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GROUP TAB LOCATOR Introduction

0 2 3 5 6 7 8A 8B 8E 8F 8G 8H 8I 8J 8L 8M 8N 8O 8P 8Q 8R 8W 9 11 13 14 19 21 22 23 24 25 30

Lubrication & Maintenance Suspension Differential & Driveline Brakes Clutch Cooling Audio Chime/Buzzer Electronic Control Modules Engine Systems Heated Systems Horn Ignition Control Instrument Cluster Lamps Message Systems Power Systems Restraints Speed Control Vehicle Theft Security Wipers/Washers Wiring Engine Exhaust System Frame & Bumpers Fuel System Steering Transmission and Transfer Case Tires/Wheels Body Heating & Air Conditioning Emissions Control New Vehicle Preparation Component and System Index

Service Manual Comment Forms

(Rear of Manual)


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INTRODUCTION TABLE OF CONTENTS page VEHICLE SAFETY CERTIFICATION LABEL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VECI LABEL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BODY CODE PLATE DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EQUIPMENT IDENTIFICATION PLATE DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

......1 ......2 ......3 ......3 ......4

VEHICLE SAFETY CERTIFICATION LABEL DESCRIPTION A vehicle safety certification label is attached to every DaimlerChrysler Corporation vehicle. The label certifies that the vehicle conforms to all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. The label also lists: • Month and year of vehicle manufacture. • Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The gross front and rear axle weight ratings (GAWR’s) are based on a minimum rim size and maximum cold tire inflation pressure. • Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). • Type of vehicle. • Type of rear wheels. • Bar code. • Month, Day and Hour (MDH) of final assembly. • Paint and Trim codes. • Country of origin.

page INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 FASTENER IDENTIFICATION DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 FASTENER USAGE DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 METRIC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 TORQUE REFERENCES DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 The label is located on the driver-side door shutface (Fig. 1). All communications or inquiries regarding the vehicle should include the Month-Day-Hour and Vehicle Identification Number.

Fig. 1 Vehicle Safety Certification Label


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VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER DESCRIPTION The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) plate is attached to the top left side of the instrument panel (Fig. 2). The VIN contains 17 characters that provide data concerning the vehicle. Refer to the decoding chart to determine the identification of a vehicle.

Fig. 2 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) 1 - VIN

VIN DECODING INFORMATION POSITION

INTERPRETATION

CODE = DESCRIPTION

1

Country of Origin

1= USA

2

Make

B = Dodge

3

Vehicle Type

7 = Truck

4

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

F = 4001-5000 lbs. G = 5001-6000 lbs. H = 6001-7000 lbs.

5

Vehicle Line

G = Dakota Dakota Sport Dakota 4x4 L = Dakota Dakota Sport Dakota 4x2

6

Series

2 = Dakota Dakota Sport Dakota SLT

7

Body Style

2 = Club Cab A = Quad Cab 6 = Conventional Cab

8

Engine

P = 2.5L X = 3.9L N=4.7L Y = 5.2L Z = 5.9L

9

Check Digit

10

Model Year

1=2001

11

Assembly Plant

S = Warren Truck Assembly

12 Thru 17

Vehicle Build Sequence

Assembly Sequence


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VECI LABEL DESCRIPTION All vehicles are equipped with a combined VECI label. This label is located in the engine compartment (Fig. 3).

tion reads from left to right, starting with line 4 in the center of the plate to line 1 at the bottom of the plate (Fig. 4). The last code imprinted on a vehicle code plate will be followed by the imprinted word END. When two vehicle code plates are required, the last available spaces on the first plate will be imprinted with the letters CTD (for continued). When a second vehicle code plate is necessary, the first four spaces on each row will not be used because of the plate overlap.

Fig. 3 VECI Label Location 1 - VEHICLE EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION (VECI) LABEL

Fig. 4 Body Code

BODY CODE PLATE—LINE 4 The VECI label contains the following: • Engine family and displacement • Evaporative family • Emission control system schematic • Certification application • Engine timing specifications (if adjustable) • Idle speeds (if adjustable) • Spark plug and gap The label also contains an engine vacuum schematic. There are unique labels for vehicles built for sale in the state of California and the country of Canada. Canadian labels are written in both the English and French languages. These labels are permanently attached and cannot be removed without defacing information and destroying label.

BODY CODE PLATE DESCRIPTION LOCATION AND DECODING A metal body code plate is attached to the floor pan under the passenger seat. Remove the passenger seat, door sill scuff plate and pull back the carpet to access the body code plate. There are seven lines of information on the body code plate. Lines 5, 6, and 7 are not used to define service information. Informa-

3

DIGITS 1 THROUGH 12 Vehicle Order Number DIGITS 13, 14, AND 15 Open Space DIGITS 16, 17, AND 18 Car Line Shell • AN1 = Dakota 4 X 2 • AN5 = Dakota 4 X 4 DIGIT 19 Price Class • L = Dakota (All) DIGITS 20 AND 21 Body Type • 31 = Dakota Club Cab (130.9 in. Wheel Base) • 61 = Dakota (111.9 in. Wheel Base) • 62 = Dakota (123.9 in. Wheel Base)

BODY CODE PLATE—LINE 3 DIGITS 1,2, AND 3 Paint Procedure


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BODY CODE PLATE (Continued) DIGIT 4 Open Space

BODY CODE PLATE—LINE 1 DIGITS 1 THROUGH 6 Body-in-white assembly sequence.

DIGITS 5 THROUGH 8 Primary Paint Refer to Group 23, Body for color codes.

DIGITS 7 THROUGH 9 Open Space

DIGIT 9 Open Space

DIGITS 10 THROUGH 12 Cargo box code • XBS = Sweptline

DIGITS 10 THROUGH 13 Secondary Paint

DIGITS 13 THROUGH 16 Open Space

DIGIT 14 Open Space DIGITS 15 THROUGH 18 Interior Trim Code DIGIT 19 Open Space DIGITS 20, 21, AND 22 Engine Code • EPE = 2.5 L 4 cyl. MPI Gasoline • EHC = 3.9 L 6 cyl. MPI Gasoline • ELF = 5.2 L 8 cyl. MPI Gasoline • ELM = 5.9 L 8 cyl. MPI Gasoline

BODY CODE PLATE—LINE 2

EQUIPMENT IDENTIFICATION PLATE DESCRIPTION The Equipment Identification Plate (Fig. 5) is located at the left, front of the inner hood panel. The plate lists information concerning the vehicle as follows: • The model. • The wheelbase. • The VIN (Vehicle Identification Number). • The T.O.N. (order number). • The optional and special equipment installed on the vehicle. Refer to the information listed on the plate when ordering replacement parts.

DIGITS 1, 2, AND 3 Transmission Codes • DDK = 5–Speed Manual (NVG 1500) • DDQ = 5–Speed Manual (AX15) • DDC = 5–Speed Manual (NVG 3500) • DGK = 4–Speed Automatic (42RE) • DGW = 4–Speed Automatic (44RE) • DGT = 4–Speed Automatic (46RE) DIGIT 4 Open Space DIGIT 5 Market Code • B = International • C = Canada • M = Mexico • U = United States DIGIT 6 Open Space DIGITS 7 THROUGH 23 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Refer to Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) paragraph for proper breakdown of VIN code.

Fig. 5 Equipment Identification Plate—Typical

INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS DESCRIPTION The graphic symbols illustrated in the following International Control and Display Symbols Chart (Fig. 6) are used to identify various instrument controls. The symbols correspond to the controls and displays that are located on the instrument panel.


