Page 1

QUICK REFERENCE INDEX Edition: February 2010 A GENERAL INFORMATION Revision: June 2010 Publication No. SM1E-1Y51U1 B ENGINE

C HYBRID

D TRANSMISSION & DRIVELINE

E SUSPENSION

F BRAKES

G STEERING H RESTRAINTS

I

VENTILATION, HEATER & AIR CONDITIONER

J BODY INTERIOR

K BODY EXTERIOR, DOORS, ROOF & VEHICLE SECURITY

L DRIVER CONTROLS

M ELECTRICAL & POWER CONTROL

All rights reserved. No part of this Service Manual may be reproduced or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.

N DRIVER INFORMATION & MULTIMEDIA

O CRUISE CONTROL & DRIVER ASSISTANCE P MAINTENANCE

GI EM LU CO EC FL EX STR ACC HBC HBB HBR CL TM DLN FAX RAX FSU RSU SCS WT BR PB BRC ST STC SB SBC SR SRC VTL HA HAC INT IP SE ADP DLK SEC GW PWC RF HD EXT BRM MIR EXL INL WW DEF HRN PWO BCS LAN PCS CHG PG MWI WCS SN AV CCS DAS DMS MA

General Information Engine Mechanical Engine Lubrication System Engine Cooling System Engine Control System Fuel System Exhaust System Starting System Accelerator Control System Hybrid Control System Hybrid Battery System Hybrid Brake System Clutch Transaxle & Transmission Driveline Front Axle Rear Axle Front Suspension Rear Suspension Suspension Control System Road Wheels & Tires Brake System Parking Brake System Brake Control System Steering System Steering Control System Seat Belt Seat Belt Control System SRS Airbag SRS Airbag Control System Ventilation System Heater & Air Conditioning System Heater & Air Conditioning Control System Interior Instrument Panel Seat Automatic Drive Positioner Door & Lock Security Control System Glass & Window System Power Window Control System Roof Hood Exterior Body Repair Mirrors Exterior Lighting System Interior Lighting System Wiper & Washer Defogger Horn Power Outlet Body Control System LAN System Power Control System Charging System Power Supply, Ground & Circuit Elements Meter, Warning Lamp & Indicator Warning Chime System Sonar System Audio, Visual & Navigation System Cruise Control System Driver Assistance System Drive Mode System Maintenance

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P


FOREWORD This manual contains maintenance and repair procedure for the 2011 INFINITI M37/M56. In order to assure your safety and the efficient functioning of the vehicle, this manual should be read thoroughly. It is especially important that the PRECAUTIONS in the GI section be completely understood before starting any repair task. All information in this manual is based on the latest product information at the time of publication. The right is reserved to make changes in specifications and methods at any time without notice.

IMPORTANT SAFETY NOTICE The proper performance of service is essential for both the safety of the technician and the efficient functioning of the vehicle. The service methods in this Service Manual are described in such a manner that the service may be performed safely and accurately. Service varies with the procedures used, the skills of the technician and the tools and parts available. Accordingly, anyone using service procedures, tools or parts which are not specifically recommended by NISSAN must first be completely satisfied that neither personal safety nor the vehicle’s safety will be jeopardized by the service method selected.


QUICK REFERENCE CHART M37/M56 QUICK REFERENCE CHART M37/M56 ENGINE TUNE-UP DATA (VQ37VHR) Engine model

PFP:00000 ELS0003W

VQ37VHR

Firing order

1-2-3-4-5-6

Idle speed A/T (In “P or N” position)

rpm

Ignition timing (BTDC at idle speed)

650 ± 50 10° ± 2°

CO% at idle

0.7 - 9.9 % and engine runs smoothly

Tensions of drive belt

Auto adjustment by auto tensioner kPa (kg/cm2 , psi)

Radiater cap relief pressure Standard

122.3 - 151.7 (1.2 - 1.5, 18 - 22)

Limit

107 (1.1, 16) 2

Cooling system leakage testing pressure

kPa (kg/cm , psi)

Compression pressure

kPa (kg/cm2 , psi)/rpm

157 (1.6, 23)

Standard

1,667 - 2,354 (17 - 24, 242 - 341)/200

Minimum

1,226 (12.5, 178)/200

Differential limit between cylinders Make Spark plug (Iridium-tipped type)

2011

DENSO

Standard type Gap (Nominal)

98 (1.0, 14)/200

FXE24HR11 mm (in)

1.1 (0.043)


QUICK REFERENCE CHART M37/M56

2011

ENGINE TUNE-UP DATA (VK56VD) Engine model

VK56VD

Firing order

1-8-7-3-6-5-4-2 rpm

Idle speed A/T (In “P or N” position) Ignition timing (BTDC at idle speed)

11° ± 2°

CO% at idle

0.7 - 9.9 % and engine runs smoothly

Tensions of drive belt

Auto adjustment by auto tensioner 2

Radiater cap relief pressure

kPa (kg/cm , psi) Standard

122.3 - 151.7 (1.2 - 1.5, 18 - 22)

Limit

107 (1.1, 16)

Cooling system leakage testing pressure

kPa (kg/cm2 , psi)

Compression pressure

kPa (kg/cm2 , psi)/rpm

157 (1.6, 23)

Standard

1,677 (17, 242)/200

Minimum

1,422 (14.5, 206)/200

Differential limit between cylinders

98 (1.0, 14)/200

Make

NGK

Standard type Spark plug (Iridium-tipped type)

600 ± 50 (without 4WAS) 675 ± 50 (with 4WAS)

DILKAR7B11

Gap

mm (in) Standard

1.1 (0.043)

Limit

1.25 (0.049)


QUICK REFERENCE CHART M37/M56

2011

FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT

ELS0003X

2WD Item

Standard

Wheel size Camber Degree minute (Decimal degree)

18 inch

20 inch

Minimum

–0° 55′ (–0.91°)

–1° 00′ (–1.00°)

Nominal

–0° 10′ (–0.17°)

–0° 15′ (–0.25°)

0° 35′ (0.58°)

0° 30′ (0.50°)

Maximum Left and right difference Caster Degree minute (Decimal degree)

3° 10′ (3.17°)

Nominal

4° 30′ (4.50°)

Maximum

5° 50′ (5.83°)

Left and right difference Kingpin inclination Degree minute (Decimal degree)

Toe-in

Total toe-in Distance

Toe angle (left wheel or right wheel) Degree minute (Decimal Degree)

0° 33′ (0.55°) or less

Minimum

0° 39′ (0.65°) or less

Minimum

6° 25′ (6.42°)

6° 30′ (6.50°)

Nominal

7° 10′ (7.17°)

7° 15′ (7.25°)

Maximum

7° 55′ (7.91°)

8° 00′ (8.00°)

Minimum

0 mm (0 in)

Nominal

In 1 mm (0.04 in)

Maximum

In 2 mm (0.08 in)

Minimum

0° 00′ (0.00°)

Nominal

In 0° 02′ 24″ (0.04°)

Maximum

In 0° 04′ 48″ (0.08°)

Measure value under unladen* conditions. *: Fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and mats are in designated positions.

AWD Item Camber Degree minute (Decimal degree)

Standard Minimum

–0° 50′ (–0.83°)

Nominal

–0° 05′ (–0.08°)

Maximum Left and right difference Caster Degree minute (Decimal degree)

Toe-in

Total toe-in Distance

Toe angle (left wheel or right wheel) Degree minute (Decimal degree)

0° 33′ (0.55°) or less

Minimum

2° 40′ (2.67°)

Nominal

4° 00′ (4.00°)

Maximum

5° 20′ (5.33°)

Left and right difference Kingpin inclination Degree minute (Decimal degree)

0° 40′ (0.66°)

0° 39′ (0.65°) or less

Minimum

6° 20′ (6.34°)

Nominal

7° 05′ (7.08°)

Maximum

7° 50′ (7.83°)

Minimum

0 mm (0 in)

Nominal

In 1 mm (0.04 in)

Maximum

In 2 mm (0.08 in)

Minimum

0° 00′ (0.00°)

Nominal

In 0° 02′ 24″ (0.04°)

Maximum

In 0° 04′ 48″(0.08°)

Measure value under unladen* conditions. *: Fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and mats are in designated positions.


QUICK REFERENCE CHART M37/M56

2011

REAR WHEEL ALIGNMENT

ELS0003Y

Item

Standard

Axle type Camber Degree minute (Decimal degree)

Toe-in

Total toe-in Distance

Toe angle (left wheel or right wheel) Degree minute (Decimal degree)

2WD

AWD

–1° 30′ (–1.50°)

–1° 00′ (–1.00°)

Nominal

–1° 00′ (–1.00°)

–0° 30′ (–0.50°)

Maximum

–0° 30′ (–0.50°)

0° 00′ (0.00°)

Minimum

Minimum

0 mm (0 in)

Nominal

In 2.9 mm (0.114 in)

Maximum

In 5.8 mm (0.228 in)

Minimum

0° 00′ (0.00°)

Nominal

In 0° 07′ (0.12°)

Maximum

In 0° 14′ (0.23°)

Measure value under unladen* conditions. *: Fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and mats are in designated positions.

BRAKE PEDAL Unit : mm (in) Depressed brake pedal height (H1) Brake pedal reserve height (H2) [Depressing 490 N (50 kg, 110 lb) while turning the engine ON]

170.5 - 180.5 (6.71 - 7.11) 110.32 (4.34) or more

FRONT DISK BRAKE 2 Piston Type Unit : mm (in) Brake pad

Wear limit thickness

2.0 (0.079)

Disc rotor

Wear limit thickness

26.0 (1.024)

4 Piston Type Unit : mm (in) Brake pad

Wear limit thickness

2.0 (0.079)

Disc rotor

Wear limit thickness

30.0 (1.181)

REAR DISK BRAKE 1 Piston Type Unit : mm (in) Brake pad

Wear limit thickness

2.0 (0.079)

Disc rotor

Wear limit thickness

14.0 (0.551)

2 Piston Type Unit : mm (in) Brake pad

Wear limit thickness

2.0 (0.079)

Disc rotor

Wear limit thickness

18.0 (0.709)


QUICK REFERENCE CHART M37/M56 2011 REFILL CAPACITIES

ELS00040

UNIT

Liter

US measure

Fuel tank

75.6

20 gal

VQ37VHR

8.4

8-7/8 qt

VK56VD

10.9

11-4/8 qt

With oil filter change

4.9

5-1/8 qt

Without oil filter change

4.6

4-7/8 qt

5.7

6 qt

6.0

6-3/8 qt

2WD

5.7

6 qt

AWD

5.8

6-1/8 qt

Dry engine (Overhaul)

7.2

7-5/8 qt

VQ37VHR

9.2

9-3/4 qt

Engine coolant (With reservoir tank) at MAX level

Drain and refill VQ37VHR

Dry engine (Overhaul) Drain and refill

Engine oil

With oil filter change VK56VD Without oil filter change

Transmission

VK56VD

10

10-5/8 qt 2-1/8 pt

0.65

1-3/8 pt

VQ37VHR

1.4

3 pt

VK56VD

1.15

2-3/8 pt

1.0

1-1/8 qt

0.15

5.07 fl oz

0.55 kg

1.21 lb

Front Rear

Power steering system Air conditioning system

Compressor oil Refrigerant

AWD

1.0

Transfer

Final drive

2WD


GENERAL INFORMATION

SECTION

GI

GENERAL INFORMATION

GI

B

C

D

E

CONTENTS

F

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL ...................... 3

PRECAUTION .............................................. 23

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL ............................ 3

PRECAUTIONS ................................................. 23

Description ................................................................ 3 Terms ........................................................................ 3 Units .......................................................................... 3 Contents .................................................................... 3 Relation between Illustrations and Descriptions ...... 4 Components .............................................................. 4

Description ...............................................................23 Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER" .................................................................23 Precautions For Xenon Headlamp Service .............23 Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation after Battery Disconnect ...................................24 Precaution for Procedure without Cowl Top Cover....24 General Precautions ................................................24 Three Way Catalyst .................................................26 Multiport Fuel Injection System or Engine Control System .....................................................................26 Hoses ......................................................................26 Engine Oils ..............................................................27 Air Conditioning .......................................................28 Fuel ..........................................................................28

G

LIFTING POINT ................................................. 29

L

Commercial Service Tools .......................................29 Garage Jack and Safety Stand and 2-Pole Lift .......29 Board-On Lift ...........................................................30

M

HOW TO FOLLOW TROUBLE DIAGNOSES ..... 6 Description ................................................................ 6 How to Follow Test Groups in Trouble Diagnosis...... 6 Key to Symbols Signifying Measurements or Procedures ..................................................................... 7

HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS ................ 9 Connector Symbols ................................................... 9 Sample/Wiring Diagram -Example- ......................... 10 Connector Information ............................................. 12

ABBREVIATIONS ..............................................14 Abbreviation List ...................................................... 14

TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTS ................................................................15 Description .............................................................. 15 Tightening Torque Table (New Standard Included) ........................................................................... 15

RECOMMENDED CHEMICAL PRODUCTS AND SEALANTS ................................................18 Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants.... 18

Tow Truck Towing ...................................................31 Vehicle Recovery (Freeing a Stuck Vehicle) ...........32

J

K

N

BASIC INSPECTION ................................... 34 SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT .......................................................... 34 Work Flow ................................................................34 Control Units and Electrical Parts ............................34 How to Check Terminal ...........................................35 Intermittent Incident .................................................38 Circuit Inspection .....................................................41

IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION .....................19

Revision: 2010 June

I

TOW TRUCK TOWING ..................................... 31

VEHICLE INFORMATION ............................ 19 Model Variation ....................................................... 19 Information About Identification or Model Code ...... 20 Dimensions ............................................................. 22 Wheels & Tires ........................................................ 22

H

CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM ......... 46

GI-1

Description ...............................................................46 CONSULT-III Function and System Application*1....46

2011 M37/M56

O

P


CONSULT-III/GST Data Link Connector (DLC) Circuit ..................................................................... 48 Wiring Diagram - CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM - ............................................................... 49

INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT ................... 65

Revision: 2010 June

ADDITIONAL SERVICE WHEN REMOVING BATTERY NEGATIVE TERMINAL .................................. 65 ADDITIONAL SERVICE WHEN REMOVING BATTERY NEGATIVE TERMINAL : Required Procedure After Battery Disconnection ................... 65

GI-2

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL

GI

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL Description

INFOID:0000000005987364

This volume explains “Removal, Disassembly, Installation, Inspection and Adjustment” and “Trouble Diagnoses”.

Terms

B

C

INFOID:0000000005987365

• The captions WARNING and CAUTION warn you of steps that must be followed to prevent personal injury and/or damage to some part of the vehicle. WARNING indicates the possibility of personal injury if instructions are not followed. CAUTION indicates the possibility of component damage if instructions are not followed. BOLD TYPED STATEMENTS except WARNING and CAUTION give you helpful information. Standard value: Tolerance at inspection and adjustment. Limit value: The maximum or minimum limit value that should not be exceeded at inspection and adjustment.

Units

D

E

F

INFOID:0000000005987366

• The UNITS given in this manual are primarily expressed as the SI UNIT (International System of Unit), and alternatively expressed in the metric system and in the yard/pound system. Also with regard to tightening torque of bolts and nuts, there are descriptions both about range and about the standard tightening torque.

G

H

“Example” Range I

Outer Socket Lock Nut

: 59 - 78 N·m (6.0 - 8.0 kg-m, 43 - 58 ft-lb) J

Standard Drive Shaft Installation Bolt

: 44.3 N·m (4.5 kg-m, 33 ft-lb) K

Contents

INFOID:0000000005987367

• A QUICK REFERENCE INDEX, a black tab (e.g. ) is provided on the first page. You can quickly find the first page of each section by matching it to the section's black tab. • THE CONTENTS are listed on the first page of each section. • THE TITLE is indicated on the upper portion of each page and shows the part or system. • THE PAGE NUMBER of each section consists of two or three letters which designate the particular section and a number (e.g. “BR-5”). • THE SMALL ILLUSTRATIONS show the important steps such as inspection, use of special tools, knacks of work and hidden or tricky steps which are not shown in the previous large illustrations. Assembly, inspection and adjustment procedures for the complicated units such as the automatic transaxle or transmission, etc. are presented in a step-by-step format where necessary.

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-3

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

Relation between Illustrations and Descriptions

INFOID:0000000005987368

The following sample explains the relationship between the part description in an illustration, the part name in the text and the service procedures.

SAIA0519E

Components

INFOID:0000000005987369

â&#x20AC;˘ THE LARGE ILLUSTRATIONS are exploded views (see the following) and contain tightening torques, lubrication points, section number of the PARTS CATALOG (e.g. SEC. 440) and other information necessary to perform repairs. The illustrations should be used in reference to service matters only. When ordering parts, refer to the appropriate PARTS CATALOG. Components shown in an illustration may be identified by a circled number. When this style of illustration is used, the text description of the components will follow the illustration.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-4

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL > GI

B

C

D

E

SFIA2959E

1.

Union bolt

2.

Copper washer

3.

Brake hose

4.

Cap

5.

Bleed valve

6.

Sliding pin bolt

7.

Piston seal

8.

Piston

9.

Piston boot

10. Cylinder body

11.

Sliding pin

12.

Torque member mounting bolt

13. Washer

14.

Sliding pin boot

15.

Bushing

16. Torque member

17.

Inner shim cover

18.

Inner shim

19. Inner pad

20.

Pad retainer

21.

Pad wear sensor

22. Outer pad

23.

Outer shim

24.

Outer shim cover

1: PBC (Poly Butyl Cuprysil) grease or silicone-based grease

2: Rubber grease

F

G

H

I

: Brake fluid

Refer to GI section for additional symbol definitions.

J

SYMBOLS K

L

M

N

SAIA0749E

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-5

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO FOLLOW TROUBLE DIAGNOSES < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

HOW TO FOLLOW TROUBLE DIAGNOSES Description

INFOID:0000000005987370

NOTICE: Trouble diagnoses indicate work procedures required to diagnose problems effectively. Observe the following instructions before diagnosing. • Before performing trouble diagnoses, read the “Work Flow” in each section. • After repairs, re-check that the problem has been completely eliminated. • Refer to Component Parts and Harness Connector Location for the Systems described in each section for identification/location of components and harness connectors. • When checking circuit continuity, ignition switch should be OFF. • Refer to the Circuit Diagram for quick pinpoint check. If you need to check circuit continuity between harness connectors in more detail, such as when a sub-harness is used, refer to Wiring Diagram in each individual section and Harness Layout in PG section for identification of harness connectors. • Before checking voltage at connectors, check battery voltage. • After accomplishing the Diagnosis Procedures and Electrical Components Inspection, check that all harness connectors are reconnected as they were.

How to Follow Test Groups in Trouble Diagnosis

INFOID:0000000005987371

JPAIA0021GB

1. 2. 3. 4.

Test group number and test group title • Test group number and test group title are shown in the upper portion of each test group. Work and diagnosis procedure • Start to diagnose a problem using procedures indicated in enclosed test groups. Questions and results • Questions and required results are indicated in test group. Action • Next action for each test group is indicated based on result of each question.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-6

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO FOLLOW TROUBLE DIAGNOSES < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

Key to Symbols Signifying Measurements or Procedures

INFOID:0000000005987372

GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H JPAIA0397GB

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-7

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO FOLLOW TROUBLE DIAGNOSES < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

JPAIA0398GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-8

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Connector Symbols

GI INFOID:0000000005994162

Most of connector symbols in wiring diagrams are shown from the terminal side. • Connector symbols shown from the terminal side are enclosed by a single line and followed by the direction mark. • Connector symbols shown from the harness side are enclosed by a double line and followed by the direction mark. • Certain systems and components, especially those related to OBD, may use a new style slide-locking type harness connector. For description and how to disconnect, refer to PG section, “Description”, “HARNESS CONNECTOR”.

B

C

D

E

F

G

H SAIA0257E

I

• Male and female terminals Connector guides for male terminals are shown in black and female terminals in white in wiring diagrams.

J

K

L

M

N

O

SGI363

Revision: 2010 June

GI-9

2011 M37/M56

P


HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

Sample/Wiring Diagram -Example-

INFOID:0000000005994163

Each section includes wiring diagrams.

JCAWA0150GB

Description

Number

Item

Description

1

Power supply

• This means the power supply of fusible link or fuse.

2

Fuse

• “/” means the fuse.

3

Current rating of fusible link/fuse

• This means the current rating of the fusible link or fuse.

4

Number of fusible link/ fuse

• This means the number of fusible link or fuse location.

5

Fusible link

• “X” means the fusible link.

6

Connector number

• Alphabetic characters show to which harness the connector is placed. • Numeric characters show the identification number of connectors.

7

Switch

• This shows that continuity exists between terminals 1 and 2 when the switch is in the A position. Continuity exists between terminals 1 and 3 when the switch is in the B position.

8

Circuit (Wiring)

• This means the wiring.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-10

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL > Number

Item

Description

GI

9

Shielded line

• The line enclosed by broken line circle shows shield wire.

10

Connectors

• This means that a transmission line bypasses two connectors or more.

11

Option abbreviation

• This means the vehicle specifications which layouts the circuit between “

12

Relay

• This shows an internal representation of the relay.

13

Optional splice

• The open circle shows that the splice is optional depending on vehicle application.

14

Splice

• The shaded circle “

15

System branch

• This shows that the circuit is branched to other systems.

16

Page crossing

• This circuit continues to an adjacent page.

17

Component name

• This shows the name of a component.

18

Terminal number

• This means the terminal number of a connector.

19

Ground (GND)

• This shows the ground connection.

20

Explation of option description

• This shows a explanation of the option abbreviation used on the same page.

B

”.

C ” means the splice.

D

E

F

SWITCH POSITIONS Switches are shown in wiring diagrams as if the vehicle is in the “normal” condition. A vehicle is in the “normal” condition when: • ignition switch is “OFF”, • doors, hood and trunk lid/back door are closed, • pedals are not depressed, and • parking brake is released.

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

SGI860

N

MULTIPLE SWITCH The continuity of multiple switch is described in two ways as shown below. • The switch chart is used in schematic diagrams.

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-11

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL > • The switch diagram is used in wiring diagrams.

JSAIA0017GB

Connector Information

INFOID:0000000005994164

JCAWA0152GB

Description

Number

Item

Description

Connector number

• Alphabetic characters show to which harness the connector is placed. • Numeric characters show the identification number of connectors.

2

Connector type

• This means the connector number. Refer to PG-135, "How To Read Harness Layout".

3

Terminal number

• This means the terminal number of a connector.

1

Revision: 2010 June

GI-12

2011 M37/M56


HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL > Number

Item

Description

GI

• This shows a code for the color of the wire.

4

Wire color

BR = Brown OR or O = Orange P = Pink PU or V (Violet) = Purple GY or GR = Gray SB = Sky Blue CH = Dark Brown DG = Dark Green

B = Black W = White R = Red G = Green L = Blue Y = Yellow LG = Light Green BG = Beige

B

C

• When the wire color is striped, the base color is given first, followed by the stripe color as shown below: Example: L/W = Blue with White Stripe 5

Connector

• This means the connector information. • This unit-side is described by the connector symbols.

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-13

2011 M37/M56


ABBREVIATIONS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

ABBREVIATIONS Abbreviation List

INFOID:0000000005987376

The following ABBREVIATIONS are used: ABBREVIATION

DESCRIPTION

A/C

Air Conditioner

A/T

Automatic Transaxle/Transmission

ATF

Automatic Transmission Fluid

D1

Drive range first gear

D2

Drive range second gear

D3

Drive range third gear

D4

Drive range fourth gear

FR, RR

Front, Rear

LH, RH

Left-Hand, Right-Hand

M/T

Manual Transaxle/Transmission

OD

Overdrive

P/S

Power Steering

SAE

Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.

