APRIL 8 , 2011
Contra Our opinion
The Future of EU?
141 years ago, the French novelist Victor Hugo had a vision of a ”United States of Europe”. But will his vision stand or will the many different views and opinions twist the original vision of a “United States of Europe”? In the past century, after the many new countries having joined, a lot of people have seen that the EU has failed to speak one voice. A recent example is how the European Union has dealt with the global financial crisis. People fear that in a time where the union should create a political unity, it could just as easily lead to a divided Europe.
As we see new major economies rising in forms of the BRIC countries, many believe that this is where the focus should be. Focus on creating trade both within our boarders but also recognize the need to trade on a worldwide basis. The European Union must realize that they are apart of a rapidly and radically changing world that needs to find new stability. Securing sustainable energy that can replace today’s large usage of oil, coal and gas can do this. This can both boost the economy and secure many new jobs in the future. It can also tackle the large problem of many jobs being outsourced to the East. If the European Union is the first to have the know-how of sustainable
energy, they can secure jobs and educate others. The EU has taken many steps towards a greener world. They have for example made their own targets concerning decreasing greenhouses gasses, enforcing renewable energy and more efficient energy. It is a large focus point on the agenda in the European Union. But as we know there have been several countries that have voted no to the past treaties, that have among many other points also included points concerning reducing CO2 emissions. The question is if the EU countries can agree and become a united voice in the future? Or will the voices from the individual countries suffocate the image of a united voice. - Katrine Jul Nielsen
A united capitalistic European Union is reactionary utopia: reactionary, because every step against a more powerful union is the same as a herd of attacks on the working class’s economy and the democratic rights, and utopia, because it’s an illusion to believe that capitalism will ever unite the nations and its citizens. The root of capitalism is the socalled “free” market with fierce competition between different capitalistic businesses. As long as the economy is stabilized more or less, the different capitalistic businesses from different the European countries can work together on common goals, but as soon as the recession arrives, it will be different: all the national capitalistic businesses will take care of their own interest primarily and look at the common rules and harmonizing. It is already visible, how big a disagreement there is among the countries in EU concerning major decisions. A united capitalistic Europe will never be achieved – on capitalistic basis it will always be the strongest economic power (like the German) that will dominate the rest. - Lukas Valentin
APRIL 8 , 2011
Focus on: China
China and EU Co-operated to solve the environmental problems in China
Environmental degradation is fleetly becoming a serious problem in China. Energy and water shortages, water and air pollution, cropland losses, desertification, and biodiversity losses, have become rigorous, and are very different problems to the sustainable development of the country. There are some environmental problems that the Chinese Government is focusing on and has mack a series of plans to improve them (e.g. the Three-North Protective Forest Program, the Natural Forest Conservation Program, and the Wetland Restoration Program). Some of these
plans have a l r e a d y started to make a difference: the reforestation projects have not only increased forest coverage and prevented soil erosion, but also function as significant sinks for atmospheric CO2. The Wetland Restoration Project is beginning to restore wetland biodiversity. However, large hydroelectric projects, such as the on-going development of the Three Gorges Dam, are expected to have severe ecological consequences. At the same time, Europeans in their role as consumers of Chinese articles need to take their responsibility to refrain causing serious environmental problems in China. Therefore, the EU has decided to enhance its environmental policy cooperation with China, continue to its ambitious environmental agenda - be it on climate change, chemicals or ecodesign of globally traded goods - and
Six countries sighn the Schuman Trety (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxemburg, The Netherlands and Germany) Beginning of the EU.
The Rome Treaty was signed, and establishes the European Economic Community.
The six member states abolish the taxes on each others goods, and open for border crossing trade. Meanwhile
Denmark, Ireland and United Kingdom join EU.
EU expanded to 10 countries as Greece joins.
APRIL 8 , 2011
encourage China to put in place similar policies. The EU also needs to work with Chinese authorities to remove obstacles to the take-up of environmental technologies in China. In recent years through the creation of a policy dialogue between the Commission's Directorate-General for Environment and China's State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), EU-China Development and Cooperation on environment has been stepped up significantly and through the formation of an EU environment counsellors group in Beijing. In the environment policy dialogue, water pollution, air quality and biodiversity have been chosen as top priorities, but the joint work plan also covers areas such as waste, chemicals and industrial accidents. This policy dialogue is supported by a number of major multiannual development and cooperation programmers. Moreover, there is a cooperation with other Chinese ministries and administrations responsible for issues such as climate change, water resources, wood from illegal logging.
Can we learn from them?
Katrine Jul Nielsen - 1y
We can learn a lot of things from how EU cooperates with China. Because EU is China’s biggest trading partner, and China is EU’s largest source of imports and second largest two-way trading partner. So the reason that we have so much pollution in the world is also part of EU’s responsibility due to they are the ones demanding the products and China produces the products, which means more CO2 emmitted. If China wasn’t the largest source of import for Europe, they might not have had so much pollution.
JOURNALIST/TECHNICAL SUPPORT Lukas Valentin - 1z
JOURNALIST/TECHNICAL SUPPORT Øyvind Andreas Winton - 1z
We have learned that we need to be more effective, and co-operate even better with the countries that we have a partnership with. For the world sakes it is a good thing that we solve the environmental problem.
JOURNALIST - CHINA EXPERT Rong Zhang - 1g
- Rong Zhang and Yajun Gu
JOURNALIST - CHINA EXPERT June Gu - 1g
Charlotte Ly - 1x
Peter Dalgaard Villumsen - 1x
Spain and Portugal becomes a memeber of theEU
The Schegen treaty enforced in six EU countries. Citizens of the countries can now travel freely between these countries.
The Euro is enforced in 11 member countries for commercial and financial transaction
JOURNALIST - SOUTH-AMERICA EXPERT Baris Demir - 1y
The Euro coins and bills are enforced in the 11 countries that have accepted the Euro.
Eight Eastern European countries join the EU counting Poland, Slovenia and Czech Republic.
APRIL 8 , 2011
Are youngsters stupid? This generation - how much do they actually know? Do they know what is going on outside “the walls of Denmark?” A teenager has been asked if he knows what EU is about. He answers » Well, I have heard about it somewhere. « He gets another question about EU, but do not know what to answer because he does not know anything about the EU. This generation of youngsters are unknown about what is happening in the world. If we should blame someone who should it be? In the media we hear about Denmark, what has happend in the last few days and what is happening now. Lots of youngsters in the Danish society know what the EU is, but that is also where the whereabouts stops. Our own research shows that 95% of the youngsters we asked know what the EU is. Only 25% of those have an interest in the EU. If we want the EU to get more popular, we have to get some of the youngsters in the society to get more interested in the EU. If you ask a young teenager on the street » how would you like to be informed more about the EU? « the answer is clear: » I think the media should have a hole bunch more interviews from and about the EU, a sort of daily reportage, just like you often see
from the Danish parliament. « Says the fifteenyear-old boy Ryan. But is it the media’s responsibility to inform the youngsters in Denmark about the EU? The primary schools in Denmark are very different. Some schools starts educating their students about the EU in 7th grade, but other schools never inform their students about the EU. This can evolve to a great problem for not only the Danish society, but also the rest of the European society. We ran into a girl called Walancharat 17, and she said, » At my primary school we never learned anything about the EU. I think it is an important subject to know about. I think primary schools should inform us about what is happening out side of Denmark. « We took a walk down Strøget to ask some youngsters, how much they knew about EU. One out of four youngsters knew a little bit about the EU, some have just heard about the EU in the media or from school. We asked them who they thought should inform them about the EU. They all said the media and their schools. Youngsters want the media and the schools to educate them about the EU. It is their responsibility to inform the youngsters about what is happening in the world. - PETER DALGAARD & CHARLOTTE LY
APRIL 8 , 2011
Vox populi Eva Persen, 17 years » I don’t really think we should get the Euro. Denmark is “special” with our own. «
We the people of Copenhagen for their thoughts about the following questions:
Do you have interest in the EU?
Walancharat Setphan, 17 years » I would say yes to the Euro. I think it is a good idea to have a new monetary «
For or against the Euro in Denmark?
Do you think you get informed enough about the EU?
Sally Li, 18 years » I would say no, I think it would be too complicated to accustomed to something new «
20 people participated in our survey in Copenhagen - April 6. 2011
APRIL 8 , 2011
Focus on: South-America
Strategic partnership between the EU and Brazil EU suggested a partnership with the EU to extend their ties. The first EU and Brazil’s summit was held in Lisbon in 2007. There were 4 summits between Brazil and EU. EU suggested beginning a strategic partnership with Brazil to extend its ties in May 2007. The first EU & Brazil summit was held in Lisbon in July 2007. The central themes of the new partnership include effective multilateralism, climate change, sustainable energy, the fight against poverty, the Mercosur’s integration process and South America’s stability and prosperity. This strategic partnership will as well place Brazil and South America on the top priorities in the EU’s political map. In the second summit in Brazil in 2008, the leaders discussed global issues, regional situations and the strengthening of EUBrazil relations. They welcomed
the completion of the Brazil-EU Joint Action Plan, which will serve as the framework for practical action in their Strategic Partnership in the next three years. At the meeting there were some regular dialogues that were established. There were a lot of topics in the meeting but the topics that had most of the attention during the meeting were political issues, human rights, macroeconomic issues and financial regulation, environment and climate change, culture and education, maritime and air transport, energy and science and technology.
cated mainly to the climate change issue and helped to organize location before the summit in Copenhagen. There was again a conversation about the climate change on the 4th summit, which was held in Brazil in 2010, where they were conversing global issues of common interest. They were discussing economic crisis, G20, regional issues and bilateral agencies, and among them the resumption of negotiations EUMercosur and the achievement of the action the EU-Brazil. - Baris Demir
EU and Brazil had their third summit in Stockholm in Sweden in 2009. It was more likely dedi-
One of EU’s biggest trading partner Brazil’s biggest trading partner is the EU, which accounted for approxi-‐ mately 22.5% in 2009. T o d a y E U a n d S o u t h America are importing and exporting a quantity of products that are going to help both economies. Brazil has close historical and cultural bond and a
tradition of good relations with EU. Brazil is as well known as one of the 9irst countries that EU has cre-‐ ated diplomatic ties with. The trade of formal diplo-‐ matic missions was estab-‐ lished in 1960. We know that today, the EU has an intense and mature politi-‐ cal, economic and trade re-‐ lationship with Brazil.
Brazil’s biggest trading partner is the EU, which has accounted for approxi-‐ mately 22.5% of its total trade in 2009. Brazil was the biggest exporter of agri-‐ cultural products to the EU in 2009, and ranks as the EU’s 10th trading partner. The EU runs a largely trade debit with Brazil of over 4.1 billion in goods in 2009, but has a surplus in pro9itable
services trade of 2.4 billion in 2009. Today the EU is the biggest foreign investor in Brazil with investments in many of the sec-‐ tors in the economy. The money that EU gained from export-‐ ing goods to Brazil in 2009 was 21.6 billion euro, and the m o n e y t h a t E U gained from import-‐ ing goods from Bra-‐ zil in 2009 was 25.7 billion euro.
APRIL 8 , 2011
been a factor positively to Brazil’s GDP in growth. One of the major reasons that Brazil has a surplus in ex-‐
tant for the 15 Caribbean ACP countries. Caribbean exports to the EU have rose by more than 40% be-‐ tween 2004 and 2006 to over €4 billion, mostly because of the increase in fuel ex-‐ ports. Oil, aluminum oxide, rum, sugar, and bananas have tradi-‐ tionally dominated EU imports from Carib-‐ bean member states.
The EU is the second economic partner for South America – Car-‐ The agricultural sec-‐ ibbean region. Two-‐ tor is the largest ex-‐ sides trade amounts port from Brazil to around €160billion EU, but not com-‐ annually. EU has in pletely, since manu-‐ 2007 stand for ap-‐ factured products proximately 14% of such as machinery South American ex-‐ a n d t r a n s p o r t ports. For the Carib-‐ equipment and vari-‐ bean the EU is very ous manufactured important as an export p r o d u c t s r e p r e-‐ target with 19% of sents one third of Bananas are one of the most exported goods #om Brazil products shipped to Brazilian exports to to EU the EU and it is keep the EU. increasing. The EU imports agricultural ports is due to the products Brazil’s economy increased and some kind of energy as transport equipment, in 2004 and was ranked products from South Amer-‐ meat and iron and steel. 14th worldwide, but its ica and EU export products Major production growth share of world trade re-‐ are machinery, transport have been made in agricul-‐ mained limited 0.9%. The equipments and chemicals. tural part has turned Brazil services accounted for -‐ Baris Derim into a very important agri-‐ around 75% of Brazil’s cultural control. As we GDP, industry for 19% and know Brazil’s major trad-‐ agriculture accounted for ing partner in 2004 were approximately 6%. In the the EU with 26.8%. latest years Brazil has been very active on trade sur-‐ Trade in goods with the pluses and exports have European Union is impor-‐
Letters to the Editor I am 16 years old I constantly hear about the European Union. But what is actually the purpose of the EU? The major purpose can be described as a unique and political partnership between 27 democratic countries. The purpose of the partnership is to create a union that can promote a balanced economic and social development. The EU countries want to maintain and develop an area of freedom, security and justice.
Hey I am 16 years and from the news I know there are three major institutions in relation to the EU, but what does each individual institution do? The institutions are often referred to as the institutional triangle. Each institution supports the other two. The council is the legislative power. The council is represented by prime ministers and a president elected from a member country and is instated for a period of 6 months. The commission
APRIL 8 , 2011 proposes legislation and guards the treaties. Their major purpose is to take the entire members of the EU nations into considerations and what is best in general for them. The third legislation is the parliament. The citizens of the EU countries elect the members of the parliament. The parliament has to say yes to new legislation in corporation with the council. Hey I am 17 years old and I have never really been educated about the EU, so I was wondering who represents Denmark in the EU? There are three institutions where there Danish representatives; the parliament, the commission, and the council. In the parliament each member country has an amount of seats according to their population. Denmark has 14 seats that are elected by the citizens of Denmark. They are elected every five years. In there commission there is one representative from each EU country. The council is in charge of meetings, where the ministers with the same areas of expertise meet and discuss their point of views. In order for the
Folketing to be able to know what is going on in the EU, they have created a European committee. They brief the ministers that are going to take part in the EU meetings and update the Folketing on news from the EU. I just recently heard that Turkey has applied for acceptance in the EU many years ago but has not yet been accepted. Therefor I was wondering what some of the major criteriaâ€™s for a country to enter the EU are? There are three major areas when talking about being accepted into the EU. First of all the applying country must be able to support the aims of the EU. This means that their public administration is able to apply and manage the EU laws. There is a political criterion for the countries to have guidelines that are appropriate according to democracy. This means that they have the right institutions for example having courtrooms. The applying country must also have a well functioning market economy that is able to compete according to EU laws.
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Published on Apr 7, 2011