The Lifecycle of Knowledge
Issue 9, 2011
THE MAGAZINE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF M I N N E S OTA L I B R A R I E S SHARE TEACH ORGANIZE PUBLISH USE COLLABORATE FIND THE LIFECYCLE OF KN OWLEDGE PAGE 2 PAGE 6 PAGE 8 SEARCH PAGE 16 Search, Research, and Repeat Planning for the Future of Research Veni, Vidi, Ricci The Year in Pictures issue 9 continuum issue 9, 2011 University Librarian McKnight Presidential Professor 2 Search, Research, and Repeat With so much of the world's information available online, where do librarians fit in? Wendy Pradt Lougee Editor Marlo Welshons Design & Production Jen Peters Contributing Writers Wendy Pradt Lougee, Kelly O'Brien, Marlo Welshons, Gayle Graham Yates continuum is the magazine of the University of Minnesota Libraries, published annually for a broad readership of Friends and supporters both on and off campus. continuum supports the mission of the University Libraries and our community of students, faculty, staff, alumni, and friends by providing information that > highlights news, events, developments, and trends within the Libraries; > examines issues facing libraries globally > provides a forum for dialogue; and > connects the many constituencies of the Libraries. continuum is available online at www.lib.umn.edu/continuum and in alternative formats upon request. Contact 612-625-9148 or email@example.com Send correspondence to: > University of Minnesota Libraries 499 O. Meredith Wilson Library 309 19th Avenue South Minneapolis, MN 55455 For more information about the University of Minnesota Libraries visit lib.umn.edu. Printed on recycled paper containing 10% post-consumer waste The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. � 2011 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota. 6 Planning for the Future of Research The Libraries are helping researchers care for the seeds of new knowledge. 8 Veni, Vidi, Ricci An Italian Jesuit's Chinese map of the world has captured the imagination of scholars. insert The Face of Our Friends Friends of the Libraries president Gayle Graham Yates leads off a section recognizing our supporters. 10 13 16 Short Stacks News from the University of Minnesota Libraries. Notable Aquisitions A selection of the new additions to archives and special collections. The Year in Pictures A scrapbook featuring Jim Lehrer, Garrison Keillor, mystery writers, a dunk tank, and more. More continuum online! Many of the stories in this issue reference websites, blogs, and other multimedia content. To access those web extras directly, scan this code with your smart phone or visit www.lib.umn.edu/continuum. photo: Nancy G. Johnson Seeds of Change... Summer! It's the time of year when we are particularly sensitive to the cycle of seasons, the shifts in weather and nature. Summer brings opportunity, too, and many are drawn to the garden to exploit the earth for new growth. I am reminded of a quote from Cicero: "If you have a garden and a library, you have everything you need." The analogy between gardening and libraries is apt. Productive gardens require fertile soil, a wide variety of seeds, good tools, and careful tending. Libraries provide the same for the process of scholarship and learning, helping seed the environment not just with strong collections, but also with good tools, enabling programs, and expertise to help students and faculty make the most of our resources. This issue explores the theme of the knowledge lifecycle, from discovery and use of information through creation and dissemination and new knowledge. This same framework guides the University Libraries' strategic planning: Rather than a singular focus on the products of scholarship (books and journals), the Libraries are supporting individuals and groups with the processes of research and learning. How can we improve the mechanisms and methods individuals use to find information? to manage the sources of information that fuel research? to improve the learning environment? We have undoubtedly all used Google to find some bit of information. Sometimes we find what we need quickly, sometimes the abundance of search results is overwhelming. The Libraries are working to address this problem by harnessing the power of Google search, enabling refined retrieval, and seamlessly linking an individual's inquiry to the sources in our collection. We're also drawing on some of the features of other favored sites -- for example, Amazon -- in bringing the recommendations of others to inform the research process. Happy tilling, Scientific data are obvious seeds of new research, the elemental information that leads to new discoveries. We have the capability to capture and store huge amounts of data and there is growing recognition that data should be shared to enable new interdisciplinary work. For example, what can the combination of hundreds of years of demographic, land use, and climate data tell us about migration patterns, climate change, and economic development? These are questions being addressed in a joint proposal of the University's Minnesota Population Center and Institute on the Environment. Such research is possible when data maintained and made accessible to other researchers. In 2010, the National Science Foundation implemented a policy to ensure that data will be sustained and potentially shareable, requiring all grant proposals to include data management plans. The Libraries are drawing on our longstanding expertise in managing and preserving information to help researchers on campus respond to that policy requirement. This issue highlights these and other examples of how Libraries seed new discoveries and learning. Dorothy Canfield Fisher, a educational reformer, social activist, and best-selling American author in the early twentieth century, wrote that libraries are where "the seed corn for the future is stored." We are working hard to ensure many productive seasons to come. SEARCH, RESEARCH, AND REPEAT BY MARLO WEL SHONS Search With so much of the world's information available online, some ask "who needs librarians?" Users at the University of Minnesota Libraries know the answer is "everyone." Researchers from the Pew Internet & American Life Project report that, after email, the most popular internet activity across all age groups is the use of search engines. Even for the Millennial generation (defined as ages 18�33), a higher percentage of people are searching online than are participating in social networking, watching videos, buying products, and listening to music. Our personal experience bears this statistic out--most of us search online for a wide variety of information dozens of times each day. With all this experience, it could be assumed we have become expert searchers. But are we expert researchers? Certainly we have a great deal of success when searching for something specific--what librarians refer to as "knownitem searching." Using Google, we don't even need to know exact terminology or understand Boolean search strategies. The Google autocomplete feature offers suggestions for what it thinks you might be looking for. Type "chemical symbol for ir" and you will see options to search for iron, iridium, iron oxide, or iron iii nitrate. Google also corrects your spelling: search for "Tolkein" and it will present results for "Tolkien" while also giving you the option to search on the word as entered, in case your misspelling was deliberate. But what if your information needs are more complex than the price of an airline ticket or the rules of chess? What if you have a question but aren't sure where to start looking for the answer, or know there isn't necessarily a single answer? This is the essence of research: the search process is where the learning happens; the journey is as important as the destination. Picking Berries Long before Google, researchers and librarians worked closely together throughout this kind of research, navigating the various printed abstracts, indexes, directories, encyclopedias, and other reference sources traditionally available in libraries. John Butler, associate university librarian for information technology, describes this kind of librarian- 2 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) mediated search and retrieval process from his earlier days as director of the University's Science & Engineering Library. "A student or faculty member would start by looking up particular keywords in a multivolume, subject-specific reference work like Engineering Index, Science Citation Index, or Chemical Abstracts. Bibliographic details for the relevant articles would be transcribed, What if you have a question but aren't sure where to start looking for the answer, or know there isn't necessarily a single answer? This is the essence of research: the search process is where the learning happens; the journey is as important as the destination. So if we've had a clear understanding of the iterative and serendipitous nature of how people search for information since at least 1989, those information retrieval systems must be perfected by now, right? As powerful as Google may seem, serious researchers know we still have a long way to go. and then the library's catalog (print or, later, online) would need to be consulted to determine the availability of the required journals. Available volumes would be retrieved-- either by the researcher or a librarian if the stacks were closed to patrons or if the volumes were held by another library. Once in the hands of the researcher, the articles