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Trends of Dependency Ratio of Taiwan (2008-2011) Although the birth rate is declining and people tend to live longer in Taiwan , the dependency ratio in 2011 is less than that in 2008, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a quite interesting result. But we know that the dependency ratio is just a rough way to indicate the pressures on people aged 15 - 64 , there are other factors putting pressures on them. Here I just compare the dependency ratio in 2011 with that in 2008 to see the trends of it.

Aging Index = population (over 65) / population (under 15) Young Dependency Ratio = population (under 15) / population (15 - 64) Old Dependency Ratio = population (over65) / population (15 - 64) Dependency Ratio = population (over65) + population (under 15) / population (15 - 64)

Aging Index

Young Dependency Ratio

Old Dependency Ratio

2 0 0 8

2 0 1 1

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Zhong, Jia Lin, Dept. of Urban Plan, National Cheng Kung University, 2013

Dependency Ratio

Trends of Dependency Ratio of Taiwan (2008-2011)

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Changes in Aging Index of Taiwan ( 2008-2011 ) Most of towns in Taiwan have increments in Aging Index from 2008 to 2011 , but there are some eastern towns have declines in Aging Index.

-3.410000 - 6.248000 6.248001 - 15.906000 15.906001 - 25.564000 25.564001 - 35.222000 35.222001 - 44.880000

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Zhong, Jia Lin, Dept. of Urban Plan, National Cheng Kung University, 2013

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Trends of Dependency Ratio of Taiwan (2008-2011)

Changes in Young Dependency Ratio of Taiwan ( 2008-2011 ) Due to the decline in birth rate, the changes in Young Dependency Ratio had all been reduced . However , this does not mean that the pressures of parents in Taiwan had also been reduced , actually , bad economical condition is one of the reason that made the birth rate decline.

-5.680000 - -4.682000 -4.681999 - -3.684000 -3.683999 - -2.686000 -2.685999 - -1.688000 -1.687999 - -0.690000

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Zhong, Jia Lin, Dept. of Urban Plan, National Cheng Kung University, 2013

Trends of Dependency Ratio of Taiwan (2008-2011)

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Changes in Old Dependency Ratio of Taiwan ( 2008-2011 ) Generally speaking, towns in western Taiwan have greater positive changes against towns in eastern Taiwan. LiouChou in PingTung has the largest change ( + 1.24 % ) , which means either the nubmer of the elderly there has been increasing or the number of people aged 15 - 64 has been declining.

-2.980000 - -2.136000 -2.135999 - -1.292000 -1.291999 - -0.448000 -0.447999 - 0.396000 0.396001 - 1.240000

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Zhong, Jia Lin, Dept. of Urban Plan, National Cheng Kung University, 2013

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Trends of Dependency Ratio of Taiwan (2008-2011)

Changes in Dependency Ratio of Taiwan ( 2008-2011 ) DaHu, MiouLi has dropped the most dependency ratio (5.86%) from 2008 to 2011. And DaAn , Taichung has the least change in dependency ratio throuth those years.

-5.860000 - -4.702000 -4.701999 - -3.544000 -3.543999 - -2.386000 -2.385999 - -1.228000 -1.227999 - -0.070000

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Zhong, Jia Lin, Dept. of Urban Plan, National Cheng Kung University, 2013

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Depednecy ratio