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THE MAGAZINE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF M I N N E S OTA L I B R A R I E S

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THE LIFECYCLE OF KN OWLEDGE

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Search, Research, and Repeat

Planning for the Future of Research

Veni, Vidi, Ricci

The Year in Pictures

issue

9

continuum issue 9, 2011

University Librarian McKnight Presidential Professor

Wendy Pradt Lougee Editor Marlo Welshons Design & Production Jen Peters Contributing Writers Wendy Pradt Lougee, Kelly O’Brien, Marlo Welshons, Gayle Graham Yates continuum is the magazine of the University of Minnesota Libraries, published annually for a broad readership of Friends and supporters both on and off campus. continuum supports the mission of the University Libraries and our community of students, faculty, staff, alumni, and friends by providing information that › highlights news, events, developments, and trends within the Libraries; › examines issues facing libraries globally

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Search, Research, and Repeat

With so much of the world’s information available online, where do librarians fit in?

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Planning for the Future of Research

The Libraries are helping researchers care for the seeds of new knowledge.

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Veni, Vidi, Ricci

An Italian Jesuit’s Chinese map of the world has captured the imagination of scholars.

insert

The Face of Our Friends

Friends of the Libraries president Gayle Graham Yates leads off a section recognizing our supporters.

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Short Stacks

News from the University of Minnesota Libraries.

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Notable Aquisitions

› connects the many constituencies of the Libraries.

A selection of the new additions to archives and special collections.

continuum is available online at www.lib.umn.edu/continuum and in alternative formats upon request. Contact 612-625-9148 or

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The Year in Pictures

A scrapbook featuring Jim Lehrer, Garrison Keillor, mystery writers, a dunk tank, and more.

› provides a forum for dialogue; and

welsh066@umn.edu Send correspondence to: › University of Minnesota Libraries 499 O. Meredith Wilson Library 309 19th Avenue South Minneapolis, MN 55455 For more information about the University of Minnesota Libraries visit lib.umn.edu.

More continuum online! Many of the stories in this issue reference websites, blogs, and other multimedia content. To access those web extras directly, scan this code with your smart phone or visit

Printed on recycled paper containing 10% post-consumer waste The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. © 2 011 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota.

www.lib.umn.edu/continuum.

photo: Nancy G. Johnson

Seeds of Change… Summer! It’s the time of year when we are particularly

Scientific data are obvious seeds of new research, the

sensitive to the cycle of seasons, the shifts in weather

elemental information that leads to new discoveries. We

and nature. Summer brings opportunity, too, and many

have the capability to capture and store huge amounts

are drawn to the garden to exploit the earth for new

of data and there is growing recognition that data

growth. I am reminded of a quote from Cicero: “If you

should be shared to enable new interdisciplinary work.

have a garden and a library, you have everything you need.”

For example, what can the combination of hundreds of

The analogy between gardening and libraries is apt. Productive gardens require fertile soil, a wide variety of seeds, good tools, and careful tending. Libraries provide the same for the process of scholarship and learning, helping seed the environment not just with strong collections, but also with good tools, enabling programs, and expertise to help students and faculty make the most of our resources. This issue explores the theme of the knowledge lifecycle, from discovery and use of information through creation and dissemination and new knowledge. This same framework guides the University Libraries’ strategic planning: Rather than a singular focus on the products of scholarship (books and journals), the Libraries are

years of demographic, land use, and climate data tell us about migration patterns, climate change, and economic development? These are questions being addressed in a joint proposal of the University’s Minnesota Population Center and Institute on the Environment. Such research is possible when data maintained and made accessible to other researchers. In 2010, the National Science Foundation implemented a policy to ensure that data will be sustained and potentially shareable, requiring all grant proposals to include data management plans. The Libraries are drawing on our longstanding expertise in managing and preserving information to help researchers on campus respond to that policy requirement.

supporting individuals and groups with the processes

This issue highlights these and other examples of how

of research and learning. How can we improve the

Libraries seed new discoveries and learning. Dorothy

mechanisms and methods individuals use to find

Canfield Fisher, a educational reformer, social activist,

information? to manage the sources of information that

and best-selling American author in the early twentieth

fuel research? to improve the learning environment?

century, wrote that libraries are where “the seed corn

We have undoubtedly all used Google to find some bit of information. Sometimes we find what we need quickly,

for the future is stored.” We are working hard to ensure many productive seasons to come.

sometimes the abundance of search results is overwhelming. The Libraries are working to address this problem by harnessing the power of Google search, enabling refined retrieval, and seamlessly linking an individual’s inquiry to the sources in our collection. We’re also drawing on some of the features of other favored sites — for example, Amazon — in bringing the recommendations of others to inform the research process.

Happy tilling,

SEARCH, RESEARCH, AND REPEAT

Search

BY MARLO WEL SHONS

With so much of the world’s information available online, some ask “who needs librarians?” Users at the University of Minnesota Libraries know the answer is “everyone.” Researchers from the Pew Internet & American Life

iridium, iron oxide, or iron iii nitrate. Google also corrects

Project report that, after email, the most popular internet

your spelling: search for “Tolkein” and it will present results

activity across all age groups is the use of search engines.

for “Tolkien” while also giving you the option to search on

Even for the Millennial generation (defined as ages 18–33),

the word as entered, in case your misspelling was deliberate.

a higher percentage of people are searching online than are

But what if your information needs are more complex than

participating in social networking, watching videos, buying

the price of an airline ticket or the rules of chess? What if

products, and listening to music.

you have a question but aren’t sure where to start looking

Our personal experience bears this statistic out—most of us search online for a wide variety of information dozens of times each day. With all this experience, it could be assumed we have become expert searchers. But are we

for the answer, or know there isn’t necessarily a single answer? This is the essence of research: the search process is where the learning happens; the journey is as important as the destination.

expert researchers? Certainly we have a great deal of success when searching for something specific—what librarians refer to as “known-

Picking Berries Long before Google, researchers and librarians worked

item searching.” Using Google, we don’t even need to know

closely together throughout this kind of research, navigating

exact terminology or understand Boolean search strategies.

the various printed abstracts, indexes, directories,

The Google autocomplete feature offers suggestions for

encyclopedias, and other reference sources traditionally

what it thinks you might be looking for. Type “chemical

available in libraries. John Butler, associate university librarian

symbol for ir” and you will see options to search for iron,

for information technology, describes this kind of librarian-

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mediated search and retrieval process from his earlier days as director of the University’s Science & Engineering Library. “A student or faculty member would start by looking up particular keywords in a multivolume, subject-specific reference work like Engineering Index, Science Citation Index, or

What if you have a question but aren’t sure where to start looking for the answer, or know there isn’t necessarily a single answer? This is the essence of research: the search process is where the learning happens; the journey is as important as the destination.

Chemical Abstracts. Bibliographic details for the relevant articles would be transcribed,

So if we’ve had a clear understanding of the iterative and

and then the library’s catalog (print or, later, online) would

serendipitous nature of how people search for information

need to be consulted to determine the availability of the

since at least 1989, those information retrieval systems

required journals. Available volumes would be retrieved—

must be perfected by now, right? As powerful as Google

either by the researcher or a librarian if the stacks were

may seem, serious researchers know we still have a long

closed to patrons or if the volumes were held by another

way to go.

library. Once in the hands of the researcher, the articles would be consulted, as would the list of references and journal table of contents, which could lead to new searches and requests for journal volumes.” Eventually, publishers of these reference sources began

Beyond Google Cody Hanson is one of many librarians at the University of Minnesota working to support users throughout their research processes. As the Libraries’ web architect and user

making them available online—first in CD-ROM format

experience analyst, he is at the center of the efforts to meet

and then on the internet. To be marketable to libraries and

the needs of users accustomed to search success in Google

researchers, developers of these information retrieval systems

and Amazon but whose skills don’t always translate into

were interested in designing effective interfaces that reflected

success in the library search environment. Hanson is co-chair

the actual research behaviors of users. They relied on the

of the Libraries’ “Discoverability” group, originally charged

work of people like Marcia J. Bates, professor in UCLA’s

to recommend ways to make relevant resources easier to find,

Department of Information Studies, who in 1989 published

especially within the user’s workflow.

“The Design of Browsing and Berrypicking Techniques for the Online Search Interface.”

Key among the group’s findings is that users “expect discovery and delivery to coincide.” In other words, when

Dr. Bates describes an information seeking behavior more

a user conducts a search, they expect to find more than a

complex than the “query in/answer out” model common

reference to what they’re searching for, but also a direct link

at the time. She outlines a process that reflected the

to access the complete resource. However, as vast as Google’s

librarian-mediated searching described above, but is also

search universe may be, users run into problems accessing

familiar to many of us searching online today: you have

the books, articles, and other resources available through

an idea in your head of what you need, you try searching

libraries. If Google finds these resources at all, users are often

on a word or phrase you think describes what you need,

frustrated to find that there are barriers to moving from the

you find something and analyze it a bit, and if it’s not on

citation of an article to the full-text as licensed by whatever

target you think, “the way they’re using this phrase here

institution they are affiliated with.

makes me realize I’m looking for something a little different.” So you learn more about what it is you really want by looking at your search results, you refine your search criteria, and then find some useful information while uncovering new leads to follow up on. Bates writes, “In other words, the query is satisfied not by a single final retrieved set, but by a series of selections of individual references and bits of information at each stage of the ever-modifying search. A bit-at-a-time retrieval of this sort is called berrypicking.”

