Ishinomaki Architecture Workshop 2011
Space Speculation Report n°2
N 2 1 ISHINOMAKI POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE S PAC E S P E C U L AT I O N R E S E A R C H R E P O R T N � 2 2 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 3 Ishinomaki Postcards From a Resilient Future Space Speculation Research report n�2 n�2 2012 2012 4 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 From a friend in the world A great earthquake occurred off the eastern coast of Japan on March 11, 2011. The resulting tsunami swallowed many towns, villages and people. No one living there had ever experienced such a force of nature. After the disaster, the daily articles, photos and videos were horrific. No one could believe that it had actually happened. In the summer, nearly four months after the earthquake, some brave students and young architects from Belgium, Luxembourg and Japan came to Ishinomaki. Sludge and rubble still covered the city. Living conditions and infrastructure such as electricity and water were still not functioning well yet. While the city was flooded due to ground subsidence, they held a 10 day workshop for the future reconstruction of Ishinomaki. The european architects, who had never experienced an earthquake, felt the large aftershocks of the earthquake on the first day in Ishinomaki. Without yet knowing the local custom and Japanese language, they started working for Ishinomaki which was still covered in rubble... While continuing to research and discuss, they prepared proposals for Ishinomaki based on their vision. Using their talents, they not only delivered a proposal for reconstruction, but also researched the current situation as an approach for improving the local lifestyle. On the last day of the workshop, some students participated in yukata to Kawabiraki festival for its 88 times. They communicated with the local people � praying and thinking of the future of Ishinomaki. I would really like to thank all the people who initiated this exchange in Ishinomaki and the participants of the workshop. Geoffrey Grulois took the initiative to gather nine students and young architects, all of whom generously gave their time and support by discussing and trying to communicate. This workshop went beyond countries, cultures and professions � it included a sincere enthusiasm for humanity. The richness of our global situation allows us to have such support from all over the world. Reconstruction from the earthquake will be a long process of patience and effort. We hope that all the people from Ishinomaki Architecture Workshop, the participants and visitors in Ishinomaki will keep giving their supportive enthusiasm to the reconstruction after the earthquake. Tsuyoshi Tane (Architect / DGT. Paris) PREFACE 5 IAW DGT.Paris 6 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Ishinomaki Location of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami TABLE 7 8 Introduction 15 Challenges 23 Potentials 29 33 37 41 45 49 53 57 61 Masterplan proposal Porous city I : Plot re-use Porous city II : Bypass redux Seafront landscape Resilient Memorial 5 minutes city Canals new-landscape Floodable east riverfront Historical west riverfront 8 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Ishinomaki waterfront after 11 march 2011 2011 3 11 INTRODUCTION 9 Trauma On the 11th of March 2011, a terrible tsunami devastated eastern Japan. Ishinomaki was one of the most severely damaged cities. More than 3800 citizens died and thousands were left homeless. While Japan has suffered earthquake devastation for many years, no one could foresee that such a powerful wave could wipe away large parts of the city's infrastructure in just a few minutes. No human being could predict or escape this natural disaster that has been traumatic for many surviving citizens. 3800 10 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Ishinomaki 2.0 NPO reinvesting the city center INTRODUCTION 11 Resilience Despite this traumatic disaster, most of Ishinomaki's citizens have decided to stay and rebuild their city. An astonishing wave of solidarity has resulted in a first effort to clean up the city and to help citizens get back on their feet. In this context, small-scale dynamics are emerging all over the city to reclaim urban life and surpass the current state of precarity. Citizens have chosen to organize the traditional summer festival (Kawabiraki matsuri) like they do every year, in order to foster optimism and motivation for the reconstruction process. The continuous exposure to disaster threats has fostered a great sense of adaptability in Ishinomaki. People have learned to cope with reoccurring floods and earthquakes, adapting their daily habits to the rythm imposed by nature. This characteristic trait should not only be used for establishing restrictive protection measures, but also as a potential for promoting sustainable well-being. This experience of continuous exposure to adversity should be exploited to generate a determined attitude and to globally enhance the city. 12 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 IAW survey with local experts IAW INTRODUCTION 13 Ishinomaki