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September 2017, Issue No. 49 www.cretepost.gr

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MORE THAN 100 DEATHS ON CRETE !!!

Six of Greece’s 74 regional units rank near the top of the European Union’s list of areas with the highest number of fatalities from road accidents. Crete is one of them, with 95 deaths per million residents, which means more than 100 for its population!

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ECO friendly paper - Please recycle When you finish reading... give it to a friend Find CHANIA POST at the following points: CHANIA Municipal Market, Airport, Public Bus Central Station, Old Harbour, Municipal Tourist Information Desk PLATANIAS Central Square Infokiosk, Botanical Park, Italian Factory Outlet and selected shops in Platanias KISSAMOS Gramvousa and Balos boats, Elafonissi, Falassarna KANDANOS-SELINO Paleochora Info Desk, Sougia, Kandanos SFAKIA Hora Sfakion Infokiosk, Loutro, Agia Roumeli, ANENDYK boats

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news & articles

APOKORONAS Georgioupolis, Kavros, Vamos, Kalyves, Vrysses ...and also in more than 100 points throughout Chania Prefecture!

Is it safe to travel to Crete? Crete holidays offer the ultimate summer formula: sand, sea and sun. But how safe is the Greek island to visit? The largest island in Greece has long been hailed a holiday favourite by sunseeking Britons. Crete boasts sandy beaches fringed by the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Luxury hotels line the coast, offering up a multitude of choice for holidaymakers. But many Britons are wondering how safe Europe is for tourists. While several popular holiday destinations have a very likely threat of terror, Greece has been deemed relatively safe in comparison. The Foreign Office (FCO) travel advice reassures UK nationals that most visits to the country are free from trouble. But the FCO has warned tourists to be vigilant regardless. It said: “Terrorist attacks in Greece can’t be ruled out. At-

tacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreigners. “High profile British interests in Greece should be vigilant and regularly review their security measures. “There have been several attacks involving explosives and automatic weapons against Greek institutions, shopping malls, media interests, diplomatic targets and the police. “British nationals aren’t normal-

tests are regularly taking place across the city. Tourists are advised to be mindful of their behaviour particularly when consuming alcohol. The FCO said: “The Greek police won’t accept rowdy or indecent behaviour, especially where excessive drinking is involved. “Greek courts impose heavy fines or prison sentences on people who behave indecently. Your travel insurance may not cover you after drinking.” Travellers should also carry a copy of their passport or other photo ID at all times to confirm British nationality. Your passport needs to be valid for the proposed duration of your stay. While Britain remains a member of the EU, British nationals can continue to travel freely to Crete without a visa. The EHIC card is also still valid for holidays, at least until Brexit negotiations are finalised.

ly considered a specific target, but attacks could happen in places visited by foreigners. “There is considered to be a heightened threat of terrorist attack globally against UK interests and British nationals, from groups or individuals motivated by the conflict in Iraq and Syria. You should be vigilant at this time.” Crete itself is considerably safer than other parts of Greece, such as Athens, where pro- Express


Five fun ways to tour Crete on wheels By car — Renting a car to tour Crete is one of the best options you have if you want to go places fast and in comfort. Renting a car from one of the many local companies rather than from a multinational chain also gives you the advantage to deal with someone who already knows the island. The staff are more likely to give you advice where to go and what to see, especially if you don’t have a lot of time to see enough as you would like. Bicycle tours are fun too — Cycling around the island is another popular option, especially for people who enjoy outdoor activities. Although not as comfortable under the heat of the sun in summer, bicycle tours are commonplace. The

Greeks even have a website that caters exclusively to cyclists. The Bike Friendly Hotels site is an initiative of the Hellenic Society for the Protection of Nature(HSPN) and non-profit Nattour. The site shows hotels from all over Greece, and Crete is also featured with destinations such as Cretan Malia Park, Smartline Arion Palace Hotel, and Lyttos Beach Hotel. If you plan to discover Crete this way, Hellas Bike is an excellent choice because they offer a good range of bikes, guided tours, bike rentals, and so on. Motorcycle tours become popular — Bike tours are quite popular as well. They give your speed while allowing you to enjoy the fresh air. You can even access more remote des-

tinations from the saddle of a motorbike. For such a way to tour the island, you can choose Greenways Motor Tours. They have a special tour designed to make you familiar to some of the most exciting Cretan destinations in a week. They also offer rentals if you want to adventure on your own. Safaris are trendy —Then, there’s Safari Club Crete for the more adventurous type. Here, the advantage is that you have a professional driver behind the wheel. You will explore everything Crete has to offer: mountains, gorges, traditional villages, caves, plateaus, rolling vineyards, and palm beaches. Safaris are a relatively new trend on Crete, and they were designed to satisfy the needs of

foreign visitors. ‘Train’ rides are nostalgic — You can even take a road train tour with the Hersonissos Train Company. The road train ride takes place only within the Municipality of Hersonissos, but there’s plenty to see, according to the company’s website. There are also companies offering tours on Trikke electric vehicles, quad and buggy tours, and so on. The end choice depends on how long you want to explore, where you want to go, how much you care about comfort, and how much you can afford. But it’s always good to know which options you have before you plan your vacation. TravelDailyNews.com

for more n

ews click o n http://cre tepost.gr

Hoteliers in Malia, Crete, Saying ‘No’ to Rowdy Foreign Tourists place the lost bookings from rowdy Brits with reservations made by families from Netherlands, Germany and Austria. According to media reports, the majority of Malia’s hotels will stop offering 18-30 holiday group package deals, which will inevitably take a bite out of an estimated 6 million hotel and resort bookings a year, mainly from UK operators. Malia authorities have repeatedly pledged to stop accepting rowdy tourists but have failed to control the situation. Security has now been tight-

ened on beaches. “We’ve given these tour operators a free hand in branding an image completely alien to what Malia really is. Malia isn’t about sex, drugs and ‘everything goes’. It’s the prime tourist destination in Crete, bringing in millions of euros to the island,” Malia Deputy Mayor Efthymios Moutrakis was reported as telling The Times. In a related incident, earlier in July a 22-year-old American student was beaten to death by 10 people while vacationing on the Ionian island of Zakyn-

thos at Laganas beach, notorious for catering to out-ofcontrol drinking and partying 20-something tourists. At the same time, Greek police arrested 189 people for the use of laughing gas after an 18-year-old British girl fell into a coma in Malia. Meanwhile, another international party destination, Majorca, Spain, is also clamping down on intoxicated Brits, the town’s new mayor, Antoni Noguera, said. news.gtp.gr

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tourists are being turned away from Malia, on the island of Crete, following alcohol-fuelled incidents that have given the destination a bad reputation. Hotel owners in Malia, northeastern Crete, have said they are not accepting some 10,000 bookings from the UK in an effort to repair a tainted reputation due to the thousands of mostly British tourists who flock to island bars and clubs every summer and drink till they drop. The hoteliers are aiming to re-

news & articles

Unruly


The Yesterdays of Crete (part 1) by Hobson Tarrant As a comparative newcom-

er to the island of Crete with merely a dozen years of tenure, I found myself drawn to learn more about the islands longer term history. After all as an island standing alone surrounded by ocean, one could assume it could have existed in peaceful perpetuity before the heavily documented World War II period of conflict, yet how far removed from the truth this turns out to be.

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news & articles

Prehistoric Crete The earliest signs of on s click ost.gr w e n e life r ep for mo ttp://cret h Carbon dated findings reliably project back to show that humans existed on the

island as far back as the Paleolithic age (early Stone Age, approximately 130,000 years ago). Obviously little is genuinely known as to how people lived back then except for the use of the most basic of stone tools such as axe heads and digging stones. But then far later and during the Neolithic Aceramic (Neolithic-beginning of farming, Aceramic- before pottery) periods around the 7th millennium BC allot more evidence has been found to describe a far more developed form of civilization that used cattle, sheep, pigs and dogs in addition to cultivating the land for cereals and vegetables. This obviously displays the beginnings of a style of domesticated life that we can still identify with today. It is documented that during the early Neolithic period, the Knossos complex (which appears to be the main centre of human development on the island) barely covered an area of 2.2 square kilometres. Another interesting fact is that all of the houses were built facing towards the same direction

which historians believe to be an indication of some form of urban planning, be it geographically based or religious? Further details on the buildings describe the walls and floors of that time to be made primarily of clay, while the roofs were created from layers of branches that again had a clay binding. Fire residues have also been found in various parts of the houses rather than in one central spot which differs from similar age dwellings from many other parts of the world.

Poseidon sent Minos the bull, with the understanding that it be sacrificed to the god. But King Minos decided that the bull was too fine to kill, and so substituted it for another to sacrifice. Enraged, Poseidon had Aphrodite (Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation ) cause Pasiphaë, (wife of Minos), to fall in love with the bull. Pasiphaë subsequently gave birth to the half-man, half-bull, this was called the famous ‘Minotaur’. The Minoan Period Poseidon completed his ven(approx 2600 BC) geance by passing on his rage The term “Minoan” takes its to the half-bull, which resulted name from the mythical King to it laying waste to the land. Minos. After consulting the ora-

as timeless works of literary art. According to Homer, he wrote of Crete at that time and described it as an island with 90 cities. In other writings it also described the palaces of Knossos as the finest in the whole of Europe and that the Cretan works of art and culture surpassed all other known civilizations of the time. During the Minoan period, Crete traded vigorously with its Aegean and Mediterranean neighbours in addition to other civilizations from the near East. Copper was bought from Cyprus and Canaan (ancient near East) with other goods coming from the Cyclades, Egypt’s Old Kingdom, the Levantine coast,

The title was originally used to describe the pottery found from that era but then in more modern times has taken on its wider meaning of that complete period in Greek history. King Minos, although partly mythological was thought to be the first King of Crete and legend describes him as the son of Zeus and Europa. Zeus, in the ancient Greek religion was the god of sky and thunder who ruled as a king over the gods of Mount Olympus. Europa was a woman of Phoenician (ancient civilization ) origin and of high lineage. It was after her that the continent of Europe was named. Cretan mythology weaves a love story of her being abducted by Zeus whilst he had adopted the form of a white bull. In Cretan mythology this story of Zeus was not the only reference to a white bull. When Minos became king, his right to rule had to be proven over his brothers, so he prayed to Poseidon (god of the Seas, earthquakes and horses) to send him a snow white bull as a sign.