Hanson is quick to dismiss any criticism of users who search these commercial services first. “We all use them every day and they’re amazing. People are not using Google because they’re lazy, or because it’s ubiquitous, they’re using Google because it works. It works for me, many times a day, just like it does for you, I’m sure.” Hanson continues, “There’s nothing wrong with Google searching, but the good stuff is simply not available to Google.”

LIB.UMN.EDU

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Many users also start with Amazon, which Hanson says may

Andy Howe, instructor in the U’s College of Education and

be a better example of the kind of searching and browsing

Human Development, worked with librarian Laurel Haycock

that people expect in a library environment. “Our staff

on an LCP for his course this spring. Howe reports that his

frequently get calls from users looking for particular books

collaboration with Haycock led to an “improved course

they found on Amazon,” he reports. “The way Amazon

syllabus, course resources, and methodology.” Haycock

supports library-like activities is great. I get to a product

has also reached beyond the LCP to connect with students

page by searching for a particular item, and then am able

within the course’s Facebook group. “All of the students say

to back out to the category and browse other related items.

they love that there is a librarian helping them. Laurel puts

That kind of sorting and sifting and ranking would be

up tutorials, answers questions, gives great insight on library

incredibly useful in academic research, too.”

tools, and more,” says Howe.

It’s clear that, while Google may be king among searchers, behind every great researcher is a great library.

The Human Touch While Hanson and his colleagues recommend continued improvements to the usability and effectiveness of search systems, they also note the continued value of human interaction within these systems. Those of us who rely on

The Libraries are therefore challenged to develop tools that allow users to be successful using the methods they learn from the likes of Google and Amazon, but then take into account the complexities of academic libraries, namely the diversity of publisher systems, the varying needs of novice and expert researchers, and the differences among

Netflix, and Facebook would agree with the group's finding that “discovery increasingly happens through recommending.” This makes it increasingly important that the Libraries find ways to push relevant content to users and allow users to share content with others.

disciplines. For example, how do you develop a system

The Libraries have been exploring two different strategies

that is a good fit for incoming freshmen and also serves

for generating recommendations. The first shows students

the sophisticated research needs of faculty and graduate

the journals and databases that are most frequently used

students? Can the same system be both sensitive to nuance

by others in their degree program. The second uses a

for humanists and precision for scientists? How do we

system similar to Amazon’s “Customers Who Bought This

serve research teams working across disciplines and

Item Also Bought” recommendations to suggest articles

multiple universities? The Discoverability group has a vision for achieving these goals. But beyond simple information provision, Hanson believes the Libraries must help with information filtering. “Instead of serving up scads of information indiscriminately, we can design the tools to let the researcher hold back

frequently read by researchers who viewed the current article. In both cases, great care is taken to ensure that users’ privacy is protected, and individual users’ reading habits are not recorded. Although systems like these are valuable for harnessing the power of the crowd, one-on-one consultation is still in demand. Statistics gathered by reference staff indicate

the irrelevant.” One example of this is a new tool rolled out across campus this past summer, the Library Course Pages (www.lib.umn. edu/course). Dynamically created for all courses at the University, each Library Course Page (LCP) brings together resources tailored to a specific course. Content is selected and organized by librarians in collaboration with faculty and instructors, with some pages including general resources useful for a discipline or major and others created in close consultation with an individual faculty member.

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suggestions from friends and “others like us” on Amazon,

T H E K N O W L E D G E L I F E C Y C L E ( I S S U E 9 , 2 0 11 )

that, while the number of reference transactions lasting fewer than 5 minutes has declined over the past three years, those lasting anywhere from 6 minutes to over 30 minutes have remained steady. In other words, fewer users need reference staff to answer the quick-and-easy questions (no doubt many are answering these questions for themselves online), but librarians are still in demand for the meatier questions. It’s clear that, while Google may be king among searchers, behind every great researcher is a great library.

Searching Far and Wide The impact of the tens of thousands of reference interactions logged each year extends well beyond campus. One recent call to the reference staff of University Archives was from Fran Johannes, whose mother had died recently at age 94. The mother’s obituary mentioned a 4-H award she had won at the Minnesota State Fair in 1932. Johannes searched Google for her mother’s name and found this photo of her holding the award in the UMedia Archive (umedia.lib. umn.edu), a copy of which she was able to obtain from archives staff.

Johannes' mother, Dorothy Eiler

When Susanna McMaster, co-director of the Master of Geographic Information Science program in the U’s geography department, was asked to give a presentation about geography, maps, and landforms to a fifth grade class in Edina, she turned to Ryan Mattke in the John R. Borchert Map Library. Although McMaster had expected to search for the needed materials herself, she discovered that Mattke had pulled an entire set maps and air photo images in advance of their meeting. In a thank-you sent to Mattke’s supervisor, McMaster writes, “the presentation and in-class exercise was a huge hit and every single student participated in the discussion and was so engaged in the hands-on exercise involving map reading and analysis. This would not have Mattke

been possible without Ryan’s help and the resources available at the map library. I hope this results in some future geography majors!”

Throngs of high school students get an early start honing their research skills when they arrive on campus to conduct research for History Day, a highly regarded national academic challenge. A recent day-long event just for History Day participants had nearly 300 students researching in Wilson Library. But Minnesotans are not the only students supported in their History Day projects. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania resident Collin McCarthy wrote to archivist Dave Klaassen last summer to thank him for “the encouragement you offered when you took my questions seriously.” McCarthy had contacted the Social Welfare History Archives years earlier when researching his seventh grade National History Day project on Paul Kellogg and the Survey Graphic. McCarthy

He wrote “without archives, libraries, and the databases they provide I could never have done this year’s project or gotten through high school.” In fact, “this year’s

project,” which focused on W.E.B. Du Bois’ The Philadelphia Negro and later work at Atlanta’s Sociological laboratory, won the first place History Channel award for an individual documentary at the national contest. McCarthy is now at the University of Pittsburgh studying history. 

LIB.UMN.EDU

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PL ANNING FOR THE FUTURE OF RESEARCH BY MARLO WEL SHONS

The University of Minnesota Libraries have been developing educational and outreach programs to support researchers throughout the data lifecycle. Today’s research labs look much different than they did

What the original study and a follow-up survey in 2008

when the above photo was taken: no longer do researchers

provided was clear evidence of an education gap in the way

need wheels to move gigantic computing machines around

researchers manage their data. For example, over a quarter

the office. As the size of our computers shrink, their storage

of those surveyed had lost important data due to the lack

capacity is increasing dramatically, and the creation of data

of a backup plan, and nearly half used unsecured, external

to fill them is keeping pace. But as software and hardware

hard drives instead of off-site servers for backing up data.

are updated and upgraded, we risk leaving behind the

But proper care of data is more than simply having a robust

content created on the now outdated technology. From

backup plan. To maximize the usefulness of data, researchers

the gigabytes of digital family photos and videos we collect to the terabytes of data generated by researchers across campus, how do we as individuals and scholars keep up with our growing data management needs? How do we ensure that what we’re creating today will be available to researchers tomorrow? These long-term considerations of preservation and access are at the heart of a new data management program in the University Libraries.

need to plan for its ongoing management, a process called “data curation.” As information specialists, librarians have been dealing with issues of data curation, including preservation and perpetual access, for many decades and are well positioned to support researchers in this area. Taking the lead to provide this assistance is research services librarian and co-director of the University Digital Conservancy Lisa

The program has its beginnings in a study of University

Johnston. With a bachelor’s degree in astrophysics, Johnston

of Minnesota faculty, graduate students, and other

understands the needs of scientists looking to manage

researchers in the sciences, conducted by the Libraries in

their research data. Collaborating with librarians Megan

2007. Trying to understand the unique information needs

Lafferty and Amy West, Johnston has developed a program

of scientists so services and tools that support research

that includes an online overview of data management

in the sciences could be improved, the Libraries asked

resources (www.lib.umn.edu/datamanagement) as

questions such as: How do scientists share their work with

well as workshops and one-on-one consulting.

colleagues, both at the University and at other institutions? How do scientists collect, manipulate, mine, and preserve their data? How do scientists use libraries?

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Demand for these services has been strong, especially from faculty working to comply with funding agency

requirements on data management planning and sharing.

Data Management 101: Planning Checklist

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have had data sharing requirements for several years, but just this January

„„ What type of data will be produced?

the National Science Foundation (NSF) began requiring

›› How will data be collected?

a data management plan as part of all new NSF proposals.

