Page 1

MCW025-030-040E (C819), MSW030-040E (C820), MRW020-030-E (C821) SERVICE MANUAL CONTENTS SECTION

PART NUMBER

YRM NUMBER

REV DATE

FRAME............................................................................................................................ DC MOTOR MAINTENANCE.......................................................................................... MASTER DRIVE UNIT * (WITH EPAS).......................................................................... STEERING MECHANISM............................................................................................... BRAKE SYSTEM............................................................................................................ WALKIE HIGH LIFT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.................................................................. TILT CYLINDERS........................................................................................................... ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.................................................................................................. ZAPI CONTROLLERS.................................................................................................... INDUSTRIAL BATTERY................................................................................................. MAST-DESCRIPTION..................................................................................................... LIFT CYLINDERS........................................................................................................... MAST-REPAIR................................................................................................................ REACH CARRIAGES..................................................................................................... METRIC AND INCH (SAE) FASTENERS....................................................................... PERIODIC MAINTENANCE............................................................................................ CAPACITIES AND SPECIFICATIONS........................................................................... DIAGRAMS.....................................................................................................................

524167547 524158039 524164715 524164716 524164717 524167548 524153636 524167549 524185045 524158040 524164470 524164473 524164471 524164474 524150797 524167551 524167552 524167553

0100 YRM 1024 0620 YRM 0294 0630 YRM 0961 1600 YRM 0962 1800 YRM 0963 2000 YRM 1025 2100 YRM 0999 2200 YRM 1026 2200 YRM 1064 2240 YRM 0001 4000 YRM 0480 4000 YRM 0481 4000 YRM 0482 4500 YRM 0971 8000 YRM 0231 8000 YRM 1027 8000 YRM 1028 8000 YRM 1029

04/03 03/08 10/13 01/07 11/06 05/03 04/03 02/10 05/14 09/14 04/08 07/13 04/08 10/07 10/13 07/14 10/06 04/03

Service information for Cummins diesel engines can be ordered through the Hyster Literature Distribution Center. PART NO. 524167349 (09/14)


100 YRM 1024

General

General This manual describes the frame for the MSW030/ 040-E, MRW020/030-E, and MCW025/030/040-E lift trucks. These models have a main frame weldment and a mast weldment. The main frame weldment for the MCW025/030/040-E differs considerably from the main frame weldments of the MSW030/040-E and MRW020/030-E. The MSW030/040-E and MRW020/030-E have base arm weldments that extend under the load. The MCW025/030/040-E have an extended main frame weldment to counterbalance the load and larger load wheels mounted by trunnion cap assemblies near the front of the unit. See Figure 1 or Figure 2.

FEATURES (MSW030/040-E AND MRW020/030-E) The MSW030/040-E and MRW020/030-E main frames have mounts for: The Mast Weldment The Electrical System Parts The Hydraulic Pump and Motor Assembly The Master Drive Unit The Load Wheels Based on model and capacities, MSW030/040-E and MRW020/030-E frames are available in combinations of the following: 1. Lifting Capacity a. 907.2 kg (2000 lb) b. 1360.8 kg (3000 lb) c. 1814.4 kg (4000 lb) 2. Battery Compartment Size a. 229 mm (9.0 in.) b. 343 mm (13.5 in.) 3. Load Wheels a. Single b. Tandem

4. Basearm Width a. 940 mm (37 in.) b. 1092 mm (43 in.) c. 1143 mm (45 in.) d. 1245 mm (49 in.) e. 1295 mm (51 in.) f. 1448 mm (57 in.) 5. Load Center a. 406 mm (16 b. 457 mm (18 c. 533 mm (21 d. 610 mm (24

in.) in.) in.) in.)

