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OF AN UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECT

Date, time & duration of sighting

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How observed (Naked eye, binoculars, other optical device, camera or camcorder)

5.

Direction in which object first seen (A landmark may be more useful than a roughly estimated bearing)

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Nearby objects (Telephone lines, high voltage lines, reservoir, lake or dam, swamp or marsh, river, high buildings, tall chimneys, steeples, spires, TV or radio masts, airfields, generating plant, factories, pits or other sites with floodlights or night lighting)

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Description of object (No of objects, size, shape, colour, brightness, noise)

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Commissioner will not investigate your case until the MOD internal review process has been completed. Further details of the role and powers of the Information Commissioner can be found on the Commissionerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s website, htto:/Iwww.informationcommissioner.oov.uk.

Yours sincerely,


. .

7.

3. With regards tp the two short passages deleted rrom the DSI/JTIC Report No I note that the extracted passages are currently to subject of discussions between the MOD and the relevant party (presumably the US Air Force rrom the context). If a decision is made to release these redacted sentences, would it be possible to notify me ofthe content. Ifthe decision is to withhold the passages, I would appreciate knowledge of the reasons why this is felt necessary in the public interest after the passage of 50 years.


.

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Main Building Whitehall

London SWIA 2HB

15 January 2001

Your ref: D/DAS (Sec)64/311

containing copies oft.!:te files I Many thanks for your letter of 5 Ja.’1uary. The parcel return I enclose a crossed cheque requested arrived here at the end of last week, and in could let me have a receipt made out for the amount agreed. It would be helpful if you accounts. specifying the work done for use in my end of year the holiday.

to process my request before I wish to thank you and the staff who workedmaterial you sent wiij be of great ilelp as pan

Your helpis very much appreciated and the the assistance the M()D ,,"Vi> ,.,,~";n~n,. my ongoing research, which will aclmowledge

c.

Wlth regards to my question regarding the location

missing file DSI/JTIC Report ofr..’1ereasonabk to locate t.’1is

No . I’m satisfied that your staff have done everything rule om the document, but it is encouraging that you do not appear to complet~ly meaI1time, I v"ill be found. In the possibility that it could have survived and may one

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.

continue to pursue other lines of inquiry to locate the provide the MOD with a new copy for your records.

look forward to hearing from you,

docUL-nent a"d if successful will


.

Extract from Ministry of Defence letter to XXXXXX dated 11 October 2000

"D51/JTIC Report No 7 "Unidentified Flying Objects" (1952)and related reports on "UFO" 1951-52 - I can confirm that a review of closed files has taken place v but none were found to contain the report you seek. As a consequence of this. and earlier searches which failed to locate the report, we conclude it has not survive the passage of

time."


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.

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Main HuiJd ng Whitehall London SWIA 2HB

Your ref: DAS(Sec)/64/3

10 October 2000


. Finally, with Jegards to my request for access to DSI/JTIC Report No 7 on UFOs (1952).It is disappointing that this document has not been located during your review of closed files. The attachment I enclosed with my letter of September 4 clearly demonstrated this document existed in 1967 when it was referred to by an officer of the DSTI branch, DI55. It seems improbable that such an important document (the basis of a briefing by the Secretary of State for Air to Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1952) would have been lost or ’not have survived the passage of time’ when other material of lesser interest hassurvived and is available in the Public Record Office today.

From the DSI/JTIC committee minutes availah]e at the PRO it is stated that a ’watered down’ copy of the Report No.7 was being considered for release to the Press during October 1952 by DDI (Security),so it is possible copies may have been sent to a number of different MOD departments. As it is also noted that the Americans (presumably the US Air Force) would have to be consulted before any Press release, copies of Report No 7 mav also have heen sent to the US Embassy in 1952-53. In addition. there is a note in the of this report had bOt;>! se!1L Lv Sit Henry TiL.ai , wi!vsc pape > stating are preserved at the Imperial War Museum. I intend to visit the Museum to research Tizard’s papers in the near future, and will notify you if! find the document among these papers.

mi~utes

thaL~oPY


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Dear Sir or Madam,

I wonder if you could assist me with the following query: I am researching material for an academic book on the subject ofthe UK Government’s involvement with the subject ofUFOsIFlying Saucers, you know there has been much material released into the PRO over recent years concerning this subject, and I have been able to work with this materiaL However, whilst searching for one particular document I have experienced difficulties, as follows.

N,

The document is question is called DSI/JTIC Report No 7 On Unidentified FIving Objects. It was created in 1952 by a ’Flying Saucer Working Party’, There are several instances ofminutes where this report and the composition ofthe working party are discussed yet the actual report itself is missing from the relevant files held at the PRO.

However the file must be in existence because evidence exists that it was retrieved in 1967 by a member ofthe DSTI branch, DI55, That this is the case is demonstrated by lE.Dickison’s note in file AIR 2/18117 where he states, "we have recovered all but two ofthe files on UFOs for the period 1951-52_....we consider that the report DSI/JTIC Report No, 7,Unidentified Flying Objects covers the situation as a whole for such activity at that time."

As I have been told that all UFO files from 1967 have been retained, and as DSI/JTIC Report No.7 is clearly mentioned as having been retrieved in 1967 it should have been lodged in the UFO files for 1967 which have now been released. Close scrutiny ofthese files revealed that report No, 7 does not appear to be there, nor is there any mention ofthe file, As it was created in 1952 surely it has long since passed the 30 Year Rule marker and should be available to members ofthe public. Based on the above information and current legislation about the release of documents I am therefore requesting any information you have about Report No. 7 and if at all possible to see a copy of the file. I am quite prepared to pay any costs incurred.

If, however, you deny any knowledge ofthis report I would like an explanation as to how it was retrieved in 1967 yet appears to be missing_ If you have the report but are withholding it from public scrutiny I would be interested to know why.


.

.

From my own research I am satisfied that the government position on UFOs,ie that they are ofno defence sigpificance, misperceptions etc is valid. But from an academic point ofview being able to see this report would Lvow considerable light on TRâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;( UFO policy in the ealy 1950s and it is for this reason I wish to see the report.

I realise that this sort of enquiry may not be a high priority for you but having spent many weeks at the PRO looking for this document and being unable to locate it I am obviously trying any avenues which appear re]evant.


.

II

MaIn DUJ.J"*â&#x20AC;&#x2122;.....~ Whitehall

London SW IA 2HB Your reference: D/Sec(AS)64/3

4 September 200U


. In the meantime, as new information has come to light I am now in a position to be more specific in terms of my request for access to files addressed to the MOD Record Officer on 27 July and 7 I am now able to precisely specify the name and what I suspect to be the current location ofthe fUels to which I referred in my earlier requests to the Record Officer. The document I am seeking is known as DSIfJTIC Report No.7 on Unidentified Flying Objects. It was created in 1952 by the ’Flying Saucer Working Party’ set up in August 1950 at the request of Sir Henry Tizard. DSUJTIC minutes I have viewed at the Public Record Office (DEFE4/74-76) ’0 +q demonstrate that the Working Party consisted of representatives from DSTI,ADNI (Tech),MI 10 and ADI (Tech).Report No 7 is referred to in a minute of7 October 1952 and is listed on a register ofDSUJTIC reports in DEFE 41/76 (see enclosed, Attachment A). However, the document is missing from the DSUJTIC reports and papers which are contained within DEFE 152-54. This is not because the file has been destroyed, but rather because it was "retrieved" (moved to another file?) by a member’ \) ofthe DSTI branch, DI55, in December 1967. In evidence for this assertion, I attach a copy (enclosed,Attachment B)of an internal memo, copied from PRO file Air 2/18117, where IE Dickison ofDI55 states that: "we [DI55]have recovered all but two ofthe Metropole (ie Intelligence)files on UFOsfor the period I95I-2...we consider that the report DSl/JnC Report No. 7 Unidentified Flying Objects covers the situation as a whole for such activity at that time."

August.

- "b11i:~ \ ’I-~l.(,

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It is accepted that all files and papers relating to UFOs have been permanently preserved by the MOD from 1967 at the request ofthe Secretary ofthe State for Defence. Attachment B demonstrates that DSUJTIC Report No 7 existed in 1967, and should therefore still exist today if that policy has been followed. r would suggest a


.

capy af the repart will be faund in the DIS/DSTI Intelligence Papers fram the periad 1967-70 (possibly DEFE 31119,64 and/ar DEFE 44/1), which caver th" period dUr:Li’1g which it was ’retrieved’ by DI55. Further capies may well exist in ather MOD departments, and I wauld be surprised if even taday Air Staff are nat aware afthis dacument, as its canclusians (that UFOs do net exist) appear farm the erigin afthe MOD’s palicy an UFOs fram 1952 right up the present day!

to.

to.

As the eriginal repart was created in 1952, it sheuld be available far public scmtiny

to.

under the 30 year rule and I request access a cepy ofthis document plus any attached appendices uIlder the Freedem efInfarmatian Act.

To summarise my request far access to UFO-related dacuments, set aut in my letters to the MOD Recard Officer on 27 July and 7 August and Sec (AS)2 af 1 and 11 August, these are:

to.

No.

1. DSVJTIC Report 7,Unidentified Flying Objects (1952),plus related Intelligence reports an UFOs, 1951-2 (see attachment).


.

.

,

cd-

on files which relate to Intelligence papers a PRO the of some in references enclosing copy There this’period. For example, UFOs generated by the DSTI staff during S4 b2/18117 sent to Depa!1ment (Air)by Air file PRO in found minute "recovered’~two"U of a loose had staff 1967. It des ribes how Dickison ofDI55 on 13 December 1951-52, and refers to one of these specifically period the for UFOs on evidence files Intelligence entified Flying Objects." This is good U! No.7 Report as "report DSI/JTIC on UFOs did survive from this period. that at least some Intelligence files still exist it would appear these files if they catalogue, PRO the of " 1ation From an 44/1 which is a register of JSTI/DSTI/DSI should be listed under DEFE class from 1946 onwards. ] reDorts and memoranda for the period

~e

I’m

J.E.

-

_

exa.m

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I of the documents I have described and rereview your in assists I hope this info=ation in due course, look forward to hearing from you


.

1\

Departmental Record Officer Defence Records Room 7/40 Metropole Building Northumberland Avenue London WC2N 5BL

21 July 2000

Dear SirlMadam, Defence Intelligence Staff Registered

Files

suggested that I write to you in order have Office Record Public the are The Enquiry staff at status of a group of MOD files which Act the concerning enquiry an to follow up UTId~r section 3 (4)oftne Public Record currentIy "retained by the Depar=ent 1958."

Office. They been deposited at the Public Record have to appear all question The flies in generated by the work of the papers contain and DEFE reference fall under the class include: MOD Defence Intelligence Staff. They

DEFE 44/1

Memoranda; Register of JSTl/DSTI/DSI

and DSI, later DSTI: Reports1946-1991.

reports and memoranda,

t. 1-)e

n e until would be retained un(e.r the 30 yearbove records that PRO the should from I understand which case J in file, the covered by case? latesi date ill the sequence 2001. Could you COIlWll1 "" ",at is January I on scrutiny public be avcilable for

t. 1-)e

lvlore,- .


.

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for DEFE 44/1, although this file contains material more than 50 years old, it might not be released until 2021 because it also contains material dating from In the case of files held under class DEFE 21, these apparently contain files created by both the old Directorate of Scientific Intelligence between 1950-1964, which should be open; DSTI relating to the period 1964-1991, however, they also contain later material from which under the tenms of the 1967 Act would remain closed until 202],

1991.

t.J.je

In these circumstances, would it not be possible to make an exception and allow access to the reports and memoranda contained within those files which specifically relate to the period 1946-1969, which would fal1 under the tenms of the 30 year rule? or

I hope you are able to help and look forward to hearing from you,


. 20/12556 ’UFO’reports January 1974 (additionally AIR 2118873)- File AIR 20/12556 is not 4t) AIR a ’UFO’file. AIR 2/18873 contains public enquiries concerning ’UFOs’covering the period June 1973 to February 1974 and amounts to some 109 enclosures. Additionally, AF/584 contains ’UFO’reports for January 1974 amounting to some 100 enclosures. It would be possible to sanitise and photocopy the contents ofboth files (see below).

