlpful faU Find more magazines at


Seven great issues a year whisk you off to gorgeous gardens across the country and bring you loads of plant information, pro tips, useful techniques and inspiration. Everything you need to know about gardening anywhere in Canada can be found in the lively pages of Canadian Gardening magazine!

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SPRING garden primer what to plant for all-q;~~:-.!.

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how to do it: 1. Usi ng a sharp spade or gardell fork , lift the parent plant out orthe soil (cuI back excessive top growth by ha lf for easier handling), Wash the suil from the [ooloall with a hose to expose the individual roots. 2. With a sha rp k n ife, c ut off the selected rool pieces as close to the

Here are some woody plants and perennials suitable for propagation by root cuttings : Shrubs, trees and vines

crown as possible (don't take all t he rools of t he parent, though; your sholl ld leave up to ha I f in tact]. As you remove each onc, make a flat cut, at righ t angles to the root, across t he lop [a). Next , t rim off t he other end (the bottom) with a sloping cut so the length is uelweeil rive and eight cenlimt!lres [b). Re move a ny fibrous lateral roots on the cutting. Note: a single roo t piece can yield several cuttings de pending on its size. Just make sure yOll trim each piece so Ihe lop is fl al and Ihe bollom is sloped. 3. Fill 12-to 15-centimetre-ueep pots with moistelleu seeustarting or house plant soilless m ix to three ce ntimetres below the rim . Make several holes using a penci l or knitting needle three 10 four cenl imetres apart, a nd insert cutli ngs vertically, mak i ng su re I hey a re right-s ide up; t he top of each culling should be level wilh Ihe soil surface [el. Firm Ihe soil bac k around them and cover with one centimetre of horticultural sand or fine gravel (e .g., ri n sed aquarium gravel) to provide good aeration for the buds that will develop at the top of Ihe cuttings. 4. Return Ihe parenl plant to ils original hole, if desired; rep lacement roots will grow once it breaks dormancy. 5. Place pots in a bright, warm area oul of d irec t su nl ighL Wate r minimally 10 avoid ro t-just kee p the soil barely moisl. Within four to six weeks, shoots will begin to appear from the cullings: however, new roots will not have formed yet, so wait another two to Ihree weeks before wateri ng on a regular basis. 6. Once new plants arc actively growing, place Ihem in a su n ny window, then harden them off for several weeks before planti ng in the ground . ..

• BOTTLEBRUSH BUCKEYE (Aesculus parviflora)


Zone 4 • JAPANESE ANGELICA-TREE (Aralia elata) Zone 4 • CROSS VINE (Bignonia capreolata) Zone 6 • TRUMPET VINE (Campsis radicans) Zone 4 • NORTHERN CATALPA (Catalpa speciosa) Zone 4 • FLOWERINGQUINCE ( Chaenomeles spp.) Zone 5 • PANICLED GOLDENRAINTREE (Koelreuteria paniculata) Zone 6 • BLUE PASSIONFLOWER (Passiflora caerulea) Zone 7 • ROYAL PAULOWNIA (Paulownia tomentosa) Zone 6 • SMOOTH SUMAC (Rhus glabra)

Zone 3

28 · canad

Perennia ls • BEAR'S BREECHES (Acanthus spinosus Spinosissimus

Group) Zone 5 • ALKANET (Anchusa spp.) Zone 5 • JAPANESE ANEMONE (Anemone x hybrida) Zone 5 • HERON'S BILL (Erodium spp.)

Zones 4 to 8 , depending on spp. • SEA HOLLY (Eryngium alpinum) Zone 3 • HARDY GERANIUM (G eranium spp.)

Zones 3 to 8, depending on spp. • SEA LAVENDER (Limonium latifolium) Zon e 2 • ORIENTAL POppy (Papaver onentafe) Zone 3 • GARDEN PHLOX (Phlox paniculata) Zone 4 • DRUMSTICK PRIMROSE ( Primula denticulata) Zone 3 • PASQUE FLOWER (Pulsatilla vulgaris) Zone 4 • MULLEIN (Verbascum spp. and cultiva rs)

Zones 3 to 8, depending on spp. FAll 2009

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Another outdoor gardening season will soon be coming to a close, but there's still lots of time to take in the wonders of fall gardens and, of course, those breathtaking, multicoloured leaves. Find lots of autumn inspiration at Grow your own fall fair-worthy pumpkins and gourds You see them every year in the news-giant, colourful veggies that could feed a small army. How do they

get so big? We share some insider tips on growing

gourds at canadian

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Get the latest gardening news and advice delivered straight to your inbox. Each month, we will do a random draw from all our newsletter subscribers to win a prize. This month, you could win a Tubby, a No-Kink garden hose and a watering can from Garant (approximate retail value, $75).

The results are in, and oul of 1,000 responses, we discovered that the majority

of you have problems with your soil (bookmark for next year). A close second was a shady yard, while the rest of our readers found the scorching sun, drought or flooding to be a thorn in their sides. This month, we want to know what you were most proud of in your 2009

garden. Go to to cast your vote.

cana diangarden ¡ 29

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Struggling foundation plants and visible mechanics don't do justice to this attractive bungalow BY JUDITH ADAM he lIufr-coloured stonewurk and bright full-sun exposure suggest a Mcd ilcrrancall COll rtyard setling; courtyard gardens make small houses seem more expansive and welcoming. A short trellis screen erected under the w indow will establ ish a frame of reference fur the courtyard and hide the foundation pipes, gas meter and air conditioner. A textured concrete patio, meanwhile, wi ll prov ide a floor for an all-season bench, with space for morc c hairs in summer. To create a sense of pri vate space, low shruus (including dogwoods) should be planted in a surrounding bed. A l10ralllfll can be easily

converted to a bubbler foun tain (no water pipe required), powered with an oUldoor exlension cord sna ked heh i nd the screen and concealed among a cluster of potted annuals. Two compact trees (a limber pine and a Japanese maple) will help to balance the house on ils lot. Meanwhile, with the buff-coloured stone as a backdrop, woody plants with brilliant burgundy and yellow foliage w ill bring lasting interest to the seating area. In winter, the red dogwood twigs and blue-green limber pine branches wi ll be adorned with snow, c reating a picture-perfect cold-season display. FAl l 2009

30 ¡ C3nad iangarden ing,com

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to our dtIa: dna 1991.

Nature in the city begins with alt of us. The harder




FinanclaJ Group

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"IOT'I .••




the pia


'BLOODGOOD' JAPANESE MAPLE (Acer palmatum var, atropurpureum 'Bloodgood')

0 Full Sun

() Part Shade

• Full Shade



(Salix purpurea 'Nana')



m, .... 1 m,

0 , ZONE 4

15 m, .... 3 m, 0 () , ZONE 5

(Pinus flexilis


(Comus alba 'Bailha lo')


'Vanderwolf's Pyram id ') 15 m, .... 2 m, 0 , ZONE 3

1 .... 1.5


0 () , ZONE 3




CARYOPTERIS (Caryopteris

CUTLEAF ELDER (Sambucus racemosa 'Sutherland Gold') t .... 2 m, O () , ZONE 4

HYDRANGEA (Hydrangea PINE (Pinus sylvestris macrophylla 'Glowing 'Hillside Creeper ') Embers') J .... l m, 0, ZONE 5 160 em, .... 2 m, 0, ZONE 3

x c/andonensis 'Jason') m, 0 , ZONE6

t .... l

Woody plants with brilliant burgundy and yellow foliage will bring lasting interest to the seating area

If you have a garden design problem, send a

clear photo and brief note ( include

plan ting zone) to Design Ma tters,

Canadian Gardening, 25 Sheppard Avenue West Suite 100, Toronto, ON M2N 657, or email mailbox@canadian garden While indiVidual rep lies are not possible, selected letters will be answered in this colum n.