FEATURES (MCW025/030/040-E) The MCW025/030/040-E main frame has mounts for: The Mast Weldment The Electrical System Parts The Hydraulic Pump and Motor Assembly The Master Drive Unit The Load Wheels The Tilt Cylinders The MCW025/030/040-E frames share a common 13.5 inch battery compartment and load wheel configuration and are available in combinations of the following: 1. Lifting Capacity 1134 kg (2500 lb) 1360.8 kg (3000 lb) 1814.4 kg (4000 lb) 2. Wheel Base a. 1245 mm (49 in.) b. 1372 mm (54 in.) c. 1549 mm (61 in.) 3. Load Center a. 406 mm (16 b. 457 mm (18 c. 533 mm (21 d. 610 mm (24

in.) in.) in.) in.)

1


General

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

100 YRM 1024

TRUNNION CAP BATTERY COMPARTMENT BATTERY CONNECTOR LOCATION DISPLAY AND KEY SWITCH BRACKET MASTER DRIVE UNIT MOUNTING BRACKET

6. BASE ARM WELDMENT 7. SINGLE LOAD WHEEL CONFIGURATION 8. TANDEM LOAD WHEEL CONFIGURATION (OPTIONAL)

Figure 1. Frame Weldment (MSW030/040-E and MRW020/030-E)

2


100 YRM 1024

General

1. TRUNNION CAP 2. BATTERY COMPARTMENT 3. BATTERY CONNECTOR LOCATION

4. DISPLAY AND KEY SWITCH BRACKET 5. MASTER DRIVE UNIT MOUNTING BRACKET

Figure 2. Frame Weldment (MCW025/030/040-E)

3


Label Replacement

100 YRM 1024

Frame Repair WARNING

WARNING

Forklift truck frames and components may have polyurethane paint. Welding, burning, or other heat sufficient to cause thermal decomposition of the paint may release isocyanates. These chemicals are allergic sensitizers to the skin and respiratory tract and overexposure may occur without odor warning. Always utilize good industrial hygiene practices including removal of all paint (prime and finish coats) to the metal around the area to be welded, local ventilation, and/or supplied-air respiratory protection when repairing the frame.

Do not make any repairs or adjustments unless you have proper authorization and training. Repairs and adjustments that are not correct can cause a dangerous operating condition. Do not operate a lift truck that needs repairs. Report the need for repairs to your supervisor immediately. If repair is necessary, put a DO NOT OPERATE tag on the control handle. Remove the key from the key switch. Most lift truck repairs are performed on the individual components that are bolted to the frame and not to the frame itself.

Painting Instructions WARNING Always use solvents and paints in an area with ventilation. Do not use solvents or paints near heat or fire.

WARNING Cleaning solvents can be flammable and toxic and can cause skin irritation. Wear protection for eyes and skin. Always follow the recommendations of the manufacturer when using cleaning solvents. 1. Remove all dirt from the surface to be painted. Clean the area to be painted using a solvent for painted surfaces. Remove all oil and grease.

2. Remove the top surface of paint and all rust from the metal using sandpaper. Paint all metal surfaces where the paint is completely removed using primer. Apply the primer before applying the color paint. 3. Protect all surfaces that will not be painted. Do not paint cylinder rods, cables, labels, plates, or controls. 4. Paint the surfaces using Yale paint. Follow the directions on the container. Paint all surfaces the original color.

Label Replacement WARNING Replace damaged Warning or Caution labels immediately. If labels or information plates are missing or damaged, they must be replaced. NOTE: The nameplate cover is installed using rivets. Remove old rivets before installing a new nameplate. See your Yale lift truck dealer to make sure the nameplate information is correct and complete before installing a new nameplate. Fasten the nameplate cover with the rivet heads outside.

4

1. Make sure the surface is dry and has no oil or grease. Do not use solvent on new paint. Clean the surface of old paint using a cleaning solvent. 2. Remove the paper from the back of the label. Do not touch the adhesive surface. 3. Carefully hold the label in the correct position above the surface. The label cannot be moved after it touches the surface. Put the label in the correct position on the surface. Make sure all air is removed from under the label and the corners and edges are tight. See Figure 3 and Figure 4.


