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TABLE OF CONTENTS COMMUNITY DEMOGRAPHICS................................................................................................................................3 Population, Race/Ethnicity, Industry Snapshot, Annual Earnings INCOME..................................................................................................................................................................7 Population in Labor Force, Commute, Wages, Income Distribution, Poverty Level, Foodshare HEALTH.................................................................................................................................................................16 Healthcare Coverage, Community Health Issues, Prenatal Care, Infant Mortality, Teen Birth Rate EDUCATION...........................................................................................................................................................26 Enrollment, Standardized Test Performance, High School Graduation Rates, Educational Attainment
The United Way of Kenosha County Community Report is an overview of the effects demographic changes, economic trends and a variety of other factors have on health and human services needs in Kenosha County. It highlights trends where Kenosha County is excelling and advancing, while at the same time, it points out trends where the county is stagnating or even declining, flagging issues where improvement is needed. It is intended to support planning and alignment of community wide goals to enhance the quality of life for all in Kenosha County. This report is organized into four sections: Community Demographics, Income, Health, and Education. The data provided in this report include leading, secondary and crosscutting indicators. All data are from valid and reliable sources. When possible, data are reported with appropriate comparison or trend data including information for the city of Kenosha, western Kenosha County and the state of Wisconsin. By providing information on some of the strengths and challenges of the community, we hope to empower community members to start getting involved in their community, get to know their neighbors, participate in building a better community and be catalysts for great change. Special thanks to Carthage College Intern, Marisa Ranney, who handled the development of this community report.
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COMMUNITY DEMOGRAPHICS Before beginning to read this Community Snapshot, it is helpful to become familiar with the general demographics of the Kenosha County community. Reporting accurate data is complicated due to the most recent census being conducted in 2010. Most of the data is self-reported and tracking methods have changed in recent years. Therefore, most of the reported numbers are estimates. According to the United States Census Bureau, the most recent population estimate for Kenosha County is 168,068 people. Kenosha Countyâ€™s population increased by 17,000 people between the year 2000 and the year 2010. The most recent population estimate for the City of Kenosha is 99,709 people. As of a 2014 American Community Survey: Five Year Estimate, about 29.4 percent of the population were between the ages of zero and nineteen, with 42.2 percent being between the ages of 20 and 50 and 28.5 percent of the population was 50 years old and older. From the same survey, 67 percent of people owned their homes and 33 percent rented their homes.
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Race and Ethnicity are self-reported statistics. Hispanic /Latino origin are reported separately. As of the 2014 American Community Survey Five Year Estimate, 97.7 percent of Kenosha Countyâ€™s population reported identifying as only one race, while 2.3 percent reported identifying as two or more races. For those claiming only one race, 88 percent identified as White, seven percent as African American, two percent as Asian, and one percent as some other race. Only 32 people of the estimated population of 167,268 identify as Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Of the total population, approximately 20,448 people identified as Hispanic/Latino, or about 12.2 percent.
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COMMUNITY DEMOGRAPHICS As of the most recent census, 51 percent of the Kenosha County population was female and 49 percent was male. Of the employed civilian population above 16 years of age, 52 percent were male and 48 percent were female. The median yearly earning for employed males in Kenosha County was an estimated $41,119 and an estimated $28,490 for females.
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The majority of Kenosha Countyâ€™s population is employed in retail trade and Health Care and Social Assistance. The next largest areas of employment are Manufacturing and Accommodation and Food Services. The estimated median earning for the employed population across all industries is $34,834 per year. The City of Kenosha has an estimated employed population of 44,512 people. Approximately 50.8 percent of those people are male and 49.2 percent are female. The estimated median earning for the employed population of the city is $31,504. For males, it is $38,697 and for females it is $25,744.