32 · canadiangarden

FALL 2009

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Canadian Living

â&#x20AC;¢ Learn the Basics of Healthy Eating . Find Quick & Healthy Family Meals . Get Most Ready in 30 Minutes or Less! INS IDE: 150+ Quick & Healthy Recipes Poultry I Beef, Pork &: Lamb I Fish 8t Seafood I Vegetarian Entrees

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window dressin Craft your own fall arrangement to capture the spirit of the season BY PAUL ZAMMIT

34. C3Md iangarden ing,com

FALL 2009

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nspireu by these black artHicial branches, [ended up c reating this eerie yet elega nt autumn window box. The effect of the branches rising through the olher plant material enhances the sense of eeriness. Repetition was key Lo the design as well, and achieved hy choosing on ly a few different types of plants with dramatic foliage in a limited colour palette. The ability of these specimens to withstand some degree of fall frost also figured prominently in the selection prucess. Add your own personal touch by selecting from the vasl range of miniature pumpkins, assorted gourds and small garden ornaments currently available. These can also be varied to reflect seasuna! festivities. Fur example, carefully carve the pumpkins and insert battery-operated tea lights for a spooky display at Halloween.



w Q

HOW-TO TIPS • Before planting up the w indow box, I applied Black Gloss Tremclad Rust Spray Paint to match the artificial branches. Next, I lined it with moistened sheet moss, then added a layer of plastic; small perforations were made to allow for drainage. • Four branches were used to create two sets (each pair of branches was tied at its base with floral wire). These sets were positioned at varying heights in the arrangement using different-sized Oasis floral foam. Each set was inserted into its respective foam and secured in the window box by firmly packin g potting soil around the foam bases. More potti ng soil was added to fill the balance of the container. • Next, the live material was added

(before planli ng, waler sped mens in their original containers). First in we re the spurge , positioned very close to the base of the branches, fo llowed by the flowering cabbage and bug !eweed . Moistened sheet moss was again used lo cover any remaining exposed soil. • Finally, the miniature pumpkins were arranged, carefully (and discreetly) secured with 22-gauge florist wire. • To keep the container looking fresh, be sure to remove any fadi ng foliage. In late fall, before the ground freezes, remove the perennials (the Black Scallop bugle weed) from the container and planl inlo the garden lo overwinter; they can be lifted and reused next year. :: SOURCE GU IDE, PAGE 77

Find fall containor in spiration al canadiangardoning.comlfallcanlaine

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"Autumn begins to be inferred By millinery of the cloud, or deeper color in the shawl That wraps the everlasting hill." -EM ILY DICKINSON, 1830- 1886. FROM COMPLETE POEMS , "THE SINGLE HOUND LXV"

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The first bed along the walkway is filled wit h a wild mix of ta 11 ferns, smallleaved azaleas and larger rhododendrons. Here sits a del icate lance of colvo r, uut O'Neill assures us there is more vibrancy to come. The aza leas sport jewel-toned blooms in spring, matched almost by the bright rcd hues of t heir leaves in early autumn, The free-form of this bed is kepI in check by a low uoxwoucl hedge. Next is an area a nchored by a large bu rgundy Japanese ma ple under planted w ith Ja panese pain ted ferns and to ad lilies, an Asian nat ive with Jlurp!e-and-while orchid-like flowe rs that bloom in fall.


Around the corner, the ,:;g~~~t~x:~:~~~ bronzy crimson [caves of an hydrangea and the ruby tones of a

leaved redbud {cerc;s.:~::~d:.~;:;:I~~ Pan sy') are echoed by the fruit adorning the crauapples laid a nine-metre-long ailce. The alice is fled by a row of pyramidal yews in lavender bed just to the left of the path. The fragrant 'Hidcote' English lavender

is one of the owners' must-have plants. A serene enclave is the next element along the path. Lined with massive hostas, astilbcs and ferns, it is here that the owners sit quietly to fead the paper and

enjoy a cup of coffee. Once the weather tu rns cool , however, the tranquil green calm turns Lo a cresce ndo of autumn coiour, w ith witch-hazel and birch crupti ng in electric yellow to m ix with the vibran t fed of Japanese maple and eUDny-

mous. The oakleaf and rno phcad hydrangeas lend morc subdued lones with their creamy wh ite nowers uecoming a so ft pink, and the foliage changing to bronzy red and soft yellow. respectively. This bold symphony of colour is punctuated by sensational red elephant ear (Bergenia spp.lleaves. rusi-colou red sedu m nowers and bright blue globe thistles. At the terrace next to the house lies the g rand finale. Where O'Ne ill u ses trees, shrubs and perennials to add colour to the rest of the garden , here he turns to the most common of fall annuals. chry, santhemums. Despite ve ins used as is in the t .....o large formal beds and in multiple containers along the te rrace-massed in a mad jumble of colours- the effect is not common at all. It is an irresistible display of botanical fireworks to be enjoyed well into the start of wi nter.

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foliage that turns bright red and occasionally yellow; prefers growing in moist, welldrained soil in full to part sun.


41 Colour: red



(Tn'cyrtis formosanaJ This shade lover displays blooms that resemble purple-and-while orchid flowers from summer to early fall. Likes rich, welldrained soil in part or deep shade. Zone 61 Colour:

(Sedum [Herbstfreude

purple und white

rupestre 'Angelina') Gold foliage turns reddish in the fall. Prefers well-drained soil and full sun; spreads well. Great in containers. Zone 4 1Colour: yellow/red

Group] 'Herbstfreude') Glaucous foliage and auburn flowers until frost. Can become floppy; a more compact cultivar is 'Autumn Fire', Prefers well-drained soil and full sun; great cut flower. Zone Colour: red



(Echinacea purpurea) Pink


[8] GERANIUM (Geranium spp. and cvs.) Adapted to a wide range of conditions, only some species colour well in fall, like the bloody cranesbill (G. sanguineum); prefers rich, well-drained soil and part to full sun.

Zones 4 10 7 depending species 1 Colour: red


('~-C:AT -:. \LL-COLOUR blooms in midsummer that last into fall; lovely seed heads into winter. Prefers full sun and rich, well-drained soil. Zone 41 Colour: pink [4] 'BRUNETTE ' CIMICIFUGA

(Actaea simplex [Atropurpurea Group] 'Brunette') Lovely purplish black foliage sends out long cream flowers in fall that fade to light pink; prefers moist, rich soil and part shade. Zone 41 Colour; burgundy and cream


(Sempervivum spp. and cvs.l These lovely little container plants often look best as the weather becomes cooler in fall, when they have reddish tints. Grows best in sharply drained soil (add sand or grit for best results) and full sun. Zone 41 Colour: red



(Echinops bannaticus syn. E. ritro) Purple-blue thistlelike flowers that bloom in summer and last through to fall; prefers well-drained soil and full sun. Zone 31 Colour: blue/ purple (Bergenia spp.) Big, shiny, lettuce-like [6] ELEPHANT EAR


Kevin O'Neill, the gardener at this Toronto home, changes the annuals four times a year in parts of the garden. In fall, he plants mums. These bedding plants do best in full sun and well-drained soil.

Colour: pillk, red, yellow, orange and peach

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[11] KALE The colours in this ornamental vegetable become more vivid as the night air cools. They prefer full sun and rich, welldrained soil, although when grown for ornamental effect, they tolerate part sun. (12) COLEUS These vibrant foliage plants give excellent colour until the first frost. They prefer part and full sun (check the variety) and fertile, moist soil. Colour: burgundy, chartreuse, rus t

shrubs/trees [13] AZALEAS (Rhododendron spp. and cvs.) Bright colour in spring and again in fall; foliage turns a burnished red.

Prefers moist, rich acidic soil and part shade. Zones 5 10 8 depending on cullivar I Colour: red (Cercis candensis' Forest Pansy') The leaves of this cultivar are a rich burgundy; in the autumn, they either continue to hold their colour or turn a deeper red . Prefers rich, well-drained soil in part shade to full sun. Zone 51 Colour: reddisll burgundy [14] REDBUD

drained soil in part shade. Zo ne 51 Colour: burgundy [l6] PEEGEE HYDRANGEA

{Hydrangea paniculata 'Grandiflora') Slightly more upright than the other species, this hydrangea often forms a standard or singlestemmed small tree. Creamy white flowers are long lasting and turn pink in cool weather. Plant in well-drained, humusrich soil in full to part sun. Zone 41 Colour: pink, yellow and cream



(Hydrangea quercifolia) A lovely shade shrub with beautiful mahogany foliage in fall that sets off its creamy white flowers. The peeling bark on mature specimens makes them a great plant for winter interest as well. Grows best in deep, moist, weil-

(H. arborescens 'Annabelle' ) Big, ivory flowerheads bloom midsummer and last well into autumn . Leaves turn a pale yellow as fall arrives. Grows in average soil in full sun or part shade. Zon e 51 Colour: yellow and cream

(Hamamelis x intermedia cvs.) A small tree with beautiful gold or red leaves in the fall. Prefers full sun to part shade and well-drained soil. Zone 61 Colou r: yellow [18] WITCH-HAZEL

(Acer palmatum and cvs.) The signature plant of this garden in fall, which turns shades of red, orange and yellow. Prefers fer tile, moist, well-drained soil in part sun . Zone 61 Colour: red, orange and yellow [19] JAPANESE MAPLE

(20) CRABAPPLE (Malus spp.) The foliage colour (shades of red and yellow) on this small tree is subtle in fall, but the red frui t looks lovely after the leaves have fallen. Prefers full sun and moist, well-drained soil. Zo ne 51 Colour: reddish foliage; red fruits :: cana â&#x20AC;˘ 45

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Once the bright hues of bold summer blooms have given way to the sizzling shades offall foliage, the stage is set for the star performers of this Saskatoon garden to really shine TEXT BY CAROLYN KENNEDY


