2012 WHA 52nd Annual Conference Program
The annual conference program of the Western History Association.
BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS THE WHA'S 52ND ANNUAL CONFERENCE OCT. 4-7, 2012 DENVER, COLORADO Roadside at crossroads. Boundary County, Idaho. Lange, Dorothea. Library of Congress. Transfer; United States. Office of War Information. Overseas Picture Division. Washington Division; 1944. Teaching with Primary Sources (TPS) Western Region at Metropolitan State College of Denver is proud to be a co-sponsor of the Western History Association's 52nd Annual Conference "Boundary Markers and Border Crossers," October 4-7, 2012. Be sure to visit the Teaching with Primary Sources exhibit during the conference to learn about the TPS program, see examples of primary sources in the classroom, and find out about grant opportunities. The mission of the Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources program is to build awareness of the Library's educational initiatives; provide content that promotes the effective educational use of the Library's resources; and offer access to and promote sustained use of the Library's educational resources. Staking out a homestead / photo by L.C. McClure, Denver. Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library. Teaching with Primary Sources Western Region 303.352.4945 | Fax 303.352.4987 | firstname.lastname@example.org | http://www.mscd.edu/tpswesternregion Western History AssociAtion 52nd AnnuAl ConferenCe ProgrAm BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS october 4-7, 2012 grand Hyatt denver denver, Colorado A Very Special Thanks to our Generous Sponsors Library of Congress University of Colorado Press Utah State University Press TABLE OF CONTENTS conference information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5 Welcome to Denver from the President. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7 2012 WHA officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Business, Council, and Committee meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Breakfasts and luncheons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 receptions and dinners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2012 local Arrangements Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Welcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-14 Schedule-at-a-glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-17 denver Area maps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-19 WHA Presidential luncheon/WHA Awards Banquet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-21 Boundary markers and Border Crossers Tours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-27 Workshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Boundary Markers and Border crossers 2012 Program Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 from the Program Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-31 meeting Space maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32-33 Thursday Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 friday Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34-42 Saturday Sessions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43-53 Sunday Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54-61 exhibitors & Advertisers Index of exhibitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 exhibit Hall map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Index of Advertisers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65-91 Western History Association Awards and Honors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 2012 WHA Award Committees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93-94 WHA donors, Patrons, & Sponsors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95-97 WHA History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98-99 2013 Call for Proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100-101 Program index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102-106 WHA organization & conference information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Membership Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109-112 CONFERENCE INFORMATION Kevin Jon fernlund executive director Ashley lock graduate research Assistant Betty Ditmeyer office Secretary Aaron Bashirian graduate research Assistant registrAtion Conference pre-registration deadline is september 14, 2012. registration, including electronic registrations and PayPal transactions, must be received by september 14, 2012, with full payment, in order to receive the pre-registration rate. registration fees below apply Pre-registration on or before september 14, 2012 WHA member $92 WHA K-12 member (Teacher discount) $80 WHA Student member $40 non-members $135 guest/Spouse (must register w/Attendee) $20 Single day registration $60 WHA K-12 Single day registration $20 onsite registration $102 $80 $50 $145 $30 $70 $20 Please note: regular membership is $90.00. There is a membership application in the back of this program. The membership form is also available on our website at www.westernhistoryassociation.org. Teachers: Please note that Continuing education units (Ceu) are available at the conference through the university of notre dame. for more information, please contact Brian Collier (email: Brian.Collier@nd.edu; phone: 574-631-1637). Ceu registration materials will be available onsite at the WHA registration desk. Ceu's are $25.00 per conference day and there are Ceu scholarships available to those teaching at under resourced schools. refunD Policy refunds less a $20.00 handling fee will be given for cancellations received by september 14, 2012. no refunds will be given for cancellations after that date. 4 CONFERENCE INFORMATION rooM reservAtions reservations for the event will be made by the individual attendees directly by calling 303-295-1234. members may also make arrangements with the hotel online by visiting the WHA website (www.westernhistoryassociation.org/conference). To receive the negotiated group rate for the grand Hyatt denver, you will need to reference "Western History Association" at the time your reservation is made or book the hotel directly through the Western History Association webpage. grand Hyatt denver rate is $189.00 single or double occupancy. cutoff date for room reservation under the group rate is september 22, 2012, 12:00 am. grand Hyatt Denver 1750 Welton street Denver, co, 80202 usA (303) 295-1234 conference & registrAtion grand Hyatt denver registrAtion Hours Thursday friday Saturday Sunday conference BooK exHiBits grand Hyatt denver exHiBit Hours friday Saturday Sunday AcKnoWleDgMents The Western History Association office would like to take this opportunity to thank the university of missouri, St. louis for its generous support, in particular the Center for Transportation Studies, the College of education, and the College of Arts and Sciences. A very special thanks to Patty Archer, university of missouri, St. louis Printing Services. 5 Imperial foyer noon � 5:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. � 5:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. � 5:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. � noon Imperial Ballroom & Imperial foyer 8:00 a.m. � 5:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. � 5:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. � noon FROM THE PRESIDENT once again the WHA meets in denver, the mile High City with its back to the mountains and its eye on the great Plains. We have met here before so there is no need to extol the virtues of denver as a meeting site for our organization. The good food, cultural amenities, and all varieties of "westerness" still may be found here. We should expect that the conviviality, high scholarship, and good fun that always mark WHA conferences will be had in abundance here. We can thank our local arrangements committee co-chairs, Tom noel and Jim Kroll, for that. This year's meeting will mark the fifty-second annual conference of the WHA, and the twelfth during the twenty-first century. It seems hard to believe, but by next year nearly one quarter of Albert l. Hurtado our annual conferences will have met during the twenty-first century. This year's theme is "Boundary markers and Border Crossers: finding the West and Westerners." We hope to emulate last year's very successful presidential roundtable with a friday afternoon session called "Boundary markers and Border Crossers: Histories of Immigration in the American West." This roundtable will feature elliott Barkan, Albert Camarillo, r. david edmunds, and erika lee who will speak about the subject from various perspectives. This event promises to be a thought-provoking keynote that will help us to consider the conference theme in a new light. The regular program sessions broadly reflect the conference theme as well as other scholarly and popular concerns of WHA members. The program committee worked for many months to assemble the panels, workshops, and special events that comprise the program. Special thanks go to committee co-chairs Brian frehner and fay Yarbrough for devoting themselves to this important but thankless task. This year's banquet speaker will be Kirk Johnson, Chief Curator and Vice President for research and Collections for the denver museum of nature and Science. His talk is entitled, "The origin of the American West." dr. Johnson will give us a picture of the West in deep time, a view that will provide perspective on the historical and current events that often consume us. Thanks to Patty limerick who helped to arrange dr. Johnson's appearance. This meeting catches us in the midst of change. In July, Kevin Jon fernlund stepped down as executive director after six years of splendid service to the WHA. The WHA has found a new executive director in John W. Heaton, professor of history at the university of Alaska, fairbanks, which will now host the WHA headquarters. The partnership of WHA and uAf will provide more administrative support and technical services than the WHA has ever enjoyed. We are looking forward to a mutually beneficial relationship with uAf under John's leadership. 6 The "next fifty Years" committee report spawned a number of changes that you will be hearing about in the newsletter and in the business meeting. one long needed development that I wish to highlight is the establishment of a standing committee on public history. This committee will promote the interests and perspective of public history within the WHA. It is my hope that the committee will foster greater membership and participation in the conference, publications, and other activities of the WHA. finally, I want to thank Kevin fernlund and John Heaton who share responsibility for the success of this year's meeting. They worked harmoniously to assure a smooth transition from the university of missouri, St. louis to uAf. I want to thank Kevin for making sure that the 2012 program was prepared on his watch. I salute John for taking over a big job that is crucial to the welfare of the WHA. And now, I bid you enjoy the conference. Welcome to denver. Albert l. Hurtado 7 2012 WHA OFFICERS PresiDent Albert Hurtado, university of oklahoma PresiDent-elect donald Worster, university of Kansas executive Director Kevin fernlund, university of missouri, St. louis council mark fiege (2014) Colorado State university Karen merrill (2012) Williams College Sandra Schackel (2013) Santa fe, new mexico louis Warren (2013) university of California, davis John Wunder (2012) university of nebraska, lincoln noMinAting coMMittee Thomas Andrews (2012) university of Colorado, Boulder Kathleen Brosnan (2013) university of Houston Alessandra Tamulevich, Chair (2012) university of oklahoma Press PuBlicAtions david lewis Western Historical Quarterly finAnciAl ADvisory BoArD Bob Blackburn, Chair oklahoma Historical Society Kevin fernlund university of missouri, St. louis 8 Charles rankin university of oklahoma Press durwood Ball (2012) university of new mexico margaret Jacobs (2013) university of nebraska, lincoln dan flores (2012)) university of montana george miles (2013) Beinecke library Quintard Taylor (2013) university of Washington marsha Weisiger (2014) university of oregon BUSINESS, COUNCIL, AND COMMIT TEE MEETINGS tHursDAy 8:30 a.m. � 12:30 p.m. � longs Peak WHA council Meeting 10:00 a.m. � noon � mt. Wilson crAW (committee on race in the American West) 10:00 a.m. � noon � maroon Peak WHA Membership committee Meeting 1:00 p.m. � 2:30 p.m. � maroon Peak committee of Western American librarians, Archivists and curators Meeting 2:00 p.m. � 3:00 p.m. � Torreys Peak cWWH Business Meeting 2:00 p.m. � 4:00 p.m. � mt. Wilson WHA technology committee Meeting friDAy 1:00 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. � mt. Columbia WHA committee for teaching and Public education Meeting sAturDAy 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. � Pikes Peak WHA 2012 Program committee Meeting Closed door 4:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. � longs Peak Westerners international Board Meeting 5:30 p.m. - 6:30 p.m. � mt. elbert WHA Business Meeting 9 BREAKFASTS AND LUNCHEONS friDAy 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � mt. elbert Mining History Breakfast Ticket required. 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � Pikes Peak AseH Breakfast Ticket required. noon � Pikes Peak Montana luncheon By Invitation only. noon � offsite scholarship Direct to the classroom luncheon By Invitation only. noon � mt. elbert WHQ editorial Board luncheon By Invitation only. sAturDAy 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � mt. elbert cWWH Breakfast Ticket required. 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � Pikes Peak Public History Breakfast Ticket required. noon � grand Ballroom Presidential luncheon Ticket required. sunDAy 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � mt. elbert Westerners international Breakfast Ticket required. 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � Pikes Peak Borderlands/fronterizo Breakfast Ticket required. 7:00 a.m. � 8:00 a.m. � longs Peak community college Breakfast Ticket required. noon � mt. elbert indian scholars luncheon Ticket required. 10 RECEPTIONS AND DINNERS tHursDAy 5:30 p.m. - 7:00 p.m. � 38th floor Capitol Peak room WHA opening cocktail reception Ticket required. friDAy 7:00 a.m. - 8:30 a.m. � longs Peak K-12 teacher reception By Invitation only. 5:00 p.m. � Pinnacle Club Sunlight Peak graduate student reception Ticket required. 7:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m. � off-site library of congress Dinner linda Sargent Wood, northern Arizona university and Peggy o'neill-Jones, library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources-Western region "Teaching the West in the 21st Century" Sponsored by the library of congress teaching with Primary sources-Western region Ticket required. sAturDAy Cocktails, 6:30 p.m. (Cash Bar) � grand Ballroom dinner, 7:00 p.m. � grand Ballroom WHA Awards Banquet Ticket required. 