›› Will it be reproducible? What would happen

As Johnston has met with faculty, they have expressed interest in making sure their NSF applications have robust data management plans, believing that will give them an edge in a very competitive grant process. But not all faculty understand the value of creating a plan, or what makes a plan robust. The workshops that Johnston and Lafferty offer answer both the “why” and “how” of data management planning.

if it got lost or became unusable later? ›› How much data will it be? and at what growth

rate? How often will it change? ›› Are there tools or software needed to create/

process/visualize the data? ›› Storage and backup strategy? „„ What standards will be used for documentation

and metadata? ›› How to document data collection?

Saving Time, Increasing Impact

›› Is there good project and data documentation?

For those who are not under a mandate to create a plan,

›› What directory and file naming convention will be used?

it can seem like a lot of extra work to do so. But Johnston

›› What project and data identifiers will be assigned?

explains how that effort early on can save time later. For

›› Is there a community standard for data

example, complete documentation for a data set provides evidence for the published results of research and also makes it easy to field requests from funders or other researchers seeking information about the data. Further, studies have shown that researchers who post their data to a public space like a website or repository see an increase in citations to their work. Having a plan to share data after publication of a researcher’s results can do more than stimulate citations of that

sharing/integration? „„ What steps will be taken to protect privacy, security,

confidentiality, intellectual property or other rights? ›› Who controls it (e.g., PI, student, lab, University)? ›› Any special privacy or security requirements

(e.g., personal data, high-security data)? ›› Any embargo periods to uphold? „„ If you allow others to reuse your data, how

publication. In fact, many data sets have value beyond

will the data be accessed and shared?

their original research. Take the Human Genome project for

›› Any sharing requirements (e.g., funder data

example: in 1990, an international research team set out to

sharing policy)?

sequence the thousands of genes that make up human DNA.

›› Audience? Who will use it now? Who will use it later?

By sharing their data throughout the project, they not only

›› When will I publish it and where?

finished the project two years ahead of schedule, but open

›› Tools/software needed to work with data?

access to this data continues to generate new research aimed at curing genetic diseases.

„„ How will the data be archived for preservation

and long-term access? Being convinced of the value of planning for ongoing management of their data is only the first step. To guide researchers through the steps of creating an actual plan, Johnston and her colleagues have created a checklist (see sidebar). These detailed questions make clear that researchers need to consider how they are planning to use the data today, as well as how they or others might use

›› How long should it be retained (e.g., 3–5 years,

10–20 years, permanently)? ›› What file formats? Are they long-lived? ›› Are there data archives that my data is appropriate

for (subject-based or institutional)? ›› Who will maintain my data for the long-term?

it tomorrow. And because every researcher and every data set is different, Johnston and her colleagues stand ready to help them answer those questions.

adapted from the National Science Foundation’s guidelines by the University of Minnesota Libraries

*

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VENI, VIDI, RICCI BY KELLY O’BRIEN

An Italian Jesuit’s Chinese map of the world has captured the imagination of scholars of Chinese culture and history.

“I just gasped!” That was the reaction of history professor Ann Waltner when

remain (see sidebar). Created by Ricci and then engraved on wood blocks by Chinese mathematician, astronomer, and geographer Li Zhizao, the map was printed on six paper

she first laid eyes on a Chinese map of the world, purchased

panels by Zhang Wentao of Hangzhou, believed to be an

by the James Ford Bell Trust for the benefit of the James

official printer of the Ming court. Each panel measures

Ford Bell Library. Viewing it at the Minneapolis Institute of

5.5 feet tall by 12.5 feet long and all were intended to

Arts, where it was on display before moving to the University

be displayed on screens. Paper is notoriously vulnerable

Libraries last fall, she was overwhelmed. “It was so big

to sunlight and environmental conditions, so the 2,000

and beautiful.”

or so maps were essentially designed to self-destruct.

Known as Kunyu wanguo quantu, or Map of the Ten

When the James Ford Bell Trust first unveiled the map

Thousand Countries of the Earth, this massive world map

at the Library of Congress a little over a year ago, University

was created in China in 1602 by Jesuit missionary Matteo

Librarian Wendy Pradt Lougee remarked that it would be

Ricci. It’s been called the Impossible Black Tulip thanks to

“a significant addition to the Bell Library collections,

its rarity; although about 1,000 official and 1,000 pirated

a rare resource with rich potential for scholarship.”

copies were created in the early 17th century, only six

Professor Waltner has already begun the research to create

photo: Ann Waltner (third from right) and the Chinese reading group use facsimiles of different versions of the Ricci map to investigate its intricacies.

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T h eT hF ea cF ea coe f oOf u O r uFrr iFerni d s d s e n

What’s in It for Friends of the Libraries?

T

here is a cookbook

The Friends’ purpose is to assist the librarians

collection in Magrath

and staff in making the University Libraries and

Library on the St. Paul

its resources more greatly visible to the community

campus of the University

and to encourage many more people both inside the

of Minnesota. In the

University and outside to become users and supporters

Andersen Horticultural

of the Libraries. We do this by having special events

Library at the University’s

and sometimes promotions of library items or

Minnesota Landscape

collections. For example, two years ago we sponsored

Arboretum, there is a

a members-only musical program with VocalEssence’s

collection of botanical prints made by artists who

conductor and pianist Philip Brunelle and soloist

specialize in exquisitely detailed and precisely accurate

Maria Jette (now a Friends board member) performing

plant art. In the James Ford Bell Library on the fourth

some lively songs, the music for which could be found

floor of Wilson Library, there is a collection of antique

in the Music Library in Ferguson Hall. Our annual

and rare—even one-of-a-kind—maps made by very

“Feast of Words” event features both clever and

early cartographers. The Special Collections, Rare

scholarly speakers chosen from the University’s faculty,

Books and Manuscripts unit holds in its Performing

including Gerhard Weiss, a favorite retired German

Arts Archive the extensive papers and records of the

professor, who shared little-known facts about the

Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, as well as other local

origin of the Encyclopedia Americana. This February,

arts organizations.

a month focused on love and romance, saw a delightful presentation on one of the original love stories—the

These are only a few examples from the millions

legend of Tristan and Isolde—by medievalist and

of volumes that the Friends of the University of

former Friends board member Stephanie Van D’Elden.

Minnesota Libraries have been privileged to learn about, view, or even touch as members have attended

While the Friends help the librarians and staff with

or sponsored special programs in recent years.

board and committee meetings, planning events, and publicizing programs on behalf of the Libraries, we

The Friends have a close-in perch for seeing what

also find social and intellectual satisfaction, personal

the Libraries do. While exposure to the Libraries’

delight, and a fine sense of serving a worthy institution

treasures—books for reading, study, and research;

in membership and participation in the Friends of

electronic resources for the same purposes; archives

the University of Minnesota Libraries. It is a joy.

and special collections for heritage preservation— is not the purpose of the Friends, such an advantaged perspective enables the Friends to appreciate what we have and to do our work of supporting the Libraries with alacrity.

Gayle Graham Yates President, Friends of the Libraries

Th e

F a c e

o f

O u r

F r i e n d s

Thank you to our Friends and Supporters This list recognizes all contributions to the University of Minnesota Libraries from July 1, 2009 through December 31, 2010. Although ever y effort has been made to ensure accuracy, errors may occur. If we have omitted your name or listed your name incorrectly, please contact Lanaya Stangret at 612-624-9339 or stangret@umn.edu .

In-Kind Donations Niels W. Bodecker John P. Borger Christopher G. Cardozo Dr. James Cortada Philip A. Duran William L. Edwards Kristine L. Franklin Nathan Freeman Abigail Garner Gregory T. Gronseth

Elmer & Eleanor Andersen Foundation

Dr. Dean C. Hansen

Dr. Cornelia W. Ooms Beck John P. Densmore

Marilyn P. & Warren H. Hollinshead

Dr. Fred R. Erisman

Sally A. Kaiser Estate*

Graywolf Press

Ezra Jack Keats Foundation Inc.

$500 to $999

Mary S. Malnar Estate*

Lois E. & Richard J. Kelly

Virginia G. Puzak

Ruth I. Knee Estate*

Robert Anholt & Ann Waltner

Hugh G. Rouse & Leonard R. Olds

Solveig M. Kramer

Harold & Myra Shapiro

Paul G. Heller

Owen H. & Sarah D. Wangensteen Trust Fund

Alan H. Lareau

Wheelock Whitney

Gail I. Lewellan

Philip H. Willkie

Tom Lichtenheld

Dr. John R. Yoakam Estate*

Gregg Hildebrandt

Dr. Russell H. & Karen A. Larsen

Profs. Beverly Balos & Mary L. Fellows Bassford Remele P. A.

Kristin N. Lockhart & M. Pia Sass

Dr. Marjorie Wall Bingham

Dr. Michael D. Lougee & Wendy Pradt Lougee

Boeing Co.

$5,000 to $9,999

Dr. C. Peter Magrath

Lori Mc Elrath-Eslick

Dr. Dorothee M. Aeppli

Dr. Robert J. Poor & Geraldine S. Schmitt-Poor

Jack B. & Geraldine B. King

David A. Mark & Jean E. D’Amico

Drs. Minette E. & David A. Ponick

Minnesota Orchestra

Mary Anne & John J. Mauriel Jr.