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INCOME A vibrant community is almost always rooted in a solid economic base. Without it, efforts to achieve excellence in all facets of community life may falter. This category covers many dimensions of a solid regional economy: Jobs, earnings at those jobs, income levels, diversification of the economy, cost of living, headquartered companies, the presence of innovation and the distribution of income. UNITED UNITEDWAY WAYOF OFKENOSHA KENOSHACOUNTY COUNTY2016 2016COMMUNITY COMMUNITYREPORT REPORT••77
Labor Force: The combination of employed individuals and unemployed individuals who are able to work and are looking for a job.
Not in the Labor Force: Individuals who have no job and are not looking for one (e.g.: retired, in school, etc.).
Source: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor
Current Unemployment Rate in Kenosha County: 4.9 percent (April 2015) Current Unemployment Rate in the City of Kenosha: 5.4 percent (April 2015)
Of all the families in Kenosha County with children under the age of six, 68.5 percent are families where every parent is in the labor force. Of all the families with children from six years of age to 17 years of age, 74.7 percent are families with every parent in the work force. This means that 73 percent of households with children from infancy through age 17 are families where every parent is in the labor force.
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INCOME According to the most recent study, 65,409 people in Kenosha County travel to work by driving a car, truck, or van alone. In contrast, 36,651 Kenosha City residents drive to work alone. The other methods of transportation are represented on the graph. For the City of Kenosha: 4,186 people carpool in a car, truck, or van; 623 people use public transportation; 910 people walk to work; 725 people use other means of transportation; and 819 people work from home. For Kenosha County: 6,343 people carpool in a car, truck or van; 869 people utilize public transportation; 1,517 people walk to work; 1,073 people use other means of transportation; and 1,977 people work from home.
These statistics indicate what types of wages the employed population of Kenosha County is earning. In addition to the private, Government, and self-Employed workers, there were 82 people who identified as unpaid family workers.
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11,953 households in Kenosha County have an annual income between $50,000 and $74,999. Most of the households represented on the lower end of the scale are more evenly distributed. The majority of the households on the higher end of the scale are grouped together in three sections between $50,000 and $149,999, with a sharp drop in number of households making an income higher than that. The median household income is $54,653 and the average income is $68,882.
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INCOME Of all the families in Kenosha County, 11.3 percent are considered to be living on an income that is below the poverty level. Of all the families with children under 18 years of age, 18.4 percent are considered to be living below the poverty level. 20.9 percent of families with related children under five years old are considered to be living on an income that is below the poverty level. In contrast, the statistics for families headed by married couples show that 4.2 percent of them have an income below the poverty line. Of the married couples with children under 18 years of age, 5.9 percent are living below the poverty level. Of those with children under five year of age, only 2.6 percent have an income that is below the poverty level. Of all the people living in Kenosha County, 15.3 percent are living on an income that is below the poverty line. 22.5 percent are under 18 years old, 14.1 are between the ages of 18 and 64, and 6.7 percent are 65 years and older. Of Kenosha County’s employed population, 38.4 percent are living below the poverty level.
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Between the years of 2009 and 2014, the number of people living below the poverty level fluctuated. From 2009 to 2010 it rose from 11.1 percent to 11.7 percent, while it fell to 11.6 percent the following year. It rose to 12.2 percent in 2012 and increased again to 14.0 percent in 2013. The most recent statistic capped it off at 15.3 percent of people living below the poverty level.
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The percentage of Black or African American people living below the poverty level in Kenosha County is grossly disproportionate compared to the total number of Black or African American residents of Kenosha County. Of all the people in Kenosha County living below the poverty level, 19 percent are Black or African American, whereas in Kenosha County’s total population, only seven percent are Black or African American.
