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你用什麼高度看台灣? 文 / 華書慈善基金會 / Tanya 2013 年 9 月 23 日,華書慈善基金會受邀參加「看見台灣」的媒體試片會! 這是台灣第一部全程空拍紀錄片,導演齊柏林在拍攝這部紀錄片之前,原是以 平面空拍的方式,紀錄台灣的樣貌,但許多人鼓勵他可以嘗試用動態拍攝的方 式來紀錄台灣這片土地的變化,於是他也為自己立下一個夢想,導演希望把腳 下這片土地,用他對台灣的愛,跳脫平行的觀察,將視野拉高,讓台灣人自己 「看見台灣」...... 這是一個相當偉大的夢想,不過同時也是一個可能會令家人、朋友感到擔心的 夢想.....因為「空拍」的製作成本、耗費的時間以及在拍攝的執行上會遇到的困 難與挑戰都相對較高.....算是ㄧ場艱辛的長期抗戰....... 但是願意堅持夢想,不論過程多麼辛苦都願意等待上帝祝福的人,就必有回 報,所以我們今天,也才能有幸觀賞到齊柏林導演辛苦拍攝長達 5 年的紀錄 片,讓我們一起「換個高度」,「看見台灣」~~~ 創世紀 Genesis 1:31 上帝看著ㄧ切所造的都甚好。 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good.

上帝的美意

人類的破壞力

當導演從高空俯拍台灣樣貌時,那種山川壯麗的震撼,讓人不禁要讚嘆上帝造 物的偉大,祂為台灣所預備的環境,是有多麼的美好且豐盛! 台灣這座島嶼雖小,卻應有盡有,在四周湛藍的海洋包圍之下,就像一座汪洋 中的海市蜃樓,如此的燦爛奪目!上帝賜給台灣多樣的天然資源、四季如春的 舒適氣候、即便處在颱風氾濫的地理位置,我們仍擁有中央山脈這座堅固雄偉 的天然屏障守護我們,這些天然資源與其他鄰近的島嶼國家相比,台灣算是非 常有恩典的島國!但是我們是否都能懂得珍惜、懂得感恩回饋呢? 從後面的空拍畫面中,我們似乎看見答案是否定的..... 在這部紀錄片的第二個段落,鏡頭開始帶著我們深入台灣更細微的地方,或許 是因為高度的關係,讓許多原本我們「看不到」或「看不出」來的問題,更 「具體化」了..... 我們平時根本不以為意的景象與環境的改變,在鏡頭拉到高處之後,一覽無 遺.....


像是為了發展觀光,我們開始進駐深山,在原本不該開鑿山路的山壁上,硬生 生的橫剖出ㄧ條突兀且危機四伏的觀光道路..... 為了發展精緻農業,我們將平地就能栽種的蔬菜搬往高山栽種..... 我們為了要享受甜美的海鮮,必須抽取大量的地下水供應漁塭養殖,造成雲林 一帶地層嚴重下陷;還有長期以來山區大量栽種檳榔樹,讓土石流的問題變成 台灣無法避免的「固定災害」....... (另外觀於海水上升的補充資料:在 2012 年 9 月 26 日,耗時 18 年「歐美合作 運行的偵測衛星」發佈最新的海平面圖,全世界的海域每年平均上升 3 公厘。 而台灣因為暖化更迅速,海平面不但年年上升,過去 10 年,高雄沿海,每年上 升 6.79 公厘,台灣西南部陸地正逐步消失中。ㄧ但海平面上升 6 公尺,全台灣 海拔 100 公尺以下的土地,將有 25%泡在水裡,環境災民將高達 587 萬人。) 都市的高樓,不斷的和時間賽跑,加蓋的速度永遠比不上賣屋的速度,都市蓋 不下,就往山區發展,即便台灣山坡地土石流問題已經日益嚴重,建商依然視 而不見以營利為優先,將山地ㄧ座ㄧ座的剷平;而蓋房子需要大量的水泥,於 是不肖業者半夜偷偷潛入偏遠山區開採水泥土,除了「本地自用」之外,為了 獲取更高的暴利,還外銷到其他國家...... 業者不也是居住在台灣這片土地上的台灣人?為什麼可以為了賺錢而拿自己國 家的土地去換錢,遺留下來的,卻是再多錢都無法彌補的傷口..... 創世紀 Genesis 6:5~6 耶和華見人在地上罪大惡極,終日心裏所想的盡都是惡事,耶和華就因造人在 地上感到遺憾,心中憂傷。 The LORD saw how great man's wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time. The LORD was grieved that he had made man on the earth,and his heart was filled with pain. 人從什麼時候開始只嚮往追求居住在鋼筋水泥的叢林裏? 沒有溫度的高樓大廈,住著許多被慾望侵蝕而空虛、不安的靈魂..... 他們在白天歡笑,卻又在夜晚垂泣;他們的身體飽足,靈裡卻乾枯..... 人類追求文明的背後,其實是在追求一個「無限大」的慾望,沒有人知道這條 道路會通往哪裡,不過截至目前為止,從這個世界的改變、從地球被破壞的程 度來看,我想.....那絕對不是一條正確的道路..... 我們一昧的追求那看似逼真,卻又虛幻的慾望,卻總是忽略我們所真實擁有的


