April 2016, Issue No. 33 www.cretepost.gr
the CHANIA POST
READ ALSO IN THIS ISSUE: Australian POWs in Crete were the subjects of medical experiments by a Nazi doctor during World War II Australian troops were among those subjected to atrocious wartime experiments by Nazi doctors during World War II, researchers have revealed. The Sydney Jewish Museum’s resident historian... p.3
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“The Terrorism of -ism”
Over the past two decades, it has become evident that our world has purchased a one-way ticket towards globalization – a world with no borders, a world of producers and consumers. Ease of communications and transport is pulling down just about every barrier between the planet’s economies and, consequently, cultures. This is evident in the homogenized, American-modeled consumer lifestyle... p.8
Telegraph: Chania in Europe’s 10 oldest cities
While many of the world’s oldest cities, settled around the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East, are off-limits to travellers at present, Europe’s most ancient settlements are very much open to visitors. When did the earliest inhabitants settle? 4,000 BC. p.16
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Greece Economic & Financial Outlook March 2016
The Greek economy showed signs of resilience in H2 2015 in face of capital controls but proved vulnerable to fresh tax increases. After six consecutive quarters of positive growth, real GDP contracted by 1.7% y-o-y and 0.8% y-o-y in Q3 2015 and Q4 2015 respectively, suggesting a yearly decline of 0.2% in 2015 as a whole. p.4
They are from Norway, they live in Kalyves and they love Greece as their second home country p.10
Apokoronas council and the Community Dog
As I came out of my drive in the late morning last weekend, the young female dog that has been hanging around in the vicinity of my house for a couple of weeks leapt out of the field and started to chase my car. She has started to recognise my car because I have been leaving food out for her for a few days now – when I noticed she was emaciated and frightened. p.6
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Hope is the only universal liar who never loses his reputation for veracity. ~Robert G. Ingersoll
of our lives by an agreeable route. ~François VI de la Rochefoucault
What is Hope? a star that gleaming O’er the future’s troubled sky, Struggles, tremulously beaming, To reveal what there may lie. ~R.A.P., “Hope,” in Southern Literary Messenger, December 1840
Once you choose Elpida “Hope” Katsarakis hope, any- by NEA TV Journalist thing’s possible. ~Christopher Reeve If you knew that hope and despair were paths Things which you do to the same destination, not hope happen more which would you choose? frequently than things ~Robert Brault which you do hope. Hope itself is a species ~Titus Maccius Plautus of happiness, and, perWhen the world says, haps, the chief happiness which this world affords; “Give up,” Hope whispers, “Try it one but, like all other pleasures immoderately enmore time.” joyed, the excesses of hope ~Author Unknown must be expiated by pain. There is nothing so well ~Samuel Johnson
Where hope would otherwise become hopelessness, it becomes faith. ~Robert Brault Hope, deceitful as it is, serves at least to lead us to the end
known as that we should not expect something for nothing — but we all do and call it Hope. ~Edgar Howe
Hope begins in the dark, the stubborn hope that if you just show up and try to do the right thing, the dawn will come. ~Anne Lamott The wings of hope carry us, soaring high above the driving winds of life. ~Ana Jacob All it takes is one bloom of hope to make a spiritual garden. ~Terri Guillemets The miserable have no other medicine But only hope. ~William Shakespeare, Measure for Measure
Photo of the month... by Vasilios Kekakis
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Live @ Love @ Laugh So
by Pandelis Spiridakis gelamou.gr
they are all taking them off... No clothes, no more worries. That’s the bonus tickling
everybody... Where can you even resist? They are all in their good moods... Give me a break. April revolution will find you with crossed hands? No way, we will fight for our right to the good, splendind spring and summer and fun In Rethimno you just get down for a cofee at the beach and ooops... they are all taking them off... No clothes, no more worries! Take them off, go on. Besides, summer is the sweetest madness. And here comes the fashion Xeno SEX? What ‘s that again? Solarioum? Nudism? In Crete the holiday bodies, the Easter plans , the free beach libidos give DNA
its best shot. Oh My God... Can you see it coming... researches are screaming , I am telling you! EMAS is the Institute that check the Human Sexuality. From 1800 Greek women 64% admitted that they cheated on their husband. Greek men, the 48%, on the other side, admitted that they have cheated on their wife. Xeno Sex... the new stuff, the foreigner face, the unknown visitor’s body is much much sweeter and the biggest temptation. 69% realised that they did it during summer, 14% prefered autumn, 10% spring and 7% winter. So don’t press ourselves cause xeno sex is somewhere outhere calling! The fact is that everything this season starts glowing, people smiling more, going out more, flirting more. Oh I see... Enjoy the ‘’more’’ Month, prepare yourself to live it ‘’more’’! Weather is tickling us to get out of
the house , fix the garden , go for new planting ideas. Missio CLOSET is also a good thing to do now – Where is your swimsuit anywhere? Start digging, cause you will suddenly need it… April has joy, external mood… Oh God, just a sec We forgot the most important... Which one will be your favourite spring cocktail to welcome the spring evenings out? So you have 5 choices... 1.Cuba Libre 2.Mojito 3.Sangria 4.Caipirinha 5.Margarita... Hmmmmm... Life is a beach! And April can be a Beach Bar... Do your stuff and GIVE PAIN (ha, it’s a greek funny expression, ‘’have fun’’ – give pain) Let the Spring find you ready, happy and cruel for adventure and easy go-
ing days Relax and enjoy... April is a Beach... Will you GIVE PAIN? You will really like it! Salut guys and... watch out your best moments, the exact minute they are coming out of your head! Happy Joyful April everybody! Pantelis
firstname.lastname@example.org https://www.facebook.com/pantelis.spiridakis.7 https://twitter.com/spiridakispante https://www.instagram.com/spiridakispantelis/
Australian POWs in Crete were the subjects of medical experiments by a Nazi doctor during World War II Australian
troops were among those subjected to atrocious wartime experiments by Nazi doctors during World War II, researchers have revealed. The Sydney Jewish Museum’s resident historian, Professor Konrad Kwiet, and doctor and academic George Weisz have been investigating files Dr Weisz found detailing how five Australian prisoners of war were intentionally infected with hepatitis when they were held captive. An SS doctor, Friedrich Meythaler, carried out the experiments while the men were held captive on the Greek island of Crete after being captured when Germans invaded the island in May 1941. The soldiers were held on the Greek island of Crete after being captured when the German forces invaded in May 1941. German forces took more than 1000 Australian troops prisoner after their invasion of Crete. Prof Kwiet told the ABC how the doctor selected five healthy Australian men from more than 1,000 held on the island and examined them. Dr Meythaler took their blood, x-rayed
them, then injected them with blood from German soldiers infected with hepatitis. The Australian prisoners of war who were taken captive and subjected to experiments have not been identified. The doctor, who was studying human-to-human infection of hepatitis, monitored the men, finding after a few days they had enlarged livers, then increasing temperatures, among other symptoms. Although they did not die from the experimentation, Prof Kwiet told the ABC it was not known how long the
men suffered. Prof Kwiet believed the experiments amounted to war crimes. ‘It falls into an area where those who are subjected to those crimes did not die, but we don’t know as to whether these experiments have had longer effects on the person.’ One of the POWs escaped to Egypt, before being shipped to Australia and reportedly notifying the military. The other four were eventually taken back to a POW camp in a region of Germany. One died after being shot while at-
