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1. ºÔ´Ò ÁÒÃ´Ò áÅзء¤¹ã¹¤Ãͺ¤ÃÑǵŒÍ§ »¯ÔºÑµÔµ¹à»š¹áººÍ‹ҧ·Õè´Õ 2. ã¹ËÅÑ ¡ ÊÙ µ áÒÃÈÖ ¡ ÉÒ·Ø ¡ ÃÐ´Ñ º ªÑé ¹ ¤Çà ºÃèØÃÒÂÇÔªÒ·Õè์¹»ÅÙ¡½˜§¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁ 3. ºØ¤¤Å·ÕèÁÕ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁ¤ÇÃ䴌ÃѺ¡Òá‹ͧ àªÔ´ªÙà¡ÕÂõԨҡÊѧ¤Á 4. ºØ¤¤Å·Õè»ÃоĵԵÑǹ͡ÃÕµ áˋ§¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁÊÁ¤ÇÃ䴌ÃѺ ¡ÒÃŧâ·É

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â´Â·ÑÇè ä» ¨Ð¡Å‹ÒǶ֧㹠4 »ÃÐà´ç¹ ·ÕÃè ¨ŒÙ ¡Ñ ¡Ñ¹ã¹ ÅѡɳеÑÇ‹ÍÇ‹Ò PAPA »ÃСͺ´ŒÇ 1. ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹Ê‹Ç¹µÑÇ (Information Privacy) 2. ¤ÇÒÁ¶Ù¡µŒÍ§ (Information Accuracy) 3. ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹à¨ŒÒ¢Í§ (Information Property) 4. ¡ÒÃࢌҶ֧¢ŒÍÁÙÅ (Data Accessibility)

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¤ÇÒÁÊÑ Á ¾Ñ ¹ ¸ ¢ ͧËÅÑ ¡ ¨ÃÔ Â ¸ÃÃÁ (Ethics) ÊÑ § ¤Á (Social) áÅСÒÃàÁ×ͧ (Political) ໚¹ÊÔ§è ·ÕÁè ¤Õ ÇÒÁ¼Ù¡¾Ñ¹µ‹Í ¡Ñ¹Í‹ҧà˹ÕÂÇṋ¹ ¼ÙºŒ ÃÔËÒÃÃкºÊÒÃʹà·ÈÁÑ¡¨Ð¾º¡Ñº ·Ò§Êͧá¾Ã‹§·ÕèäÁ‹ÊÒÁÒöËÒ·Ò§Í͡䴌§‹ÒÂàÁ×è;ԨÒÃ³Ò µÒÁËÅÑ¡¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁ·Õ¶è ¡Ù ÊзŒÍ¹ÍÍ¡ÁÒã¹ÃÙ»¢Í§¡ÒÃⵌà¶Õ§ ·Ò§Êѧ¤ÁáÅСÒÃàÁ×ͧ ¨Ö§ÁÕ¡ÒùíÒàʹÍÃٻẺ (Model) ·Õàè »š¹¡ÒÃàª×Íè Á⧠ËÅÑ¡¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁ Êѧ¤Á áÅСÒÃàÁ×ͧࢌҴŒÇ¡ѹ «Ö§è ÊÒÁÒö ¹íÒÁÒ㪌໚¹µŒ¹áººã¹¡ÒèѴ¡ÒäÇÒÁ¼Ñ¹¼Ç¹·Õèà¡Ô´¢Öé¹