11 2012 LOCAL ARRANGEMENTS local Arrangements co-chairs: Jim Kroll, Western History & genealogy, denver Public library tom noel, university of Colorado, denver Jim Kroll Tom noel thomas Andrews, university of Colorado, Boulder William convery, History of Colorado State Historian Derek everett, Colorado State university James fell, Colorado mountain Club Mark fiege, Colorado State university steve friesen, Buffalo Bill museum ernest House, Jr., ute mountain utes rebecca Hunt, university of Colorado, denver Anne Hyde, Colorado College Holly Arnold Kinney, The fort restaurant Patty limerick, university of Colorado, Boulder Matt Makley, metropolitan State College of denver John Monnett, metropolitan State College of denver ed nichols, Ceo, History Colorado Jared orisi, Colorado State university Duane smith, fort lewis College Jim Walsh, regis university steve Well, Ceo, rockmount Western Wear 12 WELCOME TO DENVER touring The mile High City welcomes the WHA for the fifth time in 52 years. You will find it a safe, friendly, walkable town that can take your breath away. We are especially proud of our brand new History Colorado Center, which opened this April. Treat yourself as well to two other adjacent havens for historians: the denver Art museum with its native American and Western Art and the denver Public library with its Western History department. All are within a seven block walk of our hotel � or a two block walk, if you take the free 16th Street mall Shuttle. That same free bus will take you to the lower downtown (lodo) Historic district around union Station with brewpubs and restaurants. You can get a sample Thursday night with Tom "dr. Colorado" noel's walking tour/pub crawl after the opening reception. Tourism has emerged as Colorado's second largest economic engine. You will have a chance to explore its impact on Thursday's bus tour with the university of denver's Prof. Bill Philpott to north America's largest ski resort, Vail. The white gold industry and 26 ski areas have transformed the old mining landscape, sparing only a few surviving shafts and ghost towns. An alternative Thursday afternoon choice is a walking tour of downtown and Civic Center Park with Colorado State Historian Bill Convery. Bill's tour includes a behind-the-scene inspection of the History Colorado Center. Saturday's bus tour, with duane Smith � Colorado's Homer of the Hills � and mining Historian Jay fell, whisks you to the mother lode country, "the richest Square mile on earth," as Central City and its neighbors puffed themselves. next is red rocks outdoor Amphitheatre for a s�ance with the Beatles and John denver. last stop will be at the fort restaurant, Sam Arnold's reincarnation of Bent's fort, where Holly Arnold Kinney will entertain us. Denver's story What prehistoric residents called the future site of denver at the junction of the South Platte river and Cherry Creek is unknown. early accounts refer to it as the Arapaho's winter camp. Before the Arapaho, the utes were here and remain the only tribe with reservations in Colorado. latinos found gold on the site of denver in 1857 but disappear from what was initially called mexican diggings. experienced georgia prospectors, the William green russell party, discovered gold in the summer of 1858 and that october founded Auraria City. A month later, William H. larimer, a Pennsylvanian, jumped a claim and called it denver City. He and other Yankees soon chased off the southerners. The name Auraria did not reappear until 1976 with the establishment of the Auraria Higher education Center � the consolidated campus of 13 luis Jimenez's "mustang" fell on him, killing him and delaying the installation of this public art at denv er International Airport. glaring red eyes and the feisty stance make it a controv ersial w elcome to denv er. Credit: denv er Commission on Art, Culture and film. the Community College of denver, metropolitan State university of denver, and the university of Colorado, denver. You will find the mile High City a relatively healthy place economically and in its fitnessminded population. Try denver B-cyles (just insert a credit card and take out and return a bike) from any of its many downtown stands. denver is one of the few u.S. cities to be gaining population: the core city and county of denver jumped from 554,637 in 2000 to 601,158 in 2010 in a metro area of 2,543,482. growth can be credited to the establishment of the lodo and 51 other historic districts that have stabilized once declining neighborhoods. lodo transformed the old Skid row and warehouse neighborhood into million dollar lofts and myriad places to eat and drink. don't miss lodo's union Station, the Tattered Cover Book Store, the Wynkoop Brewing Company, established by now governor John W. Hickenlooper, and rockmount ranch Wear famous for its cowboy and cowgirl garb. The nearby South Platte Valley with its foot trails and parks includes an aquarium, elitch gardens Amusement Park, the Children's museum, and the sports venues of mile High Stadium, Coors field and the Pepsi Center. At Platte and 15th streets, lurks denver's oldest continually operating saloon, my Brother's Bar, offering neoclassical hamburgers and classical music. give yourself time to enjoy the city as well as the 52nd annual convention of the Western History Association. Tom noel, university of Colorado, denver Jim Kroll, manager, Western History & genealogy, denver Public library Co-chairs, 2012 local Arrangements Committee The Colorado Conv ention Center's 40-foot Blue Bear statue is named, "I See What You mean" by denv er artist law rence Argent. It is a steel sculpture, encased in a fiberglass and cement composite and acts as a denv er ambassador, communicating the city's appeal as a meeting destination. 14 SCHEDULE-AT-A-GLANCE WeDnesDAy, octoBer 3rD Bus tour: American Heritage center 7:30 am 7:30 pm 8:00 am noon 8:30 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 1:00 pm 2:00 pm 2:00 pm 3:30 pm 5:30 pm 7:15 pm 5:00 am 5:00 pm 12:30 pm noon noon 2:30 pm 3:00 pm 4:00 pm 5:00 pm 7:00 pm departs from Hotel lobby Imperial Ballroom & foyer Imperial foyer longs Peak mt. Wilson maroon Peak maroon Peak Torreys Peak mt. Wilson maroon Peak 38th fl. Capitol Peak room departs from Hotel lobby Imperial Ballroom & foyer Imperial foyer mt. elbert Pikes Peak longs Peak maroon Peak mt. Columbia Torreys Peak mt. oxford Blanca Peak mt. Harvard grays Peak mt. Princeton mt. Yale mt. oxford maroon Peak mt. Columbia Torreys Peak mt. Harvard mt. Princeton mt. Yale Blanca Peak grays Peak mt. Wilson Pikes Peak mt. elbert offsite departs from Hotel departs from Hotel mt. Columbia exhibitors registration WHA council Meeting crAW committee Meeting WHA Membership committee Meeting committee of Western Americana librarians cWWH Business Meeting WHA technology Meeting CWWH: roundtable: re-dressing America's frontier Past... opening reception Walking tour: Pub crawl of Downtown Denver tHursDAy, octoBer 4tH 8:00 am exhibitors 8:00 am registration 7:00 am Mining History Breakfast 7:00 am AseH Breakfast 7:00 am K-12 teacher reception 8:30 am redrawing the Boundaries of Japanese American... 8:30 am marking Territory: representation, Arbitration, and... 8:30 am CrAW roundtable: race and the national Parks The outdoors: How to Teach and research Work and Play... 8:30 am 8:30 am The History and Current State of Affairs at Academic... 8:30 am open Spaces, open minds?: religious and Spiritual... native Americans and Immigrant others in the north... 8:30 am redefining liberalism: race and Politics in Post-World War...8:30 am 8:30 am Saving the Wild Horses: Bounding the Physical and... using the Public's History Collection: The library of Congress... 10:30 am 10:30 am Women, families and State Politics in the u.S. West... 10:30 am finding the West in the northeast 10:30 am The Harlem renaissance in the West: A roundtable defining and Bounding environmental regions in the... 10:30 am 10:30 am laboring for Progress, migrating for Work 10:30 am national Parks: more natural or Cultural? 10:30 am Watering the West: memory, Politics, and the economy modern Tribal governance and memory in the American... 10:30 am 10:30 am epidemic!: disease Across Time in Western Spaces noon Montana luncheon noon WHQ editorial Board luncheon noon scholarship Direct to the classroom luncheon... noon Bus tour: co interstate 70 vacation corridor Walking tour of civic center and History colorado center 1:30 pm WHA committee for teaching and Public education Meeting 1:00 pm friDAy, octoBer 5tH 15 5:00 pm 5:00 pm 8:00 am 8:00 am 8:30 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon 1:00 pm 1:00 pm 1:30 pm 6:00 pm 3:30 pm 2:30 pm SCHEDULE-AT-A-GLANCE Westerners International roundtable: memory Work:... Indigenous-defined Borderlands, Boundaries and... digital frontiers: A digital History Workshop Boundary markers and Border Crossers... graduate student reception library of congress Dinner 1:00 pm 1:00 pm 1:00 pm 4:00 pm 5:30 pm 7:00 pm 2:30 pm 2:30 pm 2:30 pm 5:30 pm 7:00 pm 10:00 pm 5:00 pm 5:00 pm 8:00 am 8:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 4:00 pm noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon 2:00 pm 4:30 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 4:00 pm 5:00 pm 6:30 pm 10:00 pm maroon Peak mt. oxford denver Public library, gates Conf. room mt. elbert Pinnacle Club Sunlight Peak off-site Imperial Ballroom & foyer Imperial foyer mt. elbert Pikes Peak denver Art museum, C-level lect. Hall exhibitors 8:00 am registration 8:00 am cWWH Breakfast 7:00 am Public History Breakfast 7:00 am east of West: race, law and Japanese Immigrants... 8:30 am gendered Borders: The modification and Commodification... 8:30 am roots of radicalism: Songs, Politics, and Protest 8:30 am making meaning out of Place in the Twentieth Century 8:30 am everyday Hierarchies: gender and Culture in Public... 8:30 am Hybritity in urban environments 8:30 am Indians on the road: How to Teach, research, and Publish... 8:30 am reactions to Contact: re-fashioning native American... 8:30 am Indigenous-defined Borderlands, Boundaries and landscapes... 8:30 am CrAW roundtable: Activism and unlikely Alliances... 8:30 am WHA 2013 Program committee Meeting 10:00 am Intertribal Communication and Collaboration 10:30 am American Indian Strategies: Challenging, Crossing... 10:30 am An Artist's eye: Photographs and Paintings of the Twentieth... 10:30 am Questioning the Sources: Archives, maps, and Complicated... 10:30 am Water Politics of the Colorado river Basin 10:30 am Homesteading reconsidered: Sesquicentennial Perspectives 10:30 am Y first Book: Producing It, Publicizing It, and Teaching It 10:30 am our messengers of Import: Knowledge Production and Its... 10:30 am race and Violence in the early Twentieth Century-West 10:30 am Commemoration, remembrance, and reconciliation:... 10:30 am Presidential luncheon noon tour/session on Hispano Activism 2:00 pm CrAW roundtable: decolonizing History and reclaiming... 2:30 pm Public History, Western Spaces 2:30 pm Border Ills 2:30 pm leaving Homeland in Search of Home: movements,... 2:30 pm Interior Borderlands: The Contested legal, Cultural... 2:30 pm roundtable: Writing utah: the State, the Academy,... 2:30 pm Settler Influence and California Indian education 2:30 pm new Chicana/o and latino History: Beyond the u.S.-mexican... 2:30 pm Competitors and Companions: Westerners' encounters... 2:30 pm Creating and Crossing Boundaries in mormonism... 2:30 pm Westerners international Board Meeting 4:00 pm WHA Business Meeting 5:30 pm WHA Awards Banquet 6:30 pm sAturDAy, octoBer 6tH grays Peak maroon Peak mt. Columbia mt. oxford mt. Harvard mt. Princeton mt. Wilson Torreys Peak mt. Yale Pikes Peak denver Art museum, C-level lect. Hall grays Peak maroon Peak mt. Columbia mt. Wilson mt. oxford mt. Princeton mt. Yale mt. Harvard Torreys Peak grand Ballroom departs from Hotel denver Art museum, C-level lect. Hall 16 grays Peak mt. Columbia maroon Peak mt. oxford Blanca Peak Torreys Peak mt. Harvard mt. Yale mt. Wilson longs Peak mt. elbert grand Ballroom SCHEDULE-AT-A-GLANCE 8:00 am exhibitors 8:00 am registration 7:00 am Westerners international Breakfast 7:00 am Borderlands Breakfast 7:00 am community college Breakfast Mountain Playgrounds Bus tour with lunch at the fort 8:30 am 8:30 am The french in the West Along the green divide: race, Place and environment... 8:30 am 8:30 am Confronting Boundaries in education... updating Icons: using Public History to Tell the rest of... 8:30 am 8:30 am Women Writing the West 8:30 am The frontier goes global: The Wild West in europe Church, State, and Identity in the Twentieth-Century West 8:30 am 8:30 am roundtable: on the Borders of the Sacred and Profane 8:30 am Violence and Identity in the mexican Borderlands 8:30 am frontiers of Profit: Immigrant entrepreneurs and the... CWWH Session: lines of exclusion, Crossed and redrawn...10:30 am 10:30 am unrest in the West in the first World War era 10:30 am Teaching Western History: Innovative Classrooms... Beyond earth's Borders: depictions of the West and frontier... 10:30 am manifest motives: Histories of the Common and Complex... 10:30 am 10:30 am latter-day Saint Indigenous Communities... 10:30 am Bureaucratic Boundaries: Civil and military Authority... Imposing order on the mid-nineteenth-Century American... 10:30 am 10:30 am race and education since the 1950s: A Comparative... noon indian scholars luncheon sunDAy, octoBer 7tH 5:00 pm noon 8:00 am 8:00 am 8:00 am 2:30 pm 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am 10:00 am noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon noon 1:00 pm Imperial Ballroom & foyer Imperial foyer mt. elbert Pikes Peak longs Peak departs from Hotel grays Peak mt. Columbia mt. oxford mt. Wilson Torreys Peak mt. Harvard mt. Princeton maroon Peak mt. Yale Blanca Peak grays Peak mt. Columbia mt. oxford Torreys Peak maroon Peak mt. Harvard mt. Princeton mt. Yale mt. Wilson mt. elbert 17 DOWNTOWN DENVER 1750 Welton Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 HOTEL ADDRESS GRAND HYATT DENVER 1750 WELTON STREET DENVER, COLOROADO 80202 USA Phone: (303) 295.1234 HYATT CONFERENCE CENTER 555 17TH STREET -SECOND FLOOR18 DOWNTOWN DENVER 19 PRESIDENTIAL LUNCHEON 20 WHA AWARDS BANQUET 21 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS TOUR SCHEDULE WeDnesDAy, octoBer 3, 2012 Bus tour: American Heritage center, university of Wyoming 7:30 a.m. - 7:30 p.m. established in 1868 at an elevation of 7200 feet, laramie is home to the only four-year public university in the state of Wyoming. Although vigilantism and lynchings marked the town's early history, so too did progressivism. In 1869, 50 years before the ratification of the 19th amendment, the Wyoming territorial legislature granted women the right to vote. The following year, laramie became the first town in the nation to empanel women on a jury, thus becoming known as the "equality State." Celebrating its 125th anniversary, the American Heritage Center. university of Wyoming has historically Image Courtesy of rick Walters, American Heritage Center. strong programs in agriculture, engineering, and geology, and continues to embrace and reflect the values of the state and its unique landscape. rich in resources, historical and natural, the university of Wyoming is home to the newly renovated William robertson Coe library, which houses the grace raymond Hebard Collection. uW is also home to the American Heritage Center, a nationally and internationally renowned archive for the study of popular culture and western Americana. departing from the conference hotel at 7:30 a.m., uW emeritus Professor dr. John logan Allen will discuss the rich and fascinating history of the front range. upon arriving in laramie, participants will tour the Wyoming Territorial Prison. established in 1872, it is one of only three remaining federally constructed penitentiaries in the western u.S. The Territorial Prison offers a glimpse into the rough and tumble early days of Wyoming and a window into the life of Butch Cassidy, for it is here, and only here, that he served time. following the removal of prisoners to the newly built state penitentiary in rawlins, Wyoming, the university of Wyoming purchased and adapted the prison buildings and grounds for use as an agricultural experiment station (1903-1989) for the uW College of Agriculture. At noon participants will dine in Coe library while enjoying a symposium provided by university of Wyoming history faculty and students, followed by a tour of the library. A tour of the American Heritage Center concludes our visit to laramie. returning to denver and crossing near the highest point on the transcontinental railroad, the university of Wyoming's dr. Phil roberts will discuss and contextualize the history of Wyoming as we pass by the lincoln monument, the Ames monument, and segments of the lincoln Highway. the bus tour begins and ends at the grand Hyatt Denver Hotel. seating is limited. lunch is included. ticket and WHA name Badge required. 22 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS TOUR SCHEDULE tHursDAy, octoBer 4, 2012 Walking tour: Pub crawl of Downtown Denver 7:15 p.m. A walking tour/pub crawl of downtown denver with Tom "dr. Colorado" noel starts in the lobby at 7:15 p.m., after the opening reception. A $5 ticket is required. This walking tour will explore the lower downtown Historic district, union Station, the old red light district and Hop Alley, with stops at legendary watering holes. We will also point out fine dining spots along the way. See for yourself how an historic district designation has transformed one of America's most notorious skid rows into a modern playground. dollar a night flophouses are now million dollar lofts, 25 cent shots and beers are now $7 pints and $10 cocktails. We will introduce you to the oxford Hotel, the Cruise room, Joyce meskis' Tattered Cover Book Store, and rockmount Western Wear. the walking tour begins and ends at the grand Hyatt Denver Hotel. ticket and WHA name Badge required. Top: Tom noel. Bottom: Tom noel's The City and the Saloon, published by the university of nebraska Press. 23 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS TOUR SCHEDULE friDAy, octoBer 5, 2012 Bus tour: the road to recreation: colorado's interstate 70 vacation corridor noon - 6:00 p.m. The Construction of the eisenhower-Johnson memorial Tunnel on I-70, west of denver. Photo taken by dick davis, August 21, 1969. Courtesy of the denver Public library. Climbing, winding, slicing, and tunneling its way through the mountainous heart of Colorado, Interstate 70 west of denver might be far less famous than route 66, but it is every bit as much a highway of tourist history. This tour will trace the path of post-World War II recreational development, as faded mining towns and quiet ranching valleys turned into the motel clusters and ski resorts of a new mass outdoor leisure age. Sights and stops along I-70 include the mining-turned motel town of Idaho Springs, the preserved Victorian village of georgetown, the second-home sprawl of Summit County, and, time and traffic permitting, the remarkable masterplanned resort town of Vail, equally admired as an island of eurosophistication in the rockies and reviled as a plastic theme park of elitism and environmental destruction. university of denver historian Bill Philpott will guide our tour, and our conversation about the cultural, political, and environmental dimensions of the postwar leisure boom. 6 hours, 182 miles roundtrip, denver to Vail to denver. the bus tour begins and ends at the grand Hyatt Denver Hotel. seating is limited. Box lunch included. ticket and WHA name Badge required. 