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5

INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS (Continued)

Fig. 6 INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

High Beam Fog Lamps Headlamp, Parking Lamps, Panel Lamps Turn Warning Hazard Warning Windshield Washer Windshield Wiper Windshield Wiper and Washer Windscreen Demisting and Defrosting Ventilating Fan Rear Window Defogger Rear Window Wiper

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Rear Window Washer Fuel Engine Coolant Temperature Battery Charging Condition Engine Oil Seat Belt Brake Failure Parking Brake Front Hood Rear hood (Decklid) Horn Lighter

FASTENER IDENTIFICATION

FASTENER USAGE

GRADE/CLASS IDENTIFICATION

DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

WARNING: USE OF AN INCORRECT FASTENER MAY RESULT IN COMPONENT DAMAGE OR PERSONAL INJURY.

The SAE bolt strength grades range from grade 2 to grade 8. The higher the grade number, the greater the bolt strength. Identification is determined by the line marks on the top of each bolt head. The actual bolt strength grade corresponds to the number of line marks plus 2. The most commonly used metric bolt strength classes are 9.8 and 10.9. The metric strength class identification number is imprinted on the head of the bolt. The higher the class number, the greater the bolt strength. Some metric nuts are imprinted with a single-digit strength class on the nut face. Refer to the Fastener Identification (Fig. 7) and Fastener Strength Charts (Fig. 8).

Figure art, specifications and tightening torque references in this manual are identified in metric and SAE format. During any maintenance or repair procedures, it is important to salvage all fasteners (nuts, bolts, etc.) for reassembly. If the fastener is not salvageable, a fastener of equivalent specification must be use.

DESCRIPTION Most stripped threaded holes can be repaired using a Helicoil t. Follow the manufacture recommendation for application and repair procedures.


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FASTENER USAGE (Continued)

Fig. 7 FASTENER IDENTIFICATION


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Fig. 8 FASTENER STRENGTH

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METRIC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION The metric system is based on quantities of one, ten, one hundred, one thousand and one million. The following chart will assist in converting metric units to equivalent English and SAE units, or vise versa.

Refer to the Metric Conversion Chart (Fig. 9) to convert torque values listed in metric Newtonmeters (N·m). Also, use the chart to convert between millimeters (mm) and inches (in.)

CONVERSION FORMULAS AND EQUIVALENT VALUES MULTIPLY

BY

TO GET

MULTIPLY

BY

TO GET

in-lbs

x 0.11298

= Newton Meters (N·m)

N·m

x 8.851

= in-lbs

ft-lbs

x 1.3558

= Newton Meters (N·m)

N·m

x 0.7376

= ft-lbs

Inches Hg (60° F)

x 3.377

= Kilopascals (kPa)

kPa

x 0.2961

= Inches Hg

psi

x 6.895

= Kilopascals (kPa)

kPa

x 0.145

= psi

Inches

x 25.4

= Millimeters (mm)

mm

x 0.03937

= Inches

Feet

x 0.3048

= Meters (M)

M

x 3.281

= Feet

Yards

x 0.9144

= Meters

M

x 1.0936

= Yards

mph

x 1.6093

= Kilometers/Hr. (Km/h)

Km/h

x 0.6214

= mph

Feet/Sec

x 0.3048

= Meters/Sec (M/S)

M/S

x 3.281

= Feet/Sec

mph

x 0.4470

= Meters/Sec (M/S)

M/S

x 2.237

= mph

Kilometers/ Hr. (Km/h)

x 0.27778

= Meters/Sec (M/S)

M/S

x 3.600

Kilometers/Hr. (Km/h)

COMMON METRIC EQUIVALENTS 1 inch = 25 Millimeters

1 Cubic Inch = 16 Cubic Centimeters

1 Foot = 0.3 Meter

1 Cubic Foot = 0.03 Cubic Meter

1 Yard = 0.9 Meter

1 Cubic Yard = 0.8 Cubic Meter

1 Mile = 1.6 Kilometers


INTRODUCTION

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Fig. 9 METRIC CONVERSION CHART

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TORQUE REFERENCES

cations Chart for torque references not listed in the individual torque charts (Fig. 10).

DESCRIPTION Individual Torque Charts appear at the end of many Groups. Refer to the Standard Torque Specifi-

Fig. 10 TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS


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LUBRICATION & MAINTENANCE TABLE OF CONTENTS page LUBRICATION & MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PARTS & LUBRICANT STANDARD PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . CLASSIFICATION OF LUBRICANTS . FLUID TYPES DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FLUID FILL/CHECK LOCATIONS DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.........1 .........2 .........2 .........2 .........3 .........6

page HOISTING STANDARD PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOISTING RECOMMENDATIONS. . . . . . . JUMP STARTING STANDARD PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . JUMP STARTING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . TOWING STANDARD PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TOWING RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . . . . . TWO WHEEL DRIVE VEHICLE TOWING . FOUR WHEEL DRIVE VEHICLE TOWING.

. . . . 12 . . . . 12 . . . . 12 . . . . 12 . . . .

. . . .

. . . .

.........7 .........7

LUBRICATION & MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS SPECIFICATIONS - FLUID CAPACITIES DESCRIPTION FUEL TANK

SPECIFICATION

DESCRIPTION

SPECIFICATION

2-Door: 83L (22 U.S. Gallons)****

Service Fill - 46RE

3.8L (4.0 qts)

O-haul Fill - 46RE

9.1-9.5L (19-20 pts)

4-Door: 91L (24 U.S. Gallons)****

O-haul Fill - 45RFE

13.33L (28.0 pts)

ENGINE OIL - WITH FILTER 2.5L Engine

4.3L (4.5 qts.)

3.9L Engine

3.8L (4.0 qts.)

4.7L Engine

5.7L (6.0 qts.)

5.9L Engine

4.7L (5.0 qts.)

COOLING SYSTEM 2.5L Engine

9.3L (9.8 qts.)***

3.9L Engine

13.3L (14.0 qts.)***

4.7L Engine

12.3L (13.0 qts.)***

5.9L Engine

13.7L (14.6 qts.)***

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION Service Fill - 42RE

3.8L (4.0 qts)

O-haul Fill - 42RE

9.1-9.5L (19-20 pts)

MANUAL TRANSMISSION NV3500

2.28L (4.8 pts.) TRANSFER CASE

NV233

1.18L (2.5 pts.)

NV244

1.35L (2.85 pts.) FRONT AXLE

C205F

1.66L (3.5 pts.) REAR AXLE

9 1/4

2.32L (4.9 pts.)**

8 1/4

2.22L (4.7 pts.)**

** When equipped with Trac-lok, include 148 ml (5 oz.) of Friction Modifier. *** Includes 0.9L (1.0 qts.) for coolant reservoir. ****Nominal refill capacities are shown. A variation may be observed from vehicle to vehicle due to manufacturing tolerance and refill procedure.

. 13 . 13 . 14 . 15


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INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS DESCRIPTION DaimlerChrysler Corporation uses international symbols to identify engine compartment lubricant and fluid inspection and fill locations (Fig. 1).

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API QUALITY CLASSIFICATION This symbol (Fig. 2) on the front of an oil container means that the oil has been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API) to meet all the lubrication requirements specified by DailmlerChrysler Corporation. Refer to Group 9, Engine for gasoline engine oil specification.

Fig. 2 API Symbol GEAR LUBRICANTS SAE ratings also apply to multiple grade gear lubricants. In addition, API classification defines the lubricants usage.

Fig. 1 International Symbols

PARTS & LUBRICANT STANDARD PROCEDURE—CLASSIFICATION OF LUBRICANTS Only lubricants bearing designations defined by the following organization should be used to service a DaimlerChrysler Corporation vehicle. • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) • American Petroleum Institute (API) (Fig. 2) • National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) (Fig. 3)

LUBRICANTS AND GREASES Lubricating grease is rated for quality and usage by the NLGI. All approved products have the NLGI symbol (Fig. 3) on the label. At the bottom NLGI symbol is the usage and quality identification letters. Wheel bearing lubricant is identified by the letter “G”. Chassis lubricant is identified by the latter “L”. The letter following the usage letter indicates the quality of the lubricant. The following symbols indicate the highest quality.