100 YRM 1024

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Label Replacement

LABEL - FORK WARNING LABEL - MOVING MAST WARNING LABEL - WARNING AND INSTRUCTION LABEL - YALE LABEL - DASH OPERATOR’S MANUAL LABEL - PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS LABEL - BATTERY DISCHARGE NOTICE UL PLATE - E CONSTRUCTION

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

COVER - NAMEPLATE NAMEPLATE RIVET LABEL - YALE LABEL - MANUAL LOWERING LABEL - SNOWFLAKE LABEL - SIDESHIFT LABEL - TILT

Figure 3. Labels and Decals (MSW030/040-E and MRW020/030-E )

5


Label Replacement

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

100 YRM 1024

LABEL - FORK WARNING LABEL - MOVING MAST WARNING LABEL - WARNING AND INSTRUCTION LABEL - YALE LABEL - DASH OPERATOR’S MANUAL LABEL - PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS LABEL - BATTERY DISCHARGE NOTICE UL PLATE - E CONSTRUCTION

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

COVER - NAMEPLATE NAMEPLATE RIVET LABEL - YALE LABEL - MANUAL LOWERING LABEL - SNOWFLAKE LABEL - SIDESHIFT LABEL - TILT

Figure 4. Labels and Decals (MCW025/030/040-E)

6


100 YRM 1024

Battery Compartment

Battery Compartment WARNING

4. Remove battery tray.

Batteries are heavy. Use care to avoid injury. Always use a battery roller stand or tray when trucks are equipped with optional battery rollers or slide.

5. Clean battery compartment and battery tray thoroughly using a cloth or brush and a solution of baking soda and water.

The battery compartment is available in two sizes: 229 mm (9.0 in.) or 343 mm (13.5 in.). Any fluids on or around the battery is an indication that electrolyte is spilling, leaching, or leaking out. Leaking batteries must be repaired or replaced.

6. Rinse area with water and dry with a clean cloth.

Install

For instructions for changing the battery and adjusting the battery spacers, refer to Periodic Maintenance 8000 YRM 1027.

2. Install capscrews (3), washers (4), lockwashers (5), and nuts (6).

BATTERY ROLLER OPTION

1. Align battery tray with slots in floor of battery compartment. Refer to Figure 5.

3. Torque nuts (6) to 101 N•m (75 lbf ft).

Remove

4. Install spacers to side gates using capscrews (9), lockwashers (10), and nuts (11).

1. Remove battery.

5. Torque nuts (11) to 11 N•m (8 lbf ft).

2. Remove side gates to gain access to capscrews.

6. Install side gates.

3. Remove capscrews, washers, lockwashers, and nuts.

7. Install battery.

7


Battery Compartment

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

BATTERY ROLLER TRAY ROLLER CAPSCREW WASHER LOCKWASHER NUT

100 YRM 1024

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

SIDE GATE SPACER CAPSCREW LOCKWASHER NUT

Figure 5. Battery Roller Installation

8


620 YRM 294

Brush and Commutator Inspection

General This section describes disassembly and assembly, brush installation, inspection, and checks for malfunctions of DC motors. Inspect the commutator and brushes every 350 hours of operation. The commutator is the rotating electric connection between the armature and the electric power supplied by the battery. Brushes made of carbon compounds slide on the rotating commutator and are the path for electricity from the battery to the commutator and the armature. The maintenance of the commutator and the brushes is important to the good operation of a DC motor. Traction motors and hydraulic pump motors are similar in design. The hydraulic pump motors are smaller than the traction motors, but the disassembly and maintenance of these motors are similar. The cooling

fan in the traction motors is fastened to the armature and can be removed from the armature. The cooling fan can be removed during disassembly of the traction motor. The cooling fan in the hydraulic pump motors can be a press fit on the armature shaft and is not easily removed during disassembly of the motor. The armature and cooling fan must be removed from the drive end of the motor during disassembly. The assembly and disassembly of the motor used for the power steering pump is described in the Steering System section. This motor is a permanent magnet motor.

