Persisting Problems 1. Inefficient use of sustainable resources 2. Scarcity of drinking water 3. Illiteracy Solutions 1. Efficient use of available resources GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY: (a.) Biomass power generation: Biomass is organic material of recent origin that can be used as a source of energy. It generally includes crops and other plants, as well as agricultural, forest, sawdust and agro-industrial waste. Electricity that is produced as a result of utilizing surplus biomass sources into energy is considered biomass power. Biomass combusted in a boiler produces steam. This steam drives a turbine generator that produces electricity. This electricity will be fed into the high voltage transmission grid to be transported to end-users. Generating power through the use of biomass represents the cost-effective and cleanest way to provide renewable electricity. Electricity produced from biomass is considered to be carbon neutral and therefore helps to combat global warming. The CO2 that the facility will release would have been produced as the plants and trees naturally decomposed in the forest without the benefit of electricity production. The economic benefits of biomass power generation facilities Biomass power generating units produce a significant economic benefit to the area surrounding the plant. A 10 MW biomass power project can create approximately employment for 100 workers during the 18-month construction phase, 25 full-time workers employed in the operation of the facility, and 35 persons in the collection, processing, and transportation of biomass material. The principal source of biomass are rice husk, woody biomass such as Julie flora, casurina, other agro residues such as stalks/cobs/shells, sugarcane trash, cotton stalks, mustard stalks, groundnut shells etc. If there are no issues in fuel collection , investors and fund, then it is possible to develop a project in a fast track mode in 18 months period. The capital cost of installation of bagasse based co-generation projects is in the range of Rs. 4.5 to Rs. 5.0 Crore/MW depending upon technical, financial and operating parameters. Costs of generation are expected to vary from Rs. 3.25 to 3.75/kwh, depending upon the plant load factor, and interest on term loans.
Wind Turbines are rotating machines that can be used directly for grinding or can be used to generate electricity from the kinetic power of the wind. They provide the clean and renewable energy for us of both home and office. Wind Turbines are a great way to save money and make the environment clean and green. Apart from generating electricity they can also be used for grain-grinding, water pumping, charging batteries. (c.)
LET THE RURAL FARM THE SUN The solar lantern has great potential as a stop-gap arrangement for homes dependent on kerosene lanterns. A solar lantern with a 2.5 Watt LED bulb and battery for four hours. The government should make a compulsion for every resident to establish a solar power set up. This can be done by -Providing incentives to those who set up such power plant. -restricting usage of electricity of certain industries, homes etc. so that to fulfil their requirements they have to look over some non renewable resources. 2. Coping with scarcity of water: Water Management Rajasthanâ€™s water scarcity can largely be avoided with better water management practices. However, lack of proper water conservation legislations, infrastructure for water recycling and poor awareness of the people on why and how the water to be conserved, water become a scarce resource. Water is being considered as an unlimited resource and is being wasted heavily with this misconception. In the absence of proper legislations on groundwater usage and conservation, ground water is being squeezed indiscriminately for domestic and industrial usage. According to the last survey conducted by the state government in 2008, only 30 water blocks out of 237 in the state are left in safe category, while 164 are under over- exploited category and 34 are in critical state. Banswara, Sriganganagar and Dungarpur districts have all the water blocks (8, 7 and 5 blocks respectively) in safe category. All the water blocks in Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Dausa, Jalore and Rajsamand are in the over-exploited category. In the state capital, 12 water blocks out of 13 are over exploited while one is in a critical category. The cattle owners in Rajasthan are also facing acute shortage of water, as the water bodies have dried up here.
SOLUTIONS: Improving sewage system so as to assure that maximum rain water percolates to the ground. Another significant step is to join the big rivers of the nation to cope up with water scarcity. Rain Water Harvesting Rain water harvesting is a system to collect and store rain water. It is the simple collection or storing of water through scientific techniques from the areas where the rain falls. It involves utilization of rain water for the domestic or the agricultural purpose. It is the best possible way to conserve water and awaken the society towards the importance of water. Rain water Harvesting proves to be the most effective way to conserve water. We can collect the rain water into the tanks and prevent it from flowing into drains and being wasted. Watershed Watershed is an area from which runoff resulting from precipitation flows past a single point into a large stream, river, lake or pond. It has become an acceptable unit of planning for optimum use and conservation of soil and water resources. The quantity of water, if it is used for irrigation, is sufficient to irrigate 4-6 hectares of irrigated dry crops (maize, cotton, pulse, etc.) and 2-3 hectares of paddy crop. Irrigation Tank is a storage structure for irrigating crops. It is constructed below the abovementioned structures in a watershed. Water from the tanks is normally used to grow paddy crop. All the above water management techniques proved to be very effective in increasing the water table in the surrounding areas at a minimum cost. They do not require thousands of crores of rupees. 3. Improving literacy rate in Rajasthan: Literacy, as defined in Census operations, is the ability to read and write with understanding in any language. A person who can merely read but cannot write is not classified as literate. Any formal education or minimum educational standard is not necessary to be considered literate. The first step taken should be changing the definition of literate person. The next step is providing worth-full incentives to children who complete their education till 12, a higher incentive to those who complete their graduation. This will in turn increase the interest of children in education. Another significant step could be as follow: All C.B.S.E schools have adopted a CCE pattern in which projects are allotted to students. In my context every senior secondary student, college student should be given a project to teach one poor student who is not able to go & study at school.
The motto is “Each one –Teach one”. Also college students should start special short duration camps in rural to educate children & women. Thus if I would be the chief-minister of my state I would have taken above mentioned steps to curb the problems existing in my state.
If you were the chief minister of your state what actions/policies/strategies would you undertake to deal with the problems persisting in yo...