As I mentioned in my letter of29 September,the Ministry of Defence is bound by the Code ofPractice on Access to Government Information. This means that we are committed to providing you with the information you require, as long as it is not exempted under the Code. However,to ensure this does not create an extra burden on the taxpayer,we have a charging regime for more complicated requests. If a request is likely to require over four hours’ work, each hour’s work over four hours (orpart thereof) is charged at U5.00 per hour.

1-4

We estimate that the number of documents to be copied in the files mentioned in and 6 above is in the region of 800 pages. Assuming it will take two minutes to check,sanitise and photocopy each page our calculation is that, after the first 4 hours, 22 hours of work at U5.00 per hour will remain totalling some B30.00. To copy the full 800 pages would be a four day task spread over eight half days. As the fairly small section likely to take on the work will also be heavily involved in checking material to be released in January 2001, those eight half days would be spread over an eight week period. The material could be made available to you during December 2000. Ifyou decide to wait to view the contents of file BJ 5/311 until its release to the Public Records Office in January 2001,then the cost of copying the remaining files falls, after deducting the first four hours of work,to around U60.00. I would be grateful for confirmation that you wish to proceed with this enquiry, indicating whether including or excluding BJ 5/311, and that you are willing to meet the appropriate charge. Ifthe cost of obtaining the information is likely to be significantly greater than our estimate suggests we will contact you again before proceeding further.

I look forward to hearing from you in due course.


.

That caveat aside, I do understand and sympathise with the MOD’s position on the subject of UFOs. My ongoing research into the social history ofthe subject at the PRO and the British Library has demonstrated how dealing with inquiries about UFOs has become an on-going public relations problem for your staff dating back to the early 50s. On the subject of"UFOs"themselves, I completely concur with the MOD’s conclusions that the vast majority if not all observations can be explained as n sindentifications ofnatural phenomena, balloons, planets and stars etc. However,the ongoing ’will to believe’ in the existence of ’exotic’ UFOs intruding into li’K airspace on the part ofUFOlogists and the attitude ofthe media, which you note observers often seek out to promote their alleged experiences, has meant the UFO myth has continued to develop and will not go away.

-

-

-

It is precisely these social and psychological contexts particularly periods ofPress interest and Parliamentary Questions which I am examining as part ofmy on-going research based at the National Centre for English Cultural Tradition and Language, University of Sheffield. The paperwork generated by the various MOD departments which have dealt with tbr UFO both in terms ofpublic and internal pdicy since 1950 are a crucial source ofinformation for my project, hence my request for access to documents which currently fall within the 30 year rule.

-

issu... -

_

I am grateful that you are taking the trouble to retrieve and review the UFO-related files to which I have requested access, and look forward to your progress report at the end of September.

In the meantime, as new information has come to light I am now in a position to be more specific in terms ofmy request for access to files addressed to the MOD Record Officer on 27 July and 7 I am now able to precisely specifY the name and what I suspect to be the current location ofthe filels to which I referred in my earlier requests to the Record Officer. The document I am seeking is known as DSI/JTIC Report No.7 on Unidentified Flying Objects. It was created in 1952 the by ’Flying Saucer Working Party’ set up in August 1950 at the request of Sir Tizard. Henry DSI/JTIC n nutes I have viewed at the Public Record Office (DEFE4/74-76) ’b1E,:c.o demonstrate that the Working Party consisted ofrepresentatives ftom DSTI, ADNI (Tech),MI 10 and ADI (Tech).Report No 7 is referred to in a n nute of7 October 1952 and is listed on a register ofDSI/JTIC reports in DEFE 41/76 (see enclosed, Attachment A). However, the document is missing ftom the DSI/JTIC reports papers which are contained within DEFE 152-54. This is not because the file and been? 1) destroyed, but rather because it was "retrieved" (moved to another file?) a has member’ by ofth DSTI branch, DI55,in December 1967. In evidence for this assertion, I attach a copy (enclosed,Attachment B)ofan internal memo, copied ftom PRO file Air 2/18117, where JE Dickison ofDI55 states that: "we [DI55]have recovered all but two ofthe Metropole (ie Intelligence)files on UFOsfor the 1951-2...we period consider that the report DSI/JTIC Report No. 7 Unidentified Flying Objects covers the situation as a whole for such activity at that time."

August.

_

,."1 (, \ .’t"~

. ’l-1

It is accepted that all files and papers relating to UFOs have been permanently preserved by the MOD ftom 1967 at the request ofthe Secretary of the State for Defence. Attachment B demonstrates that DSI/JTIC Report No 7 existed in 1967,and should therefore still exist today ifthat policy has been followed. I would suggest a


ENCLOSURE TRANSFERRED TO FILE D/DAS/10/2/8/16 PART D


"r-’:’

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(:r’E\5:’:< /,-,/""

ENCLOSURE TRANSFERRED TO FILE D/DAS/10/2/8/16 PART D


.. preserved for The National Archives. A few have survived before 1967 and these together with aecords up to 1977 are now available for viewing. The National Archives can be contacted at Avenue, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU or telephone, 020 8876 3444. The National Archives also have a website giving information about the records they hold and how to access them. This can be found on the internet at htto://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The Ministry of Defence Freedom of Information Publication Scheme also contains documents relating to UFO’s. These can be accessed via the internet at htto://www.foi.mod.uk. A search in the Scheme under ’UFO’will take you to this information.

~uskin

With regard to crop circles, alien abduction and cattle mutilation, occasionally a member of the public does write to us about these issues, but there is no evidence to suggest that these phenomena are caused by anything of military concern and the MOD does not therefore investigate reported sightings or carry out research into them. Also the MOD’s policy and view in relation to the alien abduction phenomenon, is that we are not aware of any evidence which substantiate the existence of extraterrestrial activity. The matter of abduction by alien lifeforms is a non-issue as far as the MOD is concerned. Abductionlkidnap and cattle mutilation in the general sense is, of course, a criminal offence and as such would be a matter for the civil police.

I hope this is helpful. If this information does not address your requirements or you wish to complain about any aspect ofthe handling ofthis request, then you should contact the undersigned in the first instance. Should you remain dissatisfied, then you may apply for an internal review by contacting the Director of Information Exploitation, 6th Floor, MOD Main Building, Whitehall, SWIA 2HB.

If you are still unhappy following an internal review, you may wish to take your complaint to the Information Commissioner under the provisions of Section 50 ofthe Freedom of Information Please note that the Information Commissioner will not investigate your case until the MOD internal review process has been completed. Further details of the role and powers of the

Act.

Information Commissioner can be found httD://www.informationcommissioner.gov.uk.

Yours sincerely

on

the

Commissioner’s

website,


.

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~ jlike

flare.

I

a parachute

I hope this is helpful. If this information does not address your requirements or you wish to complain about any aspect ofthe handling ofthis request, then you should contact the undersigned in the first instance. Should you remain dissatisfied, then you may apply for an intemal review by contacting the Director of Information Exploitation, 6th Floor, MOD Main Building, Whitehall, SWIA 2HB.

If you are still unhappy following an internal review, you may wish to take your complaint to the Information Commissioner under the provisions of Section 50 ofthe Freedom of Information Please note that the Information Commissioner will not investigate your case until the MOD internal review process has been completed. Further details of the role and powers of the Information Commissioner can be found on the Commissionerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s website,

Act.

httu://www.informationcommissioner.gov.uk. Yours sincerely


,.

.

.

14/06/03

21:35

12/07/03

22:05

Llandrindod Wells Rhonda

Powys

Very big, red light balls hoverin".

Mid-

Two round objects with legs, which were black and

Glamorgan

sninninn.

13/08/03

22:55

Maesteg

MidGlamorgan

14/08/03

23:09

Newport

Gwent

24/09/03

19:25

Barry

South Glamorgan

Roundish, football shaped

object. The flashing lights

were multi-coloured. Orange circular object seen. Staved stationarv. Saw an unusual object, falling from a cloud, like it was burning and was very

fast. Reports for 2004:18/02/04 05/09/04

16:02 15:20

Rh I Barry

Clw d South Glamorgan

08109/04

20:15

Cardiff

South Glamorgan

24/09/04

06:30

Newport

Dyfed

I.

Lar e black obâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ect over Rh The object was a bright light at first and then looked like a box kite.

Large flash of light which tu rned into a grey object descendin over Cardiff Ba . One object that looked like a disc, with a tail and was shinin .

Reports for 2005:-

31/01/05

05:00

Port Talbot

West Glamorgan

Swansea

West Glamorgan

Port Talbot

West Glamorgan

Briton Ferry

West Glamorgan

Cardiff

South Glamorgan

Cardiff Pontyclun Croesycelliog

North Wales South Wales South Wales Gwent

Said it looked like a parachute flare. (Seen in Januarv Said it looked like a parachute flare. (Seen in Januarv Looked like an orange ball of light. like a big star in the sky and it had sDiderish leas. Just said saw something in the sky. (Seen in February

05\. 05\.

05\.

20/02/05

09:50

20/03/05

19:35

Bright blue object, that broke into three to four segments and then disaDDeared. Just said saw a UFO. A UFO. (Seen in 2005), A UFO. (Seen in 2005). Witness saw five to six white lights flying very fast overhead. They looked a bit like bright stars. (Seen in 2005\.

I hope this helpful. If this infonmation does not address your requirements or you wish to complain about any aspect of the handling of this request. then you should contact the undersigned in the first instance. Should you remain dissatisfied, then you may apply for an


.

. .

infosubject: I am writing to make a further open govermnent request for all the In order to information to which I am entitled under the fteedom ofinformation assist you with this request, I am outlining my query as specifically as possible. If however this request is too wide or too unclear, I would be grateful if you could contact me as I understand that under the act, you are required to advise and assist requesters.

act.

I wish to know how many reported sightings of Unidentified Flying Objects in Wales have been made by members ofthe public to the Ministry ofDefence during the last five years. I would also like full details ofthe dates, times and whereabouts of each of these sightings and the outcomes ofany Miistry of Defence investigations into the sightings.

I understand that under the act, I should be entitled to a response within 20 working days. I would be grateful if you could confirm in writing that you have received this

request.

I look forward to hearing ftom you in the near future.


.bsite

at www.nationalarchives.gov.uk.

With regard to events on 24 March 1997 I can confirm that our records show that loud bangs were heard northwest of Sheffield in the Peak District between 2145Z and 2215Z and local people believed that an aircraft had crashed in the area. The Police and RAF Search and Rescue undertook a search ofthe area but no crash site was found. Over a year later, in May 1998,there was renewed interest in these events ITom journalists and MPs and the RAF Provost and Security Services (RAFPolice)were asked to investigate whether a military aircraft could have caused sonic booms. The RAF Police concluded that although there had been a sonic event, there were no military aircraft operating in the area at speeds at which a sonic boom could be generated. I enclose for your information a copy ofthe RAF Police report containing full details oftheir findings. Details ofthe parliamentary question asked about these events can be found on the parliamentary website at www.parliament.uk/hansardlharsard.cfin. You may wish to be aware that despite rumours of an RAF Tornado crashing into a reservoir in Derbyshire, the MOD has no record of such an

event.

You also requested information regarding MAJESTIC 12 and Project JEHOVAH. I understand it is alleged that these were projects set up in the USA,you therefore need to direct your enquiries to the US Government. We are not aware ofany information about these projects held by the MOD.

Finally, you requested information regarding our investigations into UFOs ITom the 1940s onwards. The MOD does not hold any documents about the history ofthe handling of UFO reports since the 1940s. Weare however aware that a working party was set up in August 1950 (at the suggestion of Sir Henry Tizard) who thought "flying saucers should be investigated". This All the was aptly named the Flying Saucer Working Party and was dissolved in June now open for public surviving MOD papers produced by the Flying Saucer Working Party are viewing at The National Archives, Ruskin Avenue, Kew,Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU.The final report ofthe Flying Saucer Working Party detailing their conclusions can be viewed in the MOD Freedom ofInformation Publication Scheme at www.foi.mod.uk. For ease ofreference, please find a copy enclosed with this letter. In more recent times, a standard form was introduced for reporting UFO sightings and these were sent to Air Defence staff(to check whether there was any evidence of a threat to UK airspace), and Defence Intelligence staff(DIS)(in case they contained any information of value in DISâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s task of analysing the performance and threat of foreign weapons systems, nuclear, chemical and biological warfare programmes and technologies and emerging technologies). In December 2000 DIS decided that as none of the reports they had received over a period of 50 years had yielded any valuable information whatsoever they did not wish to receive these reports any longer. Air Defence staffdo not now receive every report but may be consulted as described above.