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ntai nash in Jeaniene

Smith's garden that colourfull), charts tht! seasuns, allrae!ing waxwings to its scarlet berries through the winter, proffering white blossoms all summer, and-u nl ike the many trees that swiftly fade from green to brown during Saskatoon's short fall-reliably dazzling with its autumn spectrum of yel luw-orange-recl. Twenty years ago, wh ile casting about for a shade tree, Jcanicnc and her husband, Ph il, had settled 011 the showy rnollntainash (Sorbus decum), both for its seasonal shifts and striking copper-coloured hark. For its effort s, the tree has become a favourite in her garden. But it has a 101 of competition. When she started gardening 30 years ago, leanielle, a greenhouse technic ian at the Unive rsity of Saskatchewan. was guided primarily by a love of "any and lots of colour"; she grew vegetables by the bushel and planted a riot of flowers. The garden developed as well through the projects she shared with Phil, whose handiwork is visible in the garden's arch iteclure; the 1001 shed, the pergolas, the gate, the pathways a nd the circular patio. Along the way. Jeaniene found her philosophy shifting, and about 15 years ago she began focusing on creating more of a tonal mix, a less-is-more garden . "I discovered you don't need wall-to-wall colour; that actua Ily detracts," she says. Today, the front yard is planted up with groundcovers and shruhs of cheery yellow and chartreuse foliage, w ith bright-coloured flowers in the summer; in the back, the flora comes in multiple shades of the more subdued blue

and silver, with blooms of purple and pi n k, lea n iene says she chooses pia nts with flowers that go with the foliage, "I'm trying to create an atmos phere that's peaceful a nd serene." Still, autumn is the premier season here, since both by chance and by design, Jeaniene has cultivated a collection of trees, shrubs and p lants that blaze up in glorious fall colour. Ornamental grasses, with their wheat-like sheaves that suggest the harvest, provide movement. She especially likes the hardy autumn moor-grass (SesJerio OIlJllmnu/isj, a wood la nd pia nt of "neat tufts" that offers a fresh, green mound of foliage al this lime of year, The ferny branches of a weeping European larch (Larix decidua 'Pendula') draped over

Opposite: Tall feathery stalks of 'Karl Foerster' feather reed grass (Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster') catch the sunlight in Jeaniene Smith's side garden. A dwarf goldenrod peeks up from behind late·blooming lavender·hued alliums, sited beside another ornamental grass, blue fescue. The white snapdragons towering above the fescue can withstand Saskatoon's frosts and will last through the fall. canad iangarden ing,com • 47

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Below: The back garden displays a cohesive, serene palette of purples and pinks: pale lavender allium s, magenta 'Alice Haslam' Michaelmas daisy, magenta-purple Joe Pye weed

a pergola turn a beautiful deep gold. And a sure autumn marker is the grapevine: its drifts of green grapes gradually turn purple as the fi rst frost turns their leaves yellow. At this time of year, Jeaniene is assessing the ga rden's successes and failures, taking photographs and mak ing notes to guide the cha nges she'll make ne xt spring. ("You thi n k you 'll remember," she says, "hu t you never do.") But mostly she's putteri ng. Right now, when the garden is in a consta nt, v isib le state of flux , and every planti ng-the mountai nash among them-is putting on its most colou rful display, is her favourite l ime. "Everything is done. It's a time to wander and enjuy."' As well, "The light is nicer ... softer. .. " she muses. "This is when the garden is at its best-full , lush and rich:¡

(top lefll, with blue Clematis x durandii beneath. Fuzzy grey-green lamb's ear dot the border. "The repetition draws your eye along and makes the composition hang together," says Jeaniene.

See how much this garden changed from a month before! Go to canadian smithgarden to view a slideshow.

Top left: One of the mountain ash's best features is its smooth, shiny coppercoloured bark. Right : The towering grey-blue Rocky Mountain juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) is dramatic against the snow in winter. Beyond it is the mountainash in mid-transition from summer to fall colour; its clusters of scarlet berries add a cheery note. Opposite: Chrysanthemum weyrichii is a dwarf plant from Japan. â&#x20AC;˘ 49

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Left; 'Karl Foerster' feather reed grass peers over a cotoneaster, which turns a brilliant red¡gold (shown opposite page) and offers

up black berries later in the fall. Bright red 'Jenny' Michaelmas daisy and 'Goldflame' Japanese spirea are in the foreground.

Top right; Jeaniene loves the fragrant flowers and tiny seed curls of the hardy north European Cyclamen purpurascens. Right; Cedar borders frame the stepping stones throughout the rock garden. A weeping European larch climbs a pera:ola built by husband Phil. Opposite ; Phil also built this birdbath using cardboard and a 2)(4 wooden post, then painted it with a fibreglass resin and sprinkled pebbles over it for a stone-look fini sh. Small-leaf 'Baby Doll' bergenia at its base picks up ruby tints in the fall , while a fiery Miscanthus 'Purpurascens' blazes behind.

After decades of gardening in Saskatoon, Jeaniene Smith has exhausted the offerings at her local nurseries. Instead, she orders seeds through the mail and belongs to several seed exchanges; growing from seed and cuttings allows her to cull plants for hardiness, colour, height, texture


of it all

and flower variations. ~The seeds arrive in January and February, and I dig a trench in the snow and place them out in their pots so they can go through the temperature cycles. When they come up, they're adapted to the outdoors and don't have to harden off.H (LEARN HOW TO PROPAGATE PLANTS FROM ROOT CUTTINGS IN STEPHEN WESTCOTTGRATTON'S TECHNIQUES COLUMN ON PAGE 26.) ;; FAll 2009

50 .

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This Toronto garden evokes a serene country aesthetic with its quiet water features and lush plantings. Varied scales, tones and textures all contribute to the natural effect.

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Much is asked of

an urban garden: rare is the owner who doesn't want his city plot to defy its metropolitan roots and transport onlooKers into a bucolic, calming refuge" Por this miutuwn Toronto garden, t he vision was clear: "[ wanted 10 give it a cottage aesthetic in the city," explains landscape architect Ron Holbrook of Ronald Holbrook and Associates Landscape Architects Inc., who designed this space for its owners, "a citified version of lime less cou ntry appeal."

To accomplish thaI goal, simply ignoring the properly's urban location was




(Fagus sylvatica) / flanking the outdoor dining area ------;.reatei intimacy

l and


filters_n_'_i_ se_"_ - : - - --

I (

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Far left: The delightful waterfall with its stone-slab bridge makes a striking focal point. Left: Striking blackeyed Susans (Rudbeckia lulgida var. sullivantii 'Gold sturm') punctuate the garden in midto late summer.

Far left: Coleus ( So/enostemon spp.) mixes with Japanese painted fern (Athyrium niponicum var. pictum) to lend texture to the scene. left: Elephant ear (Bergenia cvs. ) and Eulalia grass (Miscanthus sinensis cvs.) work to soften the hardscaping around the pond .

not enough. In fac t. says Holbrook, the opposite is true. It's essential to acknowledge a plot"s unique features-space constraints, privacy needs, a limited plant palette, for example-to turn potential negatives into positives. Firsl, explains Hulbrook, iL"s especia lly importan t wilh small city spaces to ensure the style of the house and the landscape arc in harmony. For this projec t, he poi nts out, the garde n needed to reflect the simple, down-to-earth

design of the owners' Arts and Crafts home. To help create this organic, natural effect. all the stonework (including the koi pond, stairs and paths) was done by hand by a master stone mason so the hardscaping would meld with its environs-"like a jigsaw puzzle," says Holbruok. The cleanlineu ponu is sma ll (1. 8 m by 3.6 m), anu the graceful walerfall works with the garden's elevations (there arc three levels in total) and helps drown out surrounding city noise. cana diangarden â&#x20AC;˘ 55

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Opposite : A spreading yew (Taxus cv.) shelters a stone bench. Right , clockwise from top: A smiling Buddha surveys the scenej a delicate white Japanese anemone (Anemone x hybrida )j lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ), coleus and Japanese painted fern add colour and contrast.

The crow ni ng feature is the bridge made from a single stone slah that straddles the pund; simple yet stately, together they create a focal point. Though it's a ga rden very much of the city, observes Holbrook, w ith hard surfaces and a practica l d esign, the "spirit" is coun trified: "There's an instant calming effec t that takes you away from the city." That effect is full y enjoyed by the owners, who cou nt the outduor sitting area amung their favourite features uf the home. To ensure the am bience suited the space. Holbrook ingenious ly constructed a majestic European beech hedge on one side of the area to both create an intimate private space for entertai n ing a nd to filter out noise from the st reet and adjacent properties. [n keeping with the garden's suothing, n atura I aesthetic, Holbrook wanted a plant palette that was vibrant but not jarring. Ferns, ornamenta l grasses, coleus, yews and rudbeckia are plentiful. "These are casual kinds of specimens that integrate well with other plant material," he says. Best of ali, while much of the cityscape seems grey and lethargic wiLh the advent of autumn, this lush urba n sp ace explodes in a burst of colour just when it's needed most. Come fall. the rudbeckia is in full bloom, hydrangeas turn lovely pink



1 ADD A COUNTRY AESTHETIC to your garden by installing a water feature; a waterfall or pond helps to create a city sanctuary.

2 DON'T OVERPOWER your garden with hardscaping. This is especially true for small urban spaces where too much stone and woodwork can detract from the plantings.