24 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS TOUR SCHEDULE friDAy, octoBer 5, 2012 Walking tour: civic center and History colorado center 1:30 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. denver Public library Civic Center reference unit. Women work at a desk and a card catalog in the reference department of the denver Public library in Civic Center Park, denver, Colorado. Bookshelves and a work table are in the room, 1937. Image courtesy of the denver Public library. Walking Tour of Civic Center with Bill Convery, Colorado State Historian, to focus on the gold domed State Capitol, the eagle crowned City & County Building in America's best preserved Civic Center created during the City Beautiful era. This walking tour includes the spectacular new History Colorado Center on 1200 Broadway. experience the latest state of the art, high tech exhibits, which include a simulation of a ski jump on Howelsen Hill at Steamboat Springs. You may also "visit" Amache, Colorado's Japanese relocation Camp, Bent's old fort, and the site of the Sand Creek massacre. the walking tour begins and ends in the lobby of the grand Hyatt Denver Hotel. ticket and WHA name Badge required. 25 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS TOUR SCHEDULE sAturDAy, octoBer 6, 2012 tour/session on Hispano Activism 2:00 p.m. - 4:30 p.m. This special session is mounted by the denver Public library Western History & genealogy department on Hispanics in the u.S. West. denver became a hub of Chicano activism under the leadership of rodolfo "Corky" gonzales. He grew up in a migrant labor family, became the national champion bantam weight boxer, a democratic Party activist, and headed denver's neighborhood Youth Corps. An eloquent speaker and writer, he published the epic poem, "I Am Joachim." In 1966, Corky founded the Crusade for Justice to organize Chicanos and focus their power. The Crusade ran a school, a newspaper, and organized many marches and protests. Corky died in 2005 and was followed by less militant Hispanic leaders, including federico Pe�a, who became denver's first Hispanic mayor, 1983-1991. the walking tour begins and ends at the grand Hyatt Denver Hotel. ticket and WHA name Badge required. Caesar Chavez (left), rodolfo "Corky" gonzales (center), Carlos Santistevan (right). Courtesy of the denver Public library. 26 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS TOUR SCHEDULE sunDAy, octoBer 7, 2012 Bus tour: Mountain Playgrounds with lunch at the fort 8:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m. Above: The fort, Sam Arnold's recreation of Bent's fort. Image courtesy of The fort. mountain Playgrounds Bus Tour of Central City gold mining region, red rocks outdoor Amphitheatre and lunch at the fort restaurant. Talk and tour from duane Smith, Jay fell, and The fort proprietor, Holly Arnold Kinney. once the richest gold mining district in the rockies, Central City is a well�preserved national Historic landmark district. We will check out the Teller House, the opera House, St. James methodist Church, and the gold Coin Saloon. Then we're off to red rocks outdoor Amphitheatre, one of the nation's finest monument's to the Civilian Conservation Core. next stop is the fort, Sam Arnold's legendary recreation of Bent's fort and the country's best place to sample food and drink of the old West. 6 hours, 98 miles roundtrip. the bus tour begins and ends at the grand Hyatt Denver Hotel. seating is limited. lunch is included. ticket and WHA name Badge required. 27 2012 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS WORKSHOP friDAy 1:00 PM-2:30 PM Denver PuBlic liBrAry - gAtes conf. rooM (5tH floor) Digital frontiers: A Digital History Workshop Are you curious about how the new model scholarship of the "digital turn" promises to impact your research methods and scholarly communication practices? Would you like to find out what is out there on the web for western historians? do you teach western history with digital media, or do you just want to find out what people are doing in those "smart" classrooms? do you work in a museum, archive or public agency and have questions about the open-source or free tools to create digital archives, web-based exhibits of digital content, "web 2.0" ways to involve the public? This digital history workshop is an opportunity for those in our membership interested in the increasingly significant role that technology plays in research, teaching, and public history, to gather virtually and in person, to discuss digital frontiers before, during, and after the conference. All are welcome�from the digital guru to the techno-novice�to come together and ask questions, share ideas and join in conversations online prior to the conference. We invite potential workshop participants to use the blog, "digital frontiers" - whadigitalfrontiers.wordpress.com - to share their interests and favorite resources before we meet in person to hear some brief presentations, ask questions about resources, tools, and best practices, and take away some exciting ideas to ponder while we develop a lively western digital history community. All conference-goers are welcome to drop in and sit in on any part of the session. facilitator: J. Wendel cox, denver Public library WHA name Badge required. Directions Walking directions to the denver Public library from grand Hyatt denver (.7 miles; 15 minutes from hotel) denver Public library 10 W 14th Ave. Parkway denver, Co 80204 Head Southwest on Welton Street toward 17th Street. Turn left onto 17th Street. Turn right onto Broadway. Turn right onto W. 14th Avenue. Turn left. Arrive at denver Public library. 28 2012 PROGRAM COMMIT TEE 2012 Program committee co-chairs: Brian frehner oklahoma State university fay yarbrough university of oklahoma Jaim� r. Aguila, Arizona State university Polytechnic sue fawn chung, university of nevada, las Vegas Michael childers, university of nevada, las Vegas Andrea geiger, Simon fraser university Michael lansing, Augsburg College Mark lause, university of Cincinnati Karen J. leong, Arizona State university Kevin leonard, Western Washington university Melody Miyamoto Walters, Collin College catherine Moore, national Parks Conservation Association Jeremy Mouat, university of Alberta Michelle nickerson, loyola university Jeff Pappas, Colorado State university/national Park Service Julie reed, university of north Carolina 29 FROM THE PROGRAM COMMIT TEE fifty years ago the Western History Association held its second annual meeting, in a locale the program proudly dubbed "Queen City of the Plains." That city was denver, Colorado. The program listed only thirteen sessions in 1962, but the list of presenters read like a Who's Who of western historians and featured such prominent figures as Howard lamar, William goetzmann, and leonard Arrington among others. few women, and none as presenters, found their way onto the program in the "Queen" city, and the scene looked much the same three years later when WHA members met in Helena, montana, or "Queen of the mountains." five decades later, practitioners of western history convene once again in denver but the voices speaking this year reveal that women, and many others who did not appear on early programs, have much to say about the heritage of this region. The history of the WHA reveals a past with permeable boundaries and fluid borders that remain open to new members whose presence and ideas have remade the association. Collectively, western historians continue to redefine the study of this region by locating the West in new places outside traditional political boundaries and with new stories told in diverse voices. The program we have assembled reflects the creative tension between older and newer perspectives among western historians during the fifty years that have passed since the WHA's first denver meeting. Past and present find their way onto the program in many sessions. This year marks the 150th anniversary of the Homestead Act, a law that to some represents the blessings of westward expansion and to others a curse. What better way to mark the anniversary of this important historic moment than to evaluate the impact of the legislation on native people and consider the perspective north of the border among Canadians who watched it unfold? This year national politics thrust the mormon religion into Americans' consciousness as many confronted the prospect for the first time of a mormon leader as President of the united States. one session traces the religion's legacy in the region and another explores its impact on native people. Historians have chosen Colorado as a meeting place now and in the past, but so too have many generations of border crossers and boundary makers who travelled here in search of work in sugar beet fields, gold in rivers and streams, and energy embedded in the state's grasslands and coal deposits. The program includes stories of these migrations that illuminate the region as well as our host city's contested pasts. A presidential session re-visits the topic of immigration, and the Committee on race in the American West has assembled a roundtable that explores community activism in the mile High City. As always, the program includes multiple panels and roundtables that explore gender, environmental history, experiences of indigenous populations, race, and public history. Collaboration and partnerships have integrated new members into the association and provided access to teachers and researchers who work within and outside of the academy. We are happy to continue partnering with the library of Congress to offer teaching sessions that complement the research scholars are presenting at this year's meeting. Teaching sessions showcase sources available through the library of Congress to incorporate in the classroom, pedagogical contributions of K-12 instructors, community college offerings as well as digital and web-based research and 30 FROM THE PROGRAM COMMIT TEE instructional tools. The program reflects the WHA's continued relationship with the Charles redd Center to sponsor K-12 teaching awards and provide a forum where teachers can share their award-winning lesson plans with a much broader audience. We thank the programming committee for their efforts in reading submissions and assembling a thought-provoking schedule of panels and roundtables that reflect the wide-ranging scholarly interests, as well as the diversity, of WHA members. We thank Al Hurtado who offered support, encouragement, and leadership throughout this process as well as Kevin fernlund and Ashley lock who patiently answered our many questions and offered support at every turn. Kevin has worked tirelessly for the association, and we are grateful for all of his contributions during his tenure as executive director. Brian frehner, oklahoma State university fay Yarbrough, university of oklahoma Co-chairs, 2012 Program Committee 31 CONFERENCE CENTER MAP G R A N D H YAT T D E N V E R S E C O N D F LO O R T H I R D F LO O R 32 CONFERENCE CENTER MAPS AT R I U M T O W E R 3 8 T H F LO O R - P I N N AC LE C LU B 3 7 T H F LO O R - P I N N AC LE C LU B S E C O N D F L O O R - G R A N D H YAT T C O N F E R E N C E C E N T E R 33 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS tHursDAy 3:30-5:00 MAroon PeAK coalition for Western Women's History roundtable: re-Dressing America's frontier Past by Peter Boag: A critique Chair Panelists gordon M. Bakken, California State university, fullerton sarah carter, university of Alberta Philip J. Deloria, university of michigan colin r. Johnson, Indiana university susan lee Johnson, university of Wisconsin, madison Karen J. leong, Arizona State university Peter Boag, Washington State university Comment friDAy 8:30-10:00 MAroon PeAK redrawing the Boundaries of Japanese American internment History Chair & Comment Paper Paper Paper Karen J. leong, Arizona State university The Creation of leupp Isolation Center under executiv e order 9066 (carol) lynne Horiuchi, Independent Scholar and Public Historian remembering Japanese American resettlement laura sachiko fugikawa, university of Illinois urbana-Champaign `I guess I hav e to continue farming here': Japanese American farmers and the resettlement of the Postw ar West connie y. chiang, Bowdoin College friDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. coluMBiA Marking territory: representation, Arbitration, and Demarcation on the u.s.-Mexico Border Chair Paper Kelly lytle Hern�ndez, university of California, los Angeles Borderline Photography: The Visual legacy of the 1890s u.S./mexico International Boundary Surv ey Katherine Morrissey, university of Arizona meandering Border: The rio grande and the Chamizal Arbitration of 1911 Amelia Kiddle, Wesleyan university If We Build It, They Won't Come: The Physical manifestation of the u.S.-mexico Border Mary e. Mendoza, university of California, davis rachel st. John, new York university Paper Paper Comment 34 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 8:30-10:00 crAW roundtable: race and the national Parks Chair Paper Paper Paper Paper Karl Jacoby, Brown university torreys PeAK Hualapai relations w ith the grand Canyon Park Serv ice Jeffrey shepherd, university of Texas, el Paso Chinese Americans and Yosemite yenyen chan, Park ranger, national Park Service racial div ersity w ithin the nPS Jeff Pappas, lead ranger, national Park Service nPS outreach to div erse Communities gillian Bowser, ecologist, national Park Service friDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. oxforD the outdoors: How to teach and research Work and Play in the American West sponsored by the library of congress teaching with Primary sources � Western region and the committee on teaching and Public education Chair Panelist lindsey Passenger Wieck, university of notre dame Tow ard a Transnational History of the Tahoe Basin: Washoe Indians, Climbers and Cav e rock Matthew Makley, metropolitan State College of denver Paul Bunyan and His Camp: How a Tall Tale modernized the lumber Industry, 1913-1944 craig Kinnear, university of notre dame cynthia stout, library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources- Western region Peggy o'neill-Jones, library of Congress Teaching with Primary SourcesWestern region Panelist Comment Comment 35 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 8:30-10:00 BlAncA PeAK the History and current state of Affairs at Academic community colleges: A report from the four corners of the north American West Chair Paper Paper Paper Paper Juti A. Winchester, northwest College Community Colleges in Washington in Historic Context Kurt Kinbacher, Spokane falls Community College The Community College Professoriate James leiker, Johnson County Community College The national endow ment for the Humanities: opportunities and Western Topics David Mills, minnesota West Community and Technical College don't Teach Anything Your Students Can google: The needs for Skill-development in Community College education roger Bowerman, glendale Community College Audience Comment friDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. HArvArD open spaces, open Minds?: religious and spiritual Borders in the American West Chair & Comment Paper Paper Paper tisa Wenger, Yale university "Playing Indian": eastern utah religious Borderlands, 1910-1940 Brandi Denison, university of north florida "The Simple law s of liv ing": redefining religion in the American West stanley J. thayne, university of north Carolina at Chapel Hill religion, fraud, and the American West: The "I Am" Activity and defining the limits of religious freedom Jenna gray-Hildenbrand, university of California, Santa Barbara Highw ay Halos: Imagining Hitchhiking as religious Practice in the 1960s and 1970s Ben Brazil, emory university Paper 36 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 8:30-10:00 grAys PeAK native Americans and immigrant others in the north American West Chair Paper colleen o'neill, utah State university redraw ing racial Boundaries: locating Japanese Immigrants in relation to `Indians' in north America, 1900-1928 Andrea geiger, Simon fraser university Where the West Still liv es: Indians and Immigrants in the Yakima Valley, 1900-2010 Andrew fisher, The College of William and mary The great Silence: native Americans and Public responses to Immigrant deaths in Arizona Mike Wilson, Tohono o'odham Human rights Activist eric v. Meeks, northern Arizona university Paper Paper Comment friDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. Princeton redefining liberalism: race and Politics in Post-World War ii san francisco Chair & Comment Paper Daryl Maeda, university of Colorado, Boulder James v . marinship: African American Workers' Activ ism and the limitations of legal Strategies for Civ il rights in Post-World War II California Jess rigelhaupt, university of mary Washington The Politics of 'Black Violence' in San francisco, 1957-1972 christopher Agee, university of Colorado, denver 'Bonding is the Key': minority Contractors, the State, and the Construction of Affirmative Action in the San francisco Bay Area John rosen, university of Illinois, Chicago Paper Paper friDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. yAle saving the Wild Horses: Bounding the Physical and Perceptive Problem Chair & Comment Paper Mark fiege, Colorado State university "Are You Wild or feral?": naming and narrativ es of mustangs and management steven M. fountain, Washington State university Wild Horse Annie: deconstructing legends Alan J. Kania, Journalist and Independent Historian Worth more than Words: The gus Bundy Photos and the Campaign to Save Wild Horses leisl carr childers, northern Arizona university Paper Paper 37 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 10:30-noon Mt. oxforD using the Public's History collection: the library of congress teaching with Primary sources collection's resources for Westerners, genealogists, teachers, and scholars sponsored by the library of congress teaching with Primary sources � Western region and the committee on teaching and Public education Chair Panelists Peter Blodgett, Huntington library cynthia stout, library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources-Western region Peggy o'neill-Jones, library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources Western region leisl carr childers, northern Arizona university Brent Modak, Assumption Catholic School friDAy 10:30-noon MAroon PeAK Women, families, and state Politics in the u.s. West and Mexico Chair Paper Katherine Benton-cohen, georgetown university The making and Breaking of Home lands along the u.S.