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the CHANIA POST

December 2014 - January 2015, Issue No. 21 www.chaniapost.gr

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A. ENTRANCE & EXIT 9-11, Grigoriou 5th str. (Kolokotroni Square) B. ENTRANCE & EXIT Markou Botsari str.(opp. old cinema “Apollon”) Tel:+3028210 86066 - Fax:+3028210 86076

European Court of Auditors Three Greek airports received not-needed EU funds

24 Hour Guarded Parking

Car Wash

Privatization of Chania Airport “Giannis Daskalogiannis”

Giving the keys of tourism and economy to the Germans?

Three Greek regional airports, including Heraklion airport, which have received a combined 68.84 million euros in investments from the European Union to upgrade their infrastructure, are either not using it or didn’t need those funds in the first place, a report by of the European Court of Auditors (ECA) revealed. > p.6

ELSTAT-Eurobarometer Greeks are the most miserable Europeans

> p.13

19 Greek Olive Oils Among the World’s Best for 2014

> p.19

Exclusive interview Si Fu Mark Phillips talks to “C.P.” about Wing Chun > p. 30-31

People in Chania have not yet realized what is the meaning of the privatization of our airport, along with other 13 regional airports throughout Greece. “Giannis Daskalogiannis” will become one of the most expensive airports, there will be no more cheap fares, there will be more taxes per passenger, etc. > p.3

Public Bus Service is the Best Affordable Way to Travel to... Chania, Rethymnon, Heraklion and to all Southwestern Crete


Sports radio on the web... www.sportfmxania.gr

www.gelamou.gr... only the good news !!!

Live @ Love @ Laugh The pre – Christ- May

by Pandelis Spiridakis gelamou.gr

mas period is the best thing to “dig” in our minds and check in the year that passes and make a short review of the 2014

news. Politics, pictures, facts, news, people, sports, rumours and tv stories that became top of the top and people talk, argue and disagree or celebrate. Mixed feelings, opposite moments of a life and a year going away… Loooking into the good news that have to do with Crete and the rest of the news, the 2014 final count down month by month is as follows: January The world map with the most photographed areas on earth is good news for Crete. The results from Google maps / Google Earth , according to the photos of the users give Chania the 75th world number of the list. Bingoooooo! February George Clooney strikes the mayor of London for the Parthenon marbles. ΄΄When we are talking about real facts and not fantastic stories, the only you have to testify is the orders of Unesco΄΄. And all the greeks just loved him. March Thodoris Papadoulakis edits a video sending a message against the Destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons in the Mediterranean sea. People in Crete protest and they all agree in one thing. The only weapon against the chemical danger is the power of internet and the power of the mass effort. April Greece has 1.400 islands and everyone is crazy about them. CNN made a story and totally loved Crete Award for the best food : Crete The cretan oil , cheese, wine , meat are some trasures. The CNN story specific claims : ΄΄Crete offers the best quality in food, even if you eat at a tavern with worst rumour΄΄.

Renat Adykov and Maria Obryvalina, a young couple from Russia had the most unusual experience. They got married under the water of the cretan sea. They had to attend diving lessons, as they didn’t have a previous experience. The underwater wedding was a big surprise for everyone and their wedding video rocked all over the world. June 60.000 hippies are attacking Matala, bringing back the time of free living and sexual revolution. People from all over the world visit the MATALA FESTIVAL in a celebration of peace and love. The decades of ‘60 – ’70 connect people from all the generations , from the whole word. The hippies caves are full of people confirming that the international hippies base is here on Crete! July The most unbelievable idea is to wake up and decide to travel in the sea with an old fashioned raft…First mariners , a group of inspired people from Kithira, travelled 48 hours from Kithira to Crete with a raft from reeds. The 9 travellers fixed a 12 meters raft, trying to make a representation of the first historical trips. That’s why they fixed the raft with stone tools , the same people used at those days. August The month of the Ice Bucket mania! Everyone all over the world is in the ICE BUCKET CHALLENGE. Panic everywhere. Grandma Fotoula from Atlanta invites her relatives fron Crete and Glyfada. She tries the cold water and calls her family to do the same. The video on youtube attracted lots of greek views. September So ok , this is the month of wine harvest. But the surprise was another one : the German deputy Zozef Rief continued his vacations to the island with a harvest. The grabes he collected , were delivered to the German Parliament. He becomes from a village family too, so he immediately expressed his interest to go to Malevizi. He met cretan

CHANIA POST winegrowers, tasted the local cuisine and hospitality. ……Hey Zozef ….remember that , ok ? October Oh my God! The University of Crete gets into the 400 best of the whole world… According to “TIMES’’ it is included in the list with the 400 best universities of the world and more specific at the number 301 – 350 of the list. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014 – 2015 is published every year and has great importance for the national educational quality. November This month brought three beautiful baby surprises. Triplet babies were born in Heraklion, a phenomenon that happens one in 100.000 !!! The triplets were in three separate amniotic sacs but the unique characteristic was that they were growing from the same placenta. The fact is that they brought happiness to their parents, even though they are considered a very difficult case… December Unfortunately the last month of the year was stigmatized in a bad way. The deputy mayor in Heraklion Petros had to deal with dramatic moments, a murderous attack. Fortunately he was lucky but shocked. He claimed : ΄΄Τhey wanted to extinguish me and terrify a whole city΄΄! Ιn a very short time the 12 months, the 12 news of 2014 that were the top issues of Crete and the rest world just came to an end. And a whole new start will soon reach to the new life … People, lives, surprises or just rumous will fulfill a new year full of clear and big expectations …Let’s wish Luck & Love!

Your local free paper by FTP Publications 73, El. Venizelou str., Chania, 73100 Tel. +30 6977 295075 Owner/Publisher: FTP Publlications Web: http://www.chaniapost.eu E-mail: info@chaniapost.eu FB: http://www.facebook.com/chaniapost Twitter: @chaniapost Editors: Pandelis Giaitsis, Elpida “Hope” Katsarakis, Pandelis Spiridakis, Petros Chatzistavros, Giannis Kriaras, Nicos Lazakis, Miltiades Markatos, Giannis Venetakis, Giannis Xamonakis, Petros Marinakis, Niki Voulgarakis, Antonia Tsakirakis, Costas Nitse, Christos Panagopoulos. Advertising: Chania Post, 73, El. Venizelou str., Chania Tel. +30 6977295075 DTP: FTP Publications Printed in:

CHANIA POST... on the go Android Mac OS ECO friendly paper - Please recycle When you finish reading... give it to a friend Find CHANIA POST at the following points: CHANIA Municipal Market, Airport, Public Bus Central Station, Old Harbour, Municipal Tourist Information Desk PLATANIAS Central Square Infokiosk, Botanical Park KISSAMOS Gramvousa and Balos boats, Elafonissi, Falassarna KANDANOS-SELINO Paleochora Info Desk, Sougia, Kandanos SFAKIA Hora Sfakion Infokiosk, Loutro, Agia Roumeli, ANENDYK boats APOKORONAS Georgioupoli, Kavros, Vamos, Kalyves, Vrysses Also in Chania taxis, Limnoupolis Water Park and in selected cafes, businesses and shops throughout Chania Prefecture.

Chania... monthly shot

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editorial

(by Pavlos Mpouzis)


Privatization of Chania Airport “Giannis Daskalogiannis”

Giving the keys of tourism and economy to the Germans?

Harsh criticism by Ryanair “Greece sells the keys of the Republic to the German operator, Fraport, which we think is a bad idea”, said commercial director of Ryanair David O’Brien, commenting on the outcome of the tender for the privatisation of 14 regional airports in the country. Announcing new destinations to its network, the company claimed to have information that Fraport is only interested in the operation of regional airports between June and August, which will eject the fair for their usage, reducing as a result the airlines that do business there. “Fraport will earn more money”, capturing the “Greek islands” said O’Brien, claiming that the operator will not care about how many passengers will the airports have. “It’s the last chance”, he said. “The Germans – of Fraport – will control the key to Greece”, he said. O’Brien added that “they are now discussing to sell Athens (pp AIA) in the same monopolistic operator”, and stressed that “all air access will be under the management of the same company”. He also commented that the price of EUR 1.2 billion is only half of the amount to be paid by Greece to the European Central Bank in the coming period. “Athens is one of the most expensive – perhaps the most expensive airport in our network”, he said for the umpteenth time and noted that it is shocking how far behind is Athens, since a “private company produces super-profits, which is 67% higher per passenger compared to Heathrow”. Regional Airports: All for One and One for All “In March 2013, Kostis Hadjidakis, then transport minister had presented a concession plan for the use and operation of 21 regional airports to private parties, which were divided into two groups A and B. The plan involved: – Teams based on geographical and commercial criteria. – The creation of oligopoly conditions, nationally, and monopoly conditions at a regional level. – Competition between the two groups would be almost insignificant with each group concentrating in its region. – There would be no incentive for competitive policies between airports, due to proximity. – There would be no provision allowing the participation of a local national investment fund. – The application of a dual pricing policy would lead to an increase in airport fees, which would hinder investment initiatives and negatively affect customers, as the cost would be passed on

to the ticket. – Comparing airports in relation to charges would not serve as an incentive for airport fee reductions. – There is an urgent need to establish an Independent Economic Regulatory Authority, supported and supervised by the Competition Commission for the monitoring and supervision of applied airport charging policies. Twenty months after the announcement and the opening of tenders, it became known that the two main groups were merged into one. If this had not happened, the preferred bidders would be two out of the three, i.e. the majority would prevail. Australia has the most successful concession model in the world. The government banned prospective investors from bidding for more than one of the three major airports in Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth, so as to prevent the dominance of one investor over another. In the Greek case, the country’s three busiest airports — Thessaloniki, Rhodes and Chania – are all being handed over to one investor with the government as the other competitor.” *Extracts from an op-ed by Takis Adamidis, president of the Hellenic Aviation Society (www.metafores.gr) Fraport AG-Slentel with the best bid With an offer consisting of an upfront payment of €1.234 billion and an annual payment of €22.9 million for the life of the Concession, annually adjusted according to CPI, the FRAPORT AG – SLENTEL Ltd consortium was declared as a preferred bidder in the Regional Airports’ tender procedure (consisting in total of 14 airports in Greece). In the course of joint session of the board of directors of HRADF and the Council of Experts, the financial offers submitted by the interested investors CASA (Corporation America S.A.) – METKA S.A., FRAPORT AG – SLENTEL Ltd and VINCI Airports S.A.S. – ΑΚΤOR Concessions S.A. on 10.10.2014 for the concession of the use, operation, management and exploitation rights of 14 Greek Regional Airports (Clusters A and B) were unsealed. FRAPORT AG – SLENTEL Ltd submitted the highest offer and was declared as preferred bidder, in accordance with the terms of the Request for Proposal. The amount submitted by the preferred bidder was substantially higher than the independent appraisal and the next best offer. Specifically, the preferred bidder offered for Group A an upfront payment of €609 million and an annual payment for the life of the Concession of €11.3 million annually adjusted according to CPI and €625 million and €11.6 mil-

lion for Group B respectively. Investments expected to be implemented over a period of four years amount to approximately to €330 million while investments for the duration of the concession will amount approximately to €1.4 billion. These investment amounts are over and above the upfront and the annual fees offered by the preferred bidder. HRADF Chairman, Emmanuel Kondylis stated: “The participation in the tender and the bids submitted by leading international companies in the field of construction and airport management are the greatest proof of the confidence shown by in ternational investors in the prospects of our country”. HRADF CEO, Paschalis Bouchoris, also stated: “The concession awarded will substantially enhance the infrastructure quality and level of passenger service, through a better maintenance, operation and development of the airports. This privatization not only upgrades the airports but facilitates and promotes the tourism in our country.” Fraport’s official announcement Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide and its partner Copelouzos Group have been selected as preferred investor for a 40-year operating concession by the Hellenic Republic Assets Development Fund (HRADF) for 14 regional airports in Greece: including Aktio, Chania (Crete), Kavala, Kefalonia, Kerkyra (Corfu), Kos, Mitilini, Mykonos, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Thessaloniki – Greece’s second largest city – and Zakynthos. Combined, these airports served a total of about 19.1 million passengers in 2013. The total purchase price of 1,234 million euros will be paid by the time of closing, expected in the autumn of 2015. Fraport AG will hold a majority share in the consortium. Against strong international competition, Fraport and Copelouzos delivered a convincing bid to win the privatization tender for these Greek airports. Fraport AG’s executive board chairman Dr. Stefan Schulte expressed satisfaction with this latest new expansion of the company’s international portfolio: “The Greek regional airports add another airport investment with dynamic development potential. The choice for Fraport underscores our position as a leading global airport manager. Our extensive knowhow gained over many decades will contribute to expanding and strengthening the competitive position of the Greek regional airports.” As new owner, the Fraport/Co-

New tax in regional airports after their privatization According to an article at “Newspaper of Journalists”, there will be a new tax after the privatization of regional airports. The new tax will be 14.5 euros per departing passenger for the first five years (construction period). After this period, the tax will be raised to 20 euros!

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ized what is the meaning of the privatization of our airport, along with other 13 regional airports throughout Greece. “Giannis Daskalogiannis” will become one of the most expensive airports, there will be no more cheap fares, there will be more taxes per passenger, etc. It seems like there will be a major change in our local economy, just because... the Greek government wants to sell... everything, even some regional airports -like Chania airport- which bring major profits to the economy every year.

pelouzos consortium will be responsible for maintaining, operating, managing, upgrading and developing the 14 gateways of international tourism until 2055. The mainland airports include Aktio (PVK), Kavala (KVA) and Thessaloniki (SKG). The remaining eleven are located on the Greek islands of Corfu/Kerkyra (CFU), Crete/Chania (CHQ), Kefalonia (EFL), Kos (KGS), Mitilini (MJT), Mykonos (JMK), Rhodes (RHO), Samos (KGS), Santorini (JTR), Skiathos (JSI) and Zakynthos (ZTH). The founder and chairman for mor e news click on of Copelouzos Group, http://ch aniapost.gr Dimitris Copelouzos, stressed the project’s importance at the local, national and international level: “Modernization of the airports will allow us, via reliable and safer transportation services, to further enhance Greek tourism continuously – thus empowering competitiveness of the local and national economies and generating new jobs. Our goal is to create airport gateways that meet the growing needs and expectations of the Greek people as well as visitors from around the globe.” Greece ranks among the world’s top 10 countries in terms of the number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Tourism is a key sector of the Greek economy, accounting for about 18 percent of the country’s GDP. According to the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the number of international tourists visiting Greece grew by 17 percent in the first half of 2014. This continues the strong performance of last year when Greece welcomed some 18 million international tourists (up 16 percent) who generated 16 billion U.S. dollars for the economy (up13 percent). The country is striving to exceed 20 million tourists per year – double Greece’s population.

in the spotlight

People in Chania have not yet real-


“A few words about our hospital” Quite recently I injured my shoulder

and a good friend of mine drove me to Chania Hospital. I was worried about all the usual things, (being that I am a foreigner here and my Greek is limited!) My concerns were mainly that I might not get myself understood or that I might not understand what was being said to me and silly thoughts that I might spend all day going around the Hospital trying to find the right department. On arrival because it on ck was a weekend there was cli ws for more ne .eu st no one to man the receppo ia http://chan tion desk. To the right of reception is the cafe/mini market and to the left on the back wall are two blue boards with white writing. One in English and one in Greek they are side by side. I took a photo of these on my phone (you could just write down the Greek so you know what to look for) this is important because in the whole of the hospital this is the only English writing you will see. It shows each floor and each department. There are also coloured lines on the floor, red, yellow, orange, there may be more but these are all I can remember. So in my case I needed accident and emergency which was on the ground floor so I knew the sign to look out for, the signs are mostly over head and by the lifts on the wall. When I got there, there was a desk with two ladies on and I waited my turn (only ten minutes.)

(Being British I hardly wanted to make a scene) However the sign says emergency so if you have one then you make some noise. Anyway they ask for your details and what the problem is and what insurance you have. I was very happy to hand over my Interamerican card, what an excellent policy cover that is. So I then was told to go through the first set of double doors on the left. This was orthopaedics, they also took my details and told me to take a seat back in the waiting area and they would call my name. (Thinking back to previous experiences in the UK I thought this might take some time). However only ten minutes later I was called in through the double doors again. I was seen by the chief Orthopaedic consultant who sent me for an x-ray (that is the Orange line) the A and E staff gives you a ticket for the x-ray. Again I waited no time at all and I went back through the double doors and gave them the x-ray. I could not believe I had the results straight after. I waited to be called. Again ten minutes later I was through the double doors. The x-ray showed no breaks or dislocation so I was happily relieved. They diagnosed it was tendons and probably a pulled muscle. I was prescribed some drugs and told I should make an outpatients appointment for some physiotherapy after about a week. Feeling really hungry after our eventful day we decided to treat ourselves to a

ham and cheese toast from the big cafe in the entrance hall. After waiting a ridiculously long time for the toast I went up to the counter with my strapped up arm! Only to see over the top of it, a guilty person eating my toast! She was like a rabbit caught in the headlights. In her defence I was not mad in fact I laughed, as I assumed she thought we had gone and forgotten about them (even though we had paid for them before hand). So again we waited for the second lot and were still laughing at what had happened. This time my friend went to the counter just in time to see the next two making their way to the kitchen! I have to say my friend was losing it by this stage and in her best Greek said something like this “if our toast is not ready in the next two minutes etc...” So to sum up over a ham and cheese toast. The care and efficiency from the people who work at the hospital was impressive and re-assuring. I had nothing to worry about. I would like to publicly thank them. It is important to understand that due to the economic situation here they are working under difficult situations and low funding but that does not stop them doing their best for us. My advice to you would be to have a few words written down if possible, the pain you are in and where and how long you have had it. I also think it is very important to have a note that says

by Christina Westgate, Kalyves/Crete if you are allergic to anything, diabetic or asthmatic etc. Although as I said; someone always understands what you are saying. My most important piece of advice! Eat before you go there or take your own toast! There are two mini markets in the hospital the larger one is where you purchase, bed pans or urine bottles, small bowl. If you or your loved one is a patient you will need these items as due to low funding they are not readily available. You can hire nurses for the day or night, you can ask at the desk that is in the ward, they have contact details. Be aware that they cannot always come straight away. (Although there are doctors and nurses, on the ward for your treatment and care). The duties required (for instance washing the person) are normally done by a close family member as is the Greek way. If you are reading this from your ward, then above all try and relax and know you are in good hands and I WISH YOU THE BEST RECOVERY. I would like to help raise some money for the hospital not to be lost on administration but to purchase items that are needed or to have a fund that can be used if a patient or patient’s family cannot afford the essentials. My goal is to buy a wheelchair or two! So if you feel you would like to do something please contact THE CHANIA POST.