ENGINE OIL SAE VISCOSITY RATING INDICATES ENGINE OIL VISCOSITY An SAE viscosity grade is used to specify the viscosity of engine oil. SAE 30 specifies a single viscosity engine oil. Engine oils also have multiple viscosities. These are specified with a dual SAE viscosity grade which indicates the cold-to-hot temperature viscosity range. • SAE 30 = single grade engine oil. • SAE 10W-30 = multiple grade engine oil. DaimlerChrysler Corporation only recommends multiple grade engine oils.

Fig. 3 NLGI Symbol 1 - WHEEL BEARINGS 2 - CHASSIS LUBRICATION 3 - CHASSIS AND WHEEL BEARINGS

SPECIALIZED LUBRICANTS AND OILS Some maintenance or repair procedures may require the use of specialized lubricants or oils. Consult the appropriate sections in this manual for the correct application of these lubricants.


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PARTS & LUBRICANT (Continued)

RECOMMENDATIONS When service is required, DaimlerChrysler Corporation recommends that only Mopart brand parts, lubricants and chemicals be used. Mopar provides the best engineered products for servicing DaimlerChrysler Corporation vehicles.

FLUID TYPES DESCRIPTION - FUEL REQUIREMENTS Your engine is designed to meet all emissions regulations and provide excellent fuel economy and performance when using high quality unleaded “regular” gasoline having an octane rating of 87. The routine use of premium gasoline is not recommended. Under normal conditions the use of premium fuel will not provide a benefit over high quality regular gasolines and in some circumstances may result in poorer performance. Light spark knock at low engine speeds is not harmful to your engine. However, continued heavy spark knock at high speeds can cause damage and immediate service is required. Engine damage resulting from operation with a heavy spark knock may not be covered by the new vehicle warranty. Poor quality gasoline can cause problems such as hard starting, stalling and hesitations. If you experience these symptoms, try another brand of gasoline before considering service for the vehicle. Over 40 auto manufacturers world-wide have issued and endorsed consistent gasoline specifications (the Worldwide Fuel Charter, WWFC) to define fuel properties necessary to deliver enhanced emissions, performance and durability for your vehicle. We recommend the use of gasolines that meet the WWFC specifications if they are available.

REFORMULATED GASOLINE Many areas of the country require the use of cleaner burning gasoline referred to as “reformulated” gasoline. Reformulated gasoline contain oxygenates, and are specifically blended to reduce vehicle emissions and improve air quality. We strongly support the use of reformulated gasoline. Properly blended reformulated gasoline will provide excellent performance and durability for the engine and fuel system components.

GASOLINE/OXYGENATE BLENDS Some fuel suppliers blend unleaded gasoline with oxygenates such as 10% ethanol, MTBE, and ETBE. Oxygenates are required in some areas of the country during the winter months to reduce carbon monoxide emissions. Fuels blended with these oxygenates may be used in your vehicle.

CAUTION: DO NOT use gasoline containing METHANOL. Gasoline containing methanol may damage critical fuel system components.

MMT IN GASOLINE MMT is a manganese-containing metallic additive that is blended into some gasoline to increase octane. Gasoline blended with MMT provide no performance advantage beyond gasoline of the same octane number without MMT. Gasoline blended with MMT reduce spark plug life and reduce emission system performance in some vehicles. We recommend that gasolines free of MMT be used in your vehicle. The MMT content of gasoline may not be indicated on the gasoline pump; therefore, you should ask your gasoline retailer whether or not his/her gasoline contains MMT. It is even more important to look for gasoline without MMT in Canada because MMT can be used at levels higher than allowed in the United States. MMT is prohibited in Federal and California reformulated gasoline.

SULFUR IN GASOLINE If you live in the northeast United States, your vehicle may have been designed to meet California low emission standards with Cleaner-Burning California reformulated gasoline with low sulfur. If such fuels are not available in states adopting California emission standards, your vehicles will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal specifications, but emission control system performance may be adversely affected. Gasoline sold outside of California is permitted to have higher sulfur levels which may affect the performance of the vehicle’s catalytic converter. This may cause the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL), Check Engine or Service Engine Soon light to illuminate. We recommend that you try a different brand of unleaded gasoline having lower sulfur to determine if the problem is fuel related prior to returning your vehicle to an authorized dealer for service. CAUTION: If the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL), Check Engine or Service Engine Soon light is flashing, immediate service is required; see on-board diagnostics system section.

MATERIALS ADDED TO FUEL All gasoline sold in the United States and Canada are required to contain effective detergent additives. Use of additional detergents or other additives is not needed under normal conditions.


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FLUID TYPES (Continued)

FUEL SYSTEM CAUTIONS CAUTION: Follow these guidelines to maintain your vehicle’s performance: • The use of leaded gas is prohibited by Federal law. Using leaded gasoline can impair engine performance, damage the emission control system, and could result in loss of warranty coverage. • An out-of-tune engine, or certain fuel or ignition malfunctions, can cause the catalytic converter to overheat. If you notice a pungent burning odor or some light smoke, your engine may be out of tune or malfunctioning and may require immediate service. Contact your dealer for service assistance. • When pulling a heavy load or driving a fully loaded vehicle when the humidity is low and the temperature is high, use a premium unleaded fuel to help prevent spark knock. If spark knock persists, lighten the load, or engine piston damage may result. • The use of fuel additives which are now being sold as octane enhancers is not recommended. Most of these products contain high concentrations of methanol. Fuel system damage or vehicle performance problems resulting from the use of such fuels or additives is not the responsibility of DaimlerChrysler Corporation and may not be covered under the new vehicle warranty. NOTE: Intentional tampering with emissions control systems can result in civil penalties being assessed against you.

CAUTION: Use of Propylene Glycol based coolants is not recommended, as they provide less freeze protection and less corrosion protection. The cooling system is designed around the coolant. The coolant must accept heat from engine metal, in the cylinder head area near the exhaust valves and engine block. Then coolant carries the heat to the radiator where the tube/fin radiator can transfer the heat to the air. The use of aluminum cylinder blocks, cylinder heads, and water pumps requires special corrosion protection. Mopart Antifreeze/Coolant, 5 Year/100,000 Mile Formula (MS-9769), or the equivalent ethylene glycol base coolant with organic corrosion inhibitors (called HOAT, for Hybrid Organic Additive Technology) is recommended. This coolant offers the best engine cooling without corrosion when mixed with 50% Ethylene Glycol and 50% distilled water to obtain a freeze point of -37°C (-35°F). If it loses color or becomes contaminated, drain, flush, and replace with fresh properly mixed coolant solution. CAUTION: MoparT Antifreeze/Coolant, 5 Year/100,000 Mile Formula (MS-9769) may not be mixed with any other type of antifreeze. Mixing of coolants other than specified (non-HOAT or other HOAT), may result in engine damage that may not be covered under the new vehicle warranty, and decreased corrosion protection.

COOLANT PERFORMANCE

DESCRIPTION - ENGINE COOLANT WARNING: ANTIFREEZE IS AN ETHYLENE GLYCOL BASE COOLANT AND IS HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. IF SWALLOWED, DRINK TWO GLASSES OF WATER AND INDUCE VOMITING. IF INHALED, MOVE TO FRESH AIR AREA. SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY. DO NOT STORE IN OPEN OR UNMARKED CONTAINERS. WASH SKIN AND CLOTHING THOROUGHLY AFTER COMING IN CONTACT WITH ETHYLENE GLYCOL. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. DISPOSE OF GLYCOL BASE COOLANT PROPERLY, CONTACT YOUR DEALER OR GOVERNMENT AGENCY FOR LOCATION OF COLLECTION CENTER IN YOUR AREA. DO NOT OPEN A COOLING SYSTEM WHEN THE ENGINE IS AT OPERATING TEMPERATURE OR HOT UNDER PRESSURE, PERSONAL INJURY CAN RESULT. AVOID RADIATOR COOLING FAN WHEN ENGINE COMPARTMENT RELATED SERVICE IS PERFORMED, PERSONAL INJURY CAN RESULT.

