Issuu on Google+

AR 321

ARCHITECT: CHARLES & RAY EAMES

Comparative Architecture Thought

COSE STUDYHOUSE

Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

COSE STUDYHOUSE ,LOS ANGES

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

0864576

PLANS

Built: 1948-49 Where: Pacific Palisades Status: The house is well preserved and opened by the Eames Foundation for tours by appointment. Structure: Steel frame with four-inch steel columns, a steeldeck ceiling, and a partial second-story supported by openweb steel joists. Painted a dark gray, the steel starkly exposes the structure.

ELEVATIONS

Ground Floor

Frist Floor

East Elevations

SECATION

West Elevations

EXTERIOR

INTERIOR

SITE PLAN King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

Comparative Architecture Thought

KIMBELL ART MUSEUM

Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

0864576

ARCHITECT: LOUIS I. KAHN

KIMBELL ART MUSEM, Fort Worth PLANS One of the twentieth century’s leading architects‚ Louis Isadore Kahn (1901–1974) was born in Estonia and immigrated to the United States at the age of four. A gifted artist‚ he passed up a merit scholarship to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts‚ determined instead to study architecture at the University of Pennsylvania.

Lower Plan

The Concept Of Lighting “bathed in a diffused natural light that enters the space via continuous interior suspended screen and reflected downward off the curve of the vault"

?

Upper Plan

ELEVATIONS & SECATION

East Elevation

West Elevation

Secation

North Elevation

EXTERIOR & INTERIOR

SITE PLAN King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


ARCHITECT: ROBERT VENTUR

AR 321

Comparative Architecture Thought Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

VANNA VENTURI HOUSE

2011 - 2012

VANNA VENTURI HOUSE

Husam Hassan

0864576

ELEVATIONS & SECATION

The design of Vanna Venturi House appears deceptively simple. A light wood frame is divided by a rising chimney. The house has a sense of symmetry, yet the symmetry is often distorted. For example, the faรงade is balanced with five window squares on each side. The way the windows are arranged, however, is not symmetrical. Consequently, the viewer is momentarily startled and disoriented.

North Elevation

Secation

South Elevation

ELEVATIONS ANALYSIS

1.The Ratio between the height and width of the Glass Door is the same as of the Entrance

When architect Robert Venturi built this home for his mother, he shocked the world. Postmodern in style, the Vanna Venturi house flew in the face of Modernism and changed the way we think about architecture

EXTERIOR & INTERIOR

1

2

2.The chimney and the back glass door are equal and opposite distances from the centerline to create a visual balance for the overall facade.

PLANS

Ground Floor

Frist Floor

King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

ARCHITECTURAL GROUP

Comparative Architecture Thought

2011 - 2012

THE NEW YORK FIVE

Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

Husam Hassan MICHAEL GRAVES PROJECTS

MICHAEL GRAVES

THE NEW YORK FIVE The New York Five refers to a group of five New York City architects  Peter Eisenman  Michael Graves  Charles Gwathmey  John Quentin Hejduk  Richard Meier whose work appeared in a Museum of Modern Art exhibition organized by Arthur Drexler in 1967, and the subsequent book Five Architects in 1972. These five had a common allegiance to a pure form of architectural modernism, harkening back to the work of Le Corbusier in the 1920s and 1930s, although on closer examination their work was far more individual. The grouping may have had more to do with social and academic allegiances, particularly the mentoring role of Philip Johnson.

PETER EISENMAN

Is an American architect. Eisenman's professional work is often referred to as formalist, deconstructive, late avant-garde, late or high modernist, etc. A certain fragmenting of forms visible in some of Eisenman's projects has been identified as characteristic of an eclectic group of architects that were (self-)labeled as deconstructivists, and who were featured in an exhibition by the same name at the Museum of Modern Art.

PETER EISENMAN PROJECTS  Falk House

Is an American architect. Identified as one of The New York Five, Graves has become a household name with his designs for domestic products sold at Target stores in the United States.

Fargo-Moorhead Cultural Center Bridge The Portland Building, alternatively referenced as the Benacerraf House Portland Municipal Services Snyderman House Building

Wageman House

Hanselmann House

Riverbend Music Center

Team Disney Building

 

Graves was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. He attended Broad Ripple High School, receiving his diploma in 1950. He earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Cincinnati where he also became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity, and a master's degree from Harvard University.

CHARLES GWATHMEY

0864576

CHARLES GWATHMEY PROJECTS

Was an American architect. He was a principal at Condominium tower Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects, as well as one of the five architects identified as The New York Five in 1969. One of Gwathmey's most famous designs is the 1992 renovation of Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Born in Charlotte, North Carolina, he was the son of the American painter Robert Gwathmey and photographer Rosalie Gwathmey. 1962 from Yale School of Architecture

Gwathmey designed this condominium tower at 445 Lafayette Street where Lafayette, Cooper Square and Astor Place come together.