-mexican Border, 1880-1915 Andrew offenburger, Yale university mexican families and the dillingham Commission Katherine Benton-cohen, georgetown university negotiated Crossings: mexican Women, migrant families, and the State, 1930-1965 larisa veloz, georgetown university virginia scharff, university of new mexico Paper Paper Comment friDAy 10:30-noon finding the West in the northeast Mt. coluMBiA Chair Paper Kathryn Morse, middlebury College The Wild West on the upper West Side: Animals and the Western landscape in the American museum of natural History Andrew needham, new York university Western Ideas for eastern lands: The Influence of Western env ironmental Policies on Connecticut's State Parks and forests, 1913-1930 leah s. glaser, Central Connecticut State university fancy dancing for the Yankees: finding the West in the modern mohegan Pow w ow steve Amerman, Southern Connecticut State university Paper Paper 38 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 10:30-noon torreys PeAK the Harlem renaissance in the West: A roundtable Chair Co-Chair Panelists cary D. Wintz, Texas Southern university Bruce A. glasrud, Independent Scholar george H. Junne, Jr., northern Colorado university Douglas flamming, georgia Institute of Technology Kimberley Ann Mangun, university of utah Jean van Delinder, oklahoma State university charlotte Hinger, Independent Scholar friDAy 10:30-noon Mt. HArvArD Defining and Bounding environmental regions in the West Chair Paper Paper Paper Paper Paper Paper Paper sterling evans, university of oklahoma Sonoran desert Marcus Burtner, university of Arizona great Basin/Sierra nev ada robert chester, university of California, Berkeley great American desert lawrence culver, utah State university Colorado Plateau Jessie embry, Brigham Young university/redd Center Pacific World Mary greenfield, Yale university Snake riv er Plain/great Basin Kevin Marsh, Idaho State university great Plains Jeremy vetter, university of Arizona friDAy 10:30-noon laboring for Progress, Migrating for Work Mt. Princeton Chair & Comment Paper Phylis Martinelli, St. mary's College Working for War: race and labor on the Colorado Plains during World War II Doug sheflin, university of Colorado, Boulder Immigrant labor and the national Imagination: Celebrating and Contesting Progress on Transportation frontiers in the old northw est ryan Dearinger, eastern oregon university Concern for the `migrant millions': The Bracero Program and the Push for the extension of a minimum Wage to American migrant laborers lena Withers, university of Kansas Paper Paper 39 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 10:30-noon national Parks: More natural or cultural? Chair & Comment Paper Jeff Pappas, national Park Service Mt. yAle from Concealment to Commemoration: managing disaster in grand Canyon national Park, 1956-2006 Benjamin carver, northern Arizona university nature Calling: Communication Technologies in national Parks tim glenn, university of utah expanding national Park Boundaries lynn ross-Bryant, university of Colorado, Boulder Paper Paper friDAy 10:30-noon BlAncA PeAK Watering the West: Memory, Politics, and the economy Chair Paper William rowley, university of nevada, reno The decline and fall of the mythical empire: Western Water Conserv ation and American liberalism from the new deal to the 1970s ian stacy, university of montana Imperial Politics: env ironmentalism, Sov ereignty, and the life and death of the Salton Sea traci Brynne voyles, university of California, davis Hydrologic Culture: The Colorado-Big Thompson Project and the Transformation of the West Slope Michael Weeks, university of Colorado, Boulder Paul Hirt, Arizona State university Paper Paper Comment friDAy 10:30-noon grAys PeAK Modern tribal governance and Memory in the American West Chair & Comment Paper Kent Blansett, university of minnesota, morris The u.S. forest Serv ice and the rebirth of Indian nations, 1905-1970 ted catton, university of montana Blood money: Indian gaming and membership in the Yav apai-Apache nation Maurice crandall, university of new mexico "liquidating the liability of the u.S. for the massacre of the Sioux Indians": Wounded Knee memory and the Search for Just Compensation David W. grua, Texas Christian university Paper Paper 40 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 10:30-noon epidemic!: Disease Across time in Western spaces Chair & Comment Paper Paul Kelton, university of Kansas Mt. Wilson ecological Change and epidemiological Barriers in the early West: Horse diffusion and the making of the 1779-1784 Smallpox epidemic Adam Hodge, university of nebraska Pushing Peyote: Healing, nation, and the 1833 Cholera epidemic in mexican Texas Mark Allan goldberg, university of Houston The great flu of 1928: Creating a geography of Isolation in Canada's northw est liza Piper, university of Alberta Paper Paper friDAy 1:00-2:30 Westerners international roundtable: Memory Work: Doing History in grassy Places MAroon PeAK moderator Panelists Melvena Heisch, Westerners International suzanne Kelley, minnesota State university, moorhead tom isern, north dakota State university Melvena Heisch, Westerners International friDAy 1:00-2:30 Mt. oxforD indigenous-Defined Borderlands, Boundaries and landscapes: A Panel Chair & Comment Panelists Jeffrey shepherd, university of Texas, el Paso Jeffrey shulze, university of Texas, dallas taylor spence, Yale university natale Zappia, Whittier College 41 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS friDAy 1:00 PM-2:30 PM Denver PuBlic liBrAry - gAtes conf. rooM (5tH floor) Digital frontiers: A Digital History Workshop Are you curious about how the new model scholarship of the "digital turn" promises to impact your research methods and scholarly communication practices? Would you like to find out what is out there on the web for western historians? do you teach western history with digital media, or do you just want to find out what people are doing in those "smart" classrooms? do you work in a museum, archive or public agency and have questions about the open-source or free tools to create digital archives, web-based exhibits of digital content, "web 2.0" ways to involve the public? This digital history workshop is an opportunity for those in our membership interested in the increasingly significant role that technology plays in research, teaching, and public history, to gather virtually and in person, to discuss digital frontiers before, during, and after the conference. All are welcome�from the digital guru to the techno-novice�to come together and ask questions, share ideas and join in conversations online prior to the conference. We invite potential workshop participants to use the blog, "digital frontiers" - whadigitalfrontiers.wordpress.com - to share their interests and favorite resources before we meet in person to hear some brief presentations, ask questions about resources, tools, and best practices, and take away some exciting ideas to ponder while we develop a lively western digital history community. All conference-goers are welcome to drop in and sit in on any part of the session. facilitator: J. Wendel cox, denver Public library WHA name Badge required. friDAy 4:00-5:30 Boundary Markers and Border crossers: Histories of immigration in the American West Mt. elBert moderator Panelists Albert l. Hurtado, university of oklahoma elliott Barkan, California State university, San diego Al camarillo, Stanford university r. David edmunds, university of Texas, dallas erika lee, university of minnesota 42 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 Denver Art MuseuM, c-level lecture HAll east of West: race, law, and Japanese immigrants in the north American West Chair Paper Melody M. Miyamoto Walters, Collin College Permeable Borders: Japanese American Confinement and the Significance of nikkei labor in the American West christian Heimburger, university of Colorado, Boulder Intermarriage, Citizenship, land, and Conflicting desires: exclusion of Japanese Immigrants and Protection of Their White American Wiv es in California in the early Tw entieth Century shiori yamamoto, university of nevada, las Vegas "The Immigrant oyster": race and env ironment on Washington State Tidelands Kathleen Whalen fry, Washington State university Andrea geiger, Simon fraser university Paper Paper Comment sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 grAys PeAK gendered Borders: the Modification and commodification of "Proper" gender roles in the West Chair Paper Kristen oertel, university of Tulsa 'Planted in our midst': Higher education for Women and the Transgression of gendered Boundaries in the Antebellum West tonia M. compton, Columbia College of missouri To Impose restraint on Carnal desires: mormon masculinity, gender expectations, and Popular Sov ereignty Brent M. rogers, university of nebraska-lincoln Sex and Tourism in the Black Hills: A new legacy for deadw ood's Prostitutes elaine M. nelson, university of minnesota, morris Barbara Berglund, university of South florida Paper Paper Comment 43 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 roots of radicalism: songs, Politics, and Protest Chair Paper Paper Jeremy Mouat, university of Alberta MAroon PeAK Woody guthrie's Struggle (1941) and the Boundaries of Political Protest ron Briley, Sandia Prep School The Victor miners' union Hall: labor Boundaries and Historic Preserv ation in an Age of limitations Kathy sturdevant, Pikes Peak Community College `The only Thing to do w as to See the Wide World': Patrick Hodgens Hickey and Itinerant life in the American West 1900-1906 Peter clayworth, Independent Scholar elizabeth James, university of Calgary Paper Comment sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. coluMBiA Making Meaning out of Place in the twentieth century Chair & Comment Paper greg smoak, university of utah multiple meanings of an Annual Harv est: "Hop Picking Time" in the Willamette Valley Peter Kopp, university of nevada, reno nakona ochanguw a: Assiniboine routes Josh Horowitz, university of British Columbia Crossing Borders and Contesting Categories: reflections on the Tohono o'odham Pilgrimage to magdalena seth schermerhorn, Arizona State university Paper Paper sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. oxforD everyday Hierarchies: gender and culture in Public Arenas Chair Paper Paper Paper fawn Amber Montoya, Colorado State university, Pueblo Charreadas in America: A Celebration of Cultural Heritage and Identity elyssa ford, northwest missouri State university macho nation: Chicano Soldiering & masculinity during the Vietnam War steven rosales, grand Valley State university Cultural Boundaries, Colonial Pow er, and the nineteenth Century Southw est Borderlands Janne lahti, university of Helsinki robert griswold, university of oklahoma Comment 44 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy Chair Paper Paper Paper 8:30-10:00 Hybridity in urban environments Benjamin Johnson, university of milwaukee, Wisconsin Mt. HArvArD making Water: effluent reuse in orange County, California Dan Karalus, northern Arizona university denv er, rabies, and the Politics of dogs: 1947-1955 Wendel cox, denver Public library Planting the Seeds of Communities: floral Borders and Taste, in northern California, 1850-1915 elizabeth logan, university of Southern California Amy scott, Bradley university Comment sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. Princeton indians on the road: How to teach, research, and Publish Borderlands, identity, and transnational Histories sponsored by the library of congress teaching with Primary sources � Western regionand the committee on teaching and Public education Chair Panelist Brian s. collier, university of notre dame A Comparativ e History of the Blackfeet, mohaw k and Kickapoo in the Canadian-u.S.-mexico Borderlands, 1870-1960 Jeffrey P. sheperd, university of Texas, el Paso Highw ay 101: Indians, roads and national Identity cathleen D. cahill, university of new mexico cynthia stout, library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources- Western region Peggy o'neill-Jones, library of Congress Teaching with Primary SourcesWestern region Panelist Comment Comment sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. Wilson reactions to contact: re-fashioning native American identities Chair & Comment Paper fay A. yarbrough, university of oklahoma loks and the Y�matni: Slav es, Chiefs, medicine men and the Indigenous Political landscape of the Klamath Basin, 1820s-1860s Boyd cothran, university of minnesota "Indians on one Hand; mexicans on the other:" Pueblos, Hispanos, and the Politics of ethnicity in the Pueblo lands Board era, 1913-1933 Jacobo Baca, university of new mexico Constructing the mythologized "Indian" of the American West in Children's literature Adrea lawrence, American university Paper Paper 45 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 torreys PeAK indigenous-Defined Borderlands, Boundaries and landscapes: A response moderator Panelists Brenden rensink, university of nebraska, Kearney James Brooks, School for Advanced research cynthia radding, university of north Carolina Joshua reid, university of massachusetts ted Binnema, university of northern British Columbia sAturDAy 8:30-10:00 crAW roundtable: Activism and unlikely Alliances in the Mile High city Mt. yAle Chair Paper Paper Mary Ann villarreal, university of denver Jim Crow in the mile-High City Modupe labode, Indiana university-Purdue university Keyes v . School district no. 1 and mexican-American multiracial Coalition Building Danielle olden, ohio State university "Quality of life" Politics and metropolitan expansion in greater denver rachel guberman, ohio State university "We're given' up This Beer for Sw eeter Wine": The Boycott of Coors Beer, Coalition-Building and Human rights, 1967-1979 Allyson Brantley, Yale university Promoting Social Justice in denver: The Spirituals Project Arthur Jones, university of denver Paper Paper Paper sAturDAy 10:30-noon Denver Art MuseuM, c-level lecture HAll intertribal communication and collaboration Chair Paper ron Mccoy, oklahoma State university "Talking across the table eye to eye:" Intertribal Collaboration in nebraska during the Termination era Angel M. Hinzo, university of California, davis The Babble of Battle: The many languages of the Battle of little Big Horn leila Monaghan, university of Wyoming Through the mail and rail: The Spread of the 1890 ghost dance Justin gage, university of Arkansas William J. Bauer, university of nevada, las Vegas Paper Paper Comment 46 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 10:30-noon grAys PeAK American indian strategies: challenging, crossing, and redefining Political Boundaries and space in the American West Chair & Comment Paper Paper Paper Katherine osburn, Arizona State university To Ceded Territory and Back: mobility and the Politics of ojibw e labor chantal norrgard, northland College recognition of Indigenous Places in Western oregon and the empire republic gray Whaley, Southern Illinois university nav igating Political Boundaries and expanding Political Space: The Klamath Tribes in the Self-determination era Monika Bilka, Arizona State university Priv ate Property "gobblers:" The nez Perce Tribe and the 1992 Craig mountain land exchange tabitha erdey, Washington State university Paper sAturDAy 10:30-noon MAroon PeAK An Artist's eye: Photographs and Paintings of the twentieth century American West Chair Paper Anne Hyde, Colorado College detectiv e Work on the digital Border: uncov ering the mysterious Clyde A. mcCoy and His 1940 Color, Stereo Images of the West Michael Amundson, northern Arizona university Barns and Backyards: The ordinary West in Contemporary Photography Holly goldstein, Savannah College of Art and design finding the Southw est: memory, exile, and Homeland in the Post-War Painting of edw ard Ch�v ez stephanie lewthwaite, university of nottingham Martha