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May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

May- 4 to 10 -2011

2 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

May- 4 to 10 -2011

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ray;pm;bl;wJhAsm/ rkqdk;rjzpf wmeJYpm&if olwdkYvdktysdKBuD; jzpf&wmurSawmfao;vd, Yk q l w,f/ aumifrav;udk e,fjyef ydkYvkdufa&m/ uAsmq&mqdkwJh aumif tonf;awGuGJ? 0JawG pGJ? t&ufawGzdaomuf? {&m 0wDjrpfxJwpf0ufudkif;aewJh refusn;f yifay:wuf? refusn;f oD;pdrf;EkEkav;awGcl;vdkYqm;eJY wdkYpm;? t&ufjrnf;wkef; opf acgif;xJacGaewJh a>ra[mufr u aygifcMG um;aygufxnfv h u dk f wm a&xJjyKwfusNyD; rmvuD; ,m;ygava&mvm;/ tJ'aD eYu rkd;awGvnf;&GmavawGvnf; wku d w f ,f rcifpef;rl/ 'Daumifh twGuf aMuuGJ&vGef;vdkY ]]uH qd;k jcif;}}qdw k u hJ Asmav;wpfy'k f awmifa&;rdygao;&JU/ cifAsm; pdwcf ikd cf ikd x f m;aemf/ zwfNy;D &if ridek /YJ ]]uHqdk;jcif;}} rd;k awGu&Gm avawGuwkduf refusn;f yifot l wufrmS v a>ra[mufu udkuf aovkduf....wJh/ ydkNyD;uH qd;k wmu 'DaumifxrD xd;k cJb h ;l av/ ]]oHo&mc&D; ta0;Bu;D aoG; pnf;&ygvd}k } atmifrSL;a0

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ud, k w Uf idk yf ifeu hJ , kd f wpfcgu npmpm;&if;uReaf wmfavvnfcsiv f mw,f/ b,f vdkvkyf&ifaumif;rvJpOf;pm;&if; owdxm;rdwmu oDcsif;awG awmfawmfus,u f s,zf iG x hf m;wmygyJ/ 'geJY oDcsi;f oH;k av;yk'af vmuf twGif; uRefawmfawmfawmfav;avvnfvdkufw,f/ aumif; vdu k w f m? Aku d u f akd yghomG ;wmyJ/ tJ..tem;uvlawG uReaf wmhu f kd 0dkif;MunfhaeawmhrS owdxm;jyKrdwmu uRefawmfu iPod eJYoD csif;em;axmifaerdwmAs/

May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

5

o½kyfaqmif Zl;Zl;armif\apUpyfr*Fvm {nfUcHyGJtm; arv 15&ufaehwGif &efukefNrdKY qD'dk;em;[dkw,füjyKvkyfrnf o½kyfaqmif Zl;Zl;armif\aphpyfr*Fvm{nfhcHyGJtm; arv 15 &ufaeYwGif &efukefNrdKU qD'dk;em; [dkw,füjyKvkyf&ef pDpOfxm;onf[k owif;&&Sdonf/ Zl;Zl;armifESifh vufxy fxdrf;jrm; &ef pDpOfxm;olonf tEkynmavmutwGif;rSr[kwfbJ jyifypD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifwpf OD;jzpfNyD; tar&duefEidk if üH aexkid v f su&f o dS w l pfO;D jzpfaomaMumifh aphpyfr*Fvm{nfch yH NJG y;D ygu Zl;Zl;armifonf tar&duefEkdifiHodkY vdkufygoGm;&efpDpOfxm;onf[kod&Sd &onf/ 0wfpu kH kd 'DZidk ef maumif;jrwfuwm0ef,zl efw;D ay;rnfjzpfNy;D rdwu f yfEiS q hf yH iftvSjyifqifru I kd rdwu f yfnn D aD rmifuwm0ef,l zefw;D ay;&efppD Ofxm;onf[o k &d onf/ owdo Yk m;? owdo Yk rD;t&ef rsm;tjzpf jrwfoal tmif? eef;qk&wDp;kd ? oÍömEG,0f if;wdu Yk yg0if aqmif&u G af y;oGm;rnf[o k &d onf/ yef;tvSjyifqifrIudk rmrD ausmf(rav;&Sm;)u aqmif&Gufay;rnf[kod&onf/

wkdif;a'oBuD;ESifUjynfe,frsm;twGif;&Sd NrdKYe,fAD'D,dktajccHtzGJYrsm;twGif; vmbfay;vmbf,lrIjyKygu tqdkyg vmbfay;vmbf,ljyKvkyfoltm; wm0efrS&yfqkdif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;od& wkdif;a'oBuD;ESifhjynfe,frsm;twGif;&Sd NrdKUe,fAD'D,dktajccH tzGUJ rsm;twGi;f vmbfay;vmbf,rl jI yKygu tqdyk gvmbfay;vmbf ,ljyKvkyfoltm; wm0efrS&yfqkdif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH ½kyf&Siftpnf;t½Hk;wm0eff&Sdol\ajymMum;csuft& od&Sd&ygonf/ vuf&dStaetxm;wGif wkdif;a'oBuD;ESifhjynfe,fa'oBuD; tcsKd UrSm&Sad omAD', D t kd ajccHtzGUJ wm0ef&o dS rl sm;u AD', D v kd yk if ef; 24.4.2011? we*FaEG aeY? aeYvnf(12)em&DrS nae (3;30)em&Dtxd rauG;NrKd U? &ef uif;&yfuGuf? okcdwmvrf;eJYyd awmufvrf;Mum;u Forever pm;aomufqidk rf mS aygif;qH0k idk ;f zGJUjzpfMuygw,f/ 1373 ckESpf ESpfopfrSm 'D Shade pmay0dkif; u yxrtBudrfpwifwJhyGJyg/ Shade pmay0kdif;usif;yvmcJh wm 23BudrfajrmufygNyD/ ESpf opfr*Fvm Shade pmay0dik ;f rSm wufa&mufvmMuwJh pmay0dik ;f awmfom;rsm;uawmh rauG; pme,fZif;tzGUJ Ouú|rauG;0if; jrifh? aejcnf(rauG;)? yef;csD q&mol&ed Nf rKd i?f yef;csq D &mrif; ol? yef;csDq&mjrifhaZmfOD;? pm a&;q&maZmfjrifah Zmf(AE¨&)? o wif;wm0efcaH umif;okw(rif; bl;)? q&mbdjk rif&h edS (f atmifv)H q&mwifvif;aZmfepYJ ma&;olwYkd jzpfMuygw,f/ q&mrauG;0if;jrifu h ESpf opfr*FvmrSm 38jzmr*Fvm w&m;awmftaMumif;udk tus,f w0if h a jymMum;oG m ;ygw,f / uReaf wmfww Ykd pfawG[m Ak'&¨ iS f awmfjrwfa[mMum;xm;cJw h hJ 'D 38jzmr*Fvmw&m;awmfom r ysufruGufxm0&usifhoHk;ae xkdifoGm;Mur,fqdk&if b0t wGuf avmuDavmukwå&mESpf jzmeJY aumif;usKd ;r*FvmawGukd

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jrefrmEkid if ½H yk &f iS t f pnf;t½H;k \vrf;ñTerf jI zifh AD', D v kd yk if ef; rsm;udk wm0ef,v l yk af qmifaeonfh NrKd Ue,fA'D , D t kd ajccHtzGUJ 300 ausmf&SdaMumif;od&Sd&onf/ tqdkyg tzGJUrsm;onf oufqkdif&mNrdKU e,ftvdkuf rdrdNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd AD'D,dkvkyfief;vkyfudkifvdkolrsm; tm; vkid pf if&,lEidk &f ef axmufccH suaf y;a&;ESiyhf wfoufaomvkyf ief;rsm;udk t"duwm0ef,al qmif&u G af y;aeonfh tzGUJ rsm;jzpfonf/ ud, k &hf UJ awmufyrItwGuf olwpfyg;udpk w d v f v kd uf& wkdufcRwfaecsifw,f/ opömw&m;udw k zGz&G w G Nf y;D rkom0g'udv k nf; ynmom;ygyg tvHk;vkduf NrdKcsaew,f/ ol&aJ umif;vnf; jzpfcsifao;w,f pGev Yf w T pf eG pYf m;&rSmudk aMumufw,f/ oHo&m0#fqif;&Juvnf; vGwfcsifw,f taESmiftzGUJ awGuvnf; rsm;vGe;f w,f/ cE¨mud, k w f pfcv k ;kH pdw&f UJ r½d;k om;rIawGukd rsufvHk;awGu ajzmifhcsufay;aew,f/ aemufqHk;rSmawmh 'ku¨? aMumufw,f/ okcawGukd tarSmifwpfjcrf;? azmufvGJazmufjyefvnf; trnf;wpfjcrf;jzwfoef;&if;eJY jzpfcsifw,f tvif;ud&k mS azGaeol vloal v;yg;awGjrifrmS vnf; jzpfaejyefw,f.../ aMumufw,f/ ,ckvb0twGujfywfom; ckwpfrsdK;awmfMumwpfrsdK; &S i ; f vif ;pGmeJt Y wk,pl &m q&m ajym&if;eJY nDrif;ndK&UJ uAsmav;udk yef;csD wnfMunfwJhvlvnf; q&mrif;olrES pS o f pfu;l vufaqmif jzpfcsiaf o;w,f/ tjzpf&w G q f akd y;oGm;cJyh gw,f/ rsm;rsm;BuD;vnf;arQmfvifh pdwt f m[m&jynf0h atmif aejyefw,f/ Shade *s m e,fuakd qmifvYkd b0 olrsm;udk tvif;a&mif twGuf okw? &opHkwJh Sahde ay;ovdek YJ ud, k yf ikd af wmufyrIuv kd nf; pmay0dkif;odkYoGm;MuygpdkY.../ a&Tvrf;aiGvrf;0if;Munf cHrk ifaew,f/