Anatolia and Santorini among the many. The Minoan civilization had its own language and writing system that is now called ‘Linear A’, much of which remains undecipherable although it is still much studied and was based upon a language entirely different from the ancient or more modern Greek as it is known today.

cle(High Priestess) at Delphi, Minos had a complex maze constructed ‘The Labyrinth’ to hold the Minotaur without fear of his escape. Meanwhile from the Minoan era also came many central works of Ancient Greek Literature. Homer, was the name ascribed to a single or multiple Greek authors, mythology is unclear which, but under that name and of that period two epic poems were written, ‘The Illiad’ and the ‘Odyssey’. The Iliad, was set during the Trojan War, a ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek states. It focused upon a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles that lasted for weeks during the last year of the war. The Odyssey, was seen to be almost a follow on from the Iliad and depicted the journey home of Odysseus who was the king of Ithaca after the fall of Troy. Much of these works wove together fact, fiction and prophecy and when much later translated into Latin became classed

But the Minoan periods end... The reason for the end of the Minoan period (around 1,400BC) remains unclear. Some theories talk of invasion by the Mycenaeans from the mainland, whilst others about complete destruction from the volcanic eruption of Thera (Santorini remains ), but neither theory as yet has achieved a provable conclusion. However a third option suggests a combination of the two in that the volcanic eruption damaged the island’s ability to defend itself such that the Mycenaean’s could invade and so progress our Cretan story. (To follow – part 2 – The Mycenaean civilization )


Roads in six Greek regional units rank among EU’s most deadly

Crete is one of them Six of Greece’s 74 regional

units rank near the top of the European Union’s list of areas with the highest number of fatalities from road accidents. Western Greece comes in fifth place among its EU peers and first among Greek regions, with 124 deaths per million residents in 2015. The Southern Aegean follows in sixth place with 119 deaths per million residents, then the Peloponnese n o in eighth place with k r s clic re new cretepost.g o m r / fo 108 per million, Crete http:/

and Central Greece share 23rd place with 95 deaths per million each and Epirus is in 26th place with 94 per million. Despite the fact that up until 2015 there had been a steady reduction in road deaths across the country, last year was the first to see a fresh spike. Crete recorded an increase in road accident fatalities in the period when the rest of the country was seeing a decline, with 54 dead in 2011, 57 in 2012 and 66 in 2013. Fatalities on Crete dipped in

2015 to 62 and came to 65 last year. The total number of fatal road accidents in 2016 came to 752, costing 804 lives, against 746 accidents and 796 fatalities in 2015. According to the data published by Eurostat, the EU’s statistical office, the regions with the lowest road death rates are mainly located in Western and Northern Europe, and those with the highest in the east and south. A reliable public transportation system and a good-qual-

ity road network are instrumental in curbing road accidents and fatalities, Eurostat’s analysts noted. The study also notes that cities with a lot of traffic congestion tend to have fewer road deaths because vehicles cannot move at high speeds, while high fatality rates are observed in countries with sparser and not very well developed national road networks, such as Romania, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Poland, the Baltic states and Greece.

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news & articles

Driver who killed two in Chania on conditional release. Council decides safety measures A 20-year-old motorist

who killed two pedestrians when he hit them with his car near the Technical University of Crete in Chania was granted conditional release pending trial on a string of charges including manslaughter through negligence, disturbing the peace and driving without a valid license. The Georgian national has a driving license which is, however, not recognized in the European Union. Meanwhile Chania city council has now decided to put traffic lights on the spot of

the accident before the beginning of the new academic year and also to proceed with looking at the possibility of creating a roundabout at the

University junction, where the accident happened, for which a new study will be required. Chania council also asked

Chania Prefecture, who is apparently responsible for that road, to create pedestrian pavements on parts of the road where they are missing.


Mystery over death of Wolverhampton mother at Crete hotel Dionne Abrahams, from into Dionne’s death are carried of people about this.”

Thorne Avenue, Low Hill, Wolverhampton, was enjoying a break in the country’s largest island of Cretein July. The mother-of-one had been out socialising on the night of Saturday, July 15, and returned back to the hotel alone. But around 2.30am the following morning she fell from a window and died on the way to the hospital due to injuries sustained to her on head. r s click re new cretepost.g o m r / An inquest at Black fo http:/ Country Coroner’s Court was adjourned until November 6 while further investigations

out by British and Greek authorities. Coroner Zafar Siddique said: “We need to know who was with her, who last saw her, we heard she was travelling with friends we need to know was she sharing a flat or apartment, all of this needs to be ascertained. “I will adjourn this until November 6. Because this happened overseas it will take some time. “I know the family are making their own inquiries as well. “There is also a police investigation in Crete.” “I have been contacted by a lot

Friends left tributes to Dionne, a former Highfields Science Specialist School student,on her Facebook page when news spread of her tragic death. Kyra-lee Paxon said: “I can’t actually believe what I’ve just heard. “Rest in peace beautiful.” Lucy Slater posted: “So shocked. Rest in peace Dionne thoughts and prayers are with your little boy and family.” Senior Coroner’s Officer Russell Williams said: “It would appear she was on holiday with a friend. “She went out socialising on

July 15 and returned to her hotel on her own. “She appeared to have fallen from a window in the early hours of the 16th. “Staff at the hotel were alerted by the noise. “Police and ambulance attended but sadly she died en-route to the hospital. “The cause of death was cranial cerebral injuries due to a fall from height.” Mr Williams added: “A toxicology has taken place and we should get details. “There is also a police investigation in Crete.” Express & Star

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news & articles

Strategic Tourism Investment on Crete Greece Tourist Arrivals Up Worth €408m Gets Green Light in January-June 2017 An inter-ministerial commit- The total cost of the investment Tourist arrivals to Greece by a total of 10.5 percent.

tee in Greece that oversees “strategic investments” has approved a foreign direct investment worth 408 million euros planned for Aghios Nikolaos on Crete, media reports said. The project, known as “Elounda Hills” by the Mirum Hellas consortium, is said to have been evaluated and recommended by the Enterprise Greece agency. The strategic investment includes the creation and operation of a high-end resort in the town of Agios Nikolaos and foresees the development of hotel complexes, conference center, marina, spa, sports facilities, restaurants, shops and holiday homes.

amounts to 408,49 million euros, of which 50.4 million concerns the land purchase that has already been paid. The remaining 358,09 million euros concern the resort’s construction and infrastructure costs. According to the Greek Economy Ministry, the investment project is expected to bring a series of direct and indirect positive economic and social impacts, both at national and local level. A significant number of jobs are expected to be created during the construction phase. At least 763 new eight-month job positions are expected to be established during its operational phase. news.gtp.gr

OFF

showed encouraging signs in June, giving positive data for the first half of 2017, according to the monthly statistical bulletin of SETE Intelligence (InSETE).

Road arrivals Road arrivals to Greece last month were up by 13.5 percent, nearly 158,000 more than in June 2016, according to data compiled from Greece’s border checkpoints. The largest Air arrivals According to available data increase in road arrivals of forfrom the country’s major air- eigners in June were from Turports, the rise in international key (+55 percent) and Bulgaria airport arrivals to Greece con- (+46.2 percent). For the first six tinued. More specifically, ar- months of 2017, road arrivals rivals increased 10.9 percent to Greece recorded a 6.1 perto 272,000, compared to June cent rise. 2016. The increase of arrivals at Greece’s regional airports — 14 Sea arrivals of which are now managed by Sea arrivals to Crete were up Fraport Greece — amounted by 7.4 percent. In the Januto 13.4 percent in June. During ary-June period, sea arrivals to the January-June period, arriv- Greece were up by a total of 2.4 als to Greece by air increased percent.

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Why exist?

W hat are we as humanity?

Do we serve some universal purpose or is our existence something of chance in a chaotic cosmos? If there is order in this universe, to what is our evolution as races and civilizations attributed?

by Panagiotis Terpandros Zachariou

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news & articles

These are questions that often torment every thinking person, especially as of late, for as we draw towards the end of the opening decade of the 21st century, we can all attest to the acceleration of changes both n o socially and geopok r s clic re new cretepost.g o m r / litically in the “glofo http:/ balized” new world order. Perhaps an allegorically retrospective look at our ever changing world may shed some light as to where we are headed and what our purpose is in the universe. Let us imaginatively liken the course of human history, as it has unraveled in Western Civilization (since the west’s cultural and environmental role has predominantly affected the globe) to that of a pendulum swinging from a colossal, universal clock. Let us further imagine that the trajectory of each swing represents a two thousand-year segment of this course. The beginning of

a swing marks the birth of an era, the middle marks its bloom and the end its death, whilst the directional shift of the swing signifies the birth of a new order and so on. Thus far, the propelling force of our metaphorical pendulum has been man’s desire for affinity with the divine. The various interpretations of what commands the universe have always ordained the spirit of every era. Western memory, from a Hellenocentric viewpoint (since Hellas is its cradle), can enumerate at least three era-ordaining swings of this epoch-recording pendulum: The first age was marked by terrestrial worship. Caves and chasms functioned as shelter, as well as places of adoration. Sacrificial holes in the ground discovered in the Greek regions of Elateia, Thessaly and Crete are indicative of an era when humans attributed the origins of everything to the entrails of Mother Earth. Snakes were considered as part of her divinity (e.g. the Cretan snake goddess) and were worshiped as symbols of healing, rebirth and immortality, probably due to their shedding of old skin for new one.