3 CONSTRUCT LAYERS OF LUSHNESS with scale, tone and texture. Here, stone elements mix with varied colours and the staggered heights of trees, hedges, shrubs and bedding plants to create a serene, natural effect.

a nd a 'Bloodgood' Japanese maple becomes a bri llia nt crimson red. The berries of a variegated porcelain ville (Ampelop.~is iJrevipedullcu/a[a 'E !egans') change to an eye-catc h ing blue just as the honeylocust's leaves transition to bright yellow. The result is a setti ng that could easily be taken for a quiet corner uf a rustic iuyll. With this bucul ic patchwork right in the backyard, a cou ntry drive to take in autum n's splendour suddenly seems a bit superf1uous . ::

Fur lIIure ulllllatchillg yuur landscape tu the style ufyuur huuse. visit cUlladiaIl8(mlellillg.cuIl!llulldscapehurll!uO Find more magazines at

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stalks, goc)Cj'ness IInr",nt ¡ 59

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Dark leafy greens

like Swiss chard have shot straight to the head of the nutrition class in recent years, propelled by words such as beta-carotene, antioxidants and phytonutrients. One cup of chard-and t hat's nut consiuered a big serving in my household today-has about 900 times the v itamin K and twice the vitamin A that a body needs i n a day. But K a nd A are just the start: chard is also surprisingly high in minera ls such as calcium, irun, magnesium. phosphorus and putassium. You'd be hard pressed to find a more decorative foliage plant, edible or not. Or a more productive vegetable: seeded outdoors in mid-May, chard

yields its first harvest five to six weeks later, and from then un well into October. Not ma ny vegetables do that. A nd once YOll learn a few fi ne ways to prepare these bountiful leaves-thaI is, how /Jot to boil the life out of them-chard cooks up mild , earthy and sweet. Chard's sweetness comes from its family ties 10 beets, Other names for chard are leaf beet, spinach beet, silver beet and, curiously, Sicil ian beet, since the first varieties have been traced back to that Mediterranean island, You might also ca ll it summer spinach, because chard can handle the kind of he a! that sends spinach right to seed , A thriv ing chard patch starts with a packet or two of seeus a nd a bed of fertile soiltbatlies in six or more hou rs of sunsh ine-this is one vegetable that makes the best of a little shade. If the soil is not up to par, mix in compost or very well rotted manure as early as possible. Acidity stunt s chard's growth, so add lime if the soil pH is much bclow 6. For case of tending and harvest, c hard is best grow n in a single or double row, rather

than in multiple ones. Two rows a metre long, spaced 30 centimetres apart, wi ll do for two; bu t if you love it, plant twice as much. A week before the spring frost-free date, open shallow furrows with the corner of a rake and sow seeds one to 1.5 centimetres deep, dropping them in singly about three centimetres apart. Cover, lightly tamp down soil, water and wait a week. As plants grow and begin to touc h, carefully pull up individual seedli ngs, thi nning them to six or eight centimetres apart. Allow plants to streIch and touch at a height of about 15 cen ti¡ metres. Then, over the course of several weeks, remove whole plants-very tasty young greens at this stage-leaving Ihe resl to malure al15 10 25 centimetres apart. This may look like a lot of room, but the plant bulks up considerably. Chard develops a deeply branched root system, so a week ly soaking should su ffice, with a monthly drenching of dilute fish emulsion to boost nitrogen. Ri nse plants thoroughly with clear water. By midsummer, chard plants may begin to look overgrown a nd shabby, especially if they are not picked often, To renew the patch, go along the rows, breaking off twisted, wilted, browned or chewed leaves-anything you wouldn' t eaL Mulched w it h compost or side-dressed with granula r fertilizer and watered well, pla nls will quickly rebound from their centres . A ll tha t remains is to snap off a bundle of leaves, cook and enjoy t he taste of th is hard-working uecorative vegetable that is as goou for you as it looks.

60¡ canad iangardening ,com

FAll 2009

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Prep: 10 min

3 cups

hot cooked broccoU norets

I. Am,n,. broccoli and chlcleen In I V, q t (I.S L) bale/nK dish.

2 c ups

cubed, cooked, sk inless chicken brent

I Can

(10 ozl2U ml ) CAMPBELL'S·

S"rves: "

"(XI' In ml,ttfur. of soup and milk. Sprinkle ",ith cheese. Top "Wlfh m/Jlwre of bread crumbs and m,l I",ri,...

2. Bab• .at 425"" (220"C) umll heated fhrouch - ab.wr

Condensed Lo .... Fat Cream of Broccoli Soup

25 minute.. !IJ cup

1'Yo milk

v, cup

shredded light Chedda. cheese

2 tbsp

dry bread crumbs

l up

muculne or butter, melted

3 cups

uncooked trl-colou red fusiUl

J . Cook (u, 11II lI.ccordlng to pachge directions, omitting utt, and serve


"'itn d;~n.

,., SMVln& 480 cllories, 8& flf, 5g Jaturored flf, chol.If."'~ 59Om& sodium, '1& corbohydc.t., 5& dl.r.ry fib,., 39& prot. I", 20% DV c>lclum


M'm! M'm! Cood!' • _ _ c--.. ..


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Swiss chard cultivars


consisting of thick fibrous stalks and broad puckered leaves.

These are classic chard cultivars and (to my taste) milder than the reds. . 'lucullus': Lighter green leaves than most and said to be among the best tasting. • 'Silverado': Dense

The leaves are always

compact growth (to

glossy green, but the colour of the stalks (or midribs) varies, from pale green, white and beet ted to a rainbow of shades, depending on the cultivar.

40 cm tall) of wide, pure white stalks and contrasting da rk green savoyed leaves. • 'Green Perpetual': Smooth-leaved tender type from Europe with thin stalks; good for freezing.

Chard is really like

two vegetables in one,

. 'Large White Ribbed': An old standard white -and-green chard. • 'Fordhook Giant': Tall type, very coldhardy, reliable and decorat ive. MULTICOLOURED STALKS:

as in a container or at the table.

• 'Golden Sunrise' and 'Cana ry Yellow': Distinctive for their bright yellow to orange stalks and contrasting greens. RED STALKS:

New varieties that are as pretty as they are tasty. . 'Bright Lights': 1996 All-America Selections winner; the range of shades is extensive- yellow, orange, apricot, light and dark pink. As vivid in a flowerbed

More earthy tasting; occasionally bolts to seed in spells of hot, dry weather. . 'Rhubarb Chard' (a.k.a. 'Ruby Red'): Shiny, bright red stalks and veins contrast with dark green leaves. Ideal as an edible ornamental. SOURCE GUIOE, PAGE 77

Pasta e Verdura MAKES 4 SERV ING S

Thfl addition of Swiss chard makflS this pasta and vflgetablfl di.~h a winning combination of local greells with organic mushrooms, a lillJe white wine and good olive oil before being tossed with linguine and Jtaly's grana podono cheese. Ph Ib (675 g) Swiss chard , rinsed, trimmed


Ib (450 g) assorted mushrooms (such as brown crem ini mushrooms and shiitake)


cup (60 ml) olive oil


cloves garlic, minced


tsp (5 ml) salt


tsp (1 ml) freshly ground black pepper


cup (75 mil dry white wine

1 Ib (450 g) linguine Ih cup (125 ml) freshly grated grana padano cheese Exira -virgin olive oil for driuling

1.Ifthc Sw iss chard stcms arc particularly thick and long, trim them off and reserve for another use (great in sou ps or risottos); retain some ofthe stem , as it adds stl:!at texture to the dish. Stack thc leaves with remaining stcm and roughly c ut into stri ps. Sct aside. Wipe mushrooms with a damp paper towel. 62 · canad iangarden

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Wine Suggestions: Henry of Pelham Plnat Nair, Reserve VQAShart Hill Bench, Niagara,Ont.; Quail's Gate Pinat NairOkanagan Valley, B.C. As recommended by Ted Mcintosh,

sommelier and co-owner of the Btack Dog

Village Pub & In Bayfield.



(If using shiitake mushrooms, just use the caps and reserve the s iems for stock.) Thinly slice all mushrooms and scI to olle side. 2. Heat oil in a very large s killet or Dutch oven. Add ga rlic a nd saute over medium heat unlillighlly coloured , about t minute. Add mushrooms and cook for aboul5 minutes. slirring oceosjo na lly. Add sa lt. pepper and wine. Simmer for ano ther few minutes. 3. Add Swiss cha rd to mushroom mixture. Cover and cook, slirring once or twice, until greens have wilted, about 5 minutes. Taste and add extra sail and pepper i f des ired . 4. Meanw hile , br ing a large pol of waler 10 a boil. Add pa sla ami cook according to pac kage direc tion s. Drain pasta (reserving a ladle-full of pa sla water ill the bottom of pot). Retu rn "as ta 10 pol. Add vegetable mi xture to "asia and loss well. s. Transfer 10 warmed pasta bowls and se rve immediately with t he g rana pad ana and a drizzle of olive oil.

,aida Gallego MAKES 4 TO 6 S ERVING S

From northern Spain's Galicion region. this hearty soup is based on dn'ed white beans, pork (0 hom hock), potatoes and greens. Wilh good crusty bread alld some of Spain 's fa ntastic cheeses such as mOllchego, leli/Jo or mahon, il makes a wonderful supper. Start preparations for this dish the night before. I lh 1 2 2 2 3 1


cups (375 mil dried white beans fresh ham hock (not smoked) tsp (10 mil salt tsp (10 mil freshly ground black pepper tsp (10 mil Spanish paprika large floury potatoes, peeled and diced small bunch Swiss chard, rinsed , trimmed, roughly chopped 3-inch (7,5-cm) chorizos or other Italian sausages, cut into pieces

1. Place bea ns in a medium saucepan,

cover with water anu soa k overnight.