May- 4 to 10 -2011

6 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23 ]]tef;rdepf m;r,f wd&Yk avQmh tarBu;D uawmh&ydS gao;w,f/ r,f? tiHavQmhr,f? t&nf&TJ olYom;orD;rsm;uawmh rdb r,f}} vkyif ef;udt k arGqufcw H maygh/ ]]rEG,fpm;r,f? wdkY&rsm; tESpo f ;kH av;q,favmufMum r,f? tpyfa&Smifr,f? tcsdKrIefY atmif vkyfief;wpfckudk wnf a&Smifr,f}} wHhatmif,lvmEkdifwJhtpGrf; ]]zdeyfvmNyD qefjym;ao; av;uawmh av;pm;p&myg/ ao;av;n§yfr,f Muufaygif; t&ifa&S;uoHk;cJhwJh qkdif;bkwf &iftyk cf sr,f}} ao;ao;av;udkawmh tdrfxJ ]]tefwDrdtwGuf ygq,f rSmtrSwfw&csdwfxm;ygao; qGJr,f? tiHavQmhr,f t&nf w,f/) ajcmufajcmufav;? MuufoGef aemuf rEÅav;rSmqkid af wG csOv f yk af y;r,f}} udkoGm;vdkYpm;MuaomufMu&if ]]udt k ef;ula& eH½;kd aygif;& tNrJBuHK&wmav;u 'DhjyifNrdKU ao;w,f/ 'DaeY*sHKvm;? qef awGrSmr&Sdbl;vdkYxif&wJh rdwf jym;vm;}} aqG,Ofaus;rIav;wpfcak wmh 'gav;uawmh 29vrf;? ajymjycsifygao;w,f/ uRef vrf; 80_81vrf;Mum; t&if awmfwrYkd EÅav;ol? rEÅav;om; xGef;td`E´mAdkrjzpfcif rckdifb0 trsm;pkuawmh wpfqkdifqkdif uaecJw h t hJ rd af v;&JU ta&SUzuf oGm;Ny;D pm;MuaomufMur,fqkd uacgufqq JG idk u f av;&JU reuf &if ]]b,folYtvSnfhvJwdkY}}? cif;*Dwuav;yg/ ]]b,folauR;rSmvJ}}wdkYar;wm ]]OD;pdefacgufqGJ}}vdkY qkdif; wdYk ]]ud, k pf m;wmud, k &f iS ;f &rSm}} bkwaf o;ao;av;udk tdraf &SU (tar&duefppfpwrf)wdq Yk w kd m x&HrSmcsdwfxm;NyD; reufydkif; awGodyfr&Sdwwfygbl;/ ]]vm av;omzGiw hf q hJ idk af v;yg/ qkid f oGm;Mupd}Yk }ygyJ/ av;u ajrmufbufvSnfhxm; pm;Muaomuf M uvd k Y N yD ; Ny;D opfom;0if;x&Humxm;wJh awmhrS udk,fhtodpdwfeJYudk,f tdrf0if;av;xJrSm pm;yGJcHkav; wpfvn S phf &D iS ;f Muwmrsm;ygw,f/ awGudkcsxm;wmyg/ tJ'Dqkdif wwfEidk w f o hJ ?l &Sw d o hJ u l &So d vdk av;&JUxl;jcm;wmuawmh rkefY tBurd rf sm;rsm;&Si;f ? r&So d u l vJ vmpm;wJo h al wG&,f? a&mif;wJh r&So d vdk wpfcgw&H&iS ;f aygh/ t vlawG&,fu aqGrsKd ;&if;jcmvdk rsm;tm;jzifh rdwaf qGoil ,fcsi;f qufqaH &;&Sad ewmyg/ aemuf awG rkefYqkdifudktwloGm;pm; NyD; pm;wJholrsm;rsm;? rrsm;rsm; r,fqdk&ifawmh pm;wJh0dkif;udk olrmS xm;wJrh ek rYf &rcsi;f olpm; wpfa,mufa,mufu&Si;f vdu k f aeustwkid ;f jyifay;Ekid af tmif wmrsm;ygw,f/ wpfcgwav atmfay;aewmyg/ cif;xm;wJh rSom pm;xm;wmodyfrsm;&if pm;yGJrSmpm;wJolrsm;aevnf; tm;vHk;0dkif;xnfhNyD;aygif;&Sif; udprö &Syd gbl;/ olwt Ykd rd {f nfch ef; wmyg/ trsm;tm;jzifhuawmh xJ0ifxidk pf m;vku d ½f ykH gyJ/ olwYkd BuHKwJholBuHKovdk&Sif;ygyJ/ qkdifrSmuqDcsufacgufqGJ? a& tJ..wpfcgwavawmh pdrfqefacgufqGJ? qefjym;u vnf; oluwjcm;udk,fuw awmh emrnfBu;D vdv Yk Bl uKd urf sm; jcm; oyfoyfpv D mMua&m? qkid f ygw,f/ (OD;pdeaf cgufqq JG idk u f a&mufawmhvJtwlxkdifp&mcHk rzGib hf aJ wmfawmfMumem;vdu k f urvGwv f Ykd olwjcm;ud, k w f jcm; ygao;w,f/ tckawmh t&if xkdif&wJhtcgrsdK;rSmawmhvnf; ae&muta&SUbufwpfjcrf;udk twlwlrxkdifayr,fh pm;xm; a&mif;? taemufbufwpfjcrf; wmudk OD;wJo h t l &ifpm;Ny;D wJo h l rSm wkdufaqmufvdkYjyefzGifhxm; &Sif;ay;oGm;wwfygw,f/ wpf ygw,f/ t&ifvdkyJ vuf&mr cgwavrsm; ud, k u f oli,fcsi;f ysuf? a&S;rlrysufa&mif;qJ oH a&mufaewmrjrifvkdufrdbl;/ a,mZOf&Sdolrsm;uvnf; tm; 'gayr,fh ud, k pf m;Ny;D vdyYk u kd q f H ay;NryJ gyJ/ OD;pderf &Sad wmhayr,fh &Si;f r,fvv J yk af &m b,fo&l iS ;f

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Ekid yf gbl;k / 32vrf;ausmv f u dk &f if 1984-85 avmufrmS zGiw hf hJ ]]zl; vku d }f }uvJ pm;vdaYk umif;wJ&h rS ;f acgufqq JG idk yf g/ aps;vnf;ouf om wjcm;qkdifawGxufpm&if rkeu Yf vnf;rsm; tom;uvnf; rsm; t&omuvnf;aumif; qdkawmh pm;csif&ifxkdifp&mae &mtawmf&mS ,l&ygw,f/ tck awmh olYqkdifurzGifhwmMumyg Ny/D 'guawmh w½kww f ef;vrf; rBuD;rSmpnfum;cJhwJhacgufqGJ qkid af v;rsm;ygyJ/ rEÅav;NrKd UrSmqDcsuaf cguf qGq J idk f &Sr;f acgufqq JG idk af wGvJ trsm;BuD;rStrsm;BuD;ygyJ/ 35 vrf; tckawmh *H;k ausmw f w H m; atmufa&mufoGm;wJh ]]jynf axmifpyk ef;ao;acgufq}JG }? 38 vrf;bufjcrf;a&muf&if ]]a&T tdk;&}}? 29vrf;atmufbuf qif;&if 84vrf; 29vrf;a'gifh u ]]a':pif;,Hk}}? ajrmufjyif bufjcrf;rSmqd&k ifawmh ]]atmif vSoed ;f }}'Dqidk af v;awGuawmh [dkt&ifacwfrsm;uae tck xufx[ d efrysuq f ufvuf&yf wnfaeqJyg/ pm;vdaYk umif;wJh qkid af o;ao;av;uae aysmuf oGm;wJhqkdifav;uawmh 26bD vrf;eJY 81vrf;a'gifh(t&ifu awmifZvyf[w kd ,fziG chf w hJ ahJ e &mav;u)emrnfrrSwrf ad wmh wJh qDcsufacgufqGJqkdifav; &,f? aps;csdKajrmufrvG,fu bl;oD;qDcsuaf cgufqq JG idk af v; &,fyg/ tJawmh [dq k idk u f vnf; qDcsuaf cgufq?JG 'Dqidk u f vnf; qDcsufacgufqGJ?'Dqkdifuvnf; &Sr;f acgufq?JG [dq k idk u f vnf;&Sr;f acgufqGJbmuGmvJvdkY ar;&if awmhacgufqGJ#DumqufNyD;zGifh &ygawmhr,f/ udkayguf(rEÅav;)

May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

ESpf(600)jynfU usdKif;wHkzm;pnfydkh a&obifyGJawmf qif,ifusif;y ESpf(600)jynfh usdKif;wHkzm;pnfydkYa&obifyGJtcrf;tem;udk usdKif;wHkNrdKU trSwf(3)&yfuGuf? usdKif;pH&yfteD; atmifajrewfeef; ac: apmufvHkuwf0if;twGif;üjyKvkyfusif;yMuonf/ ¤if;tcrf;tem;odkY 2011ckESpf {NyDv 12&ufaeY eHeuf (7) em&D 30rdepftcsed w f iG f Bw*d aH 'owkid ;f ppf|mecsKyf wkid ;f rSL;Adv k rf LS ; csKyfoef;xGef;OD;wufa&muftzGifhpum;ajymMum;NyD; tcrf;tem; udk zGifhvSpfay;onf/ 2011 ckESpf? {NyDv 13&ufaeY rGef;vGJ(1)em&DtcsdefwGif ¤if; tcrf;tem;usi;f yonfah e&mrSmyif r*Fvmzm;pnfawmfukd pifay: wifMuNyD; usdKif;wHkNrdKU? NrdKUe,fa*gyutzGJU0iftwGif;a&;rSL;OD;eef oef;u(7)csufpwofwD;í EdI;zGifhay;onf/ xdkYaemuf teDa&mif ezl;pnf;ESifh teDa&miftusÐudk0wfqifxm;Muonfh wkdif;vG,f wkdif;&if;om;rsm;onf ¤if;r*Fvmzm;pnfawmfudk aeYntqufr jywftvSnfhMuqufvufíwD;Muonf/ ¤if;{Nyv D 13&ufaeY naetcsed w f iG f usKd i;f wHNk rKd Uol? NrKd Uom; rsm;onf tarT;wkdif? MuufvQm? atmifoajy? uifyGef;a&? a&z vm;? a&cGufrsm;jzifh yGJawmfusif;y&modkY,laqmifoGm;MuNyD; jrif; ½kypf ;D xm;onfh oBueF rf if;½kyw f Ek iS hf r*Fvmzm;pnfawmfukd a&yuf zse;f umrdom;pkrsm;use;f rmcsr;f omMu&ygvd[ k ak wmif;qkjyKMuonf/ xdkYaemuf 2011ckESpf {NyDv 14&ufaeY rGef;vGJ(1)em&Dtcsdef odaYk &mufaomtcg jrif;½kypf ;D xm;onfh oBueF rf if;½kyw f u k kd usKd i;f pH&yfteD;atmifajrewfeef;ac: apmufvu kH wf0if;twGi;f rS erfch iG f acsmif;odkYydkYaqmifMuonf/ xdkodkYydkYaqmif&mwGif wkdif;vG,fwkdif; &if;om;rsmu r*Fvmzm;pnfawmfudkwD;í |meqkdif&mrsm;ESifhNrdKU ol? NrdKUom;rsm;vdkufygydkYaqmifMuonf/ rkdif,ef;vrf;rBuD;ay:wpfavQmufESifh vrf;ab;0J,mwpf avQmufwGif Munfh½IaeMuol? a&yufolvkdufygydkYaqmifMuol vl tkyBf u;D rsm;jzifh erfch iG af csmif;odaYk &mufonftxd MuufysrH uspnf um;vSonf/ erfhcGifausmif;odkYa&muf&SdMuaomtcg toifhpDrHjyK vkyfxm;Muonfh oJyHkapwDudk ylaZmfuefawmhMuNyD; &THap;jzifhjyK vkyfxm;onfh pE´mvrif;zm;ewf½kyfwkudkvnf;youm NrdKUolNrdKU om;rsm;onfaysmf&Tifcsrf;ajrUpGmjzifhqufvufía&yufupm;Mu jrwfausmf aMumif;od&onf/

