Texas Architect July/Aug 2008: Regional Response
Texas Architect is the official publication of the Texas Society of Architects, each edition features recently completed projects and other editorial content largely written by AIA members in Texas. That collective participation was the basis of Texas Architect’s recognition by the national AIA with a 2010 Institute Honor for Collaborative Achievement.
texas architect 7/8 2008 10 News Flames Damage Governor’s Mansion: state Offers Reward to Find Arsonist austin Gov. Rick Perry has vowed to rebuild the historic Governor’s Mansion that was heavily damaged in a pre-dawn fire on June 8. A criminal investigation is focused on video- tape from a security camera that showed a man throwing an object at the mansion’s entrance before fleeing the scene. A $50,000 reward was announced on June 16 for information that may lead to the arrest of the suspected arsonist. The 152-year-old home was empty at the time as an extensive restoration was underway. The $10 million project began last summer after the governor and his family relocated in a rented house located on the outskirts of Austin. The fur- nishings – treasured as part of the state’s heri- tage – also had been removed and stored for the duration of the restoration project that originally was expected to continue for 18 months. Suss- man Tisdale Gayle of Austin was the architect of record for the restoration, with Volz & Associates of Austin serving as preservation consultant. Damage was described by fire officials as “catastrophic.” Texas Department of Public Safety officers were alerted to the fire just before 2 a.m. More than 100 firefighters called to the scene battled the blaze for several hours before controlling the flames. Due to the positioning of oak trees surrounding the mansion on the site, firefighters initially had difficulty reaching the blaze with adequate water force. After the fire was extinguished, water was then pumped out of the lower levels to prevent the erosion of the building’s foundation. The day after the fire, State Fire Marshal Paul Maldonado announced that a security camera showed an individual on the grounds previous to the eruption of the fire. A week later, officials announced the Texas Crime Stoppers reward for information leading to the arrest of the suspected arsonist. The Governor’s Mansion is located one block from the grounds of the State Capitol, across from the southwest corner between 10th and 11th streets. Construction of the mansion began in 1854, shortly after the Republic of Texas became the State of Texas. The majestic Greek Revival style executive home was built by master builder and architect Abner Cook, the pioneer of Greek Revival building in Austin. Considered a symbol of Texas pride and ambition, the resi- dence was designed to house heads of state in a grand manner appropriate to their position. The fourth-oldest continuously occupied governor’s residence in the U.S., the build- ing has undergone several renovations, most recently from 1979-1982. In the fall of 2007, the latest restoration and renovation project began, intended to tackle surmounting problems such as unreliable plumbing, repainting interior walls, fixing existing plaster sections, install- ing additional smoke detectors, and removing lead masonry on the south side of the house. Additionally, the building did not have an inte- rior sprinkler system, which would have been crucial in preventing the spread of the blaze. A sprinkler system was one of the projects slated for the renovation, but had not been completed at the time of the fire. An official damage estimate has not yet been released, and investigations into the financial impact of the destruction and necessary repairs are still underway. However, according to state officials, much of the original fabrics in the building were destroyed and some of the inte- rior ornamentation is unsalvageable. Interior walls and ceilings are singed, leaving some of the original construction materials exposed, the second floor balcony is burned in half, and the sweeping U-shaped staircase in the front hallway stands charred. Parts of the low-hipped roof have buckled but not completely collapsed, and the 30-ft columns and entablature on the front porch were severely damaged. The objects and furnishings inside the building – includ- ing historic artifacts, artwork, and antiques from generations of inhabitants – had been removed prior to the start of last fall’s renova- tion to protect the items from potential harm and clear workspace for painters and plumbers to work efficiently. The Texas Historical Commission has stated that the building appears to be structurally sound enough to restore, and that workers should be able to rebuild the Texas treasure back to its original luster. Emma JanzEn Photos court esy t he Gov ern or’s of fice the 152-year-old Governor’s Mansion was undergoing restoration when the fire broke out on June 8.