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SPORTS >> PAGE 8 VARIETY >> PAGE 5 The Tribe was edged on penalty kicks by Hofstra in the CAA tournament quarterfinal. Speaker addresses aftermath of Argentine dictatorship. Women’s soccer falls in tourney Remembering the Dirty War Vol. 102, Iss. 18 | Tuesday, November 6, 2012 The Flat Hat The Twice-Weekly Student Newspaper of The College of William and Mary Gender pay gap starts early graduation pulitzer center College joins brain gain Incentives increase for students to return home after graduation A new study released notes that women earn less than men one year out of college by aine cain THE FLAT HAT On average, female college graduates earn 18 percent less than their male counterparts after graduation. This figure, determined by the American Association of University Women, exists in spite of the fact that women average better grades and higher graduation rates in college The AAUW’s survey attempts to control for certain factors, including school selectivity, college major preferences, grades and employment sectors, to ensure objectivity. AAUW researchers found nothing to explain the remaining 7-percent pay gap that appears despite these controls. “The results are sobering indeed,” associate professor of geology and faculty director of Academic Advising Rowan Lockwood said. “Even when the authors accounted for college major, occupation, hours worked, and employment sector, a 7-percent pay gap still exists. This suggests that, whether we’d like to admit it or not, gender discrimination still plays a role in the American workplace.” Professor Anthony DiBella of the Mason School of Business agreed that workplace sexism might be a contributor to an imbalance of critical information regarding salaries. “Men have historically been in the in-crowd,” DiBella said. “They have access to better information about what salaries one gets in a certain position. I don’t think [that] women are made as aware about what you can demand. They don’t have access to the same information.” According to AAUW, public universities like the College of William and Mary facilitate less of a pay gap than private universities. Female public university graduates earn an average of 86 percent of their male peer’s salaries, compared to the 75-percent average attributed graduates of private universities. “[Pay inequality] is something that needs to be recognized and addressed more,” Mari Cooper ’14 said. “I don’t think that you can promote equality in the country without also demonstrating it.” Lucas Leblanc ’15 also expressed dismay over the findings, suggesting that the problem is unresolvable. “I think it’s a reality and nothing can be done about it,” Leblanc said. “It’s terrible that I have an advantage based on being a guy.” Professor of economics Peter McHenry argued against blaming sexism for the pay gap, seeing the excuse as an oversimplification of a multi-faceted issue. “I do not think the American workforce culture is dominated by sexism, although there probably exists discrimination against women in some places,” McHenry said. “When comparing average pay of men and women, there are always potential explanations | Follow us: by beatrice loayza the flat hat DiBella agreed, discounting widespread,blatant discrimination as an explanation for the pay gap. Instead, DiBella cited gender norms regarding assertiveness in pay negotiations as the reason for the discrepancy. “If a company can get away With her degree from the Marshall-Wythe School of Law in hand, Susan Lu ’14 will return to China to search for jobs through a program created to reverse China’s brain drain. The flight of human capital, or “brain drain,” is a phenomenon that, for better or for worse, impacts job markets, communities and development in all parts of the world. But now the trend is reversing, leading educated individuals back to their home countries. For China, reversing the brain-drain and thus creating a “brain gain,” will improve its economy. The country has created a program that funds Lu’s education at the College of William and Mary under the agreement that she will return to finish the rest of her degree in China and search for a job domestically. According to Lu, Chinese students are often forced to look abroad for a post-grad education in order to make themselves more competitive domestically. “In China there is only undergraduate law school, and here, only graduate law school,” Lu said. “I came here to add more dimension to my degree.” According to the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, China had previously owned the world’s largest brain drain but has created incentives to attract the millions of citizens who have left the country in recent years. Even the College continues to play a big role in the international brain drain. With various student exchange programs and professors from abroad in just about every department, the College attracts those looking for various educational opportunities that may surpass those of their