Fletcher News - Spring 2006
Fletcher News - Spring 2006 without class notes.
F E AT U R E S The five year celebration of GMAP, titled “First Five,” GMAP Turns Five – 4 was held in Washington, DC October 14-15, 2005. The Danish Cartoon Controversy – 5 More than ninety of the 250 graduates of the Op-ed by Adil Najam program attended. Page 4 Lorenzo Vidinio: A Rising Star – 6 By Te r r y A n n K n o p f The Last Days of Ferdinand Marcos – 8 Rosie Goldsmith of the BBC Interviews Former U.S. Ambassador Stephen Bosworth Lorenzo Vidino is a first-year MALD student at The Fletcher D E PA RT M E N T S School. His book Al Qaeda in Europe, The New Battleground Quotes of Note – 11 of International Jihad..... Page 6 From the Fletcher Files – 11 VIP Visitors – 12 Club News – 13 Club Contacts – 14 Dean Bosworth traveled to Recent Publications – 15 the Arabian Gulf to visit with Fletcher alumni Class Notes – 17 and friends Page 37 In Memoriam – 38 MISCELLANY Dean Bosworth’s Visit to the Arabian Gulf – 37 VO L U ME 2 8 N U MB ER 1 S P RI NG 2 0 0 6 E D I TO R Leah S. Brady P H OTO G RAPHY Sarah Arkin, Ellen Callaway, Liz Hincks, Zara Tzanev OFFICE OF DEVELOPMENT AND ALUMNI RELATIONS Tara Lewis Associate Director Correction: We regret the Julia Motl Lowe Director of The Fletcher Fund 1933 Founders’ Club Associate Roger A. Milici Jr. Director 1956 giving list in the fall 2005 Kathleen Bobick Staff Assistant Michael Preiner Coordinator of The Fletcher Fund Leah S. Brady Coordinator of Alumni Relations Cynthia Weymouth Administrative Assistant Ann Carey Reunion Coordinator omission of Herbert Levin's level gift from the Class of edition of the Fletcher News. F LE T C HE R NE W S DEA N ‘S COR NE R Spring has arrived in Medford a bit early; but for those of you who recall what it is like to live here, you will not be fooled into thinking that spring will stay! April really is the cruelest month. I have just returned from a fascinating three-week visit to the Arabian Gulf, where we met with many of our alumni and visited old and new Fletcher friends. My wife, Chris, Roger Milici of the Office of Development and Alumni Relations, Prof. Richard Shultz, Prof. Andy Hess, Mrs. Bernadette KelleyLeccese, Mr. Mian Zaheen (F’73), and Mrs. Maha Kaddoura were all part of the delegation for some or all of the visit. It was evident to me after only a few days in the Gulf that Prof. Hess and Bernie have done an outstanding job creating and sustaining relationships and bridges with this important region of the world on behalf of Fletcher. The Hess/Bernie Fan Club is alive and well! The coincidence of being in the Gulf, and specifically in Dubai, just when the United States’ political process went into a frenzy of fear and irrationality over the Dubai Ports World issue added an unexpected dimension to our visit. This was not one of America’s finer moments. Yet the experience dramatically underscored just how relevant and important Fletcher’s mission of preparing leaders with a global perspective really is in today’s globalizing economy and our interdependent yet divided international community. Fletcher by its very nature builds bridges. We are constantly searching for new ideas about how to bridge political and cultural differences, how to diffuse knowledge and how to promote greater international understanding. The times in which we live demand capable professionals in all fields who can navigate the complex global environment with skill, sensitivity, and a strong moral compass. I should note with pride that the COO of DP World, Edward Bilkey (F’61), earned his MA and MALD from Fletcher. Stephen W. Bosworth I would also like to mention that Fletcher’s Office of Development and Alumni Relations has begun a new all-alumni e-mail advisory that will provide regular updates about the School and our impressive world-wide alumni network. To be sure the Alumni Office has your current coordinates, please visit – http://fletcher.tufts.edu/alumni/update.shtml or call +1.617.627.5440. Your ongoing support of Fletcher and our mission is greatly needed and appreciated. Thank you. Spring 2006 FLET C HER NEWS 3 FLETC HER NE W S Global Master of Arts Program Five Year Celebration The Global Master of Arts Program (GMAP) was launched in 2000 to merge innovative technology with the traditional mission of the school. It brings the unique Fletcher experience to international professionals who choose to remain at work as they pursue their master’s degree. This yearlong graduate program combines three two-week residency sessions with Internet-mediated study and discussion to enable midcareer professionals to find better, more innovative solutions to global problems. The first GMAP class began its opening residency in July 2000, followed in 2004 by the launch of GMAP II, focusing on international security issues. GMAP I midyear residencies have been held in Costa Rica, Spain, Athens, Mexico, Singapore, and The Netherlands. GMAP II has its midyear residency in Washington, DC. The five year celebration of GMAP, titled “First Five,” was held in Washington, DC October 14-15, 2005. More than ninety of the 250 graduates of the program attended. The Singapore Embassy hosted an opening reception and dinner, and Charles Dallara (F’75, F’86) graciously hosted six panels at the Institute of International Finance. The celebration culminated in a gala dinner at the German Embassy hosted by Fletcher board member Ambassador Wolfgang Ischinger (F’73). B OB BR AG A R (G M A P ’ 0 3 ) , C H A I R O F T H E F I RS T F I VE CO M M I T T E E, S H A RE D T H E F O LLO W I N G : First Five brought GMAP graduates and alumni from the larger Fletcher community together to discuss important international issues, enjoy each other’s company, and celebrate being a part of the GMAP and Fletcher community. GMAP is a remarkable program. My own class consisted of 38 members with challenging and interesting jobs, across a wide range of sectors: diplomats, government officials, NGO workers, lawyers, business people, and military officers. We hailed from 22 countries. Most importantly, we developed a tremendous bond, stemming from our common passion for intellectual exploration and things international. At First Five, I found that every GMAP class shared the same experience and extraordinary qualities. Many came great distances to join us – from Estonia, Greece, Mexico, Jamaica, China, and other far-flung places. We came for the same good stuff that we got from GMAP: the thoughtful discussion and camaraderie that cannot be matched. The weekend included six panels designed to examine the present and probe the future, staffed exclusively by GMAPers. The titles of the panels were: “The Rise of China,” “Paradigms in Leadership,” “Change in the Middle East,” “Does Europe Have Something to Offer the World?,” “No More Rwandas: Conflict in Africa,” and “Anti-povertyWhat Comes After Microfinance?” GMAPers are proud and active members of the Fletcher community; it was particularly inspiring and heartening to have so many board members and alumni take part and contribute. Bob Bragar (GMAP’03) Chair, First Five Committee General Counsel,Oikocredit The Netherlands FLETC HER NE W S The Danish Cartoon Controversy: It’s About Hate Speech, Not Free Speech OP-ED BY AD IL NAJAM Shouting “fire” in a crowded theatre is not a prank. And there is nothing funny about propagating offensive and hurtful ideas, even if it takes the form of cartoon drawings of the Prophet Muhammad. What had started off as a really bad joke by Danish newspaper editors has now turned ugly and claimed over a hundred lives, nearly all Muslim. Indeed, it has brought to the fore some of the most disturbing undercurrents in the West as well as in Muslim societies. The cartoons have placed the spotlight on the most hideous caricatures of what extremists on each side wish to see in the other. If the purpose of these cartoons was to instigate violence and thereby prove that Muslim societies are violence prone, they seem to have served their purpose. But in the process, the cartoons – and more importantly the Western defense of the cartoons – have also given credence to the claim that many in the West harbor a pervasive and deep-seated hostility to all things Islamic. Sadly, the way the issue is being framed in both the West and in Muslim societies is only making things worse. It is disturbing that many Westerners have chosen to ignore the hate content of these cartoons. It is tragic that many Muslims have chosen to respond with vengeance rather than dialogue. For the most part, the controversy has