would be consulted, as would the list of references and journal table of contents, which could lead to new searches and requests for journal volumes." Eventually, publishers of these reference sources began making them available online--first in CD-ROM format and then on the internet. To be marketable to libraries and researchers, developers of these information retrieval systems were interested in designing effective interfaces that reflected the actual research behaviors of users. They relied on the work of people like Marcia J. Bates, professor in UCLA's Department of Information Studies, who in 1989 published "The Design of Browsing and Berrypicking Techniques for the Online Search Interface." Dr. Bates describes an information seeking behavior more complex than the "query in/answer out" model common at the time. She outlines a process that reflected the librarian-mediated searching described above, but is also familiar to many of us searching online today: you have an idea in your head of what you need, you try searching on a word or phrase you think describes what you need, you find something and analyze it a bit, and if it's not on target you think, "the way they're using this phrase here makes me realize I'm looking for something a little different." So you learn more about what it is you really want by looking at your search results, you refine your search criteria, and then find some useful information while uncovering new leads to follow up on. Bates writes, "In other words, the query is satisfied not by a single final retrieved set, but by a series of selections of individual references and bits of information at each stage of the ever-modifying search. A bit-at-a-time retrieval of this sort is called berrypicking." Beyond Google Cody Hanson is one of many librarians at the University of Minnesota working to support users throughout their research processes. As the Libraries' web architect and user experience analyst, he is at the center of the efforts to meet the needs of users accustomed to search success in Google and Amazon but whose skills don't always translate into success in the library search environment. Hanson is co-chair of the Libraries' "Discoverability" group, originally charged to recommend ways to make relevant resources easier to find, especially within the user's workflow. Key among the group's findings is that users "expect discovery and delivery to coincide." In other words, when a user conducts a search, they expect to find more than a reference to what they're searching for, but also a direct link to access the complete resource. However, as vast as Google's search universe may be, users run into problems accessing the books, articles, and other resources available through libraries. If Google finds these resources at all, users are often frustrated to find that there are barriers to moving from the citation of an article to the full-text as licensed by whatever institution they are affiliated with. Hanson is quick to dismiss any criticism of users who search these commercial services first. "We all use them every day and they're amazing. People are not using Google because they're lazy, or because it's ubiquitous, they're using Google because it works. It works for me, many times a day, just like it does for you, I'm sure." Hanson continues, "There's nothing wrong with Google searching, but the good stuff is simply not available to Google." LIB.UMN.EDU 3 Many users also start with Amazon, which Hanson says may be a better example of the kind of searching and browsing that people expect in a library environment. "Our staff frequently get calls from users looking for particular books they found on Amazon," he reports. "The way Amazon supports library-like activities is great. I get to a product page by searching for a particular item, and then am able to back out to the category and browse other related items. That kind of sorting and sifting and ranking would be incredibly useful in academic research, too." Andy Howe, instructor in the U's College of Education and Human Development, worked with librarian Laurel Haycock on an LCP for his course this spring. Howe reports that his collaboration with Haycock led to an "improved course syllabus, course resources, and methodology." Haycock has also reached beyond the LCP to connect with students within the course's Facebook group. "All of the students say they love that there is a librarian helping them. Laurel puts up tutorials, answers questions, gives great insight on library tools, and more," says Howe. It's clear that, while Google may be king among searchers, behind every great researcher is a great library. The Human Touch While Hanson and his colleagues recommend continued improvements to the usability and effectiveness of search systems, they also note the continued value of human interaction within these systems. Those of us who rely on suggestions from friends and "others like us" on Amazon, Netflix, and Facebook would agree with the group's finding that "discovery increasingly happens through recommending." This makes it increasingly important that the Libraries find ways to push relevant content to users and allow users to share content with others. The Libraries have been exploring two different strategies for generating recommendations. The first shows students the journals and databases that are most frequently used by others in their degree program. The second uses a system similar to Amazon's "Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought" recommendations to suggest articles frequently read by researchers who viewed the current article. In both cases, great care is taken to ensure that users' privacy is protected, and individual users' reading habits are not recorded. Although systems like these are valuable for harnessing the power of the crowd, one-on-one consultation is still in demand. Statistics gathered by reference staff indicate that, while the number of reference transactions lasting fewer than 5 minutes has declined over the past three years, those lasting anywhere from 6 minutes to over 30 minutes have remained steady. In other words, fewer users need reference staff to answer the quick-and-easy questions (no doubt many are answering these questions for themselves online), but librarians are still in demand for the meatier questions. It's clear that, while Google may be king among searchers, behind every great researcher is a great library. The Libraries are therefore challenged to develop tools that allow users to be successful using the methods they learn from the likes of Google and Amazon, but then take into account the complexities of academic libraries, namely the diversity of publisher systems, the varying needs of novice and expert researchers, and the differences among disciplines. For example, how do you develop a system that is a good fit for incoming freshmen and also serves the sophisticated research needs of faculty and graduate students? Can the same system be both sensitive to nuance for humanists and precision for scientists? How do we serve research teams working across disciplines and multiple universities? The Discoverability group has a vision for achieving these goals. But beyond simple information provision, Hanson believes the Libraries must help with information filtering. "Instead of serving up scads of information indiscriminately, we can design the tools to let the researcher hold back the irrelevant." One example of this is a new tool rolled out across campus this past summer, the Library Course Pages (www.lib.umn. edu/course). Dynamically created for all courses at the University, each Library Course Page (LCP) brings together resources tailored to a specific course. Content is selected and organized by librarians in collaboration with faculty and instructors, with some pages including general resources useful for a discipline or major and others created in close consultation with an individual faculty member. 4 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) Searching Far and Wide The impact of the tens of thousands of reference interactions logged each year extends well beyond campus. One recent call to the reference staff of University Archives was from Fran Johannes, whose mother had died recently at age 94. The mother's obituary mentioned a 4-H award she had won at the Minnesota State Fair in 1932. Johannes searched Google for her mother's name and found this photo of her holding the award in the UMedia Archive (umedia.lib. umn.edu), a copy of which she was able to obtain from archives staff. Johannes' mother, Dorothy Eiler When Susanna McMaster, co-director of the Master of Geographic Information Science program in the U's geography department, was asked to give a presentation about geography, maps, and landforms to a fifth grade class in Edina, she turned to Ryan Mattke in the John R. Borchert Map Library. Although McMaster had expected to search for the needed materials herself, she discovered that Mattke had pulled an entire set maps and air photo images in advance of their meeting. In a thank-you sent to Mattke's supervisor, McMaster writes, "the presentation and in-class exercise was a huge hit and every single student participated in the discussion and was so engaged in the hands-on exercise involving map reading and analysis. This would not have Mattke been possible without Ryan's help and the resources available at the map library. I hope this results in some future geography majors!" Throngs of high school students get an early start honing their research skills when they arrive on campus to conduct research for History Day, a highly regarded national academic challenge. A recent day-long event just for History Day participants had nearly 300 students researching in Wilson Library. But Minnesotans are not the only students supported in their History Day projects. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania resident Collin McCarthy wrote to archivist Dave Klaassen last summer to thank him for "the encouragement you offered when you took my questions seriously." McCarthy had contacted the Social Welfare History Archives years earlier when researching his seventh grade National History Day project on Paul Kellogg and the Survey Graphic. McCarthy He wrote "without archives, libraries, and the databases they provide I could never have done this year's project or gotten through high school." In fact, "this year's project," which focused on W.E.B. Du Bois' The Philadelphia Negro and later work at Atlanta's Sociological laboratory, won the first place History Channel award for an individual documentary at the national contest. McCarthy is now at the University of Pittsburgh studying history. LIB.UMN.EDU 5 PL ANNING FOR THE FUTURE OF RESEARCH BY MARLO WEL SHONS The University of Minnesota Libraries have been developing educational and outreach programs to support researchers throughout the data lifecycle. Today's research labs look much different than they did when the above photo was taken: no longer do researchers need wheels to move gigantic computing machines around the office. As the size of our computers shrink, their storage capacity is increasing dramatically, and the creation of data to fill them is keeping pace. But as software and hardware are updated and upgraded, we risk leaving behind the content created on the now outdated technology. From the gigabytes of digital family photos and videos we collect to the terabytes of data generated by researchers across campus, how do we as individuals and scholars keep up with our growing data management needs? How do we ensure that what we're creating today will be available to researchers tomorrow? These long-term considerations of preservation and access are at the heart of a new data management program in the University Libraries. The program has its beginnings in a study of University of Minnesota faculty, graduate students, and other researchers in the sciences, conducted by the Libraries in 2007. Trying to understand the unique information needs of scientists so services and tools that support research in the sciences could be improved, the Libraries asked questions such as: How do scientists share their work with colleagues, both at the University and at other institutions? How do scientists collect, manipulate, mine, and preserve their data? How do scientists use libraries? What the original study and a follow-up survey in 2008 provided was clear evidence of an education gap in the way researchers manage their data. For example, over a quarter of those surveyed had lost important data due to the lack of a backup plan, and nearly half used unsecured, external hard drives instead of off-site servers for backing up data. But proper care of data is more than simply having a robust backup plan. To maximize the usefulness of data, researchers need to plan for its ongoing management, a process called "data curation." As information specialists, librarians have been dealing with issues of data curation, including preservation and perpetual access, for many decades and are well positioned to support researchers in this area. Taking the lead to provide this assistance is research services librarian and co-director of the University Digital Conservancy Lisa Johnston. With a bachelor's degree in astrophysics, Johnston understands the needs of scientists looking to manage their research data. Collaborating with librarians Megan Lafferty and Amy West, Johnston has developed a program that includes an online overview of data management resources (www.lib.umn.edu/datamanagement) as well as workshops and one-on-one consulting. Demand for these services has been strong, especially from faculty working to comply with funding agency 6 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) requirements on data management planning and sharing. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have had data sharing requirements for several years, but just this January the National Science Foundation (NSF) began requiring a data management plan as part of all new NSF proposals. As Johnston has met with faculty, they have expressed interest in making sure their NSF applications have robust data management plans, believing that will give them an edge in a very competitive grant process. But not all faculty understand the value of creating a plan, or what makes a plan robust. The workshops that Johnston and Lafferty offer answer both the "why" and "how" of data management planning. Data Management 101: Planning Checklist What type of data will be produced? > How will data be collected? > Will it be reproducible? What would happen if it got lost or became unusable later? > How much data will it be? and at what growth rate? How often will it change? > Are there tools or software needed to create/ process/visualize the data? > Storage and backup strategy? What standards will be used for documentation and metadata? > How to document data collection? Saving Time, Increasing Impact For those who are not under a mandate to create a plan, it can seem like a lot of extra work to do so. But Johnston explains how that effort early on can save time later. For example, complete documentation for a data set provides evidence for the published results of research and also makes it easy to field requests from funders or other researchers seeking information about the data. Further, studies have shown that researchers who post their data to a public space like a website or repository see an increase in citations to their work. Having a plan to share data after publication of a researcher's results can do more than stimulate citations of that publication. In fact, many data sets have value beyond their original research. Take the Human Genome project for example: in 1990, an international research team set out to sequence the thousands of genes that make up human DNA. By sharing their data throughout the project, they not only finished the project two years ahead of schedule, but open access to this data continues to generate new research aimed at curing genetic diseases. Being convinced of the value of planning for ongoing management of their data is only the first step. To guide researchers through the steps of creating an actual plan, Johnston and her colleagues have created a checklist (see sidebar). These detailed questions make clear that researchers need to consider how they are planning to use the data today, as well as how they or others might use it tomorrow. And because every researcher and every data set is different, Johnston and her colleagues stand ready to help them answer those questions. > Is there good project and data documentation? > What directory and file naming convention will be used? > What project and data identifiers will be assigned? > Is there a community standard for data sharing/integration? What steps will be taken to protect privacy, security, confidentiality, intellectual property or other rights? > Who controls it (e.g., PI, student, lab, University)? > Any special privacy or security requirements (e.g., personal data, high-security data)? > Any embargo periods to uphold? If you allow others to reuse your data, how will the data be accessed and shared? > Any sharing requirements (e.g., funder data sharing policy)? > Audience? Who will use it now? Who will use it later? > When will I publish it and where? > Tools/software needed to work with data? How will the data be archived for preservation and long-term access? > How long should it be retained (e.g., 3�5 years, 10�20 years, permanently)? > What file formats? Are they long-lived? > Are there data archives that my data is appropriate for (subject-based or institutional)? > Who will maintain my data for the long-term? * adapted from the National Science Foundation's guidelines by the University of Minnesota Libraries LIB.UMN.EDU 7 VENI, VIDI, RICCI BY KELLY O'BRIEN An Italian Jesuit's Chinese map of the world has captured the imagination of scholars of Chinese culture and history. "I just gasped!" That was the reaction of history professor Ann Waltner when she first laid eyes on a Chinese map of the world, purchased by the James Ford Bell Trust for the benefit of the James Ford Bell Library. Viewing it at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, where it was on display before moving to the University Libraries last fall, she was overwhelmed. "It was so big and beautiful." Known as Kunyu wanguo quantu, or Map of the Ten Thousand Countries of the Earth, this massive world map was created in China in 1602 by Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci. It's been called the Impossible Black Tulip thanks to its rarity; although about 1,000 official and 1,000 pirated copies were created in the early 17th century, only six remain (see sidebar). Created by Ricci and then engraved on wood blocks by Chinese mathematician, astronomer, and geographer Li Zhizao, the map was printed on six paper panels by Zhang Wentao of Hangzhou, believed to be an official printer of the Ming court. Each panel measures 5.5 feet tall by 12.5 feet long and all were intended to be displayed on screens. Paper is notoriously vulnerable to sunlight and environmental conditions, so the 2,000 or so maps were essentially designed to self-destruct. When the James Ford Bell Trust first unveiled the map at the Library of Congress a little over a year ago, University Librarian Wendy Pradt Lougee remarked that it would be "a significant addition to the Bell Library collections, a rare resource with rich potential for scholarship." Professor Waltner has already begun the research to create photo: Ann Waltner (third from right) and the Chinese reading group use facsimiles of different versions of the Ricci map to investigate its intricacies. 