Brush and Commutator Inspection HYDRAULIC PUMP MOTOR AND TRACTION MOTOR NOTE: When inspecting brush conditions and motor commutator conditions for head damage or abnormal wear, the battery maintenance and condition should be eliminated as a cause first. See Industrial Battery 2240 YRM 1. NOTE: The brushes and commutator can be inspected, the brushes can be replaced, and Stoning the Commutator can be done with the motor installed in the truck.

in the Operating Manual or the Periodic Maintenance YRM section for your lift truck. NOTE: For some models of lift trucks, the battery does not need to be removed to access the electric motors. Other models will require the removal of the battery before gaining access to the electric motors. To remove the battery, either raise the hood panels or unfasten the floor plate, depending on which motor needs to be accessed.

NOTE: Inspect the brushes and commutator every 350 hours for best operation and to prevent motor damage. The hydraulic pump motor normally has more start cycles than other motors, so it can have more wear and possible damage. NOTE: The following procedure is for inspecting the brushes and commutator with the motor installed in the lift truck. The same inspections can be done with the motor removed. If the motor is removed, start at Step 3. 1. To rotate the commutator of the traction motor without moving the truck, the drive wheels must be raised. See Figure 1. Raise drive wheels so commutator of the traction motor can be rotated without moving lift truck. See How To Raise Drive Wheels

1. ARMATURE (DRIVE) SHAFT

2. COOLING FAN 3. BRUSH COVER

Figure 1. Traction Motor

1


Brush and Commutator Inspection 2. Remove battery. See How to Remove Battery in the Operating Manual or the Periodic Maintenance YRM section for your lift truck. Remove access plate to motors. If the battery in your lift truck does not need removal for access to the motors, go to Step 3.

WARNING Compressed air can move particles so that they cause injury to the user or to other personnel. Make sure that the path of the compressed air is away from all personnel. Wear protective goggles or a face shield to prevent injury to the eyes. NOTE: Vacuum cleaning, when possible, is the recommendation of manufacturers of electric motors. The use of compressed air can send dirt particles into the bearings and other areas of the motor that can cause possible damage. 3. Remove brush covers at rear of motor. See Figure 2. Wear eye protection. Use a vacuum cleaner or compressed air to remove dirt and brush dust from commutator area.

620 YRM 294 the commutator and must not have cracks or defects. Some brushes have wear sensor wires attached, even if they are not connected to an indicator. Replace these brushes if brushes are worn enough to see sensor at commutator end of brush. 5. Inspect commutator surface. See Table 1 and Table 2. Carefully rotate armature. DO NOT damage commutator if you use a tool to rotate armature. The commutator wears slowly in normal service. The mica must be cut below the surface of the commutator bars after a long service period or after a commutator has been turned in a lathe. A commutator that has been in service will have a smooth and polished surface with a darker brown color where it rotates under the brushes. A variation of color on the commutator surface between light brown and darker brown is normal. The surface condition is the lubrication between the commutator and the brushes. The brushes will wear rapidly if this surface condition does not develop during the first 6 to 10 hours of operation after a commutator with a new surface is installed. If the commutator has deep grooves, rough edges of the bars, or a few bars that are black or raised above the others, the motor must be removed for service. 6. Inspect white or gray insulation (mica) between commutator bars. The mica must not touch the brushes or the brushes will wear very rapidly.