Architecture Workshop In this context, small-scale cultural dynamics are emerging all over the city to reclaim urban life. Ishinomaki 2.0 is a global network of volunteers who engage in cultural initiatives to reactivate the urban life of Ishinomaki's central neighborhood. Yet, regarding the scale of this disaster and its impact on the city structure, there is a need to re-think the city not only by parts, but also, and foremost, on a global scale. Ishinomaki Architecture Workshop is an initiative launched to reflect on the new sustainable relation that could emerge in the future between citizens, their city and the natural environment. During a work session of ten days prior to the Kawabiraki summer festival, academics, professionals and students from Belgium and Japan engaged in a multidisciplinary process of collaboration with local experts and citizens in order to foresee a resilient future for Ishinomaki. The workshop started with a seminar given by local experts which studied the challenges that Ishinomaki will face in the future. In the second phase, 8 proposals for a resilient future were formulated. This publication unfolds the results of this intensive cross-cultural workshop. 14 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 The workshop started by studying the challenges that Ishinomaki is currently facing. Following a first seminar with local experts and citizens, three research themes were defined: -Demography / density, -Topography / hydrology, - Mobility / public transport. During a few days, an intense survey was conducted in order to frame the city's problems. A series of maps and diagrams were drawn to summarize these issues. Some were related to the latest events, while some others have already become long term issues that need to be dealt with. o / o / o / 15 Challenges 16 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Empty plots in central Ishinomaki (chuo) () Shrinking Like most Japanese medium-sized cities, Ishinomaki has been facing a demographic decrease for a long time, with the young working population migrating to bigger cities. The city counts a high rate of elderly people and a decreasing average population. The tsunami might exacerbate this demographic shrinkage by creating an outflow of citizens to the safer areas of the inland. This effect of shrinking currently creates a lesser density and more open spaces in the urban tissue. CHALLENGES 17 Sprawling district of Ohashi, north-east Ishinomaki Sprawl Ishinomaki is also undergoing a process of demographic and morphological decentralization. The commercial core of the city, which used to be in the historical part of town, progressively moved first along the bypass and later on to the Hebita district where big scale shopping malls are accessible only by car. This permanent move of the city's commercial heart, produced empty districts with bankrupted shops and a decrease in land value. Since the advent of the private car in the 1960s, the population tends to move outwards to the far suburbs. As a result the density of the city center is decreasing dramatically and landowners tend to systematically transform unoccupied plots into parking spaces. This process of de-densification is affecting the quality of land use and urban space. 1960 18 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Topographic settlement following 11 march 2011 2011 3 11 Topographic settlement Ishinomaki is located on a lowland area at the Kitagami river mouth. In the Edo period, Ishinomaki strategically combined lowland rice fields with a river-harbor which was used to transport rice to Sendai and Edo. Thus, the upper part of the city has been protected since ancient times from river floods by dams. On the other hand, the commercial harbor, located in the southeast part of the city, never got any protective dams against river floods. As a result this part of the city that is situated just above sea level suffered severe damage when the river level rose dramatically during the Tsunami. Following the earthquake and the tsunami of March 11th 2011, most of the old parts of the city were affected by ground settlement ranging from 50 cementers up to 1 meter, flooding the historical center twice a day with the tide. CHALLENGES 19 Hydrographic network of canals and creeks Hydrographic system The settlement of Ishinomaki's lowland increases the risk of river floods. The water evacuation system has been built by burying the former canals of the lowlands' rice fields. As a result, rainwater in the by-pass area has to be pumped up to the river to avoid floods. Furthermore, most of the city's surface is covered by asphalt. This decreases the permeability of the ground and increases the risk of rainwater floods. Hence, Ishinomaki is not sufficiently protected against the risk of river and rainwater floods. Moreover, the construction of dams and buried water pipes has resulted in the loss of the traditional relation to water. Since its birth, the city has been confronted with an extreme geographical context with an intimate relation to the river, the mountains and the sea. Through the centuries, Ishinomaki has built a complex and ingenious water system. But the latest projects and the future ambitions concerning this problem seem to be more like an easy and mostly infrastructural answer to a complex problem. Against this stubborn confrontation and reactive measures, there is a need for more quality and sustainable answers. Ishinomaki is clearly a water city. The amount of canals, riverfronts and coastline areas prove that it does have a strong urban relation with the water. However, this relation is often underestimated or hidden. 