Set up in 2000 by architects Cosmina Goagea, Constantin Goagea and Ștefan Ghenciulescu, Zeppelin team edits a monthly review, organizes conferences, workshops, exhibitions, competitions dedicated to architecture and urban planning, carries out publishing projects, research in architecture, urban planning and other creative industries.
About the team Set up in 2000 by architects Cosmina Goagea, Constantin Goagea and tefan Ghenciulescu, Zeppelin team edits a monthly review, organizes conferences, work shops, exhibitions, competitions dedicated to architecture and urban planning, carries out publishing projects, research in architecture, urban planning and other creative industries. For over 10 years since they work together, the missions of this team went around the issues of Romanian urban transition. In their work, it was both vital to promote examples of best professional practice, the involvement in projects of coherent development of the city, active stimulation of critical reflection in the area of architecture and design, support of innovation and ongoing learning, as well as the set up of international professional networks. Through specific projects and cultural interventions, the Zeppelin team aimed to involve professionals from various areas, as well as local communities, in a series of recovering, raising awareness of cultural heritage resources, the value of certain urban situations and the design of certain genuine public spaces in the city. Another type of projects initiated by Zeppelin Association consists of studies and analyses of the Romanian urban phenomenon in the regional context, and interna tional promotion of the development potential of the Romanian cities. Zeppelin magazine 2012 2010 This international architecture and urban culture magazine is an editorially and financially independent publication, managed by the Zeppelin Association. The magazine publishes 10 issues / year, with both Romanian and international mate rials (with texts in Romanian and English), with a strong emphasis on the region (Central and SouthEastern Europe) and on young architects, social and sustain able architecture, innovation, creative use of low budgets and critical attitudes. Zeppelin evenings 2012 Zeppelin evenings are a series of conferences dedicated to architecture, design and urban culture, an education and communication project launched in early 2008. Starting with 2011, the event takes places each month in the Aula of "Charles I" Central University Library. This open platform accumulated, in 39 editions (April 2012) to over 10,000 participants and regularly proposed meetings with archi tects, designers and artists all over the world. The project of Zeppelin evenings means an open scene for art and intellectual interaction. The topic of that interaction is always the city, architecture, urbanity, but in a transcultural perspective, with mixes of ideas and content, fertile and original. The aim of the evenings is to support cultural practice based on dialogue, cooperation and interdisciplinary. sO far, meetings with: Miklos P�tterfy, Lazlo Benczur (Budapest), Eugen Pnescu, Michael Buck, Pero Pulij (Amsterdam), Juan Trias de Bes (Barcelona), Angelo Roventa (Vienna), Mihaela Kavdanska, erban Sturdza, Riychi Miyake, Yasushiro Yamashita, (Tokyo), Kim Attila, Ada Diaconu, Tiberiu Buca, Mihai uc, Radu Coma, Justin Baroncea, Raymond Bobar, Dorin tefan, Alex Axinte, Cristi Borcan, Andrei erbescu, Cosmin Pavel, Adriana Mereu, Kai Voekler (Berlin), Michael Obrist (Vienna), Ivan Kucina (Belgrade), Marko Sancanin (Croatia), Wilfried Hackenbroich (Germany), Iulia and Florian Stenciu, Cristina Sabu, Nanne de Ru (the Netherlands), Lukasz Zagala (Poland), Oana Bogdan (Belgium), Irina Bncescu, Teodor Octavian Gheorghiu, erban igna, Cristian Corvin, Drago Oprea, Johannes Bertleff, Eike Roswag (Berlin), Remus H�ran, Karoly Neme, Crina Popescu, Drago Perju, Mario Kuibu, Matthew Hilton (London), Adrian Soare, Eliza Yokina, Petru Clinescu, Roger Pop, Alex Adam, Masahiro Harada, Ryuichi Ashizawa, Yoshihide Kobanawa (Japan) and Robert Marin. www.zeppelinmagazine.net/zeppelin.php Organizer: Zeppelin team Partners: Kludi, Siemens, Final Distribution, Dulux, Knauf Insulation, Brikston, Velux, Roca, Rockwool, Gealan, Resido, Fakro, Lafarge, Qbiss by Trimo, Saint Gobain Glass, Semmelrock Stein + Design, Holcim, Reynaers, Eclisse, Geberit, Legrand, Bel Profile, Alukonigstahl, Piscine Laghetto, Grohe, Geplast, FSB, Hulsta studio, Egger, Sika, Unilem, Berndorf, Arabesque, Glass Expert, Rigips, Kasta, Trends & Ideas, Kult!, Sensio, Whirlpool, AGC, Radox Cu sPrijinul: Asia � Europe Foundation, Romanian Cultural Institute through Cantemir Programme, ERSTE Stiftung, Union of Romanian Architects, Austrian Cultural Forum, Rehau, Baumax, Wienerberger and Porotherm, Romanian Commercial Bank, Pavilion UNICREDIT, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Embassy of the Netherlands in Romania, French Institute, "Carol I" University Central Library, Intro Urban activation in Romania Exhibition / 2.11.2011�10.01.2012, National Museum of Contemporary Art 2011 The project proposed a study of the recent independent initiatives in Romania and a selection of 14 projects which may be seen as effective models of action and restoration � of abandoned spaces, of the identity of a place, of good tech niques and habits, of the relationship with the world, promoting thus a culture of the urban civic activism. Interventions in the public spaces with the participation of the local community, conversions and restored places or constructions out of use, urban cultural reactivations through architectural, art or urban design were highlighted. At the same time, personal strategies and viable models for the social integration and the accountability of certain groups, setting up communities or partnerships formulae were identified. The project brought together the energies, experiences, feelings, questions and perspectives of people who understood that the fate of the place they live in depends on them. The exhibition had over 2,500 visitors, out of which 400 were present at the opening. Organizer: Zeppelin Association Partenrs: Order of Romanian Architects, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, ERSTE Stiftung, Archis Interventions SEE, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Lafarge Urban Report Platform 2011 Urbanreport.ro is a research project dedicated to the contemporary urban phenomenon in 4 countries affected by different kinds of transitions, yet equally impossible to predict: Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary. What condi tions and fantasies allowed the chaotic development of the past 10 years, what emotions and nostalgia activate us, to what extent we are tributary to a commu nist or capitalist symbolic imaginary and other clich�s are to be discovered in the Urban Report project. urban rePOrt team: Ivan Kucina, Todor Atanasov, Peter Torniov, Mikl�s P�terffy, Samu Szemerey, tefan Ghenciulescu, Cosmina Goagea, Constantin Goagea / BINA, SAW, ZEPPELIN, KEK, Transformatori suPPOrted by: Romanian Cultural Institute through Cantemir Programme, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, Union of Romanian Architects (based on the funding from the architecture stamp tax) www.urbanreport.ro Urban Report #1 The Poetics of Transition on the Run 2011 Modernity / antimodernity In this first volume of Urban Report, the navigation through the poetics of tran sition prioritizes the conflict generated by a world of modernity brutally arrived upon us. As shown in this first study, the forces that bring modernity in our cities are culturally ingenuous, violent but determined, therefore causing equally good things, but also chaos, ugliness and corruption. What conditions and fantasies allowed the chaotic development of the past 20 years, so often similar in those 4 countries? What emotions and nostalgia move both them and us? To what extent we are tributary to a communist or, on the contrary, capitalist symbolic imaginary and other themes and clich�s are to be discovered in detail this project of collabo ration developed by Zeppelin team. Urban Report #2 The Conditions of SelfRegulated Urbanity 2011 Community and individuality One of the most sensitive problems of postsocialism was abandoning any communityoriented urban management. Neurotic reactions are spontaneously produced to escape from any form of urban regulation, a protest against the idea of a unique destiny a city can create equally to all its inhabitants. This phenom enon is accompanied by an explosion of individuality as a form of expression of freedom; giant energies are forced to find their own dynamic. By understanding this live process, always influenced by many factors, Volume 2 of Urban Report tries to imagine the future of Eastern cities beyond stereotypes, from a positive perspective: turning weaknesses into opportunities. URBAN REPORT IS A CROSS CULTURE RESEARCH, GATHERING THEORIES AND CRITICAL DISCOURSES ABOUT THE CONTEMPORARY URBAN PHENOMENA AND ARCHITECTURE IN 4 COUNTRIES: ROMANIA, HUNGARY, SERBIA, BULGARIA. Urban Report #3 The Pioneers of Emergent Practices 2011 Representation and identity, globalization of production and creative resources, costs and migratory patterns As we are clarified in the meantime that there is no transition and this part of Europe is unlikely to be comparable to its Western part ever, we invite you to this third volume of adventure called Urban Report, dedicated to pioneers of architec tural practices drawn from these times and places. Pioneers in the practices that are not certified and nonpatented. However, something heroic and beautiful, entirely dignified, shows itself every time such a project manages to transform the world around. These are small projects, temporary, fragile, but their multiplication and energy they emit build hope that something is changing for the better. Yes, this is a dedicated number of rebellious ideas, some people, which have no choice and must be explorers, innovators, pioneers into the unknown. URBAN REPORT IS A CROSS CULTURE RESEARCH, GATHERING THEORIES AND CRITICAL DISCOURSES ABOUT THE CONTEMPORARY URBAN PHENOMENA AND ARCHITECTURE IN 4 COUNTRIES: ROMANIA, HUNGARY, SERBIA, BULGARIA. Urban Report Conferences / 05�12.2011, Belgrade, Budapest, Sofia 2011 The first conference at the launch of the #1 Urban Report volume part of the Belgrade International Architecture Week took place on 11 May 2011. The event, hosted by Belgrade City Museum, covered a presentation of the platform and programme delivered by Constantin Goagea, a conference on the Serbian contribu tion and its relevance in the project delivered by Ivan Kucina and two screenings (Looking for Oktober and Balkanized Deutsche Bank). The next event, taking place on 5 November 2011 part of Sofia Architecture Wee, was at the Peform Business Canter: a project presentation (topics, network, correspondents) and of #2 Urban Report volume, delivered by tefan Ghenciulescu, and "The Limits of the Balkans" round table. The third event took place at Ludwig Museum of Contemporary Art in Budapest on 2 December 2011, and included the following presentations: Miklos Peterffy about the project, topics and Urban Report network, Constantin Goagea about #3 volume ("Pioneers of emerging practices"; examples of urban practice and activation in the 4 partici pating countries in the project), Janos Vagi � Go Vorosto, a project of community building, Samu Szemerey � about the Yona Friedman exhibition open at Ludwig Museum, in connection with Urban Report topics, and a free debate, moderated by Samu Szemerey, on the transition and its meaning in the Balkans. Guided tours through industrial architecture 25�26.11.2011, Bucharest, SouthWest 2011 Section of the Heritage as a resource programme, the project proposed � as a dedicated pilot project mainly to architects, members of organizations and civil society � to visit seven industrial ensembles in the capital: Filaret Factory, WolffHesper Factory, Matches Factory, Astronomic Observer, the Stamp Factory, Bragadiru Palace and Factory, Customs Warehouse � the Ark. In two busy days, two guided tours were organized, with the information provided by the members of Association for Industrial Archaeology. The participants had the opportunity to explore a spectacular and hardly accessible (or not at all). In those visits, accom panied by sandwiches and hot tea, the issues and the potential of the industrial heritage was debated, possible strategies and regeneration actions, examples of urban identities created on the recently industrial past and perspectives for a cultural rebranding of the capital. Organizers: Zeppelin Association, Association for Industrial Architecture in Romania suPPOrted by: Order of Romanian Architects, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, ERSTE Stiftung, Archis Interventions SEE, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Lafarge City. Money. Architecture. Conference/ debate / 16.12.2011, National Museum of Contemporary Art 2011 Almost 6 hours into a marathon, structured in two sessions of conferences followed by one debate. The debate brought together architects, urban planners and expert economists from Romania, the Netherlands and Germany who explored study cases, failure or success scenarios for urban development, formulae to increase the attractiveness of cities for locals and investors, opportunities and solutions for new urban projects. How could our cities be more attractive to their locals and to investments? Who and in what way could implement new projects, how could working partnerships be set up, in what conditions and how could funding for all those be attracted? The debate focused on establishing principles and action strategies to find development resources for Romanian cities and archi tecture. The programme was structured in such a way to facilitate the interaction of partners and build cooperation bridges among various partners. Also, the focus went on improving the dialogue with the public administration. The following participated in the first session: Gheorghe Ptracu � head archi tect of Bucharest city hall, erban igna � president of the Order of Romanian Architects, Anca Ginavar � general director Regional Development � Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism, Piet Van Ruler � senior partner for urban development Twynstra Gudde, Olanda and Liviu Iani � lecturer at the department of urban planning and regional planning, "Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urban Planning. This session included presentations having a starting point in defining the role of architecture in urban development or introducing current topics: what makes Romanian cities (still) beautiful, what areas and kind of projects are worth being prioritized for the Romanian cities to be more accessible and more competitive, what types of partnerships may generate new programmes meant to improve truly the projects of architecture, certain areas or the city. The second session included Damo Holt � director for estate counselling ECORYS Research & Consulting, Olanda, Ellen van der Lei � expert urban development fund European Investment Bank, Luxembourg, Sorina Racoviceanu � director Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Romania and Eugen Pnescu � archi tect Planwerk, partner. The debates had consistent interventions from Nicuor Dan � president of Save Bucharest, and architects Teodor Frolu and Ctlin