sandweiss, Princeton university Paper Paper Comment sAturDAy Chair & Comment Paper 10:30-noon eric c. nystrom, rochester Institute of Technology Mt. coluMBiA Questioning the sources: Archives, Maps, and complicated narratives Hidden History w ithin Confidential Public records at the Wyoming State Archiv es carl Hallberg, Wyoming State Archives Historic mining maps of the Arthur lakes library, Colorado School of mines christopher J. J. thiry, Colorado School of mines Wayfinding in the Shadow of the Archiv es: Querying the uS West from nukuhiv a and Salem 1813-36 Hannah n. West, university of Wisconsin, madison Paper Paper 47 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS SatuRDay 10:30-NooN Water Politics of the Colorado River Basin Chair Paper Mark fiege, Colorado State University Mt. WilSoN Dam Politics: The St. Francis Dam Disaster and the Boulder Canyon Project Act Donald C. Jackson, Lafayette College Indian Water Rights and the Colorado Riv er april Summitt, Arizona State University Regional Las Vegas: The Rise of the Southern Nev ada Water Authority and Its Role in the Politics of the Colorado Riv er Basin Christian Harrison, University of Nevada, Las Vegas Jared farmer, State University of New York, Stony Brook Paper Paper Comment SatuRDay 10:30-NooN Mt. oxfoRD Homesteading Reconsidered: Sesquicentennial Perspectives Chair Paper Brian Q. Cannon, Brigham Young University The Inadv ertent Contradiction of Homesteading, Railroad and Immigration Policy of the 1860s Blake Bell, Homestead National Monument of America Land Taking and Dispossession: The Encounter Betw een Dakotas and Scandinav ians at Spirit Lake, 1900-1930 Karen V. Hansen, Brandeis University Resettlement and Homesteading in the 1930s: A Canadian Perspective Dawn S. Bowen, University of Mary Washington The Role of Homesteading in Indian Land Dispossession Richard C. Edwards, University of Nebraska - Lincoln Walter Nugent, University of Notre Dame (Emeritus) Paper Paper Paper Comment 48 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 10:30-noon sponsored by the library of congress and the committee on teaching and Public education Mt. Princeton your first Book: Producing it, Publicizing it, and teaching it Chair Panelist Panelist Comment Comment Jon coleman, university of notre dame Killing for Coal: America's deadliest labor War thomas Andrews, university of Colorado, Boulder electrifying the rural American West: Stories of Pow er, People and Place leah s. glaser, Central Connecticut State university cynthia stout, library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources- Western region Peggy o'neill-Jones, library of Congress Teaching with Primary SourcesWestern region sAturDAy 10:30-noon Mt. yAle Messengers of import: Knowledge Production and its consequences Chair Paper Brian frehner, oklahoma State university Crossing the "Charmed Circle": Scientific and Cultural Boundaries in the rocky mountain Solar eclipse of 1878 steve ruskin, Independent Scholar ned Wynkoop damns the u.S. gov ernment's `Wrong and disgraceful' Actions louis Kraft, Independent Scholar Surv eying, Tunneling, and mining the West: the Contributions of engineer dav id W. Brunton ginny l. Kilander, university of Wyoming Jeremy vetter, university of Arizona Paper Paper Comment sAturDAy Chair & Comment Paper 10:30-noon Michael J. Pfeifer, City university of new York Mt. HArvArD race and violence in the early twentieth-century West The Sanguinary record of Cotulla, Texas: the lynching of florentino Suaste and the legacy of mexican Widow Indemnities Monica Mu�oz Martinez, Yale university An Appetite for Blood: Immigration, Assimilation, and the lynching of Antonio gomez nicholas villanueva, Vanderbilt university Trying to Set the Colored People Back a Hundred Years: The Consolidation of Jim Crow in Kansas, 1901 to 1930 Brent M. s. campney, university of Texas-Pan American Paper Paper 49 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 10:30-noon commemoration, remembrance, and reconciliation: the 150th Anniversary of the us-Dakota War Chair Paper Paper sherry l. smith, Southern methodist university torreys PeAK The uS-dakota War in national memory colleen Kelley, university of Iowa reconciling Contested History: remembering the u.S.--dakota War through Commemorativ e landscape in mankato, mn Melodie Andrews, minnesota State university, mankato Below the Surface of remembrance and reconciliation: liv ing dakota History in the 21st Century gwen n. Westerman, minnesota State university, mankato the Audience Paper Comment sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 Denver Art MuseuM, c-level lecture HAll crAW roundtable: Decolonizing History and reclaiming Public Memory Chair Panelist Panelist Panelist facilitator ronald coleman, university of utah unThanksgiv ing day Celebrations Akim reinhardt, Towson university remembering ludlow Dean saitta, university of denver Columbus day Protests in Colorado Arturo J. Aldama, university of Colorado, Boulder Matt Basso, university of utah sAturDAy Chair Paper Paper Paper 2:30-4:00 Public History, Western spaces Melanie shellenbarger, university of Colorado, denver grAys PeAK Civ ilized and Sacred: Pipe Spring national monument and the Beehiv e House Melissa Bingmann, West Virginia university Sounding Western: Performing Acoustic Borders in South dakota's Black Hills Jennifer l. Heuson, new York university deception in High Places: dav id douglas and the Inv ention of mounts Brow n and Hooker Zac robinson, university of Alberta Janet ore, Colorado State university Comment 50 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy Chair Paper Paper 2:30-4:00 Border ills george Miles, Beinecke library Mt. coluMBiA Boundaries of Profit and Health in the American Pacific Michael Block, university of Southern California "He Jumped ov erboard in a fit of Insanity": gold rush San francisco and the Problem of madness at Sea Angela Hawk, California State university, long Beach The Physical Consequences of ov erland Trav el to the Pacific sarah Keyes, university of Southern California conevery Bolton valencius, university of massachusetts-Boston Paper Comment sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 leaving Homeland in search of Home: Movements, Migrants, and Music in california MAroon PeAK Chair & Comment Paper Benny Andres, university of north Carolina, Charlotte Arkansas by the Sea: Bev erly Hill Billies and the origins of "Country" los Angeles Daniel cady, California State university, fresno Praying through Song: european music in California's missions James A. sandos, university of redlands new Jew s: exiles, Heimat and the Holocaust in musical Perspectiv e Kenneth H. Marcus, university of la Verne Paper Paper sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 Mt. oxforD interior Borderlands: the contested legal, cultural, and racial spaces of early twentieth-century indian reservations Chair Paper Donald l. fixico, Arizona State university You don't Buy or Sell that Kind of Place: Crater lake national Park, Indian Treaty rights, and Wilderness as Contested ground sean M. Kammer, lewis & Clark law School A legal and moral obligation: Scientific medicine, American Indian Bodies, and reserv ation Health Care, 1900-1928 Brianna theobald, Arizona State university Photographers of the Crow : A Study of the liv es and Photography of fred e. miller and richard Throssel during Allotment rebecca s. Wingo, university of nebraska Margaret D. Jacobs, university of nebraska Paper Paper Comment 51 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 roundtable: Writing utah: the state, the Academy, Public History, and the Press Panelists David rich lewis, utah State university Kent Powell, utah State Historical Society John Alley, utah State university Press Brian cannon, Brigham Young university Paul reeve, university of utah Jeff nichols, Westminster College BlAncA PeAK sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 settler influences and california indian education torreys PeAK Chair & Comment Paper Paper charles roberts, California State university, Sacramento The economy of Indian education in California, 1902-1945 William J. Bauer, university of nevada, las Vegas Changing the game: Student Athletes at Sherman Institute and Their families and Peoples robin thomas, university of California, davis Piper v Big Pine School district of Inyo County: Schooling and resistance in the early Tw entieth Century nicole Blalock-Moore, university of California, davis Paper sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 Mt. HArvArD new chicana/o and latino History: Beyond the u.s.-Mexican Borderlands Chair & Comment Paper Paper Jos� Alamillo, California State university at Channel Islands Critical Historiography on Bracero Program Scholarship in the u.S. empire Jos� g. Moreno, Heritage university �Ya Basta!: The Struggle for Justice and equality on The oxnard Plain, 19701980 luis H. Moreno, michigan State university Impact of the Western nebraska Beet fields Through the eyes of Art tisa M. Anders, Independent Scholar dying on the Home front: mexican Bracero deaths during World War II Jerry garcia, eastern Washington university Paper Paper 52 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 Mt. yAle competitors and companions: Westerners' encounters with Animals Chair & Comment Paper John H. Monnett, metropolitan State College of denver Changing Perceptions of domestic and Wild Animals along the ov erland Trails, 1840s-1860s Diana l. Ahmad, missouri university of Science and Technology 'Plenty of Wolv es Here': Predators and manifest destiny, 1840-1890 frank van nuys, South dakota School of mines and Technology Boundary Crossings: Jaguars, Hunters and naturalists in the American Southw est, 1850-1950 sharon Wilcox Adams, university of Texas at Austin Standing Quietly by the men: Horses, Humans, and the Value of Companionship in the West, 1865 � 1890 Matthew luckett, university of California, los Angeles Paper Paper Paper sAturDAy 2:30-4:00 Mt. Wilson creating and crossing Boundaries in Mormonism and Mormon studies Chair Paper Quincy D. newell, university of Wyoming The Principles of mormon Political economy in the Scriptural Writings of Joseph Smith David charles gore, university of minnesota, duluth The Prophetic legacy in Islam and mormonism: Some Comparativ e observ ations grant underwood, Brigham Young university The Saints and the Scrolls: ldS engagement w ith mainstream dead Sea Scrolls Scholarship and Its Implications eric f. Mason, Judson university Patrick Q. Mason, Claremont graduate university Paper Paper Comment 53 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 8:30-10:00 the french in the West Chair Paper H�l�ne Demeestere, university of Paris, Panth�on-Sorbonne grAys PeAK Western Careers: french Catholic Bishops in the nineteenth-Century American West tangi villerbu, universit� de la rochelle new mexico: The french Presence since the 1500s fran�ois-Marie Patorni, Independent Scholar frenchtow n in gold rush California: The Year of the french in the City by the Bay, 1851 claudine chalmers, Independent Scholar french in the West: A Historiographical Assessment, 1600s-1900 Melinda Marie Jett�, franklin Pierce university Jay gitlin, Yale university Paper Paper Paper Comment sunDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. coluMBiA Along the green Divide: race, Place and environment in urban colorado in the 1970s Chair & Comment Paper William convery, Colorado State Historian Protect our mountain Home: nImBYism and fight the against the denv er Winter olympic games Michael childers, northern Arizona university I'm not A Polluter, But...": env ironmentalism, neighborhoods, and School desegregation in 1970s denv er B. erin cole, university of new mexico env isioning a new West: Photographer robert Adams, Suburban Spraw l on Colorado's front range, and the endurance of Hope thomas Andrews, university of Colorado, Boulder Paper Paper 54 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. oxforD confronting Boundaries in education: creating Alternative forms of education in the American West Chair Paper Maria Montoya, new York university Building Community, Breaking Boundaries: How Bilingual organizations educated and entertained latinos in the 1970s mission district lindsey Passenger Wieck, university of notre dame Bending Boundaries to Homeschool: families, law , and the refashioning the next generation in los Angeles Dixie Dillon lane, university of notre dame `Training for the Subconscious': mary Austin and the Boundaries of religious education Alexander i. olson, university of michigan Margaret connell-szasz, university of new mexico Paper Paper Comment sunDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. Wilson updating icons: using Public History to tell the rest of the story Chair & Comment Paper Paper Peter J. Blodgett, The Huntington library Across Time and Space: The enduring Image of the Cov ered Wagon Melody M. Miyamoto Walters, Collin County Community College Indian Sav ages, mascots, and murals in educational env ironments: How the Past gets Told and retold (Badly) in our Schools and univ ersities Brian collier, university of notre dame Beyond "I w ill fight no more forev er:" Chief Joseph and the Colv ille Tribes laurie Arnold, university of notre dame Paper sunDAy 8:30-10:00 Women Writing the West torreys PeAK Chair & Comment Paper Paper Paper glenna Matthews, Starr King School for the ministry elizabeth Custer and the Post-Civ il War frontier Army louise Barnett, rutgers university matilda Coxe Stev enson: Writing the West of the nativ e Past and Present nancy J. Parezo, university of Arizona Angie debo's Prairie City and regional Identity on the great Plains Patti loughlin, university of Central oklahoma 55 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 8:30-10:00 the frontier goes global: the Wild West in europe Chair & Comment Paper Paper Paper David Wrobel, university of oklahoma Mt. HArvArD Buffalo Bill's legacy: finding the West and Westerners in Contemporary Italy renee laegried, Hastings College exporting American exceptionalism: The Wild West in germany Julia stetler, university of nevada, las Vegas American exhibitionism and frontier Performance in 1887 london frank christianson, Brigham Young university sunDAy 8:30-10:00 Mt. Princeton church, state, and identity in the twentieth-century West Chair Paper William D. carrigan, rowan university Working w ith Children for the good of the Hemisphere: Tw entieth-Century Texans' Pan-American dreams serena l. sprungl, Yale university new deal reform and the Political Possibilities of Art in 1930s los Angeles elizabeth sine, university of California, San diego for "Capacity and Competence": model Cities, and the making of a model Citizenry through urban renew al Maki smith, university of California, San diego ernesto ch�vez, university of Texas, el Paso Paper Paper Comment sunDAy 8:30-10:00 MAroon PeAK roundtable: on the Borders of the sacred and Profane Chair Panelists Andy Kirk, university of nevada, las Vegas John Herron, university of missouri-Kansas City Jeff roche, College of Wooster Mark Banker, Webb School of Knoxville Kent Blansett, university of minnesota, morris Markku Henriksson, university of Helsinki charles rankin, university of oklahoma Press Janine Dorsey, Alaska office of History and Archaeology 56 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 8:30-10:00 violence and identity in the Mexican Borderlands Chair & Comment Paper Amanda taylor-Montoya, university of Texas, Brownsville Mt. yAle "The dirty little War": Slav e Hunters and norte�os follow ing guadalupe Hidalgo James nichols, Stony Brook university "Cultural Adaption on Borderlands War": The mexican northern Army during the War of the reforma lu�s garcia, Southern methodist university "Whenev er You See one Another, You Will fight": Violence and Identity in the Apache-Hispanic Borderlands lance r. Blyth, university of new mexico Paper Paper sunDAy 8:30-10:00 BlAncA PeAK frontiers of Profit: immigrant entrepreneurs and the economic Development of northern california Chair Paper Paper Karen Wilson, Autry national Center of the American West dresel & Co.: the geisenheim and Texas roots of the California Wine Industry Michael conzen, university of Chicago frederick A. Hihn and the Personal Politics of regional economic dev elopment Benjamin schwantes, german Historical Institute, d.C. and stanley stevens, university of California, Santa Cruz 'The Salv ation of the Country' � Claus Spreckels and the dev elopment of the California Beet Sugar Industry uwe spiekermann, german Historical Institute, d.C. Blood of the grape: The Beringer Brothers and the making of napa Valley Kevin goldberg, Brown university richard A. Walker, university of California, Berkeley Paper Paper Comment 57 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 10:30-noon grAys PeAK cWWH session: lines of exclusion, crossed and redrawn: Western Women and Professional Boundaries Chair Paper Patti loughlin, university of Central oklahoma excluded and Central: The experiences of girls at the Portage la Prairie Indian residential School gretchen A. Albers, university of Calgary Katherine Jensen and Home economics Agents: montana and Beyond Amy l. McKinney, northwest College The not-So debilitating 1950s Pernille Jakobsen, university of Calgary