Charles M. Nolte Estate*

Michael E. Mc Kuras

Jill J. Smith

Virginia S. & Robert J. McCollister

Margaret & Lee Skold

Beth L. Zemsky

Eric Beesemyer

Jean A. Mahoney

Mark E. Rosheim

Carolyn R. & John A. Yngve

Lerner Foundation

Jane Lowry

Wilma & Carl Machover

Drs. Wilson Yates & Gayle Graham Yates

Peter E. Blau Briggs and Morgan PA Dr. Gregory G. & Leota K. Brucker George F. & Lynne Detrick Faegre & Benson LLP Judith L. & Edward L. Farmer Fish & Richardson P. C. Connie J. Foote Connie Foote Family Fund

David Slobodkin

$1,000 to $4,999

Paul C. Nagel*

John J. Foreman

Tamara J. Slobodkin

Applied Psychological Measurement Inc.

National Recreation & Park Association

Dr. Maxine Freund

Prof. Jack Zipes

Michael & Natalie Bachelder

John G. & Margaret M. Ordway Jr.

General Mills Foundation

$100,000 and above

John E. Bergquist & Inez Waltman Bergquist

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Andersen Book Trust

Best Buy Purchasing LLC

Mrs. Howard C. Pierce

Ann G. Salovich Estate*

Eleanor Butler Cameron Estate*

Prof. Stephen Prager

Drs. Edward J. & Arlene E. Carney

Curtis L. Roy

Robert J. Green & Erin L. George

Robert Rulon-Miller

Bert Gross & Susan Hill Gross

John Cowles III & Page Knudsen Cowles

Zon R. Shumway

Janet Gulden

John L. Sullivan

Susan Haggberg-Miller

Drs. Richard J. Sveum & Jennifer M. Olson

Marjean V. Hoeft & Lisa Vecoli

Erwin Tomash

$50,000 to $99,999 Anonymous Jane E. Larson Estate* Susan and Jim Lenfestey

Drs. Maryanna Destro & John J. Woog

Muriel M. Orcutt Estate*

Dorsey & Whitney LLP Martha N. Douglas

$10,000 to $24,999

Dr. John P. Driscoll

American Agricultural & Applied Economics Assn.

Dr. Clifford C. Fortin PhD Bernard W. & Norma B. Gaffron

Dr. Brian R. Gabrial Geraghty O’Loughlin & Kenney P. A. Goodrich Sensors & Integrated Systems

Margaret Telfer

R. J. Hoyle & Dr. Karen Nelson Hoyle

Terry L. & Virginia M. Tranter

Joan DeCoursin Humes

Dr. Stephanie Cain Van D’Elden

Innovations in Medicine LLC

Dr. David J. Weiss

Drs. Charles R. & Sally B. Jorgensen

Barbara F. Weissberger

* denotes deceased

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Martin N. & Esther M. Kellogg

Vishal S. Agarwal

Robert F. Ball III

Arthur F. Bergstrom

Dr. Richard J. & Patricia L. Kirschner

Laurie B. Agrimson

Drs. Todd & Karen Ballen

Jane C. Bergstrom

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Karen Koepp

Bruce D. Aikin

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Prof. Hyman & Betty Berman

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Karen J. Akkerman

Sheila A. Barbetta

Sanford Berman

Lerner Publishing Group

Alanat

Donna L. Barbour-Talley

Harvey A. Bernard

Lindquist & Vennum PLLP

Christine V. Alfano

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Frances A. Bernhardt

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Arthur Allen

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Kelsey E. Beson

Mary McDiarmid

Adolph Barclift

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Katherine L. McGill

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Hilary M. Beste

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Alternet

Jana A. Bariss-Ayele

Raymond L. Betzner

Steven P. & Monica Nagel

Marino C. Alvarez

Dudley Barksdale

Robert C. Beverage

Norway House

Emily E. Andersen

Kirstine R. & Gerald P. Barnaby

Dr. Marjorie A. Biddle

Norwegian Explorers of Minnesota Inc.

Anderson Audiology Consulting

David Baron

Marcia K. Bignall

Carol R. & V. Elving Anderson

Harold P. Barron

Karen M. Bihrle

John K. Notz

Donald D. Anderson

Robert L. & Linda M. Barrows

Deborah Biorn

Scott R. & Judith R. Olsen

Geoffrey Anderson

David J. Bartlett

Birchwood Laboratories Inc.

Oppenheimer Wolff & Donnelly LLP

Gordon B. Anderson

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Robert A. Bjerke

Lois Benson Pflueger Ann S. & Felix M. Phillips Marcia M. Reardon Joseph F. Slate J. & P. Slate Charitable Fund Debra Mitts Smith Drs. MaryJo O. & Guy M. Smith Francis J. Sorauf James W. Steer Dr. Linnea A. Stenson

Marion L. Anderson Ralph J. Anderson Thomas D. Anderson Dr. Vicki Anderson Ryoichi Ando Mark R. Andrews Woodbury H. Andrews

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Jacqueline A. Angus

Poornima Bedi

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Gedney & Emily Anne Tuttle

John A. Ankeny

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Dr. Peter R. & Eunice Weisensel

Ronald L. Antos

Eileen E. Beha

Kathy L. Bodnar

Dr. Stephen Willging & Katherine Wells

Arcadia

Jason Beierle

Keith A. Boe

Joan M. Arndt

Patricia S. Belian

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Richard Belkin

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Ypsilon Associates

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William G. Asp

Marian R. Bender

Donald Bolling & Barbara Andersen Bolling

$499 and below

Pierre Asselin

Mary Ann Benditt

The 106 Group Ltd

Margie J. Autry

Les Bendtsen

3M Foundation Inc.

Barbara S. Bach

Fnu Abhijit Edythe B. Abrahamson

Dr. Ayers L. Bagley & Prof. Marian-Ortolf Bagley

Benedictine Sisters Benevolent Association John D. Bengtson

Margaret A. Borg

Jessica Abson

Drs. George W. & Nancy R. Bain

Dr. Jerry H. Bentley

Marilyn A. Borgendale

Jamal Adam

Kate Baird

Stanton O. Berg

Andria M. Botzet

Vida & Gordon P. Adelman

Jeffrey S. Baker

William H. & Marion M. Berge

Dawn K. Bowden

The Advocates For Human Rights

Mary F. Baker

Phillip G. Bergem

Prof. Norman E. Bowie

Zachary M. Baker

Charles S. Bergen

Shirley M. Brady

Charles T. Agan

Max J. Balhorn

Mark J. Bergen

Michael Brahmey

Truist-Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Minnesota

Mildred M. Blonigen

Julie H. Bolton Michael R. Boness Bonestroo Inc. Alan J. Bonham

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Steve A. & Gail G. Brand

Capell Farms

Janet E. Brandt

Susan R. Capell

Linda S. Brandt

Abigail S. M. Caperton

Frank R. Braun

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Rick Cardenas

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Michael B. Brock

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Roger M. Carpenter

Vincent Brosnan

Louise Carpentier

David A. Brouchous

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Gregory C. Brown

Thomas E. Casey

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Margaret & Alejandro Catambay

Scott Brown Susan M. Brown Judith K. Brown-Wescott Karen L. Brudvig Myrna W. Brudvig Lucy M. & Robert Brusic Lindsey C. Bryant Corinna A. Buchholz Dr. Emilie Buchwald Elizabeth C. Buckingham & John L. Owens

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Richard E. Cawood Mark Ceilley Eric Celeste & Mary Hess Kathie A. Cellotti Dr. Kathie K. Cerra Justin R. Chadwick Ronda Chakolis Oscar B. Chamberlain Dr. Chi-Keung Chan

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As the son of a librarian, Paul T. (Pete) Magee had always thought of libraries as stacks of books. As a faculty member and former dean of the U’s College of Biological Sciences, he relied on the many resources of the Libraries. Now as a board member for the Friends of the Libraries, his vision of libraries has grown. Through programs and events sponsored by the Friends, he has learned more about the wide-ranging work of the Libraries, and is especially enthusiastic about innovative programs that support student learning, like the SMART Learning Commons and media services. Although Pete and his wife Beatrice (Bebe) are long-time annual contributors, they recently decided to add a bequest to their will. The Magees hopes others will do the same, explaining, “Universities are both contemporary and historical institutions. The Libraries are a huge part of the historical side as well as being a vibrantly active part of the contemporary side. By giving money to the Libraries, you not only actively support what’s going on today, but you make sure that what’s been done in the past isn’t lost.” Interested in remembering the Libraries in your will? Contact Katherine McGill, development director, at 612-624-8207 or kmcgill@umn.edu.

