Flat Hat 11-06-12
The Flat Hat 11-06-12
SPORTS >> PAGE 8 Women’s soccer falls in tourney Remembering the Dirty War The Tribe was edged on penalty kicks by Hofstra in the CAA tournament quarterfinal. VARIETY >> PAGE 5 Vol. 102, Iss. 18 | Tuesday, November 6, 2012 The Flat Hat The Twice-Weekly Student Newspaper of The College of William and Mary Speaker addresses aftermath of Argentine dictatorship. Flathatnews.com | Follow us: Gender pay gap starts early graduation College joins brain gain Incentives increase for students to return home after graduation by beatrice loayza the flat hat pulitzer center A new study released notes that women earn less than men one year out of college by aine cain THE FLAT HAT With her degree from the Marshall-Wythe School of Law in hand, Susan Lu ’14 will return to China to search for jobs through a program created to reverse China’s brain drain. The flight of human capital, or “brain drain,” is a phenomenon that, for better or for worse, impacts job markets, communities and development in all parts of the world. But now the trend is reversing, leading educated individuals back to their home countries. For China, reversing the brain-drain and thus creating a “brain gain,” will improve its economy. The country has created a program that funds Lu’s education at the College of William and Mary under the agreement that she will return to finish the rest of her degree in China and search for a job domestically. According to Lu, Chinese students are often forced to look abroad for a post-grad education in order to make themselves more competitive domestically. “In China there is only undergraduate law school, and here, only graduate law school,” Lu said. “I came here to add more dimension to my degree.” According to the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, China had previously owned the world’s largest brain drain but has created incentives to attract the millions of citizens who have left the country in recent years. Even the College continues to play a big role in the international brain drain. With various student exchange programs and professors from abroad in just about every department, the College attracts those looking for various educational opportunities that may surpass those of their native country. According to the Wendy and Emory Reves Center for International Study, the College’s international community consists of over 400 undergraduate and graduate students and over 100 faculty members and scholars each year. The College’s international professors are often attracted by economic incentives to teach at American universities. Professor Nicolas Medevielle, who originally planned on staying in the United States for only a year, decided to remain and pursue his Ph.D. partly because of See pulitzer page 2 On average, female college graduates earn 18 percent less than their male counterparts after graduation. This figure, determined by the American Association of University Women, exists in spite of the fact that women average better grades and higher graduation rates in college The AAUW’s survey attempts to control for certain factors, including school selectivity, college major preferences, grades and employment sectors, to ensure objectivity. AAUW researchers found nothing to explain the remaining 7-percent pay gap that appears despite these controls. “The results are sobering indeed,” associate professor of geology and faculty director of Academic Advising Rowan Lockwood said. “Even when the authors accounted for college major, occupation, hours worked, and employment sector, a 7-percent pay gap still exists. This suggests that, whether we’d like to admit it or not, gender discrimination still plays a role in the American workplace.” Professor Anthony DiBella of the Mason School of Business agreed that workplace sexism might be a contributor to an imbalance of critical information regarding salaries. “Men have historically been in the in-crowd,” DiBella said. “They have access to better information about what salaries one gets in a certain position. I don’t think [that] women are made as aware about what you can demand. They don’t have access to the same information.” According to AAUW, public universities like the College of William and Mary facilitate less of a pay gap than private universities. Female public university graduates earn an average of 86 percent of their male peer’s salaries, compared to the 75-percent average attributed graduates of private universities. “[Pay inequality] is something that needs to be recognized and addressed more,” Mari Cooper ’14 said. “I don’t think that you can promote equality in the country without also demonstrating it.” Lucas Leblanc ’15 also expressed dismay over the findings, suggesting that the problem is unresolvable. “I think it’s a reality and nothing can be done about it,” Leblanc said. “It’s terrible that I have an advantage based on being a guy.” Professor of economics Peter McHenry argued against blaming sexism for the pay gap, seeing the excuse as an oversimplification of a multi-faceted issue. “I do not think the American workforce culture is dominated by sexism, although there probably exists discrimination against women in some places,” McHenry said. “When comparing average pay of men and women, there are always potential explanations percent of their male peer’s salaries 82 Women earn graphic by katherine chiglinsky / THE FLAT HAT for a gap that do not rely on discrimination. Men with the same college major and occupation [as women] tend to work more hours. It’s possible that employers discriminate against women by not allowing them to work as many hours as men, but more of the difference is probably associated with workers’ preferences.” DiBella agreed, discounting widespread,blatant discrimination as an explanation for the pay gap. Instead, DiBella cited gender norms regarding assertiveness in pay negotiations as the reason for the discrepancy. “If a company can get away See Salaries page 3 LECTURE Bob Woodward discusses politics, journalism and economy Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist shares stories about Watergate, interviews with Presidents Obama and George W.Bush According to Woodward, this performance, in Obama’s case, has sometimes fallen short, especially in the case of the national deficit — the issue he named as the United States’ most pressing. “The simple reality that we do not have our personal financial house in order … is tragic,” Woodward said. “Whose fault is it? Everyone is to blame. This is the judgment I made in the end [of “The Price of Politics”]. Obama bears the biggest responsibility here. Why? Because he’s the President.” Woodward cited Obama’s lack of economic solutions as his main fault in this area. “On this issue, he has not found a way to fix it. And I make the point that if you look into history, presidents found a way to work their will on important national business,” he said. “Obama did not.” The solution, Woodward said, will require both patience and sacrifice. “Obama’s on the right track. You have to raise taxes, probably through tax reform, which is a complicated process, and you have to cut spending,” Woodward said. Gov. Mitt Romney’s financial solutions leave quite a bit to be desired as well, Woodward said. “Any of the Romney supporters think his tax plan adds up?” he asked the audience, to no response. “None. Because it doesn’t.” Woodward, best known for breaking the Watergate scandal with fellow Washington Post writer Carl Bernstein in 1972, has worked for the publication for over four decades, and currently serves as its associate editor. Woodward commented on the state of journalism and the decline of its investigative form, for which he is most well known. “The problem with Fox and MSNBC is that people use them to reinforce the views that they already have,” he said. “The print media is sometimes off and has its biases, but I think that’s where you’re going to get the solid reporting. The problem is the newspapers don’t have the money anymore to support these big investigative units.” Since his first book, 1974’s “All The President’s Men,” Woodard has penned 15 additional works, many which have been national best-sellers. Woodward’s more recent publications include a four-volume book on the Bush presidency as well as two covering Obama’s term in office. by chris mckenna flat hat chief staff writer Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post journalist Bob Woodward spoke to a nearly full house at the Sadler Center at the College of William and Mary Monday night. Alma Mater Productions hosted Woodward, who focused mainly on his most recent book, “The Price of Politics,” but also touched on his journalistic career, the national debt and today’s Presidential election. Woodward began with an impromptu audience poll, which skewed heavily in favor of U.S. President Barack Obama, noting that the students’ hunch was probably correct. “[Predictions of an Obama victory] probably are true, but you can’t tell. There are all kinds of factors in the polling that make you marginally skeptical of all these sweeping conclusions,” Woodward said. “I think in this presidential campaign, the voters have not been served as well as they should have in the media. Too much focus on gaffes, polls. … You want the data that will tell you how people are and how their performance has been.” Bob Woodward spoke about his investigation of Watergate Monday night. hayley tymeson / THE FLAT HAT Index News Insight News Opinions Variety Variety Sports Sports 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Today’s Weather Inside opinions When admissions officers google their applicants Inside VARIETY The Play’s the thing Sunny High 53, Low 43 Applicants know that everyone can see what they post on the internet, so admissions officers should consider that content fair game. page 4 Acting, familiar story make Hamlet a success, despite inconsistent staging and ambiguous ending. page 6 The Flat Hat | Tuesday, November 6, 2012 | Page 2 THE PULSE THE BUZZ All The News that’s unfit to print According to the Virginia Gazette, Kingsmill Resort won the Captain John Smith Award for business leadership in James City County last week. The award was presented by Professor John McGlennon, the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors. In his presentation speech, McGlennon praised Kingsmill’s contributions to the local economy through its many residential and resort residences, restaurants and golf courses. He also lauded the many golf tournaments the resort has held over the years and the Audobon Society’s approval of Kingsmill’s efforts to preserve wildlife. You really can’t be true to yourself and run for president. —Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Bob Woodward BEYOND THE ‘BURG Busch Gardens has begun its preparations for its annual Christmas Town event. According to the