linda english, university of Texas, Pan American Paper Paper Comment sunDAy 10:30-noon unrest in the West in the first World War era Mt. coluMBiA Chair Paper Paper Mary Murphy, montana State university "...Killed by its friends": The undoing of the nonpartisan league Michael lansing, Augsburg College oregon Women's first World War Activ ism: Western Women in a Transnational era Kimberly Jensen, Western oregon university An unciv il War: The montana Council of defense and the first World War steven sabol, university of north Carolina, Charlotte christopher capozzola, massachusetts Institute of Technology Paper Comment sunDAy 10:30-noon teaching Western History: innovative classrooms connecting Active learning and Primary sources sponsored by the charles redd center and the committee on teaching and Public education Mt. oxforD Chair Panelists elaine Marie nelson, university of minnesota, morris Winners of the 2012 charles redd center teaching Award 58 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 10:30-noon Beyond earth's Borders: Depictions of the West and frontier in Popular science fiction Chair & Comment Paper William Katerberg, Calvin College torreys PeAK lands and galaxies far, far Aw ay: The romantic Portrayal of the American West in Star Wars Bryan rindfleisch, university of oklahoma Indigeneity in the Star Trek univ erse: Portrayals of real and metaphorical nativ e Americans in the `final frontier' rowan steineker, university of oklahoma The republic Strikes Back: freedom and order in the Star Wars mov ies and in Texas during the American Civ il War Jack Anderson, university of north Texas leia in Jabba's Palace, Captiv es in the American West: A Comparison of Captiv ity and Pow er relations in Tw o frontiers Jeffrey fortney, university of oklahoma Paper Paper Paper sunDAy 10:30-noon MAroon PeAK Manifest Motives: Histories of the common and complex ideas that shaped Western expansion Chair Paper Mark fiege, Colorado State university Taming the Wild, Becoming a man: Western expansion as a Pan-American experience Miles Powell, university of California, davis Writing America, Winning the West: george Bancroft and the frontier of History eric saulnier, university of California, los Angeles `An eldorado, not of gold, but of Health': Colorado, Immigration, and Tuberculosis, 1860-1900 Mary swanson, university of notre dame samuel truett, university of new mexico Paper Paper Comment 59 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 10:30-noon Mt. HArvArD latter-day saint indigenous communities and lamanites of the West Chair & Comment Paper Phillip lee smith, Indian Health Service Tsodizin d�� sin d�� g�malii: nav ajo Spirituality and the ldS experience on the nav ajo reserv ation, 1960-1985 farina King, utah Valley university Iosepa, utah: A Polynesian mormon Settlement Dominic f. Martinez, university of Colorado, denver Peoples of the riv er: Akimel Au-Authm, Xalychidom Piipaash, and the Church of Jesus Christ of latter-day Saints in Central Arizona D. l. turner, Arizona State university Paper Paper sunDAy 10:30-noon Mt. Princeton Bureaucratic Boundaries: civil and Military Authority in indian Affairs Chair Paper robert Wooster, Texas A&m university, Corpus Christi "Peaceful and friendly relations"? general Samuel r. Curtis and the 1866 Treaty w ith the Crow nation terry l. Beckenbaugh, u.S. Army Command and general Staff College enforcing a Peace Policy in a Violent land: Colonel Benjamin grierson at fort Sill, 1869-1873 catherine r. D. franklin, Angelo State university "Wretched mismanagement": The War of Words betw een general Philip Sheridan and Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz William A. Dobak, Independent Scholar sherry l. smith, Southern methodist university Paper Paper Comment 60 BOUNDARY MARKERS AND BORDER CROSSERS SESSIONS sunDAy 10:30-noon Mt. yAle imposing order on the Mid-nineteenth-century American West Chair Paper charles e. rankin, university of oklahoma Press I Am Civ il gov ernor now : Brev et Colonel edw in V. Sumner's Brief Administration of new mexico Territory in 1852 Durwood Ball, university of new mexico Shoot Him: The first u.S. dragoons and the Taos mutiny of 1855 Will gorenfeld, Independent Scholar law and disorder: The limits of law enforcement during Bleeding Kansas tony r. Mullis, u.S. Army Command and general Staff College Jerry thompson, Texas A&m university, laredo Paper Paper Comment sunDAy 10:30-noon race and education since the 1950s: A comparative Approach to regional Histories Mt. Wilson Chair & Comment Paper nancy Beadie, university of Washington In Transition: Bertha maxw ell roddey and African American educators' experiences in the urban South 1950s-1980s sonya ramsey, university of north Carolina, Charlotte The Plight of the "Able Student": ruth Wright Hayre and the Struggle for equality in Philadelphia's Black High Schools, 1955-1965 Matthew Delmont, Scripps College The Politics of education and multiracial Struggle in San diego: 1970 and now cutler edwards, university of California, San diego Paper Paper 61 INDEX OF EXHIBITORS university of Arizona Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Athabasca university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 university of California Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Coalition for Western Women's History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 university Press of Colorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-41 Harvard university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Journal of Arizona History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 university Press of Kansas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 library of Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A university of nebraska Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 university of nevada Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 university of new mexico Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16 university of north Carolina Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 university of oklahoma Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B oregon State university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 oxford university Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 new mexico Historical review. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Signature Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 South dakota State Historical Society Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Tesero Cultural Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Texas Tech university Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 university of utah Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 university of Washington Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Western History Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Westerners International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Yale university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 62 WHA Office Creston Peake 50 47 Main Entrance 48 49 WHA REGISTRATION 51 52 EXHIBIT HALL MAP 63 WESTERN HISTORY ASSOCIATION Western History Association 52nd ANNUAL CONFERENCE & EXPO Grand Hyatt Hyatt Hotel Grand Hotel Denver,Denver, Colorado Colorado Imperial Ballroom & Foyer Imperial Ballroom2012 October 5-7, & Foyer October 8-10, 2009 39- 10x10 Exhibit Booths 46 10x10 Exhibit Booths 2- -20x20 islands 2- 20x20 Islands INDEX OF ADVERTISERS The Journal of Arizona History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 university of Arizona Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 The Arthur H. Clark Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Athabasca university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Bedford/St. martins Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 university of California Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80-81 university Press of Colorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86-87 first Peoples: new directions in Indigenous Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Harvard university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 university Press of Kansas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 library of Congress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . inside front cover montana Historical Society Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90-91 university of nebraska Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 university of nevada Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 new mexico Historical review. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 university of north Carolina Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 university of north Texas Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 university of oklahoma Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66-67, outside back cover oxford university Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Signature Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 South dakota State Historical Society Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Texas Tech university Press. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 university of utah Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 university of Washington Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Yale university Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 64 serious about history bedfordstmartins.com The first choice for Native American history First Peoples A Documentary Survey of American Indian History Fourth Edition NEW Colin G. Calloway, Dartmouth College First Peoples' distinctive approach continues to make it the bestselling and most highly acclaimed text for the American Indian history survey. The signature docutext format strikes the ideal balance of a compelling narrative with rich written and visual documents from Native and non-Native voices alike. bedfordstmartins.com/ calloway/catalog "My students have praised the book often. They expect textbooks to be dry and uninteresting and are surprised to find that the book maintains their attention." -- Tracy Leavelle, Creighton University The Bedford Series in History & Culture Advisory Editors: Lynn Hunt, University of California, Los Angeles; David W. Blight, Yale University; Bonnie G. Smith, Rutgers University; Natalie Zemon Davis, University of Toronto For nearly twenty years, the Bedford Series in History and Culture has made primary sources available and affordable for use in a wide range of history courses. Visit our Web NEW site at bedfordstmartins.com/history/series to see a full list of available books. Thank you for your continued support and interest in the Bedford Series in History and Culture! 65 ZEBULON PIKE, THOMAS JEFFERSON, AND THE OPENING OF THE AMERICAN WEST By Matthew L. Harris and Jay H. Buckley $29.95 CLOTH � 256 PAGES "THAT FIEND IN HELL" Soapy Smith in Legend By Catherine Holder Spude $29.95 CLOTH � 304 PAGES WHEN LAW WAS IN THE HOLSTER The Frontier Life of Bob Paul By John Boessenecker $34.95 CLOTH � 464 PAGES DELIVERANCE FROM THE LITTLE BIG HORN Doctor Henry Porter and Custer's Seventh Cavalry By Joan Nabseth Stevenson $24.95 CLOTH � 232 PAGES QUEST FOR FLIGHT John J. Montgomery and the Dawn of Aviation in the West By Craig S. Harwood and Gary B. Fogel $29.95 CLOTH � 256 PAGES THE NORTH AMERICAN JOURNALS OF PRINCE MAXIMILIAN OF WIED Volume 3: September 1833� August 1834 Edited by Stephen S. Witte and Marsha V. 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HISTORY June 2012 978-1-926836-90-4 paper $39.95 photos throughout MEMOIR Man Proposes, God Disposes Recollections of a French Pioneer The Praying Man Henry Bird Steinhauer, Ojibwe and Methodist Minister Pierre Maturi�, translated by Vivien Bosley In 1910, young Pierre Maturi� bid farewell to his comfortable bourgeois existence in rural France and travelled to northern Alberta in search of independence, adventure, and newfound prosperity. An irresistible story of pioneer life and a window onto the French experience in Canada. Isaac Mabindisa, with Daniel Johns In this rst full-length biography of Steinhauer, Mabindisa explores the tensions inherent in the life of someone who owes allegiance to two cultures, one of which seeks to dominate the other. July 2012 978-1-926836-55-3 paper $29.95 10 photos July 2012 978-1-926836-06-5 paper $24.95 www.aupress.ca 69 www.firstpeoplesnewdirections.org University of ArizonA Press | University of MinnesotA Press University of north CArolinA Press | oregon stAte University Press A Chosen People, a Promised Land Mormonism and Race in Hawai'i Hokulani K. Aikau Explores how Native Hawaiians' experience of Mormonism intersects with their cultural and ethnic identities and traditions. Cloth, 978-0-8166-7461-9, $67.50 | Paper, 978-0-8166-7462-6, $22.50 University of MinnesotA Press | www.upress.umn.edu Songs of Power and Prayer in the Columbia Plateau The Jesuit, the Medicine Man, and the Indian Hymn Singer Chad S. Hamill Traces a cultural, spiritual, and musical encounter that upended notions of indigeneity and the rules of engagment Indians and priests in the Columbia Plateau. 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Grosh edited by ronald m. james and robert e. stewart cloth | $29.95 Landing in Las Vegas: Commercial Aviation and the Making of a Tourist City daniel k. bubb cloth | $34.95 77 78 University of North Texas Press The Diaries of John Gregory Bourke Volume 5: May 23, 1881�August 26, 1881 560 pp. 71 b&w photos, 4 maps. EDI TED AND ANNOTATED BY C H A R L E S M. R O B I N S O N , I I I The McLaurys in Tombstone, Arizona An O.K. Corral Obituary B Y PAUL LEE J OHNSON 416 pp. 22 b&w photos, 3 maps. In 1881, the McLaury brothers were gunned down at the O.K. Corral, and in a quirk of fate, they became well-known as bad men and outlaws. e author explores whether or not they deserve that reputation. Hardcover $29.95. Traqueros 256 pp. map. Mexican Railroad Workers in the United States, 1870�1930 BY J EFFREY M ARCOS GARC� LA Z O N E W IN PA P E R B A C K! Californio Voices B Y GREGORIO M OR A- TORRES The Oral Memoirs of Jos� Mar�a Amador and Lorenzo Asisara 272 pp. 13 b&w photos, 1 map. 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Enter discount code 12E6267. 81 visit visit us at booth at booth #30 ACROSS GOD'S FRONTIE R RONTIERS Catholic Sisters in the American West, 1850-1920 REIMAGINING INDIAN COUNTRY R Native American Migration and Identity in Twentieth-Century Los Angeles Ce r anne butler anne butler 416 pages $45.00 cloth nicolas g. rosenthal nicolas rosenthal 256 pages $39.95 cloth A project of First Peoples: r New Directions in Indigenous Studies COLONIAL ENTANGLEMENT TANGLEM Constituting a Twenty-Fi t-Century tit ti First C r Osage Nation jean dennison dennison 288 pages $65.00 cloth / $24 .95 paper A project of First Peoples: New Directions in r Indigenous Studies CHINESE MEXICANS Transpacific Migration and the Search for gr r a Homeland, 1910-1960 julia mar�a schiavone camacho julia mar�a schiavone camacho Published in association with the William P. , Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University 256 pages $39.95 cloth "A PECULIAR PEOPLE" Anti-Mormonism and the Making of Religion in Nineteenth-Century America C r j. spencer fluhman j. spencer fluhman 256 pages $34 .95 cloth CHEROKEE STORIES OF THE R TURTLE ISLAND LIARS' CLUB With Hastings Shade, Sammy Still, m Sequoyah Guess, and Woody Hansen s BONDS OF ALLIANCE Indigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France brett rushforth rushforth 432 pages $39.95 cloth Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture r edited by edited by christopher b. teuton christopher b. teuton 272 pages $30.00 cloth CROOKED PATHS TO ALLOTMENT R The Fight Over Federal Indian Policy After fter the Civil War new in paperback-- new in paperback-- WE WERE ALL LIKE MIGRANT WORKERS HERE Work, Community, and Memory on ommun y nity r Ca fornia's Round Valley Reservation, alifornia's 1850-1941 c. joseph genetin-pilawa joseph genetin-pilawa 256 pages $39.95 cloth A project of First Peoples: r New Directions in Indigenous Studies william j. bauer Jr. william j. bauer 304 pages $24 .95 paper Visit us at www.uncpress.u w.uncpress.unc.edu for information about text adoption and to sign up for e-alerts about new UNC Press books and special web offers. THE HOUSE ON DIAMOND HILL A Chero ee Plantation Story ok r tiya miles tiya miles 336 pages $24 .95 paper 1922 2012 the university north carolina the university of north carolina press at bookstores at bookstores or 800-848-6224 � www.uncpress.unc.edu � uncpressblog.com www.uncpress.unc.edu uncpressblog.com celebrating celebrating 90 years of publishing excellence at publishing excellence 82 83 84 New Books from Yale Visit our booth #46 New and Recent in The Lamar Series in Western History Subverting Exclusion Transpacific Encounters with Race, Caste, and Borders, 1885-1928 Andrea Geiger 304 pp., 18 b/w illus. $45.00 The Jeffersons at Shadwell Susan Kern 384 pp., 566 b/w illus. $30.00 Defying the Odds The Tule River Tribe's Struggle for Sovereignty in Three Centuries Gelya Frank and Carole Goldberg 432 pp., 40 b/w illus. + 15 maps Paper $40.00 William Clark's World Describing America in an Age of Unknowns Peter J. 