The caduceus staff (Greek kyrekeion) depicting intertwined snakes, which today is the universal insignia of the medical profession, is a remnant of that era. The second age was to transfer the divine to the surface of the planet, with man as the focus point. Of great symbolic significance, marking the death of the terrestrial age, was Apollo’s slay of the serpent Python, son of Earth; hence the god’s epithet: ‘Pythian Apollo.’ So culturally traumatic was the shift that the god had to be purified from the kill by serving a three year term in exile from the region where he was later to establish the Oracle of Delphi. The subject of serpent and monster killing is beloved throughout world lore, since it suggests the emancipation of humankind from the terrestrial forces. In Greece, the subject reoccurs when Heracles kills the serpent-headed Lernaean Hydra, when Belerophonte does away with the Chimera and when Perseus slays the snake-haired Medusa. Icons of horse-mounted Saint George slaying the reptile-like dragon still echo

that gone-by era to this day throughout the Christian world. Although Mother Earth’s forests and mountains still held an allure of mystery for the ancients, now anthropomorphic forces like those of the Greek Pantheon reigned over the elements. Further attesting to this was the victory of the Olympians over the children of the Earth, the Titans, whom the former incarcerated in her depths - Tartarus. This interaction between man and nature thrived during the Archaic Age of Greece when our metaphorical pendulum was traversing the middle of its course. The spirit of the era was sung philosophically, poetically and artistically during the Classical Age, but the end of its course was marked by the expansion of the Roman Empire, when humans began to treat nature with impunity, literally ‘plundering’ it for fun. Forests were decimated to build fortresses and siege engines, while animals provided amusement in arenas. The third turn of the pendulum coincided with the advent of Christianity, whose era transported the divine to the Heavens.


mature to the extent of understanding the universe so as to offer it a multifaceted thought of itself? At this point one might cynically ask: ‘All that sounds fine, but if each of our lives is an infinitesimal explosion of cosmic thought, what about those who don’t think and do not function intelligently?’ One equally cynical answer could be: ‘Such creatures may also serve a purpose; that is, the produce greater explosions amongst those who do think, pretty much the same way that manure nourishes a flower to bloom.’ Einstein is a novel example of a thinker who was prompted by the masses who do not think to say: “There are two infinities - the infinity of the universe and the infinity of human idiocy.” This echoes Anaxagoras (5th century BC), who referred to the creative force of the universe as ‘Nous’ (The Mind) and observed that “The Mind encompasses all creatures, but only few creatures partake in The Mind.” (Aristotle, On the Soul - 404, b1) As protagonists of this fourth pendulum swing, therefore, let us consider the former three swings, which transferred the notion of divinity from the caverns to the surface, and from there to the heavens. Our metaphorical pendulum may very well have moved the hour hands of our own cosmic clock to the time of maturity. This means that the intelligentsia amongst hu-

manity will form this swing to be that of self knowledge; that is to say, the wisdom that the divine is not to be found outside ourselves, but within us. For we comprise an integral part of cosmic impetus, intelligence and consciousness in the wake of a universe that evolves as it imagines itself. THE PENDULUM Millennia are recorded in the Cosmic Pendulum swing, Propelling human fate and all the changes it may bring. On halting its momentum for another fateful run, It strikes a blow onto the past and shapes what is to come. Its last stroke brought for more new s click on untimely death to the http://cre tepost.gr Archaic Age; Rome and Athens both succumbed engulfed in Christian rage. Midway through its former swing the pious era grew, Its founding fathers unaware of what was to ensue. A twentieth century man am I, who’s chanced to witness bear: A pendulum stroke’s ordaining end; I wonder what may fare. As I into the future look, I shudder in dismay: What lies beyond this cosmic turn and what may come our way? (Excerpt from Panagiotis Terpandros Zachariou’s book “Harmoscopesis,” Dodoni Publications 2005. The poem “The Pendulum” was published in 1989.)

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come with an important advantage: Assessing the last three swings may enable us to answer our initial questions, along with another very significant one: Why have we developed to the point of networking all the civilizations of our planet (e.g. Internet) in the way a brain networks itself via neurons to think collectively? If we assume that there is universal order, is there a possibility that the universe needs thinking creatures like us to provide itself with a sense of its own consciousness? How else could it know of its own existence if not through intelligent life forms? Statisticians render it possible that there may be at least 100.000 civilizations developing in our galaxy alone! This would certainly vindicate Rene Descartes when he said: “I think, therefore, I am.” Our very lives and each planet hosting intelligent life forms (that with time network their world to achieve collective thought) may very well be miniscule explosions of cosmic reflection giving the universe a sense of consciousness pretty much the same way our own brain generates innumerable electronic charges per millisecond to function. This likelihood is further supported if we consider that in universal time the birth and death of a solar system does not exceed a fraction of a cosmic second. Could this be our role then? That is to say, to collectively

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The establishment of monotheism put an end to the earthly nature of godliness. Since Nature had been stripped of her mysteries, people began to seek spiritual salvation in churches. Natural locales like springs and forests were no longer considered as Sanctuaries for worship. The domes of churches that emanated the heavenly origin of God had replaced them. The Middle Ages marked the culmination of this pendulum swing, while the industrial revolution its demise. The maxim so fervently embraced by the protestant mentality, “God Helps Those That Help Themselves,” supplied the Western World with the ethical grounds on which to sustain mass industry, which created the shift from a Theo-centric society to one that consumed what the industry produced - a consumer society. The drastic ‘cosmogonical’ changes brought on by the technological leaps of industry marked the end of the third swing and initiated the fourth. The 1990’s spearheaded the current towards globalization, which meant the rapid decline of national economies and the birth of a “global village” in an economic sense, but not without social consequences, for national identities are now being tried as well. As both observers and initiators of the fourth ‘pendulum swing’, our generation is plotting the course that will shape the fate of things to


English Premier League Clubs

A Multiple Criteria Analysis of Economic, Financial and Sporting Performance The research presented dicators linked to profitabili- won (FA Cup, EFL Cup, Com- formances is measured.

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news & articles

below was undertaken by a team of faculty from Audencia Business School in France: Christophe Germain, Michael Doumpos, Emilios Galariotis and Constantin Zopounidis, It comes after previous research into the state of France’s top teams. The research into the English Premier League drew on an initial study produced by Pierre Chiffoleau, at the time student on on r s click re new cretepost.g o m r Audencia’s specialised / fo http:/ masters in Management of Sports Organisations. Almost dead in the water in the mid-eighties, English football refashioned itself in the 1990s. Its renaissance came with the launch of the Premier League, the result of lobbying from representatives of the main clubs at the time: Liverpool, Everton, Manchester United, Arsenal and Tottenham. The top league also benefitted from a TV deal signed with Sky in May 1992 and more indirectly from measures taken by the Thatcher government of the time. Today, thanks to greater and more diversified popularity, a growth in TV revenue and investment in stadia, the Premier League had become the third biggest money-making sports league in the world behind Baseball’s Major League and the American football’s National Football League. Its sports and commercial package is exported as far as China. Economically powerful, English football is envied by its European neighbours who deem it an example to follow as it is thought to be built on a model that allows clubs to achieve the virtuous reconciliation of three key elements they all seek to excell in: economic performance, financial performance and sports performance. However, is this really the case? To answer this question our research concerned the 19 clubs which remained in the Premier League for at least three seasons from 2010 to 2015. It drew on figures issued in the clubs’ annual reports and financial accounts. Financial performance was gauged thanks to diverse in-

ty, financial autonomy, financial independence and debt. Economic performance was calculated using income from match day ticket sales, season tickets, sponsoring, merchandising, TV right and income diversification as well as productivity of resources spent on aspects such as stadia and transfers. Finally, results in the league and the number of trophies

munity Shield) plus the percentage of matches won were used to analyse sports performance. The clubs were ranked each year on the basis of these criteria (See the three tables below). A first level of analysis allowed us to extract the following information: - Clubs’ rankings vary depending on which of the three per-

- However, there do exist similitudes between the clubs’ economic and sports rankings. - Only Arsenal figured amongst the top five teams each year for the three types of performance. - The same five clubs (Arsenal, Chelsea, Liverpool, Manchester United and Tottenham) were each year ranked as the top five in terms of econom-


1. There is no link between economic performance and financial performance. A club that generates high revenue from its trade activities does not see its financial performance improve. In the same way, a better financial performance does not ensure better economic performance. 2. No link exists between financial performance and sports performance. This explains why clubs like Newcastle, Norwich, Southampton, Swansea and West Bromwich Albion who either finished mid-table or had problems staying in the Premier League could achieve

3. There is a direct relationship between economic performance and sports performance in both directions. Clubs that obtained good sporting results saw their turnover increase. Those who experienced a rise in turnover achieved better placings in the league and performed better in the cups. On the whole, the results of the research tend to show that the economic model that guides the management of ‘classic’ companies, and which in the specific case of football consists of believing that sporting excellence allows higher revenues which allow a club to improve its financial profile and so reinvest and develop, is not borne out by Premier League clubs. The one exception is Arsenal. A more in-depth analysis of clubs’ financial health confirms this conclusion and provides some explanations. In this way, despite an overall rise in revenue of 55% between 2010 and 2015 and an average growth from operating results of 150%, the financial situation of Premier League clubs has not improved significantly. Average levels of debt have not fallen despite the excellent commercial figures: a pro-

gression of 7.5% in five years. From 2010 to 2015, many clubs had negative equity (seven clubs in 2014/2015, nine clubs in 2013/2014, 12 clubs in 2012/2013, nine clubs in 2011/2012 and eight clubs in 2010/2011) which translates as a virtual bankruptcy. The question that therefore needs to be asked is ‘Where did the money go?’ The answer: buying players. Between 2010 and 2015, the intangible assets of all the clubs for whom the values of players are recorded almost doubled. A quarter of a century after its launch, the Premier League, whose goal was to provide an eco-system that would ensure clubs’ measured development, has not managed to achieve such an aim. It would be interesting to see to what extent the explosion of TV rights will change this in years to come. There seems to be little room for optimism at present as the Premier League clubs actually lost money in 2015-2016 despite record income that rose by 9% compared to the previous season. A special mention needs to be made for Arsenal. They are the only club to be present in the top five for the five seasons in question in terms of sports, economic and financial performance.