一切。就像生命中的「愛」雖然看不見,卻是如此真實的存在著;所有一切人 造的物質,雖然看得見,卻是空虛的假象、短暫的歡愉,而我們卻寧願用自己 的生命、自己的靈魂,去換取這些肉體虛假的快樂與靈魂真實的折磨..... 箴言 Proverbs 17:22 喜樂的心能治好疾病,憂傷的靈使骨頭枯乾。 A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones. A glad heart makes a healthy body, but a crushed spirit makes the bones dry. 箴言 Proverbs 27:20 陰間和冥府永不滿足,人的眼目也是如此。 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied. The underworld and Abaddon are never full, and the eyes of man have never enough. 箴言 Proverbs 27:24 因為財富不能永留,冠冕豈能存到萬代? For riches are not for ever: and doth the crown endure to every generation? For wealth is not for ever, and money does not go on for all generations. 當我們將人生的「焦點」放錯位置時,許多問題就會開始浮現,我們會發現人 生開始走得不順暢,地球上的異相與災害也就越來越多..... 因為這並不是上帝讓我們來到這世上的目的,當我們搞錯方向,開始走向敗 壞、毀滅的道路時,上帝就會用祂的方式來告訴我們、提醒我們..... 耶利米書 Jeremiah 18:11 現在你要對猶大人和耶路撒冷的居民說:「耶和華如此說:看哪,我捏塑災禍降 給你們,定意懲罰你們。你們各人當回轉離開所行的惡道,改正你們的所作所 為。」 Now therefore go to, speak to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I frame evil against you, and devise a device against you: return ye now every one from his evil way, and make your ways and your doings good. Now, then, say to the men of Judah and to the people of Jerusalem,


This is what the Lord has said: See, I am forming an evil thing against you, and designing a design against you: let every man come back now from his evil way, and let your ways and your doings be changed for the better. 耶利米書 Jeremiah 18:8 我所說的那一邦若回轉離開他們的惡,我就改變心意,不將我想要施行的災禍 降與他們。 If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them. If, in that very minute, that nation of which I was talking is turned away from its evil, my purpose of doing evil to them will be changed. 在紀錄片中,旁白是由吳念真導演擔綱,相信大家對吳念真導演那極具本土溫 情的聲音並不陌生,在「看見台灣」的這部紀錄片中,吳念真導演的配音讓整 個紀錄片所要傳達的意念層次更加提升,尤其有一段旁白文字的內容,令人印 象深刻發人省思..... 內容主要是在描述台灣早期農業社會,因為過著較貧苦的生活,因此當工業時 代來臨後,台灣人開始努力拼經濟,目地就是希望讓後代子孫能少一點勞苦, 多一點享福,但事實證明,我們留給後代子孫的,不但沒有福反而是後患,甚 至是花再多錢都彌補不了的禍害...... 其實不論是誰,我們都只是寄居在這個世界的旅客,我們停留的時間不過短短 數十年,即便是我們的後代子孫,來到這個世上,他們也都只是旅客,我們能 永遠存留給他們的,其實只有愛的回憶,其它的一切不論是誰都無法帶走。 人若無法知足,就會陷入盲目追求的無底洞,它所帶來的是精神與肉體的痛 苦,這個事實,是我們必須承認的..... 在聖經「傳道書」第二章中,有一段經文這樣寫道: {我恨惡ㄧ切的勞碌,就是我在日光之下所勞碌的,因為我所得的必須留給我以 後的人。那人是智慧是愚昧,誰知道呢?他竟要掌管我在日光之下用智慧勞碌 所得的。這也是虛空。我轉想我在日光之下所勞碌的一切工作,心就絕望。 因為有人用智慧、知識、靈巧勞碌工作,所得來的卻要遺留給未曾勞碌的人做 產業。這也是虛空,大大不幸。人一切的勞碌操心,就是他在日光之下所勞碌 的,又得著了甚麼呢?他日日憂慮,他的勞苦成為愁煩,連夜間心也不得休 息。這也是虛空。 難道一個人有吃有喝,且在勞碌中享福,不是福氣嗎?我看這也是出於神的 手。} (傳道書 Ecclesiastes2:18~24) And I hated all my labor wherein I labored under the sun, seeing that