8 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) T h e hF ea c e coe f oOf u O uFrr iFerni d n d s r T F a e s What's in It for Friends of the Libraries? T here is a cookbook collection in Magrath The Friends' purpose is to assist the librarians and staff in making the University Libraries and its resources more greatly visible to the community and to encourage many more people both inside the University and outside to become users and supporters of the Libraries. We do this by having special events and sometimes promotions of library items or collections. For example, two years ago we sponsored a members-only musical program with VocalEssence's conductor and pianist Philip Brunelle and soloist Maria Jette (now a Friends board member) performing some lively songs, the music for which could be found in the Music Library in Ferguson Hall. Our annual "Feast of Words" event features both clever and scholarly speakers chosen from the University's faculty, including Gerhard Weiss, a favorite retired German professor, who shared little-known facts about the origin of the Encyclopedia Americana. This February, a month focused on love and romance, saw a delightful presentation on one of the original love stories--the legend of Tristan and Isolde--by medievalist and former Friends board member Stephanie Van D'Elden. While the Friends help the librarians and staff with board and committee meetings, planning events, and publicizing programs on behalf of the Libraries, we also find social and intellectual satisfaction, personal delight, and a fine sense of serving a worthy institution in membership and participation in the Friends of the University of Minnesota Libraries. It is a joy. Library on the St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota. In the Andersen Horticultural Library at the University's Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, there is a collection of botanical prints made by artists who specialize in exquisitely detailed and precisely accurate plant art. In the James Ford Bell Library on the fourth floor of Wilson Library, there is a collection of antique and rare--even one-of-a-kind--maps made by very early cartographers. The Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts unit holds in its Performing Arts Archive the extensive papers and records of the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, as well as other local arts organizations. These are only a few examples from the millions of volumes that the Friends of the University of Minnesota Libraries have been privileged to learn about, view, or even touch as members have attended or sponsored special programs in recent years. The Friends have a close-in perch for seeing what the Libraries do. While exposure to the Libraries' treasures--books for reading, study, and research; electronic resources for the same purposes; archives and special collections for heritage preservation-- is not the purpose of the Friends, such an advantaged perspective enables the Friends to appreciate what we have and to do our work of supporting the Libraries with alacrity. Gayle Graham Yates President, Friends of the Libraries Th e F a c e o f O u r F r i e n d s Thank you to our Friends and Supporters This list recognizes all contributions to the University of Minnesota Libraries from July 1, 2009 through December 31, 2010. Although ever y effort has been made to ensure accuracy, errors may occur. If we have omitted your name or listed your name incorrectly, please contact Lanaya Stangret at 612-624-9339 or firstname.lastname@example.org . In-Kind Donations Niels W. Bodecker John P. Borger Christopher G. Cardozo Dr. James Cortada Philip A. Duran William L. Edwards Kristine L. Franklin Nathan Freeman Abigail Garner Gregory T. Gronseth Paul G. Heller Alan H. Lareau Gail I. Lewellan Tom Lichtenheld Wilma & Carl Machover Jean A. Mahoney Lori Mc Elrath-Eslick Dr. Robert J. Poor & Geraldine S. Schmitt-Poor Drs. Minette E. & David A. Ponick Mark E. Rosheim Margaret & Lee Skold David Slobodkin Tamara J. Slobodkin Erwin Tomash Prof. Jack Zipes $100,000 and above Andersen Book Trust Ann G. Salovich Estate* $50,000 to $99,999 Anonymous Jane E. Larson Estate* Susan and Jim Lenfestey Muriel M. Orcutt Estate* $10,000 to $24,999 American Agricultural & Applied Economics Assn. Elmer & Eleanor Andersen Foundation Dr. Cornelia W. Ooms Beck John P. Densmore Dr. Fred R. Erisman Graywolf Press Mary S. Malnar Estate* Virginia G. Puzak Hugh G. Rouse & Leonard R. Olds Harold & Myra Shapiro Owen H. & Sarah D. Wangensteen Trust Fund Wheelock Whitney Philip H. Willkie Dr. John R. Yoakam Estate* $5,000 to $9,999 Dr. Dorothee M. Aeppli Jack B. & Geraldine B. King Minnesota Orchestra Charles M. Nolte Estate* Jill J. Smith $1,000 to $4,999 Applied Psychological Measurement Inc. Michael & Natalie Bachelder John E. Bergquist & Inez Waltman Bergquist Best Buy Purchasing LLC Eleanor Butler Cameron Estate* Drs. Edward J. & Arlene E. Carney John Cowles III & Page Knudsen Cowles Drs. Maryanna Destro & John J. 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Wilson Yates & Gayle Graham Yates Carolyn R. & John A. Yngve Beth L. Zemsky $500 to $999 Robert Anholt & Ann Waltner Profs. Beverly Balos & Mary L. Fellows Bassford Remele P. A. Eric Beesemyer Dr. Marjorie Wall Bingham Peter E. Blau Boeing Co. Briggs and Morgan PA Dr. Gregory G. & Leota K. Brucker George F. & Lynne Detrick Faegre & Benson LLP Judith L. & Edward L. Farmer Fish & Richardson P. C. Connie J. Foote Connie Foote Family Fund John J. Foreman Dr. Maxine Freund Dr. Brian R. Gabrial General Mills Foundation Geraghty O'Loughlin & Kenney P. A. Goodrich Sensors & Integrated Systems Robert J. Green & Erin L. George Bert Gross & Susan Hill Gross Janet Gulden Susan Haggberg-Miller Marjean V. Hoeft & Lisa Vecoli R. J. Hoyle & Dr. Karen Nelson Hoyle Joan DeCoursin Humes Innovations in Medicine LLC Drs. Charles R. & Sally B. Jorgensen * denotes deceased Th e Martin N. & Esther M. Kellogg Dr. Richard J. & Patricia L. Kirschner David J. & Ruth E. Klaassen Karen Koepp Leonard Street & Deinard PA Lerner Publishing Group Lindquist & Vennum PLLP Prof. Paul T. & Beatrice B. Magee Mary McDiarmid Katherine L. McGill Russell L. Merritt Morgan Senior Foundation Steven P. & Monica Nagel Norway House Norwegian Explorers of Minnesota Inc. John K. Notz Scott R. & Judith R. Olsen Oppenheimer Wolff & Donnelly LLP Lois Benson Pflueger Ann S. & Felix M. Phillips Marcia M. Reardon Joseph F. Slate J. & P. Slate Charitable Fund Debra Mitts Smith Drs. MaryJo O. & Guy M. Smith Francis J. Sorauf James W. Steer Dr. Linnea A. Stenson Truist-Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Minnesota Gedney & Emily Anne Tuttle Dr. Peter R. & Eunice Weisensel Dr. Stephen Willging & Katherine Wells Adelia K. Wilson Ypsilon Associates $499 and below The 106 Group Ltd 3M Foundation Inc. Fnu Abhijit Edythe B. Abrahamson Jessica Abson Jamal Adam Vida & Gordon P. Adelman The Advocates For Human Rights Charles T. Agan Vishal S. Agarwal Laurie B. Agrimson Dr. George E. 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Caperton Ellen & Richard Caplan Rick Cardenas Michael Carey & Margaret Brown-Carey Dr. Bruce M. Carlson Karen J. Carlson Vera M. Carney Charlotte Carpenter Roger M. Carpenter Louise Carpentier Mary Ellen Carroll Thomas E. Casey Margaret & Alejandro Catambay Richard E. Cawood Mark Ceilley Eric Celeste & Mary Hess Kathie A. Cellotti Dr. Kathie K. Cerra Justin R. Chadwick Ronda Chakolis Oscar B. Chamberlain Dr. Chi-Keung Chan Joanne C. M. Chappellaz Gerardo P. Chavana Yiqiao Chen Sylvia Y. Chinn Chu-Yuan W. & Dr. Chia-Pin Chiu Sharon L. Chmielarz Kar-Keat Chong Horace R. Chope Paul Chrenka & Martha Ballard Laura J. Christensen Paul R. Christensen Dr. David L. Christenson Shirley J. Christenson Ilene Christian J. R. Christianson Sarah E. Christopher Angela M. Christy Cornell Chun Michael B. Cina Eliza C. Shardlow Clark Dr. Edward W. & Cheryle Clausman Kathleen E. Cleary Chris O. Cley Charles W. Clifford As the son of a librarian, Paul T. (Pete) Magee had always thought of libraries as stacks of books. As a faculty member and former dean of the U's College of Biological Sciences, he relied on the many resources of the Libraries. Now as a board member for the Friends of the Libraries, his vision of libraries has grown. Through programs and events sponsored by the Friends, he has learned more about the wide-ranging work of the Libraries, and is especially enthusiastic about innovative programs that support student learning, like the SMART Learning Commons and media services. Although Pete and his wife Beatrice (Bebe) are long-time annual contributors, they recently decided to add a bequest to their will. The Magees hopes others will do the same, explaining, "Universities are both contemporary and historical institutions. The Libraries are a huge part of the historical side as well as being a vibrantly active part of the contemporary side. By giving money to the Libraries, you not only actively support what's going on today, but you make sure that what's been done in the past isn't lost." Interested in remembering the Libraries in your will? Contact Katherine McGill, development director, at 612-624-8207 or email@example.com. Eva R. Cohen Saul Cohen Benjamin W. Coleman Prof. Eli Coleman Jeanne M. Connelly Ann M. Connor Judith & Samuel F. Conti Christopher J. Conway Teresa A. Cook Dr. Cheryl L. Cooke Alice Clark Cooney Margaret J. Cooper Elaine M. & Joseph A. Coppola Margaret H. Cords Dixie L. & Richard D. Cornell Daniel L. Cosentino Louis C. Cosentino Elizabeth H. Cowie J. Randolph Cox Karen A. Cox John R. Coy Todd F. Coyle Willard D. Crakes Jon R. Cranney Jacquelyn M. Cronin Dr. Edwin L. Crosby Joseph M. Crosby Margaret L. Cruikshank Peter J. Crupe Nicholas J. Csargo Philip J. Cunningham Lu Ellen F. Curran Lawrence J. Czarnecki Randy P. Dahl Guangrong Dai Richard & Doris Dale Carol S. Daly Joanne M. & Treffle R. 