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2013

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON GENDER

© 2013 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org Some rights reserved 1 2 3 4 16 15 14 13 This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. Note that The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content included in the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of the content contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions

This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0. Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt this work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions: Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2013. The Little Data Book on Gender 2013. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9820-3. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation. All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. ISBN (paper): 978-0-8213-9820-3 ISBN (electronic): 978-0-8213-9821-0 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9820-3 The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.

Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

iii

Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 is a collaborative effort between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network. The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 was prepared by Liu Cui, Vanessa Moreira da Silva, Juan Feng, Masako Hiraga, Hiroko Maeda, Johan Mistiaen, William Prince, and Emi Suzuki of the Development Data Group and Josefina Posadas of the Gender and Development Group. The introduction was written by Masako Hiraga and Josefina Posadas. Production of the book was coordinated by Azita Amjadi and Alison Kwong; Barton Matheson Willse & Worthington typeset the book. The work was carried out under the direction of Shaida Badiee and Jeni Klugman. Staff from The World Bank's Office of the Publisher oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Introduction The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 is a quick reference for users interested in gender statistics. It presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200 countries in a straightforward, country-by-country reference on demography, education, health, labor force, political participation, and the Millennium Development Goals. Summary pages that cover regional and income group aggregates are also included. This third issue of The Little Data Book on Gender reflects the structure of the World Development Report 2012 on Gender Equality and Development. The report looked at the facts and trends surrounding the various dimensions of gender equality in the context of the development process: although many women around the world continue to struggle with gender-based disadvantages, much has changed for the better and at a more rapid pace than ever before. But that progress needs to be expanded, protected, and deepened. While development has closed some gender gaps, other gaps persist, including excess deaths of girls and women, disparities in girls’ schooling, unequal access to economic opportunities, and differences in voice within the household and in society. The report argues that gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative of groups in society. For more information about this landmark report, visit www.worldbank.org/wdr2012. As part of its strategy to provide content when, where, and how users want it, the World Bank now offers two new electronic products on gender. The Gender Equality Data and Statistics Portal (data.worldbank.org/gender) is a resource center for the latest gender-relevant data, with statistics from various sources, tools, training materials, and reference documents covering employment, education, health, public life and decision making, human rights, and demographic outcomes for women and men, and girls and boys. The Gender Data Finder mobile application for iOS, Android or Blackberry allows users to browse and search gender-relevant and sex disaggregated data by keyword, topic, region, and more. Visit http://data.worldbank.org/ apps for more information.

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

v

Data notes The data in this book are for 1990 and 2011 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. •  Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. •  Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. •  F igures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified. Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes on page 232. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2013 family of products.

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2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, , Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1

World Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6,974.2 66,354.3 9,514 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 68 85 ..

63 89

1.07 72 50 ..

68 53

93 45 13 76 79

106 54 14 85 88

105 69 30 89 87

108 71 28 91 92

3.2 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 400

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. .. .. .. 49 45 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

2

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.4 53 .. .. .. 81 66 210

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 59 .. .. .. .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 35 .. .. .. .. 47

21

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 49 .. .. .. .. 54

East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,974.2 8,387.3 4,248 12.5

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.10 70 53 ..

66 58

1.13 74 20 ..

71 22

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

117 34 4 .. 92

127 44 6 .. 97

112 80 27 99 99

110 77 25 96 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 75 .. 71 84 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. 66 67 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

17

1.8 19 .. .. .. 92 91 83

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 67 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 52 .. .. .. .. 52

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 53 .. .. .. .. 58

18

3

Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

408.1 3,156.6 7,734 0.7

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 73 43 ..

64 52

1.06 75 19 ..

67 23

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

103 87 37 94 98

105 91 33 96 99

100 88 61 98 99

100 91 51 99 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. 99 70

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46 .. .. .. .. 48 36 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.8 26 .. 74 .. .. 98 32

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 45 .. .. .. .. ..

50 81 19 18 5.3 16 18 66 47 .. .. .. .. 46 28 .. 7.5 .. 18 40

18

70 80 20 18 1.9 16 35 49

64 41 .. 8.3 .. 17 50

Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

589.0 5,050.3 8,574 5.5

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 72 48 ..

65 57

1.05 78 17 ..

71 21

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

116 63 16 85 93

117 59 17 82 93

114 93 45 102 97

118 86 36 101 97

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. 58 .. .. 75 140

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 40 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 62 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 37 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 32 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 14 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 71 .. .. .. 96 .. 81

82 60 40 30 5.3 21 30 49

77 62 .. 6.0 .. 10 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

54 66 32 31 7.0 8 14 78 41 63 .. .. .. 49 35 .. 9.7 .. 19 35

80 63 36 30 3.7 19 28 52

75 56 .. 6.3 .. 13 44

25

5

Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

336.5 1,279.5 3,866 2.4

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 66 68 ..

62 72

1.05 74 30 ..

70 34

86 47 8 68 67

103 64 14 84 85

101 71 30 87 88

108 78 30 93 94

4.9 .. .. 43 .. .. .. 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 18 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 18 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 13 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 11 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

4

2.7 37 .. .. .. .. .. 81

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 42 .. 10.8 .. .. ..

20 .. .. 49 .. 43 14 43 .. .. .. .. .. 16 8 .. 19.1 .. .. 13

14

73 .. .. 33 .. 23 29 48

65 37 .. 8.6 .. .. 23

South Asia Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,656.5 2,174.5 1,313 31.0

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.07 59 122 ..

58 116

1.07 67 63 ..

64 61

72 26 3 51 47

99 44 7 72 69

105 55 13 87 73

107 61 17 89 86

4.2 .. .. 41 .. .. .. 620

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 37.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 12 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 8 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 71 .. 51 .. 70 48 220

85 19 81 .. 13.6 55 17 28

82 64 .. 3.7 .. 8 ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

32 81 15 20 85 80 84 77 33.7 10.9 65 46 18 24 17 30 .. .. .. .. .. 30 79 21 52 .. .. 4.4 3.3 41.4 36.6 12 10 25 41

20

7

Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

874.8 1,100.8 1,258 48.5

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.04 51 169 ..

48 186

1.04 56 103 ..

54 114

65 19 2 46 59

78 26 4 57 73

96 36 5 67 67

103 43 8 74 76

6.3 .. .. 16 .. .. .. 850

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 53 42 .. .. .. .. ..

..

4.9 106 .. 25 .. 76 48 500

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 51 .. .. .. .. ..

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 58 44 .. .. .. .. 21

22

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 49 .. .. .. .. 27

Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book on Gender is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,025 or less in 2011. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,025 but less than $12,476. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,036. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,496 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

9

Low income Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

816.8 466.0 571 48.0

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.04 54 156 ..

52 171

1.04 60 90 ..

58 100

63 17 2 40 53

78 26 5 52 67

103 38 6 65 70

108 44 9 70 77

5.7 .. .. 23 .. .. .. 810

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 54 .. .. .. .. ..

..

4.0 92 .. 37 .. 75 47 410

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 63 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 51 .. .. .. .. 20

21

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 58 .. .. .. .. 27

Middle income Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5,022.4 20,835.4 4,148 17.4

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.08 66 81 ..

63 83

1.08 71 46 ..

67 47

97 41 8 78 79

112 51 10 88 88

106 70 27 93 88

108 72 26 94 94

3.3 .. .. 60 .. .. .. 370

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 .. .. .. .. 48 44 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

2.3 50 .. .. .. 82 70 190

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 61 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46 32 .. .. .. .. 39

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 50 .. .. .. .. 48

19

11

Lower middle income Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2,532.7 4,488.5 1,772 26.7

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 61 109 ..

58 110

1.06 68 62 ..

64 63

81 33 7 62 63

101 48 9 78 78

102 59 17 89 79

106 64 20 92 89

4.2 .. .. 40 .. .. .. 560

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

39 .. .. .. .. 62 13 24 20 .. .. .. .. 37 29 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

11

12

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.9 66 .. 51 .. 76 57 260

82 .. .. .. .. 52 18 30

78 58 .. .. .. .. ..

37 .. .. 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 23 .. 6.4 .. .. 23

16

79 .. .. 70 .. .. .. ..

75 49 .. 4.2 .. .. 34

Upper middle income Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2,489.7 16,340.5 6,563 8.1

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.09 71 48 ..

66 53

1.11 75 19 ..

71 21

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

117 47 9 96 92

125 54 10 99 96

111 87 38 99 99

111 83 32 97 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 76 .. .. 90 130

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. 57 57 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

14

1.8 30 .. .. .. 94 97 62

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 63 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 44 .. .. .. .. 53

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 51 .. .. .. .. 62

22

13

Low and middle income Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5,839.2 21,324.4 3,652 20.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 65 93 ..

61 97

1.07 70 55 ..

66 58

92 38 7 73 76

107 48 9 83 86

105 65 24 88 85

108 67 23 90 91

3.6 .. .. 56 .. .. .. 440

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 .. .. .. .. 50 45 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

14

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.5 57 .. .. .. 80 65 230

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 61 .. .. .. .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 35 .. .. .. .. 37

20

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 51 .. .. .. .. 46

High income Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,135.0 45,242.5 39,860 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 79 11 ..

72 13

1.05 83 5 ..

77 6

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 92 43 98 ..

103 92 42 96 ..

103 101 80 101 100

103 102 64 100 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. .. 16

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 49 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 19 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 76 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 46 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 43 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 20.7 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 14 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.7 17 .. .. .. .. .. 14

73 82 17 .. 1.0 6 39 55

68 49 .. 5.4 27.2 12 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

52 69 90 87 10 15 .. .. 1.9 0.6 3 4 11 31 86 64 47 .. .. .. .. 48 63 36 39 .. .. 8.0 8.2 31.5 35.9 17 19 87 92

24

15

Euro area Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

332.9 12,871.5 38,661 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 80 9 ..

73 11

1.06 84 4 ..

79 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 94 32 99 ..

104 93 34 98 ..

105 107 65 100 100

106 109 55 98 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 11

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 41 68 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 84 80 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 16 20 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 14 16 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 1.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 7 8 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 42 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 72 50 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 40 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 79 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 38 64 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 46 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.6 7.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 51.6 50.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 18 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

16

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

12

1.6 8 .. .. .. .. .. 6

50 65 88 80 12 20 9 12 1.4 0.7 2 4 12 35 85 60 48 76 .. .. .. 44 58 31 37 .. .. 10.3 9.8 43.9 45.2 23 23 89 93

28

Country tables China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and data calculated using GNI refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. France Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are included in data for France. Georgia GNI and population data and data calculated using GNI and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI and population data and data calculated using GNI and population exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and data calculated using GNI include Former Spanish Sahara. South Sudan and Sudan South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI data and data calculated using GNI refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2013 or data .worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

17

Afghanistan South Asia

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

35.3 16.6 470 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 42 188 ..

42 196

1.06 49 99 ..

49 103

21 10 1 14 ..

37 20 3 39 ..

81 34 1 .. ..

114 62 5 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 8.0 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 16 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 14 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 11 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

18

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

4

6.2 103 40 21 .. 48 39 460

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 52 .. .. .. .. ..

16 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 .. 13 100 .. 14 10 .. .. .. .. 3

28

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 50 .. .. .. .. 15

Albania Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.2 12.8 3,980 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 75 39 ..

69 43

1.07 80 14 16

74 15

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

99 85 9 .. ..

99 93 8 .. ..

.. .. 50 .. 99

.. .. 38 .. 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. .. .. .. 93 48

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 39 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

29

1.5 16 10 69 13 97 99 27

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 53 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 80 .. 43 34 .. 15.9 .. 28 23

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 43 .. 12.2 .. 26 34

16

19

Algeria Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

36.0 160.8 4,470 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 68 62 ..

66 70

1.05 75 28 ..

72 32

86 54 .. 73 62

103 70 .. 89 86

106 96 38 94 89

112 94 26 95 94

4.7 .. .. 51 .. 58 77 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 10 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 7 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 6 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 17.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

20

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2

2.2 6 2 61 11 89 95 97

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 37 .. 21.7 .. .. ..

15 36 64 .. 8.5 6 30 64 15 .. 14 100 .. 12 6 .. 19.1 .. 38 20

32

72 32 68 .. 3.4 13 34 54

64 37 .. 8.1 .. 19 46

American Somoa East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

69.5 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

100 95 .. .. ..

98 91 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 99 2 .. 0.3 0 45 25 42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 .. 12 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 97 3 .. 0.1 4 43 52

.. .. .. 3.6 .. 12 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

21

Andorra

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

86.2 3.4 41,750 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. 8 ..

.. 9

.. .. 3 ..

.. 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

82 88 13 67 ..

82 86 9 60 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

22

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

50

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Angola Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

19.6 75.2 3,830 54.3

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 43 232 ..

39 254

1.03 53 150 25

50 165

81 .. 0 .. ..

88 .. 1 .. ..

112 25 3 40 66

137 37 4 53 80

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.2 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 66 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.3 153 .. .. .. 80 47 450

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 50 .. .. .. .. ..

15

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 59 45 .. .. .. .. 39

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 51 .. .. .. .. 39

34

23

Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

89.6 1.1 11,940 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. 77 23 ..

72 30

.. .. 7 ..

.. 9

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

99 124 .. 93 ..

104 121 .. 103 ..

95 104 19 92 ..

102 106 10 103 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. 53 .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. 83 16 14 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

24

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

0

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. 78 21 15 0.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 1 5 94 51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11

.. .. .. .. .. 4 26 70

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Argentina Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

40.8 .. .. <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 75 25 ..

68 31

1.04 80 13 34

72 16

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

106 74 42 .. 99

107 67 36 .. 98

117 95 90 108 99

119 85 60 106 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. .. .. .. 95 96 71

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

41 70 30 27 2.5 0 18 82 37 .. 13 60 .. 38 36 .. 7.3 .. 16 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 55 .. .. .. .. 95 77

78 68 32 25 0.7 1 39 60

74 59 .. 7.3 .. 12 ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

47 81 19 16 1.2 0 10 89 45 65 13 100 23 43 25 .. 8.5 30.9 22 32

75 74 26 20 0.4 2 33 64

70 43 .. 6.2 21.6 17 35

37

25

Armenia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.1 10.4 3,360 2.5

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 71 43 ..

65 51

1.14 77 15 37

71 19

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

96 .. .. .. 100

93 .. .. .. 100

86 90 55 85 100

83 88 43 82 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5 .. .. 56 .. .. 100 46

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 18 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36

26

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.7 34 7 55 14 99 100 30

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

53 34 .. .. .. .. ..

49 60 40 40 17.1 49 8 43 43 56 20 100 22 32 14 7.5 35.0 63.8 55 18

11

70 62 38 36 7.6 39 25 35

52 23 12.0 21.9 52.2 37 17

Aruba

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

108.1 .. .. ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 76 .. ..