20 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Commercial strip of Nakazato by-pass Traffic The demographic shift in favor of the suburbs is driven by a transition from a pedestrian way of life to one that is car-centered, with the loss of public transportation. Most of the population in Ishinomaki depends on car use for daily movement inside and outside of the city. As the city offers large road systems mainly designed for car use, most households usually own two cars. This phenomenon creates traffic congestion and dehumanizes Ishinomaki's public spaces.The city has a bus transportation system that is rather inconvenient because of low frequency (around 1 per hour). The city's railway station is the end stop of the Senseki line, connecting Ishinomaki to Sendai in less than an hour. Furthermore the city has two local stations located in the west of the city. There is also a railway connection to Onagawa located in the east but the route has a very low frequency and it does not have local stations in Ishinomaki. As a result, the eastern part of the city lacks an efficient public transport system. The flat topography and the small size of Ishinomaki's lowland area makes it easy to get around by bicycle although the number of people using bicycles as a daily transport mode remains rather low. CHALLENGES 21 Flooded area (grey) and buildings destroyed (red) by the Tsunami of 11 march 2011 2011 3 11 Destruction The destruction caused by the tsunami is very uneven in the city fabric. While inland areas have been protected from flood damage, some seafront and riverfront areas have been strongly affected. The housing neighborhoods facing the ocean have been wiped out and construction in these areas should definitively be prohibited. The central neighborhoods along the river have also been strongly damaged. Although some buildings along the banks of the east river still stand, most of them appear to have been irreversibly damaged by the tsunami. In these areas, buildings have been built in front of the river without any protection and the construction of a dam would need expropriation of privately owned land along the river. 22 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Considering Ishinomaki's challenges, we believe it has a rich potential for a new kind of urbanity. These potentials can be defined by four ideas that will be the frame of our proposal 23 Potentials 24 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Temporary use of empty plots in central Ishinomaki (chuo) () Density / open spaces The concepts of shrinking and sprawling are often referred to as negative processes. In this case, they can give amazing qualities back to the city, if well used. We will furthermore develop this idea by showing how empty spaces can create strong qualities in the city. POTENTIALS 25 Sports facilities (red), schools (yellow) and temples (grey) within the boundaries of chiku districts Isotropy / Chiku districts Contrary to the simplistic view of the city and its organisation, Ishinomaki is not a bi-central city (historical center versus Hebita district). It has always been organised by small entities, the Chiku. Public services, schools, parks and temples are spread all over the city, organizing each distrct. This creates a certain kind of isotropy in the way the city is understood and organized. In order to better define its identity, Ishinomaki should strengthen its isotropic condition and consider its structure as non-hierarchical. This process would allow it to get back to a district life (Chiku) with more commercial and public proximity and less use of automotive transportations. 26 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Level of building damage following 11 march 2011 : red= destroyed, orange= damaged, yellow= partly damaged 2011 3 11 Destroyed districts After the recent traumatic event, several districts of Ishinomaki are now impossible to build on, due to frequent flooding and/or topographic settlement. These large open spaces are now an opportunity for the citizens to reclaim a quality of life with green and/or public spaces directly connected to the urban tissue which can be used as buffer zones against future floods. The need for new housing to relocate the inhabitants of these ruined districts can be seen as a potential to develop new residential areas, adapted to Ishinomaki's condition. POTENTIALS 27 Kitakami river waterfront in Sumiyoshicho district Landscape / water relation These new spaces can also reactivate the relation of Ishinomaki with the water and its geographical context, by creating systems that offer more flexibility to nature's moods. They can also offer green spaces