Berescu. The event was moderated by Kai Voeckler � programme director at Archis Interventions and Joep de Roo � director Eurodite. The second part generated more questions and answers around major issues: how and why investments are made in Romania, what are the conditions to attract and absorb funding (from the European to the private ones), how could more part ners and investors be attracted into an urban project, the investments agencies and main planning had good results in many countries and cities, but this formula is almost unknown in Romania. The films of the conference are available at: http://vimeo.com/search?q=city+money+architecture Organizers: Zeppelin Association, DISC (Dutch Initiative for Sustainable Cities), NAi (Netherland Architecture Institute, Rotterdam) and Archis Interventions Partner: Union of Architects in Romania suPPOrted by: Administration of National Cultural Heritage, ERSTE Stiftung, the Netherlands Embassy, NAi � Netherlands Architecture Institute, Archis Interventions SEE, DISC � Dutch Initiative for Sustainable Cities, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism, Lafarge, Sensio, Geplast, Armstrong CITY. MONEY. ARCHITECTURE  / FESTIVAL ZEPPELIN CUM A FOST LA THE WAY IT HAPPENED: Echipa zeppelin Nicolae Ivan Riscm ca resursele urbane �nc existente s se consume ineficient, deterior�nd calitatea vieii locuitorilor. The still remaining urban resources risk to be consumed ineffectively and by damaging the quality of life. �n 16 decembrie, Muzeul Naional de Art Contemporan a gzduit, ca final de gal, cel mai viu i mai ateptat moment al Festivalui Zeppelin: conferina i super-dezbaterea internaional ,,City. Money. Architecture", moderat de Kai V�ckler, director de program Archis Interventions i Joep de Roo, director Eurodite Bucureti. V prezentm acum cele mai importante idei reliefate �n prima sesiune, la care-au participat Gheorghe Ptracu, arhitect-ef al capitalei, erban igna, preedinte OAR, Anca Ginavar, director �n Ministerul Dezvoltarii Regionale i Turismului, Piet van Ruler, senior partner Twynstra Gudde - Olanda, i Liviu Iani, lector universitar la UAUIM Bucureti. CONFERINA �n deschidere, Gheorghe Ptracu a anunat c e �n curs de finalizare Conceptul Strategic Bucureti 2035 i a prezentat un scurt diagnostic: dinamica oraului a fost incoerent, fr viziune pe termen lung, gener�nd dezechilibre sociale i neglij�nd calitatea vieii. Capitala ar trebui reinventat inteligent i sensibil prin patru direcii strategice: instituirea Zonei Metropolitane Bucureti, revitalizarea sistemului de poli teritoriali, dezvoltarea infrastructurii i valorificarea patrimoniului. Dintre proiectele majore anterioare care au euat, a insistat asupra operaiunii Esplanada, investiie de 1 miliard de euro ce urma s asigure capitalei un nou pol economic i cultural dar care a fost blocat de indecizia guvernamental. On 16th of December, the National Contemporary Art Museum was the host of a final gala, to the most expected moment of Zeppelin Festival: the conference and international debate "City. Money. Architecture" moderated by Kai V�ckler, Programme Director at Archis Interventions and Joep de Roo, Director Eurodite Bucharest. We now have the pleasure to present the key ideas discussed in the first session, with Gheorghe Ptracu, Head Architect of the capital, erban igna, President of the Romanian Order of Architects, Anca Ginavar, Director in the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism, Piet van Ruler, Senior Partner Twynstra Gudde, the Netherlands, and Liviu Iani, Lecturer at the "Ion Mincu" University for Architecture and Urban Planning Bucharest. CONFERENCE Gheorghe Ptracu announced in the opening that the Strategic Concept Bucharest 2035 is almost complete, and presented a short diagnostic: the dynamics of the city was incoherent, with no long term vision, producing social imbalance and neglecting the quality of life. The capital should be intelligently and sensitively reinvented via four strategic directions: setting a Metropolitan Bucharest Zone, reviving the territorial markers, developing infrastructure and valorising the heritage. Out of the former major project failing, he insisted on the Esplanada operation, a 1 billion euro investment meant to provide the capital with a new economic and cultural marker, but which was blocked by governmental indecision. Architecture is to the city what words are to poetry, and to separate them is a serious mistake, erban igna declared. Mentioning the events leading to the set Arhitectura este pentru ora ce sunt cuvintele pentru poezie, a le separa e o grav eroare, a apreciat erban igna. Evoc�nd �mprejurrile care-au stat la fondarea grupului Planwerk acum 9 ani, cea mai grav inea de constatarea c-n Rom�nia sunt milioane de metri ptrai de spaiu public ne�ngrijit. Lucrurile nu s-au schimbat prea mult. Printre cauzele care-au ,,asigurat" eecul unor iniiative majore pentru zone problematice din Cluj, Braov, Sibiu i Bucureti a amintit pasivitatea, predilecia pentru specul i lipsa colaborrii instituionale. Anca Ginavar a amintit c Guvernul dorete un restart pentru proiectul Esplanada, dar aa-numita indecizie guvernamental e legat de inexistena unui suport legal: un proiect comercial nu poate fi sprijinit prin ordonan guvernamental. �n plus, 60% din acel teren e �n proprietatea unor locuitori care-i cer drepturile. Cea mai consistent parte a fost dedicat prezentrii unui proiect guvernamental de regenerare a fostelor situri militare, ECO City Antiaerian, pentru care exist i perspective de finanare european. Piet van Ruler a vorbit despre ampla experien a Olandei �n domeniul planificrii i proiectelor de parteneriat public-privat. Dar toate modelele pe care le avem acum sunt vechi, noile cerine sunt exact la polul opus, oferta �ntrece cererea, iniiativa de planificare aparine acum utilizatorilor �n coaliie cu investitorii. Apar noi modele de dezvoltare urban, iar valoarea economic este mai mare dec�t valoarea imobiliar. Punctul cheie e s-i gseti pe cei care au aceleai interese i valori ca i tine. Ca studiu de caz a prezentat proiectul Bloomin'Holland, un veritabil succes economic i comunitar. Liviu Iani a apreciat c �n povestea de dragoste dintre bani i ora, arhitectura este afrodisiacul: �n contextul globalizrii, competiiei urbane i-al erei imaginii, at�t investitorii c�t i locuitorii trebuie sedui - cu spaii urbane, calitate i peisaje. Un exemplu foarte bun ar fi Copehnaga, de unde i termenul de ,,copenhagenizare" pentru o anumit politic privind calitatea vieii, imaginea oraului, peisajul etc. Arhitectura bun nu poate fi fcut de arhiteci slabi, �ns de multe ori, din nefericire, arhitecii buni fac arhitectur urban proast. DEZBATEREA Kai Voeckler a deschis prima sesiune a dezbaterilor enun�nd dou �ntrebri importante: cum poate fi organizat procesul de dezvoltare a oraului astfel �nc�t interesele publice i cele private s fie �ntr-un bun echilibru? i care mai este rolul arhitectului �n acest proces, devine el un mediator? Exist o anumit team de complexitate din partea sectorului public, care �ncearc s simplifice totul: proiect i construcie la pachet. Nu poi separa arhitectura de planificare, asta a fost una dintre cele mai mari erori din aceti ani. Separating architecture from planning was one of the biggest mistakes from these years. There's in the public sector a certain fear of complexity; they try to simplify everything � therefore all these designand-build contracts. ERbAn IGnA ERbAn IGnA up of Planwerk office, 9 years ago, the worst referred to the observation that there are millions of neglected public space square metres. Things have not changed substantially since then. Among causes "backing" the failure of major initiatives for difficult areas in Cluj, Braov, Sibiu and Bucharest, he cited passiveness, the inclination to illegal business and the lack of institutional cooperation. Anca Ginavar stated that the Government aims to restart Esplanada project, but the so-called governmental indecision is connected to the inexistence of a legal issue: a commercial project cannot be supported through a governmental decision. In addition, 60% of the area is the property of people who ask for their rights. The most consistent part of her presentation was devoted to showing a governmental regeneration project for the former military sites, ECO Antiaeriana City, for which there are opportunities of European funding. Piet van Ruler talked about the wide Dutch experience in the area of planning and the public-private partnership projects. As the models we have are rather outdated, the new requirements are at the other extreme, the offer exceeds the demand, and the planning initiative is now in the hands of users in coalition with investors. New models of urban development emerge, and the economic value is higher than the real estate one. The key is to find those with similar interests and values as you. The study case referred to Bloomin' Holland, a genuine economic and community success. Proiectele cheie pot atrage investitori i pot da identitate global. Key-projects can attract investors and give a global identity. Uitai-v �n jur i vedei dac putei afla nevoi crora vrei s le rspundei prin dezvoltarea acelui loc. Trecei de la specificaii interne la cele externe. Look around and see if you can find out needs to whom you may respond by developing a place. Swich from internal to external specs. KAI V�CKlER GhEORGhE PtRACU Arhitectul devine tot mai mult un mediator. The architect increasingly becomes a mediator. PIEt VAn RUlER KAI V�CKlER 110 111 DVD City. Money. Architecture. 2011 Discussion synthesis and film of the event An international conferencedebate on the architecture as a political act into an economy based on cultural values, to which were invited: architects, urban plan ners, urban development experts, experienced practitioners in interventions in difficult contexts, citymanagers and government representatives, various urban policy specialists, economists, NGOs active in the field. CUM A FOST LA THE WAY IT HAPPENED Echipa zeppelin Nicolae Ivan Nu trebuie s ai �n vedere doar dezvoltarea economic, ci i spaiul public, programele sociale i educative etc. Deci e vorba despre hardware, software, orgware i mindware. One should not consider just economic development, but also public space, social and education programs etc. So, it's about hardware, orgware, and mindware. DamO HOlt �n ediia anterioar, v-am prezentat cele mai importante idei reliefate �n prima sesiune a conferinei i dezbaterii internaionale ,,City. Money. Architecture", eveniment gzduit de Muzeul Naional de Art Contemporan i moderat de Kai V�ckler, director de program Archis Interventions, i de Joep de Roo, director Eurodite Bucureti. Iat acum sinteza celei de-a doua sesiuni, la care au participat: Damo Holt (director departament de consultan imobiliar ECORYS, Olanda), Ellen van der Lei (expert European Investment Bank), Sorina Racoviceanu (director IHS - Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies Romania) i Eugen Pnescu (arhitect partener Planwerk). CONFERINA Damo Holt a deschis sesiunea cu un mesaj-cheie: ,,cum s duci lucrurile la bun sf�rit". Secretul proiectelor de succes ine de ceea ce el a numit arta combinrii: a finanrilor publice cu cele private, a funciilor, responsabilitilor, costurilor i intereselor prilor implicate. Pentru asta e nevoie de parteneriate i de �ndem�nare. Studiu de caz selectat este ,,noul Eindhoven", acum aflat �n topul celor mai inovative regiuni, dar care cu 20 de ani �n urm era �ntr-o situaie comparabil cu multe orae rom�neti. Dup ce dou mari corporaii i-au relocat sediile �n oraul competitor, a fost creat o agenie de dezvoltare regional prin care sectorul public a �nceput s colaboreze cu cel privat: s-au creat parteneriate, s-au organizat i au reuit s creeze un nou pol economic. In our previous number we presented the key ideas discussed during the first session of the international conference and debate "City. Money. Architecture", an event hosted by the National Museum of Contemporary Art and moderated by Kai V�ckler � Programme Director at Archis Interventions and Joep de Roo � Director of Eurodite Bucuresti. We now present a synthesis of the second session, which enjoyed the participation of Damo Holt (Director of the Real Estate Consultancy Department of ECORYS, the Netherlands), Ellen van der Lei (expert working for the European Investment Bank), Sorina Racoviceanu (Director of IHS � Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies Romania) and Eugen Panescu (Architect Partner Planwerk). THE CONFERENCE Damo Holt opened the session with an important message: "how to get things done". The secret of successful projects consists in what he called the art of combining: that is the art of combining public and private financing, as well as the positions, responsibilities, costs and interests of the interested parties. This requires skills and partnerships. "The new Eindhoven" is a case study in point, as this is one of the most innovative regions, which 20 years ago was in a state similar to that of many Romanian towns. After two big corporations relocated their headquarters in the competitor city, a regional development agency was established through which the public sector started to collaborate with the private one: partnerships were concluded and organized and a new economic hub was thus created. Ellen van der Lei presented the European Programme Jessica for sustainable urban investments. She has been recently involved in the preparation of a study Ellen van der Lei a prezentat programul european Jessica pentru investiii urbane durabile. Recent, a fost implicat �n elaborarea unui studiu pentru implementarea programului �n regiunea Braov, care �ns a fost declinat, �n cele din urm, de Ministerul Dezvoltrii. Formula propus prin acest program este �nlocuirea sistemului de fonduri disponibile cu un sistem de investiii, un bun vehicul pentru parteneriate public-privat �n proiecte de infrastructur sau transport public urban, cldiri culturale etc. �n multe ri europene, programul e deja implementat foarte bine, inclusiv �n Bulgaria sau Polonia unde e susinut astfel dezvoltarea unor orae din regiunea Wielkopolska. Sper ca �n viitor i Rom�nia s se descurce mai bine. Sorina Racoviceanu a vorbit despre competiia oraelor i city marketing, concepte pe care le-a avut �n vedere i c�nd a colaborat la elaborarea strategiei Capitalei. Competiia ine at�t de alegerile oamenilor privind locul unde-i vor petrece vacanele sau unde se vor retrage dup pensionare, c�t i de locul unde-i vor localiza afacerile. La nivel global, 2.259 de orae se lupt pentru un numr restr�ns de companii: 9.423 dintre acestea asigur peste 50% din produsul intern brut global. Pentru a fi mai competitiv, un ora trebuie s fie mai productiv, s atrag oameni i companii, i s fie pe msura ateptrilor lor; s fie �neleas cererea global i local, s fie evaluate corect oferta i atuurile oraului (�ntr-un sistem competiional cu alte orae) i s se elaboreze o strategie de branding i promovare. Eugen Pnescu a continuat, �ntreb�nd cum pot deveni oraele mai competitive cu ajutorul planurilor urbanistice. A oferit ca exemplu oraul Cluj, pentru care Palnwerk lucreaz de un deceniu. Iniial, o munc de pionierat � au �nceput prin a oferi i dezbate public diverse idei, care se dovedesc a fi valabile i astzi. Pe de alt parte, planul urbanistic oficial urmase ideea c oraul trebuie dezvoltat �ntr-o zon relativ restr�ns, scenariu care s-a dovedit �ntre timp eronat: dup un deceniu de dezvoltare