The required ethylene-glycol (antifreeze) and water mixture depends upon climate and vehicle operating conditions. The coolant performance of various mixtures follows: Pure Water-Water can absorb more heat than a mixture of water and ethylene-glycol. This is for purpose of heat transfer only. Water also freezes at a higher temperature and allows corrosion. 100 percent Ethylene-Glycol-The corrosion inhibiting additives in ethylene-glycol need the presence of water to dissolve. Without water, additives form deposits in system. These act as insulation causing temperature to rise to as high as 149°C (300°F). This temperature is hot enough to melt plastic and soften solder. The increased temperature can result in engine detonation. In addition, 100 percent ethylene-glycol freezes at -22°C (-8°F). 50/50 Ethylene-Glycol and Water-Is the recommended mixture, it provides protection against freezing to -37°C (-34°F). The antifreeze concentration must alwaysbe a minimum of 44 percent, yearround in all climates. If percentage is lower, engine parts may be eroded by cavitation. Maximum protec-


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FLUID TYPES (Continued) tion against freezing is provided with a 68 percent antifreeze concentration, which prevents freezing down to -67.7°C (-90°F). A higher percentage will freeze at a warmer temperature. Also, a higher percentage of antifreeze can cause the engine to overheat because specific heat of antifreeze is lower than that of water. CAUTION: Richer antifreeze mixtures cannot be measured with normal field equipment and can cause problems associated with 100 percent ethylene-glycol.

SAE VISCOSITY An SAE viscosity grade is used to specify the viscosity of engine oil. Use only engine oils with multiple viscosities such as 5W-30 or 10W-30. These are specified with a dual SAE viscosity grade which indicates the cold-to-hot temperature viscosity range. Select an engine oil that is best suited to your particular temperature range and variation (Fig. 4) and (Fig. 5).

COOLANT SELECTION AND ADDITIVES NOTE: Refer to the vehicle’s coolant bottle cap to identify HOAT or Non-HOAT coolant. Non-HOAT coolant is green in color. The use of aluminum cylinder blocks, cylinder heads and water pumps requires special corrosion protection. Only Mopart Antifreeze/Coolant, 5 Year/100,000 Mile Formula (glycol base coolant with corrosion inhibitors called HOAT, for Hybrid Organic Additive Technology) is recommended. This coolant offers the best engine cooling without corrosion when mixed with 50% distilled water to obtain to obtain a freeze point of -37°C (-35°F). If it loses color or becomes contaminated, drain, flush, and replace with fresh properly mixed coolant solution.

Fig. 4 Temperature/Engine Oil Viscosity

CAUTION: Do not use coolant additives that are claimed to improve engine cooling.

DESCRIPTION - ENGINE OIL WARNING: NEW OR USED ENGINE OIL CAN BE IRRITATING TO THE SKIN. AVOID PROLONGED OR REPEATED SKIN CONTACT WITH ENGINE OIL. CONTAMINANTS IN USED ENGINE OIL, CAUSED BY INTERNAL COMBUSTION, CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO YOUR HEALTH. THOROUGHLY WASH EXPOSED SKIN WITH SOAP AND WATER. DO NOT WASH SKIN WITH GASOLINE, DIESEL FUEL, THINNER, OR SOLVENTS, HEALTH PROBLEMS CAN RESULT. DO NOT POLLUTE, DISPOSE OF USED ENGINE OIL PROPERLY. CONTACT YOUR DEALER OR GOVERNMENT AGENCY FOR LOCATION OF COLLECTION CENTER IN YOUR AREA.

API SERVICE GRADE CERTIFIED Use an engine oil that is API Service Grade Certified. MOPARt provides engine oils that conform to this service grade.

Fig. 5 Temperature/Engine Oil Viscosity

ENERGY CONSERVING OIL An Energy Conserving type oil is recommended for gasoline engines. The designation of ENERGY CONSERVING is located on the label of an engine oil container.

CONTAINER IDENTIFICATION Standard engine oil identification notations have been adopted to aid in the proper selection of engine oil. The identifying notations are located on the label of engine oil plastic bottles and the top of engine oil cans (Fig. 6). This symbol on the front of an oil container means that the oil has been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API) to meet all the lubrication requirements specified by DaimlerChrysler.


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FLUID TYPES (Continued) NOTE: Refer to Service Procedures in this group for fluid level checking procedures.

Fig. 6 Engine Oil Container Standard Notations

DESCRIPTION - TRANSFER CASE - NV233 Recommended lubricant for the NV233 transfer case is Mopart ATF +4, type 9602, Automatic Transmission Fluid.

DESCRIPTION - TRANSFER CASE - NV244 Recommended lubricant for the NV244 transfer case is Mopart ATF +4, type 9602, Automatic Transmission Fluid.

DESCRIPTION - AXLE A multi-purpose, hypoid gear lubricant which conforms to the following specifications should be used. Mopar Hypoid Gear Lubricant conforms to all of these specifications.

FRONT AXLE • The lubricant should have MIL-L-2105C and API GL 5 quality specifications. • Lubricant is a thermally stable SAE 80W-90 gear lubricant. REAR AXLE • The lubricant should have MIL-L-2105C and API GL 5 quality specifications. • 8 1/4 axle lubricant is a thermally stable SAE 80W-90 gear lubricant. • 9 1/4 axle lubricant is a thermally stable SAE 75W-90 gear lubricant. NOTE: Trac-lok™ equipped axles require a friction modifier be added to the lubricant.

DESCRIPTION - MANUAL TRANSMISSION Mopart Manual Transmission Lubricant is the only lubricant recommended for use in the manual transmissions.

DESCRIPTION - AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID NOTE: Refer to the maintenance schedules in this group for the recommended maintenance (fluid/filter change) intervals for this transmission.

Mopart ATF +4, type 9602, Automatic Transmission Fluid is the recommended fluid for DaimlerChrysler automatic transmissions. Dexron II fluid IS NOT recommended. Clutch chatter can result from the use of improper fluid. Mopart ATF +4, type 9602, Automatic Transmission Fluid when new is red in color. The ATF is dyed red so it can be identified from other fluids used in the vehicle such as engine oil or antifreeze. The red color is not permanent and is not an indicator of fluid condition. As the vehicle is driven, the ATF will begin to look darker in color and may eventually become brown. This is normal. A dark brown/black fluid accompanied with a burnt odor and/or deterioration in shift quality may indicate fluid deterioration or transmission component failure.

FLUID ADDITIVES DaimlerChrysler strongly recommends against the addition of any fluids to the transmission, other than those automatic transmission fluids listed above. Exceptions to this policy are the use of special dyes to aid in detecting fluid leaks. Various “special” additives and supplements exist that claim to improve shift feel and/or quality. These additives and others also claim to improve converter clutch operation and inhibit overheating, oxidation, varnish, and sludge. These claims have not been supported to the satisfaction of DaimlerChrysler and these additives must not be used. The use of transmission “sealers” should also be avoided, since they may adversely affect the integrity of transmission seals.

OPERATION - AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID The automatic transmission fluid is selected based upon several qualities. The fluid must provide a high level of protection for the internal components by providing a lubricating film between adjacent metal components. The fluid must also be thermally stable so that it can maintain a consistent viscosity through a large temperature range. If the viscosity stays constant through the temperature range of operation, transmission operation and shift feel will remain consistent. Transmission fluid must also be a good conductor of heat. The fluid must absorb heat from the internal transmission components and transfer that heat to the transmission case.