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OSSELAER 248 pp. / $24.95 paper www.uapress.arizona.edu | (800) 621-2736 88 Colorado Powder Keg Ski Resorts and the Environmental Movement The Wired Northwest The History of Electric Power, 1870s�1970s The Santa Fe Trail Its History, Legends, and Lore Uniting the Tribes The Rise and Fall of Pan-Indian Community on the Crow Reservation Time's Shadow Remembering a Family Farm in Kansas Frontier Manhattan Yankee Settlement to Kansas Town, 1854�1894 Kansas City and How It Grew, 1822�2011 NEW IN PAPERBACK Indian-Made Navajo Culture in the Marketplace, 1868�1940 University Press of Kansas 89 Join the Montana Historical Society and receive complimentar y research assistance requests from the MHS Research Center (2 requests per year--a $50.00 savings). � Subscription to Montana The Magazine of Western History � 15% discount on MHS Museum Store and online merchandise � Free admission to Montana's Museum and the Original Governor's Mansion � Annual MHS calendar and other benefits You can receive Montana The Magazine of West n Histor y for gazine ester ry $19.00 as part of your Western Histor y Association membership. www.westernhistor yassociation.org 90 More by Ellen Baumler paper $14.95 Ellen Baumler Postcards from the Montana Historical Society Thirty-two sepia-tone images bound in a 6.5" x 4.25" booklet paper $11.95 A Cultural Histor y of Montana We eddings edding by Martha Kohl cloth $34.95; paper $22.95 The Barns of Montana by Chere Jiusto and Christine W. Brown, photographs by Tom Ferris cloth $39.95; paper $27.95 www.montanahistoricalsociety.org Phone: (800) 243-9900 Email: email@example.com 91 AWARDS AND HONORS century West. Arrington-Prucha Prize ($500) � for the best article on the history of religion in the West. robert g. Athearn Award ($1,000) � biennial award for the best book on the twentieth Autry Public History Prize ($1000) � annual award for work completed that contributes to a broader public reflection and appreciation of the past or serves as a model of professional public history practice. ray Allen Billington Award ($500) � for the best journal article in Western history, not published in the Western Historical Quarterly. Bolton-cutter Award ($500) � for the best journal article on Spanish Borderlands history. caughey Western History Association Prize ($2,500) � for the best book of the year in Western History. John c. ewers Award ($500) � a biennial award for the best book on the topic of north American Indian ethnohistory. Bert M. fireman Award ($500) � for the best student essay published in the Western Historical Quarterly. Arrell M. gibson Award ($500) � a biennial award for the best essay of the year on the history of native Americans. Huntington-WHA Martin ridge fellowship ($2,000) � a one month research fellowship at the Huntington library in San marino, California. sara Jackson Award ($500) � to support graduate student research. W. turrentine Jackson Award ($1,000) � a biennial award for a first published book on the American West. Jensen-Miller Award ($500) � an annual award for the best article in the field of women and gender in the north American West. Joan Patterson Kerr Award ($500) � a biennial award for a first illustrated book on the American West. Michael P. Malone Award ($500) � a biennial award for the best article, essay or commentary on state, provincial, or territorial history in north America appearing in a periodical publication. Hal K. rothman Book Award ($500) � a biennial award for the best book in western environmental history. Walter rundell graduate student Award ($1,500) � to support dissertation research. Dwight l. smith (ABc-clio) Award ($500) � a biennial award for a bibliographic or research work. robert M. utley Award ($500) � annual award for the best book on the military history of the frontier and Western north America. David J. Weber-clements Prize ($2,500) � for the best non-fiction book on Southwestern America. oscar o. Winther Award ($500) � for the best article published in the Western Historical Quarterly. trennert-iverson conference scholarship ($500) � to support graduate student attendees at the WHA conference. indian student conference scholarship ($500) � to support Indian student attendees at the WHA conference. charles redd center teaching Award � to support K-12 teacher attendees at the WHA conference. Award of Merit � for outstanding service to the field of Western history and to the Western History Association. Honorary life Membership � awarded by the WHA President. 92 WHA AWARDS COMMIT TEES 2012 Arrington-Prucha Prize Anne Butler, Chair Western Historical Quarterly Carol Higham, university of north Carolina, Charlotte rose marie Beebe, Santa Clara university 2012 ray Allen Billington Prize John findlay, Chair university of Washington michael magliari, California State university, Chico William deverell, Huntington-uSC Institute on California and the West 2012 Bolton-cutter Award Julianna Barr, Chair university of florida ernesto Ch�vez, university of Texas, el Paso Kelly lytle Hern�ndez, uClA 2012 Arrell gibson Award rebecca Bales, Chair university of California, monterey Bay Pekka H�m�l�inen, university of California, Santa Barbara Warren metcalf, university of oklahoma 2012 Jensen-Miller Award Kevin leonard, Chair Western Washington university Kathleen duVal, university of north Carolina linda english, university of Texas, Pan American 2013 Michael P. Malone Award Paula Petrick, Chair george mason university 93 2012 robert g. Athearn Award Akim reinhardt, Chair Towson university Suzanne gaskins, university of California, fullerton Willy Bauer, university of nevada, las Vegas 2012 caughey Western History Association Prize Todd Kerstetter, Chair Texas Christian university Susan lee Johnson, university of Wisconsin roger l. nichols, university of Arizona 2012 John c. ewers Book Award laura Woodworth-ney, Chair university of nebraska, lincoln gary Zellar, university of Saskatchewan Brian delay, university of California, Berkeley 2013 W. turrentine Jackson Book Award gordon Bakken, Chair California State university, fullerton 2013 Joan Patterson Kerr Book Award Kevin mulroy, Chair uClA 2012 Hal K. rothman Award Andy graybill, Chair Southern methodist university Kathryn morse, middlebury College Sterling d. evans, university of oklahoma 2012 Dwight l. smith (ABc-clio) Award Jeff roche, Chair The College of Wooster Kathleen Chamberlain, eastern michigan university Walter Brem, el Cerrito, California 2012 utley Book Award Victoria Smith, Chair university of nebraska, lincoln Wally lewis, Western State College of Colorado Jeff ostler, university of oregon 2012 David J. Weber-clements Prize david farmer, Chair Clements Center for Southwest Studies Juliana Barr, university of florida louise Pubols, oakland museum of California 2012 Autry Public History Prize michael Amundson, Chair northern Arizona university Chris J. Casteneda, California State university don reeves, national Cowboy and Western Heritage museum 2012 sara Jackson Award Tekla Ali Johnson, Chair lincoln, nebraska lynne getz, Appalachian State university Sunu Kodumthara, Southwestern oklahoma State university 2012 rundell graduate student Award rita napier, Chair university of Kansas Bruce glasrud, Sul ross State university elizabeth Jameson, university of Calgary 2012 WHA indian student conference scholarship Blue Clark, Chair native law Center, School of law Susan rugh, Brigham Young university Bill Swagerty, university of the Pacific 2012 WHA trennert-iverson scholarship david nesheim, Chair university of nebraska, lincoln michael lansing, Augsburg College Ben madley, dartmouth College 2012 Huntington-WHA Martin ridge fellowship Sam Truett, Chair university of new mexico Tyina Steptoe, university of Washington Peter Boag, Washington State university 2012 Award of Merit margaret Jacobs, Chair university of nebraska, lincoln gregg Cantrell, Texas Christian university david Wrobel, university of oklahoma 2011 charles redd center teaching Award lindsey Passenger Wieck, Chair university of notre dame leisl Carr Childers, northern Arizona university Berta Simic, St. Clement of rome, des Peres 94 2012 DONORS gordon m. Bakken Thomas d. Isern Karen merrill maria montoya l.g. moses Paula Petrik Virginia Scharff Quintard Taylor, Jr. elliott West John Wunder 2012 PATRONS Thomas Alexander Brian Collier Karl e. geier david rich lewis george miles Katherine morrissey Paula nelson Walter nugent Caroline f. Schimmel david m. Wrobel 95 2012 SPONSORING MEMBERS � AlIC Archives library Information Center � A. K. Smiley Public library � Amon Carter museum � Arizona Historical Society � Arizona State library, Archives & Public records � Autry museum of Western Heritage � The Bancroft library, university of California, Berkeley � Boise national forest � Buffalo Bill Historical Center � mcCracken research library � Center for Transportation Studies, university of missouri, St. louis � Center for Western Studies, dr. Harry Thompson � Augustana College � Charles redd Center for Western Studies, Brigham Young university � Coldwell Banker Heart of oklahoma � Colorado Historical Society � Colorado Springs Pioneers museum � degolyer library, Southern methodist university � denver Public library � godfrey memorial library � Historical research Associates � History Compass, llC � The Huntington library � John & laree Caughey foundation � JrP Historical Consulting � longmount museum & Cultural Center 96 � margaret H. durham Center for Western Studies � Joslyn Art museum � montana Historical Society � mormon History Association � nebraska State Historical Society � nevada Historic Preservation office � new mexico State records Center & Archives � ninth Judicial Circuit Historical Society � oklahoma State university, department of History � P rosenbaum Archives & History . � Saint louis mercantile library � Society of California Pioneers � Stark museum of Art � True West Publishing, Inc., True West magazine � university of missouri-St. louis, College of education � university of missouri-St. louis, department of History � university of new mexico, department of History � university of oklahoma, department of History � university of oklahoma libraries � university of utah Press � university of Wyoming libraries � utah State university � Western Writers of America 2012 SUSTAINING MEMBERS michael Amundson edward Angel Stephen Aron Peter Blodgett Alida Boorne Sarah Carter Alan Cohen Jolane Culhane Bruce dinges dave edmunds Iris engstrand John findlay robert goldberg david gutierrez Anne Hyde Peter Iverson marvin Kaiser Todd Kerstetter Andy Kirk robert Kvasnicka lori Ann lahlum Patricia loughlin don macKendrick Kathleen mcdermott richard J. orsi leroy Anthony reaza Phil roberts Jeff roche lynn roper mike Searles richard Smith gregory Smoak Harold Sorenson Joseph e. Taylor III Col. rodney Thomas Kathleen underwood louis Warren Carol Williams gary Wilson raymond Wilson Kerry Wyatt liping Zhu 97 WHA HISTORY The Western History Association was founded in 1961 by a group of scholar and citizen historians bound by their belief in the American West as a place rich in history and deserving of further study. "Its purpose shall be to promote the study of the north American West in its varied aspects and broadest sense," reads the WHA's constitution, and the association maintains this ideal by providing incentives for excellence through its prize and scholarship programs, and by offering a venue for a wide variety of scholarship during its annual conference. Although scholarship is the pride of the association, its mainstay continues to be the combination of scholar and citizen historians who formed the WHA over five decades ago. This combination has given the organization the reputation of being not only intellectually stimulating, but just plain fun. PAST PRESIDENTS ray Allen Billington o. o. Winther robert Athearn John f. Bannon W. eugene Hollon robert m. utley leonard Arrington Clark Spence T. A. larson Howard lamar John Caughey . John P Bloom donald Worcester donald C. Cutter W. T. Jackson rodman W. Paul Joe B. frantz 98 William T. Hagan Vernon Carstensen mary lee Spence Walter rundell, Jr. francis Paul Prucha C. l. Sonnichsen gene m. gressley gilbert fite martin ridge Sandra myres W. david Baird gerald d. nash david J. Weber richard m. Brown earl Pomeroy Alvin m. Josephy, Jr. norris Hundley, Jr. richard White glenda riley Janet fireman richard W. etulain Patricia nelson limerick James P ronda . elliott West Brian dippie Iris H. W. engstrand Peter Iverson Walter nugent r. david edmunds Virginia Scharff Sherry l. Smith John r. Wunder Quintard Taylor, Jr. PAST SECRETARIES & EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS John Porter Bloom, 1961 � 1967 Arrell m. gibson, 1968 � 1970 everett l. Cooley, 1971 � 1973 William d. rowley, 1973 � 1990 Paul Andrew Hutton, 1990 � 2006 Kevin Jon fernlund, 2006 � 2012 CONFERENCE LOCATION HISTORY 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 Santa fe denver Salt lake City oklahoma City Helena el Paso San francisco Tucson omaha reno Santa fe new Haven fort Worth rapid City Tulsa denver Portland Hot Springs 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 San diego Kansas City San Antonio Phoenix Salt lake City St. Paul Sacramento Billings los Angeles Wichita Tacoma reno Austin new Haven Tulsa Albuquerque denver 99 1996 lincoln 1997 St. Paul 1998 Sacramento 1999 Portland 2000 San Antonio 2001 San diego 2002 Colorado Springs 2003 fort Worth 2004 las Vegas 2005 Scottsdale 2006 St. louis 2007 oklahoma City 2008 Salt lake City 2009 denver 2010 lake Tahoe 2011 oakland 2012 denver 2013 CALL FOR PROPOSALS 53rD AnnuAl conference of tHe Western History AssociAtion tucson, AriZonA, octoBer 9-12, 2013 "vitAl signs: eArtH, PoWer, lives" suBMission DeADline: sePteMBer 1, 2012 suBMission guiDelines The Program Committee for the 2013 meeting of the Western History Association invites proposals for panels, papers, and workshops for "Vital Signs: earth, Power, lives." no region of the world has been more important than the West of north America in encouraging historians to take an environmental perspective on the past. Today that perspective has become global in scale and significance, and it is time to bring it back home for reassessing ourselves. The 2013 program committee invites proposals on the theme of checking the "vital signs," those indicators of health and illness that societies as well as individuals need. They include such measures of well being as energy supplies and consumption, ecological and cultural diversity, the distribution of wealth and power, the ups and downs of climate, and the resilience of ecosystems and human communities. once sought for its therapeutic promise, the West is experienced with death as well as life. Think of border migrants expiring in the desert, species lost to urban sprawl, or gunfights over contested animals. At the same time westerners have enjoyed inspiring vistas, productive soils, and outdoor recreation of uncommon quality. for the program we encourage you to address such issues, along with eco-justice, forests and fisheries, dams and suburban malls. Their scope may stretch across national borders or oceans, linking resources to producers and consumers and creating empires. Proposals for interdisciplinary panels (including at least one participant from a field other than history) are especially welcome. The program committee strongly encourages full panel submissions and will consider single papers only when they can be reasonably matched with other panels or papers. When submitting an entire session or panel, include a brief abstract (250 words) that outlines the purpose of the session. Your designated contact person should submit the proposal. each paper proposal, whether individual or part of a session, should include a one- paragraph abstract and a one-page c.v., with address, phone, and email for each participant. Indicate equipment needs, if any. The committee assumes that all listed individuals have agreed to participate. electronic submissions are required and should be sent, with supporting materials, as a single document (Pdf) to firstname.lastname@example.org. 100 suBMissions sHoulD Be sent By sePteMBer 1, 2012. The 2013 Program Committee Co-chairs: Kathleen Brosnan, university of Houston; and douglas Sackman, university of Puget Sound. 