haotic, jumtate din ora are nevoie de o nou planificare i restructurare. Este momentul pentru o chemare la aciune. Formulele de parteneriat trebuie testate, pentru c suntem la �nceput i nu avem �nc un exemplu de bun practic. Investitorii instituionali, companiile instituionale i ageniile devin din ce �n ce mai interesate de sistemul de finanare urban. Institutional investors and companies as well as agencies become more and more interested in urban financing. C�nd un proiect este relevant, cresc ansele ca investitorii s se implice. There are more chances for investors to get involved in relevant projects. EllEn van DER lEi �ntrebarea-cheie: la ce se uit investitorii, de ce ar investi ei �n oraele din Rom�nia i ce caut de fapt? A key question: What would investors look at? Why should anyone invest in Romanian cities and what will they search for? DamO HOlt for the programme implementation in Brasov, which was eventually rejected by the Ministry of Development. The formula proposed by this programme presupposes the replacement of the system of available funds with an investment system, which is a handy opportunity for public-private partnerships for infrastructure projects, urban public transportation, cultural buildings etc. In many European countries the programme has already been successfully implemented, including Bulgaria or Poland where it supports the development of several cities in the Wielkopolska region. She hopes that Romania will do better in the future, too. Sorina Racoviceanu talked about the competition of the cities and about city marketing, concepts which have also been considered when she collaborated with the authorities for the preparation of a strategy for the capital. Competition is involved when it comes to people's choices about the place where they want to spend their holidays or to retire, as well as the place where they will locate their business. At the global level, 2,259 cities compete for a limited number of companies: 9,423 of them ensure over 50% of the global gross internal product. In order to be more competitive, a city has to be more productive, to attract people and companies and to meet their expectations; to have a good understanding of the global and local demand, to accurately evaluate its supply and strong points (in the framework of a competition based system with other cities) and to prepare a branding and promotion strategy. Eugen Panescu continued this topic by asking how cities can become more competitive based on their urban plans. He gave as an example the city of Cluj for which Palnwerk has been working for a decade. Initially they performed pioneering work � they started to offer and subject to public debates a series of ideas which continue to be valid even today. On the other hand, the official urban plan had been designed based on the idea that the city was to develop in a relatively small area, a scenario which in time proved to be wrong: after a decade of chaotic development, half of the city needs new planning and restructuring. It is time for a call to action. The partnership formulae have to the tested because we only just started and we do not have best practice examples yet. EllEn van DER lEi 96 Oraele devin tot mai importante �n dezbaterile i conferinele internaionale. S-ar spune c sunt chiar mai importante dec�t rile, dac ne g�ndim la oamenii de afaceri care �i caut noi sedii pentru afacerile lor. Cities become increasingly important in international conferences and debates. One could say that they get to be more important than countries, if we think about business people looking for new headquarters. SORina RaCOviCEanu 97 International relations. Young architects in Germany Itinerant exhibition / 10.11�12.12.2011, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest 2011 The exhibition presented almost 14 projects completed by young architects from Germany which were carried out abroad, mostly after 2004. Selected examples in architecture, interior design, urban planning and landscaping highlighted the way in which they approach a new and foreign environment, change and redefine already existing buildings and build new ones in extraordinary conditions: sensi tive solutions to current challenges, always considering the future, the sustaina bilit and the new technologies. Contrary to the global media interest for spec taculary and the culture of celebrity, the exhibition presented innovative projects which offer a confident pragmatic and discreet approach, focusing on the place they were designed for. exhibitiOn Carried Out by: Institute for Cultural International Relations � Stuttgart, in cooperation with the Federal Chamber of German Architects � Berlin Organizers in rOmania: Goethe Institut in partnership with Zeppelin Association suPPOrted by: Order of Architects in Romania, Administration of the National Cultural Heritage, ERSTE Stiftung, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Archis Interventions, Lafarge Rien ne va plus/ Faites vos jeux 16.09�21.11.2010, avilion Unicredit � centre for contemporary art and culture, Bucharest 2010 The exhibition presents the impact of the economic, environmental and genera tion crisis over architecture and the way to approach the complexity of those issues to set up a future outline. "Rien ne va Plus" started as a research project with the starting point that we are the witnesses of a triple crisis: an economic one, connected to the estate speculations, another one, the environmental one, connected to unprecedented climatic changes and, finally, that of generations. The exhibition compiled texts, images and data on those, with no clear distinction � which texts are part of which crisis. The phrase "Rien ne va Plus" comes from the roulette. It literally stands for the moment when all bets are made, the moment of suspense between the results. Literally, "Rien ne va Plus" is the moment when everything stops. an exhibitiOn made by: Powerhouse Company (the Netherlands) Organizers in buCharest: Zeppelin Association and Pavilion Unicredit, Union of Romanian Architects suPPOrted by: Embassy of the Netherlands, Pavilion Unicredit, Administration of the National Cultural Heritage Partner: Roca sPOnsOr: Hansen Bucharest Architecture Biennale 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 2010 2004 The Zeppelin team organized the 2004�2010 editions of the Bucharest Architecture Biennale, which travelled in 10 cities in the country later on, the competitionexhibitions of the most valuable Romanian works of architecture. During the 7 (2004�2011) years when the Zeppelin team built the identity and the programme of the biennale, the number of entries in the competition, the visi tors of exhibitions and the international exposure of the Romanian architecture production were constantly growing. The vision of Zeppelin team was to open the discourse of architecture and the issues of the current production to a space of intercultural, crossdisciplinary dialogue, with a certain access to a cultivated audience. Given this context, it was important for the Zeppelin team to create a wide related cultural programme, exhibitions and conferences placing the local production against wider cultural trends, opening thus the opportunity of under standing certain European/international directions in architecture. The impor tance of the architecture biennale grew from one edition to the next one, and the size and professional relevance of the event were greater and greater, so that, today, we can speak of a new generation of Romanian architecture. bab 2004 Organizers: Union of Architects in Romania, "Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urban Planning main sPOnsOrs: Carpatcement, Graphisoft, Delta Distribution sPOnsOrs: Knauf, Titan Mar, Stage Expert, Franke, Hewlett Packard, Wienerberger, Cotnari, Crtureti, National Housing Agency, National Investments Company, Ruukki Romania bab 2006 Organizers: Zeppelin team, Union of Architects in Romania main sPOnsOrs: Henkel Bautechnik, Dupont Romania sPOnsOrs: Knauf, Velux, Bramac, MonsMedius, Delta Design, Hunter Douglas, Steelcase Romania, Isover, Lafarge, Xerox, Fakro suPPOrted by: Bicau, Bucharest Sector 1 City Hall, Ministry of Culture and Cults, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, National Museum of Contemporary Art, National Investments Company, Embassy of Japan in Bucharest, Japan Foundation, Stage Expert bab 2008 Organizers: Zeppelin team, Union of Architects in Romania suPPOrted by: Museum of Romanian Peasant, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest City Museum, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, Czech Centre Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Final Distribution, Velux, National Investments Commission Sponsors: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase Romania, Energobit Schreder, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti bab 2010 Organizers: Zeppelin Association, Union of Architects in Romania suPPOrted by: Dutch Embassy, Polish Institute, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, ERSE Foundation, Swiss Architecture Museum in Basel, Asirom, Austrian Cultural Forum, Quehenberger, Goethe Institute, Centre for Visual Introspection Partner: Roca sPOnsOrs: Rockwool, Velux, Lafarge, FSB, Hafele, Knauf Insulation, Energobit Schreder, Egger, Fastius, Bang & Olufsen, BMW � official car of BAB 2010, Geze, Sika, Bel Profile, Tassullo arhitEkton magazine builder of illusions graditelj iluzija prin partener arboreverde Magic Blocks 2010 � Behind the concrete curtain Research and urban planning project in Bucharest Following the project started in 2009, the team focused the research activities on the grand boulevards with blocks from the socialist era and the waste areas behind them, to find out solutions and draw up a strategy to turn those nobody's lands into genuine public spaces and use them as components of activating the historical city behind the concrete curtain. The historical boulevard Calea Moilor which developed a lot in the `80s was selected as a studycase. The proposed strategy develops the principles of an intervention area (a new public space), an opening of the concrete curtain through a series of public functions and a regulation system to foster investments and the improvement of life in the area. The project defines three types of areas: an intervention one, to cover the space left free behind the rows of blocks and which can be changed into a system of public places through a series of modernizing actions managed by the administration; a protec tion area which coincides, mostly, with the protected historical area; between them, a buffer zone, made of the old streets, the lots and the private buildings whose development needs to comply with urban planning regulations. Those will contribute to save the protection area through attracting those interested to build to the buffer zone, and investments (private and public) in commercial spaces, community services, garages etc. will contribute to improve the quality of the public space and the life of the locals. The project was selected as finalist at the VIIth edition of the European Prize for Urban Public Space, organised by Centre de Cultura Contempor�nia de Barcelona, beeing selected from 347 submitted projects from 36 european contries. PrOjeCt authOrs: Zeppelin Association, Point4, Archis Interventions, Hackenbroich Architekten, in cooperation with ATU, Space Syntax Romania, StudioBASAR, Platforma 9.1 suPPOrted by: Erste Stiftung, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, Union of Romanian Architects, Goethe Institut Partner: Roca Magic Blocks 2010 Urban interventions Calea Moilor 2010: an aggressive and grey concrete curtain, specific to the `80s, which cuts a historical fabric and divides the city in two: in front of the boulevard a dense and well equipped city, yet ugly and aggressive, and behind, the historical city, hidden and isolated. The project team proposed a series of interventions meant to activate the area behind the curtains of blocks, as spaces of community and public places part of the historical fabric. Those abandoned places after the totalitarian interventions have a huge potential to locate certain genuine public places, articulate the two kinds of city and reintegrate in the collective memory, in the urban structure and the general touristic circuit of an isolated heritage. The project aimed at very small sites, unoccupied and unclaimed by anyone, where various types of interventions were carried out, symbolically, with the partici pation of the locals, meant to meet their immediate needs but also respect and express the development scenario of that place. The interventions � were four: a passage, a playground, a bench as a staircase, and a close turned into an open living � were meant to test the ideas of the project, stimulate the start of real interventions and support the locals in expressing their opinions and get involved better in the change of their own life space. PrOjeCt authOrs: Zeppelin Association, Point4, Archis Interventions, Hackenbroich Architekten, in cooperation with ATU, Space Syntax Romania, StudioBASAR, Platforma 9.1 suPPOrted by: Erste Stiftung, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, Goethe Institut, Union of Romanian Architects, Centre for Visual Introspection Partner: Roca Magic Blocks 2010 � Behind the concrete curtain Exhibition / 14.10�5.11.2010, Centre for Visual Inrospection, Bucharest The exhition presented the results of the Magic Blocks 2010 project to the audience � the key ideas ideas of the study and the strategy for urban activa tion, the interventions in the public space behind the blocks on Calea Moilor and a documentary. PrOjeCt authOrs: Zeppelin Association, Point4, Archis Interventions, Hackenbroich Architekten, in cooperation with ATU, Space Syntax Romania, StudioBASAR, Platforma 9.1 suPPOrted by: Erste Stiftung, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, Goethe Institut, Union of Romanian Architects, Centre for Visual Introspection Partner: Roca Magic Blocks 2010 � Behind the Concrete Curtain Publication Concrete curtains cross the entire center of Bucharest: tens of kilometers of uninterrupted blocks lined boulevards built in the `70s and `80s. Behind them lies the old town, with streets and houses, churches and trees. Between blocks and the old town, free spaces lie there, as resulted after demolitions. Magic Blocks Project 2010 proposes an urban strategy for this type of spaces in Bucharest, and Calea Mosilor was chosen as a case study. Four interventions in public space are presented, with the local community involvement, as a starting point for future largerscale operations. 6 Magic Blocks --2010 Non-spaiu �n spatele cortinei de beton Zon tampon Zon protejat Situaia existent O cortin de beton, zona haotic din spatele acesteia, marginile zonei istorice centrale. Aceasta din urm este practic invizibil �n cadrul imaginii generale a oraului i este distrus �n mod accelerat printr-o serie de proiecte individuale speculative. 