Joanne C. M. Chappellaz

Paul A. Buckley

Gerardo P. Chavana

Karl M. & Grace Y. Bunday

Yiqiao Chen

Dr. Ann Wagner Bundgaard

Sylvia Y. Chinn

Sharon J. Bunnell

Chu-Yuan W. & Dr. Chia-Pin Chiu

Dr. Betty Ann Burch

Sharon L. Chmielarz

Ann L. Burckhardt

Kar-Keat Chong

Hon. Randall Burg & Carol L. Nielsen

Horace R. Chope

Roger F. Burg

Laura J. Christensen

Deborah E. Burke

Paul R. Christensen

William E. Burleson

Dr. David L. Christenson

Joseph W. Burns

Shirley J. Christenson

Dr. Bartlett R. Butler

Ilene Christian

Shelley J. Butler

J. R. Christianson

David E. Byer

Sarah E. Christopher

C. N. A. Consulting Engineers

Angela M. Christy

Nancy G. Caffoe

Cornell Chun

Victor L. Cahn

Michael B. Cina

Robert F. Cairo Jr.

Eliza C. Shardlow Clark

Dr. Marjana & Robert Callery Alicia A. Cameron

Dr. Edward W. & Cheryle Clausman

Dr. Shirley A. Campbell

Kathleen E. Cleary

Joseph E. Campion & Marguerite Ragnow

Chris O. Cley

Paul Chrenka & Martha Ballard

Charles W. Clifford

Eva R. Cohen

Jon R. Cranney

Saul Cohen

Jacquelyn M. Cronin

Benjamin W. Coleman

Dr. Edwin L. Crosby

Prof. Eli Coleman

Joseph M. Crosby

Jeanne M. Connelly

Margaret L. Cruikshank

Ann M. Connor

Peter J. Crupe

Judith & Samuel F. Conti

Nicholas J. Csargo

Christopher J. Conway

Philip J. Cunningham

Teresa A. Cook

Lu Ellen F. Curran

Dr. Cheryl L. Cooke

Lawrence J. Czarnecki

Alice Clark Cooney

Randy P. Dahl

Margaret J. Cooper

Guangrong Dai

Elaine M. & Joseph A. Coppola

Richard & Doris Dale

Margaret H. Cords

Carol S. Daly

Dixie L. & Richard D. Cornell

Joanne M. & Treffle R. Daniels

Daniel L. Cosentino

Peter J. Danio

Louis C. Cosentino

Ivan M. Dart

Elizabeth H. Cowie

Katherine B. Davis

J. Randolph Cox

Lori S. Day

Karen A. Cox

Dorothy A. Dayton

John R. Coy

Linda J. De Beau-Melting

Todd F. Coyle

Ann M. De Groot

Willard D. Crakes

Peter H. De Long * denotes deceased

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Frank J. De Mars

Dr. Laura J. Edman

Sharon M. Folk

Geralyn A. Glasser

Dr. Gary B. Deason

Dr. Glenace E. Edwall

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Lisa J. Go

Renate DeConna

Carolyn A. Elerding

John B. Forbes

Katherine H. Goertz

Americo J. Del Calzo

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Jacqueline M. Ford

Matthew B. Goff

David Del Tredici

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Foth Infrastructure & Environment

Dr. Barbara W. Gokcen

Jim DeLeo Jennifer Delisi

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Mary E. Fowles

Clifford Goldfarb

The Delta Airlines Foundation

Emerson Electric Co.

Doris S. Frank

Jane J. Goodnight

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Robert A. Emery

Joann K. Frankena

William D. Goodrich

M. Susan Dennis

Mark W. Emme

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Dr. Christine Mack Gordon

George Deretich

George E. Emrick

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Harry A. Engelbrecht

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Marilyn Gould

Bruce Derscheid

Clement C. Engen

Dr. Katherine L. French

Todd F. Grant

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Carol J. Erdahl

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John & Lucille Gravelle

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Bonnie B. Graves

Elizabeth B. Erickson

Arlene & Lester Friedman

Anne L. Gray

D. Scott Dibble

Karen Sue Erickson

Friends School of Minnesota

Larry Greaves

Neil B. Dieterich III

Steven Eriksrud

Dr. Alan B. Frol

Joseph M. Green

Richard L. Dieterle

John A. Ernste

Dr. Barrie R. Froseth

Dr. Alton L. Greenfield

Christopher Dietz & Jo Anne Judge-Dietz

Kurt M. Errickson

Carrol L. Fry

Leon & Marcia Greenfield

Diversified Technology Group Inc.

Jane E. Eschweiler

Rosemary Furtak

Patricia M. Greenlees

Mauri L. Evans

Andrew G. Fusco

Dr. David Gregg & Peg Hersch

Dr. Patricia R. & Richard M. Evans

Anne A. Gadwa

Alexian A. Gregory Ronald P. Grenier

Soren Eversoll

George Gaffaney & Mary Lou Thunselle

Karen Fadden

James C. Gahlon

Mark G. Fagan

Neil Gaiman

Joan M. Fagerlie

Thomas S. Galbo

Kathleen G. Fahey

Elizabeth A. Gales

Linda Falch

Galliard Capital Management

Lawrence F. Farrar

Denis P. Gardner

Leanne T. Farrell

John T. & Nancy H. Garland

Dr. Sonia N. Feder-Lewis

James A. Garlough

Zhongqian Fei

Brett O. Garrett

Jane A. Feicht

Marlene S. Garvis

Dennis S. Feigenbaum

Dr. David J. Gasperino

Kay J. & Nile R. Fellows

Prof. Mary Ellen Gee

Elizabeth S. Fenn

Thomas A. Gekler

Michael R. Ferguson

Ash M. Genaidy

Paul A. Ferreira

General Mills Inc.

Jessica L. Fiala

Kara L. Genia

Heidi & David Fielding

Helen M. George

Billy W. & Donna L. Fields

H. M. George Books

Dr. Harlan R. Finney

Kristi N. Gibson Caroline M. Gilbert

Christine A. Dyrud

Dean Thomas Fisher & Claudia Wielgorecki

Michael V. Eckman

Lynn H. Fisher

Dr. Irvyn G. Gilbertson

Joseph J. Eckrich

Janice Fisher & Steven Rothman

Michael E. Gilleland

Sally J. Economon

Wallace E. Flatgaard

Wayne G. Gisslen

Eugene I. Edie

Hagen Christensen & McIlwain Architects PA

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GiveMN

Samatalis H. Haille

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Christina F. Doku Nathaniel S. Doku Allen L. Dollerschell Bruce R. Doran Ralf Dose John D. Douthit Dr. Daniel R. Doyle Georgina M. J. Doyle P. J. Doyle Kay E. Drache David K. Driscoll Rita B. Drone Virginia C. Dudley Jonathan D. Dueck Dr. Joel R. Dufresne Alice O. Duggan Chris R. Duggan Melanie J. Dunshee William K. Dustin Nomi & Martin Dworkin Carol C. & Robert E. Dye Lou Ann & Robert Dykstra

Dr. Daniel R. Gilbert Jr.

Terence M. Golden

Linda Greve Dr. David F. Grigal Amanda S. Grimm Gregory N. Grinley Shane J. Grunewald Dr. Glenn Gullickson Jr. Mithun M. Gundi Jennifer L. Gunn Kim M. Gustafson Harriet R. Guthertz Robert S. Guthrie Rosalie B. Guthrie Elizabeth A. Gutzman Jeffrey J. Haack Prof. Paul A. Haack Bridget M. Haas Sharon A. Haas Clair R. Haberman Dr. Jan J. Hacker Senka & Jasna Hadzic Phyllis A. Haensel Donna K. Hageman Dr. Aaron L. Hagen

Th e Elizabeth Hall

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Evelyn Herzog & John Baesch

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Dr. Michelle A. Johnson

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Robert C. Hess

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Hess Roise & Co. Inc.

Renee L. Hutter

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Prof. Emeritus Warren E. & Mary E. Ibele

Thomas D. Johnson

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Dr. Gregg E. Hickey

IBM International Foundation

Lynne Jonell

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Donna M. Hicks

Rebecca B. Inners

Edward T. Jones

James C. Hamm

Dylan D. Hicks

Jerome H. Irsfeld

Ellen M. Jones

Hammel Green & Abrahamson Inc.

Patrick T. Higgins

Gary H. Irwin

Wayne Jones

Masamichi Higurashi

Richard T. Isaacson

Dr. Heidi L. Joos

David L. Hammer

Terrance F. Hilary

Dr. Reginald H. & Joan L. Isele

Marcel R. Jouseau

Prof. C. Michael Hancher Jr.

Kanika S. Hill

Itasca Consulting Group Inc.

Dr. Terrence H. Joyce*

Dr. Patrick E. Hanna

Frances P. Hillier

Russell D. Iverson

John W. Jutsum Jr.

Allen E. Hansen

Barbara J. Hillman

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Yuichi Hirayama

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James M. Hirsch

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Susan D. Jacobson

Mary Ann Kan

Dr. Chad A. & Barbara Hanson

Historical Information Gatherers Inc.