SDS

Service Data and Specifications

SST

Special Service Tools

2WD

2-Wheel Drive

22

2nd range second gear

21

2nd range first gear

12

1st range second gear

11

1st range first gear

Revision: 2010 June

GI-14

2011 M37/M56


TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTS

GI

Description

INFOID:0000000005987377

This vehicle has both new standard based on ISO* and previous standard bolts/nuts. There are some differences between these two types of bolts/ nuts; shape of the head, grade of strength, hexagonal width across flats and the standard tightening torque. • For guidance in discriminating, refer to GI-15, "Tightening Torque Table (New Standard Included)". • The new standard machine screws and tapping screws have a head of ISO standard torx recess. • If the tightening torque is not described in the description or figure, refer to GI-15, "Tightening Torque Table (New Standard Included)". *ISO: International Organization for Standardization

Tightening Torque Table (New Standard Included)

PREVIOUS STANDARD

4T

7T

9T

E

F

Tightening torque (Without lubricant)

Hexagonal width across flats mm

Pitch mm

M6

6.0

10

M8

8.0

12

Hexagon head bolt

Hexagon flange bolt

H

N·m

kg-m

ft-lb

in-lb

N·m

kg-m

ft-lb

in-lb

1.0

5.5

0.56

4

49

7

0.71

5

62

1.25

13.5

1.4

10

17

1.7

13

1.0

13.5

1.4

10

17

1.7

13

1.5

28

2.9

21

35

3.6

26

1.25

28

2.9

21

35

3.6

26

1.75

45

4.6

33

55

5.6

41

1.25

45

4.6

33

65

6.6

48

M10

10.0

14

M12

12.0

17

M14

14.0

19

1.5

80

8.2

59

100

10

74

M6

6.0

10

1.0

9

0.92

7

80

11

1.1

8

97

1.25

22

2.2

16

28

2.9

21

1.0

22

2.2

16

28

2.9

21

1.5

45

4.6

33

55

5.6

41

1.25

45

4.6

33

55

5.6

41

1.75

80

8.2

59

100

10

74

1.25

80

8.2

59

100

10

74

M8

8.0

12

M10

10.0

14

M12

12.0

17

M14

14.0

19

1.5

130

13

96

170

17

125

M6

6.0

10

1.0

11

1.1

8

13.5

1.4

10

1.25

28

2.9

21

35

3.6

26

1.0

28

2.9

21

35

3.6

26

1.5

55

5.6

41

80

8.2

59

1.25

55

5.6

41

80

8.2

59

1.75

100

10

74

130

13

96

1.25

100

10

74

130

13

96

1.5

170

17

125

210

21

155

M8

8.0

12

M10

10.0

14

M12

12.0

17

M14

14.0

19

CAUTION: Revision: 2010 June

D

G

Bolt diameter mm

Bolt size

C

INFOID:0000000005987378

CAUTION: • The special parts are excluded. • The bolts/nuts in these tables have a strength (discrimination) number/symbol assigned to the head or the like. As to the relation between the strength grade in these tables and the strength (discrimination) number/symbol, refer to “DISCRIMINATION OF BOLTS AND NUTS”.

Grade (Strength grade)

B

GI-15

2011 M37/M56

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P


TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL > The parts with aluminum or the cast iron washer surface/thread surface are excluded.

NEW STANDARD BASED ON ISO Grade (Strength grade)

4.8 (Without lubricant)

4.8 (With lubricant)

8.8 (With lubricant)

10.9 (With lubricant)

Tightening torque

Bolt diameter mm

Hexagonal width across flats mm

Pitch mm

M6

6.0

10

M8

8.0

13

M10

10.0

16

Bolt size

Hexagon head bolt

Hexagon flange bolt

N·m

kg-m

ft-lb

in-lb

N·m

kg-m

ft-lb

in-lb

1.0

5.5

0.56

4

49

7

0.71

5

62

1.25

13.5

1.4

10

17

1.7

13

1.0

13.5

1.4

10

17

1.7

13

1.5

28

2.9

21

35

3.6

26

1.25

28

2.9

21

35

3.6

26

1.75

45

4.6

33

55

5.6

41

1.25

45

4.6

33

65

6.6

48

M12

12.0

18

M14

14.0

21

1.5

80

8.2

59

100

10

74

M6

6.0

10

1.0

4

0.41

3

35

5.5

0.56

4

49

M8

8.0

13

1.25

11

1.1

8

13.5

1.4

10

1.0

11

1.1

8

13.5

1.4

10

M10

10.0

16

1.5

22

2.2

16

28

2.9

21

1.25

22

2.2

16

28

2.9

21

1.75

35

3.6

26

45

4.6

33

1.25

35

3.6

26

45

4.6

33

M12

12.0

18

M14

14.0

21

1.5

65

6.6

48

80

8.2

59

M6

6.0

10

1.0

8

0.82

6

71

10

1.0

7

89

M8

8.0

13

1.25

21

2.1

15

25

2.6

18

1.0

21

2.1

15

25

2.6

18

M10

10.0

16

M12

12.0

18

M14

14.0

M6

1.5

40

4.1

30

50

5.1

37

1.25

40

4.1

30

50

5.1

37

1.75

70

7.1

52

85

8.7

63

1.25

70

7.1

52

85

8.7

63

21

1.5

120

12

89

140

14

103

6.0

10

1.0

10

1.0

7

89

12

1.2

9

106

M8

8.0

13

1.25

27

2.8

20

32

3.3

24

1.0

27

2.8

20

32

3.3

24

M10

10.0

16

M12

12.0

18

M14

14.0

21

1.5

55

5.6

41

65

6.6

48

1.25

55

5.6

41

65

6.6

48

1.75

95

9.7

70

110

11

81

1.25

95

9.7

70

110

11

81

1.5

160

16

118

180

18

133

CAUTION: 1. Use tightening torque with lubricant for the new standard bolts/nuts in principle. Friction coefficient stabilizer is applied to the new standard bolts/nuts. 2. However, use tightening torque without lubricant for the following cases. Friction coefficient stabilizer is not applied to the following bolts/nuts. Grade 4.8, M6 size bolt, Conical spring washer installed Paint removing nut (Size M6 and M8) for fixing with weld bolt

Revision: 2010 June

GI-16

2011 M37/M56


TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL > DISCRIMINATION OF BOLTS AND NUTS GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N SAIA0453E

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-17

2011 M37/M56


RECOMMENDED CHEMICAL PRODUCTS AND SEALANTS < HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL >

RECOMMENDED CHEMICAL PRODUCTS AND SEALANTS Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants

INFOID:0000000005987379

Refer to the following chart for help in selecting the appropriate chemical product or sealant.

1

2

3

6

Aftermarket Crossreference Part Nos.

Rear View Mirror Adhesive

Used to permanently remount rear view mirrors to windows.

999MP-AM000P

99998-50505

Permatex 81844

Anaerobic Liquid Gasket

For metal-to-metal flange sealing. Can fill a 0.38 mm (0.015 inch) gap and provide instant sealing for most powertrain applications.

999MP-AM001P

99998-50503

Permatex 51813 and 51817

High Performance Thread Sealant

Provides instant sealing on any threaded straight or parallel threaded fitting. (Thread sealant only, no locking ability.) • Do not use on plastic.

999MP-AM002P

999MP-AM002P

Permatex 56521

99998-50506 (Ultra Grey)

Permatex Ultra Grey 82194; Three Bond 1207,1215, 1216, 1217F, 1217G and 1217H Nissan RTV Part No. 999MP-A7007

999MP-AM003P (Ultra Grey)

Silicone RTV Gasket Maker for Maxima/ Quest 5-speed automatic transmission (RE5F22A)

5

Nissan Canada Part No. (Canada)

Purpose

Gasket Maker 4

Nissan North America Part No. (USA)

Product Description

High Temperature, High Strength Thread Locking Sealant (Red)

Medium Strength Thread Locking Sealant (Blue)

Revision: 2010 June

Threadlocker

Threadlocker (service tool removable)

999MP-AM004P

999MP-AM005P

GI-18

Three Bond 1281B or exact equivalent in its quality

999MP-AM004P

Permatex 27200; Three Bond 1360, 1360N, 1305 N&P, 1307N, 1335, 1335B, 1363B, 1377C, 1386B, D&E and 1388 Loctite 648

999MP-AM005P

Permatex 24200, 24206, 24240, 24283 and 09178; Three Bond 1322, 1322N, 1324 D&N, 1333D, 1361C, 1364D, 1370C and 1374

2011 M37/M56


IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION < VEHICLE INFORMATION >

VEHICLE INFORMATION

GI

IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION Model Variation Destination

Body

INFOID:0000000005987380

Engine

Transmission

Axle

Grade

Model

Premium / Premium (Touring package)

BPKALSL-EUA

Technology (Touring package)

BPKALUL-EUA

Sport Premium (Touring package)

BPKBLTL-EUA

Sport Technology (Touring package)

BPKBLVL-EUA

Premium / Premium (Touring package)

BPKNLSL-EUA

Technology (Touring package)

BPKNLUL-EUA

BASE

BLSALPL-EUA

Premium / Premium (Touring package)

BLSALSL-EUA

Technology (Touring package)

BLSALUL-EUA

Sport Premium (Touring package)

BLSBLTL-EUA

Sport Technology (Touring package)

BLSBLVL-EUA

BASE

BLSNLPL-EUA

Premium / Premium (Touring package)

BLSNLSL-EUA

Technology (Touring package)

BLSNLUL-EUA

2WD

Premium

BPKALSL-ENA

2WD (4WAS)

Sport Technology (Touring package)

BPKBLVL-ENA

Premium

BPKNLSL-ENA

Technology (Touring package)

BPKNLUL-ENA

2WD

BASE

BLSALPL-ENA

2WD (4WAS)

Sport Technology (Touring package)

BLSBLVL-ENA

BASE

BLSNLPL-ENA

Premium

BLSNLSL-ENA

Technology (Touring package)

BLSNLUL-ENA

2WD

2WD (4WAS)

VK56VD

AWD (4WD)

USA 2WD

VQ37VHR Sedan

7A/T

2WD (4WAS)

AWD (4WD)

VK56VD

AWD (4WD) Canada

VQ37VHR AWD (4WD)

Revision: 2010 June

GI-19

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

2011 M37/M56

L

M

N

O

P


IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION < VEHICLE INFORMATION > Model variation code (Prefix and suffix designations)

JPAIA0748GB

Information About Identification or Model Code

INFOID:0000000005987381

IDENTIFICATION NUMBER

JPAIA0750ZZ

1.

Vehicle identification plate

2. Emission control information label

3.

Vehicle identification number (Chassis number)

4.

Vehicle identification number plate

5. Air conditioner specification label

6.

Tire and loading information label

7.

FMVSS certification label

Revision: 2010 June

GI-20

2011 M37/M56


IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION < VEHICLE INFORMATION > VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER ARRANGEMENT GI

B

C

D

E

F

JPAIA0808GB

IDENTIFICATION PLATE G

H

I JPAIA0672ZZ

J 1.

Type

2.

Vehicle identification number (Chassis number) 3.

Model variation code

4.

Body color code

5.

Trim color code

6.

Engine model

7.

Engine displacement

8.

Transmission model

9.

Axle model

K

10. Manufacturing plant

ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER

L

VQ37VHR : Vehicle front

M

N

O JPAIA0005ZZ

P VK56VD

Revision: 2010 June

GI-21

2011 M37/M56


IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION < VEHICLE INFORMATION > : Vehicle front

JPAIA0735GB

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION NUMBER : Vehicle front

JPAIA0334ZZ

Dimensions

INFOID:0000000005987382

Unit: mm (in)

Overall length (with front license plate)

194.7 (4,945)

Overall length (without front license plate)

194.5 (4,940)

Overall width

72.6 (1,845)

Overall height

59.1 (1,500) *1, *2 59.6 (1,515) *3

Front tread

62.0 (1,575)

Rear tread

61.8 (1,570) *1, *2 61.6 (1,565) *3

Wheelbase

114.2 (2,900)

*1: 2WD/18-in tire models *2: 2WD/20-in tire models *3: AWD(4WD) models

Wheels & Tires

INFOID:0000000005987383

Application Road wheel/offset

Tire saze

Revision: 2010 June

Conventional mm (in)

Spare

18 × 8J Aluminum/43 (1.69) 20 × 20J Aluminum/43 (1.69)

17 × 4T Aluminum/30 (1.18) 18 × 4T Aluminum/0 (0)

P245/50R18 99V 245/40R20 95W

T165/80R17 T165/80D17 T155/80R18

GI-22

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION >

PRECAUTION

GI

PRECAUTIONS Description

INFOID:0000000005987384

Observe the following precautions to ensure safe and proper servicing. These precautions are not described in each individual section.

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER"

B

C

INFOID:0000000005994183

The Supplemental Restraint System such as “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER”, used along with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. This system includes seat belt switch inputs and dual stage front air bag modules. The SRS system uses the seat belt switches to determine the front air bag deployment, and may only deploy one front air bag, depending on the severity of a collision and whether the front occupants are belted or unbelted. Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the “SRS AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT” of this Service Manual. WARNING: • To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision that would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer. • Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see the “SRS AIR BAG”. • Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Service Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or harness connectors.

D

E

F

G

H

I

PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING POWER TOOLS (AIR OR ELECTRIC) AND HAMMERS WARNING: • When working near the Air Bag Diagnosis Sensor Unit or other Air Bag System sensors with the ignition ON or engine running, DO NOT use air or electric power tools or strike near the sensor(s) with a hammer. Heavy vibration could activate the sensor(s) and deploy the air bag(s), possibly causing serious injury. • When using air or electric power tools or hammers, always switch the ignition OFF, disconnect the battery, and wait at least 3 minutes before performing any service.

Precautions For Xenon Headlamp Service

INFOID:0000000005994184

WARNING: Comply with the following warnings to prevent any serious accident. • Disconnect the battery cable (negative terminal) or the power supply fuse before installing, removing, or touching the xenon headlamp (bulb included). The xenon headlamp contains high-voltage generated parts. • Never work with wet hands. • Check the xenon headlamp ON-OFF status after assembling it to the vehicle. Never turn the xenon headlamp ON in other conditions. Connect the power supply to the vehicle-side connector. (Turning it ON outside the lamp case may cause fire or visual impairments.) • Never touch the bulb glass immediately after turning it OFF. It is extremely hot. CAUTION: Comply with the following cautions to prevent any error and malfunction. • Install the xenon bulb securely. (Insufficient bulb socket installation may melt the bulb, the connector, the housing, etc. by high-voltage leakage or corona discharge.) • Never perform HID circuit inspection with a tester. • Never touch the xenon bulb glass with hands. Never put oil and grease on it. • Dispose of the used xenon bulb after packing it in thick vinyl without breaking it. • Never wipe out dirt and contamination with organic solvent (thinner, gasoline, etc.).

Revision: 2010 June

GI-23

2011 M37/M56

J

K

L

M

N

O

P


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION >

Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation after Battery Disconnect INFOID:0000000005994187

NOTE: • Before removing and installing any control units, first turn the push-button ignition switch to the LOCK position, then disconnect both battery cables. • After finishing work, confirm that all control unit connectors are connected properly, then re-connect both battery cables. • Always use CONSULT-III to perform self-diagnosis as a part of each function inspection after finishing work. If a DTC is detected, perform trouble diagnosis according to self-diagnosis results. For vehicle with steering lock unit, if the battery is disconnected or discharged, the steering wheel will lock and cannot be turned. If turning the steering wheel is required with the battery disconnected or discharged, follow the operation procedure below before starting the repair operation.

OPERATION PROCEDURE 1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

Connect both battery cables. NOTE: Supply power using jumper cables if battery is discharged. Turn the push-button ignition switch to ACC position. (At this time, the steering lock will be released.) Disconnect both battery cables. The steering lock will remain released with both battery cables disconnected and the steering wheel can be turned. Perform the necessary repair operation. When the repair work is completed, re-connect both battery cables. With the brake pedal released, turn the push-button ignition switch from ACC position to ON position, then to LOCK position. (The steering wheel will lock when the push-button ignition switch is turned to LOCK position.) Perform self-diagnosis check of all control units using CONSULT-III.

Precaution for Procedure without Cowl Top Cover

INFOID:0000000005994224

When performing the procedure after removing cowl top cover, cover the lower end of windshield with urethane, etc.

PIIB3706J

General Precautions

INFOID:0000000005987389

• Do not operate the engine for an extended period of time without proper exhaust ventilation. Keep the work area well ventilated and free of any inflammable materials. Special care should be taken when handling any inflammable or poisonous materials, such as gasoline, refrigerant gas, etc. When working in a pit or other enclosed area, be sure to properly ventilate the area before working with hazardous materials. Do not smoke while working on the vehicle.

SGI285

Revision: 2010 June

GI-24

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION > • Before jacking up the vehicle, apply wheel chocks or other tire blocks to the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving. After jacking up the vehicle, support the vehicle weight with safety stands at the points designated for proper lifting before working on the vehicle. These operations should be done on a level surface. • When removing a heavy component such as the engine or transaxle/transmission, be careful not to lose your balance and drop them. Also, do not allow them to strike adjacent parts, especially the brake tubes and master cylinder.

GI

B

C SGI231

D

• Before starting repairs which do not require battery power: Turn off ignition switch. Disconnect the negative battery terminal. • If the battery terminals are disconnected, recorded memory of radio and each control unit is erased.

E

F

G SEF289H

• To prevent serious burns: Avoid contact with hot metal parts. Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot. • Dispose of drained oil or the solvent used for cleaning parts in an appropriate manner. • Do not attempt to top off the fuel tank after the fuel pump nozzle shuts off automatically. Continued refueling may cause fuel overflow, resulting in fuel spray and possibly a fire. • Clean all disassembled parts in the designated liquid or solvent prior to inspection or assembly. • Replace oil seals, gaskets, packings, O-rings, locking washers, cotter pins, self-locking nuts, etc. with new ones. • Replace inner and outer races of tapered roller bearings and needle bearings as a set. • Arrange the disassembled parts in accordance with their assembled locations and sequence. • Do not touch the terminals of electrical components which use microcomputers (such as ECM). Static electricity may damage internal electronic components. • After disconnecting vacuum or air hoses, attach a tag to indicate the proper connection. • Use only the fluids and lubricants specified in this manual. • Use approved bonding agent, sealants or their equivalents when required. • Use hand tools, power tools (disassembly only) and recommended special tools where specified for safe and efficient service repairs. • When repairing the fuel, oil, water, vacuum or exhaust systems, check all affected lines for leakage.

H

I

J

K SGI233

L

M

N

O

P

JPAIA0335ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

GI-25

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION > • Before servicing the vehicle: Protect fenders, upholstery and carpeting with appropriate covers. Take caution that keys, buckles or buttons do not scratch paint.

SGI234

WARNING: To prevent ECM from storing the diagnostic trouble codes, never carelessly disconnect the harness connectors which are related to the engine control system and TCM (transmission control module) system. The connectors should be disconnected only when working according to the WORK FLOW of TROUBLE DIAGNOSES in EC and TM sections.

Three Way Catalyst

INFOID:0000000005987390

If a large amount of unburned fuel flows into the catalyst, the catalyst temperature will be excessively high. To prevent this, follow the instructions. • Use unleaded gasoline only. Leaded gasoline will seriously damage the three way catalyst. • When checking for ignition spark or measuring engine compression, make tests quickly and only when necessary. • Do not run engine when the fuel tank level is low, otherwise the engine may misfire, causing damage to the catalyst. Do not place the vehicle on flammable material. Keep flammable material off the exhaust pipe and the three way catalyst.

Multiport Fuel Injection System or Engine Control System

INFOID:0000000005987391

• Before connecting or disconnecting any harness connector for the multiport fuel injection system or ECM: Turn ignition switch to “OFF” position. Disconnect negative battery terminal. Otherwise, there may be damage to ECM. • Before disconnecting pressurized fuel line from fuel pump to injectors, be sure to release fuel pressure. • Be careful not to jar components such as ECM and mass air flow sensor. SGI787

Hoses

INFOID:0000000005987392

HOSE REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION • To prevent damage to rubber hose, do not pry off rubber hose with tapered tool or screwdriver.

SMA019D

Revision: 2010 June

GI-26

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION > • To reinstall the rubber hose securely, check that hose insertion length and orientation is correct. (If tube is equipped with hose stopper, insert rubber hose into tube until it butts up against hose stopper.)

GI

B

C SMA020D

D

HOSE CLAMPING • If old rubber hose is re-used, install hose clamp in its original position (at the indentation where the old clamp was). If there is a trace of tube bulging left on the old rubber hose, align rubber hose at that position. • Discard old clamps; replace with new ones.

E

F

G SMA021D

H

• After installing plate clamps, apply force to them in the direction of the arrow, tightening rubber hose equally all around.

I

J

K SMA022D

Engine Oils

INFOID:0000000005987393

L

Prolonged and repeated contact with used engine oil may cause skin cancer. Try to avoid direct skin contact with used oil. If skin contact is made, wash thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner as soon as possible.

M

HEALTH PROTECTION PRECAUTIONS • • • • • • • • • • • •

Avoid prolonged and repeated contact with oils, particularly used engine oils. Wear protective clothing, including impervious gloves where practicable. Do not put oily rags in pockets. Avoid contaminating clothes, particularly underpants, with oil. Heavily soiled clothing and oil-impregnated footwear should not be worn. Overalls must be cleaned regularly. First aid treatment should be obtained immediately for open cuts and wounds. Use barrier creams, applying them before each work period, to help the removal of oil from the skin. Wash with soap and water to ensure all oil is removed (skin cleansers and nail brushes will help). Preparations containing lanolin replace the natural skin oils which have been removed. Do not use gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, gas oil, thinners or solvents for cleaning skin. If skin disorders develop, obtain medical advice without delay. Where practical, degrease components prior to handling. Where there is a risk of eye contact, eye protection should be worn, for example, chemical goggles or face shields; in addition an eye wash facility should be provided.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PRECAUTIONS Revision: 2010 June

GI-27

2011 M37/M56

N

O

P


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION > Dispose of used oil and used oil filters through authorized waste disposal contractors to licensed waste disposal sites, or to the waste oil reclamation trade. If in doubt, contact the local authority for advice on disposal facilities. It is illegal to pour used oil on to the ground, down sewers or drains, or into water sources. The regulations concerning pollution vary between regions.

Air Conditioning

INFOID:0000000005987394

Use an approved refrigerant recovery unit any time the air conditioning system must be discharged. Refer to HA section “REFRIGERANT” for specific instructions.

Fuel

INFOID:0000000005987395

Use unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating of at least 91 AKI(Anti-Knock index) number (Research octane number 96). If premium gasoline is not available, unleaded regular gasoline with an octane rating of 87 AKI number (Reseach octane number 91) may be temporarily used, but only under the following precautions: • Have the fuel tank filled only partially with unleaded regular gasoline, and fill up with unleaded premium gasoline as soon as possible. • Avoid full throttle driving and abrupt acceleration. However, for maximum vehicle performance, the use of unleaded premium gasoline is recommended. CAUTION: • Using a fuel other than that specified could adversely affect the emission control system, and may also affect warranty coverage. • Under no cicumstances should a leaded gasoline be used , because this will damage the three-way catalyst. • Do not use E-85 fuel in the vehicle. The vehicle is not designed to run on E-85 fuel. Using E-85 fuel can damage the fuel system components and is not covered by the INFINITI vehicle limited warranty.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-28

2011 M37/M56


LIFTING POINT < PRECAUTION >

LIFTING POINT

GI

Commercial Service Tools

INFOID:0000000005987396

B Tool name

Description

C Board on attachment

D S-NT001

E

F

Safety stand attachment

G

S-NT002

CAUTION: • Every time the vehicle is lifted up, maintain the complete vehicle curb condition. • Since the vehicle's center of gravity changes when removing main parts on the front side (engine, transmission, suspension etc.), support a jack up point on the rear side garage jack with a mission jack or equivalent. • Since the vehicle's center of gravity changes when removing main parts on the rear side (rear axle, suspension, etc.), support a jack up point on the front side garage jack with a mission jack or equivalent. • Be careful not to smash or never do anything that would affect piping parts.

Garage Jack and Safety Stand and 2-Pole Lift

H

I

J INFOID:0000000005987397

WARNING: • Park the vehicle on a level surface when using the jack. Check to avoid damaging pipes, tubes, etc. under the vehicle. • Never get under the vehicle while it is supported only by the jack. Always use safety stands when you have to get under the vehicle. • Place wheel chocks at both front and back of the wheels on the ground. • When lifting the vehicle, open the lift arms as wide as possible and ensure that the front and rear of the vehicle are well balanced. • When setting the lift arm, never allow the arm to contact the brake tubes, brake cable, fuel lines and sill spoiler.

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-29

2011 M37/M56


LIFTING POINT < PRECAUTION >

JMAIA0001ZZ

1.

Safety stand point and lift up point (front) 2.

4.

Garage jack point (rear)

Safety stand point and lift up point (rear)

3.

Garage jack point (front)

CAUTION: There is canister just behind Garage jack point rear. Jack up carefully.

Board-On Lift

INFOID:0000000005987398

CAUTION: Check that vehicle is empty when lifting. • The board-on lift attachment (A) set at front end of vehicle should be set on the front of the sill under the front door opening. • Position attachments at front and rear ends of board-on lift. : Vehicle front

JMAIA0004ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

GI-30

2011 M37/M56


TOW TRUCK TOWING < PRECAUTION >

TOW TRUCK TOWING

GI

Tow Truck Towing

INFOID:0000000005987399

CAUTION: • All applicable state or Provincial (in Canada) laws and local laws regarding the towing operation must be obeyed. • It is necessary to use proper towing equipment to avoid possible damage to the vehicle during towing operation. Towing is in accordance with Towing Procedure Manual at dealer. • Always attach safety chains before towing. • When towing, check that the transmission, steering system and powertrain are in good order. If any unit is damaged, dollies must be used. • Never tow an automatic transmission model from the rear (that is backward) with four wheels on the ground. This may cause serious and expensive damage to the transmission.

