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Summer/Fall 2011

Complimentary

Grant County Mining

TODAY

A MUCH-NEEDED ECONOMIC BOOST

DIGITAL IMAGING

Progressive Local Medical Advances

The Central Mining

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DOWSING The Art of Finding Water

TWO CENTURIES OF HARD ROCK MINING

LA LLORONA Wives’ Tales With a Purpose

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GAIL STAMLER, CERTIFIED NURSE-MIDWIFE In the 31 years that Certified Nurse-Midwife Gail Stamler has maintained her practice in Grant County, she estimates that she has helped deliver some 2,000 babies into the world. That figure is only an estimate, though. “I stopped counting after 1500,” she explains with a smile. Presently affiliated with Cassie Health Center for Women in Silver City, Gail works together with Dr. Victor Nwachuku and Dr. Michelle Diaz, both obstetricians and gynecologists, to achieve what Gail calls “a great balance” in women’s health care. Today’s Certified Nurse/Midwives (CNMs) often serve as primary care providers for women from the age of puberty through menopause. CNMs conduct physical examinations, prescribe medications including contraceptives, order lab work, provide prenatal, gynecological, labor and birth care, offer health education and counseling and information on breast feeding. Gail adheres to the motto of the American College of Nurse-Midwives, which is, “Listen to Women.” She conducts honest but compassionate, patient-centered interviews in both English and Spanish. Having gotten to know her patients, she likes to focus on preventive care to help women maintain and improve their health, and also monitors to be sure her patients stay on schedule with mammograms and other preventive screening procedures. Another of her particular interests is the process of menopause, which she says has little impact on some women and is a “big change with lots of issues” for others. With 38 percent of New Mexico’s infants being delivered by midwives, our state is the national model for midwifery, and because of their help, Albuquerque is considered to be the best birthing place in the U.S. Fortunately for Grant County’s young families, though, Gail has never aspired to move her practice to a big city. “I love Grant County,” she says. “It has diverse cultures, beautiful terrain and surroundings, great history and friendly people. Why go anyplace else?”

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Summer/Fall 2011

Index of Advertisers A Bead Or Two . . . . . . . . . . .S31 Alma Store & Grill . . . . . . . .S38 AmBank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 American Legion . . . . . . . . . .S20 Art and Conversation . . . . . .S27 Artesanos Art Gallery . . . . . .S26 Azumi Japanese Embroidery Studio . . . . . . .S28 Azurite Gallery . . . . . . . . . . .S26 Bear Creek Motel & Cabins .S13 Bear Mountain Lodge . . . . . . .12 Bedroom Shoppe/Mattress & Furniture, The . . . . . . . . . .S8 Bella’s Boutique . . . . . . . . . .S29 Belleza Salon & Tanning .C2, S46 Border Area Mental Health .S42 Bright Funeral Home . . . . . . .S17 Bryan Truck & Auto . . . . . . . .S15 Carson Insurance Agency . . . .15 Casitas de Gila Guesthouses . .S37 Cassie Health Center for Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Chavez Construction . . . . . . . .17 Conner Fine Jewelers . . . . . .S31 Cook’s General Contracting . .33 Copper Quail Gallery . . . . . . .S26 Creations & Adornments . . . S27 Cyber Pros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S47 Dandelion Wish . . . . . . . . . .S31 Deliteful Blend . . . . . . . . . . .S13 Desert Crafts & Crystal Creations . . . . . . . . . .S30 Eagle Mail Services . . . . . . . .S2 Edward JonesJames Edd Hughs . . . . . . . . .15 Finish Pro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S21 Finishing Touch Home Interiors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 First New Mexico Bank . . . . .19 Five Star World Class Tattoo . . . . . . . . . . . .S30 Ft. Bayard Federal Credit Union . . . . . . . . . . . .S19 Furniture Gallery, Inc. . . . . . .S33 G’s Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S29 Garland Real Estate . . . . . . . .C3 Gila Hike & Bike . . . . . . . . . .S30 Gila Regional Cancer Center . .21 Gila Regional Medical Ctr. . . .23 Ginny Wolf Studio & Gallery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S27 Griffin’s Propane/ Fuel Centers Plus . . . . . . . . .10 Hester House . . . . . . . . . . . .S31 Hidalgo Medical Services . . . .C4 Holiday Inn ExpressSilver City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S2 Horizon Home Health . . . . . . .24 Horizon Hospice . . . . . . . . . . .24 Imperial Flooring, Tile & Blinds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Iniguez Physical Therapy & Fitness Center . . . . . . . . .C2 Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S46 It’s Sew Much Fun! . . . . . . .S29 J & S Plumbing & Heating . .S12 Jalisco Cafe . . . . . . . . . . . . . S5 Joe Burgess Photography . . .S28 Judy’s Nails & Stuff . . . . . . .S43 JW Art Gallery . . . . . . .S22, S28 Kris’s & Krafters’ Kreations .S31 LeAnne Knudsen . . . . . . . . . .S28 Leyba & Ingalls ARTS Supplies & Gallery . . . . . .S27 Lois Duffy Art . . . . . . . . . . . .S26

4 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Lopez, Dietzel & Perkins, P.C. 17,S6 Lordsburg Hidalgo County Chamber of Commerce . . . .41 Los Olmos Guest Ranch . . . .S39 Manzanita Ridge . . . . . . . . . .S29 Manzano’s RV Park . . . . . . . .S19 Masa y Mas Tortilleria . . . . .S29 Medicine Shoppe, The . . . . .S43 Melinda’s Medical Supply . . .22 Mimbres Region Arts Council .S9 Mirror Mirage . . . . . . . . . . . .S46 Molly Ramolla Gallery & Custom Framing . . . . . . .S26 Morning Star . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S1 Ol’ West Gallery & Mercantile . . . . . . . . . . .S26 Original Prints and Drawings . . . . . . . . . . .S28 Palace Hotel, The . . . . . . . . . .S5 Party Zone Party Supplies . . .S30 Prudential Silver City Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Re/Max Silver Advantage . . . .43 Rodeway Inn . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S3 Rose Valley RV Ranch . . . . . .S16 Royal Scepter . . . . . . . . . . . .S29 Satellite Kings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Satellite Solutions & Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Seedboat Center for the Arts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S27 Sharpening Center, The . . .5,S18 Sherman Dental . . . . . . . . . . .21 Silver City MainStreet Project . . . . . . .S5 Silver City Food Co-op . .19, S10 Silver City Museum Store . . .S7 Silver City Real Estate . . . . .S14 Silver Rexall Drugs/ Cup of Grace . . . . . . . . . . . .S9 Silver Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S47 Silver Trailer & Truck Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . .S19 Southwest Bone & Joint . . . . .24 Spanish Stirrup Rock Shop . .S35 Speed Wrench . . . . . . . . . . .S36 St. Vincent de Paul Catholic Church . . . . . . . . .S11 State Farm Insurance Chuck Johnson . . . . . . . . . .45 Stone McGee & Co. CPA’s . .S47 Super Salve Co. . . . . . . . . . .S43 Surface Tile & Carpet . . . . . .S34 Syzygy Tileworks . . . . . . . . . .S30 Tatiana Maria Art Gallery . . .S27 Thomas H. Laws, CPA, CVA .S47 Thunder Creek Quilt & Fabric Shop . . . . . . . . . . . . . S5 Tres Amigos Enterprises . . . S40 Two Spirit Gallery . . . . . . . . . .S4 United Country Mimbres Realty . . . . . . . . . .39 UPS Store, The . . . . . . . . . . .S47 Victoria Chick-Cow Trail Art Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S28 Victoria J. West . . . . . . . . . .S23 Video Game Outlet . . . . . . . .S30 WNM Communications . . . . .39 Wells Fargo Bank . . . . . . . . . .33 Western Bank . . . . . . . . . . . .S48 Whitewater Motel . . . . . . . .S41 Windows, Etc. . . . . . . . . . . . .S47 XYZ Ranch Estates . . . . . . . .S19 Yada Yada Yarn . . . . . . . . . . .S31 Zia Publishing Corp. . . . .S13,S32

Contributors Brett Ferneau and his wife LeAnne Knudsen relocated to the Silver City area seven years ago from Santa Fe. They live near Santa Rita, where Brett is a member of the volunteer fire department. The couple has two mammoth saddle donkeys, Frosty and Aspen.

The first thing to do is to learn about the fire potential around your property and practice “firewise” fuel reduction. Get busy and reduce the vegetation in a 30' defensible zone around your home and outbuildings.

Sarah Gibson A Boston native, and avid Red Sox fan, Sarah is new to Silver City. She is a graduate of The George Washington University with a BA in English and Journalism. She is currently teaching English at Cobre High School in Bayard, NM. Eugene Lewis began serious birding in eastern Kansas in the 1950s, eventually roaming the entire state in his pursuit of the avian species. Upon retirement in 1991 he moved to Silver City, where he has continued his lifelong quest. Luis Peréz Ortega is a retired bilingual photo-journalism professor and historian. He has published numerous articles on southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico history and given many talks on the Apache Wars, folklore, antique firearms and airplanes, and Mexican cuisine. Dutch Salmon is a former correspondent for the Albuquerque Journal and the author of seven books, including Gila Rising and the recently published Country Sports. He lives near the Gila Wilderness with his wife Cherie and son Bud. Judy Wuthrich is a locally well-known cosmetologist and annual culinary contributor to Chocolate Fantasia. Other interests are writing, photography, polymer clay projects and supporting the ethical treatment of animals. She lives in Silver City with her dog Spot.

Pat Young lives with her husband Jeff in the mountains above the Mimbres Valley where they handbuilt their log home. The retired journalist has written for numerous publications.

Dr. Dale A. Zimmerman is an ornithologist, bot-anist, naturalist and Professor Emeritus of Biology at WNMU, where he taught for 31 years. He is also a recognized bird illustrator, nature photographer & author with field experience on every continent.

Here’s a checklist for managing your 30' defensible zone.

• Mow your lawn or acreage regularly • Remove leaf clutter • Keep shrubs pruned • Prune all trees 3'-5' up from the ground • Remove dead and overhanging branches • Remove “ladder fuels” (underbrush) beneath and near trees • Keep roofs and rain gutters free of debris • Dispose of trimmings and debris properly

• Store firewood away from buildings • Maintain water hoses & irrigation systems • Make sure that flammable materials are stored properly • Be careful with outdoor fire and cigarettes • Be careful when refueling power equipment • Replace flammable roofing with fire-resistant roofing

Ana and Michelle Carrillo at The Sharpening Center in Arenas Valley along with their expert service people can provide you with the lawn and garden tools needed to maintain your 30' defensible zone. Frequent servicing of mowers, trimmers, chainsaws and blowers will extend engine life. Mail order service available. Check with your county authorities for information regarding current fire restrictions in your area.

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SILVER CITYLIFE – 5

SUMMER/FALL 2011

Contents Features 5

The Sharpening Center. Specialists serving Southwest New Mexico on small engine and equipment maintenance and repair.

18 Backyard Bats. This misunderstood mammal has many redeeming qualities that far outweigh his looks and messy droppings. 20 Digital Imaging. Local medical and dental practices are on the cutting edge, utilizing the latest in imaging technology. 25 The Story of the Central Mining District. Luis Pérez and Terry Humble relate the colorful history surrounding Grant County mining. 31 Dick Rhoades. The former manager of the Phelps Dodge Tyrone Branch shares a few of the challenges and accomplishments of the era. 32 Fred Barraza. The artist and instructor utilizes his artistic license to accentuate a tragic local folktale. 34 Grant County Mining Today. The economy gets a boost from the extractive industry. 37 Joe & Karin Wade. Turning the Hurley store into a fine arts gallery saved a piece of history and accomplished a dream. 38 Jay Jackson. A retired boilermaker turns his life’s experiences into a meaningful pastime. 40 Lou Osmer. A long-time independent miner recalls a few of his childhood experiences.

Departments 4

Advertisers Index.

8

Out & About. Snapshots of recent local events.

10 Happy Endings. Local Artists’ dogs find happy adopted homes. 12 Recycle. Making cute creatures from socks.

42 Mike McIntyre. A successful water dowser has to believe that it works.

13 Summer Birding. The colorful male Bullock’s Oriole is one of the showiest birds in the area.

44 The Hurley Pride Committee. A group of committed individuals strive to improve their community.

14 Financial. James Edd Hughs provides a checklist from Edward Jones to help keep your financial strategy on track as you transition to a new job. 16 Legal Issues. Attorney Cathryn Wallace discusses the importance of Securing Necessary Legal Documents. 46 Business Directory.

The Source

Our Cover Utilizing technology and best practices, such as this ore conveying system, allows Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold to remain competitive in a challenging global market and resume mining at its Chino facility. Photo courtesy of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold.

6 – SILVER CITYLIFE

S1 S3 S4 S6 S7 S8 S10 S11 S12 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S20 S21 S22

Area Attractions Quick Facts Historic Downtown Big Ditch Park Silver City Museum Area Events La Capilla St. Vincent de Paul Catholic Church Historic Pinos Altos Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway Lake Roberts Geronimo Monument Gila Cliff Dwellings Nat’l. Monument Arenas Valley Fort Bayard Santa Rita Overlook Bayard & Hurley

S23 S24 S32 S33 S34 S35 S36 S37 S38 S39 S40 S41 S42 S44 S46 S47 S45 S48

Art Galleries Area Maps Continental Divide Trail City of Rocks State Park Deming Rockhound & Poncho Villa State Parks Area Birding Cliff & Gila Glenwood & Alma The Catwalk Recreation Trail Willow Creek & Snow Lake Mogollon Ghost Town Health & Wellness Area Maps Salons & Spas At Your Service Index of Advertisers Lordsburg

SILVER CITYLIFE Terri Menges President & Managing Director Joseph Burgess Vice President & Photo Journalist Arlyn Cooley Staff Accountant Joseph Burgess Daniel Dietzel Brett Ferneau Sarah Gibson James Edd Hughs Eugene Lewis Luis Pérez Cathryn Wallace Judy Wuthrich Pat Young Contributing Writers Joseph Burgess Photography except where credited Arlyn Cooley LeAnne Knudsen Bob Pelham Debra Sutton Judy Wuthrich Dale & Marian Zimmerman Contributing Photographers Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Gila Regional Medical Center Terry Humble Lou Osmer Luis Pérez Dick Rhodes Karin Wade Courtesy Photographs Terri Menges Debra Sutton Designers LeAnne Knudsen Advertising Sales

Special Thanks to: Fred Barraza Linda Brewer Lois Duffy Jan Fell Laura Howell James Edd Hughs Terry Humble Jay Jackson SaVanne Kilgore Diana Ingalls Leyba

Mike McIntyre Lou Osmer Richard Peterson Molly Ramolla Susan Rice Dick Rhodes Gail Stamler Joe & Karin Wade Cathryn Wallace Ginny Wolf

Silver City Office Silver City Life is published bi-annually by Zia Publishing Corp. with offices at: P.O. Box 1248 116 McKinney Road (deliveries only) Silver City, NM 88062-1248 Phone: 575-388-4444 x19 Fax: 575-534-3333 e-mail: info@ziapublishing.com Silver City Life Online: www.ziapublishing.com ©Zia Publishing Corp., 2011. This issue of Silver City Life is copyrighted under the laws of the United States of America. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or part without permission of the publisher prohibited. For permission to use any portion of this publication email: info@ziapublishing.com. All submissions of editorial or photography are only accepted without risk to the publisher for loss or damage. Every effort was made to ensure accuracy in the information provided. The publisher assumes no responsibility or liability for errors, changes or omissions.

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SILVER CITYLIFE – 7

out & about The 9th annual Glenwood Dutch Oven Cook-off took place in Glenwood, New Mexico attracting about 500 hungry people. One competitor, Brooke Pybus, traveled all the way from Phoenix, AZ for his third year to participate. Proceeds benefit the Glenwood Community Park. Photos: Grant Smith (top left), Jerry Remondini (top right), Monk Maxwell, Brooke Pybus, John O’Laughlin (above left to right), Gale Moore (left). Photos by Judy Wuthrich

send us your photos We want your photos of recent local events. Send to: materials @ziapublishing.com Include the name of the event, a description and the names of people in the photos.

8 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Philip Connors reads to a local crowd from his first book “Fire Season: Field Notes from a Wilderness Lookout.” His book chronicles the many days spent in a watch tower overlooking our vast forest for the first sign of fire. Photo by Judy Wuthrich

The Cowboy Concert Series was started by Mike Moutoux as a venue to bring audiences a taste of mountains, deserts, ponderosas and prickly pear through folk music. Some of the songs are about the life of cowboys enlightening us with history, geography and the romance of the West. Next performance will feature Katy Creek & Way Out West on August 20, 2011. Photos: From top to bottom, Ken Moore, (left) & Dean Foster, Rodeo Kate & Allan Chapman, Allan Chapman signing CD’s, Our local cowboy poet: Mike Moutoux (right). Photos by Judy Wuthrich

Yankie and Texas Streets “Public Hanging” art show gave area artists a chance to clean out their studios and hang their art for all to see and purchase. Silver City youth poetry slam entertained the gathering. Photos by LeAnne Knudsen

The 2nd Annual Women’s Day Parade “Honoring Our Greatest Mother: the Earth” was open to c o m m u n i t y participation which included frame drummers and belly dancers, all sorts of banner and flag toting groups, face painting, sunflowers (Cindy Donatelli, Ginny Wolf, Torie Grass, and Dana Carlsen among others), giant puppets such as Lee Gruber and her creation “Maddusa”, cowboy on stilts, bicyclers, roller derby girls and mothers with children in tow. Photos by LeAnne Knudsen and Judy Wuthrich

At the 2011 Wild Wild West Pro Rodeo Steven Peebles scores an 89. Photo by Jim Rogers SILVER CITYLIFE – 9

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Pictured is Fred Barraza. Fred Barraza gets some of his inspiration from the many animals that visit his home.

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10 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Animals have fascinated humans almost since the beginning of time. One expression of our relationship was of art, carved or painted on cave walls. Humans have worshipped animals as gods and created sculptures to idolize them. The Egyptians used symbols of animals for words and entombed animals with the important people to whom they belonged. What is the basis for this admiration? Besides using animals for food and currency, humans admire the traits of animals. We wish that we possessed their skills for survival by adapting to every change that is given to them. Animals are always comfortable with how they look while humans tend to be dissatisfied with their own appearance. In our envy of animals, we paint, sketch, sculpt, and carve them to capture the curves and musculature of a horse, the soulful eyes of dog, or the majesty of our country’s mascot, the bald eagle.

Tank & Mine Fell Jan Fell, from the Copper Quail Gallery, has two very unique dogs. Tank was found abused and abandoned. He had a lame leg, cuts and was bald from his neck to his tail from extreme stress. After two years, Tank’s hair finally grew back. Jan met Mine at the local animal shelter. Mine was seven weeks old and had a huge hernia. Jan thought she would be too much dog for her and went home. Jan went back the next day and adopted Mine because she felt no one would want her because of her hernia. “I wanted to make her mine, so that’s what I named her,” said Jan.

Jeanie Duffy Jeanie Duffy is an example of the wonderful dogs that may be found at our local animal shelter. Lois Duffy and her husband John adopted Jeanie and she has been the perfect companion. Jeanie loves other dogs and even gets along with cats. You can visit Jeanie at the Lois Duffy Art gallery. She goes to work with Lois in the mornings but gets the afternoons off. “She loves to be downtown,” says Lois. “Jeanie has a great personality and is very friendly.”

Ursa Ingalls Leyba Diana Ingalls Leyba was walking to work one day and noticed a fluffy ball of fur. At first she thought it was a Persian cat, but it was actually a furry puppy. We’ve all heard the excuse, “But, it followed me home.” That is what really happened to Diana. Ursa followed her to work at Leyba & Ingalls Arts and has been nipping at her heels for 13 years. When you enter the Leyba & Ingalls Arts Supply and Gallery, you are often greeted by the friendly face of Ursa. Oh, and Diana and Bob, as well.

Magic, Fawn & Farley

Blossom Wolf

Heidi Ramolla

Susan Rice puts love and feeling in her artwork, Spirit Glass, and also into her animal companions at her home with Steve Clark. Magic, the cat, got her name because one day she magically appeared in Susan’s yard. Fawn was rescued from a junkyard. Her collar had grown into her neck and she had just given birth to puppies in the snow. Her owner handed Fawn over to Steve. Farley was found abandoned in a department store parking lot. Magic, Fawn and Farley now live in comfort. “Magic still rules the roost, though,” says Susan.

Ginny Wolf was working for an animal rescue organization in Taos. She volunteered to be a foster home for discarded animals. Blossom was one of the dogs Ginny volunteered to foster until she could be placed in a permanent home. Blossom was found abandoned in front of a nursery in Taos called “Blossoms Garden Center”, and where her name derived. Ginny was only to be a foster parent to Blossom. “As I got to know her, we really grew attached,” said Ginny. “Blossom’s been my best friend for years.” Blossom works with Ginny at The Ginny Wolf Studio & Gallery.

Heidi was in an animal shelter in Nogales, Arizona when Molly Ramolla of the Molly Ramolla Fine Art & Framing went in search of a companion. “I liked her immediately,” said Molly fondly. Molly liked the little butterfly mark on Heidi’s forehead. After the adoption, Molly had to wait about 10 long days to pick Heidi up because she was required to be spayed at their facility. After four years together, the butterfly has faded but not Heidi’s affection for Molly. Heidi goes to work with Molly at the gallery and loves when people come to visit her. SILVER CITYLIFE – 11

Try This

Great Green Project! WRITTEN & PHOTOGRAPHED JUDY WUTHRICH

Recycled

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There seems to be a Bermuda Triangle concerning socks. Somehow, socks are tossed into the laundry and washed. Then, when you pull them out of the dryer, one is sometimes missing. Eventually this leads to several lone socks. You hate to throw away a perfectly good sock and, so far, the fashion hasn’t caught on to wear mismatched socks. So, here’s a way to recycle those unpaired socks. First, lay the sock out and visualize what kind of creature you want to create. The ideas are endless. I decided to make a cat. Next, if you decide to make a cat, cut out the sock as shown. I cut the toe about half way up the foot part of the sock. I cut the ankle part of the sock off leaving peaks for the ears. I use the rest of the sock for the two arms and the tail. I like to keep the heel as the face since it bumps outward. Then, either hand or machine-sew the edges, keeping the part that attaches to the body open for stuffing. In the leg area, keep the crotch open for stuffing. Okay, time to stuff your animal. I used a polyester fiberfill to stuff my cat but I have been known to use plastic bags on occasion to make the animal have a crinkling noise. So, use your own discretion as to how plump to make your critter. Finally, sew the crotch together and hand-sew the arms and tail onto your cat or whatever animal you’ve created. I added hair to my cat’s head using mohair and gave it a collar using some scrap fabric. Using paint pens and colored markers, I painted the eyes, nose and mouth. I enhanced the facial features by doing soft sculpture. I also used a black marker to create the appearance of claws. Buttons may be used instead of paint for eyes, but keep in mind that they may be a choking hazard for small children. To view other sock animals by Judy, go to: Judy’s Art Wuthrich on Facebook.

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12 – SILVER CITYLIFE

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Step 3

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ome of the showiest of birds to be found around here are the orioles. We are fortunate in this part of the country to have three species: Bullock’s, Hooded and Scott’s, and all have gaudy plumage, at least the males. If you put up hummingbird feeders, in the spring the Bullock’s and Hooded may come to visit and sip off and on all day long. Living right in the middle of Silver City I haven’t had experience with the Scott’s but I can imagine they would shoulder aside the hummingbirds as well to get some of that sweet nectar being offered. If one were to go to the more eastern part of the country, the Baltimore Oriole and the darker Orchard Oriole can be found. Sometimes the Orchard Oriole is seen in the eastern part of our state. For several years the Bullock’s and Baltimore Orioles were considered one species and were given the unimaginative name of Northern Oriole but, fortunately, were separated once again. To add to the list, and the confusion, go to south Texas and find Altamira and the Audubon’s Orioles. When I first saw those birds the Altamira went by the grand name of Lichtenstein’s while the Audubon’s was the Blackheaded. So much for names! I think there are folks who delight in confusing us. But there is another oriole I have seen that is uncommon, the Streak-backed, to be found in southern Arizona. It sneaked over from Mexico and is established but I suspect it will soon be deported as an unregistered alien. In 1975, I saw some Spotbreasted Orioles in Southern Florida to round out the orioles in this country. I have mentioned only the colorful males of the Bullock’s and Hooded Orioles who are more easily identified, but the females can be a problem. I strongly suggest studying a good bird book, but I can give a hint at separating them. The breast of the Hooded is entirely yellow while that of the Bullock’s has a yellow chest that grows pale on the belly and sometimes goes back to yellow farther down. By the way, the male Scott’s Oriole is yellow and black, and shouldn’t be confused with either the Bullock’s or Hooded Orioles. Happy birding!

Birding WRITTEN BY GENE LEWIS PHOTO BY DALE & MARIAN ZIMMERMAN

We are fortunate in this part of the country to have three species: Bullock’s, Hooded and Scott’s, and all have gaudy plumage, at least the males.

above: The colorful male Bullock’s Oriole is one of the showiest birds in the area.

SILVER CITYLIFE – 13

FINANCIAL FOCUS LIFE EVENT FINANCIAL CHECKLIST:

NEW JOB COURTESY OF JAMES EDD HUGHS AT EDWARD JONES®

Whether you are entering or re-entering the work force, changing jobs or starting an entirely new career path, this checklist can help keep your financial strategy on track as you transition to your new position.

Financial Goals ❑ Review and update short- and long-term

financial goals. ❑ Develop and adhere to a monthlybudget

that can help you achieveyour short- and long-term financialgoals. ❑ Save six months’ worth of livingexpenses for emergencies.

Financial Considerations ❑ Consider setting up direct depositfor

your paychecks. ❑ Participate in an employer-sponsored re-

tirement plan (at leastenough to earn an employer match,if applicable). ❑ Gather any paperwork fromprevious employer’s retirement plan, including 401(k), pension and stock options. ❑ Learn options for Health SavingsAccount funds, if you have one. ❑ If relocating: • Determine who will pay relocation expenses. • Consider cost-of-living differences. • Determine if you will rent or buy. • Consider transportation costs innew location. (Will you need a car?How long is your commute?)

Medical and Disability Insurance ❑ Review new employer benefits tounder-

stand coverage and eligibilityrequirements for health anddisability insurance. 14 – SILVER CITYLIFE

❑ Discuss disability insurance needs and

eligibility for individualcoverage, if appropriate. ❑ Enroll in appropriate benefits andcancel any overlapping coverage, if necessary. ❑ If a lapse in health insurance occurs,consider switching to the other headof household’s policy, privatemedical insurance or COBRA.

Investment Review ❑ Review and update (if necessary)your fi-

nancial goals with yourfinancial advisor. ❑ Discuss options for assets located inpre-

vious employer’s retirement plan,including rollover, consolidatingyour retirement accounts, etc. ❑ If applicable, discuss or updateplans for funding children’seducation (i.e., Coverdell EducationSavings Account, 529 plan).

Income Taxes ❑ Consult with your tax attorney to discuss

all tax considerationsregarding: • Tax bracket changes • Relocation/job hunting expenses • Capital gains on home sold (if applicable) • Severance and unused vacation pay, unemploymentcompensation, etc.

Estate Planning ❑ Review existing life insurancecoverage to

ensure it meets currentneeds and to ensure beneficiary is current. ❑ Create/update the followingdocuments (if applicable): • Will • Living Will • Durable Power of Attorney • Health Care Power of Attorney • Trust. Edward Jones, its employees and financial advisorsare not estate planners and cannot provide tax or legaladvice. You should consult with a qualified taxspecialist or legal advisor for professional advice onyour specific situation.

This article was written by Edward Jones for use by your local Edward Jones Financial Advisor.

James Edd Hughs, AAMS® Financial Advisor 210 Hwy. 180 W, Suite 100 Silver City, NM 88061 (575) 534-1221 www.edwardjones.com

575-538-3787 Corner of 19th & Swan • Silver City, NM carson@zianet.com Bob and Alma Carson, Owners / Agents

L IFE A UTO B OAT H OME B ONDS B USINESS A NNUITIES M OBILE H OME C ONTRACTORS W ORKER C OMPENSATION

“Where Your Friends Go To Save Money” SILVER CITYLIFE – 15

LEGAL ISSUES

SECURING NECESSARY DOCUMENTS BY CATHRYN L. WALLACE

As a recent arrival to the Land of Enchantment, one of the things I most enjoy about New Mexico is its more relaxed, laid-back pace, compared with life in a large urban center like Chicago or Los Angeles. There are simply less people here – one knows and recognizes neighbors, acquaintances become friends more readily, and family is the central focus of most peoples’ lives. It is easy to understand why, in this utterly unique environment, New Mexicans may be less likely to formalize their business or personal relationships. It just doesn’t seem necessary or important: after all, what could happen, especially when you’ve known family and friends for generations? My German grandfather loved to say that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and nowhere is that more evident than in situations that seem private and personal, but which can become a colossal mess and involve attorneys and courtrooms if something goes south. Unfortunately, the unexpected can and often does occur. One example is in estate planning. Many people imagine that wills and codicils and trust documents – all manner of complicated, expensive, and time-consuming efforts – are the only option. But one can bypass the probate process (court involvement in the distribution of an estate) by titling an asset as Transferable on Death (“TODD”). This simple mecha16 – SILVER CITYLIFE

nism enables one to pass a gift of cash, stock, or even real property without taking any substantial legal action. The cost is minimal and is far less expensive and time consuming than litigation. Business owners are often so busy keeping several balls in the air that they haven’t the time to consider corporate formation, and operate as Sole Proprietors by default. Protecting business and personal assets is also surprisingly inexpensive, and the benefits are many. Small businesses can incorporate under Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code or organize as a Limited Liability Company, which limits the business owner’s liability – in the case of an unexpected loss, like a law suit for a fall on the business premises – to only those assets owned by the company. Tax compliance is also cheaper and easier. Personal matters may be more touchy but also present substantial issues if not formalized in some way. Peace of mind truly isn’t that expensive or complex. And even if it seems awkward, complicated, or unnecessary to formalize your business and personal matters, it’s a lot easier to plan in advance than to unravel issues later

D av i d M . Lopez

Daniel B. D i et z e l

C at h ry n L . Wa l l ac e

William J. Perkins

Call us for a consultation for all of your Personal Injury, Estate Planning, Probate, Family Law, and Real Estate needs.

575.538.2925 fax: 575.388.9228

L D P L aw F i r m . c om Email: David@LDPLawFirm.com

Our office is conveniently located at 1311 North Grant Street next to the Penny Park in Silver City, New Mexico

Chavez Construction The Standard of Excellence in Home Building in Silver City & Grant County.

New Construction • Additions • Remodels • Roofing • Insulation

opposite: Cathryn Wallace, a private practice attorney with Lopez, Dietzel & Perkins, P.C, shares thoughts on estate planning and sole proprietorship.

Lopez, Dietzel & Perkins, P.C. 1311 N. Grant Street Silver City, NM 88061 (575) 538-2925 www.LDPLawFirm.com

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• www.ChavezConstruction.com contactus@ChavezConstruction.com 1702 North Corbin Street • P.O. Box 5163 • Silver City, NM 88062

SILVER CITYLIFE – 17

Backyard Bats

WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JUDY WUTHRICH

L

ate spring and early summer is when you first start noticing the return of bats. They congregate under eaves, behind shutters and everywhere else they can squeeze their tiny bodies for shelter for the brief time they visit our area. Yes, bats can make a mess but they do possess some redeeming qualities which seem to be overlooked because of our repulsion and misunderstanding of these small mammals. Bat droppings, also known as ‘guano’, are wonderful free fertilizer for indoor and outdoor plants and possess high levels of nitrogen and phosphorous. So, instead of getting aggravated with the mess bats make, sweep it up and think of the savings you are getting by not having to buy artificial fertilizer. Bats are a natural bug repellant. One bat can consume about 8,000 mosquitoes in a single night. That means fewer mosquito bites for you. Bats also eat bugs that are harmful to crops, saving farmers money by not needing pesticides. If you have a street lamp burning near your house attracting lots of insects, you will probably notice the distinct fluttering of bats delving in a delightful smorgasbord. Speaking of fluttering, you can always discern the difference between a bat and a bird by their wing flapping. A bat’s

18 – SILVER CITYLIFE

wing is actually its hand with a membrane covering. They may seem to fly erratically, but they have great maneuverability enabling them to catch their insect prey. Since birds have feathered wings, they have the capability of gliding during flight and, thus, seemingly a smoother flight pattern compared to bats. Some people seem to think erratic behavior in bat flight means they are on the attack. The myth of bats being caught up in one’s hair can be dispelled upon learning that bats have incredibly accurate sonar. By the use of this sonar, they can detect something as thin as a human hair allowing them to avoid your hair and catch that pesky mosquito. Many bats are protected species so if you do not want to dwell with them, you need to implement your exclusion methods early in the year or after they leave for the season. If you close up a bat entrance during the day, you will cause the bats to die. Closing up their entrance during late spring through late fall, you will risk trapping baby bats in the nest. Respect is warranted for this unique mammal. Simply put... “more bats, fewer bugs”.

opposite and above: Bats can be found clinging to or hanging from beams and other out-of-the-way perches. They avoid contact with humans and perform a great service by eating mosquitoes and other harmful insects.

SILVER CITYLIFE – 19

Digital Imaging: For Silver City, the Future is Now

I

WRITTEN BY BRETT FERNEAU PHOTOGRAPHY COURTESY GILA REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER AND LEANNE KNUDSEN

t’s time for us all to forget whatever we thought we knew about the science of medical imaging. The recently developed process of digital imaging has changed healthcare diagnostics forever, and nowhere are the results more evident than in our small town of Silver City, New Mexico. Here, med- above: Alvino MRI Techical and dental screening and diagnoses are more accurate, safer, require less time, use Zubia, nologist, prepares the MRI less radiation and are more comfortable than ever before in history. machine in Gila One reason for our local wellness advantage is the aggressive approach to patient-centered Regional’s Imaghealthcare taken by Gila Regional Medical Center (GRMC), the area’s not-for-profit hospital ing Department facility. Because it is owned by Grant County, and not by a corporation, the institution is able to reinvest all profits toward implementation of enhanced care for its patients.

20 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Specializing in Cosmetic and Gentle Family Dentistry

S

SHERMAN DENTAL

John B. Sherman, DDS Ben K. Sherman, DDS

3115 N. Leslie Rd.|Silver City, NM

575-388-2515 WWW.SHERMANDDS.COM

We are dedicated to your comfort and health. Our dedication to the practice of dentistry transcends the “standard” as we go above and beyond the norm. This is accomplished through a commitment to continued training and taking the time to listen to our patients and their needs. We offer a customized treatment plan with up front pricing and time allotments. Visit us and see for yourself the type of treatment you deserve.

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SILVER CITYLIFE – 21

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575.534.4013 • 866.534.4013 22 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Though it is a relatively small institution with 68 beds, GRMC is a giant when it comes to allowing patients to stay out of the hospital, rather than forcing them to stay in. For evidence of this philosophy, there is no need to look further than its complete, state-of-the-art medical imaging unit, where all devices are now based on digital imaging technology. With the recent addition of Toshiba™ ‘160 slice’ CT scanning, digital diagnostic screening services include cardiac angiography, cardiac functional analysis and anatomy, mammography, virtual colonoscopy, helical scanning and automated vessel measurement. GRMC performs over 40,000 such imaging procedures annually.

“We are proud that GRMC is so progressive,” says Bernie Rubenzer, Director of Imaging Services at Gila Regional. “It’s about the highest quality patient care [rather than] dollars and cents.” Southwest Bone and Joint Institute, an orthopedics specialty practice with offices in Silver City and Deming, is another organization that recognizes the benefits of investing in the future through digital imaging. Its internationally accredited open magnetic resonance imaging system (MRI) allows patients to simply relax in a prone position rather than travel through a tunnel. The MRI system is complemented by digital X-ray equipment that can quickly send images from on office to another or to other healthcare professionals. opposite from top left: Dr. Sherman with the CERAC AC used to create optical images for milling crowns in same day procedures, CERAC MC XL used to mill all-ceramic crowns in-house Dr. John Sherman with the Galileos Cone Beam CT scanner used for making 3D digital dental X-rays and placing implants. top: GRMC Mammographers (L to R) Maria Ramirez-Arambula, Ariel Vallejos, and Donna Bevill work to provide caring supportive diagnostic services for women who have routine mammograms and for those who have been diagnosed with breast cancer.above, left:: Alvino Zubia, MRI Technologist, prepares the MRI machine in Gila Regional’s Imaging Department. above, right: Mammo pads for comfort in the Digital Mammography machine.

• O P E N A I R M RI • ARTHOSCOP Y • FRACT URE CA RE • A D U LT & P E D I AT R I C • SP ORTS M EDICINE • H A N D, F O O T & A N K L E • T O TA L J O I N T R E P L A C E M E N T • EMG / NCV N E U RO L O G I CA L ST U D I E S • C O M P U T E R N AV I G AT E D KNEE REP L ACEMENT

• M O ST I N S U R A N C E S

• O ST E OA R T H R I T I S I N J E C T I O N S

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24 – SILVER CITYLIFE

For those with sufficient vision to embrace it, dentistry is one of the latest healthcare fields to benefit from digital imaging technology. At Sherman Dental in Silver City, equipment rated in the top two percent of its kind nationally is used on a daily basis. The patient’s X-ray is displayed instantly on a computer screen with an 80 percent radiation reduction versus older methods. The digital dental X-ray is a 3D model of the patient’s entire skull, and uses about the same amount of radiation as one day of living in Silver City. The Cone Beam CT scan (CBCT) not only allows guided precision in placing implants, but can reveal conditions such as from carotid artery blockages, sinus problems and jaw fractures. Digital dentistry is also used in the fabrication of crowns, which can now be finished the same day with no impressions taken. Using optical images, a special computer device can mill an all-ceramic crown so durable that it can be hammered into a piece of wood. “The value of these tools is that they take the patient out of dangerous territory and allow us to provide better care,” says Dr. John Sherman . “This technology will eventually become the new standard. Right now, I want patients to have the best I can offer. This is what makes dentistry fun.” above: The Esaote open MRI at Southwest Bone and Joint Institute was developed specifically for musculoskeletal imaging.

Lordsburg

Area Attractions

A GATEWAY TO THE OLD WEST, THE LORDSBURG AREA THRIVED ON MINING IN THE NEARBY HILLS, A STAGEcoach stop on the Butterfield Trail and early railroad services. It was a stopover for Charles Lindbergh in his Spirit of St Louis and home of the state song written by the blind daughter of famed Sheriff Pat Garrett. Today, you will want to relive history and the county’s farming and ranching heritage at the Lordsburg Hidalgo Museum, search for historic details in the Lordsburg-Hidalgo Library and visit the fierce old ghost town of Shakespeare. Southwest of Lordsburg, the arts village of Rodeo showcases the work of local artisans at the Chiricahua Guild and Art Gallery, Roger McKasson’s Studio/Gallery and the Chiricahua Desert Museum. A monument representing Geronimo’s surrender is located just west of town. Declared an “outstanding natural area for birding habitat,” southwest Hidalgo County hosts species found nowhere else in the United States.

HISTORY OF THE SILVER CITY AREA SPANS THE ERAS FROM THE ANCIENT MOGOLLON CULTURES TO THE people of today’s technology age. The Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument and visitor center are perhaps the strong-est attraction in the area, providing a visual showcase of how these ancients lived. The Mimbres River Valley, though once inhabited by pithouse dwellers is now a scene of orchards, hay fields, cattle and horses. The pride of large-scale mining operations is the Chino open pit copper mine on NM 152. The 3.3 million acre Gila National Forest provides many of the reasons for both visiting the area and for making a commitment to live here. Lakes in the immediate region include Lake Roberts and Bear Canyon, Bill Evans and Snow Lakes. Additional attractions include the Catwalk National Recreation Trail and the scenic gold mining ghost town of Mogollon, both near Glenwood, and City of Rocks State Park between Silver City and Deming.

“Over 103 years without a bailout, didn’t need one then, don’t need one now.” Excellent Customer Services • Consumer, Mortgage, Agricultural & Commercial Loans FREE online Banking & FREE Bill Pay for Business and Regular Customers Same Day Credit on deposits 8am-5pm • Merchant Processing for our Business Customers Merchant Capture for our Business Customers LORDSBURG 140 E. Motel Drive 575-542-3521

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Eagle Mail Services A Mail & Parcel Center UPS • FedEx • US Mail • Private Mailboxes Remailing • Packing • Fax • Copies Notary • Money Orders • Western Union Lynne Schultz 2311 Ranch Club Road Ph. (575) 388-1967 Silver City, NM 88061 Fax (575) 388-1623 www.eaglemail.apachego.com eaglemail@apachego.com S2 – THE SOURCE

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QUICKFACTS New Mexico Facts

SALONS SPAS

&

By Sarah Gibson

toll free: 877.388.5188

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Innovations Unisex Salon. Specializing in Precision Cuts, Perms, Colors, Color Correction, Foil Highlighting and Lowlighting. Georgia Rivera, Jocelyn Rodriguez & Selena Alcorta

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Silver City - Grant County Profile POPULATION: (2004) est. City: 12,500 County: 30,000 HOUSING: (2004) est. TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS City: 4,700 (500 unoccupied) COUNTY: 14,000 GOVERNMENT: Firefighters: 23 full time City Police: 30 State Police: 12 (10 officers, 2 sergeants) County Sheriff: 32 Officers TAXES: Gross Receipts: 7.25% (2007) City: $3,009,860 City Retail: $214,463,457 Per Capita Income: $17,409 Property: 17,397 Mills (Residential) 15,680 Mills (Non-Residential)

Family Oriented Full Service Salon. Perms, Cuts, Colors, Nails, Wax, Manicures & Pedicures. Walk-ins Welcome. Charlotte Benavidez, Owner Fernando Castillo, Stylist T John Chavez, Stylist

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Statehood: Jan. 6, 1912 Capital: Santa Fe Flag: Red Zia on gold Ballad: Land of Enchantment Songs: Oh, Fair New Mexico and Asi Es Nuevo Mexico Motto: Crescit Eundo (It Grows As It Goes) Poem: A Nuevo Mexico Cookie: Biscochito Gem: Turquoise Bird: Roadrunner (Chaparral) Flower: Yucca Tree: Piñon Animal: Black Bear Fish: Rio Grande Cutthroat Trout

DESPITE SILVER CITY'S SMALL TOWN SIZE, IT HAS A VARIETY OF PLACES TO PAMPER YOURSELF, WITH OVER 20 beauty salons, 2 day spas, and 10 nail salons. Whatever your beauty need, price range or gender, Silver City has a beauty salon for you. At one of the two full service day spas you can relax during a massage, facial, body treatment, tanning, or just get a simple haircut. Soothing 40 minute massage or longer 90 minute massage are available and reasonably priced under $100. The highly trained personnel at one of the salons or spas make you feel comfortable and relaxed. If you can't devote an entire day at the spa, visit one of Silver City's numerous beauty salons for a haircut, quick waxing, manicure, pedicure or a tan. At one salon, there are even homemade smoothies available to quench your thirst before or after one of their many services.

Houses a great collection of mining artifacts and historic memorabilia. Admission is free.

Parks & Monuments City of Rocks State Park Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument The Catwalk National Recreation Trail. (Glenwood)

Ghost Towns Mogollon: 75 miles NE US180 Shakespeare: 46 miles SE NM90 Steins: 63 miles SE NM90/I-10

Health Care MEDICAL Gila Regional Medical Center: 68 Beds, 43 Physicians Optometrists: 2 Dentists: 12 Clinics: 5 Chiropractors: 9 Fort Bayard Medical Center: Long term care facility with 4 Physicians offering services in Physical, Occupational and Speech Therapies, Geriatric care and Chemical Dependency unit. Pharmacies: 5 Acupuncturists: 2

Historic Sites

SILVER CITY HISTORIC BUSINESS DISTRICT H. B. Ailman House built in 1881 houses the Silver City Museum. Bell Block constructed in 1897 and 1906 originally housed a saloon where Major Events straight drinks were sold for Red Paint PowWow 12.5 cents Chocolate Fantasia Meredith & Ailman Bank Tour of the Gila built in 1882 was renamed Silver City Blues Festival the Palace Hotel in 1900. Wild Wild West Pro Rodeo Silver City National Bank Fourth of July Celebration built in 1923, presently used Picamania as City Hall. Weekend at the Galleries O.S. Warren House built in Lighted Christmas Parade 1885, is the only building on Main Street to survive the Area Museums floods at the turn of the MUSEUMS: 3 century. Silver City Museum was founded in 1967. A restored Mrs. O.S. Warren building built in 1900 was the former Mansard/Italianate home Colby’s Sporting Goods. built by H.B. Ailman with El Sol Theatre building was 20,000 objects relating to built in 1934 to show Spanthe peoples and history of ish-language films. southwest New Mexico. W. H. White house built in Admission is free. 1901 was built of brick in WNMU Museum celethe Hipped Box style for brated its 30th Anniversary one of Silver City’s first denNovember 6, 2004. Home tists. of Pottery and Artifacts of Dr. W. H. White dental ofPrehistoric South-western Cultures. Available for view- fice built in 1887. ing are historic photographs Isaac N. Cohen House built of Silver City and surround- in 1882 has the only remaining example of double-hung ing areas. Admission is pocket shutters. free. Pinos Altos Historical Mu- Big Ditch Park was Silver seum: Circa 1860s-housed City’s Main Street before the turn of the century in a log cabin that once floods transformed it into served as the 1st school an arroyo. house in Grant County.

B Y

C H O I C E

Bennett Block on W. Yankie built in 1882 of adobe construction with brick facades. Max Schutz sample room on N. Texas was built to provide a meeting room for traveling salesmen. Goodell’s Feed Store on Yankie was built in 1905 and 1911 and remained a farmer’s supply outlet until the late 1970s. Victorian Homes, this architectural era spans the period of roughly 18251900. There are 31 homes still existing in the Silver City area. Walking Tours (3) offered by the Silver City Museum: Gospel Hill, La Capilla and Business District. Billy the Kid Cabin is located near the origin of his real home, this 1800s style cabin was donated by Ron Howard’s movie The Missing. La Capilla Chapel Replica, built on a hill on the south side of Silver City. The chapel was a local landmark and was utilized in pilgrimages and festivals for Our Lady of Guadalupe. PINOS ALTOS Fort Cobre Replica is 3/4 scale replica of the Santa Rita Del Cobre Fort (circa 1804) which originally was located at the Santa Rita open pit copper mine east of Silver City. Buckhorn Saloon & Opera House, circa 1860s This fine restaurant and saloon is authentically decorated with 1800’s memorabilia and photographs. Hearst Church. (circa 1898) built by the Hearst newspaper family and is the current home to the Grant County Art Guild. The gold used in decorating the Hearst Castle in California came from the Hearst Mine in Pinos Altos. FORT BAYARD Buffalo Soldiers: In 1866 Congress authorized the organization of four black regiments to help the “pacification” of the West. The Indians christened these men with their short curly hair the Buffalo Soldiers, a name which the Tenth Calvary proudly bore on its military crest. Fort Bayard National Historic Landmark/ National Cemetery. Established as a territorial post dating back to 1863, the fort has served as a military center of operations, army and VA hospital and continues today as a State Medical Center.

H O T E L S

1309 N. Pope St. T Silver City, NM

S46 – THE SOURCE

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Index of Advertisers Art Gallery/Artists Art and Conversation 5 S27 Artesanos Art Gallery 162 S26 Azumi Japanese Embroidery Studio 196 S28 Azurite Gallery 7 S26 Copper Quail Gallery 136 S26 Creations and Adornments 27 S27 Ginny Wolf Studio & Gallery 175 S27 Joe Burgess Photography 50 S28 JW Art Gallery 47 S22,S28 LeAnne Knudsen 195 S28 Leyba & Ingalls ARTS 54 S27 Lois Duffy Art 55 S26 Molly Ramolla Gallery & Fine Art Framing 181 S26 Ol’ West Gallery & Mercantile 67 S26 Original Prints and Drawings 109 S28 Seedboat Center for the Arts 82 S27 Tatiana Maria Art Gallery 97 S27 Two Spirit Gallery 104 S4 Victoria Chick - Cow Trail Art Studio 109 S28 Victoria J. West 123 S23 Attorney Lopez, Dietzel & Perkins, P.C. 56

Automotive Sales, Service, Repair & Restoration Bryan Truck & Auto 190 S15 Speed Wrench 160 S36

Historic Downtown Silver City

SILVER CITY SPRANG TO LIFE DURING THE SUMMER of 1870. The discovery of silver brought thousands of miners, and merchants followed in their footsteps. The town's founders decided Silver City would be “built to last.” In 1880, an ordinance was passed requiring masonry construction for new buildings. This left behind solid commercial buildings, brick Victorian homes, and adobe structures. Devastating floods between 1890 and 1910 washed away the original Main Street and all but one of its handsome brick buildings. The stately Warren house is the sole survivor. What used to be Main Street is now known as the Big Ditch. The Silver City Visitor Center and Big Ditch Park provide gateways into Historic Downtown for visitors and residents. Silver City MainStreet Project has provided comprehensive downtown revitalization services since 1985. This vibrant award-winning district has over 200 entities including retail and service businesses, art studios, government services, nonprofits, churches, and schools. It’s a treasure of a downtown!

Ethnic Beads, Antiques & Jewelry

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Chamber of Commerce Lordsburg Hidalgo Co. CofC 165

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Computer Service & Repair Cyber Pros 187 S47 Contractors & Builders J & S Plumbing & Heating 46 Tres Amigos Enterprises, Inc. 102

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CPA’s Stone McGee & Co. CPA’s Thomas H. Laws, CPA, CVA

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Eco / Natural Products Super Salve Co. 94

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Entertainment Mimbres Region Arts Council 62

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Funeral Home Bright Funeral Home

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General Store / Food Co-op Alma Store & Grill 4 S36 Silver City Food Co-op 144 S10 Home Products / Services Bedroom Shoppe/Mattress & Furniture, The 193 S8 Finish Pro 194 S21 Furniture Gallery, Inc., 36 S33 Manzanita Ridge 57 S29 Silver Steel 145 S47 Surface Tile & Carpet 200 S34 Syzygy Tileworks 95 S30 Widows, Etc. 116 S47

311 Bullard Silver City, NM 575.956.8397

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Banking / Financial Fort Bayard Federal Credit Union 35 Western Bank 161

Churches St.Vincent de Paul Catholic Church

10 184 17 44 152 68 66 114

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Organization American Legion 191 Silver City MainStreet Project 85

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Medical Border Area Mental Health Medicine Shoppe, The Silver Rexall Drugs/ Cup of Grace Museum Silver City Museum Store

Real Estate / Developments Property Management Silver City Real Estate 87 S14 XYZ Ranch Estates 151 S19 Repair The Sharpening Center

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Restaurant / Bakery / Coffee Alma Store & Grill 4 S38 Deliteful Blend 198 S13 Jalisco Cafe 48 S5 Masa y Mas Tortilleria 142 S29 Retail A Bead Or Two Bella’s Boutique Conner Fine Jewelers Dandelion Wish Desert Crafts & Crystal Creations G’s Tees Gila Hike & Bike Hester House It’s Sew Much Fun! Kris’s & Krafters’ Kreations Morning Star Party Zone Party Supplies Royal Scepter Thunder Creek Quilt & Fabric Shop Yada Yada Yarn

1 189 26 155

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178 177 39 43 176 141 65 69 77

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99 117

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Rock Shops Spanish Stirrup Rock Shop

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RV Park Manzano’s RV Park Rose Valley RV Ranch

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Salons & Spas Belleza Salon & Tanning Innovations Judy’s Nails & Stuff Mirror Mirage

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Shipping & Mailing Eagle Mail Services 188 The UPS Store 108

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Tattoo Five Star World Class Tattoo 139

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Trailer Sales, Parts & Accessories Silver Trailer & Truck Accessories 192

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Video Games - Dealers Video Game Outlet 110

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MAP = Advertiser’s number located on maps throughout this guide with corresponding background color. PAGE = Page advertiser ad appears in this guide.

The Source is published bi-annually by Zia Publishing Corp. 116 McKinney Rd., P.O. Box 1248, Silver City, NM 88062, 575-388-4444, info@ziapublishing.com, www.ziapublishing.com. President & Managing Director, Terri Menges. Vice President, Joseph Burgess. Staff Accountant, Arlyn Cooley. Designers, Debra Sutton and Terri Menges. Contributing Writers, Joseph Burgess, Judy Wuthrich, Brett Ferneau, Sarah Gibson and Dutch Salmon. Photography and writing by Joseph Burgess except where noted. Advertising Sales, LeAnne Knudsen.

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Lodging Bear Creek Cabins Bear Mountain Lodge Casitas de Gila Guesthouses Holiday Inn Express Los Olmos Guest Ranch Palace Hotel, The Rodeway Inn Whitewater Motel

The Source is a supplement to Silver City Life and is manufactured and printed in the United States of America. ©Zia Publishing Corp. 2010. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or part without permission of the publisher is prohibited. All submissions of editorial or photography are only accepted without risk to the publisher for loss or damage. Every effort was made to ensure accuracy in the information provided. The publisher assumes no responsibility or liability for errors, changes or omissions.

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-Steaks and Seafood - Dine-In Or Carry Out — Children’s Menu (575) 388-2060 103 S. Bullard St. • Silver City, N.M. 88061

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Celebrating 111 Years

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Located in the downtown historic district.

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• Affordable Rates •18 Rooms & Suites • Continental Breakfast • New Special Meeting & Event Room 106 W. Broadway • Silver City, NM 88061 Reminiscent of a small hotel in the European Tradition.

575-388-1811

www.silvercitypalacehotel.com Visit Ol West Gallery & Mercantile next door.

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Fully Stocked Quilt Shop Sewing Machine Repair Long Arm Quilting 165

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Special Orders Filled Weekly • Cards & Gifts

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575.538.5324

Mon.-Fri. 9am-5pm • Sat. 9am-4pm

703 N. Bullard • Silver City, NM 88061

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Big Ditch Park WHEN SILVER CITY’S FOUNDING FATHERS CREATED THE TOWN SITE IN THE LATTER 1800S, THEY LAID OUT THE grid like those of many eastern cities – with the streets running due north, south, east and west. They did not realize that the new town’s proximity to a north/south running slope would encourage a natural disaster to occur. In 1895 and again in 1903, flash floodwaters roared down Silver City’s Main Street, gouging out a huge ditch with a bottom some 55 feet below the original street level. As rains continued to feed the creek in the years that followed, cottonwood trees grew, providing shade. The town’s Main Street was gone, but every adversity carries with it the seed of an opportunity. Working together, local businesses, residents and civic organizations created a beautiful and unique downtown park. Big Ditch Park can be accessed via the footbridge at the Silver City Visitor Center parking lot.

Medicine Shoppe Accepts Most Insurance Plans, All State Medicaid and Most Medicare. Senior Discounts. Home Delivery Available.

1123 N. Pope St. • Silver City, New Mexico 88061

(575) 388-1000 • 1-800-926-3425 Mon-Fri 10-6 • Sat. 10-1 • Closed Sundays & Major Holidays It’s all part of The Medicine Shoppe Promise SM - our pride in knowing medicine and also you in order to meet your individual needs accurately and completely.

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Call us for a consultation for all of your Personal Injury, Estate Planning, Probate, Family Law, and Real Estate needs.

575.538.2925 L D P L aw F i r m . c om fax: 575.388.9228 Email: David@LDPLawFirm.com

Our office is conveniently located at 1311 North Grant Street next to the Penny Park in Silver City, New Mexico

D av i d M . Lopez

Daniel B. D i et z e l

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William J. Perkins

C at h ry n L . Wa l l ac e

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Silver City Museum

Health & Wellness By Sarah Gibson

LOCATED IN THE HISTORIC 1881 MANSARD/ITALIANATE HOME OF H.B. AILMAN, THE SILVER CITY MUSEUM IS one of 13 museums in New Mexico recognized by the American Assn. of Museums. Founded in 1967, the museum is focused on the regional history of Southwest New Mexico with over 20,000 related objects. Photo collections depict Silver City from the 1870s and include a significant collection from the 1930s and 40s. Native American artifacts from the Mimbres, Mogollon and Casas Grandes peoples number over 500 pieces, and there are exhibits from more recent Navajo and Apache groups. Extensive mining exhibits, early Anglo and Hispanic settler clothing, furnishings and even firearms are displayed. There is also memorabilia from native son Harrison “Jack” Schmitt, former astronaut and U.S. Senator. It is open every day except Monday, and is located at 312 West Broadway. The Museum Store features books and gifts depicting or influenced by local history and cultures.

WITH ALL IT HAS TO OFFER, IT IS NO WONDER SILVER CITY, NM WAS VOTED ONE OF THE 50 BEST PLACES TO live by National Geographic Adventure Magazine. Looking for a health food store, a new workout routine or vegetarian eatery? Silver City's got it. There are numerous health food stores with a variety of products for your dietary needs. Want a workout? Try a new type of yoga in one of the quaint yoga studios downtown. If you're looking for something more upbeat, join a dance class at one of the health clubs in town or the University. At any one of Silver City's gyms, there are a variety of exercise classes available whether you're looking to try dancing, water aerobics, a step class, or a simple treadmill routine. With a gym to match your personality, there are unlimited ways to keep healthy and fit in this small town.

Excellent Collection of Southwest Books & Fine Regional Gifts

575.388.4412 • 315 S. Hudson St. #6 • Silver City, NM 575.546.2174 • 901 W. Hickory • Deming, NM 575.542.9477 • 332 Motel Drive • Lordsburg, NM 575.533.6649 • #1 Foster Rd. • Reserve, NM S42 – THE SOURCE

www.ziapublishing.com

Tues.–Fri. 9-4:30 Sat.–Sun. 10-4 Closed Monday.

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312 West Broadway 575.538.5921 silvercitymuseum.org www.ziapublishing.com

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Area Events July 23

Big Ditch Day and San Vicente Wetlands Festival. 9am-3pm. Music, educational tours, workshops, Farmers’ Market, vendors, historical re-enactors and conservation demonstrations. silvercitymainstreet.com

August 19-20 Copper Country Cruizers Car Show. Vintage vehicles of all kinds. Gough Park, Silver City. 575-388-3468 19 MRAC Members’ Show. MRAC Gallery. 575-538-2505 20 Fort Bayard's 145th Birthday Celebration. 575-388-4477 Groove Session. Funk, Rock & Soul. Buckhorn Opera House. Local Opener Melanie Zipin & Good Company. 575538-9911

September 2

Taste of Downtown Silver City. 575-534-1700. 3-5 The 28th Annual Gem & Mineral Show. Museum quality mineral specimens, jewelry, and arts crafted from rock and gems as well as "rough" stones. Grant County Business and Conference Center. 575534-0006 9-10 Picmania!. Returning in 2011! The Savoy Family Cajun Band, Spring Creek, The Squashblossom Boys, The Dylan Charles Band, Bayou Seco, Baxtalo Beng. Gough Park. 575-538-2505 15-18 7th Annual Gila River Festival. Keynote address by National Geographic Society's Sandra Postel, lectures, birding and nature field trips, family activities, kayak trips and more. Silver City and Gila National Forest. 575-538-8078 16-17 Fort Bayard Days. Experience Fort Bayards Military, Medical, and Cultural History of Southwest New Mexico - Living history centers to explore for all ages! 575-388-4477 17-18 Red Dot Studio Tour. A free, selfguided weekend tour of artists' studios, providing an up-close and personal look into the unique creative process of Silver City and surrounding area artists. www.silvercitygalleries.com. 24 Mimbres Valley Harvest Festival. A day long hoe down, is planned with farmers market, storytellers, musicians and craftspeople. San Lorenzo Elementary School, just off of NM Highway 152. 28-Oct. 2 Grant County Fair. Outstanding animal and craft exhibits from schools and civic groups across the County. Cliff, NM 388-4223

October 1

Pinos Altos 14th Ann. October Fiesta. Fine Food, Live Music,

Crafters, Raffles, & Fun Activities for Children. Pinos Altos Main Street. 575-574-8394 7-10 15th Ann. Weekend at the Galleries. Current works by regional artists in more than 20 galleries in historic downtown Silver City and nearby areas. 575-538-2505. www.mimbresarts.org 15 Chris Burton Jácome Flamenco Ensemble. A magical collaboration commanded by the guitar wizardry of Chris Burton Jácome and enhanced by a vocalist, three flamenco dancers, a bassist and a percussionist. WNMU Fine Arts Center Theatre. 575-538-5862

November 7

Take Me Home-The Music of John Denver. John Denver’s music comes to life through this ultimate tribute by Jim Curry and his band. WNMU Fine Arts Center Theatre. 575-538-5862 11-12 Silver City Fiber Arts Festival. Fashion show, Festival Store and Demos, at the Grant County Convention Center. 575-313-9631 26 Annual Lighted Christmas Parade. 7 pm. Historic Downtown Silver City. 575-534-1700 silvercitymainstreet.com

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Annual Victorian Christmas Evening. 5-9pm An old-fashioned holiday celebration with musical entertainment, costumed characters, children’s stories, plum pudding, hot mulled cider, and other delights of the season. $3 donation Silver City Museum. 575-538-5921 info@silvercitymuseum.org Black Tie Holiday Benefit Ball. Historic Downtown Silver City. 575-538-2505 www.mimbresarts.org

Mogollon Ghost Town LOCATED ON THE EDGE OF TODAY’S GILA WILDERNESS, THE TOWN OF MOGOLLON (PRONOUNCED Muggyown) began in 1876 following the discovery of gold and silver in nearby creeks. It took its name from the surrounding mountains, themselves named for a Spanish territorial governor in the early 1700s. With the opening of the Little Fannie mine, the town boomed until 1942, then suddenly became a ghost town when the mine closed. After a brief resurgence as an artist colony in the 1960s it was deserted again. Modern-day Mogollon is home to 18 year-round residents, a volunteer fire department, and several seasonal businesses including dining and lodging establishments. It has a private museum, an historic theater and a church undergoing renovation. To visit this picturesque village, turn east off US 180 onto NM Highway 159 about three miles north of Glenwood. The scenic mountain road rises about 3,000 feet in 8.5 miles to reach Mogollon.

Ongoing Events Farmer's Market 8:30 am - noon, Saturdays through October. Main Street Plaza, Enter at 7th/Bullard. 575-534-1704 The Morning Cup w/music Sunday mornings at Yankie Creek Coffee House. First Fridays Downtown Galleries and shops stay open late in historic downtown Silver City. Enjoy dinner, take an art walk, or explore our eclectic shops. Look for art openings, special offers, family activities, and more. silvercitymainstreet.com Walking Tour of Historic Fort Bayard 9:30 am on the SE corner of the Parade Grounds. Saturdays May through September Walking tours last about 2 hours and are free. 575-536-3161 Silver City's Saturday Art Market 9 am - 2 pm, Saturdays Apr. 23 through October 29. 703 N Bullard St (across from the Farmers Market). 575-313-6468.

Serving New Mexico for Over 13 Years.

Tuesday- Saturday 9:30am to 5:30pm

388-5555 1103 N. Hudson St.

Choice Selection of Mattresses to Choose From • All Wood Bedroom Furniture Linens & Accessories • Adjustable Beds • Headboards Made in the USA S8 – THE SOURCE

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A N N UA L S I G N AT U R E E V E N T S

Pickamania! Our FREE music festival features folk, bluegrass, Americana & roots performers.

September 9-11, 2011 15th Annual

Weekend at the Galleries Attracting art lovers from far and wide to view current works by regional artists on display in over 20 galleries in Historic Downtown Silver City and nearby communities. October 7-10, 2011 Artwalk and more in Historic Downtown Silver City

Willow Creek & Snow Lake

Black Tie Holiday Benefit Ball in Historic Downtown Silver City.

December, 2011

FOR AN INTRIGUING HIGH MOUNTAIN EXPERIENCE IN THE REGION’S ISOLATED back-country, Willow Creek and Snow Lake are no doubt the choice for a true get-away. From Silver City, travel north on US180 past Glenwood and turn off onto NM159, a paved, but narrow winding road to the gold mining ghost town of Mogollon. During warmer months, continue by dirt road, skirting the northern edge of the Gila Wilderness, the nation’s first wilderness, to Willow Creek, a small brook flowing among towering Douglas fir and shapely Engleman spruce. Rainbow trout and German browns inhabit the fastflowing currents and beaver pools. Further down the forest road that begins to open up into juniper and grasslands, one arrives at Snow Lake, a small quiet lake that overflows directly into the Gila Wilderness. Good camping facilities, fishing, boating, hiking and an abundance of wildlife including deer and elk create a great outdoor experience.

Chocolate Fantasia Sample delicious, gourmet chocolate confections in Historic Downtown Silver City.

February 11, 2012

Visit our website for ticket and membership information

www.MimbresArts.org Hospitality Sponsors - Holiday Inn Express, Silver City & Copper Manor Motel Media Sponsor - Q92.9FM

Mimbres Region Arts Council 1201 Pope Street • Silver City, NM 575-538-2505 62

Paid in part by Town of Silver City Lodgers tax.

SILVER REXALL DRUG

We are Your Hometown Full Service Pharmacy where Personalized Service is #1

PHONE 388-1579 Over 45 Years of Experience. • Custom Prescription Compounding • Hormone Saliva Tests Available • Blood Pressure & Glucose Testing • FREE Delivery Within Silver City • Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy

New CoNstruCtIoN • Adobe Homes • metAL roofINg

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Al Martinez,

Head Pharmacist & Owner

CUP OF GRACE • Christian Books & Gifts • Free Gift Wrapping

KENNY SUTTON, Licensed Contractor • GLENWOOD, NEW MEXICO

575.539.2584 • tresamigos@wildblue.net • 505.469.1561

Most Insurances Accepted including Humana

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The Catwalk Recreation Trail

La Capilla By Joe Burgess

THE CATWALK NATIONAL RECREATION TRAIL IS SITUATED IN WHITEWATER CANYON NEAR GLENWOOD. THE Catwalk is a metal bridge secured into the canyon walls that leads through some of the most beautiful parts of the canyon. This 250 foot metal causeway clings to the sides of the boulder-choked Whitewater Canyon, which in some places is only 20 feet wide and 250 feet deep. There are many spots where a hiker can leave the steel causeway and relax on the grassy banks of the sycamore shaded stream.The original catwalk was a gravity fed slurryline for a local mill. The mines above the canyon were worked from their discovery in 1889 until 1942 (Billy the Kid's stepfather, William Antrim, was a blacksmith at the town called Graham). The Civilian Conservation Corps. was assigned the task of rebuilding The Catwalk as a recreation attraction for the Gila National Forest in 1935. The present metal catwalk was rebuilt by the Forest Service in 2004.

LA CAPILLA, THE LITTLE CHAPEL ON A HILL OVERLOOKING SILVER CITY, PRESERVES A BIT OF THE ROUGH AND tumble history of the area’s early mining era. It provides one of the best views of the community and offers a smidgeon of exercise for young folks of all ages. The original adobe chapel, dedicated in 1885 and taken down in 1914, was commissioned by Hipolita and Beatriz Manquero, two sisters originally from Chihuahua City, to house a statue of Our Lady of Guadalupe. The underlying motivations for constructing the chapel are still discussed, but it none-the-less played a key role for local Catholics during the late 1800s. The replica, completed in 2004, now anchors the north end of a 23-acre heritage park being developed by the town of Silver City and area civic groups. A number of features are planned for the park, and the trails have joined the larger Boston Hill and Big Ditch systems.

PO Box 225 • Glenwood, NM 88039 144

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Glenwood & Alma

St. Vincent de Paul Catholic Church

By Dutch Salmon EVERYONE DREAMS OF FINDING THAT QUIET LITTLE TOWN NESTLED IN THE MOUNtains with a creek running through, the creature comforts a traveler needs, yet retaining a 1950s ambiance. Those who think it’s only a dream have never stopped over at Glenwood. About 60 miles northwest of Silver City, Glenwood is surrounded by the Gila National Forest. That means plenty of public lands for the adventurous, like the San Francisco Canyon (bass, catfish, hiking and birding) or The Catwalk and its Whitewater Creek (spectacular vistas and the creek is filled with trout). Stop in at the Forest Service Ranger Station for maps and information. A motel and several B & B style inns will put you up comfortably, the general store will keep you supplied, and there is a café/bar that’s plenty “Western”. And on up the road about 8 miles is Alma, last stop on Butch Cassidy’s Outlaw Trail. The iconic bandit worked at the nearby WS Ranch (private) in the 1890s.There is a combo general store/café and you’ll want to explore Mineral Creek, usually dry in town but a forest road takes you upstream to another marvelous canyon and more trout.

ONE OF SILVER CITY’S OLDEST LANDMARKS, SAN VICENTE DE LA CIENEGA PARISH CHURCH WAS completed in 1876 and consecrated by Father Ruellan, founder and pastor. Renovation of the building took place in 2005-2006 under the guidance and care of Father Rod Nichols, present spiritual leader. Actively committed to the Silver City community, parish ministries include - the training of alter servers, marriage and annulment counseling, bible study groups, a bingo committee that raises funds for the church, catechists who teach religious education classes, Eucharistic Ministers who give communion during liturgies, at hospitals, nursing homes and to the homebound, a fiesta committee that plans the annual fiesta, funeral and ministry of condolence, Guadalupanas dedicated in service to Our Lady of Guadalupe, jail ministry, musicians that provide music for liturgies, Order of Christian Initiation of Adults, the assistance of needy families in the community and a scholarship committee that raises funds for qualified students.

Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day & New Year’s Day.

August 27 & 28, 2011 Fun-Filled Weekend in Gough Park Fiesta Raffle • Drawing on August 28 Live Music • Bingo • Games NEED NOT BE PRESENT TO WIN 1st prize • $3,000. cash 2nd prize • $2,000. cash 3rd prize • $1,000. cash

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Cliff & Gila

Historic Pinos Altos

By Dutch Salmon STRADDLING THE GILA RIVER, CLIFF ON THE NORTH SIDE AND GILA ON THE SOUTH, THESE TWO SETTLEments together total perhaps 500 habitants and are close enough that the newcomer might see them as blending into one town. Don’t be fooled. Each has its own post office, zip code, and defenders. Cliff has the café, filling station, and school (K-12); Gila has the grocery, feed store, and senior center. Both retain an attachment to a rural ambiance based on irrigation agriculture that is uncommonly lovely, increasingly rare, and takes you back in time as you drive the Gila Valley, upstream or down, on either side of the river. True tales are still told here. Tom Lyons’ LC Ranch, based in Gila, was New Mexico’s largest at 1.5 million acres circa 1900. Along nearby Rain Creek, Carl and Blue Rice killed New Mexico’s last grizzly bear in 1931. Meanwhile, the bucolic agricultural vistas will have you in a reverie of settling down on your own green parcel, with homegrown food, 5 acres, and independence.

WITHOUT THE ASPHALT ON ITS MAIN STREET, DOWNTOWN PINOS ALTOS LOOKS MUCH LIKE IT MIGHT have appeared nearly 150 years ago, when it was inhabited by the likes of Judge Roy Bean. The town’s amenities, however, have greatly improved in the last century or so. They include a museum, an ice cream parlor, dining establishments and an authentic western bar. Gold was first discovered in the area by Spanish and Mexican miners. Anglos rediscovered the metal in 1859/60, and for a while the town was called Birchville after the first man to find “color.” Nearly abandoned due to constant fights with the Apaches, it was re-established in 1866 under its original Spanish name. Pinos Altos is located along the Continental Divide, six miles north of Silver City on NM Highway 15.

Water Heaters Heating Systems Mobile Home Hook-Ups Air Conditioning Systems Water, Gas & Sewer Lin es Bathroom & Kitchen Remodeling Serving Silver City since 1981

2815 Pinos Altos Road License #018637

P.O. Box 656

575-538-2973

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Fabulous getaway nestled in the tall pines of Pinos Altos. • Crackling Fireplaces • Secluded Balconies • Relaxing Porches • Telephone & WiFi • Satellite TV • Barbeque Grill • Hot Tub in Cabana • Meeting Room • Cabins with kitchens are available. Conveniently located just 7 miles north of Silver City on NM Hwy. 15.

575.388.4501 888.388.4515

Area Birding &

Make reservations & view availability online

www.BearCreekCabins.com

Rockhounding

P.O. Box 53082 • Pinos Altos, NM 88053

GOOD WEATHER, SPARSE POPULATIONS AND THE WIDE SPAN OF LIFE ZONES OFFER UNIQUE OPPORTUNITIES for birding in Southwest New Mexico. Birding can begin at Big Ditch Park in downtown Silver City. The Gila River and its tributaries north of Silver City offer a rich assortment of birds, and hummingbird banding demonstrations are given near Lake Roberts. Other locations include Whitewater Canyon and The Catwalk near Glenwood and the, harboring species found nowhere else in the US. Silver City lies at the center of a vast belt of mineralization that has produced billions of dollars worth of metals and a diversity of gems and minerals. Gem and mineral collections are displayed in area museums, shows are hosted throughout the region, huge copper mining operations continue and Rockhound State Park by Deming is dedicated to rock hound enthusiasts, encouraging collecting for personal use.

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Drive Thru & Carry Out Coffee Shop “Start your day off right with a refreshing Delite!” • Blended Coffees • Coffees • Iced Teas • Kids Drinks • Fruit Smoothies • Italian Cream Sodas • Fresh Baked Bagels • Burritos & Rolled Tacos • The Deliteful Blend Signature Coffees by the pound

Delivery Available! Mon.-Fri. 7am to 6pm•Sat. 7am to 4pm

575.388.2402 3030 N. Pinos Altos Rd.

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Advertise in the most popular guide to Southwest New Mexico

575-534-0402 11591 Highway 180 East Silver City, NM 88061 Owners: Nacho Nolasco wrench@zianet.com Sharon Dillon Nolasco Fax 388-2103

LeAnne Knudsen Silver City & Deming area Representative

575.388.4444 x12 leanne@ziapublishing.com

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Rockhound & Pancho Villa State Parks

of Trail the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway

By Brett Ferneau

THIS 93-MILE LOOP IS FILLED WITH HISTORY AND SCENIC BEAUTY. TO GET STARTED, JUST HEAD NORTH ON PIÑOS Altos Road from US 180 East in Silver City to the old goldmining town of Piños Altos. From there, NM 15 will take you through the Gila National Forest to the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument. Leaving the monument, the byway backtracks along NM 35 to Sapillo Creek and Lake Roberts. Continuing across the Continental Divide, the road descends into the Mimbres River Valley. The historic church at San Lorenzo was built in the 1800s. Continuing west on NM 152, you will come to the mine overlook near Santa Rita, where you can view one of the world’s largest open pit copper mines. Rejoining US 180, you can turn north at Santa Clara to visit historic Fort Bayard, or continue on a short distance back to Silver City.

THE TOWN OF COLUMBUS AND CAMP FURLONG WERE ATTACKED BY THE MEXICAN REVOLUTIONARY FORCES of General Francisco Villa in 1916. General “Blackjack” Pershing led a punitive force into Mexico in pursuit of the Villistas, but with no success. Using Camp Furlong as a base camp, the Pershing force included the first aircraft used in a military operation, the first use of mechanized trucks by United States troops and the last true cavalry operation. A visitor center includes a replica of the airplanes used and one of the mechanized vehicles. Rockhound State Park east of Deming is not only a great place to look for crystals, the area includes hiking trails, picnic areas, birding and star gazing. An impressive visitor center provides interactive displays and a desert botanical garden that attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Spring Canyon, which is included in the State Park, provides an ecosystem that is entirely distinct from the Rockhound area.

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Lake Roberts

Deming By Brett Ferneau

SURROUNDED BY THE GILA NATIONAL FOREST, AND FED BY SAPILLO CREEK, LAKE ROBERTS IS A MAN-MADE 75-acre lake offering some of the finest mountain fishing, boating and camping in New Mexico. Lake Roberts features boat ramps, two campgrounds, picnic spots and a variety of nature trails leading into the forest. The lake beckons fisherman, hikers and birders to experience the natural beauty of the area. Overlooking the west end of the lake stand the “Vista Ruins,” an authentic Mimbres Indian pit house site. The area is home to hundreds of species of birds, and is a wintering spot for bald eagles. As many as ten species of hummingbirds may be observed in the summertime at feeding stations along NM Highway 35 and at nearby local inns. Late March to late May is the best time to fish for the lake’s 10 to 14-inch rainbow trout, but Lake Roberts also contains crappie, catfish and some bass.

DEMING HAS COME A LONG WAY SINCE ITS BEGINNINGS AS A ROUGH-AND-TUMBLE RAILROAD TOWN IN the old west. Situated 33 miles north of Mexico beneath the majestic Florida Mountains, today’s Deming is rapidly growing, while retaining its friendly small town ambiance. Claiming to be the green chile capitol of the world and the source for most New Mexico wines, Deming also boasts a vibrant arts community, unique museums, live music venues, a year-round golf course and a host of first-class restaurants. Its recently expanded transit system provides easy, affordable travel around town and connections to Lordsburg and Silver City. Deming hosts many community events and special occasions, such as the famous annual Deming Duck Races and Deming Onion Festival. The city straddles Interstate Highway 10. It is a natural rest stop between El Paso, Texas and Tucson, Arizona, and a jumping-off point for Rockhound, Pancho Villa and City of Rocks state parks. License #368502 Bonded & Insured

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City of Rocks State Park

Geronimo Monument

LOCATED JUST 34 MILES SOUTH OF SILVER CITY, THE CITY OF ROCKS STATE PARK IS THE PERFECT PLACE FOR A funfilled daywrit or picnic with the entire family. The park features giant monoliths that were formed from the eruption of an ancient volcano and eroded by the wind over an extended period of time. These huge, unusually shaped boulders are perfect for sightseeing or climbing. For some, the park resembles a medieval village; for others it is a collection of misshapen, albeit benign, giants. Essentially, it is a flat-lying sheet of reddish lava jointed along vertical rather than horizontal planes creating the likeness of a city with streets and buildings. There are formations which readily suggest giants’ chairs, prehistoric monsters, or creatures of imaginative myth. Complete with a desert garden, the park offers picnicking and camping spots. Adjacent to the formations rises Table Mountain, a perfect example of a mesa.

IN OCTOBER 2004 ABOUT 120 PEOPLE GATHERED AT THE GILA CLIFF DWELLINGS NATIONAL MONUMENT Visitor Center to dedicate a monument to famous Chiricahua Apache Chief Geronimo, who was born in the area in 1829. The monument was a collaborative effort between the Forest Service, the Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Byway Committee, the Silver City/Grant County Chamber of Commerce, and Geronimo’s own great grandson, Harlyn Geronimo and Harlyn’s wife Karen of Mescalero. Harlyn got the idea for the monument while visiting the area in the spring of 2004. Chief Geronimo had told biographers that he was born near the headwaters of the Gila River, which is the area where the National Monument stands today. Geronimo died in Oklahoma in 1909, after unsuccessfully pleading with federal authorities to be allowed to return to his homeland to die.

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Gila Cliff Dwellings

Continental Divide Trail

National Monument ONE OF THE ATTRACTIONS ALONG THE TRAIL OF THE MOUNTAIN SPIRITS NATIONAL SCENIC BYWAY IS THE 533-acre Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument. Here you can see the homes and catch a glimpse into the lives of Native Americans who lived here between seven and eight hundred years ago. Along with the ancient ruins, the monument features a visitor center and museum. From Silver City there are two ways to travel to the monument. The first is to go north past Piños Altos on NM 15, a winding, mountain forest road. Here, trailers over twenty feet long must take an alternate route on NM 61/35. The other route is through the Mimbres Valley north from NM 152 off US 180 east of town. This route is 25 miles longer, but easier and takes the same amount of time – about two hours. Call ahead for hours and road conditions; (575)536-9461 or (575)536-9344.

SILVER CITY AREA HIKERS ENJOY A RARE OPPORTUNITY: CONVENIENT DAY HIKES ON SECTIONS OF A renowned footpath that stretches from Mexico to Canada. Also known as the ‘King of Trails,’ the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail (CDT) runs through New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho and Montana. Along the way it visits 25 national forests, 20 national wilderness areas, three national parks, one national monument, eight Bureau of Land Management resource areas – and passes close by Silver City. While it takes six months to walk the entire trail, Silver City residents and visitors can enjoy pleasant day hikes on segments of the same trail just minutes from their doorsteps. While our moderate climate makes access available yearround, probably the best times to visit the CDT are during the spring and fall. Parts of the trail are challenging, so hikers should be in good physical condition and remember to bring plenty of water.

Traditional services & care for your family and friends.

The Source is now online!

575-388-1911 210 W. College Ave. Silver City, NM Harry Bright, Owner

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575-542-9444 408 Main Street Lordsburg, NM

Serving Grant, Hidalgo and Catron Counties since 1902. www.ziapublishing.com

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Dandelion Wish

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Yada Yada Yarn

Kris’s & Krafters’ Kreations

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Hester House

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Arenas Valley By Dutch Salmon THIS RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY ABOUT 5 MILES EAST OF SILVER CITY IS NAMED FOR THE USUALLY DRY RIO DE Arenas, River of Sands, that runs north to south through its center. About 100 years ago a wagonload of whiskey bogged down in these sands, and local miners sent to rescue its cargo instead drank it up on the spot. This led to a name change for a time to Whiskey Creek. The local volunteer fire department still carries this name but the citizenry long ago restored the original Spanish Arenas to both the community and the arroyo passing through. It can be difficult to tell just exactly where along HWY 180 Arenas Valley begins and ends but surely within its community parameters is the largest veterinary clinic in the county, a boarding kennel and dog training facility, housing developments, repair centers and 2 RV parks.

Conner Fine Jewelers

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DANDELION WISH

YADA YADA YARN

Upscale selection of eclectic antiques, collectibles & consignment merchandise. Something for everyone’s taste and budget. Now handling estate and moving sales. Tues.-Sun. 10ish-6ish

Everything for knitters new and old! Wool, cotton and fun yarns. Open daily 11-5.

KRIS’S & KRAFTERS’ KREATIONS Locally Crafted Southwest Gifts and Decor. Candles, Flower Arrangements, Horsehair Ceramics, Yard Art, Metal Art, Carving, Intarsia and Special Orders.

We Pick Up & Deliver

Serving Grant, Catron, Luna & Hidalgo Counties for 35 years

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505-A N. Bullard • 534-9927 CONNER FINE JEWELERS Southwest New Mexico’s leading jewelry store, since 1946, featuring diamond expertise and membership in the American Gem Society. 83

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BULLARD STREET

109 N. Bullard St. • 534-0074 slyle@dandelion-wish.com

• Chainsaws • Lawnmowers • Riders • Lawn Tractors • Blowers • String Trimmers • Hedge Trimmers • Husqvarna Dealer • Honda Dealer • Certified OPESSA • Mail Order Service Available Mon-Fri 9-5 Saturday 9-1

A Bead or Two

401 N. Bullard St. 538-2012 • 388-2025 www.ziapublishing.com

Open knitting Sun.12-3

614 N. Bullard St. • 388.3350 www.yadayadayarn.com HESTER HOUSE Best homemade fudge in town. Unique gifts and cards for all occasions. Free gift wrapping.

316 N. Bullard St. • 388-1360 A BEAD OR TWO Fabulous, fun, full-service bead shop featuring a multitude of beads. Ample workspace & parking. Friendly knowledgeable staff. Classes, repairs & finished jewelry. Gourd Art & Gallery. Mon.-Fri. 9-5, Sat. 9-4.

703 N. Bullard St. • 388-8973 www.ABeador2.com THE SOURCE – S31

Fort Bayard Federal Credit Union CeleBratin g oUr 75 th year!

(575) 388-5555 / FaX (575) 388-5558 Desert Crafts & Crystal Creations

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Gila Hike & Bike

11797 hwy. 180 e. / arenas Valley, nM 88022

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NEW MEXICO

RV Park

Surrounded by Trees, Nature and Tranquility STATE LICENSED Party Zone

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Five Star World Class Tattoo

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•18 Full Hookup Sites on 5 Acres • Reasonable Rates • 10 Pull Throughs

• 30/50 Amps • 5 Minutes to Town • Free Wi-Fi

103 Flury Lane, Silver City, NM 88061

575-538-0918

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Video Game Outlet

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Syzygy Tileworks

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DESERT CRAFTS & CRYSTAL CREATIONS

GILA HIKE & BIKE

• Jewelry, Watches, Tiaras & Rings • Iron On Crystals & Appliques • Caps & Shirts • Create-A-Bear • Fairy Clothes • Collectable Doll • Punch Embroidery • Free Classes

109 W. Broadway • 654-4740 PARTY ZONE Your party supply headquarters for: Birthdays, Baby Showers, Holidays, Weddings, Anniversaries. Open: Monday-Friday 9:30-5:00 Saturday 10:00-3:00

316 E. 14th St. • 534-0098 VIDEO GAME OUTLET New and pre-played video games. PlayStation 2 • PlayStation 3 Xbox 360 • Wii PlayStation Portable Nintendo DS

206 E. 11th St. • 534-4216 S30 – THE SOURCE

Serving the cycling & hiking needs of southwest New Mexico for the past 23 years.

103 E. College Ave. • 388-3222

Manufactured Home Subdivision 2+ acre lots with roads, power and wells provided by developer.

Hwy. 180 E. off XYZ Ranch Rd. | Silver City, NM | 575-388-1951

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FIVE STAR WORLD CLASS TATTOO 40 Years Experience • All Styles, Well Done • NM State Licensed. Tues.-Sat. 11:30 - 5pm Sun-Mon by Appointment

810 N. Bullard St. • 534-2646 SYZYGY TILEWORKS Nationally recognized handmade tile company, dedicated to producing aesthetically pleasing clay tile in the craftsman tradition. Also, metal, glass, stone, concrete and imported tile. Tours available.

106 N. Bullard St. • 388-5472 www.syzygytile.com www.ziapublishing.com

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Fort Bayard

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Manzanita Ridge

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Royal Scepter

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By Dutch Salmon

NAMED FOR GEN. GEORGE D. BAYARD, AN EARLY-DAY CAVALRY OFFICER AND INDIAN FIGHTER, FORT BAYARD was activated in 1867 and played a major role in the Apache wars. Abandoned as a cavalry post in 1900, it was converted into a State geriatric hospital, a function it still serves today, albeit it is undergoing a face lift and construction of a new central facility. Many of the outlying buildings and original officers’ residences are being preserved for history. For the recreationist, Ft. Bayard is attached to the Ft. Bayard Game Refuge. Famous for its elk, here are thousands of acres of pine-studded uplands open to hikers and equestrians (no motorized vehicles), where active outdoor types may follow the trails used by the cavalry over 100 years ago. Find Indian petroglyphs, old homesteads, the State’s largest alligator juniper, and all just 10 miles east of Silver City.

Masa y Mas Tortilleria

Serving the Community’s Veterans, Active Duty

Ray Davis Gil Choquette 956-5153 534-1643 S20 – THE SOURCE

Military Families and Youth Programs. www.ziapublishing.com

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Bella’s Boutique

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THE HUB PLAZA

BULLARD STREET

G’S TEES

MANZANITA RIDGE

Hundreds of unique shirts to choose from! Vintage, Sports, Rock, Funny, Religious, Crazy, Cool, Retro, Events.

High end furniture and accessories from America’s finest resorts & hotels.

621 N. Bullard St. 702-824-3878

LITTLE WALN UT R OAD

IT’S SEW MUCH FUN! • large selection of threads • sewing/quilting embellishments • embroidery supplies • classes • custom embroidery

Native copper & silver from local mines and minerals from around the world. • Southwestern Jewelry • Unique Gifts • Mineral & Fossil Specimens • Free Mineral Museum • Rock Hounding Supplies & Books

601 N. Bullard St., Suite B 534-4000

1805 Little Walnut Rd. • 538-9001 www.RoyalScepter.com

MASA Y MAS TORTILLERIA

H I G H WAY 1 8 0

Fresh homemade corn & flour tortillas • chips • chicken, pork and veggie tamales • beef and chicken burritos • menudo • barbacoa • salsa.

BELLA’S BOUTIQUE

106 N. Bullard St., Suite C 534-9255

1445 Hwy. 180 E., Suite A 538-5544

www.ziapublishing.com

107 N. Bullard St. • 388-1158 ROYAL SCEPTER GEMS & MINERALS

A fun & colorful selection of affordable women’s clothing and accessories that you will love to wear. Tues.-Sat. 10am to 6pm

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Azumi Japanese Embroidery Studio 196

LeAnne Knudsen

Joe Burgess

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Victoria Chick • Cow Trail Art Studio

Original Prints And Drawings

JW Art Gallery

AR E NAS VALLEY

AZUMI JAPANESE EMBROIDERY STUDIO

VICTORIA CHICK

534-4663 elms.duanekathryn0@gmail.com

LEANNE KNUDSEN

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ARTISTS

Learn the history and techniques of the gentle art of silk embroidery taught by Kathryn Elms, certified teacher of the Japanese Embroidery School.

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Contemporary painter & printmaker focused on expressing emotion through the action of human & animal subjects. Represented by JW Art Gallery, Hurley

Cow Trail Art Studio

Santa Rita Overlook THE SANTA RITA OPEN PIT COPPER MINE IS AN ENORMOUS EXCAVATION NEXT TO NM152 BETWEEN SILVER City and the Mimbres Valley. The mine overlook is a major attraction along the Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway. Prior to the nineteenth century, Indians in the area utilized native copper findings to fashion ornaments and arrow points. In the early 1800s, underground mining operations were initiated to supply the Mexican mint with copper. Open pit operations began around 1910 as large earth-moving capabilities became feasible. Today, large equipment can be seen maneuvering across the stepped benches of the mine. The haulage trucks appear as mere toys on the far side of the pit, but keep in mind that a standing man stares straight at the hub of the huge wheels. The load carried by each truck is approximately 15 times heavier than the contents of 18-wheelers traveling along the interstate.

12pm-3pm Mon., Thurs., Fri. & Sat.

760-533-1897 • VictoriaChick.com ORIGINAL PRINTS AND DRAWINGS - Etchings, Woodcuts, Linocuts and Drawings by 19th and 20th Century American Artists. Represented by Cow Trail Art Studio. 12pm-3pm Mon.,

Contemporary artist working in oil pastels, oil painting and photography. On display at JW Art Gallery, Hurley, NM.

Thurs., Fri. & Sat.

313-4954 www.jwartgallery.com

HURLEY

119 Cow Trail • 760-533-1897 VictoriaChick.com JW ART GALLERY

Fine art photography on display at JW Art Gallery in Hurley

Fine Art, Bronze & Wooden Sculpture, Custom Picture Framing, Gift Shop, Historic Hurley Museum.

99 Cortez Avenue, Hurley 537-0300 www.jwartgallery.com

99 Cortez Ave., Hurley • 537-0300 www.jwartgallery.com gallery@jwartgallery.com

JOE BURGESS

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W.-F. 9-5 • S-Sun. 10-6

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Seedboat Center For The Arts

Bayard & Hurley

Ginny Wolf Studio & Gallery

MINING AND MINERAL PROCESSING HAVE BEEN THE DRIVING FORCES OF BAYARD AND HURLEY SINCE THE early 1900s, while Arenas Valley has developed into a small business district and community midway between the mining district and Silver City. With vistas of the kneeling nun and the mammoth Santa Rita open pit copper mine, as well as the headframes of historic underground mining operations, the area provides visitors visual insights into the state’s richest mineral districts. As the number of people involved in mining operations fluctuates, the communities are focusing more on their festivals, the arts and the tourism side of the historic mining operations. In the case of Arenas Valley, uncomplicated country living is the predominant draw…and a few unique businesses. Bayard has its coffee and tortilla companies and Hurley boasts a southwest fine arts gallery housed in its historic “company store.” Mining and reclamation still contribute significantly to local economies.

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Creations & Adornments

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Tatiana Maria Gallery

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BULLARD STREET

SEEDBOAT CENTER FOR THE ARTS

ART & CONVERSATION

Fine Art & Craft Gallery and Live Performance Space located in the Arts & Cultural District in Historic Downtown Silver City. Recording Studio available.

214 W. Yankie St. • 534-1136 www.SeedboatGallery.com

ART GALLERY

Art & Conversation

GINNY WOLF STUDIO & GALLERY • Transcultural gallery

Contemporary craft gallery featuring Janey Katz’s Critters from the “Hood” cut from old trucks & Suzi Calhoun’s colorful pottery. Open daily 11-5.

614 N. Bullard St. • 388-3350 janey@lizardbreathranch.com www.artandconversation.com LEYBA & INGALLS ARTS SUPPLIES, GALLERY & FRAMING

featuring exquisitely crafted jewelry, collage & assemblage inspired by textures & patterns in the natural world.

Contemporary Art ranging from Realism to Abstraction in a variety of media. Call for a class schedule.

Mats • Dry Mounting Photo & Art Restoration & Conservation Monotype Workshops

108 W. Yankie St. • 313-5709 www.ginnywolf.wordpress.com www.GinnyWolf.comv

315 N. Bullard St. • 388-5725 www.LeybaIngallsARTS.com

537.0300

CREATIONS AND ADORNMENTS

Fine Art • Gift Shop • Museum

Custom Picture Framing (expert design assistance)

BULLARD STREET

Hours: Wed./Fri. 9-5 Sat./Sun. 10-6 Preview Artists:

www.jwartgallery.com

99 Cortez Avenue • Hurley NM

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An eclectic collection of handcrafted custom jewelry, ceramics, sculpture and paintings.

116 N. Bullard St. • 534-4269 S22 – THE SOURCE

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TATIANA MARIA GALLERY Contemporary Native American Jewelry, Pottery & Folk Art • Rugs & Textiles • Fine Art & Art Glass • Cus-tom Southwest & Antique Furniture

305 & 307 N. Bullard St. 388-4426 THE SOURCE – S27

Azurite Gallery

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Lois Duffy Art

Ol’ West Gallery and Mercantile

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Molly Ramolla Gallery & Custom Framing

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Art Galleries

Artesanos Art Gallery

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Copper Quail Gallery

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B R O A D WAY

TEXAS STREET

AZURITE GALLERY

LOIS DUFFY ART

Designer Jewelry by Linda Boatwright, Featuring Paintings by Local Artists, Fine Wood & Copper Lamps. Wed.-Sat.10-5.

Studio and Gallery showing large acrylic paintings, fine furniture, jewelry and fabric art.

110 W. Broadway 538-9048 www.azuritegallery.com OL’ WEST GALLERY AND MERCANTILE A traditional western gallery of fine art, furnishings, fixtures & beyond.

104 W. Broadway • 388-1811 TEXAS STREET

ARTESANOS ART GALLERY

211 C N. Texas St. 313-9631 • www.loisduffy.com MOLLY RAMOLLA GALLERY & CUSTOM FRAMING Fine art, sculpture, prints, custom jewelry, unique one-of-a-kind imaginary creations. Mon.-Sat. 11-5 Framing by Daniel 654-0334

Colorful and richly layered watercolor still life settings with a Southwestern theme. Represented by Gallery 400 on North Arizona St. in historic downtown Silver City.

307 N. Texas St. 538-5538 • 800-985-6564 www.RamollaArt.com COPPER QUAIL GALLERY

A group of artists working in a co-operative manner. We carry artwork from the mystical to the practical.

An extraordinary selection of fine arts and quality hand-crafted pieces for your home and yard, created exclusively by local artists.

211-B N. Texas • 519-0804 scartesanos@gmail.com

211 A N. Texas St. 388-2646

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WHILE OUR AREA IS STEEPED IN THE RICH HISTORIES AND TRADITIONS OF RANCHING AND MINING, IT IS ALSO A place of vast cultural diversity. This assertion is demonstrated by the fact that Silver City, Billy the Kid’s childhood hometown, has been named one of the “100 Best Art Towns in America” by John Villani in his well-known guidebook of the same title.The arts are alive and well here, thanks to the promotional efforts of the Mimbres Region Arts Council and the numerous galleries with locations stretching from downtown Hurley to downtown Silver City. Every style and type of artwork imaginable is represented here, and many galleries offer the rare opportunity to meet and talk with the artists themselves. Most of the downtown Silver City galleries are conveniently located within walking distance of each other, as well as numerous other kinds of shops and excellent dining establishments.

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Westwind Studios by appointment

575-388-4775 On display at Adobe Springs Cafe

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History, Happenings & remembrances tell the story

t

Central

mining district of the

BY LUIS PÉREZ. TERRY HUMBLE, CONSULTANT

he history of the central mining district, east of Silver City, dates back over 200 years but historians have indicated that its mineral deposits were known to Indian civilizations around 900 A.D. and the Mimbreños collected turquoise and other stones there about 1100 A.D. Cabeza de Vaca, while crossing south of New Mexico in the late 1500s discovered copper trinkets from area Indians. The Sierra del Cobre native copper mountain deposits were disclosed, in 1799, by a friendly Apache to Spaniard, Lt. Colonel Jose Manuel Carrasco, who had come up from Janos, Chihuahua to hunt for gold. Thus began the history of “Santa Rita del Cobre,” named by Carrasco, which became the hub for mining activity in a surrounding area now covered by Bayard, Santa Clara, Hanover, Fierro and Georgetown. Santa Rita, by the way, is the longest continuous mining claim in the western U.S. Carrasco worked the mines until 1803 and then sold them to Francisco Manuel Elguea, a Chihuahua banker and merchant who had a contract from the Spanish crown to provide copper for coinage. He built a triangular fort, presidio, for protection against raiders and erected a round watch tower, torreon, at each corner of the fort. The mine shafts probed deeply into the mountain and ore was brought up in rawhide bags, tanates, strapped on the backs of miners who had to pick their precarious way up on “chicken ladders,” steps cut into logs. In the 1800s the mines produced over 40 million pounds of copper which were packed off to Janos, Chihuahua, and Mexico City on the backs of sturdy mules, each carrying 300350 pounds.

Mexico’s independence from Spain, in 1821, gave the Apaches concerns about the growing mining presence, so they put a halt to the ore train conductas and the mines were inoperative from 1838 until the 1850s. During this time, the Army of the West, led by General Stephen Watts Kearney marched through the area unopposed and Lt. William Emory named the Santa Rita bluff the “Ben Moore Mountain.” The U.S.-Mexican International Boundary Commission officials arrived at Santa Rita

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in 1851 and a new era in the land protected by the redoubtable Apache chiefs Mangas Coloradas, Victorio and others began. From then until 1910 some 124 million pounds of copper were produced. The mining area was a gathering place for many adventurers who sought to make quick fortunes in mining, trapping, trading or other endeavors and their presence caused much friction among the Apaches. Among these explorer-intruders were Kit Carson,

previous page: Steam shovel loading steam locomotive train below Romero Mine, 1910. left: Terry Humble, central mining district historian, has volumes of material and photos on the district’s history. Courtesy of Luis Pérez. opposite: Churn drills at Santa Rita, circa 1911. Photos except left courtesy of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold

Sylvester Pattie and Robert McKnight. Former mine owners included Leonardo Siquieros, Stephen Courcier, and Messers Sweet and LaCoste. The last pair worked the mines until 1871 and shipped some 12,000 pounds of copper to American markets. In 1873, the mine was sold to Martin Hayes who sold it to Joel Parker Whitney of Boston. He built a railroad spur in 1883 from Deming to Silver City to tie in with intercontinental railroads. Underground mining continued until 1910 and the mines went through several ownerships such as the Santa Rita Mining Company, Chino Copper Company, Kennecott Copper Corporation, and Phelps Dodge Mining. Today it is owned by Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold. In 1906, a mining engineer, John Murchison Sully, evaluated the property for General Electric Co. and disclosed that the Santa Rita property had an ore body of about 9 million tons of low grade 2.5 percent copper that if mined in large amounts could make a lot of money. Turned down, Sully got his own backing and finances to start Chino Copper Co. and began open pit mining in 1909. The community of Santa Rita had grown to 5,000 residents but when rich bodies were found under the town, it ceased to exist. The earth was removed from the site and created a huge cavity. After 1960, former residents called themselves “People Born In Space” because their former town had been in that air space. These Santa Ritans include moon-walking astronaut Harrison Schmitt. Another is Ralph Kiner, a former baseball player and radio announcer. The baseball mention recalls the Santa Rita baseball team that beat the visiting Chicago Cubs, 6-5 in ten innings in Faywood. In a rematch, in Deming, the miners lost 10-2. A semi-pro baseball league, called the Chino or Copper League, was sometimes called the Outlaw League because some miner players had played with the disgraced Chicago White Sox, “Black Sox,” team. Underground mining produced many fatalities. “Blasting and rock falls were the biggest concerns,” said Humble, “but gas also posed a danger.” And in the dark, to communicate, the miners used helmet lights to signal by head shaking and moving the light in circles or up and down and sideways. Some retained these head movements while talking to friends on the outside. There were the usual town characters as well as men of recognized dignity and authority. One of these gentlemen was Joe T. Morales, foreman of a Hurley labor gang. Some felt he was putting on airs and one man had the audacity to call him a communist. Joe, tall and rawhide tough, balled up his fist and smacked the offender on the jaw. “Ahi le puse uno y lo rodé,” ( I smacked him one and rolled him!) he recalled with relish. Workers never bothered him again.

SILVER CITYLIFE – 27

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above: Smoke stacks during lightning storm. The stacks were demolished on June 5, 2007. Courtesy of Terry Humble. left: Ancient copper “Armendáriz & Ortega” perol vessel made of Santa Rita native copper, owned by descentants of ranching family from Chihuahua, measures 40 inches across the top and weights about 500 pounds. top: Hanover bronze plaque commemorating the women’s picket lines during the strike against Empire Zinc on October 17, 1950. Photos except smoke stacks courtesy of Luis Pérez.

28 – SILVER CITYLIFE

edical facilities included a big hospital in Santa Rita but Humble pointed out that many persons were also born at home with midwives in attendance. There are many stories in the district that add to the flavor of the area. Among these is that of the standing monolith below Ben Moore Mountain. The early area Indians called the bluff cibolo or buffalo, and the monolith was called an “aguja,” a needle. But its popular name, “The Kneeling Nun,” was bestowed by Walter Foote Sellers, a patient in the nearby Bayard hospital. He wrote a poem about a beautiful nun, who, found with a soldier lover, was turned into the stone pillar during a thunderstorm. There she remains in eternal prayer! Historians and old timers of the mining district have many tales and information about the area. Terry Humble, 69, for instance, acknowledged mining district historian, was born in Santa Rita and worked in an underground mine for six years and then went to the open pit Chino mine and worked there for 30 plus years. His dad, Patrick, also worked underground for over 30 years locally and also worked as a miner in other states. Terry, who still conducts monthly bus tours of the central mining district, said that the district is about five miles wide and ten miles long. It takes in Bayard and Central at the southwest edge and goes to Georgetown on the northwest end. Humble said that in that fifty square miles, five major minerals have been produced; gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc. He mentioned some of the historic mines there. North of Bayard at Vanadium is the Bullfrog Mine. It belonged to the United States Smelting, Refining and Mining Co. They sank a shaft in 1941 that reached 2,100 feet with 14 levels that contained much zinc, lead and some gold and silver. Near the Bullfrog are the Groundhog and Vanadium mines. Some headframes still exist. The Groundhog was first mined in the 1920’s and went down 600 feet and took a downward angle to the 1,900 foot level. There was so much ore that they sank two other shafts. The Ground Hog #5 was in Lucky Bill Canyon and was at 2,2l0 feet, the deepest mine in New Mexico at that time. The Star Shaft was to the east. The original mine closed this triangle over the ore body.

Downtown Santa Rita, 1913. Courtesy of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold.

Proceeding up Hwy. 356 is the Hobo Mine, 1,000 feet deep, that dates back to the 1900s and nearby is the 700 foot deep Combination, with a timber headframe. These, formerly owned by the Blackhawk Consolidated Mining Co., are connected underground. “You could go to a lot of places underground and never see the sun,” said Humble. He told about a miner who took a wrong turn underground and walked a long way before he saw other men in the distance. He had gone in one mine and came up in another! From then on he was known among his friends as “Perdido,” the “lost one.” Across the highway is the Princess, a USSR & M mine. It goes down almost 1600 feet. The Princess was sunk in 1948 and mined until 1969. “My dad was one of the miners that sank the shaft to the bottom of this ore body,” said Terry. Then in Hanover, north of the intersection of 356 and 152, looms the Empire Zinc headframe. This is the site of the “Salt of the Earth” strike that happened in 1950-

1952. When the miners went to confer for higher wages, the company refused to talk to them so the men set up picket lines on Oct. 17, 1950 and were there for about seven months. When a judge in Silver City passed an injunction saying the miners could not picket or block the road, the men had to move, so their wives and female relatives moved into the lines. Removed from the line for “unlawful assembly,” wives, female relatives, and children were taken, to the county jail and held for one day. An agreement on the grievances finally settled the strike after 15 months. All these events were reported by the Silver City Enterprise and national press stories. The strike received international coverage when a 1954 film, “The Salt of The Earth,” was produced locally by Paul Jarrico and directed by Herbert Biberman. Many of the miners and their family members were in the cast. Chief among these was Juan Chacón, president of Local 890 of International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter

Workers. Rosaura Revueltas, a Mexican actress, was arrested and deported by the INS a few days before the filming ended. Despite charges of communism, threats, and blacklisting of the film, it won worldwide acclamation and is still a popular film today. Across the road from the Empire Zinc and high on the hill is the Pewabic Mine, its metal headframe blown over in high winds in 1961. The Pewabic and the Kearney, located across the road from the Princess, mined zinc and lead during the 1940’s and up to 1974 and were owned by the Peru Mining Co. Humble’s map shows 35 old mines and their locations. Five headframes can still be seen today from the highways: North of Bayard 1.9 miles on 356, in Vanadium, the Bullfrog’s headframe is on the left. Continuing north on 356, the Princess headframe is on the right and immediately to the left is the timbered Combination. North of the 356 and Hwy. 152 is the Empire Zinc headframe. On 152, east of the SILVER CITYLIFE – 29

junction, the Kearney headframe stands near the left side of the road. Arrival east on 152 brings the viewer to the Santa Rita open pit lookout. This mighty pit measures l.5 miles east to west and is l,000 feet deep. Always called the Chino pit, it gets is name for a slang word for pyrite. It is lined with roads for the 290 ton capacity mechanical trucks that are loaded by huge electric shovels that scoop up 56 yards of ore at a time. In 2007, 550 tons of copper were mined daily. In 2011, the goal is 165 tons daily by the years’ end. 30 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Today with the solvent extraction electrowinning process, the crushed ore is percolated with acid liquids and the solution is recovered at the bottom of the ore pile. The solution is then pumped to the SX-EW plant where pure copper collects on starter copper plates. These are shipped, about 40,000 pounds at a time, on trailer trucks to an El Paso refinery and also to Globe-Miami, Arizona. With so much to tell, Anthony Romero, school teacher, administrator, and historian, has compiled mining and area forts information. One of his histor-

ical studies was the Fort Webster 2 site and his study on “Finding the Lost Santa Rita Janos Trail,” won him the first prize Phillip A. Danielson award in 2007 by the Westerners International Association. He and his wife, Maria D. Romero, are long time residents of Santa Clara. Like all mining towns and districts, there was the usual boisterous and unbridled recreation practiced by miners and others. No saloon of note stands out but some residents recall the Triangle Bar, The Patio, and The Country Club. There were also established feminine comfort places near the mines. At Santa Rita, on the east side, an arroyo led to a store and a place that catered to Hispanic men. Anglos, on the other hand, found their entertainment at the parlor of one Bessy Harper, on the Georgetown road, whose girls displayed a vast repertoire of charms for gentlemen callers. In summary, through thick and thin, the mining populations manage to weather economic storms and still cherish and remember the lustrous magnificence of their central mining district history! Author Luis Pérez will appreciate comments or possible corrections. Personal interviews for most information. Other general references. ljperez@q.com. top left: Miner poses with “chicken ladder” and rawhide tanates used to carry ore out of old tunnel mines. Courtesy of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold. above: Old Hobo mine timber headframe, now demolished. Courtesy of Luis Pérez.

Dick Rhoades Retired Manager WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS, PHOTOGRAPY COURTESY R. E. RHOADES

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t was a challenging era for the mines in the early 1980s when Dick Rhoades took the reigns as manager of the Phelps Dodge Tyrone Branch. The national economy was sluggish, so slow, in fact, that operations at the branch shut down for a year in 1982. In 1983, the reverse was true for the property as a major strike at the company’s Arizona’s operations resulted in extreme pressure on Tyrone for maximum production to meet the company’s contractual obligations. “The purchase of the Chino Mines Division by Phelps Dodge from Kennecott Copper Company in 1985 also presented challenges for everyone involved, both hourly and salaried,” says Rhoades. “In-depth analyses were required by Phelps Dodge to determine that it was in a position to acquire the Kennecott property. Justifying the purchase forced all the properties to operate lean. The early to mid-1980s was definitely a period of change for mining in Grant County, as well as the industry as a whole.” “One of the most significant changes during my Tyrone years was the installation of the company’s first solvent extraction/electrowinning plant. That process has reduced the need for smelters and has now become a primary method used for copper recovery in the U.S.” “Today, the demand for copper is greater than the supply,” Rhoades continued, “thus keeping the price high. Despite the overall economic conditions, the developing nations, particularly China and India and even many South American countries, are requiring more copper. It takes copper to develop a civilization and I expect the trend to continue for some time to come. I anticipate that additional mines will be coming on line to take up the slack.” Rhoades is a graduate of the University of Arizona and was hired on at Ajo, Arizona as a junior engineer for Phelps Dodge. He served in positions of increasing responsibility in Douglas and Morenci and returned to Ajo as Manager. He transferred to Tyrone as manager in 1981 and retired in 1990. The number of employees at Tyrone during that time reached about 1200, and even though the Hidalgo Smelter in Playas was a stand-alone operation, the employee figures and certain functions were combined with those of Tyrone. So what is Dick Rhoades doing after 20 years of retirement besides lots of yard work at his Silver City home? He happily spends a great deal of time in Tucson with his son, daughter and grandchildren.

SILVER CITYLIFE – 31

FRED BARRAZA Captures the Anguish of

La Llorona and the Miner who Met the Devil at the Beehive Bar. WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOE BURGESS

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ives’ tales abound in every society as typically unverified stories with exaggerated details. They are often used to discourage unwanted behavior or cure ailments, usually embellished with a touch of truth. Most people in the Southwest and Mexico are familiar with La Llorona, the weeping woman heard wailing at night near streams or flooding creeks. There are many versions, one of which is the woman who drowned her children to be with a man she loved and then was rejected by him. She was refused entry to heaven because of her deed and her spirit roams the earth for all eternity, searching for her innocent little ones. Be aware that this troubled spirit has been known to snatch up wandering children who disobey their parents! No one quite captures the anguish of this poor soul like artist Fred Barraza. He sketched La Llorona in the mid-1990s for a film that was never completed. He had also turned the tale into artistic compositions that graphically express the intense feelings that might accompany such a fate. Several of Fred’s close relatives worked in area mines and Fred briefly worked underground following active duty in the Marine Corps. He agreed

32 – SILVER CITYLIFE

that especially underground miners tended to be superstitious. “I loved playing in the creeks as a child and was frequently told by my parents that if I wasn’t careful, La Llorona would get me. I’ve even told that to my own children.” Another wives’ tale Fred had heard was the “chicken lady,” or the miner who met the devil at the Beehive Bar. The Beehive was a small bar that sat on a hill between Hanover and Santa Clara frequented by miners getting off evening shift. One night, a miner sat next to a beautiful lady at the bar and after a few drinks, left with the lady. The next morning, as the tale is told, the miner was found in his car clawed to death by what appeared to be chicken feet – the lady was the devil in disguise! Fred’s first mural, on a wall in the Brown Derby nightclub, was completed while still in junior high. He has a degree in fine arts from Western New Mexico University and over the years has continued to work in various art forms. He is currently an instructor and lecturer of drawing and printmaking at WNMU. His work can be found in statewide galleries and he has been commissioned for various projects, including murals, posters and book covers. opposite: Fred Barraza, WNMU instructor, discussing a sketch with Chinese exchange student, Zi Qing Yuan. back row, top: La Llorona, 1990, by Fred Barraza, intaglio print. above: La Llorona, 1995, by Fred Barraza, graphite and colored pencil drawing.

SILVER CITYLIFE – 33

Grant County Mining Today WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS PHOTOGRAPHY COURTESY FREEPORT-MCMORAN COPPER & GOLD

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he product of a cyclical industry coping with the economic swings of both developed and emerging nations, copper remains a critical element of mankind’s lifestyle. Grant County, as a key supplier of the red metal for over two centuries, has enjoyed the benefits and endured the challenges typical of mining communities. There remains ore to be mined when prices justify ramping up operations, and despite the current economy’s reluctance to mount a meaningful recovery, the price of copper has remained buoyed by low inventories internationally. In response to the strong demand for copper in global markets led by China and also the U.S. and Europe, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, is resuming mining and milling at its Chino property near Hanover, which had been suspended since late 2008. Even though small amounts of copper had been produced from existing leach stockpiles, production is expected to reach 100 million pounds in 2012 and 2013 and 200 million pounds in 2014. Startup equipment and mill refurbishment at a cost to the company of $150 million also contribute to jobs and money spent locally. Employees are being added as positions become available at Chino and as of February 2011, Freeport-McMoRan employment in Grant County was 480 at Chino, 500 at Tyrone and 13 at Cobre, which is under care and maintenance only.”

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above from left: reseeded tailings at Tyrone, Tyrone Overlook, repair shop for haulage trucks, and aerial view of Tyrone soil cap. background: Haulage truck operating at Tyrone.

SILVER CITYLIFE – 35

top and upper left: Reclamation includes sealing old shafts and tunnels while preserving bat access. above: Copper product from the SX-EW process. left: Ore transferring to the Intermediate Ore Storage Facility. below left: Copper-bearing solution in the SX-EW process.

Reclamation is another important and ongoing facet of the Freeport-McMoRan operation, with the company spending millions of dollars in Grant County on state-mandated projects. In the mine and mineral processing areas, the company is required to re-establish a “selfsustaining ecosystem.” That involves re-sloping and contouring the edges of the rock piles and tailings, covering them with soil, constructing drainage channels and re-vegetation in the areas where there is no longer activity. Even though mining in Grant County is no longer at levels achieved in the twentieth century, it is still a major contributor to the local economy and tax base, and the recent hiring during an economic downturn is providing a significant shot in the arm for the area. The direct effect from operations and supplier purchases in 2010 was $74 million with indirect purchases adding another $12 million. Taxes paid by the company also result in benefits to county residents. Freeport-McMoRan and its copper and gold foundation invested $650,000 in Southwest New Mexico last year in the form of support for organizations. Some of the groups receiving funding and other backing were the school districts and a school performance, Silver City MainStreet Project, Bayard Mining District Historical Tours, and El Refugio domestic violence shelter. Employees also provide volunteer help and payroll deductions for United Way. During the 2011 session, the New Mexico State Legislature recognized Freeport-McMoRan, honoring Chino’s 100th anniversary of copper production as an open-pit mine and its role in the growth of the state’s economy. The first steam-shovel copper production at Chino was in 1911 in the Territory of New Mexico, when the mine was known as the Chino Copper Co. Earlier, when the region was part of Spain, Chino was a source of copper for the Mexican mint, as early as 1801. Sources include Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold community development, press releases and web site: www.fcx.com.

36 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Joe & Karin Wade Saving a Historic Building WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOE BURGESS

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ost of Hurley, New Mexico was built in the early 1900s by Chino Mining Company for its management and mineral processing employees. One of the prominent remaining structures is the old Hurley Store. Comprised of two connected buildings, the wooden structure housed the original company store and warehouse built in 1910 with a basement and hand-pulled freight elevator. The red brick building built in 1912 became the new company store, with the wooden structure still serving as a warehouse. The mercantile carried everything from boots to prom dresses, barbed wire, coal and lumber. It last operated in 1977. The facility, now owned by Joe and Karin Wade, includes the JW Art Gallery, a unique 3500 square-foot space in the brick building with 16-foot ceilings and a balcony. Represented are both regional and national artists and there is a full-service picture-framing shop, a small gift shop and a museum that recounts the history of Hurley, the Mimbres Indians and area mining sites. The old payroll office area at the rear of the brick building (complete with walk-in safe) was recently converted into a 1700-square foot apartment and became the Wades’ home in 2005. Joe’s studio is located in the section that connects the brick building to the original wooden one. Joe's art has long been included in galleries and shows throughout the Southwest. Karin retired from the book-publishing business in 2005 and they decided it was time to move into a future that included their own gallery. Hours of research led to a Silver City visit where they eventually located the old Hurley Store. “The history, the size and architecture of the structure, the fact that it included a recently renovated living space, and its proximity to Silver City and Southwest New Mexico made the Hurley Store very attractive for the business we envisioned,” Karin relates. “We knew there was work ahead for creating a respectable fine-art gallery, but the potential was exciting.” Joe and Karin are members of the Hurley Pride Committee and the Mining District Committee of Santa Clara, Bayard and Hurley. Karin developed and maintains web sites, including their own and those of Hurley and Santa Clara. For more information: www.jwartgallery.com SILVER CITYLIFE – 37

Jay Jackson Retired Boilermaker WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOE BURGESS

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hat is “life after the company?” Of the many folks who have retired from area mining and mineral processing jobs, some prefer to spend more time fishing, traveling or visiting the grandchildren. Others, like Jay Jackson in Hurley, have developed a small business that allows them to work at their own pace doing something they enjoy. One of Jay’s passions that grew out of his boilermaker career is making knives and spurs. His specialties include cowboy up knives for whittling and hunter caping knives. He even took a class at Alpine, Texas for engraving to help him dress up his products.

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“Local hunters use my knives,” says Jay, “but most end up framed and hanging on a wall. I’ve sold them to people from Alaska to Florida.” Having grown up working on his grandparent’s ranch, Jay still helps work cattle occasionally and is joined by his granddaughter on weekends. “In the fall, I also do some camp cooking for hunting groups, but the cooking and ranching is getting a bit much for me. I’m leaning more toward my shop work.” Jay’s parents moved to Hurley in 1952 to work for Kennecott Copper Company and both of them retired from the company. Jay is a graduate of Cobre High School and spent four years in the Navy. He worked for Boyles Brothers sinking shafts and then became a crusher operator at Kennecott from 1965 to 1967. Feeling the urge to get away for a while, Jay grabbed his saddle and worked in Australia from 1963 to 1969. He ended up breaking horses, which allowed him to travel through the different regions. “Yeah, I roped a kangaroo one time and even had one for a pet. It was nothing to see a thousand kangaroos in one day.” Jay had always been independent, but being alone in a region with few facilities taught him how to take care of himself. Returning to Grant County to work on a local ranch, Jay soon went back to work at Kennecott as a boilermaker apprenticeship. “I learned as much as I could from the old-timers,” Jay relates, “hounding them every chance I got. I eventually became a layout man and thoroughly enjoyed that type of work. Most of the large fabrication jobs were bid by outside contractors, but once we had the opportunity to layout and fabricate new acid plant ducting and I’m really proud of the work we did.” Kennecott’s New Mexico properties were bought out by Phelps Dodge Mining Company and Jay took his 30-year retirement from the company in 1999. “Welding was good to me and for me at the mill and smelter in Hurley, and I continue to draw on my experience for creating collector knives and spurs.”

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As a kid, I cranked the forge used to remove mercury and produce sponge gold.

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ndependent miners throughout the 20th century led a tough life with lots of exciting tales to share. Lou Osmer (the second of four Lou Osmers) has been involved with mining in the Burro Mountains since he was a kid, learning the trade as he worked with his father. He has utilized the experience gained from his youth and stints in the Marine Corps, Southern Pacific Railroad and the state highway department for a lifetime of consulting, promoting and operating small mines and processing plants, even designing and building leach systems and other related equipment. Lou has a wealth of knowledge about the region’s extractive industries, but this article just touches on a few of his early childhood experiences.

Lou Osmer Childhood Experiences

WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS PHOTOGRAPHY BY LUIS PÉREZ AND COURTESY OF LOU OSMER 40 – SILVER CITYLIFE

opposite, top: Oiler on steam shovel at Santa Rita operated by Louis (Pat) Osmer, Sr. about 1919. opposite, from left: Lou Osmer III, Lou Osmer IV, Lou Osmer, Jr. on 264’ level of Beaumont Mine, Burro Mountain Mining District, Grant County, NM Precious Metal Occurance. Courtesy Lou Osmer.

While Lou was a kid, his father started working the Shamrock gold occurrence in the Burro Mountains and built a small mill in the canyon. “He was a genius at scouring copper and removing mercury and amalgam,” states Lou. “As a kid, I cranked the forge used to remove mercury and produce sponge gold. Hand steel was used for drilling and there was a windlass (hand-cranked barrel winch) for hauling up the ore. The ore was loaded into a 1932 non-dumping truck and I was given the prized task of breaking rock and unloading the truck.” “Dad finally got an air compressor at the mine that he hooked up to an old truck. I acted as the regulator, speeding up and slowing down the truck engine to maintain the air pressure for the jackhammer. One day, I fell asleep in the cab of the truck and the air pressure continued building up until the top blew out of the receiving tank. I was in big trouble.” “We also had a pump for dewatering the shaft. It quit one day and I had to dive into the cold water numerous times to replace the cylinder. No one thought I could do it, but I did and ended up with a case of pneumonia.” During those days, gold bars from Mogollon would be stacked in front of the bank at Bullard and Broadway before being shipped off. One day, there appeared to be no one around and the temptation was too great for my brother and me. We grabbed one of the 137-pound bars and started running for the Big Ditch. We heard a voice from above saying, “You’re gonna get shot.” We didn’t know where it came from, but it scared us so bad, we returned the bar to the stack on the corner. Later we realized there was a man with a rifle watching from on top of the Monterey Hotel.

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165

Mike McIntyre Doubting Dowsing? WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JUDY WUTHRICH

He hasen’t kept track of how many well’s he’s dowsed, but ... “They’ve never drilled a dry well.”

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fter meeting Mike McIntyre, you will have no doubt about dowsing for water. “First of all, you have to believe it works,” says Mike. He hasn’t kept track of how many wells he’s dowsed, but with Mike’s expertise, “They’ve never drilled a dry well.” Mike doesn’t usually dowse wells for money; however, a local realtor was having trouble selling a piece of property because the potential owners would only buy if there was known water on the land. Mike dowsed the area and firmly stated where the water would be. The

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doubting realtor said, “I’ll pay you if you are right.” After the successful well was drilled, the realtor gained his belief in dowsing, but lost some cash. Mike’s tools of choice for dowsing are two stainless steel rods that are about 2 feet long with a 90 degree bend at one end about 4 inches long, or Lshaped. Demonstrating his technique, he holds the short ends of the rods loosely in his hands while the long ends extend straight out in front. He walks slowly along a straight line. The rods bob very slightly and then slowly cross in front of him. Mike stops and etches a mark in the dirt with his boot and continues walking the same course until the rods cross a second time, where he makes another mark in the dirt. Mike explains that the distance between the marks is the width of the groundwater “stream”. He then walks to the middle of the marks in the dirt and asks, “Would you like to see which way the water is flowing?” With the rods extended, he concentrates and slowly the rods face to the west indicating the direction of the water flow. For further amazement, Mike asks, “Would you like to know how deep the water is and how many gallons per minute it would produce?” He brings out his next tool: an old, broken fishing rod. He anchors the narrow end against his waist, letting the remainder of the fishing rod rest against his hands laced in front of him. Mike concentrates on how deep the well might be, and the heavy end of the rod starts bobbing out the number in feet. He then repeats this for how many gallons per minute the well will produce. Dowsing has been utilized for centuries. Leonardo DaVinci and Albert Einstein were known for dowsing. There have also been doubters for centuries; too, but as Mike McIntyre states sincerely, “You have to believe in dowsing.” If you happen to be one of the doubters, Mike says all he has to do is touch your arm and you, too, will be able to dowse for water.

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SILVER CITYLIFE – 43

The Hurley Pride Committee WRITTEN BY PAT YOUNG PHOTOGRAPHY COURTESY KARIN WADE

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urley may have been established a century ago by Chino Copper Company, but it’s the Hurley Pride Committee that breathes vitality into this small mining community today. The Hurley Pride Committee was formed about six years ago when a handful of residents were disappointed by the lack of Christmas decorations. “Kennecott used to decorate big time,” says SaVanne Kilgore, president of the Hurley Pride Committee. Other officers are vice president Tom Raines, treasurer Ellen Blair, secretary Sandy Raines, plus directors Carol Costa and Corrine McWillis. To do fundraising, the committee had to incorporate. “And well, one thing led to another,” says SaVanne, sitting in her backyard with her husband, Rex, who is also on the committee, behind their meticulously kept, gingerbread-cute home in the heart of Hurley. Both Kilgores have instant smiles and ready waves for virtually every car that goes by as they talk about their historic community. The committee of about 30 members went well beyond Christmas decorations. SaVanne is quick to credit not only the committee, but the entire community. Their endeavors include festivals, updates to power (they have to support all those new Christmas decorations, among other things), and many more upgrades and improvements to Hurley. When the long-time landmark, the Hurley smelter stacks, were scheduled to come down, Phelps Dodge (formerly Kennecott) came to them with the idea of a raffle for the opportunity to “push the plunger” (a simulated detonator) to bring the stacks down. The committee went further, turning it into a huge community event. (The raffle was won, appropriately, by a multigeneration mining family member, John Portillo.)

The stacks coming down had a positive effect on Hurley in one way. When the EPAmandated cleanup commenced, the community cleaned up yards and homes as well. When called on, the Hurley Pride Committee responds, from waving flags for homecoming soldiers to showing up with their “pantry” to sell refreshments at area events, raising funds to further improve their community. One of many changes in Hurley is over 100 American flags displayed on appropriate holidays. There used to be just a few. The Hurley Pride Committee sells everything from T-shirts and key chains to mugs, Christmas ornaments and ”license plates” to raise funds for Hurley improvements. SaVanne, who grew up in a mining family, and Rex, who retired from IBM and then from his own office equipment maintenance business, “retired” to this area, ending up in one of the first homes built in Hurley. They are enthusiastic about the community and the Hurley Pride Committee. The committee’s latest hope and passion is to assist in putting a museum and gift shop in the historic SW Railroad Depot in Hurley when the town acquires it. They hope this brings more people to the little mining community. And both Kilgores point out, you don’t have to be on the committee to help. Just show up. Even younger residents are jumping in. “Hurley has some of the nicest, warmest people you’ve ever met,” says SaVanne. “It’s a real joy to live here.”

opposite, far left: Hurley Pride Committee, church and community members in 2007. above: Hurley Pride Committee President SaVanne Kilgore and police chief Bobby Ruiz discuss plans for 2006 festival parade route. Rex Kilgore on right.