Kathleen M. Jaglo-Joseph

Marilyn E. Hobbs

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Dr. William R. Jahnke II

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Emily M. Hanson

Nancy K. Hof

Marjorie L. Jenkins

Marita G. Karlisch

Phebe D. Hanson

John D. Hofherr

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Stefanie M. & Robert I. Karon

Philip A. Hardy

Jane L. Hogan & Dr. Paul R. Johnson

Dr. Todd L. Jensen

Herbert L. Karrer III

May P. Jesseph

Arlene Kase

Maria Jette

John S. Katics

Feng Jing

Prof. Diane Katsiaficas

Dr. Rosie Webb Joels

Dr. Robert S. Katz

Prof. Ruth-Ellen Boetcher Joeres

John F. & Joyce M. Kaufman

Thea Johansen

Ebrahim F. Kazemzadeh

John Lauber & Co. LLC

Dr. Michael H. Kean

Dr. Josie R. Johnson

Thomas J. Keeler

Jo Ann M. Johnson & D. David Lenander

Dr. Steven J. Keillor

Brian L. Johnson

Janet M. Kellogg

Carol A. Johnson

Julia A. Kelly

Carol A. & Dennis J. Johnson

Lawrence J. Kelly Jr.

Dr. Kathleen Howe

Dr. Deidre A. Johnson

Carol Jo & Donald G. Kelsey

Monica R. Howell

Dennis R. Johnson

Calvin B. Kendall

Eva Heidmann

Prof. Dennis R. & Audrey K. Hower

Donald A. Johnson Jr.

Joanne E. Kendall

Dr. Donald C. Johnson

Ronald W. Heil Jr.

Wesley V. Hromatko D.Min

Mark R. Kennedy

Douglas A. Johnson

Dr. Judith C. Helgen

Lucinda L. Hruska-Claeys

X.J. C. & Dorothy M. Kennedy

Eunice Bisbee Johnson

Victoria Helgeson

Jinzhou Huang

X. J. & Dorothy M. Kennedy Ltd

Gerald B. Johnston

Michael J. Hensley

George J. Hubbs

Phyllis K. Kennemer

Herbert F. & Delores E. Johnson

Barbara A. Herbert

Margaret S. Hubbs

John W. & Carolyn L. Johnson

Dr. Jeffrey & Denise Kerlan

Richard D. Hermans

Sarah & James Hubbs

Kathleen S. Johnson

Dr. Robert A. & Andrea E. Kerlan

Helena Hernmarck

Robert W. Hull

Margaret A. Johnson

Jack D. Key

Marcia K. Herring

Yvonne B. & James E. Hunter Sr.

Margel R. Johnson

J. William Keyser

William Hershleder

S. Aino M. Husen

Marion R. Johnson

Nahid S. Khan

Jon M. Harkness & Jean Storlie

John & Kimberly Hogan

Brian J. Harmon

Arthur L. Hogenson

Yevgeniya Harrington

Eugene D. Hogenson

Jeffory Hart

Sharon M. Hogenson

Prof. John Fraser Hart

Joyce W. Holbrook

Rowena Hartman

Dr. Torild M. Homstad

John P. & Nancy K. Harvat

Michael C. Hooven

Hugh D. Hawkins

Dr. Margaret J. Hornbacher & J. Stephen Benson

James R. Hayne HealthPartners Research Foundation Carol E. Heath Larry S. Hebert Kathleen B. Hedges Eric M. B. Heideman

Dr. Margaret E. Horsnell Douglas B. Hoverson Prof. John R. Howe Jr. & Judith J. Howe

Mark J. Johnston

Daniel T. Kelley

* denotes deceased

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F r i e n d s

Leonid & Eleonora Khaskin

Dr. Anton E. La Bonte

Kenneth W. Lindberg

Jennifer L. Martin

John P. Kiefer

Lyn E. Lacy

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Colette LaFond

Georgia R. Lindeke

Dr. Brian C. Martinson

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Lora Landers

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Kile Martz & Craig L. Anderson

Susan E. Kimberly

Christoph A. Landolt

Joe R. Lineweaver

Dr. M. Lavonne Marubbio

Mary L. Kimmes

Val R. Landwehr

Arleta M. Little

Showsaku Mashimo

Marla J. Kinney

Alice L. Lane

David J. Lizakowski

William E. Mason

David T. & Catherine A. R. Kirkpatrick

Janis Lane-Ewart

Charles S. & Maryanne Lo

Sujata C. Massey

Dr. Dale L. Lange

John Lockwood

Phyllis M. Mattill

Margaret L. Kirkpatrick

Elizabeth Ann Lange

I. Sue Longman

Johnathan A. Mattson

Dr. Deane A. & Diane M. Kishel

Keith R. Lange

Lawrence J. Loomis

Le Roy T. Mattson

Kyle A. Langlands

Christopher B. Loring

Ronald E. Mattson

Jackie Lannin

Elizabeth A. Loudon

Dr. Ihor I. Mayba

Kris H. Larsen

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Brady R. Mayes

Joan B. Larson

Alison T. Lund

Dr. Martha Mayou

John C. Larson

Joan L. Lund

Tom Mc Cabe

Mary Alice Larson

Dr. David A. Lundberg

Marjorie L. Mc Cloy

Susan Larson & Tom Lewis

Dorothy Martin Mc Corkle

Joyce Larson-Schampel

Lisa Lunge-Larsen & Steven A. Kuross

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Dr. Gerold Luss

Susan J. Mc Intyre

John Lauber

Duane F. Lussier

Curtis B. Mc Namara

Dr. Robert T. Laudon

Molly K. Lynch

Prof. Toni A. H. Mc Naron

Angela D. Lauinger

Andrea Lynn

Marvin R. Mc Neff

Eugene P. Lavrenchuk

Norman T. Lynskey

James M. Lawrence

Barbara M. & John C. Lynskey

Michael L. Mc Phee & Amy Okaya

Matt G. Leake

Janis Lysen & Scott A. Anton

Dr. Hugh E. Mc Tavish

Margaret K. Leddick*

Dorion M. Macek

Elaine & Jonathan McCafferty

Eric J. Lee

Linda J. Mack

Donald W. McCarthy

Marlyce I. & Don E. Lee

Raymond N. Mackenzie

Nancy A. Lee

Gregory W. Madsen

Drs. Michael J. & Mary O. McCarthy

Mary E. Leeder

Jacob R. Madsen

Benjamin T. McClure

Patricia M. Leefeldt

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Gregory Maguire

Barbara B. McCorkle

Leggette Brashears & Graham Inc.

Hared A. Mah

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Sondra D. Kozinn

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Wayne L. Krefting

Rex H. Levang

Richard L. Mahoney

Amelia McGinley

Rosemary & George Kreutzer

Larry B. Leventhal

Andrew S. Malec

Mary & Alvin McGlasson

George J. & Rosemary P. Kreutzer Family Trust

Larry Leventhal & Associates

Nancy E. Mambi

Nancy N. McIntosh

Alfred A. Levin

David A. Mankowski

Jill E. McLean Odegaard

Billie M. Levy

Christine B. McVay

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Richard Mann & Peggy Anderson

Jerald M. & Susan G. Lewis

Paul P. Maravelas

Jay T. Mega Jr.

Bernard Q. Li

Jerry Margolin

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Dr. Ji-Chia Liao

Laurence J. & Karin J. Margolis

Kim J. Merriam

Edward Licht

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Barbara J. Michaels

Gregg R. Lichtscheidl

Harry S. Markley

Rosemary M. Michaud

Jon H. Lienemann

Dr. Steve R. Marquardt

Lisa M. Middag

Harriet C. Lievan

Drs. Erwin & Doris G. Marquit

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ABOUT THOSE PIRATED MAPS Ricci’s diaries of the time described his bemusement as woodblock carvers worked simultaneously to create both official and pirate versions of the map. These rogue woodblocks resulted in perhaps 1,000 unofficial, or pirate, copies of the 1602 Ricci map. (The contemporary practice of the Chinese consuming pirated DVDs perhaps reflects a long and honorable tradition of opportunistically propagating knowledge and culture from abroad.) When Wisconsin artist Gaylord Schanilec, a noted wood engraver and print maker, first viewed the Bell’s map, his response was, “This was printed in a hurry.” Could Minnesota’s map be one of the pirate copies? If so, it would be the only known version in the world.

new scholarship surrounding the map. Waltner, professor

particularly interesting. The Chinese reading group’s

of Chinese history and director of the U’s Institute for

translations of the map informed the translations featured

Advanced Study, has since 1987 convened a group of

in the exhibitions of the map at the MIA last spring and

graduate students and faculty in a weekly Chinese reading

summer and at the James Ford Bell Library in the fall.

group. Together, they read and translate Classical Chinese (a written language, the equivalent in English, Waltner says, of “somewhere between Beowulf and Shakespeare”) in materials they are working on. Last spring, before the map had even arrived in Minneapolis, the group started a careful reading of digital facsimiles of the Ricci map.

Waltner has collaborated with other colleagues to produce new work beyond these translations. This winter, Waltner worked with University of Minnesota doctoral student Qin Fang and New York-composer Huang Ruo to design a multi-media program focusing on Matteo Ricci and his map. Using music, images, and text, the group created

In fact, they started their reading with images from a

a layered performance that was premiered at Renmin

different copy of the Ricci map, which made their discoveries

University in Beijing in December 2010 by ¡Sacabuche!,

on the Bell map much more interesting. For example, they

an early European music ensemble based at Indiana

could compare the text on the Bell map to other versions,

University’s Jacobs School of Music and directed by

finding that references to the name of God and the Christian

Linda Pearse. The ensemble is continuing to work on the

abbreviation IHS were literally scratched off the paper.

performance and is planning another Asian tour. More

Why would that happen? As Waltner explains, the Jesuits

about the project, including photos and press coverage,

were kicked out of China in 1735; after that, “it became

can be found at: blogs.music.indiana.edu/sacabuche.

complicated to own a Christian map.”

