Amend - Issue 1
First issue of Ammend, produced by Young Richmond.
amend. issue 1 about us: Young richmond is a local politics collective run by VCU Graphic Design students who found a need for change, while living in this small city. We have noticed everyone’s lack of political drive, and frankly, we’re sick of it. So, starting now, we are putting out this zine to help educate Richmond on what is going on. contents: » who are all these people? » do you know who’s who? » local politics in a nutshell. » questions to ask yourself. who are all these people? For many of us, this 2012 Presidential Election is the first election we have been old enough to vote in. Even if it isn’t, most of us will be more than a little confused after we have checked a box next to our choice for President. Who are the rest of these people? United States Senate On your ballot you will see two options for the United States Senate. Who are these people? The United States Senate is the “upper house” and when it is combined with the House of Representatives, we get Congress. What does a senator do? They serve a six-year term, with an election held every two years and representing VA in Congress. House of Representatives These people make up the second half of Congress. During this 2012 election, we will elect 11 US Representatives for Virginia, one representing each of the 11 congressional districts. On your ballot, you will see Richmond, Virginia is the 7th and the 3rd congressional districts. These candidates will represent our city in Congress. While every state has two Senators, the number of representatives varies depending on how many congressional districts the state has! Mayor A Mayor in the United States is the leader of each city or township in any given state. In Virginia, the Mayor is a city’s chief executive officer (CEO), and is in charge of appointing a chief administrative officer (CAO) who the city council approves. The Mayor is also in charge of Richmond City’s annual budget. We can essentially think of a Mayor as a “city manager”. City Council A city Council not only creates, but also amends local laws. The City Council is in charge of approving the actions of the Mayor. In Richmond, there are 8 City Districts. As an example, VCU (zip code 23220) falls under Richmond District 5. Depending on your voter precinct within the city, you will have different options as representatives for City Council. Legislation you will Encounter on Your Ballot This is where it gets confusing… (1) “Virginia constitution issue 2012 - Eminent Domain Article I. Bill of Rights Section 11 Due process of law; obligation of contracts; taking of private property; prohibited discrimination; jury trial in civil cases Shall Section 11 of Article I (Bill of Rights) of the Constitution of Virginia be amended (i) to require that eminent domain only be exercised where the property taken or damaged is for public use and, except for utilities or the elimination of a public nuisance, not where the primary use is for private gain, private benefit, private enterprise, increasing jobs, increasing tax revenue, or economic development; (ii) to define what is included in just compensation for such taking or damaging of property; and (iii) to prohibit the taking or damaging of more private property than is necessary for the public use?” What does this mean? Basically, eminent domain is the Government’s right to take or infringe on your property for the sake of a greater public need. For example, the Government may invoke eminent domain to take a chunk of your yard away in order to expand a road. Remember that in general, amending a constitution is very rarely done. (2) “Virginia constitution issue 2012 - General Assembly Veto Sessions Article IV. Legislature Section 6. Legislative sessions Shall Section 6 of Article IV (Legislature) of the Constitution of Virginia concerning legislative sessions be amended to allow the General Assembly to delay by no more than one week the fixed starting date for the reconvened or “veto” session when the General Assembly meets after a session to consider the bills returned to it by the Governor with vetoes or amendments?” What does this mean? This amendment says that the general assembly has to call a special session within one week of the end of a regular session to consider and vote to override any bills that the governor vetoed during the regular session. do you know who’s who? 1. Who is the Governor of Virginia? A. Jim Webb B. Tim Allen C. Bob McDonnell D. George Allen 2. Who are Virginia’s Senators? A. Robert C. Scott and George Allen B. Barack Obama and Mitt Romney C. Bob McDonnell and Tim Kaine D. Jim Webb and Mark Warner 3. Who are Richmond’s Congressmen? A. Eric Cantor and Robert C. Scott B. Randy Forbes and Gerry Connolly C. Morgan Griffith and Robert Hurt D. Rob Lowe and Adam Scott 4. Who is Richmond’s Mayor? A. Will Sessoms B. Dwight Clinton Jones C. Rudy Giuliani D. David A. Bowers local politics in a nutshell. It’s no secret who the president is, but what about the Lieutenant Governor? The Senators? The Mayor? As politics get more and more specific and local, the common theme among college students seems to be that they know less and less. Here’s a brief overview of the state and local politicians currently in office: Since taking office, Governor Bob McDonnell has pushed for privatization, extending a contract to outsource the state’s computer operations and attempting to auction off the state’s ABC liquor stores, and promoted offshore drilling for Virginia. He has sought to fund transportation improvements from non-traditional revenues sources including the proposal to auction-off liquor stores. He has used his amendatory veto power to restrict state funding for abortions. Throughout his service in state and local government, Bill Bolling has developed a record of working with Republicans and Democrats to find positive, conservative solutions to the many challenges Virginia faces. He’s overseen the state’s economic development efforts and worked to create a more pro-business environment in Virginia. Senator Mark Warner has established himself as a national leader in efforts to find bipartisan consensus to create balanced solutions to reduce the federal debt. He also has been a champion for military men and women, their families, and our military veterans. Senator Warner also is a leader in Congress in efforts to promote private-sector innovation and to help our nation’s small businesses and start-up companies succeed. Finally, Mayor Dwight C. Jones has been an active public servant in the city of Richmond for over 35 years. Throughout his tenure he has worked for causes that positively affirm his beliefs and efforts that uplift not only his immediate constituency, but also the city and state at large. Mayor Jones has diligently advocated economic empowerment for those who are not in the mainstream. He has been instrumental through his various board appointments and other community investments in creating positive change. find your remember to believe in your opinion. don’t let anyone influence your vote. voice Bob Mcdonnell Bobby Scott Jim Webb Eric Cantor Dwight Johnson Mark Warner Answers: 1. (C) Bob McDonnell-D 2. (D) Jim Webb-D and Mark Warner-D 3. (A) Eric Cantor-R nd Robert C. Scott-D 4. (B) Dwight Clinton Jones-D questions to ask yourself. How can I become involved? Becoming involved in politics is easy and starts with you. Make yourself aware! If you have an election coming up, take the time to educate youreself on the candidates platform and if you agree with what their goals are. How do I choose a candidate? When choosing a candidate to vote for in elections, be sure to form your own opinions. An easy and fast way to keep yourself informed is to watch your local political debates, to see candidates speak, and to research their platforms by simply visiting that candidates site. Make sure that the influence of your friends, peers, and family members have no effect on your decision! How important is voting? Voting is probably one of the most important things you can do. Voting allows you to express your opinion on how the government should run and who should lead it. Voting is basically the symbol for the control citizens have over their government. It’s stating “this person should lead us” and if they don’t do a good job, we can take back their role. finding their flaws, & letting you know about it. produced by young richmond staff. contact us at: twitter: @RVAyoung facebook: facebook.com/youngrichmondRVA tumblr: youngrichmond.tumblr.com instagram: @youngRVA gmail: youngrichmondRVA@gmail.com cover & interior layout: joel webber john sawyer oct 19, 2012