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FLUID FILL/CHECK LOCATIONS DESCRIPTION The fluid check/fill points and lubrication locations are located in each applicable Sections.

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES DESCRIPTION Service and maintenance procedures for components and systems listed in Schedule “A” or “B” can be found by using the Group Tab Locator index at the front of this manual. If it is not clear which group contains the information needed, refer to the index at the back of this manual. There are two maintenance schedules that show proper service based on the conditions that the vehicle is subjected to. Schedule “A”, lists scheduled maintenance to be performed when the vehicle is used for general transportation. Schedule “B”, lists maintenance intervals for vehicles that are operated under the conditions listed at the beginning of that schedule section. Use the schedule that best describes the driving conditions. Where time and mileage are listed, follow the interval that occurs first.

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES There are two maintenance schedules that show proper service for the Dakota. First is Schedule “A”. It lists all the scheduled maintenance to be performed under “normal” operating conditions. Second is Schedule “B”. It is a schedule for vehicles that are operated under the conditions listed at the beginning of that schedule. Use the schedule that best describes the driving conditions. Where time and mileage are listed, follow the interval that occurs first.

At Each Stop For Gasoline • Check engine oil level, add as required. • Check windshield washer solvent and add if required. • Clean windshield and wiper blades as required. Once A Month • Check tire pressure and look for unusual wear or damage. • Inspect battery and clean and tighten terminals as required.

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• Check fluid levels of coolant reservoir, power steering and transmission and add as needed. • Check all lights and all other electrical items for correct operation. • Inspect and clean wiper blades. Replace if required.

At Each Oil Change • Inspect exhaust system. • Inspect brake hoses. • Rotate the tires at each oil change interval shown on Schedule “A”: (7,500 miles) or every other interval shown on Schedule “B” (6,000 miles). • Check engine coolant level, hoses, and clamps.

EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE The scheduled emission maintenance listed in bold type on the Maintenance Schedules, must be done at the mileage specified to assure the continued proper functioning of the emission control system. These, and all other maintenance services included in this manual, should be done to provide the best vehicle performance and reliability. More frequent maintenance may be needed for vehicles in severe operating conditions such as dusty areas and very short trip driving.

FLUID FILL LOCATIONS AND LUBRICATION POINTS The fluid fill/check locations and lubrication points are located in each applicable group.

SCHEDULE “A” 7,500 Miles (12 000 km) or at 6 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 15,000 Miles (24 000 km) or at 12 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 22,500 Miles (36 000 km) or at 18 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints required. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Inspect brake linings. 30,000 Miles (48 000 km) or at 24 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace spark plugs.

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MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES (Continued) • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only).

• Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, & 5.9L).

37,500 Miles (60 000 km) or at 30 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill transfer case fluid. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L, and 5.9L only).

82,500 Miles (132 000 km) or at 66 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Flush and replace engine coolant if it has been 30,000 miles (48 000 km) or 24 months since last change.

45,000 Miles (72 000 km) or at 36 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Inspect brake linings. • Flush and replace engine coolant at 36 months, regardless of mileage.

90,000 Miles (144 000 km) or at 72 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L, and 5.9L)* • Replace spark plugs. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Inspect brake linings. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L, & 5.9L).D

52,500 Miles (84 000 km) or at 42 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Flush and replace engine coolant if not done at 36 months. 60,000 Miles (96 000 km) or at 48 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace ignition cables (2.5L, 3.9L, 5.9L). • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L, and 5.9L)* • Replace spark plugs. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, & 5.9L). • Inspect and adjust tension on drive belt (2.5L). • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). 67,500 Miles (108 000 km) or at 54 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints required. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Inspect brake linings.

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75,000 Miles (120 000 km) or at 60 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L). • Drain and refill transfer case. • Flush and replace engine coolant if it has been 30,000 miles (48 000 km) or 24 months since last change.

97,500 Miles (156 000 km) or at 78 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 105,000 Miles (168 000 km) or at 84 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Flush and replace engine coolant if it has been 30,000 Miles (48 000km) or 24 months since last change. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L, & 5.9L).D 112,500 Miles (181 000 km) or at 90 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L only). • Drain and refill transfer case fluid. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Inspect brake linings. • Flush and replace engine coolant if it has been 30,000 Miles (48 000km) or 24 months since last change. 120,000 Miles (192 000 km) or at 96 months • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace ignition cables (2.5L, 3.9L & 5.9L).


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MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES (Continued) • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L, and 5.9L)* • Replace spark plugs. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L, & 5.9L).D • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). *This maintenance is recommended by DaimlerChrysler Corporation to the owner but is not required to maintain the warranty on the PCV valve. DThis maintenance is not required if the belt was previously replaced. Important: Inspection and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected.

SCHEDULE “B” Use schedule “B” if the vehicle is usually operated under the following conditions: • Frequent short trip driving less than 5 miles (8 km) • Frequent driving in dusty conditions • Trailer towing • Extensive idling • More than 50% of the driving is at sustained high speeds during hot weather, above 90°F (32°C)

3,000 Miles (5 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 9,000 Miles (14 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 12,000 Miles (19 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. 15,000 Miles (24 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect engine air cleaner element, replace as necessary.

18,000 Miles (29 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill manual transmission fluid (3.9L only). 21,000 Miles (34 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect front wheel bearings. 24,000 Miles (38 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. 27,000 miles (43 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 30,000 Miles (48 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace spark plugs. • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L and 5.9L)* • Inspect and adjust drive tension on drive belt (2.5L). 33,000 Miles (53,000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 36,000 Miles (58 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Drain and refill transfer case fluid. • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings.


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MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES (Continued) 39,000 Miles (62 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 42,000 Miles (67 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect front wheel bearings. 45,000 Miles (72 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect engine air cleaner element, replace as necessary. 48,000 Miles (77 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. 51,000 Miles (82 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Flush and replace engine coolant. 54,000 Miles (86 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Drain and refill manual transmission fluid (3.9L only). 57,000 Miles (91 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 60,000 Miles (96 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace ignition cables. • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L, and 5.9L)* • Replace spark plugs. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required.

• Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L & 5.9L).

63,000 Miles (101 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect front wheel bearings. 66,000 Miles (106,000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 69,000 Miles (110 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 72,000 Miles (115 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Drain and refill transfer case fluid. • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. 75,000 Miles (120 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect engine air cleaner element, replace as necessary. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L & 5.9L).D 78,000 Miles (125 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 81,000 Miles (130 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Flush and replace engine coolant if it has been 30,000 miles (48 000 km) since last change. 84,000 Miles (134 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Lubricate front suspension required.

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MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES (Continued) • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings.