JOHN QUENTIN HEJDUK

RICHARD MEIER

Hejduk studied at the Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, the University of Cincinnati, and the Harvard Graduate School of Design, from which he graduated with a Masters in Architecture in 1953.

Meier is Jewish and was born in Newark, New Jersey. He earned a Bachelor of Architecture degree from Cornell University in 1957, worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill briefly in 1959, and then for Marcel Breuer for three years, prior to starting his own practice in New York in 1963. Identified as one of The New York Five in 1972, his commission of the Getty Center in Los Angeles.

Was an American architect, artist and educator who spent much of his life in New York City, USA. Hejduk is noted for his use of attractive and often difficult-to-construct objects and shapes; also for a profound interest in the fundamental issues of shape, organization, representation, and reciprocity.

Is an American architect, whose rationalist buildings make prominent use of the color white

 House VI

JOHN QUENTIN HEJDUK PROJECTS

 Wexner Center for the Arts

RICHARD MEIER PROJECTS

 House of the Suicide and House of the Mother of the Suicide

 Nunotani building

 Condominium of the Olivetti Training Center

 House For a Musician

 Greater Columbus Convention Center

 Westbeth Artists Community

 Kreuzberg Tower and Wings

 Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

 Meier House, Essex Fells

 Tegel Housing

 Smith House, Darien, Connecticut

 Tribute Towers

 Douglas House, Harbor Springs  Bronx Developmental Center

The Wexner Center for the Arts is The Ohio State University’s

King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

 The Atheneum, New Harmony  High Museum of Art  Modern Art Wing

Architecture Department

Getty Center, Los Angeles

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

ARCHITECT: ALDO ROSSI

Comparative Architecture Thought Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

ALDO ROSSI Born Died Nationality Alma mater Award Buildings

THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE CITY

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

0864576

The text of Aldo Rossi has been a study of 'city' considering the urban form as a whole. This book is concerned with an abstract theoretical Idea where the city is conceived as a physical phenomenon, which Is an instrument for man's delight through the realm of aesthetic potential of it$

May 3, 1931 Milan, Italy September 4, 1997 (aged 66) Italian Politecnico di Milano Pritzker Prize (1990) Teatro Carlo Felice

form. The context of the problem was the twentieth century town planning approaches which had been generated some cities as machines. Here the author refers to the historical methods to get rid of the present day's modernist concepts. However, Ross's method is much more academic. His new construct begins as a critique of nineteenth century functionalism. From this he proposes the city as the ultimate and verifiable data and as an autonomous structure. He also Identified some of the key element$ of the

Aldo Rossi, a practicing architect and leader of the Italian

evolution and transformation of cities. Rossi assigns particular Importance to Institutions as truly constant element$ of historical life and to the

architectural movement La Tendenza, Is also one of the

intricate relationship between myth and institution.

most influential theorists writing: today. The Architecture of the City is his major work of architectural and urban theory. Contents of the book :

Moreover, Rossi conceived the duty as an archaeological artifact. To him history was analogous to a 'skeleton' whose condition serves as a measure of time and In turn, is measured by time. His object of analysis, the city, is measured by the instrument of 'typology'. Rossi analyzed the city. as a whole constructed by it$ parts. His inspiration was perceive a lack of any rational approach to cincturing knowledge of the dty. In response the study undertaken is analytical and Inductive, and firmly set within the domain of architecture. It was however not intended 'as a

1- Introduction

confirmation of results' for Rossi wished to encourage more necessary theoretical development and research on the city.

2- Chapter 1 : The structure of urban Artifacts. 3- Chapter 2 : Primary Element$ and the concept of Area

This book presents a protest against functionalism and the Modem Movement. At the same time it attempts to restore the craft of architecture

4- Chapter 3 : The Individually of urban Artifacts Architecture to its position as the only valid object of architectural study. Besides it analyses the rules and forms of the city's construction. Therefore, it has 5- Chapter 4 : The Evolution of urban Artifacts

King Abdulaziz University

become Immensely popular among architects and urban designers.

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

ARCHITECT: LUIS BARRGAN

Comparative Architecture Thought Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

EGERSTORM RESIDENCE AND STABLES

0864576

Casa Barragan

LUIS BARRGAN LUIS BARRAGAN (1902-1988) was one of Mexico’s most influential 20th century architects. Famed for his mastery of space and light, he reinvented the International Style as a colourful, sensuous genre of Mexican modernism

PLANS

Although not quite down-and-out, Luis Barragán (1902-1988) had certainly hit a rough patch when a letter arrived at his Mexico City studio in 1975 asking if the Museum of Modern Art in New York could stage a retrospective of his career Then 73, Barragán had built nothing outside his native Mexico, and was virtually forgotten there. He was so hard-up that he occasionally sold letters, sketches and books from his archive to make ends meet. But the beauty and orginality of Barragán's buildings - like the Tlálpan Convent and Torri Satélite in Mexico City - had made him a legend among his fellow architects, and they lobbied hard for his MoMA exhibition. A few years later, Luis Barragán was awarded the Pritzker Prize, architecture's answer to the Nobel

Site Plan

Ground Floor

Frist Floor

ELEVATIONS & SECATION Luis Barragan accepted the Pritzker Prize in 1980. Upon his death in 1988, Casa Barragan became a museum to be enjoyed by the public. The house became one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites in 2004.