“Memorandum” or another word for expressing extortion

news & articles

by Chris Panagopoulos Ermocratis.com

For the last few days, Greek citizens have been observing their governmental coalition, formed by the New Democracy and PASOK, attempting to reach an agreement with the troika’s representatives, to complete the financial evaluation concerning the bailout program the country is currently trying to implement. Officials, like Finance Minister, Gkikas Hardouvelis, talk about “tough negotiations”, but the very nature of these two words seems resonating something completely different and, moreover, obscure. It seems as if Greece was Europe’s “naughty student”, who awaits spanking due to his persistence to defy authority. But even the word defiance seems no accurate at all; taking into consideration the fact the government struggles to make its citizens believe that she’s

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Will you finally be good kids ??? San-

ta Claus is coming to town! Christmas mood and bubble bubble shiny stuff with a lot of santa juice is the sweetest one way road…Oh crazy , sweet and naughty December you make my heart sing , you make everything sing … Lets all get dizzy and grab the kid inside us Cause when the fairy tale comes true , the santa madness comes back in Chania The happiest joyful idea was born in Chania and every year the Santa syndrome brings people together. It’s all about the parody of the famous ΄΄SANTA RUN΄΄ all over the world… Thousands of crazy Santas walk in the city for good cause, to help children foundations… The whole town gets so red , the roads

trying hard to put an end to the Troika’s lust for more austerity measures, the whole image produces something absurd, and even more grotesque. Greece’s creditors demand major cutoffs in pensions and salaries, more taxes to burden the heavily affected by the financial crisis and unemployment citizens and, at the same time, want the country to make a turn towards development. What kind of development? A trip to Central Macedonia, in Northern Greece, would be enough to convince everybody that industrial production has already sustained major damage, due to cut-offs and taxation. Youth unemployment in Epirus, Thrace and, yes, even in Crete has been skyrocketing for the last years. Greeks know it very well: there are no negotiations, only extortion in its most

brutal form. One cannot start talking about negotiations when not all the parties involved in them are talking equally. And this is most frustrating and produces even more anger. Problem is that, nowadays, elections seem inevitable and every excuse or scaremongering if there will be a Left government doesn’t seem to touch the voters’ sentiments. After all, in a democratic political system, a party must always be put to test, when it’s time for it to take over power. And where others seem to fail, elections should not be treated as a curse. Vote was not, is not and should not be considered in the future as a “carte blanche” given by people to a governing party every four years. This was the very reason that governments have been showing signs of corruption for the last 30 years.

Santa Claus is coming to town

are full of totally red Santa creatures that walk, sing , dance and enjoy the giving spirit of those days…Giving to the right point! That’s the whole meaning. Once upon a time a group of crazy people had the idea , to organize a Cretan Santa Run with a reverse sense of humour and an important goal : collect money for charity, for the kids that need help , attention and a loving huge sin-

cere smile! And numbers talk by themselves.. 2011 – 400 Santas 2012 – 1500 Santas 2013 – 3000 Santas : 38.733 euro And here we come to 2014…The absolut Santa comfuzio will bring joy and hope Santa Claus is coming to …Chania on December 27th …and he will make the city happier

In my opinion, Greeks are no more eager to succumb in this scaremongering of the “world’s end”. Dilemmas put by Prime Minister, Antonis Samaras, during the country’s elections that citizens had to choose between “order and chaos” are no longer believable. In fact, it’s time SYRIZA prove that everything its leader, the 40-year-old Alexis Tsipras, said during the International Fair of Thessaloniki in September is viable and will consist the “other way”. Reuters claimed a few days ago that he’s currently a “pending Prime Minister”. Personally, I don’t know how he will fare even as an “active Prime Minister”, but he will definitely have to show how his wannabe government will finance the program he so widely announced. But, before that, we shall if elections will take place. And that, is another story…

with the message of helping, supporting and giving. Boys, girls, couples, parents with their baby kids, younger , older even visitors from the close towns and villages will multiplie happiness , celebration and love… The ultimate Santa meeting is a fact that travels all over Crete, Greece from chimney to chimney to prove that little miracles happen among people Love runs out there with the sound of happiness… The Cretan vesion of Christmas spirit is big , smiley and full of thousands Santas that gives love a big chance Happy Christmas to everyone …with XL wishes and loud smiles in front of the fireplace PS…Be good kids cause Santas will find you everywhere! Pantelis Spyridakis


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“Medical Haven?”

An

English friend remarked to me the other day, “You know, the Greeks do illness really well.” Ah, something by Giannis Xamonakis positive for once, I thought, from apokoronasnews.gr someone who regularly complains about the antiquated banking system, the way bills are paid, the restrictions on buying anything with wheels and the need for a pile of documents, preferably from a government office inconveniently located 20 miles away, stamped and signed by the appropriate authorities, together with an electricity bill, to do almost anything short of buying half a kilo of mince at the local butcher’s. But I was also mystified - what on earth did she mean? “Well,” she continued, “whatever you think is wrong with you can always be sorted here. In Crete most p e op l e have one illness or another and they are amazed if on you aren’t on some sort for more news click r of medication by the http://chaniapost.g time you’re fifty. In England, on the other hand, although the NHS is a wonderful institution, how many times have you visited your doctor with a medical worry only to be told you’re fine and you don’t need a blood test or a bone scan or some other kind of treatment you think you should have? And if you’re lucky and have a sympathetic GP, he or she may refer you to a specialist or send you for tests, which, of course, are free, but it takes months to get an appointment and even longer to get the results. Here in Crete we have instant access to medical laboratories, radiologists, specialists – not free but

costing a fraction of what it would be in the UK if you decided to pay for private treatment. It’s a hypochondriac’s haven here – whatever your ailment, it can be diagnosed and a pill can be found, or an operation carried out, to fix it in no time at all.” True or just a case of misinterpretation of the Greek reality? My English friend, who doesn’t have Greek medical insurance (IKA), had just returned from the local radiologist where she had been referred for an abdominal scan at a cost of just €40, which she considered a bargain. A small price to pay for a quick, same-day diagnosis and some peace of mind, one way or the other. Her observation about the Greek relationship to drugs is quite accurate. I get the same impression whenever I pop into the chemist’s myself and see how many British people are waiting to get their prescriptions, for blood pressure and other cardiovascular conditions (from what I can make out), and I ask myself how many of these anxious patients would have been told by their UK doctors to control their condition through lifestyle changes. And yet here we are, living in Crete, the birthplace of the Mediterranean diet, the land where, until recently, the local people enjoyed the longest life expectancy in Europe, an achievement attributed to their lifestyle, smoking habits notwithstanding. When you look at the wider picture though, you realise that it isn’t just in Crete that the population is drug happy. According to the annual data published by the country’s main healthcare

provider, some 65 million medical prescriptions for a total of 200 million packets of medication are issued every year in Greece, along with 100 million referrals for medical tests, several times more than in other European Union countries. The number of prescriptions issued in Greece is the same as those in Spain, which has a population five times the size of Greece’s. And Greeks don’t visit their doctor as often as people in other European countries do. As for CT and MRI scans, more than 1.5 million referrals were issued in Greece over the last year – 50% more than the average rate in Western European countries. But does this mean that Greek medical practitioners sort out your ailments efficiently, as my friend seemed to be suggesting? If we leave aside the political management of the health system, whose muddled thinking leads to odd decisions (130 new scanner licences were issued last year to private clinics, while at the same time the budget for referrals to these clinics was being cut back). And if we also ignore the fact that papers are full of stories of corruption in the health service, ranging from bribes to doctors, to doctors prescribing expensive drugs to non-existing patients, it seems that most of the British residents are positive about the medical care they receive in this country. Another testimony was that of an acquaintance who came out of hospital recently, after a major operation for a

potentially life-threatening condition. She, too, was happy with the overall treatment she received on her Greek IKA health insurance, even comparing it favourably to the treatment she would have received in the UK. Happy that is, once she and her husband got accustomed to the Greek reality - having to wait 4 days for an ‘urgent’ CT scan, thus necessitating a sneak visit to a private radiologist to speed things up. But they were never expected to bribe the surgeon as, it is often reported, Greek patients are. Naturally, this doesn’t mean that everyone is happy with the Greek health service. I don’t think that the three million Greeks who are left uninsured as a result of the crisis, and who can’t pay for their medical care, would hesitate to say that health care in this country leaves a lot to be desired and would happily swap the Greek system for the NHS. Nor are the overworked medical staff, who have to manage with fewer and fewer resources as the government, in its wisdom, is cutting back across the board in its disorganised efforts to reduce costs. But while there is still time and resources are still available, I think I’ll take another look at my medical encyclopaedia. Six hundred pages of stuff that can kill you, and that’s before you get on to the internet. And if I have some tests done soon, I’m sure I’ll find an ailment to suit me, with the right medication to boot. Have a Happy, Healthy Christmas.

European Court of Auditors

Three Greek airports received not-needed EU funds

Three Greek regional airports, which

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news & articles

have received a combined 68.84 million euros in investments from the European Union to upgrade their infrastructure, are either not using it or didn’t need those funds in the first place, a report by of the European Court of Auditors (ECA) revealed. The report looked at investments in 20 airports in Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain and Estonia, which absorbed more than 666 million euros in the period 20002013 through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion fund (CF), and concluded that only half of those really needed funding from the EU. The auditors found that the infrastructure which had been built with those funds are often underutilized, while 38-million-euro-worth of infrastructure is not used at all.

Concerning Greece, the auditors investigated the effectiveness of investments made in Thessaloniki’s “Macedonia” airport, which received 54 million euros between 2001-2009, in the airport of Heraklion, Crete, which received 9.24 million euros between 2001-2005 and in the Aristotelis airport of Kastoria, which received 5.6 million euros from 1999-2003. Overall, the Court found that these three airports have offered minimal regional benefits – like job creation – and are not very profitable. For “Macedonia” airport, auditors concluded that part of the infrastructure funded with 7 million euros is not being used. The airport’s two new cargo buildings and a parking space are closed, while only one of the two renovated cargo buildings were in use during the inspection. The airport in Kastoria, along with five

Spanish airports and one in Italy are categorised as “not profitable” and “not financially viable” and are all small, regional airports with less than 100,000 passengers per year and may need to close, unless they receive continuous public economic support, the report said. Overall, the investments made in all audited airports didn’t have the expected benefits and are not very profitable. This was due to the lack of proper airport planning, the disproportionate size of the project compared to the number of aircraft and passengers they service, as well as the fact that some of these airports are close to each other. Only half of the airports funded by the EU reported an increase in passenger traffic, while for more than half of these, the real increase in air traffic was grossly overestimated in the initial forecasts. For most of the airports, there was little evidence that investments improved customer service or had positive socio-economic effects. In its conclusion, the Court noted that air traffic in Europe

is expected to double by 2030, adding that “if Europe wants to respond to this additional demand, both the Commission and the member-states will have to improve the way they invest in airports, funding only those that profitable and present a real investment need.” ANA-MPA


V.A.T discharge for U.S Navy personel

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Regulated Professions : A Theoretical Explanation by Professor Constantin Zopounidis Ph.D., Academician, Technical University of Crete, & Audencia Nantes School of Management, President of the Financial Engineering and Banking Society and Professor Emilios Galariotis Ph.D. (Dunelm) HDR, Audencia Nantes School of Management, Director Centre for Financial and Risk Management

The

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mysterious decline and fall of great empires and civilizations as well as the remarkable rise in both wealth and power of nations that were peripheral and lacking noteworthy cultural achievements have puzzled a plethora of scientists. Mancur Olson fully explains this phenomenon in his book “The Rise and Decline of Nations”. The economic theory that he proposes will dominate economic thought and the governments of the 21st century. The imposing empires on ck of China declined due to cli ws ne e or m r fo r .g st the uprising of Mongolic po ia an ch :// tp ht people. The Aztec empire was a succession of realms or civilizations, each of which was displaced from a previously obscure race. The major city-states of Greece were eventually supplanted by the Romans. The fall of the Roman Empire in the West and its defeat by scattered tribes that would otherwise be insignificant, is still one of the many examples. In the 17th century the previously insignificant Low Countries became the center of economic growth, while in the 18th century the industrial revolution started in England and not in the then much stronger France. Moreover, England was not able to hold the torch of the revolution even in its peak, and at the second half of the 19th century it passed it on to Germany and South American countries. Despite their WWII economic calamity, Japan and Germany achieved economic miracles and are still prospering today, while England that was never conquered, continually loses power. What is also remarkable is the rate of development experienced by the founding members of the Common Market of 1957. The United States, an aeon after the adoption of their constitution became the world’s largest economy. At the same time, France suffered four cases of partial or total occupation during the last 200 years and yet managed to prosper. There exist decelerating factors that impede economic growth in some countries and epochs, while the absence or dissolution of such impediments in other countries or times acts as an accelerator of economic growth. The above mentioned decelerating factors are private special interest groups such as consortia of similar enterprises (cartels), lobbies (including collusion groups that lack official recognition), trade unions, farmers’ associations, syndicates etc. that continuously struggle to achieve favorable changes, protective legislation, and a higher price or wage for their members. The so called ‘France of small privileges’ has captured the headlines of French media recently. Indeed, soon (in October) the French Government, will be deciding on the fate of some closed-regulated professions. As soon as the French Government started considering the elimination of all such professions, tens of thousands of trade unionists spanning different professions flooded the roads of Metropolises aiming to safeguard their past attainments and to compel the government to withdraw what they find to be an outrageous bill. The aim of the French government is, like any other government, to strengthen with this bill the purchasing power

of its citizens. The General Inspectorate of Public Revenues put under the microscope 37 regulated professions that currently have no economic justification other than to merely serve their members. In this article we will examine the theoretical explanation of the phenomenon of protected professions through the analysis of the book of Mancur Olson. Theoretical approach According to Mancur Olson, the unconstrained action of such groups/organizations that act counter to the public interest and to the common good of society is primarily responsible for the decline of economies and societies because they have the following effects: Effect 1: private interest organizations achieve better income for their members through protective legislation, to the detriment of other populous layers of society that cannot be ‘organized’ because of their size and the lack of selective incentives to do so. Effect 2: Stable societies with inflexible “social borders” tend to accumulate more collusion and to experience an upsurge on the number of private interest groupings over time. On the contrary, in countries devastated by war or other causes, organizations of private interests were dissolved, and these countries developed rapidly, e.g. Japan, Germany, Taiwan, Hong Kong, etc. Effect 3: Members of ‘small’ groups have disproportionate organizational power for collective action. This disproportion declines but does not disappear over time in stable societies. Effect 4: Overall, special interest organizations and collusion groups make governance very difficult and reduce the efficiency and the aggregate income of the societies within which they act. This happens because they are engaged with the distribution of wealth to their members and not with the production of wealth (through back stage -lobbying- actions that aim at changing laws that increase and protect members’ prices and tax their income at lower tax rates). Simply, these organizations transform into distributive relays that dispense easy wealth to their members. Effect 5: If such organizations act as encompassing ones, that promote the general economy but at the same time earn part of the overall benefit for their members -something that is very rare, then they have an incentive to make the society within which they operate more prosperous; and an incentive to redistribute income to the members with the least possible excess financial externalities; and to cease such redistribution if the amount redistributed is not substantial in relation to the social costs of the redistribution. Effect 6: The distributional clusters make decisions more slowly than do the individuals and the businesses that make them up; they tend to have overloaded daily schedules and negotiation agendas, and most often regulate prices rather than quantities. For example, price cartels take a long time (2-3 years) to adjust prices to new conditions and often rather than decreasing them the hold them steady or increase them. Effect 7: The distributional clusters decelerate a society’s capacity to adopt new technologies and to reallocate resources in response to changing conditions, thereby reducing the rate of

economic growth. More specifically, new technologies are not exploited to increase productivity, and economic resources remain invested in outdated technologies, which in turn reduces the competitiveness of the economy. Effect 8: If the distributional clusters become quite large, they try to block the entry of new members and seek to limit the diversity of the incomes and of the values of their members. Effect 9: The accumulation of distributional clusters in a country increases the legal framework complexity, as well as the role of government and the complexity of perceptions, and it changes the direction of social evolution. Motivation for productivity declines, at the same time that the incentive to pursue a larger share of income through protective laws increases. Rather than developing a competition for production and satisfaction of customer needs, there is a development of perverse competition for legislative protection of members, and by virtue of it, an income distribution to members of the group. The poor and unemployed are not able to organize themselves to cope with the exploitation they suffer from the lobbies of distributive clusters. On the contrary, large companies or wealthy individuals can get organized into a lobby with relative ease. The slow adoption of new technologies, the failure of the economy to adapt, the focus on the distribution of the “pie” and not on an increase of the “pie”, due to the abovementioned consequences of the activities of private interest groups, lead to the stiffness of society, the absence of reforms, and the lack of competitiveness, which result to the gradual decline of the economy and of society. Unemployment grows, social inequality widens and prudent governance is prevented/obstructed. Even if some temporary economic growth is achieved, this is accompanied by high unemployment (stagflation to some extent). Moreover, efforts for change or reforms and the adaptability of society, fail due to the strong resistance of groups of private interests that persist to the point that the economy and society fail and crumble. What should be done Smart solutions for the problem of the decline of nations will come from abandoning regulation that favors private special interests and turns them into distributive income clusters to their members. At the same time the implementation of strict laws is required against price cartels and collusion groups that use their power to achieve prices or wages that are above the orthological competitive levels of the economy. These can halt/reverse the accumulated damages that distributive clusters create to society and the economy. These solutions do not require resources to be implemented, all they require is smart and decisive long-term public policies on the role of private interests, which could effectively deal with stagflation, unemployment, reduced growth and social rigidities. Such solutions will bring on their own significant social and economic development in any country they are applied. For the current situation in France but also in any country of S. Europe, it is

important to be able to set up businesses and to motivate innovation. Real innovations comes from the younger generation, who can open and develop markets and in turn recruit other young people. Unemployment rate for youth under 25 is 23.3% in the Eurozone (53.7% in Spain, 51.5% in Greece, 44.2% in Italy), but if this generation is supported and embraced, it can achieve a new productivity not only in the above countries but also in in the French economy, that will lead it back to the path of growth. Bibliography: Mancur Olson, “The Rise and the Decline of Nations. Economic Growth, Stagflation and Social Rigidities”. 1982, Yale University.

