Cliburn Notes: 2013
A fun way for kids to learn more about the 2013 Van Cliburn International Piano Competition.
CLIBURN NOTES 2 0 1 3 Fourteenth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition MAY 24 â€“ JUNE 9, 2013 Begin LET THE COMPETITION The Fourteenth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition comes to Fort Worth in May 2013. The Competition celebrates the discovery of the finest young pianists from around the world and is considered one of the preeminent music competitions! THE facts Three Rounds • Van Cliburn International Piano Competition is held every four years in Fort Worth, Texas – the Olympics of piano competitions! Preliminary Round: 30 competitors play two recitals • The competition was established to continue the legacy of Van Cliburn. Final Round: 6 competitors will play two concerti with the Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra • 2013 will be the FOURTEENTH Van Cliburn International Piano Competition. • 1962 was the FIRST Van Cliburn International Piano Competition. Semifinal Round: 12 competitors play another recital and play a recital with a string quartet Top Prizes Gold Medal – $50,000 • 132 pianists were chosen to audition in live recitals. Silver Medal – $20,000 • 5 jury members traveled across the world to hear live auditions. Crystal Award – $20,000 • Audition sites: 1) Hong Kong 2) Moscow 3) Hannover 4) Milan 5) New York 6) Fort Worth Concert Tours & Career Management for all winners • 30 pianists were chosen to compete! All competitors are between the ages of 18-30 years old. Three Finalists – $10,000 each CD recordings for top three winners 2013 details Dates: May 24–June 9, 2013 Venue: Bass Performance Hall 2 Crossword Puzzle Words: Audition, Award, Bass Performance Hall, Competition, Concert, International, Jury, Legacy, Management, Preeminent Who was van cliburn? Van Cliburn devoted his life to sharing his love of classical music with people all over the world. Winning the first Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition in Moscow at the height of the Cold War in 1958 made Van Cliburn a celebrity, which was unusual for an American concert pianist. Van Cliburn became a national hero. He toured the world and sold millions of records. Van Cliburn used music to create an understanding between different societies and increased interest in classical music all over the world. F. Year was: Finish filling the empty boxes with the correct year. Use information below to calculate the correct year. VAN CLIBURN RECEIVES HONORS Medal of Freedom July 2003: Van Cliburn receives the Medal of Freedom Award from President George W. Bush The Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award in the United States. The medal was established in 1945 by President Truman to recognize notable service in World War II. In 1963, President Kennedy reintroduced the medal as an honor for distinguished civilian service in peacetime. The United States honored Van Cliburn for his contributions to the arts and to our nation with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. G. Year was: 1958 E. Year was: A. Age 0 – born in Shreveport, Louisiana B. Age 3 – first started to study the piano C. Age 6 – moved to Texas D. Year was: 1946 D. Age 12 – won his first competition in Texas E. Age 17 – accepted to The Juilliard School F. Age 20 – played at Carnegie Hall in New York City G. Won first prize at the Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition in Russia C. Year was: Order of Friendship September 2004: Russian President Vladimir Putin confers the Order of Friendship Honor on Van Cliburn A. Year was: 1934 did you know? Van Cliburn played for every American president from President Truman to President Obama. Crossword Puzzle Words: Cold War, hero, societies, classical, Juilliard School, Carnegie Hall, civilian The Order of Friendship was established December 17, 1972, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the USSR. The honor is awarded for distinguished service to the cause of strengthening friendship and cooperation between the socialist nations and peoples, and for significant contributions to the economic, socio-political, and cultural development of the former USSR and its republics. Medal of Arts March 2011: Van Cliburn receives the National Medal of Arts from President Barack Obama The National Medal of Arts, established by Congress in 1984, is awarded by the President. It is the highest award given to artists and arts patrons by the United States Government. 