1951.

I hope this is helpful. Ifthis information does not address your requirements or you wish to complain about any aspect ofthe handling ofthis request, then you should contact the undersigned in the first instance. Should you remain dissatisfied, then you may apply for an internal review by contacting the Director of Information Exploitation, 6th Floor, MOD Main Building, Whitehall, SWIA 2HB. If you are still unhappy following an internal review, you may take your complaint to the Information Commissioner under the provisions of Section 50 ofthe Freedom of Information Please note that the Information Commissioner will not investigate your case until the MOD internal review process has been completed. Further details ofthe role and powers ofthe Information Commissioner can be found on the Commissionerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s website,

httD://www.informationcommissioner.gov.uk. Yours sincerely,

Act.


"

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TIllS DOCUMENT IS TIllE

DISCREET ’SECRET

GOVERNMENT

0’

UNIPlWr;"’lI!u "LYING OIlJECTS ...1

.

1.

l1ep~rt

.

i

by Ihe"["yillg Salleer" WorkingPany .

IlItroductlon: HISlonca/

I’ .

ob~c[s"

I Unidentified Oying were first reported alter the ’wat (tom Sweden in the summer of 1946.~and rOf. .some Ihonfh.S’lhere ’was .a’considerab~ nlJmber ot alleged sightings. mosUy in Sweden, but a few also in Norway, lI’inland and Germany. The descri tions given were usuaJly of som,e sort or wingless missile t!a\’eJlbtg. at high speed" circular, so.mclimcs. emlU!ng lights. and occaslonally’sound.c~gar-3haped:or The:reports attracted comnderabJ.e atte uon"l the press, where the objects becameknown..as ghost :rockets" or ," bortlbs." reporl8 died awayaCler lbe c .uonmcr." 1946, [ew >itry have . . aPrared.lillCC and. . ’.. end of Ihal year., . ’.. . " .’. .... ’.-. . : Th~.firsl.report.of.a "Oying eam oon.lb .Ul in 1947;.lbe naonc ar because Ihe..oh,erver .(Mr...[{. Arnold, IdAhq) .as what he .i;...The.report ’ved m h and w...qulckly’Co1\owed by".a’.gr~t’m.ni onore.’ Sonce lb. slghtings have been at I DUmberS, States, but .some ftom other p ts of,th .WrtJ;in ,Great"Britain, here .tKe:re ludiog. Was a notable outbreak during the ’summe :.aJid’ 0(’1950.’ hc’.pbi ~\Jtumn reported have beq)me popularly known by’tkc..gcneric title Dying s uccrs:".b’ut descriptinos.givenhMe.i,c:1uded.nolonIY. YiI!g disc-lik. objecl8 of the ".aucer.. " Iype, but tnrpdn....or C. 19aNh~ped"bodles. ,\ph.nea’ or \’f!.n.gJrss. objects, BJ?d lummoLl:’ of V8nous . ,I .3.....The reported .ob$erVation~ e.e cXt:lusiveJy ot associated sound have been rare, In DOl ,case ,-h~s tangible,. ~terial. or objective evidence. been submilted. It is therefore extremely difficult. i ,not- impos~ 10 al

ver~

Th. lb.

2.

h~d~sce

desc~n?ed ~ub~IIY,

m~dc

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~right

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oc~’ m08t1Y’from~~e.UDl~

t.dS’~les is., ):un~

~

repor~?C

terva~s In.l~

II

al.o

~riginal

)la~e,. ~lmost

~y~..,YiSUalr.reports af!.Y:

arrive. anylhing like .d.ntific prooC oC the

n.tur. of Ihe Ph.romena.

ballo~n-sh~ped

’p~~,?meJ1a .

IIn.)’

,

.ible,

-~:- - we

RevIew 01 prevIOus ev,dencf:

..".

.of

. 4. A systematio..and’:cXlensive, inv.C6tigalion

.

all the reported cido::nts in the:Uniled States was carried out betwecn.194S.and 1-95.0 by,. the U.S.Nf..-in conjunction with Rand Corporation" Dr.’ a ~eIl-kn:own -----"-’’’--Ohio Sial. Universily, and olber consultanl8. . have been.enabled n "1. (Project". aqd Project Grud2e -up the ’.of

.lh~

as~omer..f!..9JiL lo..tudy-two.r.poris .to- gll1ni i~n- 2 "~..!....inv~ia:.tiQnJlLlncidet1ts ~o,o\I!Ilr.. .peciali.t Hyn~k,j

’~[~R,~i~?

--~k~<vN

CoIlo;5: ":’..

\ iJ;LJ I ~n u~ ~can~il1~vl SI~I,lt~ ~:~ ~,946. .~’ ?r,ud~~’[. . ..

._....’

COinp~e.l)si~ Sl.u~y

B.

~~ :~~n~tc8,~:Jki~’fC’pa.pe !~.

.

6. Dealing with

W!"quoI..

.~ ~ .tb ~

reporl8. Cronnh.’.Unil ’Sllcs;. Projecl’" Orud the opinion of’lbe Rand’<:orpotati n Rfler .nexamination ’of 172 dale, have’roo. nd ser~ously siJ;11p explanations of the vatl.OuS phenomena ui.’ lenns of b lloQn~~,q nVen’lo . i

~~th~..W.hIC~-;.~OU~d.

.

.’

."The Swedisli’[)efence Stalf ( n Ucled a’ ’M mCldcllta:. Several tJlousand reports were IhoroughJy mvestlgated ahdthel riY pJotted, mullaot onclusiODI. .,tIl8t....n ce .b.tained.Of ,eVid.en. In lcrms DC astrollomical:phenomena.... hlings. .:. PtiC8ble. I. .’ ’,.....

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.., H.lreporls "as

Project

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to

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’. 1,:1>s. . ".c .OS’. ,j>. Dr. Hynek U1VC8ttgaled-Z2II1 ,o1._. ..’. cld.ntnnd co~cludOd .Ihat apprOxlm e1y ioper r. P.I. were astrod cal-witlt"Vatyii’ij"deg’ree8 of g. 31 e~obabi’ity:; cen. werc’n,or per. but ba"o.ons. . ordinary alrcraJl. &d.i th. f,b.th,e 30 per cent either. lacked suffice t ’evldence . or.th~evjdc:nCe exp] at ~I.!liQ1Jgh ig ,.t CQlIM cerv.ably be.astro l11.lcal’:..,-~~"" ..’.’ -, _’. ~.,..,,,,j.,. . .",

~1

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cent. asu:onom":al sugge.sli.~rcm,jmng-. xphll:’a~ions~ s~cJ

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e.ih)wJ, Usi s ,~riJ’th~:.~f ’thc r\>>nsu;iJ.’n : i~ei<lCl1i!i~OQ#d.re<l, .9(.theuG;~dge:~.f.epo;t Iirn\Uy,..co~cl~dci;l,tha~~!. I~an. "al’.. ihirti’ iDlJSt be dl~ga~4cd Jotl pk.’9("w9~~I~’,o\Y~~.’QfI’;_IV ,.Fo.t I",,’~’~ncc?( Ih\~ ’\OW~.~ ;91~!~’~8,~"’e et’d~n"",!li.ere xplii~. .’(~~ori,ly ’.is nO’apparent readY’expla~ Qn,I(. th.e" ~nce.,~ .acp!~;.....~e~urat.. ~Qd reliable.. WheQ p’.YC.’. hO\o~l alan.d.PhYS’O. Io.g.,cal.faef. 9. rs a~.e t~ ~n. :I.n.lo nSld. ~ral.’on. ’ .,9pi?IQ",.I~ .wes~_ed,tha,.11 these:.me,den~.’i!’:~ al,o "1"’J,Uo~~1,11~e~PIa"~"4:,. 7~J"AII :the -:no~:spe ul~r J.1 id,enti;’o ~hk:h>n:mch,h~s ’been: ’ade’~~ntly ;\’. .I~O. ’;: ’: the dea~h ntalIn .Jan~ary’194gi whlc~ Fort ~a~sedcollated K,entucky. KnQx. "Th :<of Lieutena,nt M~~JJ, U.S,A,F., .fully..l.lnalysed"and ~lIthe eVldenpe; In ,. ,’. .

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}~~.~ ~ B~i~ ~r:s ,r~;:P~b~ ~ ti~ s~,~ ~.~".~.~t’,_:~ 1. ~’: ~xpl~i~ e.x~ ,~ l~ .’

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.

the"~ Grud,te_’:’:repor. I.’"Th. e conclusion IS rea. e.hed. that without any dqubt whatever c-Lieut~n nt.’M&n,teU,.tnet- h,is..deat,~ .while.p. UlSU.’ JJ;lg, Plane.I V. enus,_ ,1wChiCh was of .

.’ ’unusual bnghtnes.s,on’the.mght.ID,queshon,.,_..,. ’" We have’been informed, in’conversatiori with" metnbe.r of the the mQre sensation.al repor.t 01. the "inves .’gating.. of the’remains of’vc;ry small ,crashed 1’,flY ng,.sauce . a admiued by its ’?1uthor to. have,_

niled Srares or a

~fs~overy’ :~t~m.Jhat,~’}ull,eve.n uhimately beirigs.-,as b;een comp~et fa~rica,tion.’. ’ ’,,- . ’r~ 8;"):11ie,’~. Grudec’)’; report) ocludes,a r~"e1:icy,di$tributioo: This curve of the shOw, a

..

.~

-

,

report$ l incidentS recivcd between.May:1947 and December 1948,. in the few weeks immediately ColloM g ’marked1ende:rtcy’lowards

,:

~aks or. sightings.may be_’psycholog"ical ,n

~J~ ~. In~e$’itat;~~ o{i~~i,j~ts

’.

"

,

,

,

~lther- : -:

"

rcac,hed by, ,.the,A, O.’canS’:iS -th.at. ". reports, of t". may. be categon~1 .co’ .n1i.IinterpreJatj n 01 various eo,wentional objects (e,g., . .ai an;,baUoons, .-""."0) - ",.meteors.or.m.teorit....tars. 6~baJIs);’" ,

.,:::-’

,

an incident

is interest in _ indicating the ex ent to which wh,ich ’received :wid . publicity, andorigin,

;. . . -9:~ \ih.~’:Q9 f1 unldenti~~)fY;lDg;

,

~s.

IUS.ion

(2):a fonn of mills

:" (~):deli,be\at~h

hysteria; or

’’’6

.

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.

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:.

’ Uni,ed Kingdom in 10. During the summer and autumn of 1950 the British presS"~av considerable - publicity,to reports’or,alleged ~ighlin s of luminous bodies,tTavellms high s , received! a Miniltry., a ref b.ut.aceasian.ally In daylight.... Th.e,~ir U.sua.uy at. or tetter~,{r~m.membets,of,-the so. of these,. similar reporlS. ,One . ~,number. ’a ,at,Derby,..who ,w,s’ clearly.. careful and accurate ’frorp: a:"loComoh~:\f .o(’.whlll.wa. undoubtedly a’meteorite. We . .’ob:iervet:’gavc;a ve,;l atteniptC4,iny :syslematic investigation’or idt the evidence’ presented, but ":’can’6nd cannot be nO’reasOo’for suppOOog.ihat .ny’ol the’phenomena. r’ $imilarly’ ned;’in ,cet;~incases;,whe~obSrvations ’were. reporlCd at" approxia the widely sepatated localiti~, this

~

dark.,

ot~

public’~i~h re~n x,,",l~rdescri.ption

n~

,’,.R.AF. ~, Stations...inti,dents Were reported ,officially by eXpe’r These have bc~ mvest;gared in as Plpch detail "._’

,",

t~

reporF.\ w.. un~oubtcdlY

~p’rll,m.:ti",~}rom’ ’,matelrt~e;s ,.~xp!~~auon. .

,’, ’,’

,""’:

’,.,

’_:.’..’

’11.’-.Three

I.