87,000 Miles (139 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 90,000 Miles (144 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace spark plugs. • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L, and 5.9L)* • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L, & 5.9L).D • Inspect and adjust tension on drive belt (2.5L). 93,000 Miles (149 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 96,000 Miles (154 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. 99,000 Miles (158 000 km) • Change engine oil • Replace engine oil filter. 102,000 Miles (163 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 105,000 Miles (168 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Inspect engine air cleaner element, replace as necessary. • Inspect front wheel bearings. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L, & 5.9L).D

108,000 Miles (173 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Drain and refill transfer case fluid. • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. 111,000 Miles (178 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Flush and replace engine coolant if it has been 30,000 miles (48 000 km) since last change. 114,000 Miles (182 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 117,000 Miles (187 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. 120,000 Miles (192 000 km) • Change engine oil. • Replace engine oil filter. • Replace engine air cleaner element. • Replace ignition cables. • Inspect PCV valve, replace as necessary. (3.9L, 4.7L, and 5.9L)* • Replace spark plugs. • Lubricate front suspension ball joints if required. • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid. Replace filter and adjust bands (3.9L & 5.9L).‡ • Drain and refill automatic transmission fluid and change filter (4.7L only). • Change rear axle fluid. • Change front axle fluid (4x4). • Inspect brake linings. • Inspect auto tension drive belt and replace if required (3.9L, 4.7L, & 5.9L).D • Inspect and adjust tension on drive belt (2.5L). *This maintenance is recommended by Chrysler Corporation to the customer but is not required to maintain warranty on the PCV valve. DThis maintenance is not required if the belt was previously replaced. ‡Prolonged operation with heavy loading, especially in hot weather, use of vehicle for off-the-highway operation, and trailer towing require the more


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MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES (Continued) frequent transmission service indicated with a ‡ in Schedule “B”. Perform these services if the vehicle is usually operated under these conditions. Important: Inspection and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected.

HOISTING STANDARD PROCEDURE—HOISTING RECOMMENDATIONS FLOOR JACK CAUTION: Do not attempt to lift a vehicle with a floor jack positioned under: • An axle tube. • Aluminum differential. • A body side sill. • A steering linkage component. • A drive shaft. • The engine or transmission oil pan. • The fuel tank. • A front suspension arm. When properly positioned, a floor jack can be used to lift a Dakota vehicle (Fig. 7). Support the vehicle in the raised position with jack stands at the front and rear ends of the frame rails.

HOIST WARNING: THE HOISTING AND JACK LIFTING POINTS PROVIDED ARE FOR A COMPLETE VEHICLE. WHEN A CHASSIS OR DRIVETRAIN COMPONENT IS REMOVED FROM A VEHICLE, THE CENTER OF GRAVITY IS ALTERED MAKING SOME HOISTING CONDITIONS UNSTABLE. PROPERLY SUPPORT OR SECURE VEHICLE TO HOISTING DEVICE WHEN THESE CONDITIONS EXIST. CAUTION: DO NOT LET THE REAR WHEELS/AXLE HANG UNSUPPORTED WHEN THE VEHICLE IS LIFTED WITH THE PARKING BRAKE APPLIED. NOTE: When a frame-contact type hoist is used, verify that the lifting pads are positioned properly (Fig. 7). A • • •

vehicle can be lifted with: A single-post, frame-contact hoist. A twin-post, chassis hoist. A ramp-type, drive-on hoist.

JUMP STARTING STANDARD PROCEDURE—JUMP STARTING PROCEDURE WARNING: REVIEW ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND WARNINGS IN GROUP 8A, BATTERY/STARTING/CHARGING SYSTEMS DIAGNOSTICS. DO NOT JUMP START A FROZEN BATTERY, PERSONAL INJURY CAN RESULT. DO NOT JUMP START WHEN MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY INDICATOR DOT IS YELLOW OR BRIGHT COLOR. DO NOT JUMP START A VEHICLE WHEN THE BATTERY FLUID IS BELOW THE TOP OF LEAD PLATES. DO NOT ALLOW JUMPER CABLE CLAMPS TO TOUCH EACH OTHER WHEN CONNECTED TO A BOOSTER SOURCE. DO NOT USE OPEN FLAME NEAR BATTERY. REMOVE METALLIC JEWELRY WORN ON HANDS OR WRISTS TO AVOID INJURY BY ACCIDENTAL ARCING OF BATTERY CURRENT. WHEN USING A HIGH OUTPUT BOOSTING DEVICE, DO NOT ALLOW BATTERY VOLTAGE TO EXCEED 16 VOLTS. REFER TO INSTRUCTIONS PROVIDED WITH DEVICE BEING USED. CAUTION: When using another vehicle as a booster, do not allow vehicles to touch. Electrical systems can be damaged on either vehicle.

Fig. 7 Correct Vehicle Lifting Locations—Typical


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JUMP STARTING (Continued) (1) Raise hood on disabled vehicle and visually inspect engine compartment for: • Battery cable clamp condition, clean if necessary. • Frozen battery. • Yellow or bright color test indicator, if equipped. • Low battery fluid level. • Generator drive belt condition and tension. • Fuel fumes or leakage, correct if necessary. CAUTION: If the cause of starting problem on disabled vehicle is severe, damage to booster vehicle charging system can result. (2) When using another vehicle as a booster source, park the booster vehicle within cable reach. Turn off all accessories, set the parking brake, place the automatic transmission in PARK or the manual transmission in NEUTRAL and turn the ignition OFF. (3) On disabled vehicle, place gear selector in park or neutral and set park brake. Turn off all accessories. (4) Connect jumper cables to booster battery. RED clamp to positive terminal (+). BLACK clamp to negative terminal (-). DO NOT allow clamps at opposite end of cables to touch, electrical arc will result. Review all warnings in this procedure. (5) On disabled vehicle, connect RED jumper cable clamp to positive (+) terminal. Connect BLACK jumper cable clamp to engine ground as close to the ground cable attaching point as possible (Fig. 8). (6) Start the engine in the vehicle which has the booster battery, let the engine idle a few minutes, then start the engine in the vehicle with the discharged battery. CAUTION: Do not crank starter motor on disabled vehicle for more than 15 seconds, starter will overheat and could fail.

Fig. 8 Jumper Cable Clamp Connections 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

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ENGINE GROUND NEGATIVE JUMPER CABLE BATTERY NEGATIVE CABLE POSITIVE JUMPER CABLE BATTERY POSITIVE CABLE BATTERY TEST INDICATOR

TOWING STANDARD PROCEDURE—TOWING RECOMMENDATIONS A vehicle equipped with an SAE approved Wheellift towing device can be used to tow all Short Bed DAKOTA vehicles. Long Bed vehicles must be towed with a Flat-bed device (Fig. 9). When towing a 4WD vehicle, use tow dollies under the opposite end of the vehicle.

(7) Allow battery in disabled vehicle to charge to at least 12.4 volts (75% charge) before attempting to start engine. If engine does not start within 15 seconds, stop cranking engine and allow starter to cool (15 min.), before cranking again.

DISCONNECT CABLE CLAMPS AS FOLLOWS: • Disconnect BLACK cable clamp from engine ground on disabled vehicle. • When using a Booster vehicle, disconnect BLACK cable clamp from battery negative terminal. Disconnect RED cable clamp from battery positive terminal. • Disconnect RED cable clamp from battery positive terminal on disabled vehicle.

Fig. 9 Tow Vehicles With Approved Equipment


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TOWING (Continued)

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS NOTE: The following safety precautions must be observed when towing a vehicle. • Secure loose and protruding parts. • Always use a safety chain system that is independent of the lifting and towing equipment. • Do not allow towing equipment to contact the disabled vehicle’s fuel tank. • Do not allow anyone under the disabled vehicle while it is lifted by the towing device. • Do not allow passengers to ride in a vehicle being towed. • Always observe state and local laws regarding towing regulations. • Do not tow a vehicle in a manner that could jeopardize the safety of the operator, pedestrians or other motorists. • Do not attach tow chains, T-hooks, or J-hooks to a bumper, steering linkage, drive shafts or a non-reinforced frame hole. • Do not tow a heavily loaded vehicle. Damage to the cab, cargo box or frame may result. Use a flat bed device to transport a loaded vehicle.

STANDARD PROCEDURE—TWO WHEEL DRIVE VEHICLE TOWING TOWING-REAR END LIFTED CAUTION: Short bed vehicles must be towed with a Wheel-lift device (Fig. 10) or transported on a flat bed (Fig. 11). Long bed vehicles must be transported on a flat bed.