3 Photo by Ruth David. Courtesy of the National Endowment for the Arts B. Year was: The Piano how it all works The piano has 88 keys—36 black keys and 52 white keys. When you push down a key, the hammer attached to that key goes up (in a grand piano) or forward (in an upright piano) to strike a string. The hammer is a round stick with a head on it (it looks something like a real hammer), and the head is covered with very dense wool felt. When the string vibrates it makes a musical sound; the string is connected to a large soundboard that amplifies the sound much louder than the string could do by itself. When you let go of the key, a felt pad, called a damper, drops back onto the string and stops the sound. Most pianos have around 220 strings that vary in length from 6 to 80 inches. The longest strings have the lowest pitch (bass section), and the shortest strings have the highest pitch (treble section). Pedals Here’s how they work: Right pedal - The loud one. Also known as the “forte” or sustain pedal. This pedal raises the dampers. Dampers are the wedges of felt that press on the strings to stop the sound. This pedal keeps the dampers raised so the tone keeps sounding. Left pedal - The soft one. A single piano note is normally created from two or three piano strings hit at the same time. When this pedal is used, it causes the hammer to shift slightly so that it hits only one or two strings, resulting in a softer sound. Middle pedal - The “sostenuto,” is usually found only on grand pianos. This pedal makes it possible to sustain selected notes while the player’s hands are free to play other notes that fade normally. 4 left pedal middle pedal right pedal hammers and strings Soundboard Keys Did you know? Is the piano a string instrument or a percussion instrument? The piano is really a “hybrid”–a combination of two types. It’s a string instrument, because the musical tones originate in the strings; and it’s also a percussion instrument, because the strings are set into vibration by being struck with hammers. What types of pianos are there? There are two basic types: Grand pianos have their strings and soundboard parallel to the floor. Verticals (or Uprights) have their strings and soundboard turned up perpendicular to the floor. Both kinds come in different sizes and styles. piano facts: 3 88 220 Number of pedals on a piano Number of keys on the keyboard Number of strings in the piano 300 Number of years since the first piano was made 1,000 Average weight of a concert piano 12,000 Number of moving parts in a piano quiz time 1. Q: How is the piano like a drum? A: 2. Q: How is the piano like a guitar? A: 3. Q: Who invented the first piano? A: 4. Q: What are the two types of pianos? A: 5. Q: How old is the piano? A: quiz answers: Check the answers on page 17. The piano is an instrument found in all parts of the world. If you think about it, almost anywhere you look, there is a piano. People have them in their homes, at school, and at places of worship — and you can even find them in shopping malls. It is hard to imagine a time before the piano, yet they were only invented 300 years ago! The piano’s history starts with the discovery that a taut, vibrating string can produce sound, and dates back to prehistoric times. The first piano was owned by the Medici family in Florence, Italy. The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, and the action of the piano keys was so ingeniously designed that some of its parts are still found in grand pianos today. The name “piano” is actually a shortened version of the Italian term pianoforte, meaning soft-loud, and referring to the fact that the pianoforte could produce sounds covering a much larger range than its predecessors, the harpsichord and clavichord. 5 Crossword Crossword Puzzle Words - Use the words found on the bottom of pages 2 and 3 to complete the puzzle. across 2 Given to winners 5 Controls a business 10 A person noted for special achievement 13 Involving more than two nations 15 Location of Cliburn Competition 16 Non-military citizen 17 Group of judges 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 down 14 15 16 6 17 1 Superior of others, the best 3 A music performance 4 Famous performance hall in New York City 6 A test of skill 7 School for the fine arts 8 A time of political hostility between countries 9 Members of communities 11 A trial performance to demonstrate skill 12 Traditional form of music 14 Something handed down to a successor Word Search Find the following piano terms by looking up, down, and diagonally ... Are you ready? Then letâ€™s go! Piano t x p i Percussion r e p Instrument x r Damper Music Pedal Key Black White Grand Upright String Pitch Note n o h r b o v p k u m a d m b c b l a c k r g w b c v d f t p e d a l t c z x h t g x b n i d w d n q h c u j e a o u q z p c l h g i a i t c g n y v m b h e x i s k n v t o r v t u r t g f d r u e f i k e y b b n z n p m j o v e u a i q i f a u w e s j i u y r k r v v u n w j m m t s s a i t t g l c d q e m e t o n a s g k r m l t u r w h i t e p n b y e j s r a p r x c j x p i w p q s a i h q a l c h s c a n r n y w p p g h m 7 meet the 2013 cliburn competitors Stats! learn all the Facts! Name Age Languages Hobbies Card Fronts – competitor’s unique information Card Backs – competitor’s country You fill in the continent Continent: united states of america united states of america get all the TRACK THE PIANISTS AS THEY ADVANCE THROUGH EACH ROUND Semifinal Round Final Round Medalists Announced May 30 Announced June 4 Announced June 9 1. 1. 1. 2. 2. 2. 3. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. 6. 6. 7. Which competitor has the same hobby as you? List your favorite hobbies. What languages do you speak? What country would you like to visit? 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 8 Why did you pick that country? Sean Chen 20 Italian, English Sports, art, reading 24 English Composing, video games, sports 26 English Swimming, running, soccer FRANCE Sara Daneshpour 30 Russian, English Music, chess Italy china Alexey Chernov united states of america Luca Buratto 24 Russian, English Movies, swimming, traveling, reading russia Nikita Bbrosimov united states of america italy Russia 2013 cliburn competitors Alessandro Deljavan Fei-Fei Dong Franรงois Dumont 26 Italian, English Football, chess, cooking 22 Chinese, English Movies, ping pong, traveling 27 French, English Music 9 Continent: 10 russia italy russia Continent: Continent: Continent: italy china france Continent: Continent: united states of america united states of america Continent: Continent: italy Ruoyu Huang Giuseppe Greco ukraine united states of america 23 English Swimming, reading, cooking russia 24 Chinese, English Music, cartoons 23 Italian, English Photography Claire Huangci 26 English Yoga, swimming, ping pong australia/UK 25 English Swimming, biking 26 Russian, English Movies, literature, traveling Jayson Gillham china Lindsay Garritson Yury Favorin united states of america russia 2013 cliburn competitors Vadym Kholodenko Nikolay Khozyainov 26 Russian, English Movies, history, philosophy 20 Russian, English Reading, opera 11 Continent: 12 Continent: Continent: italy china australia/UK russia united states of america Continent: Continent: united states of america ukraine russia Continent: Continent: Continent: united states of america 24 English, Chinese Basketball, swimming, video games Gustavo MirandaBernales 22 Spanish, English Reading, music, walking ukraine russia 30 English Reading, biking 21 Chinese, Russian, English Music, cooking, movies italy Alex McDonald Steven Lin Chile 24 Polish, English Hiking, traveling Kuan-Ting Lin united states of america Marcin Koziak taiwan poland 2013 cliburn competitors Nikita Mndoyants Oleksandr Poliykov Beatrice Rana 24 Russian, English Traveling, history, chess 25 English, Russian, Ukrainian Photography 20 Italian, English Reading, movies, swimming 13 Continent: 14 Continent: Continent: Continent: united states of america chile poland Taiwan united states of america Continent: Russia ukraine Italy Continent: Continent: Continent: Scipione Sangiovanni Yekwon Sunwoo 25 Italian, English Literature, movies 24 English, Korean Discovering new foods china italy 19 Japanese, English Music, reading Alessandro Taverna Jie Yuan Eric Zuber 29 Italian, English Literature 27 Chinese, English Soccer, movies, traveling 28 English Football, tennis, ping pong united states of america italy japan Tomoki Sakata South korea 2013 cliburn competitors 15 Continent: 16 Japan italy Continent: italy Continent: china south korea united states of america Continent: Continent: Continent: Answer Page Crossword Word Search TIMELINE ANSWERS (from page 3) QUIZ TIME ANSWERS (from page 5) A. 1934 B. 1937 C. 1940 D. 1946 1) The strings are struck by hammers. 2) Music tones originate in the strings. 3) The first piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori. 4) The two types of pianos are the grand piano and the upright piano. 5) The piano is 300 years old. E. 1951 F. 1954 G. 1958 17 Activity 2 ? Draw a line to the location on the map for each country represented by a Cliburn Competitor. Activity 1 Identify the continents by placing the number beside each question mark. 1. North America 2. South America 3. Australia 4. Europe 5. Asia 6. Africa 7. Antartica 18 ? Australia Chile China France Italy Japan Poland Russia South Korea Taiwan Ukraine United Kingdom United States ? ? ? ? ? 19 thank you Texas Women for the Arts | Texas Cultural Trust FOR SUPPORTING THE CLIBURN COMPETITION CHILDREN’S EDUCATION PROGRAMMING Watch the Cliburn Competition Live at www.cliburn.org May 24–June 9, 2013