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Water Filter For Cambodia Size / 36X36X115 cm


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Water Filter For Cambodia Size / 36X36X115 cm


即便基金不足,也能靠自己得到

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世 上 每 個 人 都 有 取 得 淨 水 的 權 利,


RESEARCH CAMBODIA

Current Conditions

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20世紀末內戰剛結束,現在為柬埔寨社會發展初期

1995

1999

紅色高棉

解體

柬埔寨的貧富懸殊問題、基礎設施不足、健康衛生問題和人民知識 水平偏低等社會問題,是柬國發展經濟的同時,所遇到的嚴峻考驗。 Cambodia's disparity between the rich and the poor, inadequate infrastructure, health and hygiene problems, many social problems according to low knowledge level and so on are the severe tests that the Cambodian economy has encountered while developing.

NATURAL RESOURCE 柬埔寨因地理位置關係,導致國內不管是在人文或天然資源上都相當多樣,甚至旅遊業擁有巨大的潛力 及聞名的文化遺產,其中包括著名的吳哥窟等,然而因處於熱帶國家,天然資源豐富,當地人經常使用 天然植物做為建築結構,或編織等工藝品 Due to its geographical location, Cambodia has led to considerable diversity in the humanities and natural resources, and even tourism has great potential. However, because they are tropical country, natural resources are abundant, locals often use natural plants as a building structure, or weaving and other crafts.


THE THIRD WORLD 由於社會震盪不安,當地政府還未積極開發基礎建設, 導致城鄉差異大,雖然並非最貧窮國家,卻是世界上 受到援助最多的 Due to social turmoil, the local government has not actively developed infrastructure,As a result, there are big differences between urban and rural areas. Although they are not the poorest countries, They are the one that receive the most aid in the world.

村民存在經常性腹瀉、痢疾等疾病,而大腸桿菌群是引起腹瀉關鍵因素 20% Villagers have frequent diarrhea, dysentery and other diseases, and E. coli is the key factor in causing diarrhea.

大腸桿菌 是人和動物腸道中最著名的一種細菌,一般細菌可生長溫度範圍, 最低10度最高60度,若是以高溫100度煮沸即可達到殺菌效用 煮沸法:煮沸100℃,5分鐘,能殺死一般細菌的繁殖體

interview

為了更了解當地狀況,透過電話訪問柬埔寨志工們, 以取得更多資訊 To better understand the local conditions, visit Cambodian volunteers by phone for more information.

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20%


Problem 熱帶季風氣候 乾雨季水資源落差大

社會發展初期 缺乏基礎衛生建設

41%兒童缺乏淨水 易感染而死亡

雨水是柬埔寨重要的水資源,雨水不僅是日常生活洗滌所需,更是飲用水的主要來源

據聯合國的調查,缺乏安全飲用水和基本衛生設施造成柬埔寨 約41%的兒童受到傳染病感染的威脅

41%

According to the United Nations survey, about 41% of Cambodian children are at risk of infected with communicable diseases, due to the lack of safe drinking water and basic sanitation.

根據Water for Cambodia的研究數據可以發現,在柬埔寨郊區

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超過50%的村民依舊無法取得乾淨的飲用水,此外5歲以下幼童

50%

的死亡也有約20%是與無法取得乾淨水源有關 Water for Cambodia's research data can know that in the suburbs of Cambodia more than 50% of villagers still can not get clean drinking water, in addition, about 20% of young children under 5 years of age’s deaths are related to the inability to obtain clean water.

世界各國源源不絕的資源、援助,卻從未根本解決問題,反而製造更多問題 never fundamentally solved the problem but has created more problems.

有些是閒置狀態,有些則被拿來當作盆栽。有持續接受使用教育,但對於淨水原理不了解, 導致在使用中遇到問題,或是將裝水的罐子用做其他用途時,便停止淨水器的使用。 Some are idle, while others are used as potted plants. Villagers have continued to accept the education of using, but they do not understand the principle of water purification, resulting in difficulties in using, or the water tankused for other purposes, so that they stopped the use of water filters.


貪污盛行

缺乏規劃

柬埔寨政府

Vicious circle

非政府組織

缺乏好習慣

NGO

當地居民 知識不平等

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不清楚當地狀況

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簡單的過濾系統

Simple filtration system

降低製作成本

Reduce manufacturing costs

運用當地居民習慣

Use local villagers’ habits


目 標 Target

以就地取材製成濾水器 透過簡易操作以利當地人維護 Design a water filters made of local materials through easy operation make locals maintain easyly

NATURAL RESOURCE 根據柬埔寨農林漁業部所作之調查,柬埔 寨有1,200萬顆椰子樹,是個潛力極大的資源

COCONUT

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BAMBOO

According to a survey conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in Cambodia, They own 12 million coconut trees, is a great potential resource.

竹子經常被當地人拿來廣泛用於建造 房屋,甚至用於造橋,是個重要的綠色資源 Bamboo is often used by locals to build housing, even for bridge construction, is an important green resource.

水布是柬埔寨民族服飾的標誌及身份象徵 長約1米,寬約85厘米,通常為白布、方 格布或花條布用棉紗或蠶絲織成,與普通

KRORMA

圍巾無異。是柬埔寨人日常生活和裝飾的 必備之物。 Krorma is cambodia national dress symbol and identity. About 1 meter long, 85 centimeters wide, usually white cloth, square Gebu or gauze woven with cotton yarn or silk, same as normal scarves.

DAILY NECESSITIES


基本淨水步驟

Basic water purification steps

沈澱

過濾

煮沸

簡易濾水器

教育居民高溫殺菌

testing

盛接雨水

椰子為當地經常食用的平民食物,但食用後皆丟棄,即利用 椰殼、椰絲探討濾水可能性 Coconut is often eaten by local people, but discarded after eating, explore the possibility of coconut shell and coconut silk

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利用當地高腳屋特性

sketch & prototype


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how does it work pour the dirty water in it

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Hat (1st level)

Filter cartridge (2nd level)

Bamboo (Delivery port)


濾心

FILTER CARTRIDGE

椰子殼

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coconut shell

細砂

Fine sand

椰絲 粗砂 coarse sand

椰絲 碎石 gravel


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