2WD MODELS

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J PIIB6402E

INFINITI recommends that vehicle be towed with the driving (rear) wheels off the ground or that a dolly be used as illustrated. CAUTION: • Never tow automatic transmission models with the rear wheels on the ground or four wheels on the ground (forward or backward), as this may cause serious and expensive damage to the transmission. If it is necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels raised, always use towing dollies under the rear wheels. • When towing rear wheel drive models with the front wheels on the ground or on towing dollies: - Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position, and secure the steering wheel in a straight ahead position with a rope or similar device.Never secure the steering wheel by turning the ignition switch to the LOCK position. This may damage the steering lock mechanism. - Move the selector lever to the N (Neutral) position. • When the battery of vehicle equipped with the Intelligent Key system is discharged, your vehicle should be towed with the front wheels on towing dollies or place the vehicle on a flat bed truck. If the speed or distance must necessarily be greater, remove the propeller shaft before towing to prevent damage to the transmission.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-31

2011 M37/M56

K

L

M

N

O

P


TOW TRUCK TOWING < PRECAUTION > AWD MODELS

PIIB6403E

INFINITI recommends that a dolly be used as illustrated when towing AWD models. CAUTION: Never tow AWD models with any of the wheels on the ground as this may cause serious and expensive damage to the powertrain.

Vehicle Recovery (Freeing a Stuck Vehicle)

INFOID:0000000005987400

FRONT Securely install the vehicle recovery hook stored with jacking tools. Check that the hook is properly secured in the stored place after use. WARNING: • Stand clear of a stuck vehicle. • Never spin your tires at high speed. This could cause them to explode and result in serious injury. Parts of your vehicle could also overheat and be damaged. CAUTION: • Tow chains or cables must be attached only to the vehicle recovery hooks or main structural members of the vehicle. Otherwise, the vehicle body will be damaged. JMAIA0237ZZ • Never use the vehicle tie downs to free a vehicle stuck in sand, snow, mud, etc. Never tow the vehicle using the vehicle tie downs or recovery hooks. • Always pull the cable straight out from the front of the vehicle. Never pull on the hook at an angle. • Pulling devices should be routed so they never touch any part of the suspension, steering, brake or cooling systems. • Pulling devices such as ropes or canvas straps are not recommended for use in vehicle towing or recovery.

REAR WARNING: • Rear hook is not available.

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION To tow a vehicle equipped with an automatic transmission, an appropriate vehicle dolly MUST be placed under the towed vehicle's drive wheels. Always follow the dolly manufacture's recommendations when using their product. If the vehicle is stuck in sand, snow, mud, etc., use the following procedure: 1. Turn off the Vehicle Dynamic Control System. 2. Check the area in front and behind the vehicle is clear of obstructions. Revision: 2010 June

GI-32

2011 M37/M56


TOW TRUCK TOWING < PRECAUTION > 3. Turn the steering wheel right and left to clear an area around the front tires. GI 4. Slowly rock the vehicle forward and backward. Shift back and forth between R (reverse) and D (drive). Apply the accelerator as little as possible to maintain the rocking motion. Release the accelerator pedal before shifting between R and D. B Do not spin the tires above 35 mph (55 km/h). 5. If the vehicle can not be freed after a few tries, contact a professional towing service to remove the vehicle.

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-33

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION >

BASIC INSPECTION SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Work Flow

INFOID:0000000005987401

WORK FLOW

SGI838

STEP

DESCRIPTION Get detailed information about the conditions and the environment when the incident occurred. The following are key pieces of information required to make a good analysis:

STEP 1

WHAT

Vehicle Model, Engine, Transmission/Transaxle and the System (i.e. Radio).

WHEN

Date, Time of Day, Weather Conditions, Frequency.

WHERE

Road Conditions, Altitude and Traffic Situation.

HOW

System Symptoms, Operating Conditions (Other Components Interaction). Service History and if any After Market Accessories have been installed.

STEP 2

Operate the system, road test if necessary. Verify the parameter of the incident. If the problem cannot be duplicated, refer to “Incident Simulation Tests”.

STEP 3

Get the proper diagnosis materials together including: • Power Supply Routing • System Operation Descriptions • Applicable Service Manual Sections • Check for any Service Bulletins Identify where to begin diagnosis based upon your knowledge of the system operation and the customer comments.

STEP 4

Inspect the system for mechanical binding, loose connectors or wiring damage. Determine which circuits and components are involved and diagnose using the Power Supply Routing and Harness Layouts.

STEP 5

Repair or replace the incident circuit or component.

STEP 6

Operate the system in all modes. Verify the system works properly under all conditions. check you have not inadvertently created a new incident during your diagnosis or repair steps.

Control Units and Electrical Parts

INFOID:0000000005987402

PRECAUTIONS • • • •

Never reverse polarity of battery terminals. Install only parts specified for a vehicle. Before replacing the control unit, check the input and output and functions of the component parts. Do not apply excessive force when disconnecting a connector.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-34

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > • Do not apply excessive shock to the control unit by dropping or hitting it. • Be careful to prevent condensation in the control unit due to rapid temperature changes and do not let water or rain get on it. If water is found in the control unit, dry it fully and then install it in the vehicle. • Be careful not to let oil to get on the control unit connector. • Avoid cleaning the control unit with volatile oil. • Do not disassemble the control unit, and do not remove the upper and lower covers.

GI

B

C SAIA0255E

D

• When using a DMM, be careful not to let test probes get close to each other to prevent the power transistor in the control unit from damaging battery voltage because of short circuiting. • When checking input and output signals of the control unit, use the specified check adapter.

E

F

G

H

I

J

SEF348N

How to Check Terminal

K

INFOID:0000000005987403

L

CONNECTOR AND TERMINAL PIN KIT • Use the connector and terminal pin kits listed below when replacing connectors or terminals. • The connector and terminal pin kits contain some of the most commonly used NISSAN/INFINITI connectors and terminals. For detailed connector and terminal pin replacement procedures, refer to the latest NISSAN/ INFINITI CONNECTOR AND TERMINAL PIN SERVICE MANUAL.

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-35

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > Tool number (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name (J38751-95NI) Connector and terminal pin kit (NISSAN) (J38751-95INF) Connector and terminal pin kit (INFINITI) (J42992-98KIT) OBD and terminal repair kit (J42992-2000UPD) OBD-II Connector Kit Update

Description

WAIA0004E

WAIA0005E

HOW TO PROBE CONNECTORS • Connector damage and an intermittent connection can result from improperly probing of the connector during circuit checks. • The probe of a digital multimeter (DMM) may not correctly fit the connector cavity. To correctly probe the connector, follow the procedures below using a “T” pin. For the best contact grasp the “T” pin using an alligator clip. Probing from Harness Side Standard type (not waterproof type) connector should be probed from harness side with “T” pin. • If the connector has a rear cover such as a ECM connector, remove the rear cover before probing the terminal. • Do not probe waterproof connector from harness side. Damage to the seal between wire and connector may result.

SGI841

Probing from Terminal Side FEMALE TERMINAL

• There is a small notch above each female terminal. Probe each terminal with the “T” pin through the notch. Do not insert any object other than the same type male terminal into female terminal.

SEL265V

Revision: 2010 June

GI-36

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > • Some connectors do not have a notch above each terminal. To probe each terminal, remove the connector retainer to make contact space for probing.

GI

B

C SEL266V

D MALE TERMINAL

• Carefully probe the contact surface of each terminal using a “T” pin. CAUTION: Never bend terminal.

E

F

G SEL267V

How to Check Enlarged Contact Spring of Terminal • An enlarged contact spring of a terminal may create intermittent signals in the circuit. • If the intermittent open circuit occurs, follow the procedure below to inspect for open wires and enlarged contact spring of female terminal. 1. Assemble a male terminal and approx. 10 cm (3.9 in) of wire. NOTE: Use a male terminal which matches the female terminal. 2. Disconnect the suspected faulty connector and hold it terminal side up.

H

I

J

K

L SEL270V

3.

While holding the wire of the male terminal, try to insert the male terminal into the female terminal. CAUTION: Never force the male terminal into the female terminal with your hands.

M

N

O

SEL271V

Revision: 2010 June

GI-37

2011 M37/M56

P


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > 4. While moving the connector, check whether the male terminal can be easily inserted or not.

SEL272V

• If the male terminal can be easily inserted into the female terminal, replace the female terminal.

SEL273V

Waterproof Connector Inspection If water enters the connector, it can short interior circuits. This may lead to intermittent problems. Check the following items to maintain the original waterproof characteristics. RUBBER SEAL INSPECTION

• Most waterproof connectors are provided with a rubber seal between the male and female connectors. If the seal is missing, the waterproof performance may not meet specifications. • The rubber seal may come off when connectors are disconnected. Whenever connectors are reconnected, check the rubber seal is properly installed on either side of male or female connector. WIRE SEAL INSPECTION

• The wire seal must be installed on the wire insertion area of a waterproof connector. Be sure that the seal is installed properly. SEL275V

Terminal Lock Inspection Check for unlocked terminals by pulling wire at the end of connector. An unlocked terminal may create intermittent signals in the circuit.

SEL330V

Intermittent Incident

INFOID:0000000005987404

DESCRIPTION Sometimes the symptom is not present when the vehicle is brought in for service. If possible, re-create the conditions present at the time of the incident. Doing so may help avoid a No Trouble Found Diagnosis. The fol-

Revision: 2010 June

GI-38

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > lowing section illustrates ways to simulate the conditions/environment under which the owner experiences an electrical incident. GI The section is broken into the six following topics:

• Vehicle vibration • Heat sensitive • Freezing • Water intrusion • Electrical load • Cold or hot start up Get a thorough description of the incident from the customer. It is important for simulating the conditions of the problem.

VEHICLE VIBRATION The problem may occur or become worse while driving on a rough road or when engine is vibrating (idle with A/C on). In such a case, you will want to check for a vibration related condition. Refer to the following illustration. Connector & Harness Determine which connectors and wiring harness would affect the electrical system you are inspecting. Gently shake each connector and harness while monitoring the system for the incident you are trying to duplicate. This test may indicate a loose or poor electrical connection. Hint Connectors can be exposed to moisture. It is possible to get a thin film of corrosion on the connector terminals. A visual inspection may not reveal this without disconnecting the connector. If the problem occurs intermittently, perhaps the problem is caused by corrosion. It is a good idea to disconnect, inspect and clean the terminals on related connectors in the system. Sensor & Relay Gently apply a slight vibration to sensors and relays in the system you are inspecting. This test may indicate a loose or poorly mounted sensor or relay.

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L SGI839

Engine Compartment There are several reasons a vehicle or engine vibration could cause an electrical complaint. Some of the things to check for are: • Connectors not fully seated. • Wiring harness not long enough and is being stressed due to engine vibrations or rocking. • Wires laying across brackets or moving components. • Loose, dirty or corroded ground wires. • Wires routed too close to hot components. To inspect components under the hood, start by verifying the integrity of ground connections. (Refer to Ground Inspection described later.) First check that the system is properly grounded. Then check for loose connection by gently shaking the wiring or components as previously explained. Using the wiring diagrams inspect the wiring for continuity. Behind the Instrument Panel An improperly routed or improperly clamped harness can become pinched during accessory installation. Vehicle vibration can aggravate a harness which is routed along a bracket or near a screw. Under Seating Areas

Revision: 2010 June

GI-39

2011 M37/M56

M

N

O

P


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > An unclamped or loose harness can cause wiring to be pinched by seat components (such as slide guides) during vehicle vibration. If the wiring runs under seating areas, inspect wire routing for possible damage or pinching.

HEAT SENSITIVE • The customer's concern may occur during hot weather or after car has sat for a short time. In such cases you will want to check for a heat sensitive condition. • To determine if an electrical component is heat sensitive, heat the component with a heat gun or equivalent. CAUTION: Never heat components above 60°C (140°F). • If incident occurs while heating the unit, either replace or properly insulate the component. JPAIA0733GB

FREEZING • The customer may indicate the incident goes away after the car warms up (winter time). The cause could be related to water freezing somewhere in the wiring/electrical system. • There are two methods to check for this. The first is to arrange for the owner to leave his car overnight. Check it will get cold enough to demonstrate his complaint. Leave the car parked outside overnight. In the morning, do a quick and thorough diagnosis of those electrical components which could be affected. • The second method is to put the suspect component into a freezer long enough for any water to freeze. Reinstall the part into the car and check for the reoccurrence of the incident. If it occurs, repair or replace the component.

SGI843

WATER INTRUSION The incident may occur only during high humidity or in rainy/snowy weather. In such cases the incident could be caused by water intrusion on an electrical part. This can be simulated by soaking the car or running it through a car wash. CAUTION: Never spray water directly on any electrical components.

SGI844

ELECTRICAL LOAD The incident may be electrical load sensitive. Perform diagnosis with all accessories (including A/C, rear window defogger, radio, fog lamps) turned on.

SGI845

COLD OR HOT START UP On some occasions an electrical incident may occur only when the car is started cold, or it may occur when the car is restarted hot shortly after being turned off. In these cases you may have to keep the car overnight to make a proper diagnosis. Revision: 2010 June

GI-40

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION >

Circuit Inspection

INFOID:0000000005987405

GI

DESCRIPTION • In general, testing electrical circuits is an easy task if it is approached in a logical and organized method. Before beginning it is important to have all available information on the system to be tested. Also, get a thorough understanding of system operation. Then you will be able to use the appropriate equipment and follow the correct test procedure. • You may have to simulate vehicle vibrations while testing electrical components. Gently shake the wiring harness or electrical component to do this. OPEN

A circuit is open when there is no continuity through a section of the circuit.

B

C

D

There are two types of shorts. SHORT

• SHORT CIRCUIT

When a circuit contacts another circuit and causes the normal resistance to change.

• SHORT TO GROUND

When a circuit contacts a ground source and grounds the circuit.

NOTE: Refer to GI-35, "How to Check Terminal" to probe or check terminal.

E

F

TESTING FOR “OPENS” IN THE CIRCUIT Before you begin to diagnose and test the system, you should rough sketch a schematic of the system. This will help you to logically walk through the diagnosis process. Drawing the sketch will also reinforce your working knowledge of the system.

G

H

I

J SGI846-A

Continuity Check Method The continuity check is used to find an open in the circuit. The digital multimeter (DMM) set on the resistance function will indicate an open circuit as over limit (no beep tone or no ohms symbol). Check to always start with the DMM at the highest resistance level. To help in understanding the diagnosis of open circuits, please refer to the previous schematic. • Disconnect the battery negative cable. • Start at one end of the circuit and work your way to the other end. (At the fuse block in this example) • Connect one probe of the DMM to the fuse block terminal on the load side. • Connect the other probe to the fuse block (power) side of SW1. Little or no resistance will indicate that portion of the circuit has good continuity. If there were an open in the circuit, the DMM would indicate an over limit or infinite resistance condition. (point A) • Connect the probes between SW1 and the relay. Little or no resistance will indicate that portion of the circuit has good continuity. If there were an open in the circuit, the DMM would indicate an over limit or infinite resistance condition. (point B) • Connect the probes between the relay and the solenoid. Little or no resistance will indicate that portion of the circuit has good continuity. If there were an open in the circuit, the DMM would indicate an over limit or infinite resistance condition. (point C) Any circuit can be diagnosed using the approach in the previous example. Voltage Check Method To help in understanding the diagnosis of open circuits please refer to the previous schematic. In any powered circuit, an open can be found by methodically checking the system for the presence of voltage. This is done by switching the DMM to the voltage function. • Connect one probe of the DMM to a known good ground. • Begin probing at one end of the circuit and work your way to the other end. • With SW1 open, probe at SW1 to check for voltage. voltage: open is further down the circuit than SW1.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-41

2011 M37/M56

K

L

M

N

O

P


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > no voltage: open is between fuse block and SW1 (point A). • Close SW1 and probe at relay. voltage: open is further down the circuit than the relay. no voltage: open is between SW1 and relay (point B). • Close the relay and probe at the solenoid. voltage: open is further down the circuit than the solenoid. no voltage: open is between relay and solenoid (point C). Any powered circuit can be diagnosed using the approach in the previous example.

TESTING FOR “SHORTS” IN THE CIRCUIT To simplify the discussion of shorts in the system, please refer to the following schematic.

SGI847-A

Resistance Check Method • Disconnect the battery negative cable and remove the blown fuse. • Disconnect all loads (SW1 open, relay disconnected and solenoid disconnected) powered through the fuse. • Connect one probe of the DMM to the load side of the fuse terminal. Connect the other probe to a known good ground. • With SW1 open, check for continuity. continuity: short is between fuse terminal and SW1 (point A). no continuit: short is further down the circuit than SW1. • Close SW1 and disconnect the relay. Put probes at the load side of fuse terminal and a known good ground. Then, check for continuity. continuity: short is between SW1 and the relay (point B). no continuity: short is further down the circuit than the relay. • Close SW1 and jump the relay contacts with jumper wire. Put probes at the load side of fuse terminal and a known good ground. Then, check for continuity. continuity: short is between relay and solenoid (point C). no continuity: check solenoid, retrace steps. Voltage Check Method • Remove the blown fuse and disconnect all loads (i.e. SW1 open, relay disconnected and solenoid disconnected) powered through the fuse. • Turn the ignition switch to the ON or START position. Verify battery voltage at the battery + side of the fuse terminal (one lead on the battery + terminal side of the fuse block and one lead on a known good ground). • With SW1 open and the DMM leads across both fuse terminals, check for voltage. voltage: short is between fuse block and SW1 (point A). no voltage: short is further down the circuit than SW1. • With SW1 closed, relay and solenoid disconnected and the DMM leads across both fuse terminals, check for voltage. voltage: short is between SW1 and the relay (point B). no voltage: short is further down the circuit than the relay. • With SW1 closed, relay contacts jumped with fused jumper wire check for voltage. voltage: short is down the circuit of the relay or between the relay and the disconnected solenoid (point C). no voltage: retrace steps and check power to fuse block.

GROUND INSPECTION • Ground connections are very important to the proper operation of electrical and electronic circuits. Ground connections are often exposed to moisture, dirt and other corrosive elements. The corrosion (rust) can become an unwanted resistance. This unwanted resistance can change the way a circuit works. • Electronically controlled circuits are very sensitive to proper grounding. A loose or corroded ground can drastically affect an electronically controlled circuit. A poor or corroded ground can easily affect the circuit. Even when the ground connection looks clean, there can be a thin film of rust on the surface. Revision: 2010 June

GI-42

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > • When inspecting a ground connection follow these rules: - Remove the ground bolt or screw. GI - Inspect all mating surfaces for tarnish, dirt, rust, etc. - Clean as required to assure good contact. - Reinstall bolt or screw securely. B - Inspect for “add-on” accessories which may be interfering with the ground circuit. - If several wires are crimped into one ground eyelet terminal, check for proper crimps. Check all of the wires are clean, securely fastened and providing a good ground path. If multiple wires are cased in one eyelet check no ground wires have excess wire insulation. C • For detailed ground distribution information, refer to “Ground Distribution” in PG section. D

E

F

G

H SGI853

I

VOLTAGE DROP TESTS • Voltage drop tests are often used to find components or circuits which have excessive resistance. A voltage drop in a circuit is caused by a resistance when the circuit is in operation. • Check the wire in the illustration. When measuring resistance with DMM, contact by a single strand of wire will give reading of 0 ohms. This would indicate a good circuit. When the circuit operates, this single strand of wire is not able to carry the current. The single strand will have a high resistance to the current. This will be picked up as a slight voltage drop. • Unwanted resistance can be caused by many situations as follows: - Undersized wiring (single strand example) - Corrosion on switch contacts - Loose wire connections or splices. • If repairs are needed always use wire that is of the same or larger gauge. Measuring Voltage Drop — Accumulated Method • Connect the DMM across the connector or part of the circuit you want to check. The positive lead of the DMM should be closer to power and the negative lead closer to ground. • Operate the circuit. • The DMM will indicate how many volts are being used to “push” current through that part of the circuit.

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-43

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > Note in the illustration that there is an excessive 4.1 volt drop between the battery and the bulb.

SGI974

Measuring Voltage Drop — Step-by-Step • The step-by-step method is most useful for isolating excessive drops in low voltage systems (such as those in “Computer Controlled Systems”). • Circuits in the “Computer Controlled System” operate on very low amperage. • The (Computer Controlled) system operations can be adversely affected by any variation in resistance in the system. Such resistance variation may be caused by poor connection, improper installation, improper wire gauge or corrosion. • The step by step voltage drop test can identify a component or wire with too much resistance.

SAIA0258E

CONTROL UNIT CIRCUIT TEST System Description • When the switch is ON, the control unit lights up the lamp. CASE 1

MGI034A

Revision: 2010 June

GI-44

2011 M37/M56


SERVICE INFORMATION FOR ELECTRICAL INCIDENT < BASIC INSPECTION > INPUT-OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHART

Terminal No. +

1

2

Description Signal name

Body ground

Switch

Body ground

Lamp

Value (Approx.)

In case of high resistance such as single strand (V) *

Switch ON

Battery voltage

Lower than battery voltage Approx. 8 (Example)

Switch OFF

0V

Switch ON

Battery voltage

Switch OFF

0V

Condition

Input/ Output Input

Output

GI

B

Approx. 0 Approx. 0 (Inoperative lamp)

C

Approx. 0

• The voltage value is based on the body ground. • *: If high resistance exists in the switch side circuit (caused by a single strand), terminal 1 does not detect battery voltage. Control unit does not detect the switch is ON even if the switch does not turn ON. Therefore, the control unit does not supply power to light up the lamp.

D

E

CASE 2

F

G

H MGI035A

INPUT-OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHART

Terminal No. +

Description Signal name

Condition

Input/ Output

1

Body ground

Lamp

Output

2

Body ground

Switch

Input

Value (Approx.)

In case of high resistance such as single strand (V) *

I

Battery voltage (Inoperative lamp)

J

Switch ON

0V

Switch OFF

Battery voltage

Switch ON

0V

Higher than 0 Approx. 4 (Example)

Switch OFF

5V

Approx. 5

Battery voltage

K

• The voltage value is based on the body ground. • *: If high resistance exists in the switch side circuit (caused by a single strand), terminal 2 does not detect approx. 0 V. Control unit does not detect the switch is ON even if the switch does not turn ON. Therefore, the control unit does not control ground to light up the lamp.

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-45

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM Description

INFOID:0000000005987406

• When CONSULT-III/GST is connected with a data link connector (A) equipped on the vehicle side, it will communicate with the control unit equipped in the vehicle and then enable various kinds of diagnostic tests. 1

: Instrument lower panel LH

• Refer to “CONSULT-III Software Operation Manual” for more information.

JPAIA0754ZZ

CONSULT-III Function and System Application*1

Function

ENGINE

TRANSMISSION

AIR BAG

METER/M&A

BCM

AUTO DRIVE POS.

ABS

IPDM E/R

ICC/ADAS

ALL MODE AWD/4WD

4WAS(FRONT)

4WAS(MAIN)/RAS/HICAS

AIR PRESSURE MONITOR

MULTI AV

PRECRASH SEAT BELT

AFS (ADAPTIVE LIGHT)

HVAC

SIDE RADAR LH

SIDE RADAR RH

CAN GATEWAY

LASER

LANE CAMERA

ACCELE PEDAL ACT

INFOID:0000000005987407

Work Support

This mode enables a technician to adjust some devices faster and more accurately.

x

x

-

-

x

x

x

-

x

-

-

-

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

-

x

x

-

Self Diagnostic Results

Retrieve DTC from ECU and display diagnostic items.

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Data Monitor

Monitor the input/output signal of the control unit in real time.

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

-

x

x

x

CAN Diagnosis

This mode displays a network diagnosis result about CAN by a diagram.

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CAN Diagnosis Support Monitor

It monitors the status of CAN communication.

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Diagnostic test mode

Revision: 2010 June

GI-46

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM

Active Test

DTC & SRT confirmation

ECU Identification

Send the drive signal from CONSULT-III to the actuator. The operation check can be performed. The status of system monitoring tests and the selfdiagnosis status/result can be confirmed. Display the ECU identification number (part number etc.) of the selected system.

x

ACCELE PEDAL ACT

LANE CAMERA

LASER

CAN GATEWAY

SIDE RADAR RH

SIDE RADAR LH

HVAC

AFS (ADAPTIVE LIGHT)

PRECRASH SEAT BELT

MULTI AV

AIR PRESSURE MONITOR

4WAS(MAIN)/RAS/HICAS

4WAS(FRONT)

ALL MODE AWD/4WD

ICC/ADAS

IPDM E/R

ABS

AUTO DRIVE POS.

BCM

METER/M&A

B

C

-

-

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

-

-

x

x

x

x

-

-

-

x

E

F x

x

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

G

H x

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

-

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

I

x

Configuration

Function to READ/ WRITE vehicle configuration.

-

Special Function

Other results or histories, etc. that are recorded in ECU are displayed.

J

K x

x

-

-

-

x

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L

M

-

-

-

x

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

x

-

-

x

-

-

x

-

-

-

N

O -

x

x

x

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

x: Applicable *1: If GST application is equipped, functions in accordance with SAE J1979 and ISO 15031-5 can be used.

Revision: 2010 June

GI

D

This mode can show results of selfdiagnosis of ECU with either “OK” or “NG”. For engine, more practical tests regarding sensors/ switches and/ or actuators are available.

Function Test

AIR BAG

Function

TRANSMISSION

Diagnostic test mode

ENGINE

< BASIC INSPECTION >

GI-47

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

CONSULT-III/GST Data Link Connector (DLC) Circuit

INFOID:0000000005987408

INSPECTION PROCEDURE If the CONSULT-III/GST cannot diagnose the system properly, check the following items. Symptom

Check item

CONSULT-III/GST cannot access any system.