.

officer.s

Cro’m

8$-;$ possible with

rcperlS or visual observaUons, . 12. On 1st June; 1950; the pilot of a Meteor’ rCpi?rled on landing al Tangmere that at l:iJJO, while ying at 20,000 feel on an easterly cOurse over Portsmouth he had sighted pbject travelling at very.high Spee9 on a reci roeal course, reet above and roughly 1,200 to ’tarboard.. H d~cribed the ncc’. He could’ not give any real as circular, and of bright " object but thqught’ it,l11ight’be ahout 800 kn t$. He had ohsried tiInate onts .1 it for’ab’out’15’JeJlds,during whi lookcd’liway to porI.’.and ’ba , i ’j’.’/;":.::;:" ~;_:., ;1 ’".:;:\::; "no ".: : ..:"".,11 .add l’9n: olo!’, ’repor;"lhe’ tbe’ ’lit lter ’and’three C nti DUIi: at’rcsP "’ i ’the’ P’P.l’:’whic!1-’ :’hid-’obSti’Y . J’rad tJ’

ar~l 1,UW-2,OOO

I .~hi’1’

yard. mctaIHcappc.ar ’peed, h’.periOd’h...had ~"",~! l....,.nlOrriled ’.~a~m’ i1~;",!,~~nll I~~U/er~3ar: ,~p : ’~( ?/at,,?,artl!~, Jam.’tnne’.....!iie. ".lba!; ...Bout tr,’a~’!-u~u. ~tat ’,~i,’-targCt:~ m~v ig’:’,’ i ,~1~659.’la\oJ~~’,"fi~~t/’~pr9-ab~ilJg;’:’ aPPeared d then ’:to

.~if i~ .~y:-i 1~ ,i~ g’ ~h o~ ~ i ~~, tW~lati :’,; C9nttolf~stat’!d t’:’

’:bc’.dllc

"

"II~ke<l

I

$’trOin. The’ to be ’:.reCedi ’\hatit1lt:resi> . ver’y’ thick.’ leavmg’mort:aftetglow rhan’t usual’rcs~iI":-behiiid:’~"’;iTh ’ operator. observing a separate djsplay, said that jt was ’,.slim} sh’ rf-and’weaker than

~n

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COUI,!;:of iargelP~~14iiJ~:’\~lji"c ,\’(it.ii i~tery!.",ed (\hO’rada. r , ’ p,UOI,. .an ~h,~.,~. Plc.t. tic<crried r.~rllhc a ov. ]Jr.hch,l’i~htet Com!riarid, [’010,whq"e

mdlviduallf accural.lo

1

wcr~

.~u:~ cit~bbelW~ ’~ ’:)/..b~..~,u.k1r~ ’~h~ t~;,I~Ji~:;’~ !~ ~ cair.t.d;eref~p~ .d;~:

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mtnut., .

11 musllherefort be concluded

wa,

nusual.,P,I’., I;Clpot1SC.,...nd..lh....PiIO.\’. V.i.’U’II~. Obs.rv.alion, po.c;on .be1ieve.tI)al:.Ihe, .on duc,lo ...ponse.can.be.ven..,sll"~. ’Iy~plai.,*"..s.rr~uent.ly r..d..r ,.:,:;."W. interference rrom" another transmitl~r! a phenomenon which has’~’ b ibl. to the ~bserved, .lId ..hjclt ia,descri!1cd.in.d.lail,in.APPCndi~ i~)mp -merely ,

~ o~

v~c

m~ proba~le

~plical

sl-:nple

re’~

pil~t. oth~ al~c ~as weari~g sun:gla~

0

.nd

~ther

c~.on

pearl’~FY lpO~,;~o;

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conclude.,

traveU~

of’mOre.

v~, r~e other.’:i~~~t~’,then~,"~t

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observed it to rollow a .reelaDgular.fas fiitl path,.oonbult~n," They.1I .hirl. succession pward of a ., ramng leaf," horizontal Right ",very sistinJl. fin lly it,’9ived the horn ’,~ faUmg leaf," another.horizontal stret~h. and so be~excc.~~’:~o~c~ere ?~c~..the ~t.s~; The patternsatisfied esum~tcd Guddford-Farnham area. objects hc:..saw.,Qn.thc two- occasions that FrLL, Hu ~ard was . viere:id~ l; .Ihe olher.Observers agreed’thai’the..~Rrid..objecl, fitted I)I. Ihey of a

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the

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We cannot,)lO\VCVF

,fini!-,

",11.h;!.bc. ,aw~[t. n~9",~enll~9’\ !.\;~;nDPIISlb’.\I<!:.hcJ’C’lc,ib~I.,\\\I1’ .sa,1/. .F\\,lh.\.,~. ll;t~e ,u , t J . , i ~ a y . e . J w . J ~ i ~ ! > ’ .~ra ti!De’ 4s..ft~.t; pop:~I., ..some cp.’ ov. er’i!!.: n~"vnng.’ tor. p.Ulte ,!,/,.sqme oo,nc~l\<Ic,lij.al’’’’c’’P!\W<;(S,.’D:;ractJ’ W.. :,al\cJI’Wn..of..oIh’1’ p~.at.~ll):me,vISllal,ra~gc,,~~d.’w, .(. .Io<I ,Y./.be :pr"ll’o~’ ,~\><II!.I,aircra(t;’IJI,n",~v""g, P.i ,r."OJ)c;r4m>rt R:P9" .to..bel.i veI1t ;tq ,~_e~ l~g- ab.~<?Im. .~I.-r:ra9 t~~Wg ,our jndu,cing ano;tp’’’!.YVe,!ire rem or .t~IS ,bc;her,by...~ q~fle~I~f-’,Qfle, ’Was,

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thewatch-tov.:er.’\’lth’fiV~’ Hawk~ )()~.!;. r~l.. at, . ’obj",,!. 1.(}..15,)Di...: rang. mOmenl they all’sa"’, ’sa"",described bDU!.th~size i in !pu.(, pearl alilisc, light grey ti. bei.!’.$:a’

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.1, nl’~ tugu.t, ,ubdu!’4,hulj)}\\ingl.noi....lik.;. ,Qvcrh~4....Jh. Ih.m)t~ip.&J J~t.:.Hu.bb.rd.

II

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A,~I~~,: r~e ~lana~ ~:sp"~n :)( ~~ich .’.i~’~~."

nQt.. out;.,by entirely def te about the,pilot"s report. Assuming that he ,W8.$:’is, n, the iIIus’ m of. l J c&_11$1.that he the ,objeCt.as," Circular." Jmpt:Y108:8 hls_ ~escnptlon ,~W.f’can fjnd~ no saw a. meteorologK:al baUo;on and pc. aU.y over-estlmat.ed. hypo~hC$,s’,;:’;I\’ .: .’......" .1".’ . : reason whate~r for adoptml any Jess were reported (roth the- -R ya(’Aircr’sCt 13. The rema ning two -incidents by conceme:;"W’ ,J!in iewcd officers the and .-"1: ,I. Establishment, Famborough. .,’ :" ~..’~.~!t.;, members of this Working’Party,_ 1950, ,14th said Ihal I I . .1’/Ll.Hubba{p, all..~pcrienced the .irfieldhearda o two he weath.r sky 10 sea",h model Diesel motor,.whlch eaused them ,bl,it;f’ two ot:ficers saw. was.fine and visi~ility good. The sta.tes that he sa.wHII)rn~t ,dirC!ltllY",overbcad who In colour, as a Oat dlsc,’h&ht descrlbes he which obJcct an slghtl first at an’ estimated, height.or;s;OOO".’(<<;et,"~He ~tatcd.th,at he at diameter, n feet 50 about ,:jt1hav lled,"at a it under observation for 30 seconds. during,which"ptri uti+g.a series of a heading of on m.p.h.. al estimaled speed as it moved. light reftection care from diffet’ent,seg~e,nt;;ribed.his S.turns, osc,Ualing so own hQn~tly..df!5 Hubbard FlU. that doubt to reason We have DO most it find impossible; saw,’ we but he. what impression of. at no great could have unconven on,al aircraft, of exceptional air.minded a"d a over pop:ulous marnin.c. summer fine of a altitude, in the middle than:one attention I dis\ricl like. FarnbofO’:Igh, wilhout Fattracting an’. optical Jor .victim was _the Hubbard. ILt. that either .observer. We him. iIIusiont or.that’he,Qbsc;rved.sbme quite normal type,of .aircr~ft’an self abolll sha!>,> and speed,.... ." ....c.,. , If$09 in the . ther oIIIccn, 14. FlU. Hubbard was’ also concerned .tandin$on ’on $thSeptember, 1950, The ,ky’ bY. the .Iooking SQuth in.anl !pation or Ihe dISplaycloud AI ;about Ihe base 4,Q!X;ij stral!!:Cumul;u. Wllh aboul 3/8 obscured, wh.ich. of at a estimated

,; ,.

i

~\~

ap~red iRthc ,I..’, belw~n " thaL.a, serie,~ of’.’,. sli~dow3" ...: "v’’’~ successive aircraft;~,. and;I;L":;:~,,,:,,,,_ ’;",",’_’ .:..; ,-,,:.,._,.:,... ""’:~

I reporl.db. Ih.Q. by a,O. member’of

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Slales,~hat,~h .nost.prob,a~le-hypo~~esisI ~R!.that,which Wi.l~iam,Q~ the observations, csent case, and neceSsary to CJC.plam this prin plc should i)e app1ied to tbed’ .

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one.

or Qther We believe. to ons reported were accordingly conclude that aU the observa o( the following causes:phenomena of known ypes. birds, or other (I) Astronomical or mereorologicak aircraft, conventional of idenlHicaUon (2) Mistak.en . objects. natural normal or delusions. (3) Optic,l illusions .and psychologiC<l1. (4) Deliberate hoaxes. by attempting Cu her investigation progress will be made could. only We consider that nosubjective’ and-lhat evidence; and. o( OI.,the, arid. continuous country.’ the., throughout organising be. obtaiOcd visual 0 rvers; equipped observation or ,thc!.skies by. a.co.ordinated’network’o( network. of radar stationsa a by supplemented and. available, as with photographic.:apparatus.. regard th on’the. evidence 50 that no .and’sound locaton. . We S.h01J.td YO~..strongly accordiogly.recommend We enterprise. ,be_undertaken. singularly .phenomena _aenal ’rcp.orted~’mystenous ..,’, "’,: (urther ’Investigation. of becomes avatiable. unless and until some’material eYlden<:e

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t:,e usu’~lly

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4. Conclusiol1s cmd. Recommendaliolls; :. . ., ,: purely su ’cctive evidence, ii/ ... 15. When the only material .,mena the tQ as’ an’ 1rcrall of extra.;. it ,is such somethIng’ .by nol;. advanct4 than are, to ,us on lines . bulk or the terrestrial origin, thallthe satisfied .howeYOr; ’Weare;, (or have thought or.. ~ccOunlw.’ anytbing can and alioi1, such’ an,exp,la need’ _ "to, attriouted abserntions,reported’dp notis.a prinCip1e; vtry bid!scieniific’ much;’mo~e’ simply:’ There is t11.e s.impl~t.’.

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UNUSUAL RA:DAR

ReSpONse BY

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res~lt

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thick. JTIcntion~ sccondS;:"A.relaliVe1Y~Smi1l1 aloDI,~he

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SECJ,tF,T..