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2. Drain bea ns and transfer to a large soup pot. Cover with 8 cups (2 L) cold water. Add ham hock, salt, pepper and paprika, and hring to a ho il over high heat. Reduce heat and simmer for about 1 hour. Remove ham hock , the n add potatoes, chard and chorizo; cook for another 20 minutes. When cool enough to handle, remove skin and fat fr o m ham hock. Pull off meat, chop roughly and ret u rn to soup pot. If broth seems thi n, use a slotted spoon to transfer a chu n k or two of cooked potatoes and bea ns to a bowl. Ma sh toge ther with a fork and return to pot to thicken broth. Serve soup hot.

Warm S, lad of Swiss Chard, Chickpeas & Young Carrots MAKES 6 TO 8 SER VINGS

GreallVilh pork, chickell, soored salmon or as pari of all ontipaslo spread, lhis preparalion sillg.~ when dried chickpeas are used (soaked OI'ernigh/ and cooked for just less than all hour). [fyou use canned chickpeas, make sLlre 10 rinse

u nder cold waler hefore cooking. 1I'.~ also a wonderful vegetarian maincolourful, texturally pleasing, delicious in a rllstic /lotion sari of way. cup (250 mil dried chickpeas, soaked overnight in enough water to cover 2 cloves garlic, peeled 1/3 cup (75 mil extra-virgin olive oil, divided 2 Ib (900 g) Swiss chard, rinsed, thick stems trimmed 1 red onion, peeled and chopped 3 to 4 young carrots, peeled and chopped Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste 1 cup (250 mil dry white wine (such as Pinot Grigio or Sauvignon Blanc) 3 ripe plum tomatoes, peeled, seeded and chopped 1 cup (250 mil roughly chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley (leaves only) 'h cup (125 mil roughly chopped fresh basil Juice of 1 large lemon 1

1. Drai n c h ic kpeas and tra n sfer to a saucepan with just enough water to cover. Add garlic and 1 tablespoon (15 ml) olive oil. Bring to a boil over high heat; red uce heat and si m me r for 4 5 mi nutes, until chickpeas are te nder. 2. Meanwhile, place Swiss chard in a large pot, cover with boiling water a nd drain immedia tely. Let chard cool sl ightly, then tra nsfer to a cutling board a nd roughly chop. Set aside. 3. In a large saucepan or skillet, warm re maining oi l over med ium-high heat and saute onion and carrots u nt il tender, ahout 10 minu tes. Season with salt and pepper. Add wine a nd cook until reduced slightly. Add to matoes and cook until m ixture has thic kened . 4 . Add chic kpeas and Swiss chard, mix ing to combine well, then cook for a no ther 10 minu tes. Remove from heat a nd add parsley, basi l a nd lemon juice. Taste once more fo r season ing, the n trans fer mix l ure to a large, sha llow serving bowl. Serve warm or at room temperature. ::

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jobs to do

British Columbia BY MICH AEL LASC ELLE

Clean up the vegetable garden and consider sowing a green manure such as fall rye.


Replace faded annuals with winter pansies, ornamental kale or chrysanthemums.

o Plant garlic in a sunny

location with rich, well-drained soil and

keep weeded.

SOW SOME WILO OAKS The Garry oak (Quercus garryana) meadow ecosystem is one of the musllbrealeneu in British Culumbia, with less than five per cent of its original habitat remai n ing intact. Indigenolls to a narrow coastal strip of southeast Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and two small siles (Yale and Sumas Mountain) in the Fraser Rive r Valley, it is increasingly th reatened by land developme nt

and the introduct ion of invasive plant species. With this in mind, in 2005, Tom Wheeler, horticu lturist of special projects for the University of British Columbia Bota n ical Garden, planned to recreate this ecosystem on a narrow half-acre site adjacent to a tunnel and access ramp that con nects several existi ng gardens, With minimal amendments made to the sa ndy loam soil, and seeds carefully collected from t he wild, the beds nex t to the ramp were planted up in 2007, Elevated to accommodate the slope, the beds allow visitors

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dian enlng SAVE OVER


1 year $20 2 years $35.00

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grassroots TRANSCANADA to walk the path through the meadow u nde rsture), at a level just below head height-a n ideal vantage poi nt to view the plants. There are currently abou t 60 p lant species maturing together in this meauow-from annuals like scablush (Plee/fitis Ganges/a) and farewell to spring (Clarkia amoena) , to bulbs that include white fawn lily (ErYlhrollium oregollum) and Comassia leicht/inij ssp. suksdorfti. elegant grasses such as Koe/eria macrGntha, and shrubs like our native moc korangc (Phi/adelphus ifll'lisiij and saskatoon berries (Amelollchierolnifoliaj, While the oaks are only about ono metre tall, the rest of the monclow has come into its own, while smaller native perennia ls such as monkey flower (Mirnalus gultatm) a nd spoon-leaved sedum (Sedum spotlwlifolium) grow in seepage areas and dry cracks near the path. \Nith a goal of wanting "to exhibit diverse, colourful species that display dynamic balance over time," I think we can call Tom Wheeler's and the UBC Botanical Garden's young Garry oak meadow a complete success. For more information on the Garry oak meadow ecosystem and con servation efforts, visit its wehsite at goerLca.



TASTE THE flAVOURS OF FAll The word is out: Prince Edward Isla nd is a culinary mecca. Between September 25 and October 4 this year, thousands of people will pour into P.E.I. for Tourism Charlottetown's second annual Fall Flavours festiva l, featuring more than 130 cul in ary a nd cultural events spread throughout the island . "You'll get your hands dirty, as well as experience food right from its source," says Shan non Pratt, festivals and events manager with Tourism Charlottetown, "Both Islanders and CFAs (,come-fromaways') have the opportunity to discover a ll that P.E.I. has to offer, includ ing hoth the harvest of the land and the bounty of the sea:¡ Officially hosted by Chef Michael Smith (Food Network TV's Chef ot Home, Chef 01 Lorge, Chef Abroad and In n Chef), the festival offers aut hentic Island experiences : v isitors can take part in a potato harvest, where they¡]] actually dig up potatoes and have dinner with fie ld hands at the farm; pick apples and make cider

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jobs to do o Do one last round of weeding to reduce problems for next year.

o Prepare spots for new flower bulbs- then plant! Fertilize your lawn (and water it if summer's been dry).

at an orchard; ma ke seaweed pie; or harvest Irish moss. Chef Calvin Bu rt, owner/ operator of Sh ipwright's Cafe in Margate, holds cooking classes and shows people how to make breads, pies, a nd flavoured oils and sa lts fro m herbs in his garden. "We arc a million-acre garden here in P.E.I. People wa nt something real in this un-authentic world. We prov ide them with a grass roots experience," he says. The final day of the festival is "Farm Day in the City," where the streets of Charlottetown wi ll be lined with fruits, vegetables, flowers, arts and craftseverything 100 per ce nt P.E. I.! For more information about Fall Flavours, log on to fa ll flavours .ea or ca ll 800-955-1864 .

Pack a picnic-and your camerafand take a drive through Quebec's dazzling fall-colour display jobs to do Plant hard y spring bulbs from mid-Se ptember through November in welldra ined soil in a spot that receives spring sun. Rake or mow fall e n leaves from your lawn before they pile up, Divide a nd plant perennials; transplant shrubs and trees if necessary.


AUTUMN'S GLORY Gene rat ions of Quel.Jecers and New Engla nders have been travell ing to the Quebec City region a nd to the Eastern Tow nships for the province's best display of rich, bold fall colour, but now a North Shore loea lion

is clai ming it deserves a piece of the tou rism pie. A popular winler ski resort, Mont-Saint-Sauveur, only 40 minutes north of Montreal in the Laurentian Mountai ns, has created its own Fall Colours Festival specifically 10 attract attention to its wonderfu l dis play of trees-plus, its mou ntaintop view offers a perspect ive that no

South Shore site can offer. From the top of Mont-Saint-Sauvcu r Hi ll 70, ea sily accessible by ski lifts thai run on weeke nds during the fall-colour season, you can get a superb bird's-eye view of the Saint-Sauveur Va lley, dominated as it is by flamboyant ma ples in dizzying shades of orange, yellow and red. Night temperatures close to but above freezi ng following a sunny summer tend to l.Jrillg out thc best fall sh ades. Although the fa ll-colour season varies slightly from year to year, dependi ng on the weal her, irs usually at ils peak between midSeptemuer and mid-Oelouer. Bring the whole fami ly and a picn ic lu nch and enjoy the mountaintop view. Or spend t he weekend in one of the many lodges or bed-and-breakfasts. Don't forget to bring your camera! For more informalion . visit bon jou rque bec .com!qc-en!evcn tsd i rectory/fe sti va l-s pee i ai-even t/ fes Ii va l-des-cou leu rs¡de-montsaint-sauveu r_ mI.