26 Magic Blocks --2010 un salon urban Nu toate zonele din spatele blocurilor sunt apte de a deveni spaii publice vii. Uneori gsim locuri la fel de haotic folosite ca toate celelalte, �ns mai degrab ascunse i linitite. Credem c ar ajunge s fie limitat accesul auto, rearanjate parcrile, plantai mai muli copaci pentru a se ajunge la un ansamblu de grdini aparin�nd mai degrab locuitorilor din blocuri i unde strinii ar fi mai puin tentai s intre. �ntr-un astfel de loc, �ntre Calea Moilor i strzile Popa Petre, Sptarului i Corbeni se afl un mic spaiu abandonat, mrginit de calcane, un gard nou din beton i un spate de bloc. Mijlocul su este ocupat de un parapet din beton care �mpiedic parcarea. Scaune i cuiere recuperate, prinse de parapet i un covor din pietri mrginit de o ram din lemn compun un salon linitit �n aer liber. Despre ce fel de teritorii vorbim Credem c amenajarea spaiului din spatele blocurilor nu poate fi conceput fr o strategie pentru proiectele de construcii noi din vecintatea acestora. E nevoie nu doar de proiecte pentru parcri i spaii verzi, ci i de o viziune urban. Am definit trei tipuri de zone: O zon de intervenie, care s acopere spaiul rmas liber din spatele irurilor de blocuri. Fc�nd parte din domeniul public, ea poate fi transformat �ntr-un sistem de spaii publice printr-o serie de aciuni de modernizare conduse de organele administrative. O zon de protecie, care coincide �n mare cu zona istoric protejat. �ntre acestea dou, o zon tampon constituit din strzile vechi, loturile de teren i cldiri private, a cror dezvoltare trebuie s se realizeze conform regulamentelor urbanistice. Reglementrile ar contribui la salvarea zonei de protecie, prin atragerea investitorilor care azi vor s construiasc acolo spre zona-tampon. Aceste investiii private (dar i publice) �n spaii comerciale, servicii, comunitare, garaje, vor aduce bani i vor contribui la crearea unui spaiu public activ i la creterea standardului zonei. Zona de intervenie Noul spaiu public Zon tampon Zon protejat Strategie de intervenie Strategia dezvolt principiile unei zone de intervenie (un nou spaiu public), o deschidere a cortinei printr-o serie de funcii publice la parterele blocurilor i un sistem de reglementare �n zona tampon, care va favoriza investiiile i �mbuntirea calitii vieii din zon. Zon de intervenie Zon tampon O strategie care cuprinde 3 zone 8 Magic Blocks --2010 Exemplul prezentat aici este poriunea de teren dintre Calea Moilor i strzile Marcel Iancu, Episcopul Radu i Ardeleni. 30 Magic Blocks --2010 autori i colaboratori Workshop martie 2010: Asociaia Zeppelin: Cosmina Goagea, tefan Ghenciulescu Point 4: Justin Baroncea Archis Interventions: Kai V�ckler Hackenbroich Architekten: Wilfried Hackenbroich Colaboratori: Teodora Rduc, Andra Stan, Radu Leevschi, Gagyi Zsofi, Ioana Pvluc, Tudor Elian Dezvoltarea proiectului: Zeppelin: tefan Ghenciulescu Point 4: Carmen Popescu Archis Interventions: Kai V�ckler Hackenbroich Architekten: Wilfried Hackenbroich Colaboratori: Radu Leevschi, Andra Stan. Autorii interveniilor �n spaiul public: Justin Baroncea, tefan Ghenciulescu, Cosmina Goagea, Radu Leevschi, Teodora Rduc, Andra Stan, Cristian Niculici Autorii bncii din lemn pentru intervenia 2 (locul de joac): studioBASAR (Alexandru Axinte, Cristian Borcan) Producia elementelor din lemn, recondiionri: Ucin Company Designul grafic al expoziiei i al acestei publicaii: Radu Manelici Fotografii: Echipa proiectului, Drago Lumpan, Daniel Constantinescu Victor Velculescu P Idei, principii, instrumente Teritoriile care compun Calea Moilor ar trebui s fac obiectul unor proiecte de amenajare urban (�n zona de intervenie) i al unor reglementri privind zona tampon. De fapt, dincolo de caracteristicile generale, situaiile din spatele blocurilor sunt foarte diferite (spaii mai mult sau mai puin largi, accesibile, �nchise fa de bulevard etc.). �n schimb, ele se repet �n alte locuri din ora. Din acest motiv, am preferat s aplicm soluii adaptate aces- acestora, s elaborm scenarii pentru diferitele tipuri de zone. Instrumentele pentru regenerarea zonei fac parte din dou categorii eseniale: o reg�ndire a spaiului public: �n locul haosului actual de strdue, alei, maidane, propunem o limitare a accesului auto (inclusiv a parcrilor) i crearea a dou tipuri de zone pietonale: una cu un caracter foarte public i deschis, cealalt, cu un caracter mai degrab semi-public, folosit mai ales de ctre locuitorii din imediata vecintate. activiti ce ar putea avea loc �n cadrul spaiului public, precum i modificri funcionale la parterul blocurilor sau reglementri �n zona tampon (restructurare de parcele, orientarea construciilor noi ctre spaiul public etc.). P i P P P P P P @ @ Spaiul verde �ngrdit spre Calea Moilor ar deveni o adevrat pia urban inaccesibil mainilor, aleea continu din spate s-ar transforma �n dou fundturi cu parcajele aferente, iar poriunile dintre blocuri i strzi sau dintre blocuri i case ar deveni grdini folosite de ctre locatari. tor locuri reale, �ns �n acelai timp capabile s reprezinte modele mai generale. �n cadrul studiului nostru, nu am �ncercat s mimm proiecte detaliate (care ar trebui elaborate ca o etap a unei operaii pe termen lung), ci doar s indicm un set de principii, i pe baza @ Autori film: Daniel Constantinescu, P P 16 Magic Blocks --2010 P P P un loc al comunitii Din pasajul descris mai devreme, un ir de cercuri colorate te conduce, asemenea firimiturilor lui H�nsel i Gretel, ctre un al doilea loc, o platform �nconjurat de cldiri tehnice i o ramp ctre subsol. Copiii din blocuri o foloseau deja drept loc de joac, iar, �n cadrul studiului nostru, acest loc ar deveni o zon de sport, joac i �nt�lniri. Nu am avut dec�t s �ntrim ceea ce se �nt�mpla deja i s adugm doar acele lucruri care s fac locul mai sigur i mai prietenos. O plas �nchide balustrada periculoas ctre ramp. Banca creat anul trecut de colegii de la StudioBASAR i care a trebuit s plece de la locul su din cartierul Aviaiei este reamplasat i devine �n acelai timp loc de stat i plvrgit, c�t i tribun pentru jocuri. C�teva pete i dungi de vopsea deseneaz marcaje pentru jocuri: fotbal la o poart, pereica i ptraica. A fost intervenia la care locuitorii au reacionat cel mai bine. Ne-au ajutat i stat alturi (mai ales copiii) iar locul a �nceput s fie folosit intens chiar �nainte de a fi terminat. Un embrion de spaiu public, �ntre maini i spaii tehnice, i poate �nceputul unei aciuni de transformare a zonei. programul magic blocks se desfoar din 2010 i este dedicat elaborrii de strategii, idei, scenarii alternative i aciuni cu privire la reabilitarea ansamblurilor de locuine din perioada socialist din rom�nia. magic blocks 2010 este un proiect din cadrul acestui program i a fost iniiat de ctre asociaia zeppelin, point4, archis interventions i hackenbroich architekten. prima etap a proiectului s-a concretizat �n dou publicaii, un film i o expoziie la centrul de introspecie vizual bucureti. Proiectul este susinut de: @ P P P P P @ www. e-zeppelin.ro/ magic-blocks @ P i P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P carpet cleaner P P P P P P P P Magic Blocks 2009 Research The research project provides a sythesis, scenarios, princples and studycases, as well as coherent strategies of intervention and models of projects to rehabili tate the ensembles of the socialist era in Bucharest. Over 70% of the people in Bucharest live in blocks built in the socialist era, which degraded over time and point to considerable economic and social issues. In addition, the low accept ance of urbanity of some of the locals and the concentration on the own private space resulted in the change of the former uniform structures into a type of vertical villages. Any block turned into a collection of private spaces, upon which improvement actions are focused. The key concept of the project is that the reha bilitation of those neighbourhoods does not limit to technical improvements, but must be seen as a complex programme of urban regeneration which also cover the spatial, social and economic issues. The rehabilitation interventions will work only if the activation of a common action is successful. A realist strategy implies the set up of a participating, counseling and communication mechanism between various partners (association of owners, authorities, funders, project authors, builders etc.) to identify issues, define, accept through negotiation and communicate an economic and technical project and carry it out as a set of coordinated actions. Organizers: Zeppelin Association, Point4 and Archis Interventions, in cooperation with ATU, Space Syntax Romania, Hackenbroich Architekten, Platforma 9.1 PrOjeCt funded by: Romanian Cultural Institute through Cantemir Programme suPPOrted by: Museum of Romanian Peasant, Union of Romanian Architects, ERSTE Foundation, Bucharest Austrian Cultural Forum, Embassy of the Netherlands at Bucharest, Rehau Art, Baumax, WienerbergerPorotherm, BCR Partners: Velux, Roca sPOnsOrs: Rockwool, Gealan, Resido, Fakro, Dulux Magic Blocks 2009 Exhibitions / Berlin, Bucharest & Moscova The results of the first stage of the Magic Blocks programme (studycases, ideas, principles and possible solutions for a complex reviving strategy of the housing areas in the socialist era) were the theme of three international exhibitions: in Berlin, at AedesLand, Savignyplatz (8 September � 29 October 2009), then in Bucharest, (9�26 November 2009) at the Museum of the Romanian Peasant, Aquarium hall, and in Moscow (26�30 may 2010) part of the Moscow ARCH International Architecture and Design Biennale. initiative & management: Archis Interventions, Zeppelin, Point 4 Partneri: ATU, Space Sytax Romania, Hackenbroich Architekten, Platform 9,81 PrOjeCt funded by: Romanian Cultural Institute through the Cantemir Programme suPPOrted by: ERSTE Foundaiton, Union of Romanian Architects (based on the funding from the architecture stamp tax), Austrian Cultural Forum, Wienerberger, BCR, Embassy of the Netherlands Magic Blocks 2009 Book Scenarios of the socialist blocks in Bucharest A book on social and cultural problems, on architecture and public space, about the economy and community, about identity and, especially, about the power and potential of these ensembles. After an overview of Bucharest as a case study, ideas and principles are proposed for a regeneration strategy, as well as possible solu tions for some representative sites. edited by: Zeppelin editOrs: tefan Ghenciulescu, Constantin Goagea, Kai Vockler ISBN 9789730069426 FUNC IUNI DURATI PERMANENT LUNAR EC V ACTORI REZIDEN I ASOCIA II DE PROPIETARI CET ENI AI ORAULUI GOSPODRII VECINI ASOCIERI ALE ASOCIA IILOR DE PROPIETARI Activarea spaiului public O matrice cu diferite funciuni i actori indic posibilitile de principiu de a activa spaiul liber pe durat temporar sau permanent. IN I NEIG H BO U R S RE activare ActivAting FUNCTIONS DURATION ACTORS RESIDENTS CITIZENS NEIGHBOURS HOME OWNER ASSOCIATIONS HOUSEHOLDS ASSOCIATIONS OF H.O.A. 54 | MAgic BLocKS M A IN I/ TR AM VA I WEEKLY DAILY PERMANENT MONTHLY /A UT OB UZ YEARLY CA RS /T RA M /B US MAgic BLocKS | 55 Dincolo de identitatea global, o suprapunere de diferene i totui, aa cum tim cu toii c�nd trecem de la discursul general despre blocuri la unul particularizat despre blocul fiecruia, ele nu sunt deloc la fel. Dincolo de cele enunate mai sus, locuirea din perioada socialist nu a fost uniform. O suprapunere de diferene determin caracteristice extrem de diferite. Exist mai multe tipuri de rezolvri arhitecturale i urbane, date de perioada �n care au fost construite, de regimul de �nlime, de sistemul constructiv, de densitate. Localizarea � �n centru (vom reveni asupra acestei specificiti rom�neti) sau la periferie, �ntr-o zon foarte accesibil sau, dimpotriv, izolat � determin diferene uriae de valoare efectiv i percepie �ntre ansambluri altfel identice ca rezolvare. V�rsta lor declaneaz discrepane enorme ale valorii economice (acum c ele se afl de 20 de ani pe piaa liber): gradul de uzur al construciei i al echipamentelor, gradul de rezisten la cutremure (din ce �n ce mai bun pe msur ce sunt mai noi), suprafaa apartamentelor etc. O privire oric�t de sumar asupra hrii oraului ne d imediat c�teva categorii. Avem de exemplu (puine) locuine din perioada stalinist sau plombe �n centru, a cror scar, situaie urban i sisteme constructive le apropie mai degrab de exemplele antebelice. Asemntor majoritii oraelor din estul Europei, avem mari cartiere funcionaliste, uneori de 200.000 - 400.000 de Beyond global identity a superposition of differences And yet as we all know, when the general discourse moves from the generic level of ,blocks' to that of the block in which we live, no two blocks are quite the same. The above discussion apart, dwelling during the socialist era was far from uniform. A superposition of differences results in features that vary greatly. Architectural and urban solutions vary according to the period when they were put into practice, to height regulations, building systems, density. On the other hand, despite sometimes identical architectural ensemble solutions, location � be it central (massive operations in the center are typical for totalitarian planning in Romania) or suburban, readily accessible or rather isolated - yields huge differences in value as well as in perception. How old a building is constitutes another major differentiating factor when it comes to market value, now that such blocks have been on the market for nearly twenty years; the wear and tear of buildings and their equipment is under scrutiny as is earthquake resistance (the newer the building the better), the size of apartments, etc. A brief look at a city map will instantly reveal a number of block categories. For instance there are few housing ensembles that date back to the Stalinist period; similarly there are only a few central inserts whose scale, urban context and building solutions are closer to those dating from the interwar period. Like most other European cities, Bucharest has its fair share of immense functionalist neighbourhoods which can count as many as Tipul 1 - cldiri �nalte Type 1 � high buildings l�ng boulevard. along the boulevard. Mecanism de reabilitare Rehabilitation mechanism construirea i activarea unui mecanism financiar 1. �nfiinarea unei agenii (independente sau din cadrul primriei) 2. montarea proiectului �mpreun cu asociaia de proprietari 3. obinerea de fonduri de la un partener privat 4. lansarea proiectului constructing and activating a financial mechanism 1. Founding of an agency (independent or integrated into the city hall office) 2. building up a project with the home owner Association 3. Fund raising from a private partner 4. launching of the project parterul devine activ (i productiv) definirea structurii funcionale i proiecte pentru conversia parterului Amenajare: spaii comerciale i servicii publice spaiile de la parter �ncep s devin rentabile i apte de a finana alte operaii pentru imobil. The ground floor becomes active (and pproductive) Functional structure and design for the ground floor conversion construction: commercial spaces and public services The ground floor spaces start to bring in money and to be able to finance other operations for the building reabilitare integrat finanat prin �nchirierea spaiilor de la parter 1. �nlocuirea instalaiilor existente (termice/ electrice/sanitare) 2. �mbuntirea condiiilor bioclimatice i a impactului ecologic (izolare termic, obloane) 3. tratarea faadei, reabilitarea i �ntreinerea spaiilor comune overall rehabiliation financed by the ground flooor rental 1. replacement of the existing installations: thermical / electrical / sanitary 2. dwelling and ecologic improvement: thermal insulation, shading panels 3. Fa�ade insulation, rehabilitation and maintaining of common spaces. MaGiC blOCKS | 105 REABILITARE ReHabilitatiON OVERVIEW Tipologii de cartiere de blocuri din perioada socialist (exemple). Examples of socialist neighborhood typologies in the city. mansarda