LUIS BARRGAN PROJECTS         

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

Las Arboledas / North of Mexico City (1955–1961) House for the architect / Barraging House, Mexico City (1947–48) Jardines del Pedregal Subdivision, Mexico City (1945–53) Tlalpan Chapel, Tlalpan, Mexico City (1954–60) Galvez House, Mexico City (1955) Jardines del Bosque Subdivision, Guadalajara (1955–58) Torres de Satélite, Mexico City (1957–58) Cuadra San Cristobel, Los Clubes, Mexico City (1966–68) Gilardi House, Mexico City (1975–77)

East Elevation

Architect: Luis Barragan Location: Tacubaya, Mexico Project Year: 1948 Photographs: Casa Luis Barragan, Steve Silverman, Rene Burri References: Casa Luis Barragan, Alvaro Siza West Elevation

EXTERIOR & INTERIOR

King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

ARCHITECT: ADOLF LOOS

Comparative Architecture Thought

CHICAGO TNIBUNE TOWER COMETITION ENTRY

Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

CHICAGO TNIBUNE TOWER

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

0864576

ELEVATIONS ANALYSIS

One of the most significant events in the history of modern architecture was the Tribune Tower international competition in 1922 when the Chicago Tribune, the city's oldest and most important newspaper, offered a $50,000 prize for the winning design of "the most beautiful and distinctive office building of the world".More than 263 architects from three continents responded with a broad constellation of designs ranging from Byzantine to Bauhaus. The List of contemporary european architects contains Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer, Ludwig Karl Hilbersheimer, Bruno Taut, Hans and Wassili Luckhardt and many more.

CONCEPT

EXTERIOR

King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

ARCHITECT: CHRISTIAN DE PORTZAMPARC

Comparative Architecture Thought Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

CHRISTIAN DE PORTZAMPARC

CHRISTIAN DE PORTZAMPARC

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

0864576

PROJECTS

Is a French architect and urbanist. He graduated from the École Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris in 1970 and has since been noted for his bold designs and artistic touch; his projects reflect a sensibility to their environment and the town is a founding principal of his work. He won the Pritzker Prize in 1994.

2003-2008 Hotel Renaissance Wagram in Paris

2001-2004 Headquarters for the press group Le Monde in Paris

CHRISTIAN DE PORTZAMPARC PROJECTS  La philharmonie de Luxembourg, entretien avec C. de Portzamparc, M. Brausch. (Luxembourg, Fonds d’Urbanisation et d’Aménagement du Plateau de Kirchberg, 2003)  La tour LVMH, entretien avec C. de Portzamparc «Portzamparc ou l’esprit des lieux». «Christian de Portzamparc The LVMH Tower», J. Giovannini, F.Rambert, (Connaissance des Arts hors série, Paris, 1999)  De la danse - école du ballet de L’Opéra de Paris, C. de Portzamparc (Paris, Les éditions du Demi,1990)  La cité de la musique, M. Bleuse, P. Boulez, S. Goldberg, J-C. Casadesus, O. Messiaen, P. Sollers, H. Tonka,C. de Portzamparc (Paris, Champ Vallon, 1986)  Rue des Hautes Formes, C. de Portzamparc (Paris, Régie immobilière de la ville de Paris, RIVP, 1979)

King Abdulaziz University

2001-2009 Hergé museum, Louvain-la-Neuve in Belgium

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

1984-1995 The City of Music in Paris

Green Architecture Unit


AR 321

Comparative Architecture Thought Dr.Farooq A. Mofti

BAVINGER HOUSE

BAVINGER HOUSE

2011 - 2012

Husam Hassan

0864576

EXTERIOR & INTERIOR

The Bavinger House was completed in 1955 in Norman, Oklahoma, United States. It was designed by architect Bruce Goff. Considered a significant example of organic architecture the house was awarded the Twenty-five Year Award from the American Institute of Architects in 1987. was an American architect distinguished by his organic, eclectic, and often flamboyant designs for houses and other buildings in Oklahoma and elsewhere

ARCHITECT: BRUCE GOFF

PLANS

Ground Floor

Frist Floor

SECATION King Abdulaziz University

Faculty of Environmental Design

Architecture Department

Green Architecture Unit


Assignment-1