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Hess F a c e o f O u r F r i e n d s Dr. Michelle A. Johnson Robert W. Johnson Susan M. Johnson Terri M. Johnson Thomas D. Johnson Mark J. Johnston Lynne Jonell Edward T. Jones Ellen M. Jones Wayne Jones Dr. Heidi L. Joos Marcel R. Jouseau Dr. Terrence H. Joyce* John W. Jutsum Jr. Leslie J. Kallas Ruth M. Kamena Christa C. Kamenetsky Mary Ann Kan Dr. Maythee J. Kantar Elisabeth Kaplan & Robert B. Horton Marita G. Karlisch Stefanie M. & Robert I. Karon Herbert L. Karrer III Arlene Kase John S. Katics Prof. Diane Katsiaficas Dr. Robert S. Katz John F. & Joyce M. Kaufman Ebrahim F. Kazemzadeh Dr. Michael H. Kean Thomas J. Keeler Dr. Steven J. Keillor Daniel T. Kelley Janet M. Kellogg Julia A. Kelly Lawrence J. Kelly Jr. Carol Jo & Donald G. Kelsey Calvin B. Kendall Joanne E. Kendall Mark R. Kennedy X.J. C. & Dorothy M. Kennedy X. J. & Dorothy M. Kennedy Ltd Phyllis K. Kennemer Dr. Jeffrey & Denise Kerlan Dr. Robert A. & Andrea E. Kerlan Jack D. Key J. William Keyser Nahid S. 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Minish The Minnesota Opera Minnesota Public Radio Minnesota Veterinary Medical Association Michael N. Missaghi Sarat K. Mohapatra Ruth Ann Moldenhauer Luis A. Molina Frances T. Monaghan Dr. Corinna R. Moncada Dr. Cuauhtemoc Mondaca Fernandez Prof. Dianne L. Monson Adrian B. Moody Rachel & Steve E. Moore Thomas R. Moore Guadalupe Castillo Morales Joseph W. Moran Lucia T. Morison Anthony J. Morley Dr. Holly J. Morris William T. Morris Gloria A. Moulton Marjorie A. Mountain Mary J. Moxness Gregory A. Moynagh Allan E. Mueller William J. Muggli Brian J. Mulhern & David A. Wood Dr. Ann E. Mullaney Carol Mulligan Suwanee & John E. Murphy Barbara & Donald Murray Sona Muzikarova Marcy M. & Robert Nader Gregory E. Narr R. Arvid Nelsen Roger A. & Ann L. Nelsen Rev Allan O. & Imogene Nelson Dr. Anna M. Nelson Bryan Nelson Dr. Carol J. Nelson Dr. Darby M. & Geraldine M. Nelson Darlys H. Nelson James C. Nelson Prof. Joel I. Nelson Lois Nelson Mary S. Nelson Muriel B. Nelson Patricia J. Nelson* F a c e o f O u r F r i e n d s Karla D. Petersen Penny A. Petersen David L. Peterson Holger I. Peterson Joseph H. Peterson June N. & E. Eugene Peterson Larry J. Peterson & Lois A. Steer Mary Ann & Garry F. Peterson Hon. Randolph W. Peterson Rolf A. Peterson Timothy E. Peterson Pexys Inc. John E. Pforr The Pharmacia Foundation Inc. Marilyn J. Phelps Anne K. Phillips Michael O. Phillips Shannon Pierce Jeffrey S. Pilcher Pinnacle Engineering Inc. Linda J. Pinnell James Pirie & Linda Eells Dr. Julian G. Plante Jim T. Platt The Playwrights' Center Inc. Shirley L. Poliquin David S. & Marsha L. Pollak Aaron M. Ponce Al R. Porte* Diana D. Post Steven G. Potach Sandra J. Potter Dennis Poupard Cynthia M. Powell Nancy L. Powell Todd Powell Sarah J. Pradt Dr. Riv-Ellen Prell Charles Press Bob Price III Cleone F. Pritchard Process Research Analysis & Design Inc. Carmine C. Profant Brian W. Pugh Benish A. Punjwani Joyce & Donald J. Pusch John P. Pyle Michael D. & Millicent K. 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Raichert Rahul K. Rajgarhia Warren Randall Dr. Rebecca T. Rapport Dorothy M. Rasmussen Mark A. Rasmussen Wendylee Raun Judith K. Ream Red Balloon Bookshop Joan L. Reddy Chris Redmond Audray Z. Rees Rodney E. & Patricia A. Reeve Marie Regina Timothy M. Reich Robert A. Reid Daniel T. Reilly Julie L. & James C. Reimer Joanne B. Reisberg Ruth A. Reister Frank L. Rembisz Maxine H. Reneker Resource Analytics Inc. Dr. Michael A. Rethwill Cathy E. Retzer Prof. Kathryn L. Reyerson Pang Foua Y. Rhodes Hannah R. Rice Susan M. Rice Dana Richards Corlyss J. Richards Mark Richardson Selma K. Richardson Maile L. Richert Raymond H. Riethmeier Sally J. Rigler Christopher T. Riley P.E. G. Lois S. Ringquist Jason M. Ripley Duane J. Rivard Mary Kathryn Robbins & Catherine F. Croghan Adam Robbins & Jesse Field Lois A. & David L. Roberts George W. Robinson Karen E. Robinson Paul A. Robinson Julie A. & Thomas R. Rochat Patricia J. Rodkewich Aimee A. Rogers P. Leslie & Louise A. Rogers June M. Rogier Barbara Z. & Paul O. Rogne Charlene K. Roise Marisa A. Rollins Rebecca D. Rombach Donald R. Rome Edward F. Rooney Sarah J. Rorvick Rose & Pentagram Design Dr. Daina B. Rosen Ruth Rosen Julia C. & Albert M. Rosenblatt Nancy Roser Barbara J. Rostad Miriam & Jerold Rothstein Ann E. Barclay Rovner & Bruce D. Rovner Donald G. Rowe Alexander E. Rozenson Anne L. Rozga David O. Rupp Marilyn I. Rushenberg Stephen J. Ryan Prof. John E. Rynders Judith E. Rys Dan Sachs Saint Paul Academy & Summit School F a c e o f O u r F r i e n d s In Memoriam: Paul C. Nagel Paul C. Nagel, biographer and historian, died at age 84 on May 22, 2011 in Edina, Minnesota. Nagel, a graduate of the University of Minnesota, spent forty years elsewhere distinguishing himself as a university professor, administrator and writer. He and his wife, Joan, returned to Minneapolis in 1992. A native of Independence, Missouri, Nagel enrolled at the University at the close of World War II. He earned his bachelor's, master's and, in 1952, the Ph.D in history. In 1948, he married Joan R. Peterson, a librarian at the University. Joan, a genealogist, was a collaborator with Paul in many of his historical works. She died in 2010. Nagel began his career as a teacher and writer. After fifteen years as a professor of history, he became dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Kentucky. In 1969, Nagel was named vice president for academic affairs at the University of Missouri. In 1980, Nagel left academic administration to become the Director of the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond. In 1985, he began to devote fulltime to writing for the general reader. He is best known for his three books about the Adams family of Massachusetts: Descent From Glory, The Adams Women and John Quincy Adams. Nagel then turned his attention to The Lees of Virginia. Nagel has also written three books dealing with his native state of Missouri. In September of 2010, Nagel received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Adams Institute. Only two other persons have been given this honor: David McCullough and Ted Kennedy. Other honors include designation by the state legislature of Virginia as a Cultural Laureate. He was a senior trustee of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Returning to Minnesota, Paul became active at the University of Minnesota, most notably serving on the board of the Friends of the Libraries for over ten years, including two years as president of that organization. He is survived by three sons, Eric J., Jefferson, and Steven P. (Monica) and a granddaughter, Margaret Joan Nagel (daughter of Jefferson). Memorials are preferred to the Joan Peterson Nagel Memorial Fund at the University of Minnesota Andersen Library, where the Nagel papers (see page 15) are held. Roberta L. Saunders Dr. Martine Sauret Douglas E. Sautbine Randy R. Sauter Judith Savage & John Desteian Dr. Raymond W. Scallen Rose M. 