Cliburn Notes: 2013
A fun way for kids to learn more about the 2013 Van Cliburn International Piano Competition.
CLIBURN NOTES 2 0 1 3 Fourteenth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition MAY 24 â€“ JUNE 9, 2013 LET THE COMPETITION The Fourteenth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition comes to Fort Worth in May 2013. The Competition celebrates the discovery of the finest young pianists from around the world and is considered one of the preeminent music competitions! THE facts • Van Cliburn International Piano Competition is held every four years in Fort Worth, Texas – the Olympics of piano competitions! • The competition was established to continue the legacy of Van Cliburn. • 2013 will be the FOURTEENTH Van Cliburn International Piano Competition. • 1962 was the FIRST Van Cliburn International Piano Competition. • 132 pianists were chosen to audition in live recitals. • 5 jury members traveled across the world to hear live auditions. • Audition sites: 1) Hong Kong 2) Moscow 3) Hannover 4) Milan 5) New York 6) Fort Worth • 30 pianists were chosen to compete! All competitors are between the ages of 18-30 years old. Begin Three Rounds Preliminary Round: 30 competitors play two recitals Semifinal Round: 12 competitors play another recital and play a recital with a string quartet Final Round: 6 competitors will play two concerti with the Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra Top Prizes Gold Medal – $50,000 Silver Medal – $20,000 Crystal Award – $20,000 Three Finalists – $10,000 each Concert Tours & Career Management for all winners CD recordings for top three winners 2013 details Dates: May 24–June 9, 2013 Venue: Bass Performance Hall 2 Crossword Puzzle Words: Audition, Award, Bass Performance Hall, Competition, Concert, International, Jury, Legacy, Management, Preeminent Who was van cliburn? Van Cliburn devoted his life to sharing his love of classical music with people all over the world. Winning the first Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition in Moscow at the height of the Cold War in 1958 made Van Cliburn a celebrity, which was unusual for an American concert pianist. Van Cliburn became a national hero. He toured the world and sold millions of records. Van Cliburn used music to create an understanding between different societies and increased interest in classical music all over the world. F . Year was: Finish filling the empty boxes with the correct year. Use information below to calculate the correct year. A. Age 0 – born in Shreveport, Louisiana B. Age 3 – first started to study the piano C. Age 6 – moved to Texas E. Age 17 – accepted to The Juilliard School F . Age 20 – played at Carnegie Hall in New York City G. Won first prize at the Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition in Russia C. Year was: D. Year was: D. Age 12 – won his first competition in Texas E. Year was: VAN CLIBURN RECEIVES HONORS Medal of Freedom July 2003: Van Cliburn receives the Medal of Freedom Award from President George W. Bush The Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award in the United States. The medal was established in 1945 by President Truman to recognize notable service in World War II. In 1963, President Kennedy reintroduced the medal as an honor for distinguished civilian service in peacetime. The United States honored Van Cliburn for his contributions to the arts and to our nation with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. G. Year was: 1958 1946 B. Year was: Order of Friendship September 2004: Russian President Vladimir Putin confers the Order of Friendship Honor on Van Cliburn The Order of Friendship was established December 17, 1972, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the USSR. The honor is awarded for distinguished service to the cause of strengthening friendship and cooperation between the socialist nations and peoples, and for significant contributions to the economic, socio-political, and cultural development of the former USSR and its republics. Photo by Ruth David. Courtesy of the National Endowment for the Arts A. Year was: 1934 did you know? Van Cliburn played for every American president from President Truman to President Obama. Medal of Arts March 2011: Van Cliburn receives the National Medal of Arts from President Barack Obama The National Medal of Arts, established by Congress in 1984, is awarded by the President. It is the highest award given to artists and arts patrons by the United States Government. Crossword Puzzle Words: Cold War, hero, societies, classical, Juilliard School, Carnegie Hall, civilian 3 The Piano how it all works The piano has 88 keys—36 black keys and 52 white keys. When