tempting escape, while the other three survived their imprisonment and eventually returned to Australia. Prof Kwiet told the ABC ‘it’s a totally forgotten or unknown chapter in the history of Australian military men exposed to German experimentation.’ Dr Meythaler went on to publish his findings on hepatitis and become an expert in the field, as well as becoming director of medicine at Nuremburg Hospital and a professor at Erlangen University. ‘He was engaged in experiments that the Nazi regime offered him, enhancing his career and moving into an area of research that he normally would not have achieved in a more for more n ews click o civilised or democratic socin http://cre tepost.gr ety,’ Mr Kwiet said. In a bizarre coincidence, Prof Kwiet – who was born in Germany in 1941 – found out while researching the story that once, long ago, his mother and sister, who were both doctors, met Dr Meythaler. Prof Kwiet and Dr Weisz intend to publish a paper on their findings later in 2016. The Mail
Minoan Group Crete Luxury Project Gets Go-ahead from Greece T ravel
firm Minoan Group has received the Greek government’s final approval for the construction of a five star plus quality resort on Crete. The President of the Hellenic Republic of Greece, Prokopios Pavlopoulos, has signed the Presidential Decree, which was published in the Government Gazette on Friday, the company said in an announcement. The project — named Itanos Gaia — will be constructed at the Cavo Sidero peninsula, Northeastern Crete, in the prefecture of Lasithi and aims to become a landmark of sustainable architecture in the hotel industry. Valued at some 267 million euros, the luxury holiday resort will include hotels, golf courses, a marina, a conference center, a well-
ness center and other high-end facilities. “The issue of the Presidential Decree is a transformational event for the Group and means that Minoan is in a position to accelerate discussions related to the development of the Project”, Minoan Chairman Christopher Egleton said. According to Minoan Group, the resort is expected to create 1,200 permanent jobs and another 2,000 for local suppliers. The company, listed on London’s Aim market, had first applied for approval to build the holiday retreat in 1991 but had to overcome legal obstacles after residents and environmental organisations opposed the project. news.gtp.gr
Crete, Chania Land 1.760sqm, buildable up to 400sqm, endless and breathtaking view of the valley and surrounding mountains, 200m from the Stylos fresh water springs, 800m from the sea, just 20’ from the city of Chania. Price: 90.000 Euro. For more info, contact: email@example.com
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expected to range between -0.7% and -0.9%. Recovery is expected to gain strength from 2017 onwards, with real GDP climbing above 2%. While risks diminished substantially when Greece and European partners agreed on the new Economic Policy Programme, recovery prospects remain not secured. On the downside, delays in the conclusion of the first Programme Review and in the prompt implementation of key Programme reforms may hamper recovery and limit growth prospects. In addition, new risks emerging from a further escalation of the refugee crisis and rising geopolitical tensions, as well as persistence of international financial turbulence may derail expected recovery. On the upside, falling energy prices may support further consumption once the VAT effect fades away. Additionally, the further relaxation and swifter removal of capital controls could trigger investment spending and raise the growth potential. The swift conclusion of the first Programme Review and the ongoing implementation of key Programme reforms are expected to set the conditions for: • the acceleration of investor and business confidence rebound, • the launch of discussions regarding a debt relief agreement, • the participation in the ECB’s QE programme, • the further relaxation and eventual lift of capital controls, • the clearance of Government arrears
to the private sector which will improve liquidity conditions in the economy. While economic activity slipped back into recession in H2 2015, the GDP contraction proved to be milder than initially anticipated. Real GDP shrank by 1.2% in H2 2015 (Q3 2015: -1.7% y-o-y; Q4 2015 - 0.8% y-o-y), against a 0.6% y-o-y expansion in H1 2015 (Q1 2015: 0.3% y-o-y; Q2 2015: 0.9% y-o-y). Strong tourism sector performance supports the economy again in 2015 In 2015 the tourism sector showed remarkable resilience, supporting economic activity and job creation, despite the lingering economic challenges. The sector growth surpassed expectations for one more year, albeit at a slower pace compared to 2014. In particular, tourism arrivals in 2015 grew by 7.1%, reaching a record of 23.6 million arrivals, compared to an increase by 23% in 2014. As a result, tourism receipts also increased by 6.0% in 2015 to €14.2 billion, compared to an increase of 10.2% (to €13.4 billion) in 2014. Among the main reasons behind the increase in tourist arrivals in the last years are: • The social unrest and security issues among Greece’s main competitors (Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia etc.). • The weak Euro against the US dollar and the British pound. The exchange rate developments of the Euro currency are illustrated in the evolution of the tourism receipts by country of origin of foreign visitors. In particular, tourism receipts from
United Kingdom and USA (consisting the 20.9% of total tourism receipts) increased by 30.5% and 44.4% respectively in 2015. In contrast, tourism receipts from Russia decreased substantially by 63.2% in 2015 mainly due to the weakening of the Russian ruble against the Euro and the recession of the Russian economy during 2015. Nevertheless the negative impact of tourism receipts from Russia was limited as their share in total receipts stood only at 3%. The largest share in tourism receipts are from Germany by 16%, United Kingdom by 14.3% and France by 8.5% The prospects for the Greek tourism industry in 2016 are still positive, as the weak euro is expected to support the competitiveness and offset the increase in VAT in tourism services. The main causes of concern are the increase in geopolitical tensions and the evolution of the refugee crisis. Nonetheless, Greece is considered a safe tourist destination as According to the “The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report” of the World Economic Forum and based on the Safety and Security Index, Greece ranks 57th in 2015 among 140 tourism destinations and well above Turkey, Tunisia and Egypt. Moreover, in 2015 Greece improved its position by 12 points compared to 2013. Greece’s unique geographical characteristics, in combination with its highly developed infrastructure are expected to contribute to its development as an attractive tourist destination in Europe in the following years.
Something is changing... The
rumours are true... The media report on it again and again... There is a Euro Workby Stavros Tsihlis ing Group happenInsurance & Investment Advisor ing on the 11th of Arpil and the concerning parties, the troika (which has been increased by one member) and the Greek Government are rushing to finalise targets once again ahead of the meeting... There are talks of a national pension scheme at 384 Euros per month, individual and business health contibutions are rising once again and the state Health provider EOPYY (IKA, OAEE and the rest) is still in bad economical shape, if not worse as time passes. In May 2015 the health Minister announced that EOPYY owes around 3.8 Billion Euros to hospitals, doctors and related health service providers. In
answer to this, private doctors, clinics and diagnostic centers are often refusing service to EOPYY patients until their affairs are settled. The Greeks have always been skeptical on private insurance, the companies and the products offered. No surprise here, as for many years the Greek private insurance market was unregulated, companies went bust with huge implications to insured citizens, so people simply lost their trust. But mindsets are changing once again... The Bank of Greece has now strict rules concerning insurance companies, how they should operate and the capitals they are required to have available. The European Directive ‘’Solvency II’’ has come into effect since January this year, leading many small insurers to search for big partners, as the directive’s requirements are simply
too many for them to handle on their own.. This is of course to the advantage of the customers who will have fewer but more reliable insurers to choose from. People needed this private regulatory reform as the suprisingly low intented pension scheme and the poor health service provided by the state are shifting them towards private insurance plans. Does the average Greek person have the purchasing power of signing up to a private pension of health insurance
plan? Yes and no. It is not for everyone of course, but the important point is that everyone is looking around for their options. And insurers have also responded with low-premium products that offer people the right to a decent pension and satisfactory health services. More exciting changes are due to come in the coming months!