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P.P.I.

w~td. ~hic~ ~Irec .tpetition

r~i.~ed

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’al response With reference to the another directly received was observed, the This .’Y’iU! it is suggested tbat of.Wight, Portsmouth...lslo; the _ in ship-borne. transmitter. possibly I’ ’Western’" transmitter,.-" be termed the the’ modu1ation pulses’ o( the’,. Western" transmitter to be . Assuming of. the former set,. and that the transmi$Jion time isoChronous wiUl chose of the Wartling minus. milliseconds 1.2 say) the on was occurring anything’ up: to,the yisible he ",ould signal received rar away it is later tban that. oC the.laUer. the Western" transmitter were and would therefore, display.,. Moreover,.unless’Signal amplitude would be or large prob’abJc’.th t the received lea.ving .more afte11glOW than a usual in the. ,report. ’appear very .’. as staled behind." response above would nol ," ,. It is reasonable, to suppose.that the repetition rates drift in the few than"a rOf’.more remain,identical the. ti e interial.betwe ’cHange.iI\ considerable a produce will repetition rates instant.of the receiver tim base. This’would the.tranitniUcr:pube and-the firing .scan, signal. ,the. or :disp~acemcnt. on. i.n ’.a’:large. In thc,radlal s~.movc,"ent’or.the,.~I,taJJCt.. be’l tetreted.as a high rate.oC the the, oCfirstoightmg inalanl the. thatlr at 11",ill be arpreciated .of thc;’Warlling but,’s\owly.,appfoaching.tha~ II.Wtstern t litlOn rates became re as the ,rapldly; rang ’,~’.repctition’ set,.th’f,1 tatget would.appear.to stalonar.y~,’and’.M .the, ;equal:,.the’o’1 target’~,::’W to.,open ~,..the\’r1,t of’.the"W.artling’ from tate~ (ell, below! tl1at: -be:noted that.:one..would’,txPFt’ reflections !ra’nge rapidly.?,’Jt may, :1\,tr.ansmitter to -be’ ’of- sufficient -Western to,_the"4 close or objetuf {ttjlls, &cJ relaltvdy".Isn on the P.P.I., ",hich"’’’lUld gi>\eJthe Impression. . to he displayed amplitude , the in described n shadows between successive points as

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’objoct having tho Saucer" wasobsorved inlh..:di,tance, Visibilitywas,go ,.thor. d locale<! ’and held by .unshine.;. The.’ objecr .an. bright. and .gave appearance’ 01 being a cjn:ular .hining 20 magnificalion’,’ disc’mov oD a r.gular: ght )>Ilth, !t’wa. only alter observation had n kept. for’ that did ncjt roOeet obieet minute&; and of.a being. a

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F.YlN?~A~~"b.mouth;’’t’ING CO~MANDm<,FO~.yl ",ance ~"Flying arei "’as, (. .ky teIe.scopecloUdl.... th~’iltit~d"olthe ’~hanged .0’ i~ ..v"!"al tl)e, ~~.s th~t ~e~nb.ght. ’.

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24

.

EVENING NEWS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 2005

ww.

. es .lens or Ie. In

More ’flying saucers’ have been reported,.but close encounters i

BLUE and white circular objects reported in the sky, shooting stars falling to the ground, a silver grey rod flying over a small town - it sounds like a scene from Close Encounters of the TlIrd Kind. But an exclusive News investigation has discovered normally Quiet and unassuming smaIl towns such as Huntingdon, Girton, Ely and St Neots are a hotbed of extra terrestrial activity. Ten UFOs have been reported in MidAnglia in the past three years according to the Ministry of Defence, which revealed the figures after the News made a request under the Freedom of Information But is this an invasion of little green men or a figment of fertile imaginations? Four lights. one brighter than the others, seen in the skies over Ely in February last year could be a signal from extraterrestrials that has travelled millions of lightyears to get here using physics we do not yet understand. Or it could be a plane. The British UFO Research Association (BUI<’ORA)has investigated reports of fiying saucers. abduction, crop circles and all things alien since 1964. Robert Rosamond. the group’s chairman, said most sightings can be

Act..

rationallyexpJained. "Some are everyday like aircraft, miJitary or civilian. or astronomical phenomena like shooting stars," he said. "And they can be very rare like geoJogical glowing balls of ’’All these can be mistaken by people for UFOs. We find that 95 per cent of all reports can be explained." Cambridgeshire seems to be a highway to the restaurant at the end of universe in the past 20 years, if reports are to be believed. Teenager Jamie Wilks said he saw a strange craft defy the laws of gravity in Vinery Road at 10.30pm in August 1994. The 14-year-old and his friends claimed they saw "strange pin-pricks" zipping

light.

----

---

backwards and forwards in the sky. followed by what looked like some sort of craft emerging from behind a cloud. "I’m convinced it wasn’t a plane," said Jamie. "Planes don’t move like it was mov ing. It was defying the laws of physics. Leslie Woodbridge was convinced he saw an alien craft while driving across the Fens near Ely early one morning in November 1987. "I thought it was an aircraft. but its shape, speed and colour soon convinced me it was something far more strange,"

..

he said. "I wasn’t dreaming, It was incrediblethe most fascinating thing I’ve seen in my

life."

Mr Rosamond says BUFOHA tried to be as scientific as possible while investigating possible UFOs. "There are a few people who will hound you out a room if you say a sighting might not be UFO but we tried to be as objective as possible," he insists. "We are neither pro-UFO nor anti-UI<’O. We look at each case individually and we try to look at" the broad aspects of the phenomenon. "urology",as it has been dubbed, takes in many other subjects, such as psychology, the sciences and astronomy. adds Mr Rosamond. "We have all had individual cases where there is no obvious rational explanation but they are very rare. "’Ve never close a case and as we learn more it is possible phenomena we don’t understand now can be explained later," he said. Hollywood has also played its part. BUFORA files from the 1980s are bulging following the release of Stephen Spielberg’s 1977 blockbuster Close Encounters of tlIe TlIird Kind and his later hit ET,says Mr Rosamond. "We have files going back to 1924, and

-- -.-

the stereotype image of grey aliens you can see on everything from the bottom of skateboards to TV commercials came from the US. "Prior to that there was nothing in the UK," he adds. Since Roswell, when an alien craft allegedly crashed in New Mexico in 1947, reports of UFOs grew but over the past 15.years interest in little green men has died and sightings have dwindled. Mr Rosamond says: "We are keeping an open mind. We will keep searching for answers. An Ministry of Defence spokeswoman said: combination of civil and military radar installations provide a continuous real-time ’picture’of UK airspace. "Any threat to the UK Air Defence Region would be handled in the light of the particular circumstances at the time (it might, if deemed appropriate, involve the scrambling or diversion of air defence aircraft). "Reports provided to us of ’UFO’ sightings are examined within this department, but consultation with air defence staff is considered only where there is sufficient evidence to suggest a breach of UK air space. "The vast majority of reports we receive are very sketchy and vague_ Only a handful of reports in recent years have warranted further investigation and none revealed any evidence of a threat. "The MoD does not have any expertise or role in respect of ’UFO/flying saucer’ matters or to the question of the existence or otherwise of extraterrestrial lifeforms. "We remain totally open-minded, but to date we know of no evidence which substantiates the existence of these alleged phenomena."

;:~. . IMAGES of alien-type

~

phenomenon. A picture in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, of the Baptism of Christ by Aert de Gelder shows a large disk shining mys of light down on John the Baptist and Christ.

~

was pajnted in 1710. theory of alien Interference has even been put forward that suggests human

A

~

speculation. A flying disk was reported to have crashed landed near

cameronramos

@cambridge-news.co.uk

the town in New Mexico on July 2, 1947. The TImes even reported US scientists had taken the object for

further investigation.

The government denied claims it was an aJien landing but stories continued that extraterrestrial remains were

secretly transported to Hangar 18 a1 an air base in Ohio. The model of the autopsy, pictured, is in the town’s museum.

Recently a film purporting to wes released, crash adding fuel to the show an alien found at the

s~e

,, .l

conspiracy theories. ’ But categorical evidence of outer forms from space i is still elusive. Credible scientific evidence suggests there is a chance of but no proof of superintelligent baings. The truth is out there . . .

I~e I~e

r

.- .-

r

1

’’A

..

evolution has been helped along the way by spacemen. But Roswell Is the most Infamous UFO story that sparked decades of fevertsh

.

..

Firing the imagination since ancient days creatures date back thousands ot years to when man lived in caves. But Is only in modem times thet extra1errestrials have become a major

I~

War of the Worlds or an Easyjet flight to Malaga? CAMERON RAMOS makes contact and investigates UFO Cambridgeshire.

,1.

r’~

"

(

,


EVENING NEWS, WEDNESDAY, NDVEMBER 9, 2005

~bridge.news.co.uk/news . I

id Anglia may be more airborne than alien

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Parliamentary correspondent Bill Jacobs brings you all the latest from the Commons.

---

Memoirs not so diplomatic CAMBIUDGE graduate Sir Christopher Meyer. the former ambassador to the United States. revealed an interesting aside about his former boss. John Major. in his controversial memoirs. The Peterhouse graduate was having coffee with the ex.Prime Minister and Huntingdon MP in Washington when news of the September 11 New York terrorist atrocity broke. He was with Mr Major on the terrace of his palatial residence in the American capital when details came in of the disaster. Meyer assumed that "some small private plane had wandered off course or got into mechanical difficulties". Then his wife Catherine called him to the TV to see the second aircraft hitting New. York’s trade tower. Both Mr Meyer. a

former Downing Street Press Secretary to Mr Major. and his wife. tried to persuade the politician to go to a meeting of the Carlisle Group - one of the most

powerfl private financial firms in the US. He came back to say there had been a brief meeting before his speech was abandoned but he had met a Mr Bin Laden not the Osama behind the massacre but one of his many brothers who was a major investor in the firm. MR Meyer was pretty scathing about Mr Blair’s Cabinet ministers. He brands Foreign Secretary Jack Straw as "tongue tied" and Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott as "blithering". He does praise Cabinet rebels Clare Short and the late Mo Mowlem as able and also extols the virtues of Environment. Food and Rural affairs Secretary Margaret Beckett compared with her predecessor Nick Brown whom he brands ineffective and almost inaudible. It just shows you can take the diplomat out of Cambridge but never the Cambridge graduate’s superiority out of the

-

.

diplomat.

Malcolm has a ’whet’ while wets remember CAMBRIDGESHIRE South MP Andrew

’LanSley yesterday paid

.,.

his respects to the late

Numbers of ’unexplained’aerial sightings reported to the MoD The figures below relate to the number of reports. received by the Ministry of Defence. of aerial activity which was not immediately identifiable to the witness. They should not be taken to reflect sightings of "UFOs/flying saucers". Figures from before 1959 are not available. 1991 117 1975 Z08 1959 ZZ ZOO 199Z 147 1976 1960 31 1977 435 1993 Z58 1961 71 1978 750 196Z 46 1994 Z50 1979 550 1963 51 1995 373 1980 350 1964 74 1996 609 1981 600 1965 56 1997 4Z5 198Z Z50 1966 95 1998 193 1983 390 1967 36Z 1999 ZZ9 1984 Z14 1968 Z80 ZOOO Z10 1985 177 1969 ZZ8 ZOOI Z03 1986 IZ0 1970 181 ZOOZ 100 1987 150 1971 379 Z003 99 397 1988 197Z ZOI Z004 85 Z58 1989 Z33 1973 Z005 90 1990 Z09 1974 177

. --

------

--------

I

-----

_ __~ 1ft

-

---------

Edwerd

Heath at

the former

Prime

Minister’s memorial

service at Westminster

Abbey.

As a classic .wet" Conservative tlat was entirely appropriate. But Cambridgeshire North East MP Malcolm Moss. pictured left. was at a lunch with merchant bankers Coutts who look after the Royal Family’s finances.

Bush-meat, Bird flu,

it’s all the same to Jim MR Paice has been tied up at Westminster with bird flu in his role as agriclture spokesman. He’s been demanding that the Cabinet Minister responsible for tackling the issue. Margaret Beckett. take decisive action. I have taken the mickey out of Mr Paice before for his obsession of putting down Commons’ motions about Symian Foaming Virus - a disease that affects chimpanzees and

-

--

other apes which are sometimes imported illegally to Britain as "bush meat". But Mr Paice pointed out to me: "This is all about bio.security and stopping getting dangerous animal diseases in to the food chain and the human population. "It’s the same issue. The Government are not doing enough and they must Sorry. Jim!

act."

---

I,

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at

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spiderish

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have

had

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it

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there white

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of

colour. the

sky

in

the

towards

Description

and heading Brief

round,

lights,

witnes

flying

seen

acros

a

was

hoverina.

which

light,

The

as

obiect,

of light

bright

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clouds.

