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APRIL 8 , 2011

Contra Our opinion

The Future of EU?

141 years ago, the French novelist Victor Hugo had a vision of a ”United States of Europe”. But will his vision stand or will the many different views and opinions twist the original vision of a “United States of Europe”? In the past century, after the many new countries having joined, a lot of people have seen that the EU has failed to speak one voice. A recent example is how the European Union has dealt with the global financial crisis. People fear that in a time where the union should create a political unity, it could just as easily lead to a divided Europe.

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As we see new major economies rising in forms of the BRIC countries, many believe that this is where the focus should be. Focus on creating trade both within our boarders but also recognize the need to trade on a worldwide basis. The European Union must realize that they are apart of a rapidly and radically changing world that needs to find new stability. Securing sustainable energy that can replace today’s large usage of oil, coal and gas can do this. This can both boost the economy and secure many new jobs in the future. It can also tackle the large problem of many jobs being outsourced to the East. If the European Union is the first to have the know-how of sustainable

energy, they can secure jobs and educate others. The EU has taken many steps towards a greener world. They have for example made their own targets concerning decreasing greenhouses gasses, enforcing renewable energy and more efficient energy. It is a large focus point on the agenda in the European Union. But as we know there have been several countries that have voted no to the past treaties, that have among many other points also included points concerning reducing CO2 emissions. The question is if the EU countries can agree and become a united voice in the future? Or will the voices from the individual countries suffocate the image of a united voice. - Katrine Jul Nielsen

A united capitalistic European Union is reactionary utopia: reactionary, because every step against a more powerful union is the same as a herd of attacks on the working class’s economy and the democratic rights, and utopia, because it’s an illusion to believe that capitalism will ever unite the nations and its citizens. The root of capitalism is the socalled “free” market with fierce competition between different capitalistic businesses. As long as the economy is stabilized more or less, the different capitalistic businesses from different the European countries can work together on common goals, but as soon as the recession arrives, it will be different: all the national capitalistic businesses will take care of their own interest primarily and look at the common rules and harmonizing. It is already visible, how big a disagreement there is among the countries in EU concerning major decisions. A united capitalistic Europe will never be achieved – on capitalistic basis it will always be the strongest economic power (like the German) that will dominate the rest. - Lukas Valentin

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APRIL 8 , 2011

Focus on: China

China and EU Co-operated to solve the environmental problems in China

Environmental degradation is fleetly becoming a serious problem in China. Energy and water shortages, water and air pollution, cropland losses, desertification, and biodiversity losses, have become rigorous, and are very different problems to the sustainable development of the country. There are some environmental problems that the Chinese Government is focusing on and has mack a series of plans to improve them (e.g. the Three-North Protective Forest Program, the Natural Forest Conservation Program, and the Wetland Restoration Program). Some of these

plans have a l r e a d y started to make a difference: the reforestation projects have not only increased forest coverage and prevented soil erosion, but also function as significant sinks for atmospheric CO2. The Wetland Restoration Project is beginning to restore wetland biodiversity. However, large hydroelectric projects, such as the on-going development of the Three Gorges Dam, are expected to have severe ecological consequences. At the same time, Europeans in their role as consumers of Chinese articles need to take their responsibility to refrain causing serious environmental problems in China. Therefore, the EU has decided to enhance its environmental policy cooperation with China, continue to its ambitious environmental agenda - be it on climate change, chemicals or ecodesign of globally traded goods - and

April 1951

March 1957

July 1968

January 1973

January 1982

Six countries sighn the Schuman Trety (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxemburg, The Netherlands and Germany) Beginning of the EU.

The Rome Treaty was signed, and establishes the European Economic Community.

The six member states abolish the taxes on each others goods, and open for border crossing trade. Meanwhile

Denmark, Ireland and United Kingdom join EU.

EU expanded to 10 countries as Greece joins.

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APRIL 8 , 2011

encourage China to put in place similar policies. The EU also needs to work with Chinese authorities to remove obstacles to the take-up of environmental technologies in China. In recent years through the creation of a policy dialogue between the Commission's Directorate-General for Environment and China's State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), EU-China Development and Cooperation on environment has been stepped up significantly and through the formation of an EU environment counsellors group in Beijing. In the environment policy dialogue, water pollution, air quality and biodiversity have been chosen as top priorities, but the joint work plan also covers areas such as waste, chemicals and industrial accidents. This policy dialogue is supported by a number of major multiannual development and cooperation programmers. Moreover, there is a cooperation with other Chinese ministries and administrations responsible for issues such as climate change, water resources, wood from illegal logging.