They are therefore the only club to present a coherent and viable economic model. Unfortunately, this regularity was not rewarded by success in the Premier League. Is this the price to pay? This question needs to be asked as it seems that maybe football has problems reconciling its characteristics of flair, money, passion and, sometimes, madness with what defines good business: reasoning, coherence, detachment, etc. Research by: • Dr Emilios Galariotis Professor of Finance Director, Institute of Finance Chairman of the Dept. Of Finance Audencia Business School, France Dr Christophe Ger- for more news clic k on http://cre main tepost.gr Professor of Accounting Rector – SABS Business School Vice-Rector Audencia Business School, France •

• Associate Professor Michael Doumpos Laboratory of Financial Engineering Technical University of Crete • Professor Constantin Zopounidis Technical University of Crete Academician, Royal Academy of Economics and Finance of Spain Academician, Royal European Academy of Doctors Distinguished Research Professor, Audencia Business School, France

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The relationship between the three types of performances allows a number of conclusions to be made:

very good financial results.

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ic performance, but with the exception of Arsenal this did not result in their systematic presence in the top five of the best clubs for financial performance. - Six clubs (Newcastle, Norwich, Southampton, Swansea, Tottenham and West Bromwich Albion) which were not part of this ‘big five’ obtained excellent financial results during at least one of the seasons concerned.


TUI Invests in Greece, Buys Land on Crete to Open New ‘Robinson Club’ TUI Group has acquired Stel-

la Polaris Creta S.A., a subsidiary of the Greek Karatzis Group and owner of land on the southern coast of Crete, to open a new Robinson Club. With the Robinson Clubs Kyllini Beach and Daidalos, TUI already operates two resorts of the premium club holiday provider in Greece. “We are aiming to deliver substantial growth in our own hotel brands TUI Blue, RIU, Robinson and Magic Life in the next on r s click re new cretepost.g o m r / fo :/ p t ht

few years. The expansion of our portfolio in the trending destination Greece marks a further step towards that goal,” said Sebastian Ebel, TUI Group Executive Board member in charge of Hotels & Resorts. The Greek Tourism Ministry has been in close cooperation with TUI Group over the past two years and has engaged in a series of talks with Group representatives in the last few months to discuss new investment opportunities. “TUI is an important partner

for us, and I am therefore delighted that the Group will be investing in a new Robinson Club in Greece. We regard that move as a vote of confidence in our economy,” Greek Tourism Minister Elena Kountoura said. “We are consistently delivering our growth strategy and have generated record results in tourism for the third consecutive year. We have also created the conditions to sustain high growth rates over the next few years and are encouraging new investments,” Minister Koun-

toura added. With the expansion of its hotel portfolio, TUI Group is driving its transformation as an integrated tourism business focused on own hotel and cruise brands further ahead. The two segments already contribute half of the Group’s operating result. Since the merger with TUI Travel PLC at the end of 2014, TUI Group has expanded its portfolio by 27 new hotels, nine of which have opened this year alone. news.gtp.gr

A Cretan September by David Capon

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news & articles

Depending upon where you

live in Europe your view of what September means may be different to many others on the continent. I used to live in Devon (England) and I could expect a frost, usually early in the month, that would kill off my dahlias and other summer bedding plants. Occasionally there would be calm mornings and a shimmering mist would produce a magical scene as the sun rose over the river. Other times the equinoctial gales and rain would indicate that winter was not far away and most summer migrants had usually left by the end of the month. Despite being carnival season, the first Christmas goods would appear in supermarkets. On Crete, summer continues throughout September although there may be some rain and spectacular lightning storms, especially later in the month. September is a month of movement for many bird species and a slow change in vegetation. Plus there is the added bonus that the noise of the cicadas diminishes rapidly. Some plants begin to flower. Many of these are plants stored energy in their bulbs during the previous late autumn and winter. They produce flowers but the leaves will appear after flowering and photosynthesis will take place during the winter period because Crete still receives much sunlight during that period. Plants such as Greek cyclamen, Sea squill and Autumn crocus have light flowers that stand out against the dark, dried vegetation. For people who love birds, September on Crete is very rewarding. Kingfishers can be seen on the coast, often close to places where people are swimming. The autumn migration is well

under way and some of the birds that overwinter on Crete, such as the chiffchaff, arrive in numbers during the month. Others that have been with us during the summer are preparing for the long flight south. Red-rumped swallows, often the last to arrive, have usually departed by early September. For a short time they seem to circle around their area chattering away as if to say “goodbye” and “see you next year” before disappearing all of a sudden. Barn swallows have left their nests and are seen congregating in large numbers on wires. Often several hundred can be seen close to Lake Kournas, despite all the human activity in the area. The swift and martin species are also getting ready to move away. Another bird that has been with us during the summer is the Eleonora’s falcon. It nests very late in comparison to other species because it times the main feeding period for the fledglings to coincide with the migration southwards of small songbirds. Thus September is a very busy month for the parents. Some species that have nested further north stay on the island for several days before flying south for the winter. These include some of the most beau-

tiful or intriguing species and some of my favourites. One bird that I often get asked about is the hoopoe as people who have never seen one before are astonished by its colours, crest and antics. Hoopoes stay on the island for two or three weeks in September; we then have to wait 6 months for their return journey. The beautiful male golden oriole is often heard although most people would not recognise the odd sound that it makes. But, if seen, its bright yellow plumage is astonishing (the females are not quite so striking). Probably my favourite is the bee-eater. It is not just a beautiful bird, if you manage to see it close, but makes a wonderful noise while in flight – often described as a liquid, bubbling ‘quilp’, or similar. One of the most spectacular sights in September is the flight of herons and ibises that have flocked for migration. Sizeable groups of these large birds can be seen flying together on the north coast very close to shore and often coming over the land. Even a flock of about 50 will appear to be much larger because their size requires a reasonable gap between individuals.

People in other areas of Europe will be seeing fewer butterflies by mid-September but here there is still a lot of activity here. Adult Cleopatras and Scarce Swallowtails are less common but Swallowtails can be seen laying their eggs, usually in fennel. There are many Clouded yellows around and a lot of different species of blue butterflies. The latter are usually hard to identify especially as they are very active and small. Occasionally there may be a surprise. The photograph shows a Plain tiger that I saw in September last year, at Georgioupoli. This is a large, brightly coloured butterfly and a relative of the Monarch (the butterfly that creates the butterfly trees in America). The wingspan of over 8 cms is similar to that of Swallowtails but the colouring is very striking. Despite the approaching autumn, September on Crete is very rewarding for Nature lovers. I feel that apart from seeing the kingfishers and herons and, at night, maybe baby turtles leaving the nests, it is worthwhile leaving the beaches and exploring the countryside on foot. (And regular readers will have noted that I have not touched Climate Change for this issue).


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Don’t miss out! The nine secrets of Crete! Crete

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is a famous holiday destination throughout the whole year – for lovers of the sun, families, couples and singles. The island fascinates its visitors with beautiful beaches and its historical and legendary past. Everywhere you go, you’ll experience the warm hospitality and welcoming of the Greeks. Most of the visitors don’t expect Crete to have such amazing secrets until they explore Greece’s biggest island themselves. If you’re planning to travel to this beautiful island, keep our tips in mind – and you’ll never want n o click news st.gr e r o o to travel somewhere for m /cretep http:/ else… 1. Balos Beach and Lagoon Balos Beach is one of the most famous beaches on the island of Crete. Thanks to its turquoise water, the crystal-clear view to the ground, the white and pink sand (due to millions of crushed shells) as well as the amazing and exotic scenery Balos attracts many tourists and photographers to visit this unique place. Visit this small paradise by boat from Kissamos port or by trekking from Kaliviani. Being an early bird will reward you with a few hours of breathtaking remoteness. With a bit of luck, you may spot some sea turtles or monk seals while snorkeling or scuba diving through the warm Aegean Sea.

2. Matala Hippie Caves Natural caves to live in – that sounds ridiculous, doesn’t it? Years ago, in the 1960s, Hippies used the caves carved into the sand rock cliff of Matala as nomadic homes. Today, the old fishing village with its beautiful beach and azure waters doesn’t host hippies anymore. But you can still feel the spirit of the bohemian past: The caves are open to visitors and you will be able to climb through the rocks surrounding them. If you are looking for a true hippy adventure, visit this unique place during the annual international Matala Beach Festival.