as buffer zones between the city and the river with outdoor activities when not flooded. Developing a green belt along the riverfront, would induce a new flexibility in regard to reoccuring floods, while sustaining the relationship with the river. These areas could contain public infrastructures that would allow for outdoor activities when not flooded. / 28 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 RESILIENT ISHINOMAKI The current human dynamic and support for the city shows that the traumatic experience Ishinomaki suffered can produce a new determination to function better than expected. This form of resilience is, for us, the starting point of our vision of Ishinomaki in the future. We believe that the city must engage itself in a strategic redefinition to cope with its environment and respond to major challenges of a post-Kyoto 21st century city. Instead of trying to resist and, by doing so, become more unrelated to its historic landscape, the city has a potential to engage in a closer and more intense relationship with nature to improve its quality of life, promote wellbeing and protect against the influence of risk factors. In this publication, 8 propositions for the city are investigated and presented. These are not fixed proposals, but visions based on the potential present in Ishinomaki. Together they can be the canvas for an ambitious and positive masterplan to rebuild Ishinomaki, better than before, turning city constraints into urban qualities. MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 30 29 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 30 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 31 32 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 33 Porous city I : Plot re-use 34 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 The first proposal consists of accepting that one can't fight against the dedensification of the urban fabric. We should rather emphazise the potential of free plots as a tool to enhance the public space of the city and an isotropic distribution of quality public spaces. The current organization of the city by Chiku offers a very good distribution of public facilities. The demographic stability or dedensification can, together with the current state of the city fabric (very porous and punctuated by parking lots) have a very strong potential to redefine the quality of daily life all over the city. By promoting the smart use of empty plots for markets, children playgrounds, temporary dwellings, terraces, permeable ground and landscapes, the city could acquire new qualities as well as answer the problem of water run-off and rain flooding. Sports facilities (red), schools (yellow) and temples (grey) within the boundaries of chiku districts MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 35 Parking lot Children playground Open-air shop Lagunage Japanese garden Urban farming Re-use of empty plots in the city 36 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 37 Porous city II : Bypass reduction 38 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 The by-pass is a good example of an oversized road for cars with dual carriageway and very narrow pedestrian decks. The by-pass also increases the problem of flood risks due to the low level of the ground and the expanse of impermeable ground surface. Our proposal consists of recognizing the by-pass as the major commercial axis of Ishinomaki and to imagine how we can improve its qualities. Decreasing both number of car lanes and the size of parking lots could allow for the creation of a public transport axis and increase the number of permeable surfaces. To furthermore improve and control water flows, several water treatment basins can be created on the slopping topography. In the end, the public transport axis, with its bus lines would keep the commercial activity of the by-pass while the green surfaces would increase the quality of the urban space. Commercial strips in Ishinomaki vs MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL vs vs vs 39 vs vs vs vs Impermeable floor > flooding vs Improved permeable floor Green permeable ground around the by-pass 40 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 41 Seafront landscape 42 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 In the context of a resilient city, it is important to foresee protection between the industrial harbour and the city against the risk of a tsunami. Instead of conceiving this dam as a barrier to the city, we imagine to use it as a green hilly park running east west along the coastline. Research has shown that dense tree zones help to diminish the force of a tsunami. By placing the bus line on top of this green elongated tree-reinforced hill we create an efficient transport system that allows citizens to enjoy the landscape of the seafront while connecting both the city an the industries. The industrial park is also reconfigured as a landscape of basins with elevated roadways to soften the strength of the wave and give more time for evacuation. Plan of industrial zone with the elevated roads system and new plantation MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 43 