• CONSULT-III/GST DLC power supply circuit (Terminal 8 and 16) and ground circuit (Terminal 4 and 5)

CONSULT-III cannot access individual system. (Other systems can be accessed.)

• Power supply and ground circuit for the control unit of the system (For detailed circuit, refer to wiring diagram for each system.) • Open or short circuit between the system and CONSULT-III DLC (For detailed circuit, refer to wiring diagram for each system.) • Open or short circuit CAN communication line. Refer to LAN-25, "Trouble Diagnosis Flow Chart".

NOTE: The DDL1 and DDL2 circuits from DLC pins 12, 13, 14 and 15 may be connected to more than one system. A short in a DDL circuit connected to a control unit in one system may affect CONSULT-III access to other systems. If the GST cannot operate properly, check the circuit based on the information of SAE J1962 and ISO 150313.

Revision: 2010 June

GI-48

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

Wiring Diagram - CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM -

INFOID:0000000005987409

GI

WITH ICC B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P JCAWA0198GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-49

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0199GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-50

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0200GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-51

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0201GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-52

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0202GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-53

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0203GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-54

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0204GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-55

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0205GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-56

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0206GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-57

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > WITHOUT ICC

JCAWA0207GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-58

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0208GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-59

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0209GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-60

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0210GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-61

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0211GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-62

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION > GI

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O JCAWA0212GB

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-63

2011 M37/M56


CONSULT-III/GST CHECKING SYSTEM < BASIC INSPECTION >

JCAWA0213GB

Revision: 2010 June

GI-64

2011 M37/M56


INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT < BASIC INSPECTION >

INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT ADDITIONAL SERVICE WHEN REMOVING BATTERY NEGATIVE TERMINAL ADDITIONAL SERVICE WHEN REMOVING BATTERY NEGATIVE TERMINAL : Required Procedure After Battery Disconnection

GI

B

INFOID:0000000005987410

SYSTEM

ITEM

REFERENCE

Temperature setting trimmer

Foot position setting trimmer

*

Automatic air conditioning

Inlet port memory function

Inlet port memory function (FRE)

Inlet port memory function (REC)

Gas sensor sensitivity adjustment function*

Auto intake switch Interlocking movement change*

*

Clean switch interlocking movement change

Automatic drive positioner

Automatic drive positioner system

Power window control

Power window control system

FRONT WINDOW ANTI-PINCH

D

E

F

— ADP-57, "ADDITIONAL SERVICE WHEN REMOVING BATTERY NEGATIVE TERMINAL : Description"

FRONT & REAR WINDOW ANTI-PINCH

C

PWC-30, "Description"

G

H

Sunroof system*

Sunroof system

Sunshade system*

Sunshade system

Rear view monitor

Rear view monitor possible route line center position adjustment

Around view monitor*

Predicted course line center position adjustment

Automatic back door system*

Automatic back door system

Engine oil level read*

Engine oil level read

I

J

K

*: Not equipped.

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

GI-65

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE

SECTION

EM

ENGINE MECHANICAL

A

EM

C

D

E

CONTENTS VQ37VHR

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ........................ 22

PRECAUTION ............................................... 5

DRIVE BELT ..................................................... 22 Exploded View .........................................................22 Checking ..................................................................22 Tension Adjustment ................................................22 Removal and Installation .........................................22 Inspection ................................................................23

PRECAUTIONS ................................................... 5 Precaution for Procedure without Cowl Top Cover...... 5 Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER" ................................................................... 5 Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation after Battery Disconnect ..................................... 5 Draining Engine Coolant .......................................... 6 Disconnecting Fuel Piping ....................................... 6 Removal and Disassembly ...................................... 6 Inspection, Repair and Replacement ...................... 6 Assembly and Installation ........................................ 6 Parts Requiring Angle Tightening ........................... 7 Liquid Gasket ........................................................... 7 Definitions of Bank Names ........................................ 8

Special Service Tools .............................................. 9 Commercial Service Tools ..................................... 10

G

H

AIR CLEANER FILTER ..................................... 24 Removal and Installation .........................................24

I

SPARK PLUG ................................................... 25 Exploded View .........................................................25 Removal and Installation .........................................25 Inspection ................................................................26

J

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION ............... 27

K

ENGINE COVER ............................................... 27 Exploded View .........................................................27 Removal and Installation .........................................27

L

DRIVE BELT AUTO TENSIONER AND IDLER PULLEY ............................................................. 28

M

PREPARATION ............................................ 9 PREPARATION ................................................... 9

F

BASIC INSPECTION ................................... 13

Exploded View .........................................................28 Removal and Installation .........................................28

CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE ...................13

AIR CLEANER AND AIR DUCT ....................... 29

N

Exploded View .........................................................29 Removal and Installation .........................................29 Inspection ................................................................30

O

Inspection and Adjustment ...................................... 13

COMPRESSION PRESSURE ............................18 Inspection ................................................................ 18

INTAKE MANIFOLD COLLECTOR .................. 31

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS .............................. 20 NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING ............................20

Exploded View .........................................................31 Removal and Installation .........................................31

INTAKE MANIFOLD ......................................... 34 Exploded View .........................................................34 Removal and Installation .........................................34 Inspection ................................................................35

NVH Troubleshooting - Engine Noise .................. 20 Use the Chart Below to Help You Find the C ause of the Symptom ............................................ 20

EXHAUST MANIFOLD ...................................... 36 Revision: 2010 June

EM-1

2011 M37/M56

P


Exploded View ........................................................ 36 Removal and Installation ........................................ 36 Inspection ............................................................... 38

AWD : Exploded View ............................................. 87 AWD : Disassembly and Assembly ......................... 87 AWD : Inspection .................................................... 90

FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE ................. 39

REAR TIMING CHAIN CASE ............................ 91

Exploded View ........................................................ 39 Removal and Installation ........................................ 39 Inspection ............................................................... 44

Exploded View ........................................................ 91 Disassembly and Assembly .................................... 92

OIL PAN (LOWER) ............................................ 45 Exploded View ........................................................ 45 Removal and Installation ........................................ 46 Inspection ............................................................... 48

IGNITION COIL, SPARK PLUG AND ROCKER COVER ......................................................... 49 Exploded View ........................................................ 49 Removal and Installation ........................................ 49

TIMING CHAIN .................................................. 52 Exploded View ........................................................ 52 Removal and Installation ........................................ 53 Inspection ............................................................... 67

OIL SEAL ........................................................... 69 FRONT OIL SEAL ..................................................... 69 FRONT OIL SEAL : Removal and Installation ........ 69 REAR OIL SEAL ....................................................... 69 REAR OIL SEAL : Removal and Installation .......... 69

UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION ..... 71 ENGINE ASSEMBLY ......................................... 71 2WD ........................................................................... 71 2WD : Exploded View ............................................. 71 2WD : Removal and Installation ............................. 71 2WD : Inspection .................................................... 74 AWD .......................................................................... 75 AWD : Exploded View ............................................ 76 AWD : Removal and Installation ............................. 76 AWD : Inspection .................................................... 80

CAMSHAFT ....................................................... 96 Exploded View ........................................................ 96 Disassembly and Assembly .................................... 97 Inspection .............................................................. 106

CYLINDER HEAD ............................................. 113 Exploded View ...................................................... 113 Disassembly and Assembly .................................. 114 Inspection .............................................................. 119

CYLINDER BLOCK .......................................... 123 Exploded View ...................................................... 123 Disassembly and Assembly .................................. 124 Inspection .............................................................. 132

HOW TO SELECT PISTON AND BEARING .. 142 Description ............................................................ 142 Piston .................................................................... 142 Connecting Rod Bearing ..................................... 143 Main Bearing ........................................................ 146

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS) ......................................................... 148 SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS) ................................................................ 148 General Specification ........................................... 148 Drive Belt .............................................................. 148 Spark Plug ............................................................ 148 Intake Manifold ...................................................... 149 Exhaust Manifold .................................................. 149 Camshaft ............................................................... 149 Cylinder Head ...................................................... 151 Cylinder Block ...................................................... 153 Main Bearing ........................................................ 157 Connecting Rod Bearing ..................................... 158

UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY ... 81

VK56VD

ENGINE STAND SETTING ................................ 81

PRECAUTION ........................................... 160

Setting .................................................................... 81

ENGINE UNIT .................................................... 83 Disassembly ........................................................... 83 Assembly ................................................................ 83

OIL PAN (UPPER) AND OIL STRAINER .......... 84 2WD ........................................................................... 84 2WD : Exploded View ............................................. 84 2WD : Disassembly and Assembly ......................... 84 2WD : Inspection .................................................... 86 AWD .......................................................................... 86

Revision: 2010 June

PRECAUTIONS ................................................ 160 Precaution for Procedure without Cowl Top Cover. 160 Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER" ............................................................... 160 Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation after Battery Disconnect ................................. 160 Precaution for Drain Engine Coolant and Engine Oil .......................................................................... 161 Precaution for Disconnecting Fuel Piping ............. 161 Precaution for Handling High-pressure Fuel System ........................................................................ 161

EM-2

2011 M37/M56


Precaution for Removal and Disassembly ............ 161 Precaution for Inspection, Repair and Replacement ...................................................................... 161 Precaution for Assembly and Installation .............. 161 Parts Requiring Angle Tightening ......................... 162 Precaution for Liquid Gasket ................................. 162 Definitions of Bank Names .................................... 163

Inspection .............................................................. 185

IGNITION COIL, SPARK PLUG AND ROCKER COVER ...................................................... 186 Exploded View ....................................................... 186 Removal and Installation ....................................... 186

A

EM

INTAKE MANIFOLD ....................................... 190 Exploded View ....................................................... 190 Removal and Installation ....................................... 191

C

Special Service Tool ............................................. 164 Commercial Service Tool ...................................... 165

HIGH PRESSURE FUEL PUMP AND FUEL HOSE ............................................................... 193

D

BASIC INSPECTION ................................. 168

Exploded View ....................................................... 193 Removal and Installation ....................................... 193 Inspection .............................................................. 196

E

PREPARATION ......................................... 164 PREPARATION ................................................ 164

CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE ................. 168 Inspection .............................................................. 168

FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE .............. 197

COMPRESSION PRESSURE .......................... 172 Inspection .............................................................. 172

Exploded View ....................................................... 197 Removal and Installation ....................................... 197 Inspection .............................................................. 202

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS ............................ 173

OIL PAN (LOWER) AND OIL STRAINER ...... 203

G

NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING .......................... 173

2WD .......................................................................... 203 2WD : Exploded View ............................................ 203 2WD : Removal and Installation ............................ 204 2WD : Inspection ................................................... 205

H

NVH Troubleshooting - Engine Noise ................ 173 Use the Chart Below to Help You Find the C ause of the Symptom .......................................... 174

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ....................... 175 DRIVE BELTS .................................................. 175 Exploded View ...................................................... 175 Checking ............................................................... 175 Tension Adjustment .............................................. 176 Removal and Installation ....................................... 176 Inspection .............................................................. 176

AIR CLEANER FILTER .................................... 178 Exploded View ...................................................... 178 Removal and Installation ....................................... 178

SPARK PLUG .................................................. 180 Exploded View ...................................................... 180 Removal and Installation ....................................... 180 Inspection .............................................................. 181

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION ............. 182 ENGINE COVER .............................................. 182 Exploded View ...................................................... 182 Removal and Installation ....................................... 182

DRIVE BELT AUTO TENSIONER AND IDLER PULLEY ............................................................ 183 Exploded View ...................................................... 183 Removal and Installation ....................................... 183

AWD ......................................................................... 205 AWD : Exploded View ........................................... 206 AWD : Removal and Installation ............................ 206 AWD : Inspection ................................................... 208

I

J

OIL SEAL ........................................................ 209 FRONT OIL SEAL .................................................... 209 FRONT OIL SEAL : Removal and Installation ....... 209 REAR OIL SEAL ...................................................... 209 REAR OIL SEAL : Removal and Installation ......... 210

K

L

UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION .... 211 ENGINE ASSEMBLY ...................................... 211

M

2WD .......................................................................... 211 2WD : Exploded View ............................................ 211 2WD : Removal and Installation ............................ 211 2WD : Inspection ................................................... 215

N

AWD ......................................................................... 216 AWD : Exploded View ........................................... 216 AWD : Removal and Installation ............................ 216 AWD : Inspection ................................................... 220

UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY . 222 EXHAUST MANIFOLD AND THREE WAY CATALYST ...................................................... 222

AIR CLEANER AND AIR DUCT ...................... 184 Exploded View ...................................................... 184 Removal and Installation ....................................... 184

Revision: 2010 June

F

EM-3

Exploded View ....................................................... 222 Disassembly and Assembly ................................... 222 Inspection .............................................................. 224

2011 M37/M56

O

P


OIL PAN (UPPER) ........................................... 225

Inspection .............................................................. 283

Exploded View .......................................................225 Disassembly and Assembly ...................................226 Inspection ..............................................................229

HOW TO SELECT PISTON AND BEARING .. 292

TIMING CHAIN ................................................ 230 Exploded View .......................................................230 Disassembly and Assembly ...................................231 Inspection ..............................................................243

CAMSHAFT ..................................................... 245 Exploded View .......................................................245 Disassembly and Assembly ...................................246 Inspection ..............................................................254

CYLINDER HEAD ............................................ 263 Exploded View .......................................................263 Disassembly and Assembly ...................................264 Inspection ..............................................................269

CYLINDER BLOCK ......................................... 273 Exploded View .......................................................273 Disassembly and Assembly ...................................274

Revision: 2010 June

Description ............................................................ 292 Piston .................................................................... 292 Connecting Rod Bearing ..................................... 293 Main Bearing ........................................................ 295

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS) ......................................................... 300 SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS) ................................................................ 300 General Specification ........................................... 300 Drive Belts ............................................................. 300 Spark Plug ............................................................ 300 Exhaust Manifold .................................................. 301 Camshaft ............................................................... 301 Cylinder Head ...................................................... 303 Cylinder Block ...................................................... 305 Main Bearing ........................................................ 309 Connecting Rod Bearing ..................................... 310

EM-4

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS [VQ37VHR]

< PRECAUTION >

PRECAUTION

A

PRECAUTIONS Precaution for Procedure without Cowl Top Cover

INFOID:0000000006137303

When performing the procedure after removing cowl top cover, cover the lower end of windshield with urethane, etc.

EM

C

D

E PIIB3706J

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER"

F

The Supplemental Restraint System such as “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER”, used along with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. This system includes seat belt switch inputs and dual stage front air bag modules. The SRS system uses the seat belt switches to determine the front air bag deployment, and may only deploy one front air bag, depending on the severity of a collision and whether the front occupants are belted or unbelted. Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the “SRS AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT” of this Service Manual. WARNING: • To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision that would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer. • Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see the “SRS AIR BAG”. • Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Service Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or harness connectors.

G

PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING POWER TOOLS (AIR OR ELECTRIC) AND HAMMERS

L

INFOID:0000000006137301

WARNING: • When working near the Air Bag Diagnosis Sensor Unit or other Air Bag System sensors with the ignition ON or engine running, DO NOT use air or electric power tools or strike near the sensor(s) with a hammer. Heavy vibration could activate the sensor(s) and deploy the air bag(s), possibly causing serious injury. • When using air or electric power tools or hammers, always switch the ignition OFF, disconnect the battery, and wait at least 3 minutes before performing any service.

Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation after Battery Disconnect INFOID:0000000006137302

NOTE: • Before removing and installing any control units, first turn the push-button ignition switch to the LOCK position, then disconnect both battery cables. • After finishing work, confirm that all control unit connectors are connected properly, then re-connect both battery cables. • Always use CONSULT-III to perform self-diagnosis as a part of each function inspection after finishing work. If a DTC is detected, perform trouble diagnosis according to self-diagnosis results. For vehicle with steering lock unit, if the battery is disconnected or discharged, the steering wheel will lock and cannot be turned.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-5

2011 M37/M56

H

I

J

K

M

N

O

P


PRECAUTIONS [VQ37VHR] < PRECAUTION > If turning the steering wheel is required with the battery disconnected or discharged, follow the operation procedure below before starting the repair operation.

OPERATION PROCEDURE 1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

Connect both battery cables. NOTE: Supply power using jumper cables if battery is discharged. Turn the push-button ignition switch to ACC position. (At this time, the steering lock will be released.) Disconnect both battery cables. The steering lock will remain released with both battery cables disconnected and the steering wheel can be turned. Perform the necessary repair operation. When the repair work is completed, re-connect both battery cables. With the brake pedal released, turn the push-button ignition switch from ACC position to ON position, then to LOCK position. (The steering wheel will lock when the push-button ignition switch is turned to LOCK position.) Perform self-diagnosis check of all control units using CONSULT-III.

Draining Engine Coolant

INFOID:0000000005984962

Drain engine coolant and engine oil when the engine is cooled.

Disconnecting Fuel Piping

INFOID:0000000005984963

• Before starting work, make sure that no fire or spark producing items are in the work area. • Release fuel pressure before disconnecting and disassembly. • After disconnecting pipes, plug openings to stop fuel leakage.

Removal and Disassembly

INFOID:0000000005984964

• When instructed to use SST, use the specified tools. Always be careful to work safely, and avoid forceful or uninstructed operations. • Exercise maximum care to avoid damage to mating or sliding surfaces. • Dowel pins are used for the alignment of several parts. When replacing and reassembling parts with dowel pins, make sure that dowel pins are installed in the original position. • Cover openings of engine system with tape or equivalent, if necessary, to seal out foreign materials. • Mark and arrange disassembly parts in an organized way for easy troubleshooting and reassembly. • When loosening nuts and bolts, as a basic rule, start with the one furthest outside, then the one diagonally opposite, and so on. If the order of loosening is specified, do exactly as specified. Power tools may be used in the step.

Inspection, Repair and Replacement

INFOID:0000000005984965

Before repairing or replacing, thoroughly inspect parts. Inspect new replacement parts in the same way, and replace if necessary.

Assembly and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984966

• Use torque wrench to tighten bolts or nuts to specification. • When tightening nuts and bolts, as a basic rule, equally tighten in several different steps starting with the ones in center, then ones on inside and outside diagonally in this order. If the order of tightening is specified, do exactly as specified. • Replace with new gasket, packing, oil seal or O-ring. • Thoroughly wash, clean, and air-blow each part. Carefully check engine oil or engine coolant passages for any restriction and blockage. • Avoid damaging sliding or mating surfaces. Completely remove foreign materials such as cloth lint or dust. Before assembly, oil sliding surfaces well. • Release air within route when refilling after draining engine coolant. • After repairing, start the engine and increase engine speed to check engine coolant, fuel, engine oil, and exhaust gases for leakage.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-6

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS [VQ37VHR]

< PRECAUTION >

Parts Requiring Angle Tightening

INFOID:0000000005984967

A

• • • •

Use the angle wrench [SST: KV10112100 (BT8653-A)] for the final tightening of the following engine parts: Cylinder head bolts Lower cylinder block bolts Connecting rod cap bolts Do not use a torque value for final tightening. The torque value for these parts are for a preliminary step. Ensure thread and seat surfaces are clean and coated with engine oil.

Liquid Gasket

EM

C

INFOID:0000000005984968

D

REMOVAL OF LIQUID GASKET SEALING • After removing mounting nuts and bolts, separate the mating surface using the seal cutter [SST: KV10111100 (J-37228)] (A) and remove old liquid gasket sealing. CAUTION: Be careful not to damage the mating surfaces. • Tap the seal cutter [SST: KV10111100 (J-37228)] to insert it (B), and then slide it (C) by tapping on the side as shown in the figure. • In areas where the seal cutter [SST: KV10111100 (J-37228)] is difficult to use, lightly tap the parts using a plastic hammer to remove it. CAUTION: If for some unavoidable reason a tool such as a screwdriver is used, be careful not to damage the mating surfaces.

E

F

G JPBIA0052ZZ

H

LIQUID GASKET APPLICATION PROCEDURE 1.

2.

Using a scraper (A), remove old liquid gasket adhering to the liquid gasket application surface and the mating surface. • Remove liquid gasket completely from the groove of the liquid gasket application surface, mounting bolts and bolt holes. Wipe the liquid gasket application surface and the mating surface with white gasoline (lighting and heating use) to remove adhering moisture, grease and foreign materials.

I

J

K

JPBIA0053ZZ

3.

4.

Attach liquid gasket tube to the tube presser (commercial service tool). Use Genuine RTV Silicone Sealant or equivalent. Refer to GI-18, "Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants". Apply liquid gasket without gaps to the specified location according to the specified dimensions. • If there is a groove for liquid gasket application, apply liquid gasket to the groove.

L

M

N

O EMA0622D

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-7

2011 M37/M56


PRECAUTIONS < PRECAUTION > • As for bolt holes (B), normally apply liquid gasket inside the holes. Occasionally, it should be applied outside the holes. Make sure to read the text of this manual. A

[VQ37VHR]

: Groove : Inside

• Within five minutes of liquid gasket application, install the mating component. • If liquid gasket protrudes, wipe it off immediately. • Do not retighten mounting bolts or nuts after the installation. • After 30 minutes or more have passed from the installation, fill engine oil and engine coolant. CAUTION: If there are specific instructions in this manual, observe them.

Definitions of Bank Names

JPBIA0010ZZ

INFOID:0000000005984969

• In this manual, each bank name is defined as follows: A

: Bank 1 (The conventional right bank)

B

: Bank 2 (The conventional left bank) : Engine front

• For cylinder numbers and bank layout, refer to the illustration. Bank 1 Bank 2

: The bank side including cylinder No. 1 (odd-numbered cylinder side) : The other bank side of the above (even-numbered cylinder side)

Revision: 2010 June

EM-8

JPBIA1135ZZ

2011 M37/M56


PREPARATION [VQ37VHR]

< PREPARATION >

PREPARATION

A

PREPARATION Special Service Tools

INFOID:0000000005984970

EM

The actual shapes of Kent-Moore tools may differ from those of special service tools illustrated here.

Tool number (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name KV10116200 (J-26336-A) Valve spring compressor 1. KV10115900 (J-26336-20) Attachment 2.KV10109220 ( â&#x20AC;&#x201D; ) Adapter

Description

C

Disassembling valve mechanism Part (1) is a component of KV10116200 (J26336-A), but Part (2) is not so.

D

E

PBIC1650E

F Replacing valve oil seal

KV10107902 (J-38959) Valve oil seal puller

G

H NT011

Installing valve oil seal Use side A (G). a: 20 (0.79) dia. d: 8 (0.31) dia. b: 13 (0.51) dia. e: 10.7 (0.421) c: 10.3 (0.406) dia. f: 5 (0.20) H: side B Unit: mm (in)

KV10115600 (J-38958) Valve oil seal drift

I

J

JPBIA0396ZZ

Installing piston assembly into cylinder bore

EM03470000 (J-8037) Piston ring compressor

K

L

M

NT044

Removing pilot converter

ST16610001 (J-23907) Pilot bushing puller

N

O NT045

Removing oil pan (lower and upper), front and rear timing chain case, etc.

KV10111100 (J-37228) Seal cutter

NT046

Revision: 2010 June

EM-9

2011 M37/M56

P


PREPARATION [VQ37VHR]

< PREPARATION > Tool number (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name

Description Tightening bolts for connecting rod bearing cap, cylinder head, etc. at an angle

KV10112100 (BT8653-A) Angle wrench

NT014

Loosening or tightening air fuel ratio sensor 1 a: 22 mm (0.87 in)

KV10114400 (J-38365) Heated oxygen sensor wrench

JPBIA0397ZZ

Removing and installing crankshaft pulley

KV10118600 (J-48641) Ring gear stopper

JPBIA0409ZZ

Commercial Service Tools

INFOID:0000000005984971

(Kent-Moore No.) Tool name

Description

( — ) Tube presser

Pressing the tube of liquid gasket

NT052

( — ) Power tool

Loosening nuts and bolts

PBIC0190E

( — ) TORX socket

Removing and installing drive plate

PBIC1113E

Revision: 2010 June

EM-10

2011 M37/M56


PREPARATION [VQ37VHR]

< PREPARATION > (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name

Description

( — ) Manual lift table caddy

A

Removing and installing engine

EM

C ZZA1210D

(J-24239-01) Cylinder head bolt wrench

Loosening and tightening cylinder head bolt, and used with the angle wrench [SST: KV10112100 (BT8653-A)] a: 13 (0.51) dia. b: 12 (0.47) c: 10 (0.39) Unit: mm (in)

D

E

JPBIA0398ZZ

Checking compression pressure

( — ) 1.Compression gauge 2.Adapter

F

G

H ZZA0008D

( — ) Spark plug wrench

Removing and installing spark plug a: 14 mm (0.55 in)

I

J JPBIA0399ZZ

( — ) Valve seat cutter set

Finishing valve seat (EXH) dimensions

K

L

M

NT048

( — ) Piston ring expander

Removing and installing piston ring

N

O NT030

( — ) Valve guide drift

Removing and installing valve guide (EXH) Exhaust: a: 9.5 mm (0.374 in) dia. b: 5.5 mm (0.217 in) dia.