Virginia Gazette, the park will be decorated with retro-themed decorations, a whopping 6 million lights, 1,500 Christmas trees and 700 wreaths. All attractions will be operating as usual except for the Mach Tower which will operate in observation mode, not as a thrill ride. Matoaka Elementary School has received attention on Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move” blog for offering healthy meal options in its cafeteria, as reported by the Virginia Gazette. The school began changing its offerings in 2010 after the Parent-Teacher Association made its mission to change the food offered. The school began to get food from Kelrae Farm twice a month this year with financial support from Williamsburg James-City Nutrition Services and the PTA. “We want to make the healthy choice the easy choice,” said PTA member Michelle Alexander. “Anything we can do here at Matoaka to do that, we are willing to do.” According to the Richmond Times-Dispatch, Gov. Bob McDonnell announced Monday that U.S. District Judge Glenn Williams passed away. Williams was appointed to the Western District bench in 1976 by President Gerald Ford and served for 34 years. “Judge Williams’ legacy from years of public service to Southwest Virginia will be remembered and respected for years to come,” McDonnell said. During Hurricane Sandy, a car was pushed off the road by flooding. The storm also disrupted the early decision application process for high school seniors. COURTESY PHOTO / RUETERS A THOUSAND WORDS John Cabot University student stabbed 25 times According to The Washington Post, an American student at John Cabot University in Rome was brutally stabbed 25 times by his roommate. Although no details were released about the victim’s precise condition, he is alive and in the intensive care unit of the San Giovanni Hospital. The stabbing occurred after a night of Halloween partying, which, according to the university’s President Franco Pavoncello, included drinking and possibly drug use. Pavoncello also stresses that the “rumors” being circulated by other media sources are not accurate, but he refuses to provide any details for clarification. He asks for prayers for both the victim and the attacker. Colleges institute bizarre bans All the more reason students at the College of William and Mary students are lucky to be where they are. An article in The New York Times explains that certain colleges have bans that many would find unthinkable. Paul Quinn College, located in Dallas, Texas, banned all pork products. In addition to being denied bacon, the students there also are fined $100 if they do not wear business casual attire to class. Brigham Young-Idaho banned coffee and tea, in accordance with the Mormon faith. Hinds Community College in Mississippi placed a $25 fine on every use of profanity. They also put a similar charge on using unauthorized exit doors, so there is no escaping the restrictions. NYU class asks students to think like terrorists As printed in The New York Post, New York University offers a class on transnational terrorism that requires students to write a 10-15-page paper plotting a hypothetical attack on the U.S. and describing its aftermath. Students have to include the goals of their hypothetical terrorist group, their methods of execution, and how they will fund their “attack.” The class is taught by Marie-Helen Maras, who worked previously for the Navy as a criminal investigator. It has sparked outrage among many members of the New York Police Department. They feel this assignment dishonors in particular the officers killed on 9/11 and that it may lead to future attacks rather than counterterrorism sentiment. Sandy causes a storm of frenzy for early applicants According to a Huffington Post article, East Coast students applying early decision to college were in a frenzy to meet their Nov. 1 deadline, especially when Hurricane Sandy knocked out power. Colleges extended the deadline to those who were without power. However, since the Common Application website cannot create new deadlines without throwing off the system for other applicants, college-bound seniors had to continuously check their prospective colleges’ websites for details. The attention students had to pay to these websites, on top of the usual stress of applying for college, made this early decision period even more nerve-wracking than most. CAMPUS POLICE BEAT Oct. 26 to Oct. 31 1 JUNG HYUN LEE / the FLAT HAT Friday, Oct. 26 — An individual was arrested for public intoxication and underage possesion of alcohol on Ukrop Way. Friday, Oct. 26 — An individual’s wallet, cash, and debit card was stolen at the Student Recreation Center. Estimated value is $25. Sunday, Oct. 28 — A case of domestic assult was reported on Richmond Rd. Tuesday, Oct. 30 — An individual was arrested for damage to public property on Ironbound Rd. Wednesday, Oct. 31 — An individual was ticketed for driving with a suspended license at the intersection of Richmond Rd. and Bypass Rd. CORRECTIONS The Flat Hat wishes to correct any facts printed incorrectly. Corrections may be submitted by e-mail to the editor of the section in which the incorrect information was printed. Requests for corrections will be accepted at any time. 2 3 4 5 The Flat Hat ‘STABILITAS ET ET FIDES’ FIDES’ | | ESTABLISHED ESTABLISHED OCT. OCT. 3, 3, 1911 1911 ‘STABILITAS 25 Campus Campus Center, Center, The The College College of of William William and and Mary, Mary, Williamsburg, Williamsburg, Va. Va. 23185 23185 25 Newsroom (757) 221-3283 — Advertising Dept. (757) 221-3283 / firstname.lastname@example.org Newsroom (757) 221-3283 — Advertising Dept. (757) 221-3283 / email@example.com Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Editor email@example.com News firstname.lastname@example.org News email@example.com Sports firstname.lastname@example.org Sports email@example.com Opinions firstname.lastname@example.org Opinions email@example.com Variety firstname.lastname@example.org Variety email@example.com Photos firstname.lastname@example.org Photos email@example.com Mike Barnes Editor-in-Chief Jill Found Editor-in-Chief Becky Koenig Managing Editor — Jill Found Executive Editor Katie Demeria Executive Editor Ellie Kaufman Chief Staff Writer Katherine Chiglinsky News Editor Katherine Chiglinsky Meredith RameyNews NewsEditor Editor Vanessa Remmers News Editor Abby Boyle Variety Editor Hailey Arnold Variety Editor Sarah Caspari Variety Editor Katie Demeria Variety Mike Barnes SportsEditor Editor Jared JaredForetek ForetekSports SportsEditor Editor Katherine Hoptay Copy Chief Elizabeth DeBusk Opinions Editor Stephanie Hubbard Copy Chief Stephanie Hubbard Copy Chief Anita Jiang Photo Editor Katherine Hoptay Copy Chief Jung Hyun Lee Photo Editor Michelle Gabro Photo Editor Zach Hardy Online Editor Walter Hickey Online Michelle Gabro ChiefEditor Photographer Elizabeth DeBusk Editorial Writer National brain gain trend appears at College PULITZER from page 1 Betsy Goldemen Copy Editor Ariel Cohen Assoc. News Editor Chris McKenna Chief Staff Writer Claire Hoffman Copy Editor Chase Hopkins Assoc. News Editor Colleen Leonard Copy Editor Ken Lin Assoc. News Editor Rebecca Marshall Copy Editor Ken Lin Assoc. News Editor Lauren Becker Copy Editor Maggie Kern Assoc. News Editor Richie Thaxton Bailey Kirkpatrick Assoc. News Editor Megan Elmore Copy Copy Editor Editor Meredith Ramey Assoc. News Editor Emily Lowman Copy Editor Editor Chris Weber Sports Meredith Luze Copy Rob MartyAssoc. Assoc. News Editor Editor Allison Copy Editor Natalie Ferenbach Assoc. Variety Rachel Ramage Steinberg Copy Editor Chris McKenna Senior News Editor Writer Jenna Tan Copy Editor Colleen Leonard Copy Editor Allison Hicks Cartoonist Chris Weber Assoc. Sports Editor Lindsay Wade Cartoonist Garrett Hendrickson Copy Editor Molly Adair Cartoonist Abby Boyle Assoc. Variety Editor Lizzie Dabbs Cartoonist Liz McGlynn Copy Editor Rachel Brooks Cartoonist Bailey Kirkpatrick Assoc. Variety Editor Rachel Cartoonist Rachel Steinberg Copy Editor Rachel Brooks Pulley Cartoonist Sarah Caspari Assoc. Variety Editor Rachel Pulley Cartoonist Betsy Goldemen Copy Editor Alex Cooper Editorial Writer Sophie Mason Assoc. Variety Editor Karin Krause Social Media Manager April Smith Copy Editor Nara Yoon Business Manager Ellen Wexler Assoc. Opinions Editor Patricia Radich Graphic Designer Tyler Minnich Copy Editor Karin Krause Social Media Manager Elliott Hay Assoc. Opinions Editor Anita Jiang Assoc. Photo Editor Alex Bramsen Copy Editor Ellen Wexler Opinions Editor greater funding and teaching positions. “Getting a position in French universities is extremely hard,” Medevieille said. “French universities produce more Ph.D.’s than they’re able to hire, so my chances of becoming a professor in France were close to nil.” Countries like France do not have the tradition of educational funding for private donors. As a result, individuals from abroad seek degrees and teaching jobs in places like the United States and Great Britain, where funding for these pursuits far exceed the international norm. Danny Yates ’12 J.D. ’14, whose post- quake Haiti initiative, the Hinche Scholars Program, brought four Haitian students to study at a Richmond community college, explains the project’s attempts at creating a brain gain. The attempts are modeled after those of Jean-Louis LeFort, a Haitian philanthropist who got his degree in the US, then returned to Haiti and sponsored church and orphanage renovations. “Our hope is that our students make contacts and skills, return back home, and leverage what they’ve developed here for humanitarian projects back home,” Yates said. Nevertheless, Yates noted that the brain drain has a great impact on the individual and that it is not always an achievable goal for developing countries. “Haiti is one of the worst countries for people to return to, with fewer than 10 percent going back once they’re out,” he said. “That’s why they’re so reluctant to give student visas to people from developing countries. The rate of return is astonishingly low because a blue-collar job here provides more for a family, or even a village, than most jobs back home.” When Jean-Louis LeFort returned to Haiti with a college degree, he was unable to find the necessary economic opportunities. For countries like Haiti, the attempts to sustain a brain gain have failed, with few opportunities remaining for people like LeFort. “Even LeFort, our model for the project, now lives in substandard conditions,” Yates said. “ newsinsight “ News Editor Katherine Chiglinsky News Editor Meredith Ramey firstname.lastname@example.org Page 3 Tuesday, November 6, 2012 The Flat Hat Williamsburg Tarpley Bell cleaned Students wash historical 250-year old bell by aine cain the flat hat DINING Dining changes revisited Students review Greenberry’s Coffee Co., “Text ‘n’ Tell” three months after adjustments by eleanor lamb the flat hat As volunteers climbed a 250-year old wooden staircase into the brick belfry at Bruton Parish Church to clean the Tarpley Bell, what they did not clean had just as much importance as what they washed away. “Soap and water is the best way to clean it,” Philip Goodling ’14, a member of the Canterbury Outreach Committee, said. “We have to be careful not to wash the inside of the bell. It has very old chalk graffiti from students in the nineteenth century.” Student volunteers from Canterbury, the Episcopal Campus Ministry at the College of William and Mary, cleaned the “Liberty Bell of Virginia” at Bruton Parish Church Nov. 3 as the first step in the ongoing restoration project. The Tarpley Bell, given as a gift to the church by James Tarpley in 1761, acquired its centuries-old nickname from the foundry where it was created, the same foundry that produced the Liberty Bell. According to Lead Bruton Parish Guide Joseph Spruill, Canterbury’s bell cleaning project will lead to further restoration efforts in preparation for the 2015 tercentennial of the church’s current building structure. “The church is much older than the [current] foundation,” Spruill said. “This is the third building on this site. It was built after the capital moved here. Bruton Parish was founded in 1674. This area was initially settled in 1630, the first church was built in 1632.” Unfortunately, Bruton Parish had no belfry to properly house the bell upon receiving it in 1761, leaving the church scrambling to find a location for the bell. “The tower was built specifically to house the bell in 1769 and has remained with all original timbers,” Philip Goodling ’14, a member of the Canterbury Outreach Committee, said in a press release. “Fingerprints and carved markings made by 18th century masons are still visible.” Upon its completion, the belfry caused outcry due to its haphazard appearance. However, it quickly became ingrained in the region’s history, pealing in honor of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the Treaty of Paris. Goodling cited the bell’s historical status as the reason that restoration is necessary. “Right now, [the bell] is encrusted with bird matter,” said Goodling. “It’s been up there ever since the steeple’s been there. It even rang out in protest of Students were careful not to wash the bell’s chalk graffiti. matt carpenter / THE FLAT HAT the Stamp Act and in support of the Boston Tea Party.” Architectural history professor Carl Lounsbury, author of “Bruton Parish Church: An Architectural History” , explained that the belfry’s physical appearance has less appeal than its circumstances. “Physically, it’s not as exciting as most church towers,” Lounsbury said. He cited the constant threat of lightning and outrage over the architecture as providing more than enough excitement for one church. Accounting graduate student and former Canterbury Senior Warden Stephanie Collins ’12 expressed her support of the organization’s ongoing service efforts. “This is great,” said Collins, discussing the bell cleaning enterprise. “I think that Canterbury has really taken another step in reaching out to the Parish.” College Episcopal Chaplain Reverend John Maxwell Kerr described the restoration as a part of Canterbury’s ongoing efforts to perform service communities, locally and abroad. “Canterbury has now got about a hundred members, up from around eight a few years ago,” Kerr said. “The students [involved with Canterbury] do so much. I think that’s what you want, to have the students run things.” Dining Services has revamped its offers over the year, and the additions have been met with an array of responses as diverse as the changes themselves. One such change includes offering new vegetarian options. Saurabh Dugar ’15, a vegetarian, recalls how difficult it was to find good non-meat options on the weekends last year. Now, he appreciates how he can always find a vegetarian option at various stations around the Commons Dining Hall. “Even if they don’t have veggie food up front, if you ask them, they’ll make it for you,” Dugar said. Additionally, the recent addition of Greenberry’s Coffee Co., which opened in the Earl Gregg Swem Library in early October, shifted the atmosphere of the Mews Cafe. The layout differs from Starbucks, which formerly occupied the cafe by providing additional seating that is more conducive to studying. Although Greenberry’s provides more open seating, it lacks the big, padded chairs Starbucks had. “It’s much sleeker looking, which is really great,” Mattie Hyler ’14 said. “I like how it looks, [but] I miss the comfy chairs a lot.” Even though the atmosphere of the venue has changed, Hyler still enjoys the coffee that Greenberry’s services. The same baristas who worked at Starbucks man the coffee machines, and the hot beverages still provide a much needed caffeine boost to students weary from studying for exams. “I actually have a Greenberry’s near me where I live and I love it there, so, for me, it wasn’t a big change,” Sarah Kleinknecht ’15 said. “I think there’s more variety now, like smoothies [that] we couldn’t get before.” Not all share the same view. Pearl Bunchuin ’14, has indulged in both Starbucks and Greenberry’s, and prefers Starbucks. “I like Starbucks better, I used to work at a Starbucks, so I liked the [familiarity],” Pearl Bunchuin ’14 said, “I like that it runs smoother now. It [still] doesn’t run very smooth[ly], but [it’s] better than it used to be… When it was closed for a long time, it was really inconvenient to have to walk all the way to the Grind or Einstein’s.” In addition to the construction of a new coffee place, Dining Services has also introduced a change in the way students can voice their opinions. The “Text ‘n’ Tell” system allows students to text in requests to the Commons, Sadler RFoC and the Marketplace. Dining Services even displays the comments so that students can observe the suggestions of their peers. “[“Text N Tell”] really gives them the ability to text their feedback right at their table,” Dining Marketing Manager Faren Alston said. “We really have a big emphasis on getting student feedback so that we can ensure that our dining program is meeting the needs of our customers.” Students found the “Text ‘n’ Tell” screens entertaining during meal times. “There’s a screen in Sadler Center that has [the comments] up,” Austen Brower ’14 said. “I like that because I think it’s hilarious. Some people say some pretty amusing things.” Although some students may find select posts entertaining, Dining Services takes them very seriously. Two initiatives sparked by student feedback and surveys were the creation of the wok station in the Commons and the availability of Einstein Bros. Bagels in the Sadler Center. Brower thinks it is crucial for Dining Services to be in tune with the desires of its customers. “We’re paying upwards of $10 per meal, so we should have some type of say,” Brower said. “Communication is always good, especially when they answer and actually affect their processes.” Although students have differing opinions on the changes Dining Services has made this year, the responses, overall, have been positive. Students with health concerns can find more suitable options, and those who have an issue now have a way to voice it with the confidence that they will be heard. Alston elaborated on College Dining Services’ efforts to listen to student feedback. “We have a large number of students here with special dietary needs, whether it be vegan, vegetarian, a gluten intolerance or a nut allergy,” Alston said in an email. “We have met with over 150 students this semester alone to discuss their special dietary concerns. … As a direct result of student comment cards, emails and “Text ‘n’ Tell,” [we have] converted the Java City in the Commons lobby into the [College] Dining Student Advocacy Office, so students with questions, comments or concerns will always be able to talk with someone face-to-face.” Source of gender pay gap varies SALARIES from page 1 with paying someone less, then they generally will, regardless of the person’s gender,” DiBella said. “Generally speaking, men are less restrained when it comes to negotiating and bargaining. I also see men paid less than other men [due to lack of negotiating skills]. There is an issue of gender, but there are other issues that transcend the gender issue.” Career Center Director Mary Schilling agreed that sexism is not responsible for the pay gap, citing choice of undergraduate major as a more likely culprit. “Women may choose majors that are less technical, where the supply and demand [for jobs] is different,” Schilling said. “Majors matter. A pay gap may happen later on, if women don’t show as much assertiveness in securing promotions, but, at the starting level, I’m quite sure there’s equal pay.” The AAUW study found that men are more likely to adopt technical majors like computer science and engineering, while women gravitate towards education and social services. However, it also recorded a pay gap between women and men with the same majors and jobs. Schilling asserted that women at the College should not be discouraged by the study’s findings. She explained that the Career Center links students with entry-level jobs without gender pay gaps. “[Do not make] the assumption that there is a pay gap at the entry level,” Schilling said. “The employers who come to the College to interview students for jobs do not build in a gender pay gap. An entry position is an entry level position.” President and Founder of the William and Mary Women in Business organization at the Mason School of Business April Kane ’13 praised the College for preparing all students for the workforce. “The Mason School of Business, the Cohen Career Center and William and Mary as a whole provide students with unparalleled preparation to be revolutionaries and leaders in whatever they may do,” Kane said. “Women in Business and similar organizations at the College are outlets for undergraduates to be empowered and gain the tools they need to achieve great things.” The survey’s findings, published nearly fifty years after the Equal Pay Act was passed, have struck a nerve with female college students. Lockwood suggested numerous solutions to the issue, including college-sponsored salary negotiation workshops and female mentorship in lucrative, male-dominated fields. “I remain optimistic that a combination of education and legislation can make a difference,” Lockwood said. “Non-profit organizations like the AAUW could publish salary equity rankings for public institutions, so that potential employees and investors could assess progress. Private industry, especially organizations that pride themselves of promoting women in the workforce, might even choose to participate, which could help spread the word. There are so many possibilities.” McHenry opposed the study’s demand for income transparency, citing the potentially negative consequences for men and women. “While there could be benefits from more [income] transparency, the costs might outweigh them,” McHenry said. “An employer who must publish pay levels or ranges would be reluctant to give a substantial pay raise to an extraordinary worker, women included. That would dampen incentives to work hard and reduce potential for higher pay. I think existing legislation does a pretty good job reducing discrimination: it’s certainly not overt like it used to be. New legislation trying to reduce the gender pay gap might hurt workers, including women.” He acknowledged the existence of sexism in the workplace, but encouraged female students to strive for opportunities regardless. “There are many career opportunities for bright, talented graduates of colleges like William and Mary, both men and women,” McHenry said. “There is some discrimination against women in the labor market, but there are laws to combat it, and plenty of opportunities remain despite it.” Kane encouraged women preparing to graduate to not see the pay gap as on overwhelming obstacle to success. “Always put your best foot forward and be professional in the workplace,” Kane said. “Go above and beyond your career title and seek ways to add further value to your workplace. Stay positive, and stick to those Tribe values that we all know and love.” DiBella again stressed aggressive salary negotiations as a means for achieving equal pay. “Anyone in a tight jobs market needs to have the capacity to bargain and negotiate for salaries,” DiBella said. “In a bad jobs market, people feel lucky to be even offered a job. With that sort of mindset, you’re not going to demand as much salary as you should. Women and men selling their labor and time must recognize that they have options.” Lockwood urged women to approach their careers with confidence and drive. “Don’t doubt yourself,” Lockwood said. “Life is too short. It’s important to keep telling yourself that you are smart enough and can do anything that you put your mind to.” opinions Editorial cartoon By Allison Hicks, Flat Hat Cartoonist Opinions Editor Ellen Wexler email@example.com The Flat Hat | Tuesday, November 6, 2012 | Page 4 Staff Editorial Combat voter suppression this Election Day identification laws. Nevertheless, lawmakers instituted brash and imprudent legislation to curtail what they claimed was a rampant trend, potentially disenfranchising millions. The Brennan Institute for Justice at New York University recently reported that as many as five million voters with sufficient voting qualifications The Flat Hat lack the necessary documents to vote as a direct result of stricter voter identification laws. Moreover, studies show that the voters most likely to be included in these disenfranchised Today is Election Day, and at precisely this moment, populations are elderly, poor, black, Hispanic or young — thousands may be turned away from the polls for lack of proper minority populations that usually vote Democratic. Let’s hope identification, their efforts to participate in the political process to God it’s a mere coincidence that every single one of the thwarted by a misguided legal doctrine. nine states with the strictest photo identification laws has a I beseech you: Don’t believe the vague and unfounded Republican majority. suppositions that voter fraud in the United States demands Yet blaming a single political party is infantile and helps sweeping legislative responses and take a stand to encourage nothing. If these laws continue to impinge upon the likelihood voter participation this election. As the November elections of thousands of our peers and millions of our fellow citizens occur, remember four things: Know your rights, bring proper to vote in the upcoming election, it will not be the fault of identification, make it to the polls, and discourage any form of Republicans; it will be the failure of a nation. Moreover, if we voter suppression you encounter in whatever way you see fit. fail as the College of William and Mary to do everything in our The right to vote as a U.S. citizen is one of the most intrinsic power to discourage voter suppression and essential permissions afforded and encourage voter participation, we to us by the Constitution. Within the Know your rights, bring proper will have failed our illustrious school. past 100 years, we have overcome the identification, make it to the Vote, vote, vote. Tell all of your friends literacy tests, poll taxes, blatant sexism, polls and discourage any form to vote. Virginia law permits the use of the “grandfather clause” and voter of voter suppression. college student IDs for identification at intimidation. What now? A total of 32 the polls, so bring your student IDs. If states proposed new laws or stronger you are an out-of-state student, find out if your state has passed revisions to existing laws in 2012 to make the voter identification new legislation requiring stricter identification laws. If so, tell process on Election Day a much stricter ordeal. Ten such laws all of your friends and family at home what they need to bring, included strict photo identification requirements and would turn and write your representatives articulate and informed letters potential voters away if they failed to obtain and present such of disapproval for passing such laws. identification by Election Day. So, what’s the big deal? These laws We can’t change the past, but we can set an example for the are not only overblown and unnecessary, but could preclude future. People of the College, let’s turn out in droves for this millions of voters from casting their ballots this Nov. election and take every step possible to encourage others to Voter impersonation in the United States is in no conceivable do the same. We, as the rising generation of leaders, can show way a problem to be addressed. According to an exhaustive study our current unscrupulous and reckless leaders that we do not by the investigative journalism organization News21, only 10 condone such petty and infantile attempts to disenfranchise cases of voter impersonation were discovered out of 146 million registered voters within the last 12 years. After further analysis of a potential voters. We may not like our choices in the election, study conducted by the Republican National Lawyers Association, but we have a voice. Use it. News21 concluded that only one in 15 million voters in America Email William Plews-Ogan at wmplewsogan@email. engages in voter fraud that could be prevented by stricter wm.edu. William Plews-Ogan “ t the College of William and Mary — sheltered from the real world by brick walls — we often take for granted that society has moved past discrimination in all forms, that the glass ceiling has been shattered. A recent study conducted by the American Association of University Women, “Graduating to a Pay Gap,” found differently. The study compared the salaries of men and women after the first year of their careers — taking into account the amount of time they were working, the career itself and other influential factors — and found that women earned, on average, 7 percent less than their male peers. Students should be aware of this disparity and how they are perceived in the workforce so they can work to dismantle this pay gap. Women traditionally have been undervalued in the workforce due to their historical roles as homemakers. The study from the AAUW is particularly significant because it followed first-year college graduates. As Bloomberg Businessweek reported last spring, the average woman does not get married until the age 26.5, which renders this possible reason for the pay gap obsolete for the participants in the AAUW study. Women are continuing to fight against this stereotype so their work will be valued as much as men. While most students at the College probably do not think about this issue everyday — after all, we have all arrived at the College and been told that we can go on to attain extraordinary accomplishments after graduation — if we continue to ignore this issue, we are only aiding the perpetuation of an inequality. Categorizing this disparity as “sexism” seems to oversimplify this complex issue. Many companies are likely not intentionally paying female employees less than their male counterparts; rather, in all likelihood, women are not asking for as high of salaries as men. Education is necessary in order to ensure all female graduates of the College know exactly what they should be demanding before they accept their first job. We believe the Sherman and Gloria H. Cohen Career Center could help students at the College by conducting surveys of College alumni one year after graduation to gain information about their salaries. The College could then use this data to better understand how this issue is affecting its graduates. This information would also show which careers have the most inequalities and help women pursuing those jobs prepare to argue for their worth as an employee. The Career Center could also partner with other women’s organizations on campus such as the PanHellenic Council and the Mason School of Business’s Women in Business to provide campus programming to prepare female students for entering the workforce. Female students at the College have a responsibility to research these pay gaps for themselves — simple online research can tell them what the average salary of a particular profession is in a certain geographic area. Networking and inquiring about salaries is an important way to combat this issue. The underlying dilemma is that women are disadvantaged in the workforce due to their gender. The College community has a responsibility to counteract this problem by educating students about these issues. The staff editorial represents the opinion of The Flat Hat. The editorial board, which is elected by The Flat Hat’s section editors and executive staff, consists of Katherine Chiglinsky, Elizabeth DeBusk, Katie Demeria, and Jill Found. The Flat Hat welcomes submissions to the Opinions section. Limit letters to 250 words and columns to 650 words. Letters, columns, graphics and cartoons reflect the view of the author only. Email submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org. A Mind the gap Street Beat How would you characterize student involvement in the election? “Incredibly high participation amongst a minority of the students.” “It seems like people are generally getting involved here, like people registering on the terrace.” Matthew Halcomb ’14 “It’s been on the terrace, in my dorm, on paper — lots of different strategies.” David Forsyth ’15 Kieran Cleary ’14 “I have a friend ... who spent almost his entire time working on the Obama campaign ... They’re definitely working very hard to get the word out there.” Arianna Roumeliotes ’15 — photos and interviews bY Ellen Wexler Why information you post online should be fair game for college admissions officers Stephen Gricoski The Flat Hat In today’s cut-throat world of college admissions, it seems like just about everybody has a 4.0 grade point average, 10 varsity letters and a key to the city. In order to differentiate among applicants, admissions officers are increasingly turning to the Internet for help. According to Kaplan Test Prep, 27 percent of admissions officers use Google, and 26 percent use Facebook to help in the decision process when choosing prospective students. By conducting online research about applicants, admissions officers are helping everyone in the long run. A quick Google search could yield information about awards an applicant has won or service projects they were a part of that they neglected to mention in their application. It could also add a lot more character to an application. Instead of just knowing that an applicant lettered in football, admissions officers could find out that the applicant was an all-district quarterback. Admissions officers could also find content in the form of blogs, videos or other online content that could give the officer a more complete picture of that individual. An Internet search could also reveal, however, that an applicant is involved in activities the school might not condone. Pictures providing evidence of substance abuse and activities of that nature are an easy way for an admissions officer to weed out candidates that might not be suitable for admission. Is this practice a violation of privacy? Absolutely not. Anything posted on the Internet can be accessed by anyone anywhere. If there’s something you don’t want people to see, it takes minimal effort to take it down — or you could just prevent it from being posted in the first place. When it comes down to it, you’re the one in control of what shows up when people Google your name. If you don’t want everyone to see those pictures of you doing a keg stand last weekend, you have the option to not post them to Facebook. You could, at the very least, change your privacy settings so a random passerby can’t see. If you’re ashamed because you like to t@Lk LyK3 tHI5, you have every right not to do that. Or if that’s too much, you could just abstain from using social media. Perception is reality. There’s no feasible way for college admissions officers to get to know every applicant personally but through the Internet they can get a pretty good idea. Email Stephen Gricoski at spgricoski@ email.wm.edu. Graphic by Rachel Pulley / the Flat hat “ “ Comments @theflathat “ Nothing we fight for, work for, argue about etc. does not include people. People are at the fore front of everything ... My take on people is we are here to give, not to take. Sometimes we have to take, like the victims of Sandy – but you can’t take unless there is someone there to give. And you can’t give if you don’t work. If you don’t work, you take. I hope for a candidate to help us get back on our feet – not the government’s feet – OUR feet. You should as well. I’m sure you are familiar with the saying: “Give a man a fish – he eats for a day. Teach a man to fish – he eats for a lifetime.” Here’s to our lifetime. —TTee on “A focus on people and compassion” variety Variety Editor Abby Boyle Variety Editor Sarah Caspari email@example.com The Flat Hat | November 6, 2012 | Page 5 PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY ABBY BOYLE AND SARAH CASPARI / THE FLAT HAT Argentine babies have been taken from their mothers and adopted by military families. As of the year 1976 500 2012 106 Since the year BY VERONIQUE BARBOUR AND SARAH CASPARI THE FLAT HAT AND FLAT HAT VARIETY EDITOR an estimated have been reunited with their true relatives. Although Argentina now knows democracy, the current generation lives in the shadow of the Dirty War. These children grew up blindfolded against reality. They did not know they had been born in prison. They did not know their mothers, captured and tortured for being subversives, had been murdered after giving birth. They did not know their fathers had been dropped out of airplanes — alive, but drugged — into the ocean. They did not know that the men they called “Papi” had the blood of thousands on their hands. Finally, thanks to a group of women called the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, the Children of the Disappeared are being returned to their rightful families and the scars left by the period known as the Dirty War are healing. On Thursday, Nov. 1, the College of William and Mary screened the film “Las Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo and the Search for Identity,” which addressed the lost children and the women who continue to work toward reuniting families torn apart by the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976-1983. Tex Harris, a former member of the United States embassy in Argentina, attended the film screening and spoke to students about his experience in the country during the regime. During his time at the embassy, Harris worked on implementing President Jimmy Carter’s human rights policy and exposing the dictatorship’s wrongdoings. Under the regime, he explained, all those in opposition to the government were labeled terrorists. According to Harris, the global questions raised by the Dirty War remain unanswered. “It is a story that is still unfolding in terms of its details, but the drama exists today because every government in the world has got to decide how it fights terrorism,” Harris said. “You have in the balance a perfectly secure but perfectly un-free society. So it is a balance. Every society has got to decide where on the scale they strike the balance between safety and risk, and between freedom and control.” Betsy Konefal, associate professor of history, and Silvia Tandeciarz, chair of modern languages and literatures and associate professor of Hispanic studies, jointly hosted the event. Both teach courses at the College related to the Dirty War and are acutely aware of the trials currently taking place in Argentina to prosecute ex-military officials, as well as the simultaneous, ongoing efforts to search for the children who have been separated from their real families. “They are now spending a lot of time trying to match [the children] up with their biological families,” Konefal said. Tandeciarz was born in Argentina and has focused most of her research on the period of time surrounding the Dirty War. She remembers seeing the memorials in Argentina that serve as a reminder of the nation’s past, and in her travels has visited the Plaza de Mayo, where the mothers and grandmothers of the “disappeared” and their children once demonstrated. “Right now, on that square, you’ve got the memory of those marches engraved through the kerchiefs — they put on white kerchiefs, which were actually children’s cloth diapers that they wore on their heads,” Tandeciarz said. “Those kerchiefs are stenciled into the Plaza as a reminder of their presence. So people might not know what that means when they stumble across the square in front of the pink house as a reference to the dictatorship and the activism of people who were mobilizing for human rights at the time.” Tandeciarz’s family was not affected by the dictatorship; however, her connection to Argentine state violence is more than academic. As a teenager in the United States, she participated in an Argentine folklore dance class. Her dance partner, Carlos Marandino, was working as a driver for the Argentine Naval Attache in Washington, D.C. In 2008, he was extradited to his native Argentina and put on trial for his role in the 1972 Trelew Massacre. Marandino, 22 at the time, had led 16 political prisoners to their execution and is now confined to house arrest. The massacre is widely regarded as the beginning of Dirty War violence, although the military dictatorship had not yet taken power. Tandeciarz was quick to note, however, that her situation was not unique. “Things like this don’t just happen in Argentina, they happen all around the world,” she said. “It has made me very sensitive to things like due process, wire taping, secret prisons, rendition, Guantanamo Bay and the rights of those who do not have any civil rights in this country, like undocumented migrant workers. When we talk about terrorism in this country today, I always want my students to think about what we do with state terrorism. So the very state that is supposed to defend your rights and protect you becomes the agent for illegal criminal activity.” Harris confirmed that the threat of state terrorism is not confined to one nation and advised in his talk that the events in Argentina should inform how we handle terrorist situations and civil rights issues in the United States. “The problems that we face from the threat of terrorism are not military problems,” he said. “They are problems of people who are absolutely committed to their fundamentalist view of the world and want to bring about, the same as Argentina, terrorist actions to change the American society — and that is happening now.” Tandeciarz took this warning a step further and placed it in the context of today’s presidential election. She wants students to remember the atrocities that occurred in Argentina and the issues that are still at hand with the trials of military officers so that students will be reminded to vote to protect their rights so that horrors like this do not happen in our nation today. “There is a threat out there, which we are seeing today with the terrorist threats out there, which is necessitating all sorts of actions,” she said. “In Argentina, it was to rid the nation of the cancer serration within the nation. With this country, it is used to justify all sorts of policies that could be very problematic and limit our ability to decide and to be free and to live in a just and equitable world. I would say in terms of the election, the most important thing is to recognize that we have a responsibility as citizens to ensure that our democracy continues to be all that it can be.” Democrats and Republicans alike recognize the value of voting and maintaining the democracy in America to prevent our nation from falling into as dark a place as Argentina did. Republican Ryan Corcoran’ 16 was out campaigning for Mitt Romney when he noticed that many Americans do not want to vote. “I have heard people say ‘Oh I don’t want to vote, because I don’t want to be responsible for whatever happens.’ I don’t think you should look at it that way. I think you should look at it as, find a candidate that is best aligned with your values. I certainly don’t agree with every single standpoint that Republicans believe in, but I am more aligned with them than the Democrats,” Corcoran said. Democrat Veronica Ferris ’15 believes that in this election, human rights should be considered carefully. “Individual rights and civil rights need to be a priority but so does national security,” she said. “Hopefully there is a way to make them both work.” BEHIND CLOSED DOORS Shake up your love life and overcome your vibrator phobia If things seem to be getting stale, it might be time for you to change the batteries my female friends are curious about the possibilities of a vibrator. Can I orgasm more quickly? Will my orgasm be more intense? Can I orgasm at all — maybe for the first time? But no one seems to want to pursue that curiosity, lest she actually own one. Because owning a vibrator seems kinky or dirty somehow, and what would people think if there were physical evidence that a woman could get off all by herself? How outrageous. In my experience, a lot of heterosexual men’s worries about their partner’s use of a vibrator stem from the insecurity that he will be replaced by it. I think this is most easily observed in the “fact” that I’ve heard from so many of my male friends that if a woman uses a vibrator regularly, she will not be able to orgasm through any other type of stimulation because the vibrator desensitizes the clitoris. And for some reason, it seems just plausible enough that people believe it’s true. Because, you know, a hand or a penis or a tongue doesn’t move like a vibrator, and how can those other methods compete with plastic and a battery? Let me lay this myth to rest. Vibrators do not desensitize the clitoris. In fact, masturbation as a whole increases clitoral sensations in women and can help them figure out what they like, which makes it easier — not harder — for their partners to please them. I’ve also heard of dildos referred to as “battery-operated boyfriends,” and I know of several men who are afraid that if his partner prefers a sex toy that is penis-shaped and 10 inches long, he or she may not be satisfied with what the gentleman himself has to offer. Let me be clear on this: dildos and vibrators are sex aids, not sex replacements. No matter how many orgasms your trusty toy can help you achieve, it can’t connect with you emotionally, it can’t create intimacy and it can’t keep you warm at night. What that toy can do is help you reach orgasm more quickly and maybe make that orgasm more intense. I suggested using a vibrator with my partner before I had even figured out how to use one by myself. I was personally frustrated at how long it took for me to reach climax and how much manual stimulation and foreplay it took for me to even get close. Initially, my partner was not totally comfortable with the idea, probably for some of the reasons already mentioned. He didn’t want to be replaced by a toy, and he was afraid that my use of a toy meant that he couldn’t please me. He placated me by telling me he would probably be okay with it, and I responded to that by going out the very next day and finding a small, pink three-speed Pocket Rocket. I figured that small and pink was about as unthreatening as you could get. We tried it out that night and it was awkward, to say the least. Having never used one before, I had no idea how my body was going to react, but react it did. Unfortunately, that experience did not allay his fears about being replaced by a toy, and to him, the sex felt impersonal and one-sided. What I wish I had done is figured out how the vibrator made me feel and how I liked to use it before I convinced my less-than-enthusiastic partner to give it a shot. Luckily, after talking about it and trying it out a few more times we figured out that it can actually be extraordinarily helpful in getting me to climax in a time period shorter than eternity, and he can receive pleasure from it as well. The vibrations can feel good on the head or shaft of the penis as well as around the testicles. All of that being said, we can all still have amazing, mind-blowing sex without using technology. But I think both manual and vibrator stimulation have their time and place to shine. Krystyna Holland is a Behind Closed Doors columnist and she remains loyal to both her battery-operated boyfriend and her flesh-and-blood one. BEhind closed doors columnist Krystyna Holland Vibrators can really freak people out. Maybe it’s the idea that it’s an external, inorganic aid, rather than the hand you were born with? Or maybe it’s that men, more commonly accepted by society as the main masturbators, don’t use them? Whatever it is, I’ve witnessed discomfort with the idea of them from men and women alike. It’s not a dislike. I have never ever heard someone say, “I just really hate vibrators. I hate that they are stimulating and easy to use and that they feel good.” A dislike of vibrators is not the issue — it’s more of a fear. A fear of what they can do and what they represent. Many of To be or not to be The Flat Hat Tuesday, November 6, 2012 Well-known plot, acting advances “Hamlet,” while staging sets it back BY BRIAN BOLT THE FLAT HAT Page 6 COURTESY PHOTO / JASON VIA Shakespeare in the Dark’s production of “Hamlet” ran from Thursday, Nov. 1 to Sunday, Nov. 4 in the Commonwealth Auditorium at the College of William and Mary. The play was co-directed by Robin Parrish ‘13 and Jason Via ‘15. “Hamlet” has the distinction of being William Shakespeare’s longest and most performed play. It’s also one of the most quoted. Any casual theater-goer will find him- or herself hearing recognizable phrases from scene to scene. If you find yourself wondering why frailty’s name is woman, why the lady doth protest too much, or why some of Shakespeare’s lasting quotes are laced with a surprising amount of misogyny, then “Hamlet” is probably the reason. The play comes with a built-in familiarity that raises audience’s expectations to a level that is almost absurdly high. Shakespeare in the Dark’s production of “Hamlet,” which ran Nov. 1-4 and was co-directed by Robin Parrish ’13 and Jason Via ’15, suffered a bit from this anticipation, but for the most part came away unscathed. The play itself concerns the Danish prince Hamlet and his quest to avenge the murder of his father perpetrated by his foul uncle Claudius. Prodded forward by the ghost of his father, Hamlet is gripped by indecision and soon feigns madness in an attempt to elicit a confession from his murderous uncle. The play culminates in a wellchoreographed scene of swordplay, poisoned cups, and an almost ridiculously high body count. The opening moments of the play set an eerie tone. The stage and the audience were enveloped in almost total darkness, the only light emanating from two character’s flashlights on stage. Slowly, the Ghost crept silently forward. The flashlights attempted to arrest his movement, illuminating him briefly for a moment but casting him in total darkness the next. This lent to the opening a somewhat cinematic quality to the opening that, unfortunately, didn’t continue throughout the rest of the play. On the whole, there seemed to be a lack of imagination with lighting, costuming and staging. The costumes, although minimalistic, lacked consistency. Most characters were dressed in straightforward business casual attire, while some wore tights and denim. This variation in clothing proved to be distracting from the play as a whole, provoking questions about where and when the play was supposed to be taking place. These questions, although they may be pertinent to Shakespeare’s original staging, are better left unaddressed in modern-day interpretations. As for the thespians themselves, Ian Lyons ’14, who portrayed Hamlet, carried much of the play on his shoulders. Lyons had a valuable sense of timing for his scenes, finding small moments of relish in Hamlet’s madness. He was effective in his part, but the gutsier roles tended to land with a greater impact. Nathan Sivak ’13, playing both Claudius and the Ghost, had the task of creating two distinctly different characters and making them both interesting in their own right. Claudius is a scenery-chewing, chair-throwing, sneering brute of a king, and the Ghost is a somber, forbidding and mesmerizing shadow of a king. The Ghost serves as the impetus of the play, pushing Hamlet aggressively to take an eye for an eye. Nina Cavazos ’13 played Ophelia with heartbreaking sincerity. Although chemistry may have been lacking a bit with Hamlet, she brought to the part an almost intangible sense of sadness, especially in her monologue. She shrieked mournfully on the stage, provoking goosebumps from the audience members, as if the body was reacting to something the mind couldn’t entirely comprehend. Additionally, the small parts of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, played by Andrew Perry ’16 and John Kean ’16 respectively, garnered a large amount of attention in their scenes. The actors, physical antitheses of each other, provided necessary humor to a play with a mostly dreary plot. Perry especially stole his scenes, making the bold decision for his character to strike poses. The choice worked incredibly, elevating his performance to a bizarre and humorous level of vanity. One of the more intriguing creative decisions was switching the gender of Laertes. Emily Wolfteich ’14 played the role softly in her scenes with Ophelia and with deliberate coldness with Claudius. The sisterly connection between Laertes and Ophelia was relatable and made what came later in the play much more heartrending than it would have been had Laertes been portrayed as male. However, the biggest downfall of the play was the lack of growth in Hamlet’s character. The different moments of the character’s growth were often not very clearly expressed. For instance, the mannerisms of the sane and mad versions of Hamlet were far too similar, and the climax of the story was played without conviction. In the final moments, it is a bit ambiguous as to why Hamlet makes the decision that he does, leaving the audience feeling as if something is missing. The production was aided by gutsy performances and an extraordinary story. Although the burden of the play’s popularity weighed heavily on the production, it was generally carried through with confidence and a large amount of self-assurance. From the College to Los Angeles: the path to the writers’ room BY CLAIRE GILLESPIE THE FLAT HAT Alumna Chitra Sampeth discusses her experience as a writer in the entertainment industry “If the arts feed your soul, you will find a way to make it work,” Sampeth said. Undergraduate students and recent alumni are working toward the spot like the one Sampeth now holds. Colleen Patterson ’14, for example, is interested in comedy screenwriting. “This talk was eye-opening. It was encouraging,” Patterson said. “It just seems plausible now to get in my car and drive to LA and make something happen.” Brian Terrill ’12 is now taking classes at a local public access television series in Fairfax, VA, where he hopes to pitch a show and to get it a timeslot. He cited extracurricular activities, including Alma Mater Production’s Comedy Brew and a student comedian club he started with friends, as influences in his creative life. English and American studies professor Arthur Knight spoke about the broad critical and creative thinking skills and curiosity students develop at the College and the ways in which those skills can help them in professional careers. “If you want to write or direct, you have to have things to write about,” he said. “If you don’t have ideas and you can’t communicate your ideas effectively, you won’t be successful as a writer.” Students can read screenplays in the Earl Gregg Swem media center and create their own short films and video projects. Sampeth suggests aspiring comedy writers join improv groups. “The thing about writing is it is natural ability and then it is craft. You can learn the craft on your own,” Sampeth explained. “What is most valuable is your writing, which the writers’ room will change very rapidly.” To keep up with her writing, Sampeth read several scripts and watched television, analyzing the structure of what she read and saw. A group of friends she formed during initial networking events became a support system in this process. “It is the collaborative component, throwing ideas out there and jokes, jokes, jokes, having this community of friends and coworkers, the whole writers’ room environment [that makes screenwriting so attractive],” Patterson said. “And just getting invested in a project and sticking with it, as opposed to writing a script and sticking [it] on a shelf and then it’s over.” The Arts and Entertainment Council, which will take place on Nov. 8 and 9, will bring several creative alumni back to the College to discuss aspects of media in the world today. Those who are They are comedy show hosts, published authors and screenwriters. They come back to the College of William and Mary with a fondness for their freshman halls and gritty, determined attitudes that led them toward their respective paths of success. They are creative alumni working in television and media, and they are growing increasingly prominent. Chitra Sampeth ’06 spoke to students Saturday, Oct. 27 about how she turned undergraduate film studies and business to a job as a screenwriter for shows including TNT’s police drama “Southland.” Following college, Sampeth moved to Los Angeles — a move she deems necessary for the aspiring screenwriter — and began applying to writing programs and networking with other people in the industry. She landed an assistant position with writing consultant and Paramount executive Jen Grisanti, through which she was first exposed to the writer’s room, where screenwriters map out their show’s plot. “My first day in that writers’ room, I just knew that was where I wanted to work,” Sampeth said. “Even if I had to waitress the rest of my life, if I could just find a way to get into that writers’ room, I would be happy.” In her path from assistant to actual writer, Sampeth continued to network, but also kept up with her writing. She wrote specs — “speculative screenplays” — of television shows currently on air in addition to original work. “I go to work and there is a staff of writers,” she said. “They talk through stories episode by episode. You decide what you’re going to do for a whole season, and then what you’ll do for specific episodes. The hardest thing is breaking [brainstorming] the stories. We got two weeks on Southland, which was very luxurious.” After talking through the whole season, a specific writer is assigned to an episode based on the outlined plot. Sampeth wrote 10 episodes as a staff writer and 10 episodes as a story editor at “Southland.” She is currently meeting with and selling her own work to executives in the hopes of creating her own show. But Sampeth’s rise to the position of staff writer was not as easy as it may have lookedl. She initially shared a Los Angeles apartment with four roommates and worked in bookkeeping to support herself. SHERRI GRIERSON / THE FLAT HAT Chitra Sampeth ’06 discussed her work as a writer in the entertainment industry in a talk she gave at the College of William and Mary Saturday, Oct. 27. scheduled to revisit their alma mater this weekend include Sheri Holman ’88, author of “A Stolen Tongue”; Ashley Edward Miller ’94, screenwriter of “Thor” and “X-Men: First Class”; Nancy Gunn ’88, executive producer of “The Amazing Race” and “Celebrity Apprentice”; Sara Schaefer ’00, host of MTV’s “The Nikki & Sara Show”; and Pete Johnson ’91, vice president of creative advertising for Nickelodeon. Tribe loses third straight, falling 28-25 at New Hampshire BY JARED FORETEK FLAT HAT SPORTS EDITOR William and Mary dropped its third straight Saturday, succumbing on the road to No. 11 New Hampshire in a close one, 28-25. After taking a 25-21 lead with six minutes to play, the Tribe (2-7, 1-5 CAA) conceded a six-play, 84yard game-winning drive that ended with Wildcats running back Nico Steriti punching it in from 19 yards out to put the Wildcats up by three. After junior quarterback Michael Graham threw an interception on the College’s ensuing possession, the College’s defense forced a New Hampshire punt that gave the Tribe one last shot starting from its own 28-yard line with 44 seconds remaining. Graham connected with redshirt sophomore receiver Sean Ballard to move the Tribe to midfield, but his next pass fell incomplete as time expired, sealing the win for the Wildcats (8-2, 6-1 CAA). Junior quarterback Brent Caprio got the start for the College and played effectively, completing all five of his pass attempts for 47 yards and a touchdown pass before getting hurt on a five-yard scramble late in the second quarter. Graham took over and connected on 13 of his 25 throws for 167 yards, one touchdown and one interception. But it was the College’s running game that led the way for the offense. Redshirt freshman Mikal Abdul-Saboor gained 89 yards on 17 carries while redshirt sophomore Keith McBride rushed 17 times for 75 yards. All told, the College ran for 191 yards but was still outshone by the Wildcats who racked up 428 total yards and 207 on the ground. The College’s defense opened the game by forcing a turnover when senior cornerback B.W. Webb forced and recovered a fumble at the Tribe’s 28 yard line. Two drives later, the College got on the board first when Caprio found sophomore Tre McBride for a 30-yard touchdown pass. McBride would go on to have another outstanding day, catching four passes for 72 yards and two touchdowns. New Hampshire responded with a 16-play, 69yard drive capped by a 23-yard field goal that made the score 7-3 with 13:45 left in the second quarter. After the Tribe’s next drive stalled, the Wildcats and quarterback Sean Goldrich made quick work starting from their eight. Nine plays and 92 yards later, New Hampshire took the lead on an 18-yard Steriti touchdown run. The Wildcats went for two and converted, putting New Hampshire up 11-7. Steriti finished with 107 yards on 19 carries and two touchdowns while Goldrich worked efficiently all day, going 21 of 30 for 215 yards through the air. After Caprio left, Graham and the Tribe made it into New Hampshire territory before punting again. For the second straight possession, the College’s defense wasn’t up to task, allowing a nine-play College drops close one to Wildcats sportsinside FOOTBALL The Flat Hat | Tuesday, October 6, 2012 | Page 7 New Hampshire finished with 428 total yards and ran the ball 41 times for a whopping 207 yards on the Tribe’s defense. COURTESY PHOTO / TRIBE ATHLETICS touchdown drive that put the Wildcats up 18-7. A Tribe scoring drive at the start of the second half ended in a field goal from redshirt sophomore John Carpenter to make the score 18-10. After the Wildcats were forced to punt on their next drive, Graham found Tre McBride for a 19-yard touchdown pass. Graham hit McBride again for the two-point conversion, tying the game at 18 before New Hampshire hit a field goal to put the Wildcats up three. Graham finished the scoring for the Tribe with a 1-yard touchdown run. The College will stay on the road to face Old Dominion Saturday. Tribe ends 2012 with draw Tribe CAA champs again 2-2 tie at Hofstra brings disappointing season to a close BY MICK SLOAN FLAT HAT STAFF WRITER William and Mary concluded its season Friday with a 2-2 draw against Colonial Athletic Association foe Hofstra in Hempstead, N.Y. The Tribe (4-10-4, 2-5-3 CAA) netted two goals and led late in the game before surrendering a game-tying goal in the 82nd minute. After scoring three unanswered goals in its home finale the previous week, the College continued to display its offensive firepower Friday, tallying seven shots in the first half and putting Hofstra under pressure early. The Tribe struck first in the 19th minute when sophomore forward Chris Albiston received a pass in the left side of the penalty box and flashed a strike past Pride goalie Adam Janowski into the far side of the net. The goal was assisted by junior midfielder Chris Perez, one of the Tribe’s most reliable offensive facilitators over the course of the season. The Tribe’s advantage was short lived, however. Hofstra’s Tyler Botte evened the score with a precise header off Chris Griebsch’s corner kick in the 23rd minute. The shot was one of a barrage from Hofstra’s potent offense, which logged 22 scoring attempts in the match. The Tribe struck again in the first half when sophomore forward Zachary Montebell broke free of his defender to corral a through ball from Perez. The sophomore pushed the shot past Janowski to give the College a 2-1 lead in the 38th minute. The Tribe carried its lead into the second half where the two squads exchanged shots for nearly 40 minutes MEN’S SOCCER CROSS COUNTRY Men win for 13th straight year, women reclaim title BY MIKE BARNES FLAT HAT SPORTS EDITOR With a rich, storied tradition of excellence, the William and Mary men’s and women’s track teams entered Oct. 27th’s Colonial Athletic Association Championships with designs of winning yet another pair of CAA crowns. The Tribe did just that, and more, as both the men and women claimed CAA titles, thanks in large part to a pair of record-breaking performances. The Tribe men claimed their 13th consecutive conference title, which was held in Williamsburg for the first time since 2001. The women’s team, meanwhile, broke a streak of its own, winning its first CAA title in three years. On the men’s side, senior Alex McGrath skillfully paced the field, finishing in 24 minutes, 4 seconds to win the race and garner All-CAA honors. Fittingly, McGrath made some history of his own, as his time broke the course record of 24:12 set by Brian Hyde ’96, which stood for 19 years. McGrath was closely followed by sophomore Rad Gunzenhauser and junior Josh Hardin, who finished third and fourth, respectively. With a final team score of 25, the College outpaced second-place George Mason’s score of 31 and thirdplace Northeastern’s score of 78. The women’s team displayed a similarly dominant performance. Not to be outdone by McGrath, junior Elania Balouris took the women’s individual title in similar fashion, breaking the course record in thrilling fashion. The junior crossed the finish line in 20:43.1, breaking the previous record of 20:57.8, which was set by JMU’s Mollie DeFrancesco in 2001. Freshman Emily Stites also looked impressive in her first CAA championship appearance, overcoming a minor ankle sprain to finish in third place. While Balouris and Stites took first and third, the Dukes posed a stiff challenge. JMU’s Katie Harman finished in second with a time of 20:57.6, and teammate Katie Gorman finished in fourth in 21:07.2. With each team claiming two of the top four spots, the title would be decided by which team displayed a greater amount of depth. After George Mason’s Bethany Schtleben and JMU’s Stacey Nobles took fifth and sixth, respectively, the College’s core secured the title victory with an impressive display. Sophomore Jess Cygan led a pack of four Tribe runners who claimed spots seven through 10. After Cygan finished in 21:17.9, junior Lanie Smith finished in eighth, followed by junior Clarissa Schick in ninth and junior Michelle Britto in tenth. Sophomore Dylan Hassett rounded out the Tribe All-CAA team with a twelfth place finish. The two squads added to an impressive and ever-growing list of program accomplishments. The men’s streak of 13 straight CAA titles is the third-longest such streak in the country, and the College now has 35 conference titles overall, the thirdhighest total in the NCAA. The women claimed their 18th CAA title, which ranks fifth in NCAA history. The College will look to continue its pair of impressive seasons during its next meet, the NCAA Southeast Regional Championships, which begin Friday in Charlotte, N.C. Sophomore forward Chris Albiston scored in the 19th minute to put the College up 1-0. COURTESY PHOTO / TRIBE ATHLETICS without success. The College’s defense was once again steady, led by junior defender Will Smith and aided by a solid effort from sophomore goalkeeper Alex Harrington, who stopped five shots in the match and withstood an onslaught of attempts by the Pride. The Tribe’s luck ran out in the 82nd minute when junior midfielder Ben Coffey deflected Griebsch’s corner kick into the net to knot the score at 2-2. The goal deprived the College of a win, and instead, forced overtime. The two defenses held firm in the 20 minutes of extra time, as the Tribe managed four shots in overtime, and Harrington logged two saves to protect the squad from a heartbreaking loss. Ultimately, neither team was able to convert the clinching goal, ending the match in a 2-2 draw. Hofstra will continue on to the CAA tournament, while the College will miss the tournament for the first time since 2006. The Hofstra loss concludes an inconsistent year for the Tribe. The College was led by defensive stalwarts such as Smith and a strong campaign by senior Ben Anderson, who led the Tribe in points in the final year of his career at the College. Despite some rough stretches, the Tribe finished their season in more satisfying fashion, defeating No. 8 Old Dominion late in October and capturing a thrilling senior night victory on Homecoming weekend. The Tribe will return next season with nearly all of its impact players from the 2012 team, and they will hope to improve on this year’s four wins and compete for a CAA tournament berth. College downed on penalty kicks in tournament, ending season W. SOCCER from page 8 it goes to PKs, but to be quite honest, I don’t think we deserved to win,” head coach John Daly said. “I don’t think we played anything like the level of soccer we’re capable of playing.” Hofstra agitated the Tribe all night, pressuring the ball across the field. Usually a team quick to adapt to such a technique, the College struggled to find any consistent possession. “Quite a few teams have [applied high pressure]. We’ve been able to handle it; we just didn’t play at all well,” Daly said. “I do commend them, the way they played, but if you went to every one of our kids and asked them to be perfectly honest — how did they individually and collectively play — they’d say the same as I just said.” Although for long stretches of the match, seniors Mallory Schaffer and Bristol would finish the game with a few highlights. Ten minutes into the second half, a long cross forced Morphitis to leave her line and make a routine save. Morphitis, though, found herself in the path of an oncoming Schaffer. Down for a few minutes, both players recovered and continued play. Bristol found room to shine as well, weaving her way through three Pride defenders, managing to rip a shot inches above the crossbar late in the second half. Daly was diplomatic when commenting on his two star seniors. “The thing we all have to remember … is that we’re human.” head coach John Daly said. “[Schaffer] had one of her worst games of the season, and that can happen. Bristol] tried very hard, [but she] just didn’t get in the situations she normally does. As the scoreless game headed into overtime, freshman goalkeeper Caroline Casey made the biggest of her 10 saves. With a Hofstra shot screaming in from just outside the penalty box, Casey launched herself horizontally to parry the blast aside. Ultimately, however, the College would drop the contest in penalty kicks. “We made a lot of elementary errors, and basically we didn’t get going, establish any rhythm; we rarely penetrated their defense. In the overtime period, they should have won. Caroline [Casey] kept us in it with one great save and a couple of good saves,” Daly said. “As I said, we just didn’t turn up on the night — sufficiently, desirously, whatever — I don’t know what the actual reason was. That was not a good display.” On Monday evening it was announced that the Tribe had not qualified for an atlarge bid to the NCAA tournament, thus bringing the College’s impressive 2012 season to a disappointing close. WOMEN’S SOCCER sports BY CHRIS WEBER FLAT HAT ASSOC. SPORTS EDITOR One Colonial Athletic Association player of the Year. Three first-team All-CAA and two second-team All-CAA players. Four on the CAA All-Rookie Team. Nine seniors, all returning from last year’s conference championship. A 2012 regular season title, home field advantage and a No. 1 seed in the the CAA Tournament. As the second overtime period expired Friday night in the semifinal round of the CAA tournament, all of William and Mary’s myriad accomplishments suddenly faded from importance and the College’s chances of defeating Hofstra and advancing to Sunday’s final boiled down to one thing: penalty kicks. Senior midfielder Cortlyn Bristol stepped to the line for Sports Editor Mike Barnes Sports Editor Jared Foretek firstname.lastname@example.org The Flat Hat | Tuesday, November 6, 2012 | Page 8 A tough end Hofstra edges Tribe on penalty kicks the College, aiming to close the Tribe’s 3-2 deficit. As she smacked the ball towards the right post, Hofstra goaltender Emily Morphitis sprawled to her left, barely pushing the ball wide of the post. “You never want to go to PKs. You try and read the player the best you can. I was just glad when the ball hit my hand,” Morphitis said. Freshman midfielder Nicole Baxter was next, needing to convert to keep the College’s hopes alive. Instead, Morphitis came up with another save, ending the Tribe’s quest for back-to-back tournament championships. As No. 3 seed Hofstra rushed the field in celebration, the top seeded Tribe slowly headed toward the locker room. “It is a tough way to lose any time See w. soccer page 7 PENALTY KICKS Hofstra 1 Tribe 2 3 4 N/A 5 N/A The College battled through a scoreless regulation period and a pair of overtime periods before eventually falling to Hofstra on penalty kicks. As such, the College failed to gain the opportunity to defend its 2011 CAA tournament crown. COOPER NELSON / THE FLAT HAT Delaware squelches late College rally, ending season BY MIKE BARNES FLAT HAT SPORTS EDITOR All good things, as they say, must come to an end. William and Mary concluded its best season since 2008 Friday, falling 3-2 at the hands of Delaware in the quarterfinal round of the Colonial Athletic Association Tournament in Philadelphia. The College finishes the year with a 10-9 overall record, securing its first winning season since 2006. This season was a complete turnaround from an ugly 2011 campaign in which the College went 1-7 in the conference. The contest pitted the No. 4 seed Tribe against the No. 5 seeded Blue Hens with the right to face CAA powerhouse Drexel in the semifinals on the line. Delaware entered the match on a hot streak, having won three of its past four games prior to meeting with the Tribe. Both squads came out of the gate aggressively Friday, but the Blue Hens managed to score first. Delaware’s Michaela Patzner shot the ball from a distance, and Morgan Hudson tipped the ball past senior goalkeeper Elizabeth Frey for the game’s first score at the 10 minute, 17 second mark in the first. Nearly eight minutes later, the College evened the score with a goal of its own. Freshman attacker Pip Saunders got the Tribe on the board at the 18:20 mark, scoring a nifty goal on the feed from sophomore Emma Clifton. Saunders received the pass and then Tribe falls in semifinals flipped the ball over Delaware goalkeeper Sarah Scher’s head and into the back of the net. The goal was Saunders’ eighth of the season, a mark that leads the team. With the score even, the two squads battled back and forth until just before halftime. With less than three minutes before the break, Delaware’s Carley Hecht put the Blue Hens out in front with a score. Delaware held their lead until the break. After halftime, the Blue Hens continued to gain momentum. Tory Sharpless crossed the ball to Kasey Prettyman, who smacked the ball into the right corner of the cage. The score put the Blue Hens up 3-1 and instilled a sense of urgency in the College, which needed to rally back in order to save its season. Senior defender Christine Johnson, one of the College’s top performers, responded to the challenge. Clifton and Saunders launched a corner at the 57:17 mark, and Johnson seized the opportunity, collected the ball and sent the ball into the cage. Johnson’s goal cut Delaware’s lead to one, and put the Tribe closer to tying the game and possibly extending its season. Despite its untimely end, the Tribe’s best efforts, the Delaware defense held strong and outlasted the College attack. While the season came to an untimely end, the College produced a strong season, while the team will lose a pair of stars in Johnson and senior defender Maria Caro, the squad’s emergent young talent signals the possibility of a bright future next season. FIELD HOCKEY COURTESY PHOTO / TRIBE ATHLETICS Sophomore midfielder Emma Clifton recorded assists on both Tribe goals against Delaware in the CAA tournament.