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ACCOUNTANTS - CPA’s THOMAS H. LAWS - C.P.A., C.V.A. 909 N. Hudson St., Silver City 575-388-1951 • Fax: 575-388-1953 www.Laws-Co.com tom@Laws-Co.com

WELLS FARGO BANK 1201 N. POPE ST., SILVER CITY 575-956-1500 • 800-TO-WELLS www.wellsfargo.com Together we’ll go far Please See Our Ad On Page 33

COMMUNICATIONS PROVIDERS WNM COMMUNICATIONS Your Hometown Communications Company 575-534-0670 • wnmc.com

Please See Our Ad On Page S47

BEAUTY SALONS

Please See Our Ad On Page 39

ATTORNEYS

BELLEZA SALON & TANNING 1309 N. Pope St., Silver City 575.388.2900 Full Service Hair Salon Massage • Tanning

CONTRACTORS - BUILDING

LOPEZ, DIETZEL & PERKINS, PC 1311 N. Grant St., Silver City 575-538-2925 • Fax: 575-388-9228 www.LDPLawFirm.com David@LDPLawFirm.com Please See Our Ad On Pages 17 & S6

JIM FOY AND ASSOCIATES 210 W. Broadway, Silver City 575-538-9835 • Fax: 575-538-9840 www.jimfoyandassoc.com jimfoyassociates@qwestoffice.net

AUTO - TIRES & REPAIR WERNER TIRE SERVICE 1155 Hwy.180 E., Silver City Between McDonald’s & Team Ford 575-538-3807 • 6 Days A Week Alignments, Brakes, Tires + More

BANKS AMBANK 1609 N. Swan St., Silver City 575-534-0550 - Silver City 575-537-2481 - Bayard 575-537-2111 - Hurley Please See Our Ad On Page 7

1ST NEW MEXICO BANK 1928 HWY. 180 E., Silver City 1110 N. Hudson, Silver City 575-388-3121 www.fnmbsc.com Please See Our Ad On Page 19

46 – SILVER CITYLIFE

Please See Our Ads On Inside Front Cover & S46

CATERING - FULL SERVICE EAT YOUR HEART OUT CATERING 800 W. Market St., Silver City 575-313-9005 Full Service Catering www.cateringonmarket.com Banquet Room Seats Up To 40

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE LORDSBURG HIDALGO COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 206 Main St., Lordsburg 575-542-9864 www.lordsburghidalgocounty.net lordsburgcoc@aznex.net Please See Our Ad On Page 41 & SC4

COFFEE HOUSES & ROASTERS A.I.R. COFFEE COMPANY 208 Central Ave., Bayard 575-537-3967 • 866-892-3009 www.aircoffee.biz Coffee & Tea - Retail & Wholesale YANKIE CREEK COFFEE HOUSE Gourmet Espresso, Tea & Chai Real Fruit Smoothies & Pastries 112 W. Yankie • Free WiFi Live Music 9:30-11:30am Sundays

CHAVEZ CONSTRUCTION 1702 N. Corbin, Silver City 575-388-1886 • Fax: 866-542-8618 www.ChavezConstruction.com contactus@ChavezConstruction.com Please See Our Ad On Page 17

COOK’S GENERAL CONTRACTING 1874 Hwy 180 E., Silver City 575-534-7850 Ronald O. Cook, Owner Licensed & Bonded Please See Our Ad On Page 33

TRES AMIGOS ENTERPRISES Glenwood, NM 575-539-2584 •505-469-1561 tresamigos@wildblue.net Kenny Sutton, Licensed Contractor Please See Our Ad On Page S40

DENTISTS SHERMAN DENTAL JOHN B. SHERMAN, DDS BEN K. SHERMAN, DDS

3115 N. Leslie Rd., Silver City 575-388-2515•www.ShermanDDS.com Please See Our Ad On Page 21

EDUCATION - ARTS AZUMI JAPANESE EMBROIDERY STUDIO

Come learn the gentle art of silk embroidery • 575-534-4663 elms.duanekathryn0@gmail.com Please See Our Ad On Page S28

ENGINES - SMALL

HEATING CONTRACTORS

INSURANCE

REPAIR & SERVICE

J & S PLUMBING & HEATING 2815 Pinos Altos Rd., Silver City 575-538-2973 • Bonded & Licensed Furnace & AC Evap. Cooling Service Free Estimates - Tri City Area

CARSON INSURANCE AGENCY 601 E. 19th St., Silver City 575-538-3787 www.carsonagencynm.com carson@zianet.com

Please See Our Ad On Page S12

Please See Our Ad On Page 15

HOME HEALTH SERVICES

FARM BUREAU FINANCIAL SERVICES Susan Sumrall • A.D. Richins, Jr. 4505 Hwy. 180 E., Silver City 575-538-5864

THE SHARPENING CENTER 11793 Hwy. 180 East, Silver City 575-388-4047 We Pick Up & Deliver 9am-5pm M-F, 9am-1pm Sat. Please See Our Ad On Page 5 & S18

FINANCIAL SERVICES EDWARD JONES JAMES EDD HUGHS 210 Hwy. 180 W, Ste. 100, Silver City 575-534-1221 • 877-534-1221 www.edwardjones.com Please See Our Ad On Page 15

FLOOR COVERINGS FINISHING TOUCH HOME INTERIORS 1302 N. Hudson St., Silver City 575-388-9002 • Fax: 575-534-0525 fthinteriors1@qwestoffice.net 9am-5pm M-F • Sat. By Appointment Please See Our Ad On Page 10

FUNERAL HOMES BRIGHT & LORDSBURG FUNERAL HOME 210 W. College Ave., Silver City 575-388-1911 • 575-542-9444 Grant, Hidalgo & Catron County Please See Our Ad On Page S17

GIFT SHOPS CUP OF GRACE Christian Books & Gifts 1308 Silver Heights Blvd., Silver City 575-538-2115 Free Gift Wrapping Please See Our Ad On Page S9

GROCER NATURAL FOODS SILVER CITY FOOD CO-OP 520 N. Bullard St., Silver City 575-388-2343 • 9AM-7PM M-SAT. Natural Food, Organic & Local Produce www.silvercityfoodcoop.com Please See Our Ads On Page 19 & S10

HORIZON HOME HEALTH 1260 E. 32nd St., Silver City 575-534-1801 • 888-388-1801 24 Hour On Call Service 8am-5pm Mon-Fri Please See Our Ad On Page 24

HOME PRODUCTS IMPERIAL BLINDS, SHADES, TILE, WOOD FLOORING, LAMINATE, ETC. 2140 Hwy. 180 E., Silver City 575-538-8000 Please See Our Ad On Page 1

HOSPICE HORIZON HOSPICE 1260 E. 32nd St., Silver City 575-534-1800 • 877-534-1801 www.horizonhospice.net Care in the comfort of your own home Please See Our Ad On Page 24

HOSPITAL GILA REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER 1313 E. 32nd St., Silver City 575-538-4000 www.grmc.org Please See Our Ad On Page 23

GILA REGIONAL CANCER CENTER 1313 E. 32nd St., Silver City 575-538-4009 www.grmc.org Please See Our Ad On Page 21

It Pays To Advertise. Contact LeAnne Knudsen for your business listing. 575-388-4444 x12 leanne@ziapublishing.com

STATE FARM INSURANCE CHUCK JOHNSON, AGENT #1 Ranch Club Rd., Silver City 575-538-5321 • 888-616-0884 chuck.johnson.b7i7@statefarm.com Please See Our Ad On Page 45

STATE FARM INSURANCE GABRIEL RAMOS, AGENT 502 Silver Heights Blvd., Silver City 575-388-1969 • 877-650-8800 gabriel.ramos.j8qm@statefarm.com

MEDICAL CLINICS HMS MED SQUARE MEDICAL, DENTAL & MENTAL HEALTH CLINIC 114 W. 11th St., Silver City 575-388-1511 • 866-633-7773 “Your Total Health, Our Total Commitment” Please See Our Ad on Back Cover

MEDICAL SUPPLY MELINDA’S MEDICAL SUPPLY 910 E. 32nd St., Silver City 575-534-4013 • 866-534-4013 Full Line Med. Supply • Free Delivery 24 Hr. Emergency Service Please See Our Ad On Page 22

MOTELS, HOTELS & INNS BEAR MOUNTAIN LODGE P.O. Box 1163, Silver City 575-538-2538 • 877-620-BEAR info@bearmountainlodge.com www.BearMountainLodge.com Please See Our Ad On Page 12

SILVER CITYLIFE – 47

MOTELS, HOTELS & INNS

PROPANE

RESTAURANTS

HOLIDAY INN EXPRESS-SILVER CITY 1103 Superior St., Silver City 575-538-2525 • 800-HOLIDAY www.hiexpress.com/silvercitynm US Hwy 180 East behind Wendy’s

GRIFFIN’S PROPANE, INC./ FUEL CENTERS PLUS, INC. 2334 Ranch Club Rd., Silver City 575-388-4433 • 800-924-4437 www.griffinspropane.com

ALMA GRILL Hwy 180, Alma 575-539-2233 Mexican & American Food 6am-3pm (Closed Thursday)

Please See Our Ad On Page S2

Please See Our Ad On Page 10

Please See Our Ad On Page S38

WHITEWATER MOTEL & ROCK SHOP P.O. Box 158, Glenwood 575-539-2581 www.whitewatermotel.com

PUBLISHERS

VICKI’S EATERY Hearty Breakfast 7-10:30am M-Sat. Healthy Lunch 11am-3pm M-Sat. Sun. Breakfast 8am-2pm • Live Music 575-388-5430 • 315 Texas St.

Please See Our Ad On Page S41

PHARMACIES SILVER REXALL DRUG, INC. 1308 Silver Heights Blvd., Silver City 575-388-1579 • Fax: 575-538-0525 Personalized Service Custom Prescription Compounding Please See Our Ad On Page S43

THE MEDICINE SHOPPE 1123 N. Pope St., Silver City 575-388-1000 • 800-926-3425 Senior Discounts • Home Delivery 10am-6pm M-F • 10am-1pm Sat. Please See Our Ad On Page S41

PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS CASSIE HEALTH CENTER FOR WOMEN 1618 E. Pine St., Silver City 575-388-1561 • 888-388-1562 www.CassieHealthCenter.com Please See Our Ad On Page 2

SOUTHWEST BONE AND JOINT INSTITUTE 1268 East 32nd St., Silver City 575-534-1919 • 877-338-7887 www.SouthwestBoneAndJoint.com Please See Our Ad On Page 24

PLUMBING CONTRACTORS J & S PLUMBING & HEATING 2815 Pinos Altos Rd., Silver City 575-538-2973 • Bonded & Licensed Commercial • Residential • Utility Free Estimates - Tri City Area Please See Our Ad On Page S12

48 – SILVER CITYLIFE

ZIA PUBLISHING CORP. P.O. Box 1248, Silver City 575-388-4444 www.ziapublishing.com info@ziapublishing.com Magazines • Brochures • Yearbooks Visitor Guides • Marketing Consulting Please See Our Ads On Pages S13 & S32

REAL ESTATE GARLAND REAL ESTATE SC, LLC 1001 Pope St., Silver City 575-388-1788 • Fax: 575-388-5263 Toll free: 855-388-226 www.garlandrellc.com Please See Our Ad On Inside Back Cover

PRUDENTIAL SILVER CITY PROPERTIES 120 E. 11th St., Silver City 575-538-0404 • 866-538-0404 www.PrudentialSilverCity.com info@PrudentialSilverCity.com Please See Our Ad On Page 45

RE/MAX SILVER ADVANTAGE 314 E 14th St., Silver City 575-538-3847 • 800-716-3847 www.RealEstateSilverCityNM.com info@realestatesilvercitynm.com Please See Our Ad On Page 43

UNITED COUNTRY MIMBRES REALTY 414 N. Bullard, Silver City 575-534-4616 • 800-827-9198 www.MimbresRealty.com

SATELLITE EQUIPMENT SYSTEMS, SALES & SERVICE SATELLITE KINGS 1610 Silver Heights Blvd., Silver City 575-534-8231 Your Local DIRECTV Dealer • Dish Network Dealer • Satellite Internet Please See Our Ad On Page 4

SATELLITE SOLUTIONS & SOUND 908 N. Hudson St., Silver City 575-534-8231 Silver City’s #1 TV, Internet & Car Audio Source Please See Our Ad On Page 43

Put the Silver City Business Directory to work for you! Five lines only $100!

Please See Our Ad On Page 39

It Pays To Advertise. Contact LeAnne Knudsen for your business listing. 575-388-4444 x12 leanne@ziapublishing.com

Call LeAnne Knudson at 575-388-4444 x12 or email leanne@ziapublishing.com

REAL ESTATE

SC, LLC

Garland

GARY EDWARDS

H.G. “LARRY” POLANCO

DANIEL D. COOK

Qualifying Broker

Associate Broker

Associate Broker

575.590.4458

575.313.3821

575.590.7773

garybbedwards@gmail.com

hgpolanco@gmail.com

dcookrealtor@gmail.com

CASSIE CARVER DOMINGUEZ

LUCY TULLY

Associate Broker Office Manager

Associate Broker

575.654.5546

575.313.0308

lucytully.realtor@gmail.com

cassiedrealtor@gmail.com

PAUL CIANO

HELENE R. HOLGUIN

Associate Broker Realtor of the year 2010

Associate Broker

575-313-6799

575.313.5919

hholguin4@gmail.com

pjciano@gmail.com

LAS CRUCES

Garland Realty & Development, LLC

575.524.7266

2970 N. Main Street • Las Cruces, NM 88001

ALAMOGORDO

Garland Real Estate, LLC

575.434.1302

20 S. New York Avenue • Alamogordo, NM 88310

REAL ESTATE

Office

SC, LLC

Garland

SILVER CITY Toll-Free

TULAROSA OFFICE

Garland Real Estate, LLC

575.430.3193

303 Central • Tularosa, NM 88352

575.388.1788 855.388.2226 Fx: 575.388.5263 • 1001

Pope St. • Silver City, NM 88061

www.garlandrellc.com

DEMING - LUNA COUNTY

Garland Realty & Development, LLC

575.694.0708 • Contact: Shari England

Four oFFices serving southern new Mexico

Family Support Centers Funded by the Centers for Disease Control, REACH 2010 Program

Hidalgo Medical Services is a non-profit Health Care & Community Development Organization that improves the quality of life of the people of Hidalgo County and Southwestern New Mexico.” Comprehensive Primary Care Including: § §

§ § §

Diagnosis & Treatment Services Immunizations (Adult & Children) Well Child Visits Prenatal Care & Delivery Women’s Health & Annual Exams

§ § § § § §

Acute & Chronic Disease Management Sports & CDL Physicals Minor Injuries In-House Laboratory Family Dentistry Mental Health

Family Support Services Including: § §

§

§

§ §

Information, Resources & Referral Medicaid Enrollment & Other Eligibility Service Sliding Fee Medical, Dental & Mental Health Enrollment Community Health Outreach Services Health Education Smoking Cessation Classes

HMS Animas Valley Clinic #1 Panther Blvd., Animas, NM 88020 575-548-2742 HMS Bayard Community Health Center P. O. Box 1356/805 Tom Foy Blvd. Bayard, NM 88023. 575-537-5068 HMS Cobre Schools Health Clinic 1107 Tom Foy Blvd. Bayard, NM 88023. 575-537-5069 HMS Cliff/Gila Community Health Center 411 State Hwy 211, Gila, NM 88038 575-535-4384

§ §

§ § §

§

Medication Assistance Program (MAP) Support & Advocacy from HMS - Promotoras (Community Health Workers) Senior Resources Support Groups Programs for Pregnant & Parenting Teens La Vida Diabetes Education Program

HMS Mimbres Valley Clinic 2743-B Hwy 35N, Mimbres, NM 88049. 575-536-3990 HMS Copper Medical 3185 N. Leslie Rd. Silver City, NM 88061 575-388-3393

Serving T hese Locations: Mining District (Bayard) Family Support Center P.O. Box 1356/805 Tom Foy Blvd. Bayard, NM 88023 575-537-2891 Cliff/Gila Community Health Center 411 State Hwy 211, Gila, NM 88038 575-535-4384 Lordsburg Family Support Center 530 E. DeMoss St., Lordsburg, NM 88045 575-542-3046 Mimbres Valley Family Support Center 2715 Hwy 35, Mimbres, NM 88049 575-536-3099 Silver City Family Support Center 110 West 11th St., Silver City, NM 88061 575-534-0248 888-271-3596

Viva New Mexico Restaurant Program Goes Statewide

Initially Launched in Grant and Hidalgo Counties, the Program Offers Restaurant Patrons ‘Heart and Diabetes Friendly’ Menu Options.

HMS Med Square Medical, Dental & Mental Health Clinic 114 W. 11th St. Silver City, NM 88061 575-388-1511 866-633-7773

Viva New Mexico area Partners Silver City § Diane’s Restaurant § Jalisco Café Peace Meal Cooperative Shevek & Co. Restaurant § Silverado Health Food Shoppe The Red Barn Steakhouse § Vicki’s Eatery § Wrangler’s Bar & Grill §

§

HMS Lordsburg Medical, Dental & Mental Health Clinic 530 E. DeMoss St., Lordsburg, NM 88045 575-542-8384 888-271-3596

HMS Silver City Mental Health Center 301 W. College Ave. Silver City, NM 88061. 575-313-8222

Lordsburg El Charro § Fidencio’s § Ramona’s Café

HMS Lordsburg Schools Health Center 501 W. 4th St., Lordsburg, NM 88045 575-542-3389

HMS Silver Schools Health Center 3200 N. Silver St. Silver City, NM 88061. 575-534-1015

For All Restaurants Interested in Joining This Free Program, Please Call Marilyn at 534-0248.

Bayard § M & A Bayard Café


Silver City Life Summer/Fall 2011