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Whelan John T. & Sandra G. White Cristine D. Whiting Dr. Jan E. Whitman Arvella D. Whitmore James R. Widder Arthur E. F. Wiese Jr. Donald E. Wiese Jerome Will Dr. Gwen M. Willems Karen Williams & Steven Llewellyn Elizabeth & Raymond E. Willis Morgan G. Willow Karen E. Wills Charlotte L. Wilmot Catherine Wilson Linda Wilson Murray D. Wilson Patricia Wilson Peter M. Wilson Dr. Philip K. Wilson Timothy J. Wilson & Amy E. Andersen Scott D. Wingrove Vincent G. Winstead Winthrop & Weinstine PA DuWayne M. & Kay M. Witt Dr. Elizabeth M. VarrianoMarston David J. Varricchio Chuck Vavrus Victoria K. Veach Jill C. Vecoli Dr. Gerald T. Vigue Ann C. Viitala The University Libraries rely on the generous financial contributions of the donors included in this listing. Many others give their time as well, serving on the boards of the friends groups listed on the last page of this special insert or volunteering their talents for projects throughout the organization. We wish to thank all our donors and volunteers for their invaluable support. Brenda L. Vinall-Mogel Norman M. Vinnes Benjamin & Susan E. B. Vizoskie Mary Lou Voigt Dr. Vienna K. Volante Kenneth L. Volker Dr. Gerald N. Wachs Dr. Mary M. Wagner Kim W. Waldof James A. Walfrid Walker Art Center Lynn E. Walker Ian C. Wall Jonathan M. Wallace Maxine H. Wallin Constance J. Walther Dr. Ann T. Walton Prof. Arthur E. Walzer Yongqing Wang John A. Ward Lateesa T. Ward Lee & Rose Warner Foundation Katherine P. Warner Dr. Henrietta H. Warwick Tohru Watanabe Anthony G. Watson Marion E. Watson Prof. Esther F. & Dr. Lee W. Wattenberg Debra K. Wdowychyn Truist Getachew T. Tsehaye Dr. George D. Tselos Schuyler Tsuda Robert H. Tucker Donna J. Turbes David A. Turetsky Jean P. Turgeon Jennifer C. Turnham & Matthew B. Mulcahy Catherine Tweedie Twin Cities Public Television Two Pines Resource Group LLC U. S. Bancorp Foundation Dr. Robert A. Ulstrom Unified Science LLC United eWay United Way-Blue Cross & Blue Shield Kameswara R. Upadrashta Jean C. Upton & Roger Johnson Dr. Carol L. Urness Shuji Usui Michele Vaillancourt & Brent Wennberg Gary Van Den Heuvel Doan Van Nguyen Diane S. Van Weele Mary Ann Vande Vusse William H. Vande Water Become a Friend of the Libraries Private support is essential as we seek to fulfill our mission to inspire learning and discovery through information resources, collaboration, and expertise; your financial contributions enable us to remain at the forefront of academic libraries. Basic membership in the Friends is $40 each year; at the $80 level, you will receive borrowing privileges. To join, or for more information about the Friends, visit www.lib.umn.edu/friends, call 612-624-9339, or firstname.lastname@example.org. Benefits include: > Invitations to lectures, exhibit openings, author readings, and other special events. > Unlimited onsite access to all electronic journal, magazine, and newspaper subscriptions (for members at the $80 level). > A subscription to continuum (annual magazine) and News and Events (thrice-yearly newsletter). > Discounts at the University of Minnesota Bookstore, located in Coffman Memorial Union. University of Minnesota Libraries Advisory Boards and Board Members Friends of the University of Minnesota Libraries Donna Barbour-Talley Marjorie Bingham Mary Louise Fellows Michael Hancher Susan Hill Gross Judy Hornbacher Maria Jette Thea Johansen Dennis Johnson Karen Koepp Pete Magee, President-Elect John Murphy Paul Nagel, Past President Jan Price Marguerite Ragnow Craig Swan Margaret Telfer Emily Anne Tuttle John Wright Gayle Graham Yates, President Friends of the Andersen Horticultural Library Board Katherine Allen Jane Johnson Shirley Kooyman Edward Roy Paul Schlick, President Associates of the James Ford Bell Library Brent Bauer Ford Watson Bell, Ex-Officio Ellen George, President Victoria Keller Martin Kellogg, Ex Officio William D. Phillips Jr. Marguerite Ragnow Wilson Yates Friends of the Tretter Collection Board Anguksuar (Richard LaFortune) Sanford Berman, Emeritus Kim Clarke Shamey Cramer Ralf Dose Jesse Field James Garlough, Chair Emeritus Gregory Gronseth Anne Hodson Kris Kiesling Susan Kimberly Timothy Johnson R. Arvid Nelsen Angela Nichols Anne Phibbs Adam Robbins, Interim Chair, April 2011 � Present Juliana Sorenson Linnea Stenson, Chair, July 2010 � March 2011 Jean Tretter Lisa Vecoli Phil Willkie Kerlan Friends Board Christine Alfano Nancy Caffoe Susan Carr Brown Margaret Cords David Geister Karen Nelson Hoyle, Ex-Officio Maythee Kantar Debra Mitts Smith Adela Peskorz Robert Reid Julie Schumacher Joyce Sidman Margaret Snow Jean Stevenson, President Friends of the Sherlock Holmes Collections Board John Bergquist Lucy Brusic Michael Eckman Timothy Johnson Julie McKuras Michael McKuras Steven Stilwell Richard Sveum, President Gary Thaden ABOUT THOSE PIRATED MAPS Ricci's diaries of the time described his bemusement as woodblock carvers worked simultaneously to create both official and pirate versions of the map. These rogue woodblocks resulted in perhaps 1,000 unofficial, or pirate, copies of the 1602 Ricci map. (The contemporary practice of the Chinese consuming pirated DVDs perhaps reflects a long and honorable tradition of opportunistically propagating knowledge and culture from abroad.) When Wisconsin artist Gaylord Schanilec, a noted wood engraver and print maker, first viewed the Bell's map, his response was, "This was printed in a hurry." Could Minnesota's map be one of the pirate copies? If so, it would be the only known version in the world. new scholarship surrounding the map. Waltner, professor of Chinese history and director of the U's Institute for Advanced Study, has since 1987 convened a group of graduate students and faculty in a weekly Chinese reading group. Together, they read and translate Classical Chinese (a written language, the equivalent in English, Waltner says, of "somewhere between Beowulf and Shakespeare") in materials they are working on. Last spring, before the map had even arrived in Minneapolis, the group started a careful reading of digital facsimiles of the Ricci map. In fact, they started their reading with images from a different copy of the Ricci map, which made their discoveries on the Bell map much more interesting. For example, they could compare the text on the Bell map to other versions, finding that references to the name of God and the Christian abbreviation IHS were literally scratched off the paper. Why would that happen? As Waltner explains, the Jesuits were kicked out of China in 1735; after that, "it became complicated to own a Christian map." What really interested Waltner and the group were the comments the mapmakers made about other countries. Those include direct observations by Jesuits and some Chinese and European folklore. They were particularly uninformed about Central Asia, Africa, and parts of the Americas. Hence, while the area of Mexico, the Gulf of Mexico, and Florida are fairly accurate (the Jesuits had already been active there for decades), the area north of Minnesota reads, "No one has ever been there." An area north of the Great Wall of China is described as a place where "People here, when their parents get old, they kill and eat them as an act of filial loyalty." These myths and stereotypes are a mix of Chinese and European origin, and translating their meanings made the group's work particularly interesting. The Chinese reading group's translations of the map informed the translations featured in the exhibitions of the map at the MIA last spring and summer and at the James Ford Bell Library in the fall. Waltner has collaborated with other colleagues to produce new work beyond these translations. This winter, Waltner worked with University of Minnesota doctoral student Qin Fang and New York-composer Huang Ruo to design a multi-media program focusing on Matteo Ricci and his map. Using music, images, and text, the group created a layered performance that was premiered at Renmin University in Beijing in December 2010 by �Sacabuche!, an early European music ensemble based at Indiana University's Jacobs School of Music and directed by Linda Pearse. The ensemble is continuing to work on the performance and is planning another Asian tour. More about the project, including photos and press coverage, can be found at: blogs.music.indiana.edu/sacabuche. Waltner is continuing her work on the Ricci map, as are many other scholars. Bell Library curator Marguerite Ragnow reports hundreds of visitors interested in seeing the map, including 83 students enrolled in a "Daily Life in Europe: 1300-1800" course this spring and a group of Ming historians on campus for a conference in honor of retiring Ming history professor Edward Farmer. Members of the general public also are enthralled with the map--its size and scale and the idea that it was printed from hand-carved wood blocks are part of its broader appeal. As one recent visitor exclaimed: "Wow!" An earlier version of this article was first published online by the University's College of Liberal Arts. LIB.UMN.EDU 9 Short Stacks An Elephant in the Library . . . When a proposed settlement in the Google Books lawsuit was rejected this March, some wondered if Google's plan to scan selected volumes from the University of Minnesota Libraries was in jeopardy. The answer, according to a statement issued by University Librarian Wendy Pradt Lougee, is an emphatic "No." The Libraries are not a party in the suit brought against Google by a group of publisher and author plaintiffs, and the ruling has not affected the Google digitization project we have been participating in through a 2007 joint agreement with the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC, a consortium of the Big 10 institutions plus the University of Chicago). In fact, the CIC celebrated a major milestone earlier this year: Google has digitized and returned a million volumes from member libraries, and plans to digitize millions more. More important, libraries are not leaving the future of digital books to Google. While the ruling means that scans of in-copyright content cannot be read online, they will be indexed so users can more easily find relevant print content in our libraries. In the meantime, all public domain material will be fully readable through the HathiTrust Digital Library, which accounts for over 2.2 million of the more than 8.4 million volumes held in the shared digital repository. Drawing its name from the Hindi word for elephant (an animal highly regarded for its memory, wisdom, and strength), the HathiTrust (pronounced hah-tee) began in 2008 as a collaboration of the CIC, the University of California system, and the University of Virginia. It has expanded quickly since then, and is now an international partnership comprising 52 