Eiahteen

Just

shaDed

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Ireland

UFO.

a as

renorted

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leos. Black

Just

V

Yorkshire

West

Northern

but

broke

sky,

that

skv.

conical the

vel ow seen

Laroe

had

the

fast

It

across tail.

sky.

very

the

going had

East from

like

seen. light

aoina the

Looked

in

sound, travel ina

object,

across

it

sky. colour

like

travelling

liCht

gre n/blue flash

sky.

was

blue

of

amazing

the liaht in

blue

the

meteorite.

in liaht

Object

blue

liaht

disintearatina.

disaD eared. â&#x20AC;&#x2122;swishingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

areen

Bright

Briaht

an blue blue flash flvina

flash

Saw trail.

A

A

obiect.

flash flash of

blue of

A A A A

Glamoroan Northants

West

a

a A

Cambridaeshire

Cornwal

firework

Glamornan

Stat ordshire

acros

a

in

liaht.

saucer,

ball

reported

bright

shaDe. obiect

movina

the

sky.

to

into

had

like

Looked

a

was West.

then

was

a

sky.

the

briaht

big

heard

about

shaped

liahts

County

or 3

liahts,

the star

saucer.

4

and an

in

orange

and

said

like

sky.

like

it

iron.

and

Left

a was trail.

like

through

a

was

bright

then

Leicestershire

Somerset Somerset

Strathclvde

London

London

South

Somerset Dorset

Somerset

Somerset Dorset

MOD Yeovil

the

bv

Vil age

near


. metal ic

car.

left

estate

turquoise

of

verY

hour.

of

colours

about

the

sky

was

the

and

sky.

a the

missile

with in

reflective,

seen

was

skv.

and

seen object looked

light

Silver

Obiect

Zoom

minutes,

light,

briahter

moved UFO.

star

a was

disao earina.

strange

aot

One

then Just The

was

shaped,

sphere

East.

at

Late

One

outstrio

looked would

white the

were

object,

zig

red

shaped

to

A

than

the

rod. to a

arev

like

was

Three

A

A A

the

shaned.

the

and round

lozenae

trianaular

bright,

was

silver,

extremely which

an object

was

they Had ooint lights,

Was direction.

had

of

speed sort

looked easterlv iooked but object

ac elerated small black

A

eve.

white

UFO/briaht

uowards

hovered

Was an

obiect,

a

cigar

triangular

object of

binoculars

like

areat

liaht

a

rounded.

an

it

a

dim that

was

from obiects descending

Three

Was

olane.

arrow.

by

faster naked movino light. Through

saeed

It

the

was

southern light. around. seen the

Zagging

was

left

movina

with

paral el

like

Then

over

soheres

North

identified.

a

an

to

yel ow

A

huge

disc

a

a that hoverino at that

suburbs

within

star night briaht

changed

rotating

craft,

that

that

reo rted object dancina

the

seen

witnes ed

around.

altitude.

in hiah

was five

into

of

Somethina

a ain.

silver

a

in

very

the something

shaped that

sky.

of with

to

streaked ball,

beams

lights

bright

side.

stayed

the which

obiect/bal

The and

all

ShrewsburY.

movino red

in

there

of

and

It

then

tail.

from

around.

ap eared

light

the

an

the for

acros a

Movina

West

fast.

that briaht

flying

Was shaped.

liahts. could

the

an

the

going

side fiahter

Moving

had lenath

on. iet. airliner. acros

to

shape,

sky saucer

It

It

stern.

It

from

fast.

North

from

not

rainbow

in

an

be

before

to

colour,

of

the to

dimmed, right,

East.

West

and

was obiect

in

The sky The shine

Two them, The

London

Wales Derbvshire Shro shire Mid lesex

Cambridaeshire

Humberside

Shronshire

Berkshire

Devon

North

Surrey

Avrshire Avrshire

Derbvshire

Norfolk

Northants

South-East

Cambridaeshire

Not inahamshire Cleveland

Kent


. be

un.

were

to

lininn

colour. hour,

They

ap eared

then

an

sky.

a

size erratic

bright

moved

a

an

direction.

times. five

moving

about

an

was

slowlv

and

circled They

in

hioh

very

Moved a at

of

lights.

skv

had

in

cloud

and liahts

obiects red

and

wav. of

silent

Stranoe

Two Seven

but

size

were

tvoe

of

that

hum ino

was

in

metres

balloon

liahts.

a

One-two 1930’s The The

object,

slow

shaped

from wide.

o a ue.

very changed

that

small

diamond

moving

either

object,

shaped across

outside

to

cylindrical

shape. Round, Eight Thev

A

It

East

South

Sussex North

of

in

keep

sky.

lights

Thev

skv.

the

hovering

looking

in

seen

seen

that

the

in

movino

were that

In

liahts.

sky

orbs the three helico ter.

was There

formation.

the

alowina golden

in

laree ’UFO’. a of

A

light

colour.

briaht. objects

very

disaD earino.

in

fire liohts

of balls

white

very Three Three

One

were

suspicious

orbs

trianole

Three

and

Three oranoe Three

Briaht,

Sussex Lincolnshire

Berkshire

The

Thev

Yorkshire

London

a were

into

seen North

was Two fast

circlino

semi

up

briaht the

four

liqhts

Sea. dimensional had

movin orange towards

objects

the

circles.

in

Sussex Mersevside

for

sky

a

were

and

burst

football

ten

oranae

separate

cre n

that

the

uniform

ones,

100ft

sky. shaoe,

side.

on

About

things/objects

circular

Not

obiect witnes

moving before

at

shaped

Yorkshire

Gloucestershire

was

yellow

airshio.

from Four

first,

and

There

to

band side

to silver

quite

shinv looked

didn’t

side

oblongs

Thin

colour

see

the

above

noise

low

said

like

white

the

no

with

the

liohts.

equally

search

flashing

and

that a aiumbo object, low Was obiect a of shane. the was length.

liohts.

beams

house

iet

spaced.

light

which

that

They

coming

and

it

were altitude.

over

silver.

also

then

in

metalic.

sounded

down.

ap rox. black

orange

in

very

as

the

the

looked

Easterlv

house. cyi ndrical

Lights

in

in

like

like

it

sky.

Essex

Northumbria

Essex

West Essex

Essex

Essex

Essex Essex

Fife


. the

sitting

very

2005\.

was

Februarv be

beam. then

circles.

no in

linhts white

torch

a like

briaht,

six

luminous

but

clockwise

shape in

Southwick.

evenina.

military

and the aoin

are n

over

liahts, all circles

briaht

a was

witnes es

white circles white

Three Clear White Three

Two-thre

2005,

sky.

above

brown,

liahts

dark

in

UFO

UFO a a as

parachute oarachute the

a

a

like

ilke

movinQ. Four Just Just

Strange

Lo ked

was

reported reo rted

a buna low. Saw

20 5T. 20 5\.

telearaph

in in

a

the

2005).

a

above

like

Somethina a

sometime flashed

fast

sometime sometime

was (Seen aircraft.

spot ed, Julv circular

of

top

(Seen Like (Seen slow on

were

looked

sometime

(Seen (Seen

seen seen

UFOs

obiect

GlamorQan

A A

(

UFO.

was meduim a object

the

2005\. flying

in

thing

lights

Auaust white stars.

a reo rted of

Two (Seen

sky.

like in

UFO. UFO.

/Was /Was The

very

It

Seen

and

sometime sometime

it,

in

20 5\.

in in

April

sideways.

and

in

in

2005).

April

overhead.

in

dull

Just Just

star

bia in

Glamora n

Auaust

were 2005\. 2005). they

The

across

orange

spacecraft

was sho tin

Looked Siahtina

2005\. 20 5\.

a a

with

but

seen

the

clearly

object

They

not

pole.

sometime seen

in

oranae reo rted reported

object,

skv.

in the

siahtina

six bubble

The size Just

A

sometime

to

Perthshire Perthshire

Wales Wales Berkshire

Kent West West

Essex

.

West

Staf ordshire

Somerset

Essex

Cumbria

London Devon South South

Somerset Suffolk

briaht

Five like

Cambridgeshire

shire

Perth Fife

aliens

a

too like

flare. flare.

the

Glamorgan

Fife

fast

aoinQ looked in

that

One

looked

sky.

col url ight. UFO. UFO.

in

the

lights

to

(the

(Seen

aeroplanes.

(sometime

sighting.

skv.

but

to star,

house. liahts

moved

greys),

one.

and circlina.

a

Was

fast

anti-clo kwise.

bit

Gwent


. I

at fast

the

a low.

in

hours.

lights

yellow,

fadina.

and

-

sky

like

very

the

sound. a

Siahtlna

of

DescriDtion sighting.

front.

it.

three

and

with

rumblina one around for

the

at aircraft

a

was

watched

Hall.

sky.

lights,

the

of

in

pair

liahts the

10 0-50 0ft

Relford

triangular

There

was

flvina

that

a

black

sauare Just

A

sky

over with liahts

seen

formation.

red

reported

above

liaht

obiect red dull

large

One

soundles

a be

of

obiect

shaoe.

No

The

rocket.

discernable

over

brlahter

like

circular

out.

a

went

briaht

trianale

and

Sri

orange

17:30

was

objects, liaht. black

light

Two briaht Larae

Yellow

light.

at

and too.

object.

movina

ball

doughnut

a

the

times, Saw and Fast Large

svm etrical

it

of sliaht object

the

Flashina Stranae Round Liahts Object other Four Four One

sound.

light. Lo ked

in

liohts liahts,

Lankan

whirrinQ

No one white.

other

formation.

Rhvl.

a as described

in

rings

time. had

a

the fast

obiect

ap eared the

flash

The

others,

to ninht

are n

sound

speeding

than

liahts

obiect,

UFO

white

in

shot

pair

Town

ainkish

Brief

sometimes

uo formation. house,

of

object

travel in

all

looked

acros

fast half

bright

colour

general y,

lights

one

a

but

sahere. lona

sur oundin

One 60ft

ring

I

County

Essex West

Vil a e

Lincolnshire

Shro shire

Strathclvde

I

Cambridaeshire

Cambridaeshire Not inQhamshire Cambridaeshire

Leicestershire

Surrey

Yorkshire

Yorkshire

North

ian

Clwvd

Suffolk

Loth

Bedfordshire

Lanka Avrshire Sri

Essex


. it.

then

eight

on

and shape

disa aeared.

ring

over

in

a

saeed. fast

very

lights

stationary

an

have

at

May

climbed

coast.

at sky.

and

four

That

in

of flying

liqht

object.

cluster

a

an

flyinq

was

Just

a Saw

south

Jel yfish of

Very

travelling

side

obiect

disa aeared.

briqht.

a like

the

objects and

round

A

Looked

liahts

Yellow Yellow Yellow

Yorkshire

Mersevside Northants Kent

was a

West

looked

sahere. sahere. sahere.

on Three

headed

Ayrshire Avrshire

Avrshire

obiect.

strobe

aircraft

plus

station.

object

obiect. a was

round

Just

obiect

bright

Yorkshire

Yorkshire Yorkshire

North

London East West

seen sahere.

liaht

aoina

vel ow Looked

liahts

A

orange coiour

transparent

without type

an cylinder

brinht

verY Two A Two One Lame

both aircraft

white

be

liaht,

was a like

witnes

obiect

windows The

The

Norfolk Cumbria Avrshire West Avrshire Avrshire Avrshire

Lo ked

were

like

objects

looked

black

sinnle,

Two Thev Lonn

Yorkshire

Yorkshire Derbyshire

winas obiect rina.

seen

had

saheres. sphere.

about

colour

no

could briaht

like

briaht. The Four

saheres,

a

an said

Two sae d, The nower

lights,

and

aulsina-spider

â&#x20AC;&#x2122;chewy

in

in

briaht

for

the

star

a

and

and

aoinq also

the

An

object

clockwise lookina and rectanale

200ft

were

mintâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

sa room and

was a at saw

shaae outer

bo merang

like

white

UFO, beams

it

together.

movina tremendous

direction.

circlinq

the

with of

was

obiect.

down

cleariy,

circle

the

shone overhead

humans

liahts

of

with

They the

it

a

very

and

the the

lona.

disc

shaped.

were that

around

white

fit

to

speed. near

round

obiect.

gro ves

the

like

silent.

within

briaht

a

iiaht.

was

upwards a bright

was

said

had

then

and

flying

object,

shaped.

and

kite.

incredible

two

it.

had

over

fast

very

liaht.