Valid from 1/4/2016 until 21/4/2016
The Greek economy showed signs of resilience in H2 2015 in face of capital controls but proved vulnerable to fresh tax increases. After six consecutive quarters of positive growth, real GDP contracted by 1.7% y-o-y and 0.8% y-o-y in Q3 2015 and Q4 2015 respectively, suggesting a yearly decline of 0.2% in 2015 as a whole. The Greek economy re-entered into recession in H2 2015, albeit milder than originally envisaged, thanks to net exports of goods and services, mainly on the back of one more record year in tourism and declining imports of goods. Economic activity posted a 1.2% y-o-y contraction in H2 2015 against a 0.6% y-o-y expansion in H1 2015. Private consumption declined by 0.6% y-o-y in H2 2015 mainly due to the tax hikes on the consumption of a wide range on k c of products and services. In li c s .gr re new epost 2015 as a whole, real GDP for mo ttp://cret h shrank by 0.2%. The GDP components of expenditure reveal the notable positive contribution of net exports (1.1 pps), due to the significant fall of imports (-6.9%) that outpaced the decline of exports (-3.7%). Investment continued to lag in growth compared to other GDP components while the change in inventories had a substantial negative contribution to GDP by 1.7 pps. Economic activity is expected to register negative real GDP growth rates up to H12016, while economic growth is projected to creep into positive territory in H22016. GDP growth in 2016 is
by Prof. George S. Atsalakis
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Apokoronas council and the Community Dog As I came out of my drive in the late
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morning last weekend, the young female dog that has been hanging by Yannis Xamonakis around in the vicinity of my house apokoronasnews.gr for a couple of weeks leapt out of the field and started to chase my car. She has started to recognise my car because I have been leaving food out for her for a few days now – when I noticed she was emaciated and frightened. I have been trying to feed her away from my house, as I do not wish to add a dog to the menagerie of cats and chickens that live in my garden. They do not mix well. So, I stopped by the field where I usually leave food and water for her, a couple of hundred yards from my drive, with the on s click ost.gr poor dog running behind w e n e r ep for mo ttp://cret my car. h At the moment, she seems to be less frightened of cars than she is of people. As I got out of the car with bag of dog food and bottle of water in hand, one of my Greek neighbours who happened to be passing in his truck stopped by. I must admit that at that stage I got a bit apprehensive about what he had to say, as he keeps sheep in a nearby field and there is a lot heard about sheep and stray dogs. As it happened however, my neighbour was pleased that I feed the dog and he said he does the same, when he sees her near his property. Furthermore, over the next few days,
I found out that several other Greek neighbours as well as European passers by are feeding the dog, who even though is still thin, she is not starving any more. She has now become a Community Dog, one of those growing numbers of abandoned animals who are cared for by the local community, one of those animals we see roaming the streets hoping that they will find a new home or at least someone to be kind to them. And while, ideally, a new home would be the best solution for everyone concerned - and especially for our Community Dog, I intend to do the next best thing for her under the circumstances: When she gets to trust me, I plan to take her to the next municipal surgery to have her sterilised and then release her in the same area where several kind people can continue to look after her. Regular readers will remember that it was just over a year ago, on 23 March 2015, that Apokoronas council run its first free neutering session for strays. And that Apokoronas was the first council in the prefecture of Chania to start a municipal neutering programme for stray animals, in partnership with the local vet and the animal welfare charity Ache Noah Kreta. In the year that lapsed since, over 400 stray cats and dogs were neutered reducing the number of potential strays being born by several thousand. The crisis and the prevailing attitude of not neutering companion animals however, has not made a serious impact on the existing situation - as for
every stray animal neutered several more are abandoned, like the Community Dog near my house. And this abundance of strays leads to more cases like those regularly reported in the local press, stories of extraordinarily cruel ways of causing death to unwanted animals – something which I find too unpleasant to reproduce here. But while the number of strays is on the increase, the municipal surgeries are becoming less frequent and the demands on the council from residents reporting stray dogs and cats that need neutering are becoming greater. The council has set out some high standards of animal welfare and at the moment appears unable to cope with the demand. Regardless of the reasons why the municipal surgeries appear to have run into problems, the residents of Apokoronas are very appreciative of the efforts of all involved in the surgeries so far: the council officers, the local vet, Arche Noah and the volunteers who help in organising the sessions. A lot, besides the neutering of animals has been achieved in the last year. Attitudes about neutering dogs and cats are noticeably changing, with more than half of the people bringing animals for sterilisation in the last municipal surgery held being Greek. The council has set up a programme of raising awareness of animal welfare issues among the young, an education programme that goes by the name of ‘I live with animals’. And an effort is being made by the
council to find permanent homes for abandoned puppies and kittens by advertising on social media and offering, as an added incentive, to meet the cost of the initial inoculation and the cost of microchipping, and offer some food for adopted stray animals. However the whole programme of animal welfare and control of the stray population rests on having regular and frequent neutering sessions to deal with the growing numbers of strays and also deal with the backlog of animals waiting to be neutered. Many of the residents of Apokoronas favour the option of a dedicated municipal surgery taking place in a dedicated council owned building to be used by the charity vets to perform monthly neutering sessions. A recent petition started by a European resident in English, collected 380 on-line signatures in a few days, supporting that option and urging the council to find such premises while maintaining links with local vets to provide additional emergency care for strays between surgeries. And it would appear that this is the only way forward and the only way that will see that the Community Dog near my house will continue to be cared for until a home is found for her, without having to worry about what to do when she gives birth to puppies. Again and again and again, until they get run over, killed in cruel ways or starve to death. Let us hope that for the sake of my Community Dog and many others like her, Apokoronas council will soon make the right decision.
(Originally published in ELT News in 2008, foreboding the current state of things)
predictably responding to strong opinions with -isms is that it renders people absolutely incapable of tracing any truth in the views they have been conditioned to consider extreme, even if these views are justifiable and logically supported. Even more dangerous is the distortion of meaning that words like extremist and racist have recently acquired. The 1981 edition of Webster’s dictionary, for instance, defined racism as “a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.” However, the media has extended the meaning of “racism” to characterize any sort of discrimination, even between members of the same race. In Greece, per se, this word has been so media-hammered into people, that the term “I am not a racist, but…” almost always precedes any expression of discord or opposition to the current influx of illegal aliens into the country, be they white, yellow or black. And although fears may be justified by the consequent escalation of crime in Greek cities, governments are also forced to turn a blind eye to the invasion lest they be singled out as racist factions in the global order. As for extremist, the dictionary definition is “a person who advocates or resorts to extreme measures, especially in politics, a radical”. Although one hardly “resorts to extreme measures” on courageously voicing dissent against a general consensus or flow of events, he/she is likely to wear the tag. It used to be that in such cases idealist would have been a more suitable choice rather than extremist. According to the dictionary definition, an idealist is “1. An adherent of any system of philosophical idealism. 2. One whose conduct is influenced by idealism - a visionary. 3. One who is unrealistic
and impractical.” Woe unto a world thrown into a notional quagmire where patriots are confused with racists and idealists with extremists. George Orwell’s “1984”, which forebode a society whose thoughts and behaviour were standardized by Big-Brother-ordained diction has never proven more prophetic. The 1973 edition of Encyclopedia Britannica was also predictive in its article on Greece (still under the Junta at the time): “The future of Greece is in serious question: whether it will involve itself in the exciting dangers of Balkan politics or seek a closer, more prosperous association with the West and the homogenizing (if not demoralizing) ‘culture’ of the international mass media...” As to the question of how big businesses stand to gain from the diluting of national consciousness, the answer is obvious: In the absence of traditional social nexuses, members of a “demoralized” world turn to reclusive, media-controlled lifestyles for guidance; and lifestyles, in the modern sense, dictate only one value: consumption. Nonetheless, the impending economical crisis may once more give credence to the wise Greek tenet “Μηδέν κακόν αμιγές καλού” (there is nothing bad without a bit of good in it). For more and more of us might begin questioning these media-imposed, politically correct values and globalization itself by adopting the traditional down-to-earth ones that have not only withstood the test of time, but also come cheaper to boot: intermingling with family, lovers, friends, culture and society, all of which comprise the building stones of sound nations and anthropocentric civilizations. At this point, the writer can only hope of not being accused of “suggestionism”…
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Over the past two decades, by Panagiotis Terpandros it has become Zachariou evident that our world has purchased a one-way ticket towards globalization – a world with no borders, a world of producers and consumers. Ease of communications and transport is pulling down just about every barrier beck on li c r s tween the planet’s econ.g re new epost for mo ttp://cret omies and, consequenth ly, cultures. This is evident in the homogenized, American-modeled consumer lifestyle that the youth of once traditional societies are all too willing to adopt the world over. In the long run, however, the only ones who stand to benefit from the process of turning the planet into a cultural melting pot where there is no room for national identities are the big businesses who may thus offer their products to a regimented consumer public, since a ‘culturally’ homogenized world mentality will mean homogenized material needs. To implement this, big money from conglomerates has been flowing into government educational policies to curtail ethnically-oriented material in history books, into the film industries to promote subversive plots and into news agencies to broadcast ‘politically correct’ reports on global events. All this, in order to establish “demoralizing” trends conducive to a global mindset that will hold a national consciousness, as opposed to an international consciousness, to be an obstacle to the desired New World Order. The most potent mentality-shaping
tool, however, has always been language. Today, the semantic power of words promoted via the international mass media plays an important role in shaping ‘globalizing’ attitudes. At the forefront is –ism-suffixed diction that forms totem/taboo words to define various positive or negative sociopolitical trends. For instance, views and opinions that champion national identities are frowned upon as nationalism or chauvinism. Governments who try to implement these views are accused of fascism. Persons who cling on to traditional values are charged with conservatism. The omnipotence of the international mass media goes as far as to ordain whether an act of one’s self-sacrifice to defend home, country or beliefs is hailed as heroism or condemned as terrorism – depending on the economic and the political interests at stake; hence the selectively heroic pilot justified to drop bombs on selectively terrorist States. The brainwashing effect of the masses is further reflected in the willingness of the hoi polloi to marginalize pariahs who do not comply with the desired current order of things by stigmatizing them with –ism labels. The Greek –ism suffix (from –ismos as in εθισμός=addiction) and its birth child –ist (as in nationalist, fascist, racist, etc) have acquired such notoriety, that their indiscriminate usage has reached pandemic proportions. Besides, what easier way to stifle one’s strong opinion on an issue than to slap him with an –ist suffix, e.g. “Don’t take him seriously, for he is such an extremist!” In a world where everyone must become “equal” (for equal exploitation) even terms like “betterist” or “biggerist” are now used to accuse those who dare to compare! What is really dangerous about a globally homogenized mindset
V.A.T discharge for U.S Navy personel deliveries all over Greece
“The Terrorism of -ism”
30/3/2016 2:49:54 μμ
They are from Norway, but they love Greece as their second home country A couple from Norway lives in Kalyves for 6 years. As they write in their web page in Facebook, they love Greece just like their home country. Dear all my Greek followers, I’m so glad that you want to be on my page. I would like to give a presentation of us and why this page was created. Our first encounter with Kalives was in 2008 on our honeymoon, we fell in love and only thing we were sure of was that we were going back. Our dream to be able to live here started when we were here for 4 weeks then. We quickly came back for long vacations and in 2010 we rented our first place to stay here full time. In 2011 we moved to our dream place at the top of Kalives with the most beautiful views both of the village, sea and mounck on ws cli post.gr e n e tains. Our pearl. r e for mo ttp://cret h We had achieved our dream! In 2010 I started Kalives Crete,
www.facebook.com/Kalives-Crete-159219954123515/ simply because we wanted more Norwegians to become aware of this great place. A village that has everything one needs, a delightful welcoming people, a place that really takes you in and where everybody does so much for that one should thrive. Initially this side thought to be completely Norwegian, simply because I just directed me towards the Norwegians. Gradually many different nationalities are on this side and presentations became a small mix. I tried to introduce different things from the village, both hotels, tavernas, shops and other things. Most importantly, the friendliness and mood here, which is the most important. More and more people followed the page, many questions came and we eventually choosed to start the web page crete-dream. This is a wholly Norwegian web page
to assist, inform and support Norwegians who want to come here either for a vacation or to stay here for longer or shorter periods, or whether they simply wonder how it is for a Norwegian to move from Norway. It’s very big activity on both pages and I am very happy. What has happened since 2008? We’ve got our very own Greek family who has taken care of us from day one, they love us and we are so very fond of them. We have received help and support from them and are so glad that we can be part of a Greek family where everyone fits together. Having received so many Greek friends who have been there for us through all that has been happening, we do live a life for better and bad worse here in Kalives. In 2015 we had 7-year anniversary of our wedding, and wanted to mark this. We felt that the whole village got involved in one way or another. We
were blessed in Agios Rafael, an incredibly strong and great experience. We had a great celebration, with open invitions, with music and dancing at Taverna Mylos in Kalives. What a day to remember, what a commitment by all. We really felt we were at home! We follow, and have seen, the crisis for Greece and the people of Greece, that so many are struggeling. We are representatives of the group “Crete need our help” in Apokoronas. We have close contact with social workers in the area to know what is needed and try to help as much as we can to. We have managed to gather a lot and will continue with this as long as it is needed. We are so happy to be part of such a warm-hearted community where everyone cares and takes care of each other. We are outsiders, but feel like part of Kalives and are so happy every time we are called kalivani, it is an honor!