JPBIA0400ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-11

2011 M37/M56

P


PREPARATION [VQ37VHR]

< PREPARATION > (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name

Description

( — ) Valve guide reamer

A: Reaming valve guide (EXH) inner hole B: Reaming hole for oversize valve guide (EXH) Exhaust: c: 6.0 mm (0.236 in) dia. d: 10.2 mm (0.402 in) dia.

JPBIA0401ZZ

(J-43897-18) (J-43897-12) Oxygen sensor thread cleaner

JPBIA0238ZZ

Reconditioning the exhaust system threads before installing a new air fuel ratio sensor and heated oxygen sensor (Use with anti-seize lubricant shown below.) A: J-43897-18 [18 mm (0.71 in) dia.] for zirconia heated oxygen sensor and air fuel ratio sensor B: J-43897-12 [12 mm (0.47 in) dia.] for titania heated oxygen sensor C: Mating surface shave cylinder D: Flutes Lubricating oxygen sensor thread cleaning tool when reconditioning exhaust system threads

( — ) Anti-seize lubricant (Permatex 133AR or equivalent meeting MIL specification MIL-A-907)

AEM489

( — ) Feeler gauge

Inspection valve clearance (Use a curved-tip gauge)

JPBIA1362ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-12

2011 M37/M56


CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE [VQ37VHR]

< BASIC INSPECTION >

BASIC INSPECTION

A

CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE Inspection and Adjustment

INFOID:0000000005984981

EM

INSPECTION C

Check valve clearance if applicable to the following cases: Intake side:

• At the removal and installation of VVEL ladder assembly or valve-related parts, or at the occurrence of malfunction (poor starting, idle malfunction, unusual noise) due to aged deterioration in valve clearance. CAUTION: Valve clearance check on the intake side is not required after replacing the VVEL ladder assembly and cylinder head assembly with a new one. (Install new VVEL ladder assembly and cylinder head assembly in factory-shipped condition because it is factory-adjusted and inspected.) NOTE: VVEL ladder assembly cannot be replaced as a single part, because it is machined together with cylinder head assembly.

D

E

F

Exhaust side:

• At the removal, installation, and replacement of camshaft (EXH) or valve-related parts, or at the occurrence of malfunction (poor starting, idle malfunction, unusual noise) due to aged deterioration in valve clearance.

G

1. 2.

H

Remove rocker covers (bank 1 and bank 2). Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". Measure the valve clearance as follows: • Use the feeler gauge (commercial service tool) of curved-tip. This allows the feeler gauge to access the clearance between camshaft and valve lifter with ease. Valve clearance

: Refer to EM-149, "Camshaft".

NOTE: Be sure to note the following points when measuring valve clearance on the intake side. • Before measuring, check that the position of drive shaft nose is within the angle shown in the figure. A

I

J

K

: Bank 1

B

: Feeler gauge (commercial service tool)

D

: View D

c

: 45 degrees (drive shaft nose angle)

L

: Insertion direction of feeler gauge on the bank 1

M

: Insertion direction of feeler gauge on the bank 2

• Refer to the illustration for the insertion direction of the feeler gauge since the direction depends on the bank.

N

O

P

JPBIA1118ZZ

a.

Set No. 1 cylinder at TDC of its compression stroke.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-13

2011 M37/M56


CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE < BASIC INSPECTION > • Rotate crankshaft pulley clockwise to align timing mark (grooved line without color) with timing indicator.

[VQ37VHR]

: Timing mark (grooved line without color)

JPBIA0043ZZ

• Check that exhaust cam nose on No. 1 cylinder (engine front side of bank 1) is located as shown in the figure. 1

: Camshaft (EXH) (bank 1) : Engine front

• If not, turn crankshaft one revolution (360 degrees) and align as shown in the figure.

JPBIA1127ZZ

• By referring to the figure, measure the valve clearances at locations marked “×” as shown in the table below (locations indicated in the figure). : Engine front

• No. 1 cylinder at compression TDC Measuring position [bank 1 (A)] No. 1 cylinder at compression TDC

INT

No. 3 CYL.

No. 5 CYL.

× (C)

EXH

Measuring position [bank 2 (B)] No. 1 cylinder at compression TDC

No. 1 CYL.

× (D) No. 2 CYL.

No. 4 CYL.

No. 6 CYL. × (E)

INT EXH

× (F)

JPBIA1334ZZ

b.

Rotate crankshaft 240 degrees clockwise (when viewed from engine front) to align No. 3 cylinder at TDC its compression stroke. NOTE:

Revision: 2010 June

EM-14

2011 M37/M56


CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE < BASIC INSPECTION > Mark a position 240 degrees (b) from a corner of the hexagonal part of crankshaft pulley mounting bolt as shown in the figure. Use the hexagonal part as a guide. 1

: Crankshaft pulley

A

: Paint mark

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C JPBIA0166ZZ

D

• By referring to the figure, measure the valve clearances at locations marked “×” as shown in the table below (locations indicated in the figure).

E

: Engine front

• No. 3 cylinder at compression TDC Measuring position [bank 1 (A)] No. 3 cylinder at compression TDC

No. 3 CYL.

No. 5 CYL. × (C)

G

No. 6 CYL.

H

EXH × (D)

INT

Measuring position [bank 2 (B)] No. 3 cylinder at compression TDC

No. 1 CYL.

F

INT EXH

No. 2 CYL.

No. 4 CYL.

× (E) × (F)

I

J

JPBIA1335ZZ

c.

Rotate crankshaft 240 degrees clockwise (when viewed from engine front) to align No. 5 cylinder at TDC of compression stroke. NOTE: Mark a position 240 degrees (b) from a corner of the hexagonal part of crankshaft pulley mounting bolt as shown in the figure. Use the hexagonal part as a guide. 1

: Crankshaft pulley

A

: Paint mark

K

L

M

N

O JPBIA0166ZZ

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-15

2011 M37/M56


CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE < BASIC INSPECTION > • By referring to the figure, measure the valve clearances at locations marked “×” as shown in the table below (locations indicated in the figure).

[VQ37VHR]

: Engine front

• No. 5 cylinder at compression TDC Measuring position [bank 1 (A)] No. 5 cylinder at compression TDC

EXH

No. 3 CYL.

INT EXH

No. 5 CYL.

× (C) × (D)

INT

Measuring position [bank 2 (B)] No. 5 cylinder at compression TDC

No. 1 CYL.

No. 2 CYL.

No. 4 CYL.

No. 6 CYL.

× (E) × (F)

JPBIA1336ZZ

3.

Perform adjustment or replacement if the measured value is out of the standard. • If a valve clearance on the exhaust side is out of specification, adjust the valve clearance. • If a valve clearance on the intake side is out of specification, replace VVEL ladder assembly and cylinder head assembly. Refer to EM-96, "Exploded View". CAUTION: Never adjust valve clearance on the intake side. NOTE: Since the valve lifter (INT) cannot be replaced by the piece, VVEL ladder assembly and cylinder head assembly replacement are required.

CAMSHAFT (EXH) VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT • Perform adjustment depending on selected head thickness of valve lifter (EXH). 1. Measure the valve clearance. Refer to “INSPECTION”. 2. Remove VVEL ladder assembly and camshaft (EXH). Refer to EM-97, "Disassembly and Assembly". CAUTION: Never loosen adjusting bolts and mounting bolts (black color) of VVEL ladder assembly. 3. Remove valve lifter (EXH) at the locations that are out of the standard. 4. Measure the center thickness of the removed valve lifters (EXH) with a micrometer (A).

JPBIA0169ZZ

5.

Use the equation below to calculate valve lifter (EXH) thickness for replacement. Valve lifter (EXH) thickness calculation: t = t1 + (C1 – C2) t = Valve lifter (EXH) thickness to be replaced = Removed valve lifter (EXH) thickness t1

Revision: 2010 June

EM-16

2011 M37/M56


CAMSHAFT VALVE CLEARANCE [VQ37VHR]

< BASIC INSPECTION > C1 C2

= Measured valve clearance = Standard valve clearance: Exhaust : 0.33 mm (0.013 in)

A

â&#x20AC;˘ Thickness of new valve lifter (EXH) can be identified by stamp marks on the reverse side (inside the cylinder). Stamp mark 788 indicates 7.88 mm (0.3102 in) in thickness. A

: Stamp

B

: Thickness of valve lifter (EXH)

EM

C

D

JPBIA0170ZZ

Available thickness of valve lifter (EXH): 27 sizes with range 7.88 to 8.40 mm (0.3102 to 0.3307 in) in steps of 0.02 mm (0.0008 in) (when manufactured at factory). Refer to EM-149, "Camshaft". 6. Install selected valve lifter (EXH). 7. Install VVEL ladder assembly and camshaft (EXH). Refer to EM-97, "Disassembly and Assembly". 8. Manually turn crankshaft pulley a few turns. 9. Check that the valve clearances for cold engine are within the specifications by referring to the specified values. 10. Install all removed parts in the reverse order of removal. 11. Warm up the engine, and check for unusual noise and vibration.

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-17

2011 M37/M56


COMPRESSION PRESSURE [VQ37VHR]

< BASIC INSPECTION >

COMPRESSION PRESSURE Inspection 1. 2. 3.

INFOID:0000000005984982

Warm up engine thoroughly. Then, stop it. Release fuel pressure. Refer to EC-161, "Work Procedure". Disconnect fuel pump fuse (1) from IPDM E/R (2) to avoid fuel injection during measurement.

JMBIA0021ZZ

4. 5. 6. 7.

Remove engine cover with power tool. Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". Remove ignition coil and spark plug from each cylinder. Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". Connect engine tachometer (not required in use of CONSULT-III). Install compression gauge with an adapter (commercial service tool) onto spark plug hole.

PBIC0900E

• Use the adapter whose picking up end inserted to spark plug hole is smaller than 20 mm (0.79 in) in diameter. Otherwise, it may be caught by cylinder head during removal. a

: 20 mm (0.79 in)

JPBIA0171ZZ

8.

With accelerator pedal fully depressed, turn ignition switch to “START” for cranking. When the gauge pointer stabilizes, read the compression pressure and the engine rpm. Perform these steps to check each cylinder. Compression pressure

: Refer to EM-148, "General Specification".

CAUTION: • Measure a six-cylinder under the same conditions since a measurement depends on measurement conditions (engine water temperature, etc.). • Always use a fully changed battery to obtain the specified engine speed. • If the engine speed is out of the specified range, check battery liquid for proper gravity. Check the engine speed again with normal battery gravity.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-18

2011 M37/M56


COMPRESSION PRESSURE [VQ37VHR] < BASIC INSPECTION > • If compression pressure is below the minimum value, check valve clearances and parts associated with combustion chamber (valve, valve seat, piston, piston ring, cylinder bore, cylinder head, cylinder head A gasket). After checking, measure compression pressure again. • If a cylinder has low compression pressure, pour a small amount of engine oil into the spark plug hole of the cylinder to recheck it for compression. EM - If the added engine oil improves the compression, piston rings may be worn out or damaged. Check piston rings and replace if necessary. - If the compression pressure remains at low level despite the addition of engine oil, valves may be malfunctioning. Check valves for damage. Replace valve or valve seat accordingly. C • If two adjacent cylinders have respectively low compression pressure and their compression remains low even after the addition of engine oil, cylinder head gaskets are leaking. In such a case, replace cylinder head gaskets. D 9. After inspection is completed, install removed parts. 10. Start the engine, and check that the engine runs smoothly. 11. Perform trouble diagnosis. If DTC appears, erase it. Refer to EC-172, "Description". E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-19

2011 M37/M56


NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING [VQ37VHR]

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING NVH Troubleshooting - Engine Noise

INFOID:0000000005984957

JPBIA1048GB

Use the Chart Below to Help You Find the Cause of the Symptom 1.

INFOID:0000000005984958

Locate the area where noise occurs.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-20

2011 M37/M56


NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING [VQ37VHR]

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS > 2. Confirm the type of noise. 3. Specify the operating condition of the engine. 4. Check specified noise source. If necessary, repair or replace these parts.

A

EM

Operating condition of engine Location of noise

Type of noise

Top of engine Rocker cover Cylinder head

When starting

When idling

When racing

While driving

Ticking or clicking

C

A

A

B

Tappet noise

Valve clearance

EM-13

Rattle

C

A

A

B

C

Camshaft bearing noise

Camshaft runout Camshaft journal oil clearance

EM-149

Piston pin noise

Piston to piston pin oil clearance Connecting rod bushing oil clearance

EM-153

Piston slap noise

Piston to cylinder bore clearance Piston ring side clearance Piston ring end gap Connecting rod bend and torsion

Slap or rap

Knock

Knock

Front of engine Timing chain case

Front of engine

Reference page

After warmup

Slap or knock

Crankshaft pulley Cylinder block (Side of engine) Oil pan

Source of noise

Before warmup

Tapping or ticking

A

A

A

A

Squeaking or fizzing

A

Creaking

A

Squall Creak

A

A: Closely related B: Related

A

B

B

A

B

B

B

C

A

C: Sometimes related

B

B

B

A

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

A

A

A

Check item

Connecting rod bushing oil clearance Connecting rod bearing oil clearance

Main bearing noise

Main bearing oil clearance Crankshaft runout

Timing chain and timing chain tensioner noise

Timing chain cracks and wear Timing chain tensioner operation

Drive belt (Sticking or slipping)

Drive belt deflection

B

Drive belt (Slipping)

Idler pulley bearing operation

B

Water pump noise

Water pump operation

C

B

C

D

E

Connecting rod bearing noise

B

C

F

G EM-153

H EM-153

I EM-158 EM-157

J EM-153

EM-67

K

EM-53

L

EM-22

M

N CO-19

O

—: Not related

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-21

2011 M37/M56


DRIVE BELT [VQ37VHR]

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE DRIVE BELT Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984972

JPBIA1060ZZ

1.

Power steering oil pump

2.

Alternator

3.

Drive belt auto-tensioner

4.

Idler pulley

5.

Crankshaft pulley

6.

A/C compressor

7.

Idler pulley

8.

Drive belt

9.

Idler pulley

A.

Possible use range

B.

Range when new drive belt is installed

C.

Indicator

D.

View D

Checking

INFOID:0000000005984973

WARNING: Be sure to perform the this step when engine is stopped. • Check that the indicator (C) (notch on fixed side) of drive belt auto-tensioner is within the possible use range (A). NOTE: • Check the drive belt auto-tensioner indication when the engine is cold. • When new drive belt is installed, the indicator (notch on fixed side) should be within the range (B) in the figure. • Visually check the entire drive belt for wear, damage or crack. • If the indicator (notch on fixed side) is out of the possible use range or belt is damaged, replace drive belt.

Tension Adjustment

INFOID:0000000005984974

Refer to EM-148, "Drive Belt".

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984975

REMOVAL 1. 2. 3.

Remove radiator reservoir tank. Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View". Remove engine undercover with power tool. Remove radiator cooling fan assembly. Refer to CO-17, "Exploded View".

Revision: 2010 June

EM-22

2011 M37/M56


DRIVE BELT < PERIODIC MAINTENANCE > 4. While securely holding the square hole (A) in pulley center of auto tensioner (1) with a spinner handle, move spinner handle in the direction of arrow (loosening direction of drive belt). CAUTION: Never place hand in a location where pinching may occur if the holding tool accidentally comes off.

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

: Loosening direction of drive belt

5.

6.

C

Under the above condition, insert a metallic bar of approximately 6 mm (0.24 in) in diameter [hexagonal wrench (C) shown as example in the figure] through the holding boss (B) to lock autotensioner pulley arm.

JPBIA0003ZZ

D

Remove drive belt. E

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. CAUTION: • Check drive belt is securely installed around all pulleys. • Check drive belt is correctly engaged with the pulley groove. • Check for engine oil and engine coolant are not adhered drive belt and pulley groove.

F

G

Inspection

INFOID:0000000005984976

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION • Turn crankshaft pulley clockwise several times to equalize tension between each pulley, and then confirm tension of drive belt at indicator (notch on fixed side) is within the possible use range. Refer to EM-22, "Exploded View".

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-23

2011 M37/M56


AIR CLEANER FILTER [VQ37VHR]

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

AIR CLEANER FILTER Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984977

REMOVAL 1.

Unhook clips (A). 1

: Holder

2

: Air cleaner case

JPBIA1597ZZ

2.

Remove holder (3) from air cleaner case (2), and then remove air cleaner filter (1) from holder.

JPBIA1598ZZ

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. â&#x20AC;¢ Install the air cleaner filter by aligning the seal with the notch of air cleaner case.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-24

2011 M37/M56


SPARK PLUG [VQ37VHR]

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

SPARK PLUG

A

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984978

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I JPBIA2803GB

1.

PCV hose

2.

Clamp

3.

PCV valve

4.

O-ring

5.

Clamp

6.

PCV hose

7.

Ignition coil

8.

Spark plug

9.

Rocker cover (bank 1)

10.

Oil filler cap

11.

Rocker cover gasket (bank 1)

12. Clamp

13.

PCV hose

14. PCV hose

15. Rocker cover gasket (bank 2)

16.

Rocker cover (bank 2) B.

C.

A.

To intake manifold collector

D.

Comply with the installation procedure when tightening. Refer to EM49.

To air duct

J

K

VVEL ladder assembly side

L

M

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984979

N

REMOVAL 1. 2. 3. 4.

Remove engine cover with power tool. Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". Remove air cleaner case and air duct (RH and LH). Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". Remove electric throttle control actuator. Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View". Remove ignition coil. Refer to EM-49, "Removal and Installation".

Revision: 2010 June

EM-25

O

P

2011 M37/M56


SPARK PLUG < PERIODIC MAINTENANCE > 5. Remove spark plug with a spark plug wrench (commercial service tool). a

[VQ37VHR]

: 14 mm (0.55 in)

JPBIA0030ZZ

INSTALLATION Installation is the reverse order of removal.

Inspection

INFOID:0000000005984980

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL Use the standard type spark plug for normal condition. Spark plug (Standard type)

: Refer to EM-148, "Spark Plug".

CAUTION: • Never drop or shock spark plug. • Never use a wire brush for cleaning. • If plug tip is covered with carbon, use spark plug cleaner to clean. Cleaner air pressure : Less than 588 kPa (6 kg/cm2, 85 psi) Cleaning time : Less than 20 seconds SMA773C

• Check and adjustment of plug gap is not required between change intervals.

JPBIA0031ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-26

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE COVER [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

A

ENGINE COVER Exploded View

1

INFOID:0000000005984983

EM

C

: Engine cover

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

D

E

F

G

H

JPBIA1049GB

Removal and Installation

I

INFOID:0000000005984984

J

REMOVAL Loosen mounting bolts and nuts in the reverse order as shown in the figure, and then remove engine cover. CAUTION: Never damage or scratch engine cover when installing or removing.

K

L

M JPBIA1785ZZ

INSTALLATION

N

Install engine cover, and then tighten mounting bolts and nuts in numerical order as shown in the figure. CAUTION: Never damage or scratch engine cover when installing or removing.

O

P

JPBIA1785ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-27

2011 M37/M56


DRIVE BELT AUTO TENSIONER AND IDLER PULLEY [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

DRIVE BELT AUTO TENSIONER AND IDLER PULLEY Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984985

JPBIA1059GB

1.

Front timing chain case

2.

Idler pulley

4.

Idler pulley

5.

Idler pulley

3.

Drive belt auto-tensioner

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984986

REMOVAL 1. 2.

Remove drive belt. Refer to EM-22, "Exploded View". • Keep auto-tensioner pulley arm locked after drive belt is removed. Remove auto-tensioner and idler pulley. • Keep auto-tensioner pulley arm locked to install or remove auto-tensioner.

INSTALLATION Installation is the reverse order of removal. CAUTION: If there is damage greater than peeled paint, replace drive belt auto-tensioner.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-28

2011 M37/M56


AIR CLEANER AND AIR DUCT [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

AIR CLEANER AND AIR DUCT

A

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984987

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I JPBIA3178GB

1.

Mass air flow sensor (bank 1)

2.

Air cleaner filter

3.

Holder (RH)

4.

Air cleaner case (RH)

5.

Bracket

6.

Grommet

7.

Air duct (inlet)

8.

Air cleaner case (LH)

9.

Holder (LH)

10. Mass air flow sensor (bank 2)

11. Clamp

12. Air duct (LH)

13. Clamp

14. PCV hose

15. PCV hose

B.

C.

J

K

16. Air duct (RH) A.

To electric throttle control actuator

To rocker cover (bank 1)

To rocker cover (bank 2)

L

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984988

M

REMOVAL NOTE: Mass air flow sensor is removable under the car-mounted condition. 1. Remove Air duct (inlet). 2. Disconnect mass air flow sensor harness connector. 3. Disconnect PCV hose. 4. Remove air cleaner case & mass air flow sensor assembly and air duct by disconnecting their joints. • Add marks if necessary for easier installation. 5. Remove mass air flow sensor from air cleaner case, if necessary. CAUTION: Handle mass air flow sensor according to the following instructions. • Never shock the mass air flow sensor. • Never disassemble the mass air flow sensor. • Never touch the sensor of the mass air flow sensor.

INSTALLATION Revision: 2010 June

EM-29

2011 M37/M56

N

O

P


AIR CLEANER AND AIR DUCT < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. • Align marks. Attach each joint. Screw clamps firmly.

Inspection

[VQ37VHR]

INFOID:0000000005984989

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL Inspect air duct for crack or tear. • If anything is found, replace air duct.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-30

2011 M37/M56


INTAKE MANIFOLD COLLECTOR [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

INTAKE MANIFOLD COLLECTOR

A

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984990

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J JPBIA1356GB

1.

EVAP canister purge control solenoid valve

2.

Clamp

3.

EVAP hose

4.

EVAP hose

5.

Clamp

6.

Water hose

7.

Water hose

8.

Electric throttle control actuator (bank 1) 9.

K

L

Gasket

10. PCV hose

11. Clamp

12. PCV hose

13. Intake manifold collector

14. Gasket

15. Water hose

16. Water hose

17. Electric throttle control actuator (bank 2) 18. EVAP hose

Manifold absolute Pressure (MAP) sen19. sor

20. EVAP tube assembly

21. EVAP hose

A.

To vacuum pipe

B.

To brake booster

C.

D.

To PCV valve

E.

To heater pipe

M

To water outlet (rear)

N

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984991

REMOVAL WARNING: Never drain engine coolant when the engine is hot to avoid the danger of being scalded. 1. Remove engine cover with power tool. Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". 2. Remove air cleaner case and air duct (RH and LH). Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". 3. Remove electric throttle control actuator as follows: a. Drain engine coolant. When water hoses are disconnected, attach plug to prevent engine coolant leakage. Revision: 2010 June

EM-31

2011 M37/M56

O

P


INTAKE MANIFOLD COLLECTOR [VQ37VHR] < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > CAUTION: • Perform this step when engine is cold. • Never spill engine coolant on drive belt. b. Disconnect water hoses from electric throttle control actuator. When engine coolant is not drained from radiator, attach plug to water hoses to prevent engine coolant leakage. c. Disconnect harness connector. d. Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure. NOTE: • When removing only intake manifold collector, move electric throttle control actuator without disconnecting the water hose. • The figure shows the electric throttle control actuator (bank 1) viewed from the air duct side. • Viewed from the air duct side, the order of loosening mounting bolts of electric throttle control actuator (bank 2) is the same as that of the electric throttle control actuator (bank 1). CAUTION: Handle carefully to avoid any shock to electric throttle conJPBIA0011ZZ trol actuator. 4. 5. 6.

Disconnect vacuum hose, PCV hose and EVAP hose from intake manifold collector. Remove EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve and EVAP tube assembly from intake manifold collector. Loosen mounting bolts and nuts with power tool in the reverse order as shown in the figure to remove intake manifold collector. : Engine front

JPBIA1353ZZ

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. INTAKE MANIFOLD COLLECTOR

• If stud bolts were removed, install them and tighten to the torque specified below. : 10.8 N·m (1.1 kg-m, 8 ft-lb) • Tighten mounting bolts and nuts in numerical order as shown in the figure. : Engine front

JPBIA1353ZZ

WATER HOSE

• Insert hose by 27 to 32 mm (1.06 to 1.26 in) from connector end. • Clamp hose at location of 3 to 7 mm (0.12 to 0.28 in) from hose end. ELECTRIC THROTTLE CONTROL ACTUATOR (BANK 1 AND BANK 2)

Revision: 2010 June

EM-32

2011 M37/M56


INTAKE MANIFOLD COLLECTOR < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • Tighten in numerical order as shown in the figure. NOTE: • The figure shows the electric throttle control actuator (bank 1) viewed from the air duct side. • Viewed from the air duct side, the order of tightening mounting bolts of electric throttle control actuator (bank 2) is the same as that of the electric throttle control actuator (bank 1). • Perform the “Throttle Valve Closed Position Learning” when harness connector of electric throttle control actuator is disconnected. Refer to EC-151, "Description". • Perform the “Idle Air Volume Learning” and “Throttle Valve Closed Position Learning” when electric throttle control actuator is replaced. Refer to EC-152, "Description" and EC-151, "Description".

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C JPBIA0011ZZ

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-33

2011 M37/M56


INTAKE MANIFOLD [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

INTAKE MANIFOLD Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984992

JPBIA1350GB

1.

Intake manifold

A.

Comply with the installation procedure when tightening. Refer to EM34.

2.

Gasket

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984993

REMOVAL 1. 2. 3. 4.

