ABHISHEK SINGH | 13ABHISHEK@IITKGP.AC.IN | +91-7478090666
My name is Abhishek Singh.
I am a fourth year undergraduate architecture student at Indian Institute of technology, Kharagpur, India. A keen observer and an avid sketcher right from the beginning, I am intrigued by the design of things around me and how it shapes the thought process of an individual. I like to create, and this passion propels my will to contribute towards a better, a more aesthetic & sustainable world. The future as I see, dwells in the virtual world before it can become a reality and this has motivated me to learn AR/VR technologies. The following is the collection of my academic projects and competitions till now, that reflects my passion for architecture and design. I hope to contribute the same to your firm. DATE OF BIRTH ADDRESS PHONE EMAIL NATIONALITY
13-11-1997 C319 Azad Hall of Residence IIT Kharagpur, India +91-7478090666 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Indian
BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE (HONS.) | INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR, INDIA CGPA 7.88/10
HIGHER SECONDARY CERTIFICATE | CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION PERCENTAGE 85.4
SECONARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE | CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION CGPA 8.4/10
DECEMBER'18 ICASES 2019 | AMSTERDAM, THE NETHERLANDS
21st International Conference on Architectural Science and Environmental Sustainability. Part of a 5 membered research team designing an Elevated Cycle Track as an expedient to Urban Space Prototype in New Delhi, India. Invited for poster presentation of the research paper synopsis (code 18IT050125) at ICASES 2019 held at Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT | GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ideated the design of awareness pavillion catering to a footfall of 75+ million for a period of 55 days at Kumbh Mela 2019, Prayagraj. Developed display strategies acceding to the client's requirements to showcase government initiatives for women and child development.
MAY-JULY'19 VCONSTRUCT PVT LTD | PUNE MAHARASHTRA, INDIA BIM | AUGMENTED REALITY 2 months internship at vConstruct Pvt Ltd a subsidiary of DPR Contruction (USA),.Worked on As-Built MEP, Structural, Architectural Modelling (LOD 350 & 400). Point clouds, Clash detection, Navisworks, Facility Management through BIM Developed an Augmented Reality app for android, ios device for fabrication of a product in the construction industry.
APRIL ANN AWARD | DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE, IIT KHARAGPUR
The most influential work in the core field of study among 50+ participants from the architecture department.
YOUNG BLOOD AWARD | AZAD HALL OF RESIDENCE, IIT KHARAGPUR
UNIT SECRETARY | NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STUDENTS OF ARCHITECTURE, INDIA
The best incoming sophomore among 180+ candidates for exemplary contribution in cultural & sports events.
Acted as the sole representative of IIT Kharagpur for National Association of Students of Architecture (NASA), India at the annual meetings and conventions.
DESIGN SUB-HEAD | SPRING FEST IIT KHARAGPUR
Designed digital and print media for publicity in 800+ colleges, 550+ corporates and a social media reach of 270,000+ subscribers.
ASSOCIATE MEMBER | SPRING FEST IIT KHARAGPUR
CAPTAIN FINE ARTS/3D MODELLING | AZAD HALL OF RESIDENCE
CAPTAIN AD DESIGN | AZAD HALL OF RESIDENCE
Responsible for overseeing branding logistics and publicity of Spring Fest 2017 in 50+ cities across the country.
Governing over a team of 30+ students to practice and learn intricate skills to compete in Fine-Arts events.
Leading a 15 member team in the Ad-design competition, Technology General Championship, IIT Kharagpur.
READING | URBAN SKETCHING | ILLUSTRATION | SKATEBOARDING
RHINOCEROS | AUTOCAD | SKETCHUP | LUMION | REVIT | UNITY 3D | PHOTOSHOP | PREMIER PRO INDESIGN | ILLUSTRATOR | MICROSOFT SUITE | BLUEBEAM
06 HILL RESORT
14 SPACE MUSEUM
20 RESEARCHERS' HOSTEL
28 MIXED-USE RESIDENCE
34 INTERIOR DESIGN
01 TROUVAILLE CULTURAL HILL RESORT
Type - Academic Project Location - Kashmir, India Climate - Cold Site Area - 7500 m2 Softwares used Revit 18, SketchUp 18, Lumion 8.0 AutoCAD 18, Photoshop CC 19
The studio project aimed to design a cultural resort in cold climatic conditions. The proposed strategic site is in the outskirts of Pahalgam in Aru Valley, Jammu & Kashmir, India. The resort will cater to the needs of both local & international tourists. The design also promotes the local culture and arts.