CHIEF EDITOR

Can we learn from them?

Katrine Jul Nielsen - 1y

We can learn a lot of things from how EU cooperates with China. Because EU is China’s biggest trading partner, and China is EU’s largest source of imports and second largest two-way trading partner. So the reason that we have so much pollution in the world is also part of EU’s responsibility due to they are the ones demanding the products and China produces the products, which means more CO2 emmitted. If China wasn’t the largest source of import for Europe, they might not have had so much pollution.

JOURNALIST/TECHNICAL SUPPORT Lukas Valentin - 1z

JOURNALIST/TECHNICAL SUPPORT Øyvind Andreas Winton - 1z

We have learned that we need to be more effective, and co-operate even better with the countries that we have a partnership with. For the world sakes it is a good thing that we solve the environmental problem.

JOURNALIST - CHINA EXPERT Rong Zhang - 1g

- Rong Zhang and Yajun Gu

JOURNALIST - CHINA EXPERT June Gu - 1g

JOURNALIST

JOURNALIST

Charlotte Ly - 1x

Peter Dalgaard Villumsen - 1x

January 1995

March 1995

January 1999

Spain and Portugal becomes a memeber of theEU

The Schegen treaty enforced in six EU countries. Citizens of the countries can now travel freely between these countries.

The Euro is enforced in 11 member countries for commercial and financial transaction

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JOURNALIST - SOUTH-AMERICA EXPERT Baris Demir - 1y

January 2002

May 2004

The Euro coins and bills are enforced in the 11 countries that have accepted the Euro.

Eight Eastern European countries join the EU counting Poland, Slovenia and Czech Republic.

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APRIL 8 , 2011

Are youngsters stupid? This generation - how much do they actually know? Do they know what is going on outside “the walls of Denmark?” A teenager has been asked if he knows what EU is about. He answers » Well, I have heard about it somewhere. « He gets another question about EU, but do not know what to answer because he does not know anything about the EU. This generation of youngsters are unknown about what is happening in the world. If we should blame someone who should it be? In the media we hear about Denmark, what has happend in the last few days and what is happening now. Lots of youngsters in the Danish society know what the EU is, but that is also where the whereabouts stops. Our own research shows that 95% of the youngsters we asked know what the EU is. Only 25% of those have an interest in the EU. If we want the EU to get more popular, we have to get some of the youngsters in the society to get more interested in the EU. If you ask a young teenager on the street » how would you like to be informed more about the EU? « the answer is clear: » I think the media should have a hole bunch more interviews from and about the EU, a sort of daily reportage, just like you often see

from the Danish parliament. « Says the fifteenyear-old boy Ryan. But is it the media’s responsibility to inform the youngsters in Denmark about the EU? The primary schools in Denmark are very different. Some schools starts educating their students about the EU in 7th grade, but other schools never inform their students about the EU. This can evolve to a great problem for not only the Danish society, but also the rest of the European society. We ran into a girl called Walancharat 17, and she said, » At my primary school we never learned anything about the EU. I think it is an important subject to know about. I think primary schools should inform us about what is happening out side of Denmark. « We took a walk down Strøget to ask some youngsters, how much they knew about EU. One out of four youngsters knew a little bit about the EU, some have just heard about the EU in the media or from school. We asked them who they thought should inform them about the EU. They all said the media and their schools. Youngsters want the media and the schools to educate them about the EU. It is their responsibility to inform the youngsters about what is happening in the world. - PETER DALGAARD & CHARLOTTE LY

COMMERCIAL CONTENT

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APRIL 8 , 2011

Vox populi Eva  Persen,  17  years » I don’t really think we should get the Euro. Denmark is “special” with our own. «

We the people of Copenhagen for their thoughts about the following questions:

Do you have interest in the EU?

!"#$ %&$

Walancharat   Setphan,   17  years » I would say yes to the Euro. I think it is a good idea to have a new monetary «

For or against the Euro in Denmark?