Figure 2. Brush Cover Removal From Motor 4. Remove and inspect brushes for damage or uneven wear. Replace all brushes if any brush is worn or damaged. The brushes must be at least half their original length. Move brush springs away from top of each brush and pull brushes from their holders to inspect surface that rides on commutator. See Figure 3. That surface must have the same shape as

2

7. To replace a brush set, remove screw that holds brush wires to bus. Pull brush end of springs from brushes, and pull brushes from holders. Lift brush springs away from holders, and install new brushes so brush commutator surface fully touches commutator. Make sure the springs are pushing on each brush. Install and tighten screws for brush wires and bus connectors. 8. Carefully install brush covers so sparks are kept inside motor housing. Install battery as described in Operating Manual or the Periodic Maintenance YRM section for your lift truck.


620 YRM 294

Brush and Commutator Inspection Legend for Figure 3 1. BRUSH 2. BRUSH SPRING 3. MICA

Figure 3. Brush Removal and Inspection Table 1. Normal Commutator Surfaces A light brown surface of the commutator where it rotates on the brushes is a normal condition. The surface of the commutator must be smooth.

Variations between light brown and dark brown colors are also normal. The surface of the commutator must be smooth.

3


Thank you very much for your reading. Please Click Here. Then Get COMPLETE MANUAL. NO WAITING

NOTE: If there is no response to click on the link above, please download the PDF document first and then click on it.


Brush and Commutator Inspection

620 YRM 294

Table 1. Normal Commutator Surfaces (Continued) A condition called slot bar marking is also normal if the commutator surface is smooth. The variable color occurs in a pattern according to the number of conductors per slot.

STEERING PUMP MOTOR NOTE: Some electrical trucks use a steering pump motor. Refer to your truck model’s service manual for instructions on removal and installation of steering pump motors. 1. Disconnect battery connector. Remove floor plate from lift truck for access to steering pump motor. Open hood for access to motor. Remove screws that hold two brush cover plates to motor housing. 2. Inspect brushes and commutator as described in previous paragraphs for traction and hydraulic pump motors. The brush replacement procedure is also the same, although there are only two brushes for the steering pump motor. See Table 3.

4

A very dark surface is also a normal and an acceptable condition if the commutator surface is smooth.

3. Install brush covers and screws. Install floor plate or close hood and connect battery connector.

NORMAL COMMUTATOR SURFACE A commutator that has been in service will have a smooth and polished surface with a darker brown color where it rotates under the brushes. See Table 1. A variation of color on the commutator surface between light brown and darker brown is normal. This surface condition is the lubrication between the commutator and the brushes. The brushes will wear rapidly if this surface condition does not develop during the first 6 to 10 hours of operation after a commutator with a new surface is installed.


620 YRM 294

Brush and Commutator Inspection

COMMUTATOR PROBLEMS Commutator and motor problems and are shown in Table 2. Table 2. Commutator Problems Problem

Possible Cause

Heavy streaks and fine grooves indicate the beginning of damage to the commutator.

• Operation of the motor in dirty and abrasive conditions. • Continuous operation of a motor with a light load. • Brush pressure is too low. • Worn brushes.

Grooves and lines that have followed the heavy streaks and fine grooves shown above. The armature must be removed from the motor so the commutator can be repaired. A commutator with this condition will cause the brushes to wear rapidly.

• Operation of the motor in dirty and abrasive conditions. • Continuous operation of a motor with a light load. • Brush pressure is too low. • Worn brushes.

Illustration

5


Brush and Commutator Inspection

620 YRM 294

Table 2. Commutator Problems (Continued) Problem

Possible Cause

Grooves that are the width of the brushes.

• Operation of the motor in dirty and abrasive conditions. • Wrong type of brushes for this motor and operation. • Brush pressure is too high.

A condition called copper drag occurs when copper from the commutator bar is pulled into the slot between the commutator bars. This condition will cause a short circuit between the commutator bars if it is not corrected. The brushes will wear rapidly.

• Operation of the motor in dirty and abrasive conditions. • Brush holder is not adjusted electrically correct for the motor. • Wrong type of brushes for this motor and operation. • Brush pressure is wrong (too high or too low).

Electrical burns on commutator bars on opposite sides of the commutator.