Fig. 10 Short Bed Vehicle Towing—Typical

GROUND CLEARANCE CAUTION: If vehicle is towed with wheels removed, install lug nuts to retain brake drums. A towed vehicle should be raised until lifted wheels are a minimum 100 mm (4 in) from the ground. Be sure there is adequate ground clearance at the opposite end of the vehicle, especially when towing over rough terrain or steep rises in the road. If necessary, remove the wheels from the lifted end of the vehicle and lower the vehicle closer to the ground, to increase the ground clearance at the opposite end of the vehicle. Install lug nuts on wheel attaching studs to retain brake drums.

RAMP ANGLE If a vehicle with flat bed towing equipment is used, the approach ramp angle should not exceed 15 degrees.

TOWING WHEN KEYS ARE NOT AVAILABLE When the vehicle is locked and keys are not available, use a flat bed hauler. A Sling-type device can be used on 4WD vehicles provided all the wheels are lifted off the ground using tow dollies.

Fig. 11 Long Bed Vehicle Towing—Typical 2WD vehicles can be towed with the front wheels on the surface for extended distances at speeds not exceeding 48 km/h (30 mph). (1) Attach wheel lift device to rear wheels. (2) Attach safety chains to frame rails. Route chains so not to interfere with tail pipe when vehicle is lifted. (3) Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position to unlock the steering wheel. CAUTION: Do not use steering column lock to secure steering wheel during towing operation. (4) Secure steering wheel in straight ahead position with a clamp device designed for towing. (5) Verify that steering components are in good condition. (6) Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL.

TOWING-FRONT END LIFTED When lifting from the front end, all vehicles must be towed with a Wheel-lift device or transported on a flat bed. (1) Attach Wheel-lift device to front wheels.


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TOWING (Continued) (2) Attach the safety chains to the disabled vehicle at the frame rails. CAUTION: Do not use steering column lock to secure steering wheel during towing operation. (3) Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position to unlock the steering wheel.

TWO WHEEL DRIVE—MANUAL AND AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION Provided the transmission is operable, tow only in NEUTRAL at speeds not to exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) and distances less than 15 miles (25km/h). If the vehicle is to be towed more than 15 miles, the propeller shaft should be disconnected or place tow dollies under rear wheels.

STANDARD PROCEDURE—FOUR WHEEL DRIVE VEHICLE TOWING FOUR WHEEL DRIVE TOWING—REAR END LIFTED CAUTION: Short bed vehicles must be towed with a Wheel-lift device (Fig. 10) or transported on a flat bed. Long bed vehicles must be transported on a flat bed (Fig. 11). When using a Wheel-lift device, all wheels must be lifted off the ground using tow dollies. (1) Raise the front of the vehicle off the ground and install tow dollies under front wheels.

(2) Attach wheel lift device to rear wheels. (3) Attach safety chains to frame rails. Route chains so not to interfere with tail pipe when vehicle is lifted. (4) Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position to unlock the steering wheel. CAUTION: Do not use steering column lock to secure steering wheel during towing operation. (5) Secure steering wheel in straight ahead position with a clamp device designed for towing. (6) Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL.

FOUR WHEEL DRIVE TOWING—FRONT END LIFTED When lifting from the front end, all vehicles must be towed with a wheel-lift device or transported on a flat bed. (1) Raise the rear of the vehicle off the ground and install tow dollies under rear wheels. (2) Attach wheel lift device to front wheels. (3) Attach the safety chains to the disabled vehicle at the frame rails. CAUTION: Do not use steering column lock to secure steering wheel during towing operation. (4) Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position to unlock the steering wheel. (5) Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL.


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SUSPENSION TABLE OF CONTENTS page

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WHEEL ALIGNMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 FRONT - 2WD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

FRONT - 4WD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 REAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

WHEEL ALIGNMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS page WHEEL ALIGNMENT DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING . . . . . . PRE-ALIGNMENT INSPECTION . STANDARD PROCEDURE . . . . . . . HEIGHT MEASUREMENT 4WD .

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page HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT 4WD . . . . . . . . CAMBER AND CASTER ADJUSTMENT CASTER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TOE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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WHEEL ALIGNMENT DESCRIPTION Wheel alignment involves the correct positioning of the wheels in relation to the vehicle. The positioning is accomplished through suspension and steering linkage adjustments. An alignment is considered essential for efficient steering, good directional stability and to minimize tire wear. The most important measurements of an alignment are caster, camber and toe (Fig. 1). CAUTION: Never attempt to modify suspension or steering components by heating or bending. NOTE: Periodic lubrication of the front suspension/ steering system components may be required. Rubber bushings must never be lubricated. Refer to Lubrication And Maintenance for the recommended maintenance schedule.

OPERATION • CASTER is the forward or rearward tilt of the steering knuckle from vertical. Tilting the top of the knuckle forward provides negative caster. Tilting the top of the knuckle rearward provides positive caster.

Fig. 1 Wheel Alignment Measurements 1 2 3 4

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FRONT OF VEHICLE STEERING AXIS INCLINATION PIVOT POINT TOE-IN

Positive caster promotes directional stability. This angle enables the front wheels to return to a straight ahead position after turns (Fig. 2). • CAMBER is the inward or outward tilt of the wheel relative to the center of the vehicle. Tilting the top of the wheel inward provides negative camber.


2-2

WHEEL ALIGNMENT

AN

WHEEL ALIGNMENT (Continued) Tilting the top of the wheel outward provides positive camber. Incorrect camber will cause wear on the inside or outside edge of the tire (Fig. 2). • TOE is the difference between the leading inside edges and trailing inside edges of the front tires. Wheel toe position out of specification cause’s unstable steering, uneven tire wear and steering wheel offcenter. The wheel toe position is the final front wheel alignment adjustment (Fig. 2). • THRUST ANGLE is the angle of the rear axle relative to the centerline of the vehicle. Incorrect thrust angle can cause off-center steering and excessive tire wear. This angle is not adjustable, damaged component(s) must be replaced to correct the thrust angle (Fig. 2).

Fig. 2 Wheel Alignment

DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING - PRE-ALIGNMENT INSPECTION Before starting wheel alignment, the following inspection and necessary corrections must be completed. Refer to Suspension and Steering System Diagnosis Chart for additional information. (1) Inspect tires for size, air pressure and tread wear. (2) Inspect front wheel bearings for wear. (3) Inspect front wheels for excessive radial or lateral runout and balance. (4) Inspect ball studs, linkage pivot points and steering gear for looseness, roughness or binding.

1 2 3 4

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FRONT OF VEHICLE STEERING AXIS INCLINATION PIVOT POINT TOE-IN

(5) Inspect suspension components for wear and noise. (6) On 4x4 vehicles check suspension height. (7) Road test the vehicle.