CONCEPT The form itself is a representation of earth and nature in the modern era. With the use of new techniques and technology, a space for both traditional and modern is articulated in the resort. Big exterior glass facade not only provides the required heat gain in the cold climate but also symbolizes the crystal snow over the wooden lamina.
DHAJJI DEWARI CONSTRUCTION In Kashmir traditional timber-brick masonry costruction consists of burnt clay bricks filling in a framework of timber to create a patchwork of masonry, which is confined in small panels by the surrounding timber elements.
MUGHAL GARDENS The rectilinear layout of chabaghs and intrinsic geometric patterns are used for the recreational zone. The water strips follow a random pattern curvilinear circulation paths are given. Planted with species of jasmine, lavander, marigold and rose. A rich blend of Kashmiri culture is experienced as the visitor traverses these paths.
| ARCHITECTURE | CULTURAL RESORT
DYNAMIC ART - SUN PATTERNS The conceptualization is not only based on the funtions but also on the sustainable factors. Use of maximum sunlight and natural ventilation minimizes the dependency on artificial energy sources. The traditional jali patterns are used as facade and canopy elements providing shade and creating dynamic art throught the day. It creates intrinsic shadow patterns over the lounge.
PLAN & SECTION
LEGEND 1. Living area 2. Kitchen & dining 3. Bathroom 4. Bedroom 5. Patio & Sauna
10 | ARCHITECTURE | CULTURAL RESORT
ELEVATIONS The cottage elevations give a natural feel and experience of Kashmir. The traditional timber-brick masonry construction consists of burnt clay bricks filling in a framework of timber to create a patchwork of masonry, which is confined in small panels by the surrounding timber elements, locally referred as dhajji-dewari has excellent earthquake resistant features.
LEGEND 1. Entry lobby 2. Reception 3. Survillance office 4. Golfcart bay 5. Administrative block 6. Main office 7. Staircase 8. Lift 9. Lounge 10. Restroom 11. Restaurant 12. Entry to restaurant 13. Open sitting 14. Island layout kitchen 15. Pantry 16. Storage 17. Staff room 18. Pantry to room service 19. Wash area 20. Dumbwaiter
1. Lobby 2. Multipurpose hall 3. Restroom 4. Private entry 5. Pantry & Dumbwaiter 6. Executive meeting room 7. Store room 8. Stage 9. Equipment store 10. Green room 11. Balcony
12 | ARCHITECTURE | CULTURAL RESORT
02 AVAINT SPACE MUSEUM
Type - Academic Project (3rd Sem) Location - Tamil Nadu, India Climate - Moderate Site Area - 8600 m2 Softwares used SketchUp 18, Lumion 8.0, AutoCAD 18, Photoshop CC 19
The history of aviation in India is deeply connected to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, he was an aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. The project aims to create a Space Museum at his burial site that will be the landmark of his hall of fame and the future of aviation in India.
CONCEPT The space aviation museum will serve as a memorial to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. The various galleries are based on the history of aviation and the future of flight in the country. Steel skeletal structure with precast concrete panels with glass streaks that allows light inside the gallery to create intrinsic and strategic patterns. The streaks glow in the night and give a futuristic profile to the museum.
16 | ARCHITECTURE | SPACE MUSEUM
EARLY DEVELOPMENT SKETCHES
CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT The space planning and form development os the museum is done in 3 stages. Stage 1: Volumetric analysis of spaces and functional zoning. Stage 2: Study of sun path and wind analysis to create strategic openings. Stage 3: Creating long openings to achieve a light streak effect and make patterns inside the museum, which in turn becomes a design feature on the outside and gives a futuristic facade.
