Page 1

ROLE OF GENDER

IN

S P A T I A L PLANNING


RELATED? what ? why ? where ?how ? Space Architecture Planning

GENDER

Culture Social

GENDER

AND

????!!!???

SPACE


AIM: gender an invisibly influencing factor in spatial planning

O B J E C T I V E: •

c h r o n o l o g i c a l s t u d y o f g e n d e r -ed spaces relating it to residence for a community • g e n d e r b a s e d -- a c t i v i t y p a t t e r n f o r those period need to be understood

WHAT DOES STUDY DEAL WITH?


STAGE 1 • • • •

D e f I n I n g – space and gender at R e a s o n i n g - gender is related to Role of a both genders -family -society ( reach) E x a m p l e s – gendered spaces

various space

Perspective

STAGE 2 • • •

S t at i s t i c a l s t u d y o f b o t h g e n d e r (india) C o n s t r a i n i n g i t t o a r e s i d e n c e – community activity pattern -time -gender based • Space determines the activity of the gender

METHODOLOGY


STAGE 3 •

Documentary

Zoning

P l a n n i ng

Elements

study

on resIdence

- 5 decades

aspects enhancing –genderquality

• Analyse–the dimensions spaces have come

in

which

gender

STAGE 4 …………….

OUTCOME ElucIdatIon of both the Importance to archItecture and vice versa

of

gender


the expanse that surrounds us terrItorIal space and p e r s o n a l s p a c e.

IntImate dIstance personal distance SocIal dIstance PublIc dIstance

Space Is the core of archItecture I s m o r e t h a n a si m p l e v o l u m e, I t h a s I t s p h y s I c a l form easIlyd ecoded

S P A C E ????!!!??? DefInItIon PsychologIcal


JUST

MALE AND

F E M A L E !!!!???

S O C I O C U L T U R A L N No t n a t u r a l

D I M E N S I

Constructed by socIety R o l e s - r e s p o n s I b I l I t y - M E N AND W O M E N in O U R F A M I L Y OUR SOCIETY OUR CULTURE

G E N D E R????!!!??? DefInItIon


Characteristic Aptitude Behaviour Changes over tIme

W H E T H E R R E D???

S P A C E S

Sexed Space toilet

I S

G E N D E

Gendered Space kitchen

A N T H R O P O L O G Y – POWER RELATI POu N b lSi c and p r i v a t e r e a l m s Kinship Social relation

GENDER Concept

and

Existance


Space Produced

SOCIAL

and

CULTURAL Gender constructed

REPRESENTATION

Through Image

L E F E B V R E ROLE OF GENDER – S O C I A L P R O D U C T I O N OF SPACE

HIERARCHY DomInant publIc Male realm Subordinate female

private

GENDER SPACE Perspectives


portrayed M EN in ancient societies as strong, aggressive, dominant and active

SEPARATE SPHERE

WOMEN as weak, passive, and dependent.

M E N – public realm (city) W O M E N – private realm (home)

MEN and WOMEN had varied social graph Predominately seen in various cultures

GENDER ROLE Family Society


A G O R A

R E N D I L L E and G A B A

the location of the hearth (a gender-defined space) within their domiciles to distinguish and identify women and men from each other

M A Y A N C O M M U N I T Y OF TZO’ONTHAL, Women’s time is structured around activities in the house: domestic tasks and pottery making. women’s place is well inside the house, men eat along the wall closest to the outside door before women eat and tend to sit on the porch therefore, inside the house, and especially spaces for cooking and sleeping are associated with women.

PUBLIC PRIVATE

EXISTENCE with examples


SO ,G E N D E R E D

SPACES

EXIST

GENDER Changes over tIme Different activity reproduce different architecture over time and space I N D I A- C o m m u n I t y HOUSEHOLD Gender ideology Time spent

in an

ho usehold

User pattern Perception Privacy

WHAT NEXT


Thank

you

N.Nandha devi 09 ar 19

role of gender in spatial planning -part 1  

impact in architecture

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