cu apartamente pentru locuitorii de la parter 1. proiectarea i construirea unui nivel de mansard 2. locuitorii de la parter ii cedeaz apartamentele i se mut la mansard 3. spaiul eliberat la parter intr �n administrarea ageniei The mansarde � apartments for the ground floor inhabitants 1. design and construction of an attic level 2. The inhabitants from the ground floor apartments move into the attic dwellings 3. The free ground floor space gets into the administration of the agency 104 | MaGiC blOCKS 20 | MAGIC BLOCKS Reabilitarea ca proiect comunitar Rehabilitation as a community project Concluzii (1). Principii pentru o strategie de reabilitare �n primul r�nd, ar trebui s vorbim despre regenerare urban i de-abia �n al doilea plan, despre probleme tehnice. Tehnicile exist, pot fi importate i adaptate din alte ri care se ocup de mult vreme deja de reabilitarea fondului din anii `60 �'70; montajul urbanistic, economic i financiar trebuie �ns s rspund unei situaii foarte specifice, caracterizat prin structura proprietii, diversitatea de situaii i localizri, lipsa unei culturi comunitare. Urgena unei aciuni coerente este maxim. Degradarea construciilor i echipamentelor (deloc influenat de micile �mbuntiri individuale) i, independent de aceasta, scderea accelerat a valorii din cauza amplasamentului i a apariiei noilor ansambluri va duce la probleme economice (dispariia unor valori, srcire, lipsa posibilitilor de reabilitare) i, evident, sociale (ghetoizare i apariia "cartierelorproblem" cu toate consecinele ce decurg din aceasta). Strategii diferite pentrU SitUaii diferite dat fiind faptul c masa de blocuri gri Conclusions (1). Principles for a Rehabilitation Strategy First, let's talk about urban regeneration and leave the technical problems for later. Rehabilitation techniques can be imported and adapted from countries that have long been busy rehabilitating their 1960s and 70s stock; we mostly need a fit-for-purpose urban, economic, and financial frame. This frame needs to address specific conditions here, such as property structure, various individual circumstances and locations, as well as a non-existent community culture. Urgent coherent action is required. We are faced with a dilapidated building stock whose facilities are in very bad shape; small individual refurbishments cannot improve their state in any way; bedsides price drop caused by changing perceptions about locations and the availability of new housing developments will lead to major problems, economic (loss of certain values, poverty increase, lack of rehabilitation means) as well as social (the emergence of ghettos and "problem-causing neighbourhoods" with everything they entail). different contextS call for different StrategieS given the superposition urbane, situaii juridice) care s permit aciuni intite. activarea prin SpaiUl pUblic din care avem o rezerv uria. Acesta ar trebui s devin un element al locuirii, de importan aproape egal cu cea a construciilor. �n orice tip de societate urban, calitatea spaiului public este un factor esenial pentru valorizarea (inclusiv economic) a unui loc i, totodat, una dintre cele mai eficiente componente ale reabilitrii: investiii minime cu un efect considerabil i care, odat realizate, declaneaz operaiuni individuale. proiectUl Urban ar trebui s integreze aciunile disparate: locuitorii care aduc �mbuntiri individuale i acapareaz buci de spaiu public, autoritile care propun programe de reabilitare termic, administraia domeniului public care amenajeaz spaiul liber etc. Proiect urban �nseamn at�t planificare (prin PUD-uri i PUZ-uri) aplicat unor arii bine definite, c�t i proiecte de amenajare a spaiului public; de fapt, de o g�ndire arhitectural i urban a �ntregului proces. e nevoie de cineva care S aSambleze pieSele, adic de o organizaie � s o numim agenie � care ar trebui s coordoneze operaiile; fie c este vorba despre o agenie �n cadrul administraiei locale sau a ministerului de resort, fie despre un ONG specializat, aceast organizaie ar avea o componen multidisciplinar i ar aciona exact �n punctul cel mai slab: relaia dintre asociaiile de proprietari i autoriti sau instituii de credit. Este concluzie COnCLuSIOn OVERVIEW O orgie a modificrilor individuale. Balcoanele devin verande �nchise, extinderi ale spaiilor interioare, curi individuale suprapuse, depozitri etc. Preferinele personale i (mai ales) statutul social sunt vizibile �n materialele i tehnicile cu care se realizeaz interveniile. Aceste schimbri sunt de obicei ilegale i au un rezultat architectural deplorabil �ns exprim o nevoi evidente i omniprezente i care ar trebui luate �n seam de orice strategie de reabilitare. An orgy of individual changes. Balconies become glazed loggias, extensions of rooms, superposed courtyards, storage spaces, etc. Personal taste and (particularly) social status are expressed by the materials and techniques used. These changes are usually illegal and their architectural outcome is deplorable, but they express obvious and general needs and should therefore be taken into account by any rehabilitation strategy. MAGIC BLOCKS | 33 se compune de fapt dintr-o suprapunere de diferene spaiale i sociale. De fapt, nici nu tim destul despre aceste cartiere. Este esenial constituirea unei baze de date (structur social pe cartiere, analiz economic, decupaje arhitecturale i of spatial as much as social differences. Indeed we know very little about these neigbourhoods. The setting of a database is essential. This should comprise information about the neigbourhoods' social structure, an economic and legal analysis, 32 | MAGIC BLOCKS 108 | MAGIC BLOCKS MAGIC BLOCKS | 109 P PE IETO DE N ST I RIA architectural and urban contexts, all of which would enable well-tailored action plans. activate pUblic Space of which we have a yet untapped reservoire. It should become an integral element of dwelling, almost as important as buildings. In any urban society, the quality of public space contributes to the status of a place as much as to its economic value and is one of the most efficient components of the rehabilitation process. The small investments it requires yield considerable impact and once in place, trigger individual actions. the Urban project should integrate the otherwise disparate actions: inhabitants who make individual refurbishments and appropriate chunks of public space, authorities who embark on thermo-rehabilitation programmes, the department of public domain which landscapes the vacant public space, a.s.o. An urban project includes both planning regulating strictly defined city areas (detail and zone development plans), and public space projects � indeed a process structured in architectural and in urban planning terms. Someone haS to pUt all the pieceS together namely an organization � let's say an agency � tasked to coordinate all operations. It could be a local administration or ministry department or it could be just as well a specialised NGO. Whatever its subordination, this body should consist of a multi-disciplinary team whose role is to mediate the relation between owners' associations and authorities or lending institutions, that is to say act where support is N a ad io er np di ive ile ct ur lle t oc i bl et t co res r s a tru cu iali ch en Bu oc Bu ii p �n r s in ar t fo es en lis s tat Sc cia ario es so cen ing S ous h SPORT CULTUR NATUR RECREERE EDUCA IE COMER LOCURI DE JOAC SPECTACOL ANUAL Activarea spaiului public Urban Activation Of Public Space CET EN I C IT IZ SPTM�NAL ZILNIC ZI DE N I RESI D EN EN S TS Un spaiu public continuu �n spatele ,,cortinei de beton" Spaiul liber de pe Calea Moilor poate fi privit drept un potenial spaiu public nu doar pentru locuitorii blocurilor, ci i pentru vecinii din centrul istoric i pentru cetenii oraului, �n general. Inser�nd funciuni i activ�nd aceste zone moarte, s-ar obine �n anumite poriuni secvene ale unui spaiu public continuu i dinamic. A continuous urban public space behind the �Concrete Curtains� The open space on Moilor boulevard can be seen as a potential urban public space for local residents as well as for neighbours from the historical center and for citizens in general. By lending spaces different functions and by activating them a sequence of differentiated and dynamic public spaces will appear. O secven de spaii publice active Sequence / Continous Public Spaces SPORT EDUCATION COMMERCIAL CULTURE KIDS - SPACE NATURE ENTERTAINMENT RECREATION Activation of open space A matrix with different functions and actors shows in principle the possibilities for short- or long-term activation of open space. SPA IU PUBLIC PUBLIC SPACES Magic Blocks 2009 International conferences and expo Balkanology / 2009�2010, Bucharest, Vienna, Cluj, Istanbul, Moscow (conferences); Vienna, Bucharest, Belgrade, Sofia, Podgorica (expo) The results of the first stage of Magic Blocks were communicated in a series of 5 international conferences focused on the real principles, strategies and exam ples to revive the public space and carry out community projects: 1. In Bucharest (16.11.2009) � Museum of the Romanian Peasant � with the participation of Michale Obrist (Austria), Kai V�ckler (Germany), Ivan Kucina (Serbia), Marko Sancanin (Croatia), Justin Baroncea (Romania). 2. In Vienna (20.11.2009) � Architekturzentrum, under the 17.Wiener Architektur Kongress � lecturer tefan Ghenciulescu; in Cluj (14.05.2010) � Cinema Victoria, part of the Architecture Days in Cluj � lecturer Constantin Goagea; 4. In Istanbul (21.05.2010) � Bahcesehir University, part of the International Policy Forum of Urban Growth and Conservation in EuroAsian Coridor, lecturer Cosmina Goagea. 5. in Moscow (29.05.2010) � House of the Artist, part of the 2010 International Biennale of Architecture � lecturer Constantin Goagea. A short version of the 2009 Magic Blocks project was integrated, as a section about Romania, in the "Balkanology. New Architecture and Urban Phenomena in South Eastern Europe" international exhibition which travelled in 5 coun tries (2009: AzW / Architecture Center Vienna. 2010: National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest. 2011: Belgrade Heritage House, Belgrade International Architecture Week; Art Pavilion, Podgorica; Vivacom Art Hall, Sofia Architecture Week.) Organizers: Zeppelin Association, Point4 and Archis Interventions, in cooperation with ATU, Space Syntax Romania, Hackenbroich Architekten, Platform 9.1 PrOjeCt funded by: Romanian Cultural Institute through the Cantemir Programme suPPOrted by: Museum of Romanian Peasant, Union of Romanian Architects, ERSTE Foundation, Bucharest Austrian Cultural Forum, Embassy of the Netherlands at Bucharest, Rehau Art, Baumax, WienerbergerPorotherm, BCR Partners: Velux, Roca sPOnsOrs: Rockwool, Gealan, Resido, Fakro, Dulux Inv Ba urb Vin Tur Exp Bas cura Cd gari can Belg Balk ilus proc Ini tura nere V i MNA intr Arhitectura magazine 2010 1999 The three members of Zeppelin editorial board (Constantin Goagea, Cosmina Goagea & tefan Ghenciulescu) have participated to the creation of several Romanian architectural publications: the online magazine Virtualia (www. virtualia.virtualia.ong.ro), the Romanian edition of Octogon magazine, and the re+invention in 199 of Arhitectura magazine (founded 1906) and its regular publi cation until 2010 (90 issues). Starting with 2011, the team continued to publish an architectural magazine under the name of Zeppelin (Architecture. Space. Ideas). Given the complete team, program and format continuity, the first issue of Zeppelin was numbered 91. American Avantgarde Book 2010 50 years of architecture: from modernism to minimalism edited: Zeppelin & "Ion Mincu" University Publishing House, Bucharest Modernism, latemodernism, postmodernism, deconstruction, minimalism. text & PhOtO: Cosmin Caciuc 13 American cities � from New York to Los Angeles. 50 years of modern architec ture. 60 famous architects � from Louis Kahn to Mies van der Rohe, and from Frank editOrs: tefan Ghenciulescu, Cosmina Goagea, Constantin Goagea Gehry to David Adjaye. Pages: 372 size: 24 x 22 cm ISBN 9789731884608 Zeppelin Laboratory Book 2010 25 hours of discussions, 11 architects + 1 designer, 20 projects A selection of the material derived from the first two years of Zeppelin meet ings: social and community architecture, tiny homes, interventions in public spaces, actionism and nonbuilding, logic and reason. edited by: Zeppelin ISBN: 9789730088755 L o ab r o at in el pp 1 ze 0 210 r La bo ra 0 tor ze lin ppe 1 ore i de i 25 discu de re r sp tu de itec arh rs hou 25 lks ta of t ture ou ab itec arch E lastic_LIVINGUNIT este un ansamblu de design care genereaz spaiu �n diferite ipostaze, variind suprafaa util de la 46 m� la 190 m� Elastic_LIVINGUNIT is a design compound generating space in various ways, and varying the used surface from 46 m� to 190 m� F lexibilitatea extrem poate genera un inconfort psihologic fa de transformarea continu a spaiului de via; sistemul este potrivit mai mult persoanelor singure, cuplurilor fr copii sau familiilor monoparentale Extreme flexilibility may generate a psychological discomfort for the constant transformation of the living space; the system is rather suitable for singles, couples with no children or single parents 3 00 5 intro zeppelin 03 � 2008: Constantin & Cosmina Goagea 018 C�teva lucruri aleatorii despre Tokyo / Random facts about Tokyo zeppelin 04 � 2008: Juan Trias de Bes /TDB Arquitectura/ 068 Forma-peisaj / Form-landscape 072 Lectura topografic / Topographic reading 078 Spiritul locului / Genius loci 084 Modelare topografic / Topographic model zeppelin 05 � 2008: Yasuhiro Yamashita /Tekuto studio/ 106 Experimentul constructiv radical / Radical constructive experiment 110 Anvelopanta structural reinventat / Reinvented structural envelope 118 Spaiul imploziv / Implosive space 122 Destabilizarea percepiei / Shaking the perception zeppelin 07 � 2008: erban Sturdza 148 Regionalism critic / Critical regionalism 154 Recuperarea tipologic / Typological retrieval 158 Intervenia discret / Discreet intervention 160 Arhitectura complet / Complete architecture zeppelin 09 � 2008: Angelo Rovena 180 Bricolaj inteligent / Intelligent bricolage 188 Socio-arhitectura / Social architecture 208 Integrare / Integration 216 012 064 246 10 100 280 144 308 172 330 zeppelin 11 � 2009: Radu Coma 222 Hiperbolism / Hyperbolism 226 Modelarea concret noneuclidian / Non-Euclidian real shaping 232 Pseudosfera / Pseudosphere 238 Conul hiperbolic / Hyperbolic cone zeppelin 14 � 2009: Dorin tefan � DSBA 252 Cosmopolit radical / Radical cosmopolitanism 256 �mpachetare / Packing 270 Grefa urban / Urban grafting zeppelin 15 � 2009: studioBASAR 284 Post-situaionism / Post-situationism 290 Improvizaie memorabil / A memorable improvisation 296 Condensare social / Social condensation zeppelin 16 � 2009: Adriana Mereu 312 Radicalism artistic / Artistic radicalism 316 Critica prin arhitectur / Criticism through architecture 320 Poverism / Pauperism zeppelin 18 � 2009: Michael Obrist / Magic Blocks 334 Interaciune public / Public interaction 338 Intervenie �n zon istoric / Action-space in the historic area 350 Intervenie pe autostrad / Action-space on the motorway un concept ciudat care pune cap la cap forme senzuale cu matematici rococo 218 218 �n t�rguri prestigioase internaionale 219 11 '09 Awarded works, exhibited in prestigious international fairs 11 despre geometria neeuclidian ca mijloc de locomoie spre viitorul arhitecturii i designului future of architecture and design A bizarre concept connecting