Release fuel pressure. Refer to EC-161, "Work Procedure". Remove intake manifold collector. Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View". Remove fuel tube and fuel injector assembly. Refer to EM-39, "Exploded View". Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure to remove intake manifold with power tool. : Engine front

CAUTION: • Cover engine openings to avoid entry of foreign materials. • Put a mark on the intake manifold and the cylinder head with paint before removal because they need to be installed in the specified direction. JPBIA1352ZZ

5.

Remove gaskets.

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. INTAKE MANIFOLD

• If stud bolts were removed, install them and tighten to the torque specified below. : 10.8 N·m (1.1 kg-m, 8 ft-lb)

Revision: 2010 June

EM-34

2011 M37/M56


INTAKE MANIFOLD < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • Tighten all mounting bolts to the specified torque in two or more steps in numerical order as shown in the figure.

[VQ37VHR] A

: Engine front

EM

CAUTION: • Install intake manifold with the marks (put on the intake manifold and the cylinder head before removal) aligned.

C

1st step: : 7.4 N·m (0.75 kg-m, 5 ft-lb)

JPBIA1352ZZ

D

2nd step and after: : 25.5 N·m (2.6 kg-m, 19 ft-lb)

E

Inspection

INFOID:0000000005984994

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL

F

Surface Distortion • Check the surface distortion of the intake manifold mating surface with a straightedge (A) and a feeler gauge (B).

G

Limit

: Refer to EM-149, "Intake Manifold". H

• If it exceeds the limit, replace intake manifold.

I JPBIA1348ZZ

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-35

2011 M37/M56


EXHAUST MANIFOLD [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

EXHAUST MANIFOLD Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984995

JPBIA2812GB

1.

Heated oxygen sensor 2 (bank 1)

2.

Air fuel ratio sensor 1 (bank 1)

3.

Exhaust manifold cover (upper)

4.

Exhaust manifold (bank 1)

5.

Exhaust manifold cover (lower)

6.

Gasket

7.

Ring gasket

8.

Three way catalyst (bank 1)

9.

Gasket

11. Gasket

12.

Three way catalyst (bank 2)

13. Ring gasket

14. Exhaust manifold (bank 2)

15.

Exhaust manifold cover (lower)

16. Gasket

17. Air fuel ratio sensor 1 (bank 2)

18.

Exhaust manifold cover (upper)

10. Heated oxygen sensor 2 (bank 2)

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005984996

REMOVAL WARNING: Perform the work when the exhaust and cooling system have completely cooled down. NOTE: When removing bank 1 side parts only, steps 1, 4 and 7 are unnecessary. 1. Drain engine coolant. Refer to CO-8, "Draining". 2. Remove engine cover with power tool. Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". 3. Remove air cleaner case and air duct (RH and LH). Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". 4. Remove water pipe and water hose. Refer to CO-24, "Exploded View". 5. Remove engine undercover with power tool. 6. Remove exhaust front tube and three way catalysts (bank 1 and bank 2). Refer to EX-5, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". Revision: 2010 June

EM-36

2011 M37/M56


EXHAUST MANIFOLD [VQ37VHR] < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 7. Disconnect steering lower joint at power steering gear assembly side, and release steering lower shaft. 8. Disconnect air fuel ratio sensor 1 (bank 1 and bank 2) harness connectors and remove harness clip. 9. Using the heated oxygen sensor wrench [SST: KV10114400 (J38365)] (C), remove air fuel ratio sensor 1 (bank 1 and bank 2).

A

EM A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

C

CAUTION: • Be careful not to damage air fuel ratio sensor 1. • Discard any air fuel ratio sensor 1 that has been dropped onto a hard surface such as a concrete floor. Replace with a new sensor.

D JPBIA2176ZZ

E

10. Remove exhaust manifold cover (upper) (bank 1 and bank 2). 11. Loosen mounting nuts in the reverse order as shown in the figure to remove exhaust manifold.

F A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2 : Engine front

G

NOTE: Disregard the numerical order No. 7 and 8 in removal. H

I

J

K

JPBIA0017ZZ

12. Remove gaskets. CAUTION: Cover engine openings to avoid entry of foreign materials.

L

M

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal.

N

EXHAUST MANIFOLD GASKET

• Install exhaust manifold gasket in direction shown in the figure. (Follow the same procedure for both banks.) A

O

: Bank 1

B

: Triangle press

C

: Bank 2

P

: Engine front

JPBIA0019ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-37

2011 M37/M56


EXHAUST MANIFOLD [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > EXHAUST MANIFOLD

• If stud bolts were removed, install them and tighten to the torque specified below. Tightening torque

: Refer to EM-36, "Exploded View".

• Install exhaust manifold and tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2 : Engine front

NOTE: Tighten nuts the No. 1 and 2 in two steps. The numerical order No. 7 and 8 shows the second step.

JPBIA0017ZZ

AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR 1 CAUTION: • Before installing a new air fuel ratio sensor 1, clean exhaust system threads using heated oxygen sensor thread cleaner tool (Commercial Service Tool: J-43897-18 or J-43897-12) and apply anti-seize lubricant. • Never apply excessive torque to air fuel ratio sensor 1. Doing so may cause damage to air fuel ratio sensor 1, resulting in the “MIL” illuminating.

Inspection

INFOID:0000000005984997

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL Surface Distortion • Check the surface distortion of the exhaust manifold mating surface with a straightedge (A) and a feeler gauge (B).

Limit

: Refer to EM-149, "Exhaust Manifold".

• If it exceeds the limit, replace exhaust manifold.

JPBIA0018ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-38

2011 M37/M56


FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE

A

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005984998

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I JPBIA1169GB

1.

Quick connector cap

2.

Fuel feed hose (with damper)

3.

O-ring

4.

Fuel sub tube

5.

O-ring

6.

Clip

7.

Fuel damper

8.

O-ring

9.

Fuel tube

10. O-ring (black)

11. Fuel injector

J

12. Clip

K

13. O-ring (green) A.

Comply with the installation procedure when tightening. Refer to EM39.

L

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

CAUTION: Never remove or disassemble parts unless instructed as shown in the figure.

Removal and Installation

M INFOID:0000000005984999

N

REMOVAL WARNING: • Put a “CAUTION: FLAMMABLE” sign in the workshop. • Be sure to work in a well ventilated area and furnish workshop with a CO2 fire extinguisher. • Never smoke while servicing fuel system. Keep open flames and sparks away from the work area. • Never drain engine coolant when the engine is hot to avoid the danger of being scalded. 1. Release fuel pressure. Refer to EC-161, "Work Procedure". 2. Disconnect battery cable from the negative terminal. Refer to PG-157, "Exploded View". 3. Remove engine cover with power tool. Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". 4. Remove air cleaner case and air duct (RH and LH). Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". 5. Remove intake manifold collector. Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View".

Revision: 2010 June

EM-39

2011 M37/M56

O

P


FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 6. Remove fuel feed hose (with damper) (1) from fuel sub-tube (2) and remove harness bracket (3).

[VQ37VHR]

: Engine front

NOTE: There is no fuel return route. CAUTION: • While hoses are disconnected, plug them to prevent fuel from draining. • Never separate damper and hose. JPBIA0032ZZ

7. a. b.

When separating fuel feed hose (with damper) and centralized under-floor piping connection, disconnect quick connector as follows: Remove quick connector cap (2) from quick connector connection on right member side. Disconnect fuel feed hose (with damper) (1) from bracket hose clamp.

JPBIA0254ZZ

c. d.

Push in retainer tabs (2). Draw and pull out quick connector (1) straight from centralized under-floor piping (3). CAUTION: • Pull quick connector holding (A) position as shown in the figure. • Never pull with lateral force applied. O-ring inside quick connector may be damaged. • Prepare container and cloth beforehand because fuel will leak out. • Avoid fire and sparks. JPBIA1854ZZ • Keep parts away from heat source. Especially, be careful when welding is performed around them. • Never expose parts to battery electrolyte or other acids. • Never bend or twist connection between quick connector and fuel feed hose (with damper) during installation/removal. • To keep the connecting portion clean and to avoid damage and foreign materials, cover them completely with plastic bags, etc. (A) or a similar item.

JPBIA0035ZZ

8. 9.

Remove fuel sub tube mounting bolt. Disconnect harness connector from fuel injector.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-40

2011 M37/M56


FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 10. Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure, and remove fuel tube and fuel injector assembly.

[VQ37VHR] A

: Engine front

EM

CAUTION: Never tilt it, or remaining fuel in pipes may flow out from pipes.

C JPBIA1170ZZ

D

11. Remove fuel injector (2) from fuel tube (4) as follows:

a. b.

3

: O-ring

A

: Installed condition

B

: Clip mounting groove

E

Open and remove clip (1). Remove fuel injector from fuel tube by pulling straight. CAUTION: • Be careful with remaining fuel that may go out from fuel tube. • Be careful not to damage injector nozzles during removal. • Never bump or drop fuel injector. • Never disassemble fuel injector.

F

G JPBIA1359ZZ

H

12. Remove fuel sub-tube and fuel damper, if necessary. I

INSTALLATION 1.

a.

b. c.

Install fuel damper (4) as follows: 2

: Cup

5

: Clip

C

: Cut-out

J

K

Install new O-ring (1) to fuel tube as shown. When handling new O-ring, pay attention to the following caution items: CAUTION: • Handle O-ring with bare hands. Never wear gloves. • Lubricate O-ring with new engine oil. • Never clean O-ring with solvent. • Check that O-ring and its mating part are free of foreign material. • When installing O-ring, be careful not to scratch it with tool or fingernails. Also be careful not to twist or stretch O-ring. If O-ring was stretched while it was being attached, do not insert it quickly into fuel tube. • Insert new O-ring straight into fuel tube. Never twist it. Install spacer (3) to fuel damper. Insert fuel damper straight into fuel tube. CAUTION: • Insert straight, checking that the axis is lined up. • Never pressure-fit with excessive force. Reference value

L

M

N

O

JPBIA1171ZZ

: 130 N (13.3 kg, 29.2 lb)

• Insert fuel damper until (A) is touching (B) of fuel tube.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-41

2011 M37/M56

P


FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > d. Install the cut-out (A) of the clip (2) to the projection (B), which ensures that the fuel tube does not move or rotate. 1

e.

[VQ37VHR]

: Fuel tube

Unlock the clip after making sure that the rib of the cup and the brim of the fuel damper are mated each other and positioned in the holes (C) of the clip.

JPBIA1172ZZ

f.

Check that the opening (B) and the slit (C) of the clip are positioned and fixed properly so it does not rotate or pull out. A

: Under view

JPBIA1173ZZ

2.

3.

Install fuel sub-tube. • When handling new O-rings, be careful of the following caution items: CAUTION: • Handle O-ring with bare hands. Never wear gloves. • Lubricate O-ring with new engine oil. • Never clean O-ring with solvent. • Check that O-ring and its mating part are free of foreign material. • When installing O-ring, be careful not to scratch it with tool or fingernails. Also be careful not to twist or stretch O-ring. If O-ring was stretched while it was being attached, never insert it quickly into fuel tube. • Insert new O-ring straight into fuel tube. Never decenter or twist it. • Insert fuel sub-tube straight into fuel tube. • Tighten mounting bolts evenly in turn. • After tightening mounting bolts, Check that there is no gap between flange and fuel tube. Install new O-rings to fuel injector, paying attention to the following items. CAUTION: • Upper and lower O-ring are different. Be careful not to confuse them. Fuel tube side Nozzle side

: Black : Green

• • • • •

Handle O-ring with bare hands. Never wear gloves. Lubricate O-ring with new engine oil. Never clean O-ring with solvent. Check that O-ring and its mating part are free of foreign material. When installing O-ring, be careful not to scratch it with tool or fingernails. Also be careful not to twist or stretch O-ring. If O-ring was stretched while it was being attached, never insert it quickly into fuel tube. • Insert O-ring straight into fuel injector. Never decenter or twist it.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-42

2011 M37/M56


FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 4. Install fuel injector to fuel tube as follows:

A

a.

b.

c.

2

: O-ring (Black)

4

: O-ring (Green)

EM

Insert clip (3) into clip mounting groove (F) on fuel injector (5). CAUTION: • Never reuse clip. Replace it with a new one. • Be careful to keep clip from interfering with O-ring. If interference occurs, replace O-ring. • Insert clip so that protrusion (E) of fuel injector matches cut-out (C) of clip. Insert fuel injector into fuel tube (1) with clip attached. • Insert it while matching it to the axial center. • Insert fuel injector so that protrusion (A) of fuel tube matches cutout (B) of clip. • Check that fuel tube flange (G) is securely fixed in flange fixing groove (D) on clip. Check that installation is complete by checking that fuel injector does not rotate or come off. • Check that protrusions of fuel injectors and fuel tube are aligned with cutouts of clips after installation.

C

D

E

F

G JPBIA1358ZZ

5.

Install fuel tube and fuel injector assembly to intake manifold. CAUTION: Be careful not to let tip of injector nozzle come in contact with other parts. • Tighten mounting bolts in two steps in numerical order as shown in the figure.

H

I

: Engine front

J

1st step: 10.1 N·m (1.0 kg-m, 7 ft-lb) 2nd step: 23.6 N·m (2.4 kg-m, 17 ft-lb)

K JPBIA1170ZZ

6. 7. 8.

9. a. b. c.

Connect injector sub-harness. Install fuel sub tube mounting bolt. Connect fuel feed hose (with damper). • Handling procedure of O-ring is the same as that of fuel damper and fuel sub-tube. • Insert fuel damper straight into fuel sub-tube. • Tighten mounting bolts evenly in turn. • After tightening mounting bolts, check that there is no gap between flange and fuel sub-tube. Connect quick connector between fuel feed hose (with damper) and centralized under-floor piping connection as follows: Check that no foreign substances are deposited in and around centralized under-floor piping and quick connector, and that there is no damage to them. Thinly apply new engine oil around centralized under-floor piping from tip end to spool end. Align center to insert quick connector straightly into centralized under-floor piping. • Insert quick connector to centralized under-floor piping until top spool is completely inside quick connector and 2nd level spool exposes right below quick connector. CAUTION: • Hold align center to avoid inclined insertion to prevent damage to O-ring inside quick connector. • Insert until you hear a “click” sound and actually feel the engagement. • To avoid misidentification of engagement with a similar sound, be sure to perform the next step.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-43

2011 M37/M56

L

M

N

O

P


FUEL INJECTOR AND FUEL TUBE < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > d. Pull quick connector by hand holding position (A). Check it is completely engaged (connected) so that it does not come out from centralized under-floor piping (1).

[VQ37VHR]

PBIC3795E

e.

Install quick connector cap (3) to quick connector connection. 1

: Centralized under-floor piping

2

: Fuel feed hose

B

: Under view

• Install quick connector cap with arrow (A) on surface facing in direction of quick connector (fuel feed hose side). CAUTION: If quick connector cap cannot be installed smoothly, quick connector may have not been installed correctly. Check the connection again. 10. Install in the reverse order of removal after this step.

Inspection

JPBIA0039ZZ

INFOID:0000000005985000

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION Check for Fuel Leakage

1.

2.

Turn ignition switch “ON” (with the engine stopped). With fuel pressure applied to fuel piping, check that there is no fuel leakage at connection points. NOTE: Use mirrors for checking at points out of clear sight. Start the engine. With engine speed increased, check that again that there is no fuel leakage at connection points. CAUTION: Never touch the engine immediately after it is stopped because the engine is extremely hot.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-44

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (LOWER) [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

OIL PAN (LOWER)

A

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985001

2WD models

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L JPBIA0530GB

1.

Oil level gauge

2.

Oil level gauge guide

3.

O-ring

4.

O-ring

5.

Connector bolt

6.

Oil filter

7.

Relief valve

8.

Oil pressure switch

9.

Oil strainer

10. Oil temperature sensor

11. Washer

12. Oil pan (upper)

13. Drain plug

14. Drain plug washer

15. Oil pan (lower)

B.

C.

M

N

16. Rear plate cover A.

Refer to LU-10

To oil pump

O

Oil pan side

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-45

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (LOWER) [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > AWD models

JPBIA2763GB

1.

Oil level gauge

2.

Oil level gauge guide

3.

O-ring

4.

O-ring

5.

Gasket

6.

Oil strainer

7.

Drain plug

8.

Drain plug washer

9.

Oil pan (lower)

10. Baffle plate

11. O-ring (small)

12. Axle pipe

13. O-ring (large)

14. Rear plate cover

15

Oil pan (upper)

A.

B.

C.

Oil pan side

Refer to LU-10

To oil pump

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985003

REMOVAL CAUTION: Never drain engine oil when the engine is hot to avoid the danger of being scalded. 1. Remove engine undercover with power tool. 2. Remove oil pan (lower) as follows: a. Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure to remove. : Engine front

JPBIA0021ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-46

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (LOWER) < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > b. Insert the seal cutter [SST: KV10111100 (J-37228)] (A) between oil pan (upper) and oil pan (lower). CAUTION: • Be careful not to damage the mating surfaces. • Never insert a screwdriver. This damages the mating surfaces. c. Slide the seal cutter by tapping on the side of tool with a hammer. Remove oil pan (lower).

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C JPBIA0276ZZ

D

INSTALLATION 1. a.

Install oil pan (lower) as follows: Use scraper (A) to remove old liquid gasket from mating surfaces. • Remove old liquid gasket from the bolt holes and thread. CAUTION: Never scratch or damage the mating surfaces when cleaning off old liquid gasket.

E

F

G

JPBIA0025ZZ

b.

Apply a continuous bead of liquid gasket with the tube presser (commercial service tool) to the oil pan (lower) as shown in the figure. a

H

I

: φ4.0 - 5.0 mm (0.157 - 0.197 in)

J

: Engine front

Use Genuine RTV Silicone Sealant or equivalent. Refer to GI-18, "Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants". CAUTION: Attaching should be done within 5 minutes after coating.

K JPBIA1556ZZ

c.

L

Install oil pan (lower). • Tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure.

M : Engine front

N

O JPBIA0021ZZ

2.

3.

Install oil pan drain plug. • Refer to the figure of the components of on the prior page for installation direction of drain plug washer. Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". Install in the reverse order of removal after this step. NOTE: Wait at least 30 minutes after oil pan is installed before pouring engine oil.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-47

2011 M37/M56

P


OIL PAN (LOWER) [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

Inspection

INFOID:0000000005985004

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL Clean oil strainer if any object is attached.

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION 1. 2. 3. 4.

Check the engine oil level and adjust engine oil. Refer to LU-7, "Inspection". Start engine, and check there is no leakage of engine oil. Stop engine and wait for 10 minutes. Check the engine oil level again. Refer to LU-7, "Inspection".

Revision: 2010 June

EM-48

2011 M37/M56


IGNITION COIL, SPARK PLUG AND ROCKER COVER [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

IGNITION COIL, SPARK PLUG AND ROCKER COVER

A

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985005

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I JPBIA2803GB

1.

PCV hose

2.

Clamp

3.

PCV valve

4.

O-ring

5.

Clamp

6.

PCV hose

7.

Ignition coil

8.

Spark plug

9.

Rocker cover (bank 1)

10.

Oil filler cap

11.

Rocker cover gasket (bank 1)

12. Clamp

13.

PCV hose

14. PCV hose

15. Rocker cover gasket (bank 2)

16.

Rocker cover (bank 2) B.

C.

A.

To intake manifold collector

D.

Comply with the installation procedure when tightening. Refer to EM49.

To air duct

J

K

VVEL ladder assembly side

L

M

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985006

N

REMOVAL 1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

Remove the following parts: • Engine cover: Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". • Air cleaner case and air duct (RH and LH): Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". • Intake manifold collector: Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View". Disconnect PCV hose from rocker cover. Remove PCV valve and O-ring from rocker cover, if necessary. Remove oil filler cap from rocker cover, if necessary. Remove ignition coil. CAUTION: Never shock ignition coil. Remove harness clips on the rocker cover.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-49

O

P

2011 M37/M56


IGNITION COIL, SPARK PLUG AND ROCKER COVER [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 7. Loosen mounting bolts with power tool in reverse order as shown in the figure. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2 : Engine front

JPBIA2423ZZ

8. 9.

Remove rocker cover gasket from rocker cover. Use scraper to remove all traces of liquid gasket from cylinder head and VVEL ladder assembly. CAUTION: Never scratch or damage the mating surface when cleaning off old liquid gasket.

INSTALLATION 1.

Apply liquid gasket to the position shown in the figure with the following procedure: 2

: Actuator bracket (rear)

3

: VVEL actuator sub assembly

A

: Liquid gasket application point

F

: View F

I

: End surface of VVEL ladder assembly

b

: 4 mm (0.16 in)

c

: Ď&#x2020;2.5 - 3.5 mm (0.098 - 0.138 in)

d

: 5 mm (0.20 in)

g

: 10 mm (0.39 in) : Engine front

a. b.

Refer to figure (E) to apply liquid gasket to joint part of VVEL ladder assembly (1) and cylinder head. Refer to figure (H) to apply liquid gasket in 90 degrees to figure. Use Genuine RTV Silicone Sealant or equivalent. Refer to GI-18, "Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants".

JPBIA1347ZZ

2. 3.

Install rocker cover gasket to rocker cover. Install rocker cover. â&#x20AC;˘ Check that rocker cover gasket does not drop from the installation groove of rocker cover.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-50

2011 M37/M56


IGNITION COIL, SPARK PLUG AND ROCKER COVER < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 4. Tighten bolts in two steps separately in numerical order as shown in the figure. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

: Engine front

C

1st step: 2.0 N·m (0.2 kg-m, 18 in-lb) 2nd step: 8.3 N·m (0.85 kg-m, 73 in-lb)

D

E

F

G JPBIA2423ZZ

5.

Install in the reverse order of removal after this step. H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-51

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

TIMING CHAIN Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985007

JPBIA1101GB

1.

Timing chain (secondary)

2.

Camshaft sprocket (EXH)

3.

4.

Timing chain (secondary)

5.

Camshaft sprocket (EXH)

6.

Internal chain guide

7.

Timing chain (primary)

8.

Camshaft sprocket (INT) (bank 1)

9.

Timing chain tensioner (primary)

Revision: 2010 June

EM-52

O-ring

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 10.

Slack guide

11. Crankshaft sprocket

12. Camshaft sprocket (INT) (bank 2)

13.

Tension guide

Intake valve timing control cover 14. gasket (bank 1)

15. Seal ring

16.

Intake valve timing control cover (bank 1)

17. O-ring

18.

19.

Oil level gauge

20. Oil level gauge guide

21. O-ring

22.

Intake valve timing control solenoid Intake valve timing control cover 23. (bank 2) valve (bank 2)

24.

25.

Intake valve timing control cover gasket (bank 2)

26. Front oil seal

27. Crankshaft pulley

28.

Crankshaft pulley bolt

29.

31.

Idler pulley bracket

32. Alternator bracket

33. Water outlet (front)

34.

Front timing chain case

35. Rear timing chain case

36. O-ring

37.

O-ring

38. O-ring

A.

Comply with the installation proce- B. dure when tightening. Refer to EM53.

A

Camshaft position sensor (PHASE) (bank 1) Camshaft position sensor (PHASE) (bank 2)

Intake valve timing control solenoid 30. Power steering oil pump bracket valve (bank 1)

EM

C

D

E

Comply with the installation proce- C. dure when tightening. Refer to EM92.

Oil filter

F

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985008

G

REMOVAL 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

Release the fuel pressure. Refer to EC-161, "Work Procedure". Disconnect the battery cable from the negative terminal. Remove engine cover with power tool. Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". Remove radiator reservoir tank. Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View". Remove air duct and air cleaner case assembly (RH and LH). Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". Remove engine undercover with power tool. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-8, "Draining". CAUTION: â&#x20AC;˘ Perform this step when the engine is cold. â&#x20AC;˘ Never spill engine coolant on drive belt. Remove radiator hose (upper and lower). Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View". Drain engine oil. Refer to LU-9, "Draining". CAUTION: Perform this step when the engine is cold. Remove radiator cooling fan assembly. Refer to CO-17, "Exploded View". Remove drive belt. Refer to EM-22, "Removal and Installation". Separate engine harnesses by removing their brackets from front timing chain case. Remove intake manifold collector. Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View". Remove fuel sub tube mounting bolt. Refer to EM-39, "Exploded View". Remove oil level gauge and oil level gauge guide. Remove A/C compressor from bracket with piping connected, and temporarily secure it aside. Refer to HA-31, "Exploded View". Remove power steering oil pump from bracket with piping connected, and temporarily secure it aside. Refer to ST-64, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". Remove power steering oil pump bracket. Remove idler pulley, drive belt auto-tensioner and bracket. Refer to EM-28, "Exploded View". Remove alternator and alternator bracket. Refer to CHG-27, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". Remove water pipe. Refer to CO-24, "Exploded View".

Revision: 2010 June

EM-53

2011 M37/M56

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P


TIMING CHAIN [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 22. Remove camshaft position sensor (PHASE). A

: Keep free from magnetic materials

CAUTION: • Handle carefully to avoid dropping and shocks. • Never disassemble. • Never allow metal powder to adhere to magnetic part at sensor tip. • Never place sensors in a location where they are exposed to magnetism. JPBIA0454ZZ

23. Remove intake valve timing control covers and gasket as follows: a. Disconnect intake valve timing control solenoid valve harness connector. b. Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

C

: Dowel pin hole

CAUTION: Shaft is internally jointed with camshaft sprocket (INT) center hole. When removing, keep it horizontal until it is completely disconnected. JPBIA1333ZZ

c.