native country. According to the Wendy and Emory Reves Center for International Study, the College’s international community consists of over 400 undergraduate and graduate students and over 100 faculty members and scholars each year. The College’s international professors are often attracted by economic incentives to teach at American universities. Professor Nicolas Medevielle, who originally planned on staying in the United States for only a year, decided to remain and pursue his Ph.D. partly because of See Salaries page 3 See pulitzer page 2 Women earn 82 percent of their male peer’s salaries graphic by katherine chiglinsky / THE FLAT HAT for a gap that do not rely on discrimination. Men with the same college major and occupation [as women] tend to work more hours. It’s possible that employers discriminate against women by not allowing them to work as many hours as men, but more of the difference is probably associated with workers’ preferences.” LECTURE Bob Woodward discusses politics, journalism and economy Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist shares stories about Watergate, interviews with Presidents Obama and George W.Bush by chris mckenna flat hat chief staff writer Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post journalist Bob Woodward spoke to a nearly full house at the Sadler Center at the College of William and Mary Monday night. Alma Mater Productions hosted Woodward, who focused mainly on his most recent book, “The Price of Politics,” but also touched on his journalistic career, the national debt and today’s Presidential election. Woodward began with an impromptu audience poll, which skewed heavily in favor of U.S. President Barack Obama, noting that the students’ hunch was probably correct. “[Predictions of an Obama victory] probably are true, but you can’t tell. There are all kinds of factors in the polling that make you marginally skeptical of all these sweeping conclusions,” Woodward said. “I think in this presidential campaign, the voters have not been served as well as they should have in the media. Too much focus on gaffes, polls. … You want the data that will tell you how people are and how their performance has been.” Index News Insight News Opinions Variety Variety Sports Sports 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 According to Woodward, this performance, in Obama’s case, has sometimes fallen short, especially in the case of the national deficit — the issue he named as the United States’ most pressing. “The simple reality that we do not have our personal financial house in order … is tragic,” Woodward said. “Whose fault is it? Everyone is to blame. This is the judgment I made in the end [of “The Price of Politics”]. Obama bears the biggest responsibility here. Why? Because he’s the President.” Woodward cited Obama’s lack of economic solutions as his main fault in this area. “On this issue, he has not found a way to fix it. And I make the point that if you look into history, presidents found a way to work their will on important national business,” he said. “Obama did not.” The solution, Woodward said, will require both patience and sacrifice. “Obama’s on the right track. You have to raise taxes, probably through tax reform, which is a complicated process, and you have to cut spending,” Woodward said. Gov. Mitt Romney’s financial solutions leave Today’s Weather Sunny High 53, Low 43 quite a bit to be desired as well, Woodward said. “Any of the Romney supporters think his tax plan adds up?” he asked the audience, to no response. “None. Because it doesn’t.” Woodward, best known for breaking the Watergate scandal with fellow Washington Post writer Carl Bernstein in 1972, has worked for the publication for over four decades, and currently serves as its associate editor. Woodward commented on the state of journalism and the decline of its investigative form, for which he is most well known. “The problem with Fox and MSNBC is that people use them to reinforce the views that they already have,” he said. “The print media is sometimes off and has its biases, but I think that’s where you’re going to get the solid reporting. The problem is the newspapers don’t have the money anymore to support these big investigative units.” Since his first book, 1974’s “All The President’s Men,” Woodard has penned 15 additional works, many which have been national best-sellers. Woodward’s more recent publications include a four-volume book on the Bush presidency as well as two covering Obama’s term in office. Inside opinions When admissions officers google their applicants Applicants know that everyone can see what they post on the internet, so admissions officers should consider that content fair game. page 4 hayley tymeson / THE FLAT HAT Bob Woodward spoke about his investigation of Watergate Monday night. Inside VARIETY The Play’s the thing Acting, familiar story make Hamlet a success, despite inconsistent staging and ambiguous ending. page 6

Flat Hat 11-06-12

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