been portrayed as a clash between the “Western” value of freedom of speech and the “Islamic” aversion to graphic depictions of the Prophet Muhammad. Fundamentalists on each side are gravitating to this position because it serves to demonize the other and depicts this controversy as one more front in the ongoing struggle between Islam and the West. Ordinary Muslims around the world are offended not so much by the fact that the cartoons depicted their Prophet, as by how he was portrayed and by the hateful depiction of Islam. The Danish editors knew exactly what the reaction would be. If they did not, they should have. As Doonesbury creator Garry Trudeau has pointed out, “just because a society has almost unlimited freedom of expression doesn’t mean we should ever stop thinking about its consequences in the real world.” But what has been most hurtful is that a depiction that would have been obviously racist if it was targeted against African-Americans, or anti-Semitic if it was targeted against Jews and would have been rightly condemned, was deemed acceptable in this case – seemingly because it was directed against Muslims. Indeed, the immediate reaction from governments and most pundits in the West seemed to condone, even endorse, the message of the cartoons by camouflaging hate speech as free speech. The issue here is not a lack of sensitivity to Muslim customs. This is about hypocrisy and a lack of commitment to the professed Western values of tolerance and fair play. True, many US newspapers have chosen not to print the cartoons. But by their own account, they did so more out of fear of what these cartoons might trigger than actual disdain at the hate speech that they stand for. Few, painfully few, actually came out and called the hate speech contained in the cartoons what it was. As a Muslim, I find the reaction of my co-religionists even more disturbing. The extremists have again taken hold of the debate and played into the hands of the instigators. In the early days of the crisis I had hoped that cooler heads would prevail – that nonviolent protest, product boycotts, and a heated but meaningful dialogue would ensue. Unfortunately, it was not to be. The violent fringe in Muslim countries has been able to capitalize on the intransigent reaction from the West. I, too, am offended by the indignity of the Danish cartoons. But defacing and burning flags, destroying property, and physical attacks on individuals does not restore my dignity. Vengeance is not justice; it only makes things worse. And it has. The question, of course, is what do we do now? Muslim leaders should continue to condemn the original cartoons but they must be equally clear in condemning violence that is not only unjustified, but un-Islamic. Governments, the media and intellectuals in Muslim countries need to stand clearly against the violent reactions in their own societies. For the most part, they have. Political leaders, media outlets and intellectuals in the West do not need to – and should not – casually toss aside the value they place on free speech. No free society ever should. But nor should they be negligent in recognizing hate speech when they see it. The general silence about the content of the cartoons sounds too much like an endorsement of their substance. This silence must be broken. Adil Najam is an Associate Professor of International Negotiation and Diplomacy at The Fletcher School. Spring 2006 FLET C HER NEWS 5 FLETCHE R NE WS Lorenzo Vidino: A Rising Star at Fletcher…and he’s only 29 Al Qaeda in Europe TERRY ANN KNOPF It was another grim news day, with breaking news that Osama Bin Laden had released a new audiotape, via al Jazeera, the Arab-language satellite network, pledging once again to attack the United States, but oddly offering a truce. The public appetite for news was high as “The Curtis Report,” airing on the New England Cable News, went on the air for its nightly news show. As the lights went down, the little red light went on, with the floor man signaling to the anchor they were on the air. The segment began with a video package showing Vice President Richard Cheney and White House Press Secretary Scott McClellan delivering sound bites designed to show the Bush Administration’s resolve. But aside from the posturing, what did this latest development mean? Now, the cameras switched to the in-studio guest, a terrorism expert there to discuss what it all meant. Lorenzo Vidino, knowledgeable, calm and measured, proceeded to offer shrewd insights about this latest development. He said the tape might have been designed to boost the morale of terrorists around the world. Asked if the timing of the tape might be related to the recent U.S. air strikes on the AfghanPakistani border, Vidino was cautious. “It could be,” he said, before noting that the tape had surfaced less than a week after the air strikes and that it generally took a good week to get a tape out to the world. He mostly dismissed Bin Laden’s offer of a “truce” as “a PR move,” theorizing that it might be “part of a new campaign to add a political dimension” to al Qaeda’s terrorist activities. And, he noted al Qaeda’s leadership had been “partially defeated” and was now “more of a movement,” held together as a group of “franchises” operating around the world. 6 Spring 2 0 0 6 FLE TC HER NEWS By all counts, it was an impressive performance by an impressive young man. Lorenzo Vidino speaks four languages (seven if you count what languages he can read, including ancient Greek), has a law degree from the University of Milan, and has testified before the U.S. Congress twice. He is also the author of an important new book called Al Qaeda in Europe, The New Battleground of International Jihad, published by Prometheus Books. [He wrote the book when he was the Deputy Director for The Investigative Project, a Washington, D.C. counter-terrorism institute.] Much in demand for TV appearances, Vidino has been on NBC, Fox News, MSNBC, CNN, al Jazeera and various local outlets. His book was also prominently featured in a December 5 Special Report cover story in US News and World Report and has received media play in outlets abroad, such as the London Sunday Telegraph. And, around the time we caught up with him, he had just made an appearance on Danish television station DR, the country’s most watched network, concerning a Danishbased terrorist. After his appearance, he was contacted by the Danish government and now the Danish edition of his book will come out this summer. Despite all this media attention, note that Lorenzo Vidino is a first-year student at Fletcher and just turned 29 years of age in January. Asked in a lengthy interview why he chose to concentrate on al Qaeda’s European activities, Vidino replied that much of the terrorism research and analysis to date centered on terrorism in regard to the United States. Citing the more recent attacks on London and Madrid, among others, he said: “Practically nobody has analyzed the networks in Europe. Every attack carried out by al Qaeda since 1993 (the year of the first World Trade Center attacks) has had some kind of European link. For the 9/11 attacks, for example, three of the four pilots were recruited in Hamburg; most of the planning took place in Germany and Spain.” Vidino said the number of radical Islamists in Europe is daunting. “According to local authorities, Germany has between 30,000 to 40,000 known Islamists. In England, intelligence agencies estimate that 3,000 local Muslims received training in al Qaeda’s camps in Afghanistan,” he said. While radical Islamic groups had been growing throughout Europe over the last 25 years, Vidino said the composition of the networks had changed more recently. “They are very extensive, very sophisticated and well organized,” he said. “But now al Qaeda has become a looser organization, and in certain cases the groups operating on the ground in Europe have only ideological ties to al FLET CHE R NE WS Qaeda.” In other words, al Qaeda is now more homegrown -- more of series of local “franchises” around Europe selling its product (i.e., terrorism) more exclusively, while carrying the company’s brand name [al Qaeda]. Vidino cited two chilling examples of this homegrown terrorism: one, the 2002 abduction and beheading of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl; the other, in 2004, the murder of a prominent Dutch filmmaker named Theo Van Gogh, a distant relative of the legendary painter. Nor did the assassinations necessarily fall into the stereotypical view of terrorists as impoverished and downtrodden. He