!"#$ %&'()*+$

Do you think you get informed enough about the EU?

Sally  Li,  18  years » I would say no, I think it would be too complicated to accustomed to something new «

!"#$ %&$

20 people participated in our survey in Copenhagen - April 6. 2011

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APRIL 8 , 2011

Focus on: South-America

Strategic partnership between the EU and Brazil EU suggested a partnership with the EU to extend their ties. The first EU and Brazil’s summit was held in Lisbon in 2007. There were 4 summits between Brazil and EU. EU suggested beginning a strategic partnership with Brazil to extend its ties in May 2007. The first EU & Brazil summit was held in Lisbon in July 2007. The central themes of the new partnership include effective multilateralism, climate change, sustainable energy, the fight against poverty, the Mercosur’s integration process and South America’s stability and prosperity. This strategic partnership will as well place Brazil and South America on the top priorities in the EU’s political map. In the second summit in Brazil in 2008, the leaders discussed global issues, regional situations and the strengthening of EUBrazil relations. They welcomed

the completion of the Brazil-EU Joint Action Plan, which will serve as the framework for practical action in their Strategic Partnership in the next three years. At the meeting there were some regular dialogues that were established. There were a lot of topics in the meeting but the topics that had most of the attention during the meeting were political issues, human rights, macroeconomic issues and financial regulation, environment and climate change, culture and education, maritime and air transport, energy and science and technology.

cated mainly to the climate change issue and helped to organize location before the summit in Copenhagen. There was again a conversation about the climate change on the 4th summit, which was held in Brazil in 2010, where they were conversing global issues of common interest. They were discussing economic crisis, G20, regional issues and bilateral agencies, and among them the resumption of negotiations EUMercosur and the achievement of the action the EU-Brazil. - Baris Demir

EU and Brazil had their third summit in Stockholm in Sweden in 2009. It was more likely dedi-

One of EU’s biggest trading partner Brazil’s   biggest   trading   partner   is   the   EU,   which   accounted   for   approxi-­‐ mately   22.5%   in   2009.   T o d a y   E U   a n d   S o u t h   America   are   importing   and   exporting   a   quantity   of  products   that   are  going   to  help  both  economies.   Brazil   has   close   historical   and   cultural   bond   and   a  

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tradition   of   good   relations   with   EU.   Brazil   is   as   well   known   as   one   of   the   9irst   countries   that   EU   has   cre-­‐ ated   diplomatic   ties   with.   The   trade   of   formal   diplo-­‐ matic   missions   was   estab-­‐ lished   in   1960.   We   know   that   today,   the   EU   has   an   intense   and   mature   politi-­‐ cal,   economic   and   trade   re-­‐ lationship  with  Brazil.  

Brazil’s   biggest   trading   partner   is  the   EU,  which  has   accounted   for   approxi-­‐ mately   22.5%   of   its   total   trade   in   2009.   Brazil   was   the  biggest  exporter  of  agri-­‐ cultural   products   to   the   EU   in   2009,   and   ranks   as   the   EU’s   10th   trading   partner.   The  EU  runs   a  largely  trade   debit  with  Brazil  of  over  4.1   billion  in  goods  in  2009,  but   has   a   surplus   in   pro9itable  

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services   trade  of   2.4   billion   in   2009.   Today   the   EU   is   the  biggest  foreign  investor   in   Brazil   with   investments   in   many   of   the   sec-­‐ tors  in  the  economy.   The   money   that   EU   gained   from   export-­‐ ing   goods   to   Brazil   in   2009   was   21.6   billion  euro,   and  the   m o n e y   t h a t   E U   gained  from   import-­‐ ing   goods   from   Bra-­‐ zil   in  2009  was   25.7   billion  euro.  

APRIL 8 , 2011

been   a   factor   positively   to   Brazil’s  GDP  in  growth.  One   of   the   major   reasons   that   Brazil   has   a   surplus   in   ex-­‐

tant   for   the   15   Caribbean   ACP   countries.   Caribbean   exports  to  the   EU  have  rose   by   more   than   40%   be-­‐ tween   2004   and   2006   to   over   €4   billion,   mostly   because   of   the   increase   in   fuel   ex-­‐ ports.   Oil,   aluminum   oxide,   rum,   sugar,   and   bananas   have   tradi-­‐ tionally   dominated   EU   imports   from   Carib-­‐ bean  member  states.  