Waltner is continuing her work on the Ricci map, as are

What really interested Waltner and the group were the

many other scholars. Bell Library curator Marguerite Ragnow

comments the mapmakers made about other countries.

reports hundreds of visitors interested in seeing the map,

Those include direct observations by Jesuits and some

including 83 students enrolled in a “Daily Life in Europe:

Chinese and European folklore. They were particularly

1300-1800” course this spring and a group of Ming historians

uninformed about Central Asia, Africa, and parts of the

on campus for a conference in honor of retiring Ming history

Americas. Hence, while the area of Mexico, the Gulf of

professor Edward Farmer. Members of the general public also

Mexico, and Florida are fairly accurate (the Jesuits had

are enthralled with the map—its size and scale and the idea

already been active there for decades), the area north of

that it was printed from hand-carved wood blocks are part

Minnesota reads, “No one has ever been there.” An area

of its broader appeal. As one recent visitor exclaimed: “Wow!”

north of the Great Wall of China is described as a place where “People here, when their parents get old, they kill and eat them as an act of filial loyalty.” These myths and stereotypes are a mix of Chinese and European origin, and translating their meanings made the group’s work

An earlier version of this article was first published online by the University’s College of Liberal Arts.

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Short Stacks An Elephant in the Library . . . When a proposed settlement in the Google Books lawsuit was rejected this March, some wondered if Google’s plan to scan selected volumes from the University of Minnesota Libraries was in jeopardy. The answer, according to a statement issued by University Librarian Wendy Pradt Lougee, is an emphatic “No.” The Libraries are not a party in the suit brought against Google by a group of publisher and author plaintiffs, and the ruling has not affected the Google digitization project we have been participating in through a 2007 joint agreement with the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC, a consortium of the Big 10 institutions plus the University of Chicago). In fact, the CIC celebrated a major milestone earlier this year: Google has digitized and returned a million volumes from member libraries, and plans to digitize millions more. More important, libraries are not leaving the future of digital books to Google. While the ruling means that scans of in-copyright content cannot be read online, they will be indexed so users can more easily find relevant print content in our libraries. In the meantime, all public domain material will be fully readable through the HathiTrust Digital Library, which accounts for over 2.2 million of the more than 8.4 million volumes held in the shared digital repository. Drawing its name from the Hindi word for elephant (an animal highly regarded for its memory, wisdom, and strength), the HathiTrust (pronounced hah-tee) began in 2008 as a collaboration of the CIC, the University of California system, and the University of Virginia. It has expanded quickly since then, and is now an international partnership comprising 52 academic and research libraries. Learn more at www.lib.umn.edu/google and hathitrust.org.

. . . and Gophers, too! Visitors to Wilson Library on Saturday, January 15 found the building overrun with aspiring Gophers. Taking the opportunity to visit the state’s largest research library before University classes began, nearly 300 Minnesota middle and high school students preparing History Day projects attended the first-ever Gopherbaloo. Like the related History Day Hullabaloo events held at the Minneapolis Central branch of Hennepin County Library, the students received enhanced research support from librarians and lessons offered by Minnesota Historical Society program staff and others on various History Day topics. This summer, eleven area high school sophomores and juniors participated in a pilot Summer History Immersion Program in Andersen Library. Modeled after National History Day, the students received an in-depth historical research and college immersion experience at the University of Minnesota.

Peer Pressure to Succeed A new program matches students with peers for one-on-one, personalized research help. The cadre of Peer Research Consultants, all extensively trained in library and academic research, focus on teaching students as they help them with their research questions. Students and instructors give the program high marks, with one writing that her student “came in raving about his experience with the peer research consultants. . . . Since then a couple more students have made visits and in their emails to me, I see that their research focus is improving. This is a great service!”

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Innovation Rewarded AgEcon Search, an agricultural and applied economics subject repository, has received this year’s Innovation in Science and Technology Librarianship Award. The award, given annually by the Science and Technology Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries, recognizes that AgEcon Search is “the trusted national and international repository for open access to agricultural economic research valued by disciplinary researchers the world over.” AgEcon Search is maintained at the University of Minnesota by Louise Letnes in the Department of Applied Economics and Julie Kelly of the University Libraries, with support from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. Learn more at ageconsearch.umn.edu. Research services librarian Lisa Johnston was named the first recipient of the Academic Innovators Award, given by the Academic and Research Libraries Division (ARLD) of the Minnesota Library Association. The award recognizes Johnston for her work on the data management program described on page 6.

The Adventure of the Endowed Curatorship Mrs. Hudson may be the Holmes caretaker at 221B Baker Street, but it’s Tim Johnson in that role at 222 21st Avenue South in Minneapolis. Johnson, who has served as curator of special collections and rare books for the Libraries since 1998, was recently named the first E.W. McDiarmid Curator of the Sherlock Holmes Collections. From his office in Andersen Library, Johnson tends to the world’s largest collection of material related to Sherlock Holmes and its creator, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The collections contain over 60,000 items and has been consulted by scholars and screenwriters alike. The curatorship was created by the Friends of the Sherlock Holmes Collections and the McDiarmid family in honor of E.W. “Mac” McDiarmid, former University Librarian and a Holmes enthusiast since boyhood.

For These Are Jolly Good Fellowships Six scholars from around the world will be delving into several University Libraries archives and special collections this year, with support from two new fellowship programs. As the first James Ford Bell Library Research Fellow, Virginia R. Donovan, University of Wisconsin-Superior, will conduct a literary comparison of Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville’s writing with the Bell Library’s French corsair archive. The five inaugural Andersen Research Scholars will be working in various collections in Andersen Library: Samuel Zebulon Baker, Georgia Southern University, will conduct research in University Archives for his book Fields of Contest: Race, Religion, and College Football in the U.S. South, 1945–1975. J. Edmund Heavens, St. John’s College, will use records in the Kautz Family YMCA Archives for his dissertation on the Robert R. Service family’s efforts to establish a YMCA presence in Sichuan, China. Paul Kemeny, Grove City College, is researching his book, The First Moral Majority: The New England Watch and Ward Society and Moral Reform Politics in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century America, using the Social Welfare History Archives. Olga Pantelidou, National Technical University of Athens (Greece), will be conducting research at the Charles Babbage Institute for her dissertation on the effects of Electronic Recording Machine-Accounting on the banking industry. Michelle Phillips, Rutgers University, will use the Children’s Literature Research Collections for her dissertation, ‘The Child in the Midst’: Modernism and the Problem of Childhood Interiority.

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Short Stacks

NEWS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA LIBRARIES

Of Art, Agriculture, and Health The history of what was once the University Gallery and is now the internationally known, Frank Gehry-designed Weisman Art Museum; the papers of renowned plant pathologist and humanitarian Norman Borlaug; archival materials documenting the history of agriculture in Minnesota; the development of health sciences education and research at the University of Minnesota. Researchers interested in these topics will soon have improved access to primary sources thanks to a flurry of projects in University Archives this past year. Since October 2010, the Weisman Art Museum has been closed to the public while a $14 million expansion is completed. In the meantime, another construction project has been underway: “The WAM Files” blog highlights the treasures uncovered as the Weisman Archives are being processed by two graduate student interns. “Five students were hit by autos, six were bitten by squirrels on campus last year” are two highlights from a 1971 report from the Students’ Health Service, one of thousands of items digitized for the Academic Health Center History Project. The “Planting the Seeds of the Green Revolution” project aims to digitize fifty-eight boxes of material including those donated by Borlaug, who won the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for his development of the high-yield, disease-resistant wheat credited with saving billions of people from starvation. “Harvesting Minnesota’s Agricultural History” will create online finding aids to help researchers locate and access the previously unprocessed agricultural collections held by University Archives from 1871 to the present. Learn more about each project at special.lib.umn.edu/uarchives.

Minitex: Celebrating 40 Years of Serving Libraries and Their Patrons That book that came to you via interlibrary loan? That electronic information database that your child uses for schoolwork? Training sessions that help library staff serve their patrons more effectively? You may have benefited from all or any of these services provided by Minitex, the information and resource sharing program of the Minnesota Office of Higher Education and the University Libraries. Now celebrating its fortieth anniversary, Minitex began as a pilot project in 1969 and gained funding from the Minnesota Legislature in 1971 to help Minnesota libraries enhance their service to their users by expanding their access to local, state, regional, national, and international information resources. Learn more about Minitex and their planned anniversary celebration activities at www.minitex.umn.edu.