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sprayed. The best hope is that


years will be such th at the problem is less severe. Fortunately tar spot . though unsightly, is not likely to kill the tree.

HOW 'BOUT THOSE LEAVES' They're pil ing up ami it's time to begi n raking them, especially those sporting tattoos gone wrong. They're the ones infected with tar spot, a fungal disease thaI mainly attacKS Norway maples, resulting in black splutches that can be up to two centimetres ac ross. The same fungal spores, however, will happily alight on and infect other

jobs to do Plant peonies in early fall to ensure success. After first frost, dig up summer bulbs like dahlias, calla lilies, tuberous begonias and canna lilies

to store over winter.

o Water evergreens

well before freeze-up,

especially those

sheltered under eaves.

species of maple trees, too. Caused by the fungus Rhyslisma acerinum, an import from Europe , tar spot becomes noticeable in late summer a nd into fall, but actually begins in spring when the fungal spores are released after over-

w intering on infected leaves. Real istically, little can be done to prevent the spread of tar spot, particularly as there are more maple trees tha n people in Ontario and it appears most trees across

the northeastern part of t he continent have become infec ted

weather conditions in coming

The question is what to do with all those fallen leaves blanketing the yard? It's typically recommended that all infected leaves be raked up and burned, buried or sent for municipal

composting. Leaves that are collected by municipalities are subject to higher temperatures in the composting process. which should des troy the spores, while a backyard compost pile may not

heat up enough tu be effective. But if the neighbours up the street don't dispose of thei r leaves in an appropriate way, then any attempt on your behalf to prevent the spread becomes futile,

If you shuu ld dec ide to continue composti ng your own leaves, but are still concerned about contributing to the spread of tar spot, cover you r pile with a tar]) or other material to contain the

spores, which are released mainly

after exposure year after year. Fungicides are somewhat effective, but they're impractical since almost every leaf on every

between May and the end of June. Thankfully, there is no evidence that compost produced from infected maple leaves will\rouble

am icted tree would have to be

other garden plant s in any way.

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Biodegradable soaps and phosphate free for years.

And since concentrating. each bottle has reduced its p lastic up to 43%.

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A PIECE OF THE PAST Tall-grass prairie, characterizeu by grasses that grow to more than a melre tall, as well as an abu ndance of olher grasses and

wildflowers, once held sway over an area of more than ono minion squa re k ilumelres, stretch i ng a!1 the way from southern Ma n itoba to northern Texas . Rich soil and fairly regular rainfa ll encouraged t his d iverse landscape despite

large grazing mammals and orush Ii res that constantly devitaliwd the region . Now, this unique

ecosystem occupies less than one per cent of its original range.

After years of decimation, the value of preserving wha t rema i ned of the ta lJ·grass pra i rie was finally recognized: in 1968, the area that is now The Living

Prairie Museum in Winnipeg was set aside as a preserve. This area, which has never been cultivated, is made up uf 32 acres uf ta II-grass prairie and eight acres of aspen forest, with sel f-guided hik ing trails through both. An interpretive centre features displays on prairie history and ecology, and a secund-sturey observatiun deck overlooks the landscape. This litt le piece of the original tall-grass prairie includes 160 species of prairie plants, many of which have found a place in our prese nt-day home gardens. The most common is big bluestem

(Andropogongerardii), a beauti ful blue-green grass that grows one to two metres tall and has distinct pronged flowers that resemble birds' feeL Other grasses include side-oats grama (Bouleloua curlipendula) and Indian grass (Sorghas/rum nu/ans). Some of the wildflower species we're familiar with are blanket fluwer (Gaillardia spp,j, black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia spp.j, conefluwer (Echinacea spp.), giant purple hyssop (Agas/ache .~crophulariifalia), bellflower (Campanu/a spp.) a nd violets (Viola spp.). 1\\10 well· knuwn species are prairie crocus (Pulso/illa patens) and prairie lily (Lilium philadelphicum)-the floral emblems of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, respectively. The museum's bookstore not un ly has several excellent huuks on pra irie plants and on tall-grass prairie a nd prairie ecosystem

restoration, but also sells the seeds for all the aforementioned plants, as well as many others. Why not take the opportunity to recreate a piece of til is diverse but endangered ecosystem in your own garden? For more information, visit wi n nat u fa I ist/l ivingprai rie.

jobs to do Clear away plants that suffered from disease or insect problems but don't compost them.

o Deeply water trees, shrubs and perennials before the ground freezes.

72 · canad l3ngarden

o Mulch beds once the ground freezes.

FAll 2009

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Design ideas from Irish gardens Our editor takes away lessons from the fanta stic gardens at

Mount Stewart and Powerscourt

Spectacular city sophistication Visit a luscious urban space with no-expense-spared details and cool modern refinement

Our annual holiday gift guide Find that perfect something for every gardener on your list with our choice picks for the season

LOOK FOR OUR WINTER 2010 ISSUE! on sale November 16 , 2009

Our design special I Discover fabulous gardens with a unique focus on hardscaping and landscaping elements, as well as interesting choices in plant material. Get inspired for a new yea r of possibilities in your own backyard.

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Subscriber Services On-line

grassroots COMING UP

What's going on across the country GO TO:


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Fall Plant Sale. Sept. 26 & 27. Milner Gardens & \.voodland , Qualicum Beach. CaU 250-752-8573; emai l mil HSHC VanDusen Family Program 'Plant DetectivesSeeds and Leaves', Sepl. 27, VanDusen Botanical Garuen , Vancouver. CaU 604-71 8-5898; visit fami ly programs@ vandusen .org Mid Autumn Moon Festival, Ocl. 4, Dr. Sun Yat·Sen Classical Ch inese Garden. Vancouver. CaU 604-662-3207. The 111h Annual Salt Spring Island Apple Festival , Oct. 4. Call 250-653-2007; visit sa ltspri I1gma rket.cum/apples Cedar Lecture "An Evening with Charles Darwin ," Ocl. 8. Va nDusen Bota nical Garden . Vancouver. Call 604-878-9274. UDC Apple Festival, Ocl. 17 & 18. UBC Botanical Gardell . Vancouver. Call 604-822-4529. Nanaimo Pumpkin Festival, Oct. 24. Call 250-7 29-3801. Vancouver Mycological Society Mushroom Show, Dcl. 25, VanDusen Botanical Garden . Call 604 -619 -5060. Pt. Grey Chrysanthemum Association Show or Late Varieties, Oct. 31 & Nov. 1, VanDusen Botanical Garden, Vancouver. Call 604-2 61 -92 19; emailogryz lo@chem .ubc .ca

• Renew your subscription • Make a payment • Check account status • Change your mailing or e-mail address • Delivery inquiries • Purchase back issues • Receive fragrance-free issues • Give a gift subscription • Subscribe • FAQs PROTECTIVE WRAPPERS: From t ime to time we mail your issue in a

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days before they are mailed. Your

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iii because of mail delivery times. If you continue to get notices even after you have responded, please let us know.

PRIVACY POLlcY:On occasion, we make oor subscriber list availa~e to carefully

screened organizations whose product or service might interest you. If you

us at any You can

VISIT: MAIL: Cinidian Gardening Magazine


P.O. Box 717. Markham. Ontario L3P 7V3 Call: (905) 946·0893 FAX: (905) 946·0410

Alberta Regional Lily Society Bulb Sale, Dcl. 3, Calgary. Ca ll 780 455 -0434; visil

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Devonian Botanic Garden e\'e nts: Gardening courses: 'Th e Purple Martin," Oc t. 3; "Fall Pruning," Ocl.10; Des ign courses: "A Garden of Inspiration & Reflection: The Japanese Garden," Ocl. 7, 14, 21,28, Nov. 4, 18; "Residential Lanuscape Design : Urban Homes," Oc l. 8, 15, 22 , 29; Crafter's Christmas Sale, Nov. 27 to 29. Call 780-987-3054; v isit devon Red Deer & District Garden Club Meeting "Pruning," Oct. 15; Christmas put luck supper and gift exchange, Nov. 19, Kerry Wood Natu re Centre. Ca ll 403-346-0152; visit ruge/ hume.htm Alberta Regional Lily Society Semi-Annual Meeting, Ocl. 17, Woodvale Hall, Edmonton. Call 780-455-0434; visit Alberta Orchid Society Meeting with guest speaker Paul Paluuet, DCl.18. Sl. Mark Catholic Junior High School, Edmonton. Email info@; visit orch idsa Edmonton Horticultural Society Meeting "Con necting Gardening to Today's Lifestyles," Ocl. 26; "History of the Butchart Gardens," Nov. 30, Centra! Lion s Seniors Centre. Call 780·456-332 4; v isit edmontonhorLcom Alberta Orchid Society Annual Meeting & Silent Auction, Nov. 15, Sl. Mark Cathulic Junior High School, Edmonton . Email info@orchidsalberta. com; visit orchidsa!