71 ..

1.05 78 .. ..

73 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

106 91 37 93 99

112 90 27 88 99

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 95 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 95 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 71 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 29 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 13.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 11 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.7 28 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 90 10 5 0.1 0 28 71

.. .. .. 5.9 16.2 13 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. 94 6 3 0.4 0 6 93 49 .. .. .. 40 .. .. .. 6.5 .. 23 ..

.. 88 12 5 0.1 1 33 66

.. .. .. 5.0 .. 24 ..

..

27

Australia

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

22.3 1,111.4 49,790 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 80 8 ..

74 10

1.06 84 4 ..

80 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

106 134 38 .. ..

106 134 33 .. ..

105 128 92 .. ..

105 135 68 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 76 .. 100 100 10

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 52 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 83 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 47 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 56 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 17.1 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

28

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

6

1.9 13 .. .. .. 98 .. 7

76 83 17 12 0.5 7 34 59

67 59 .. 6.7 24.1 13 ..

59 91 9 7 0.3 2 9 88 47 71 52 .. 37 56 60 .. 5.3 18.0 11 99

25

72 87 13 11 0.2 4 32 64

69 62 .. 4.9 19.7 12 100

Austria

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

8.4 405.7 48,170 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 79 8 ..

72 11

1.06 84 4 ..

78 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 96 30 .. ..

102 105 34 .. ..

99 97 74 98 ..

100 101 63 99 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. 100 100 10

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 58 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 18.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.4 10 .. .. .. .. .. 4

70 .. .. .. .. 7 49 44

68 64 .. 3.0 18.4 4 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

54 89 11 9 2.3 5 12 82 48 80 16 100 27 52 49 .. 4.3 24.2 9 97

68 84 16 9 1.9 6 38 57

65 59 .. 4.0 27.5 8 98

28

29

Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.2 48.5 5,290 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 69 88 ..

61 100

1.16 74 43 25

68 47

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

110 88 19 95 ..

111 87 28 97 ..

95 98 20 92 100

96 100 19 93 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. 97 56

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 38 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

30

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.9 32 12 51 23 77 88 43

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 37 .. .. .. .. ..

62 37 63 62 .. 44 6 50 44 .. 18 100 7 58 31 .. 6.4 .. 15 14

16

69 48 52 47 .. 32 22 47

64 32 .. 4.5 .. 14 16

Bahamas, The

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

347.2 7.5 21,970 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 73 20 ..

66 23

1.06 79 15 ..

72 17

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

95 97 29 .. ..

94 95 13 .. ..

115 98 .. 99 ..

113 93 .. 95 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 62 .. .. 99 52

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 89 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 93 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 50 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 52 Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 33 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 58 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 39 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 40.1 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 20 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.9 29 .. .. .. 98 99 47

80 84 15 .. 0.3 9 24 67

70 50 .. 12.1 22.6 14 ..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

69 90 9 .. 0.4 2 4 94 50 .. 13 100 52 60 36 .. 13.7 .. 22 ..

79 81 19 .. 0.2 6 22 72

71 46 .. 13.6 .. 17 ..

13

31

Bahrain

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.3 20.1 15,920 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 74 20 ..

71 21

1.05 76 10 ..

75 10

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

113 89 20 106 97

110 87 15 102 97

107 105 44 .. 100

108 101 18 .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. 54 .. .. .. 23

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 28 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 8 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 6 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 15 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 34 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.5 15 .. .. .. 100 97 20

88 .. .. .. .. 3 33 64

83 47 .. 5.2 .. 22 ..

39 99 2 1 0.8 .. .. .. 10 .. 6 100 .. 31 20 .. .. .. .. 49

10

87 96 4 2 0.5 .. .. ..

83 38 .. .. .. .. 79

Bangladesh South Asia

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

150.5 117.8 780 43.3

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 59 138 9

60 140

1.05 70 44 13

68 48

74 14 1 .. 38

88 27 7 .. 52

.. 55 8 .. 78

.. 48 13 .. 75

4.5 .. 73 40 18 26 10 800

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 85 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 20 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 2 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 70 66 61 17 55 32 240

88 .. .. .. .. 54 16 25

85 72 .. 2.0 .. 3 ..

10

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 100 .. 54 45 6.4 7.4 .. .. 35

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 59 25.7 4.2 .. .. 44

20

33

Barbados

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

273.9 3.5 12,660 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 77 16 ..

72 20

1.04 80 18 ..

74 22

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

115 82 20 .. ..

116 91 14 .. ..

125 110 90 114 ..

126 98 36 108 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. 55 .. 100 .. 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 61 78 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 85 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9 15 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 14 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.6 1.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 7 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 29 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 56 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 43 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 65 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 39 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 20.2 10.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 61.3 55.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 41 22 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

34

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

4

1.6 41 .. .. .. 100 100 51

65 .. .. .. .. 2 10 87 51 .. 12 100 47 56 37 .. 12.5 .. .. ..

10

76 .. .. .. .. 4 30 66

69 46 .. 9.8 .. .. ..

Belarus Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.5 55.2 5,830 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 76 15 ..

66 20

1.06 77 5 ..

65 6

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

96 99 .. 95 100

96 95 .. 95 100

98 103 100 103 100

98 106 71 104 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. .. .. .. 100 37

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. .. .. .. 53 38 .. .. .. .. ..

1.5 21 .. .. .. .. 100 4

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 40 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 .. 18 100 .. 46 27 .. .. .. .. 58

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

57 35 .. .. .. .. 59

27

35

Belgium

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

11.0 506.2 45,930 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 80 9 ..

73 11

1.05 83 4 ..

78 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

100 99 37 81 ..

99 98 38 75 ..

104 109 79 93 ..

104 112 62 89 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. 78 .. .. 100 10

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 61 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 83 80 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 17 20 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 17 18 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.2 0.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 16 40 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 56 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 39 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 80 Maternity leave (weeks) 15 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 82 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 30 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 58 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 34 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.4 4.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 68.4 64.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 19 10 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

9

1.8 12 .. .. .. .. .. 8

48 90 11 9 1.9 1 10 89 47 80 15 82 30 44 24 .. 7.2 49.7 19 97

38

61 83 18 12 0.5 2 35 64

56 29 .. 7.1 47.1 19 95

Belize Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

356.6 1.3 3,710 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 74 39 ..

71 49

1.03 78 15 ..

75 19

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

106 62 .. 90 77

115 62 .. 95 76

116 75 26 107 ..

126 78 16 114 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.5 .. .. 47 .. 96 77 71

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 82 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 76 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 24 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.6 3.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 33 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 23 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 79 41 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 34 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 50 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 80 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 41 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 75 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 59 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.1 4.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 51.6 30.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

2.7 72 26 34 .. 99 94 53

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. 14 100 .. 42 32 .. 13.0 .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 57 .. 5.9 .. .. ..

3

37

Benin Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.1 7.1 780 47.3

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.04 52 171 ..

46 183

1.04 58 103 23

54 109

35 9 1 12 27

71 23 5 28 55

120 39 6 66 45

137 64 15 84 66

6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 770

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 57 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 21 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 57 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 1 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

38

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

3

5.2 100 34 17 30 84 74 350

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 79 .. 2.2 .. 3 ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 67 57 76.1 .. .. .. 10

8

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 56 72.8 .. .. .. 11

Bermuda South Asia

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

64.7 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. 78 .. ..

70 ..

.. 82 .. ..

77 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

89 83 43 100 ..

91 71 20 100 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.3 .. .. ..

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 7.5 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

39

Bhutan South Asia

Low middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

738.3 1.6 2,130 10.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.04 54 130 ..

51 147

1.04 69 50 ..

65 57

41 .. .. 20 ..

68 .. .. 27 ..

111 77 7 105 ..

110 73 10 101 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.8 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 15 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

40

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 34 .. .. .. .. ..

2

2.3 46 26 66 .. 97 65 180

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 47 .. .. .. .. ..

66 17 83 83 34.4 68 9 24 27 60 .. .. 27 63 44 .. 4.5 .. 11 ..

9

77 40 60 60 24.4 53 10 37

75 41 .. 1.8 .. 7 ..

Bolivia Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.1 20.4 2,020 15.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 61 112 19

57 127

1.05 69 48 23

64 54

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 .. .. 64 92

110 .. .. 78 96

99 80 35 95 99

101 82 42 95 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9 .. 24 30 23 46 43 450

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 50 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 48 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 52 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 26 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 39 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.3 75 22 61 20 86 71 190

83 63 37 32 3.6 2 35 63

79 58 .. 21.1 .. .. ..

9

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

64 33 67 64 32.7 33 10 57 37 59 12 100 29 60 44 18.4 4.4 .. .. 25

81 46 54 47 12.6 31 28 41

78 55 21.8 2.6 .. .. 31

25

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.8 18.0 4,780 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.07 74 16 ..

62 21

1.07 78 7 ..

73 9

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

91 91 43 76 100

90 88 33 75 100

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. 97 18

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 12 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

42

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.1 14 6 36 23 99 100 8

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

44 20 .. 15.5 .. .. ..

35 59 74 75 25 25 25 25 10.2 2.3 21 19 16 36 63 45 41 .. 52 100 .. 25 43 10 18 9.5 11.7 29.9 26.0 .. .. 60 57 48 67

21

Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.0 15.2 7,470 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 66 49 ..

62 57

1.03 52 24 ..

54 28

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

108 42 4 97 92

100 38 5 81 86

108 84 8 98 97

112 79 7 97 94

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.7 .. 10 33 .. 92 78 140

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 67 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 65 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 35 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 34 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 25 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 30 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 17.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 33 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 45 .. 53 .. 94 95 160

81 67 33 31 1.4 .. .. ..

63 41 .. 11.7 .. 20 ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

72 82 59 62 41 38 39 33 4.4 2.1 24 35 11 19 65 46 41 55 12 25 30 57 69 37 46 .. .. 19.9 15.3 60.3 59.2 .. .. 28 32

8

43

Brazil Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

196.7 2,107.7 10,720 6.1

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 70 52 21

63 64

1.05 77 14 ..

70 17

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

130 .. 11 .. ..

131 .. 10 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 97

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. 26 59 18 74 70 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 45 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 17 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

44

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5

1.8 76 36 81 .. 98 97 56

85 65 35 29 4.3 28 28 44

79 69 .. 3.8 .. 7 ..

60 69 25 22 6.3 12 13 75 42 68 17 100 36 54 43 2.6 11.0 .. 23 51

9

81 64 33 27 3.4 21 29 50

77 62 5.8 6.1 .. 14 61

Brunei Darussalam

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

405.9 12.5 31,800 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 76 11 ..

72 14

1.06 80 7 ..

76 8

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

113 75 8 129 98

118 69 5 115 98

106 113 25 120 100

104 111 15 120 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5 .. .. .. .. 100 98 29

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

44 96 4 3 0.6 2 9 90 23 .. .. .. .. 43 30 .. 6.7 .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0 23 .. .. .. 99 100 24

82 94 6 4 0.4 2 31 66

78 46 .. 3.7 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 53 37 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 44 .. .. .. .. ..

..

45

Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.3 48.8 6,640 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 75 20 ..

68 25

1.06 78 11 ..

71 13

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

95 99 28 100 ..

96 99 24 100 ..

102 87 65 106 98

103 91 49 106 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 99 24

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 63 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 52 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 17 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 45 50 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 33 26 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 22.0 20.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 52.3 52.6 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

46

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

21

1.5 38 .. .. .. .. 100 11

49 60 91 85 10 15 7 10 1.3 0.8 5 8 25 41 70 51 49 53 19 90 37 44 53 20 27 .. .. 10.0 12.3 54.8 57.1 25 28 55 50

23

Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

17.0 9.9 580 44.6

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 50 202 7

47 215

1.05 56 142 10

54 151

23 5 0 13 14

37 10 1 23 27

76 20 3 42 33

82 25 5 48 47

6.8 .. 62 8 25 59 42 700

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 77 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 23 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 76 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 72 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.8 119 52 16 31 94 66 300

91 6 93 92 52.2 .. .. ..

88 80 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

78 90 4 10 94 88 93 87 69.2 26.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 .. 14 100 31 76 87 70 76 34.5 49.0 1.7 2.9 .. .. 3 5 11 16

16

47

Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

8.6 2.2 250 81.3

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 48 175 ..

45 190

1.03 52 133 27

49 145

63 4 0 33 48

78 6 1 48 59

165 24 2 62 78

164 32 4 62 78

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.5 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 17 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 9 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 79 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 19 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 .. 12 90 .. 85 75 .. 0.3 .. 0 ..

..

4.2 20 20 22 32 99 60 800

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 70 .. 0.7 .. 1 ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 50 .. 79 61 32.4 .. .. .. 6

31

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 56 31.3 .. .. .. 9

Cambodia East Asia & Pacific

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

14.3 11.7 820 18.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 57 108 ..

54 125

1.05 64 37 27

62 47

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

124 .. 0 .. ..

155 .. 2 .. ..

122 45 11 90 86

129 48 18 90 88

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 830

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 78 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 77 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 73 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.5 35 18 51 17 89 71 250

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 68 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

79 87 27 36 73 64 73 64 13.9 16.2 57 55 18 16 26 29 .. .. 13 50 21 78 85 70 69 33.9 35.0 0.1 0.3 .. .. 3 4 4 4

20

49

Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

20.0 24.1 1,210 9.6

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 55 137 18

52 154

1.03 53 120 ..

51 135

89 20 .. 52 ..

104 30 .. 56 ..

111 47 11 72 77

128 56 14 84 89

5.9 .. 58 16 22 79 64 670

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 53 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 36 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

14

4.4 118 38 23 3 85 64 690

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 47 .. .. .. .. ..

64 77 11 29 89 71 87 67 37.2 22.3 58 49 12 13 30 38 26 .. 14 100 .. 62 74 40 46 43.4 43.5 4.5 3.1 .. .. .. .. 11 19

14

Canada

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

34.5 1,570.9 45,550 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 81 7 ..

74 9

1.06 83 5 ..

79 6

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

103 100 100 .. ..

104 99 81 .. ..

100 100 .. 96 ..

100 103 .. 96 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 100 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

58 90 10 .. 0.9 2 12 86 47 70 17 57 34 52 58 .. 8.1 6.0 11 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

1.6 12 .. .. .. 100 100 12

76 82 18 .. 0.2 5 34 61

67 57 .. 8.2 7.9 14 ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

62 71 92 90 8 10 .. .. 0.1 0.1 1 3 10 32 89 65 50 67 17 55 36 58 66 57 54 .. .. 7.0 7.8 11.8 13.9 12 16 97 94

25

51

Cape Verde Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

500.6 1.8 3,540 21.0

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 68 54 ..

62 62

1.03 78 20 ..