18 | ARCHITECTURE | SPACE MUSEUM
1. Entry and reception 2. Gallery of history 3. Gallery of aviation 4. Space gallery 5. Digital gallery 6. Hall of fame 7. Virtual reality room 8. Admin office 9. Ticket counter
03 UKIYO RESEARCHERS HOSTEL Type - Academic Project (6th Sem) Location - IIT Kharagpur, India Climate - Hot and humid Site Area - 7000 m2 Softwares used SketchUp 18, Lumion 8.0, AutoCAD 18, Photoshop CC 19, Autodesk Ecotect The residential facility accommodates university researchers. Spaces had to be designed to ensure a nourishing and comfortable on-campus stay. The facility had to include a good mix of public and private spaces: studio apartments, single & double occupancy rooms as well as generous indoor, semi-outdoor and outdoor-public spaces encouraging positive & rich social interaction among the multidisciplinary community of researchers.
PROJECT PROGRAM The residential facility welcomes university researchers. Spaces are to designed to ensure a nourishing and comfortable campus stay. The facility includes a mix of public and private spaces: studio apartments, single & double occupancy rooms as well as generous indoor, semi-outdoor and outdoor-public spaces encouraging positive & rich social interaction.
LOCAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS The climate here is tropical, the summers have a good deal of rainfall. The Koppen-Geiger classification is AW. The temperature here averages at 26.7 C. About 1774 mm of precipitation falls annually, Major issues to consider for attaining thermal comfort: high humidity, intense solar radiation, high temperatures, and excess rainfall. CONCEPTUAL MASSING
PRECINTS WITHIN A PRECINT
SETBACKS AND WINDOWS
VOLUMES ARE SUCH GROUPED ACCORDING TO THE RELATION BETWEEN EACH PROGRAM.
ALL PERIMETER WALL ARE KEPT SOLID IN SAND BLASTED WITH PRE-CAST CONCRETE PANELS,
THIS SYSTEM OF SEPARATION AND SETBACKS IS REPEATED ON THE UPPER FLOORS.
22 | ARCHITECTURE | RESEARCHERS HOSTEL FACILITY
01 PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
02 PROMOTING WIND FLOW
THE PROGRAM INCLUDES A WELL PROPORTIONED MIX OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC VARIED SPACES: STUDIO APARTMENTS, SINGLE AND DOUBLE OCCUPANCY ROOMS.
THE BLOCKS ARE ORIENTED FOR MAXIMISING NATURAL WIND FLOW IN THE ROOMS BY FUNELING IN WIND FROM THE MAJOR WIND DIRECTION.
03 MUTUAL SHADING BLOCKS
04 SHADED ACTIVITY AREAS
MUTUAL SHADING LEADS TO REDUCED HEATING OF BUILDING ENVELOPE AND THUS MAKES THE INTERIORS COOL.
OPEN SPACES AT INTERMEDIATE LEVELS ACT AS PLAY AND ACTIVITY AREAS.
05 BREAKING MONOTONY
A PLAY OF MASS AND VOIDS TO CREATE POROSITY IN THE VOLUME AND ALLOW CROSS VENTILATION IN THE BUILDINGS WHILE ALSO CREATING INTERESTING INTERACTIVE SPACES.
CONCRETE STRUCTURAL MEMBERS COMPRISING OF COLUMNS AND BEAMS LIFT UP VOLUMES OF BUILT MASS TO CREATE MULTI-UTILITY VOIDS.
07 FREEING UP THE GROUND RAISING THE BUILDING VOLUMES TO A LEVEL UP BY STILTS TO FREE UP GROUND SPACE WHICH CAN BE UTILISED AS PLAY AREAS, PARKING OR ANY UTILITY SPACE.