Shaft is engaged with camshaft sprocket (INT) center hole on inside. Pull straight out so that it does not tilt until the joint is disengaged. 24. Remove intake valve timing control solenoid valve, if necessary. CAUTION: Intake valve timing control solenoid valve is nonreusable. Never remove it unless required. 25. Remove rocker covers (bank 1 and bank 2). Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". 26. Obtain No.1 cylinder at TDC of its compression stroke as follows: a. Rotate crankshaft pulley clockwise to align timing mark (grooved line without color) with timing indicator. : Timing mark (grooved line without color)

JPBIA0043ZZ

b.

Check that exhaust cam noses on No.1 cylinder (engine front side of bank 1) is located as shown in the figure. 1

: Camshaft (EXH) (bank 1) : Engine front

• If not, turn crankshaft one revolution (360 degrees) and align as shown in the figure.

JPBIA1127ZZ

27. Remove crankshaft pulley as follows: Revision: 2010 June

EM-54

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > a. Remove rear cover plate and set the ring gear stopper [SST: KV10118600 (J-48641)] (A) as shown in the figure. 1

: Oil pan (upper)

2

: Drive plate

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

: Vehicle front

C JPBIA0408ZZ

D

b.

Loosen crankshaft pulley bolt and rotate bolt seating surface at 10 mm (0.39 in) from its original position. 1

E

: Crankshaft pulley

CAUTION: Never remove crankshaft pulley bolt because it is used as a supporting point for suitable puller.

F

G JPBIA1364ZZ

c.

Place suitable puller tab on holes of crankshaft pulley, and pull crankshaft pulley through. CAUTION: Never put suitable puller tab on crankshaft pulley periphery, because this damages internal damper.

H

I

J

JPBIA1368ZZ

28. Remove oil pan (lower). Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". 29. Loosen two mounting bolts in front of oil pan (upper) with power tool in reverse order as shown in the figure.

K

L

: Engine front

M

N

JPBIA0047ZZ

O

30. Remove front timing chain case as follows: P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-55

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > a. Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure.

[VQ37VHR]

JPBIA0046ZZ

b. c.

Insert a suitable tool (A) into the notch at the top of front timing chain case as shown. Pry off case by moving the suitable tool as shown. • Use the seal cutter [SST: KV10111100 (J-37228)] to cut liquid gasket for removal. CAUTION: • Never use a screwdriver or a similar item. • After removal, handle front timing chain case carefully so it does not tilt, cant, or warp under a load. JPBIA0048ZZ

31. Remove front oil seal from front timing chain case using a suitable tool. • Use a screwdriver for removal. CAUTION: Be careful not to damage front timing chain case.

JPBIA0049ZZ

32. Remove O-ring (1) from rear timing chain case. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

JPBIA1111ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-56

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 33. Remove timing chain tensioner (primary) (1) as follows: a. Remove lower mounting bolt (A). b. Loosen upper mounting bolt (B) slowly, and then turn timing chain tensioner (primary) on the upper mounting bolt so that plunger (C) is fully expanded. NOTE: Even if plunger is fully expanded, it does not drop from the body of timing chain tensioner (primary). c. Remove upper mounting bolt, and then remove timing chain tensioner (primary).

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C JPBIA1537ZZ

D

34. Remove internal chain guide (1), slack guide (2) and tension guide (3). E

F

G

H

I

J

JPBIA1104ZZ

35. Remove timing chain (primary) and crankshaft sprocket. CAUTION: After removing timing chain (primary), never turn crankshaft and camshaft separately, or valves strike the piston heads. 36. Remove timing chain (secondary) and camshaft sprockets as follows: a. Attach suitable stopper pin (C) to the timing chain tensioners (secondary) (1), (2). A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

M

O

JPBIA1105ZZ

Remove camshaft sprocket (EXH) mounting bolt. • Secure the hexagonal portion of camshaft (EXH) using a wrench to loosen mounting bolt. CAUTION: Never loosen the mounting bolt by securing anything other than the camshaft (EXH) hexagonal portion or with tensioning the timing chain.

Revision: 2010 June

L

N

NOTE: • Use approximately 0.5 mm (0.02 in) dia. hard metal pin as a stopper pin. • For removal of timing chain tensioners (secondary), refer to EM-96, "Exploded View". (Removing VVEL ladder assembly is required.) b.

K

EM-57

2011 M37/M56

P


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > c. Remove camshaft sprocket (INT) mounting bolt. • Secure the hexagonal portion (located in between journal No. 1 and journal No. 2) of drive shaft (A) using a wrench to loosen mounting bolt. 1

[VQ37VHR]

: Camshaft (EXH) (bank 2) : Engine front

CAUTION: • Never loosen the mounting bolt by securing anything other than the drive shaft hexagonal portion or with tensioning the timing chain. JPBIA1332ZZ • When holding the hexagonal part of drive shaft on the intake side with a wrench, be careful not to allow the wrench to cause interference with other parts. • Never disassemble camshaft sprocket (INT). [Never loosen bolts (A) as shown in the figure.]

JPBIA1106ZZ

d. Remove timing chain (secondary) together with camshaft sprockets. 37. Use a scraper to remove all traces of old liquid gasket from front and rear timing chain cases and oil pan (upper), and liquid gasket mating surfaces. CAUTION: Be careful not to allow gasket fragments to enter oil pan.

JPBIA0050ZZ

38. Remove old liquid gasket from bolt hole and thread. A

: Remove old liquid gasket that is stuck

B

: Bolt hole

JPBIA0051ZZ

INSTALLATION NOTE: The figure below shows the relationship between the matching mark on each timing chain and that on the corresponding sprocket with the components installed.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-58

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

A

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H JPBIA1107ZZ

1.

Internal chain guide

2.

Camshaft sprocket (INT)

3.

Timing chain (secondary)

4.

Camshaft sprocket (EXH)

5.

Timing chain tensioner (primary)

6.

Slack guide

7.

Timing chain (primary)

8.

Crankshaft sprocket

9.

Water pump

10. Tension guide A.

1.

Timing chain tensioner (secondary) 11. (bank 2)

Timing chain tensioner (secondary) 12. (bank 1)

Matching mark [punched (back side)] B.

Matching mark (yellow link)

C.

Matching mark (punched)

D.

Matching mark (orange link)

Matching mark (notched)

F.

Crankshaft key

G.

Matching mark [punched]

E.

Check that dowel pin (A) and crankshaft key (1) are located as shown in the figure. (No. 1 cylinder at compression TDC) NOTE: Though camshaft does not stop at the position as shown in the figure, for the placement of cam noses, it is generally accepted that camshaft is placed in the same direction as that of the figure.

L

M

N JPBIA0094ZZ

O

Install timing chains (secondary) and camshaft sprockets as follows: CAUTION: Matching marks between timing chain and sprockets slip easily. Confirm all matching mark positions repeatedly during the installation process.

Revision: 2010 June

J

K

Camshaft dowel pin : At cylinder head upper face side in each bank. Crankshaft key : At cylinder head side of bank 1. 2.

I

EM-59

2011 M37/M56

P


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > a. Push plunger of timing chain tensioner (secondary) and keep it pressed in with a stopper pin (A).

[VQ37VHR]

JPBIA0095ZZ

b.

Install timing chains (secondary) and camshaft sprockets. NOTE: Figure shows bank 1 (rear view). A

: Camshaft sprocket (INT) back face

B

: Orange link

C

: Dowel groove

D

: Matching mark (oval)

E

: Matching mark (2 oval: on front face)

F

: Matching mark (circle)

G

: Camshaft sprocket (EXH) back face

H

: Matching mark (2 circle: on front face)

I

: Timing chain (secondary)

• Align the matching marks on timing chain (secondary) (orange link) with the ones on intake and exhaust camshaft sprockets (punched), and install them. NOTE: • Matching marks for camshaft sprockets (INT) are on the back side of camshaft sprockets (secondary). • There are two types of matching marks, the circle and oval types. They should be used for the bank 1 and bank 2, respectively. Bank 1 Bank 2

JPBIA1109ZZ

: Use circle type : Use oval type

• Shape (orientation of signal plate) of camshaft sprocket (INT) varies depending on the bank position. See the right figure to install. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

JPBIA1516ZZ

• Align dowel pin camshafts with the pin groove on sprockets, and install them. • In case that positions of each matching mark and each dowel pin do not fit with matching parts, make fine adjustment to the position holding the hexagonal portion on camshaft (EXH) or drive shaft with wrench or equivalent tool. • Mounting bolts for camshaft sprockets must be tightened in the next step. Tightening them by hand is sufficient to prevent the dislocation of dowel pins.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-60

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • It may be difficult to visually check the dislocation of matching marks during and after installation. To make the matching easier, make a matching mark on the top of sprocket teeth and its extended line in advance with paint. A

: Matching mark (painted)

B

: Matching mark (orange link)

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C JPBIA1110ZZ

D

c. d.

Tighten camshaft sprocket (EXH) mounting bolt. • Secure camshaft (EXH) using a wrench at the hexagonal portion to tighten mounting bolt. After confirming the matching marks are aligned, tighten camshaft sprocket (INT) mounting bolt. • Secure the hexagonal portion (located in between journal No. 1 and journal No. 2) of drive shaft (A) using a wrench to tighten mounting bolt. 1

E

F

: Camshaft (EXH) (bank 2) : Engine front

G

CAUTION: When holding the hexagonal part of drive shaft on the intake side with a wrench, be careful not to allow the wrench to cause interference with other parts.

H JPBIA1332ZZ

e.

Pull stopper pins (C) out from timing chain tensioners (secondary) (1), (2). A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

I

J

K

JPBIA1105ZZ

3. a.

Install timing chain (primary) as follows: Install crankshaft sprocket (1). A

L

M

: Matching mark (front side) : Engine front

N

• Check that the matching marks on crankshaft sprocket face the front of the engine.

O

JPBIA1108ZZ

b.

Install timing chain (primary).

Revision: 2010 June

EM-61

2011 M37/M56

P


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > â&#x20AC;˘ Install timing chain (primary) so that the matching mark (punched) (B) on camshaft sprocket (INT) (1) is aligned with the yellow link (A) on timing chain, while the matching mark (notched) (C) on crankshaft sprocket (2) is aligned with the orange link (D) one on timing chain, as shown in the figure. 3

[VQ37VHR]

: Water pump

â&#x20AC;˘ When it is difficult to align matching marks of timing chain (primary) with each sprocket, gradually turn drive shaft using wrench on the hexagonal portion to align it with the matching marks.

JPBIA1601ZZ

4.

Install internal chain guide (1), slack guide (2), and tension guide (3).

JPBIA1104ZZ

CAUTION:

Revision: 2010 June

EM-62

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > Never overtighten slack guide mounting bolt (2). It is normal for a gap (A) to exist under the bolt seats when mounting bolt are tightened to the specification. 1

: Slack guide

3

: Cylinder block

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C JPBIA0117ZZ

D

5. a.

b. c. d.

e.

f.

Install the timing chain tensioner (primary) with the following procedure: Pull plunger stopper tab (A) up (or turn lever downward) so as to remove plunger stopper tab from the ratchet of plunger (D). NOTE: Plunger stopper tab and lever (C) are synchronized. Push plunger into the inside of tensioner body. Hold plunger in the fully compressed position by engaging plunger stopper tab with the tip of ratchet. To secure lever, insert stopper pin (E) through hole of lever into tensioner body hole (B). â&#x20AC;˘ The lever parts and the plunger stopper tab are synchronized. JPBIA0118ZZ Therefore, the plunger is secured under this condition. NOTE: Figure shows the example of 1.2 mm (0.047 in) diameter thin screwdriver being used as the stopper pin. Install timing chain tensioner (primary) (1). â&#x20AC;˘ Remove any dirt and foreign materials completely from the back and the mounting surfaces of timing chain tensioner (primary). Pull out stopper pin (A) after installing, and then release plunger.

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

JPBIA0119ZZ

6. 7.

Check again that the matching marks on sprockets and timing chain have not slipped out of alignment. Install new O-rings (1) on rear timing chain case. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

L

M

N

O

JPBIA1111ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-63

2011 M37/M56

P


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 8. Install new front oil seal on front timing chain case.

[VQ37VHR]

: Engine inside : Engine outside

• Apply new engine oil to both oil seal lip (A) and dust seal lip (B). • Install it so that each seal lip is oriented as shown in the figure.

JPBIA0054ZZ

• Using a suitable drift [outer diameter: 60 mm (2.36 in)] (A), press-fit oil seal until it becomes flush with front timing chain case end face. • Check that the garter spring is in position and seal lip is not inverted.

JPBIA0055ZZ

9. a.

Install front timing chain case as follows: • Check that O-rings stay in place during installation to rear timing chain case. Apply a continuous bead of liquid gasket with the tube presser (commercial service tool) to front timing chain case back side as shown in the figure. B

: Protrusion

c

: φ3.4 - 4.4 mm (0.134 - 0.173 in)

d

: φ2.6 - 3.6 mm (0.102 - 0.142 in)

e

: 4.0 - 5.6 mm (0.157 - 0.220 in)

Use Genuine RTV Silicone Sealant or equivalent. Refer to GI-18, "Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants".

JPBIA1138ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-64

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > b. Apply liquid gasket to top surface of oil pan (upper) as shown in the figure. A

[VQ37VHR] A

: φ4.0 - 5.0 mm (0.157 - 0.197 in)

Use Genuine RTV Silicone Sealant or equivalent. Refer to GI-18, "Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants".

EM

C JPBIA0056ZZ

D

c.

Assemble front timing chain case. 1

: Front timing chain case

2

: Oil pan (upper)

3

: Cylinder block

E

: Engine front

d. e.

F

CAUTION: • Be careful not to damage front oil seal by interference with front end of crankshaft. • Attaching should be done within 5 minutes after liquid JPBIA0058ZZ gasket application. Install front timing chain case fitting its dowel pin hole together with dowel pin on rear timing chain case. Tighten mounting bolts to the specified torque in numerical order as shown in the figure. • There are two types of mounting bolts. Refer to the following for locating bolts. M10 bolts

: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

G

H

I

J

: 55.0 N·m (5.6 kg-m, 41 ft-lb) M6 bolts : Except the above K

: 12.7 N·m (1.3 kg-m, 9 ft-lb) JPBIA0046ZZ

f.

g.

After all bolts are tightened, retighten them to the specified torque in numerical order shown in the figure. CAUTION: Be sure to wipe off any excessive liquid gasket leaking on surface mating with oil pan (upper). Install two mounting bolts in front of oil pan (upper) in numerical order shown in the figure.

L

M

: Engine front

N

Tightening torque 2WD models AWD models

: Refer to EM-84, "2WD : Exploded View". : Refer to EM-87, "AWD : Exploded View".

O

JPBIA0047ZZ

10. Install intake valve timing control covers as follows:

Revision: 2010 June

EM-65

2011 M37/M56

P


TIMING CHAIN [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > a. Install new seal rings (1) in shaft grooves. A

: Bank 2

CAUTION: When replacing seal ring, replace all rings with new ones. NOTE: The figure shows an example of bank 2.

JPBIA1113ZZ

b.

c.

d.

Install intake valve timing control cover with new gasket to front timing chain case. CAUTION: • Align the center of both shaft holes of the shaft and the intake side camshaft sprocket, and then insert them. • Be careful not to drop the seal ring from the shaft groove. Being careful not to move seal ring from the installation groove, align dowel pins on front timing chain case with dowel pin holes (C) to install intake valve timing control covers. A

: Bank 1

B

: Bank 2

Tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure. • After all bolts are tightened, tighten No.1 bolt to the specified torque again. JPBIA1333ZZ

11. 12. 13. a. b. c.

Install oil pan (lower). Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". Install rocker covers (bank 1 and bank 2). Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". Install crankshaft pulley as follows: Fix crankshaft using the ring gear stopper [SST: KV10118600 (J-48641)]. Install crankshaft pulley, taking care not to damage front oil seal. • When press-fitting crankshaft pulley with plastic hammer, tap on its center portion (not circumference). Tighten crankshaft pulley bolt. : 44.1 N·m (4.5 kg-m, 33 ft-lb)

d.

Tighten the bolt 90 degrees (one mark) (b). • Place a matching mark (A) on crankshaft pulley (2) aligning with the matching (C) of crankshaft pulley bolt (1).

JPBIA0120ZZ

e.

Rotate crankshaft pulley in normal direction (clockwise when viewed from front) to confirm it turns smoothly. 14. Install power steering oil pump bracket and idler pulley bracket as follows:

Revision: 2010 June

EM-66

2011 M37/M56


TIMING CHAIN < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > a. Tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure. (temporarily) 1

: Idler pulley bracket

2

: Power steering oil pump bracket

3

: Crankshaft pulley

A

: Engine front side

B

: Engine right side

[VQ37VHR] A

EM

C

: Engine front

b.

Tighten mounting bolts to specified torque in numerical order as shown in the figure.

D

E

F

G JPBIA1786ZZ

15. For the following operations, perform steps in the reverse order of removal.

Inspection

H INFOID:0000000005985009

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL

I

Timing Chain Check for cracks and any excessive wear at link plates and roller links of timing chain. Replace timing chain if necessary.

J

A

: Crack

B

: Wear

K

L JPBIA0091ZZ

M

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION Inspection for Leakage

N

The following are procedures for checking fluid leakage, lubricant leakage.

• Before starting engine, check oil/fluid levels including engine coolant and engine oil. If any are less than the required quantity, fill them to the specified level. Refer to MA-12, "Fluids and Lubricants". • Follow the procedure below to check for fuel leakage. - Turn ignition switch to the “ON” position (with engine stopped). With fuel pressure applied to fuel piping, check for fuel leakage at connection points. - Start engine. With engine speed increased, check again for fuel leakage at connection points. • Run engine to check for unusual noise and vibration. NOTE: If hydraulic pressure inside chain tensioner drops after removal/installation, slack in guide may generate a pounding noise during and just after the engine start. However, this does not indicate a malfunction. The noise will stop after hydraulic pressure rises. • Warm up engine thoroughly to check that there is no leakage of fuel, or any oil/fluids including engine oil and engine coolant. • Bleed air from lines and hoses of applicable lines, such as in cooling system. Revision: 2010 June

EM-67

2011 M37/M56

O

P


TIMING CHAIN [VQ37VHR] < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • After cooling down engine, again check oil/fluid levels including engine oil and engine coolant. Refill them to the specified level, if necessary. Summary of the inspection items:

Items

Before starting engine

Engine running

After engine stopped

Engine coolant

Level

Leakage

Level

Engine oil

Level

Leakage

Level

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Level

Leakage

Level

Leakage

Leakage

Leakage

Leakage

Transmission / transaxle fluid

AT & CVT Models MT Models

Other oils and fluids* Fuel Exhaust gases *: Power steering fluid, brake fluid, etc.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-68

2011 M37/M56


OIL SEAL [VQ37VHR]

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

OIL SEAL

A

FRONT OIL SEAL FRONT OIL SEAL : Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985010

EM

REMOVAL 1.

2.

Remove the following parts: • Engine undercover with power tool. • Drive belt: Refer to EM-22, "Exploded View". • Crankshaft pulley: Refer to EM-52, "Exploded View". Remove front oil seal using a suitable tool. CAUTION: Be careful not to damage front timing chain case and crankshaft.

C

D

E

F

PBIC2931E

G

INSTALLATION 1. 2.

H

Apply new engine oil to both oil seal lip and dust seal lip of new front oil seal. Install front oil seal. • Install front oil seal so that each seal lip is oriented as shown in the figure. A

: Oil seal lip

B

: Dust seal lip

I

J

: Engine inside : Engine outside

K

JPBIA0054ZZ

3.

• Using a suitable drift, press-fit until the height of front oil seal is level with the mounting surface. - Suitable drift: outer diameter 60 mm (2.36 in), inner diameter 50 mm (1.97 in). • Check that the garter spring is in position and seal lips are not inverted. CAUTION: • Be careful not to damage front timing chain case and crankshaft. • Press-fit straight and avoid causing burrs or tilting oil seal. Install in the reverse order of removal after this step.

M

N

O PBIC2931E

P

REAR OIL SEAL REAR OIL SEAL : Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985011

REMOVAL 1.

Remove transmission assembly. Refer to TM-197, "VQ37VHR (2WD) : Exploded View" (2WD models) or TM-200, "VQ37VHR (AWD) : Exploded View" (AWD models).

Revision: 2010 June

L

EM-69

2011 M37/M56


OIL SEAL < REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 2. Remove drive plate. Refer to EM-123, "Exploded View". 3. Remove rear oil seal with a suitable tool. CAUTION: Be careful not to damage crankshaft and cylinder block.

[VQ37VHR]

PBIC2932E

INSTALLATION 1.

Install rear oil seal. • Install rear oil seal so that each seal lip is oriented as shown in the figure. A B

: Oil seal lip : Dust seal lip : Engine inside : Engine outside

JPBIA0054ZZ

• Press in rear oil seal (1) to the position as shown in the figure. B

: Cylinder block rear end face

a

: 0 - 0.5 mm (0 - 0.020 in)

JPBIA0152ZZ

• Using a suitable drift (A), press-fit until the height of rear oil seal is level with the mounting surface. - Suitable drift: outer diameter 100 mm (3.94 in), inner diameter 85 mm (3.35 in). CAUTION: • Be careful not to damage crankshaft and cylinder block. • Press-fit straight and avoid causing burrs or tilting oil seal.

JPBIA0153ZZ

2.

Install in the reverse order of removal after this step.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-70

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

A

ENGINE ASSEMBLY 2WD

EM

2WD : Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985012

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K JPBIA3869GB

1.

Engine mounting bracket (RH)

2.

Engine mounting insulator (RH)

3.

Engine mounting bracket (LH)

4.

Engine mounting insulator (LH)

5.

Rear engine mounting member

6.

Engine mounting insulator (rear)

A.

Front mark

L

M

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

2WD : Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985013

N

WARNING: • Situate the vehicle on a flat and solid surface. • Place chocks at the front and back of rear wheels. • For engines not equipped with engine slingers, attach proper slingers and bolts described in PARTS CATALOG. CAUTION: • Always be careful to work safely, and avoid forceful or uninstructed operations. • Never start working until exhaust system and engine coolant are cool enough. • If items or work required are not covered by the engine section, refer to the applicable sections. • Always use the support point specified for lifting. • Use either 2-pole lift type or separate type lift as much as possible. If board-on type is used for unavoidable reasons, support at rear axle jacking point with transmission jack or similar tool before starting work, in preparation for the backward shift of the center of gravity.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-71

2011 M37/M56

O

P


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR] < UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • For supporting points for lifting and jacking point at rear axle, refer to GI-29, "Garage Jack and Safety Stand and 2-Pole Lift".

REMOVAL Outline At first, remove the engine and the transmission assembly with front suspension member facing downward. Then separate the engine from transmission. Preparation

1. 2. 3.

4.

5. 6.

Release fuel pressure. Refer to EC-161, "Work Procedure". Disconnect both battery cables. Refer to PG-157, "Exploded View". Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-8, "Draining". CAUTION: • Perform this step when engine is cold. • Never spill engine coolant on drive belt. Remove the following parts: • Radiator reservoir tank: Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View". • Engine cover: Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". • Front road wheel and tires (power tool) • Engine under cover (power tool): Refer to EXT-28, "Exploded View". • Cowl top cover: Refer to EXT-21, "Exploded View". • Air duct and air cleaner case assembly (RH and LH): Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". • Cooling fan assembly: Refer to CO-17, "Exploded View". Discharge refrigerant from A/C circuit. Refer to HA-21, "Recycle Refrigerant". Remove radiator hoses (upper and lower). Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View".

Engine Room LH

1. 2. 3. 4.

Disconnect heater hose at vehicle side, and fit a plug onto hose end to prevent engine coolant leakage. Disconnect A/C piping from A/C compressor, and temporarily fasten it on vehicle with a rope. Refer to HA35, "Exploded View". Disconnect brake booster vacuum hose. Disconnect ground cable.

Engine Room RH

1. 2. 3.

4.

Disconnect battery positive cable at vehicle side and temporarily fasten it on engine. Disconnect all clips and connectors of the engine room harness from engine back side. Disconnect fuel feed hose (with damper) and EVAP hose. Refer to EM-39, "Exploded View". CAUTION: Fit plugs onto disconnected hoses to prevent fuel leakage. Remove reservoir tank of power steering oil pump and piping from vehicle, and temporarily secure them on engine. Refer to ST-79, "2WD : Exploded View". CAUTION: When temporarily securing, keep the reservoir tank upright to avoid fluid leakage.

Vehicle Inside Follow the procedure below to disconnect engine room harness connectors at passenger room side, and temporarily secure them on engine. 1. Remove passenger-side kicking plate and dash side finisher. Refer to INT-36, "Exploded View". 2. Disconnect engine room harness connectors at unit sides TCM, ECM and other locations. 3. Disengage intermediate fixing point. Pull out engine room harnesses to engine room side, and temporarily secure them on engine. CAUTION: • When pulling out harnesses, take care not to damage harnesses and connectors. • After temporarily securing, cover connectors with vinyl or similar material to protect against adhesion of foreign materials. Vehicle Underbody

1.