70 23

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

119 21 0 56 86

123 20 0 58 90

105 97 24 96 99

114 83 17 94 97

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.3 .. .. 24 .. .. .. 200

2.3 72 .. .. .. .. .. 79

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 42 85 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 40 79 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 43 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 22.6 23.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 42 41 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 90 .. 48 42 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

21

52

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

12

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 65 .. .. .. .. ..

Cayman Islands

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

56.7 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 50 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 2 34 64

.. .. .. 5.3 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. 95 5 .. .. 1 4 94 51 .. .. .. 44 .. .. .. 4.1 .. 13 ..

.. 87 12 .. .. 3 33 63

.. .. .. 3.8 .. 14 ..

..

53

Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.5 2.1 480 62.8

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

54

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.03 51 163 ..

47 175

1.03 50 157 ..

47 170

54 7 0 19 35

86 16 2 42 63

79 13 1 33 58

109 23 4 53 72

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 930

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 65 52 .. .. .. .. ..

4

4.5 100 68 15 .. 68 54 890

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 64 .. .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 68 51 .. .. .. .. 3

13

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 61 .. .. .. .. 3

Chad Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

11.5 8.3 720 61.9

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 52 198 ..

49 219

1.03 51 160 ..

48 177

30 2 .. 6 9

69 11 .. 27 26

86 15 1 29 41

115 35 4 47 53

6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 920

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 64 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 44.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 4 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 51 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.9 143 68 5 .. 53 23 1,100

81 9 90 90 13.2 80 3 16

76 51 .. 1.1 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 60 50 .. .. .. .. 7

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 51 .. .. .. .. 11

15

55

Channel Islands

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

153.9 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 78 .. ..

73 ..

1.06 82 .. ..

78 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

56

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.5 9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Chile Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

17.3 212.0 12,280 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 77 17 ..

71 21

1.04 82 8 ..

76 10

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 80 24 .. 99

106 76 28 .. 98

101 91 68 99 99

104 88 64 99 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 56 .. 95 99 56

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 32 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 77 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 80 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 50 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 29 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 19 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 27.2 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 12 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.8 56 .. 58 .. .. 100 25

77 71 28 .. .. 25 30 44

71 43 .. 5.7 14.7 13 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

47 62 26 24 2.2 5 10 85 38 59 18 100 .. 43 25 .. 8.7 .. 21 41

74 73 27 25 0.9 14 31 55

70 38 .. 6.1 .. 15 43

14

57

China East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,344.1 6,643.2 4,940 11.8

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) b Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.13 71 48 ..

68 50

1.18 75 14 ..

72 15

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

126 32 3 .. 91

139 43 5 .. 97

115 83 28 .. 99

111 80 25 .. 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. 85 .. 70 94 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 70 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 74 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

58

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

21

1.6 9 .. 85 .. 94 100 37

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 69 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 65 59 .. .. .. .. 60

21

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 54 .. .. .. .. 68

Colombia Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

46.9 284.9 6,070 8.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 72 31 23

64 38

1.05 77 16 34

70 20

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

113 57 16 86 92

99 48 15 63 89

110 102 45 111 99

114 93 41 112 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. 22 66 11 83 94 170

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 32 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 28 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 26 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 25 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 25 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 18 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 25 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1 69 23 79 7 97 99 92

77 65 35 30 0.8 2 35 63

69 51 .. 8.1 .. 15 ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

56 48 52 49 7.1 5 16 79 46 60 12 100 .. 48 28 4.4 15.0 .. 30 25

80 45 55 48 3.7 26 23 51

73 44 8.3 9.1 .. 18 36

12

59

Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

753.9 581.0 770 46.1

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 58 113 ..

54 130

1.05 62 74 ..

60 85

71 28 0 37 ..

101 41 1 43 ..

90 .. 9 65 85

106 .. 10 84 86

5.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 440

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 21 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 16.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

60

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

0

4.9 52 .. .. .. .. .. 280

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 51 .. 21.3 .. .. ..

35 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 33 22 .. .. .. .. 18

3

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 48 .. .. .. .. 26

Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

67.8 13.1 190 87.7

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 48 171 ..

45 192

1.03 50 158 21

47 178

48 14 .. 37 ..

67 29 .. 62 ..

89 29 3 50 62

103 50 9 67 68

7.1 .. .. 8 .. .. .. 930

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26 .. 14 67 .. 64 45 .. .. .. .. ..

5.7 177 39 17 24 89 80 540

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 37 .. .. .. .. ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 67 .. 66 44 21.4 .. .. .. 3

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 38 19.5 .. .. .. 5

9

61

Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.1 9.3 2,250 54.1

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 58 113 ..

55 124

1.03 59 94 ..

56 103

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

122 42 2 60 ..

130 55 8 61 ..

113 .. 7 69 ..

119 .. 11 73 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 420

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 60 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 26 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 15 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 57 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

62

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

14

4.5 114 33 .. .. .. .. 560

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 42 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15 100 .. 64 40 .. .. .. .. 7

7

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 41 .. .. .. .. 11

Costa Rica Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.7 36.1 7,640 3.1

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 78 15 ..

73 19

1.05 82 9 ..

77 11

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 45 .. 81 ..

103 42 .. 78 ..

107 104 49 101 99

108 99 38 97 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. 75 .. 95 98 38

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 33 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 21 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 24 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 69 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 53 Maternity leave (weeks) 17 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 31 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 31 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 13.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 10 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.8 63 .. 82 .. 90 99 40

84 67 33 26 4.7 34 27 39

79 65 .. 4.1 8.4 8 ..

11

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

46 79 21 19 1.7 4 11 84 43 60 17 100 35 44 32 1.6 10.3 .. 22 41

79 74 26 21 1.0 20 25 55

76 52 3.4 6.0 .. 14 60

39

63

Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

20.2 22.1 1,090 23.8

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.02 54 138 15

51 164

1.02 57 105 ..

54 125

56 .. 1 30 38

79 .. 4 50 60

80 .. 6 52 62

96 .. 11 65 72

6.3 .. 44 11 27 83 45 710

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 35 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

6

4.3 110 .. 13 29 85 57 400

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 64 .. .. .. .. ..

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 50 39 43.6 .. .. .. ..

10

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 57 47.7 .. .. .. ..

Croatia

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.4 59.6 13,540 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 76 11 ..

69 14

1.06 80 5 24

74 6

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

81 84 25 .. 100

81 81 26 .. 100

93 99 62 93 100

93 93 46 93 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. 100 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 47 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 41 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 25 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 39 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.5 13 .. .. .. 100 100 17

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 29 .. 11.1 .. 42 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

46 78 22 19 5.5 16 16 67 47 58 52 100 25 40 20 .. 13.2 65.2 37 87

60 77 23 17 1.2 15 37 48

52 27 .. 13.7 62.7 36 90

24

65

Cuba Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

11.3 61.5 5,460 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 76 12 ..

73 15

1.06 81 5 46

77 6

98 95 25 .. ..

102 84 18 .. ..

100 90 101 99 100

102 91 61 98 100

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. 100 63

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

34

1.5 44 40 74 8 100 100 73

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 53 .. .. .. .. ..

43 94 6 .. .. 8 12 80 45 .. 18 100 .. 42 35 .. 2.7 .. 4 ..

45

70 78 23 .. .. 25 20 55

69 45 .. 2.4 .. 3 ..

Curaçao

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

145.6 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 80 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

67

Cyprus

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.1 23.7 29,450 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 79 10 ..

75 12

1.07 82 3 ..

77 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

101 94 14 101 100

101 92 14 101 100

102 92 46 101 100

102 91 51 98 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 17

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

46 .. .. .. .. 16 25 59 .. .. .. .. .. 43 37 .. 2.2 .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

68

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2

1.5 6 .. .. .. 99 .. 10

74 .. .. .. .. 12 31 55

69 40 .. 2.0 .. .. ..

57 88 12 11 2.4 3 9 89 49 61 18 75 14 53 31 .. 7.7 20.1 22 83

11

72 77 23 16 1.4 5 32 63

66 31 .. 7.8 21.6 23 88

Czech Republic

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.5 196.3 18,700 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 75 12 ..

68 16

1.06 81 4 ..

75 4

92 89 14 96 ..

92 97 18 94 ..

106 90 75 105 ..

106 90 53 105 ..

1.9 .. .. 78 .. 99 100 15

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 52 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 90 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 33 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 61 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 51 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 69 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 25 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 51 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 41 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 16.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.4 10 .. .. .. .. 100 5

71 84 16 8 0.2 9 51 40

70 57 .. 2.4 17.9 5 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

50 87 13 11 1.0 2 24 74 46 73 28 69 26 46 21 .. 7.9 41.4 18 81

68 78 22 17 0.2 4 49 47

64 29 .. 5.8 41.7 18 81

22

69

Denmark

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.6 335.1 60,160 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 78 8 ..

72 10

1.06 82 3 ..

78 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 111 36 95 ..

97 108 32 95 ..

99 119 88 99 ..

99 118 61 98 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. 78 .. .. 100 13

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 93 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 48 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 71 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 18 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 63 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 31.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 12 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

31

1.8 5 .. .. .. .. .. 12

75 85 15 8 0.1 8 37 55

68 68 .. 7.8 27.5 11 ..

60 69 95 88 5 12 4 7 0.4 0.2 1 4 9 29 89 67 50 62 7 100 28 56 64 59 57 .. .. 7.5 7.7 22.3 26.2 13 16 99 100

39

Djibouti Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

905.6 1.1 1,270 18.8

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.04 53 114 ..

50 129

30 9 0 .. ..

41 13 0 .. ..

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 290

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 46.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.04 59 84 ..

58 a 34 a 4 54 a ..

56 95

64 a 44 a 6 59 a ..

3.7 20 5 23 22 92 93 200

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 41.9 .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

36 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 17

14

71

Dominica Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

67.7 475.5 7,030 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. 76 16 ..

72 19

.. .. 11 ..

.. 13

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

100 77 5 112 ..

107 64 6 89 ..

118 102 .. 101 ..

119 95 .. 87 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5 .. .. 50 .. 90 .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. 70 28 23 2.9 13 13 71 40 .. 9 .. 55 .. .. .. 9.8 .. 29 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

72

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. 57 41 32 3.0 40 27 31

.. .. .. 9.9 .. 14 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

13

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Dominican Republic Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.1 52.6 5,240 2.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 70 54 25

65 62

1.05 76 23 35

71 27

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

125 .. .. .. ..

120 .. .. .. ..

102 81 .. 93 98

112 72 .. 91 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5 .. 30 56 17 97 92 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 44 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 69 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 24 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 32 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 29 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 21 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 33.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 48 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.5 105 41 73 11 99 98 150

84 53 47 42 6.2 27 23 50

74 54 .. 12.8 .. 25 ..

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

51 45 24 22 2.1 2 7 60 42 51 12 100 31 39 24 7.9 16.4 .. 45 37

79 39 52 48 1.6 19 21 47

73 50 19.9 9.3 .. 21 39

21

73

Ecuador Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

14.7 61.7 4,200 4.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 71 49 ..

66 56

1.05 79 21 ..

73 25

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

120 60 23 92 96

121 57 34 92 97

120 88 43 113 99

121 87 37 111 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. 26 53 .. 75 61 180

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 39 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 45 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 44 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 41 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 31 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 60 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 36 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 9.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 17 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5

2.4 81 .. .. .. .. .. 110

84 60 40 33 3.9 10 30 60

79 59 .. 4.3 .. 11 ..

54 49 51 50 17.5 21 11 68 39 53 12 100 28 50 34 2.5 6.4 .. 18 33

32

83 59 41 37 6.2 33 23 44

79 54 3.8 4.1 .. 12 40

Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

82.5 214.7 2,600 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 64 86 12

60 86

1.05 75 20 13

71 22

79 59 10 57 54

95 77 18 79 71

104 71 31 99 84

108 74 34 102 91

4.4 .. 27 48 20 52 37 230

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 51 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 46 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 52 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 21 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 7 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 17 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 12 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 17.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 42 17 60 9 74 79 66

74 57 43 24 9.6 35 24 41

69 32 .. 5.2 .. .. ..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

24 48 52 49 33.9 46 6 49 18 .. 13 100 11 17 8 .. 22.6 .. 54 7

74 61 39 22 8.7 28 27 44

69 36 .. 4.9 .. 15 13

2

75

El Salvador Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.2 21.7 3,480 9.0

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 71 55 ..

61 65

1.05 77 14 ..

67 17

94 40 19 65 85

95 36 21 62 85

112 68 26 101 96

117 68 23 100 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0 .. .. 47 .. 69 90 150

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

41 50 49 46 8.6 3 22 75 46 54 12 75 44 39 30 .. 9.8 .. 14 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

76

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.2 77 25 73 .. 94 96 81

83 62 37 27 7.4 11 35 54

76 62 .. 10.1 .. 15 ..

47 51 49 46 7.6 5 18 76 48 54 12 75 29 45 30 4.4 5.1 .. 8 10

26

79 63 37 32 6.5 32 24 44

72 54 10.4 8.4 .. 13 18

Equatorial Guinea

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

720.2 11.3 15,670 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 48 180 ..

45 199

1.03 52 112 ..

50 124

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

148 26 0 50 ..

157 59 3 56 ..

86 .. .. 52 98

88 .. .. 51 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.9 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 37 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 5 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. 12 75 .. 76 58 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

5.1 116 .. .. .. .. .. 240

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 80 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 75 .. 75 56 .. .. .. .. ..

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 78 .. .. .. .. ..

10

77

Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.4 2.3 430 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.03 50 125 ..

46 151

1.03 64 61 ..

59 74

20 11 .. 16 ..

21 12 .. 21 ..

42 29 1 36 87

51 37 3 43 92

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 880

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 69 67 .. .. .. .. ..

..

4.4 56 .. .. .. .. .. 240

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 75 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. .. 75 66 .. .. .. .. ..

22

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 72 .. .. .. .. ..

Estonia

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.3 20.4 15,260 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 75 17 ..

65 23

1.06 81 3 ..

71 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

93 104 25 .. 100

95 97 23 .. 100

98 107 80 95 100

99 107 49 98 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. 70 .. .. 99 48

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 63 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 97 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 52 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 39 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 28.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.5 18 .. .. .. .. 100 2

77 97 3 2 0.9 27 42 31

74 54 .. 0.6 37.1 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

57 95 5 4 0.2 2 19 78 54 72 20 100 36 51 29 .. 11.8 53.6 21 97

68 88 12 6 0.3 6 45 47

59 34 .. 13.1 59.7 24 96

21

79

Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

84.7 31.0 370 30.7

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 49 184 ..