academic and research libraries. Learn more at www.lib.umn.edu/google and hathitrust.org. . . . and Gophers, too! Visitors to Wilson Library on Saturday, January 15 found the building overrun with aspiring Gophers. Taking the opportunity to visit the state's largest research library before University classes began, nearly 300 Minnesota middle and high school students preparing History Day projects attended the first-ever Gopherbaloo. Like the related History Day Hullabaloo events held at the Minneapolis Central branch of Hennepin County Library, the students received enhanced research support from librarians and lessons offered by Minnesota Historical Society program staff and others on various History Day topics. This summer, eleven area high school sophomores and juniors participated in a pilot Summer History Immersion Program in Andersen Library. Modeled after National History Day, the students received an in-depth historical research and college immersion experience at the University of Minnesota. Peer Pressure to Succeed A new program matches students with peers for one-on-one, personalized research help. The cadre of Peer Research Consultants, all extensively trained in library and academic research, focus on teaching students as they help them with their research questions. Students and instructors give the program high marks, with one writing that her student "came in raving about his experience with the peer research consultants. . . . Since then a couple more students have made visits and in their emails to me, I see that their research focus is improving. This is a great service!" 10 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) Innovation Rewarded AgEcon Search, an agricultural and applied economics subject repository, has received this year's Innovation in Science and Technology Librarianship Award. The award, given annually by the Science and Technology Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries, recognizes that AgEcon Search is "the trusted national and international repository for open access to agricultural economic research valued by disciplinary researchers the world over." AgEcon Search is maintained at the University of Minnesota by Louise Letnes in the Department of Applied Economics and Julie Kelly of the University Libraries, with support from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. Learn more at ageconsearch.umn.edu. Research services librarian Lisa Johnston was named the first recipient of the Academic Innovators Award, given by the Academic and Research Libraries Division (ARLD) of the Minnesota Library Association. The award recognizes Johnston for her work on the data management program described on page 6. The Adventure of the Endowed Curatorship Mrs. Hudson may be the Holmes caretaker at 221B Baker Street, but it's Tim Johnson in that role at 222 21st Avenue South in Minneapolis. Johnson, who has served as curator of special collections and rare books for the Libraries since 1998, was recently named the first E.W. McDiarmid Curator of the Sherlock Holmes Collections. From his office in Andersen Library, Johnson tends to the world's largest collection of material related to Sherlock Holmes and its creator, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The collections contain over 60,000 items and has been consulted by scholars and screenwriters alike. The curatorship was created by the Friends of the Sherlock Holmes Collections and the McDiarmid family in honor of E.W. "Mac" McDiarmid, former University Librarian and a Holmes enthusiast since boyhood. For These Are Jolly Good Fellowships Six scholars from around the world will be delving into several University Libraries archives and special collections this year, with support from two new fellowship programs. As the first James Ford Bell Library Research Fellow, Virginia R. Donovan, University of Wisconsin-Superior, will conduct a literary comparison of Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville's writing with the Bell Library's French corsair archive. The five inaugural Andersen Research Scholars will be working in various collections in Andersen Library: Samuel Zebulon Baker, Georgia Southern University, will conduct research in University Archives for his book Fields of Contest: Race, Religion, and College Football in the U.S. South, 1945�1975. J. Edmund Heavens, St. John's College, will use records in the Kautz Family YMCA Archives for his dissertation on the Robert R. Service family's efforts to establish a YMCA presence in Sichuan, China. Paul Kemeny, Grove City College, is researching his book, The First Moral Majority: The New England Watch and Ward Society and Moral Reform Politics in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century America, using the Social Welfare History Archives. Olga Pantelidou, National Technical University of Athens (Greece), will be conducting research at the Charles Babbage Institute for her dissertation on the effects of Electronic Recording Machine-Accounting on the banking industry. Michelle Phillips, Rutgers University, will use the Children's Literature Research Collections for her dissertation, `The Child in the Midst': Modernism and the Problem of Childhood Interiority. LIB.UMN.EDU 11 Short Stacks NEWS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA LIBRARIES Of Art, Agriculture, and Health The history of what was once the University Gallery and is now the internationally known, Frank Gehry-designed Weisman Art Museum; the papers of renowned plant pathologist and humanitarian Norman Borlaug; archival materials documenting the history of agriculture in Minnesota; the development of health sciences education and research at the University of Minnesota. Researchers interested in these topics will soon have improved access to primary sources thanks to a flurry of projects in University Archives this past year. Since October 2010, the Weisman Art Museum has been closed to the public while a $14 million expansion is completed. In the meantime, another construction project has been underway: "The WAM Files" blog highlights the treasures uncovered as the Weisman Archives are being processed by two graduate student interns. "Five students were hit by autos, six were bitten by squirrels on campus last year" are two highlights from a 1971 report from the Students' Health Service, one of thousands of items digitized for the Academic Health Center History Project. The "Planting the Seeds of the Green Revolution" project aims to digitize fifty-eight boxes of material including those donated by Borlaug, who won the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for his development of the high-yield, disease-resistant wheat credited with saving billions of people from starvation. "Harvesting Minnesota's Agricultural History" will create online finding aids to help researchers locate and access the previously unprocessed agricultural collections held by University Archives from 1871 to the present. Learn more about each project at special.lib.umn.edu/uarchives. Minitex: Celebrating 40 Years of Serving Libraries and Their Patrons That book that came to you via interlibrary loan? That electronic information database that your child uses for schoolwork? Training sessions that help library staff serve their patrons more effectively? You may have benefited from all or any of these services provided by Minitex, the information and resource sharing program of the Minnesota Office of Higher Education and the University Libraries. Now celebrating its fortieth anniversary, Minitex began as a pilot project in 1969 and gained funding from the Minnesota Legislature in 1971 to help Minnesota libraries enhance their service to their users by expanding their access to local, state, regional, national, and international information resources. Learn more about Minitex and their planned anniversary celebration activities at www.minitex.umn.edu. Bell Library Awarded National Endowment for the Humanities Grant The James Ford Bell Library has received a $300,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to inventory, digitize, and make available online all of the maps in its more than 10,000 books. This project, Revealing Maps: Preserving and Creating Access to the Bound Maps in the James Ford Bell Library Collection, will make accessible 20,000-30,000 maps over the course of the three-year project. When completed in 2014, this map collection will be the largest available online that features maps made prior to ca. 1800 CE. 12 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) Notable Aquistions Rare African American Literature Collection in Honor of Lou Bellamy Archie Givens, Sr. Collection of African American Literature Donated anonymously in honor of Lou Bellamy's retirement from the University of Minnesota's Department of Theatre Arts and Dance, this tremendous collection comprises 850 volumes, including hundreds of first editions and inscribed books--by Booker T. Washington, James Baldwin, Margaret Walker, Lucille Clifton, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison, Angela Davis, Lorraine Hansberry, Chester Himes, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, James Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay, and Paul Robeson. Other highlights include Sojourner Truth's self-published Narrative of Sojourner Truth and an inscribed first edition of Paul Laurence Dunbar's self-published Oak and Ivy. With some volumes that predate the Emancipation Proclamation, this rare