Cross section through industries Industrial port logistic system on protective dam 44 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 45 Resilient Memorial 46 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 The expansive area located between the Hiyori hill and the Kitakami river, where a large neighborhood was completely destroyed, is foreseen as a memorial park. This park would consist of a memorial space shaped by the destroyed layout of the neighborhood. Densely planted trees transform the former road system and create inner `chambers' where the former house plots are visible between low vegetation. Memorial park concept MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 47 Memorial park concept Ruins in the memorial park 48 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 49 5 minutes city 50 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Resilient Ishinomaki want to promote public transport and cycling in order to decrease traffic congestion and pollution in the city. The promotion of public transport and cycling also help to further improve the quality of daily life and of the city by transforming parking plots into usable public space. The public space should bring the focus back to pedestrian, cycling and public transport in the city. In order to improve the transport system with minimum investment, our vision is to take advantage of the existing transport infrastructure by improving the railway and bus networks. As far as the railway goes, we suggest to increase the number of local stations on the Onagawa line east of the city to create local intermodal hubs where it will be possible to shift from train to bus and bicycle. The bus network will be simplified with 4 ring lines connecting the four parts of the city with the central station. These bus lines will meet along the main transportation axis in order to increase their frequency. As the bus lines are circular, it will be possible for commuters to take the bus in both directions, therefore doubling the frequency. Bus stops will be located on a specific lane in the middle of the street in order to make it easier to take a bus in one direction or the other. H U Bus network MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 51 H U Train network : Bicycle accessibility radius from station Intermodal station 52 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 53 Canals new-landscape 54 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 The relationship between the water's ecological cycle and the city can be fostered to help Ishinomaki cope with its hydrological issues while bringing new spatial qualities in the city. Water should not be seen as an adversary to the city but a precious natural resource. The construction of a buried water pipe system has result in losing the traditional and qualitative relationship to water. Contrary to this, Resilient Ishinomaki wants to restore and enhance the canal network that channels water to the river. These new canals have been located according to a survey of the existing water pipe system and the topography. They are designed in order to allow for a safe increase and decrease of the water level. This canal network will become a relaxing place for cycling in the city and wandering. Flooded areas and hydrographic network in Ishinomaki MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 55 Canal and pre-treatment basins cross-section Opening up former canal in the city 56 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 57 Floodable east riverfront 58 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 The east side of the Kitagami River (Minato and Watanoha areas) has been severely damaged by the tsunami because of its low ground level and lack of protection. The ground settlement following the earthquake makes the situation worse, as part of the ground lies now at sea level. As there is no remaining space along the river to build a dam, the project suggests to create a floodable area were the water can freely rise according to the height of tide. Sports facilities as well as new housing typologies will be built on stilts on top of this landscaped park, reinserting the natural landscape and its strong historical meaning in the city in a sustainable way. Water landscape area on zones destroyed by the tsunami MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 59 Cross-section Housing on the Kitagami east riverfront 60 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 61 Historical west riverfront 62 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 vs The chuo 1 and 2 chome areas along the riverfront is the historical center of Ishinomaki. It was severely damaged by the tsunami and there is a plan to build a dam to protect the landscape along the river. Tohouku University's urban design laboratory is currently studying the design of this landscape dam and Resilient Ishinomaki wish to incorporate this solution into the masterplan. This dam will be designed to keep a good visual relationship between the historical city and the riverfront. The dam itself will become a green hilly park facing the river with a cycling path on top of it and allow