a

bright

Lancashire Surrey

North

Devon


. a

it it

engine

making

making

and

was

bright

Methodist

quite

each

was

beside

obiect.

flashing

it

first,

and

a

at

white

shaped

flvina

an

comet flvinQ

spheres

seen

bright,

bright

a

One

briaht

noises. Five The

One

arew enaine Object

obiect. completely

shanA,

lona, black ’UFO’

it

as One A A One

objects,

ciaar

plum eted

direction.

low

a

then

a

and

like

with

light,

pulsatina

unward strange,

flames

yel ow

on

lona,

seconds.

were

Bright

above

round,

vel ow

are n an

obiect

very

came The

Three

of

rectangle

spot ed,

colour

and

cylinder

the

hazv

bright

black minute

white,

very

a

as

was reported snheres

obiect

was

was

disc.

was

was One

object

object house.

red,

Strange

and

black

large

siahtinas

looking blue,

-n ioa

and then and

and

alien

chan ed

shape

toaether.

abject,

of Ball

the

prop rtions.

and

bright

anain, looks

Object

and

flvinQ

in

One

around the

than white orange

bigger

black,

chanaed

there

biQ

different

was

house.

an

level, solid

was object,

underneath,

colours. shaped large,

the

liahts

ap eared

extremely

about

aircraft,

the

to

followina

’UFO’

looked

object

object

was biaaer. black,

noises.

snhere.

iust

like

with

long, before

70ft

ciaar

a

a was

siaht

Large

was

was

the which

earth. on

from

airliner. with the

light

it

circular

size

no

had

trianale

brilliant

over

were

nowhere

was was

horizon.

flames

lost.

in

outside.

went

and

bright

light,

mesh

for

Church.

flashing

pther.

noise. quite

out

the

lights.

and

and

about lights

got

around

large

object

The

and

ten

on

lighter

to

velocitv.

and

Onlv Five The

Silver

The

a

The of

Tvne Manchester

upon Hamoshire

Midlands Lanarkshire Avrshire Avrshire

Lanarkshire

Northants Northants

Mid lesex

West

Greater

London

Northants

Berkshire

Somerset

Devon

oor Hill

Newcastle

London

Derbvshire Avrshire

Essex

Kent

East


. box

a

a

had

like

object

a

intense,

together

with

descending

sky

around.

looked

piece.

and then

armear nce.

fuselaoe. first

in

size metal ic

at or light

Was

was bot om.

into behind

pulling

a

towards

town.

were as turned smoke

winos trailina

vao ur

was no

of left

object

was

flash

silvery

There Large An too The Two and

liahts

fire

a

ranidlv

of ball

like

the

looked of stranae ball liahts.

big

looked that

like

a

Snotted The

soarks obiect Flashina

Looked

and

like

Glamora n

West

South

moving

a One Saw

West.

four

colour to round and the East over

to

a like

mentioned

object

three

East.

orange/red from

was

liahts

had liahts

Bright Just The South

The red

round

orobablv a of

flames

very Had was hopper!

saYS

size the

Now

was

obiects. meteorite! obiect

obiect object

object flashina direction,

totally

bright

a

looked

silent

sphere

coming

like

was town.

Stranae few

A

space The The

a a

The

Gal owav

ire

&

& Dumfries

Flintshire

South

siahtina.

orange and big

different the

very

Wales

Gal owav

Glamora n

object,

wide

beach was!

like

quite

of

sun, off

test

going

ball

it,

noisy.

rapidly

a

comina

and

it

so

and colour

the

tube

from

disc

liahts.

moon

and

to

a

looked

and

slowly. disc,

off

a

object bia

Midlands

shape,

with East

of like

fire,

bav, Cardiff

it.

coming end

great

thev

and

movina

light

with

a

black.

could

it

tail

the

over

objects,

down

randomly

West.

of bright

thev

sound,

from

light

were a

bright

colour.

silver

it.

they trails which

the

object

grey

have

it

that

and

and

the like

had

was Said

the

movina.

apart

and

ten

seen

moved

the

was

object

been Looked

green

changing

size

shinv.

It

of

from

the

really

moving

a

and

the

tail

domed

pence

of

was

over

kite.

Somerset Leicestersh

Dvfed/South Wiltshire

Wiltshire

Hamoshire

Lancashire Dumfries

Strathclvde

Essex

Yorkshire

London East

Northants

Essex


. they

be flying

wings. to

heard.

out

five,

no Had sky. the

turned but

panels, aero lane.

of

was

groups

noise

moved

the

liaht.

of

diameter

in

buzzina

a solar

a

the

stationary

Euromanx

spheres,

with disc,

yel ow

became

25

Kilbride.

it

when a was shaped object

-

twin

seven oranae and

the

were

least

West

42

tail

a

at

over

the

the hours,

when across two ’04\.

chanaed

oval

in

looked trianQular the

then

weaker movina

and

a liQhts

seen

that

discs,

fire,

oranae

was

briaht

A

’UFO’

Ball Briaht Three

Three

A

slow.

Moved

flying

auite

four

to

North

(Seen

a around in

IiQhts with

of

December for

sky in

wilh

about formation

it

Qroup of

ATR Witnes ed The an

then

to

skv. and

shape

skv.

seen

discs

into

tail.

five

oro el er silver

times

that

briaht

Meteorite?

flying

in

disc

ball.

side.

objects aoina

the

Two were

to

Antrim

Man of Isle

Leicestershire

Avrshire Northants

Lothian

Countv

Northants

Bedfordshire


. two. liahts. landing

had

liahl.

sighti

blue

an

the

of

of

areen,

by

then

red

first,

and

joined

an

sky,

liaht

the in

flashino bright

dimmer balls vivid

Brief with

obiect White

a object with

One

liQht,

a

white Traveilina

silver

liQhts.

larae.

Three Quite

objects

a

shot auicklv.

Changing pulsatinQ

One

Looked

with ail

then

were

type

off

like

bright

dim

formed

trails.

aircraft

Two

va our

that

shape sky.

in

Lights, the Oblong

moving Went

Dvfed

areen.

in

large

than

the

objects,

mavino

chanaed

liahts

humming

curtains, for

Law

the

heading airliner.

liahts

Static.

up be lit

to

briQht

triangular

briaht

then

any Distant

formina

window.

and

from

object star. round

and

a for

white Three

Twelve

A

syncronisation.

seen.

light

com ercial ap eared Bright

Two

bana.

Obiect

Midlands

Midlands

Sussex Fife

Carmarthen Airnart

trianale.

shaped disc,

-

split

not

Glamora n

Lancashire West

slightly

Followed

like

flying noise

a

are n,

vel aw

in

side

time smailer

three flashina from

a like

shape.

white

than

from

in

satel ite

to

side

shaotina

Jumbo

side.

vertical at

a

flying

Jet

Strong

time.

Yorkshire

County

{Vil age

same

the to

worm

star.

re-entering,

blue,

perfect Hoverina side.

Bright

to

next

in

or

with

moving

flashing

second

a

the

shape,

by

not

moon.

lights,

each

sized.

object,

smal er

wriggling

time.

green

line. hovering

very

a

normal

to

at

light

Description

other.

acros

taa like

a

red, light,

lights

ng

loud

movina.

Creamy

the

moving

briaht

and aircraftâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

brighter

Both

another red

around

sky,

Balaonie

Scotland

Landon

SaloP

Tavside

Lancashire

Gramaian Cheshire South

West

West


. -

or jets

star.

(not

the

around. the

to fallina

star

-

and

arms

a was flioht of

on not

light

the shaped

silver

olane, bright

sho tina

the in

a

Like

circular

rotatina),

Oblect.

A

delta

Two

about Took

the in

very noise. Liohts

An A

object,

shape.

clouds.

size.

brioht,

Delta very

craft on

One

from

fast

chanaed very

and glowing.

behind quite

bright

colour,

from with

was

and

skY.

looked

fast.

down

of of

back,

Crafts

lights

A A

tasseis

shaDed.

star,

movino

like flying direction.

no

trianoular ball ball

trianaular

underneath

Lo ked

a

stars.

to

saucer that

high

triangle

or fire, light, very comino black

to

se med Massive

with

UD

had

the fast

pas ed

starboard with

silver

Two

like

no

side. wino

three

sky. objects

be

abject Stranae

verY lights Shape

closer

large refuel ina

that

obiect, hioh

not

size

off yel ow than the

in

uo white planes.

large

a

were

and

the

it. into

no

colour.

of

the

silently,

under

on was

flying

a and

formation

sky.

cvlinder

anti-col is on

an

portside between

two fast. stationary other.

jet

objects, Goina

fo tbal

in

spe d.

middle

and

the

like

at

through aircraft,

of

shaped close

sky.

circular

sky.

steady

a

red oath together,

it

dart.

to

front

and

three pitches,

red

on

three

One

like

not looked

liaht.

red lights

a object,

no

sinale that

liaht.

was

a in

briaht

obiects object

a

sky

Saw

the Two

six

or obiect

a as briaht

the five

ball

was

as

in

with liaht

white

cylindrical object

orb

object briaht

The

liahts.

Laroe Huge

iellYfish.

The

Black White Silver

A

;

Wear

Ireland

Northamntonshire

Cambridneshire

Cornwal London

Mid-Glamora n

NorthamDtonshire

Kilbride

HamDshire Somerset

London

Cornwal

Essex

London London

Bush

Northern

Lanarkshire

Humberside and

Strathclvde

East

Dtonshire

Norfolk

Tvne

Northam London


. it

to

smal er Thought

light

silver

and

stars of

One

off white with

shinina

and Blue

shaDe,

balls

out.

object,

was liaht

light

droaaed shaped as

red

metal,

crescent

a

liahts.

two sets

Very

and

was

object

reflective,

seconds.

non circular

Small

shiny

colour

seen

a

One shaped side.

a was

something black.

. object sunshine. saecifv)

right,

the

Just

The

nuite

30

about

balloon. the

a

that

skv. aos iblv

legs,

the in

star,

of

like

Two

Disap eared

unbelievable

side

slowly,

and star

movement

sky

skv

from

shooting

Erratic

about sky

seen.

to

off

object.

like

circles.

star

NE

a was in

It

for

light.

moving direction.

object,

hour

an

Moved

a

biggest shot object

later.

at about

the in

a Aa eared before. As umed Saw Saw

hour.

an an

Moved

the aaain in

in

white ht

like

the

spin ina.

sae d.

to

and

across be white

ball

round

A

l1

a

and

the

ht

slawlv

the

up

poised

witnes then at

which

remained

once

first.

triangular

Orange Moved

and

stationarv. side,

No

had

for with

stationary

and

disa aeared.

stationary objects lights

strina

and

trail

light

moving alona.

to other said

object

as silvery

A A

was

white

was

side

ever

in

group

object

doughnut

a

were seen. minutes

a

three

side

circular of

seen

black The at

and

was was

two

big then

Cylinder

motion.

for

of

obiect. moon

spot ed

faint

hovering.

reflective

and

it.

red

heinht.

(Didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t

moving

translucent.

around

red with

from

it.

hung strines.

in

and left

white up

and or

ball

returned

li

behind. Disc

headed

One

Bright

down

Silver Silver

then

an

Powvs

London

Yorkshire Yorkshire

Northamatonshire

Cambridneshire

Herefordshire

Kent

London

London

Wiltshire

Somerset

Mid-Glamor

Northants Cheshire

Worcestershire

London

Norfolk

Wells

Sea

East East

Kent


. in

skv.

The orange

minutes,

coloured.

the in

UP

like

a lights-multi

bomb.

2000ft

watched

seen

the

quickly

sun.

star,

red

a

one

but

the lights

like

Witness skv

spheres. Flashing

stationarv.

aiven.

of ball

oranae

round shaped.

a football shaped dropped see

A A

light,

colour

lights

on object,

size

along

north

saucer

Oranae

siahtina.

Very

Flvina Just

of

slow. shaped,

with

a

Object

verv Cigar

the

Kent

Gwent

Wiltshire Central

Perthshire

type lights, helium red

and A

Worcestershire

Avrshire Avrshire

Worcester.

balloon, moving

middle, diminishina

a ap arent

becoming

and

south

point

about one

about

the

objects,

and

Worcestershire

Northamntonshire

around

circular

stars

two

Verv

coloured. light,

other

light.

objects,

another

bril iant

than

copper

White brighter

obiect,

in

White

dull

Six

Yorkshire

Two

moon.