Saskatchewan Sa skatchewan Perennial Soc ie ty Mee ting "AlBums & Other Hardy Bu lbs," Ocl. 13; "Lilies Other Than Asialic,M Nov. 10, Augustana Lutheran Church, Saskatoon . Call 306-343-7707; visit www. sask perenn ia Regin a Flora l Conserva tor y Harvest Tea , Ocl. 18; Hallowe'en Party, Nov. 1. Call 306-781-4769; visit regi na nora \co Regin a Horticultural Society Annual General Meeting, Ocl. 22, Regi na. Email grow@reginahort; visit regi Sa skatoon Horticulture Society Annua l General Meeting, Nov. 12. Call 306-249-1329; visit saskatoon horlsociet

ONTARIO "Aberglas ney: The Restora tion oran Eli zabethan Garden in Wa les," with Graham Rankin, Ocl. 2, Mississauga. Sponsored by Applewood Garden Club and The Riverwood Conservancy. Call 905-2791655 or 905-279·5878. SI. Marys Horti cultura l Society Plant Auction , Ocl. 7. Call 519-349-2107; emai l med i na lassie@hot mai QUEBEC Montrea l Bolanical Ga rden el'ents: Magic of Ihe Lanlerns, Sepl.1 1 to Nov. 1; Greal Pumpkin Ball , Oct. 2 to Nov. 1. Call 514-872-1400; visit www2. vi lle.montrea rd i n Orchid fe te 2009 , Ocl. 24 & 25 , Mont real. Visil show.html

ATLANTIC Manitoba Manitoba Regional Society Fall Bulb Sales, Ocl. 3 al SI. James Civic Centre, VVin nipeg, and Shopper's Mall, Brandon; Del. to at Marketplace Mall , Dauphin . Email; visit manilobalilies .ca Herb Society or Ma nitoba Genera l Meeting with Meira Thadin a & Pa t Hickling, Ocl. 19, Assiniboine Park Conservatory, Wi n nipeg. Visil SI. James Hortic ulture Society (The Ga rden Club) Monthly Meeting, Del. 20 & Nov. 17, Linwood Public School, Winnipeg. Call 204-772-7096; email Brandon Ga rden Club Monthly Meeting, Oct. 21 & Nov. 18 at Scniors for Scniors. Call 204-726-5351; email hogue@bra ndollu .ca Frie nds or Assiniboine Park Con servator y Festival or Trees & Light s, Nov. 20 to Dec. 6, Winnipeg. Call 204-895-4560; visil frie ndsconse

New Brunswick Corn Hill Nursery evenl: Anllual Grapefest, Oct. 3 & 4, Corn Hi ll. Call 506-756-3635. Kings Landing event : Thanksg iving Festival, Del. 10 to 12. Call 506-363-4999. Kingsbrae Garden events: Great Canadian Sculpture Competition prizes awarded, Oct. 11 ; 51. Andrews' Culinary Indulge Festival Brats & Brews, Oct. 17. Call 866-566-8687. Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Association or Garden Clubs (\'\'estern District a n nual meeting), OcL 3, Forrester's Ha ll, Cleme ntsvale . Call 902-467-0427. Prince Edward Island Autumn in Ihe Forest , OcL 4, Macphail Woods Nature Centre, Orwell. Ca ll 902-651-2575.

For more gardening events, visit canadian

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grassroots INSIDER

I !~~l~~I~~P~C~~~jiU~k

A look beyond the pages of seed catalogues into their journey to your mailbox BY LORI COVINGTON



or direct mail (including our plant catalogues!) arrive yearly at U.S. households; about 100 million trees are logged to supply the paper. Each year, 80 per cent of pulp derived from the Canadian boreal forest ships directly to the U.S. But you don't have to give up seed catalogues to help reduce waste and protect forests. The demand for paper can't be met by recycled product alone, but recycled stock is affordable and abundant. Mark Stephens of Innovative Response Marketing Inc., a Canadian green mail-order distribution house, says "stock with a specifically different look and feel can promote your green initiative and show you're being envi ronmentally responsible." Paper certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (an international, non-profit watchdog organization working to protect forests worldwide) carries the FSC logo, confirming the product comes from responsibly run forests). Other companies such as Veseys also use FSC-certified paper and vegetable-based ink, producing eco-friendly catalogues as well.

printing company that also addresses and ships them. Vcseys sends out four major catalogue mailings each year, with separate mailings for its Mantis Tiller and

Compost Twin (a tool and garden supplies catalogue is included with every order). The catalogues-two million annually-ship to existing customers; additional reques ts are then shipped from a mailing house in Halifax, Pam Dangelmaier, co-owner of Botanus, Inc. (wh ich ships 60,000 to 70,000 catalogues per year), explains that a catalogue isn't just about sales: it's a way of being accessible and accountable to customers. "It's a reference tool," she says. "We fill it with as much information as we can." But bewa re-not all catalogues are created equal. Both Barrett and Dangelmaier know uf cumpanies that use doctored images to sell products that can't possibly measure up to what you sec on the page. (for example, all-black tulips: "No such tulip exists," says Barrett,) ::

76¡ canad iangarden

Bruwse fur bluums unline at cUlladiangurdening.cumlseedcatalugO

espite the seemingly limitless plant resources avai lable through the Internet, nothing compares to c urling up with a flower-filled seed catalogue.

And gardeners aren't alone: a recent Ca naoa Post survey found that 70 per cent of respondents prefer printed catalogues, even though 30 Lo 40 per cent of orders are pl aced online. We usc catalogues to plan and fantasize-but have you ever wondered how they arrive at your front door? Accord ing to John Barrett, director of sales, marketi ng

and development for Vescys Ltd. of Charlottetown, its catalogues are created in-house and sent to an On tario

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source guide

Information about products, plants &- places mentioned in this issue BE SURE TO CHECK WITH FAVOURITE

_ Farrow & Ball, 416-920 -0200;

OR LOCAL SUPPLIERS , TOO. _ Forever Natural, 800 -463-2273: forever-natural.coml

CLIPPINGS/NEWS Page 11 800ts: Heel boy. 416-362-4335;

9423; jrwatk _ Lee Valley Tools.

Manure fork : Garant (418-259 -7711;

416-646-8974;; Pistachio

forevernatural _ J.R. Watkins. 800-243800 -267-8767;

_ Pistachio,, available at Zellers (nation -

products are also sold in Indigo and

ally), London Drugs, BMR and Reno Depot.

Chapters stores _ Shoppers Orug Mart,

Mud room products : Bogs, 800 -465- _ Upper Canada a~ailable

9637; bogsfoot,


• Chilewich, _ Lee Valley

(Sears and The Bay), and gift stores

Tools, 800-267-8767;

across Canada;

at major retailers

• West County Gardener, 800 -475-

0567; 'October Glory' red maple : Cedar Rim


4491; _ Connon Nurseries,

KEY: Tulipa acuminata: I, T. clusiana: 2 . T. humilis var. pulchella: 3, T. marjolletii: 4, T. praestans: 5, T. saxatilis [Bakeri

Waterdown, Ont.; 905-689 -4631;

Group] ·Lilac Wonder': 6, T. tarda: 7,

Nursery. Ltd ., Milner, B.C.; 604 -888 - _ Dinter Nursery Ltd .. Duncan.

T. tUr/(estanica: 8 Perfect Partners Allium

B.C.; 250·748·2023;

/(arataviense: 9, Anemone blanda and

• Everest Nurseries Inc., Hepworth, Onl. :

cvs. : 10. Iris reticulata and cvs.: II,

519-935 -3186:


_ Patmore Nursery Sales, Brandon, Man.;

Narcissus poeticus var. recurvus: 12, Pulmonaria spp. and cvs.: 13

204 -728-1321: patmorenursery.eom


_ Peninsula Flowers Nursery, Sidney. B.C.;

3413; 3 . 5.7-11. Breck·s

, Langley, 8.C.: 800-672 -

250-652-9602: _ Reeves

Sulb~ ,

Florist & Nursery, Woodbridge, Onl. :

10,11,13. Dominion Seed House,

905-851-2275; _ Ritchie

Georgetown, Ont.; 800-784-3037;

Feed and Seed, Ottawa: 613 -741- 4430:

dominion-seed 7, 10, II. _ Shelmerdine Garden

Fraser's Thimble Farms , Sail Spring Island,

Center Ltd., Winnipeg: 204-895 -7203:

S.C. : 250-537-5788;

800-644-5505; _ Willowbrook Nurseries,

3, 5, 6, 8 -12. Gardenimport Inc ..

Fenwick. Onl.; 905 -892-3790 : willow

Richmond Hill, Onl.; 800-339-8314;

brook nurseries .com 1-7, 10-12. Gardens


North, Gower, Onl.; 613 - 489-0065: Honibe, 877-564 -5035;

houses & Gardens Ltd , 51. Albert, Alta.;

_ Larabar, 800- 543 -2147: for retailers

888-884 -6537; : 2 . 5. 7,

visit _ Lee Valley Tools, 800-

9-11. MIFayden Seed Co. Ltd., Brandon,


Man.; 800-205-7111: 10. PhI'


li~ Perennial~ ,


Richmond, S.C.: 604-


Aveda, 800-689 -1066;

12 . Veseys Ltd , Charlottetown; 800-363 -

_ Bookhou, 416-203-2549; bookhou .eom

7333; veseys .com : 5, 10-12 . cana • 77

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If you'd like to know more about the advertisers in this issue, please visit canadian and click on the advertisers directory for their contact information.