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7

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

8 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

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urÇmausmt f Ed , d´ qm'l;Bu;D uG,v f eG f urÇmausmftdE´d,qm'l;*k½kBuD; pdkif;bmbmonf ,cktcg uG,fvGeftedpöa&mufcJh&SmNyDjzpfonf/ usef;rma&;azmufjyefcJhNyD; aemufta&;ay:toufu,fpepfjzifh24&ufMum toufquf cJah omfvnf; {Nyv D 24&ufaeYu uG,v f eG o f mG ;cJo h nf/ ¤if;\&ef yHkaiGjzifh t"duxlaxmifcJhonfh q&Dqufof,mpdkif;aq;ynm wuúov kd af q;½Hrk S q&m0efrsm;u *k½Bk u;D aoqH;k aMumif;owif;udk aMunmcJhonf/ pdkif;bmbmuG,fvGefonfhowif;udk Mum;odNyD; aemuf ¤if;tm;MunfndKav;pm;olajrmufjrm;pGmwdkYonf aq;½Hk teD;wGiNf ird o f ufpmG pk½;kH cJMh uonf/ q&m0efrsm;u twnfjyKajym aMunmcJch sed w f iG f vlaygif;ajrmufjrm;pGmu touf 84ESpt f &G,f *k½kBuD;twGuf 0rf;yrf;wenf;idka<u;cJhMuonf/ pdkif;bmbmonf ausmMf um;oljzpfNy;D ¤if;tm;aemufq;kH tBurd t f jzpfaMuuG0J rf;enf; pGmEIwq f ufrnfo h 6l oef;cef&Y EdS idk af Mumif;cefrY eS ;f xm;onf/ *k½Bk u;D pdkif;bmbmtm;{NyDv27&ufaeYwGiftpOftvmtwkdif; oN*ØKvf rnfjzpfonf/q&m0efrsm;u]]b*g0rfq&Dqufof,mpkdif;bmbm [m uReaf wmfweYkd w YJ w l q l ufr&Sad eawmhygbl;/ ol[m cE¨mud, k u f kd {Nyv D (24)&ufaeY reuf 7;40 em&DupGecYf mG oGm;cJyh gNy/D *k½Bk u;D [m ESvHk;a0'emeJYtedpöa&mufcJhwmjzpfygw,f}}[kaMunmcJhjcif;jzpf onf/¤if;onftouf½SLcufcJrIjywfvyfjcif;aMumifhuG,fvGefcJh onf/ umemwmum jynfe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU onf {NyDv 25? 26ESi2hf 7&ufaeYwu Ykd 0kd rf;enf;aMuuGzJ , G af eY&ufrsm;tjzpfowfrw S f ay;cJhNyD;0efBuD;csKyfrefrdk[efqif;ESifhtwkduftcHacgif;aqmif v,fvfc&pf&Sfemtuf'fAmeDwdkYu pdkif;bmbmuG,fvGefrItwGuf 0rf;enf;aMumif;toD;oD;aMunmcsux f w k jf yefcahJ Mumif;od&onf/ Source: IndianExpress

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

9

May- 4 to 10 -2011

10 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

May- 4 to 10 -2011

12 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

omoema&mif0gxGef;vif; wJh NrdKU ESpf(50)rSm rSwfwkdifawGrsm;pGmukd ckdifckdifrmrmpkdufxlEkdifcJhwJhq&mawmf . . .? a&T&wkwidk cf o hJ vkd omoemh0efaqmifrIjy,k*fawGvnf; a&Ttqif;vkd0if;tdawmufyaew,f . . .? NrdKUa&TrEÅvmajru pmaynDtpfukdawGukd rBuHKzl;wJh jrif;uGif;awGu cHpm;rIawGtvDvDjzpfapcJh . . .? ESpaf xmifq h ,fw h pfcEk pS f {NyDvxJrSm wef, Y ef;NrKd Uav;&JUaumif;uif,x H uf om"koHawGa0pnfcJhNyD.../ omaZmf (25-4-2011) wefY,ef;NrdKUa&mufcJhwJh trSwfw&...

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

q&mawmfavmif;vsmudk wefY ,ef;NrKd U&yfuu G (f 4)rSO;D vSa&T(ac:)p0f armifvHk(o'¨r®aZmwdu"Z)ESifha': ñGefYwdkYu 1961ck? arv (26)&uf nae 4;45 em&DtcsdefwGifzGm;jrifcJh onf/ zGm;jrifcsdefwGif rdk;xpfcsKef;&GmcJh Ny;D taemufbufaea&mifonfvnf; xGef;vif;onfhtjyif a&SUwef;xGuf rnfhppfom;rsm;vnf; rdk;cdk&if; tdrf atmufoaYkd &muf&adS ecJMh uonf/ i,f emrnfrmS tku d pf idk ;f (c)pdik ;f ode;f vGijf zpf NyD; tpfrrSm eef;Munfodef;jzpfonf/ wef, Y ef;NrKd UwGio f wårwef;atmif jrifcJhNyD; t|rwef;? e0rwef;? 'or wef;udk arNrdKU(jyifOD;vGif)trSwf(4) ausmif;wGiaf tmifjrifco hJ nf/ 197980wGif rEÅav;a'oaumvdyf ocsmF odyb HÜ momjzifh yxrESpw f ufco hJ nf/ aEG&moDausmif;ydwcf sed w f iG f ausmufrJ NrdKUe,f? em;ac:aus;&GmwGif ]&Srf;pm} ]r}ig;vH;k oifwef;q&mjyKvyk cf o hJ nf/ yxrESpf twef;wifpmar;yGJ atmifNy;D 'DZifbmausmif;ydw&f uft wGi;f wefaqmifrek ;f vjynfah eYü (45) &uf ' k v ’ b &[ef ; cH & mrS omoemh abmiftwGi;f odaYk &muf&v dS mcJjh cif;jzpf onf/ crnf;awmfur®|mef;q&mBuD; OD;vSa&TxHrS(5)ESpfwkdifwkdif 0dyóem w&m;udkqnf;yl;cJhNyD; oufawmf&Snf vG,f[ef;q&mawmfOD;y@0tm; a0 ,sm0pöjyKco hJ nf/ q&mawmfBu;D ysv H eG f awmfrlNyD;aemuf anmifa&TNrdKU omo emh0yd v k a&T*pl moifwu dk w f iG f y&d,wåd pmayrsm;udk (6)ESpq f nf;yl;cJNh y;D yxr BuD;wef;udk atmifjrifawmfrlcJhonf/ 1991-98wGif &efukefNrdKU? urÇm at;? Ek d i f i H a wmf y &d , wå d o moemh wuúov kd o f w Ykd ufa&mufcNhJy;D wuúov kd f y&d,wådpmayrsm;oif,lum wuúoD v"r® m p&d , B.A(Buddhism) bG J U ? wuúov D r[m"r®mp&d, M.A(Buddhism) bGJUudkqGwfcl;cJhonf/ 19992000 jynfEh pS w f iG f oD&v d uFmEkid if (H oD [dVk )f ? udv k b H NkdrKd U? auvPD,swuúov kd f odkYwufa&mufum M.A bGJUudk&&SdcJh onf/ c&pf 2000jynfEh pS w f iG f rlq,f NrKd U vG,w f ed cf rf;ausmif;xkid q f &mawmf jzpfvmonf/ 2007ckEpS w f iG f Ekid if aH wmf rS ur®|mep&d,bJUG qufuyfco hJ nf/

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

14 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

pmrsufESm(14)rS tquf wef, Y ef;NrKd Uuav;\yGaJ ps;wef;av;udk MunfhNyD;rS ausmif;aqmifodkYjyefíem; jzpfawmhonf/ ar;ar;jref;jref; ]wefY,ef;} rEÅav;rSmwkef;u q&mawmf\ ]]a&T&wkarG;aeYzdwfpmo0PfvTm}}udk cPrQomMunfh½IcGifh&aomaMumifh vkdufomvkdufcJh&onf/ q&mawmf\ yGu J b,fob Ykd ,fyq kH w kd m a&a&&m&m rodcJh/ wefY,ef;a&mufrSomMum;od orQyGJpOfawGudk ar;&awmhonf/ q&mawmftm; BudKqdkylaZmfjcif; {NyD 24&uf? we*FaEGaeY wGif awmifwef;omoemjyK q&mawmft &SifokcrdEÅ(pyfqkcrf;)tm;BudKqdkyGJt crf;tem;ESi"hf r®*P k &f nfrck Of ;D ? a&T&wk ausmif;aqmifEiS Ahf 'k t ¨ Ekynmjycef;zGihf yGu J u kd si;f yjyKvyk cf o hJ nf/yGu J si;f yonfh ausmif;yk&0kPw f iG f yGaJ ps;wef;Bu;D yrm pnfum;íaeonf/ &Sifavmif;0wf xm;aom uav;i,frsm;rSm "r®*kPf &nfausmif;0if;twGi;f jynfí fh aeonf/ rkcOf ;D ta&SU&Sd rk;d ysyH al ygif;rsm;ESihf vly&d owftm;vHk;\0wfqifrIrsm;rSm t0g a&mifjzpfum a&Ttqif;yrm 0if;td aeonf/ uav;i,frsm;u tp tm; vH;k aomolrsm;\rsuEf mS rSm MunfE;l rI tjynfhESifhq&mawmfudk BudKqdkaeMu onf/ aumif;uifwpfcGifvHk; tHkYqkdif;rIH &Díaeonf/ &Gmrvdkrdk;u wpfayguf ESpaf ygufusvmNy/D wjznf;jznf;ESirhf ;kd uonf;vmonf/ BudKqdkMuaomvl rsm;rSm vlpkuGJíroGm;Mu/ xD;ryg aomjrifuGif;uae wpfa,mufcsif xD;awGuay;Muum rkcfOD;a&SUrSvrf; wpfavQmufvHk; xD;awGeJYBudKqdkrIjzpf oGm;Muonf/ tcsdKUrSmvnf; xD;ryg bJ q&mawmfa&T&wktrSww f &OD;xkyf udkaqmif;vsuf a&pdkcHumBudKqdkae Muonf/ &Sr;f tk;d pnfo?H armif;oH? , uGi;f oHEiS hf ]aemifaAaemif}toHrsm;u rk;d xufb0*fnv H aYkd eovdk tkypf v k u dk f vufcsdK;uaeaom &Srf;wkdif;&if;ol trsKd ;orD;rsm;\uuGuEf iS yhf w D jd zpfp&m jrifuiG ;f / 'g,dum? 'g,dumrwd\ Yk BuKd qdrk o I '´gpGr;f tm;uvnf; tHrh cef;zG,f yif/ rkd;onf;&mrS rkd;jyefpJoGm;onf/ q&mawmfa&mufvmzdkY eD;vmacsNyD/ um;wef;rsm;udk cyfa&;a&;jrifawGUae Mu&NyD/ rkcfOD;em;rSzJBudK;udkiftzGJUrsm; tqifhoifhtaetxm; jzpfaeMuNyD/ ]aemifaAaemif}toH ydu k s,v f movdk trsdK;om;rsm;\ ykcHk;xufrS armif&Sif avmif;av;rsm;\ vufudkify0gESpf xnfESifh vufqefYwef;uaeMuonf rSmvnf;pnf;csun f v D o S nf/ wkid ;f &if; om;wd\ Yk nDñw G rf jI y,k*u f txifom; ay:vGiv f \ S / q&mawmfzGifhvSpfay;rnfh rkcfOD; em;od k Y q &mawmf a &muf v macsNyD / reufuwnf;u wtHt Yk EYkH iS &hf mG aeaom rdk;u acwårQ&yfwefYoGm;onf/ q&m awmfu rkcfOD;zJBudK;udkzGifhvSpfzdkYuwf aMu;udk,ludkifvdkufpOfrSmyJ reufu

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

wnf;urawGU&onfh ol&d,aerif; onf ta&mifjyif;jyif;ESit hf vif;pvku d f xkd;vmonf/ &Srf;wkdif;&if;om;rsm;\ aemifah AaemiftoHrsm;vnf; ydí k ydí k wefydkjrifhvmonf/ ykcHk;xufrSarmif &Sifavmif;rsm;vnf;ydkíwuf<uvm onf/ rk;d ysyH al ygif;rsm;onfwpfv;kH jcif; cGJxGufí txuf&yfqDodkYwvGifhvGifh vl;vsuf ysHwufoGm;Muonf/ vrf;ab;0J,mü q&mawmfukd zl;arQmfaeMuaom 'g,dum? 'g,dum rrsm;\rsufESmxufwGif MunfEl;&dyf rsm;ydkíykdí yDjyifaeMuonf/ tBuKd rck Of ;D zGiNhf y;D onfEiS ahf usmif; wku d af &SUwGi&f adS om "r®*P k &f nfrck Of ;D udk qufvufzGifhvSpfonf/ xdkzGifhyGJ wGiv f nf; xl;qef;rI wpfcu k t kd rSw&f & owdxm;rdvkdufMuonf/ tBud K rk c f O D ; zG i f h vS p f p Of u ay:xGuv f maom ol&, d aerif;onf acwå r Q uG , f a ysmuf u m "r®*kPf&nfrkcfOD;zGifhvSpfcsdefü 'kwd, tBurd f jyefvnf ay:vmcJjh yefygonf/ q&mawmf\p&Ptm;? oDv? orm"d? ynm*kPf txl;xl;wdkYaMumifhjzpfvdrfh rnfxifonf/ rkcfOD;zGifhNyD;onfESifh rdk; uwzGzJ JG wpdrphf rd jhf yefusvmonf/ BuKd qdo k nfyh &dowfrsm;rSm rarmryef; t NyHK;yef;wdkYjzifh yDwdawGa0aeMuonf/ qufvufí Ak'¨tEkynmjycef; udk wpfqufwnf; zGiv hf pS cf o hJ nf/ a&T &wkyw JG iG f a&T&wkausmif;aqmifygzGihf vSpfcJhNyD; wefY,ef;NrdKUav;\a&Tt&dyf ta&mifrsm;NyKd ;NyKd ;jyufjyufxif[yfvYkd aeonf/ &Srf;awmifolawG&JUtvSL ]]wpfrl;&vdkY wpfyJvSL? 'dkY&Srf; awmifol wlEidk ½f ;kd vm;}}qdo k nfh pum; yHu k kd wef, Y ef;NrKd U a&T&wkobifEiS &hf iS jf yK tvSLawmfyu JG oufaoxlvsu&f adS y onf/ {NyD 26&ufaeYwGif reufcif; wGif &Siaf vmif;(128)yg;u r[mjrwfrek d bk&m;0if;twGi;f vSnv hf nf&ef jyifqif aeMuavNyD/ q&mawmfBuKdqdkonfh aeYu a&T&wkobiftxdrf;trSwft aeESifh &Sifavmif;tm;vHk; a&T0ga&mif wxdefxdefESifh? y&dowfrsm;uvnf; a&T0ga&mifwpfu, kd v f ;kH qifjref;vdYk jrif uGi;f rSmxl;jcm;íaeonf/ onfuaeY &Siaf vmif;vSnyhf w JG iG f armif&iS af vmif; wpfcsKd UrSm tjzL? tjympaom&Siaf vmif; 0wfprkH sm;yg0wfqifMuonf/ajrjyefv Y kd r[kwb f &J iS af vmif;r0wfcif uwnf; uqHcsxm;um&Siaf vmif;wd\ Yk OD;acgif; udkydwfjzLav;ESifhywfxm;wmudkawGU Mu&onf/Nird o f ufae&mrS&rS ;f tk;d pnf oH]aemifah Aaemif}toHrmS ydí k us,v f m ovdk armif&Sifavmif;rsm;vnf;ycHk; xufwiG t f pDt&Djzpfaeavonf/ xl;jcm;onfrSm&Srf;BuD;carmuf ESifh&Srf;tkd;pnfwD;yHkrSm ajrjyefYwGifjrif &cJaomjrifuGif;jzpfí ajrjyefYuvm aom rdrw d w Ykd pfawGrmS Muufo;D rsm;yif xvmcJhonf/ rmefygaom&Srf;BuD;tkd; pnfwD;[efrSm ycHk;xufrSarmif&Sif

avmif;av;rsm;\vufvyI u f [efEiS hf pnf;csun f v D o S nf/ armif&iS af vmif; tzGJUrsm;u "r®*kPf&nf&dyfomr[m jrwfrkedbk&m;BuD;udk vuf,m&pfywf ívSnfhvnfaeMuonf/ q&mawmf ESifhtzGJUuawmh ]]a0oEÅ&mpwdk;}}zGifh vSpfívSL'gef;zdkY&m qufvufxGufcGm oGm;MuavNyD/ a0oEÅ&mpwdk; ]a0oEÅ&m}pwdk;qdkwJhemrnfu xl;qef;íaeonf/ ]'Dpwk;d qkid u f ESpf &ufxt J jywfa&mif;ypfrmS }[k a':eef; MunfMunfoed ;f uajymonf/ ydí k ydí k pdwf0ifpm;vmcJhonf/ qkdifay:wGif bk&m;qif;wkawmfrsm;? qkdifu,fESihf vlo;kH ukeyf pön;f rsm;pHv k ifvo S nf/ t qdyk gpwk;d qkid u f zkd iG v hf pS cf w hJ m6Burd w f idk f cJhNyD[kqdkonf/ wpfESpfvQif 2&ufjzifh tjywfa&mif;csaomqkdifjzpf\/ ajr jyefu Y pma&;wHrzJ iG ahf zmufjcif;ESiw hf \ l / odkYaomfvnf; ajrjyefYrSmvdk oHCm awmfawGcsn;f r[kw?f oDv&Sirf sm;? vl rsm;tm;vH;k ESio hf ufqidk o f nf/ rnfol rqdk rJwpfrJa&G;cs,fEdIufcGifh&Sdonf/ a&mif;onf[w k ifpm;ac:a0:aomfjim; tvum; ay;a0iSaom ]a0oEÅ&m pwd;k }yg/ q&mawmfpyfqck rf;\w&m; yGJrsm;wGif ]a0oEÅ&mpwdk;}tpDtpOf twGuf vSL'gef;xm;rIrsm;udk q&m awmf\ arG;aeYwGif pepfwus rJpepf jzifh ay;a0vSL'gef;jcif;jzpfaMumif;od& onf/ wefzdk;tm;jzifh usyfodef; 100 ausmzf ;kd &Sad Mumif;od&onf/ ]a0oEÅ&m pwdk;}}zGifhvSpfvSL'gef;jcif;udk {NyD 25 &ufaeY? 10em&DwiG f zGiyhf t JG crf;tem; udzk iG v hf pS cf NhJ y;D ; a':eef;MunfMunfoed ;f uvnf; vnfqGJwpfuHk;udkxnfh0if vSL'gef;cJo h nf/ qkid u f ,f? vnfq?JG qGJ oD;? wDA?D a&TqzH ?d a&TqBJG uKd ;tygt0if qkrJBuD; 14rJyg0ifonf/ aysmf&Tifp&mvnf;aumif;aom yGJwpfyGJjzpfNyD; oHCmawmfrsm;rSm bD; rsm;ESifhuav;um;p&m a*smuf*suf? Adkvfr½kyfrsm;&&SdoGm;MuaomaMumifh vnf; ydí k aysmpf &mjzpfco hJ nf/ rEÅav; rSpme,fZif;ESiu hf t kd ek ;f aiGwt Ykd zGUJ tyg t0if 14OD;twGuf rJuv kd nf; udt k ek ;f aiGuOD;aqmifum wpfaygif;xJ,lcJh onf/ ZvH?k carmuf? yvyfpwpfcu G ?f a*smuf*suEf iS v hf ufqt JG w d Ef iS b hf ;D rsm; rJaygufcJhonf/ yxraeYwGif qkBuD; rsm;raygufbJ {NyD 26&ufaeYrSom qkid u f ,fru J kd ][d&k }&GmrStrsKd ;orD;i,f wpfO;D uuHx;l cJah Mumif;od&onf/ azsmfajzrIESifhyGJaps;wef; yJGawmf&uftwGif; oDaygNrdKUu emrnfBuD;ZmwftzGJUjzpfaomarmuf uGrfwkdif;(ac:)&Srf;cs,f&DZmwfyGJrSm ukov kd jf zpfvma&mufazsmaf jzMuonf/ aw;*DwtzGJUrSm &Srf;aw;oH&Sif 60 ausmf vma&mufazsmaf jzcJMh uygonf/ pkid ;f qkid af rm0f?pkid ;f avm0fqidk ?f pkid ;f atmif xD;crf;?pkid ;f vdw?f pkid ;f uyfqidk ?f pkid ;f pdr;f [ef? pkid ;f qkid pf rG zf ?pkid ;f qkid pf rG af rm0f?pkid ;f azmifh pkid rf ed ;f ?eef;eef;?eef;EGraf rm0f?eef;qm&m?

eef;rkrd cdk rf;at;?eef;csKd ,rk rhf eG ;f paom&Sr;f wkid ;f &if;om;emrnfBu;D tqkad wmfrsm; ygí {NyD26&ufaeY nykdif; azsmfajzcJh aompwdw½f ;dI azsmaf jzrIuvnf;ZmwfyJG ESifhtwl rkd;tvif;azsmfajzcJhMuonf/ "r®*P k &f nf&yd o f mESihf wef, Y ef;aps;rSm ra0;aomaMumifh a&T&wkyGJaps;wef; ESifhwefY,ef;NrdKUpnfyifom,maps;rSm vnf; pnfpnfum;um;jzifha&mif;cs ae&onf/ &Sr;f ½d;k &mt0wftxnfrsm; tjyif ,d;k ',m;ypön;f rsm;yg{nfo h nf rsm;u0,f,laeMuonf/ rlq,fwGifusif;yrnfh a&T&wkyGJ wefY,ef;NrdKUwGifusif;yaom a&T &wkyGJudk q&mawmft&SifokcrdE´(pyf qkcrf;)ausmif;xkid af om rlq,fNrKd UwGif vnf; a&T&wkobifuu kd si;f yoGm;rnf jzpfaMumif;od&onf/ wef, Y ef;NrKd UwGif usif;yaomq&mawmf\a&T&wkyGJrSm arG;aeYxufwpfvapmí q&mawmf pyfqck rf;\Zmwdcsuaf <uarG;&yfajrwGif usif;ycJhjcif;jzpfonf/ rlq,fNrdKUwGif usif;yaomaeY&ufrSm q&mawmf\

15

arG;aeYESifhukdufnDaom aeY&ufwGif usif;yjcif;jzpfaMumif;od&ygonf/ wefY,ef;NrdKUwGifusif;youJhodkY arv 24&ufwGifa&T&wkyGJawmfzGifhvSpfjcif; ESihf Ak't ¨ Ekynmjycef;zGiv hf pS jf cif;? ar v 25&ufaeYwGif a0oEÅ&mpwdk; zGifh vSpv f LS 'gef;jcif;? arv 26&ufaeYwiG f a&pufcsvSL'gef;jcif;wdkYudkusif;yoGm; rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ rlq,fNrdKU vG,w f ed cf rf;bk&m;ausmif;wGiu f si;f y rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ rdrdwdkYwpfawGrawGUzl;? rjrifzl; aomwkid ;f &if;om;wd\ Yk csppf zG,"f avh p½kdufrsm;aMumifhq&mawmf\a&T&wk obifyGJrSm rEÅav;uvmaomrdrdwdkY twGuftopftqef;jzpfcJhonfrSm aocsmygonf/awmifwef;omoem jyKq&mawmfpyfqck rf;\a&T&wkobif yGo J nfwefU,ef;NrKd Uav;ESit hf wlawmif wef;a'orsm;ay:wGio f moemhatmifvH vGifhxlEkdifcJhaom aeY&ufrsm;yifjzpfyg awmhonf/ omaZmf

May- 4 to 10 -2011

16 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

17

May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

crf;em;aomtjyiftqifrsm;jzifU tdrfwpfvHk;uJUodkhcHpm;&rnfU ta0;ajy; ZdrfcHbwfpfum; tcsdefMumjrifhpGm armfawmfum;jzifh c&D;oGm;vm&onfhtcg toH;k jyKonfU,mOfonf oufaomifo h ufom&S&d efvt kd yfygonf/ ta0;ajy;tjrefum;vdik ;f rsm;onfvnf; c&D;onfrsm;oufaomifh oufomc&D;oGm;vmEkid &f ef tNyKd it f qkid 0f efaqmifrrI sm;ay;avh&dS Muonf/ odkYaomf pD;eif;csdefMumonfESifhtrQ tenf;ESifhtrsm; anmif;nmyifyef;jcif;udak wmh cHpm;&rnfom/ tu,fí rdrt d rd f wGif oufaomifo h ufomaeouJo h Ykd aexkid &f if; vd&k mc&D;udak &muf &SEd idk rf nfqv kd Qif tvGeyf iftqifajyZdru f srnfch &D;jzpfrnfr[kwyf g vm;/ xdu k o hJ Ykd tdrrf mS ae&if; vd&k mc&D;udak &muf&EdS ikd rf nfq h E´rsm;udk jznfq h nf;ay;Ekid rf nfZh rd cf H bwfpu f m;Bu;D rsm;trSew f u,fyif&ydS g onf/ zavmf&'D gtajcpdu k 'f ZD idk ;f ESihf tqifjh rifjh yifqifa&;vkyif ef; Millennium rS atmf'grSm,lEkdifaom ZdrfcHbwfpfum;BuD;rsm;wGif *&dwfEkdifausmufrsm;jzifh tvSqifxm;aomeH&HESihfMurf;cif;? crf; em;aomv,fomxkid cf rkH sm;ESi{hf nfch ef;? ief&Y iS ;f oyf&yfaomrD;zdck ef;? uGeyf sLwmpm;yG?J a&csKd ;cef;? tdro f mESichf rf;em;vSyaomtdycf ef;wdYk yg0ifonf/ Millennium rSjyifqifzefw;D xm;aom Zdrc f b H wfpu f m;Bu;D rsm; rSm cef;em;aomtjyiftqif? jynfph akH omypön;f ypö,rsm;jzifh oifh tdrw f iG f oufaomiho fh ufomem;ae&if; vd&k mc&D;udak &muf&v dS &kd m c&D;udo k mG ;a&mufvo kd nfq h E´rsm;udk jynf0h atmifaqmifusO;f ay; ygvdrrhf nf/ Source:izismile.com

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,lu&def;rS uav;tarG;EkdifqHk;rdcif uav;ta,muf20ajrmufuav;arG;zGm; touf 41ESpft&G,f ,lu&def;EkdifiHol trsdK;orD; Leonora Nameni onf 20a,mufajrmufuav;udkarG;zGm;cJhonfhtwGuf ,lu&de;f Ekid if w H iG f uav;tarG;Ekid q f ;kH rdcifjzpfvmcJah Mumif;a'o wGif;owif;Xmersm;uazmfjycJhonf[k od&Sd&onf/ q&m0efu arG;zGm;vmaomom;a,musfm;av;ESifhrdcifyg usef;rma&;aumif;rGefaMumif;ajymMum;cJhygonf/ touf 21ESpf wGiftdrfaxmifuscJhNyD; ,cktcsdefwGif touf 41ESpft&G,f&SdNyD jzpfaom uav;rdcifjzpfol Leonora u olrtaejzifh uav;,l jcif;udk&yfwefYrSmr[kwfbJ aemufxyfuav;xyf,lzdkYtpDtpOf&Sd ygw,f[kajymMum;cJhonf/ om; 10a,muf orD; 10a,mufEiS t hf wl Leonora wdrYk o d m; pkBu;D onf ,lu&de;f Ekid if t H aemufbuf&dS aus;&Gmav;wpf&mG wGif aexkdifaMumif; Ukranews owif;0ufbfqkdufuazmfjycJhygonf/ rdom;pkxJwGiftBuD;qHk;om;jzpfol Jonathan onf touf 20&SdNyDjzpfum tdrfaxmifusNyD;jzpfygonf/ usef&Sdaomom;orD; rsm;xJrS 6a,mufrmS tvkyu f , kd pf &D MdS uNy;D 8a,mufrmS ausmif;ae t&G,frsm;jzpfMuonf/ usefuav; 6a,mufrSm rlBudKt&G,fjzpf aMumif;od&Sd&onf/ rdbESpfyg;pvHk;rSmvnf; BuD;rm;aomrdom;pkrsm;rSqif;ouf vmMuolrsm;jzpfNy;D zcifjzpfol Janos Nameni wGif nDtpfuakd rmif

ESr 16a,muf&Sdum rdcifjzpfol Leonora wGif armifESr 14 a,muf&Sdonf/ ¤if;wdkYrdom;pkBuD;wGif v,f{utenf;i,f&SdNyD uav;rsm; ESifhtwl vkyfudkifMuonf/ rdbESpfyg;onf ¤if;wdkY\uav;rsm; tm; aumif;rGefaomynma&;eJY ½dk;&m"avhrsm;udkav;pm;wwf atmifoifMum;ay;aMumif;od&onf/ Source:Xinhua

*syefivsifESifU qlemrDaMumifU aoqHk;cJUolwdkhtm; aemufqHk;tBudrf&SmazG *syefEikd if w H iG f rwfv(11)&ufaeYu vIycf wfco hJ nfih vsiBf u;D jzpfay:cJhonfh qlemrDa&vdIif;rsm;twGif; aoqHk;cJholrsm;\½kyf tavmif;rsm;udk aemufqHk;tokwf&SmazGrIjyKvkyfcJhaMumif;od& onf/ &JESifhppfom;&maygif;rsm;pGmwdkYonf qlemrDvdIif;'Pfoifh a'orsm;&Sd use&f adS eaomtysut f pD;rsm;Mum;wGif pm&if;aysmuf aeolrsm;\ tavmif;rsm;udk {NyDv (25)&ufaeYupwifNyD; ydkuf pdyfwkduf&SmazGvsuf&SdaMumif; AP owif;|meuazmfjycJhonf/ ajymufusm;0wfpHk0wfwyfzGJUrsm;onf ,EÅ&m;BuD;rsm;udkyg toHk; jyKNyD; tysuftpD;rsm;udk z,f&Sm;cJhonf/ {NyDv (25)&ufaeYu &pfuZl mefwmumwmNrKd UwGif aemufxyftavmif;(27)avmif;udk jyefvnf&&Scd o hJ nf/ xdyk rmPonf Ny;D cJo h nfo h w D if;ywfrsm;tvdu k f ysr;f rQawGU&Sd rIxuf ydkrsm;vsuf&Sdonf/ ,cktcg*syefppfom; 25000cefYonf ESpf&ufMumjyKvkyfrnfhtBuD;pm;&SmazGrIrsm;twGuf yl;aygif;yg0if cJjh cif;jzpfonf/ jyif;tm;tqif&h pfcsw f mpau;(9.0)&Sad omivsif Bu;D onf &pfuZl efwmumwmESit hf eD;w0du k u f q kd ;kd &Gm;pGmysupf ;D ap cJo h nf/ ,cktcsed x f d vlaygif; 11000ausmaf ysmufq;kH aeNy;D 14000 ausmfaoqHk;aMumif;twnfjyKaMunmxm;onf/ NrdKUawmf0ef zl

wdk&SDwdkbmu NrdKUawmfcef;rwGifrdef;cGef;ajymMum;cJh&m NrdKUcHjynfol use&f pforl o d m;pkrsm;twGuf wwfprG ;f oíBuKd ;yrf;ay;oGm;rnf[k uwdjyKxm;onf/ vuf&SdwGif jyefvnf&&Sdxm;aom tavmif; rsm;rSm rnfonfhEkdifiHom;jzpfonf/ rnfolrnf0gjzpfonfudk rcGJ jcm;Ekid af o;[ko&d onf/ &Jrsm;u ,cifu&SmazGcNhJ y;D jzpfaomae&m wpfcw k iG f Bu;D rsm;aomcHBk u;D wpfcak tmufyn d yfaeonfh trsKd ;orD; wpfO;D \ ½kyt f avmif;udv k nf; {Nyv D 25&ufaeYu azmfxw k af wGU &SdcJhaMumif;ajymqkdoGm;onf/ Source:Online WSJ

May- 4 to 10 -2011

20 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23 SHADE *sme,f? twGJ rSmvm;? qHk;jzwfNyD;armif;&yg (5) trSwf 20? 2011ckEpS f {NyD w,f/ bmaMumifhvJqdkawmh v 6&uf? Ak'[ ¨ ;l aeYxw k u f zkd wf avqdyfra&mucif wpfrkdif &if;u 0w¬Kwdkav;wpfyk'fa&; avmufxu J qkid ;f bkwv f rf;ñTef Ny;D trnfay;xm;wJh pmrlav; awGjyxm;w,f/ ]]qdkufa&muf wpfapmifeJYwkdufwkdufqkdifqkdif cef;rodkY}}? ]]xGufcGgcef;rodkY}}qdk jzpfaeygw,f/ 0w¬Kwdkav;udk wmawGvrf;ñTex f m;w,f/ tJ trnfay;xm;wmu ]]tjyef 'Dvrf;ñTecf suaf wGeaYJ rmif;rS vdk tjyef tjyefvm;uG,fh...t &mae&mudk wdwdususrSefrSef oGm; toGm; toGm;ygAsdKU}}jzpf uefuef? jrefjrefqefqefa&muf ygw,f/ SHADE *sme,fxu J w,f/ tcsdefukefoufom? ½Iyf wuú o d k v f a wZmvif ; wif j y axG;rIawG uif;a0;ygw,f/ xm;wJh yef;&nfbPfwkdufESifh av,mOf0ifcsdef? xGufcsdefawG wuúov kd pf ed w f if aqmif;yg;udk uvnf; wdusreS u f efvw S ,f/ zwf&awmhrS q&mwuúodkvf tcsdefem&Dudk odyftav;xm; pdew f ifu 2011ckEpS ?f atmuf w,f/ wdkbmvxkwf uvsmr*¾Zif; puFmylu vufzuf&nf trSwf 120rS 'Dacgif;pOfeJYa&; qkdifawGrSm BudwfBudwfwdk;pnf om;cJhaMumif;od&ygw,f/ um;aewm? xkdifaewm wpf q&mawmfwuúodkvfaw qkdifrSr&Sdygbl;/ vufzuf&nf Zmvif;udak us;Zl;wifryd gw,f/ azsmfwmudkapmifh,laeol 3? 4 uarÇmZbPf? ½dk;rbPf? jr0 OD; qkid x f rJ mS xkid af ewm 1OD;? 2 wDbPfawGtaMumif;ra&;bJ OD;yJawGw,f/ vufzuf&nfqidk f ysm;&nfbPfwkduftaMumif; ydik &f iS w f pfO;D udk pyfpNk y;D ar;Munfh a&;rqH;k vdaYk us;Zl;wif&wmyg? w,f/ a&mif;vdkYaumif;&JUvm; [kwfvnf;[kwfygw,f/ ysm; vlvnf;r&Syd ghvm;/ 'Dawmhqidk f &nf b Pf w k d u f t aMumif ; u &Sifujyefajzw,f/ wdkYqDrSm a&;rqHk;atmifygyJ/ A[kokw vufzuf&nfxidk af omufzt Ykd csed f awG&ovdk &oawGvnf;cHpm; r&Mubl;/ vufzuf&nfut kd w d f &ygw,f/ ysm;&nfbPfwkduf eJx Y nfv h rf;avQmuf&if;ydu k w f yf oDcsif;xJu ]]tjyef tjyef t NyD; aomufMuw,f/ um;rSwf jyefvm;uG,.f ..toGm; toGm; wkdifrSm um;apmifh&if;rwfwyf toGm;ygAsKd U}}qdw k o hJ cD si;f pmom; aomufMuw,fwJh/ vufzuf av;[m oDqdkvdkYtmawGUvS &nfqkdif TV awmhwkd;wkd;zGifh ovdk t"dyÜg,fvnf;tawmf xm;w,f/ uufqufus,u f s,f us,fjyefYygw,f/ uRefawmfht b,fqkdifrSrzGifhMubl;/ wdwf awGUtBuKH eYJ wku d q f idk v f aYkd &;csif qdwaf ew,f/ wpfcsKd U1a,muf rdwmu'Dvdkyg.../ 2a,mufqkdifxJrSm vufzuf pifumylEikd if H cse*f t D jynf &nfaomuf&if; em;Mu? pmzwf jynf q k d i f & mavqd y f B uD ; [m aeMuw,f/ vufzuf&nfqkdif av,mOfawGwufMu? qif;Mu? yd k i f & S i f u ajymw,f / a&mif ; &yfem;Muwm[m ysm;awGeyYJ sm; aumif;ygw,f/ em;&w,foyd f tHkBuD;vdkygyJ/ avqdyfxJuvl r&Sdbl;wJh/ (aMomf...puFmyl awGqw kd mvnf; &Gmubke;f Bu;D vufzuf&nfqkdifawG oem; d w f m)/ ysHwdkYbk&m;wdkYxuf trsm;BuD; p&m? ysi;f p&maumif;vku SHADE *sme,fxJrSmyJ pnfum;aeygw,f/ csef*Dav qdyBf u;D xJrmS qd&k if aeY&,f? n pma&;q&m at;a&T(auwkr &,fvdkYawmifcGJjcm;zdkYcufvSyg wD)u a'goudkzHk;zHk;zdzdeJYa&; f rkd av;pm; w,f/ puFmylEidk if x H 0J ifvmMu xm;wmu ]]tcsed u k ahJ cgif; olawG puFmylEkdifiHuxGufcGm vltrsm;&JUMum;xJrmS }}qdw oGm;olawG? av,mOfwaxmuf pOfeYJ vuform;q&mtcsed f em em;NyD; av,mOfajymif;pD;ol &Drav;pm;vdYk BuKH &awGU&yHak v; awGeYJ tNrrJ jywf Buw d Bf uw d w f ;kd oifcef;pm&zdkY? qifjcif;MuzdkY pnfum;aewmyg/ puFmylEidk if H owday;pm;av;a&;xm;w,f/ kH idk w f ?Ydk tuscÐ sKyq f idk w f ?Ydk rSm csef*DavqdyfxJum;armif; "mwfyq oGm;r,fq&kd if avqdyrf a&muf em&Djyifqkdif? TVjyifqkdif? uGef rDcyfa0;a0;xJuqHk;jzwfcsuf ysLwmrdwLå qkid af wG&ufcsed ;f ay; wpfcu k kd ckid cf ikd rf mrmcsxm;&yg Muw,f/ rSefrSefuefuefwdwd w,f/ avqdyf&JUxGufcGmcef;r ususr&SdMuwmrsm;w,f/ 'D ('Dygcsm)udkoGm;rSmvm;? (jyef awmhwjznf;jznf;rdwfysuf? pD; r,fo h u l v kd u kd yf w Ykd mqd&k if)xGuf yGm;ysuMf u&w,f/ vlawGvuf cGmcef;raygh/ avqdy&f u J qdu k f ywfem&Dudk,fpDywfxm;Muay a&mufcef;r(a&mufvmr,fo h l r,fh tcsdefeJYem&Dudkrav;pm; udkBudKrSmqdkwmrsdK;)u qkduf Mubl;/ wpfcsdKUrsm; tcsdefawG a&mufcef;r(t½ku d Af ,f)udo k mG ; ydkvdkYqdkNyD; vufzuf&nfqkdifxJ

wmavNrKd eY ,fct JG wGif ivsif'PfoifUolrsm;tm; tvSLaiGESifUypönf;rsm;vSL'gef;ay;tyfyGJ tcrf;tem;usif;yNyD;pD; rSmxkdifaeMuw,f/ wu,f awmh vlYb0oufwrf;qdkwm umvwdkwdkav;yg/ vkyfp&m tvkyfawGutrsm;BuD;yg/ rdk; avomcdu k ?f aqmif,v l u kd Mf u qkdovdk tcsdef&SdcdkufvHkYvpdkuf EkdifrS awmf½HkMuygw,f/ ysm; &nf bPfwu dk o f cD si;f xJuysm; av;awGudk twk,lzdkYaumif; vSygw,f/ puFmyla&muf jrefrmt awmfrsm;rsm; t<um;oefMuyg w,f/ jrefrmjynfu aqGrsdK; om;csif;? rdwfaqG? cspfol? ZeD; cifyeG ;f awGqD tqifajyaMumif; oufoufomomvky&f aMumif; ola|;u ta&;ay;cifrifyg aMumif; "mwfyHkawGudk½dI;trsdK; rsdK;eJY½dkufjyNyD; <um;Muavh&Sdyg w,f/ wu,fawmh puFmyl wpfEidk if v H ;kH olwEYkd idk if o H m;awG a&mjynfyuvmvkyfMuwJh EP ynmwwfvlwef;pm;a&m WP tvkyform;tvkyfygrpfeJYvkyf &olawGa&m oufomwJv h w l pf a,mufrSr&Sdygbl;/ jrefrmawG trsm;pkpuFmylrSm ydk;vkd;yuf vufvef? rsufjzLpdkufjym,m cyfNyD; tarmpdkYaeMuwmyg/ jyefcsifMuvGef;vdkY jyef&r,fht csdefawGvufcsdK;a&wGufaeMu wmyg/ 'gayr,fh a&;awmhajym awmh t<um;av;eJY[efav;eJY 'Dawmhvnf; trSerf odtm;us olawGu puFmylEkdifiHxJwzGJzGJ 0ifvmMuygw,f/ puFmylrSm aeMuolawGu rsuv f ;kH jyL;vQm xGufcgjyefxGufMuw,f/ 'g aMumifh puFmylcse*f aD vqdyrf mS tjyef tjyef tjyefvm;uG,fh? toGm; toGm; toGm;ygAsdKUvdkY qd&k avmufatmifjrifaeawGUae &ygw,f/ puFmylrSm vufywfem&D rMunf&h b J ;l / Munfv h u dk rf w d idk ;f pdk;wxdwfxdwf&ifarm&w,f/ vkyfp&m&r,fhtvkyfeJY tcsdef em&DrrQrw? ravmufriSjzpf w,f/ bmrqdktajy;tvTm;? pm;okwfokwf? vmokwfokwf? oGm;okwfokwf? tajy;tvTm; vIy&f mS ;&w,f/ puFmylrmS tcsed f ravmufvYkd &Ekid w f t hJ vkyaf wG udk wpfcsed x f rJ mS wGv J yk &f w,f/

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&Srf;jynfe,f(ta&SUydkif;) wmcsDvdwfc½dkif? wmavNrdKUe,fcGJ twGif; ivsif'PfoifhcHMu&aom vkyfom;jynfolrsm;tm; jynf axmifpBk uUH ckid af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwDA[d|k mecsKy?f jynfe,f? c½dik Nf rKd U e,f? &yfuGufaus;&Gmtkyfpkrsm;rS ygwD0ifrsm;ESifh apwem&Sifvkyf om;jynfolrsm;u tvSLaiGESifhypönf;rsm;vSL'gef;ay;tyfyGJtcrf; tem;udk 2011ckESpf? {NyD 6&uf? eHeuf 8em&Dtcsdefu wmavNrdKU e,fcJG jynfaxmifpBk uUH cdik af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwD½;kH taqmuftOD;ü usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonf/ tcrf;tem;odYk &Sr;f jynfe,f vm;[lwidk ;f &if;om;a&;&m0efBu;D OD;&SmarGv&SJef? trsdK;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;0Dvfqifrkd;? jynfov Yl w T af wmfu, kd pf m;vS,Of ;D pdik ;f ausmuf? jynfe,fvw T af wmf ud, k pf m;vS,rf sm;jzpfMuonfh OD;pdik ;f ñGe0Yf if;? OD;arm&Sn?f a':wif arxGef;? jynfe,fwGJzuftwGif;a&;rSL;OD;jrifhEkdif? jynfe,ftvkyf trIaqmifOD;xGef;a&T? wmcsDvdwf? rkdif;jzwf? usdKif;wHkc½kdif?NrdKUe,f? NrKd Ue,fct JG wGi;f a&;rSL;rsm;ESit hf vkyt f rIaqmifrsm;? pnf;½H;k a&;rSL; rsm;? ygwD0ifrsm;? apwemtvSL&Sifrsm;ESifhivsif'PfcHMu&aom jynfolrsm;wufa&mufcJhMuonf/ tcrf;tem;wGif A[djk ynfaxmifpBk uUH cdik af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwD |mecsKyrf S aiGusyf 200ode;f ? jynfe,fwzJG uftwGi;f a&;rSL;OD;jrifEh idk f rS aiGusyf 4odef; 5aomif;? wmcsDvdwfc½kdifwGJzuftwGif;a&;rSL; OD;pdik ;f a&TxeG ;f ESihf wmcsv D w d Nf rKd Ue,facwåtwGi;f a&;rSL;OD;bdpk w H rYkd S oGyf 500csy?f usKd i;f wHNk rKd Ue,fcJG acwåNrKd Ue,fct JG wGi;f a&;rSL;OD;pd;k ode;f rS qef 10tdwf? wmcsDvdwfNrdKUe,ftvkyftrIaqmif OD;pdkif;vrfrS oGyf 30csr?f wmcsv D w d Nf rKd Ue,f? qefqidk ;f (c)&yfuu G pf nf;½H;k a&;rSL; OD;rsdK;aZmfEkdifrS oGyf 22csyf? wmcsDvdwfNrdKU? qefqkdif;(u)&yfuGuf ygwD0ifrsm;rS oGyf 110csy?f qefqidk ;f (c)&yfuu G yf gwD0ifrsm;rS oGyf 150csyf? rumtkdcrf;&yfuGufygwD0ifrsm;rS oGyf 188csyf? zefrif aus;&GmtkyfpkygwD0ifrsm;rS oGyf 110csyf? wmcsDvdwfNrdKU? a[mif vdwaf us;&Gmtkypf ak e OD;pdik ;f tGrrf o d m;pkrS oGyf 900csy?f wmcsv D w d f NrdKU ygvQH(1)&yfuGufae OD;pdkif;ydkifrdom;pkrS qef 16tdwf? wmcsD vdwfNrdKU arwåm&Sifoma&;? ema&;toif;rS oGyf 60csyfwdkYudkvSL 'gef;ay;tyfcMhJ u&m trsKd ;om;vTwaf wmfu, kd pf m;vS,Of ;D 0Dvq f if rdk;? jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;pdkif;ausmuf? jynfe,fvTwf awmfu, kd pf m;vS,rf sm;jzpfMuonfh OD;pdik ;f nGe0Yf if;? OD;arm&Sn?f a': wifarxGe;f ? jynfe,fwzJG uftwGi;f a&;rSL;OD;jrifEh idk ?f jynfe,ftvkyf trIaqmifO;D xGe;f a&T? wmcsv D w d cf ½dik af cwåtwGi;f a&;rSL;OD;bdpk EH iS hf wmavNrKd Ue,fct JG wGi;f a&;rSL;OD;cifarmifvwfwu Ykd toD;oD;vuf cH&,lcMhJ uonf/ xdaYk emuf wmavNrKd Ue,fct JG wGi;f ivsi'f Pfoifch MH u&aom vkyfom;jynfolrsm;udk,fpm;wmavNrdKUe,fcGJ &yfuGuf(2)aeOD;pdk; odef;u aus;Zl;wifpum;udkjyevnfajymMum;cJhonf/ ,aeYusi;f yjyKvyk af om tvSLaiGEiS yhf pön;f rsm;vSL'gef;ay;tyf yGt J crf;tem;wGif vSL'gef;aiGppk ak ygif;rSmusyf 204ode;f 5aomif; ESifh aiGusyf 11214600wefzdk;&SdoGyf 3052csyfESifhqef 26tdwf e'D{&m jzpfaMumif;od&Sd&onf/

May- 4 to 10 -2011

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Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

21

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

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Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

24 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

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SHADE JOURNAL ]&Sdwf}*sme,frSBudKufESpf oufaom pmrlrsm;ukd wqifh azmfjycGifhay;ygaom q&m? q&mrrsm;tm;txl;aus;Zl; wif&ydS gonf/ pmzwf í tod O mPf A[kow k <u,f0umESv;Hk om; cGeftm;wkd;ap&ef&nf&G,fí xkwaf 0aeaom]&Sw d }f *sme,f tay:wGicf iG v hf w G ef m;vnfrI rsm;pGmjzift h m;ay;aeMuonf ukv d nf;txl;aus;Zl;Oyum, wif&SdygaMumif;/ t,f'DwmcsKyf

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Ak'¨bmom tajcjyKvli,f,Ofaus;rI oifwef;zGifUyGJ tcrf;tem;usif;y

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

25

rEÅav;NrdKU? awmifpvif;wkdufopf? Ak'¨bmom omoemjyefY yGm;a&;yifrOuú|Bu;D OD;vS0if;ESiahf umfrwD0ifrsm;onf a&eHacsmif; NrKd Utoif;cG(J 68)Ouú|OD;jrode;f ESit hf zGUJ 0ifrsm;OD;aqmifaom omo emjyKArd mefwnfaqmufraI &pufcsyJG tcrf;tem;udw k ufa&mufí toif;ol^om;rsm;ESifhawGUqHkum vkyfief;aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udk &Si;f vif;aqG;aEG;aMumif;owif;&&So d nf/

pukNrKd U? trSw(f 1)e,fajrwGi;f ausmif;wku d f omoemh&u©w d pHy,fOD;ausmif;ü e0rtBudrfajrmuftjzpf oifMum;ay;rnfh aEG &moDA'k b ¨ momtajcjyKvil ,f,Ofaus;rIoifwef;? oifwef;zGiyhf JG tcrf;tem;udk rwfv 30&uf Ak'[ ¨ ;l aeY aeYvnf 3em&Dtcsed w f iG f tqdkygausmif;ü pnfum;odkufNrdKufpGmusif;yjyKvkyfcJhaMumif;od &onf/ oifwef;zGifhyGJtcrf;em;wGif tcrf;tem;rSL;tjzpf oifwef; enf;jyq&mawmfOD;wdavmut&Sifoljrwfuaqmif&GufNyD; tpD tpOft& tcrf;em;odkY<ua&mufawmfrlMuaom oHCmawmfrsm; ESifhoifwef;om;? oifwef;olrsm;? zdwfMum;xm;aom 'g,um 'g,dumrrsm;tm;vHk; nDñGwfpGmjzifh earmwóoHk;Budrf&Gwfqdk uefawmhum tcrf;tem;udk pwifzGifhvSpfcJhaMumif;od&onf/ qufvufí NrdKUwGif;ausmif;q&mawmfBuD; OD;em,uxHrS ig;yg;oDvcsD;jr§ifhrIudkcH,laqmufwnfMuNyD;? ynma&;|metNidrf; pm;q&mBuD; OD;[efxGef;(pma&;q&mOD;[efxGef;)ESifhOD;oef;xGef; (pma&;q&moef;xGe;f (puk)wdu Yk ausmif;om;ausmif;oloifwef; om;vli,farmifr,fwt Ykd m; qH;k rvrf;ñTepf um;rsm;ajymMum;cJyh g onf/ xdkYaemuf yÍörwef;ausmif;ol oifwef;olr&Tef;vjynfhu oifwef;oloifwef;om;rsm;ud, k pf m; aus;Zl;wifpum;ajymMum; tNy;D wGif Ak'o ¨ moeHp&d w H |d wko;kH Burd &f w G q f ykd al ZmfMuum tcrf; tem;zGifhvSpfoifMum;ay;rnfh omoemh&u©dwpy,fOD;ausmif; e0rtBudrfAk'¨bmom tajcjyKvli,f,Ofaus;rIoifwef;odkY NrdKU ay:&yfuu G t f oD;oD;rS oifwef;om;oifwef;ol pkpak ygif; 130cefY ausmfvGifOD; wufa&mufoif,lMuaMumif;od&onf/

rvdkawmUyg vufzuf&nfqkdifemrnf av;u ]]a&Trefusnf;udk;yif}}/ emrnfESifhvdkufavsmnDaxGpGm qkid yf wfjcmvnfwiG f aeajymuf txdk;? t&dyftm0goaumif; onfh refusnf;yifrsm;u0dkif;&H xm;onf/ taMumif;udpt ö rsKd ; rsdK;aMumifh ajcOD;rvSnfhEkdifcJh aom pmawG? uAsmawGa&; onfh udv k al rT;wpfa,muf ]]a&T refusn;f ud;k yif}}uaz;odYk vrf; BuKH írSwrf w S &f &a&muf&cdS o hJ nf/ qkid w f iG ;f &Sw d idk u f yfem&DuMkd unfh vdkufawmh nae 5em&Dxkd;NyD qdw k modvu dk &f ovdk ]]udv k al rT; naeapmapmjyefc/hJ [k0d if'0D if rvkyef ?YJ naetjyefx;kH pHtwdik ;f qeftw d q f cJG OhJ ;D ? rarhe?YJ usKyu f taMumif;r[kwfayr,fh awmhf rsdK;qufopfav;awGu*sDus w,f}}/ tdrfoloufxm;ZeD; r,m;cEÅDav;\trSmpum;udk

vnf; wqufwnf;Mum;a,mif rdonf/ a&mufwek ;fa&mufcu kd rf mS a&;azmftaygif;toif;awGeJY wpfem&Davmufawmh ][dkt aMumif;? onftaMumif;}iawm iawmifajymNyD; ]jyefrnf}[k ,wdjywfqHk;jzwfvkdufonf/ xkdifaeMu? qHkaeMupm;yGJMunfh vkdufawmh paeav;? paeBuD;? ab;wD;? AE´KEiS v hf rG ;f p&mrusef onfh vGrf;ydk? vGrf;udk? vGrf;idk ESihf t*¾&d wfponfah &;azmfrsm; pHv k ifpmG awGU&onf/ avwku d f tm;aumif;í tzGUJ &S&d mpm;yGo J Ykd tawmftm;pdkufoGm;&onf/ tm;vHk;u udkvlarT;udk0rf;om tm;&EIwq f ufMuonf/ udpk ae BuD;u ]ray:vm? tawmfMum pmawG? uAsmawGa&;wJh udkvl arT;vm;AsdKU}}/ 'DaeYudkAvyfr vmbl;/ wpfcHkvdkaewmeJYt

awmfyJ/ udkvlarT;BudKuf&mrSm? bmrStm;remeJY/ tm;vHk;t wGuf q&mBuD;OD;arwåmu t NyKH ;rysuaf eYwidk ;f usoavmuf &Sif;aeMu..[J[J/ pum;0kid ;f u vufzuf&nf prlqm? aq;vdyaf wGe?YJ tdak u pdak jyvSonf/ pum;0dik ;f aumif; í udkvlarT;jyefcsifayr,fhjyef vdkYr&bl;av/ ZeD;rcEÅD\ ]]udk vlarT; apmapmjyefcahJ emf}} trSm pum;&SnBf u;D u em;xJtquf rjywf M um;a,mif v monf / Mum;a,mifvmonfhtoHESifh twl qufvufaeEkdif&efpGrf; tm;r&Sad wmhonfu h v kd al rT;wpf a,muf rwfwyf&yfNyD; ]]udk,fh vlwYkd ud, k jf yefawmhr,f? tcsed f rDudk,fhwdkYrsdK;qufopfawGt wGuf tdwfqGJqefoGm;ydkY&rSm? cGijhf yKygOD;}}EIwq f uf&m t*¾&d wf BuD;u ]]jyefcsifjyefav? onf tzGUJ u b,fob l ,f0gb,ft csed yf x J jyefjyef? jyefwv hJ al wGukd raumif;ajym? raumif;a0zef

wmu xHk;pHjzpfaeNyD/ pum; 0kid ;f rSm jyefoel u YJ seo f rl &Sad tmif raumif ; tajymrcH & atmif jyefcsifMu&if tm;vHk; One, Two, Three atmfNyD; wpfNydKif eufxjyefwm xH;k pHujkd zpfaeNy/D onfawmh udkvlarT; cifAsm;udk raumif;bl;vdt Yk ajymrcHcsi&f if rjyefeOYJ ;D }}[kajym&Smonf/ olpY um;qH;k awmh udv k al rT; NyHK;rdonf/ wpfqufwnf; udk vlarT;zwfzl;onfh r*¾Zif;wpf apmifru S mwGe;f wpfuu G u f jkd rif a,mifro d nf/ ]]TV zefom;jyif wGif pmqdkawmfwpfOD;u ]uRef awmfraumif;bl;? uRefawmf raumif ; bl ; }[k o D q d k a e&m a0zefq&mESpOf ;D u ]]olu Y , kd o f l uRefawmfraumif;bl;vdkYajym xm;Ny;D NyyD /J 'daYk 0zefp&mrvkb d ;l }} ajymaeyHkudk trSwf&NyD;? udkvl arT;wpfa,muf bmrSapm'u rwufawmhb/J tm;vH;k udv k uf jyEIwfqufausmcdkif;xGufoGm; awmhonf/ ajrvwfukdukd

SHADEJOURNAL E-mail: tharzawmdy@gmail.com , uniquemediamdy@gmail.com, shadeofthetandalayhill@gmail.com