noted Omar Saeed Sheikh came from a well-to-do family living in London. “Omar Sheikh, the guy who beheaded Daniel Pearl, was the son of a very wealthy Pakistani merchant; he attended the London School of Economics, went to Bosnia to fight with the Muhajadeen, then went to Pakistan and joined a radical group. In fact, he affected a charming cockney accent to ingratiate himself with Western tourists whom he would then kidnap.” While Van Gogh’s assassination did not receive the same media attention that Daniel Pearl’s murder did, it was no less brutal. Dutch Islamists had been angered by a documentary by Van Gogh that had been very critical of radical Islam and its mistreatment of women. One unsuspecting morning, Van Gogh was riding his bike through the busy downtown streets of Amsterdam on his way to his production house. “A Dutch-born Moroccan chased after him and shot him at least five times. The attacker tried to behead Van Gogh with a butcher’s knife, while he pleaded for his life.” As recounted during the interview and in his book, Vidino said the murderous assailant pinned a five-page letter to Van Gogh’s heart, a “Declaration of War against the West.” “He was part of a cell of 40-50 people. Some of them are currently on trial in Amsterdam, most of them are Dutch-born, some as young as 16,” he said. The good news, said Vidino, is that al Qaeda does not presently have an extensive network in the United States. “They are not as widespread or as deep as they are in Europe.” However, he also offered a sober warning that there is no foolproof way of guarding against future attacks. “Look at Israel,” he said, “Israel is a small country and has great security. Yet attacks happen almost every day.” Lorenzo Vidino is a first-year MALD student at The Fletcher School. His book Al Qaeda in Europe, The New Battleground of International Jihad is available at www.amazon.com. Spring 2006 FLET C HER NEWS 7 FLETCHE R NE W S Stephen W. Bosworth Reflects on the Last Days of Ferdinand Marcos On the 20th anniversary of the overthrow of Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos, Stephen W. Bosworth, United States Ambassador to the Philippines from 1984-1987, reflects on his role in the tumultuous last days of Marcos and the triumph of the “people power” uprising of 1986. Bosworth’s remarks are taken from a lengthy telephone interview he did last November with Rosie Goldsmith, a presenter/producer from the BBC. Portions of the interview were later used in February for a two-part documentary series, “From Dictatorship to Democracy,” which aired on the BBC World Service, and for a program called "The People's Revolution” which aired on the BBC’s domestic service. Portions of the original interview are reprinted with the permission of the BBC. S E T T I NG T H E STAG E : In the face of rampant government corruption, political mismanagement by his cronies, and bilking the treasury out of millions of dollars, Ferdinand Marcos and his powerful, lavish-spending wife Imelda were swept from power in 1986 in the face of fraudulent elections and street demonstration, which became part of a huge popular uprising known as “people power.”A tense stalemate ensued between Marcos’ supporters and the opposition led by Corazon Aquino, the candidate who had been robbed of an electoral victory. It ended only when the dictator, at the urging of the United States, fled his country and went into exile in Hawaii, with Corazon Aquino assuming the presidency. A B I T T ER SW EET AN NI V ERS A RY: Alas, in what should have been a moment of jubilant celebration, the 20th anniversary of “people power” in the Philippines was marked by political unrest, with troops patrolling the streets, 8 Spring 2 0 0 6 FLE TC HER NEW S a police raid on a leading opposition paper in Manila, and President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo imposing a state of emergency. In a bitter twist of irony, Corazon Aquino, the woman who had led the Philippines to democracy 20 years earlier, was on the streets again, rallying a crowd in hopes of deposing the current president. S TE P H EN B OS WO R T H ’S I N TE RV I E W W I TH TH E B B C : BBC: How big a role did the United States play in the events leading up to 1986? SWB: Our role was not as significant as both sides would have liked… Our goal was to try, over a period of years, starting with assassination of [chief opposition leader] Benigno Aquino [in 1983], to make them create enough democratic space within the country so the opposition within the country could have a level playing field as they contested Marcos at the ballot box. And that was a fairly consistent process over an 18 month period. BBC: In spite of Ma rco’s human ri g hts record and the excesses and at rocities that the United St ates must have kn own abo u t, did you continue to suppo rt Ma rcos? SWB: We didn’t continue to support Marcos – that was the government of the Philippines for better or worse, and we didn’t think it was our role to overthrow that government. But we did believe that in our long-term interests we should support the moderate democratic forces in that country and we were confident that there were substantial numbers of those forces. So we leaned on Marcos from the time I arrived in April 1984 through the next 18 months … to allow the democratic opposition to operate. BBC: Why did the United St ates need Fe rdinand Ma rcos? SWB: I wouldn’t say we needed Ferdinand Marcos per se. What we didn’t want was protracted instability in the Philippines. Remember this was at the height of the Cold War. We believed we were in global competition with a powerful global adversary. We had two military bases in the Philippines considered vital to our strategy of containment of the Soviet Union. No one was arguing that we didn’t need those bases. Marcos understood that very well and played on our interests. But after Benigno Aqino’s assassination, we realized that support for Ferdinand Marcos was jeopardizing our long-term interests in the Philippines. That required that we be seen by the majority of Filipinos as supportive of the democratic process. BBC: Benigno Aquino was murd e red in 1983; the People Power Revolution was in 1986. Why did it take the United States three years to act ? SWB: It sometimes takes the United FLETCHE R NE W S States a very long time to act on anything. Our system of government is effective, but not always efficient. But the context is important – not an excuse. We’d been out of Vietnam a decade. [There was] a strong view that we needed a foothold in the Philippines. Marcos had it in his power to deny that to us if he wanted to. BBC: What was the tipping point? SWB: The tipping point was the election. In 1985 [Marcos] called a snap election after we had been harassing him for over a year on the need for full transparency and accountability for Aquinas’s murder .… A series of special envoys had come out from the United States to meet him. And I was meeting with him about once a week, making the same point over and over again. Finally under pressure – and because of his [poor] health – he announced on American TV a snap election. That was in November and the election took place in February ‘86. Marcos thought he would win. He had lost touch with his people… Also, he believed that if he didn’t win the election legitimately, he could, in effect, steal it. What he failed to comprehend were two things: one, how much his mandate had been eroded by human rights abuses and… the deteriorating economy – the Filipino people were hurting. He also discovered that he had to run an election in the glare of full global publicity and media. When he tried to ‘force’ the election he was sloppy and got caught… It was clear to all watching that he was cheating. BBC: Tell us about the last three days of the Ma rcos regime? SWB: I knew there was a good deal of unrest in the Filipino Armed Forces. We had learned of various plots in earlier months… [including] a reform movement loyal to then- Defense Minister [Juan Ponce] Enrile. But we also knew that [Gen. Fabian] Ver [Marcos’ cousin and former bodyguard] was plotting various moves – so both sides knew and we knew. So after some consultation with Washington, I sent messages to both sides and said: ‘The US knew they were doing this and the other knew what the other was doing and they should stop! We would not support a government produced by a coup nor would we support the coup.’ We tried to freezeframe the situation. In that time [period] Philip Habib was sent out from Washington – a very blunt guy. We weren’t sure what we were going to do, but he came out and we paddled round [in] meeting with dozens of people within government and with the opposition – Cory [Aquino], etc. tion with many moving parts. All we could do was try to keep our eye on major principles. Three weeks before the election, I had stated openly that the US would work with whichever party won the elections. At that point Imelda tried to get me [declared] persona non grata… She had also personally contacted Nancy Reagan and tried to get me removed as Ambassador. Thankfully, [Secretary of State] George Schulz and others understood that we were doing the right thing and beat back that initiative. BBC: Were you surp rised at the large numbers of people on the streets? He left on a Sunday afternoon. I went back to the Embassy residence. I was writing a cable to Washington reporting on our last meeting with Marcos. While doing that, I got a phone call saying that the [Defense] Minister Enrile wanted to talk with me. Enrile had learned that Ver was out to arrest him and the reformed officers… and he had gone into hiding… And he believed that he and Eddie Ramos were in imminent danger. SWB: A large crowd of colleagues and wives had gathered at the U.S. Embassy on the Saturday night. We saw large numbers of people gathered at EDSA. I can’t say I was surprised, but it was noteworthy… You must remember that in August of 1983 the streets were filled with Filipinos as [Benigno] Aquino’s body was marched round the city and country… So we were accustomed to large crowds. BBC: Did En rile and Ramos really believe they we re in danger? BBC: The night of Feb. 25th, the Ma rcos family and aides left the Palace. What role did the United St ates play? SWB: Yes. They thought they would be killed. Marcos had a long history of responding very aggressively to anyone trying to challenge him. It began while [he] was in [his] early 20s [when he] murdered a political opponent of his father – shot him at an open window while he was brushing his teeth. Marcos’ proclivity for very direct action was well established, so I don’t blame Enrile or Ramos for being concerned about their own safety. BBC: The events of 1986 have sometimes been po rt rayed as either a bungled coup or [in the case of] people power, a CIA plot? SWB: When the Filipinos don’t understand why something happens, [they] usually [say] that it’s a CIA plot. I hereby declare it was not! It ascribes to the US government a level of understanding and wisdom that simply does not exist. We didn’t know enough to manipulate the situation. It was a situa- SWB: We did it! I had been in touch with Marcos over that weekend, from Saturday to Monday…under instructions that I was delivering ultimatums. I told him we did not want him to use force to suppress this popular movement on the streets. BBC: That pressure came from the United St ate s,not just Ma rcos saying he wouldn’t ki l l his beloved people? SWB: We knew there was column of Marines moving north on EDSA towards where Enrile and Ramos and [their] supporters were taking refuge. I directly told Marcos that any effort to suppress this movement through the use of force would cause rupture in his relations with the US. He was upset. ‘You don’t understand,’ he said: ‘This is a rebellion – I must suppress it with force.’ I said, ‘Not acceptable as far as we’re concerned.’ Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS 9 FLETCHE R NE W S Later, I told him and then [in a] press release that we believed he could no longer rule with any effectiveness and that he should step aside. At that point we left him alone a few hours… Then he decided he should leave the palace… We said we would help him leave... I was very concerned: what if something went wrong? The palace stormed? It would have been a terrible outcome to a process which, so far, had been peaceful. We also had intelligence reports that the Presidential Guard had begun to desert and there was little security round the palace… The president and his family were in danger. So we told him we would help him out... He decided to leave by air, but asked for a boat to bring luggage and staff down river. We landed the helicopters across the river from the palace, ferried Marcos and family across the river, and then they went off to Clark Air Force Base. BBC: What we re the inte ntions of the United States getting Ma rcos out? Imelda Ma rcos said‘the United St ates ki d n a p ped the family and [they] had no idea of what was going on.’ SWB: My milder rejoinder to that would be – nonsense! They knew what was going on. We did this at their request. We probably saved their lives by taking them out. Another two hours in the palace when the mob did get in…they would all have been killed. One point of uncertainty was what would happen after we got him out. By this time, we had recognized Corazon Aquino as the new president... I asked her what she wanted us to do with Marcos. I knew we couldn’t keep him at Clark Air Force Base. He wanted to go to Ilocos. I asked Corazon Aquino. She was sitting there with Eddie Ramos, now her Chief of Staff. Ramos was suggesting to her that it would be a very bad thing. If Marcos stayed in the country, he would continue to incite violent opposition to her new government. She said, ‘No, he should leave.’ Then late evening, we had reports that loyal forces [to Marcos] were moving close to the Camp. So with the support of Washington, we organized them out. We also had concern that [Marcos] could have a military operation mounted at Clark Air Force Base with a nasty outcome. So, [Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos] were taken to Guam and then Hawaii. BBC: What do you feel loo king back 20 years later? BBC: Now, what kind of shape is the Philippines in tod ay? Are you disappointed? SWB: Many Filipinos are disappointed. I have a deep emotional investment in the country – lots of friends there.… The problem with the Philippines is not that democracy is not working…. They have elections. [But] there is an area of government beyond elections called governance. How do you govern a country which consists of 7,000 islands, 700 of them populated, 70 different dialects, no strong sense of national unity, and a culture where loyalties and affiliations are vertical and not horizontal? There are very few horizontal organizations that keep the place welded together…. Up until recently, I’ve been encouraged by the growth of economic middle class – much bigger than 20 years ago. I look around Manila and see evidence of that middle class – I see malls, etc…. Unfortunately, I also see evidence of extreme poverty – great disparity of wealth and income. The Philippines remains a very factionalized place. SWB: I feel a number of things. First, that we did the right thing. We listened to the people as best we could and, in the end – February 1986 – we did what they wanted us to do. We did not try to prop Marcos up against the will of his own people. The Philippines is much better off as a result. 1 Amid widespread international condemnation of Marcos for holding fraudulent elections, President Ronald Reagan, who had been a strong supporter of President Marcos, sent diplomat Philip Habib to the Philippines to investigate. Habib’s advice was to abandon the Philippine president. But while the situation continued to deteriorate, the Administration was initially reluctant to ask him to step down. 3 “people power” revolution was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. Four days of peaceful protests by millions of Filipinos in metropolitan Manila resulted in the overthrow of Marco’s authoritarian regime and the installation of Corazon Aquino as president of the Republic. EDSA refers to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, a main highway in Metro Manila and the main site of the demonstrations. 2 After the presidential elections of 1986, in which Marcos claimed victory despite allegations of large-scale electoral fraud, Ramos and defense minister Juan Ponce Enrile supported Marcos’opponent, Corazon Aquino. Their defection sparked the civilian “people power” movement that forced Marcos into exile. During Aquino's presidency Ramos served as military chief of staff (1986–88) and secretary of national defense (1988–91), and he suppressed several military coup attempts against her government. 4 Clark Air Base is a former U.S. Air Force base on Luzon Island in the Philippines, about 40 miles northwest of Manila. 