sensual shapes with rococo math 219 On the non Euclidian geometry as a means of locomotion to the lucrri premiate i expuse zeppelin 03 � 2008 12 13 03 '08 228 229 11 '09 12 Cosmina & Constantin Goagea C hestionarea prejudecilor noastre asupra universului sferic, pornind de la o critic a modului foarte superficial �n care teoriile complexitii sunt interpretate �n arhitectura contemporan (blob-architecture, promovat de Greg Lynn la mijlocul anilor '90, de exemplu, clasific noneuclidianul exclusiv prin spaiul sferic (blob) uit�nd hiperbolicul i depinde exclusiv de un software generator de forme) Questioning our clich�s over a spherical universe, starting from a critique of the very superficial way in which the theories of complexity are interpreted in modern architecture (blob-architecture, promoted by Greg Lynn in mid90s, for instance, sees the non-Euclidian exclusively through a spherical area (blob), forgetting the hyperbolic and depending exclusively on a software able to generate shapes) 18 NU CLE U 19 03 '08 zeppelin 14 � 2009 246 Proiecte recente Recent projects 247 14 '09 a tev C� atoriiokyo ale pre T s s de om fact d kyo Ran t To ou ab ru luc ri D ei m ateptam i aveam de mult o fantasm a metropolei japoneze, am avut un oc cultural la Tokyo. Ce am �neles imediat despre Tokyo este c e un ora profund uman, cu toate c de multe ori arat ca �n Rzboiul Stelelor. De vin sunt probabil i cei 5 600 de oameni de pe 1 km ptrat. Pentru a �nelege arhitectura aici, este esenial s ii cont de densitatea urban incredibil i de ideea obsesiv de fragilitate �n faa unei catastrofe. Pentru c oraul Tokyo a fost anulat de dou ori numai �n ultimul secol, o dat �n cutremurul din 1923 c�nd a rmas pe drumuri din populaie, i �n primvara anului 1945, bombardat de americani. Atunci imaginai-v un ora �n �ntregime nou, construit dup '45, la �nceput ieftin i repede, cu mijloace limitate, care au avut puin de-a face cu raiuni estetice. Astfel, valul de arhitectur de slab calitate aprut imediat dup rzboi este considerat cel de-al doilea dezastru fcut de m�na omului �n secolul XX. i aici m-am g�ndit c noi acum ar trebui s fim foarte ateni, s nu pim asta �n Bucureti. Au urmat apoi excesele din bubble years, anii '80 cu 246 Dorin tefan � DSBA problema spaiului urban orizontal i vertical: propunerea de refaadare a Bibliotecii Naionale (2008) dezvoltarea urban dens, cu regimuri mari de �nlime: sal for a new fa�ade of the National Library (2008) 247 The issue of the horizontal and vertical urban space: the propo- 20 21 03 '08 275 14 '09 zeppelin 04 � 2008 64 64 Juan Trias de Bes /TDB Arquitectura/ Barcelona, Spain Peisajul urban ca genez a proiectului Urban landscape as project birth 65 04 '08 zeppelin 15 � 2009 280 SAR /search-and-rescue/ mai multe chei de lectur pentru �nelegerea spaiului alambicat, dar normal pentru noi, de Bucureti despre metafora bazarului oriental, cu o ,,fantom" i un ,,pom cu vrbii" space, normal to use, in Bucharest 281 15 '09 studioBASAR 280 65 proiecte urbane i arhitectur topografic: Casa Calls i Birourile Provasa �n San Cugat, ambele �n Barcelona Topographic urban and architecture projects: Calls House and Provasa Offices in San Cugat, both in Barcelona Several kinds of readings for understanding a sophisticated 281 logica procesului constructiv, 92 93 04 '08 294 295 15 '09 F aadele exprim onest principiul planului liber; prelungirea planeelor �n afara planurilor vitrate rspunde condiiilor climatice, oferind protecia necesar fa de �nsorire The facades honestly expresses the free plan; the extension of the ceiling outside the glazed planes meet the climate requirements offering the necessary protection against sunshine 104 105 05 '08 zeppelin 16 � 2009 308 3x25' Andrei erbescu /ADN/, Cosmin Pavel /Abruptarhitectura/ & Adriana Mereu 309 16 '09 Adriana Mereu 104 308 105 Selectat de noi din grupul celor trei birouri tinere de arhitectur invitate cu aceast ocazie, Adriana Mereu este autoarea amenajrii centrului Pavilion Unicredit din Bucureti. Selected by us from the three young architectural studios invited with this occasion, Adriana Mereu is the author of Unicredit Pavilion design. poveti despre arhitectur de calitate, ca s uitm de megaprograme, megabirouri i megacomplexe de inferioritate 309 106 NU CLE U 107 05 '08 325 16 '09 tu en rim iv pe ct Ex stru e n co ical ructiv st rad con ical ent Rad im per ex l E xplorarea arhitecturii pornind de la structur i de la reg�ndirea actului constructiv de baz (asamblare i montaj concret); respingerea problemelor formale disjuncte fa de construcie Exploiting architecture starting from structure and rethinking of the basic constructive gesture (actual assemblage and fitting); rejection of disjunctive formal issues connected to the building itself R ezolvri tehnice + sisteme noi pentru forme convenionale �n locul generrii simpliste de forme noi prin tehnici convenionale; respingerea folosirii necritice a sistemelor i tehnicilor disponibile Technical solutions + new systems for conventional forms instead of simpleton generations of new forms by way of conventional techniques; rejection of uncritical use of available systems and techniques C ontinuarea reformei profunde a discursului arhitectural, lansat odat cu modernismul, care privete cldirile din punctul de vedere al capacitii industriei materialelor de construcii Continuity of thorough reform of architectural discourse as it had been opened by modernism that considered buildings from the industrial capacity or building materials 128 129 05 '08 334 NU CLE U 335 18 '09 ne ciu era Int lic ction b pu intera Pu c bli M ichael Obrist face parte din colectivul internaional FELD 72 care abordeaz proiectarea prin experimente punctuale, focalizate pe situaii sociale specifice Michael Obrist belongs to an international team, the FELD 72 that approaches design through specific experiments focused on specific social situations F ELD 72 pornete de la strategii pentru contexte urbane, cut�nd locuri dificile, experimenteaz prin instalaii la jumtatea distanei dintre arhitectur i instalaie artistic, sau prin proiecte alternative, pentru a ajunge la soluii arhitecturale neobinuite, dar foarte amuzante FELD 72 assumes strategies for urban contexts, looking for difficult places; it also experiments installations halfway between architecture and artistic installation, or alternative projects to come to unusual architectural solutions, sometimes very funny P roiectele sunt legate �n mod special de spaiul public i de un mod de a gsi alternative inteligente cu bugete minimale The projects have a particular relationship with the public space and seek intelligent alternatives on minimal budgets Transparent City � on limits and dwelling in Bucharest Book 2009 A personal reading of the dwelling culture in Bucharest during the liberal moderni zation. Overlapping, limits becoming places, depth and stratification as elements of a specific urban culture. Thus, chaotic growth can be seen as a superposition of unfinished projects, "larger village" as a transparent city, and the recent develop ments are marked by the public space dislocations and private places opacity. edited: Zeppelin & "Ion Mincu" University Publishing House, Bucharest suPPOrted by: Administration of National Cultural Heritage authOr: tefan Ghenciulescu ISBN9789731884196 Un sistem complex de lrgiri ale spaiului public, curi deschise ctre strad, retrageri i spaii intermediare. A complex system of local widening of the boulevard, yards open to the street, retreats INTRODUCERE and intermediary spaces. INTRODUCTION 6 Aceast lucrare nu este �nc una dintre evocrile nostalgice ale unui Bucureti pierdut. �ns pornete de la pasiunea pentru un ora foarte particular, �n care m-am nscut i pe care tot �ncerc s �l �neleg. Nu sunt sigur c am reuit, fiindc acest ora, �n general insuportabil i pe alocuri (�nc) fermector, are aceast calitate de a-i scpa permanent printre degete. Puine orae �i permit ca, pe spaiul unei singure strzi din centru, s treci de la intensitate metropolitan la impresia de cartier tihnit sau chiar sat i s traversezi vreo cinci stiluri i epoci de construcii diferite. �n c�te centre vechi ale oraelor mai trebuie s �ntri �n majoritatea cldirilor (unele de zece etaje) tot deschiz�nd o poart de curte? De unde vine de fapt aceast imagine? E doar reminescena unei urbaniti impure, sau este totui o expresie a unui alt fel de cultur urban? This book is not one among many nostalgic evocations of a lost Bucharest. Of course, it has started from my passion for a very special city. It's the one of my birth but I'm not sure I really understand it. Bucharest seems ungraspable: such an unbearable city, yet hiding so many strangely charming places. There are but few cities where, on the same street you can meet with metropolitan intensity and, next to it, you find yourself in a peaceful or even village-like neighborhood. Walking a few steps, one finds buildings of about five different styles and ages. In how many city centers can you access most buildings (even ten-story high ones) by opening a gate to a courtyard? I have always been wondering where this image comes from. Is it only the leftover of some impure urbanity or the expression of an altogether different urban culture? Am pornit de la aprecierile i clieele obinuite � oraul verde, �ngrmdirea de sate, satul mai mare, oraul contrastelor i altele de acelai gen � pentru a vedea ce se ascunde de fapt �n spatele lor. Am �ncercat s construiesc o metod mai riguroas de a defini prin ce e Bucuretiul altfel (mcar �n parte) i nite caliti eseniale ce ar merita pstrate i continuate. Studiul se bazeaz pe intuiii exprimate pentru prima oar �n timpul studeniei, dezvoltate �n cadrul doctoratului la Universitatea ,,Ion Mincu" i �n mai multe articole i proiecte de cercetare. �ntre timp, lecturii oraului i s-a grefat i propunerea unei metode de cercetare, av�nd ca elemente centrale limitele i transparena. De la cercetarea formei oraului am ajuns la o interogaie asupra unei culturi a locuirii. Poate c aceast metod, care pornete de la form pentru a descrie apoi i societatea va putea servi i altor obiecte de cercetare dec�t Bucuretiul. I started my research from the usual clich�s: the green city, the loose assembly of villages, the bigger village, a city of contrasts and the like � and tried to find what lies beyond them. Thus, I tried to make up a more precise method, able to help me define what makes Bucharest different (partially at least) and some essential qualities that deserve to be kept. My study comes from some insights I first had during my studenthood and developed in my doctoral thesis at "Ion Mincu" University and in several articles and research projects. The search for an instrument to describe this city developed into proposing a research method based on the concepts of limits and transparency. In the end, the aim of the research became to describe not only the shape of the city, but a culture of dwelling. Maybe this method, starting from urban form to talk about society itself could help some research objects, others than Bucharest. 7 90 91 Spaiul interior propriu-zis. The interior space Spaii intermediare �n cadrul cldirii. Intermediary spaces within the building Transparena rezultat din aezarea pe parcel. Transparency resulting from the placement of the building on the plot. Diferenieri ale spaiului public. Differences within public space Castelaul de la nr. 34 � o compoziie delirant al teraselor, San Gimignano. Un exemplu ideal de ora medieval mic: aezarea autonom, compact, clar decupat de teritoriul �nconjurtor. San Gimignano as the ideal small medieval town: an autonomous, compact settlement, clearly cut out from the surrounding territory. Bucureti, mijlocul secolului al XIX-lea. Cultura urban balcanic i mai ales absena fortificaiilor sunt principalele motive pentru amestecul deconcertant de urban i rural. Bucharest at the middle of the 19th century. The Balkan urban culture and especially the absence of town walls are the main reasons for the quite disconcerting mix-up of urban and rural areas. The "Cubist" apartment building Blocul �cubist� de la numrul 21 � o reinterpretare a casei-vagon. The castle at nr. 34 � a delirious composition of terraces, bow-windows, loggias a.s.o., that individualize the apartments and deepens the limits between the exterior and the interior. bovindourilor, loggilor care individualizeaz apartamentele i ad�ncete limitele �ntre acestea i exterior. 26 calitatea de ora unei aezri tradiionale, ele devenind aproape la fel de importante ca i autonomia politic i juridic1. Importana fortificaiilor pentru securitate, dar i ca simbol al unui decupaj social i politic a determinat un model de cretere pe care �l regsim permanent �n Evul Mediu i �n unele cazuri (cum ar fi cel al oraelor elveiene), p�n departe �n secolele al XVIII-lea i al XIX-lea: o cretere intensiv, cu construcii din ce �n ce mai dense �n interiorul fortificaiilor, apariia unor construcii i apoi a unor cartiere �n afara acestora, urmat de construirea unei noi centuri (eventual �nglob�nd i foste aezri distincte), o 1 Max Weber, Die Stadt. Max Weber Gesamtausgabe. Abt. I Schriften und Reden: Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Band 22/5: Die Wirtschaft und die gesellschaftlichen Ordnungen und M�chte. Nachlass. Teilband 5 (T�bingen: Mohr Siebeck Verlag, 1999). settlement be a real town, being as important as the political and judicial self-government.1 The importance of fortifications for security and as symbol of a social and political cutout triggered a growth model easily identifiable in the Middle Ages and, in some cases (the Swiss cities) well into the 18th and 19th centuries; it showed an intensive growth, denser buildings inside the fortifications, the emergence of new constructions and residential areas beyond them, new belts (possibly comprising the former settlements), a new intra muros densification and the whole process was repeated once more. That is also the case of some towns in Transylvania (Sibiu, is a telling example), that fol1 Max Weber, Die Stadt. Max Weber Gesamtausgabe. Abt. I Schriften und Reden: Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Band 22/5: Die Wirtschaft und die gesellschaftlichen Ordnungen und M�chte. Nachlass. Teilband 5 (T�bingen: Mohr Siebeck Verlag, 1999). 27 102 at nr. 21 � a reinterpretation of the thoroughfare-room house 103 8. BULEVARDUL MAGHERU: MODERNISM, SUPERDENSITATE I NEGOCIEREA TRANSPARENEI 8. MAGHERU BOULEVARD: MODERNISM, OVERDENSITY AND NEGOTIATION OF TRANSPARENCY I have chosen to analyze the part between Arthur Verona and C.A. Rosetti Streets. The whole boulevard (Gheorghe Magheru � Nicolae Balcescu, Ion Bratianu � Take Ionescu before the war) belongs in the big modern project meant to cut the two cardinal axes. In fact, this axis was a totally new one, mostly built in the 1930s, an unparalleled development period marked by an almost unanimous commitment to modernity. As much as the Parisian one, the new axis generated aligned buildings, yet standing on the old parcels (joined sometimes), and articulated with the neighboring plot structure and streets. Here, we cannot find a single stylistic or typological element belonging to the "Romanian tradition": Fotografie de epoc. Period photograph. 