46 212

1.03 61 72 26

58 82

29 12 0 18 28

44 16 1 29 39

101 35 5 55 47

111 40 11 61 63

7.1 .. .. 5 .. .. .. 950

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 72 91 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2 4 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 97 91 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 96 89 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 72.6 20.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 64 87 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 62 79 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.6 1.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 3 2 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

4.0 53 41 29 26 43 10 350

78 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42 .. 13 100 16 72 87 66 76 19.5 32.5 22.6 11.7 .. .. 29 20 .. ..

28

Faeroe Islands

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

48.9 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. 80 .. ..

73 ..

.. 85 .. ..

79 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

81

Fiji East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

868.4 3.2 3,720 5.9

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 68 27 ..

64 32

1.06 72 15 ..

67 18

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

109 75 2 95 ..

109 78 4 95 ..

105 94 .. 103 ..

105 87 .. 104 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 32

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

29 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 .. 12 .. .. 28 24 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

82

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.6 43 .. 32 .. 100 100 26

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 59 .. .. .. .. ..

39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. .. 37 26 .. 12.9 .. .. ..

9

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 52 .. 6.4 .. .. ..

Finland

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.4 257.3 47,760 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 79 6 ..

71 7

1.05 84 3 ..

77 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 124 47 102 ..

99 105 42 102 ..

99 110 103 99 ..

99 105 85 98 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 77 .. 100 100 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

59 89 11 .. 1.1 7 17 76 51 67 15 80 .. 55 46 .. 2.6 8.4 8 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32

1.8 9 .. .. .. .. .. 5

72 81 20 .. 1.7 11 42 48

65 51 .. 3.5 9.7 9 ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

56 64 91 82 9 18 7 12 0.4 0.6 2 6 9 36 88 58 51 61 15 70 32 52 59 41 41 .. .. 7.1 8.3 17.3 26.4 18 19 100 99

43

83

France

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

65.4 2,775.7 42,420 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 81 8 ..

73 10

1.05 85 4 ..

78 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

110 98 40 .. ..

112 92 35 .. ..

109 114 64 .. ..

111 113 50 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 81 .. 99 99 13

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 46 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 82 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 13 18 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 11 11 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 0.9 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 39 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 45 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 79 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 84 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 32 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 41 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 36 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.2 7.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 43.5 38.6 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 23 17 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

7

2.0 6 .. .. .. .. .. 8

51 92 8 6 0.8 2 11 87 50 77 16 100 39 46 27 .. 9.7 40.3 23 97

27

62 85 15 9 0.3 4 33 63

56 34 .. 8.8 41.8 21 97

French Polynesia

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

273.8 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 72 .. ..

67 ..

1.05 78 .. ..

73 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

125 78 .. .. ..

130 57 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1 49 .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

85

Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.5 12.4 8,080 4.8

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 63 86 ..

60 103

1.03 64 59 ..

62 72

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

155 37 3 69 92

155 43 8 70 94

179 .. .. .. 97

184 .. .. .. 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 270

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 56 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 63 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 63 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 61 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 36 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 29 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 47 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 19 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 16.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 40 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

13

3.2 83 .. .. .. .. .. 230

71 59 38 37 2.0 26 19 56

57 22 .. 19.1 .. 42 ..

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 14 100 .. 48 14 .. .. .. .. 17

16

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

53 16 .. .. .. .. 21

Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.8 889.3 500 29.8

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 54 154 ..

52 175

1.03 60 94 ..

57 107

41 10 .. 29 ..

65 22 .. 54 ..

82 53 .. 67 62

79 56 .. 65 72

6.1 .. .. 12 .. .. 44 700

70 .. .. .. .. 77 1 20 .. .. .. .. .. 65 58 .. .. .. .. ..

4.8 69 36 13 .. 98 57 360

85 .. .. .. .. 54 11 35

80 62 .. .. .. .. ..

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 68 57 34.3 .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 58 37.6 .. .. .. ..

8

87

Georgia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.5 12.8 2,860 18.0

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.08 74 42 ..

67 52

1.11 77 18 ..

70 23

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

97 94 35 .. ..

97 96 38 .. ..

108 87 33 116 100

105 91 27 116 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. 97 63

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 18 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.6 41 14 53 .. 98 100 67

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 27 .. .. .. .. ..

56 74 35 37 65 63 65 62 37.9 19.6 57 51 4 17 40 33 49 .. .. .. 34 48 63 15 28 29.9 33.6 13.1 16.7 .. .. 41 32 35 31

12

Germany

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

81.8 3,617.7 44,230 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 79 7 ..

72 10

1.06 83 4 ..

78 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

99 99 29 101 ..

98 101 40 101 ..

102 100 .. 101 ..

103 106 .. 101 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. 70 .. .. 100 13

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.9 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 26 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 89 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 26 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 45 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15���24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 44.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.4 7 .. .. .. .. 100 7

70 89 11 5 0.4 4 50 45

69 61 .. 4.5 49.1 5 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

53 92 9 6 0.9 1 14 85 48 79 14 100 30 50 45 .. 5.6 45.9 8 99

67 86 14 8 0.3 2 40 58

62 50 .. 6.2 49.0 9 98

33

89

Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

25.0 35.1 1,410 28.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 58 114 37

56 128

65 28 0 57 ..

76 43 1 72 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6 .. 41 17 37 82 40 580

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

70 .. .. .. .. 59 10 32 .. .. 12 50 .. 64 44 .. 5.5 .. 19 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

90

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.06 65 72 34

63 83

107 a 113 a 56 a 62 a 9 15 88 a 110 a 80 82

4.1 64 21 34 35 96 68 350

73 .. .. .. .. 66 10 23

69 37 .. 3.7 .. 15 ..

67 72 11 30 89 70 85 65 28.5 11.7 53 61 14 13 33 25 .. .. 12 100 .. 64 69 36 36 48.0 49.9 3.6 3.5 .. .. .. .. 27 32

8

Greece

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

11.3 276.7 24,490 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 80 12 ..

75 14

1.07 83 4 ..

79 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 93 25 98 99

99 95 25 98 99

101 107 94 99 99

101 112 85 99 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36 67 52 53 48 47 46 40 27.7 4.8 30 20 17 33 52 46 35 61 15 100 23 30 63 24 38 .. .. 11.7 4.2 55.8 39.9 33 15 .. ..

7

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.4 10 .. .. .. .. .. 3

45 65 68 60 32 40 27 30 8.5 3.3 13 12 8 25 80 63 43 63 17 50 23 35 56 14 21 .. .. 21.4 14.9 54.0 45.0 52 39 76 80

21

91

Greenland

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

56.8 1.5 26,020 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. 68 .. ..

63 ..

.. 73 .. ..

68 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

92

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 10.0 .. .. ..

Grenada Latin America & the Caribbean

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

104.9 770.9 7,350 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 71 20 ..

67 22

1.05 77 12 ..

74 13

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

110 96 .. .. ..

120 86 .. .. ..

102 109 61 103 ..

105 106 45 120 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8 .. .. 54 .. 100 .. 34

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 84 74 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 17 18 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 15 14 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 1.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 24 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 30 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 62 40 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 40 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 43 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 30 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 37.0 18.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

2.2 37 .. 54 .. 100 99 24

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

13

93

Guam

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

182.1 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 74 .. ..

70 ..

1.06 79 .. ..

74 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 .. 16 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

94

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.4 50 .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 4.3 .. 16 ..

47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Guatemala Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

14.8 42.4 2,870 13.5

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 65 74 ..

59 82

1.05 75 28 ..

68 33

75 24 .. .. 71

86 27 .. .. 82

114 62 18 83 85

118 67 18 88 89

5.6 .. 41 23 .. 35 29 160

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 41 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 75 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 11 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 39 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 32 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9 103 30 54 .. 93 52 120

88 46 54 53 14.4 18 34 49

85 76 .. 1.6 .. 3 ..

7

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

49 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 44 21 24 63 32 30 .. 12 100 .. 47 86 40 76 11.7 24.5 6.6 2.9 .. .. .. .. 16 30

13

95

Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.2 4.4 430 43.3

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 45 224 ..

42 232

1.06 56 123 ..

53 128

23 6 0 9 ..

49 17 2 31 ..

91 32 6 53 57

105 51 16 75 70

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.7 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 67 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 2 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 58 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 31 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 64 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 79 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 63 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 48 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) 49.5 Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

96

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

5.2 138 .. .. .. 88 46 610

79 .. .. .. .. 73 9 18

76 54 47.2 4.6 .. .. ..

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29 .. 14 100 .. 64 50 .. .. .. .. 3

19

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 54 .. .. .. .. 4

Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.5 925.5 600 48.9

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 44 193 ..

41 227

1.03 50 147 ..

47 174

39 3 0 4 ..

69 7 1 8 ..

119 .. .. 60 65

127 .. .. 75 79

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.6 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 60 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 57 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 41 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.0 99 22 14 25 93 44 790

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 49 .. .. .. .. ..

20

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 64 48 48.1 .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 51 52.8 .. .. .. ..

14

97

Guyana Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

756.0 2.2 2,900 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 64 55 ..

58 70

1.05 73 32 34

67 40

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

106 83 5 97 ..

110 81 7 97 ..

89 98 17 87 ..

85 89 7 84 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 38 .. .. .. 180

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 13 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 31 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 22 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 18.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 38 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

98

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

37

2.2 57 23 43 29 92 92 280

83 52 48 .. .. .. .. ..

76 58 .. 8.4 .. 21 ..

42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 13 70 .. 36 21 .. 25.7 .. 50 ..

31

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. 17.2 .. 44 ..

Haiti Latin America & the Caribbean

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.1 7.1 700 61.7

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 56 134 ..

54 152

1.05 63 66 44

61 74

73 .. 1 35 ..

76 .. 2 41 ..

.. .. .. .. 70

.. .. .. .. 74

5.4 .. .. 10 .. 71 23 620

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 57 78 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 21 17 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 77 81 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11.2 12.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 50 76 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 9 9 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 38 13 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 70 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.8 11.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 24 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

3.3 42 30 32 38 85 26 350

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 54 26 .. .. .. .. 21

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 33 .. .. .. .. 23

4

99

Honduras Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.8 15.4 1,980 17.9

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 69 52 ..

64 58

1.05 75 20 26

71 23

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

108 37 8 61 ..

107 30 10 68 ..

114 82 22 105 96

114 67 19 98 94

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.1 .. .. 47 .. 88 47 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 33 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 49 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 51 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 23 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 41 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 59 Maternity leave (weeks) 10 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 31 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 26 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 9 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

100

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

10

3.1 87 39 65 17 92 67 100

86 50 50 48 11.3 65 15 20

83 71 .. 4.4 .. 11 ..

42 41 59 57 11.9 12 21 67 42 .. 12 100 .. 41 29 4.1 5.6 .. .. 15

20

83 46 54 51 13.3 50 19 31

81 64 13.3 4.3 .. .. 26

Hong Kong SAR, China

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.1 254.6 36,010 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 80 .. ..

75 ..

1.07 87 .. ..

80 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

106 78 15 .. ..

107 74 22 .. ..

110 81 63 92 ..

106 79 57 90 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3 .. .. 86 .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

47 95 5 4 2.0 1 33 66 41 .. 10 67 17 47 54 .. 1.3 .. 3 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.2 4 .. 80 .. .. .. ..

79 85 15 7 0.2 1 39 60

78 55 .. 1.3 .. 4 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

51 94 6 4 0.7 0 4 96 50 56 10 80 32 50 33 .. 2.8 .. 8 89

68 86 14 9 0.1 0 19 80

65 32 .. 3.9 .. 11 88

..

101

Hungary

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.0 126.9 12,730 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 74 17 ..

65 21

1.06 79 6 ..

71 7

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

87 88 15 86 99

88 87 14 85 99

101 99 70 97 99

102 101 52 98 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 81 .. .. 99 23

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 46 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 89 81 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11 16 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 7 8 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.8 0.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 21 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 30 43 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 55 36 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 49 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 24 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 34 41 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.7 11.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 19.8 20.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 15 22 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

102

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

21

1.2 14 .. .. .. .. 100 21

44 58 92 85 9 15 5 8 0.6 0.3 3 7 20 40 77 53 49 62 24 70 40 39 52 17 21 .. .. 10.9 11.0 49.2 48.9 25 27 73 72

9

Iceland

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

319.0 11.1 34,820 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 81 6 ..

75 7

1.05 84 2 ..

81 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 98 29 .. ..

101 101 22 .. ..

99 109 101 97 ..

99 107 57 99 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 68 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 77 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 53 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 82 Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 27 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 66 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 57 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 10.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0 12 .. .. .. .. .. 5

82 73 27 17 2.1 14 33 53

80 57 .. 2.3 1.1 6 ..

21

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

71 91 8 6 0.0 2 8 90 52 68 13 80 40 67 64 .. 6.2 24.5 11 ..

78 83 16 10 0.1 9 28 62

72 53 .. 7.8 25.6 18 ..

40

103

India South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,241.5 1,766.2 1,420 32.7

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.08 59 119 9

58 110

1.08 67 64 14

64 59

77 27 4 51 49

104 46 8 74 74

116 60 15 95 74

116 66 21 96 88

3.9 .. 54 45 17 62 34 600

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 37.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 13 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 15 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 8 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

104

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5

2.6 77 47 55 13 75 52 200

85 18 82 80 13.7 56 17 27

82 63 .. 3.6 .. 8 ..

29 81 15 19 86 81 85 79 33.9 11.0 65 46 18 24 17 30 .. .. 12 100 14 28 78 17 49 2.1 2.8 4.3 3.3 41.4 36.6 12 10 26 44

11

Indonesia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

242.3 712.7 2,940 18.1

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 64 75 13

60 88

1.05 71 29 13

68 34

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

110 41 7 .. 95

115 50 11 .. 97

119 77 22 105 99

117 77 24 104 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. 34 50 14 76 41 600

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 50 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 56 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 29 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 37 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 9 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1 43 22 61 15 93 82 220

81 .. .. .. .. 56 15 30

79 55 .. 2.8 .. 9 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

51 32 68 67 32.4 35 15 50 32 .. 13 100 22 47 31 3.2 7.6 .. 21 19

84 34 66 62 8.1 37 24 40

79 49 4.2 5.9 .. 19 20

19

105

Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

74.8 330.4 4,520 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 66 60 ..

58 62

1.05 75 25 ..

71 25

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

101 45 3 81 81

115 63 9 93 92

107 84 49 106 99

108 87 48 106 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. 49 .. .. .. 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 10 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 67 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 8 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 9 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 24.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

106

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2

1.6 26 .. .. .. .. .. 21

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. 9.5 .. .. ..

16 47 53 52 29.7 31 27 42 15 .. 13 67 13 14 9 .. 16.8 .. 34 62

3

73 54 46 40 4.8 19 33 47

66 39 .. 9.1 .. 20 85

Iraq Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

33.0 87.0 2,640 2.8

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.07 72 42 ..

