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THE CITY each chapter reads as a reflection in the vein of C.S. Lewis’s Mere Christianity so that the book itself becomes a theology or philosophy of a sub-discipline of art or science. It is important to remember that for Kuyper, reflection upon these disciplines is not for the sake of their own merit, but instead, in an attempt to bring a coherent understanding of how, as the foreword states, “the gospel, and thereby the practice of Christian faith, relates to every single area of society.” By “science,” it is important to allow Kuyper’s usage of the term speak for itself. Here, he refers to “science” in a more broad, generalized understanding and less so as a modern convention focused on the particulars of the scientific method. Science encompasses such disciplines as the humanities as much as it does biology and is ultimately aimed at interpreting reality Christianly. Science, as Kuyper interprets it, is human reflection and interaction with God’s creation as he designed it. In what will inform Kuyper’s understanding of both disciplines, his emphasis on conversion as epistemological regeneration results in Christians bequeathed an understanding of reality transformed and renewed by God-centeredness. There, the idea of antithesis arises, or as Kuyper calls it, “false science” versus “true science,” which in Kuyper’s view forges a divide in how Christians and non-Christians understand the scientific task. God either is or he is not at the center of scientific reflection, and displacing God from the center of reflection is a “façade without any essence.” Science is also an outworking of God’s decree to create: If, therefore, God’s thinking is primary, and if all of creation is to be understood simply as the outflow of that thinking of God, such that all things have come into existence and continue to exist through the Logos, that is, through divine reason, or more particularly, through the Word, then it must be the case that the divine thinking must be embedded in all created things. Thus there can be nothing in the universe that fails to express, in incarnate, the revelation of the thought of God […] The whole creation is nothing but the visible curtain behind which radiates the exalted working of this divine thinking. Kuyper believes that science is done with the assumption of metaphysical first principles. Creation, he observes, is intelligible and orderly. The chief end of the scientific task is a plausibility structure that seeks to discern God’s blueprint for creation. 90

The City Fall 2012

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