for public activities. cross-section MASTERPLAN PROPOSAL 63 Green dam (grey) and new canal (black) in city center (chuo) 64 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 31st of July 2011 65 66 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Ishinomaki Architecture Workshop was made possible by a network of collaborations and support that emerged between Brussels and the devastated city few weeks after the Great East Japan earthquake. Ri� Ab�, a Japanese national born in Ishinomaki and currently living in Brussels, played a central role in connecting me with the Ishinomaki citizens and experts. Vincent Hecht, an exchange student in Tohoku University, initiated research on the reconstruction problem setting up survey maps and an internet platform for preparing the workshop. IAW became possible thanks to the generous support of Wallonia-Brussels International, the Wallonia-Brussels Federation, the Brussels Capital Region and the Embassy of Luxembourg in Japan. Despite the damage to their hostel and restaurant, Hisatoshi and Yoshi� Ab� made everything possible to welcome and accommodate us during the two week workshop. At night Ri� Ab� gathered local citizens and workshop participants for excellent Belgian food. Yuka Morita from Awex Tokyo and Yuko Miyake from Brussels export Tokyo helped us to organize this meeting spot. Thanks to Brunehaut Brewery, Chimay Brewery, Lefebvre Brewery, Orval Brewery and Saint-Feuillien Brewery, Brussels Co., Ltd., local citizens and workshop participants could enjoy their evening meals and discussion times with the best of belgian beer. During a seminar that introduced the workshop in Ishinomaki, the Tohoku University professors Katsuya Hirano, Tomohiro Mori and Michio Ubaura gave crucial input on the reconstruction problem of Ishinomaki. The local citizen Seiji Henmi shared his exhaustive knowledge of the city history. Keiji Ashizawa, the founder of Ishinomaki 2.0, provided the infrastructure of Ishinomaki lab during the two weeks of the workshop. Akihiro Otsuka helped to set up the logisitcs. Tetsuya Hosokawa produced the mobile steel structure to support maps and drawings produced during the workshop. We would also like to thank the Mayor of Ishinomaki, Sir Hiroshi Kameyama, the president of Ishinomaki's Chamber of Commerce, Toru Asano, the Luxembourg Embassador, Sir Paul Steinmetz, and the Belgium embassy Minister-Counsellor, Sir Fr�d�ric Verheyden, for supporting this workshop. Last but not least, I should stress the intense dedication of the research and design team during the two weeks of the workshop. Julie Collet, Julien Deloffre, Pierre Escobar, Vincent Hecht, Philippe Nathan, Akari Sora, Sachi Suzuki, Yannick Vanhaelen and Pauline Varloteaux took advantage of their common experience in Space Speculation urban design studio and their early professional practice to produce an outstanding outcome. After few months back in Belgium, Yannick Vanhaelen and myself edited this publication unfolding the research and the proposal of IAW. We sincerely hope it will help Ishinomaki citizens to envision a bright future. Geoffrey Grulois (Faculty of Architecture, ULB) POSTFACE 67 IAW AWEX Brunehaut Brewery, Chimay Brewery, Lefebvre Brewery, Orval Brewery, Saint-Feuillien Brewery, Brussels Co.,Ltd, 2.0 IAW (ULB ) 68 POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE - RESEARCH REPORT N�2 Workshop team surveyng Hiyori hill ISHINOMAKI POSTCARDS FROM A RESILIENT FUTURE Editors : Geoffrey Grulois Yannick Vanhaelen Workshop coordinator : Geoffrey Grulois Research and design team: Julie Collet -Scale Julien Deloffre Pierre Escobar -DEVspace Vincent Hecht -VH+ Philippe Nathan -2001 Akari Sora Sachi Suzuki Yannick Vanhaelen -DEVspace Pauline Varloteaux Wb2I social caf� coordinators : Ri� Ab�, Geoffrey Grulois English text : Pierre Escobar Geoffrey Grulois Philippe Nathan Clinton Stringer Yannick Vanhaelen Japanese translation : Ri� Ab� Akari Sora Sachi Suzuki Ishinomaki Architecture workshop is an initiative of Space Speculation urban design Lab, Faculty of Architecture, Universit� Libre de Bruxelles with the collaboration of Ishinomaki 2.0 NPO and the Department of Architecture and Building Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University. Ishinomaki Architecture workshop was made possible by the generous support of Wallonia-Brussels International, the WalloniaBrussels Federation, the Brussels Capital Region, the Embassy of Luxembourg in Japan and All Nippon Airways, Brussels branch. Resilient Ishinomaki discussion caf� was made possible with the generous support of Walloon Export Agency (Awex), Brussels Export, the Embassy of Belgium in Japan, Brunehaut Brewery, Chimay Brewery, Lefebvre, Brewery, Orval Brewery and Saint-Feuillien Brewery, Brussels & Co., Ltd COLOPHON 69 Resilient Ishinomaki exhibition during Kawabiraki festival Printed by Presses Universitaires de Bruxelles Fonts : Grotesque Mt ISSN : 2034-4880 � Space Speculation urban design lab, Faculy of Architecture of ULB People included in the photomontage of Resilient Ishinomaki are inspired by Yasujiro Ozu movies. All rights reserved. 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