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respectful be respectful of … =respect… =hold…in high respect =hold…in high esteem  We are very respectful of that philosopher. =We hold that philosopher in high respect. =We hold that philosopher in high esteem. 


respectively adv. ď Ž I gave the three children an apple respectively. =I gave the three children an apple each. ď Ž


lead to… = bring about… =result in… 

Laziness led to his failure.


make a commitment 

make a commitment 對某物 / 某人許下承諾

to sth/sb

The businessman is afraid to make a long-term commitment to his clients.


long Vi 渴望  long to + V long for + N  I am longing to have a chance to work with him. =I am eager to have a chance to work with him. 


I am longing for your support. = I am eager for your support. ď Ž


副詞連接詞 

because 是副詞連接詞 , 之後須置 主詞及動詞 He is absent because he is sick.


Though( 雖然 ) 亦是副詞連接 詞 ,though 引導的副詞子句主詞與主 要子句主詞相同時 , 可化簡為分詞片 語 . 原則如下 : (1) 將相同的主詞刪除 (2) 將動詞變成現在分詞 (3) 動詞若為 be 動詞 , 變成現在分詞 being 後 , 可予以省略 


Though Gordon was at home, he didn’t hear the phone ring. =Though being at home, Gordon didn’t hear the phone ring. =Though at home, Gordon didn’t hear the phone ring. 


while( 當 ) 亦是副詞連接詞 ,while 引 導的副詞子句主詞與主要子句主詞相 同時 , 可化簡為分詞片語 . 原則如下 : (1) 將相同的主詞刪除 (2) 將動詞變成現在分詞 (3) 動詞若為 be 動詞 , 變成現在分詞 being 後 , 可予以省略 


While Frank was in Europe, he had a good time traveling around. =While in Europe, Frank had a good time traveling around. ď Ž


ď Ž ď Ž

during prep. During her stay in Taipei, Irene bought many books.


productive adj.  

 

productive adj. 有生產力的 We had a productive meeting that solved some problems yesterday. produce vt. productivity n


those 

以代名詞 those 代替複數名詞以避免名 詞重複的用法 Students in this school study harder than students in that school. Students in this school study harder than those in that school. ( 佳 )


…highly motivated employees often attend more company-sponsored training sessions than employees who need the training most.( 可 , 但是 employees 重複 )

…highly motivated employees often attend more company-sponsored training sessions than those who need the training most.( 佳 )


company-sponsored training sessions =training sessions (which are) sponsored by the company ď Ž


begin  

begin, start, end 皆與介係詞並用 The meeting begins with the speech made by John Smith. We ended our conversation with a promise to see each other again.


one 

one 代替名詞的用法 , 以避免與前面的 該名詞重複 I don’t like the yellow car; I like that red car.( 可 , 但是 car 重 複)

I don’t like the yellow car; I like that red one.


數字 +of+ 關係代名詞 連接兩個並存的主要子句有以下 3 種方式 :  (1) 使用連接詞 : Mr. Johnson has written many novels, and one of them was adapted into a film.  (2) 使用分號  Mr. Johnson has written many novels; one of them was adapted into a film last year. 


 

使用“數字 +of + 關係代名詞” Mr. Johnson has written many novels, one of which was adapted into a film last year. 關係代名詞 = 代名詞 + 連接詞


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