Hovered

flickering

size bv

Mars.

star

as

small,

followed

white

object.

lights

Oranae

An

darker

liahts

that

the

it.

skv.

vel ow. red

the

over

orange manoeuvres. yel ow

much

Dim.

colour.

split, in

ball

area oranae

and Moving

doina half

seen

or

Moved

at

grey

two both

circular

2000lt

in

white

bright

Unusual liahts

No

white in

more

were

Could Raund liahts then

shaped

size like

flashina.

obiect

with

Mid-Glamora n Northants

a

red.

in

UP

of

until

reflections

then

it

star

moon, the

house

from

rust

South

size eight

the in

with

with

obiect.

it

top

few

brilliant

of

detaiis

the

object. from

seen.

bigger

skv.

the

than completelv Staved

flashing

of

lights.

w~h line damed

from

moved

A38

ends,

East

the

flashing the

and

but

not

around

a

disap eared.

No

blue

was

one

trait.

obiect.

few for

liaht

aircraft

over

silent

Round, Bright direction.

Yorkshire

Two

colour,

side.

Extremely to Trianaular One

side

Northamot nshire Manchester

Lincolnshire

West

West Greater

Norfolk

London London


.

.

aero lane. burning,

an

in

aircraft

as

was

like

Dull

sky

it

recognisable

disap eared.

house.

obiect, from

liahts.

above

five

that

falling

Was

soin ina unidentified

a unusual obiect

for

red

A A

fast.

in

oUrDle

An Verv Two

lights

were

obiect

liahts

oranaelred

a

in

travelling

larqe

and Very

objects

Two

front

balloon

but

briaht

colour.

Two

black/dark

ac ompanied

was seen. object

bal o n

A An

A

2.

were War World it,

sky

Was

Feb/March

light.

in

The

V green

around from spaceships.

see Could

weeks weeks

lights

six

three other

balloon 17

bright

strobe

five

weird sky.

(Seen

A

the in

colours. bellies.

barraoe

for sky. for

steady helicopter.

was

aliens

shaped,

Feb

-

in

stranae loud

oblong, with

2003). that

light

noise

unusual Nothing

There

ft

a

briaht

was lettina

2003).

the

like

were

bright

moving.

Twa Very

about

aircraft, seen, out

20-30 bv

cream

acros .

with

but air. hot

wings

strange

the

air

a

Lo ked

60

with loud

the red

white

resembling

stranae noise

of pairs

of

was

liaht

flashing whir ina

with

objects

object,

about

sky.

side

colour.

flvina

viewed

in

noise.

along

was

by

were

for

minute

the

lights

side

flashina

a then

liahts.

not

side

high

and

light

lights

a

heard,

sky.

the

overhead.

minutes.

a

in

the Very

heard,

In

definitelv cloud,

the

and

but

not like

nothing

a

red

a

(Seen with

a

2003).

(Seen

ditferent coloured

like

Glamora n Northamptonshire

Sussex Lincolnshire

East

Northamot nshire

Buckinahamshire Oxfordshire

Shronshlre

Mersevside

South

Kent

Oxfordshire

Berkshire

Devon

Nr 11

A

Launde,

the

on La

Lancashire

Edinburah

Suffolk

Park


.

NUMBERS OF "UNEXPLAINED"AERIAL SIGHTINGS REPORTED TO THE MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

Figures ITom before 1959 are not available. N .B.The figures below relate to the number ofreports, received by the Ministry of Defence, of aerial activity which was not immediately identifiable to the witness. They should not be taken to reflect sightings of"UFOs/flying saucers".

1959 - 22 1960 - 31 1961 -71 1962 - 46 1963-51

1964-74 1965 - 56 1966 - 95 1967 - 362 1968 - 280 1969 - 228 1970 -181 1971-379 1972 - 201 1973 - 233

1974-177 1975 - 208

1976 - 200 1977 - 435 1978 -750 1979 - 550 1980 - 350

1981-600 1982 - 250 1983 - 390 1984 - 214 1985 - 177 1986 -120 1987 -150 1988 - 397 1989 - 258 1990 - 209

1991-117 1992-147 1993 - 258 1994 - 250 1995 - 373


.

.

1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

-

609

425 193 229 210 203 100 99 85 90


Peterborough

Carobs

c’ur dull red

lights above the house, travelling fast and low.

28/01/2004 18.30 peterborough

Carobs Flashing green lights, 1000-5000ft up in the sky. 08/02/2004 45 Ely

21.

Carobs Four lights, one brighter than the others, sometimes fading.

Chatteris

Carobs Just said that it was a

’UFO’. (Seen sometime in 2005) .

11/02/2005

Huntingdon

Carobs The witness just said that it was a

’UFO’.

04/06/2005 00.30 St Neots

Carobs The object looked like a dim red light. 08/06/2005 16.45 St Neots

Carobs The object looked like a rod, that was silvery/grey.

Reports for Hertfordshire:-

Welwyn Garden City Hertfordshire

One disc shaped object that was tangerine colour.

2


.

:4

,

,

,"

ENCLOSURE TRANSFERRED TO FILE D/DAS/1 0/2/8/16 PART D


.

3 "

ENCLOSURE TRANSFERRED TO FILE D/DAS/1 0/2/8/16 PART D

""",


.

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.

. HARD COPY LETTER dd 16/6, RECâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;D 27/6

Act. Please use above address for correspondence.

This is a request under the FO!

Firstly I should make clear although my application relates to the period in which the Rendlesham UFO incident occurred my request does not relate specifically to this incident per se. I am aware the MOF file is available on the pub scheme on line but my request relates to a related occurrence not dealt with by the contents ofthis file.

My request is for copies oforiginal docs and any corespondence generated by MOD or related departments specific to the info listed below

Any info (documents papers logbooks)relating to the level ofalert status in force at RAFIUSAF tenated air bases in GB during 25- 30 Dee 1980 I

Copies of any papers, reports or correspondence generated relating to reports of aerial phenomina reported by the public, civ aircrew and MOD sources on the evening of25/12/80. My request relates to the re entry ofthe Russian Cosmos 749 rocket body shortly after 2100 on 25/12/80. I understand this object was sighted by numerous civilans over SE England including the crew ofa civy airliner and reported to RAF West Drayton on 25/26.12.80.

2

3 Copies of papers reports correspondence relating to satellite debris detected sighted or reported to MOD/RAF by RAF Fylingdales or other MOD agencies between 25/30.12.80.

Copy of Op record book & any other surving logbooks for Sector Operation Centre/control and Reporting Centre RAF Neatishead, Dec 80 & Jan

4

81.

5 Copy of Ops Record Book & any other surviving logbooks for Eastern radar (RAF Watton) Dec 80 & Jan

81.

6 Copy of Ops Record Book for RAF Bawdsey and/or units operating from RAF Bawdsey Dec 80 & J an 81.

7 Copy ofthe report on Exercise Proper Watch which took place at RAF Bentwaters, May 89 and "testeD the procedures in place for responding to the crash of a US transport alc carrying nuclear weapons" (Hansard 30 Jun 98

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Exercise Proper Watch Mr. Matthew Taylor: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the scenario ofthe exercise, Proper Watch, in 1989; on what dates and where it took place; if the United States Department of Defense took part; and ifhe will place a copy ofthe results ofthe exercise in the Library. [46819]

Dr. Reid: Exercise Proper Watcb took place at RAF Bentwaters in May 1989. The exercise tested the procedures in place for responding to the crash of a US transport aircraft carrying nuclear weapons. The United States response forces participated in this exercise. A classified report on the exercise does exist, but for the reasons my bon. Friend the Under-Secretary of State for Defence gave to the hon. Member on 31 July 1997, Official Report, column 470, and under Exemption 2 ofthe Code of Practice of Access to Government Information, I am not prepared to release the report.


The RAF Fylingdales Mission

Page 1 of 1 Royal Air Force I Publishing I Help Contact: Last Update: 17 Oct 2003 Review Date: 08 Jun 2005

Local News: Defence Internal Brief

Home I Contacts

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OrganIsation

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I

Local Information

[Y.J I

Orders & Publications

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Print Version

The mission of RAF FYLINGDALES is to provide Missile Warning, Space Surveiiiance and Air Defence capabilities to meet the operational requirements of UK, US and NATO Joint forces. Missile Warning - reflects our primary strategic role to provide early warning of Ballistic Missile attack against UK, US and NATO areas of interest.

Space Surveillance - reflects the key secondary role in providing satellite data In support of the Space Surveillance Network and our tertiary role to provide a Satellite Warning Service to UK forces.

-

Air Defence records the capability provided to the Air Surveillance and Control System by the Remote Radar Head at Staxton Wold

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The mission statement does not suggest that we should strive to at the provision of these capabilities we take that for granted.

-

http://www.fylingdales.raf.r.mil.uk/live/ContracCMonitorinR-SquadronlraCfylingdal... 04/10/2005


.

Rendlesham Forest UFO - the rocket re-entry

Page 1 of2

Rendlesham Forest UFO - the rocket re-entry

THE ROCKET RE-ENTRY 21.07

At on the evening of 1980 December 25 (i.e. a mere six hours before the supposed UFO ianding in Rendlesham Forest) the Russian Cosmos 749 rocket re-entered over north-west Europe and was widely reported as a UFO. A report on this re-entry can be found in the Journal of the British Astronomical Association (1981,vol. 91, page 561). It broke up during re-entry, and the last fragment is thought to have burnt out somewhere east of Clacton. Any surviving fragments would have fallen Into the North Sea, and hence have been unrecoverable. As far as I am aware, no fragments from this re-entry were ever detected on radar, but it is possible that the radar tapes were examined to see if anything did get through and this may explain some of the stories about radar checks that were later attributed to the Rendlesham Forest UFO.

In her 1998 book UFO Crash Landing?, Jenny Randles suggests that the NSA on Orford Ness had fired an energy beam into space to "jam the electronics on the Soviet military satellite and deflect its orbital path causing it to burn up in a controlled fashion". She names the source of this energy beam as a secret radar project called Cobra Mist. And in a subsequent book, The UFOs That Never Were, she goes on to claim that the flightpath of the incoming debris altered "as if something caused the trajectory to be deflected". Exciting stuff, if true. To assess the credibility of that idea requires some background information. Firstly, the object that re-entered was not what most people would think of as a ’real’satellite. It was in fact the upper stage of the carrier rocket that launched Cosmos 749 over five years earlier, in July 1975. (It is usual for the top stage of a launch rocket to go into orbit with the satellite, and is a major contributor to the amount of ’junk’in orbit). As such it was a dead, inert cylinder of metal, and there would have been no way to command it down even if anyone had wanted to do so. What’s more, the re-entry started 1,500 miles away over North Africa. The real Cosmos 749 satellite had in fact re-entered three months earlier, in September 1980. It was an electronic eavesdroppin9 satellite but it was not the type of satellite designed to be brought back to Earth, nor was it nuclear-powered. And the British Astronomical Association research paper referenced in paragraph one makes it clear that Jenny’s claim that the incoming object somehow changed course Is simply wrong.

Now for some information about Cobra Mist. It was an over-the-horizon radar and as such was designed to detect missiles coming from Russia and the eastern bloc over azimuths from 19.50 to 110.50 clockwise from true north, whereas Cosmos 749 came in from the southwest. What would have been needed here was not an over-the-horizon but an over-the-shoulder radar. According to FOIA documents made available on

http;ilwww.cufon.org/cufon/cobramst.htm the radar never worked successfully. It was closed at the end of June 1973, over seven years before the Rendlesham Forest UFO sighting, and the hardware dismantled. The closure was publicly announced by the MoD that same month (not 1983, as Jenny has it on page 189 of UFO Crash Landing).

Although the Cosmos 749 re-entry sparked a rash of UFO sightings that were reported on radio that night and could well have put the airmen at RAF Woodbridge on "UFO alert", there is no evidence to suggest that it had any other connection with the later events in Rendlesham Forest.

Content last updated: 2002 November 6 @ Ian Ridpath. All rights reserved

J

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http://www.ianridpath.com/ufo/rendlesham6.htm

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