3. The Palace of Knossos The palace of Knossos can be found on Kephala hill, 5 km south of Iraklio, the capital of the island of Crete. With its 20,000sqm Knossos is the largest and most important Minoan monument. It was the residence of the wise King Minos. The ancient Greek mythology says that the palace was built with great complexity and no one who was inside it could ever find his way out. Before the palace was destroyed, it included workrooms, food processing centres, a central storage point and a religious and administrative center. Nowadays, visitors can explore the impressive ruins within an organised tour to get an idea of how the ancient Crete must have looked like.

4. Rethymno Rethymno is the third largest city of Crete. With its pier that is 390m long and its Egyptian lighthouse Rethymno has one of the most impressive sceneries. The old Venetian buildings and the beautiful quayside with lots of fish taverns next to one another reflect the picturesque atmosphere. Visit the old Fortezza of Rethymno and enjoy the breathtaking view across the city and sea. Strolling through the old alleys and visiting the ancient churches will take you back in time.

and lively city at the North-Eastern Coast of Crete. Take a walk around the old harbour and enjoy the magic view around you while dining in one of the typical small Greek restaurants. There is a lake located directly in the city centre – enjoy a panoramic view from the park above it.

8. Chrissy The island of Chrissy is located south of Crete and you can reach it via boat from Ierapetra. You should plan one day to enjoy Chrissy at its best. Long, sandy beaches will remind you 5. Chania of the Caribbean. Chrissy is a Chania, the second largest city magical place you should not of Crete, impresses its visitors miss to visit when visiting Crete with the beautiful harbour as for holidays. well as the exhaustive shopping opportunities. There is a 9. The Cave Of Zeus huge market (“Agora”) in the “The birthplace of Zeus” – That’s city centre, and in addition to what many Greek people assothat there are waiting several ciate with the so-called Cave street markets to be explored. of Zeus (Dikteon Cave). The In Chania you will be able to sacred place of cult worship is find some exquisite jewellery, found on the hillside of Mount too. Dicte. The cave consists of five chambers where visitors will be 6. Spinalonga able to detect impressive staThe island of Spinalonga is lactites and stalagmites as well located at the North-Eastern as a small lake and a hall with coat of Crete. You can reach small stone basins filled with it via boat from Plaka, a small water. The chamber at the back town near Elounda. Until 1957 of the small lake is rumoured it served as a leper colony. To- to be the birth place of Zeus. day, the ruins can be explored During your visit, deep in the during a stroll around the is- mountainside, you might still land. feel the soul of Zeus bustling around… 7. Agios Nikolaos Agios Nikolaos is a picturesque www.dreamlines.de


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Hydrocarbon exploration maps for Ionian and Crete unveiled The government on Wednes-

ters and is located north of the day provided the locations island of Cephalonia and west of the three blocks – two off of Lefkada and Corfu islands. the coast of Crete and one in The tender for Crete concerns the Ionian Sea – that will be an area southwest of the istendered for hydrocarbon land covering an expanse of 19,868.37 square kilometers exploration. The block to be tendered for and another one off the west exploration in the Ionian Sea coast of 20,058.4 square kilocovers 6,671.13 square kilome- meters.

The Energy Ministry launched the process after a consortium comprising Total, ExxonMobil and Hellenic Petroleum expressed an interest in June to explore for oil and gas beneath the seabed off Crete. The tender process will be launched in September, allowing 90 days for bids to be sub-

mitted and another 60 for them to be evaluated. The contract is due to signed within 60 days after the process is completed. Under the terms of the lease agreements, the exploration phase will last up to eight years with the possibility of an extension. eKathimerini

Aria Hotels Opens Art Space in Chania Aiming

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to attract art lovers, the Aria Hotels, a family-owned bouon s click ost.gr w e n tique hotel and villas e r ep for mo ttp://cret h company, recently inaugurated its own art space under the name “Aria Concept Store”in the heart of the city of Chania, on the island of Crete. The new high-aesthetics art space will operate all year round, with the aim to showcase the work of contemporary artists from Greece and abroad, who are inspired by the Greek tradition. Focusing on Crete’s special features, the Aria Concept Store is currently collaborating with the Benaki Art Shop, while in 2018 it will launch partner with the nuts sale company Carpo and the Al Hammam Thermal Baths in Chania. “The Aria Concept Stores continues the human-centered vision of Aria Hotels for sustainable development with respect to culture,” the company

said in an announcement. “The Old City of Chania is the ideal place to promote the best elements of Greece: Its aesthetics, the tradition and the powerful feeling of the quality of life,”said art historian and curator of the Aria Concept Store Maria Migadi. “We are excited that we’ve managed to create a ‘thread’ (referring to Ariadne’s thread),

which connects contemporary artists in Greece and abroad… Like Ariadne we hope we will be able to use this thread in the best possible way,” she added. The Aria Concept Store is part of the “Aria Art Buzz” initiative, a collaboration of Aria Hotels and the Martix Fine Art Advisory Business, which is based on three principles: love and respect for the environment;

appreciation of culture; interest in exploring the role of individuals within contemporary society. The properties of the Aria Hotels are located in carefully selected areas of unique natural beauty in Greece and specifically on Crete, the Cyclades and Epirus. news.gtp.gr


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Gas and Heating... What you have to know! LPG is the cleanest source

p. 28

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of primary energy after renewable sources of energy and the amounts of pollutants emitted are significantly lower than conventional fuels. LPG, also known as accelerator gas, has been a reliable alternative fuel for the operation of home and business premises in recent years. It is used as a source of energy mainly for: • Space heating • production of hot water • preparation of food (cooking) n click o news st.gr e r • specialized uses in o o for m /cretep http:/ third-party businesses • moving vehicles (Autogas) Liquefied petroleum gas is cheaper than oil and gasfired heating appliances have a higher efficiency than oil, making it more economical to use than petroleum. Liquefied petroleum gas for use in any installation requires storage that can be made either in a special gas tank (in bulk supply) or in gas cylinders that are usually interconnected and we supply them filled with LPG LPG is an ideal solution for home heating (new or existing, detached, apartment, apartment) or professional. LPG can fully meet the needs for autonomous or central

heating, hot water production, cooking, operation of local heating units (energy fireplaces, LPG heaters, etc.) The advantages of LPG in relation to oil are: • Economy, since LPG in bulk (storage in LPG) is cheaper than heating oil. • High efficiency of LPG appliances, especially gas condensing boiler, which ensures even greater energy savings and hence money beyond savings from the difference in LPG. • Clean combustion without the nasty odors and pollution from the residues of oil burning. • Reduced maintenance costs for LPG appliances since, due to their clean combustion, frequent maintenance is not required and their service life is far greater than oil-fueled appliances. • Environmental friendliness. LPG is cleaner and less polluting fuel than oil. A boiler boiler is installed in the autonomous LPG heating. The supply of liquefied petroleum gas-fired boilers is usually done in these cases by an array of parallel 25 kg LPG gas cylinders located externally or larger if installed in a single-family house, from a gas tank also located

outside. The wall-mounted gas boiler to be installed has the capability to produce hot water. It can also be connected to

a solar water heater to complete hot water heating in periods of low sunshine. The installation of a gas tank can be done either on the ground (underground) or under the ground. Finally, as far as the safety of the installation is concerned, there is no danger, as long as the regulations and safety provisions are complied with, the machines meet the necessary specifications and are continuously maintained and the installers are licensed - certified.

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Liquid gas touches nearly every aspect of our lives every single day.

It powers our homes and businesses with electricity. It heats and cools them, too. Natural gas fuels many of transportation fleets and trucks that deliver goods to market. We all depend on natural gas to make every aspect of our lives possible and to support every sector of our economy. Visit us in our stores in Rethymno and Chania and we will answer in everything you are afraid to ask!


Cretan scientist designed a robotic glove that changes surgical procedures Antonia Tzemanaki

is a roby Miltiades Markatos botics engineer and researchPneumonologist er at the University of the West of England, Bristol. She and her team are developing robotic technology that can enhance medical practice. Tzemanaki was born on 11 December 1984 in Chania, Greece. In 2009 she graduated from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. She received her Master’s degree at the University of the West of England and took her PhD in Medical Robotics from Bristol Robotics Laboratory. She and her team are on s click ost.gr w e n e r ep developing tools that for mo ttp://cret h will allow the surgeons to wear a sensory exoskeleton which would transmit the movements of their own fingers to the robotic fingers in-

side the body of the patient. This will help replicate the complexity and functions of the surgeon’s fingers so that the instruments can move in the same way as their hands. The key to Tzemanaki’s approach is that she develops robots that adapt to surgeons not the other way around. The smart gloves will work alongside smart glasses which will allow doctors to see inside the body no matter where they’re stood in the operating theatre. It is hoped this will offer doctors ‘dexterous movement’ as well as the ability to ‘sense’, ‘see’, control and safely navigate through the procedure. The robotic tool is based on a plan of the Greek robotics engineer. Robotic systems of this kind are designed to assist surgeons to

p.30

health & nutrition

Tips to Stay Healthy in Autumn Here are 5 tips to help you greens, dark yellows and bril-

eat healthy and live a vibrant, liant oranges. When you eat healthy life this Autumn sea- foods that are rich in these colors, you are absorbing the vison. brational energy of the earth. Fall foods are vibrant, colorful 1. Always buy food in season. With the arrival of the new sea- and nourishing. One rule of son, now is the time to change thumb is that the more coloryour diet! Embrace the yummy ful the fruit, the better it is for foods that Autumn offers. Enjoy your health and your immune fresh pumpkins, parsnips, yams, system.

improve their performance in urological, cardiovascular and orthopedic procedures, and in the future they can be used in more complex surgeries. “The hands are the most dexterous part of the human body. The fingers have incredible possibilities in terms of movements, dexterity, and sensing. So we thought, why not make a robotic instrument with three miniature fingers that would behave like the thumb, index and middle fingers of our hands?” she said at an interview. This robotic medical technology is being developed within the framework of the European SMARTsurg program, which was recently launched and will be completed by the end of 2019, with almost €4 million of funding from the EU through Horizon 2020.

The Hellenic Center for Research and Technology (CERTH) and the private multi-center orthopedic surgery, sports injuries and rehabilitation (TheMIS) in Thessaloniki also participate in the program. Antonia Tzemanaki has won the Best Presentation Prize in the B.E.S.T (Business and Technology in Surgical Technologies) Innovation Course in France in 2012, the Best Poster Award at the joint 2012 FIRA RoboWorld Congress and TAROS Conference 2012 and the 2nd Prize for Best Poster in the Research Student Summer Connections Event in the University of the West of England, Bristol in 2011. She is a member of IEEE, IEEE Robotics and Automation Society and IEEE Women in Engineering.

ers are: to drink plenty of fresh water, eat plenty of alive (living) raw foods, garlic, lysine, probiotics, Vitamins B, C and D, E3 Live, reishi mushroom, zinc, propolis and Manuka honey. Another powerful way to boost your immune system and keep strong is to use the power of gentle exercise. This brings me to my next point, tip number 4.

tures stop you from moving your body! Far too many people stop exercising and spend more time doing sedentary activities indoors. One way you can keep moving during the cooler season is to bring your activity inside.

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5. Live aligned with the season. As the season shifts, give yourself permission to make difwinter squash, sweet potatoes, 4. Embrace gentle movements. ferent choices and changes in turnips, apples, pears, figs, el- 3. Boost your immune system. In summertime, it’s so lovely to your lifestyle. The shorter days With the changing season, now derberries and even cranberis the perfect time to boost spend time outside. For many, and longer nights are the perries! your immune system. Whenev- this sunny weather allows them fect excuse to take the time to er I feel the need for a boost to to move their body naturally, really look after yourself. Use 2. Eat your autumn colors! Autumn is the season of warm, my immune system, I first look using gentle movements such this Autumn as an ideal time to hibernate, giving yourself time earthy colors; think deep to Mother Nature. Some of my as walking on the beach. favorite natural immune-boost- But, don’t let cooler tempera- for you.

A life changing visit to our pharmacy can make you change the way you see life and put your body and mind in harmony. Have you ever visited a pharmacy to taste health? A different pharmacy in the centre of the old town of Chania is waiting to share with you secrets of well being and longevity. Taste the biolo gical honey, the royal jelly, tea from plants carefully chosen in therapeutic recipes, high concentration and purity juices of pomegranate, cranberry, aloe. Orthomolecular nutrition with suggestions on detox programs and a carefully selected range of supplements, vitamins an gluten free products from all over the world. In the same premises you can find a live homeopathic lab with 6.000 homeopathic remedies in stock and the ability to produce any kind of homeopathic form i.e. pills, granules, solutions etc Evangelia Sakka is the pharmacist in charge who has created that special pharmacy and will be happy to introduce you to that fantastic world but also suggest whatever will be more settable for you. Our philosophy doesn’t stop on food and supplements but we want you to think of your mind and body as well. That’s why we have created next to our pharmacy the Green Care SPA. A SPA that helps to uplift your mind and body with biological face an body treatments, reflexology, reiky, su jok and moxa treatment, Bach flower remedies, homeopathy sessions, bowtech as well as nail therapies. We are waiting for you to restart your life at Daskalogianni 43 - 45, SAKKA Pharmacy www.my-pharmacy.gr / www.greencarespa.gr


How, when and where to grow superfoods in your garden A garden filled with superfood fruit and vegetables is easier than you think to achieve. Advice out recently from the The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) explains how any garden, whatever its size, can be used to grow foods ranging from tomatoes to kale. The appeal of Superfoods is obvious with the various reported health benefits and if you can grow them at home all the better. The RHS has laid out when to get growing your superfoods and where to grow them.

the final sowing in August, or for some leafy crops (beet or leaf beet, chard) in early September. Greenhouse crops can be sown in September and October for gathering in winter.

Where to grow superfoods Superfood plants can suit any garden size and location. For smaller plots and urban gardens possibilities include pots of citrus and blueberries, a kiwi vine over an arch, and alpine strawberries beneath trees. Apricots can be planted against sunny garden walls, while globe artiWhen to grow superfoods chokes for example adds Seeds for superfoods are best sown in spring, from Feb- or from April outdoors, but sown at intervals of about height, colour and taste to orruary under glass or fleece, quick-growing crops can be three weeks all summer, until namental beds and borders.

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DNA analysis: Ancient Greek Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar Minoans from Crete dating to northern ancestors who came in Seattle. This suggests that the Ever since the days of Homer, 10 2900 B.C.E. to 1700 BCE, four My- from Eastern Europe or Sibe- major components of the Greeks’

Greeks have long idealized their Mycenaean “ancestors” in epic poems and classic tragedies that glorify the exploits of Odysseus, King Agamemnon, and other heroes who went in and out of favor with the Greek gods. Although these Mycenaeans were fictitious, scholars have debated whether today’s Greeks descend from the actual Mycenaeans, who created a famous civilization that dominated mainland Greece and the Aegean Sea from about 1600 B.C.E. to 1200 B.C.E., or whether the ancient on s click r w e n Mycenaeans simply re t.g for mo /cretepos http:/ vanished from the region. Now, ancient DNA suggests that living Greeks are indeed the descendants of Mycenaeans, with only a small proportion of DNA from later migrations to Greece. And the Mycenaeans themselves were closely related to the earlier Minoans, the study reveals, another great civilization that flourished on the island of Crete from 2600 B.C.E. to 1400 B.C.E. (named for the mythical King Minos). The ancient DNA comes from the teeth of 19 people, including

cenaeans from the archaeological site at Mycenae and other cemeteries on the Greek mainland dating from 1700 B.C.E. to 1200 B.C.E., and five people from other early farming or Bronze Age (5400 B.C.E. to 1340 B.C.E.) cultures in Greece and Turkey. By comparing 1.2 million letters of genetic code across these genomes to those of 334 other ancient people from around the world and 30 modern Greeks, the researchers were able to plot how the individuals were related to each other. The ancient Mycenaeans and Minoans were most closely related to each other, and they both got three-quarters of their DNA from early farmers who lived in Greece and southwestern Anatolia, which is now part of Turkey, the team reports today in Nature. Both cultures additionally inherited DNA from people from the eastern Caucasus, near modern-day Iran, suggesting an early migration of people from the east after the early farmers settled there but before Mycenaeans split from Minoans. The Mycenaeans did have an important difference: They had some DNA—4% to 16%—from

ria. This suggests that a second wave of people from the Eurasian steppe came to mainland Greece by way of Eastern Europe or Armenia, but didn’t reach Crete, says Iosif Lazaridis, a population geneticist at Harvard University who co-led the study. Not surprisingly, the Minoans and Mycenaeans looked alike, both carrying genes for brown hair and brown eyes. Artists in both cultures painted darkhaired, dark-eyed people on frescoes and pottery who resemble each other, although the two cultures spoke and wrote different languages. The Mycenaeans were more militaristic, with art replete with spears and images of war, whereas Minoan art showed few signs of warfare, Lazaridis says. Because the Minoans script used hieroglyphics, some archaeologists thought they were partly Egyptian, which turns out to be false. The continuity between the Mycenaeans and living people is “particularly striking given that the Aegean has been a crossroads of civilizations for thousands of years,” says co-author George Stamatoyannopoulos of the University of Washington

ancestry were already in place in the Bronze Age, after the migration of the earliest farmers from Anatolia set the template for the genetic makeup of Greeks and, in fact, most Europeans. “The spread of farming populations was the decisive moment when the major elements of the Greek population were already provided,” says archaeologist Colin Renfrew of the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, who was not involved in the work. The results also show it is possible to get ancient DNA from the hot, dry landscape of the eastern Mediterranean, Renfrew says. He and others now have hope for getting DNA from groups such as the mysterious Hittites who came to ancient Anatolia sometime before 2000 B.C.E. and who may have been the source of Caucasian ancestry in Mycenaeans and early Indo-European languages in the region. Archaeologist Kristian Kristiansen of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, who was not involved in the work, agrees. “The results have now opened up the next chapter in the genetic history of western Eurasia—that of the Bronze Age Mediterranean.”

“The living and the lost”. An exhibition by Linda Talbot

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culture

THE LIVING AND THE LOST AN EXHIBITION BY LINDA TALBOT AT THE MONASTERY OF KAROLOS, HATZIMICHALI DALIANI STREET 22 CHANIA FROM SEPTEMBER 5 -9 2017

LINDA TALBOT: Worked as arts reviewer in London. Published “Fantasy Book of Food” – stories, rhymes and recipes for children, “Five Rides by a River”; bicycle rides in Suffolk, England, with anecdotes and short stories, poetry and short stories for magazines and short stories for adults and children online. Specialises in collage and has had exhibitions each year in Hania since 2008. Also runs mixed media workshops at the Mistral Hotel, Maleme.

traditional clothes, is one section, with imagery ranging from birds – in Siberia, for instance, tattooed on shoulders to keep the soul in the body and protective hands bearing human eyes, to the surprising ABOUT THE SHOW: power of geometry. From a sick man who had a LOST is the second part of the black cat slit open, laid over show, disclosing how everyhis stomach and left to rot, one is lost at some time in the to a small glass eye allegedly landscape of a lonely mind. giving protection, superstition Landmarks are alien, disconhas taken strange turns. certing, dispelling eqilibrium. In this exhibition, PATTERNS The lost are hapless in literal OF PROTECTION – inspired or subtly perverted locations. by symbols embroidered on ODALISQUE is the final sec-

tion. An odalisque – a chambermaid, slave or concubine in a Turkish harem, is updated here, from one seeking enlightenment through books and pictures in her spare time to a carnal goddess crawling with miniature men. And there is a selection of work by HERCULES PAPADAKIS. Hercules is a novelist, visual artist and facilitator of international workshops in personal development. During his stay in Chania the last 7 years, has organised and

participate in several exhibitions. Has presented his collections: «beyond limits», «sea» and the «ideas unlimited» with the participation of many international artists. The exhibition, with free entrance, is open daily from 7pm to 11pm. And the opening party, where all are welcome, is on Tuesday September 5 from 7pm. On September the exhibition will move to BOHEME café in Chalidon 26-28, Chania.


Greek tastes that you will remember forever

One of the most persistent

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food & wine

memories we have is of the aroma and taste of home cooked food. The warmth, the sense of security and intimacy associated with home cooked food are universal experiences. Greek cuisine, rich with authentic flavours and aromas represents an age-old cultural unity. Women are at the forefront of this tradition. Playing the key role in the family microcosm, they have borne the responsibility for prudent handling of ingredients. Their ingenuity has left its mark on the character lick on t.gr c s of Greek gastronomy. w re ne epos for mo ttp://cret h Today, people are rediscovering the immutable values. Home cooking and baking, the main ingredient of which is love, are once again creating a storehouse of memories. A true work of art For the Greek people olive oil is not just precious, but truly sacred. It is associated with the cycle of life through ageold traditions. This relationship is an expression of the vital importance of this noble liquid for healthy living. The dishes referred to as ‘ladera’, which are made from one or more vegetables cooked in an olive oil-based sauce usually including tomatoes and garlic, are a true banquet of colours and flavours. Pulses and beans, either fresh or dried, are cooked so as to retain their full nutritional value. Green beans, broad beans, lentils, split peas, chickpeas, peas and okra: plain ingredients converted into sensational dishes by the simple addition of onions, herbs and spices, and precious olive oil. Cooking with hidden treasures Apart from the usual ingredients found in Greek cuisine,

The 4 senses restaurant... Follow the Path of an absolute gastronomic delight...

you may also discover more rare delicacies, cooked in exceptional ways. ‘Volvoi’, the nutritionally valuable edible bulbs of the hyacinth (muscari comosum), are one such dish you may find on the Greek table. Choice game from the mountain regions, gifts from the sea such as ‘avgotaraho’ (saltcured flat-head mullet roe or ‘bottarga’), and rare wild greens and fragrant fruits are all wonderful culinary surprises. Wild asparagus and artichokes, wild forest mushrooms, snails, and a variety of herbs which grow wild, whatever nature has to offer, all become first class ingredients in the Greek kitchen.

or ‘tsipouro’ (distilled grape pomace), are flavours synonymous with Greek cultural tradition.

Recipes from the mountain regions The mountain regions of Greece are a gastronomic paradise. Rich tasting meat, fragrant pies, traditional hand-made pasta, powerful red wine and distilled spirits, create an inexhaustible wealth of tastes and flavours. In Epirus and Macedonia, in the mountain regions of the Peloponnese and even on the hilltops in the islands, an ancient culinary tradition artfully combines ingredients and has many a great treat to offer. Having kept their traditions The wealth of the sea intact, the mountain areas of There are a great number of Greece are appreciated as a traditional Greek dishes with destination which offers an an aroma fresh from the sea. authentic flavour of this counGreek waters contain some of try. the tastiest fish to be found anywhere in the world. Sugar and honey Great fish-based soups, tasty All the ingredients offered by seafood snacks and appetiz- the Greek earth are an opporers (‘meze’), excellent large tunity to create something charcoal grilled pelagic fish or sweet in the experienced fried “young baby fish” accom- hands of skilled pastry chefs. panied by white wine, ouzo The variety of sweets and des-

We u s e a n d p r o m o t e l o c a l , quality products in combination with the revival of traditional flavours and new gastronomic proposals from 12:00 pm to 00:00 at midnight.

Platanias, Chania Tel. +30 6976 860573 www.olive-tree.gr

serts is impressive, and even more so when you considered their originality. The syrupy baked pastries and delicious sweet pies are famous around the world. Kataifi (a shredded wheat type of syrup pastry with nuts), baklava (the traditional phyllo syrup and nut pastry which most people know), ‘galaktoboureko’ (a kind of milk custard pie), the Macedonian ‘roxakia’ (cocoa and cinnamon dough cookies), and ‘ravani’ syrup cake are just some of the traditional sweets in Greek pastry making. But unexpected ingredients are also skilfully turned into unique desserts. Syrupy ‘spoon’ sweets (‘tou koutaliou’) are a separate chapter in traditional Greek sweet making. Eggplant, bitter orange, unripe walnuts, fragrant rose petals and even watermelon can all be used to make uniquely delicious sweets once bound with the sugar and honey syrup, which is allowed to thicken over a low heat. Inventiveness and a centuries-old tradition passed down through the generations have served to create unusual and truly tempting flavours.


Beyond the beaches: Discovering Crete’s delicacies

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Tasting wine amidst the fields Along with the goal of improving distribution networks between hotels and farmers, the promoters of the project are Towards more sustainable setting up a sustainable wine excursion for small groups, to tourism “Taste Crete” is an initiative raise awareness for indigenous started by the TUI Care Foun- Cretan wines, called “From the dation and the sustainability Cretan Soil to Your Glass.” project Futouris which aim to support the island’s wine The up-and-coming wines one and olive oil producers’ transi- can discover on Crete have Apokoronas News

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Monastery of St. George Apanosifis Perched up in the hills, just 30 kilometers from bustling Heraklion, the island’s largest city, the monks’ peaceful domain overlooks a typical Cretan landscape – a combination of vineyards and fields of olive trees. Reverend Athinagoras, a Ph.D. in Quantum Physics from Stanford University and used to be a university professor in California greets the visitor. He was inspired by California’s consciousness for organic food

tion to sustainable agriculture and help them build stronger networks with the main hotel owners. Currently, many hotel chains must import their olive oil from Athens, while the local farmers struggle to distribute their products. By organizing as cooperatives, small producers have better chances of reaching larger local markets.

food & wine

Most of visitors to Crete come through package tours, mainly attracted by the Greek island’s amazing Mediterranean beaches. Along the way, the curious tourist will also soak up impressions of Crete’s ancient history.

when he decided to commit to the monastery: “This brotherhood is very open-minded while showing respect for traditions: I found it provided good grounds to increase awareness in Crete.” The monastery’s vineyard is not completely pesticide-free, as its manager, Reverend Athinagoras works towards promoting “smart work and respect for the environment, which is the only way to survive,” he said. He was therefore happy to find out that other people were working towards this goal within the country.

nothing to do with the wellknown Greek resinated wine Retsina. One of the planned stops of the tour is at the Lyrarakis Estate, where visitors can walk through the vineyards and taste different wines and find out more about the particularities of Cretan wine directly from the people who work there. The Lyrarakis family winery has been producing wines since 1966, and has recently started specializing in rare local varieties. “Before, the trend was to focus on international grapes such as Sauvignon and Chardonnay, which is why local varieties became endangered,” explained Bart Lyrarakis, CEO of the estate. The family has revived different ancient Cretan grapes that were threatened with extinction, among which the white varieties Plyto and Dafni, from which they produce award-winning wines. Although it requires promotion work to get hotels and tourists to buy wines made from Crete’s seven native grape varieties, beyond supporting the local economy, there is another definite advantage in growing them: “Cretan varieties have better chances of surviving in high heat,” explained Local Food Experts Secretary General Kostos Bouyouris. The local wines also pair especially well with the island’s exceptional culinary specialties.


Happy end in France for Cretan ‘barrel dog’ Esther, a

French woman on holidays in Kissamos with her partner came across one of the many neglected Cretan ‘barrel dogs’. The dog, a female German Shepard lived chained under a trailer, hungry and thirsty and the couple who felt sorry for the animal approached the

owner asking to buy the dog from him – but he refused. Esther visited the dog every evening for the rest of her holidays sneaking in food and water to the dog while her owner was away. When the couple returned to their home in Nice, Esther got in touch with the Chania ani-

mal welfare organisation who with the help of the police removed the dog and placed it in the care of the welfare organisation opening the road for its adoption by Esther. The police in Crete takes reports of animal abuse very seriously and there have been several cases of successful

prosecutions of animal abusers on the island recently. So in this case there was a happy ending. The dog named Helia travelled to Nice at a cost of around E 800, and now lives happily at her new home in Nice with her new loving family who take good care of her.

Fall Pet Care. Autumn Is Tick, Tick, Ticking Closer! Fall is on the horizon and

dog owners who live anywhere but in the middle of the concrete jungle are probably concerned they might have a dog tick problem. Ticks—deer ticks, dog ticks, and other varieties—can spread disease to both lick on t.gr c s w you and your pet. But re ne epos for mo ttp://cret h what are the other animal health concerns you need to worry about in the fall? Here are some important things to consider when thinking about fall pet safety:

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pets & vets

Ticks Although tick nymphs peak in the spring months, the number of adult deer ticks is higher in the fall than it is during any other part of the year. Deer ticks are the ticks that are responsible for spreading Lyme disease—which can be just as much of a danger for you as it is for your pet. If you’re worried you might have a tick problem, there are several things you

can do to help. A tick and flea preventative will help keep the bugs away, but if you don’t choose to use them, consider paying more attention to your lawn care. Ticks prefer to live in long grass, so giving your lawn a good manicure, and keeping your pets confined, can help keep your tick problem under control. Temperature Fall is a tough time for pet care because the temperature is so variable. Depending on where you live, you may need to worry about anything from heatstroke to frostbite. In particular, you’ll always want to

make certain that your dog or cat has enough water. Just because the weather has gotten cooler doesn’t mean that your pet doesn’t still need a lot to drink. Grooming Finally, fall is a good time to remember that keeping your pet’s coat in good shape isn’t just a matter of vanity; it’s also a matter of health. Some good dog grooming tips include regularly brushing your pet to avoid matting and always making certain your pet is completely dry after a bath. These and other tips can help your pet avoid “hot spots” and

other skin irritations that can contribute to poor health. Quick Tip If you have a long-haired dog or cat, it’s important to brush them regularly to avoid serious matting, which can cause your furry friend real discomfort and negatively affect their health. If you cannot commit to regular coat care, then talk to your veterinarian or groomer about whether or not it might be a good idea to keep Fluffy shaved. He won’t be fluffy anymore but it could improve both his temperament and his well-being.


Using the Right Fasteners

Nails Sometimes, less really is more. When you’re making simple connections (for example, securing two pieces of wood together or securing a piece of wood to a wall), a nail may be the best fastener choice. Nails are very strong and durable. Finishing nails are made to look sleek and smooth with small, rounded heads. For very small, simple projects such as hanging frames on the wall, these nails are probably the best choice. Hammer your nails in straight, and they should stay strong and secure for many years to come. Screws Many DIY projects benefit from simple screws that can be put in place with a drill or screwdriver. Screws are made with metal threads on the shaft that create a secure connection. The size and length of the screw you use depends on how heavy your materials are, and where you plan to secure them. There are all different types of screws, so choose the right one depending on what you’re working with. Some screws are easy to figure out: wood screws are used in wood pieces, sheet metal screws are designed for hard metals, and so on. Use machine screws if you plan on using nuts to keep screws in place. Hex bolts are used for big DIY projects involving heavy construction. Bolts Sometimes, a bolt may be

Upholstery Fasteners In DIY, every material has its own unique fastener, including fabrics. In upholstery, fasteners are specially designed to be malleable so you can use them exactly as you need to. Hog rings are adjustable; you simply squeeze them into position after placing each end through the fabric pieces you’re working with. Upholstery clips, which are somewhat hinge-like in appearance, come in many different shapes and sizes so you can secure big or small pieces of fabric together. Rivets When you need to strengthen a DIY project and make a secure connection between two pieces of metal, use a rivet. A metal rivet is a short pin or bolt that holds two pieces of metal securely together. Use rivets wherever an extra connection is needed, or your connection needs to be incredibly secure. Rivets aren’t usually used as primary fasteners, but rather to strengthen an existing connection. When you’re DIYing, find the right fasteners for the materials that you’re working with.

Whether you need heavy concrete bolts or rivets, there’s a fastener for every type of DIY job. Always use the right tools and materials for every DIY project, and you’ll end up with gorgeous finished results that you’ll love showing off. Lag Bolts vs Carriage Bolts Carriage bolts are just one type of common fastener that is used in many different large construction projects. For the DIY homeowner, the choices are almost endless when it comes to different kinds of screws, bolts, and other fasteners to use for their project. Sometimes there is a need for several different types of fasteners for elaborate projects like decks, children’s play areas, sheds, docks, and other similar projects. Here are some ways to discern when to use which type. Each Has Its Own Job The important point to remember when dealing with the different types of fasteners is that they have their own function that they perform. This means that a deck screw is not going to be adequate for putting up drywall. When it comes to carriage bolts and lag bolts, people often get them confused or classify them as the same thing. However, they are different in many ways. Here is a small informative guide as to whether you should use lag bolts or carriage bolts. Construction When talking about the difference between a carriage bolt and a lag bolt you must first start with the basic construction of each. The carriage bolt is more of a bolt than its lag counterpart. The carriage bolt is a straight cylinder with a flat edge. The top has a small square square neck that resists turning when it is fastened into place. This means that you have

to countersink the bolt for it to perform as it is suppose to. The lag bolt, on the other hand, has a point at the end and wide threads for use in wood construction. Uses of Carriage Bolts It is important to remember the difference in construction of the two different bolts. If you can keep this in mind, then you will be better able to distinguish what each bolt can be used for. Because of the flat end of the carriage bolt, you will need to use a washer and a nut for completing the fastening. • Pergola Construction When adjoining two pieces of wood, you can use a carriage bolt if you drill completely through them both. The carriage bolt is then inserted into the hole and secured with the washer and nut. • Docks - There are plenty of areas on a dock that will require the use of a carriage bolt. The frame and rails are just two examples. • Children’s Swingsets - One of the major uses of a carriage bolt is in the construction of a children’s playarea or swingset.

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Uses of Lag Bolts • With the pointed tip of a lag bolt, you can screw them directly into wood without needing to make a hole. This means that anytime you need extra strength in the construction, a lag bolt is commonly used. • Decks - When connecting the ledger board of a deck to a home, lag bolts make the best option because they are screwed directly into the studs. • Rafters - Building a shed, garage, or other outbuilding that requires screwing into a larger base will require a lag bolt.

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make or break your next DIY project. For every material you use for your DIY projects, there’s a dedicated fastener made for the job. Start with the right fastener for the materials you’re working with, and you’ll be able to finish the job more quickly with more beautiful results.

needed for a heavy DIY project. If you need something highly supportive, you probably should fasten it with a bolt. Toggle bolts, for example, help to distribute the load of a heavy object over a large surface area to provide support. Toggle bolts are often used to hang things from ceilings for this very reason. Timber bolts are very handy when working with wood pieces because they’re designed to prevent slippage in wood. Or, create a pivot point using shoulder bolts. Attach something to solid stone or concrete with a tough stud anchor bolt or sleeve anchor bolt, depending on the type of material you’re working with.

do it yourself

Using the right fasteners can


A new football season begins, with Platanias in Super League

History In 1942–43, AO Platanias struggled in the final Cup against the traditional rivals Talos but having significant absences, such as Galanis, who brought a gun wound in the abdomen. Although Platanias lost the match, the final had a special importance because of the shirts of the players. The jerseys were made from Nazi flags that had been stolen from the warehouses of the Germans, and residents had turned into the athletic apparel seamstresses in the village. From this fact it was introduced the red on the jerseys of the team. With the same jerseys, the team competed even against football teams of German soldiers. In 1945, the team languished due to heavy immigration and

(D “National”), but relegated the same year. For three years they fought in the First local championship Chania. In 1989, they went to the Fourth National class for two periods. In 1993, after relegation, struggled for a year in the Regional Championship and won. After relegation in 2002 they fought in the local league. Between 2002 and the period from 2008 to 2009, they played in Crete Regional Championship having a starring role collecting 305 points in total. The best, by then, football year in the history of Platanias, was the 2008–09 and after a stunning season champion emerging regional championship.

who manages to stand out from the beginning and even won the title of “champion of winter.” The last day finds Platanias in fifth in the standings with 60 points, while promotion play-offs of 2011–12 Football League the team of Chania making excellent appearances against Kallithea, Kalloni and Panachaiki to take first place and ascend to the Superleague, which is struggling in the period 2012–13 Superleague Greece, for the first time in their history, but also more generally in the history of Chania’s football. First season in Superleague The first season in Superleague Greece, Platanias finished in 9th place with 36 points. He beat historical teams of The road to the top the category such as PanaIn 2009–10 season, the team thinaikos with 2 wins home & fighting for the first time to away (totally 3 with Greek Cup Gamma Ethniki and manages, win), AEK with 1 home win after a long race effort, remain & Aris with 2 wins home in class. & away. Specifically, he won 38 points The biggest impact of this in all 34 games, finishing in season, is about eliminated 12th position in the league! Panathinaikos in Fourth Round The next year 2010–11 Football of Greek Cup on a two-legged League 2 Platanias out excel- match. lent performances and managed to finish in the 5th place. Emblem but gained promotion due to Platanias’ symbol is a red trifoKoriopolis scandal, when many lium, probably from a designteams were relegated from the er’s mistake who instead of a Football League. platanus foil, he designed a The period 2011–12 at Foot- simple trefoil. The name of the ball League starts with the village “Platanias” means “area best conditions for Platanias, of Platanus”.

for more n ews click o n http://cre tepost.gr

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already begun and Platanias F.C. is once more in Super League, representing Crete for sixth consecutive year. Athlitikos Omilos Platania Chanion (commonly referred to as Platanias F.C. or simply Platanias) is a Greek football club based in Platanias, Chania. The association was founded in 1931 by Antonis Varouxakis. The club currently competes in the Superleague for the first time in their history, after winning the promotion play-offs of 2011–12 Football League.

the civil war that caused many players to leave their homeland. In 1958, the club was reestablished by Manolis Mathioulakis and first president Emmanuel Kallitsakis playing at local third category. Then Platanias became a member of the Union of Football Associations of Chania and from the first year climbed category, where it remained until 1969. In 1970, they played for the first time in the first “local category”. In 1971 Platanias had another important game against the Renaissance Chania (today Ionia), but because of the political situation of the time, the team was punished and remained inactive until 1975. After the restoration in 1975, Platanias was reestablished, struggling to C local class, where they remained for two years and then went to B’, where they played another two years before to play in the A category. From 1980 begins the rise of Platanias, who participated in the National Amateur Championships (equivalent to the existing C “National”) contestant in Greece. After their first two matches, the team demoted and then took a radical renewal, with footballers inhabitants of Platanias. In 1985, they moved category

sports & leisure

The new football season has


September chania post  
September chania post  
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