ROLE OF GENDER
S P A T I A L PLANNING
RELATED? what ? why ? where ?how ? Space Architecture Planning
AIM: gender an invisibly influencing factor in spatial planning
O B J E C T I V E: â€˘
c h r o n o l o g i c a l s t u d y o f g e n d e r -ed spaces relating it to residence for a community â€˘ g e n d e r b a s e d -- a c t i v i t y p a t t e r n f o r those period need to be understood
WHAT DOES STUDY DEAL WITH?
STAGE 1 • • • •
D e f I n I n g – space and gender at R e a s o n i n g - gender is related to Role of a both genders -family -society ( reach) E x a m p l e s – gendered spaces
STAGE 2 • • •
S t at i s t i c a l s t u d y o f b o t h g e n d e r (india) C o n s t r a i n i n g i t t o a r e s i d e n c e – community activity pattern -time -gender based • Space determines the activity of the gender
STAGE 3 •
P l a n n i ng
- 5 decades
aspects enhancing –genderquality
• Analyse–the dimensions spaces have come
STAGE 4 …………….
OUTCOME ElucIdatIon of both the Importance to archItecture and vice versa
the expanse that surrounds us terrItorIal space and p e r s o n a l s p a c e.
IntImate dIstance personal distance SocIal dIstance PublIc dIstance
Space Is the core of archItecture I s m o r e t h a n a si m p l e v o l u m e, I t h a s I t s p h y s I c a l form easIlyd ecoded
S P A C E ????!!!??? DefInItIon PsychologIcal
F E M A L E !!!!???
S O C I O C U L T U R A L N No t n a t u r a l
D I M E N S I
Constructed by socIety R o l e s - r e s p o n s I b I l I t y - M E N AND W O M E N in O U R F A M I L Y OUR SOCIETY OUR CULTURE
G E N D E R????!!!??? DefInItIon
Characteristic Aptitude Behaviour Changes over tIme
W H E T H E R R E D???
S P A C E S
Sexed Space toilet
G E N D E
Gendered Space kitchen
A N T H R O P O L O G Y â€“ POWER RELATI POu N b lSi c and p r i v a t e r e a l m s Kinship Social relation
CULTURAL Gender constructed
L E F E B V R E ROLE OF GENDER – S O C I A L P R O D U C T I O N OF SPACE
HIERARCHY DomInant publIc Male realm Subordinate female
GENDER SPACE Perspectives
portrayed M EN in ancient societies as strong, aggressive, dominant and active
WOMEN as weak, passive, and dependent.
M E N â€“ public realm (city) W O M E N â€“ private realm (home)
MEN and WOMEN had varied social graph Predominately seen in various cultures
GENDER ROLE Family Society
A G O R A
R E N D I L L E and G A B A
the location of the hearth (a gender-defined space) within their domiciles to distinguish and identify women and men from each other
M A Y A N C O M M U N I T Y OF TZO’ONTHAL, Women’s time is structured around activities in the house: domestic tasks and pottery making. women’s place is well inside the house, men eat along the wall closest to the outside door before women eat and tend to sit on the porch therefore, inside the house, and especially spaces for cooking and sleeping are associated with women.
EXISTENCE with examples
SO ,G E N D E R E D
GENDER Changes over tIme Different activity reproduce different architecture over time and space I N D I A- C o m m u n I t y HOUSEHOLD Gender ideology Time spent
User pattern Perception Privacy
N.Nandha devi 09 ar 19