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INCOME In January of 2015, The Emergency Services Network of Kenosha County administered a survey to different organizations committed to meeting basic needs for individuals and families in Kenosha County. A total of 400 survey responses came from First Step, KHDS, Women’s & Children’s Horizons, Shalom Center, RKCAA, Salvation Army, Hope Council, Outreach Center, and Sharing Center. 63 percent of the people surveyed identified as female and 37 percent identified as male. 31 percent were between the ages of 18 and 35 and 48 percent were between the ages of 36 and 59, while 18 percent were over the age of 60. 42 percent claimed a disability and only eight percent stated that they were veterans. 70 percent claimed they were not employed but only 28 percent claimed that they were homeless. 39 percent stated the highest level of education they had achieved was a High School Diploma or GED, whereas 27 percent stated they had some college education, but only six percent claimed they had completed an Associate’s degree and two percent stated that they had completed a Bachelor’s degree. At the time the survey was administered, 73 percent of those surveyed indicated that they were not and had never been homeless, 10 percent indicated that they had been homeless for less than three months, four percent indicated that they had been homeless for three to six months, two percent indicated seven to eleven months, three percent indicated one year, five percent indicated two years, and three percent indicated three years or more.
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HEALTH The physical health of residents in a community is a complex result of economic, environmental, behavioral and even genetic factors. In nearly all surveys of happiness, good health ranks among individuals’ top preferences. It is essential to one’s satisfaction at work and in leisure activities. Measures of community health mirror attitudes toward the distribution of essential services among the population. Without good health, achievements in economic well-being are hollow.
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Though the number of White/Caucasian mothers who did not receive prenatal care is higher than the numbers of Black/African American mothers and Hispanic mothers who did not receive prenatal care, percentages show that of 65,745 White women in Kenosha County, only 0.06 percent did not receive prenatal care, whereas of 6,429 Black women in Kenosha County, 0.36 percent did not receive prenatal care, and of 10,468 Hispanic women, 0.15 percent did not receive prenatal care. Even though there are far fewer Hispanic women and Black/African American women in Kenosha County, their rate of not receiving the prenatal care they need is higher than that of the White/Caucasian women.
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The number of surveyed Kenosha County residents who reported being in excellent health has declined drastically over the past ten years, from 30 percent reporting excellent health in 2003 down to less than 15 percent in 2012. However, there has been a slight increase up to just under 20 percent reported in 2014. In contrast, the percent of surveyed residents who reported being in fair or poor health has steadily risen from 12 percent in 2003 to 21 percent in 2014. Percentage of residents reporting very good health had risen steadily from 2003 to 2012 and then dropped slightly in 2014.
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Adult Obesity According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the percentage for adult obesity in Kenosha County is 29.6 percent. The median percentage for the United States is 30.4 percent, just 0.8 percent above Kenosha County. In addition, 24.8 percent of adults in Kenosha County reported having no time to exercise or do any type of physical activity other than the physical activity they did at work. The national median is 25.9, just over one percent higher than Kenosha County.
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Total number of STD Cases: Kenosha County: 965 Wisconsin: 27,168 24 â€¢ UNITED WAY OF KENOSHA COUNTY 2016 COMMUNITY REPORT
HEALTH For motor vehicle deaths, Kenosha County comes in at 11.1 deaths per 100,000 persons, well below the U.S. Median, which is 19.2. The Healthy People Target by the year 2020 is 12.4 motor vehicle deaths, which is above Kenosha’s rate. As for unintentional injury deaths, excluding motor vehicle deaths, Kenosha County comes in at 31.4 deaths per 100,000 persons. The annual violent crime rate for Kenosha County is 194.1 per 100,000 persons. Violent crimes include homicide, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
In a study done in 2015 comparing and ranking all 72 counties in Wisconsin (1 being excellent and 72 being Poor), Kenosha County has an average ranking of 64 out of 72 for Health Outcomes, which are length of life (57 out of 72) and quality of life (68 out of 72). For Overall Health Factors, Kenosha County has an average ranking of 65 out of 72. The county comes in 55th out of 72 for Health Behaviors (30 percent), including tobacco use (ten percent), diet and exercise (ten percent), alcohol use (five percent), and sexual activity (five percent). It is ranked 59th out of 72 for Clinical Care (20 percent): access to care (ten percent) and quality of care (ten percent). Kenosha County was given a ranking of 60 out of 72 for Social and Economic Factors (40 percent), such as education (ten percent), employment (ten percent), income (ten percent), family and social support (five percent), and community safety (five percent). Finally, Kenosha County is ranked 71st out of 72 for Physical Environment (ten percent): air and water quality (four percent) and housing and transit (6 percent).