HOUSING TYPOLOGY There are 5 types of housing units based on the users - studio apartments and single, double bedroom units. Each unit has a balcony towards the courtyard that opens up for a healthy discussion and interaction within the multi-disciplinary community of reasearchers. SINGLE BEDROOM 30 M2
DOUBLE BEDROOM 40 M2
STUDIO UNIT 60 M2
STUDIO UNIT 80 M2
STUDIO UNIT 100 M2
24 | ARCHITECTURE | RESEARCHERS HOSTEL FACILITY
EAST SIDE MAIN ENTRANCE
PLAZA VIEW FROM ENTRY PORCH
SKY BRIDGE FROM THE PARK
INTERACTIVE PARK VIEW FROM BALCONY
NIGHT VIEW SKY BRIDGE
PLAZA VIEW FROM TOP OF OAT
SKY BRIDGE CONNECTING TWO BLOCKS
NIGHT VIEW ADMIN BLOCK & OAT
BASKETBALL COURT AND INTERACTIVE PARK
VIEW OF THE NORTH BLOCK
VIEW OF THE NORTH EAST BLOCK
VIEW OF THE SOUTH EAST BLOCK
WIND FLOW SIMULATION | AUTODESK ECOTECT
Various aspects of the building form can cause increase or reduction in wind effects. Although it is seldom as critical in the building design, streamlining can improve the relative efficiency of the building in wind resistance. Here the wind analysis was used to create sufficient openings for optimum ventilation and comfort.
26| ARCHITECTURE | RESEARCHERS HOSTEL FACILITY
SOLAR RADIATION ANALYSIS
A solar analysis was run on Autodesk Ecotect Analysis at the early stages of design and various inferences were made. Direct sunlight was compared during heating seasons versus cooling seasons, designed to maximize the former vand minimize the latter. This helped to make all necessary changes to optimize the design for maximum comfort.
04 SKY BLOCKS MIXED-USE
Type - Academic Project (6th Sem) Location - IIT Kharagpur, India Climate - Hot and humid Site Area - 9800 m2 Softwares used SketchUp 18, Lumion 8.0, AutoCAD 18, Photoshop CC 19
The program requirement was to create a mixed use building to accomodate research and academic visitors and provide a residential and ofiice/meeting space for them. The site is in the vast campus of IIT Kharagpur, India. The building also has a clubhouse, restaurant and green terraces. Building services and functionality is kept in focus in the design.
LIGHT AND WIND
Voids are created to maximize wind flow through the building and also create green terraces over the different blocks making a healthy live in environment.
Basic space volumes are stacked up according to the by laws. The bottom module is split to provide shade and create a terrace on the third floor.
Air flow inside the building is ensured by the voids and stepped structure in the direction of major winds. This also provides an architectural vocabulary to the building. Voids are used as urban interaction spaces fostering a micro-climate.
30| ARCHITECTURE | MIXED-USE DESIGN
Green roofs are created featuring the local flora and also creating refugee shelters on various levels in case of emergency.
The building offers a variety of open interaction spaces to the academic visitors. The stepped form of the residential unit provides each unit with ample sunlight and proper ventilation and also act as refugee shelters in case of emergency. There are voids in between the residential unit that allow an unobstructed air flow and also becomes places of social interaction between the housing units.
32 | ARCHITECTURE | MIXED-USE DESIGN
CLUSTER PLAN Cluster of 6 studio housing in a block with green pocket in between in the direction of major winds that increases the breathablity of the cluster and provides a green microspace at every floor.
3RD FLOOR PLAN This is the most active floor having a food court and open terrace spaces. It also has a banquet hall for large gatherings.
SPRING PAVILLION AMSTERDAM COMPETITION | ARCHASM 2019
Type - Competition entry 2019 Location - Amsterdam, Netherlands Site Area - 14400 m2 Softwares used SketchUp 18, Lumion 8.0, AutoCAD 18, Photoshop CC 19
The objective of this competition, Amsterdam Spring Pavilion, is to create a multi-usage pavilion in the emblematic Vondelpark that can connect people, nature and architecture. The pavilion should capture the essence of spring which is also the season of full bloom and be able to host different activities and activate the zone.
SITE: VONDEL PARK, AMSTERDAM
Corten s composi taly sust
DESIGN CONCEPT The Pavilion is a celebration of the festival known as Spring, The design captures the subtle transition from the winter season to the spring season, and to provide this very essence we chose a fluidic form for the whole pavilion which is indicative of melting of snow and commencement of spring, the central space is occupied by a crystalline geometry symbolizing the shard of ice with a colourful skin symbolizing the blooming of flaura, the melting effect is amplified through the presence of water body around the geometry, this central lattice acts as a focal point and apprehends the visitors senses by acting as a beacon for welcoming the season.