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ÊÒÁÒö¡íÒ˹´ÁÔµ¤Ô ÇÒÁªÍº¸ÃÃÁ (Moral Dimensions) ã¹Âؤ¢‹ÒÇÊÒÃÍ͡໚¹ 5 »ÃСÒà ¤×Í ÊÔ · ¸Ô ¡ ÒÃÃÑ º Ãٌ ¢‹ Ò ÇÊÒÃáÅÐ¾Ñ ¹ ¸¡Ã³Õ (Information Rights and Obligations) ÊÔ·¸Ô¤ÇÒÁ໚¹à¨ŒÒ¢Í§·ÃÑ¾ÂÊ¹Ô (Property Rights) ¡ÒêÕáé ¨§áÅСÒäǺ¤ØÁ (Accountability and Control) ¤Ø³ÀÒ¾¢Í§Ãкº (System Quality) ¤Ø³ÀÒ¾¢Í§ªÕÇµÔ (Quality of Life)

ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ô¢ì ͧ ºÃÔÉ·Ñ Êíҹѡ¾ÔÁ¾àÍÁ¾Ñ¹¸ ¨íÒ¡Ñ´ ÇÔªÒ ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁã¹ÍÒªÕ¾¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ ˹‹Ç·Õè 8 Ἃ¹·Õè 6

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¢Õ´¤ÇÒÁÊÒÁÒö㹡ÒûÃÐÁÇżÅà¾ÔÁ è ¢Ö¹é ໚¹ ÊÍ§à·‹Ò (The Doubling of Computing Power) ¤ÇÒÁ¡ŒÒÇ˹ŒÒã¹à·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒÃà¡çºÃÑ¡ÉÒ¢ŒÍÁÙÅ (Advances In Data Storage) ¤ÇÒÁ¡Œ Ò Ç˹Œ Ò ã¹à·¤¹Ô ¤ ¡Ò÷í Ò àËÁ× Í §¢Œ Í ÁÙ Å (Advances In Datamining Techniques) ¤ÇÒÁ¡ŒÒÇ˹ŒÒ¢Í§Ãкºà¤Ã×Í¢‹Ò (Advances in Networking) ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒÃкºà¤Ã×Í¢‹ÒÂÊ×èÍÊÒôԨԵÍÅ «Ùà»ÍÏäÎàǏ (Global Digital Superhighway)

ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ô¢ì ͧ ºÃÔÉ·Ñ Êíҹѡ¾ÔÁ¾àÍÁ¾Ñ¹¸ ¨íÒ¡Ñ´ ÇÔªÒ ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁã¹ÍÒªÕ¾¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ ˹‹Ç·Õè 8 Ἃ¹·Õè 7

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1. ËÅÑ¡¡Òà Golden rule ¡Å‹ÒÇÇ‹Ò áµ‹Åкؤ¤Å¤ÇáÃзíÒ¡ÒÃã´æ 2.

3. 4. 5.

µ‹ÍºØ¤¤ÅÍ×¹è ã¹ÅÑ¡É³Ð·Õµè ¹àͧµŒÍ§¡ÒÃä´ŒÃºÑ ¨Ò¡ºØ¤¤ÅàËÅ‹Ò¹Ñ¹é ¨Ò¡ Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative ¡Å‹ÒÇÇ‹Ò ¡ÒáÃзíÒã´·ÕèäÁ‹ÊÒÁÒöËҼٌàËÁÒÐÊÁ໚¹¼ÙŒÅ§Á×Í·íÒ䴌áÅŒÇ ¡ÒáÃзíÒ¹Ñ鹨ÐäÁ‹àËÁÒÐÊÁ·Õè¨Ð¡ÃзíÒµ‹Í¼ÙŒÍ×è¹ã´àÅ ´Ñ§¹Ñé¹ ¨Ö§¤ÇþԨÒóÒNjҶŒÒ·Ø¡¤¹¡ÃзíÒ¡ÒÃã´Í‹ҧ˹Öè§áŌǨзíÒãˌ ͧ¤¡ÃËÃ×ÍÊѧ¤ÁÍÂًÃʹ䴌ËÃ×ÍäÁ‹ ¨Ò¡ Descartes’s rule of change ¡Å‹ÒÇÇ‹Ò ¡ÒáÃзíÒã´·Õäè Á‹ ÊÒÁÒö»¯ÔºµÑ äÔ ´ŒÍ‹ҧÊÁèÒí àÊÁÍáÅŒÇ ¡ÒáÃзíÒ¹Ñ¹é ¡çäÁ‹àËÁÒзÕè ¨Ð¹íÒÁÒ㪌䴌àÅ Utilitarian Principle ¡Å‹ÒÇÇ‹Ò ãˌàÅ×Í¡¡ÒáÃзíÒ·Õè¨Ð¹íÒä»Ê‹Ù ¤ÇÒÁÊíÒàÃ稷ÕÊè §Ù ¡Ç‹ÒËÃ×ͷç¤Ø³¤‹ÒÁÒ¡¡Ç‹Ò Risk Aversion Principle ์¹ãˌàÅ×Í¡¡ÒáÃзíÒ·Õ¨è Ðʋ§¼ÅàÊÕ ¹ŒÍ·ÕÊè ´Ø

6. ãˌµ§Ñé ÊÁÁµÔ°Ò¹änjÇҋ ¢Í§·Ø¡Í‹ҧ·Ñ§é ·Õ¨è ºÑ µŒÍ§ä´Œ áÅÐäÁ‹ ÊÒÁÒö¨ÑºµŒÍ§ä´Œ¹¹éÑ à»š¹·ÃѾÊÁºÑµ¢Ô ͧ¼Ù͌ ¹è× àÊÁÍ ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ô¢ì ͧ ºÃÔÉ·Ñ Êíҹѡ¾ÔÁ¾àÍÁ¾Ñ¹¸ ¨íÒ¡Ñ´ ÇÔªÒ ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁã¹ÍÒªÕ¾¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ ˹‹Ç·Õè 8 Ἃ¹·Õè 8

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ËÅÑ¡»¯ÔºÑµÔÊíÒËÃѺÁ×ÍÍÒªÕ¾ (Professional Code of Conduct) 䴌 ÃÑ º ¡ÒûÃСÒÈã¹ÅÑ ¡ ɳТͧ ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ â´ÂÊÁÒ¤ÁÁ×ÍÍҪվ㹻ÃÐà·ÈÊËÃÑ° ÍàÁÃÔ ¡ Ò Í‹ Ò §àª‹ ¹ the American Medical Association, the American Bar Association, the Data Processing Management Association áÅÐ the Association of Computing Machinery ໚¹µŒ¹ ͧ¤¡Ã àËŋҹÕ骋Ç¡ѹÃѺ¼Ô´ªÍºã¹¡ÒáíÒ˹´¤Ø³ÊÁºÑµÔ¢Í§ ÊÁÒªÔ¡áÅÐÁҵðҹ㹡ÒÃᢋ§¢Ñ¹ÃÐËNjҧ¡Ñ¹

ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ô¢ì ͧ ºÃÔÉ·Ñ Êíҹѡ¾ÔÁ¾àÍÁ¾Ñ¹¸ ¨íÒ¡Ñ´ ÇÔªÒ ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁã¹ÍÒªÕ¾¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ ˹‹Ç·Õè 8 Ἃ¹·Õè 9

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ÊÔ·¸Ôà¡Õ è ǡѺ¢‹ÒÇÊÒà : ÊÔ·¸ÔÊNj ¹ºØ¤¤Å áÅÐàÊÃÕÀÒ¾ ã¹Êѧ¤Á¢‹ÒÇÊÒÃ

µÒÃÒ§·Õè 1 ¡Òû¯ÔºµÑ ÍÔ Â‹Ò§à»š¹¸ÃÃÁµ‹Í¢‹ÒÇÊÒÃ¢Ñ¹é ¾×¹é °Ò¹

1. ¨ÐµŒÍ§äÁ‹ÁÕÃкº¡Òúѹ·Ö¡¢ŒÍÁÙÅʋǹºØ¤¤Åã´·Õè໚¹ ¤ÇÒÁÅѺ (¨ÐµŒÍ§ºÍ¡Ç‹ÒÁÕÍÂً ᵋÍÒ¨¨ÐäÁ‹Í¹Ø­Òµãˌ ºØ¤¤Å·ÑèÇä»à¢ŒÒ仵ÃǨÊͺ䴌) 2. ᵋÅкؤ¤ÅÁÕÊÔ·¸Ô㹡ÒÃࢌҴ٠µÃǨÊͺ µÃǨ·Ò¹ áÅÐᡌä¢Ãкº·ÕÁè ¢Õ ÍŒ ÁÙŢͧµ¹àͧÍÂً 3. ¢ŒÍÁÙÅʋǹºØ¤¤Å¨ÐµŒÍ§¶Ù¡¹íÒä»ãªŒµÒÁÇѵ¶Ø»ÃÐʧ¤·èÕ ä´ŒÃǺÃÇÁÁÒ 4. ¼ÙŒ¨Ñ´¡ÒâŒÍÁÙÅÁÕ¤ÇÒÁÃѺ¼Ô´ªÍº ¨ÐµŒÍ§µÃǨÊͺ áÅÐÁÕ ¾Ñ ¹ ¸¡ÃÃÁµ‹ Í ¤ÇÒÁàÊÕ Â ËÒ·Õè à ¡Ô ´ ¢Öé ¹ à¹×è Í § ¨Ò¡Ãкº Íѹà¹×Íè §ÁÒ¨Ò¡¤ÇÒÁàª×Íè ¶×Í䴌 áÅСÒÃÃÑ¡ÉÒ ¤ÇÒÁ»ÅÍ´ÀÑ¢ͧµÑÇÃкº 5. ÃÑ°ºÒÅÁÕÊ·Ô ¸ÔÍ¹Ñ ªÍº¸ÃÃÁ㹡ÒÃࢌÒÁÒá·Ã¡á«§¤ÇÒÁ ÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸¢Í§¢‹ÒÇÊÒÃÃÐËNjҧͧ¤¡ÃàÍ¡ª¹ ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ô¢ì ͧ ºÃÔÉ·Ñ Êíҹѡ¾ÔÁ¾àÍÁ¾Ñ¹¸ ¨íÒ¡Ñ´ ÇÔªÒ ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁã¹ÍÒªÕ¾¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ ˹‹Ç·Õè 8 Ἃ¹·Õè 10

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µÒÃÒ§·Õè 2 ¡®ËÁÒ¤ØÁŒ ¤Ãͧ¤ÇÒÁ໚¹Ê‹Ç¹µÑÇã¹ÊËÃÑ°ÍàÁÃÔ¡Ò 1. ¡®ËÁÒ·ÑÇè ä»à¡ÕÂè ǡѺ¡ÒäØÁŒ ¤ÃͧÊÔ·¸ÔÊNj ¹ºØ¤¤Å ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Freedom of Information Act 1968 (á¡Œä¢ 5 USC 552) ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Privacy Act of 1974 (á¡Œä¢ 5 USC 552a) ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Computer Security Act of 1987 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Federal Managers Financial Integrity Act of 1982 2. ¡®ËÁÒ·ÕÁè ¼Õ Åµ‹Íͧ¤¡ÃàÍ¡ª¹ ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1978 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Privacy Protection Act of 1980 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 ¾ÃÐÃÒªºÑ­­ÑµÔ Video Privacy Protection Act of 1988 ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ô¢ì ͧ ºÃÔÉ·Ñ Êíҹѡ¾ÔÁ¾àÍÁ¾Ñ¹¸ ¨íÒ¡Ñ´ ÇÔªÒ ¨ÃÔ¸ÃÃÁã¹ÍÒªÕ¾¤ÍÁ¾ÔÇàµÍÏ ˹‹Ç·Õè 8 Ἃ¹·Õè 11

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