I must leave it unto the man that shall be after me. Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me. Hate had I for all my work which I had done, because the man who comes after me will have its fruits. And who knoweth whether he will be a wise man or a fool? yet will he have rule over all my labor wherein I have labored, and wherein I have showed myself wise under the sun. This also is vanity. And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This is also vanity. And who is to say if that man will be wise or foolish? But he will have power over all my work which I have done and in which I have been wise under the sun. This again is to no purpose. Therefore I turned about to cause my heart to despair concerning all the labor wherein I had labored under the sun. Therefore I went about to cause my heart to despair of all the labour which I took under the sun. So my mind was turned to grief for all the trouble I had taken and all my wisdom under the sun. For there is a man whose labor is with wisdom, and with knowledge, and with skilfulness; yet to a man that hath not labored therein shall he leave it for his portion. This also is vanity and a great evil. For there is a man whose labour is in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it for his portion. This also is vanity and a great evil. Because there is a man whose work has been done with wisdom, with knowledge, and with an expert hand; but one who has done nothing for it will have it for his heritage. This again is to no purpose and a great evil. For what hath a man of all his labor, and of the striving of his heart, wherein he laboreth under the sun? For what hath man of all his labour, and of the vexation of his heart, wherein he hath laboured under the sun? What does a man get for all his work, and for the weight of care with which he has done his work under the sun? For all his days are [but] sorrows, and his travail is grief; yea,


even in the night his heart taketh no rest. This also is vanity. For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity. All his days are sorrow, and his work is full of grief. Even in the night his heart has no rest. This again is to no purpose. There is nothing better for a man [than] that he should eat and drink, and make his soul enjoy good in his labor. This also I saw, that it is from the hand of God. There is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat and drink, and that he should make his soul enjoy good in his labour. This also I saw, that it was from the hand of God. There is nothing better for a man than taking meat and drink, and having delight in his work. This again I saw was from the hand of God. 在影片的最後有播放一首主題曲,歌詞內容有兩句關鍵話語:「我們總是要得太 多,卻又給的太少!」單單這兩句話,就足以道出了我們對待台灣這片土地、 對待周遭人、事、物的那種自私又狂傲的心態..... 當我們跟著影片「模擬神的視野」來看這個世界時,ㄧ方面你會覺得人在這世 界上,在這自然界如此的渺小而不足道,但卻也大大驚歎,為何如此渺小的我 們,可以有如此巨大的破壞力!? 上帝創造天地萬物、也創造了人類,而上帝賦予人類的職責是「管理者」的角 色,我們可以享受祂所為我們預備與創造的一切美好事物,但前提是必須做好 「管理者」的工作,才能妥善運用上帝所賜給我們的一切資源,並且在祂所設 定的宇宙法則中,遵守祂所立下的規則,才能長久的與萬物共存、共養而生生 不息。 創世紀 Genesis 1:26~28 神說:「我們要照著我們的形像,按著我們的樣式造人,使他們管理海裏的魚、 天空的鳥、地上的畜牲和全地,以及地上爬的一切爬行動物。」 神就照著祂的形象創造人,照著神的形像創造他們;祂創造了他們有男有女。 神賜福給他們,神對他們說:「要生養眾多,遍滿這地,治理它;要管理海裡的 魚、天空的鳥和地上各樣活的生物。」 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.


And God said, Let us make man in our image, like us: and let him have rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over the cattle and over all the earth and over every living thing which goes flat on the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God made man in his image, in the image of God he made him: male and female he made them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And God gave them his blessing and said to them, Be fertile and have increase, and make the earth full and be masters of it; be rulers over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing moving on the earth.

我想「看見台灣」這部電影,一定是上帝所成就的一部影片,因為它克服了許 多不可能的任務與挑戰,它讓導演義無反顧的全心投入,它讓我們所有看影片 的人有深刻的感動、大大的省思! 我們希望藉由支持齊柏林導演這麼震撼、感動的紀錄片,將愛環境、愛土地的 理念,深植至所有台灣人的心中,希望大家在觀賞影片後,能有更多的醒悟, 同時我們也希望大家能用實際的行動來支持這部具有美感、質感,同時兼具教 化意義的電影創作,讓台灣有更多像齊柏林導演這樣有理想又優秀的創作人才 崛起,也期盼齊柏林導演未來能帶給我們更多優質的好電影。


你用什麼高度看台灣?