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EDUCATION Increasingly, the quality of community life is equated with the quality of its educational institutions. In a knowledge economy, education is the primary means of producing goods and services, consequently incomes, and ultimately wealth. This section considers a gamut of outcome indicators, from pre-K to graduate education. It also looks at workforce training activities and educational achievement.
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EDUCATION Education Graphs
Percent of Age Group Enrolled in School 98.7% 98.5% 93.7%
80% 70% 60% 50%
42.2% Kenosha County
40% 30% 20%
10% 0% Age 3- Age 5- Age Age Age Age Age 4 years 9 years 10-14 15-17 18-19 20-24 25-34 years years years years years
Age 35+ years
Source: Wisconsin Student Assessment System (WKCE and WAA Combined)
Number of People in School
City of Kenosha
Elementary: First Grade-Fourth Grade
Elementary: Fifth GradeEighth Grade
High School: Ninth GradeTwelfth Grade
College: Graduate/Professional School
Source: Wisconsin Student Assessment System (WKCE and WAA Combined)
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A student who is considered economically disadvantaged is a student who is a member of a household that meets the guidelines for the income eligibility free or reduced- price meals under the National School Lunch Program (less than or equal to 185% of Federal Poverty Guidelines). English language proficiency status is determined by how the student scores on the ACCESS for ELLs (English Language Learner) test. If a student’s first language is not English, or the student’s parent or guardian’s first language is not English, and the student requires specially designed teaching and curriculum (either in English or in the first language) in order to benefit from classroom instruction and successfully attain the standards expected of all students at that grade level, that student is considered to be below English language proficient.
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Third Grade Reading Success Matters Research shows that third grade reading proficiency is a powerful predictor of later academic achievement. From kindergarten to third grade children learn to read. From fourth grade on, they read to learn. A student who is not at least moderately successful in reading by third grade is unlikely to graduate from high school. • • • •
One in six children who are not reading proficiently in third grade do not graduate from high school on time, a rate four times greater than that for proficient readers. The rates are highest for the low, below-basic readers: 23 percent of these children drop out or fail to finish high school on time, compared to 9 percent of children with basic reading skills and 4 percent of proficient readers. The below-basic readers account for a third of the sample but three-fifths of the students who do not graduate. For children who were poor for at least a year and were not reading proficiently in third grade, the proportion of those who don’t finish school rose to 26 percent. The rate was highest for poor black and Hispanic students, at 31 and 33 percent respectively. Even so the majority of students who fail to graduate are white.
*Longitudinal study was conducted by Donald J. Hernandez, a professor of sociology at Hunter College and the Graduate Center at the City University of New York, and a senior advisor to the Foundation for Child Development. It was commissioned by the Annie E. Casey Foundation. The study confirms the link between third grade scores and high school graduation and, for the first time, breaks down the likelihood of graduation by different reading skill levels and poverty experiences.
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According to the United States Census Bureau’s 2014 American Community Survey, of Kenosha County’s total population of 16,676 people between the ages of 18 and 24, 12.9 percent of them have less than a High School education and 39.1 percent of them are High School graduates, while 40.7 percent have an Associate’s Degree or some college education, and 7.4 percent have a bachelor’s degree or higher. In contrast, of the 108,991 people in Kenosha County at or over the age of 25, 3.4 percent of them have less than a 9th grade education, 7 percent have an education equal to 9th grade through 12th grade (without a diploma), and 33.7 are High School Graduates. 21.8 percent have some college education, 9.9 percent have an Associate’s Degree, 16.1 percent have a Bachelor’s Degree, and 8.2 people have a Graduate or Professional Degree.
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