36| COMPETITION | SPRING PAVILLION AMSTERDAM
steel structure and wood ite (GFRC) environmentinable and economical.
ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
Crystal geometry with colours of amsterdam that reflects the architectural fabrics of the dutch.
Ice shards geometries - symbolizing melting of ice and emerging spring nature.
06 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO PROJECTS
Type - Academic Project (6th Sem) Location - IIT Kharagpur, India Softwares used SketchUp 18, Lumion 8.0, AutoCAD 18, Photoshop CC 19
The projects include a family lounge and a thematic cafe. The family lounge is designed for my family in my hometown that completes the requirements of each family member for their leisure time. The thematic cafe is situated in a mall in metro city, based on icy mountains and aurora lights it features surreal sky phenomenons.
PLAN LEGEND 1. Entrance 2. Reception and lounge 3. Thematic path 4. Performance stage 5. Main sitting space 6. Bar 7. Thematic green space 8. Family dining seating 9. Restrooms 10. Pantry 11. Wash area 12. Island kitchen layout 13. Staff toilet 14. Cold storage 15. Service entry 16. Bar storage 17. Cash counter 18. Fire exit
40| INTERIOR DESIGN | THEMATIC CAFE
AURORA - THEMATIC CAFE The AURORA is a thematic cafe inside a shopping complex. Focused on providing an experience of icy mountains and northern lights to the people. People get an overwhelming experience under the undulated canopy immitating the insides of a cave with an projected roof of blue skies. Private zones also offer people to customize their experience by the use of IOT based lighting and aural devices.
VIEW OF BAR
WOODEN SLATS STRUCTURE
YUGEN - FAMILY LOUNGE The studio project was to design the interiors of your family lounge, that caters the need of your family members and also fulfils the need of space for personal interests and hobbies for each of them. Designed for my own family of 5, the lounge features a bamboo garden, reading and gaming zone and a home theater as per the family member interests and hobbies. The whole space is planned to have smart lighting systems along with an IOT based app.
LEGEND 1. Home theater 2. Reading zone 3. Gaming & workstation 4. Nature spot 5. Vertical bamboo garden 6. Evening zone 7. Smart glass 8. Louvers
Louvers bring in glare free sunlight from the northern sky all day long. Grey texture of the couch adds to the cool ambiance of the lounge. It also features a home theater with mood lightings and acoustic ceiling.
42 | INTERIOR DESIGN | FAMILY LOUNGE
The use of bamboo garden gives the feeling of being connected to nature even in such a modern fabric. A miniature water-body near the reading area gives a soothing aural experience.
VIEW OF HOME THEATER
VIEW FROM THE ENTRANCE
BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING (BIM)
vConstruct Private Limited
9 weeks internship at vConstruct PVT LTD ( a wholly owned subsidary of DPR construction, USA) as a VDC engineer under the vertical, Virtual Design Construction. The Internship allowed me to explore BIM and its scope in the construction field. I worked along with the Reality Capture team on MEP modelling from high resolution laser scans to create models of different LOD requirements. Developed an app under the Dry Wall Modelling team for a product proposal. The app is based on augmented reality and works on marker based targets.
Pune | Maharashtra India 9 week internship | Individual + Co-Interns May'19 - July'19 SOFTWARES USED Autodesk Revit 18 & ReCap | Navisworks Manage Cloud Compare | Sketchup | V-Ray | UNITY 3D
REALITY CAPTURE | AS-BUILT MODELLING The Reality Capture vertical in the company worked on various trades like Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing, Architectural and Structural modelling through laser scans known as point cloud, This is called As- Built Modelling it was executed on the basis of client requirement of LOD ( 300, 350 or 400) or accuracy of 1/8 of a Inch.The use of As-Built modelling lies in Cordination and Facility Management (FAM).
44| INTERNSHIP | BIM MODELLING
PROJECTS WORKED UPON DATA CENTER | LOD 350 Texas | United States of America
DATA CENTER | LOD 350 Eemshaven | Netherlands
In this Projects the main purpose was As-Built verification with modelling. The task included modeling conduits and Junction boxes also Plumbing and Hangers through collaboration on Autodesk Revit and Quality check through Navisworks. the project was of large scale with good level of details required.