Bell Library Awarded National Endowment for the Humanities Grant The James Ford Bell Library has received a $300,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to inventory, digitize, and make available online all of the maps in its more than 10,000 books. This project, Revealing Maps: Preserving and Creating Access to the Bound Maps in the James Ford Bell Library Collection, will make accessible 20,000-30,000 maps over the course of the three-year project. When completed in 2014, this map collection will be the largest available online that features maps made prior to ca. 1800 CE.

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Notable Aquistions Rare African American Literature Collection in Honor of Lou Bellamy Archie Givens, Sr. Collection of African American Literature Donated anonymously in honor of Lou Bellamy’s retirement from the University of Minnesota’s Department of Theatre Arts and Dance, this tremendous collection comprises 850 volumes, including hundreds of first editions and inscribed books—by Booker T. Washington, James Baldwin, Margaret Walker, Lucille Clifton, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison, Angela Davis, Lorraine Hansberry, Chester Himes, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, James Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay, and Paul Robeson. Other highlights include Sojourner Truth’s self-published Narrative of Sojourner Truth and an inscribed first edition of Paul Laurence Dunbar’s self-published Oak and Ivy. With some volumes that predate the Emancipation Proclamation, this rare book collection greatly enhances the already historic Givens Collection.

Sara Roberson Collection of African American Children’s Literature Archie Givens, Sr. Collection of African American Literature and Children’s Literature Research Collections As a teacher in the Minneapolis Public School District for more than three decades, Sara Roberson amassed a vast library of children’s books by and about African Americans. The collection also contains materials that document the desegregation of Minneapolis Public Schools in the 1970s as well as the development of interdisciplinary and multicultural curricula for grade schoolers in the 1970s and ’80s; literary broadsides, books, and other publications by African American writers; and many other treasures that tell a history of African American culture and literature. Of particular interest are materials—posters, calendars, comic books, and ephemera—that represent African American history, often as told by major American companies such as Miller High Life and Nabisco, as well as the 1967– 1970 Golden Legacy comic book series depicting African American history.

Dissertation of the Fourteen Meridians Wangensteen Historical Library of Biology and Medicine The latest of several significant Chinese works with Japanese reading notes to be added to the Wangensteen collections is Shinkan Jushi Keiraku Hakkui (trans. Dissertation of the Fourteen Meridians). This work, printed in 1618 in Kyoto, is the first Japanese edition of one of the most important works of Chinese acupuncture written by Shou Hua (fl. 1360–1370). This three-part text concerns the Yin and Yang through the arms and legs, circulation of the breath of life through the fourteen meridians, and the eight vital blood vessels. This work is also an important and rare example of early printing using movable wood type, a process only used for a short period in the history of Japanese book production.

Notable Aquistions Kate DiCamillo manuscripts Kerlan Collection Minneapolis author Kate DiCamillo, who had already donated manuscripts for her Newbery Award Medalist The Tale of Despereaux: Being the Story of a Mouse, a Princess, Some Soup and a Spool of Thread and Newbery Honor Book Because of Winn Dixie, donated numerous inscribed foreign language editions of her books as well as manuscript materials for The Magician's Elephant, Mercy Watson: Something Wonky This Way Comes, and Bink and Gollie (co-authored by Allison McGee). A complete DiCamillo finding aid is available at z.umn.edu/dicamillopapers.

Paul and Joan Nagel papers Special Collections, Rare Books & Manuscripts Historian Paul C. Nagel, known to many for his leadership roles in the Friends of the University of Minnesota Libraries, served over his career as college dean, university vice president, director of the Virginia Historical Society, trustee of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, past president of the Southern Historical Association, and fellow of the Society of American Historians. He authored numerous books including John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, A Private Life; The Lees of Virginia: Seven Generations of an American Family; Descent From Glory; and The Adams Women. His wife, Joan, also had a lifelong interest in research, especially in the fields of genealogy and biography. As a periodical librarian at the University of Minnesota, her research often contributed to that of her husband’s, as was the case in producing the first complete genealogical record of Virginia’s famed Lee family. The collection includes notes in Swedish genealogy, materials related to many of Paul’s books, lecture notes, correspondence, clippings, reviews, awards, scrapbooks, photographs, and copies of Paul’s books and others that were part of the Nagel library.

Michael Gray's Bob Dylan papers Upper Midwest Literary Archives Michael Gray, a leading authority on the work of Bob Dylan, has donated his papers related to the development of his two landmark works, Song and Dance Man: The Art of Bob Dylan (1972) and The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia (2006). The collection includes all research materials, drafts of the books, publication materials, posters and flyers, and criticism, as well as other writings through multiple editions and reprintings of each work. Also included is correspondence with close associates of Dylan, including Naomi Saltzman, who was in charge of Dylan’s New York office in the early 1970s; Robert Shelton, the New York Times folk music critic who gave Dylan his first review; musician Al Kooper, who played the organ on ‘Like A Rolling Stone’; and Suze Rotolo, Dylan’s first girlfriend in New York City, who appears with him on the front cover of his second album The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan.

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Forecast Public Art records Special Collections, Rare Books & Manuscripts Forecast Public Art works with municipalities, government agencies, and organizations to develop public art programs and assists artists with projects and acquiring grants. The collection contains consulting files, project files, audio-video of art installations and exhibits, exhibit catalogs, slides and photographs, clippings and publications. An NEA grant will support digitization of the entire back run of the organization’s semi-annual journal Public Art Review.

Lee Dunette papers Northwest Architectural Archives This collection contains architectural renderings along with correspondence and photographs by this awardwinning architect and University alumnus Lee Dunette. He began his professional career in the Minneapolis City Planning Department as an urban designer, then moved to a variety of architecture firms around the country and in 1989 formed his own firm. Dunette has worked with some of the most famous architects in the world, including Cesar Pelli, Hardy Holtzman Pfeiffer, and I. M. Pei, for whom he drew this famous rendering of the pyramid for the Louvre museum in Paris.

Jack Edwards papers Performing Arts Archives This collection contains costume designs, sketches, fabrics, photos, personal letters, and business materials from the career of designer Jack Edwards. His collection of gay magazines, books, and videos are collocated in the Tretter Collection in Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Studies. Edwards spent seventeen years working in New York City where he designed costumes for one Broadway show and numerous off-Broadway shows. He later spent a year in Hollywood where he designed for “The Carol Burnett Show” and “The Jim Nabors Show.” He also worked in retail and wholesale fashion design, and had his own company through which he designed for such opera stars as Shirley Verrett, Martina Arroyo, Mildred Miller, and Montserrat Cabelle. Edwards spent time teaching and designing at the University of Hawaii before moving to Minneapolis to create designs for the Children’s Theatre, the Minnesota Opera, the Minnesota Ballet, Minnesota Dance Theatre, and the Guthrie, where he is well known for his costumes on A Christmas Carol and On the Verge. Edwards has also designed for the Holidazzle parade in downtown Minneapolis and Dayton’s (currently Macy’s) Holiday and Flower shows.

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t YEAR IN PICTURES

Lehrer at the pre-dinner reception with Harry Lerner, Paul Nagel, and Sandy Lerner. Friends of the Libraries 2010 Annual Dinner speaker Jim Lehrer.

Above: Participants for the 2010 Biennial Minnesota Institute. Right: Librarian Jon Jeffreyes visits with Institute participants at the midweek reception.

The highlight of this year’s annual staff recognition event was the dunk tank—here featuring Associate University Librarian John Butler.

The winning Science Quiz Bowl team members, from left: Scott Evan Miller (Captain), Eric O'Hara, Richard Barnes, and Jon Fraatz.

The 48th Annual James Ford Bell Lecture featured noted expert on Chinese history and culture Jonathan Spence, discussing the Ricci map, popularly called “the Impossible Black Tulip.” Owned by the James Ford Bell Trust, the map is on loan to the University of Minnesota for the benefit of the James Ford Bell Library.

A crowd flocked to this event featuring Minnesota mystery writers talking about the process of producing “can’t put it down” mysteries. Clockwise from top left: Julie Kramer, William Kent Krueger, Erin Hart, and Chuck Logan.

Left: The Second Annual Pankake Poetry reading featured prose poet Louis Jenkins. Below right: Marcia Pankake, after whom the series is named, with University Librarian Wendy Pradt Lougee. Below left: Poet Robert Bly was one of the many who attended this year’s event.

Friends of the Libraries 2011 Annual Dinner speaker Garrison Keillor.

Photo credits Jayme Halbritter (staff picnic, Lehrer, Keillor, Minnesota Institute) Dan Marshall (Spence) Jifang Song, University Librarian at Renmin University of China, and Wendy Pradt Lougee sign a memorandum of collaboration between the two University Libraries.

John Nicholson (Minnesota mystery writers, Jenkins) Marlo Welshons (Renmin) Jenny Veile (Quiz Bowl)

NONPROFIT ORG.

499 wilson librar y 309 19th avenue south minneapolis, mn 55455

This 1909 seed catalog is one of the over 57,000 historic seed and nursery catalogs held by the Andersen Horticultural Library. Selections from this collection will be on exhibit from August 1 through October 28, 2011 on the second and third floors of Andersen Library.

U.S. POSTAGE PAID TWIN CITIES, MN PERMIT NO. 90155


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