What is IPTV? Learn how to watch your country’s TV stations program with no satellite dish! IPTV, Internet Protocol television, is a system through which television services are delivered using the Internet instead of being delivered through traditional terrestrial, satellite signal, and cable television formats. Unlike downloaded media, IPTV offers the ability to stream
the media in smaller batches, directly from the source. As a result, a client media player can begin playing the data (such as a movie) before the entire file has been transmitted. In other words, you can watch TV, movies and sport events using only your internet connection!
There are many inexpensive IPTV boxes in the market which can be combined with a monthly channel subscription for an ultimate TV experience! Learn more at Virus Computer Store in Kalives. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel. 2825282050
Domes of Elounda & Westin Resort among 11 best Mediterranean family hotels
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Greek hotels, the Domes of Elounda and The Westin Resort are among the 11 best hotels for a family holiday in the Mediterranean, according to AOL portal’s British edition. These hotels are ideal for holidays in spring, summer and even winter and offer excellent children’s club and ex-
quisite cuisine based on the famous Greek Mediterranean diet. Domes of Elounda is described as follows: Home to one of Europe’s best kids’ clubs, Domes of Elounda making sure all ages are looked after and everyone can have a fun, relaxing holiday. Based in Elounda, Crete, the hotel combines smooth-edged architecture
with an exotic touch from Moorish additions. There are two enormous saltwater pools, one inside, one out, and a quiet beach. The wide range of activities for guests includes treasure hunts, sandcastle building, pool races, water skiing and beginning scuba instruction. Additionally, there are family boat trips daily, freshly prepared baby food avail-
able in the main restaurant and a children’s buffet on a table high enough for little hands to reach. There is also an extensive children’s spa treatment menu which includes chocolate facials and mummy and me pedicures. A Family Suite, (one King, two sofa beds) with a garden view, Whirlpool and balcony costs from £168 per night on a B&B basis.
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Kydonias & Parth. Kelaidi Chania 73100 Informations : 2821 093052
Kefalogiannidon Street Rethymnon 74100 Informations : 2831 022785
www.e-ktel.com email: email@example.com
Μπορείτε να κάνετε και online την κράτηση του εισιτηρίου σας You can do online booking of your ticket
year. Birdsong, fragrant herbs and spring flowers fill the hillsides as the sun gets warmer and the days get longer. And fortunately this is when some direct flights to Crete commence bringing visitors to the island. The April weather in Crete can be unpredictable with some light rainfall but generally sunny and warm. As the month goes by the temperatures usually rises.
by Petros Marinakis Botanical Park & Gardens
Visitors to Crete increase and some of the hotels, restaurants and bars begin to reopen after the winter months. If you are visiting Crete in April there are activities you can enjoy. April in Crete sees the opening of Crete Botanical Park near Chania. It is open until November from 8.30am - 8.30pm each day. One of the best Crete attractions for visitors of all ages You’ll find the Botanical Park of Crete in the foothills of the beautiful White Mountains on the lovely scenic road
leading up to Omalos (the starting point of the Samaria Gorge). A cross between a scenic hike and an interesting nature trail, the Botanical Gardens offers visitors a fantastic day out away from the beach. The 1 to 2 hour trek takes you through some of the most spectacular scenery, alive with butterflies and a variety of wild birds. The many and varied plants, herbs and trees thrive in two hundred square kilometres of beautifully planted terraces on the hillside. The botanical
gardens are just 15km from Chania Town, just past Fournes, and is easily accessible from many of the resorts of Western Crete. Rather than sun worshipping beach dwellers, Crete in April usually draws in visitors who like to walk, bike or bird watch. This is the ideal time to do any of these activities. April in Crete is also a perfect time to visit some of the archaeological sites like Knossos near Heraklion or Aptera close to Chania.
covered in 2006 and P/2008 Y2 Gibbs first discovered 2008, were in Big Ears field of vision and one or both caused the Wow Signal. Their positions have been verified as being in the field of vision for the year 1977. Comets have a high concentration of ice that gives off hydrogen atoms as they travel through space. However some scientists have challenged this as they say a comet would not normally give off sufficient hydrogen to generate a Wow Signal. The theory could be proved/dis-proved when both comets pass through the same area again, 266P/Christensen in January 2017 and P/2008 Y2 Gibbs in January 2018. An erroneous earth-based frequency of 1420 MHz was discounted by experts. This neutral hydrogen frequency is a protected wave band and used by observatories to monitor for any intelligent transmissions by aliens in the galaxy. What is mystifying is that in the constellation Sagittarius has a high number of stars with known planets. It seems an obvious area to look for extraterrestrial civilizations and get a response. With the size of the universe, to most of us logic suggests that somewhere other life forms must exist. An American astronomer and astrophysicist Frank Drake supports our logic. His famous Drake Equation calculates the number of extraterrestrial civilizations, with whom communication might be possible. This was made widely popular in the 1980 documentary series, “Cosmos: A Personal Voyage”. Drake’s equation is easy to understand. It take the number of estimated stars in a galaxy and multiplies them by seven variables thought to play a role in the development of civilizations. According to the Drake Equation the number of possible civilizations in the known universe is quite staggering – billions.
Challenging the Drake Equation are two faculty members at the University of Washington Peter Ward and Donald E Bowles geologist and astronomer/astrobiologist respectively. They wrote a book “Rare Earth: Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe”. It became known as the Rare Earth Hypothesis. In the book they argue that simple life may be common, but complex life requires specific environmental conditions to arise. By using the Drake Equation and applying their definitions to the variables the conditions for creating complex life are rare - note the words complex and rare. Either way, according to both schools of thought our galaxies should have complex life; why have they not conclusively shown themselves? Enrico Fermi (died 1954) was an Italian physicist and questioned the existence of aliens using what has become known as The Fermi Paradox. Fermi realized that aliens have had more than enough time to colonize a Galaxy. But looking around, he didn’t see any clear indication of it. This prompted Fermi to ask an obvious question: “where is everybody?” His paradox is a remarkably strong argument in that there is the apparent contradiction between high estimates of the probability of extraterrestrial civilizations and our lack of undisputable contact with or solid proof of such civilizations. In the 1980s, dozens of papers were published to address The Fermi Paradox. They considered technical and sociological arguments as to why the aliens were not being open and showing themselves. Some even insist that there is no paradox at all. Perhaps the reason we don’t have any hard evidence of extraterrestrials is because there aren’t any, they are reluctant to show themselves or there may be government ‘cover ups’. In 2012, on the 35th anniversary of the Wow signal, the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico beamed a response from humanity in the direction of where the Wow signal originated. The response contains 10,000 Twitter messages and videos. A header is repeated on each message that scientists hope will tell the receiver that the messages are intentional and from another intelligent life form. Will ET return our call, will we get an un-deniable Close Encounter of the Third Kind? If so what impact would it have on our civilization?