84 Poriunea selectat aici pentru analiz este cea dintre strzile Arthur Verona i C.A. Rosetti. �ntreg bulevardul (astzi Gheorghe Magheru � Nicoale Blcescu, �nainte de rzboi Ion Brtianu � Take Ionescu) face parte din marele proiect modern de strpungere a celor dou axe cardinale. Practic este vorba despre o ax complet nou, realizat aproape integral �n anii '30, epoc a unei dezvoltri urbane fr precedent i a unui entuziasm generalizat pentru modernitate. �ntr-o manier similar cu cea parizian, noua ax genereaz construcii aliniate la ea, �ns care ocup parcelarul vechi (uneori comasat) i se articuleaz cu parcelele vecine i cu celelalte strzi. Nu gsim nici un element stilistic sau tipologic ,,tradiional rom�nesc" aici: axul aparine marii tradiii franceze a secolului al XIX-lea, planurile urmresc de obicei tipologii moderni- 85 110 net publicul de privat. Pe de alt parte, �n cele trei studii de caz din Bucureti, nu avem de-a face cu aceleai grupuri sociale. Locuitorii bulevardului Magheru � o burghezie foarte urban � erau diferii de mica burghezie de pe strada Popa Nan, cu un mod de via mai patriarhal, deci cu o alt relaie cu oraul. Astzi, compoziia social din aceste locuri este complet diferit. De asemenea, la scara general a oraului, trebuie difereniat aciunea autoritilor asupra spaiului � care determin direct forma cldirilor sau a spaiilor publice sau, prin regulamente, anumite aspecte ale construciilor private de locuirea �n sine. O analiz care ar lua �n considerare toate aceste determinri �mi pare imposibil, altfel dec�t �n mari echipe pluridisciplinare. �n aceste condiii, nu pot dec�t s �ncerc s dau c�teva direcii de abordare i ipoteze. Ele ar trebui verificate, inclusiv prin Vila (Radu Teac, Artline � 2008) Villa (Radu Teac, Artline � 2008) cercetri asupra acelorai spaii, �ns cu instrumentele tiinelor umane. �n primul r�nd, a discuta o concluzie care, la prima vedere, pare pertinent: spaiul public slab al Bucuretiului ar fi cel care a determinat o aezare a nenumrate filtre, ca tot at�tea locuri protejate unde te poi arta i �nt�lni � locuri de care o cultur urban puternic ar avea mai puin nevoie. �ns aceast logic este contrazis de dezvoltarea istoric. Am observat mai sus o cretere i o transformare a transparenei ce a acompaniat tocmai o urbanizare progresiv. �n schimb, situaia de dup 1989, �n care spaiul public se dezagreg progresiv, nu a generat filtre suplimentare, ci, dimpotriv, o �nchidere din ce �n ce mai pronunat. Cred c se poate accepta transparena mai degrab drept un mod de a realiza o deschidere mediat �ntre public i privat, o tendin niciodat exprimat explicit de Sediul Uniunii Arhitecilor din Rom�nia i spaii pentru birouri (Dan Marin, Zeno Bogdnescu, 2003 - '04). Headquarters of the Union of Romanian Architects and office spaces (Dan Marin, Zeno Bogdnescu, 2003-04). 111 quite different. Likewise, one should see distinguish between the authorities operating at the bigger city scale and directly imposing the building or public space shapes by regulations from the dwelling itself. I think that we need multi-disciplinary teams to deal with all such relations. Therefore, I am only trying to find some approaches here and offer some hypotheses. However, they have to be checked, by research studies on the same spaces, with instruments specific to humanities. First of all, I would like to linger a little on an apparently relevant conclusion it may seen it is Bucharest's weak public space that led to the several filters as protected areas where you might expose yourself and meet, places that a powerful urban culture would not need any longer. But this logic is contradicted by historical development. I have already pointed to the growth and change of transparency that went along with the progressive urbanization. On the other hand, after 1989, when public space is progressively deteriorating, we can see no additional filters; quite the contrary, dwelling Small ideas for a big city Exhibition / conference / 17.10�15.11.2008, Museum of Romanian Peasant, Aquarium hall 2008 The exhibition promoted 16 alternative projects to improve public spaces in Bucharest. Small ideas, costwise, which could truly improve the quality of life for communities and certain urban situations. Designed by the members of the organi zation and by young invited architects, the proposals submitted to authorities and the wide audience addressed various places, from abandoned sites to the great housing neighbourhoods, and spaces in the heart of the historical centre. The key requirement was the denial of the utopia and the invention of solutions with a very low budget, which could soon applied and turn into modelinterventions: no wast, excessive demolitions and grand constructions, but with a well defined target, we can make the life in our cities bearable. Part of those projects went, meanwhile, into more advanced stages. The project aimed to support a slow administration, promote professionals, theoretical models and fast working strategies. Organizers: Zeppelin team suPPOrted by: Museum of Romanian Peasant, Administration of National Cultural Heritage Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Final Distribution, Velux, National Investments Commission sPOnsOrs: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase Romania, Energobit Schreder, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti > Irina Bncescu & Olivia Nicolescu > Bogdan & Van Broeck Architects (Oana Bogdan, Leo Van Broeck, Sofie Liesenborghs, Joris Moonen, Philip Stessens, Aron Sumeghy) > Radu Coma > Atelier Mihai Duescu > ISD STUDIO (tefan Davidovici & Irina uteu) > Horia Marinescu > Vladimir Obradovici > Planwerk Cluj > Point4 & Arhitectura (Justin Baroncea, Radu Enescu, tefan Ghenciulescu, Constantin Goagea, Jean Craiu, Carmen Popescu, Ada Demetriu) > Synthesis Architecture (Panteli Mourgka) > tefan Tuchil Iat o demonstraie c se poate face ceva cnd vorbim de spaiul public, de blocurile comuniste, de strzi ticsite de maini, de monumente sau de grdini, de tot ce ne doare pe noi cel mai tare. Am lansat acest titlu i am primit 16 proiecte care se pot realiza cu bani puini i logistic insignifiant: unele sunt proiecte de design urban, altele efort de recuperare, un mic recycle al locului, iar altele propun o curenie deteapt. Noi suntem gata de treab. i probabil v ntrebai ce-i cu cioara Cioara e n expoziie fiindc nou ne place adaptarea ei de la cmpul cu grune la forfota din ora. E un martor simpatic al tranziiei de la viaa de sat la cea urban. Ea e o parte din fauna slbatic adaptat acestei convieuiri. i mai sunt i altele, dar e doar un afi nu trebuie s scriem tot. Un proiect inventat de revista Arhitectura bienala de arhitectur bucureti www.bab.ro 17 octombrie 15 noiembrie Muzeul ranului Romn sala Acvariu REVISTA UNIUNII ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA NR. 52 FEB 2007 8 RON organizatori sponsori cu sprijinul prin partener arboreverde partener parteneri media sponsori principali MAGENTA: C: 0 M: 100 Y: 0 K: 0 PORTOCALIU: POLICROMIE: POLICROMIE: Pantone Process Magenta C 0 C: Pantone 22-1 C CULOARE SPECIALA: Y: 100 Pantone Process Magenta C M: K: 40 0 ROSU: C: 0 CULOARE SPECIALA: M: 100 Pantone 130 C Y: 100 K: 0 POLICROMIE: Pantone 73-1 C CULOARE SPECIALA: Pantone 485 C 35 cities, lots of pixels, some coffee Exhibition of contemporary architecture photography / Photos by Cosmin Caciuc & tefan Tuchil; curator: Constantin Goagea, 17.10�15.11 2008, Bucharest Art Galleries 2008 A journey in the history of contemporary architecture, talking about the condi tion of the modern architect in his function as a tourist/world observer, with an attempt of a look less interested by the seduction of surfaces and more focused to decoding the hidden sides of places and objects. A photographic vision about developed architectural realities and, at the same time, the story of some archi tects in search for a coherent vision on the real. Organizer: Zeppelin team suPPOrted by: Museum of the City of Bucharest Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Gerard, Velux, National Investment Commission sPOnsOrs: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase, Energobit, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti w TEFAN TUCHIL & COSMIN CACIUC EXPOZIIE DE FOTOGRAFIE DE ARHITECTUR CONTEMPORAN Galeriile de Art ale Municipiului Bucureti (Galeria Nou) strada Academiei nr.15 17 octombrie � 15 noiembrie 2008 www.bab.ro Este o expoziie despre un fel de arhiturism, care nu e doar pamplezir, e cutare, descoperire, cunoatere, index de arhitectur contemporan, poveste personal. Aceast expoziie e o viziune fotografic despre realiti arhitecturale evoluate i �n acelai timp povestea unor arhiteci �n cutarea unei viziuni consistente asupra realului. Bienala de Arhitectur Bucureti 2008 v trimite �ntr-o excursie in istoria arhitecturii contemporane, povestind despre condiia arhitectului modern �n calitatea lui de turist / observator al lumii, �ncerc�nd o privire mai puin interesat de seducia suprafeelor i mai mult aplecat spre descifrarea aspectelor ascunse ale locurilor i obiectelor. � curator Constantin Goagea Unul �n Europa, cellalt �n America: planul de cltorie, descrcatul fiierelor, biletele, ateptatul autobuzului, de �ncrcat bateria, de verificat spaiul liber pe disc, cum e vremea, cum e lumina, o cafea, ultimele reglaje, clack. Poate c toat lumea face azi la fel, iar acum v uitai la locurile la care s-au uitat i ei i le-au fotografiat, le tiai deja, sunt locurile pe care alii le-au creat din alte imagini, din alte citate, din alte cltorii. Iar cei doi fotografi caut un fel de-a lua un ora nou �n posesie, un fel aparte de a-l jalona cu arhitectur contemporan sau de a-l memora. Suntei parte dintr-un tablou, care e parte din alt tablou mai mare, voi, cltoriile voastre, numai c nu sunt oglinzi paralele care ne dau mereu aceeai imagine, ci o lume coluroas, inexact, �n schimb bogat. bienala de arhitectur bucureti REVISTA UNIUNII ARHITECTILOR DIN ROMANIA NR. 52 FEB 2007 8 RON organizatori sponsori principali sponsori parteneri media cu sprijinul ROSU: C: 0 M: 100 Y: 100 K: 0 POLICROMIE: Pantone 73-1 C CULOARE SPECIALA: Pantone 485 C MAGENTA: C: 0 M: 100 Y: 0 K: 0 PORTOCALIU: POLICROMIE: POLICROMIE: 0 Pantone 22-1 C Pantone Process Magenta C C: CULOARE SPECIALA: Y: 100 Pantone Process Magenta C M: K: 40 0 CULOARE SPECIALA: Pantone 130 C partener prin partener arboreverde nu / Romanian public space Photo installation / Author: tefan Tuchil, 17.10�15.11.2008, Museum of Romanian Peasant, Foyer 2008 The project outlined, through the photo installation proposed by tefan Tuchil, in a deliberately challenging, almost polemic, action the current Romanian urban background to its basics: the conflict between the city and those who populate it. 110 photos taken in Bucharest to extract the most common word on its streets, an echo of constant hostility relationships and an ongoing aggressiveness. www.archiphotos.com/nu Organizers: Zeppelin team suPPOrted by: Museum of the Romanian Peasant, Administration of the National Cultural Heritage Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Final Distribution, Velux, National Investments Commission sPOnsOrs: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase, Energobit, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti Hyperlocked Installation / Author: Radu Coma, 17.11�15.11.2008, Museum of Romanian Peasant, Bucharest 2008 The Hyperlocked installation was designed to function as a support to introduce the Hiperbolism in circulation, which could define an architectural trend at the end of the 20th century and featuring an exhaustive use of succession of spherical and hyperbolical surfaces. Following a prolonged modernism and decorative and historicist postmodern exaggerations, the purely geometrical, NeoEuclidian, reaction, seems to have smoothened its path for success with the audience and the critics, though the stakes are only visual, with no inherent functionality. The succession of spherical and hyperbolical surfaces on an architectural volume is exclusively the result of digital modelling, such designs have no organic connota tion, de names of "biomorphism" or "new organic trend" being, therefore, inap propriate. The installation presented as a first premiere the material prototype of interwoven hyperbolic fabrics, in which the asymptotic lines of the inner fabric are determined by the positioning in the discreet network of the exterior one. Such an image has not been created, as a threedimension, before, being possible only virtually, on the screen of a monitor. Organizers: Zeppelin team suPPOrted by: Museum of Romanian Peasant, Administration of National Cultural Heritage Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Final Distribution, Velux, National Investments Commission sPOnsOrs: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase, Energobit, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti Avantgarde and continuity Itinerant exhibition in Romania and conference on Croatian contemporary architecture / 17.10�15.11.2008, Museum of Romanian Peasant 2008 The explosion of good quality architecture is the result not only of the local circumstances, but also of a certain historical continuity. The exhibition focused on the most productive eras in the modern and contemporary history, presenting a selection of exemplary works. The first matches the `30s, after winning the independence. The architecture of the '50s and the `60s reflect the special case of Yugoslavia in the socialist block. The lack of Stalinism and the determined opening to the West, especially for the republics in the West of the federation, welcome a modern architecture able to meet the Dalmatic background, and generally the Mediterranean one. The new trends after the Balkan wars reflect the reintegration in the European cultural space and the social changes and, simultaneously, the searches for a critical regionalism. Organizers: Zeppelin Association for the Romanian edition of the project, a Wiener St�dtische Versicherung AG � Vienna Insurance Group and Arhiteckst Zagreb coproduction; commissioners: Adolph Stiller, Vera Grimmer, Tadej Glazar, Maroje Mrduljas, Andrija Rusan suPPOrted by: Museum of the Romanian Peasant, Administration of National Cultural Heritage Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Final Distribution, Velux, National Investments Commission sPOnsOrs: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase, Energobit, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti FFF08 Itinerant exhibition in Romania / 17.10�15.11.2008, Museum of Romanian Peasants 2008 The exhibition aimed at new ideas and concepts in the works of 39 authors form the new generation of Hungarian architects (20�40 years). The presented selec tion followed a national competition, one of the most important criteria being that to approaching environmental issues, the way in which projects adapt to the place they relate to, their relevance for that site, the way in which they express and convey innovative ideas. exhibitiOn Carried Out by: Organization of Hungarian Architects; curators: Reischl G�bor, Csontos Gy�rgyi, P�l�czi Tibor Organizers at buCharest: Zeppelin team suPPOrted by: Museum of the Romanian Peasant, Administration of the National Cultural Heritage Partner: Cembrit main sPOnsOrs: Final Distribution, Velux, Comisia Naional pentru Investiii sPOnsOrs: Rheinzink, Apla, Alukonigstahl, Kludi, Steelcase, Energobit, Bramac, Rigips, Bicau, Romstal, Crtureti Rudolf Fr�nkel's urban architecture Monographic exhibition / 29.10�30.11.2008, MNAC � galeria �, Bucharest National Theatre 2008 The exhibition aimed to make known the works of an exceptional architect, but Organizers: bfstudioArchitekten in Berlin and Goethe Institute at Bucharest with far too little known. Rudolf Fr�nkel