book collection greatly enhances the already historic Givens Collection. Sara Roberson Collection of African American Children's Literature Archie Givens, Sr. Collection of African American Literature and Children's Literature Research Collections As a teacher in the Minneapolis Public School District for more than three decades, Sara Roberson amassed a vast library of children's books by and about African Americans. The collection also contains materials that document the desegregation of Minneapolis Public Schools in the 1970s as well as the development of interdisciplinary and multicultural curricula for grade schoolers in the 1970s and '80s; literary broadsides, books, and other publications by African American writers; and many other treasures that tell a history of African American culture and literature. Of particular interest are materials--posters, calendars, comic books, and ephemera--that represent African American history, often as told by major American companies such as Miller High Life and Nabisco, as well as the 1967� 1970 Golden Legacy comic book series depicting African American history. Dissertation of the Fourteen Meridians Wangensteen Historical Library of Biology and Medicine The latest of several significant Chinese works with Japanese reading notes to be added to the Wangensteen collections is Shinkan Jushi Keiraku Hakkui (trans. Dissertation of the Fourteen Meridians). This work, printed in 1618 in Kyoto, is the first Japanese edition of one of the most important works of Chinese acupuncture written by Shou Hua (fl. 1360�1370). This three-part text concerns the Yin and Yang through the arms and legs, circulation of the breath of life through the fourteen meridians, and the eight vital blood vessels. This work is also an important and rare example of early printing using movable wood type, a process only used for a short period in the history of Japanese book production. Notable Aquistions Kate DiCamillo manuscripts Kerlan Collection Minneapolis author Kate DiCamillo, who had already donated manuscripts for her Newbery Award Medalist The Tale of Despereaux: Being the Story of a Mouse, a Princess, Some Soup and a Spool of Thread and Newbery Honor Book Because of Winn Dixie, donated numerous inscribed foreign language editions of her books as well as manuscript materials for The Magician's Elephant, Mercy Watson: Something Wonky This Way Comes, and Bink and Gollie (co-authored by Allison McGee). A complete DiCamillo finding aid is available at z.umn.edu/dicamillopapers. Paul and Joan Nagel papers Special Collections, Rare Books & Manuscripts Historian Paul C. Nagel, known to many for his leadership roles in the Friends of the University of Minnesota Libraries, served over his career as college dean, university vice president, director of the Virginia Historical Society, trustee of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, past president of the Southern Historical Association, and fellow of the Society of American Historians. He authored numerous books including John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, A Private Life; The Lees of Virginia: Seven Generations of an American Family; Descent From Glory; and The Adams Women. His wife, Joan, also had a lifelong interest in research, especially in the fields of genealogy and biography. As a periodical librarian at the University of Minnesota, her research often contributed to that of her husband's, as was the case in producing the first complete genealogical record of Virginia's famed Lee family. The collection includes notes in Swedish genealogy, materials related to many of Paul's books, lecture notes, correspondence, clippings, reviews, awards, scrapbooks, photographs, and copies of Paul's books and others that were part of the Nagel library. Michael Gray's Bob Dylan papers Upper Midwest Literary Archives Michael Gray, a leading authority on the work of Bob Dylan, has donated his papers related to the development of his two landmark works, Song and Dance Man: The Art of Bob Dylan (1972) and The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia (2006). The collection includes all research materials, drafts of the books, publication materials, posters and flyers, and criticism, as well as other writings through multiple editions and reprintings of each work. Also included is correspondence with close associates of Dylan, including Naomi Saltzman, who was in charge of Dylan's New York office in the early 1970s; Robert Shelton, the New York Times folk music critic who gave Dylan his first review; musician Al Kooper, who played the organ on `Like A Rolling Stone'; and Suze Rotolo, Dylan's first girlfriend in New York City, who appears with him on the front cover of his second album The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan. 14 T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 ) Forecast Public Art records Special Collections, Rare Books & Manuscripts Forecast Public Art works with municipalities, government agencies, and organizations to develop public art programs and assists artists with projects and acquiring grants. The collection contains consulting files, project files, audio-video of art installations and exhibits, exhibit catalogs, slides and photographs, clippings and publications. An NEA grant will support digitization of the entire back run of the organization's semi-annual journal Public Art Review. Lee Dunette papers Northwest Architectural Archives This collection contains architectural renderings along with correspondence and photographs by this awardwinning architect and University alumnus Lee Dunette. He began his professional career in the Minneapolis City Planning Department as an urban designer, then moved to a variety of architecture firms around the country and in 1989 formed his own firm. Dunette has worked with some of the most famous architects in the world, including Cesar Pelli, Hardy Holtzman Pfeiffer, and I. M. Pei, for whom he drew this famous rendering of the pyramid for the Louvre museum in Paris. Jack Edwards papers Performing Arts Archives This collection contains costume designs, sketches, fabrics, photos, personal letters, and business materials from the career of designer Jack Edwards. His collection of gay magazines, books, and videos are collocated in the Tretter Collection in Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Studies. Edwards spent seventeen years working in New York City where he designed costumes for one Broadway show and numerous off-Broadway shows. He later spent a year in Hollywood where he designed for "The Carol Burnett Show" and "The Jim Nabors Show." He also worked in retail and wholesale fashion design, and had his own company through which he designed for such opera stars as Shirley Verrett, Martina Arroyo, Mildred Miller, and Montserrat Cabelle. Edwards spent time teaching and designing at the University of Hawaii before moving to Minneapolis to create designs for the Children's Theatre, the Minnesota Opera, the Minnesota Ballet, Minnesota Dance Theatre, and the Guthrie, where he is well known for his costumes on A Christmas Carol and On the Verge. Edwards has also designed for the Holidazzle parade in downtown Minneapolis and Dayton's (currently Macy's) Holiday and Flower shows. LIB.UMN.EDU 15 t YEAR IN PICTURES Lehrer at the pre-dinner reception with Harry Lerner, Paul Nagel, and Sandy Lerner. Friends of the Libraries 2010 Annual Dinner speaker Jim Lehrer. Above: Participants for the 2010 Biennial Minnesota Institute. Right: Librarian Jon Jeffreyes visits with Institute participants at the midweek reception. The highlight of this year's annual staff recognition event was the dunk tank--here featuring Associate University Librarian John Butler. The winning Science Quiz Bowl team members, from left: Scott Evan Miller (Captain), Eric O'Hara, Richard Barnes, and Jon Fraatz. The 48th Annual James Ford Bell Lecture featured noted expert on Chinese history and culture Jonathan Spence, discussing the Ricci map, popularly called "the Impossible Black Tulip." Owned by the James Ford Bell Trust, the map is on loan to the University of Minnesota for the benefit of the James Ford Bell Library. A crowd flocked to this event featuring Minnesota mystery writers talking about the process of producing "can't put it down" mysteries. Clockwise from top left: Julie Kramer, William Kent Krueger, Erin Hart, and Chuck Logan. Left: The Second Annual Pankake Poetry reading featured prose poet Louis Jenkins. Below right: Marcia Pankake, after whom the series is named, with University Librarian Wendy Pradt Lougee. Below left: Poet Robert Bly was one of the many who attended this year's event. Friends of the Libraries 2011 Annual Dinner speaker Garrison Keillor. Photo credits Jayme Halbritter (staff picnic, Lehrer, Keillor, Minnesota Institute) Dan Marshall (Spence) Jifang Song, University Librarian at Renmin University of China, and Wendy Pradt Lougee sign a memorandum of collaboration between the two University Libraries. John Nicholson (Minnesota mystery writers, Jenkins) Marlo Welshons (Renmin) Jenny Veile (Quiz Bowl) NONPROFIT ORG. 499 wilson librar y 309 19th avenue south minneapolis, mn 55455 U.S. POSTAGE PAID TWIN CITIES, MN PERMIT NO. 90155 This 1909 seed catalog is one of the over 57,000 historic seed and nursery catalogs held by the Andersen Horticultural Library. Selections from this collection will be on exhibit from August 1 through October 28, 2011 on the second and third floors of Andersen Library.