May- 4 to 10 -2011

26 Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

a&mrNrdKY\ 2764 Budrfajrmuf ESpfywfvnftxdrf;trSwfyGJawmfusif;y tDwvDEidk if \ H NrKd Uawmfjzpfaom a&mrNrKd U\ 2764Burd af jrmuf ESpfywfvnftxdrf;trSwfyGJawmfudk a&mrNrdKUolNrdKUom;rsm;onf 2011ckESpf {NyDv 21&uf Mumomyaw;aeYuusif;ycJhMu&m vm a&mufMunfh½IMuaom urÇmvSnfhc&D;oGm;rsm;jzifh pnfum;vsuf &SdaMumif;od&onf/ &mZ0ifrsm;ESiu hf rÇmo h rkid ;f wpfavQmuf tvGex f if&mS ;cJah om a&mrNrdKUudk c&pfawmfray:rD bDpD 753ckESpfu Romulus rSpwif wnfaxmifc7hJ m 2011{Nyv D wGif NrKd Uawmf\oufwrf;rSm ESpaf ygif; 2764 ESpf&SdNyDjzpfonf/ Source:Xinhua

puFmylEkdifiH\ yxrqHkjynfwGif;jzpf N*dKvfwkudk tdE´d,'Hk;ysHjzifUvTwfwif tcsdefumv 4ESpfcefYMuefYMumNyD;aemuf puFmylEkdifiH\jynf wGi;f ynm&Sirf sm;wDxiG x f m;aom yxrqH;k N*Kd vw f u k kd tdE, d´ Ekid if H &Sd tmumopcef;rSwpfqifhvTwfwifEkdifNyDjzpfaMumif; puFmylrD'D ,mrsm;u azmfjycJhMuonf/ tav;csdef 150uDvdk*&rf&SdNyD; a&cJaowåmt&G,f X-Sat N*dKvfwkonf Isro's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C16) 'Hk;ysHjzifh tdE´d,EkdifiH Satish Dhawan tmumopcef;rS{NyDv 20 &uf? Ak'¨[l;aeYu vTwfwifvdkufjcif;jzpfNyD; tqdkygN*dKvfwkudk ajr rsuEf mS jyiftaetxm;avhvmwkid ;f wmcsurf sm;twGu"f mwfy½kH u kd f ul;jcif;ESihf urÇmo h bm0ygwf0ef;usiaf jymif;vmjcif;wdu Yk akd vhvm &ef toHk;jyKrnf[k puFmyl\a'owGif; owif;rD'D,m Straits Times rSazmfjycJhonf/ Ak'¨[l;aeY aeYvnf 12em&D 42rdepfu vTww f ifvu kd af om X-Sat N*Kd vw f o k nf 1994ckEpS u f pwiftoH;k jyKcahJ om PSLV 'Hk;ysH\ 18Budrfajrmuf atmifjrifpGmvTwfwifEkdif aomN*dKvfwkvnf;jzpfonf/ X-Sat N*Kd vw f u k kd puFmylerf,rf;enf;ynmwuúov kd Ef iS phf uFmyl umuG,fa&;0efBuD;|me\ DSO trsdK;om;okawoe|mewdkyl; aygif;NyD; yHkpHxkwfwnfaqmufcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ vuf&SdtcsdefwGif urÇmygwfvrf;aMumif;xJa&muf&SdaeNyDjzpfaomN*dKvfwkonf erf ,rf;enf;ynmwuúov kd &f adS jrjyifxed ;f csKyaf &;pcef;ESiphf wifquf oG,v f su&f NdS y;D ¤if;\vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;pwifvnfygwf&ef oDwif; wpfygwfceft Y csed , f &l OD;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ tqkyd gN*Kd vw f v k w T w f ifa&;pDru H ed ;f twGuf puFmyloyd yHÜ nm &Sirf sm;ESihf tif*sief , D mrsm;onf 9ESpcf eft Y jyif;txefBuKd ;pm;cJ&h NyD; puFmylEkdifiHonf ta&SUawmiftm&SwGif yxrqHk;N*dKvfwkudk tmumowGifvTwfwifEkdifaomEkdifiHjzpfvmcJhonf/ puFmyl\ ,cifvw T w f ifcNhJ y;D aom N*Kd vw f rk sm;onf Ekid if jH cm;ukrP Ü rD sm;tul tnDjzifh wnfaqmufxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/ Source:Xhihua

2011 qdk;vf Motor Show rS tacsmtvSav;rsm;\ zuf&SifyHk&dyfrsm; EkdifiHwumum;jyyGJrsm;wGif aemufqHk;ay:um;rsm;ESifhtwl tvScsi;f NyKd iaf eaom armf',ftacsmtvSav;rsm;udk jrifawGUavh &S&d m {Nyv D qef;ydik ;f u awmifu&kd ;D ,m;Ekid if NH rKd Uawmf qd;k vf&dS Korea International Exhibition Center wGijf yocJa h om Seoul Motor Show 2011 wGifvnf; awmifudk&D;,m;tacsmtvSav;rsm;\ zuf&Sif pwkdifrsm;udk jrifawGUMu&onf/ Source:Asiantown

May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23

ausmufqnf?qifjzLcsyfutvSL q&meE´(r[mrdw)f •09-2038270 arv 4 &ufaeYrS ar 10 &ufaeYtxd we*F a EG/ / tvkyfatmifjrifrIudk wkdufcdkufaeolrsm;ay:wwf onf/ tBu;D tuJEiS &hf efay:wwfonf/ avema&m*g'kua© y;rnf/ pdwn f pfp&mowif;&rnf/ i,f&, G o f jl zpfygu tdraf xmifuswwf \/ olrsm;trIwGif0ifywfoufjcif;rS'ku©&wwfonf/ tcspfa&; nhH\/ ,Mwm ,Mwm/ / r*Fokwf&GwfzwfylaZmfyg/ tusdK;ay; ;ay;(0? 5? 2) wevF m/ /pyfwlvkyfief;ay:aygufatmifjrifrnf/ tquft oG,af umif;rsm;&rnf/ bk&m;zl;c&D;ay:rnf/ a&csKd ;rSm;zsm;emwwf \/ vkyif ef;\atmifjrifrrI sm;qufwu dk &f rnf/ tvkyw f iG af jymif; vJa&; tenf;i,fay:rnf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh nDñGwfygonf/ ,Mwm/ / a&awmf(2)cGuf bk&m;vSLyg/ tusdK;ay; (1? 4? 5) t*Fg/ /bmvkyv f yk f wpfO;D wnf;vkyu f ikd Bf upH nfoifo h nf/ r*Fvm owif;rsm;Mum;&rnf/ vl&if;vl,'kH u k a© y;wwf\/ tvkyw f iG jf rK§ yf ESHxm;aom aiGaMu;rsm;tusdK;rJhjzpfaernf/ rdwfaqGrsm;ESifhjiif; ckepf &mudprö sm;ay:wwf\/ tcspaf &;taejzifv h n S phf m;cH&wwf\/ ,Mwm/ //bk&m;wGifvQyfppfrD;tvSLaiGvSLyg/tusKd tusKd;ay; ay;(1? 8? 6)

ausmufqnfNrKd U? qifjzLcsyb f ek ;f awmfBu;D oifynma&;ausmif; onf q&mawmfav;OD;pdEÅm0&\ BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufrIESifh 'um? 'umr? apwem&Sit f vSL&Sirf sm;aumif;rIwjYdk zifh c&D;twefaygufc?hJ ynmvdv k m;olqif;&JcsKd UwJu h av;rsm;twGuyf nm'gersm;ay;Ekid cf hJ ygonf/odkY&mwGifrsm;jym;vmaompmoifom;OD;a&ESifhauR;arG; csujf yKwaf omufo;kH &eftwGuf a&tcuftcJBuKH awGUae&qJjzpfyg onf/ ¤if;tycuftcJudkajz&Sif;&eftwGuf jrpfrSa&udkwdkuf½dkuf o,f,lrSomjzpfygonf/ xdkYtwGuf ynm&Sif'umrsm;ESifhn§dEdIif; aqmif&Guftaumiftxnfazmfvsuf&Sdygonf/ 2.5.2011 &ufaeY rEÅav;NrKd UrS ausmufrsu&f wemoli,f csif;rsm;jzpfMuaom udkpef;0if;? udkapmausmfOD;? udkausmfausmf? udak rmifEidk ?f udzk ;kd om;wdpYk ak ygif;vsuf tvSLaiG(650000d^-ajcmuf odef;ig;aomif;usyfwdwd)ESifhpmtkyf? pma&;ud&d,mrsm;vSL'gef;cJh Muygonf/ xdt Yk jyif rEÅav;NrKd UrS udpk 0H if;? rav;EG,(f aumifjrwf pHausmufrsuf&wema&mif;0,fa&;)rdom;pkrSvnf; a&&&Sda&;t wGuf tvSLawmfaiG(100000d^-wpfodef;usyfwdwd)vSL'gef;cJh aMumif;od&Sd&NyD; om"ktEkarm'emac:qdkvdkuf&ygonf/

Ak'¨[l;/ /vltrsm;tv,fwiG t f xl;rsuEf mS yGiahf ernf/ ulnrD p olaygrsm;aewwf\/ acgif;udu k w f wfonf/ &wemypön;f 0ifrnf/ aysmyf pJG m;c&D;ay:rnf/ tzd;k wefypön;f aysmuf&w S wf\/ owdjyKyg/ tcspfa&;taejzifh aumif;rGefaeygonf/ ,Mwm/ //pdefyef;(4)cufbk&m;vSLyg/ tusdK;ay; ;ay;(3? 4? 7) Mumoyaw; Mumoyaw;/ /r&nf&, G x f m;bJ c&D;xGu&f wwf\/ bmvkyv f yk f owdESifhBuHpnfvkyfyg/ atmufvufi,fom;pum;rsm;udktav; xm;yg/ tvkyfwGifpdwfrygovdkjzpfaewwf\/ usef;rma&;tnhH &Sdonf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh acwåarhxm;vdkufoifhonf/ ,Mwm/ //udwfajcmufbk&m;vSLyg/ tusdK;ay; (0? 4? 9)

27

weh, f ef;NrKd Y r[mjrwfrkedbk&m;ausmif;awmfBuD; usyfodef; 3000 ausmf tuket f uscíH jyefvnfjyKjyif wnfaqmufrnf &Sr;f jynfe,fajrmufyidk ;f wef, Y ef;NrKd Ur[mjrwfrek b d &k m;ausmif; awmfBu;D udk awmifwef;omoemjyKq&mawmfur®|mep&d,t&Sif okcrdE´(pyfqkcrf;)\OD;aqmifrIjzifh rMumrDjyefvnfjyKjyifwnf aqmufawmhrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ r[mjrwfrek ½d yk yf mG ;awmfBu;D ude;f 0yfpyH ,f&mausmif;awmfBu;D udk OD;pD;em,uq&mawmfO;D ZedE?´ vG,w f ef;q&mawmfO;D y@0ESihf oHCmawmft&Sifjrwfrsm;trSL;xm;í bk&m;'g,um? 'g,dumr rsm;vSL'gef;Muaomapwemtiftm;jzifh ur®|mef;q&mBu;D OD;vSa&T u ud, k x f u l , kd x f pepfjzifh 5ESppf rD u H ed ;f csum rGr;f rHwnfaqmuf cJo h nf/ 1338ckEpS rf mS Ny;D pD;cJo h nf/ wefz;kd aiGusyf 115437usyw f w d d ukeu f sco hJ nf/ ]]ESpaf ygif; 35ESp&f ydS gNy/D wpfcsKd Uae&mawG tkw½f ;kd eH&t H ufuJG vmwm? rsuEf mS usuaf wGysupf ;D vmwm&Sad eygNy/D xkxnfBu;D rm; wJt h aqmuftOD;Bu;D jzpfwmrdYk jyefjyifwt hJ cg q&mawmfutopf wnfrmS yg/ 'grSvnf; ckid cf efrY mS yg/ 2000jynfEh pS u f pwiftvSLcHwm tckusyfodef; 1300ausmftvSLcH&&SdygNyD}}[k tusdK;awmfaqmif jrpnf OD;pdkif;&DxGef;uajymonf/

yk*NH rKd aY vmueE´mbk&m;Bu;D tajcwGif a&aMumif;ydwo f nftxdoaJ omifjyifrmS xGe;f vm

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May- 4 to 10 -2011

Shade Journal Vol:5,No-23


ShadeVol-5_No_23