Use tracing paper to sketch from the construction drawings. Then, divide the whole patterning into several parts and make copies on cardboard. After that, cut out all parts. The last step is using glue to stick all parts together. Finally, we get the simple model of the building ERC.
Wind and earthquake forces need to be concerned when structures re designed by engineers. The strategies to resist lateral forces and provide stability can be similar. Rigid horizontal planes such as floors and roofs can collect lateral forces and transfer them to vertical elements such as walls and columns. The frame can be made rigid with ERC building is typically W shape columns moment joints between vertical and and mass construction with a cladding in horizontal structures. metal and glass.
Solid shear walls can also collect lateral loads.