2013 WHA ProgrAM coMMittee Benny Andres, universtiy of north Carolina, Charlotte William Bauer, university of nevada, las Vegas Barb Berglund, university of South florida geraldo cadava, northwestern university Jon christensen, Bill lane Center for the American West at Stanford university lori cox-Paul, national Archives in Kansas City Mark goldberg, university of Houston Marianne Keddington-lang, university of Washington Press Paul Kelton, university of Kansas Modupe labode, Indiana university-Purdue university Indianapolis cali Mccullough, Arizona State university Amy scott, Bradley university nayan shah, university of California, San diego Adam sowards, university of Idaho Jay taylor, Simon fraser university cecilia tsu, university of California, davis lissa Wadewitz, linfield College Marsha Weisiger, university of oregon 2013 WHA ProgrAM co-cHAirs Kathleen Brosnan university of Houston 101 Douglas sackman university of Puget Sound PROGRAM INDEX Abrahamson, eric John - 81 Adams, david Wallace - 81 Adams, dean - 84 Adams, Sharon Wilcox - 53 Agbala, Tekla - 76 Agee, Christopher - 37 Aguila, James r. - 29 Ahmad, diana l. - 53 Aikau, Hokulani K. - 70 Alamillo, Jos� - 52 Albers, gretchen A. - 58 Aldama, Arturo J. - 50 Alexander, Thomas g. - 68, 95 Alley, John - 52 Allred, mabel finlayson - 87 Amerman, Steve - 38 Amundson, michael - 47, 94, 97 Anders, Tisa m. - 52 Anderson, devery S. - 75 Anderson, Jack - 59 Andres, Benny - 51, 101 Andrews, melodie - 50 Andrews, Thomas - 8, 12, 49, 54 Angel, edward - 97 Arenson, Adam - 71 Arnold, laurie - 55, 84 Arrington, leonard - 98 Aspinwall, Jane l. - 85 Athearn, robert - 98 Baca, Jacobo - 45 Baird, W david - 98 . Bakken, gordon m. - 34, 76, 93, 95 Bales, rebecca - 93 Ball, durwood - 8, 61 Banker, mark - 56 Bannon, John f - 98 . Barkan, elliott - 6, 42 Barnett, louise - 55 Barr, Juliana - 93, 94 Barraclough, laura - 81 Bashirian, Aaron - 4 Basso, matt - 50 A Bauer, Arnold J. - 89 Bauer, William J. - 46, 52, 82, 93, 101 Baumler, ellen - 91 Beadie, nancy - 61 Beckenbaugh, Terry l. - 60 Beebe, rose marie - 93 Bell, Blake - 48 Benton-Cohen, Katherine 38 Berglunch, Barbara - 43, 101 Bilka, monika - 47 Billington, ray Allen - 98 Bingmann, melissa - 50 Binnema, Ted - 46 Blansett, Kent - 40, 56 Bubb, daniel K. - 77 Buckley, Jay H. - 66 Butler, Anne - 93 Burgess, Victoria d. - 75 Burke, John m. - 78 Burns, mike - 88 Burt, John - 71 Burtner, marcus - 79 Burton, Jeffrey - 79 Butler, Anne - 82 Cadava, geraldo - 101 Cady, daniel - 51 Cahill, Cathleen d. - 45 Calloway, Colin g. - 65, 73 Camacho, Julia mar�a Schiavone - 82 Camarillo, Albert - 6, 42 Campney, Brent m. S. - 49 Cannon, Brian Q. - 48, 52 Cantrell, greg - 94 Capozzola, Christopher - 58 Carey, elaine - 88 Carlson, Paul H. - 76 Carrigan, William d. - 56 Carstentsen, Vernon - 98 Carter, Sarah - 34, 97 Carver, Benjamin - 40 Casteneda, Chris J. - 94 Catton, Ted - 40 102 c B Caughey, John - 98 Chalmers, Claudine - 54 Chamberlain, Kathleen - 94 Chan, Yen Yen - 35 Chang, Kornel - 81 Ch�vez, ernesto - 56, 93 Cheney, Brock - 83 Cheng, Wendy - 81 Chester, robert - 39 Chew, rob - 84 Chiang, Connie Y. - 34 Childers, leisl Carr - 37, 38, 94 Childers, michael W - 29, . 54, 89 Christgau, John - 78 Christensen, Jon - 101 Christianson, frank - 56, 78 Chung, Sue fawn - 29 Ciu, dan - 69 Clark, Blue - 94 Clayworth, Peter - 44 Cody, William f - 78 . Cohen, Alan - 97 Cole, B. erin - 54 Coleman, Jon - 49 Coleman, ronald - 50 Collier, Brian S. - 4, 45, 55, 95 Compton, Tonia m. - 43 Connell-Szasz, margaret - 55 Convery, William - 12, 13, 54 Conzen, michael - 57 Cooley, everett l. - 99 Cothran, Boyd - 45 Cox, J. Wendel - 28, 42, 45 Cox-Paul, lori - 101 Crandall, maurice - 40 Crum, Tom - 76 Culhane, Jolane - 97 Culver, lawrence - 39, 73 Cumings, Bruce - 85 Cutter, donald C. - 98 dary, david - 89 davis, Keith f - 85 . davis, natalie Zemon - 65 D dearinger, ryan - 39 delay, Brian - 93 deJong, david H. - 83 delmont, matthew - 61 deloria, Philip J. - 34 deluzio, Crista - 81 demeestere, H�l�ne - 54 denison, Brandi - 36 dennison, Jean - 82 derounian-Stodola, Kathryn Zabelle - 78 deverell, William - 93 dinger, John S. - 75 dinges, Bruce - 97 dippie, Brian - 98 ditmeyer, Betty - 4 dixon, Chris - 78 dobak, William A. - 60 dorsey, Janine - 56 duVal, Kathleen - 93 edmunds, r. david - 6, 42, 97, 98 edwards, Cutler - 61 edwards, richard C. - 48 embry, Jessie - 39 english, linda - 58, 93 engstrand, Iris H. W - 68, 97, . 98 erdey, Tabitha - 47 esch, elizabeth d. - 73 etulain, richard W - 98 . evans, Sterling d. - 39, 93 everett, derek - 12 farmer, david - 94 farmer, Jared - 48 fehrenbach, T. r. - 76 fell, James - 12, 13 fernlund, Kevin Jon - 4, 6, 8, 95, 99 ferris, Tom - 91 fiege, mark - 8, 12, 37, 48, 59, 84 findlay, John - 93, 97 finkel, Alvin - 69 fireman, Janet - 98 fisher, Andrew - 37 fite, gilbert - 98 fixico, donald l. - 51, 86 flamming, douglas - 39 flores, dan - 8 fluhman, J. Spencer - 82 fogel, gary B. - 66 ford, elyssa - 44 fortney, Jeffrey - 59 foster, Jason - 69 fountain, Steven m. - 37 francaviglia, richard - 76 frank, gelya - 85 franklin, Catherine r. d. 60 frantz, Joe B. - 98 frehner, Brian - 6, 29, 31, 49 friesen, Steve - 12 frost, doug - 76 fry, Kathleen Whalen - 43 fugikawa, laura Sachiko 34 gressley, gene m. - 98 griswold, robert - 44 grua, david W - 40 . greenfield, mary - 39 guberman, rachel - 46 gutierrez, david - 97 e f Hagan, Jackqueline maria 71 Hagan, William T. - 98 Hallberg, Carl - 47 H�m�l�inen, Pekka - 76, 93 Hamill, Chad S. - 70 Hansen, Karen V - 48 . Harris, matthew l. - 66 Harrison, Christian - 48 Harwood, Craig S. - 66 Hat, Albert White, Sr. - 83 Hawk, Angela - 51 Hayes-Bautista, david e. gage, Justin - 46 81 gallagher, gary W - 71 . . Heaton, John W - 6 gallegher, marsha V - 66 . Hedren, Paul l. - 74 garcia, Jerry - 52 Heefner, gretchen - 71 garcia, lu�s - 57 Heimburger, Christian - 43 garcia, matt - 81 Heisch, melvena - 41 garc�lazo, Jeffrey marcos - 79 Henriksson, markku - 56 garland, david - 71 Herman, daniel Justin - 85 garry, Jim - 68 Hern�ndez, Kelly lytle - 34, gaskins, Suzanne - 93 93 geier, Karl e. - 95 geiger, Andrea - 29, 37, 43, 85 Herron, John - 56 genetin-Pilawa, Joseph - 70, 82 Heuson, Jennifer l. - 50 Higham, Carol - 93 gereluk, Winston - 69 Hinger, Charlotte - 39 getz, lynne - 94 Hinzo, Angel m. - 46 gibson, Arrell m. - 99 Hirt, Paul W - 40, 89 . gillette, michael l. - 73 Hodge, Adam - 41 gitlin, Jay - 54 . Hollon, W eugene - 98 glaser, leah S. - 38, 49 Holtby, david V - 67 . glasrud, Bruce A. - 39, 94 Horiuchi, lynne (Carol) glenn, Tim - 40 34 goldberg, Carole - 85 Horowitz, Josh - 44 goldberg, Kevin - 57 goldberg, mark Allan - 41, 101 House, ernest, Jr. - 12 Huber, Thomas P - 86 . goldberg, robert - 97 Huggard, Christopher J. goldstein, Holly - 47 86 gore, david Charles - 53 Humble, Terrence m. - 86 gorenfeld, Will - 61 Hundley, norris, Jr. - 98 gray, Paul Bryan - 76 Hunt, lynn - 65 graybill, Andy - 93 Hunt, rebecca - 12 gray-Hildenbrand, Jenna Hurt, r. douglas - 88 36 Hurtado, Albert l. - 6, 8, 20, 103 42, 81 H g Hutton, Paul Andrew - 99 Hyde, Anne - 12, 47, 78, 97 Hyslop, Stephen g. - 68 i Inglis, robin - 68 Isern, Tom - 41, 95 Iverson, Peter - 88, 97, 98 J Jackson, donald C. - 48 Jackson, W T. - 98 . Jacobs, margaret d. - 8, 51, 94 Jacoby, Karl - 35 Jakobsen, Pernille - 58 James, elizabeth - 44 James, ronald m. - 77, 78 Jameson, elizabeth - 94 Janssen, Voker - 81 Jensen, Kimberly - 58, 84 Jett�, melinda marie - 54 Jiusto, Chere - 91 Johns, daniel - 69 Johnson, Ali - 76 Johnson, Benjamin - 45 Johnson, Colin r. - 34 Johnson, Kirk - 6, 21 Johnson, Paul lee - 79 Johnson, Susan lee - 34, 93 Johnson, Tekla Ali - 94 Jones, Arthur - 46 Josephy, Alvin m., Jr. - 98 Junne, george H., Jr. - 39 Kaiser, marvin - 97 Kammer, Sean m. - 51 Kane, russell d. - 76 Kania, Alan J. - 37, 77 Karalus, dan - 45 Kastor, Peter J. - 85 Katerberg, William - 59 Keddington-lang, marianne - 101 Kelley, Colleen - 50 Kelley, Suzanne - 41 Kelly, Jennifer - 69 Kelman, Ari - 71 Kelton, Paul - 41, 101 Kern, Susan - 85 Kerstetter, Todd - 93, 97 Keyes, Sarah - 51 Kiddle, Amelia - 34 Kilander, ginny l. - 49 Kim, richard S. - 73 Kinbacher, Kurt - 36 King, farina - 60 Kinnear, Craig - 35 Kinney, Holly Arnold - 12, 13 Kirk, Andy - 56, 97 Kodumthara, Sunu - 94 Kohl, martha - 91 Kopp, Peter - 44 Kraft, louis - 49 Kramer, michael J. - 73 Kroll, Jim - 6, 12, 14 Kvasnicka, robert - 97 labode, modupe - 46, 101 laegried, renee - 56 lahlum, lori Ann - 97 lahti, Janne - 44 lamar, Howard r. - 67, 98 lane, dixie dillon - 55 lansing, michael - 29, 58, 94 larson, T. A. - 98 laslett, John H. m. - 81 lauck, Jon K. - 74 lause, mark - 29 lawrence, Adrea - 45 lee, r. Alton - 74 lee, erika - 6, 42, 73 leiker, James - 36 leonard, Kevin - 29, 93 leong, Karen J. - 29, 34 levy, Jonathan - 71 lewis, david rich - 52, 95 lewis, Wally - 94 lewthwaite, Stephanie - 47 limerick, Patricia nelson 12, 98 lingenfelter, richard e. - 68 lock, Ashley - 4 logan, elizabeth - 45 loughlin, Patti - 55, 58, 97 louis, david - 8 luckett, matthew - 53 lukens, Patrick d. - 88 lyman, edward leo - 75 mabindisa, Isaac - 69 macKendrick, don - 97 madley, Ben - 94 maeda, daryl - 37 magliari, michael - 93 104 l K M magnuson, Stew - 76 makley, matthew - 12, 35 mangun, Kimberley Ann 39 marak, Andrae m. - 88 march, ray A. - 78 marcus, Kenneth H. - 51 maril, robert lee - 76 marsh, Kevin - 39 martinelli, Phylis - 39 martinez, dominic f - 60 . martinez, monica mu�oz 49 mason, eric f - 53 . mason, Patrick Q. - 53 mathes, Valerie Sherer - 76 matthews, glenna - 55 maturi�, Pierre - 69 mcCoy, ron - 46 mcCoy, Ted - 69 mcCullough, Cali - 101 mcdermott, Kathleen - 97 mcKinney, Amy l. - 58 mcKinney, Bonnie reynolds - 76 mcnamee, gregory - 88 mcPherson, robert S. - 83 meeks, eric V - 37 . mendoza, mary e. - 34 merrill, Karen - 8, 93 metcalf, Warren - 93 mickerson, michelle - 29 miles, george - 8, 51, 95 miles, Tiya - 82 miller, John e. - 74 mills, david - 36 modak, Brent - 38 monaghan, leila - 46 monnett, John H. - 12, 53 montoya, fawn Amber - 44 montoya, maria - 55, 95 moore, Catherine - 29 mora-Torres, gregorio - 79 moreno, Jos� g. - 52 moreno, luis H. - 52 morse, Kathryn - 38, 93 morrissey, Katherine - 34, 95 moses, l. g. - 95 mouat, Jeremy - 29, 44 muir, James - 69 mullis, Tony r. - 61 mulroy, Kevin - 93 murphy, mary - 58 myres, Sandra - 98 n napier, rita - 94 nash, gerald d. - 98 needham, Andrew - 38 nelson, elaine marie 43, 58 nelson, Paula - 95 nesheim, david - 94 newell, Quincy d. - 53 nichols, ed - 12 nichols, James - 57 nichols, Jeff - 52 nichols, roger l. - 93 noel, Tom - 6, 12, 14, 23 norrgard, Chantal - 47 nugent, Walter - 48, 95, 98 nystrom, eric C. - 47 oertel, Kristen - 43 offenburger, Andrew 38 olden, danielle - 46 olson, Alexander I. - 55 olson, Kevin g. W. - 89 o'neill, Colleen - 37 o'neill-Jones, Peggy 35, 38, 45, 49 ore, Janet - 50 orisi, Jared - 12 orsi, richard J. - 97 osburn, Katherine - 47 osselaer, Heidi J. - 88 ostler, Jeff - 94 ott, Cindy - 84 Paddison, Joshua - 81 Pappas, Jeff - 29, 35, 40 Parezo, nancy J. - 55 Pascoe, Pat - 86 Patorni, fran�ois-marie 54 Paul, rodman W. - 98 Petrick, Paula - 93, 95 Pfeifer, michael J. - 49 Phillips-fein, Kim - 73 Philpott, Bill - 24 Pilcher, Jeffrey m. - 73 Piper, liza - 40 Pippin, robert B. - 85 Pomeroy, earl - 98 Powell, Kent - 52 Powell, lawrence n. - 71 Powell, miles - 59 Prucha, francis Paul - 98 Pubols, louise - 94 Pulido, laura - 81 radding, Cynthia - 46 ramsey, Sonya - 61 rankin, Charles e. - 8, 56, 61 reaza, leroy Anthony - 97 reed, Julie - 29 reeve, Paul - 52 reeves, don - 94 reid, Joshua - 46 reinhardt, Akim - 50, 93 rensink, Brenden - 46 renville, mary Butler - 78 ridge, martin - 98 rigelhaupt, Jess - 37 righter, robert W - 95 . riley, glenda - 98 rindfleisch, Bryan - 59 riskind, david H. - 76 roberts, Charles - 52 roberts, Phil - 97 robinson, Charles m. III - 79 robinson, Zac - 50 roche, Jeff - 56, 94, 97 rodgers, daniel T. - 71 roediger, david r. - 73 rogers, Brent m. - 43 ronaghan, Brian m. - 69 ronda, James P - 98 . roper, lynn - 97 rosales, Steven - 44 rose, Peter r. - 76 rosen, John - 37 rosenthal, nicolas g. - 70, 82 rosier, Paul C. - 71 ross, Steven J. - 73 ross-Bryant, lynn - 40 rowley, William - 40, 99 rugh, Susan - 94 rundell, Walter, Jr. - 98 rushforth, Brett - 82 ruskin, Steve - 49 rzeczkowski, frank - 89 r o P 105 Sabol, Steven - 58 Sackman, douglas - 101 Saitta, dean - 50 Salm�n, enrique - 70 Sandos, James A. - 51 Sandweiss, martha - 47 Saulnier, eric - 59 Schackel, Sandra - 8 Scharff, Virginia - 38, 95, 98 Schermerhorn, Seth - 44 Schiebelbein, Joan - 69 Schimmel, Caroline f - 95 . Schwantes, Benjamin - 57 Scott, Amy - 45, 101 Searles, mike - 97 Seiler, robert m. - 69 Seiler, Tamara P - 69 . Selby, Jim - 69 Shah, nayan - 101 Shaw, Harley - 88 Sheflin, doug - 39 Shellenbarger, melanie - 50 Sheperd, Jeffrey P - 35, 41, . 45 Sheridan, Thomas e. - 88 Shortridge, James r. - 89 Shulz, Jeffrey - 41 Sides, Josh - 73, 81 Silbernagel, robert - 83 Simic, Berta - 94 Simmons, donald C., Jr. 74 Sine, elizabeth - 56 Sluyter, Andrew - 85 Smith, Bonnie g. - 65 Smith, duane - 12, 13 Smith, maki - 56 Smith, Phillip lee - 60 Smith, richard - 97 Smith, Sherry l. - 50, 60, 73, 95, 98 Smith, Victoria - 94 Smoak, gregory - 44, 97 Snyder, Christina - 71 Sonnichsen, C. l. - 98 Sorenson, Harold - 97 Sowards, Adam - 101 Spence, Clark - 98 Spence, mary lee - 98 Spence, Taylor - 41 Spiekermann, uwe - 57 s Sprungl, Serena l. - 56 Spude, Catherine Holder - 66 Stacy, Ian - 40 Starr, Kevin - 73 Steineker, rowan - 59 Steptoe, Tyina - 94 Stetler, Julia - 56 Stevens, Stanley - 57 Stevenson, Joan nabseth 66 Steward, robert e. - 77 Stout, Cynthia - 35, 38, 45, 49 Stradling, david - 84 Strikwerda, eric - 69 Sturdevant, Kathy - 44 Summitt, April - 48 Swagerty, William r. - 68, 94 Swanson, frederick H. - 83 Swanson, mary - 59 Swetnam, Susan H. - 87 Szasz, ferenc morton - 77 Tamulivich, Alessandra - 8 Tamura, linda - 84 Taylor, Joseph (Jay) e. III 97, 101 Taylor, Quintard - 8, 76, 95, 98 Taylor-montoya, Amanda 57 Teuton, Christopher B. - 82 Thayne, Stanley J. - 36 Theobold, Brianna - 51 Thiry, Christopher J. J. - 47 Thomas, erin Ann - 87 Thomas, robin - 52 Thomas, rodney (Col.) - 97 Thompson, Jerry - 61 Tovell, freeman m. - 68 Truett, Samuel - 59, 94 Tsu, Cecilia - 101 Tucker, gene rhea - 76 Turner, d. l. - 60 Turner, James morton - 84 Turner, John g. - 71 underwood, grant - 53 underwood, Kathleen - 97 unger, nancy C. - 73 utley, robert m. - 85, 98 Valencius, Conevery Bolton - 51 Vandevelder, Jean - 39 Van delinder, Jean - 39 Van nuys, frank - 53 Veloz, laris - 38 Vetter, Jeremy - 39, 49 Villanueva, nicholas - 49 Villarreal, mary Ann - 46 Villerbu, Tangi - 54 Vizenor, gerald - 78 Voyles, Traci Brynne 40 Wadewitz, lissa K. - 84, 101 Wakild, emily - 88 Walker, richard A. - 57 Walsh, Jim - 12 Walters, meolody miyamoto 29, 43, 55 Walz, eric - 88 Warren, louis - 8, 97 Webb, roy - 83 Weber, david J. - 98 Weeks, michael - 40 Wells, Christopher W - 84 . Weisenberger, mara e. - 88 Weisiger, marsha - 8, 101 Well, Steve - 12 Wenger, Tisa - 36 West, elliott - 95, 98 West, Hannah n. - 47 Westerman, gwen n. - 50 Westwick, Peter J. - 81 Whaley, gray - 47 White, richard d. - 76, 98 Wieck, lindsey Passenger 35, 55, 94 Wilson, gary - 97 Wilson, Karen - 57 Wilson, mike - 37 Winchester, Juti A. - 36 Wingo, rebecca S. - 51 Winther, o. o. - 98 Wintz, Cary d. - 39 Withers, lena - 39 Witte, Stephen S. - 66 Woodworth-ney, laura - 93 Wooster, robert - 60 Worcester, donald - 98 106 v Worster, donald - 8 Wrobel, david - 56, 94, 95 Wunder, John - 8, 95, 98 Wyatt, Kerry - 97 Yamamoto, Shiori - 43 Yarbrough, fay - 6, 29, 31, 45 Youngdahl, Jay - 87 Yung, Judy - 73 Zah, Peterson - 88 Zappia, natale - 41 Zelizer, Julian e. - 73 Zellar, gary - 93 Zeman, Carrie reber - 78 Zhu, liping - 97 y Z W t u WHA ORGANIZATION The WHA is governed by its members who elect a president, president-elect, council, and nomination committee. The latter consists of five members, each serving a two-year term. The council consists of the president, president-elect, executive director, seven regularly elected members (serving three year terms), and past presidents and executive directors during the two years succeeding their terms of office. membership in the organization is open to all. WHA CONFERENCE The annual conference usually starts on Columbus day in october, and features over fifty sessions on all aspects of the American West, as well as tours to nearby historic sites on Thursday and Sunday afternoons. The location changes yearly, with recent conferences held in Salt lake City, denver, Incline Village (lake Tahoe), and oakland. The highlights of the conference include the Presidential luncheon where the president addresses the association as well as an evening banquet where the WHA awards are presented and the incoming president ushers in the new year. Conference programs, with registration information, are mailed in July. cover illustration: � William Matthews, "vanishing Point," 2011, watercolor on paper. image courtesy of William Matthews. inside Back cover illustration: � Bob o'connell, "Waiting at the Wazee," acrylic on canvas. image courtesy of Bob o'connell. boboconnellart.com email: email@example.com 107 Western History Association ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION Membership in the association is open to any person interested in the North American West. 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Date _____/_______ Signature __________________________________________________ Check # ______________ Please submit this completed form with payment to: WESTERN HISTORY ASSOCIATION University of Alaska, Fairbanks � 605 Gruening � Fairbanks, AK 99775-6460 Phone: 907-474-6509 � Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 108 NOTES 109 NOTES 110 NOTES 111 NOTES 112 THE ESSENTIAL WEST S Collected Essays By Elliott West West $29.95 CLOTH � 320 PAGES LEDGER NARRATIVES A The Plains Indian Drawings of the Lansburgh Collection of Dartmouth College Edited by Colin G. Calloway Edited $49.95 CLOTH � $29.95 PAPER � 296 PAGES WITH GOLDEN VISIONS BRIGHT BEFORE T THEM Trails to the Mining West, 1849�1852 By Will Bagley $45.00 CLOTH � 448 PAGES $150.00 SPECIAL EDITION � 448 PAGES BLACKFOOT REDEMPTION A O A Blood Indian's Story of Murder, r Confinement, and Imperfect Justice By William E. 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