Who was Mancur Olson Mancur Lloyd Olson, Jr. (January 22, 1932 – February 19, 1998) was an American economist and social scientist. From 1967 until his death in 1998 he was a Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland, College Park. His most influential contributions were in institutional economics, and in the role which private property, taxation, public goods, collective action and contract rights play in economic development. In his first book, The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups (1965), he theorized that what stimulates people to act in groups is incentive; members of large groups do not act in accordance with a common interest unless motivated by personal gain (economic, social, etc.). While small groups can act on shared objectives, large groups will not work towards shared objectives unless their individual members are sufficiently motivated. In 1982, he expanded the scope of his earlier work in an attempt to explain The Rise and Decline of Nations (1982). He argues that groups such as cotton-farmers, steel-producers, and labor unions have an incentive to form lobby groups and influence policies in their favor. These policies will tend to be protectionist, which will hurt economic growth; but because the benefits of such policies are concentrated, and their costs are diffused throughout the whole population, there will be little public resistance to them. As distributional coalitions accumulate, nations burdened by them will fall into economic decline. His work influenced the formulation of the Calmfors–Driffill hypothesis of collective bargaining. In his final book, Power and Prosperity (2000), Olson distinguished between the economic effects of different types of government, in particular, tyranny, anarchy and democracy. Olson argued that a “roving bandit” (under anarchy) only has an incentive to steal and destroy, whilst a “stationary bandit” (a tyrant) has an incentive to encourage a degree of economic success, since he will expect to be in power long enough to take a share of it. A stationary bandit thereby begins to take on the government function of protecting citizens and their property against roving bandits. In the move from roving bandits to stationary bandits Olson sees the seeds of civilization, paving the way eventually for democracy, which by giving power to those who align with the wishes of the population, improves incentives for good government.


watched a TV program recently about UK railways in the 20th Century. It made me think about how railways have changed and reflected current attitudes. Trains are now more reliable and thus more punctual. To me, present trains are noisy, packed and uncomfortable. About 30 years ago, where I lived, we still had carriages with compartments that led to corridors. In the compartment there was a knob that might provide some heat in that compartment. There was lighting from a lamp (or lamps) in the ceiling and each seat had its own lamp, which the passenger could turn on or off. There were blinds on all the windows and the door but even with all the lighting in the compartment switched on the area was not overlit. When I was a kid I remember we would leave a dimly lit station at night and very soon the dim street lights disappeared as we travelled into the countryside between stations. Very, very rarely I might see the headlights of a car or the lights from a farmhouse and usually the only way I knew we were approaching the next stop was because the train slowed. Eventually out of the window a few street lights might be seen before the lights of the station. How different now! The carriages are very brightly lit but even with that internal lighting, at night you can see car headlight after car headlight and street and road lighting all over the countryside. The towns and stations are also extremely brightly lit. Here on Crete, our house has a small window at the top of our stairwell and from there we can see part of the hill behind Gavalohori towards Vamos. When we first moved in the hill was dark at night. Now this hill is lit by many street lights. This not only shows how many new houses have been built recently but also it made me think about how much is made of these lights. I reckon maybe their real use is 0.01% of the time they are lit and probably less than that. Then I thought of the cost/benefit ratio and the real costs, when all are considered are immense: the materials and energy used to create the lamp, the light, connecting cables, screws, earthing, maintenance and for many lights here in Greece, the meter, meter box, and the costs of reading the meter and invoicing. So when you consider these costs, affect on climate change and the light pollution at night are these lights worth it based on their effective usage? This is not an adverse comment about our local authority as this is worldwide and to be fair the number of street

lights on rural Crete is a fraction compared to other countries. The main question is whether the total cost of many of the billions of streetlights is worth the environmental damage? We as a race have an obsession with the use of energy and the use has increased enormously over the last generation (cars, plane travel, electronics, street lighting etc). About 30 years ago I ran a course over 10 weeks on basic conservation and ecology. I determined that the last session would be a summary and the week before I would explain about global warming and the ozone layer. At that time the Media were talking about the Earth sinking into a new Ice Age so I got some very strange looks. Since then the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has increased enormously and most people realise there is a serious problem but not one nation seems to be able to take a lead and really deal with the causes. I suppose this is because the voting population would rebel as was exemplified in Asia recently when petrol costs were increased enormously in one country. Present day solutions include solar and wind farms but neither is ideal. Solar farms are not an ideal solution as they are often an eyesore and not positioned on land that could not be used for agriculture or Nature. Underneath, there is little opportunity for carbon dioxide to be removed from the atmosphere during photosynthesis as few plants are able to grow there.

So what about wind farms as there are proposals for some on Crete. Let us consider a few things: I suppose the most obvious problem is the intrusion they have on the landscape especially as they are usually placed on tops of hills or mountains when located on land. As an artist I can ignore them in paintings, but unlike the small, old, quaint windmills of UK or Holland or the Lasithi Plateau these pieces of machinery are huge. But there are also dangers to wildlife and I provide three examples: Last year an article in ‘BioScience’ in the USA put the number of bats killed directly or indirectly at wind energy locations in the USA in the year 2012 at a staggering 600,000 (the researchers feel this figure could be under-estimated by as much as 50%). The bats either collide with the blades or are killed by the trauma of the sudden change in air pressure caused by the fast-rotating blades. Many people do not like bats, often because of old-wive’s tales, but the majority are not just insect eaters but also important pollinators. This is disastrous as adult pairs in almost all bat species only produce one young per year and populations the world over are already under stress because of climate change, habitat destruction, loss of roosting sites and disease. Last year, a large energy supplier in the US was found guilty of the deaths of eagles at wind farms in Wyoming. It agreed to pay a fine of one million dollars. The company was found guilty of contravening the Migratory Bird Treaty

Act and killing 14 eagles in the previous three years. The number of large birds killed at wind farms in the for more news click on US is a matter of conjec- http://chaniapost.gr ture but has been estimated at about 67 in 10 states over the last five years but probably much higher as I expect many deaths are ‘hidden’. The birds may be scouring the ground for food and do not see the rotating blades. I feel that they may have to concentrate harder because of the noise created by the blades. And in one similarity to the bat problem, they are sucked in by the fast moving blades via a vortex as strong as a tornado. Finally, if we consider wind farms at sea there are huge problems for marine life, mainly from the noise and vibration. It is well known that marine mammals are greatly disturbed by noise but recently scientists in the USA have discovered that fish larvae of a species they were investigating made clicks and other sounds as a means of communicating with each other and adults. These noises are, obviously, very quiet and the noise from one turbine, even a large distance away, will destroy this means of communication. In summary, there are no easy ways out of the effects of climate change and as a race we seem unable to rein in our use of energy. So was the dimness of night time train journeys in my youth superior to the brightness and use of energy nowadays? Or is it just nostalgia?

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by David Capon

news & articles

“From Nostalgia to Wind Farms”


A Hotel in Lassithi Included in Top 10 Best Family-friendly Beach Hotels in the World

The St Nicolas Bay Resort Hotel &

Villas on Crete in Greece has been included in the top 10 best family-friendly beach hotels in the world, according to a list compiled by The Telegraph. St Nicolas bay is a luxury private beach resort on the way from Agios Nikolaos to Elounda. This bungalow style resort and the private pool villas expand in a small peninsula viewing both the spectacular Gulf of Mirabello Bay and on for more news click the old cosmopolitan http://chaniapost.eu fishing village of Aghios Nikolaos.

Mediterranean in character, the resort blends fresh and airy contemporary design with good service, fine cuisine and top-notch amenities. “The sandy coastline is limited to one little cove, but there’s a full watersports program. There is also a kids’ club (geared for very young children), though most children will be in the water at the sheltered and safe beach.” – The Telegraph The other favorite family-friendly beach hotels worldwide include: Le Pirogue, Mauritius; Turtle Beach, Barbados; Le Royal Meridien Beach Resort & Spa, Dubai; Carlisle Bay, An-

tigua; Six Senses Yao Noi, Phuket; The Ritz-Carlton Abama, Tenerife; Princesa

University of Crete Says Tourism School Operation is Impossible

Ierapetra Among World’s First Green Holiday Destinations Top 100

The

The operation of an undergraduate

news & articles

tourism studies program at its campus is not feasible, the University of Crete said. According to media reports, the University authorities cited lack of funds and planning in a statement issued immediately after Education minister Andreas Loverdos and Tourism minister Olga Kefalogianni announced late last month the creation of a double tourism studies program at the universities of Crete and the Aegean. In a joint statement, University of Crete president Euripides Stephanou and the head of the School Board Grigoris

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Sifakis said that Mr. Loverdos’ recent announcement for the creation of undergraduate tourism studies at the university were unfounded. The statement underlines that feasibility of the proposed undergraduate studies program would require detailed planning, the employment of trained teaching staff, the construction of infrastructure that would host the classes and adequate funding. The statement added that even if the above conditions were met, the establishment of such a program at the University would not be possible within the next year.

Yaiza, Lanzarote; Anassa, Cyprus; and Mandarin Oriental Bodrum, Turkey.

Greek destinations of Alonissos, Athos area, Ierapetra, Naxos and Samothrace have been named in the inaugural Sustainable Destinations Global Top 100, a joint initiative of Green Destinations and Totem Tourism. The Sustainable Destinations Global Top 100 celebrates the management efforts of the world’s most sustainable tourist destinations. The five Greek destinations join a host of well-known global destinations in the Top 100 list, including Vancouver (Canada), Barcelona and La Palma-The Canaries (Spain), New Forest National Park (UK), the Paphos region (Cyprus) and Wild Coast (Africa). The list is the result of open calls in the social media, followed by a selection

process involving 30 international experts. The Sustainable Destinations Global Top 100 present ratings of overall destination sustainability according to the only available global assessment tool for this purpose: the Global Sustainable Tourism Review, GSTR. In addition to the GSTR rating, the website presents the scores given by Green Destinations Selection Panel members to destinations’ performance on six key criteria: Nature, Environment, Culture & Tradition, Social well-being, Green Economy and certified Green Tourism Policy. The latter criterion, corresponding to certification using the GSTC destination criteria, is given the highest weight of all criteria. The Top 100 includes all certified destinations of Quality Coast, Biosphere, and EarthCheck.

Apokoronas Council takes over food distribution

Steering Group of Χείρα Βοηθείας issued this Statement It is a matter of great regret that we have to acknowledge that we have reached a parting of the ways with the Municipal Authority of Mayor Charalambos Koukianakis. Despite our persistent efforts to develop a dialogue and co-operation with the new Municipal Authority of Apokoronas, it is now clear that the Municipality has a fundamentally different approach to the distribution of food to those in need in Apokoronas. Our Christmas distribution – the largest one yet, reaching out to support 308 families which include more than 400 children – will be our last. With immediate effect we are temporarily suspending all fund-raising activities and re-calling the Red Boxes. Χείρα Βοηθείας has worked for the last 2½ years to provide food bags to support all those in need in Apokoronas. We have raised money from supporters and encouraged people to donate items of food, using the Red Boxes we have placed in shops across the Municipality. The new Municipal Authority of Mayor Charalambos Koukianakis has decided on a different approach.

Whereas we provided food bags containing non-perishable goods every 6 weeks, the Municipality has decided to include fresh meat, fruit etc and to do so every month. We do not have the financial or human resources to do this. We have also voiced our concerns about supplying fresh produce which has to be stored at specific temperatures and under specific conditions. The health and safety issues are an onerous responsibility we will not shoulder. The Municipality is in the process of establishing a Social Supermarket. They are organising food collections and seeking large food donations from businesses and supermarkets in Apokoronas and in Chania. They intend to incorporate the distribution of EU surpluses into their plan. All of this calls into question the role and contribution of Χείρα Βοηθείας. Disappointingly, the Municipal Councillors responsible, without discussion or consultation, insisted on putting two leaflets in the 308 Food Bags our volunteers had prepared for the Christmas distribution. One was a leaflet clearly designed to give the impression that the food bag was a gift from the Municipality. There was no mention of Χείρα

Βοηθείας. The second was a scrap of paper. This set out the criteria and documentary evidence people must produce, in order to be considered as qualified to continue receiving the food bags we have been providing up until now. If Papers, ID Numbers, Tax Returns etc are required in order to “qualify” for a food bag, this may deter people from seeking the support they need. People who are uninsured and those wary of contact with the Greek State may not ask for help for themselves and their children. For these reasons we will not use the EU Criteria. Moreover, the distribution of EU surpluses (the pasta mountain, the cheese mountain, the olive oil lake etc.) is by law restricted to EU Citizens. Such an approach contravenes Article 3 of our Constitution which states that our purpose is to support all residents in Apokoronas who are in need. Χείρα Βοηθείας is supported by all nationalities living in Apokoronas. We support all those in need, irrespective of their country of origin. There has been no opportunity to have a sensible discussion with representatives of the Council about any of these issues.

We wish Mayor Koukianakis and his supporters every success in building on the very firm foundations Χείρα Βοηθείας and its friends and supporters have laid, with the consistent support and encouragement of the former Mayor of Apokoronas, Grigoris Markakis and Bishop Damaskinos, the Most Reverend Metropolitan Bishop of Kydonias & Apokoronas. We are tremendously grateful to all those who have supported the Food Bag Programme with their money, their time and their energies. All those involved in Χείρα Βοηθείας can feel a great sense of satisfaction that the current Mayor and his team are following our example with such enthusiasm. In the New Year we will be convening a meeting of the members of Χείρα Βοηθείας to discuss the future of the organisation and to explore new projects that can build on our work and experience, and consolidate the broad support we have across the communities of Apokoronas, so that Χείρα Βοηθείας can continue to make a significant contribution to supporting all those in need in Apokoronas. The Steering Group Χείρα Βοηθείας


The Mean-ing of GMT Following my article in last month’s edition a couple of people have asked me why the evenings should be getting lighter before the shortest day. I will try and explain as easily as possible. I mentioned that by the end of November within a few days the evenings would be getting lighter and in 3 weeks there would be the shortest day. The Earth, as you will know, has a peculiar elliptical orbit around the sun, is tilted (causing the seasons) and wobbles. This means that solar time is not as straightforward as would be expected. In Greenwich, in London, the 0° longitude line passes through part of the town and is the basis of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT, on which is universally ck cli for more news understood). The as.eu st po http://chania sumption made by many is that the Sun is overhead at midday every day (ignoring Summer Time) and I expect many people have not considered why it is called GMT and not Greenwich Time. There are two times that are used: actual solar time (which can be seen with a sundial) and average local time or apparent time. The sun is actually overhead at midday on 0° longitude on only

four days a year (about Christmas day, 15th April, 13th June and 1st September - these dates do vary because of leap years). For every other day of the year the sun may arrive before midday or afterwards. So let us consider an 8-hour day. If the Sun is overhead at midday sunrise would be at 8 am and sunset at 4 pm but if the Sun arrives at 11:50 (i.e. arrives early) sunrise would be 7:50 and sunset at 3:50 (that is the actual solar time). However, if you average the times that the Sun is overhead over a full year you get the local mean time and that is why the ‘Mean’ appears in GMT. On average over a year the Sun is overhead at midday at Greenwich. The difference between the actual solar time and the average (or mean) time is called the Equation of Time. From September to December the Sun arrives earlier than midday and the Equation of Time peaks about 3rd November. After that date the Sun then reverts to arrive at Greenwich at midday on Christmas Day. Because the Sun is arriving early then sunset is earlier than the average but as the Equation returns to zero the actual time of sunset seems to stop and in early December gets later slowly.

Mini pacemaker without electrodes was placed in a heart for first time in Greece

Another success for doctors of car-

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diology clinic of University General Hospital of Heraklion. They managed to place a mini pacemaker (only 1,5 cm long) without electrodes in a heart of a patient. It is the first time in Greece that doctors

managed to place that kind of pacemaker in a surgery operation, without any problems or complications. Head manager of cardiology clinic, Mr. Pan. Vardas, congratulate the scientific team for its success, mentioning that medical services of PAGNI are always in a high level.

by David Capon

And as you have probably worked out now, after Christmas the Sun arrives later and later (till mid February) for a while meaning that sunset gets later but at the same time sunrise gets later. That is why by mid to late January the time of darkness appears to have changed considerably but people say “it is still very dark in the mornings”; even more obvious in higher latitudes. As you will probably have worked out, there is another period when the Sun arrives early and another late (these periods are from about 13th June to 1st September) but as this is during our summer the effects are less obvious and are not as extreme. I hope this helps in the understanding and if you do not believe me you can check the times of sunset and sunrise on a weather site over the next few weeks.

Unscrupulous boat owners throw batteries at the Venetian Harbour of Chania

According to neatv.gr, more than 25

old batteries were at the bottom of the sea in the Venetian Harbour of Chania. A diver of the Municipal Port Authority found the batteries in a condition of corrosion, very toxic for the sea environment. Municipal Port Authority says that there will be a very big fine for anyone who will be caught throwing a battery in the sea. Because toxic wastes can be extremely costly and difficult to dispose of safely, dangerous dumping of wastes is common.

Most of the substances conducting into the sea cannot be reused or broken down by nature and cause soiling, destruction and in the end death of the seas.


pressure and 63% believe the country’s greatest problem is unemployment. 45% don’t trust the political system, however this number rises to 50.6% among the unemployed. The European Barometer in June showed that Greeks were the least satisfied people of Europe. The figures echo recent surveys by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) that show that Greeks are the unhappiest people in Europe. The figures for depression have increased by 50% from 2011-2014, and these figures are directly linked to the fact that Greeks cannot find work in their field of expertise.

Santanomics Brits spend most, Greeks the least on Xmas

A

study commissioned by Dutch bank ING Groep NV. (INGA) found that Brits will spend an average of 350 pounds ($553) each on presents according to a study of almost 12,000 EU consumers. Romanians are the most generous, measured in spending as a proportion of the average monthly income as they devote a third of their salaries to Christmas gifts. Figures by the PwC Global Economy Watch reveal that emerging economies in Russia and Brazil have joined the high-spending ranks, making the top ten in terms of overall spending at Christmas.

The scars of the socioeconomic crisis has plagued Christmas shopping in southern Europe. Average per person spending in Italy, Greece and Spain have more than halved since 2007. “We’ve seen more movements in the Eurozone with sovereign crisis impacting on Italy and Greece, who have been spending relatively less today than 2007. In Greece, real per person Christmas spending dropped by around 60pc in the six years to 2013,” said PwC senior economist Richard Boxshall. Another poll, by YouGov measured how excited different nations are about Christmas. Greece didn’t even make the list.

Opening hours for shops in Chania during Christmas holidays

As

announced by the Commercial Union of Chania, opening hours for shops will be: • 16/12 – 19/12: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 5.30 p.m. to 9 p.m. • 20/12: 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. • 21/12: 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. • 22/12: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 5.30 p.m. to 9 p.m. • 23/12 – 24/12: 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. • 25/12 – 26/12: Closed

• • • • • • • • •

for more news click on http://chaniapost.gr

27/12: 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. 28/12: Closed 29/12: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 5.30 p.m. to 9 p.m. 30/12: 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. 31/12: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. 1/1 – 2/1: Closed 3/1: 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. 4/1: Closed 5/1: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 5.30 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.

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are highly dissatisfied with their lives according to research conducted by the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) in collaboration with the Eurobarometer. Four in 10 Greeks say they are dissatisfied with their lives, their financial situation, their job and their living conditions. The number rises to six in 10 for those who are close to the poverty line. The paper says that one in two Greeks believe that the country’s financial situation will get worse over the next twwelve months whereas over 70% believe that their quality of life is not good. A whopping 82% feel they are under

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Greeks

Greeks are the most miserable Europeans


Ryanair,

Ryanair announced three additional new Athens routes to Budapest, Bratislava and Santorini

Europe’s favourite airline, added 3 new routes to its Athens Summer 2015 schedule, to/from Budapest, Bratislava & Santorini, which will deliver over 2.2m customers in 2015 and support over 2,200* “on-site” jobs at Athens Airport, as Ryanair doubles its Athens traffic. Ryanair’s extended Athens Summer 2015 schedule will deliver: • 1 new based aircraft (4 in total) • 6 new routes: Budapest, Bratislava, Santorini (2 x daily), Brussels, Rome & Warsaw • 12 Athens routes in total • 161 weekly return flights • 1.1m new customers (2.2m customers p.a. in on total) for more news click .eu st po • 2,200* “on-site” jobs http://chania p.a. Greek customers and visitors can choose from 12 routes from Athens next summer, while enjoying allocated seating, a free 2nd carry-on bag, reduced fees, a new Greek website, a smartphone app with mobile boarding passes, and our new Family Extra and Business Plus services, making Ryanair

The

business product, Business Plus. Ryanair celebrated its extended Athens Summer 2015 schedule by releasing 100,000 seats for sale across its European network, at prices from €19.99 for travel in January, February and March 2015. These low fare seats were available for booking until midnight Thursday (18 Dec). In Athens, Ryanair’s Chief Operating Officer, David O’Brien said:

the product or service,” founding member of MILK, Leonie Yagdjoglou, told Capital.gr. “The basic aim of the logo was for it to

work,” she added. The logo, which was designed by Yiannis Roussos, was completed under the guidance of George Anastasiadis and

Mrs. Yagdjoglou. MILK Branding Professionals was founded in 2000 and is active in branding, design, creation and materialization of corporate product identification. Company clients include Nestlé, Philip Morris International, Coca-Cola 3E, Lidl, Wind and Alpha Bank, among others. “One of MILK’s main goals is to support Greek companies of all sizes, to make their products more competitive and attractive, ensuring successful placement in both Greek and international markets,” the company says. news.gtp.gr

Try something different for your Christmas holidays

Kallergi Mountain Refuge is located

on the western side of Crete, above the Omalos plateau, in the White Mountains (Lefka Ori). Situated at an altitude of 1680 meters it sits in an outstanding locale overlooking the longest gorge in Europe, the famous Samaria Gorge (16km). The breathtaking wilderness and superb walking terrain provide numerous day hikes and mountaineering opportunities (good connection with the European E4 trails). This close encounter with the pristine wildlife environment of the White Mountains is a powerful way to reconnect with nature and relax from the hectic city lifestyle. The Kallergi Mountain Refuge was build in 1971 by the Greek Mountaineering Club of Chania and ever since it hosts hikers and climbers from all around the world that want to experience the majesty of the White Mountains massif. The refuge can accomodate up to 45 people, serve dinner and breakfast if needed and provide a guide for Trekks in the area.

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the ideal choice for families, business and leisure travellers. Ryanair will also continue to connect Athens with Europe’s major business centres, including Brussels (1 x daily), London (2 x daily) and Milan (10 x weekly) offering business customers the largest range of destinations at the lowest fares, with the most flights, improved schedules and best service, following the launch of Ryanair’s tailored

Ryanair’s Chief Marketing Officer, Kenny Jacobs said: Greek consumers already choose Ryanair for our low fares, industry leading customer service and great route choice. Now they can also book their summer 2015 flights on our new Greek website and great new app, carry a free small 2nd carry-on bag, enjoy allocated seats, avail of our new Family Extra and Business Plus services, and use their personal electronic devices at all stages of their flight, as Ryanair continues to deliver so much more than just the lowest fares.

Greek Heart Set on Branding Local Products

logo branding Greek products will from now on adorn all local products exported to international markets, certifying origin, the Hellenic Association of Advertising-Communication Agencies (EDEE) announced this week. The winning logo, designed by Greek agency MILK Branding Professionals, was selected after a draw by EDEE among a number of Branding & Design companies, which offered in March 2013 to undertake the project free of charge. “At first sight, the logo alludes to the ‘Greekness’ of the product. There is no doubt about the nature and origin of

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Ryanair is pleased to announce an additional three new Athens routes to Budapest, Bratislava and Santorini, as part of an extended Summer 2015 schedule, as we add another aircraft to Athens, bringing our investment to over $400m. With a total of 12 exciting summer routes to choose from, including a double daily service to Santorini, Ryanair will double its Athens traffic to over 2.2m customers this year and sustain over 2,200 jobs. As Greece’s fastest growing airline, we look forward to delivering further jobs, traffic and tourism growth across Greece.

Directions There are two ways to reach Kallergi

The Kallergi Mountain Refuge

Refuge. After Omalos plateau as you carry on towards Xyloskalo on your left handside there is sign next to a rocky road. You can reach the top after a 1.3 hrs hike or by 4×4 vehicle. At Xyloskalo (just by the entrance to the Samaria Gorge) take the E4 trail. Lefka Ori A combination of more than fifty peaks higer over 2.000 meters. Deep ravines, a lot of gorges with steep crests and rocky paths. Our mountains are a genuine balcony between the Libyan and the Cretan Sea, that even the imagination of big artist could arrest.

The Lefka Ori are really tough and many paths are difficult to walk through. No trees, wildly with sharp stones and enormous extents with gravel that complicates the walkers in their campaigns to them. That is why local people are calling them «Madares». Therefore climbers Greeks and foreigners consider the Lefka Ori hard mountains. Ascenting however you see that wildly it is harmonize with the magnificence. Pachnes the highest peak 2.454 metres, the view towards both sea’s (Cretan sea Liviko Sea), is wonderful not only from there but also from lower peaks also.

Activities Trekking, Bird Climbing

Watching,

Caving,

Contact Information Mountaineering Club of Chania Address: 90, Tzanakaki str, Chania, Greece Web: www.eoshanion.gr Email: eoshania@otenet.gr Tel: (+30) 28210 44647 Fax: (+30) 28210 54903 Web: www.kallergi.net Facebook: Kallergi Mountain Refuge


A brief article about Chania district hospital, and medical care from a Scandinavian tourist side of view

Hospital When we came to the hospital, as I remember it, I was taken very good care of by good doctors and nurses. Got some injections and then I went in to a deep sleep. When I woke up the next day, I thought I was in a place for dying people. A room with a nice Greek family, but also a dying man next to me. My good neighbors came for a visit, all the way to the hospital just to check if everything was alright. I love these neighbors. I had to talk to a psychologist this day. I felt uncomfortable with this, but the doctors insisted.

The psychologist: Hi Lars. Please tell me your story. I told my story in details, from I left Norway, until this day when I woke up with dying people around me. “Please tell it again”. I told it again, and felt an anger inside, but had to stay calm. Being angry would just make it even worse, I thought. Then a psychiatrist entered the room. She was smoking, and almost not spoke the English language. I had to tell the story for the third time, with my Meniere going on in my head. The psychologist: I think we have to hold you here for some days. Me: That will never happen The psychologist: Why not? Me: Because I’m afraid of those people outside the door of course, don’t you see? The psychologist: I don’t think they will do you any harm Me: You don’t think they will do me any harm? How about being sure? The psychologist: Well we can’t promise but it will be ok. Me: I don’t want to stay here, no way! And then the lady psychiatrist says: By Greek law we can hold you here as long as we want to. And we don’t have to dope you a lot. I felt really dizzy and almost passed out. But argued a lot. My last words was: If you don’t let me out of here, I will contact the Greek and the Norwegian embassy, and also Chania post, and tell them how you treat people down in this basement on a locked department!

The psychologist and his supervisor argued in Greek, and came up with an alternative: You can pay 150 euros to get out? I was lucky to have that money in my pocket. I finally got out of the “hellhole”. The following day was fine, because I had my own nurse who sat beside of my bed all the time. We talked together, and she followed me around. If I wanted to go out for some air, she was supporting. The night was also fine, with another nurse, who undressed me because it was very hot. She put the blanket over me when I turned in bed, with intravenously stuff in my arm. She was beside me all night long. Woke up again after several injections, day after. Still feeling dizzy, have to keep my head in bed, if not, I will throw up.. After a few hours with my nurse still watching me, the doctors came in with a lots of students. The doctor told about what kind of “disease” we were in to. All of the students looked at me for a long time before they went to the next room. She probably the doctor told them that I had tried to take my own life. Well, she did not tell the truth. The truth was that I did not sleep for several days and nights, and decided to take those sleeping pills, just for sleep. I just had to get some sleep! Suddenly the doctor came back and told me that I had to go to the psychologist again. I refused, Did not wanted to spend more time at the basement with the crazy people. After another injection and arguing, I stumbled myself out of bed, felt better, maybe because of the injection. With support from my nurse of course. I went down to the basement again. The basement again Before I tell you this, I want you to know that I liked the doctors and the nurses very good, they were amazing people, and with very good skills. In the basement, a lot of people where waiting for their turn to talk to the psychologist. My thought of those people was not good. In a small room, they were yelling, smoking and banging heads.

Felt a bit afraid, but my nurse helped me through it. Finally I came to the psychologist’s office. Now I want you to think very closely; How is it in a for more news click on http://chaniapost.gr psychologists office? You will think that it is calm and easy. All your trouble will disappear. The psychologist again. Met a nice woman, who was supposed to be psychologist. Hi Lars, please tell me your story. I thought, God Damn! I told this 5 times already! What do you want? Money? I had to stay calm, if not, I would have been thrown into the closed department with crazy people. I stayed calm, and used a bit of humor in the conversation. After about an hour, she said: I think it will be good for you to stay here for a while… What do you think Lars? I said that I have too much work to do. What do you have to doo Lars? I said cant you see? I don’t have nothing here. Need money, clothes, toothbrush.. Things you have to have for living! In the meanwhile the door was knocking hard, and the so called psychologist was running out and yelling and smelling with the patients outside. Shocking! Is this really a psychologist? I still had to stay calm. My feelings was like: dizzy, harm, depressive, shocking, confusing and anxiety. What will happen next? After a hard shocking discussion she finally told me to write my sign on the document to get out. You are out Lars. And the sign was: Lars E Haugen I called for a taxi and went home to my house. I cried a lot that evening. After a few days, I went up in the mountains for a walk. I also slept in a cavern. This story is to all the people who will undergo a shocking nightmare with the word called love… Kindly, Lars

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Night-time In the middle of the night i suddenly woke up, someone was pulling my foot. When I looked up, i could see three armed policemen, and my two beautiful neighbors. I thought i still was dreaming. One of the policemen asked me what I had taken, and I explained. A handful of sleeping pills, and alcohol for 3-4 days in a row without sleeping one single second. He told me that I had to come with them for a check at a local medical care. So, I did. The medical care and the beautiful woman there, i will never forget. She sat beside of me in the ambulance and kept me alive.

Between all this I also got the Meniere’s syndrome. That makes me very dizzy, because of an infection on the balance-nerve. The room spins around you, and you cant walk properly, then you feel sick and have to throw up. Well, I was forced down to the basement to the psychologist. And this was the spooky part. When I came down to the basement, in a locked department for psychiatric patients, I was chocked! It was darkness. The poor people down there was either yelling, trembling their heads against the wall or subbing the floor, doped down as zombies.

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First I have to ask; are you aware of the conditions in the hospital? Is it good, or bad? I’ll get back to this later. First I have to tell my story. I own a house in Chania district. I was there on a vacation with my girlfriend. We bought the house for about 3 years ago, and made our own profile at the house. We loved it. Went there from time to time over those 3 years. Summer 2014 we spent time with our kids there, and all was just fine. The vacation was over after approx. 4 weeks, and we went back to cold Norway. Then I and my girlfriend agreed on going back in October. We ordered tickets. I was really looking forward to this, my girlfriend was not as excited as I was. But ok. The Easter came, and October came. At last, the day for about 14 days in sunny Crete came. The car was ready at Chania airport, and we took away to our house. In the meanwhile I could see by the look of my girlfriends face that she was not that happy as she used to be when we are at Crete. But again, ok. In a few days we went out eating and had a lot of fun among friends. After the look in her face the last days, I knew something was wrong. The next day, i really found out what it was, she had found another man back in Norway, a college from her work. We argued a little bit, and agreed on that she could go home with the next flight. So it started. When I drove home from airport, all the pain came to me. I went to the war cemetery in Souda Bay just to find myself, and have a look. When I got back at my house that evening, i started to cry. I cried for 6 days. The first day I soaked myself with a lot of alcohol, and the 2-3 next days. The fourth day I filled it up with a lots of sleeping pills. Wrote it on Facebook and went to bed.


From all of us in Public Bus Services Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year


Recipe of the month

Christmas Cake (Christopsomo) by Antonia Tsakirakis Cook

Christopsomo, or Christ’s Bread, is considered a sacred tradition in many Greek Orthodox homes, and the care with which it is made is said to ensure the well-being of the home in the year to come.

1/3 cup of pine nuts 1 tablespoon of grated gum mastic or 1 tablespoon of crushed anise seed 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1 teaspoon ground cloves 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg

Ingredients: 8 cups of all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon of salt 1 1/2 tablespoons of dry yeast 1 cup of warm water (105F, 40C) 1 cup of warm red wine 1/2 cup of olive oil 1/4 cup of orange juice 1/4 cup of brandy grated peel of 2 oranges 1 cup of sugar 1 1/2 cups of raisins 1 1/2 cups of walnuts, coarsely chopped

For the Topping milk 2 whole walnuts in shells sesame seeds

on for more news click .eu st po http://chania

Traditional Cretan Taverna

producing regions in the world. It has been home to winemaking for more than 6,500 years—ample time to refine and transform this ancient ‘elixir’ into a growing favorite of sommeliers and wine drinkers worldwide. The worship of Dionysus, the ancient Greek god of wine, was widespread throughout the country, while Hippocrates appreciated its medicinal qualities and frequently prescribed it. At first, wine was produced on a household or communal basis, but now, more that 300 indigenous varieties as well as numerous international grapes are used to create the pantheon of Greek wines. A vast diversity of styles and flavors can be found from north to south, from mountain to sea. Well-structured red wines, whites boasting aromatic delicacy and dessert wines with exotic spice and terroir-driven character — they are all represented in Greece. While there is no question that delicious varieties like Malagousia and Savatiano warrant exploration, wines from four major grapes exemplify the best qualities of Greek wine and are readily available in the United States. Versatile and distinctive, any of them will be an excellent choice for your table. Assyrtiko (Ah-seer-tee-ko) Greece’s most popular wine in the US, Assyrtiko appeals to fans of dry, focused whites, with its fresh, mineral-driven character and sea-salt finish. Assyrtiko was originally grown in the volcanic soil of the Aegean island of

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Drakona, Kerameia (20 km from Chania)

“Tzaneris & Archontissa”

Greece is one of the oldest wine

food & wine

Preparation: Mix the yeast with 1/2 cup of warm water and 2 tablespoons of flour, stir until dissolved and set aside for 10 minutes, until it bubbles. In a large mixing bowl, sift the salt with 2/3 of the flour. Make a well in the center of the flour and pour in the yeast mixture, the

remaining warm water, and the wine. Mix until a soft dough forms, cover with waxed paper and a damp towel, and set aside to rise for 1 1/2 to 2 hours, until doubled in bulk. Punch the dough down and knead for several minutes until any air pockets are gone. Sift in the remaining flour, add the oil, orange juice, brandy, and grated orange peel. In a small bowl, mix the sugar, raisins, walnuts, pine nuts, gum mastic or anise, cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg until blended, and add to the dough. Knead well until the dough is firm and doesn’t stick (about 10 minutes), cover, and allow to rise for 1/2 hour. On a lightly buttered baking pan, shape the bread into two circular loaves, about 8 inches in diameter. Cover with a dry cloth and a damp cloth over that, and place in a

Tel.: +30 28210 75997

www.tzaneris-archontissa.gr

Mob.: +30 6973 210487 / +30 6973 786747

The Four Pillars of Greek Wine

Santorini. The island is not the only region of Greece in which the variety is successfully grown. Assyrtiko also thrives in mainland areas like Macedonia (in the north) and Attica (around Athens), where the wines are fruitier and softer than their Santorini brethren. Assyrtiko is versatile in flavor and can be used for the production of Vinsanto, the unique and naturally sweet wines that originated from Byzantine times. Moschofilero (Mos-ko-feel-er-o) Moschofilero is an exotic, intensely aromatic, white wine with rosé and violet undertones, and fresh, balancing acidity. Though its grapes are pink and purple-skinned, the wine is made into a floral, fruity white, which is very popular in Greece. Moschofilero’s traditional home is in north-central Peloponnese, on the high plateau of Mantinia, but it’s widely planted across Greece. Most commonly a still wine, it also makes delicious rosé,

warm place to rise again, until doubled in size. Using a floured knife, score a cross into the top of the loaves, and place one whole, unshelled walnut at the center. Brush the bread with milk and scatter with sesame seeds. Place a pan with at least 1 inch of water in the bottom of the oven and preheat to 450F (230C). Place the bread in the preheated oven for 15 minutes, then remove the pan with the water, reduce heat to 390F (200C) and bake for another 25-30 minutes. Remove from oven, brush lightly with water, and cool on a rack.

sparkling and dessert wines that are excellent when enjoyed alone or paired with seafood or Middle Eastern and Asian cuisines. Even as a still table wine, Moschofilero’s expressions vary. Fresh, refined versions come mainly from Mantinia, but the variety has also gained traction when made throughout the country in sweeter, lusher styles. The profile —low in alcohol, balanced— means it matches very well with international, vegetarian and tapas cuisine. Agiorgitiko (Ay-ee-or-yee-tee-ko) As a red wine variety, Agiorgitiko is a chameleon of sorts. Gentle and refined by nature, it lends itself to myriad expressions and styles. At its simplest, Agiorgitiko is probably Greece’s most approachable red and pairs with almost every dish. At its best, it’s a collectible and terroir-driven pour with world-class appeal. Also known as St. George, Agiorgitiko

is typically grown in Nemea, in the northeastern Peloponnese, and as of 2012 it is Greece’s most planted grape. Grown in six valleys with varying soil compositions and microclimates, the “king of the Peloponnese” is favored for its rich, red fruit, sour cherry and anisette flavors. It’s sometimes compared to Sangiovese in style. Nemea’s climate is hot, but the region is hilly, so grapes benefit from higher altitude vineyards and cool nights, lending Agiorgitiko its food-friendly acid balance. The grape’s popularity has inspired producers to plant outside of Nemea, and good Agiorgitiko is now being grown in Macedonia, Attica, as well as other parts of the Peloponnese. Light rosés, fruity, Beaujolais-style reds and “Super Nemean” blends —often with Syrah— appeal to most palates. Bolder styles of Agiorgitiko pair well with dishes like grilled lamb and game, while more subtle expressions complement delicate dishes like grilled vegetables and salads (think beets and lentils). Xinomavro (Ex-seen-o-mahv-ro) Xinomavro is Greece’s most classic, cellar-worthy red, and the country’s main play on the international collectible stage. Like its coveted comparisons, Xinomavro can be difficult to cultivate. The wine is most successful in the four Appellation of Origin of Superior Quality regions of Naoussa, Amyntaion, Rapsani and Goumenissa, but the grape is grown throughout Greece. Xinomavro is so unique that top enologists in the country are developing specific winemaking practices, but the positive results are raising eyebrows among even the most traditional critical circles. Winemakers manage the variety’s potentially angular tannins through careful clonal selection, proper vineyard management and moderate cropping to yield multifaceted, robust wines featuring olive, dried-fruit and exotic spice flavors. Styles vary from lean and acid-driven to more generous, oak-influenced and extracted. The variety is being used in Syrah, Merlot, Cabernet and indigenous grape blends as well as rosés. Xinomavro ages beautifully in the cellar and it’s not unusual to find 30-plus-year-old vintages still delivering vibrant fruit. greekreporter.com


19 Greek Olive Oils Among the World’s Best for 2014 The

the local economy with its innovative, outward-looking, and sustainable approach.

judges awarded a majority of them, 12 in all, Gold Award status. Overall, it was a record number of awards given to Greek producers at the yearly competition. Greece remains one of the top olive oil producing nations in the world and boasts the highest consumption of olive oil per person.

“Wines of Crete” travelled to Shanghai for a Masterclass

“Wines of Crete” travelled to Shanghai to present a Masterclass about the Cretan Vineyard. The masterclass was presented by the Cretan Winemakers and a Chinese wine professional, Mr Wei, also known as Putao Jiu Xiao Pi (from Yesmywine.com). In this educational Masterclass, the 70 wine professionals, wine & gastronomy journalists that participated, were not only impressed with the taste and the exceptional aromas of the Cretan wines but also with the strong identity of the Cretan vineyard and its history through the centuries.

International Passport When Esti Early Harvest was announced as a Gold Award recipient, judges pointed out its “exceptional harmony, a high complexity and a high persistence.” George Papageorgiou of Esti says such recognition is great for his Koroneiki variety extra virgin olive oil but also for the Greek olive oil industry in general. “Greek olive oils are of really outstanding quality and with the array of winners this year from Greece I hope more Greek producers can find their way to the shelves of retailers around the world.” “The NYIOCC is very competitive and the fact that an international panel of experts in olive oil tasting agree with us about our premium quality means a lot for our product,” says Ioannis Leftheriotis of Bonum Terrae who says the Gold Award is a great success for his team’s efforts to produce top quality extra virgin olive in the protected designation of origin (PDO) of North Mylopotamos in Rethymno, Crete. Mr. Leftheriotis adds that the larger presence of Greek producers on the NYIOOC award stage is a positive sign. “We believe that a prestigious award of an international contest such as NYIOOC can be considered as a passport for international markets. It would be great if people from all over the globe knew

the quality of Greek olive oil.” Worldwide Distinction for Stephanos Karydakis SA Stephanos Karydakis SA, a company based in Greece, was awarded the Label Industry Global Award 2014, the highest distinction in the global market of the label, during an award ceremony held in Chicago on September 9, 2014. This annual award ceremony is organised by an independent authority, while the jury is composed of magazine publishers, sites related to the label industry, and specialised consultants. This year, the competition took place for the 11th time and included only two categories: innovation and sustainability. Equipment and materials manufacturers, software developers and printing industries from all around the world participated. Stephanos Karydakis SA entered the competition with a unique interactive label. For the production of this label the manufacturer used thermosensitive ink technology and digital watermarking, which allows the consumer to be in direct communication with the product and the producer. Stephanos Karydakis SA has been a leader in label printing in Greece since 1966 and is currently exporting its products to 18 countries. The company, one of the four largest printing plants of this kind in the world, employs 100 people and specialises in the production of labels for refrigerated products. Terra Creta: Awarded Gold—And More Terra Creta is on its way to becoming one of the leading olive oil producers in the world. In just over a decade, Terra Creta, based in Chania, Crete, has established itself as a top producer of olive oil, been recognised with numerous awards, gained market entrance globally, and bolstered

“Wines of Crete” News The presentation included the PDO and PGI wines of Crete, the history of the Cretan Vineyard and the indigenous varieties, highlighting the uniqueness of the Cretan wines. “Wines of Crete”, were also sponsoring a great Music Festival, called MISA (Music In the Summer Air), and at the VIP dinners the attendees were served only Cretan wine. MISA festival is one of the most important events of the summer in Shanghai, where numerous visitors enjoy the fest. The winemakers of Crete continue the effort to present Crete as a gastronomical – wine destination, while opening new markets such as China, supporting local and going as a team.

This participation is a program from Ministry of Agriculture, which Heraklion Chamber and Wines of Crete are administrators. This campaign financed with aid from the European Union and Greece.

Chinese delegacy on Crete

A Chinese government delegacy from Hubei Prefecture (prefecture with more than 60 million residents) visited Crete on the early of September. The Chinese delegacy with head of Yin Han-ning, president of foreign affairs office of Hubei Provincial government, and with the famous Greek actor Maria Tzobanaki had the chance to attend a winery tour and wine tasting that “Wines of Crete”

As an example of Terra Creta’s devotion to quality, the company tests for 243 attributes in its product whereas the EU requires it test for no more than 28. In boosting the local economy, Terra Creta sources olives from 900 local growers, in addition to using olives from its own groves. Each of these growers, by having to meet the strict Terra Creta standards, has been able to upgrade diverse aspects of his/her growing process, producing a higher quality (and, in some case, organic) fruit, becoming more efficient, and creating a more sustainable agricultural model. In recognition of its high standards, Terra Creta has garnered international recognition and since 2004 has been winning awards for its outstanding olive oil. Among its laurels are: Gold in the Los Angeles International Olive Oil Competition, Winner of Olive Japan, Gold award, Germany; Gold award, France; Gold in Italy’s Biol 2013, First Greek Export Awards, First Bio Oil Belgium, European Business Awards National Champion 2014 (finalist for European Champion 2014). In addition, Terra Creta is the first Greek company to be certified as an “Approved Exporter” following the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the EU and non-EU countries such as Norway, Israel, South Korea and Switzerland. This certification provides for lower tariffs, benefitting both the company and the importer. Today, Terra Creta exports its premium olive oil, olives and vinegars to more than 20 countries globally.

organized. Hubei Tv, was also with the delegacy and they filmed the tour at the Mediterra Winery, at Kounavoi of Heraklion where the vignification of Cretan grape varieties was still in process. The Hubei Tv will use all shots to create a documentary about Crete, including the Cretan vineyard. After the winery tour, the Chinese visitors watched the “Wines of Crete” documentary film in chinese and tasted wines of the Cretan winemakers, members of the “Wines of Crete”. They also received promotional material about the Cretan vineyard in Chinese that “Wines of Crete” produced, to promote the Cretan wine in China.

p. 19

For the Industry “We literally jumped for joy upon hearing we won the Gold in New York,” says Leonidas Daskalos who produces the award-winning St. Olive Single Harvest Series. “It certainly gives us strength and courage for the future.” Mr. Daskalos adds that the large amount of winners from Greece proves to him that the industry is moving along. He says Greece has superior quality olive oils that should be internationally recognised as other Greek products have, including yogurt, cheese and wine. “It makes us happy to see so many producers bottling their extra virgin olive oil instead of selling it in bulk. They are gaining the recognition they deserve

versus giving that recognition away. The NYIOOC awards help lift the Greek brand overall and helps all of us when reaching out to international buyers.” He says there is still work to be done by Greek olive oil producers when it comes to marketing and production. “Greek producers need to position themselves and target the right customers based on the quality of their product rather than price since other olive oil producing countries have, in many cases, lower production costs.”

Today, the company is for more news click on known for its superb http://chaniapost.gr products, outstanding service, and strong adherence to quality standards. Among the quality certificates it holds are ISO 22000 and 9001, ISF, Organic, PDO, PGI, Kosher, and Agro 2.1 7 2.2.

food & wine

Winning It “Renowned international awards such as the Gold Award at the NYIOOC confirm our high quality standards and inspire us to continue to do our best,” said Silvia Lazzari of Bläuel Greek Organic Products. Her product, Mani Bläuel originates from Koroneiki olives grown on the rocky seaside region of Greece called Mani. “For our olive oil, this means that our customers can rely on a consistent and excellent standard, which is confirmed by a prestigious international jury.” Most of the winning Greek olive oils were produced from Koroneiki olives. However, one winning producer, Kyklopas, relies on the Makri local olive variety which is grown in the northernmost area of the country where olive oil can be produced. Kyklopas is the only Greek producer to claim two Gold Awards this year, for their Ktimata Kyklopas and Olive Mill Kyklopas products. “Our olives come from trees that are between 500 to 2,500 years old which means the soil and climate are a wonderful combination that in the end produces olive oil that has a strong taste, and complexity of flavors,” says Niki Kelidou of Kyklopas who adds that winning two Gold Awards this time around just means they will work harder. “Winning the NYIOOC is definitely satisfying but we won’t rest. Every year we will continue to stand by our commitment to keep our quality at the top.”

By basing its strategic growth on an unwavering commitment to quality of product and service, Terra Creta identifies five key factors in its route to success: 1. Total Quality System and vertical production 2. Advanced online traceability 3. Innovation in packaging and service 4. Sustainable growth 5. International awards


SIAL - Paris 2014

The first official presentation of the European Historic Cafes Association

ws for more culture ne iapost.gr click on http://chan

Documentary traces the musical legacy of the great Nikos Xylouris

For three successive generations, the

family of the legendary Cretan singer-songwriter Nikos Xylouris and his brother, the equally famous Antonis Xylouris, known as Psarantonis, have kept the Aegean island’s music tradition alive, adapting and spreading it to thousands of people around the world. “A Family Affair,” a new documentary due to open at local theaters on January 8, tells the story of the multi-talented Xylouris family by zooming in on Psa-

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culture

Popi Loupassaki-eodoraki Crossroads to Galatas Old National Road Chania-Kissamos Tel.: +30 28210 32359

rantonis, his son Psarogiorgis (Giorgos Xylouris) and his children, who are at university in Melbourne, Australia. Together, they make up the Xylouris Ensemble, performing in concerts around the world. Filmmaker Angeliki Aristomenopoulou followed family members into the recording studio, at rehearsals and concerts, and recorded their thoughts about their music and their professional challenges. The documentary was shot over a period of two years, showing some major changes that occurred in the protagonists’ lives and how they responded to them. “The film captures how - Office supplies - Gis music is passed on from - Photocopies father to son to grandchildren, in a contemporary Greek-Australian family, brought together by their love of music,” says Aristomenopoulou

on the film’s website. The filmmaker quotes something Giorgos Xylouris says on the film to explain what it’s all about: “We don’t carry this tradition as a family weight. It’s part of our lives, of who we are. We need this tradition to live like we need oxygen.” The Athens premier of “A Family Affair” will take place on January 8 at the Danaos (109 Kifissias, tel 210.692.2655), the only theater in the Greek capital that will be screening the film. Starting on January 15, screenings will also take place on Crete, at Technopolis in Iraklio as well as at theaters in Hania and Rethymno. On January 29, Thessaloniki will have its turn, at the

Olympion Cinema. “A Family Affair” will see its international launch at the end of January in France, before traveling to others parts of Europe, the US and Australia. It is also due to feature in a number of film festivals.


A Day in Paradise

by Anthony M. Whateley

I awoke to a new day and in the bay the sea as smooth as silk. The rising sun sent searching rays among the ancient olive trees, and in the still fresh air two doves upon the cypress tree. The village stirred by barking dogs from deep and humble sleep; Across the hills some snow still lay on distant ragged peak. Midday haze, and while I gaze horizon merges sea and sky, As white birds fly to dots of lonely fishing boats. A hot dry breeze, a rippled sea, the murmur of a worried shore, the scent of herbs on dusty ground where in the trees cicadas sound a constant high pitched buzz. The shaded still of lazy light with courtyard flowers red and bright, where sleepy cats nap through the afternoon. The simple houses white and blue look out to sea where in the view are white-crest waves on balmy breeze, the sky without a single cloud. The blinding rays of evening time, the sun a fiery ball, when blackbirds call from shadows in the olive grove. The sky splashed liquid gold and pink, I watched the sun so slowly sink, to melt into the burning sea. Martins skimmed the still warm air with tinkling goat bells hidden there among a rocky gorge. A still and quiet starry night, reflecting distant seaside light on glassy waters. The ferry slips away so brightly lit across the bay, to Athens far away, while tiny bats flit silently among the olive trees. A moon full and white, over the mountain with silver light across the shining sea. Our island home on Crete.

The

Amphipolis Within the top archaeological discoveries of 2014

editorial team of archaeology. org, singled out the top ten discoveries of the year, and characterizes the tomb of Amphipolis as an example of how archeology can captivate the public imagination. According to the editors of the archaeology.org, “ever since the discovery of the largest known Greek tomb was announced in August, archaeology buffs around the world have been eagerly awaiting each successive bit of news from the site. The Amphipolis tomb, which dates to the time of Alexander the Great, is a prime example of how archaeology can captivate the public imagination and easily earned a spot on our list of the Top 10 Discoveries of 2014.” The Top 10 of Archaeological Discoveries includes top breakthroughs of 2014: Under Stonehenge, England Remote-sensing surveys have revealed a vast array of archaeological features in the vicinity of Stonehenge, making clear that it was part of a much broader ceremonial landscape that included monuments, shrines, burial mounds, and pits. Seaton Down Hoard, England A giant hoard of 22,000 Roman coins discovered in southwest England was most likely buried in the A.D. 340s and is one of the greatest treasures of Roman coins have been found. Greece’s Biggest Tomb, Amphipolis, Greece The website refers extensively to the tomb, showing all the discoveries that have come to the “light” from August. The article refers to the first research done on the hill by the late Dimitris Lazaridis. Buddhism, in the Beginning, Lumbini, Nepal A dig at an active Buddhist shrine in

Nepal has uncovered a timber structure dating to around the sixth century B.C. that researchers believe is the world’s oldest known Buddhist shrine. Decoding Neanderthal Genetics, Jerusalem, Israel Scientists studied again the DNA of Neanderthals and gathered data on how evolved the human body and mind. Canada Finds Erebus, Victoria Strait, Canada A ship that set out from England in 1845 in search of the Northwest Passage has finally been found in the Canadian Arctic after a decades-long effort. Sunken Byzantine Basilica, Lake Iznik, Turkey The remains of a basilica dating to the fifth century lurked unnoticed under the waters of Lake Iznik just off the shore of the ancient city of Nicaea until they were spotted during an aerial survey. Mummification Before the Pharaohs, York, England Analysis of funerary wrappings that have been stored in Britain’s Bolton Museum since the 1930s has established that Egyptians cooked up recipes to mummify the dead as early as 4300 B.C.—1,500 years earlier than previously thought. Bluetooth’s Fortress, Køge, Denmark A newly discovered Viking fortress may have belonged to Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson, the first king of Denmark. Naia—the 13,000-Year-Old Native American, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico Although the skeleton of the girl named Naias came to light in 2007, only this year the scientists succeeded in dating the finds. It showed that it is the oldest skeleton of a native of the American Continent, which has ever been found.

Christmas Poems

by Niall Finn

My kind of Christmas The beach? To swim? On Christmas Day? For most the answer’s clear. No way! (e.g. in Finland, they would know They’d have to clear both ice and snow). But all the same that’s what I did, Along with any other kid. I’m not that weird, I wasn’t pissed Or any kind of masochist. Perhaps in fairness I’ll make clear That was the southern hemisphere Where Christmas Day, as like as not, Is free of clouds and boiling hot. New Zealand friends in Europe felt Quite lost at Christmas when they smelled for more culture news The winter air. No resin click on http://chaniapost.gr scent Like in the pine woods where they went To build a Christmas barbecue. I have my memories, so will you And they’ll be different, so they should! If you were happy, well and good. And this year may you sweat or freeze Enjoying Christmas as you please.

A New Year dawns To be “two-faced” is not so good Or so I’ve always understood Not quite the thing one wants to be - The symbol of duplicity. The Romans didn’t think that way As we can see on New Year’s Day. December ends, a new month starts A time that’s in two different parts. From “Janus” we have January, He had two faces; one could see Back down the last, now finished, year The other let him forwards peer Into the New Year. We in turn See what there is that we can learn From what went wrong the year before, And try to guess what lies in store. Some resolutions then we make That within days we promptly break But if that’s all we have to fear We’ll do all right in this New Year.

The true meaning of Christmas tening amazed to bedtime stories about Santa Claus flying upon the stars on his sleigh. Stories about Comet and Cupid, Dancer, Prancer and Vixen landing on people’s chimneys while the children are sleeping quietly in their beds. They are all expecting to find a beautiful present underneath the trees early in the morning. It does not matter if it is a big or small box as long as it is bought with sincere love by someone who cares. All the above makes me recall that Christmas should be these and even more. It must be all about giving, offering to others who are less fortunate than us. It must also be about helping one another, putting aside all negative thoughts, all expressions of anger and offering a hug to those who need it. Maybe it means for one to resolve all his/her conflicts and become a better person just as Scrooge once did and quoted as follows: “Business! Human beings should be my business. I neglected them. I have lost so many chances to do good. Now is time to change”. Indeed, it is time to change. It is high time we set our priorities straight and paid attention to what is significant in our lives.

by Elis. Pramateftakis Teacher

For instance, a chance to communicate with our child and spend some quality time with him/her is of outmost significance. A kiss and an honest smile are more valuable than all the toys money can buy. Also an encounter with a friend, an attempt to have a small talk with a member of our family is much better than all the time spent in front of a computer screen. This is our chance to change our lives.

Now that the Christmas spirit is all around us and now that, as they say, “miracles can happen”, we can become “as good a friend, as good a master and as good a man as the old city of Chania has ever known”. We do not need to be visited by any spirits. As long as we keep Christmas in our hearts all year round, we shall be happy forever!!!!!! And as Tiny Tim once said: “God bless us Every One”!!

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festive period of the year has finally approached. The time every single boy and girl, every adult or elder person has been anticipating with such anxiety is finally here. But what does Christmas mean to numerous people all over the world? Christmas signifies joy and exhilaration of our soul. It is a time of magic when jingle bells ring, snow and mistletoe is all around us and happy snowmen can mysteriously “come to life”. Christmas is also happy faces everywhere anxious to select something for their beloved families. Shops blazing with lights being full of Christmas cheer. Jolly parties in full swing, Christmas carols heard in the streets reminding you the Jesus Christ was born these snowy days. Piles of traditional sweets, chestnuts roasting in an open fire and various cookies. Cookies which give out this special smell and remind you how great it is for a family to gather around the kitchen table and prepare and taste them together. Christmas is also a chance you have to become a child once again. An opportunity to feel like a young boy who is lis-

culture

The


by Petros Chatzistavros Civil Engineer (T.E.)

A key study by the Michigan State University

Moisture Problems in the Home (2)

Cool Surface Condensation Problems In less energy-efficient homes, cool surfaces are readily available for water vapor to condense and collect on. Warming these surfaces by adding insulation or cutting down on the amount of cold air that can get to them by caulking and weatherstripping will lessen condensation problems.

Window Surface Problems Condensation on window surfaces in cool or cold months can be controlled by adding layers of glass in the form of storm windows or using double- or triple- glazed window units, installing a plastic film on the outside or inside of the window frame (a less expensive way to add storm window protection), repairing

broken glass, and sealing any leaks in and around the window with weatherstripping and caulking on both the inside and outside.

home improvement

Exterior Peeling Paint and Ceiling/Wall Discoloration Problems Peeling exterior paint and discolored interior walls and ceilings (usually in the form of mold or mildew growth) are good indications that condensation is occurring inside wall cavities and attics. During winter, cold outside air collects in these areas and can cool attic, ceiling, wall cavity and interior wall surfaces to the point where condensation occurs. Adding insulation to these areas will warm these surfaces and thus help prevent condensation. Vapor retarders should be used in conjunction with the added insulation to prevent the migration of vapor into these areas from the interior of the home. Note: specially formulated vapor retarder paints are available on the market. They seem to be the least expensive and the easiest way to create a vapor retarder on the winter warm side of the ceiling or wall when insulation is added to these areas. Sealing Interior Cracks and Holes When you add insulation, be sure to repair, caulk or weatherstrip any holes or cracks in ceilings, walls and floors and along baseboards. These are prime areas for moisture migration to occur. Moisture vapor moves with air, and any cracks or

holes that allow air to flow freely through them are potential trouble spots. Recent findings indicate that the sealing of these small, often overlooked areas can be a major factor in solving moisture problems occurring in attics and wall cavities.

Basement Wall Condensation Problems Adding insulation to basement walls has advantages similar to adding it to wall cavities and the ceiling: it eliminates cold surfaces where condensation can occur, and it cuts energy costs. Basement walls are often insulated by adding furring strips to the walls and installing rigid or batt insulation between the furring strips. If you use batt insulation, install a vapor retarder such as polyethylene film on the winter warm side of the batt insulation to prevent future moisture migration into it. To achieve a finished effect, place drywall over the vapor retarder. Rigid insulation is relatively impervious to water and moisture vapor damage. Therefore, it does not require the addition of a vapor retarder over or behind it when it is added to basement walls. As with batt insulation, drywall can and should be used over rigid insulation to provide a finished look and, in accordance with building codes, to provide a fire protective covering over the material that separates it from a habitable living space. Procedures for adding insulation to basement walls are described in Extension bulletin E-1105, Insulate Your Basement Walls, available at your local county Cooperative Extension Service office. Keep in mind, too, that if condensation is occurring in the basement during humid summer weather, windows and doors to the basement should be closed to help keep the humid air out. Open doors and windows when outside humidity levels are low to introduce dry air into the basement. Toilet Tank and Water Pipe Surfaces Toilet tank surfaces are another common place for condensation to occur, particularly during warm, humid months. Warm toilet tank surfaces by either installing rigid waterproof insulation on the inside of the tank or adding a mixing valve to the cold water supply line. This introduces hot water into the tank water supply and can help warm the tank to a level that prevents condensation. Install tubular or wrap insulation around water pipes to

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prevent condensation there.

Seepage and Leakage Seepage or leakage problems commonly occur in the basement or crawl space in the early spring when snow and ice are melting and frost is beginning to leave the ground. They can also occur in the spring, summer and fall during and after heavy rains. Seepage in a basement is the slow (non-pressurized) movement of groundwater through the basement walls. It may appear as a damp spot in an isolated area or in many spots. Leakage, on the other hand, is the fast (pressurized) movement of groundwater through the wall. In the case of leakage, the entry routes for the water are cracks or joints in the wall; with seepage, the water migrates through pores in the wall material. Two conditions must exist for seepage or leakage to occur. First, the soil near the basement or foundation walls must be wet or saturated. Second, the basement or foundation wall must have a weak spot where water infiltration can occur. Soil Saturation Wet or saturated soil near basement walls can have several causes: improper disposal of roof water runoff, poor surface drainage away from the house, separation between the basement or foundation wall and the soil surrounding it (this crack acts like a funnel), window wells collecting rain water, lawn sprinklers located too close to the house, an inadequate below-ground footing drain system or a high water table. Once the soil is wet or saturated, cracks, weak joints or pores in the masonry provide a route through the basement or foundation wall. Alleviate wet or saturated soil near the basement walls by minimizing or eliminating the moisture at its source. The installation, repair and maintenance of the gutter, downspouts and eavestrough discharge system are necessary to minimize the poncling of roof water runoff close to the foundation Eavestrough discharges should terminate at least 3 feet away from the basement/ foundation wall and gently slope away from the foundation at least 1 inch per foot of discharge run. An adequate ground slope away from the basement/foundation wall is needed to ensure that rainwater will be distributed away from the foundation. Generally, a slope of 6 inches in a 10-foot run of ground is adequate. All pockets or openings between the soil and the foundation should be filled with clean material that has good drainage characteristics, such as pea gravel and sandy soil. Window well covers should be installed so that rain-water will not collect in the wells. Locate lawn sprinklers so they don’t sprinkle the walls. A sump pump can be attached to the footing drain tile (a building contractor will be needed for this unless you are an experienced do-it-yourselfer) to drain excess

msue.msu.edu

groundwater away from the tile system and discharge it into a sump well set in the basement floor. In turn, the sump can then pump the waste water into the storm sewer system or to a ground area adjacent to the house. Choose a spot where the water will not damage the foundation or any adjoining property. Contact your local township or city building officials for specific guidelines on where to dispose of sump pump discharge. Wall Repair and Conditioning If the seepage or leakage is occurring through a small, visible crack, use a wire brush to clean the crack and fill it with mortar cement or hydraulic cement. For larger cracks, chisel out a dove-tail groove and clean and fill the groove with either mortar or hydraulic cement. If leakage is heavy or under pressure, you may need to install weep pipes to direct the leakage to a sump pump or drain. A professional may have to be hired to help with these methods. An additional solution for serious basement moisture seepage/leakage problems is installing a footing drain tile system around the exterior walls. While this is being done, the exterior side of the foundation walls should be waterproofed. This solution involves excavating the soil around the exterior walls, installing a footing drain tile system, waterproofing the wall, backfilling with clean and porous material, and sloping the backfill away from the walls. Contact your local township or city building official to secure information about discharge of footing drain tile water. The addition of a footing drain tile, weep pipes and the procedures involved in attaching an existing footing drain tile to a sump pump are expensive and time consuming. Consult an experienced building contractor,engineer or architect before attempting these solutions. Conclusion Finding solutions to moisture problems, be they condensation or water problems, is often a difficult, time-consuming and expensive undertaking. The first step in any situation is to identify the source of the problem. This may not be easy because two and often more things may be working together to create the problem. Once you know the source, rethink the basics about condensation and/or water problems. What are the no-cost or lowcost solutions you can try first? Can the solution(s) attempted help you in other ways in addition to solving the moisture problem? The addition of storm windows, for example, can cut heating costs as well as help prevent fogging or icing of windows. In such a case, the cost of the solution may be well justified. In some cases, you may find you have to rely on outside help, such as contractors, engineers or architects. Do look into the backgrounds of these people to ensure that you are getting the best help available and that the solutions they offer will indeed solve the problems.


Adding a Mobile home deck is a wonderful way to be creative and enjoy the outdoors. Here are some simple steps

How to Build a Mobile Home Deck

to attaching a deck to your mobile home. Choose a dry, sunny day for your project so that you can complete

it without interruptions. Once you pick a day, follow these simple steps to add a deck to your mobile home.

Step 1 - Checking the Surface , thoroughly clean the deck surface Before you start attaching a deck to your mobile home surfaces are free of dirt, mold, grease, as well as the exterior wall. It is critical that both should be attended to promptly. If you wood fragments, and mildew. Any decay or rot are absolutely dry before you continue need to wash any of the surfaces, make sure they your project.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

What you’ll need Ledger board Bolts Hammer Drill Caulk Pliers Lag screws Nails Saw Galvanized Z flashing Sandpaper Gloves Dust mask Protective eye wear

Step 2 - Cutting the Ledger Board Bolt a ledger board to the side of the home. Make sure the board is treated. Once you have measured the space under your door, cut the ledger board accordingly. Try mock fitting the board and make sure you have the correct length. You will also need to leave some space between the home and the deck so that rain and snow can be diverted easily. Use galvanized fasteners to attach the ledger board to the mobile home.

Step 3 - Securing the Ledger Board Since ledger boards are seldom straight, you may want to use a flat bar to straighten them as you attach them. Drill slots throu gh the ledger board and the sheathing into the house itself. Attach the ledger board securely using 2 lag screws between each pair of joists. The more joists you use, the more stable the deck attachment will be. Use enough caulk to protect the holes from moisture. Use a hammer and drive the lag screws into the frame of the house.

Step 5 - Finishing Up Cut and sand any extra ends of the ledger board using a saw for an even, sharp edge. Check thoroughly for any unsealed gaps. Once your sealant is dry, walk on the deck to test the attachment and its stability.

do it yourself

Step 4 - Weather Proofing Use silicone caulk to seal all of the gaps. Go over the entire deck, especially joints, nail slots, and ends. If you plan to paint your deck, then check if the sealant you have used is compatible with the paint. To protect the ledger board from both the top and behind, use galvanized metal z-flashing.

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Your mobile home deck is now ready to go. Wait for it to dry completely and keep an eye on your attachments as you start furnishing and decorating it.


National Geographic: We Are What We Eat

Spring in Crete Means a Feast of Wild Greens

Over the past weeks, we have been

by Petros Marinakis

Botanical Park & Gardens

sharing Matthieu Paley’s visual food diary as he travels the globe on assignment for National Geographic in search of our ancestral ties to the food we eat. In this chapter, Paley finishes up his chapati and chai in the breathtaking mountains of northern Pakistan and travels back towards the sea for a Mediterranean springtime feast.

April 2014 She lies against the slope, framed in green. In her blue apron, black knee socks, and long hair tied in bun, she is beautiful. With some effort, she twists around to reach for a tuft of leaves just above her s head. She grabs her new re natu e mor for stick and leans on it. t.eu pos ania click on http://ch Very slowly, she gets up. She turns to me and giggles as if to say, “Am I old or what!” She takes off her knitted vest and lays it flat on the ground under an olive tree. There is a large pocket in the front of her apron and it’s overflowing with wild plants: fennel, chicory, dandelion. Taking them out one bundle at a time, she methodically cuts the dirty roots off and wraps them inside the vest. They will be easy to carry home… and they look very snug. Vangelio is in her 80s. She is foraging for wild herbs the same as she has done since she was a little girl. Above us is the small village of Mero-

nas. Across from the wild valley stands Mount Psiloritis, its round peak still covered in snow. Olive groves are everywhere. The largest island in Greece, Crete is a world in itself, very much favored by the gods. Indeed, the food is abundant. The Cretan eating habits are what define the Mediterranean diet, one of the oldest diets still popular today. I have my work cut out for me this week. I meet some of Vangelio’s extended family. Everyone was out in the fields this afternoon, so there is a nice pile of freshly cleaned wild greens lying on the tablecloth. The conversation is loud and lively—a stream of friendly banter punctuated by hearty laughter, hand gestures, and much raising of the eyebrows. Everyone is incredibly welcoming. I am at the Moschonas for their Saturday family gathering. There is a kind of buzz that makes me feel right at home–we argue a lot in my family and I too like to express myself with my eyebrows. “Now, we make kalitsounia!” boasts Stella. These are small pies filled with hand-picked wild herbs described collectively as horta. It is April, which has been horta time in Crete since the Neolithic age. Stella is preparing dough on the table, rolling it out then cutting it into small squares. A couple of men are eating nuts and olives. They wash all this down with raki—a clear brandy made from grapes.

Once neatly wrapped in dough, the little horta packages go back to the kitchen to get fried in olive oil. Meanwhile, a large bucket of snails has emerged from the freezer. “We eat snails all year round. Once we catch them, we sprinkle them with flour so they disgorge.” My mom still cooks escargot when I come back home to France. Sea snails, land snails… think of it … this must be some of the oldest food eaten by humans. Let’s just say the hunting skills required are not too sophisticated and they are an easy catch. No need for an elaborate bow and arrow or setting traps at dawn—simply go for a stroll in a patch of grass, turn over a few small rocks, and there they are. “And they are full of Omega 3, no fat on that meat either!” Stella continues proudly, noticing my excitement. These little creatures will end up in a casserole, in a thick sauce made of onions, grated tomatoes, parsley, and bulgur. I am offered a kalitsounia, hot out of the pan. “Tell me about the horta,” I ask. “What did you pick today?” Leaning over the table, Stella says with a smirk,”Oh, there are over 20 types out there, if you know where to find them.” “That many?” I am amazed. “Come on… don’t tell me you can recognize all of them?” “The hell I do!” Stella replies. “And I

know them by name!” I dare her to name them all and off she goes, eyes closed in concentration, “Golden thistle, black nightshade, mallow, sorrel, amaranth, brighteye, nettle, dandelions, purslane, hartwort, shepherd’s needles, vetch, spiny chicory, bitter dock, wild fennel, king’s spear…” The list goes on and on. I am not quick enough to write all these down. Most of us are happy to tell chives from parsley. She, like all the other women sitting there—some whispering the names of a few herbs she forgot—is a born botanist. I am duly impressed. The men are serving me wine. My plate is overflowing with escargots. A man starts playing the lyra. Fava beans and small fried sardines show up on the table along with another dish of what looks like tiny asparagus. Manolis sits next to me. He rolls a cigarette and points at the dish. “This one is medicament. Medicine!” He says with the gravelly laugh of a smoker, “Eat a ton of it!” I try a taste. It is a bit bitter—the kind of bitter you intuitively feel is good for you. I get his point. “We call these avronies… only in this season… you are a lucky man!” “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food,” Aristotle wisely said. I feel I could live here for a long time, surely long enough to differentiate my wild fennel from my spiny chicory. National Geographic

10 golden rules for the storage and enjoyment of quality Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO)

cretan nature

by Manolis Karpadakis Terra Creta Marketing Mngr

1. Olive oil cannot be aged like wine. The fresher it is the better - as the health benefits quickly deteriorate with age. 2. Always be aware of main ‘enemies’ of EVOO: a. Light (any source) particularly strong sunlight; b. Temperature (ideal storage at 15 deg. C/59 deg. F, maximum 20 deg. C/ 68 deg. F); c. Oxygen (avoid keeping an open or half full bottle/container for more than three/four months). When you buy a new bottle or tin, you must think: Will it be consumed in less than four months after opening? If not, buy a smaller container; d. Plastic. Some materials have the attribute to contaminate the containing olive oil with harmful substances. Use stainless still, colored glass, ceramic jars, or closed tins for storage; 3. Acidity is not the only element that indicates the quality, sometimes this

to 185 deg. C/365 deg. F); 5. EVOO can be less or more fruity, bitter or spicy, depending on the variety, the origin and the production procedures. All the above are positive attributes just choose the one you prefer; 6. A quality EVOO gives you always a

Climate change threatens Cretan beaches

Climate change is threatening idyllic

Greek beaches and tourist locations like Crete and the Dodecanese will be worst hit, a report commissioned by the Bank of Greece shows. The report, which is authored by some

of Greece’s most prominent environmental researchers, reveals that the rising temperatures will change the country’s landscape and lead to the loss of €12.5bn of tourist incomes. According to Franfurter Rundschau, which features the report, of the

16,000km of Greek coastlines only 2,400 will remain during the last three decades of the century, as rising water levels will flood many areas. The report also shows that in 2100, Greek proprietors will have lost land valued at 44bn.

A new kind of reptile spotted in Crete

A new kind of reptile was spotted in

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can even mislead you. Learn also about peroxides value, K232, K270, DK and of course organoleptic characteristics. Your EVOO should taste fruity and pleasant without any ‘off ’ flavors; 4. A good EVOO is quiet stable and can be used also for cooking and frying (up

Crete. In particular, a population of almost 5.000 new kind of lizards of was spotted in Sitia, Lassithi. It is known as Stellagama Stellio, which is a monotypic genus of agamid lizards. Common names for the species include stellion, hardim, hardun, star lizard,

painted dragon, starred agama, slingtailed agama and roughtail rock agama. Total length is up to 35 centimetres (14 in) or slightly longer. Like many agamids, stellions can change color to express their moods. They bask on stone walls, rocks, and trees. They are usually found in rocky habitats, and are quite

shy, being very ready to dive into cracks to hide from potential predators. The name “stellion” comes from Latin stellio, stēlio (stelliōn-, stēliōn-), which referred to any spotted lizard, from stella, star. There are many subspecies, and S. stellio is likely a species complex. More research will be done.

pleasant feeling when is tasted raw. If the flavor is not good then avoid it; 7. Spicy and bitter flavours are positive attributes. They come mostly from the phenolic compounds which are active antioxidants and help protect our bodies from oxidative stress and other diseases, including cancer and heart disease; 8. A good EVOO is not only a healthy and functional food. It gives excellent flavor to many dishes and can be adopted easily in many different cuisines; 9. All oils (EVOO, seed oils etc.) have approximately the same calorific value (9,000 calories per Kg), despite the color, variety etc; 10. Please show respect to your valuable EVOO. Every single drop of this wonderful product reflects the efforts and passion of the farmer who works for 11 months each year with his olive trees, for you to be able to enjoy this precious olive oil.


Air Pollution in Smokers’ Homes Can Reach Outdoor Levels in Worst Polluted Cities

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health & nutrition

Living with a smoker can be like breathing the air in the world’s most by Miltiades Markatos Pneumonologist polluted cities, according to a new study from Scotland, released this November. “The message is pretty simple really smoking in your home leads to really poor air quality and results in concentrations of fine particles, that you can’t see, that would cause real concern to us if they were found outside,” said lead author Sean Semple, of the Scottish Centre for Indoor Air at the University of Aberdeen. Tiny particles 2.5 microns in diameter or smaller, known as PM2.5, can penetrate deep into the lungs and even enter the blood. They’ve been linked for more health news to heart disease, strokes click on http://chaniapost.gr and cancer. “For non-smokers who live with a smoker the impact of implementing smoke-free house rules would reduce their daily intake of PM2.5 by 70% or more,” Semple said. Such tiny particles typically result from combustion. Outdoors, the primary sources are vehicle exhaust, power plants and wildfires. Indoors, wood-burning or coal-burning stoves, gas cooking and heating fires and tobacco smoke are the most common sources of PM2.5 in the air. For outdoor air, the World Health Organization says the safe exposure limit for PM2.5 particles is an average of 25 ug/m3 of air over a 24-hour period, or average annual levels of 10 ug/m3. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency sets the 24-hour limit at an average of 12 ug. Semple and his colleagues wanted to bring together two scientific communities: those involved in tobacco control work and those interested in outdoor air pollution and health. “We think there is a lot that each can learn from the other,” he said. Many studies have examined outdoor air pollution or indoor air quality in workplaces. But home is where most people spend the majority of their time, particularly small children and homebound elderly people, the researchers write. By comparing indoor air pollution in the homes of smokers and non-smokers, then comparing that to the most polluted cities, they hoped to illustrate the perils of indoor tobacco smoke over

a lifetime. The study team looked at data from four separate studies of PM2.5 levels in 93 Scottish homes where people smoked and 17 homes that were smoke free. On average, PM2.5 levels in smokers’ homes were around 31 ug/m3 - 10 times greater than the average of 3 ug/ m3 in non-smoking homes. There was a wide range of smoke con-

pollution levels that were the same or higher than the annual average PM2.5 concentration measured in Beijing,” a heavily polluted city. The study team estimates that over a lifetime, a non-smoker living with a smoker will inhale about 6 grams more particulate matter than a non-smoker living in a smoke-free home. Semple said that isn’t much, but this

centrations in the smokers’ homes, however, and in one quarter of them, the 24-hour averages were 111 ug. Semple pointed out, “A considerable proportion of smokers’ homes had air

amount is likely to “have a substantial effect on the risk of developing diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.” He also said that smokers often express

A life changing visit to our pharmacy can make you change the way you see life and put your body and mind in harmony. Have you ever visited a pharmacy to taste health? A different pharmacy in the centre of the old town of Chania is waiting to share with you secrets of well being and longevity. Taste the biolo gical honey, the royal jelly, tea from plants carefully chosen in therapeutic recipes, high concentration and purity juices of pomegranate, cranberry, aloe. Orthomolecular nutrition with suggestions on detox programs and a carefully selected range of supplements, vitamins an gluten free products from all over the world. In the same premises you can find a live homeopathic lab with 6.000 homeopathic remedies in stock and the ability to produce any kind of homeopathic form i.e. pills, granules, solutions etc Evangelia Sakka is the pharmacist in charge who has created that special pharmacy and will be happy to introduce you to that fantastic world but also suggest whatever will be more settable for you. Our philosophy doesn’t stop on food and supplements but we want you to think of your mind and body as well. That’s why we have created next to our pharmacy the Green Care SPA. A SPA that helps to uplift your mind and body with biological face an body treatments, reflexology, reiky, su jok and moxa treatment, Bach flower remedies, homeopathy sessions, bowtech as well as nail therapies. We are waiting for you to restart your life at Daskalogianni 43 - 45, SAKKA Pharmacy www.my-pharmacy.gr / www.greencarespa.gr

the view that outdoor traffic pollution is a bigger problem than second-hand smoke pollution in the home. “What this work shows is that, for most people living outside of major heavily polluted mega-cities like Beijing or Delhi, outdoor air pollution is much, much lower than what is measured inside homes where someone smokes,” he said. “We have a lot of data and it’s an established fact how bad second-hand smoke is,” said Lucy Popova, from the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco. “There’s no safe level of exposure to it.” “Smoke-free rules help not only by reducing the particulate matters for non-smokers but it actually helps smokers to quit too,” said Popova, who was not involved in the Scottish study. Research shows that when you have smoke-free rules in your home, you motivate smokers to make more cessation attempts and decrease the number of cigarettes they smoke. Reuters Health


Ski Goggles

Which Eyewear Is Best for Snow and Winter Sports?

Ski goggles protect the face as well as the eyes, which means many are large enough to cover most of the upper portion of the face. However, some ski goggles are smaller and less obtrusive. Regardless of their size, ski goggles are designed to fit snugly around the eye area, preventing wind, snow and ice from penetrating and interfering with vision. The lens area is intentionally large so you have a wide field of view and good peripheral vision.

How Ski Goggles Are Designed Many ski goggle frames are made of softer, more flexible materials than traditional eyeglass or sunglass frames. Nylon, rubber and propionate are popular because they hold their shape, do not become brittle in the cold and tend not to injure the face if you should fall or hit an object while traveling at high speed. Most goggle styles are held in place on the head with a large, thick strap designed to make sure that eye protection

stays in place no matter how rigorous your activities become. Some ski eyewear looks more like regular sunglasses than athletic eyewear. But differences exist between these frames and traditional sunglasses. Side shields, which may or may not be detachable, often are included as part of the frames so that wind and snow are kept away from the eye area. Many of these styles also have cable, or wraparound, temples that keep the frames firmly in place until you want to remove them. Lens Choices in Ski Goggles Lenses used in ski goggles are frequently a yellow-orange hue. This color enhances contrast, so you can see more clearly the shapes, objects and bumps in the snow, by blocking out the blue, or hazy, end of the color spectrum. For this reason, lenses of this color sometimes are called “blue-blockers.” Rose is another good contrast-enhancing color, as shown by our sports sunglass lens tint guides.

Some opticians advise against wearing polarized lenses when skiing, however, because you may be unable to see the icy patches on slopes that you’ll want to avoid. On the other hand, polarized lenses can reduce the “bounce-back” of sunshine off snow and ice that skiers might find bothersome. Polarized lenses are an excellent choice for boating and fishing, because they reduce glare from sunlight reflecting off flat surfaces. But as a skier, you’ll need to consider the safety aspects of using polarized lenses. They are available in traditional sun shades such as gray and brown, as well as in the yellow or rose tones that combine better contrast with glare reduction.

Here are tips for buying ski goggles: • Shop before you get to the mountain, so you don’t end up paying an inflated price. • Insist on lenses that provide 100 percent ultraviolet protection, to

Christmas food temptations

shield your eyes from the sun’s harmful UV rays. • Look for anti-fogging features such as double lenses, anti-fog coating and wide vents. Ski goggles come in large, one-piece constructions that can be worn alone by people who use contact lenses or don’t need vision correction. Alternatively, ski goggles will often accommodate smaller eyeglasses or sun-

by Nick Lazakis Optical expert

glasses worn beneath them. Some models also include inserts for prescription lenses that can be made to your individual specifications and placed between the goggle lens and your eyes. If you’re interested in these types of ski goggles, ask for advice from your eye care practitioner. allaboutvision.com

What to eat, what to drink and what to avoid during holidays

Salads – Soups It is a great solution to satisfy your hungry with fewer calories and filling your plate at a festive table. It is a very good choice for a first course. Choose simple salads, avoiding those who may have inside pasta, potatoes, nuts, croutons, lots of mayonnaise or other dressings - sauces. Prefer those which have fruit such as pomegranate or orange or nuts, such as walnuts or pine nuts.

Main meal If you have a choice, go for the lunch instead of the evening cries for food. Follow the golden rule ¼ of the plate protein (some meat), ¼ of the plate carbohydrates (rice, potatoes, stuffing) and ½ of the plate vegetables (raw salad or garnish grilled or boiled vegetables). The usual meals is pork with celery or stuffed or with some sauce and the stuffed turkey. Choose lean meat, eg turkey breast instead of pork and remove visible fat and skin. Prefer to garnish plain rice instead of stuffing which is usually rich in calories or even better vegetables. Avoid sauces and fried foods. If you eat rice or potatoes, not eat bread together. Sweets - Dessert These days the desserts are many in number and variety. Honey cakes, buns, turnovers, pudding, soufflés, cheesecake, and of course the traditional pie... The sweet, as is known combining high in sugar and fat, making calorie “dangerous” with regard to our weight. If you want to eat some sweet, it’s good to have included in your nutritional plan to hold a little calorie “space” for this. Eat a small amount slowly to enjoy it. Prefer melomakarona or buns or better yet a light dessert, such as fruit, jelly or some variation of the classic sweet with

yoghurt or sweeteners. Drinks and accompanying Avoid drinking too much alcohol at festive gatherings. First it gives empty calories in the body, decreases the ability to control food intake, so we eat more. Be careful at beverages that are high in sugar. Also avoid savory accompaniments such as nuts, patatatakia, crackers, plain or with dips. Prefer wine or beer to whiskey and other drinks which have high concentration of alcohol. Dilute your drink with water or ice in order to drink less. Avoid cocktails, which are calorically contaminated compared to pure drinks. Prefer to put in your drink soda or better yet simple enough water or carbon, to prevent dehydration and hangover. Prefer to put in your drink water or juice instead of soda. If you want to eat something together, prefer cucumber, carrot, fruit and unsalted nuts Tricks to avoid temptations Do not go hungry in the call. Make sure you have eaten before, a light snack, such as fruit, soup or salad, so

Merry Christmas and a happy new year!!!

by Niki Voulgarakis Dietician - Nutritionist

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Golden rules before the holidays Try to start the festivities without excess weight. This means balanced and / or low calorie diet, along with exercise, a few weeks before the holidays. It would be even better if you follow the fasting of Christmas. Do not ever skip meals. The most likely is that you will be so hungry at mealtime, leading to consume more calories. Give special attention to your breakfast to start your day. Try to know what will be in the menu and plan in advance what you will eat. When you arrive at the buffet or sit down at the table, take some time to see what is included, which of the foods you like and what is better to select. Intermediate Christmas, New Year and Epiphany make sure to balance your weight with diet and exercise, so as not to accumulate weight.

If the first course is soup, try not to eat bread or croutons together.

you can control what you eat at lunch. However, if you get hungry, drink plenty of water, shortly before eating. Take a look at the food buffet or table and served with the least burdensome. Select the simplest appetizers and/or food, which have less material, more clearly and less sauce. Help yourself to a small dish or if it is large, half fill it with salad. Eat slowly, touching your cutlery down before the next bite and take some time to others. In this way you have time to realize satisfaction and enjoy better what you eat. Once you finish your food, go away from the buffet or table politely. Chew some gum after eating, to stop the extra snacking. Between Christmas and New Year Detoxify! Not with diets, but with light cuisine and full meals, which will be based on vegetables, legumes, fish, and fruit. Avoid sweet temptations which are home. Do not grieve for sweets left and left over and so you consume them, because in the end you will be sorry about your weight. Keep the mood for dessert for only festive cries. Avoid alcohol, salt and lots of fat. Seek to work out and to hydrate more these days.

health & nutrition

Every year from Christmas to Epiphany, the longest holiday season of the year, with many tables and festive meetings, put in food temptation even the most abstemious. The average weight gain during this period is about 2 kilos which rarely lost and added to over the years. Imagine that in just one decade, one can only get from these holidays 20 kilos! Moreover, should be very careful those who suffer from a food-related illness, such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, gastrointestinal disorders, because the holiday menu is usually eating ‘bombs’ in salt, fat, sugars and alcohol.


Sign and share… for the rights of animals in Greece

Poisonings, beatings, hangings, abandonment, are just some of the ways by which animals are abused in Greece of 2014. Daiy, gruesome allegations come to light from all around the country, but this is not enough to stop the crime. It is necessary to change our mentality and the way we treat other living things, and to do so, we need to try all together. Only if push toward establishing legislation that protects and ensures therespect for the animals, our companions in life, we can solve this problem once and for all. On the occasion of the World Animal Day on October 4, 2014, we started the great effort, to all together shout out loud that we do not tolerate the animal abuse anymore. The process of the revision of the Greek

by Giannis Venetakis Zoo Technician

Constitution is about to start. Animals, in the current legislative grid, are regarded as tools – human property. So let it be clear that we ask from the legislators that the new Constitution to include provisions for the animals in order to coexist with us, without pain and misery, without ordeal and exploitation. Our message is clear: We demand to assert their rights within this very Constitution that protects the rights of people. Sign Now this resolution and share it to as many people as you can. Lets be the ones that will make the start for a better life! Each one of our signatures demonstrates that animals must be regarded as intelligent and sentient beings, and not as objects.

When you get past the 100,000 signatures, the Pan-Hellenic Animal and Environmental Federation will officially deliver them directly to the Prime Minister, the Paarty Leaders and the

President of the Greek Parliament. Animals Welfare Association of Chania

Staggering fines for killing puppies and dog abuse Staggering fines totaling 270,000 euros were levied on a 67 year old former Municipal Police officer from Larissa, after a fellow citizen, accused him of killing eight newborn puppies and the abuse of another dog. The relevant Directorate of Rural Development in the municipality of Larissa, usually after complaints of animal welfare organizations, levies on regular citizens, administrative penalties and

for more pets news click on http://chaniapost.eu

Two dog friendly beaches in Sfakia, Crete

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pets & vets

Now Greece offers dog friendly beaches in some regions. Hellenic Port Authority proposed 19 beaches in 8 Municipalities all over Greece. Two of those beaches are located in Sfakia, Crete (Akrotirion and Viglistiri). The rest of them are in Ithaca, Megara, Municipality of Pinios, Markopoulo, Ios, Milos and Loutraki.

fines for various offenses under law 4039/12 (“On pets and stray companion animals and the protection of such animals from the exploitation or use for profit”). However, the case of the 67 year old has no precedent since he received the anticipated maximum fine of 30,000 euros “for each animal and for each incident”, so the total fine for 9 dogs reach this amount. Without more details being known,

in August 2013, as was denounced to the then Larissa Municipal Police, in the area of Ag. Marina, the 67 year old proceeded to kill eight newborn puppies and abuse another dog. The puppies were found killed in a nylon bag, under stones. The recorded offense was communicated to the Rural Development Department of the Municipality of Larissa and the Department of Revenue of the municipality in turn should, sooner or

Trying to find solutions for stray dogs in Apokoronas According to information the current situation of stray dogs in the municipality is as follows. The municipality has already approved 3.000 € in the budget to put microchips into strays. It is confirmed that the primary school in Karres has been assigned to create a municipal vet. The Municipality as

promised the local president of the village that it will renovate the old building. The municipality also intends to find a suitable beach where people may enjoy together with their dogs. The first thought is the beach at Karavos. Regarding a solution for the illegal animal center in Kaina for now there is still no progress.

later, turn the fine over to the Tax Office (DOY) for service. The question remains, whether the fines imposed will just lead to more strays as more unwanted animals will be turned to the street, rather than be euthanized for fear of such fines and possible jail sentences. There is also the question of euthanasia at stray animal shelters that can only keep strays for specific lengths of time, or by licensed vets.

Phaedra, the Police dog of Heraklion… retired After seven years of success Phaedra, the Police dog of Heraklion… retired from active service, according to candianews.gr. She was adopted and she will live the rest of his life with a family in Heraklion. Phaedra is not just any dog! It is a well trained “girl” who had managed to locate large quantities of drugs. She participated in all police investigations for drugs in the city of Heraklion and Crete. The German Shepherd was given by police officers to the association of “Zoophilia Action“.


The Great Annual Christmas Tree Debate

Real vs. Artificial replacing natural with artificial is not

Pros and Cons So which tree is naughty and which is nice? Many experts point out that the carbon footprint and overall environmental impact is minimal compared to what’s caused by our daily driving. So you could do penance for a few days by biking or carpooling and then enjoy the rest of the holiday season. Perhaps the real choice to make is: Which will bring more enjoyment and happiness. For some, the guilt of cutting down a tree drives them toward fake needles, which can also be more convenient. For others, the thought of

And more money is saved with a pre-decorated tree if you don’t already have a tree stand, lights, and ornaments. Artificial trees are made of PVC plastic and eventually go to a landfill. On the other hand, you save driving around each year looking for the right tree. And an artificial tree can be left up all year, saving the time of packing and unpacking it. The environmental impact of a real tree is less than an artificial tree, but still very small.

Consider a Live Tree The most eco-friendly way to enjoy a Christmas tree is to buy a live tree with its roots intact. Find one at your local nursery or farmer’s market. Dig your hole when you purchase the tree, and only keep it in the house for a week so you don’t wake it up. with info from livinggreenmag.com

A List Of Plants And Flowers For Christmas

The Christmas holiday is a time for beauty and good cheer and nothing helps bring beauty and good cheer like beautiful flowers for Christmas. There are a few standard Christmas plants and flowers that you may like for your home this holiday. Care of Christmas Plants Surprisingly, many holiday plants are tropical plants. This means that the care of these Christmas plants is more like caring for a houseplant than a plant meant for the cold and snow. All of the Christmas plant types listed below should be treated as tender plants and should not be left where cold drafts could blow on them. Christmas Plants and Flowers Poinsettia – Perhaps the most recognizable flower for Christmas is the poinsettia. Originally sold with bright red and green leaves (the “flowers” are actually leaves on the plant), poinsettias today are sold in a wide variety

of colors and patterns. They naturally grow in a range of colors from white to pink to red with solid or speckled leaves, but sellers now dye or paint them many other colors and may even add sparkles. Amaryllis – Amaryllis is another popular holiday plant. Tall and graceful, this holiday flower bulb can make a statement as a centerpiece on the table and its trumpet like huge flowers look like they are harking the Christmas holidays. Typically, the red varieties of amaryllis are sold for the holidays, but they come in colors ranging from red to white to pink to orange and petals that are solid, striped or speckled in all of these colors. Christmas Cactus – The Christmas cactus is so named because it is thought to naturally bloom at Christmas time. If you own this holiday plant for many years, you will actually find it prefers to bloom closer to Thanksgiving. Regardless, these lovely cacti have lush flowers that hang down like

lovely Christmas ornaments from the ends of the leaves of the plant. Rosemary – While the rosemary plant is a lesser known holiday plant, it is making a comeback in stores as being sold as a holiday plant. A few centuries ago, rosemary was part of the Nativity story in that Baby Jesus’ clothes were dried on a rosemary bush. Christians then believed that smelling rosemary at Christmas brought good luck. Today, rosemary is sold as a Christmas plant pruned in the form of a Christmas tree. Holly – Holly is not typically sold as a live plant at Christmas, but the bright red berries of female holly bushes against its dark green pointed leaves are a popular decoration at Christmas. Surprisingly, while holly is a traditional Christmas plant, its origins date back to Druids, who thought the plant represented everlasting life. Christians

for more gardening news click on http://chaniapost.gr

adopted the plant as a symbol of Jesus’ promise of everlasting life. Mistletoe – Another holiday plant that is used as décor more than a live plant, this common Christmas decoration also dates back to the druids. But, unlike holly, the Christian church did not adopt it as a tradition, but rather frowned on it. Despite being forbidden as a decoration at one point in time in the Christian church, this holiday plant is still commonly seen. Originally a symbol of fertility, now it is simply a sneaky way for boys to get kisses from girls. gardeningknowhow.com

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Decorating for the holidays often involves a Christmas tree. Each year, people buy about 100 million real trees and about 50 million fake ones. However, since artificial trees are usually reused, the number of artificial trees actually strung up each year is about 90 million. But which choice is greener—cutting down a living tree that sequesters carbon, or buying a plastic one from China that could last six or more years but still end up in a landfill? The right environmental choice may not be clearcut.

their idea of a joyous noel. However, for those ruled by their head and not their heart, here are some factoids gathered from various sources, including the New York Times, EarthTalk, and Earth911. • Real trees are primarily grown on farms to minimize deforestation. These farms are often marginal for crops but work for trees, and preserve green spaces. However, pesticides and chemicals are used to some amount. • Real trees generate oxygen and absorb carbon from the air while alive. Artificial trees create factory pollution. • Real trees are often recycled into mulch. They also leave a mess of needles, and require regular watering—especially if you want to minimize needle loss. • Artificial trees cost more then real trees of the same size, but tend to cost less in the long run because they can be used for 6-10 years.

plants and gardening

Real Christmas Trees are not just fragrant and beautiful, they are also better for the environment than fake trees, inexpensive, safe, easy to care for, and an excellent choice for your family’s traditional Christmas celebration.


Si Fu Mark Phillips in a special interview for all readers of Chania Post

SUPER LEAGUE MATCH DAYS (12/2014) Match Day 17 OFI - Niki Volou Olympiacos - Platanias Levadiakos - Ergotelis

What is Wing Chun?

Match Day 18 Ergotelis - Panionios Panetolikos - OFI Platanias - Atromitos Match Day 19 Veria - OFI Ergotelis - Kalloni PAOK - Platanias for any changes click on http://www.superleaguegreece.net

FOOTBALL LEAGUE MATCH DAYS (11/2014) Match Day 11 Panegialios - Episkopi Match Day 12 Chania - Panachaiki Apollon - Episkopi Match Day 13 Episkopi - Chania Match Day 14 Chania - Ermionida Aharnaikos - Epikopi

for any changes click on http://www.epae.org

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sports & leisure

for more sports news click on http://chaniapost.gr

Dr Phillips we welcome you to Chania, Crete. Could you please give us a little information about Wing Chun? People say that it is a complete martial art and a spiritual exercise for anyone who decides to practice. Thank you, Chania is indeed a lovely place to vis-

it. Wing Chun is a martial art style of Chinese Kung Fu. Originally from Southern China, and then Hong Kong, Wing Chun could be considered fairly modern compared to other forms of Kung Fu from these regions. This martial art is practical, direct, and intelligent, because it focuses on moving efficiently in any self de-

fence situation. Although, Wing Chun is a complete martial art, I wouldn’t consider this style a spiritual martial art. Having said that, every martial art develops character, will-power, and motivation. So in that sense training Wing Chun could be considered spiritual because it is great for personal development. Do you believe that martial arts of Eastern Asia have something in common with martial arts in ancient Greece, like “Pankration” for example? When two differing civilizations look for solutions in martial combat, it is highly likely that similarities will be found. After all, there are only so many different ways you can move your arms and legs. It’s my understanding that Pankration was part of the ancient Greek Olympics, so you could say that it was a highly competitive form of combat. In this sense there are similarities to modern San Shou tournaments held in China and Europe.

FIFA World Ranking - December 2014

In fact, San Shou was devised as a method in which different styles of Chinese martial arts could compare with each other. Traditionally, Chinese Kung Fu styles used to compare their combat skills on small wooden platforms raised some distance of the ground. These contests would have attracted a great number of spectators and fame to the contestants much like the ancient Greek Olympics. What brings you to Chania? What do you believe about the level of Wing Chun in Greece and especially in Crete? Well I have nearly 30 years experience in Wing Chun, and I’m currently the director of the well acclaimed London Wing Chun Academy in the UK. My responsibilities include overseeing our various martial arts syllabuses, self defence, and competition training. As a result, I’ve been invited by the Wing Chun Academy of Chania to teach San Shou to the lo-


Why should I learn Wing Chun? Do I have to be fit to start? Is it easy or difficult? How does a beginners class in Wing Chun work?

Si Fu Mark Phillips is quite simply the most talented student in the Associ-

You should learn Wing Chun! There are so many benefits in training martial arts. You will get fit, make friends, and learn to defend yourself. However, in learning Wing Chun you’ll learn to defend yourself in a practical and efficient way, so you don’t need to be fit to start. Practicing Wing Chun is not about flamboyance, or fancy rituals, but more about using your body in a practical efficient manner. There is no nonsense in the Wing Chun approach. It is simple, direct, and intelligent. You don’t have to be fit to start and it is easy to learn. Just come along to a beginner’s class in Wing Chun to see for yourself. Si Fu Giorgos is currently taking on beginners and has an excellent method of teaching new students. Most Si Fu around the world recommend Wing Chun for children. What may Wing Chun offer to a child? Children will benefit from martial art training full stop, and learning Wing Chun is no different. Overall, martial arts gives your child confidence, discipline, and a belief that they can achieve what they put their minds too.

Who is Si Fu Mark Phillips?

ation. He has been known for many years as ‘Mr T’ as every technique he uses is so well timed. His control at speed is remarkable which is just as well as he is 6’2” and is very powerful. He has passed 5 gradings and is looking forward to his multiple fight challenge as part of his 6th level grading. Sifu Phillips is now teaching at

his full time school in Southgate. It is a great opportunity for people in North London to train regularly with an exceptional teacher. In February 2005 Sifu Phillips won the presti- for more sports news gious ‘Instructor of the click on http://chaniapost .gr Year’ for 2004 award. In November 2005 Mark travelled to Hong Kong where he demonstrated his chi sau skills in front of many Masters at the 2nd Ving Tsun Atheletic Association World Conference. He has since been accepted as a lifetime member and recognised as a Sifu by the VTAA. In November 2006 Mark travelled back to Hong Kong where he demonstrated and taught to a very impressed group of Wing Chun students. In February 2007 Sifu Mark won the coveted ‘2006 Student of the Year’ award for the first time. His contribution to all the students within the UKWCKFA and to his own teacher is undeniable. In April 14th 2007 Sifu Mark was awarded his Blue Belt in Brazillian Jiu Jitsu. The start of yet more skills within the martial arts. In Spet 2008 the London HQ moved to the new prestigious premises in Wood Green. The school is world class from the expert tuition to the decor and facilities. In January 2009 Sifu Mark was awarded his Purple Belt in Brazillian Jiu Jitsu. In October 2010 Sifu Mark was awarded his Brown Belt in Brazillian Jiu Jitsu. In July 2013 Sfu Phillips became a ‘Professor’ in Brazillian Jiu Jisu when he was awrded his Black Belt. Sifu Phillips completed his Psychology PhD and has the title Doctor Phillips.

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In fact, if taught properly a good Wing Chun school will teach your child not to give up when faced with challenges. As long as you have a safe and nurturing environment, then your child can attempt new experiences without fear of failure. Think of the benefits that would have for your child’s school work. Of course, your child’s training should be fun and interactive, so an excellent martial arts school will have a good methodology for teaching children. So yes, I would highly recommend that children train martial arts. There are so many benefits that will stay with your child for the rest of their lives. Positive thinking and confidence are just one aspect. Even practically, being able to stand up to the local bully is another. So bring your child along to the academy here in Chania (Crete).

sports & leisure

cal team. They have had some success in competition so far, nevertheless I’ve been asked to help coach and develop the team here in Crete. My objective is to illustrate how the London Wing Chun Academy uses aspects of Wing Chun for San Shou competition. My team in the UK has had great success at competition, so my job here is to bring some of our coaching methodology and approach to San Shou to the competitors here in Chania. So, I consider myself as merely an ambassador of the sport in Greece. Actually, I think the level of Wing Chun is very good here in Greece, there are some notable instructors that teach here and in Crete. In particular, Si Fu Giorgos is commendable; he has a very good school here in Chania, and his students are excellent. I would be happy to recommend Si Fu Giorgos Wing Chun academy.


Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year from all taxi drivers of Chania

December 2014 - January 2015  
December 2014 - January 2015  
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