63 50

1.07 72 35 11

66 41

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

99 36 9 53 ..

117 57 16 64 ..

95 45 .. 55 81

113 60 .. 74 85

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0 .. .. 14 .. .. 54 89

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 11 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 7 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 3 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.6 88 17 50 .. 84 80 63

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 38 .. .. .. .. ..

11

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

15 .. .. .. .. 51 4 46 12 .. 9 100 .. 10 2 11.3 22.5 .. .. 8

69 .. .. .. .. 17 22 61

58 31 17.9 16.2 .. .. 13

25

107

Ireland

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.6 179.2 39,150 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 78 8 ..

72 10

1.07 83 4 ..

78 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 104 26 103 ..

103 95 30 103 ..

108 124 71 104 ..

108 118 62 102 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 71 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 89 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 10 25 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.5 2.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 18 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 34 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 79 48 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 70 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 18 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 36 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 15.0 13.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 56.2 70.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 18 21 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

108

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

8

2.1 11 .. .. .. .. .. 6

53 93 8 5 0.7 1 9 90 52 75 26 80 33 47 32 .. 10.6 46.7 23 92

15

69 75 25 18 0.5 8 28 64

56 29 .. 17.4 64.7 35 96

Isle of Man

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

83.3 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. 80 .. ..

74 ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. 6 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 4.7 .. 9 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. 1 4 95 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.0 .. 5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 3 24 73

.. .. .. 2.8 .. 10 ..

..

109

Israel

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.8 224.7 28,930 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 78 11 ..

75 12

1.05 84 4 ..

80 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

97 91 33 .. ..

94 86 34 .. ..

105 103 71 102 ..

104 101 55 101 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. .. 68 .. .. 99 12

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 41 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 82 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 75 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 36 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 23 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

110

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

7

3.0 14 .. .. .. .. .. 7

63 .. .. .. .. 5 36 58

57 26 .. 8.4 .. 21 ..

53 92 8 5 0.2 1 10 89 50 74 14 100 32 50 30 .. 5.6 17.4 11 92

20

62 84 17 9 0.1 3 30 67

59 26 .. 5.6 19.8 12 88

Italy

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

60.7 2,144.7 35,320 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 80 9 ..

74 11

1.06 85 3 ..

80 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 79 29 100 ..

99 79 30 100 ..

101 100 76 104 100

102 101 54 103 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 10

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 67 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 76 70 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 24 31 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 24 29 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7.4 2.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 9 9 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 23 37 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 68 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 36 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 71 Maternity leave (weeks) 21 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 80 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 16 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 15.7 6.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 70.5 68.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 35 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.4 5 .. .. .. .. .. 4

38 82 18 15 2.2 3 14 83 44 77 22 80 25 34 16 .. 9.6 51.9 32 64

60 71 30 21 1.1 4 38 57

55 25 .. 7.6 50.7 27 79

21

111

Jamaica Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.7 .. .. <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 73 29 ..

68 39

1.05 76 16 ..

71 21

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 72 .. 100 ..

105 68 .. 94 ..

87 94 35 73 98

91 91 15 74 93

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.9 .. .. 55 .. 98 92 59

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 66 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 61 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 37 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 60 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 52 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 31 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 23.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 27.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 47 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

112

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5

2.3 71 .. 72 .. 99 98 110

82 52 47 46 2.1 36 25 39

74 55 .. 9.3 21.4 19 ..

56 67 33 31 2.1 8 7 85 48 .. 12 .. .. 46 19 .. 17.2 .. 38 67

13

72 55 45 41 0.4 25 23 52

66 32 .. 9.6 .. 24 75

Japan

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

127.8 5,739.5 44,900 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 82 6 ..

76 7

1.06 86 3 ..

79 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 97 23 104 ..

102 95 36 103 ..

103 102 56 102 ..

103 102 63 102 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. 58 .. .. 100 12

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 50 77 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 72 81 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 27 19 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 26 15 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 16.7 2.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 9 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 27 39 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 64 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 50 76 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 44 43 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.2 2.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 8.5 25.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 5 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.4 6 .. .. .. .. .. 5

49 89 11 11 5.6 4 15 80 43 71 14 67 .. 47 40 .. 4.1 26.7 7 97

72 87 13 10 1.0 4 33 62

68 38 .. 4.8 47.3 9 96

8

113

Jordan Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.2 27.1 4,380 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 72 36 6

69 37

1.05 75 19 11

72 22

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

101 77 23 95 ..

102 75 18 95 ..

92 89 41 101 99

92 85 35 101 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8 .. 16 40 22 80 87 110

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 9 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 87 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 6 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 6 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 2 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 30.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

114

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

0

3.7 24 10 59 11 99 99 63

65 .. .. .. .. 7 18 75

55 31 .. 18.1 .. .. ..

16 95 5 3 0.3 1 8 91 16 .. 10 100 .. 12 6 0.4 21.2 .. 47 17

11

66 82 18 11 0.4 2 20 78

59 31 1.6 11.0 .. 26 34

Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

16.6 136.7 8,260 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 73 50

64 64

.. Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

120 96 39 105 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. 99 92

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 41 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 74 24

64 32

.. 120 94 31 105 100

110 a 100 a 51 a 109 a 100

110 a 103 a 35 a 108 a 100

2.6 26 6 51 .. 100 100 51

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 50 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

67 67 34 32 0.8 29 12 59 50 .. 18 100 38 62 41 2.8 6.2 .. 5 44

77 68 32 29 0.8 31 26 43

74 48 4.4 4.6 .. 4 40

24

115

Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

41.6 34.1 820 43.4

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

116

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.03 61 92 33

58 104

1.03 58 67 34

56 78

99 36 1 .. ..

102 45 2 .. ..

112 57 3 .. 94

115 63 5 .. 92

6.0 .. 32 27 36 77 50 400

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21 .. 8 .. .. 62 44 .. .. .. .. ..

1

4.7 99 26 46 26 92 44 360

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 47 .. .. .. .. ..

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 55 29 .. .. .. .. 39

10

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 36 .. .. .. .. 46

Kiribati East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

101.1 204.8 2,030 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. 61 83

56 92

.. Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

116 36 .. 102 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8 .. .. .. .. 88 72 ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

0

.. .. 45

.. 50

.. 114 39 .. 100 ..

115 90 .. 113 ..

111 81 .. 111 ..

.. .. 20 22 .. 88 80 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

9

117

Korea, Dem. People's Rep. East Asia & Pacific

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

24.5 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 74 43 ..

67 47

1.05 72 32 ..

66 35

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. 62 .. .. .. 97

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. 74 74 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

21

118

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.0 1 .. .. .. 100 100 81

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 72 .. .. .. .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 69 59 .. .. .. .. ..

16

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 53 .. .. .. .. ..

Korea, Rep.

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

49.8 1,039.0 20,870 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.12 76 7 ..

67 8

1.10 84 4 ..

78 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

107 90 23 100 ..

105 95 49 99 ..

105 96 86 101 ..

106 98 119 102 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. 79 .. .. .. 18

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 47 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 57 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 43 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 24.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 59 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 6 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 46 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 0.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.2 5 .. 80 .. .. .. 16

73 63 37 .. 2.5 16 39 45

72 32 .. 2.9 3.3 10 ..

2

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

49 74 26 27 10.7 7 13 81 43 57 13 100 10 48 27 .. 3.1 0.2 8 93

71 70 30 23 1.2 6 20 73

69 20 .. 3.6 0.5 12 93

16

119

Kosovo Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.8 6.3 3,510 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. 70 .. ..

66 ..

.. 72 .. ..

68 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

120

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40.7 56.4 .. .. 82 69 31 57

..

Kuwait

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.8 133.8 48,900 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 74 15 ..

72 18

1.03 76 10 ..

74 12

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

90 72 14 55 ..

92 80 10 57 ..

107 104 .. 114 99

104 98 .. 110 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 35 .. .. 96 11

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 10 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 22 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 14 .. .. .. 100 100 14

78 .. .. .. .. 2 33 65

78 37 .. 1.7 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 100 .. 43 22 .. .. .. .. 80

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 38 .. .. .. .. 93

6

121

Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.5 5.0 900 6.7

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 73 63 ..

64 77

1.06 74 28 25

66 34

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

111 102 26 .. ..

109 103 19 .. ..

100 88 46 95 100

102 88 37 96 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. .. .. .. 99 73

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 37 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

122

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

3.1 33 10 48 1 97 99 71

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 45 .. .. .. .. ..

56 52 48 47 19.3 35 11 54 51 .. 18 100 35 50 31 35.6 9.4 .. 16 4

23

79 50 50 47 8.8 37 26 37

72 50 37.5 7.3 .. 14 4

Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.3 7.1 1,130 33.9

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 56 139 ..

53 156

1.05 69 39 ..

66 44

89 19 1 36 ..

112 28 2 46 ..

122 42 15 90 86

130 49 20 95 92

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.2 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,600 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 80 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 20 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 79 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 80 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 32 .. .. .. 71 37 470

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 65 .. .. .. .. ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 76 67 19.2 .. .. .. 26

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 56 17.9 .. .. .. 27

25

123

Latvia Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.1 27.4 13,320 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 75 18 ..

64 23

1.05 79 8 ..

69 9

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 93 29 .. 100

91 92 21 .. 100

100 94 71 92 100

100 98 44 93 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. 100 57

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

124

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 .. .. .. .. 54 40 .. .. .. .. ..

..

1.3 14 .. .. .. .. 100 34

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 44 .. .. .. .. ..

55 91 9 7 1.1 6 15 80 54 60 16 100 45 48 28 .. 13.1 48.6 29 92

23

67 86 14 9 1.1 13 32 53

55 32 .. 17.6 59.0 30 87

Lebanon Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.3 38.9 9,140 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 71 32 ..

66 34

1.05 75 9 ..

70 10

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

96 63 27 .. ..

100 59 29 .. ..

106 88 62 89 99

109 79 54 85 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 52

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 17 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 5 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 16 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 14 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.8 16 6 54 .. .. .. 25

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 36 .. .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

23 82 18 16 5.9 .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 8 20 14 .. 10.1 .. 22 26

71 56 44 32 4.0 .. .. ..

65 31 .. 8.6 .. 22 49

3

125

Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.2 2.7 1,210 43.4

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 61 80 ..

58 95

1.03 47 79 36

49 93

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

119 29 1 75 ..

98 20 1 41 ..

101 57 4 76 98

104 41 3 60 86

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9 .. .. 23 .. 91 61 520

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

126

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 28 .. 7.8 .. .. ..

..

3.1 63 19 47 23 92 62 620

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 49 .. 11.1 .. .. ..

59 73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. .. 41 56 21 37 .. .. 28.0 23.0 .. .. 42 29 17 20

27

Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.1 1.4 330 83.8

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 44 227 ..

41 255

1.06 58 74 30

56 83

.. .. 1 .. 54

.. .. 4 .. 66

98 40 .. 60 82

108 49 .. 72 71

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.5 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 48 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 6 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 83 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 58 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54 33 .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 127 38 11 36 79 46 770

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 36 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

58 9 91 89 19.7 48 5 47 .. .. .. .. .. 56 33 15.0 4.1 .. 7 15

64 28 72 69 12.5 50 14 37

62 34 21.7 3.4 .. 3 23

11

127

Libya Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.4 77.1 12,320 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 70 42 ..

66 46

1.06 78 16 ..

72 17

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

105 68 14 .. 96

112 79 17 .. 99

112 119 .. .. 100

117 102 .. .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 99

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 50 .. 16 11 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

128

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.5 3 .. .. .. 93 100 58

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 40 .. .. .. .. ..

30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 .. 24 13 .. .. .. .. ..

17

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

69 36 .. .. .. .. ..

Liechtenstein South Asia

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

36.3 4.9 137,070 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

105 101 30 100 ..

105 122 56 101 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

24

129

Lithuania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.0 39.3 12,980 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 76 15 ..

66 19

1.05 79 5 ..

68 6

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

89 83 27 .. 100

95 86 39 .. 100

93 97 83 94 100

95 100 56 97 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. 100 34

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

130

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. .. .. .. 50 31 .. .. .. .. ..

..

1.8 17 .. .. .. .. 100 8

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 36 .. .. .. .. ..

54 64 91 88 9 12 8 9 1.5 1.3 7 11 16 33 77 56 54 62 18 100 38 47 53 19 22 .. .. 13.0 17.8 51.4 52.2 31 35 76 71

25

Luxembourg

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

518.3 40.1 77,390 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 78 7 ..

72 9

1.06 84 3 ..

79 3

94 70 1 .. ..

87 68 3 .. ..

98 103 10 84 ..

96 100 11 83 ..

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. 100 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 34 68 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 90 89 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11 11 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 8 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.1 0.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 42 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 89 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 87 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 40 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 68 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 49 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.4 1.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 21.4 46.2 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 5 3 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.5 9 .. .. .. .. .. 20

49 93 7 6 0.4 1 4 92 44 82 16 100 24 46 19 .. 6.3 25.4 21 95

65 90 10 6 0.4 2 19 75

63 24 .. 3.8 33.1 13 94

22

131

Macao SAR, China

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

555.7 24.7 45,460 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 79 .. ..

74 ..

1.05 83 .. ..

79 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 63 18 97 ..

109 58 47 97 ..

99 92 67 98 100

102 99 69 97 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

45 .. .. .. .. 0 50 49 43 .. .. .. .. 44 45 .. 4.0 .. 3 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

132

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.1 4 .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. 0 37 63

70 46 .. 2.5 .. 4 ..

67 96 4 3 0.6 0 12 88 50 .. .. .. 31 65 46 .. 2.1 .. 5 ..

..

77 90 11 6 0.1 0 27 73

75 43 .. 3.0 .. 7 ..

Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.1 9.9 4,810 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.08 73 36 ..

69 39

1.08 77 9 8

73 11

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

99 75 18 .. 99

100 77 19 .. 99

91 83 42 93 99

89 84 36 92 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. 89 16

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. 29 14 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.4 19 7 .. 34 99 100 10

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

47 20 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

43 69 76 69 24 31 21 24 14.9 6.1 20 20 28 33 52 47 42 45 39 .. 28 29 48 11 19 .. .. 30.8 31.8 81.0 83.6 55 56 72 76

33

133

Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

21.3 9.1 430 81.3

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.02 52 152 22

50 171

1.03 68 58 22

65 65

98 18 3 37 ..

102 19 4 35 ..