SUSPENSION AND STEERING SYSTEM DIAGNOSIS CONDITION FRONT END NOISE

EXCESSIVE PLAY IN STEERING

FRONT WHEELS SHIMMY

POSSIBLE CAUSES

CORRECTION

1. Loose or worn wheel bearing.

1. Replace wheel bearing.

2. Loose or worn steering or suspension components.

2. Tighten or replace components as necessary.

3. Lower ball joint (4x4).

3. Gease joint and perform diagnosis and testing.

1. Loose or worn wheel bearing.

1. Replace wheel bearing.

2. Loose or worn steering or suspension components.

2. Tighten or replace components as necessary.

3. Loose or worn steering gear.

3. Adjust or replace steering gear.

1. Loose or worn wheel bearing.

1. Replace wheel bearing.

2. Loose or worn steering or suspension components.

2. Tighten or replace components as necessary.

3. Tires worn or out of balance.

3. Replace or balance tires.

4. Alignment.

4. Align vehicle to specifications.


WHEEL ALIGNMENT

AN

2-3

WHEEL ALIGNMENT (Continued) CONDITION VEHICLE INSTABILITY

EXCESSIVE STEERING EFFORT

VEHICLE PULLS TO ONE SIDE

POSSIBLE CAUSES

CORRECTION

1. Loose or worn wheel bearing.

1. Replace wheel bearing.

2. Loose or worn steering or suspension components.

2. Tighten or replace components as necessary.

3. Tire pressure.

3. Adjust tire pressure.

4. Alignment.

4. Align vehicle to specifications.

1. Loose or worn steering gear.

1. Adjust or replace steering gear.

2. Column coupler binding.

2. Replace coupler.

3. Tire pressure.

3. Adjust tire pressure.

4. Alignment.

4. Align vehicle to specifications.

1. Tire pressure.

1. Adjust tire pressure.

2. Alignment.

2. Align vehicle to specifications.

3. Loose or worn steering or suspension components.

3. Tighten or replace components as necessary.

4. Radial tire lead.

4. Rotate or replace tire as necessary.

5. Brake pull.

5. Repair brake as necessary.

6. Weak or broken spring.

6. Replace spring.

7. Ride height 4WD only.

7. Measure and adjust ride height.

STANDARD PROCEDURE - HEIGHT MEASUREMENT 4WD The vehicle suspension height must be measured and adjusted if necessary before performing wheel alignment on a 4x4 vehicle. Also when front suspension components have be replaced. This measure must be performed with the vehicle supporting it’s own weight and taken on both sides of the vehicle. (1) Inspect tires for the correct size and air pressure. (2) Jounce the front of the vehicle. (3) Measure and record the distance between the ground and the center of the lower suspension arm rear mounting bolt head (Fig. 3). (4) Measure and record the distance between the ground and the center of the front wheel (Fig. 3). (5) Subtract the first measurement from the second measurement. The difference between the two measurement should be 47 mm (1.85 inches) 6 3.25 mm (0.125 inches).

STANDARD PROCEDURE - HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT 4WD The vehicle suspension height must be measured and adjusted if necessary before performing wheel alignment on a 4x4 vehicle. Also when front suspension components have be replaced. This measure must be performed with the vehicle supporting it’s own weight and taken on both sides of the vehicle.

Fig. 3 Height To adjust the vehicle height turn the torsion bar adjustment bolt CLOCKWISE to raise the vehicle and COUNTER CLOCKWISE to lower the vehicle.


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WHEEL ALIGNMENT

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WHEEL ALIGNMENT (Continued) CAUTION: ALWAYS raise the vehicle to the correct suspension height, NEVER lower the vehicle to obtain the correct suspension height. If the vehicle suspension height is too high, lower the vehicle below the height specification. Then raise the vehicle to the correct suspension height specification. This will insure the vehicle maintains the proper suspension height. NOTE: If a height adjustment has been made, perform height measurement again on both sides of the vehicle.

STANDARD PROCEDURE - CAMBER AND CASTER ADJUSTMENT NOTE: 4x4 suspension height measurement must be performed before alignment. Camber and caster angle adjustments involve changing the position of the upper suspension arm pivot bar (Fig. 4).

STANDARD PROCEDURE - CASTER NOTE: 4x4 suspension height measurement must be performed before alignment. Moving the rear position of the pivot bar in or out, will change the caster angle significantly and camber angle only slightly. To maintain the camber angle while adjusting caster, move the rear of the pivot bar in or out. Then move the front of the pivot bar slightly in the opposite direction. For example, to increase a positive caster angle, move the rear position of the pivot bar inward (toward the engine). Move the front of pivot bar outward (away from the engine) slightly until the original camber angle is obtained.

STANDARD PROCEDURE - CAMBER NOTE: 4x4 suspension height measurement must be performed before alignment. Move the front of the pivot bar in or out. This will change the camber angle significantly and caster angle slightly. After adjustment is made tighten the pivot bar nuts to proper torque specification.

STANDARD PROCEDURE - TOE ADJUSTMENT NOTE: 4x4 suspension height measurement must be performed before alignment. The wheel toe position adjustment is the final adjustment. (1) Start the engine and turn wheels both ways before straightening the wheels. Secure the steering wheel with the front wheels in the straight-ahead position. (2) Loosen the tie rod jam nuts.

Fig. 4 Caster & Camber Adjustment-Typical 1 2 3 4

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PIVOT BAR + CASTER + CAMBER UPPER ARM SUSPENSION

NOTE: On 4x2 vehicles use Alignment Tool 8393 for alignment. The tool attaches to the pivot bar on the upper control arm.

NOTE: Each front wheel should be adjusted for one-half of the total toe position specification. This will ensure the steering wheel will be centered when the wheels are positioned straight-ahead.


WHEEL ALIGNMENT

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2-5

WHEEL ALIGNMENT (Continued) (3) Adjust the wheel toe position by turning the tie rod as necessary (Fig. 5).

(4) Tighten the tie rod jam nut to 75 N·m (55 ft. lbs.). (5) Verify the specifications. (6) Turn off engine.

Fig. 5 Toe 1 - JAM NUT 2 - TIE ROD 3 - TIE ROD END

SPECIFICATIONS ALIGNMENT NOTE: All alignment specifications are in degrees. DESCRIPTION VEHICLE 4x2 4x4

SPECIFICATION

WHEEL BASE

CASTER (6 0.50°)

CAMBER (6 0.50°)

TOTAL TOE (6 0.06°)

111.9

2.99°

−0.25°

0.10°

130.9

3.13°

−0.25°

0.10°

111.9

3.16°

−0.25°

0.10°

130.9

3.27°

−0.25°

0.10°

0.50°

0.50°

0.06

MAXIMUM RT to LT DIFFERENCE

DAKOTA RT DESCRIPTION VEHICLE 4x2

SPECIFICATION

WHEEL BASE

CASTER (6 0.50°)

CAMBER (6 0.50°)

TOTAL TOE (6 0.06°)

111.9

3.67°

−0.34°

0.10°

130.9

3.81°

−0.34°

0.10°

0.50°

0.50°

0.06

MAXIMUM RT to LT DIFFERENCE


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FRONT - 2WD

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FRONT - 2WD TABLE OF CONTENTS page

page

FRONT - 2WD DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 BUSHINGS - CONTROL ARM REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 HUB / BEARING REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 KNUCKLE DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 LOWER BALL JOINT DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 LOWER BALL JOINT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 LOWER CONTROL ARM REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 SHOCK DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 SHOCK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 SPRING DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 STABILIZER BAR DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 UPPER BALL JOINT DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 UPPER BALL JOINT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 UPPER CONTROL ARM REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 INSTALLATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

FRONT - 2WD

CAUTION: Suspension components with rubber/urethane bushings (except stabilizer bar) should be tightened with the vehicle at normal ride height. It is important to have the springs supporting the weight of the vehicle when the fasteners are torqued. If springs are not at their normal ride position, vehicle ride comfort could be affected and premature bushing wear may occur.

DESCRIPTION - 2WD The front suspension is designed to allow each wheel to adapt to different road surfaces independently. The wheels are mounted to hub bearings on the cast iron steering knuckle spindles. The doublerow hub bearings are sealed and lubricated for life. The steering knuckles turn (pivot) on ball joints riveted to the outboard portion of the suspension arms. The ball joints are lubricated for life. The 4x2 front suspension is comprised of (Fig. 1): CAUTION: Components attached with a nut and cotter pin must be torqued to specification. Then if the slot in the nut does not line up with the cotter pin hole, tighten nut until it is aligned. Never loosen the nut to align the cotter pin hole.

• • • • • • • •

Shock absorbers Coil springs Suspension arms Stabilizer bar Jounce/Rebound Bumpers Steering Knuckle Hub/Bearing Ball Joints


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2001 Dodge Dakota Service Repair Manual  
2001 Dodge Dakota Service Repair Manual  
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