The   EU   is   the   second   economic   partner   for   South   America   –   Car-­‐ The   agricultural  sec-­‐ ibbean   region.   Two-­‐ tor   is  the   largest   ex-­‐ sides   trade   amounts   port   from   Brazil   to   around   €160billion   EU,   but   not   com-­‐ annually.   EU   has   in   pletely,   since   manu-­‐ 2007   stand   for   ap-­‐ factured   products   proximately   14%   of   such   as   machinery   South   American   ex-­‐ a n d   t r a n s p o r t   ports.   For   the   Carib-­‐ equipment  and  vari-­‐ bean   the   EU   is   very   ous   manufactured   important  as  an   export   p r o d u c t s   r e p r e-­‐ target   with   19%   of   sents   one   third   of   Bananas are one of the most exported goods #om Brazil products   shipped   to   Brazilian  exports  to   to EU the  EU   and  it   is   keep   the  EU. increasing.   The   EU   imports   agricultural   ports  is   due  to  the  products   Brazil’s  economy  increased   and   some   kind   of   energy   as   transport   equipment,   in   2004   and   was   ranked   products  from  South  Amer-­‐ meat   and   iron   and   steel.   14th   worldwide,   but   its   ica  and  EU  export  products   Major   production   growth   share   of   world   trade   re-­‐ are   machinery,   transport   have  been  made  in  agricul-­‐ mained   limited   0.9%.   The   equipments  and  chemicals.   tural  part  has  turned  Brazil   services   accounted   for   -­‐  Baris  Derim into   a   very   important   agri-­‐ around   75%   of   Brazil’s   cultural   control.   As   we   GDP,   industry  for   19%  and   know   Brazil’s   major   trad-­‐ agriculture   accounted   for   ing   partner   in   2004   were   approximately   6%.   In   the   the  EU  with  26.8%. latest  years   Brazil  has   been   very   active   on   trade   sur-­‐ Trade   in   goods   with   the   pluses   and   exports   have   European   Union   is   impor-­‐

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Letters to the Editor I am 16 years old I constantly hear about the European Union. But what is actually the purpose of the EU? The major purpose can be described as a unique and political partnership between 27 democratic countries. The purpose of the partnership is to create a union that can promote a balanced economic and social development. The EU countries want to maintain and develop an area of freedom, security and justice.

Hey I am 16 years and from the news I know there are three major institutions in relation to the EU, but what does each individual institution do? The institutions are often referred to as the institutional triangle. Each institution supports the other two. The council is the legislative power. The council is represented by prime ministers and a president elected from a member country and is instated for a period of 6 months. The commission

APRIL 8 , 2011 proposes legislation and guards the treaties. Their major purpose is to take the entire members of the EU nations into considerations and what is best in general for them. The third legislation is the parliament. The citizens of the EU countries elect the members of the parliament. The parliament has to say yes to new legislation in corporation with the council. Hey I am 17 years old and I have never really been educated about the EU, so I was wondering who represents Denmark in the EU? There are three institutions where there Danish representatives; the parliament, the commission, and the council. In the parliament each member country has an amount of seats according to their population. Denmark has 14 seats that are elected by the citizens of Denmark. They are elected every five years. In there commission there is one representative from each EU country. The council is in charge of meetings, where the ministers with the same areas of expertise meet and discuss their point of views. In order for the

Folketing to be able to know what is going on in the EU, they have created a European committee. They brief the ministers that are going to take part in the EU meetings and update the Folketing on news from the EU. I just recently heard that Turkey has applied for acceptance in the EU many years ago but has not yet been accepted. Therefor I was wondering what some of the major criteria’s for a country to enter the EU are? There are three major areas when talking about being accepted into the EU. First of all the applying country must be able to support the aims of the EU. This means that their public administration is able to apply and manage the EU laws. There is a political criterion for the countries to have guidelines that are appropriate according to democracy. This means that they have the right institutions for example having courtrooms. The applying country must also have a well functioning market economy that is able to compete according to EU laws.

Š wulffmorgenthaler.com

CONTACT INFORMATION Address: "Abbey Road 3 ! ! London, NW8 9AY, UK

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Contra - EU-magazine - Global Days II  

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