Remove A/T fluid cooler hoses and power steering oil pump oil cooler hoses.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-72

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR] < UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > NOTE: Cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spilling. A 2. Disconnect heated oxygen sensor 2 harness. Refer to EX-5, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 3. Remove three way catalyst and exhaust front tube. Refer to EX-5, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 4. Disconnect steering lower joint at power steering gear assembly side, and release steering lower shaft. EM Refer to ST-39, "WITHOUT 4WAS : Exploded View" (without 4WAS models) or ST-41, "WITH 4WAS : Exploded View" (with 4WAS models). C 5. Remove rear propeller shaft. Refer to DLN-100, "Exploded View". 6. Disengage A/T control rod at A/T shift selector side. Then, temporarily secure it on the transmission assembly, so that it does not sag. Refer to TM-179, "Exploded View". 7. Remove rear plate cover from oil pan (upper). Then remove bolts fixing drive plate to torque converter. D Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". 8. Remove transmission joint bolts that pierce at oil pan (upper) lower rear side. Refer to EM-84, "2WD : Exploded View". E 9. Remove front stabilizer connecting rod from transverse link. Refer to FSU-18, "Exploded View". 10. Remove lower ends of left and right steering knuckle from transverse link. Refer to FAX-7, "Exploded View". F 11. Separate steering outer sockets from steering knuckle. Refer to ST-44, "2WD : Exploded View". 12. Remove transverse links mounting bolts at suspension member side. Refer to FSU-13, "Exploded View". G

Removal Work

1.

Use a manual lift table caddy (commercial service tool) or equivalently rigid tool such as a transmission jack. Securely support bottom of suspension member and the transmission assembly. CAUTION: Use a piece of wood or a similar item as the supporting surface to secure a completely stable condition.

H

I

J PBIC0804E

2. 3. 4.

Remove rear engine mounting member bolts. Remove front suspension member mounting bolts and nuts. Refer to FSU-19, "Exploded View". Carefully lower jack, or raise lift, to remove the engine, the transmission assembly and front suspension member. When performing work, observe the following caution items: CAUTION: • Confirm there is no interference with the vehicle. • Check that all connection points have been disconnected. • Keep in mind that the center of gravity of the vehicle changes. If necessary, use jack(s) to support the vehicle at rear jacking point(s) to prevent it from falling off the lift.

L

M

N

Separation Work

1.

K

Install engine slingers into front of cylinder head (bank 1) and rear of cylinder head (bank 2). O 1

: Engine front slinger

2

: Engine rear slinger

A : Bank 1

P

B : Bank 2 : Engine front

Slinger bolts:

JPBIA1385ZZ

: 28.0 N·m (2.9 kg-m, 21 ft-lb) Revision: 2010 June

EM-73

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR] < UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 2. Remove power steering oil pump from engine side. Refer to ST-64, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 3. Remove engine mounting insulators (RH and LH) under side nuts with power tool. 4. Lift with hoist and separate the engine and the transmission assembly from front suspension member. CAUTION: • Before and during this lifting, always check that any harnesses are left connected. • Never damage engine mounting insulator and avoid oil/grease smearing or spills onto engine mounting insulator. 5. Remove alternator. Refer to CHG-27, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 6. Remove starter motor. Refer to STR-19, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 7. Remove crankshaft position sensor. CAUTION: • Handle it carefully and avoid impacts. • Never disassemble. • Never place sensor in a location where it is exposed to magnetism. 8. Separate the engine from the transmission assembly. Refer to TM-197, "VQ37VHR (2WD) : Exploded View". 9. Remove each engine mounting insulator and each engine mounting bracket from the engine with power tool.

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. • Do not damage engine mounting insulator and do not spill oil on it. • For a location with a positioning pin, insert it securely into hole of mating part. • For a part with a specified installation orientation, refer to component figure in EM-71, "2WD : Exploded View". • When installing engine mounting bracket (RH and LH) on cylinder block, tighten two upper bolts [shown as (B) in the figure] first. Then tighten two lower bolts [shown as (C) in the figure]. A : Example Left

JPBIA0159ZZ

• Check that all engine mounting insulators are seated properly, then tighten mounting nuts. • Tighten rear engine mounting member bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure. : Vehicle front

JPBIA0160ZZ

2WD : Inspection

INFOID:0000000005985014

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION Inspection for Leakage The following are procedures for checking fluid leakage, lubricant leakage.

• Before starting engine, check oil/fluid levels including engine coolant and engine oil. If any are less than the required quantity, fill them to the specified level. Refer to MA-12, "Fluids and Lubricants". Revision: 2010 June

EM-74

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR] < UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • Follow the procedure below to check for fuel leakage. - Turn ignition switch to the “ON” position (with engine stopped). With fuel pressure applied to fuel piping, A check for fuel leakage at connection points. - Start engine. With engine speed increased, check again for fuel leakage at connection points. • Run engine to check for unusual noise and vibration. EM NOTE: If hydraulic pressure inside chain tensioner drops after removal/installation, slack in guide may generate a pounding noise during and just after the engine start. However, this does not indicate a malfunction. The noise will stop after hydraulic pressure rises. C • Warm up engine thoroughly to check that there is no leakage of fuel, or any oil/fluids including engine oil and engine coolant. • Bleed air from lines and hoses of applicable lines, such as in cooling system. D • After cooling down engine, again check oil/fluid levels including engine oil and engine coolant. Refill them to the specified level, if necessary. Summary of the inspection items:

Items Engine coolant Engine oil Transmission / transaxle fluid

AT & CVT Models MT Models

Other oils and fluids* Fuel Exhaust gases

Before starting engine

Engine running

After engine stopped

Level

Leakage

Level

Level

Leakage

Level

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Level

Leakage

Level

Leakage

Leakage

Leakage

Leakage

E

F

G

H

*: Power steering fluid, brake fluid, etc.

AWD I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-75

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

AWD : Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985015

JPBIA3198GB

1.

Engine mounting bracket (RH)

2.

Engine mounting bracket (RH) (low3. er)

Dynamic damper

4.

Washer

5.

Engine mounting insulator (RH)

6.

Engine mounting bracket (LH)

7.

Engine mounting insulator (LH)

8.

Heat insulator

9.

Rear engine mounting member

10.

Engine mounting insulator (rear)

A.

Front mark

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

AWD : Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000005985016

WARNING: • Situate the vehicle on a flat and solid surface. • Place chocks at front and back of rear wheels. • For engines not equipped with engine slingers, attach proper slingers and bolts described in PARTS CATALOG. CAUTION: • Always be careful to work safely, avoid forceful or uninstructed operations. • Never start working until exhaust system and engine coolant are cool enough. • If items or work required are not covered by the engine section, refer to the applicable sections. • Always use the support point specified for lifting. • Use either 2-pole lift type or separate type lift as much as possible. If board-on type is used for unavoidable reasons, support at rear axle jacking point with transmission jack or similar tool before starting work, in preparation for the backward shift of center of gravity. • For supporting points for lifting and jacking point at rear axle, refer to GI-29, "Garage Jack and Safety Stand and 2-Pole Lift".

REMOVAL Revision: 2010 June

EM-76

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

Outline At first, remove the engine, the transmission assembly, the transfer assembly and the front final drive assembly with front suspension member downward. Then separate the engine, the transmission assembly, the transfer and the front final drive assembly.

EM

Preparation

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. 6.

Release fuel pressure. Refer to EC-161, "Work Procedure". Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-8, "Draining". CAUTION: • Perform this step when engine is cold. • Never spill engine coolant on drive belts. Disconnect both battery terminals. Refer to PG-157, "Exploded View". Remove the following parts: • Radiator reservoir tank: Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View". • Engine cover: Refer to EM-27, "Exploded View". • Front road wheel and tires (power tool) • Engine under cover (power tool): Refer to EXT-28, "Exploded View". • Front cross bar: Refer to FSU-39, "Exploded View". • Cowl top cover: Refer to EXT-21, "Exploded View". • Air duct and air cleaner case assembly (RH and LH): Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View". • Cooling fan assembly: Refer to CO-17, "Exploded View". Discharge refrigerant from A/C circuit. Refer to HA-21, "Recycle Refrigerant". Remove radiator hoses (upper and lower). Refer to CO-13, "Exploded View".

C

D

E

F

G

Engine Room LH

1. 2. 3. 4.

Disconnect heater hose from vehicle side, and fit a plug onto hose end to prevent engine coolant leak. Disconnect A/C piping from A/C compressor, and temporarily fasten it on vehicle with a rope. Refer to HA35, "Exploded View". Disconnect brake booster vacuum hose. Disconnect ground cables.

4.

Disconnect battery positive cable vehicle side and temporarily fasten it on engine. Disconnect all clips and connectors of the engine room harness from engine back side. Disconnect fuel feed hose (with damper) and EVAP hose. Refer to EM-39, "Exploded View". CAUTION: Fit plugs onto disconnected hoses to prevent fuel leakage. Remove reservoir tank of power steering oil pump and piping from vehicle, and temporarily secure them on engine. Refer to ST-81, "AWD : Exploded View". CAUTION: When temporarily securing, keep the reservoir tank upright to avoid a fluid leakage.

Vehicle Inside Follow procedure below to disconnect engine room harness connectors at passenger room side, and temporarily secure them on engine. 1. Remove passenger-side kicking plate and dash side finisher. Refer to INT-36, "Exploded View". 2. Disconnect engine room harness connectors at unit sides TCM, ECM and other. 3. Disengage intermediate fixing point. Pull out engine room harnesses to engine room side, and temporarily secure them on engine. CAUTION: • When pulling out harnesses, take care not to damage harnesses and connectors. • After temporarily securing, cover connectors with vinyl or similar material to protect against adhesion of foreign materials. Vehicle Underbody

1.

Remove A/T fluid cooler hoses and power steering oil pump oil cooler hoses. NOTE: Cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spilling.

Revision: 2010 June

H

I

J

Engine Room RH

1. 2. 3.

A

EM-77

2011 M37/M56

K

L

M

N

O

P


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR] < UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 2. Disconnect heated oxygen sensor 2 harness. Refer to EX-5, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 3. Remove three way catalyst and exhaust front tube. Refer to EX-5, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 4. Disconnect steering lower joint at power steering gear assembly side, and release steering lower shaft. Refer to ST-39, "WITHOUT 4WAS : Exploded View". 5. Remove rear propeller shaft. Refer to DLN-108, "Exploded View". 6. Remove front drive shaft (both side). Refer to FAX-24, "Exploded View". 7. Disconnect harness connector from transmission assembly and transfer assembly. 8. Disengage A/T control rod at A/T shift selector side. Then, temporarily secure it on the transmission assembly, so that it does not sag. Refer to TM-179, "Exploded View". 9. Remove rear plate cover from oil pan (upper). Then remove bolts fixing drive plate to torque converter. Refer to EM-87, "AWD : Exploded View". 10. Remove transmission joint bolts that pierce at oil pan (upper) lower rear side. Refer to EM-87, "AWD : Exploded View". 11. Remove front stabilizer connecting rod from transverse link. Refer to FSU-38, "Exploded View". 12. Remove lower ends of left and right steering knuckle from transverse link. Refer to FAX-17, "Exploded View". 13. Separate steering outer sockets from steering knuckle. Refer to ST-54, "AWD : Exploded View". 14. Remove transverse links mounting bolts at suspension member side. Refer to FSU-34, "Exploded View". Removal Work

1.

Use a manual lift table caddy (commercial service tool) or equivalently rigid tool such as a transmission jack. Securely support bottom of suspension member and the transmission assembly. CAUTION: Use a piece of wood or a similar item as the supporting surface to secure a completely stable condition.

PBIC0804E

2. 3. 4.

Remove rear engine mounting member bolts. Remove front suspension member mounting bolts and nuts. Refer to FSU-39, "Exploded View". Carefully lower jack, or raise lift to remove the engine, transmission assembly, transfer, front final drive assembly and front suspension member. When performing work, observe the following caution: CAUTION: • Confirm there is no interference with the vehicle. • Check that all connection points have been disconnected. • Keep in mind that the center of gravity of the vehicle changes. If necessary, use jack(s) to support the vehicle at rear jacking point(s) to prevent it from falling it off the lift.

Separation Work

1.

Install engine slingers into front of cylinder head (bank 1) and rear of cylinder head (bank 2). 1

: Engine front slinger

2

: Engine rear slinger

A : Bank 1 B : Bank 2 : Engine front

Slinger bolts:

JPBIA1385ZZ

: 28.0 N·m (2.9 kg-m, 21 ft-lb) 2.

Remove power steering oil pump from engine side. Refer to ST-64, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View".

Revision: 2010 June

EM-78

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR] < UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > 3. Remove engine mounting insulators (RH and LH) under side nuts with power tool. 4. Lift with hoist and separate the engine, transmission assembly, transfer, front final drive assembly and A front suspension member. CAUTION: • Before and during this lifting, always check any harnesses are left connected. EM • Never damage engine mounting insulator and avoid oil/grease smearing or spills onto engine mounting insulator. 5. Remove alternator. Refer to CHG-27, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". C 6. Remove starter motor. Refer to STR-19, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 7. Remove crankshaft position sensor. CAUTION: D • Handle it carefully and avoid impacts. • Never disassemble. • Never place sensor in a location where it is exposed to magnetism. 8. Remove front propeller shaft from the front final drive assembly side. Refer to DLN-91, "VQ37VHR : E Exploded View". 9. Separate the engine from the transmission assembly. Refer to TM-200, "VQ37VHR (AWD) : Exploded F View". 10. Remove the front final drive assembly from oil pan (upper). Refer to DLN-125, "VQ37VHR : Exploded View". 11. Remove each engine mounting insulator and each engine mounting bracket from the engine with power G tool.

INSTALLATION Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. • Do not damage engine mounting insulator and do not spill oil on it. • For a location with a positioning pin, insert it securely into hole of mating part. • For a part with a specified installation orientation, refer to component figure in EM-76, "AWD : Exploded View". • When installing engine mounting bracket (RH and LH) on cylinder block, tighten two upper bolts [shown as (B) in the figure] first. Then tighten two lower bolts [shown as (C) in the figure]. 3

H

I

J

: Engine mounting bracket (LH)

K

A : Right side G : Left side

• Install engine mounting bracket (RH) (lower) (2) as follows: - Temporarily tighten mounting bolts [shown as (D), (E) and (F) in the figure]. - Tighten mounting bolts to the specified torque with following mounting surfaces touched. • Engine mounting bracket (RH) (1) to engine mounting bracket (RH) (lower) [shown as and in figure]. • Front final drive to engine mounting bracket (RH) (lower) [shown as in figure]. • Check all engine mounting insulators are seated properly, then tighten mounting nuts.

L

M

N

O

JPBIA0163ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-79

2011 M37/M56

P


ENGINE ASSEMBLY [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION > • Tighten rear engine mounting member bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure. : Vehicle front

JPBIA0407ZZ

AWD : Inspection

INFOID:0000000005985017

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION Inspection for Leaks The following are procedures for checking fluids leak, lubricates leak and exhaust gases leak.

• Before starting engine, check oil/fluid levels including engine coolant and engine oil. If any are less than the required quantity, fill to the specified level. Refer to MA-12, "Fluids and Lubricants". • Follow the procedure below to check for fuel leakage. - Turn ignition switch to the “ON” (with engine stopped). With fuel pressure applied to fuel piping, check for fuel leakage at connection points. - Start engine. With engine speed increased, check again for fuel leakage at connection points. • Run engine to check for unusual noise and vibration. NOTE: If hydraulic pressure inside chain tensioner drops after removal/installation, slack in guide may generate a pounding noise during and just after the engine start. However, this does not indicate a malfunction. The noise will stop after hydraulic pressure rises. • Warm up engine thoroughly to check that there is no leakage of fuel, or any oil/fluids including engine oil and engine coolant. • Bleed air from lines and hoses of applicable lines, such as in cooling system. • After cooling down engine, again check oil/fluid levels including engine oil and engine coolant. Refill them to the specified level, if necessary. Summary of the inspection items:

Items Engine coolant Engine oil Transmission / transaxle fluid

AT & CVT Models MT Models

Other oils and fluids* Fuel Exhaust gases

Before starting engine

Engine running

After engine stopped

Level

Leakage

Level

Level

Leakage

Level

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Leakage

Level / Leakage

Level

Leakage

Level

Leakage

Leakage

Leakage

Leakage

*: Power steering fluid, brake fluid, etc.

Revision: 2010 June

EM-80

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE STAND SETTING [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY >

UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

A

ENGINE STAND SETTING Setting

INFOID:0000000005985018

NOTE: Explained here is how to disassemble with engine stand supporting transmission surface. When using a different type of engine stand, note the difference in the steps, etc. 1. Remove the engine assembly from the vehicle. Refer to EM-71, "2WD : Exploded View" (2WD models) or EM-76, "AWD : Exploded View" (AWD models). 2. Remove the parts that may restrict installation of engine to a widely use engine stand. NOTE: The procedure is described assuming that you use a widely use engine stand holding the surface, to which transmission is installed. • Remove drive plate with power tool. Fix crankshaft with a ring gear stopper [SST: KV10118600 (J48641)], and remove mounting bolts. • Loosen mounting bolts in diagonal order. • Check for deformation or damage of drive plate. CAUTION: • Never disassemble drive plate. • Never place drive plate with signal plate facing down. • When handling signal plate, take care not to damage or scratch it. • Handle signal plate in a manner that prevents it from becoming magnetized. 3.

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

Remove pilot converter using the pilot bushing puller [SST: ST16610001 (J-23907)] (A) if necessary.

I

J

K JPBIA0193ZZ

4.

Lift the engine with hoist to install it onto the widely use engine stand. CAUTION: Use an engine stand that has a load capacity [220 kg (485 lb) or more] large enough for supporting the engine weight. • If the load capacity of the stand is not adequate, remove the following parts beforehand to reduce the potential risk of overturning the stand. - Remove intake manifold collector. Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View". - Remove intake manifold. Refer to EM-34, "Exploded View". - Remove fuel injector and fuel tube assembly. Refer to EM-39, "Exploded View". - Remove ignition coil. Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". - Remove rocker cover. Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". - Remove exhaust manifold. Refer to EM-36, "Exploded View". - Other removable brackets. NOTE:

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-81

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE STAND SETTING < UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY > The figure shows an example of widely use engine stand (A) that can hold mating surface of transmission with drive plate removed. CAUTION: Before removing the hanging chains, check the engine stand is stable and there is no risk of overturning.

[VQ37VHR]

JPBIA0190ZZ

5. 6.

Drain engine oil. Refer to LU-9, "Draining". Drain engine coolant by removing water drain plug (1) from both sides of the cylinder block as shown in the figure. 2

: Washer

3

: Plug

4

: Drain plug : Engine front

JPBIA0191ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-82

2011 M37/M56


ENGINE UNIT [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY >

ENGINE UNIT

A

Disassembly

INFOID:0000000005985019

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Remove intake manifold collector. Refer to EM-31, "Exploded View". EM Remove fuel injector and fuel tube. Refer to EM-39, "Exploded View". Remove intake manifold. Refer to EM-34, "Exploded View". C Remove exhaust manifold. Refer to EM-36, "Exploded View". Remove ignition coil, spark plug and rocker cover. Refer to EM-49, "Exploded View". Remove oil pan (lower). Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". D Remove oil pan (upper). Refer to EM-84, "2WD : Exploded View" (2WD models) or EM-87, "AWD : Exploded View" (AWD models). 8. Remove timing chain. Refer to EM-52, "Exploded View". E 9. Remove rear timing chain case. Refer to EM-91, "Exploded View". 10. Remove camshaft (EXH) and VVEL ladder assembly. Refer to EM-96, "Exploded View". 11. Remove cylinder head. Refer to EM-113, "Exploded View". F

Assembly

INFOID:0000000005985020

Assemble in the reverse order of disassembly.

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-83

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (UPPER) AND OIL STRAINER [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY >

OIL PAN (UPPER) AND OIL STRAINER 2WD 2WD : Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985021

JPBIA0530GB

1.

Oil level gauge

2.

Oil level gauge guide

3.

O-ring

4.

O-ring

5.

Connector bolt

6.

Oil filter

7.

Relief valve

8.

Oil pressure switch

9.

Oil strainer

10. Oil temperature sensor

11. Washer

12. Oil pan (upper)

13. Drain plug

14. Drain plug washer

15. Oil pan (lower)

B.

C.

16. Rear plate cover A.

Refer to LU-10

To oil pump

Oil pan side

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

2WD : Disassembly and Assembly

INFOID:0000000005985022

REMOVAL CAUTION: Never drain engine oil when the engine is hot to avoid the danger of being scalded. 1. Remove oil level gauge, oil pressure switch and oil temperature sensor. Revision: 2010 June

EM-84

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (UPPER) AND OIL STRAINER < UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY > 2. Remove oil pan (lower). Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". 3. Remove oil strainer. 4. Loosen mounting bolts in the reverse order as shown in the figure with power tool to remove.

[VQ37VHR] A

EM : Engine front

• Insert the seal cutter [SST: KV10111100 (J-37228)] between oil pan (upper) and lower cylinder block. Slide seal cutter by tapping on the side of tool with a hammer. Remove oil pan (upper). CAUTION: • Be careful not to damage the mating surfaces. • Never insert a screwdriver, because this damages the mating surfaces. 5.

C

D JPBIA0022ZZ

E

Remove O-rings (2) from bottom of lower cylinder block (1) and oil pump (3). F : Engine front

G

H JPBIA1330ZZ

INSTALLATION 1. a.

I

Install oil pan (upper) as follows: Use a scraper (A) to remove old liquid gasket from mating surfaces. CAUTION: Never scratch or damage the mating surfaces when cleaning off old liquid gasket. • Also remove old liquid gasket from mating surface of lower cylinder block. • Remove old liquid gasket from the bolt holes and threads.

J

K

L JPBIA0027ZZ

b.

M

Install new O-rings (2) on the bottom of lower cylinder block (1) and oil pump (3).

N

: Engine front

O

P JPBIA1330ZZ

Revision: 2010 June

EM-85

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (UPPER) AND OIL STRAINER < UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY > c. Apply a continuous bead of liquid gasket with the tube presser (commercial service tool) to the cylinder block mating surface of oil pan (upper) to a limited portion as shown in the figure. a

[VQ37VHR]

: φ4.0 - 5.0 mm (0.157 - 0.197 in) : Engine front

d.

Use Genuine RTV Silicone Sealant or equivalent. Refer to GI-18, "Recommended Chemical Products and Sealants". CAUTION: • For bolt holes with marks (7 locations), apply liquid gasket outside the holes. • Attaching should be done within 5 minutes after coating. Install oil pan (upper). CAUTION: Never misalign both O-rings during installation. • Tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure.

JPBIA0388ZZ

: Engine front

• There are two types of mounting bolts. Refer to the following for locating bolts. M8 × 90 mm (3.54 in) M8 × 25 mm (0.98 in)

: 7, 10, 13 : Except the above JPBIA0022ZZ

2. 3. 4.

5.

Install oil strainer to oil pump. Install oil pan (lower). Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". Install oil pan drain plug. • Refer to the figure of components on the prior page for installation direction of drain plug washer. Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". Install in the reverse order of removal after this step. NOTE: Wait at least 30 minutes after oil pan is installed before pouring engine oil.

2WD : Inspection

INFOID:0000000005985023

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL Clean oil strainer if any object is attached.

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION 1. 2. 3. 4.

Check the engine oil level and adjust engine oil. Refer to LU-7, "Inspection". Start engine, and check there is no leakage of engine oil. Stop engine and wait for 10 minutes. Check the engine oil level again. Refer to LU-7, "Inspection".

AWD

Revision: 2010 June

EM-86

2011 M37/M56


OIL PAN (UPPER) AND OIL STRAINER [VQ37VHR]

< UNIT DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY >

AWD : Exploded View

INFOID:0000000005985024

A

EM

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

JPBIA2763GB

1.

Oil level gauge

2.

Oil level gauge guide

3.

O-ring

4.

O-ring

5.

Gasket

6.

Oil strainer

7.

Drain plug

8.

Drain plug washer

9.

Oil pan (lower)

10. Baffle plate

11. O-ring (small)

12. Axle pipe

13. O-ring (large)

14. Rear plate cover

15. Oil pan (upper)

A.

B.

C.

Refer to LU-10

To oil pump

J

K

L

Oil pan side

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbols in the figure.

AWD : Disassembly and Assembly

INFOID:0000000005985025

M

REMOVAL N

CAUTION: Never drain engine oil when the engine is hot to avoid the danger of being scalded. 1. Remove oil level gauge, oil pressure switch and oil temperature sensor. 2. Remove oil filter bracket. Refer to LU-12, "Exploded View". 3. Remove oil pan (lower). Refer to EM-45, "Exploded View". 4. Remove oil strainer.

O

P

Revision: 2010 June

EM-87

2011 M37/M56


Thank you very much for your reading. Please Click Here Then Get More Information.

2011 INFINITI M37 M56 Service Repair Manual  
2011 INFINITI M37 M56 Service Repair Manual  
Advertisement