In this project the main purpose was As- Built modelling . The task included creating equipment Revit families with necessary parameter and meticulously placing the eqipments according to scans through Autodesk Revit and Quality check through Navisworks.
HEAT MAPS | FLOOR SLOPE ANALYSIS In this Projects the main purpose was As-Built verification with modelling. The task included modeling conduits and Junction boxes also Plumbing and Hangers through collaboration on Autodesk Revit and Quality check through Navisworks. the project was of large scale with good level of details required. BIM COORDINATION & CLASH DETECTION Coordination vertical was responsible for running clash test between trades like MEP, Structural & Architectural and detect clashes through Navisworks tools and resolving those clash through discussion between the contractors and clients. As some trades were immovable like Structural and Architectural to other trades were informed to make the required changes.
vConstruct Private Limited
The app works on marker based Augmented Reality and can be used on various platforms. The app is used for the product proposal of a rainscreen facade to make the client better visualize the technical aspects and details in 3D and understand the product in a immersive environment, the app is also compatible with Microsoft HoloLens, while a VR prototype is under development at this time. Unity 3D along with vuforia plugin is used along with C# scripting to develop the final app.
Pune | Maharashtra India 9 week internship | Individual + Co-Interns May'19 - July'19 SOFTWARES USED UNITY 3D, Vuforia Plugin
EXPLODED VIEW METAL STUDS GLASSMAT GYPSUM SHEATHING FLUID APPLIED WATER | AIR BARRIER EPS INSULATION BOARD ALUMINIUM J-CHANNEL ALUMINIUM H-CHANNEL EXTERNAL FINISH | CLADDING
TYPE OF FINISHES
46| INTERNSHIP | AUGMENTED REALITY APP DEVELOPMENT
INTERFACE OF THE ANDROID APP The main screen gives instructions on how to use the app to view the augmented 3D model on the target image.
MOVING THE TARGET IMAGE Once you hover the camera over the image target, the product model hovers upon that. The model gets attached
3D INTERACTION The user can interact with the model with the buttons on the screen and view the details. Whereas if the app is deployed in HoloLens then the interaction is more immersive as you can directly pinch and view separate model details in real scale.
VIEWING DETAILS Once you toggle the details button situated at the bottom right corner the model comes to life and explodes showing various details. The user can further toggle the buttons to view more rainscreen finishes and different claddings.
SOFTWARES USED Autodesk AutoCAD, Staad Pro
The following is the working drawings of a residence design in Kolkata, India. Includes electrical layouting according to the client's requirements and beam scheduling done after load calculations.
48| MISCELLANEOUS | WORKING DRAWING
ELECTRICAL LAYOUT (GROUND FLOOR)
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
DOOR & WINDOW DETAILS BEAM SCHEDULING
TERRACE SLOPE LAYOUT
MODEL MAKING TECHNIQUES & SKILLS Laser cutting, 3D Printing, Clay modelling Arduino based lighting system
BASIC DESIGN II FOLDING PLATE STRUCTURES
50| MISCELLANEOUS | MODEL MAKING - FABRICATION
Model making has always been a source of visualization and further inspiration. I believe in making prototype models of my designs, doing a qualitative as well as quantitative study from the initial stage and develop them further. Following are the models that I made for my studio projects and for competitions.
WORKSHOP DECODING CORBUSIER
INSDAG 2016 - NATIONALS
GRAPHIC DESIGN SOFTWARES USED Photoshop 18 CC, Illustrator 18 CC
52| MISCELLANEOUS | GRAPHIC DESIGN
I've always liked to sketch the things around me and make illustrations. I belive illustrations depicts the mood and story and provides a narrative.
ABHISHEK SINGH | 13ABHISHEK@IITKGP.AC.IN | +91-7478090666
Selected works of Abhishek Singh, 4th Year Undergraduate Bachelor of Architecture (Hons.) at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
Published on Aug 20, 2019
Selected works of Abhishek Singh, 4th Year Undergraduate Bachelor of Architecture (Hons.) at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.