you push down a key, the hammer attached to that key goes up (in a grand piano) or forward (in an upright piano) to strike a string. The hammer is a round stick with a head on it (it looks something like a real hammer), and the head is covered with very dense wool felt. When the string vibrates it makes a musical sound; the string is connected to a large soundboard that amplifies the sound much louder than the string could do by itself. When you let go of the key, a felt pad, called a damper, drops back onto the string and stops the sound. Most pianos have around 220 strings that vary in length from 6 to 80 inches. The longest strings have the lowest pitch (bass section), and the shortest strings have the highest pitch (treble section). hammers and strings Soundboard Keys Pedals Here’s how they work: Right pedal - The loud one. Also known as the “forte” or sustain pedal. This pedal raises the dampers. Dampers are the wedges of felt that press on the strings to stop the sound. This pedal keeps the dampers raised so the tone keeps sounding. Left pedal - The soft one. A single piano note is normally created from two or three piano strings hit at the same time. When this pedal is used, it causes the hammer to shift slightly so that it hits only one or two strings, resulting in a softer sound. Middle pedal - The “sostenuto,” is usually found only on grand pianos. This pedal makes it possible to sustain selected notes while the player’s hands are free to play other notes that fade normally. left pedal middle pedal right pedal 4 Did you know? The piano is an instrument found in all parts of the world. If you think about it, almost anywhere you look, there is a piano. People have them in their homes, at school, and at places of worship — and you can even find them in shopping malls. It is hard to imagine a time before the piano, yet they were only invented 300 years ago! The piano’s history starts with the discovery that a taut, vibrating string can produce sound, and dates back to prehistoric times. The first piano was owned by the Medici family in Florence, Italy. The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, and the action of the piano keys was so ingeniously designed that some of its parts are still found in grand pianos today. The name “piano” is actually a shortened version of the Italian term pianoforte, meaning soft-loud, and referring to the fact that the pianoforte could produce sounds covering a much larger range than its predecessors, the harpsichord and clavichord. piano facts: 3 88 220 Number of pedals on a piano Number of keys on the keyboard Number of strings in the piano 300 Number of years since the first piano was made Average weight of a concert piano Number of moving parts in a piano 1,000 12,000 The piano is really a “hybrid” –a combination of two types. It’s a string instrument, because the musical tones originate in the strings; and it’s also a percussion instrument, because the strings are set into vibration by being struck with hammers. quiz time 1. Q: How is the piano like a drum? A: 2. Q: How is the piano like a guitar? A: 3. Q: Who invented the first piano? A: 4. Q: What are the two types of pianos? A: 5. Q: How old is the piano? A: What types of pianos are there? There are two basic types: Grand pianos have their strings and soundboard parallel to the floor. Verticals (or Uprights) have their strings and soundboard turned up perpendicular to the floor. Both kinds come in different sizes and styles. quiz answers: Check the answers on page 17. Is the piano a string instrument or a percussion instrument? 5 Crossword Puzzle Words - Use the words found on the bottom of pages 2 and 3 to complete the puzzle. Crossword 1 2 4 5 6 9 11 7 10 8 3 across 2 Given to winners 5 Controls a business 10 A person noted for special achievement 13 Involving more than two nations 15 Location of Cliburn Competition 16 Non-military citizen 17 Group of judges 12 13 down 14 15 16 17 1 Superior of others, the best 3 A music performance 4 Famous performance hall in New York City 6 A test of skill 7 School for the fine arts 8 A time of political hostility between countries 9 Members of communities 11 A trial performance to demonstrate skill 12 Traditional form of music 14 Something handed down to a successor 6 Word Search Find the following piano terms by looking up, down, and diagonally ... Are you ready? Then letâ€™s go! Piano Percussion Music Instrument Damper Pedal Key Black White Grand Upright String Pitch Note t x r e x r t c q h l h h e t g b b i q j i t s m e w h r x p p g z c g x f i a n o h r d c e i k m b v g a t d x c l c f b g t f b b t o v l p a e d p v v k p c d c t e e k k a u r l n g h m m a w b x i i d u j a s r f r i e x h t n i n y o r i s c r e c a d j w d m b y p o u q z w p u r u a m m q e u r a i p h n v m j r t s i v g g c u e a k t p p n z q i u y s t i c a t j n p h s v l k y o v u w e n r n y t r a s u n w j m l q s o n a n b w p 7 meet the 2013 cliburn competitors get all the united states of america Stats! learn all the Facts! Card Fronts – competitor’s unique information You fill in the continent Continent: united states of america Card Backs – competitor’s country Name Age Languages Hobbies TRACK THE PIANISTS AS THEY ADVANCE THROUGH EACH ROUND Semifinal Round Announced May 30 Final Round Announced June 4 Medalists Announced June 9 Which competitor has the same hobby as you? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. What languages do you speak? List your favorite hobbies. What country would you like to visit? Why did you pick that country? 8 2013 cliburn competitors united states of america FRANCE Russia italy Nikita Bbrosimov 24 Russian, English Movies, swimming, traveling, reading Luca Buratto 20 Italian, English Sports, art, reading Sean Chen 24 English Composing, video games, sports Alexey Chernov 30 Russian, English Music, chess Sara Daneshpour 26 English Swimming, running, soccer Alessandro Deljavan 26 Italian, English Football, chess, cooking Fei-Fei Dong 22 Chinese, English Movies, ping pong, traveling china Italy Franรงois Dumont 27 French, English Music united states of america russia 9 united states of america Continent: Continent: Continent: united states of america Continent: Continent: france china russia Continent: Continent: Continent: 10 italy russia italy 2013 cliburn competitors russia united states of america Yury Favorin 26 Russian, English Movies, literature, traveling Lindsay Garritson 25 English Swimming, biking Jayson Gillham 26 English Yoga, swimming, ping pong Giuseppe Greco 23 Italian, English Photography Ruoyu Huang 24 Chinese, English Music, cartoons united states of america china italy Claire Huangci 23 English Swimming, reading, cooking Vadym Kholodenko 26 Russian, English Movies, history, philosophy ukraine Nikolay Khozyainov 20 Russian, English Reading, opera russia australia/UK 11 12 united states of america Continent: Continent: Continent: russia australia/UK Continent: Continent: ukraine united states of america Continent: china Continent: Continent: italy russia 2013 cliburn competitors united states of america italy poland Marcin Koziak 24 Polish, English Hiking, traveling Kuan-Ting Lin 21 Chinese, Russian, English Music, cooking, movies taiwan Steven Lin 24 English, Chinese Basketball, swimming, video games united states of america Alex McDonald 30 English Reading, biking Gustavo MirandaBernales 22 Spanish, English Reading, music, walking russia Nikita Mndoyants 24 Russian, English Traveling, history, chess Oleksandr Poliykov 25 English, Russian, Ukrainian Photography ukraine Chile Beatrice Rana 20 Italian, English Reading, movies, swimming 13 14 Continent: Continent: Italy united states of america Continent: Continent: Continent: ukraine Continent: chile Taiwan Continent: Continent: Russia united states of america poland 2013 cliburn competitors Tomoki Sakata 19 Japanese, English Music, reading Scipione Sangiovanni 25 Italian, English Literature, movies Yekwon Sunwoo 24 English, Korean Discovering new foods italy Alessandro Taverna 29 Italian, English Literature Jie Yuan 27 Chinese, English Soccer, movies, traveling Eric Zuber 28 English Football, tennis, ping pong united states of america china South korea japan italy 15 south korea Continent: Continent: Continent: united states of america china Continent: Continent: Continent: 16 italy Japan italy Answer Page Crossword Word Search TIMELINE ANSWERS (from page 3) A. 1934 B. 1937 C. 1940 D. 1946 E. 1951 F . 1954 G. 1958 QUIZ TIME ANSWERS (from page 5) 1) The strings are struck by hammers. 2) Music tones originate in the strings. 3) The first piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori. 4) The two types of pianos are the grand piano and the upright piano. 5) The piano is 300 years old. 17 Activity 2 ? Activity 1 Identify the continents by placing the number beside each question mark. Draw a line to the location on the map for each country represented by a Cliburn Competitor. 1. North America 2. South America 3. Australia 4. Europe 5. Asia 6. Africa 7. Antartica ? Australia Chile China France Italy Japan Poland Russia South Korea Taiwan Ukraine United Kingdom United States 18 ? ? ? ? ? 19 thank you Texas Women for the Arts | Texas Cultural Trust FOR SUPPORTING THE CLIBURN COMPETITION CHILDREN’S EDUCATION PROGRAMMING Watch the Cliburn Competition Live at www.cliburn.org May 24–June 9, 2013