Gemmell's Gardel Centre

Note: Because autumn stock at nurseries

Falls, Ont.: 613-283-6371: gemmells

, Smiths

varies year to year, Lil' Tiger Stripe mini- 3. Jade Gardens and

ature pumpkins may not be available this

Greenhouses, Hornby, Ont.: 905-878-

season. However, any kind of striped miniature pumpkin will do. Check your

0722: 1, 3. Oleander, Etobicoke, Ont.; 877-778-7 716; oleander.

local garden centres.

ca: florist's materials. PhoenIX

KEY: Ajuga replans 'Binblasca': 1. Brassica

Richmond, B.C.; 604-270-4133:

Perennl~ls ,

oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Osaka White' 1. 3. Plant World ,

(Osaka Series) : 2, Euphorbia characias

Etobicoke, Ont.: 416-241-9174:


'Tasmanian Tiger': 3

Brentwood Bay Nurselie , Brentwood

Pleasantville, N.S.: 902-543 -5649;

3. Village Nursery,

Bay. B.C.: 250-652-1 507: brentwoodbay 3. West Coast Seeds 3. Cedar Rim Nursery. Ltd .:

Ltd . Delta, B.C.: 604-952-8820:

Milner, B.C.; 604-888-4491; cedarrim . : 2. Wild Things

com : 1. 3. Dunvegan Gardens, Fairview,

Plant Farm . Clifford, Ont.; 519-338-

Alta.: 780-835-4459; dunvegangardens.

3228: 1.

ca: 2. The Flower Ran( ,Strathroy, Ont.:

519-245-6890; 3.

TRUE COLOURS Page 58 KEY: 'Sright Lights': 1. 'Canary Yellow' : 2, 'Fordhook Giant': 3, 'Golden Sunrise' : 4. 'Green Perpetual': 5, 'Large White Ribbed': 6, 'Lucullus': 7, 'Rhubarb Chard': 8, 'Silverado': 9 Dominion Seed House, Georgetown, Ont.:

800 -784-3037: dominion-seed -house. com : 3. Halifax Seed Co. 11"1( ,Halifax:

902-454-7456. Also Saint John; 506633-2032: 1. 7.8. Johnny's Selected

Seed~ ,

Winslow. Maine:

207-861- 3901: 1,3, 4,8. MckenZie Seeds, Brandon . Man. : 800 -665-6340; 1, 3,8. OSC Sei!ds , Waterloo, Ont.: 519886-0557: 1. 3. 8. Prairie Garden Seeds, Cochin. Sask.: 306-3862737: 7. Solana Seeds. Repentigny. Que.: (no phone); http :// 1,7. Stokes Seeds Ltd , Thorold. Ont.; 800-396-

9238: 1,6.8,9. T & T Seeds ltd , Winnipeg: 204 -895-9964: : 1,5. Veseys ltd., Charlottetown: 800-363 -7333: veseys. com: 3, 8, 9. West Coast Seeds Ltd , Delta, B.C.: 604 -952-8820; weslcoast 1-3, 5, 8, 9. William Dam Seeds, Dundas, Ont.: 905 -628-6641; 1. 5, 7-9. ::

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The EoIsier Way to Pick Up Garden Wute No more touching messy yard waste. Who knows what's in that pile1

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CanadIan Gardening


FALL 2009

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THE GARDEN PATCH CONTACT TONY LORIA Transcontinental Media · 25 Sheppa rd Ave, West, #100 Toronto, ON M2N 6S7 Tel (90S) 883·9215 Fax (905) 883·6213 or email


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Canadian Gardening


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FA LL 2009

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PowderTrap for Flies, LadyBugs and Wasps!

PowderTrap TM economical. tidy,

You r home is the ultimate expression of who you are, which is why your landscape should be as well-appointed . warm and inviting as th e interior. For more than three decades, l ynx has been the model of engineering excellence. l ynx's complete line of outdoor kitchen products combines advanced proprietary technologies and refined features that you can use to design your own outdoor co oking cent re. ,.. .....,. ........ .. CInIdI, ..... ...... 1~. . . . . 1Ian.-

PLANTS CLASSIC MINIATURE ROSES & THE HEATHER FARM Over 300 hardy. easy 10 grow miniature roses for garden & container including micro·minis. climbers. mini· moss. Huge selection of heaths & heathers including new European introductions, Box 2206 Sardis Be V2R lA6. AliI gallon flowering Shrubs, evergreens, hostas, perennials. ornamental grasses and ferns $4.99 each Over 100.000 in stock, Nursery pick up only Northland Nursery, 722 5th Concession West. Waterdown. ON LOR 2H2 Ph: 19051689-5034 Hours available. directions. map at web: PEONIES! PivoinBs Capano· Specialty Peony cut fl owers from mid-June to mid-July and Peony roots in the fall Strong stemmed & winter hardy peony roots' intersectional hybrids/ltoh (yellows), herbaceous and species peonies. Over 450 varieties. Ship worldwide. or phone/fax: 41B-545-4124 600 Hostas. 3200 daylilies. 30 liliums. 140 HeuchBr~ and much much more· shipped nationwide, hard copy lisllng on request. Tours and groups welcome by appointment. wholesale and retail, See our on·line shopping cart; Betty & MalV Frell. Floral and Hardy Gardens. 6729 leslie Lane. Moorefield ON NOG 2KO: phone 519·63B·3937 fax 519·638·2348; Betry@floralandhardy,ca

GARDEN MARKERS Keep your garden organized with the strongest plant markers on the market. 100% stainless steel, 10 gauge. large diameter posts, removable captive plate that can't fall off. American made. ready for shipment Available in 10", IS" and 20" lengths, Floral and Hardy, leslie lane. Moorefi eld ON NOG 2KO; phone 519-638-3937 Canadian Gardening

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fax 519·638-2348; seeouron·lineshoppingcart


Floating Islands ...

LILIES OIG YOUR OWN lilIES CLEARANCE SALE $2,00. Daylilies $4.99. Betty and MalV Fretz. Floral and Hardy Gardens. 6729 leslie lane. ON .. NOO 2KO. phone 519· 638·3937 lax 519·638·2348, Betty@floralandhardy,ca

WATER GARDEN Hydrosphere Waler Gardens & Fisheries Quality Japanese koi, butterfly koi and goldfish. lotus. water lilies, marginals. pumps. liners, filters and much more. Your complete water garden centre, 2474 9th line. RRI2 Bradford, ON l3Z 2A5 Ph, 1905) 715·2447 Email: info@pondexperts.caWeb:

CaLIlGldian.Pond .ca

GARDEN TOOLS Fall is upon us1let Rittenhouse help with property clean up and winterization before the snow begins to fly. We have a wide selection of tools to help clean up the yard as well as prepare your gardens for the cold months ahead. Rittenhouse Since 1914, St Catharines. ON-Call us toiliree 1-877-468-1914 or shop online at Bob's Superstrong Plastic. We custom size l Pond liners & tarpaulins in clear, white. silver and black. Resists snowstorms, hailstorms. yellowing. cats, dogs. kids, ravens. and leaf burning. Vel'( strong & long life Samples & catalogue available. Ph: 204·327·5540 Fax: 204·327·5527 Box 1450 CA Altona, Manitoba, ROG OBO Daily, 6AM-8PM Central. Visit:

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FALL 2009


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Jim Hole

ST. ALBERT, ALTA . Co-owner, Hole's Greenhouses

Us geeky guys in white lab coats who do all the scientific research behind growing, whether it's new varieties, pest resistance, fragrance, whatever. We are the unsung heroes of the industry, as our knowledge goes from lab to greenhouse and then to each of our own personal gardens. Wilf Nicholls

ST. JOH N'5 Director, Botanical Garden Memorial University of Newfoundland

My dad and I would listen to Percy Thrower on the BBC in the 1950s and '60s. He oozed love, passion and appreciation for garden plants and their environment. His stock answer to listeners' problems was, "I think the answer lies in the soil." Did then, does now! He was a green movement unto himself. Charlie Dobbin

RICHMOND HILL, ONT. Owner, Garden Solutions by Charlie Dobbin

It used to be myoId textbooks, then other books and the Web. Now it's mostly my instinct. What has really changed for me is the preponderance of gardening blogs. Reading about other gardeners' challenges helps me feel like I'm part of a larger community, all finding our way together. Albert Mondor

MONTREAL Horticulturist, garden deSigner, writer and television host

I trust nature. Whenever I'm not sure what to do, I turn to nature for the answer. The more you observe, the less work you have to do. Leaving autumn leaves where they lie, making compost, using native plants and attracting birds and beneficial insects to my garden-they're all things I've learned. Des Kennedy


My partner is a devotee of West Coast gardening guru Brian Minter, whose call-in shows on the radio she seldom misses. Whenever she tells me, "Brian says ..." I know better than to contradict. My acquiescence is less a matter of unquestioning trust than of prudence. " FAll 2009

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[bl] canadian gardening magazine (fall 2009)  
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