10 Spring 2 0 0 6 FLE TC HER NEW S 5 6 Ilocos Norte is best known as the home province of former president Ferdinand Marcos. On Feb. 22, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, Vice-Chief of Staff Gen. Fidel [Eddie] Ramos, and several hundred troops loyal to them abruptly and unexpectedly broke with Marcos and barricaded themselves in Camps Crame and Aguinaldo in Metro Manila. Quotes of Note “In dealing with terror groups and insurgents and all these nonstate actors – they’re not open to containment. It’s unclear whether you can deter them – maybe you can deter some of them – but we have to have that arrow in our quiver.” —Ri c h a rdSh u l t z , Fl e tcher Pro fessor of Inte rn ational Politics, as quoted in the Ch ristian Science Monito r,17 Ma rch 2006. “As a member of government, I know that the decision to pull out troops from Iraq has been controversial and seen as a divisive line and a breach of trust and cooperation between Spain and the U.S. However, there was major opposition from the Socialist party and the Spanish people to the U.S. decision to enter Iraq. In his campaign, Prime Minister Zapatero made a commitment to the Spanish people to withdraw our troops. When the Socialist party won the elections, he had no choice but to honor his word.” —Sp a i n’s Minister of Justice Juan Fernando Lo pez Aguilar (F’88), s pe a king at Fl e tcher 3 Ma rc h , 2006. “Muslim investment is bigger than Arab investment. If you’re Muslim, you start getting the message that this [the United States] is not a place that welcomes my investment.” — Fletcher As s oc i ate Pro fessor of International Negotiation and Diplomacy, Adil Najam on the Dubai port securi ty issue as quoted in the Ch i cago Tribune, 26 February 2006. “A model progressive Muslim country cannot show the world that it makes laws that discriminate against women and that allows its religious authorities to snatch away the body of a dead man from his grieving Hindu family.” — Zainah An war (F’86), a founder of Si s te r s in Is l a m , as quoted in the New York Times, 19 February 2006. “Hong Kong knows that through each crisis, it has been able to bounce back. It knows that it has to run just to stand up because of the high level of competition.” — Anson Chan, Fo rmer Chief Se c re t a ry of the Gove rn m e nt of Hong Ko n g, spe a king at Fletcher, 3 Fe b ru a ry2006 as part of the Jean Mayer Gl o b a l Ci t i zenship Lecture. FROM THE FLETCHER FILES DEAN BOSWORTH RECEIVES JAPANESE IMPERIAL DECORATION… On November 3rd, the Japanese Government announced that Dean Stephen W. Bosworth had been awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star for his contributions to the promotion of friendly relations between Japan and the United States. FLETCHER COLLABORATION WITH THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION As part of The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy’s deepening collaboration with the European Commission, Professor ALAN HENRIKSON was invited to serve as Visiting Professor at the European Commission Training Unit in Brussels November 7-11, 2005. To a group of approximately thirty senior officials from various Commission Directorates, he taught a course dealing with the history, the mechanics, and the mysteries of “The American Foreign Policy Making Process.” The officials became directly engaged as “American” participants in a simulation exercise on a hypothesized Crisis in the Caucasus, followed by a written examination. A more formal culminating event took place “virtually” on January 23, 2006, when a joint Fletcher School-European Commission Certificate Award Ceremony for successful course participants was held by videoconference. The current European Union Fellow at the Fletcher School, Ambassador MICHAEL LAKE, himself a Commission official who most recently served as Delegate of the European Commission to South Africa, joined in conducting this transatlantic ceremony. SAVE THE DATE… AUSTIN B. FLETCHER SOCIETY INAUGURAL EVENT The Fletcher School is pleased to announce the AUSTIN B. FLETCHER SOCIETY, a new way to honor those who have remembered The School in their estate plans. Fletcher was created with a bequest from Dr. Austin Barclay Fletcher, a member of Tufts’ Class of 1876, who donated $1 million towards the establishment and maintenance of a school of law and diplomacy at Tufts. The Austin B. Fletcher Society will hold its inaugural event: Tea with Dean Bosworth on Thursday, May 18. Invitations to Austin B. Fletcher Society Members will follow soon by mail. Members of the Austin B. Fletcher Society will be recognized in future donor reports. If you have not yet informed The Fletcher School of your estate gift and would like to be recognized as a member of this Society, please contact: Tara Lewis Associate Director Office of Development and Alumni Relations email@example.com +1.617.627.2720 FLE TC HER NE WS Spring 2006 11 VIP VISITORS Ted Koppel addressed an audience of Tufts and Fletcher students, faculty, and staff as part of a distinguished panel at Fletcher on 3 April 2006. This event was an Edward R. Murrow Symposium entitled: What Would Murrow See Now? The U.S. Press and the World. Dr. Anson Chan, former Chief Secretary of the Government of Hong Kong spoke at Fletcher, 3 February 2006 as part of the Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Lecture. Photo by Sarah Arkin (A'06) Ted C. Sorensen, chief speechwriter and close adviser to President John F. Kennedy delivered a Charles Francis Adams Lecture at Fletcher on 9 February 2006. Masuda Sultan, Co-Director, Women for Afghan Women, and author of My War at Home, spoke at Fletcher as part of Enlightened Power: Are Women Transforming Leadership? This conference was hosted by The Fletcher School 13 March 2006. John L. Esposito, Professor of Religion and International Affairs at Georgetown University spoke on American Foreign Policy and the Future of the Muslim World: Autocrats, Democrats, Terrorists? as part of the Charles Francis Adams Lecture Series at Fletcher, 30 November 2005. Hans Blix, former United Nations IAEA Chief Weapons Inspector in Iraq, visited Fletcher 21 October 2005, as part of a one-day conference, Non-proliferation of weapons of Mass Destruction: Current Challenges and New Approaches. The conference was co-sponsored by Fletcher and the American Academy of Diplomacy. 12 FLE TC HER NEWS Spring 2006 CLUB NEWS F L E TCHE R CLUB OF BRUSSE LS In Ja n u a ry, the Fl e tcher Club of Brussels welcomed a group of Fl e tcher and JFK School of Govern m e nt students with Pro f. Di m i t ris Ke rides, through Ha rva rd’s Ko k kalis Prog ram on Southeastern and Ea s t - Ce nt ra l Eu ro pe. The students visited NATO and seve ral EU Institutions. In Febru a ry, t h ey we l comed Ruth Ci t ri n (F’92), near East analyst from the US St ate De p t. In Ma rc h , t h ey joined several other US Alumni As s oc i at i o n s in Belgium in a Su per Bowl night eve nt. New arri vals in Brussels include Ri c klef Be u t i n (F’01), now at the Commission, Norwin Schaeffe r (F’04), also at the Commission, Ca rl - Michael Si m o n (F’02), at Si d l ey Austin LLP. F L E TCHE R CLUB OF BUENOS AIR ES The Club’s expanding membership now includes 31 alumni in 13 co u nt ries – all with a common passion for Arg e ntina and the region, and a d e s i re to stay co n n e cted to the Fl e tcher community. The new club has found its first pro j e ct: helping a club member be come Pre s i d e nt of his co u nt ry. Raphael Trotman (F’02), Me m ber of Parl i a m e nt of Gu ya n a , has launched a new reformist party – the Al l i a n ce for Change – and is running for Pre s i d e nt in the July ’06 national elect i o n s. The Club has arranged for Raphael to wo rk with U.S. po l i t i cal consultants; is u pd ating the new party’s website; and has begun wo rking with Tufts Un i ve r s i ty’s micro f i n a n ce initiat i ve to set up a prog ram tailored to Gu ya n a . Ra p h a e l’s polls place him as a serious co ntender. Anyo n e inte re s ted in lending a hand – or who has skills that may be needed by Raph in the coming months – please contact Ca rlos St. James (carlosstjames@ya h oo. co m ) . F L E TCHE R CLUB OF SE OUL The Fl e tcher Club of Seoul and the Ko rea Tufts Al l i a n ce end-of-year banquet was a gre at succe s s, with a turnout of more than 40 Tufts and Fl e tcher alumni. The two groups hope this will be a stepping stone fo r bigger and more successful eve nts in the future. F L E TCHE R ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF WA S H I N G TO N , D C Victoria Esser (F’99) and Laurent Guinand (F’98), with other Fletcher alumni in DC enjoyed a whiskey tasting at the Potomac Boat