147 30 4 74 64

150 32 4 72 66

6.3 .. 37 17 32 78 57 640

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 83 89 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11 15 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 84 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 87 83 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 41.6 24.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 31 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 80 86 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 70 72 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

134

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

7

4.6 125 48 40 19 86 44 240

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 80 69 24.2 .. .. .. 5

18

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

87 72 27.7 .. .. .. 6

Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

15.4 5.6 360 73.9

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 48 219 25

46 235

1.03 54 79 28

54 87

66 12 0 24 49

77 20 1 32 70

144 33 1 72 87

139 36 1 70 87

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.8 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 55 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 13 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 36 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 90 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 55 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

76 4 96 96 0.4 .. .. .. 11 .. .. .. .. 69 50 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

6.0 108 50 46 26 95 71 460

80 29 71 71 0.3 .. .. ..

75 45 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 77 55 39.4 .. .. .. 17

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 48 41.3 .. .. .. 16

22

135

Malaysia East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

28.9 253.0 8,770 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 72 16 ..

68 19

1.06 77 6 ..

72 7

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

92 56 6 88 95

93 53 7 88 96

.. 72 49 .. 98

.. 67 36 .. 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5 .. .. 50 .. .. 93 53

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 27 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 25 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 25 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 28 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

136

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5

2.6 11 .. .. .. 91 99 29

81 64 34 31 2.4 26 27 46

78 54 .. 4.0 .. .. ..

44 78 21 20 7.8 9 21 71 39 .. 9 100 25 42 29 .. 3.6 .. 12 63

10

77 72 28 23 2.6 16 31 53

75 41 .. 3.3 .. 10 69

Maldives South Asia

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

320.1 1.8 5,720 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.07 60 101 ..

61 110

1.06 78 10 35

76 12

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

123 53 .. .. 98

123 52 .. .. 98

103 .. 14 103 99

105 .. 12 111 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1 .. .. 29 .. .. 90 830

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

20 37 58 57 6.6 14 39 43 16 .. .. .. .. 17 14 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.7 11 4 35 28 99 95 60

77 49 47 44 4.0 28 18 50

71 53 .. .. .. .. ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

56 45 54 47 22.9 7 32 56 30 .. .. .. 14 44 34 .. 23.8 .. 31 ..

77 61 29 20 7.9 14 20 62

72 51 .. 7.9 .. 16 ..

7

137

Mali Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

15.8 9.7 610 50.4

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 45 248 ..

43 267

1.05 52 169 12

50 182

20 4 0 6 ..

32 9 1 12 ..

76 33 4 50 34

87 46 8 61 56

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.1 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 79 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 5 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 31 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 32 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 38 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

138

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

6.2 172 55 8 31 70 49 540

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 43 .. .. .. .. ..

37 70 4 12 89 77 89 77 34.1 18.5 64 68 3 8 33 24 .. .. 14 100 .. 34 63 28 43 21.6 24.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 10

10

Malta

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

415.7 7.7 18,620 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 78 10 ..

73 13

1.06 84 5 ..

80 7

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

101 80 9 97 ..

105 86 12 99 ..

101 95 41 97 ..

101 107 30 96 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. 86 .. .. 98 14

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 28 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 13 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 25 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 56 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.4 13 .. .. .. .. 100 8

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 57 .. .. .. .. ..

3

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

35 94 6 5 0.0 0 13 86 36 67 14 100 23 33 42 .. 7.0 34.7 14 94

67 83 17 12 0.1 2 31 67

63 48 .. 6.1 53.1 14 97

9

139

Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

54.8 214.3 3,910 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

.. 75 46 ..

70 57

.. .. 23 ..

.. 29

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

101 100 .. 101 ..

102 97 .. 94 ..

5.9 .. .. 37 .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

140

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

4.5 .. 26 45 8 81 99 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 12.2 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.5 3.6 1,030 23.4

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 57 115 ..

54 134

1.05 60 104 ..

57 120

40 8 1 21 ..

54 18 5 36 ..

104 25 3 72 65

98 29 7 68 71

5.9 .. .. 4 .. 48 40 760

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 19 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 13 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 7 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 35.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.5 73 35 9 25 75 61 510

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

52 28 .. 21.9 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

29 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 20 53 10 27 18.6 23.9 44.0 23.9 .. .. .. .. 12 23

22

141

Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.3 10.3 8,040 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 73 21 ..

66 27

1.04 77 14 ..

70 16

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

118 53 2 111 92

117 52 4 110 91

.. 91 37 .. 98

.. 91 28 .. 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. 75 .. .. 91 68

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

38 91 9 7 3.1 14 50 35 37 .. .. .. .. 31 26 .. 3.6 .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

142

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

7

1.5 33 .. .. .. .. .. 60

82 82 18 13 1.5 18 40 42

76 56 .. 3.2 .. .. ..

44 86 15 13 4.0 7 21 73 38 .. 12 100 23 38 25 .. 12.3 .. 28 75

19

76 79 22 16 0.6 9 32 59

72 39 .. 5.2 .. 17 86

Mexico Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

114.8 1,081.8 9,420 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 74 44 ..

68 53

1.05 79 14 ..

75 17

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

111 55 12 91 95

116 55 15 91 96

112 94 28 105 98

113 88 28 104 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. 28 63 .. 78 84 92

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 34 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 80 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 55 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 15 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 33 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 33 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 67 23 73 .. 96 95 50

84 65 32 29 2.9 29 30 39

82 68 .. 2.5 .. 5 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

44 65 35 32 9.1 4 18 78 39 57 12 100 31 42 30 4.4 5.2 1.4 10 22

81 67 33 27 4.3 19 30 51

76 56 9.1 5.3 2.1 10 33

37

143

Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

111.5 318.6 2,860 31.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 67 48 ..

66 64

1.07 70 36 ..

68 47

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

111 .. .. .. ..

109 .. .. .. ..

5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 140

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

144

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

3.4 20 .. 55 .. 80 100 100

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Moldova Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.6 7.1 1,980 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 71 30 ..

64 39

1.06 73 15 ..

66 17

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

90 98 .. .. 100

90 90 .. .. 100

93 89 45 90 100

94 87 34 92 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. 100 62

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 38 .. .. .. .. ..

1.5 30 .. .. .. .. 100 41

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 38 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

38 45 75 66 25 34 25 33 4.4 1.8 24 31 12 25 64 44 55 .. 18 100 38 36 41 17 21 23.0 34.5 5.6 7.7 .. .. 16 14 17 19

20

145

Monaco

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

35.4 6.5 183,150 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. 7 ..

.. 9

.. .. 3 ..

.. 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

146

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

11

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

19

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Mongolia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.8 6.5 2,310 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 63 91 ..

58 121

1.03 73 26 29

65 35

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

100 89 .. .. ..

100 80 .. .. ..

118 95 69 116 97

121 90 46 115 94

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.1 .. .. 57 .. .. .. 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

52 .. .. .. .. 37 20 44 49 .. 14 .. .. 46 30 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

25

2.5 19 5 55 .. 99 99 63

63 .. .. .. .. 42 22 37

55 39 .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

54 45 55 54 35.1 39 11 50 53 .. 17 70 47 52 28 8.6 .. .. .. 82

66 38 62 60 10.3 41 19 40

63 36 11.4 .. .. .. 73

15

147

Montenegro Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

632.3 4.5 7,140 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.08 78 16 ..

73 19

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

148

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.08 77 7 ..

72 8

118 a 118a 96 a 95a 53 43 98 a 99a 99 99

1.6 15 5 39 26 97 100 8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 89 11 .. 0.8 4 9 87 46 .. .. .. 31 .. .. .. 20.0 .. 40 49

17

.. 80 20 .. 1.0 7 27 67

.. .. .. 19.5 .. 36 52

Morocco Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

32.3 97.6 2,970 2.5

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 66 77 16

62 86

1.06 74 30 ..

55 31 8 42 46

81 44 14 61 71

112a 118a 64a 75a 12 14 97a 101a 72 87

4.0 .. 18 42 20 32 31 300

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 26 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 45 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 21 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 23 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 24 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 20.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 32 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 35

2.2 12 .. 67 .. 77 74 100

80 48 53 48 16.8 4 32 64

70 55 .. 14.2 .. 31 ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

26 34 66 65 48.6 61 13 26 21 .. 14 100 13 24 16 .. 10.2 .. 17 27

75 48 52 47 15.0 32 25 43

68 43 .. 8.4 .. 18 52

17

149

Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

23.9 11.1 460 59.6

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 45 218 ..

42 233

1.03 51 99 ..

49 107

54 5 0 21 ..

72 9 1 32 ..

105 24 4 52 65

116 28 6 61 79

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 910

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 85 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 80 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

150

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

16

4.8 129 56 12 .. 92 55 490

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 62 .. .. .. .. ..

86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 81 64 27.7 .. .. .. 35

39

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 54 27.2 .. .. .. 45

Myanmar East Asia & Pacific

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

48.3 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 59 96 ..

56 119

1.03 67 56 ..

63 69

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

101 20 5 .. ..

107 22 4 .. ..

126 56 17 106 96

126 53 13 101 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. .. 17 .. .. 46 520

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31 .. .. .. .. 69 51 .. 8.8 .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0 13 .. 46 .. 83 71 200

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 52 .. 4.7 .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 67 .. 72 52 .. .. .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 53 .. .. .. .. ..

6

151

Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.3 10.9 4,700 31.9

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 63 67 31

59 78

1.03 63 38 44

62 45

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

123 42 4 81 90

113 34 2 67 86

106 69 10 85 95

108 59 8 77 91

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. 12 41 22 87 68 200

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 48 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 43 65 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 55 33 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 54 32 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 31.5 14.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 52 45 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 21 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 40 34 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 38 53 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 21 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 19.0 20.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 34 30 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

152

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

7

3.2 58 9 55 21 95 81 200

59 80 19 16 1.2 8 9 83 .. .. 12 100 .. 37 9 .. 43.0 85.8 64 ..

24

70 82 17 11 1.0 23 24 53

50 18 .. 32.5 77.8 55 ..

Nepal South Asia

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

30.5 16.6 540 24.8

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 54 133 ..

54 137

1.05 70 47 28

68 49

82 19 2 42 33

136 44 7 71 68

.. 41 5 .. 78

.. 46 9 .. 88

5.2 .. .. 24 .. 15 7 770

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 80 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 7 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 79 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 77 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 90 41 50 28 58 36 170

91 .. .. .. .. 75 4 20

89 81 .. .. .. .. ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 .. 79 73 .. 2.4 .. .. 21

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 73 .. 3.1 .. .. 30

33

153

Netherlands

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

16.7 829.0 49,660 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 80 7 ..

74 9

1.06 83 4 ..

79 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

105 111 32 .. ..

102 120 39 .. ..

107 121 69 .. ..

108 122 62 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. 76 .. .. .. 10

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 70 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 13 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 12 7 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.1 0.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 35 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 84 59 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 18 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 40 66 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 53 53 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 10.9 5.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 44.3 54.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 12 10 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

154

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

21

1.8 4 .. 69 .. .. .. 6

58 89 12 10 1.0 2 6 84 48 75 16 100 30 56 64 .. 4.4 31.0 8 98

39

71 82 18 13 0.3 3 23 61

68 64 .. 4.5 34.7 8 99

New Caledonia

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

254.0 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 73 .. ..

68 ..

1.05 80 .. ..

73 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1 20 .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

155

New Zealand

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.4 127.3 29,140 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 78 10 ..

73 12

1.06 83 5 ..

79 7

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 89 41 .. ..

106 88 38 .. ..

101 122 99 .. ..

101 116 67 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2 .. .. .. .. 95 95 18

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 54 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.9 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 48 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 77 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 0 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 31 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 53 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 10.7 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

156

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

14

2.1 21 .. .. .. .. .. 15

74 75 25 15 0.7 13 33 54

66 56 .. 8.1 17.9 15 ..

62 88 12 9 1.3 4 10 86 51 73 14 100 40 58 49 .. 6.8 7.1 16 99

32

74 80 20 15 0.7 9 31 61

69 51 .. 6.3 9.3 18 99

Nicaragua Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.9 8.9 1,510 11.9

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 67 60 ..

61 72

1.05 77 22 ..

71 29

90 42 8 56 ..

85 26 8 41 ..

116 73 .. 84 ..

119 66 .. 78 ..

4.8 .. .. 49 .. 72 61 170

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 51 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 49 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 53 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 33 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 26 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 14.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 15 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.6 106 41 72 8 90 74 95

83 57 43 40 5.4 .. .. ..

78 68 .. 9.0 .. 11 ..

15

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

47 80 42 49 59 51 56 41 19.7 15.8 15 44 15 18 70 38 38 59 12 60 41 45 75 30 62 .. .. 8.8 7.4 .. .. 10 8 13 16

40

157

Niger Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

16.1 5.8 360 43.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 42 307 10

41 320

1.05 55 122 19

54 127

20 3 0 11 ..

33 9 1 22 ..

64 11 1 40 ..

77 18 2 52 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.8 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 83 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 4 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 30 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 15 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

158

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 25 22 .. .. .. .. ..

5

7.0 196 75 18 16 46 18 590

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

87 78 .. .. .. .. ..

40 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. 14 100 .. 39 85 33 74 45.0 49.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 2

13

Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

162.5 207.3 1,280 68.0

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 47 205 14

44 222

1.06 53 119 19

51 129

75 21 2 .. 62

95 27 6 .. 81

79 41 .. 70 66

87 47 .. 79 78

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.4 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 52 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 6 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 21 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 57 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 31 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

39 .. .. .. .. 38 4 57 .. .. 12 50 .. 37 21 .. 4.4 .. 22 ..

5.5 113 39 15 20 58 39 630

75 .. .. .. .. 51 9 38

69 39 .. 3.7 .. 12 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 50 .. 45 31 40.1 .. .. .. 26

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 36 41.2 .. .. .. 33

7

159

Northern Mariana Islands

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

61.2 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

160

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. 0 40 58 44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 4 47 49

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Norway

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.0 440.2 88,870 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 80 7 ..

73 9

1.06 84 3 ..

79 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

100 103 42 96 ..

100 99 35 95 ..

99 110 93 99 ..

99 112 57 99 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 74 .. .. 100 9

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 93 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 85 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 83 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 52 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 48 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 22.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 11 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.9 8 .. .. .. .. .. 7

71 85 15 .. 1.6 8 35 56

65 50 .. 5.6 19.0 12 ..

36

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

62 96 4 3 0.1 1 7 92 49 71 56 100 31 60 53 .. 3.1 8.7 8 ..

70 90 10 7 0.2 4 31 65

68 52 .. 3.4 13.1 9 ..

40

161

Oman

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.8 53.6 19,260 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

162

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.05 72 46 ..

69 49

1.05 76 8 ..

71 9

75 34 4 60 ..

83 47 4 65 ..

103 103 34 108 98

105 105 25 106 98

7.2 .. .. 9 .. 88 87 110

17 91 6 .. .. 5 7 86 19 .. .. .. 5 15 14 .. .. .. .. ..

..

2.2 9 .. 24 .. 99 99 32

81 85 14 .. .. 10 8 81

76 42 .. .. .. .. ..