• Open armature winding. • Motor has been stalled.

6

Illustration


620 YRM 294

Brush and Commutator Inspection

Table 2. Commutator Problems (Continued) Problem

Possible Cause

Copper wears rapidly at the edge of the commutator bars.

• Operation of the motor in dirty and abrasive conditions. • Wrong type of brushes for this motor and operation.

1. Flashover causes burning of the ends of the commutator bar. 2. Open circuit in winding causes deep burning of adjacent commutator bars. 3. Overheating causes damage to varnish insulation.

• Motor has been too hot. Wrong lift truck for the application. • Motor has been stalled. • Open armature winding. • Open field coil.

Brush and commutator damage occurs when the high commutator hits and forces the brush up. Arcing and burns occur as the brush moves back down to the normal surface. Check for loose or high commutator bars.

• Motor has been stalled. (High commutator bars at each brush position can occur if the motor is stalled.) • Motor has been too hot.

Illustration

1. High commutator bars at each brush position can occur if the motor is stalled. 2. Rapid brush wear from high commutator bars. 7


Brush Replacement

620 YRM 294

Brush Replacement The lead wire for some brushes is installed directly into the carbon compound of the brush. New brushes must be installed before the lead wire cuts a groove in the commutator. Install a new brush set when a brush is worn to a short length.

1. Motor brushes must be replaced before they are worn enough to damage the surface of the commutator. Move the brush spring and remove a brush from its brush holder. Install new brushes as a set if length of any brush is worn to a minimum length. See Table 3. If the brush lead is fastened to the brush with a rivet, install a new set of brushes if it is worn to within 3 mm (0.118 in.) of the rivet. If a brush does not move easily in its holder, a new set of brushes must be installed.

Brushes are made to different specifications for motors used in different applications. Use only new brushes approved by Yale Company for that motor.

Table 3. Brush Wear Replacement Guide Brush Height

17 mm (0.67 in.)

22 mm (0.87 in.)

28 mm (1.10 in.)

30 mm (1.18 in.)

31 mm (1.22 in.)

32 mm (1.26 in.)

40 mm (1.57 in.)

Wear

8 mm (0.31 in.)

12 mm (0.47 in.)

14 mm (0.55 in.)

15 mm (0.59 in.)

16 mm (0.63 in.)

16 mm (0.63 in.)

16 mm (0.63 in.)

Worn Brush Height

9 mm (0.35 in.)

10 mm (0.39 in.)

14 mm (0.55 in.)

15 mm (0.59 in.)

15 mm (0.59 in.)

16 mm (0.63 in.)

20 mm (0.79 in.)

NOTE: For some models of lift trucks, the battery does not need to be removed to access the electric motors. Other models will require the removal of the battery before gaining access to the electric motors. 2. Remove battery as necessary for your lift truck. See How To Remove Battery in the Operating Manual or the YRM section Periodic Maintenance for your lift truck.

WARNING Compressed air can move particles so they cause injury to the user or to other personnel. Verify the path of the compressed air is away from all personnel. Wear protective goggles of a face shield to prevent injury to the eyes. 3. Remove access plate to motors. Remove brush covers to motor. See Figure 2. Wear eye protection. Use a vacuum cleaner or compressed air to remove dirt and brush dust from commutator area. 4. Make a note of the arrangement and connections of the brush assembly. See Figure 4. The new brushes must be installed in the same positions from which the worn brushes were removed. 5. Loosen screw that fastens brush wire to its terminal. Remove brush springs and brushes.

1. 2. 3. 4.

BRUSH BRUSH BRUSH BRUSH

HOLDER (4) MOUNTING PLATE SPRING (4) SET Figure 4. Brush Assembly

8

Profile for 16311710

YALE C821 (MRW020-030E) LIFT TRUCK Service Repair Manual  

YALE C821 (MRW020-030E) LIFT TRUCK Service Repair Manual  

Profile for 16311710
Advertisement