Club on February 9. The tasting was hosted by Mark Baker (F’95) of Diageo. F L E TCHE R CLUB OF PHILA D E L P H I A / P E N N S Y LVA N I A After going bankrupt in Arg e ntina when the co u ntry melted down in 2001, Tommy Heanue (F’90) has re t u rned to the US to settle in He r s h ey PA, where u pon he has re s t ru ct u red his Arg e ntine snack food business. To m my has also taken on the task of organizing Fl e tcher alumni in Pennsylvania. Ernie Wright (F’94), fo rmer Club leader, has helped the transition. Tommy looks fo rwa rd to sharing Fl e tcher ex pe ri e n ces at g at h e rings in Pi t t s b u rgh and Philadelphia. If inte re s ted in getting invo l ve d, please contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org m . F L E TCHE R CLUB OF AT L A N TA New leadership is needed for the Fl e tcher Club of At l a nt a. After s eve ral years acting as the primary alumni co ntact in Georgia, Wendy Gu t i e rrez is relinquishing her role to spend time with her new baby! Ma ny thanks to We n dy for all that she has done for Fl e tcher. If you are inte re s ted in re i nv i g o rating the Cl u b, please contact Leah Bra dy, at leah.brady@tuft s. e d u. F L E TCHE R CLUB OF OR EGON SusanWi l l i a m s (F’00) and Michael Zw i rn (F’01) have re l ocated to Washington, DC and are no longer able to spe a rhead the Fletcher Alumni group in Oregon. Thanks to Susan and Michael! Th ey are eager to have a new leader step up. If you are inte re s ted in organizing Fl e tcher alumni in Oregon, contact Leah Bra dy at leah.bra dy@tuft s. e d u. Members of the Fletcher Club of Seoul and Korea Tufts Alliance: Former General Jae-Chang Kim (F’98, F’02, Fletcher Club President), Sae-hyun Paik (J’01), Eunji Lee (J’00), Mi-Yeon Lee (J’00), Dr. Jung-Hoon Lee (A’84, F’86, Korea Tufts Alliance President), Seung-hyun Lim (Tufts student), and Jung Park (A’01) Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS 13 C L U B C O N TA C T S AT L A N TA Needs new leadership! Please email email@example.com if interested in taking on a leadership role. BA N G KO K Ekachai Chainuvati, (F’03) firstname.lastname@example.org BEIJING Stephane Grand (F’98) email@example.com BERLIN Jan-Philipp Görtz (F’98) firstname.lastname@example.org B O M BAY Forming soon… B O S TO N Katherine Sikora Nelson, (F’93) email@example.com B RU S S E L S Katrina Destree (F’95) firstname.lastname@example.org BU D A P E S T Anita Orban (F’01) email@example.com BUENOS AIRE S Carlos St. James (GMAP’04) firstname.lastname@example.org C H I CAG O Daniela Abuzatoaie (F’00) email@example.com CHILE Andres Montero (F’85) firstname.lastname@example.org German Olave (F’97) email@example.com CO P E N H AG E N Geoffrey Pack (F’89) firstname.lastname@example.org D U BA I Forming soon… F L E TCHE R ALUMNI OF CO LO R A S S O C I AT I O N Belinda Chiu (F’04) email@example.com GREECE Marilena Griva (F’02) firstname.lastname@example.org Thomas Varvitsiotis (F’99) email@example.com 14 Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS HONG KO N G Dorothy Chan firstname.lastname@example.org PHILIPPINES Cathy Hartigan-Go email@example.com Alicia Eastman firstname.lastname@example.org SAN FR A N C I S CO Vladimir Todorovic (F’01) email@example.com H O U S TO N David Hwa (F’76) firstname.lastname@example.org K E N YA Anne Angwenyi (F’02) Anne_Angwenyi@alumni.tufts.edu Viviane Chao (F’02) email@example.com KO S OVO Iliriana Kacaniku (F '04) firstname.lastname@example.org LO N D O N Alexandra Paton (F’01) email@example.com LOS ANGE LES Adrineh Gregorian (F’04) firstname.lastname@example.org Spencer Abbot (F’97) email@example.com M A L AYS I A Shah Azmi (F’86) firstname.lastname@example.org MIAMI Daniel Ades (F’03) email@example.com M IDDLE EAST ALUMNI ASSOCIAT I O N Walid Chamoun (F’00) firstname.lastname@example.org N E W YO R K Raymond Linsenmayer (F’01) Raymond_Linsenmayer@hotmail.com Deborah Eisenberg (F’03) email@example.com OREGON Needs new leadership! Please email firstname.lastname@example.org if interested in taking on a leadership role. PA R I S Julien Naginski (F’93) email@example.com Angela de Santiago (F’91) firstname.lastname@example.org PHIL ADELPHIA Thomas Heanue (F’90) email@example.com SÃO PAU LO Paulo Bilyk (F’92) firstname.lastname@example.org S E ATT L E Julie Bennion (F’01) email@example.com SEOUL Junsik Ahn (F’00) firstname.lastname@example.org SHANGHAI Meredith Ludlow (F’03) email@example.com SINGAPORE Kim Odhner firstname.lastname@example.org S W I T Z E R LA N D Mauricio Cysne (F’93) email@example.com TO K YO Mariko Noda (F’90) firstname.lastname@example.org VIENNA Rainer Staub (F’96) email@example.com Jonathan Tirone (F’00) firstname.lastname@example.org WA S H I N G TO N , D C Victoria Esser (F’99) T. Colum Garrity (F’98) email@example.com www.fletcherclubofdc.org R E C E N T P U B L I C AT I O N S FAC U LT Y Steven Block. “Maternal Nutrition Knowledge versus Schooling as Determinants of Child Micronutrient Status.” Oxford Economic Papers (forthcoming 2006). Lawrence E. Harrison and Jerome Kagan, ed. Developing Cultures: Essays on Cultural Change. Routledge, 2006. __ and Peter L. Berger, ed. Developing Cultures: Case Studies. Routledge, 2006. __.The Central Liberal Truth: How Politics Can Change a Culture and Save It From Itself. Oxford University Press, 2006. __.“The Culture Club.” The National Interest no. 86 (spring 2006): 94-100. Alan K. Henrikson. “Niche Diplomacy in the World Public Arena: The Global ‘Corners’ of Canada and Norway.” In The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations, edited by Jan Melissen. Pages 67-87. Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Brigadier General (Ret.) Russell Howard, James Forest, and Joanne Moore. Homeland Security and Terrorism. McGraw-Hill, 2006. __ and Reid L. Sawyer. Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment, Readings and Interpretations, Second Edition. McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2005. __ and Reid L. Sawyer. Defeating Terrorism Shaping the New Security Environment. McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. Ian Johnsone, ed. Annual Review of Global Peace Operations. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Pub., 2006. __.“The Plea of Necessity in International Legal Discourse: Humanitarian Intervention and Counter-Terrorism.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, vol. 43, no. 2 (2005): 337-388. __.“Discursive power in the UN Security Council.” Journal of Interational Law and International Relations, vol. 2, no. 1 (June 2006). Michael Klein. “Studying Texts: A Gemara of the Israeli Economy,” Israel Economic Review, vol. 3, no. 1 (August 2005): 121 – 147. __. “Dollarization and Trade,” Journal of International Money and Finance, vol. 24, no. 6, (October 2005): 935 – 943. __ and Jay Shambaugh (F’96).“Fixed Exchange Rates and Trade.” Journal of International Economics (forthcoming). Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Bernice Wing Yee Lee, and Adil Najam. ”Desarrollo Sostenible: Cómo superar las carencias de gobernanza de la globalización” in Diálogo sobre Gobernabilidad, Globalización y Desarrollo, edited by Ramon Torrent Macau, Antoni Millet Abbd and Alberto Arce Suárez. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona, 2005. Adil Najam. Philanthropy by the Pakistani Diaspora in the USA. Islamabad:The Pakistan Center for Philanthropy and the Rockefeller Foundation, 2005. __. “Developing Countries and Global Environmental Governance: From Contestation to Participation to Engagement.” International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, vol. 5, no. 3 (2005): 303-321. __. “A Tale of Three Cities: Developing Countries in Global Environmental Negotiations.” In Global Challenges: Furthering the Multilateral Process for Sustainable Development, edited by Angela Churie Kallhauge, Gunnar Sjöstedt and Elisabeth Correll. Pages 124-143. London: Greanleaf, 2005. __.“Why Environmental Politics Looks Different from the South.” In Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, edited by Peter Dauvergne. Pages 111-126. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Press, 2005. George Norman and Joel P. Trachtman. “The Customary International Law Game.” American Journal of International Law, vol. 99, no. 3 (2005): 541. Jesawald W. Salacuse. Leading Leaders: How to Manage Smart, Talented, Rich, and Powerful People. AMACOM, 2006. Anna Seleny. The Political Economy of State-Society Relations in Hungary and Poland: From Communism to the European Union. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Richard H. Shultz and Andrea Dew (F’03, Ph.D. candidate). Insurgents,Terrorists, and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat. Columbia University Press, forthcoming 2006. Marc Sommers. Islands of Education: Schooling, Civil War, and the Southern Sudanese (1983-2004). Paris: International Institute for Educational Planning, UNESCO, 2005. __. Fearing Africa’s Young Men:The Case of Rwanda. Washington, DC: Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit Working Paper No. 32, World Bank (2006). __. “In the Shadow of Genocide: Rwanda’s Youth Challenge.” In Troublemakers or Peacemakers? Youth and Post-Accord Peacebuilding, edited by Siobhán McEvoy-Levy. South Bend: University of Notre Dame Press (forthcoming 2006). Joel P. Tractman. “Unilateralism and Multilateralism in U.S. Human Rights Laws Affecting International Trade.” In International Trade and Human Rights: Foundations and Conceptual Issues, edited by Frederick Abbott, Christine Breining-Kaufmann and Thomas Cottier. Univ of Michigan Press, 2006. __.“Global Cyberterrorism, Jurisdiction, and International Organization.” In The Law and Economics of Cybersecurity, edited by Mark Grady and Francesco Parisi. Cambridge University Press, 2005. __.“Comment on Prof. Polakiewicz, Alternatives to Treaty-Making and Law-Making by Treaty and Expert Bodies in the Council of Europe.” In Developments of International Law in Treaty Making, edited by Rudiger Wolfrum and Volker Röben. Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co., 2005. __.“Jurisdiction in WTO Dispute Settlement.” In Key Issues in WTO Dispute Settlement, edited by Rufus Yerxa and Bruce Wilson. Cambridge University Press, 2005. __. “Negotiations on Domestic Regulation and Trade in Services (GATS Article VI): A Legal Analysis of Selected Current Issues.” In Reforming the World Trading System, edited by Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann. Oxford University Press, 2005. __. Book Review: Conflict of Norms in Public International Law: How WTO Law Relates to Other Rules of International Law, by Joost Pauwelyn. American Journal of International Law 98 (2004): 855. Moeed Yusuf and Adil Najam. “Kashmir: Identifying Elements of a Sustainable Solution.” In Sustainable Development and Governance in the Age of Extremes. Edited by Sustainable Development Policy Institute. Pakistan: SDPI and Sama Editorial and Publishing Services (SAMA), 2005. A LU M N I Peter Ackerman (F’69, F’76).“A Rainbow of Revolutions.” The Economist, January 19, 2006. Norman R. Bennett (F’56). That Indispensible Article: Brandy and Port Wine. c.1650-1908. Universidad do Porto, 2005. Michael Dobbs (F72, F’77). Churchill’s Triumph. Headline Book Publishing Ltd., 2005. James R. Holmes (F’98, F’03). Theodore Roosevelt and World Order: Police Power in International Relations. Potomac Books, Inc., 2006. Natasha Leger (F’98). The Future of Higher Education: A Scenario Evaluation of Its Prospects and Challenges. Pakistan: Development Policy Institute, 2006. Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS 15 R E C E N T P U B L I C AT I O N S William F. S. Miles (F’82).“Profiling Soles.” The Boston Globe, 23 September 2005. __. “Islamism in West Africa: Introduction” and “Conclusions” (Guest editor of special issue). African Studies Review vol. 47 no. 2 (2004): 55-59 and 109-116. __. “Development, Not Diversion: Local versus External Perceptions of the Niger-Nigeria boundary.” Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 43 no. 2 (2005): 297-320. __.“Democracy without Sovereignty: France’s Post-Colonial Paradox.” The Brown Journal of World Affairs, vol. 11 no. 2 (2005): 223-234. __.“Destination: Paradise.” Wilson Quarterly 28 (Summer 2004): 12-20. __. “A Family's Progress in Mauritius.” Contemporary Review, vol. 287 no. 1674 (July 2005): 43-46. __. “Carribbean Hybridity and the Jews of Martinique.” In The Jewish Diaspoa in Latin America and the Caribbean; Fragments of Memory, edited by Kristin Ruggiero. Brighton, U.K.: Sussex Academic Press, 2005. __. “Third World Views of the Holocaust.” Journal of Genocide Research, vol. 6 no. 3 (2004): 371-393. Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu (F’93). Rowanda’s Genocide,The Politics of Global Justice. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. 16 Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS Vincent O’Neil. Murder in Exile. St. Martin's Minotaur, 2006. Bill Richardson (F’71). Between Worlds:The Making of an American Life. New York: Penguin Group, Inc., 2005. Jonathan Rosen (F’ 99) and Michael Woronoff. “Understanding Anti-Dilution Provisions in Convertible Securities.” Fordham Law Review 74 (October 2005). Ibis Sanchez Serrano (F’04). “Success in Translational Research: lessons from the development of bortezomib.” Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 5 (February 2006): 107114. Kusuma Snitwongse (F’57, F’60) and W. Scott Thompson, editors. Ethnic Conflicts in Southeast Asia. ISEAS, 2005. Dirk Swart (GMAP 2005) and Adil Najam. “How the International Trading System is Changing and Why This May Not be Good for Developing Countries.” In Sustainable Development and Governance in the Age of Extremes, edited by Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI). Pakistan: SDPI and Sama Editorial and Publishing Services (SAMA), 2005. Stan Taylor (F’61), Earl Fry and Robert S. Wood. America the Vincible: US Foreign Policy for the 21st Century. Boston: Pearson, 2004. __ and David Goldman.“Intelligence Reform: Will More Agencies, Money, and Personnel Help?” Journal Intelligence and National Security, vol.19 no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 416-435. __. “The Role of Intelligence in Security.” Chap. Contemporary Security Studies, edited by Alan Collins. Oxford University Press, 2006. __ and Daniel Snow.“America’s Cold War Spies: Why They Spied and How They Got Abdulkader Thomas, (F’81), Stella Cox, and Brian Kraty. Structuring Islamic FinanceTransactions. London: Euromoney, 2005. Anthony Wanis-St. John (F’96, F’91).“Back Channel Negotiations: International Bargaining in the Shadows.” Negotiation Journal, vol. 22. no. 2 (2006). Georgetown Public Policy Review, vol. 11 no. 1 (Winter 2005-06) __.“Sustainable Forest Management Revisited: A Proposal for Global Action. Papers on International Environmental Negotiations.” Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School, vol. 15 (2006). Geoffrey Gresh (MALD’06). “Coddling the Caucasus: Iran’s Strategic Relationship with Azerbaijan and Armenia.” Caucasian Journal of European Affairs, vol. 1, no. 1 (Winter 2006). Itamara V. Lochard (F’03, Ph.D. candidate) and Richard Shultz. Understanding Internal Wars in the 21st Centurty. UK: Routeledge Press, forthcoming winter 2006. Theodore Tanoue (F’05, Fletcher State Dept. Fellow).“Learning from Dayton.” Foreign Service Journal (November 2005): 51-55. S T U D E N TS AND FELLOWS Lorenzo Vidino (MALD’06). Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad. Prometheus Books, 2005. Brian H. Doench (MALD’06), Cathy Karr-Colque, Matthew Auer (F’90), and Jan McAlpine.“Forest Law Enforcement and Governance: Resolve Needed from All Sides.” Submissions to Recent Publications must contain complete citation information in order to be included in the Fletcher News. D EA N BO SWORTH ’S V ISIT T O TH E AR A B IA N G U LF During a three-week period in late February and early March, Dean Bosworth traveled to the Arabian Gulf to visit with Fletcher alumni and friends in this important region of the world. He was joined in his travels by wife, Christine Bosworth, Roger Milici of the Office of Development and Alumni Relations, Prof. Richard Shultz, Prof. Andy Hess, Mrs. Bernadette Kelley-Leccese, Mr. Mian Zaheen (F’73), and Mrs. Maha Kaddoura. (Above) Dean Bosworth and fellow Fletcher visitors were welcomed to Dubai at a reception graciously hosted by Paul and Christine Bagatelas (both F’87), on 28 February 2006. (Left) Dean Bosworth with Fletcher alumni William T. Monrow (F’73), US Ambassador to Bahrain, and Ghazi Abdul-Jawad (F’72), President and CEO of the Arab Banking Corporation. Dean Bosworth and Professor Richard Shultz visit with Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of the United Arab Emirates. Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS 37 IN MEMORIAM THETIS TOULIATOU REAVIS (F’50) passed away October 14, 2005 in New York City, from complications following surgery. After graduating magna cum laude from Smith, Thetis went on to receive an M.A. in international law from The Fletcher School. She and John W. Reavis, Jr. were married in 1956, and after a few years in San Francisco, the couple moved back to New York. After Fletcher she worked at the United Nations and Voice of America. In California, she was Assistant Director of the World Affairs Council of Northern California. After returning to New York again, she was with the Foreign Policy Association for 31 years, ending her service as VP for Public Affairs. Upon retirement, Thetis found time for renewed interest in the Women’s City Club of New York, and served on the boards of UNIFEM (the United Nations Development Fund for Women) and the Smith College Club of New York. Thetis’ experiences in Geneva during her junior year abroad from Smith, shortly after the end of World War II, played a formative role in her decision to attend Fletcher and her 55-year career devoted to foreign affairs education. Thetis is survived by her daughter, attorney Helen Diana “Heidi” Reavis, and Heidi’s husband, Steven M. Engel, a documentary and feature film producer. Thetis was capable, practical, thoughtful, softspoken and outgoing. She leaves a host of family and friends who sorely miss her. Those who wish to be in touch with Thetis’ family may do so by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or Steve@EngelEntertainment.com. BRYCE W. HARLAND, ESQ. (F’55) passed away in New Zealand on January 19, 2006, after a long illness. He was a career officer in New Zealand’s diplomatic service, serving as the country’s first Ambassador to China. Additionally, he served as Representative to the UN in New York from 1982-1985, was appointed New Zealand High Commissioner to the UK, and Ambassador to Ireland. He is survived by his wife, Anne Blackburn. KLAUS-DIETER VON SCHUMANN (F’57) died in Belgium on June 28, 2005 according to word from his family. He was born September 19, 1932 in Dresden. No further information was available at the time of this printing. WILLHELM H. VAN DEN TOORN (F’60) died of cancer at his home in Washington, DC on December 13, 2004. He was 66 years old. A Capitol Hill community activist for many years, Willhelm received his undergraduate degree from Brown University before attending The Fletcher School. He is survived by his wife, Susan McCaffray van den Toorn, and daughter, Christen van den Toorn, as well as by his sister and twin brother. 38 Spring 2 0 0 6 FLE TC HER NEWS HAROLD J. SUTPHEN (F’64, F’67) passed away on December 5, 2005. Capt. Sutphen attended Brown University on a Navy ROTC scholarship before graduating from The Fletcher School with a doctorate in political science and international law. He pursued a career as a navy surface officer and both established and commanded the NROTC unit at Hampton Roads in Norfolk. His last tour of duty in the Navy was as Director of Navy sailing, overseeing the Navy’s professional and recreational sailing programs worldwide. He is survived by his wife, Helen, four children and grandchildren, as well as by a brother and sister-in-law. MADAM JUSTICE LYNN KING (F’68) died on March 18, 2005 in Toronto, ON, Canada after a battle with breast cancer. She attended the University of Toronto and studied economics prior to her time at The Fletcher School. She then returned to the University of Toronto to earn her law degree. Among her many accomplishments, she was a partner in the first allfemale law firm in Toronto, and was highly respected by all who knew her. She is survived by her husband M.T. Kelly, two sons Jonah and Max, along with her mother, two siblings and their families. JOHN “TONY” COLSON (F’74) passed away on November 11, 2005. He was born in Los Angeles, grew up in Italy and spent the last 27 years in Northern Virginia where he worked as an Analyst with the Defense Intelligence Agency. He retired in 2004. Tony is survived by his wife, Lorraine and his sisters, Patricia Ross, Kathleen Godden-Kent and Mary Colson. KEITH HUNTER (F’75) passed away after a short illness, at his home in Sunnyvale, CA. After graduating from Fletcher, he worked in Washington, D.C. for the federal government and later moved back to California to work in the aerospace and IT industries. Keith was known at Fletcher for his wit, smile, excellent manners, and especially for his Elvis impersonation. He will be greatly missed by his Fletcher friends and roommates. ANDREAS BRANDSTATTER (F’85) passed away after a sudden heart attack on January 7, 2006, at the age of 47. Mr. Brandstatter was a Child Protection Advisor with the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti, where he returned for his second tour of duty in August 2004. He worked for the UN for many years, holding posts in the Balkans, the Caribbean, Latin America, and Africa in Sierra Leone. Mr. Brandstatter is survived by his wife, Hilda, a physician, and sons Mark, 8, Eric, 6, and Nicolas 4. ROBERT C. AMERSON, a former Edward R. Murrow Fellow at The Fletcher School, passed away at his home in Cape Cod February 25, 2006 after a brief illness. He was 80. Born and raised in South Dakota, he served in WWII and graduated from Macalester College in 1950 through the GI Bill. His talents in languages led him to the field of public relations, first for General Mills, and then, in 1955, for the newly minted United States Information Service (USIS). During his 23-year diplomatic career, he served in Caracas, Milan, Bologna, and twice in Rome; Bogota, Washington, DC; and Madrid. He concluded his USIS career as the Edward R. Murrow Fellow at Fletcher. Upon his retirement in 1978 he was an active member of WorldBoston and also Executive Director of the International business Center of New England. He wrote extensively: How Democracy Triumphed Over Dictatorship: Public Diplomacy in Venezuela (The American University Press, 1995), From the Hidewood: Memories of a Dakota Neighborhood (Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1996) and numerous articles, novels, short stories, and essays. Above all, he was a wonderful husband and father. Robert Amerson is survived by his wife of 53 years, Nancy, and two daughters, Jane Kelly Amerson Lopez and Susan Robb Amerson Hartnett. He also has three grandchildren and many nieces, nephews, friends and relatives around the world. JOHN H. SPENCER, Fletcher Professor of International Law and African Affairs from 1960 until 1981, passed away on August 25, 2005, at the age of 97. He very fondly remembered his students, friends, and colleagues from Fletcher throughout the years. PHYLLIS BERRY WEBBER died on May 24, 2005 at the age of 81. She is fondly remembered as the Registrar of The Fletcher School, where she worked from 1974 to 1987. Phyllis is survived by her children, Jonathan and Marki Webber, and grandchildren Tawna, Chelsea, and Stephen. A memorial service was held in Nashua, NH on June 4. Spring 2 0 0 6 F LET CH ER N EWS 39 Reunion 2006 — Register now! It’s not too late to register for Reunion 2006, May 19-21! We have prepared an exciting, informative, and substantive weekend to welcome you back and help you reconnect with old friends, fellow alumni, and the Fletcher community. The following classes will be celebrating reunion: 1961, 1966, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001 Call Ann Carey, Fletcher’s reunion coordinator at: +1.617.627.4833 Save the Date… Fall Reunion 2006 6-8 September 2006 We welcome graduates from the Class of 1956 for their 50th Reunion, as well as graduates of 1934-1955 Fletcher’s Fourth Annual London Symposium 2 December 2006 Fletcher’s Sixth Annual Talloires Symposium 1-5 June 2007 2–4 JUNE 2006 FLETCHER’S FIFTH ANNUAL TALLOIRES SYMPOSIUM "The Future of the European Union" 2 - 4 June, 2006 Tufts European Center Talloires, France Featuring keynote speakers: His Excellency Jean Francois-Poncet (F’48) Member of the French Senate; former Foreign Minister of France His Excellency Wolfgang Ischinger (F’73) New German Ambassador to the Court of St. James; former German Ambassador to the U.S. For details, please visit http://fletcher.tufts.edu/alumni/tallories2006/ or call +1.617.627.5440 Nonprofit Org. U.S. Postage PA I D 160 Packard Avenue Medford, Massachusetts 02155 Boston, MA Permit No. 1161 Return Service Requested The opinions expressed in this publication are the authors‘ own and do not necessarily represent those of The Fletcher School. Fletcher News welcomes letters on topics covered in this newsletter. The editor reserves the right to edit for space and style. Please send letters to Fletcher News, Office of Development and Alumni Relations, 160 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155; fax 617.627.3659; or e-mail email@example.com.