was born and worked early in Germany. In Zeppelin team 1933, following the Nazi, he emigrated and settled in Bucharest, from where he emigrated again to England in 1937. After the war, he finally settled in the United States. The exhibition had three sections: the first, dedicated to Fr�nkel's works in general, with parallels between his activity in Germany and that in Romania. The main section covered the most important work in Berlin, the Atlantic gardenquarter, as well as its restoration by bfstudioArchitekten office � a model of urban revitalization and resurrection of a metropolitan spirit. A vital model for a city such as Bucharest, whose exceptional modernist heritage, fully ignored by the society and cultural elites, is to be irreparably damaged. The third illustrated the progress of Fr�nkel's works in the last 70 years. The photographic reading of Iosif Kiralyi goes beyond the documentary aim, reforming the greatness and the decline of the modernist dream in Bucharest. Jukebox City Exhibition / 18.10�18.11.2007, metroom Gallery, Barcelona 2007 An exhibition of Bucharest architecture presented in Barcelona. Apparently, our capital is a colage of fragments, a place of colission of architectures and identities; actually, an incredible laboratory of modernity. There is no stand of the trends of the last two centuries which could not be identified there, where a Balcan original background coabitates, an original interpretation of metropolitan models of the 19th century, an European heritage of interwar modern architecture, the grateast totalitarian operation in Europe and, finally, a frenetic and fragmented develop ment following the collapse of dictatorship. The Jukebox City title takes over the metaphor of a jukebox � hits from various times apparently in disorder, but with themes and genres structuring discreetly the general collection. The exhibition, organized in 5 sections, was designed as a system of objects and installations set up freely in various spacs, the visitor being stimulated to discover and interact with the city and the works of architecture. For instance, in the first section � the Layers of the City � the movement of a toy car along the plan moved a projection on the wall � a colage of pictures on the real route: a digital walk on a route where old churches, buildings of a fin de siecle, interwar modernism or the `60s and gigantic ceausist interventions mix together. Organizers: Zeppelin team, Scalae ED, Met.Room Foundation Partner: Order of Romanian Architects PrOjeCt funded by: Ministry of Cultures and Cults in Romania Remix! Exhibition in Basel and Bucharest 2007 The interactive project representing Romania at the 10th edition of the Venice Biennale in 2006, where it had 50,000 visitors and 3,500 active participants, was presented in 2007 to the Basel audience (in November, at the Swiss Museum of Architecture, under a great festival dedicated to Romania, Culturescapes) and in Bucharest (June 2007, Dalles Hall). Basically, a model of a sociological, urban planning and architecture study designed as a game, meant to shape active partici pation, the decision in the development trends, a call for reactions, opinions and solutions, presenting the issue of cohabitation, the confrontation of ideas, sorting out wishes and personal visions about the city and urbanity. Which talks about the good and the social interest. http://old.culturescapes.ch/en/2007/programbasel/exihibitions/ Organizers: Zeppelin team buCureti Partenrs: Carpatcement, Velux, Robstone, Association of National Cultural Heritage sPOnsOr: Mons Medius suPPOrted by: National Art Museum of Romania basel Partenrs: Culturscapes Festival, Romanian Cultural Institute Remix! Romanian Pavilion at Venice Biennale 2006 2006 Starting from the fragmentary character of the Romanian reality, the exhibition presented nine basic types: energies and potentials, public space, housing models (dream house), social segregation (gentrification as opposed to extreme poverty), environmental issues, monuments and heritage, the city, the village and, finally, the planning. Alternative approaches were also presented � democratic urban planning, responsible architecture, social projects � which try to balance global trends. The types, turned into symbolic questions, were then marked of large cubes: two sides had a question; the other 4 were reply alternatives. The player placed each cube on a platform, with the side having the preferred answer up. Each side included a hidden identification card, read by an electronic device which sent it to a computer. This analyzed the replies and displayed them on a screen, followed by a real image from Romania, representative for that choice. The player discovered that way what type of development was selected, how modern or conservative, liberal or environmentalfriendly, individualist or communitybased will be the Romania he/she remixed. Finally, the whole set of that individual games built the image of a common project and showed the main areas of misbalance, mostly needing negotiation and community commitment. COauthOrs: Constantin Goagea (deputycommissioner), Cosmina Goagea, tefan Ghenciulescu, Justin Baroncea, Ana Bleahu, Carmen Popescu (member in the design team for the competition) COmmissiOner: Marius MarcuLapadat Organizer: Union of Romanian Architects COOrganizers: Ministry of Culture and Cults in Romania, Romanian Cultural Institute sPOnsOr: Carpatcement Remix. Fragments of a country Book 2006 The Catalogue for Romanian Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale; the first multidisciplinary analysis (architectural and urban, sociological, anthropological and environmental) of Romanian territory developments after 1989. edited by: Q Group Proiect editOrs: Constantin Goagea, Cosmina Goagea, tefan Ghenciulescu, Justin Baroncea, Ana Bleahu ISBN10 973045372ISBN13 9789730045376 Continuity vs. Mutation Exhibition of Japanese contemporary architecture / 8.11.2006�8.01.2007, National Museum of Contemporary Art 2006 The exhibition presented a particular way of relating to tradition, reflected by the current Japanese architecture. The continuity is not about the perpetuation of a "Japanese style", but one could notice that Japanese architects are rather inclined to look for ideas, concepts, background at the bottom of traditional architecture, rather than typologies or models. Certain common categories were defined for participants, highlighting 3 selection types: 1. Firstclass architecture, with a selection mainly relying on the complexity of programmes and the development of the public space: Jun Aoki, Tetsuo Furuichi, Waro Kishi, Kazuhiro Kojima, Kengo Kuma, Hiroshi Naito, Sanaa and Taira Nishizawa. 2. A second selection is rather focused on the housing, the small functions and the search for alternatives: Ryuichi Ashizawa, Sou Fujimoto, Masahiro & Mao Harada, Jun Igarashi, Kumiko Inui, Kazuyasu Kochi, Hironori Matsubara, Tetsuya Nakazono, Makoto Tanijiri and Kuniaki Takahashi. 3. Engineering structures � examples of mutations in the thinking of a construc tion, changes of thinking, beyond scale and programme: Kenji Nawa and Jun Sato. Speaking visually and aesthetically only, the modern and traditional architecture seem completely separated, but the exhibition points out to the very way in which the poetic of the Japanese architecture moves in a different time, in a different cultural and technological paradigm, than that of the present. Organizer: Zeppelin team CuratOr: Yoshihide Kobabawa main sPOnsOrs: Henkel Bautechnik, Dupont Romania sPOnsOrs: Knauf, Velux, Bramac, MonsMedius, Delta Design, Hunter Douglas, Steelcase Romania, Isover, Lafarge, Xerox, Fakro suPPOrted by: Bucharest Sector 1 City Hall, Ministry of Culture and Cults, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, National Museum of Contemporary Art, National Investments Company, Japan Embassy at Bucharest, Japan Foundation, Stage Expert Sensai Exhibition of Japanese contemporary architecture / 8.11.2006�30.01.2007, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest 2006 Sensai, the word providing the title of the exhibition, a typical Japanese concept which could be translated as beauty, delicacy, subtlety, sophistication. It means human touch, delicate approach, craftsmanship and is, in a way, opposed to technology and industrial elements. The perspective is focused on the object of architecture as detailed, on the appropriate combination of materials, each one selected for its effect, on the setting and the emotions. Total balance and total appropriateness. A very simple and clean image, behind which sophisticated tech niques hide, an immense care for the tiniest detail and, of course, a lot of plan ning. The Sensai character consists of appropriate answers, balance and poetry, the beauty of the empty space and the economy of language. About all those, and the way in which an extremely modern and valuable architecture can be produced, on the background of a discreet and summarized tradition was about the projects of the 10 participating architects: Taro Ashihara, Yasushi Horibe, Kazuo Iwamura, Chitoshi Kitara, Hiroshi Naito, Akira Sakamoto, Eizo Shiina, Yoshiji Takehara, Akira Watanabe and Ken Yokogawa. exhibitiOn PrOduCed by: Japan Institute of Architects Organizers in buCharest: Zeppelin team main sPOnsOrs: Henkel Bautechnik, Dupont Romania sPOnsOrs: Knauf, Velux, Bramac, MonsMedius, Delta Design, Hunter Douglas, Steelcase Romania, Isover, Lafarge, Xerox, Fakro suPPOrted by: Bucharest Sector 1 City Hall, Ministry of Culture and Cults, Administration of National Cultural Heritage, National Museum of Contemporary Art, National Investments Company, Embassy of Japan in Bucharest, Japan Foundation, Stage Expert 3j40 Exhibition of contemporary Japanese architecture / 16.06�7.07.2005, National Museum of Contemporary Art 2005 Three young architects under 40: Kumiko Inui � one of the most talented prom ising architects, Naoyuki Nagata � outstanding in house design and Tomio Mabuchi � a very discreet architect so far, member of an entreprenorial team with over 10,000 people. The key component in their way of approaching architecture is that they all started with art and design. Also, they share a similar perspective on architecture, both committed and relaxed. The 3j40 exhibition present their experience over the last couple of years and the case of valuable urban interven tions, produced as an alternative to what was built in a critical time in the history of Japan. Given the EU accession status, Romanian cities undergo dramatic and fast changes, similar to those suffered by the Japanese cities in between 1960 and 1980. The exhibition was also an invitation for architects, building inves tors and other Romanain stakeholders, to become aware of the complex impact of their actions on the long run and to take responsibility for any action carried out in a city. Organizer: Zeppelin team COOrganizer: National Museum of Contemporary Art CuratOrs: Cosmina Goagea, Atsuro Osada Cu sPrijinul: Japanese Embassy in Bucharest Partner: Carpatcement Expo Diego Ferrari Photography exhibition / 1�16.09.2005, Mincu House � Romanian Order of Architects 2005 Its photos, apparently colages or easily digitally completed special effects, are Organizer: Zeppelin team made with a 35 mm singleuse camera, chap, easile changed, so that a a set of Partners: Order of Architects in Romania, images, usually three, can be mixed up. By disconnecting the automatic mecha British Council nism adjusting the diaphragm and the movement of the film, Ferrary controls manually the exposure time and may connect between them the different perspec tives, covering the already exposed film surface. Diego Ferrari's photos first explore the way in which invest the space, living in it. From early devices to most recent photographs, he focused on the subtle changes of meaning given by the change of light, the multiple perspectives focused in a frame, the mix between visible interiors and the invisible ones, and the exagera tion of details of architectural and human shapes. For him, the space is never a neutral scene on which humans carry out their activities. He sees it rather as an active force to change and which is changed by our actions. Seek 02 Screening of a film produced by Neutral (London) / 15�16.09.2005, Revolution Square 2005 An experimental film about the contemporary city seen as a global entity, crea Organizer: Zeppelin team tion of the British group, Neutral. Images shot in two different cities, London and Partneri: Order of Romanian Architects, Bombay, are combined, mixed or superimposed, common places are explored, British Council placed in contradiction or highlighted, deliberately avoiding geographical sources and outlining a weird experience of modern living. The film explores the subjec tive perceptions of a global urbanity, plays with the imagination, expectations and prejudices of the audience. The images of urban flows are combined in an elabo rate choreography and a complex setting, using music as a driving force. The spon taneous slow down of the flows increases the attention and selective perception of urban elements. Neutral produces digital creations for the top names of contem porary architecture: Zaha Hadid, Herzog de Meuron, David Chipperfield. The screening too, place in the Revolution Square, part of the George Enescu Festival. Catalan contemporary architecture Exhibition / 16.11�20.12.2004, "Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urban Planning 2004 The exhibition focused on Catalonia and its architectural stateoftheart architec ture. We did not aim to have a division of style, since the trends and styles are least applicable in the Iberic Peninsula. The selection went along three categories: 1. members of the international elite � Carlos Ferrater, and the continuation of classical modernity, as opposed to the unclassifiable poetics of Eric Miralles 2. young promising architects � Manel Bailo, Rosa Rull, Jaime Coll, Judith Leclerc, Eric Massip, Angels Negre & Felix Solaguren, Miguel Roldan, Merce Berengue, Juan Trias de Bes � noted for their successful integration of external influences, the joy of experimenting, and the fertility of new themes � environ ment, urban explosion, new technologies, without the so trendy gratuities today 3. mixed teams of very young Romanian and Spanish architects: Elena Nedelcu � together with Lluis Gimenez Mateu and Justin Baroncea, together with Jordi Perramon, Victor Centellas and Horaci Sanchez. Organizers: "Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urban Planning main sPOnsOrs: Carpatcement, Graphisoft, Delta Distribution sPOnsOrs: Knauf, Titan Mar, Stage Expert, Franke, Hewlett Packard, Wienerberger, Cotnari, Crtureti, National Housing Agency, National Investments Company, Ruuki Aleix Bague Exhibition of architecture photography / 17.11�20.12.2004, Crtureti teashop 2004 Aleix Bague is one of the major Spanish photographers of architecture. The exhibi tion with original images was specially designed for the widest audience possible, that is why this space was selected � the teashop of Crtureti bookshop. Aleix Bagues' photos are the perfect way in which those outside the profession can be attracted by architecture. Organizers: Zeppelin team main sPOnsOrs: Carpatcement, Graphisoft, Delta Distribution sPOnsOrs: Knauf, Titan Mar, Stage Expert, Franke, Hewlett Packard, Wienerberger, Cotnari, Crtureti, National Housing Agency, National Investments Company, Ruuki