28 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. 24 16 .. .. .. .. 64

1

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 43 .. .. .. .. 84

Pakistan South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

176.7 198.0 1,120 21.0

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 61 118 7

60 126

1.05 66 68 10

65 76

38 12 2 .. ..

72 29 4 .. ..

83 30 8 59 61

101 40 9 74 79

6.0 .. 32 15 32 26 19 490

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 13 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 8 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 12 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 11 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 1 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.3 29 24 27 25 61 43 260

85 .. .. .. .. 48 21 31

81 65 .. 2.8 .. 6 ..

10

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

23 83 22 40 78 61 78 59 65.0 19.7 75 37 12 22 13 41 13 .. 12 100 3 21 80 18 63 13.5 12.5 8.7 4.0 .. .. 11 7 3 17

23

163

Palau East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

20.6 134.2 6,510 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. 75 24 ..

63 40

.. .. 14 ..

.. 23

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

103 .. .. .. ..

100 .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. .. .. .. .. 99 ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

164

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

.. .. .. 22 .. 90 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Panama Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.6 26.7 7,470 6.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 75 31 ..

70 36

1.05 79 18 ..

74 21

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 63 25 87 95

109 59 18 86 95

106 77 56 101 97

109 71 36 101 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. .. .. .. .. 86 100

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 39 79 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 80 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 20 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 19 44 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.3 7.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 38 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 16 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 87 46 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 45 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 68 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 20 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 22.6 12.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 26.6 20.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 29 19 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

2.5 77 .. 52 .. 96 89 92

50 74 26 24 5.5 7 10 83 43 48 14 100 46 45 27 5.4 4.9 .. 15 23

83 64 36 33 2.8 23 24 53

79 57 12.1 4.2 .. 11 27

9

165

Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.0 10.4 1,480 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.08 59 84 ..

53 92

1.08 65 55 ..

61 60

57 8 1 41 ..

67 13 3 49 ..

57 .. .. .. 72

63 .. .. .. 65

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 390

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 28 .. 6 0 .. 68 57 .. 5.9 .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

166

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

0

3.9 63 21 32 .. 79 53 230

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 56 .. 9.0 .. .. ..

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. 69 55 .. 1.4 .. .. ..

3

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 54 .. 6.6 .. .. ..

Paraguay Latin America & the Caribbean

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.6 19.8 3,020 7.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 70 48 17

66 57

1.05 75 20 ..

70 25

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 31 10 65 95

106 30 11 65 96

96 70 40 91 99

100 66 29 90 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.5 .. 24 48 15 84 66 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

54 67 33 31 0.1 1 15 84 41 57 12 50 .. 50 49 .. 6.3 .. 17 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.9 68 .. 79 .. 96 82 99

91 69 31 17 0.4 3 36 61

85 78 .. 6.7 .. 15 ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

58 52 48 46 8.5 20 9 71 40 58 12 50 34 54 42 .. 7.4 .. 18 23

86 53 47 40 9.1 31 23 46

83 71 .. 4.4 .. 10 21

13

167

Peru Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

29.4 151.4 5,150 4.9

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 68 71 15

63 79

1.05 77 17 23

71 20

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

117 65 .. .. 94

121 69 .. .. 97

105 91 45 97 97

106 92 41 97 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8 .. 18 59 16 64 53 200

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 46 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 46 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 80 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 37 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 20 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

168

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

6

2.5 50 19 75 8 95 85 67

78 63 37 30 2.8 2 32 66

71 44 .. 6.5 .. 13 ..

68 85 49 59 50 41 47 34 8.7 4.5 1 1 14 32 86 67 38 61 13 100 19 64 79 49 60 39.4 44.8 10.1 5.8 .. .. 16 13 18 23

22

Philippines East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

94.9 209.7 2,210 18.4

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 68 51 14

62 63

1.06 72 22 17

66 29

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

108 73 31 87 97

110 71 21 86 96

105 88 31 94 98

107 82 25 89 97

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3 .. 14 36 26 83 53 170

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 48 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 56 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 40 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 43 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 31 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 9.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 19 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.1 48 14 49 19 78 72 99

83 .. .. .. .. 53 16 31

76 53 .. 7.1 .. 13 ..

9

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

50 51 49 46 17.4 23 10 68 42 .. 9 100 55 46 30 .. 6.6 .. 19 34

79 53 47 42 9.0 41 18 41

74 49 .. 7.4 .. 16 19

23

169

Poland

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

38.5 477.0 12,380 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 76 15 ..

67 19

1.06 81 5 ..

73 6

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 90 24 .. 100

100 85 17 .. 100

98 96 87 95 100

99 98 58 96 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. 73 .. .. 100 17

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 71 69 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29 31 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 28 28 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7.8 5.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 24 24 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 41 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 55 35 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 64 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 39 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 14.7 12.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 36.0 33.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 30 26 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

170

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

14

1.3 13 .. .. .. .. .. 5

48 80 20 17 5.2 13 16 71 48 67 16 100 38 43 22 .. 10.4 32.5 29 68

24

64 75 25 20 2.5 13 42 45

58 31 .. 9.0 30.7 24 72

Portugal

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.6 225.6 21,370 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 78 13 ..

71 16

1.06 84 3 ..

78 4

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

118 60 26 .. 99

123 60 20 .. 99

110 110 71 .. 100

113 108 60 .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.4 .. .. .. .. .. 98 15

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 49 73 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 70 72 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 30 28 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 28 22 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.0 2.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 21 16 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 26 41 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 53 44 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 37 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 71 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 46 60 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.8 3.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 49.2 38.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.4 13 .. 67 .. .. .. 8

57 83 17 14 0.8 11 16 73 49 60 17 100 33 49 24 .. 13.1 48.5 32 78

68 75 25 18 0.5 11 38 51

60 28 .. 12.4 47.9 29 85

29

171

Puerto Rico

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.7 61.6 16,560 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 79 .. ..

70 ..

1.05 83 .. ..

75 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. 94

.. .. .. .. 92

88 79 102 .. 87

84 76 70 .. 86

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 33

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 31 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 79 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 27 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 13 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

172

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.8 51 .. .. .. .. .. 20

60 80 20 .. 0.3 6 27 68

50 28 .. 17.6 .. 33 ..

36 55 92 78 8 22 .. .. 0.0 0.0 0 3 8 18 91 79 46 .. .. .. 43 31 45 15 22 .. .. 12.8 18.2 .. .. 25 33 .. ..

..

Qatar

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.9 150.4 80,440 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.06 75 19 ..

74 22

1.04 78 7 ..

79 8

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

96 92 36 76 91

103 72 10 72 89

104 106 31 96 98

106 98 5 96 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.2 .. .. 32 .. 94 .. 15

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 40 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 16 .. .. .. 100 100 7

94 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

93 68 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

52 95 100 99 0 1 0 0 0.0 0.0 0 2 4 61 96 38 12 .. 7 100 10 50 95 31 77 .. .. 3.3 0.2 40.3 35.3 9 0 62 69

0

173

Romania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

21.4 174.0 8,140 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 73 33 ..

67 41

1.06 78 11 ..

71 14

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

92 101 8 92 99

93 104 8 92 99

95 97 68 93 97

96 98 50 92 97

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 57 .. .. 100 170

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 52 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 63 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 37 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 33 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 37 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 60 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 27 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 51.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

174

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

34

1.3 29 .. .. .. .. 99 27

67 75 25 21 3.5 25 49 26

64 54 .. 7.7 39.6 22 ..

49 67 33 32 19.6 31 20 49 46 50 18 85 31 45 20 .. 6.8 40.9 24 41

13

65 67 33 31 7.1 29 36 35

60 28 .. 7.9 42.6 24 49

Russian Federation Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

143.0 1,522.3 10,650 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 74 23 ..

64 31

1.06 75 10 ..

63 13

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

107 91 58 94 100

107 89 47 93 100

99 87 87 .. 100

99 90 65 .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 63 .. .. 99 74

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 60 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 94 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 51 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 20 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 52 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 13.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.5 25 .. 80 .. .. 100 34

77 90 10 1 0.1 .. .. ..

67 44 .. 5.2 9.1 13 ..

16

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

56 71 93 92 7 8 5 6 0.1 0.1 7 11 19 38 74 51 51 65 20 100 37 53 66 34 42 .. .. 6.2 7.0 33.3 32.3 16 15 48 49

14

175

Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.9 6.2 570 63.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.01 35 148 21

31 165

1.01 57 51 33

54 57

75 15 0 44 ..

76 18 1 46 ..

143 37 6 74 78

140 35 8 65 77

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.0 .. 15 21 39 94 26 910

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

89 .. .. .. .. 96 1 3 .. .. 12 33 .. 88 81 .. 0.2 .. 1 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

17

176

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5.3 36 8 52 21 98 69 340

89 .. .. .. .. 83 5 11

88 79 .. 0.6 .. 1 ..

86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 86 75 7.0 2.4 .. .. 28

56

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 71 8.0 2.4 .. .. 38

Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

183.9 580.5 3,160 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.08 68 26 ..

62 33

1.08 76 16 ..

70 21

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

114 .. .. .. 99

112 .. .. .. 99

107 88 .. 103 100

103 77 .. 95 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. 76 260

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3.8 26 .. 29 .. 93 81 100

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4

177

San Marino

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

31.7 1.6 50,400 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. 12 ..

.. 12

.. 86 2 ..

80 2

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

91 96 77 95 ..

92 94 52 92 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. 3 32 66 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.0 .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

178

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 2 52 46

.. .. .. 2.0 .. .. ..

.. 93 7 .. 0.0 0 21 79 44 .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. 4.5 .. .. ..

17

.. 89 11 .. 0.0 0 48 52

.. .. .. 1.2 .. .. ..

São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

168.5 226.9 1,350 28.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 62 93 ..

60 99

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

132 34 .. 71 92

144 37 .. 79 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 150

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 37 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 69 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 35 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 59 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 32 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 10 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 14 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 66 86 39

63 92

125 a 129 a 74 a 65 a 4 5 117 112 96 95

3.6 58 34 38 37 98 82 70

78 72 26 26 0.8 42 19 36

.. .. .. .. .. 6 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. .. .. .. 24.5 .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 11.0 .. .. ..

18

179

Saudi Arabia

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

28.1 500.5 17,820 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 70 39 ..

68 46

1.03 75 8 ..

73 10

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. 11 .. 81

.. .. 11 .. 94

106 92 42 105 97

106 103 40 107 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 44

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 50 .. 13 4 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

180

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.7 20 .. 24 .. 97 97 24

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 43 .. .. .. .. ..

18 .. .. .. .. 0 2 98 16 .. 10 100 8 15 4 .. 15.9 .. 46 15

0

74 .. .. .. .. 5 23 72

72 20 .. 3.5 .. 24 73

Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

12.8 13.7 1,070 29.6

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 54 129 16

52 143

1.03 60 60 25

58 69

47 10 .. 33 28

65 20 .. 53 49

89 40 6 65 56

83 44 10 61 74

6.6 .. 48 7 29 74 47 670

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 89 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 14 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 78 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 91 77 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32.4 25.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 54 82 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 44 73 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

4.7 93 33 13 30 93 65 370

66 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 33 34 5 20 42 33 .. .. 14 100 .. 58 82 43 71 14.1 20.9 13.6 7.9 .. .. 20 12 5 6

43

181

Serbia Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.3 41.3 5,690 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.08 74 27 ..

69 30

1.08 77 6 29

72 8

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

95 92 57 99 99

95 91 44 100 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 23

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

182

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.4 20 5 61 .. 99 100 12

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 73 67 27 33 25 28 13.3 4.7 21 23 16 34 63 43 44 .. 52 100 33 .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.4 18.3 70.6 72.4 41 31 62 62

33

Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

86.0 969.3 11,270 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

.. 74 15 ..

68 18

.. 77 13 ..

70 15

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

109 121 .. 116 98

112 123 .. 112 97

113 131 4 127 99

113 117 1 123 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 49 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 79 15 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 8.6 .. 18 ..

16

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

44

183

Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.0 2.8 460 53.4

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.02 40 253 ..

37 280

1.02 48 176 22

47 194

42 12 .. .. ..

63 23 .. .. ..

120 .. .. 71 50

129 .. .. 78 69

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.7 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 3 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

184

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 44 .. .. .. .. ..

..

4.9 112 44 11 28 93 63 890

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 33 .. .. .. .. ..

66 69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65 66 47 37 52.5 55.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 18

12

Singapore

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.2 222.6 42,930 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.07 78 7 ..

73 8

1.07 84 2 ..

80 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 65 .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 51 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 33 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 67 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 17 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 50 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 3 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.2 6 .. .. .. .. .. 3

79 82 18 10 0.4 0 37 63

79 57 .. 2.5 .. 3 ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

57 90 10 7 1.2 1 17 83 45 .. 12 100 34 54 33 .. 3.2 .. .. 98

77 81 19 12 0.4 2 26 73

74 37 .. 2.6 .. .. 98

24

185

Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

36.6 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 78 .. ..

73 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

186

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Slovak Republic

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.4 87.4 16,190 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 75 15 ..

67 20

1.05 80 7 ..

72 9

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

100 89 16 96 ..

100 86 16 95 ..

101 91 67 99 ..

101 90 43 98 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. 74 .. .. 100 15

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 59 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 97 91 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3 9 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 3 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.2 0.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 7 13 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 29 48 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 64 39 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 72 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 23 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 53 66 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 45 48 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.8 12.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 42.9 40.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.5 17 .. .. .. .. 100 6

51 68 90 79 10 21 8 16 0.1 0.0 2 4 21 50 77 46 49 62 28 55 31 44 59 17 25 .. .. 13.5 13.5 62.5 65.0 34 33 79 80

19

187

Slovenia

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.1 48.5 23,600 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 77 9 ..

69 12

1.05 83 3 ..

77 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

97 92 27 .. 100

97 87 22 .. 100

98 97 106 96 100

99 98 74 97 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. 98 100 11

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 47 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 36 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 54 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 48 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 26 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 44 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 50.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 19 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

188

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.6 5 .. .. .. .. 100 12

59 82 18 14 2.0 11 52 37

57 30 .. 8.1 57.1 25 ..

53 87 13 11 5.3 9 21 71 48 58 15 100 38 49 30 .. 8.2 43.1 17 98

32

65 80 20 15 3.4 9 43 48

60 37 .. 8.2 45.1 15 96

Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

552.3 615.2 1,110 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.09 57 43 ..

56 41

1.09 69 22 ..

66 21

82 11 .. 47 ..

95 17 .. 60 ..

144 45 .. .. ..

146 51 .. .. ..

5.9 .. .. .. .. .. 85 150

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 25 .. 50 37 .. .. .. .. ..