The WOW signal by Gil Holton
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year is 1977 – in the U.K. Queen Elizabeth II celebrates her Silver Jubilee, n o k c li Freddie Laker launches sc .gr re new epost for mo ttp://cret Skytrain offering one-way h flights from London Gatwick to New York for £59. The music world is in shock at the early deaths of Elvis Presley and Marc Bolan (T Rex). Across the Atlantic a remarkable co-incidence takes place, Steven Spielberg’s ‘Close Encounters of the Third Kind’ is released and a volunteer researcher records an unusual 72 second radio signal emanating from the constellation Sagittarius. The researcher, Dr Jerry Ehman, was doing work for Ohio’s State University at the Big Ears fixed radio telescope facility part of a program now known as SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence). Space is full of natural occurring radio signals and SETI searches for evidence of other technological civilizations by developing and using signal-processing technology to listen for and send signals. When Dr. Ehman checked the print out data from a radio signal (received 10:16 p.m. EST on Aug 15 1977) he circled certain data in red pen and wrote ‘Wow!’ in the adjacent column. From that time on it became known as the ‘Wow Signal’. In one vertical column was the alphanumerical sequence 6EQUJ5. What was so exciting about this particular radio signal to initiate a ‘Wow!’? Were we going to get a Close Encounter of the Third Kind? In the 1960’s two eminent physicists Philip Morrison and Guiseppe Cocconi hypothesized that extraterrestrial civilizations would use radio signals in the form of a coded message at a specified frequency. Morrison and Cocconi assumed that the civilizations would be clever enough to choose a message that other intelligent species might understand, even if they spoke a very different language. Chemicals in the universe emit distinctive electromagnetic frequencies or signatures (radio waves). By reading their frequencies astronomers can determine the composition of distant planets and stars. Since hydrogen is the most common element in the universe with a frequency of 1420 MHz, Morrison and Cocconi reasoned that extraterrestrials might send out a radio signal at 1420 MHz.
These transmissions require relatively little energy to generate and can travel huge distances across space. It is important to understand that when Big Ears radio telescope received a signal its intensity was converted into characters for the data read-out. Each character corresponded to about 10 seconds of “listening”. The intensity was represented by using numbers 1 to 9, and then letters A to Z. Usually natural occurring radio signals gave a numerical value of 1 and 2 with occasional spikes up to 4. As Big Ears radio telescope was fixed it moved with the earth’s rotation thus it only had a specific ‘field of vision’ at any one time. On Aug 15 1977 as Big Ears field of vision entered a particular part of Sagittarius a signal gradually rose till it peaked that meant it corresponded to the telescope and signal being directly in line with each other. The highest value recorded (the alignment peak) before the signal faded back to normal was U meaning 30 times the strength of natural occurring radio signals. The 72 second data was that expected of non-terrestrial and non-Solar System origin. The data circled by Dr. Ehman also seemed to fit the hypothesized parameters of Morrison and Cocconi. The signal has never been repeated and remains a much talked about mystery with astronomers. Avid fans of the X-Files TV series will tell you that the Wow Signal was featured in the episode The Little Green Men. Dr Ehman accepts that there is no conclusive evidence to confirm or refute an extraterrestrial civilization sent the signal. Over 100 follow up transmissions have been sent by SETI with no ‘reply’. One theory put forward as to the origin of the Wow Signal is that two comets, 266P/Christensen first dis-
‘my nightingale’ on Facebook a couple of years ago and commented for my UK friends ‘this is the noise I have to put up with on my way to work in my studio!’). Luckily the noisy cicadas are still quiet during April so we can enjoy the song of all the birds and it is important to take pleasure while we can. During May most birds will become quiet and we will lose the songs for another year. However, the swifts will swoop around the Old Town in Chania ‘screaming’ as they circle buildings at high speed. You may be able to see some nests in holes in the older buildings in the Old Town, especially the Arsenali. This is the only time that swifts stop flying; their legs are small and weak so that if they landed on the ground they would not be able to take off. By April, the snow on the mountains will have diminished in quantity and may appear pink – this is because of the red rain mentioned above. The sun is higher in the sky and so the shadows which give emphasis to the formations of the White Mountains will be diminished, except for early in the morning or late evening. At night, the Lyrid meteor showers peak on the 21st April although the meteors can be seen from 16th to 25th April; provided the sky is clear. Does summer arrive in April? For most years the answer has to be a ‘no’ but there will be days when there is a sense that it is not far away and on sunny days the use of sun-protection is essential but if you are eating out in the evening you will probably need a sweater to keep you warm.
Mass migration We had very strong southerly winds during the afternoon and early evening of 18th March. By just after daylight on 19th March the winds had turned and were, again, very strong and also gusting at over 40Km/hour but from a north to north-westerly direction. However, the sky was clear and it felt reasonably warm. So just before 11:00 I made a cup of coffee and took a piece of cake and went to the top balcony of my house to have a short rest in the sun. Two hours later my coffee had gone cold and the cake was still on the plate. So what went wrong? I sat down and looked out from where I was and was amazed to see lots of Painted lady butterflies flying against the wind. And when I write ‘lots’ I mean ‘lots’. For the next for more news cl ick on http://cre 45 minutes I calculated an avtepost.gr erage of 41 butterflies passing a section in front of my house every ten seconds. Most were flying close to the ground in the little valley below the Gavalohori road. This means that in those 45 minutes 11,070 butterflies had passed through the narrow gap. The mass movement carried on till after 1:20 pm but by then I was counting an average of only 14 per minute. So in the 2 hours and 24 minutes, my estimate is that 14,242 butterflies had passed by. However those passing after about 1:00 pm were not flying so strongly and were stopping to ‘re-fuel’ at flowers. I presume they were either the weaker fliers or had exhausted most of their energy reserves and maybe will remain here. My calculations showed that most of the earlier butterflies were flying at about 9 to 12 Kms/hour against the wind. That means that when they reached the northern shore of Crete they would really have to battle against the wind for hours and hours to get to the mainland. I feel that with the weather against them there would have been a large percentage of casualties over the sea. When they set off en masse from Africa they would have used the very strong southerly wind. Perhaps, for most, very little energy was lost in the first part of their travel so, with luck, a reasonable percentage will survive their tortuous journey but will arrive at the final destination in a very tatty state.
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by David Capon
“O! how this spring of love resembleth The uncertain glory of an April day Which now shows all the beauty of the sun And by and by a cloud takes all away” (William Shakespeare – The Two Gentlemen of Verona)
April has arrived and so have many
of the birds that will either spend the summer months on Crete or spend a few days here before travelling further north to raise a family. The first main influx of human visitors arrives this month, albeit mainly from a different direction. Does this mean summer has arrived? The words that Shakespeare wrote sum up April, even on Crete. The sun is now high in the sky and the day lengths have extended but there is often a chill in the air and there is sometimes a strong northerly wind that is unlike the cooling northerly breeze of the summer months. The sun is often obliterated by scurrying clouds and the temperature drops rapidly only to rise again when the cloud has passed by. Last year, there was snow at even low levels on Good Friday (10th April). I travelled to the Askyfou Plateau to photograph the fresh snow only to find that I could not easily stand up because of the very strong wind. After a warming hot chocolate I returned to the north coast to watch the sea violently crashing over the harbour walls at Almyrida. That same day, serious damage was done to the harbour at Rethymno; the fourth major damage event of the winter for the harbour. By contrast and as locals know too well, and without much pleasure, there may be days with a strong southerly wind (the Sirocco) blowing from Africa and the wind is often accompanied by the ‘red rain’ that dirties balconies, paths, cars and swimming pools. Yet amongst this turmoil much is happening in the natural world. Many visitors arrive on Crete specifically to look at the flowers that survive in areas that herbicides have not reached. Many of these flowers are especially sought because they cannot be found anywhere else on this planet. By the end of the month many plants in the lower
areas will be getting ready to survive the summer and a lot of the colour of spring will be gone. But, during April, the variety of plants in flower and the associated colours are dramatic. In certain areas naturalists will find fields of wild tulips and alongside these fields thousands of orchid plants of many species. Elsewhere, especially where the ground has been disturbed, yellow and white chrysanthemums can be found in abundance; these are the main flowers used to decorate houses, cars, people, dogs etc on May Day. The beautiful Turban buttercups show their complex colours in colonies and wild gladioli can be found growing in many places. This beauty has to be savoured as the sun will remove the colours of spring rapidly and there will be a wait until the rains of autumn provide the impetus for another season. This year, I saw a hoopoe on 7th March followed two days later with the first swallow and a day later the first house martin. By the beginning of April the sky will be full of swallows, redrumped swallows, swifts and martins. Bee-eaters and golden orioles will be passing through, stopping for a short time to feed. Not only are bee-eaters beautiful birds but their calls or songs are cheerful, musical and fairly unique. The orioles have a very strange call but a male golden oriole is a majestic bird with a lot of yellow plumage. The other bird with a name for its song, the nightingale, will be on the move northward. I usually hear ‘my nightingale’ from about mid-March. (I put a recording of
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FUEL by using an Electric Car (one or more), which are powered by electricity that will be produced from our own Solar Photovoltaic System. For all the above we can quote your respective Feasibility Studies WITH OWN YOUR DATA (based on the information you provide), in which will be shown the great and long financial benefit. So, your family budget exempted for at least 25 years (as long as the original contract), from the Electric Power, the Heating Fuels and the Transportation Fuel. Finally, no longer concerned about the uncertain future increase to all the above, be-
April in Crete is an amazing time of
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There are lots of things to do in Crete in April
Artists’ Impressions Exhibitions, panel discussions and other events, at Hania Sailing Club, Neorio Moro
on s click re new tepost.gr o m r fo /cre http:/
many of the world’s oldest cities, settled around the Fertile Crescent in
by Niall Finn
A little learning is a dangerous thing
be intimidating for anyone, especially considering all the planning and permits involved in the process. However, a floating deck is an elegant and simpler alternative to a traditional deck that is attached to a home. Not only are floating decks easier to build, but they can be placed anywhere in a yard and offer a great place to relax and enjoy the outdoors. By following these simple steps, you can build a floating deck that is sure to add enjoyment to your outdoor living for years to come.
4th group 9/5 – 18/5 Boviatsou Lamprini, Skylouraki Miranta, Chiotaki Aliki 5th group 6/6 – 15/6 Petsoura Sylvia, Xenaki Pagona, Ellinas Eija
6th group 20/6 – 29/6 Petraki Anastasia, Braoudaki Rena, Koukouraki Christina 7th group 4/7 – 13/7 Giatroudaki Popi, Hatzidaki Pepi, Marinaki Eleni
Telegraph: Chania in Europe’s 10 oldest cities
Although my Greek is fairly good I sometimes feel I really should Confess it’s something of a wonder That I recovered from a blunder (Made many years ago it’s true When first employed by the EU.) The mentor they had given me Said “What about a cup of tea?” Then on the way her friend we met Called Panayiota - can’t forget Her name though I would much prefer Forgetting what I said to her. From having spent about a week With “Teach yourself some easy
the Middle East, are off-limits to travellers at present, Europe’s most ancient settlements are very much open to visitors. When did the earliest inhabitants settle? 4,000 BC Excavations of the ancient city of Kydonia are taking place on Kastelli hill above the harbour at Chania on Crete. The ruins are thought to date from the Minoan period (2,100-1,100BC) and Kydonia probably came into its own around then, but traces of inhabitation at the site date back to the Neolithic period. Homer said that the city was one of the most important of the time, and frescoes, pottery and coins have all been unearthed on the site, which is open to view today. It is thought that the Saracens destroyed Kyronia in around 828, and the Venetians later built on it the settlement that would become modern-day Chania.
Greek” I thought I knew a thing or two About the question “How do you do?” But I was wrong because you see I went for “posso”, not for “ti” She didn’t answer me right there Her eyebrows rose into her hair And when (not knowing what to say) I thought it best to go away, She told my mentor - looking lost “You know he asked how much I cost?” **********
A Sunday school scene On Christmas Day it was a shock To see a shepherd with his flock.
The idea of constructing a deck can
Step 1 - Take Measurements The size of the space in your yard will largely determine the size of the floating deck. After measuring the length and width of the intended space, draw out the measurements of the deck, including its length, width, depth, and inner framework. With these plans in hand you can start the process of laying down a good foundation.
Step 3 - Outer Deck Blocks With the ground level, dig post holes for the deck blocks. The easiest way to do this is to rent an auger, but a shovel will also get the job done on a limited budget. There should be a block in each corner of the deck, with each block placed six inches deep. These blocks will bear the weight of the deck, so it is important to make sure they are level and on solid ground. Step 4 - Interior Deck Blocks For the interior support structure, start by measuring two feet from each of the four corner blocks. Use either string or spray paint to connect these measurements in straight lines along the short side of the deck. Repeat this
So I won’t scare them, make them run As thoughtless people do for fun. Each time he nods his friendly thanks And pulls his sheep back into ranks. Perhaps he’s 80, looks that way, Quite biblical on Christmas Day: Appropriate, as it seemed to me This part of Crete’s great tapestry. **********
Celebration As watcher, you could easily feel
climates. After everything has dried, simply lay down the deck joists in the blocks. You’ll need to do some cutting and measuring as you go along, but if the blocks are each two feet apart
Step 2 - Level the Ground After marking the outer boundaries of the deck, you can start leveling the ground. This is a critical step that should not be overlooked. If the ground isn’t level then the deck won’t be, either. First, dig down until you reach the hard ground and then start making things level. A laser level is handy for this and will ensure the ground is completely level.
The city is arguably Crete’s most attractive, with its walls, beaches, museums, boats and all important tavernas creating an amiable atmosphere.
Not that the sight was new to me It’s one I very often see: An upright man with thick white hair His sheep all scattered everywhere Along the roadside, nibbling grass. I slow and take my time to pass
process for the long side of the deck. The end result should be interior areas where the lines cross. In each of these intersections, dig down and place a deck block.
His glee when slapping toe and heel; Flamboyant gestures for a boy But part and parcel of his joy In dancing at his mother’s side In concentration and with pride The ancient steps of Cretan dance His rhythm and his open stance Astounding for a child his age Surrounded on this village stage By chairs and benches, food and wine Both Greeks and expats come to dine On Greece’s Independence Day And who could want a nicer way To be together in the din Of voices, lyre and mandolin **********
Step 5 - Setting Blocks It’s important that each of the deck blocks are level—and that they remain level long after the deck is finished. In order to make sure everything stays as flat as possible, mix in some concrete around the blocks. Before leaving things to dry, make sure all the blocks are level by using a straight board and level. Step 6 - Lay Down Joists The deck joists will make up the framework of the floating deck. Make sure you use pressure treated lumber, which is better suited for outdoor
then this process should be quick and easy. Step 7 - Placing Deck Boards With the joists in place, you can start laying out the deck boards. Start
in the middle of the deck a n d make sure the board hangs for more new s click on off each side of the deck. http://cre tepost.gr Screw in the board in each location that it meets a joist. Make sure to space out the next board—a nail or piece of scrap wood works great for this purpose—and continue the process until the joists are properly covered. If the deck boards are too short, then stagger the boards along the seam for better structural integrity. Step 8 - Finishing Touches Once the deck boards are in place, it’s time to trim off the overhang. To accomplish this, simply mark a straight line on the outer edge of the joists using a chalk line and cut. Use a long deck board as a face frame to conceal the concrete blocks and complete the look of a floating deck. Depending on the type of deck boards used, you may need to stain them. If you have to stain the boards, it is easier to stain them prior to installing them onto the joist boards.
series of exhibitions and parallel events at Hania Sailing Club, Neorio Moro (Moro shipyard). Their need to encourage discussion, within an artists’ framework, naturally led to the wish to exhibit, namely to communicate their messages to a broader public. They divided themselves in groups of three and four participants, and starting on the 22nd of March until the middle of July 2016, they will be leaving their Artists’ Impressions at Neorio Moro of Hania Sailing Club. More specifically, 22nd to 31st of March the series is starting with Artists Alexakis Stelios, Manolaraki Eleni and Tsempeli Katerina. In their own words, Stelios Alexakis will be presenting his manga work, exhibited in Tokyo in 2010, which has also been published in a manga comic book. Inspired by the current political and social circumstances, they are reveal-
ing, as well as cryptic. Eleni Manolaraki, re-evaluates Nature through her work as the only endless source of inspiration, she observes that the western way of life has been led to what seems like a dead end and she attempts to take things from the beginning. Katerina Tsempeli is dealing with the female presence as possible leading characters of stories that we know or which have not been told and/or happened yet. Engaged or Free, they are lending their presence. The schedule of exhibitions is as follows: 1st group 22/3 – 31/3 Alexakis Stelios, Tsempeli Katerina, Manolaraki Eleni 2nd group 4/4 – 13/4 Xenakis Petros, Perraki Aglaia, Xenaki Maria-Sophia 3rd group 18/4 – 27/4 Volakaki Evaggelia, Daskalakis Kostis, Ampelikaki Avgi, Ampelikaki Konstantina
do it yourself
Visual Artists will be presenting a
How to Build a Floating Deck
Quitting Smoking Cold Turkey Better Than Quitting Gradually Smokers who quit smoking abrupt-
ly are more likely to be abstinent at 4 weeks and 6 months compared with those who quit gradually, acby Miltiades Markatos Pneumonologist cording to a new randomized controlled trial involving 697 smokers. Nicola Lindson-Hawley, PhD, from the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and colleagues report their findings in an article published online March 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. “Supporting gradual cessation may be a useful way to increase cessation in the population, but abrupt quitting is the more effective method — even in persons who prefer not to” the researchers write. Researchers randomly assigned 355 adult smokers to the abrupt-cessation group and 342 to the gradual-cessation group. Participants were recruited from 31 primary care practices. Participants in the abrupt-cessation group picked a day 2 weeks in the future on which to quit. Participants in the gradon s click ost.gr ual-cessation group rew e n e r ep for mo ttp://cret duced their smoking 50% h by the end of the first week and by another 25% in the second week be-
fore quitting completely on quit day. Nurses provided behavioural support for participants in both groups, and patients in both groups used nicotine replacement patches both before and after quitting. Participants in the abrupt-cessation group also anticipated times that avoiding tobacco would be particularly hard and developed coping strategies to avoid relapse. Participants in the gradual-cessation group were given short-acting nicotine replacement therapy in the form of their choice. The researchers assessed the amount patients smoked and measured salivary cotinine and exhaled carbon monoxide concentration at each subsequent clinic session. The researchers used the Mood and Physical Symptoms Scale to measure tobacco withdrawal symptoms and monitored the participants for possible nicotine overdose during the 2 weeks of concurrent nicotine replacement therapy and smoking before quit day. At 4 weeks, 39.2% of participants in the gradual-cessation group and 49.0% of participants in the abrupt-cessation group were abstinent. The data did
not show non-inferiority; moreover, participants in the gradual-cessation group were less likely to be abstinent at 4 weeks compared with those in the abrupt-cessation group, which was the primary endpoint. At 6 months, 15.5% of those in the gradual-cessation group and 22.0% of those in the abrupt-cessation group were abstinent. The authors also note that when they stratified participants according to their preferred method of quitting — gradual or abrupt — those who preferred to quit gradually (38.3%) were
significantly less likely to be abstinent than participants who preferred to quit abruptly (52.2%), regardless of their allocation in the trial. “We found clear evidence that quitting abruptly was superior in the short and longer term. Adherence to behavioural instructions and pre-quit nicotine replacement therapy was good, and medication was well-tolerated,” the researchers write. “Participants who preferred to quit gradually were less likely to achieve abstinence, regardless of how they were allocated to quit.”
The impact of religious fasting on human health There
health & nutrition
are three principal fasting periods for Greek Orthodox Christians. During the Nativity fast (40 days), fasters abstain from dairy products, eggs, and meat every day. Also, fasters abstain from fish and olive oil on Wednesdays and Fridays during this period. During Lent (48 days), fasters abstain from dairy products, eggs, and meat every day. Additionally, fasters abstain from olive oil on weekdays during this period and abstain from fish every day except for March 25th and Palm Sunday. During the Assumption (15 days), fasters abstain from dairy products, eggs, and meat. Also, fasters abstain from olive oil on weekdays during this period and ab-
stain from fish every day except for August 6th. In addition to these principal fasts, every Wednesday and Friday that falls outside of a principal fasting period calls for the proscription of cheese, eggs, fish, meat, milk, and olive oil. Exceptions to these proscriptions occur on the week following Christmas, Easter, and the Pentecost. Collectively, dietary consumption is restricted for 180 - 200 days each year. The Greek Orthodox Christian diet consists largely of bread, fruits, legumes, nuts, seafood, snails, and vegetables during fasting periods. This diet can be viewed as a variant of vegetarianism and also as a form of DR. Daily kcal intake may or may not de-
crease during the fasting periods. In terms of percentage of energy consumption, there appears to be a consensus that Greek Orthodox Christian fasting increases carbohydrate intake and decreases fat intake. Also, the amount of protein intake relative to carbohydrate and fat intake may or may not decrease during Greek Orthodox Christian fasting. In sum, Greek Orthodox Christian fasting appears to lower body mass. Carbohydrate intake appears to increase, while the intake of protein, total fat, saturated fat, and trans fatty acids decrease during fasting periods. Both total and LDL-C decrease, although the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio does not appear to change. Fiber intake increases during fasting
A life changing visit to our pharmacy can make you change the way you see life and put your body and mind in harmony. Have you ever visited a pharmacy to taste health? A different pharmacy in the centre of the old town of Chania is waiting to share with you secrets of well being and longevity. Taste the biolo gical honey, the royal jelly, tea from plants carefully chosen in therapeutic recipes, high concentration and purity juices of pomegranate, cranberry, aloe. Orthomolecular nutrition with suggestions on detox programs and a carefully selected range of supplements, vitamins an gluten free products from all over the world. In the same premises you can find a live homeopathic lab with 6.000 homeopathic remedies in stock and the ability to produce any kind of homeopathic form i.e. pills, granules, solutions etc Evangelia Sakka is the pharmacist in charge who has created that special pharmacy and will be happy to introduce you to that fantastic world but also suggest whatever will be more settable for you. Our philosophy doesn’t stop on food and supplements but we want you to think of your mind and body as well. That’s why we have created next to our pharmacy the Green Care SPA. A SPA that helps to uplift your mind and body with biological face an body treatments, reflexology, reiky, su jok and moxa treatment, Bach flower remedies, homeopathy sessions, bowtech as well as nail therapies. We are waiting for you to restart your life at Daskalogianni 43 - 45, SAKKA Pharmacy www.my-pharmacy.gr / www.greencarespa.gr
periods, which may partly explain the change in serum lipids. The intake of most vitamins and minerals does not appear to change during these periods, although riboflavin and calcium intake each appear to decrease, and magnesium intake appears to increase. Also, one investigation reported increases in serum retinol and serum α-tocopherol. More research remains to be performed on hematological variables and blood pressure during fasting periods due to both the lack of previous research and the mixed findings. Moreover, given that each fasting period has unique durations and dietary precepts, future research should examine these fasting periods both separately and collectively.
What Temperature Do You Feed a Dog’s Raw Meal?
Some of the most beautiful flowers in the floral world Daisies belong to the daisy fam-
15 minutes. It’s not room temperature, but I’d like to think that it’s not freezing cold either. I’d prefer not feeding our dogs food directly from the fridge. But it won’t harm them if we do feed them this way.
National Pet Month Across the UK
National Pet Month 2016 runs from 1 April - 2 May and this year is going to be a big one! The excitement is building in our online communities so join the conversation at National Pet Month, Scratching Post and Park Bench. Now in its 27th year, National n o Pet Month offers the nation a k c r s cli re new cretepost.g o m chance to celebrate the wonr o / f http:/ derful impact pets have on our lives and this year will focus on the Top 10 Tips for Responsible Pet Ownership, reminding us of how important it is for us to provide the very best levels of care for our pets. Not only does National Pet Month promote responsible pet ownership, but it encourages pet friendly businesses, groups and individuals to
ily of Compositae, now known as Asteraceae in flowering plants. Daisies are native to north and central Europe. It was called this because daisies open at dawn as the day just starts to begin. A Daisy symbolizes innocence and purity. It can also symbolize new beginnings.
About the Daisy Plant and Flower A Daisy flower is composed of white petals and a yellow center, although the flower can sometimes have a pink or rose color. Daisies are not made of just one flower.
A Daisy is made up of two types of flowers - disk florets and petal-like white ray florets. The disk florets are at the center and the ray florets are at the periphery but they are arranged to give the impression of being a single flower. This arrangement on Daisies is a type of inflorescence known as a capitulum. The stems of Daisies are smooth and leafless and support a single flower. Daisy plants have 3 - 4 inch flower stalks. The Daisy leaf texture varies and may be smooth or hairy, narrow at the base and slightly lobed. The Daisy flower stalks are general-
ly longer than the leaves. Growing Daisies Daisies can be grown very easily. Daisies are hard perennials. - Daisies are commonly grown from seeds. Daisies can be directly seeded into the flowerbed. - Plant Daisies during a full sun. - Select a sunny location where they can grow undisturbed for years. - Before planting, add generous amounts of manure and compost so that the soil becomes rich and well drained. - If Daisies are planted in an area which is too hot, they should be shaded and watered regularly. - Set the plants about 9 to 12 inches
apart. - Water the plants regularly during dry periods. - Add a general purpose fertilizer in the early growth stage, and once a month afterwards. Care for Daisies - Generally Daisies are not bothered by insects and disease. - If bothered by insects and disease, treat Daisies with an insecticidal soap or a fungicide. - Just before blooming, use a fertilizer high in phosphorous as it helps to promote big, bright blooms. - In cold weather regions, provide a thick layer of mulch for winter protection.
APRIL IS THE MONTH OF... DAISY!!!
only 1,8 € from 2,5 €
stage and attend pet themed events to raise money for UK pet charities. Pets provide us with so much love and companionship so we think it’s time to repay that kindness.
National Pet Month’s aims are to: • promote responsible pet ownership • make people aware of the benefits of pets for people and people for pets
increase public awareness of services available from professionals who work with animals raise awareness of the role, value and contribution to society of working companion animals
The new neutering program for owned animals starts in Chania We
pets & vets
started on Thursday, 17-032016. It is the second neutering program of owned dogs in Chania, which is granted by German animal lovers.
All neutering are carried out in private veterinary clinic of our town. In the first program 100 dogs were neutered and in the second one 30 more will be castrated. Prerequisite requirement for entering
the program is the owner to place the microchip at his own expense, that is 20 euro. Other preconditions are the dog to be female, up to 20 kilos and the owner’s economical situation to be low.
Communication tel. no. 6976-48.93.49, 19:00-21:00. Natassa Vyssinou Mpompolaki President of Pan-Hellenic Animal Welfare and Environmental Federation
EXCLUSIVE OFFER ONLY FOR “EN KIPO” SHOP IN PLAKA, APOKORONAS AND ONLY FOR MARCH
by Giannis Venetakis Zoo Technician
the amount of bacteria that’s multiplying in anticipation for a big ‘ole party in our dogs’ gut. I don’t think there’s a safe way for me to warm up raw dog food safely. So I go for the next best thing. In the morning, I come downstairs to greet all the dogs, I pull raw out of the fridge and set on the counter, and then I go about our morning activities. The food may sit on the counter for
plants and gardening
Often in raw feeding groups, you’ll see a new raw feeder talking about heating up (or searing) their dog’s raw meals, because their dog won’t eat cold food. In my opinion, if you’re doing this, you’re not feeding a raw food diet. You’re feeding home cooked; which is still better than processed. Heating up raw meals isn’t a great idea, because… - the heat destroys the nutrients; the reason I feed raw, is because a raw diet for dogs contains all the nutrients they need; technically, I shouldn’t even have to add supple-
ments, because it’s so nutrient-rich and balanced (if I’m doing it right). - it can be dangerous; many raw meals have ground bone and cooking bones makes it hard, they splinter, and can cause internal injuries to our dogs. Although some premade meals grind bone very finely, I’m not willing to take the chance. - it’s a waste of money; if you’re ordering premade raw for your dog, you’re paying premium only to destroy why you’re buying the raw. For me, it’s not possible to feed raw meals at room temperature. It would take hours for the food to reach room temperature and I’d be worried about
“The call of Crete”
The new jersey of Greek National Football Team
Jefford of Decanter visits the high-altitude vineyards of Crete and finds an ancient wine culture in renaissance… Here, though, at 650 metres, there was just stone, light, mute vines – and a picnic table that threatened to soar in the blast, like the spying griffon vultures overhead. This was Vassilis and Anna Topsis’s Pirovolikes Vineyard, and there was a bottle of their 2014 Vilana, made by Lyrarakis, on the table, alongside Anna’s home-baked meat, vegetable and cheese pastries. As we pitched up (literally: the track to the vineyard was steep and deeply rutted), she was gathering wild golden thistle (scolymus, in fact a member of the chicory family) to cook later. We ate the pastries and drank the wine. It was fresh and incisive, like the wind: a splash of lemn o on, shattered stones, bitter k c li sc .gr re new epost herbs. for mo ttp://cret h They were proud of the moment, and the wine; and I was, in a way, awed by them, for I could see that neither wine nor the moment was easily won from nature. They keep goats, for milk, cheese and meat; they bake their own bread, in a woodfired oven they light every two weeks. They live from the vine and the olive. Like their forebears – for the last 3,500 years. We’d just visited the Minoan wine-press at Vathipetro, part of a palace complex built around 1580 BCE (probably less than a hundred years after the Santorini explosion). Later
The Greek national football team that afternoon, in the village of Agios Thomás, my companions and I stood on the edge of a giant, open-air treading tank – chiseled out of a limestone boulder the size of a small house during the centuries when Crete was the productive overseas Republic of Venice known as Candia (1205-1669). There’s no automatic correlation, of course, between the length of a tradition and its present-day call on our attentions – but in Crete’s case, something very interesting is going on. Here’s why. It’s big: this is the Mediterranean’s fifth largest island, and the main wine-growing area, set back from Heraklion, is Greece’s second largest wine district. But it’s a late starter in the modern wine race: phylloxera, as-
tonishingly, only reached Crete in the 1970s. Not only is replanting recent, but the island had the double handicap (or so it now seems) of having been replanted largely with international varieties, since that was what domestic and tourist consumers wanted at the time. Crete, though, has a splendid suite of indigenous varieties – and it’s wine from those which has best export potential. They’ve stepped shyly into the limelight as Greece’s successive economic crises have eroded domestic consumption, leading Cretans to rethink the vineyard mix. Remember, too, that most Cretan viticulture is high-altitude: up to 858 metres above sea level. That fact, combined with evidently happy adaption
of indigenous varieties and some firstclass limestones and marls, means that Cretan wine defeats the expectations generated by its latitude. Most of it (68 per cent) is white, for a start, and it’s the whites which for the time being show the most technical assurance. They’re usually fresh, scented, nuanced, haunting and graceful, notched between 12.5% and 13%. The reds are a stronger, often light in colour, but remarkably structured – and wines of both colours impress for their complex, secondary flavour profiles, something seemingly built into the Greek gene bank: so much more than simple fruit, and very food-friendly.
presented its new jersey in the hope of turning a new leaf from
the one of the worst seasons in its modern history in the Euro 201516 qualifiers when it failed to record one single win in the group
stages. The new design has the signature of Nike and has a simple look with two changes a blue and white one.
for more n
ews click o n http://cre tepost.gr
The new jersey was used for the first time in March’ 24 friendly match against Montenegro.
A woman swimmer from Chania will Kontonis receives FIFA’s ultimatum over participate in the Olympic Games of Rio Greek Cup de Janeiro
Recipe of the month
PREPARATION Place the snails in a deep bowl filled with tepid water and cover with a dish.
Edible Gold and Cretan Olive Oil… come together! A
local family business in Kritsa, Lassithi, called Mourello-Vedema, presented a new product, based in olive oil. A new unique product, containing edible gold and extra virgin olive oil! Gold is totally safe when ingested. It is anallergenic, neutral in taste and chemically inert. But, edible gold contains antioxidants (such as PGA), which retain moisture in human complexion! The combination of olive oil and edible gold is an elixir of youth and mental wellbeing.
Allow them to stand for 30 minutes. When the snails begin to move, remove the thick membrane covering their orifice with a knife and scrub any other waste from their shell (if a snail has not come off its shell, it is probably not alive). Rinse meticulously under plenty of tap water and let them boil in some saltwater for 5 minutes. Take them out with a ladle, put them into a colander and pour off any excess liquid. Saute the onion with the olive oil in a saucepan, add the
Ntountounaki, a woman swimmer from Chania, will participate in the Olympic Games of Rio de Janeiro. Ntountounaki set a new personal re-
fennel, stir and extinguish with wine. Add 1 cup of water and let food simmer for about 25 minutes.
Then add the potatoes, snails, tomatoes, salt and pepper. Continue boiling for 30 minutes over moderate heat. Serve slightly warm or at room temperature.
cord in Antwerp and swam in 58”.48 (100 m Butterfly). She is the ninth athlete in Swimming to go to the Olympic Games of Rio de Janeiro. Bravo Anna!!!
Greek Cup has been put on hold due to the riots in the game between PAOK and Olympiakos. However, the Sports Minister Stavros Kontonis must overturn his decision, otherwise the Greek clubs may be
excluded from the European competitions next season. This is clearly indicated by the ultimatum which was sent by FIFA to Kontonis as developments are expected imminently.
food & wine
INGREDIENTS • 1/2 kilo snails • 4 potatoes, quartered • 2 ripe tomatoes, finely chopped • 3/4 cup olive oil • 3/4 cup olive oil • 1 large onion, finely chopped • 3 tablespoons red wine • Salt and pepper to taste
sports & leisure
Snails with potatoes and fennel