4.2 66 22 35 11 74 86 93

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 51 .. .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 25 .. 51 38 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 52 .. .. .. .. ..

2

189

Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.6 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

190

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

1.03 46 170 ..

43 190

1.03 53 170 ..

50 190

9 7 1 .. ..

18 13 4 .. ..

23 5 .. .. ..

42 11 .. .. ..

6.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 890

35 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. 14 50 .. 33 30 .. .. .. .. ..

4

6.3 68 45 15 26 26 33 1,000

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 57 .. .. .. .. ..

38 77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 35 72 28 52 41.5 45.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 35

14

South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

50.6 352.0 6,960 13.8

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 65 58 ..

58 66

1.03 53 44 ..

52 50

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

106 71 11 80 ..

107 61 13 72 ..

100 96 .. .. 98

104 92 .. .. 97

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. 57 .. .. .. 250

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 33 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 25 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 12 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 23.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.4 52 .. .. .. 97 .. 300

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

49 19 .. 17.2 .. .. ..

3

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

44 61 86 83 13 16 11 9 1.2 0.5 4 6 13 33 68 58 45 63 17 60 31 32 47 11 15 .. .. 27.7 22.3 32.8 33.0 55 45 51 56

42

191

South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.3 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. 215 ..

.. 220

.. 61 119 ..

62 122

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

192

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

3.9 .. 52 4 .. 40 19 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.7 45.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

27

Spain

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

46.2 1,428.3 30,930 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 81 10 ..

73 12

1.06 85 4 ..

79 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

105 105 37 101 100

107 99 34 102 100

105 126 86 103 100

106 123 70 104 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 34 69 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 73 74 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 27 26 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 25 21 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10.5 3.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 10 13 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 41 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 73 47 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 32 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 79 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 75 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 30 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 26 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 24.5 11.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 58.5 43.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 40 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

15

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.4 11 .. 66 .. .. .. 6

52 67 88 80 12 20 9 13 1.0 0.6 2 6 9 32 89 62 47 77 16 100 30 40 53 22 24 .. .. 22.2 21.2 42.7 40.6 44 48 92 95

36

193

Sri Lanka South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

20.9 53.8 2,580 4.1

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 73 27 ..

66 31

1.04 78 11 ..

72 13

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

108 75 3 97 ..

112 69 6 97 ..

99 102 20 101 99

99 99 11 101 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5 .. 14 66 .. 80 94 85

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 66 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 18.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 43 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 28 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 15 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

194

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

5

2.3 22 12 68 .. 99 99 35

78 58 42 40 6.7 37 19 38

69 40 .. 9.7 .. .. ..

35 54 46 45 22.4 38 25 27 31 .. 12 100 24 33 20 8.5 7.7 .. 25 67

6

76 56 44 40 4.4 30 24 28

74 42 13.0 3.5 .. 16 70

St. Kitts and Nevis

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

53.1 668.9 12,610 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. 70 25 ..

66 32

.. .. 6 ..

.. 8

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

111 85 7 104 ..

116 81 6 131 ..

91 96 25 98 ..

89 93 12 88 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. .. .. 100 .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. 84 14 12 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. 54 .. 100 100 ..

.. 81 17 12 0.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7

195

St. Lucia Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

176.0 1.2 6,820 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 73 20 ..

69 25

1.03 77 14 ..

72 17

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

136 59 3 120 ..

142 39 3 120 ..

92 94 19 93 ..

94 97 11 93 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. .. 47 .. 100 .. 64

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

58 74 25 21 4.1 15 19 64 52 .. 13 60 50 .. .. .. 7.0 .. 15 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

196

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

0

2.0 57 .. .. .. 99 100 35

76 57 39 25 1.7 30 24 43

.. .. .. 6.6 .. 15 ..

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 65 .. .. .. .. 18.5 .. .. ..

17

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 10.0 .. .. ..

St. Martin (French part)

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

30.6 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

197

St. Vincent and Grenadines Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

109.4 663.9 6,070 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.03 72 24 ..

67 29

1.03 74 19 ..

70 23

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

113 67 8 .. ..

114 54 4 .. ..

101 109 .. 92 ..

109 106 .. 97 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 59

2.0 55 .. 48 .. 100 99 48

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 44 81 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 79 71 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 21 29 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 17 22 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.7 2.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 14 31 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 27 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 75 43 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.4 18.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 43 32 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. ..

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

17

198

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

10

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income 34.3c 58.3d 1,310d 19.8c

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 1.05 54 51 63 116 c 129 c 81c .. 19

42 18 2 .. ..

54 23 3 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.0 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 27 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 9 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 69 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

27 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. 23 17 .. .. .. .. ..

69 36 .. 55 84

60 91c

76 41 .. 61 90

4.3 55 33 c 9 6 56 c 23 c 730

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

31 77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 26 72 19 36 c c 9.5 15.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 9

25

199

Suriname Latin America & the Caribbean

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

529.4 4.1 7,840 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.08 71 46 ..

64 57

1.08 74 26 ..

67 33

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

123 63 11 96 ..

112 49 9 81 ..

112 97 .. 93 99

118 74 .. 82 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. 48 .. .. .. 84

2.3 36 19 46 .. 90 90 130

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 27 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 87 65 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 41 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 68 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 16 37 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 20.1 12.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 47 29 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. ..

41 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. .. .. .. 33 8 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

200

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

8

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 31 .. .. .. .. ..

Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.1 3.7 3,470 40.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 61 76 ..

58 91

1.03 48 94 48

49 113

94 .. 3 66 84

94 .. 5 59 83

109 59 6 78 95

121 61 6 76 92

5.7 .. .. 20 .. .. 56 300

42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 12 0 .. 32 22 .. .. .. .. ..

3.3 71 7 65 24 97 82 320

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

58 33 .. .. .. .. ..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. .. 32 20 12.1 .. .. .. 27

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

56 31 14.5 .. .. .. 30

14

201

Sweden

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.4 502.5 53,170 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 80 6 ..

75 7

1.06 84 3 ..

80 3

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

100 92 33 96 ..

100 88 28 97 ..

101 99 90 97 ..

102 100 58 97 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. 100 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 71 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 95 87 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5 13 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.5 0.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 43 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 84 52 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 51 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 81 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 90 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 68 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 58 57 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.8 1.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 11.8 12.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 5 5 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

202

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

38

1.9 6 .. .. .. .. .. 4

59 94 6 4 0.2 1 8 91 50 63 69 80 35 55 40 .. 7.5 13.6 22 99

45

68 86 15 9 0.2 3 31 66

63 40 .. 7.6 17.8 24 99

Switzerland

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.9 604.1 76,350 ..

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 81 7 ..

74 9

1.05 85 4 ..

81 5

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

90 92 18 52 ..

89 99 33 51 ..

102 94 55 97 ..

103 97 55 94 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 56 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 11 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 82 Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 24 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 69 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 15.6 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 3 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.5 4 .. .. .. .. 100 8

80 84 16 8 1.7 5 41 54

80 69 .. 1.7 15.5 3 ..

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

61 75 87 83 13 17 10 9 2.8 1.5 3 4 10 31 83 62 47 80 14 80 33 58 73 60 64 .. .. 4.5 3.7 39.9 36.6 8 8 .. ..

29

203

Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

20.8 56.3 2,750 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 72 33 ..

70 39

1.05 77 14 ..

74 16

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

102 43 14 86 ..

113 59 22 97 ..

121 73 .. 106 94

122 73 .. 105 96

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.3 .. .. 40 .. 51 77 240

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 18 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 54 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 15 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 7 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 70 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 15 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 14 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 14.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

204

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

9

2.9 38 13 54 11 88 96 70

80 .. .. .. .. 23 28 49

76 60 .. 5.2 .. .. ..

13 83 9 16 8.2 22 9 69 15 27 7 70 9 10 5 4.3 22.5 .. 40 20

12

72 60 38 35 2.4 13 36 51

67 42 8.8 5.7 .. 15 27

Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.0 6.1 870 6.6

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 66 106 ..

60 122

1.05 71 56 ..

64 70

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

90 .. .. .. 100

92 .. .. .. 100

98 82 16 102 100

102 94 31 106 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. .. .. .. .. 90 94

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. 51 33 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.2 26 .. 37 .. 80 88 65

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 44 .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. 20 .. .. 51 31 .. .. .. .. 2

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 46 .. .. .. .. 3

19

205

Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

46.2 24.2 540 67.9

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.03 52 152 19

49 163

69 4 0 47 78

70 6 1 48 86

6.2 .. 37 10 28 62 44 870

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 87 91 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4 13 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 96 87 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 96 86 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.5 0.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 90 78 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 1 7 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 8 15 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 58 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 76 81 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 70 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.3 2.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 34.3 35.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 8 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

206

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.03 59 65 24

95 a 33 a 3a 85 a 76

57 70

92 a 37 a 5a 77 a 78

5.5 129 37 34 25 88 49 460

88 90 6 15 94 85 93 82 13.0 9.7 80 73 2 7 18 21 31 .. 12 100 16 77 81 69 69 27.1 35.0 5.8 2.8 .. .. 10 7 14 21

36

Thailand East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

69.5 308.3 4,440 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 76 31 ..

69 39

1.06 78 11 30

71 13

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

99 29 21 .. ..

100 28 18 .. ..

90 82 54 .. ..

91 76 41 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. 21 66 .. 80 69 54

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 76 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 26 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 56.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 65 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 23 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 71 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 67 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.6 38 20 80 .. 99 100 48

87 31 69 67 27.0 63 16 21

84 72 .. 2.0 .. 4 ..

3

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

64 43 57 56 29.7 37 18 45 46 .. 13 100 25 63 38 .. 0.6 .. 3 73

80 45 55 52 15.1 41 23 37

80 54 .. 0.7 .. 3 73

16

207

Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.2 3.1 2,730 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 47 169 ..

45 190

1.05 63 51 12

62 57

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

122 59 14 74 79

126 57 19 71 80

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.3 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 25 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

208

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

41 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 37 .. .. .. .. ..

..

5.5 55 19 22 31 84 29 300

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 55 .. .. .. .. ..

38 .. .. 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 33 17.7 4.6 .. .. ..

39

74 .. .. 66 .. .. .. ..

72 48 22.2 3.1 .. .. ..

Togo Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.2 3.5 570 28.2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.02 55 136 ..

51 158

1.02 59 102 ..

56 118

75 11 1 24 ..

117 33 4 51 ..

133 31 .. 67 75

146 60 .. 86 88

6.3 .. 44 34 .. 43 31 620

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. 63 54 .. .. .. .. ..

4.0 57 25 15 41 72 59 300

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 63 .. .. .. .. ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

80 81 6 17 94 83 94 83 28.4 23.1 48 61 4 10 46 29 .. .. 14 100 .. 75 76 61 58 47.0 50.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 11

11

209

Tonga East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

104.5 399.0 3,820 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 71 21 ..

68 28

1.05 75 13 ..

69 18

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

107 98 .. 120 ..

108 99 .. 135 ..

108 101 .. 106 100

112 101 .. 102 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.6 .. .. .. .. .. 92 67

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

36 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

210

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

0

3.9 19 .. 32 .. 98 98 110

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Trinidad and Tobago

High income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1.3 21.3 15,840 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.04 73 33 ..

65 41

1.04 74 24 ..

67 31

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

97 86 6 105 99

96 84 7 99 99

103 93 .. 91 100

107 87 .. 91 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. 34 53 .. 98 98 86

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 39 76 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 77 73 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 23 26 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 21 22 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.5 2.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 15 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 34 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 80 51 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 36 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 38 Maternity leave (weeks) 13 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 36 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 23 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 24.2 17.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 36.1 20.2 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 43 33 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

17

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1.6 32 8 43 27 96 98 46

55 .. .. .. .. 2 15 82 .. .. 13 100 .. 51 38 2.7 6.2 .. 13 70

78 .. .. .. .. 5 44 51

75 55 4.1 3.5 .. 9 82

29

211

Tunisia Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.7 42.9 4,020 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.05 72 47 ..

69 55

1.05 77 15 ..

73 18

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

104 38 6 74 75

120 50 10 86 90

108 94 45 92 96

112 91 29 90 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.6 .. 10 50 .. 58 69 130

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 21 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 59 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 41 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 21.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 23 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 44 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 23 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 4 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 67 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 17 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 19 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 30 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

212

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

4

2.1 5 .. 60 .. 96 95 56

76 69 30 23 5.7 26 31 41

64 38 .. 14.7 .. 31 ..

26 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 21 15 .. .. .. .. 25

27

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 29 .. .. .. .. 39

Turkey Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

73.6 766.6 10,410 <2

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

1.05 65 68 10

61 76

1.05 76 14 ..

72 16

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

98 37 9 87 88

107 63 17 97 97

104 79 50 100 97

105 86 61 101 99

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. 23 63 11 62 76 67

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 82 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 22 47 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 78 54 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 69.2 13.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 76 34 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 10 26 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 14 41 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 16 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 62 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 67 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 32 74 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 36 60 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.5 7.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 50.3 43.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 15 17 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

2.1 32 14 73 18 95 95 20

28 71 52 66 48 34 47 27 35.4 4.8 39 18 15 31 45 51 23 60 16 67 10 25 65 21 45 1.8 3.3 11.3 9.2 34.2 22.5 21 17 33 82

14

213

Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.1 24.5 4,800 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 66 86 ..

59 103

1.05 69 48 ..

61 57

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 82

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 25 .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

26

214

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

2.4 17 7 48 .. 99 100 67

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 43 .. .. .. .. ..

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 100 .. 42 26 .. .. .. .. 1

17

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 46 .. .. .. .. 0

Turks and Caicos Islands

High income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

39.2 .. .. ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 .. ..

.. .. 0 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

.. 96 4 .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 94 6 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

215

Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.8 48.8 4,950 ..

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. 52 ..

.. 63

.. .. 27 ..

.. 33

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

98 .. .. 109 ..

102 .. .. 89 ..

.. .. .. 39 .. .. 100 ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

8

216

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. 10 31 24 97 98 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

34.5 17.5 510 38.0

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 49 164 ..

45 192

1.03 55 83 30

53 97

62 8 1 28 63

77 14 2 47 77

114 26 4 54 85

112 30 15 56 90

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1 .. 53 5 .. 87 38 600

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+)

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 .. .. 79 63 .. 0.6 .. 1 ..

Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

6.1 131 40 30 41 93 57 310

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 60 .. 1.3 .. 3 ..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

76 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 72 77 54 57 36.5 39.8 5.1 3.1 .. .. .. .. 15 26

35

217

Ukraine Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

45.7 142.9 3,130 <2

1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%)

1.06 75 17 ..

66 22

1.06 76 9 49

66 11

Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

107 97 46 99 ..

107 93 35 99 ..

100 93 88 97 100

99 95 75 96 100

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 100 49

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages