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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 8 Crown Heights North, Prospect Heights, Weeksville

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn

Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 8 Age

Gender 55.8%

65 and Older Source: Totally Tots Exhibit, Brooklyn Children’s Museum

Brooklyn

18-64

0-5

44.2%

65.9% 63.3%

44.2%

126,312

120,170

55.8%

52.7%

47.3%

Brooklyn CD 8 Brooklyn

7.7% 9.1%

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male

CD 8 (2000)

Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male

CD 8 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

47.3%

CD 8

15.9% 15.8%

6-17

Population

CD 8

10.6% 11.8%

52.7%

Female

Race/Ethnicity 78.7%

Number of Residents

68.4% CD 8 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) 36.8%

32.7%

CD 8’s population has grown by 5.1% since 2000.

19.5% 9.4%

8.9%

11.6%

1.9% 2.1% Asian

Black

15.5%

7.8%

Latino

2.7% 2.4% 1.5% White

Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 8 (2000) African American (34.9%)

CD 8 (2007/09) African American (35.9%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) African American (15.3%)

American (5.2%)

African (7.6%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Jamaican (4.8%)

West Indian (4.4%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Trinidadian (4.2%)

Jamaican (4.1%)

Italian (5.8%)

Puerto Rican (2.3%)

Puerto Rican (3.5%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 18.1%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Places of Birth

13.2%

CD 8 (2000) New York State (51.1%)

CD 8 (2007/09) New York State (49.8%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

Trinidad and Tobago (5.7%)

Trinidad and Tobago (5.7%)

China (3.8%)

Jamaica (3.9%)

Jamaica (3.9%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

Guyana (3.4%)

Guyana (3.4%)

Haiti (2.3%)

South Carolina (3.3%)

Barbados (2.4%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) 5.3% 3.9%

3.3%

4.5%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 8 (2000)

CD 8 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

English (79.5%)

English (79.7%)

English (53.9%)

Spanish (10.0%)

Spanish (10.7%)

Spanish (16.9%)

French (2.5%)

French/Haitian Creole (2.5%)

Chinese (5.6%)

French/Haitian Creole (1.9%)

French (1.7%)

Russian (5.4%)

Arabic (0.8%)

Hebrew (1.2%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born

100%

36.8%

Foreign Born Citizenship Status

90%

30.8% 30.6% CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

80% The percent foreign 70% born in CD 8 has decreased by 60% 0.2 50% percentage points since 2000.40%

50.6%

45.8%

55.2%

CD 8 Citizen CD 8 Not A Citizen Brooklyn Citizen

49.4%

54.2%

Brooklyn Not A Citizen

44.8%

30% 20%

Source: David Berkowitz, Flickr

10% 0%

CD 14 (2000)

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 8

Public and Private School Enrollment

Grades K-5

Grades 6-8

Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Brooklyn Not Enrolled

94.8%

92.2%

94.8%

92.2%

79.5%

Brooklyn Private

79.5%

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates Brooklyn

56.4% 58.8%

Brooklyn (2011)

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in (Age 5 and Under Poverty) Below 200% Poverty)

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older CD 8 (2000)

29.3% 17.8%

CD 8 (2011) 9.0%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 8

30.0%

10.0%

Disconnected Youth Disconnected Youth

Grades 9-12

48.2%

18.2%

CD 8 CD 8 Brooklyn (2000) (2009) (2009) CD 8 CD 8 Brooklyn (2000) Grades (2009)9-12(2009) Grades 9-12

Grades K-5 Grades 6-8

15.0% 17.4% 12.7% 15.0% 12.7%

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) CD 8 (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn Public

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school). Preschool

Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

CD 8 Public CD 8 Private

20.5%

CD 14 (2009)

48.9% 31.6% 31.6%

CD 8 Not Enrolled CD 8 Public

100% 90% 94.8% 88.6% 80% 78.3% 75.5% 94.8% 88.6%70% 78.3% 60% 75.5% 50% 40% 30% CD 8 20% Brooklyn CD 8 Brooklyn (2009) (2009) (2009) CD 8 10% Brooklyn (2009) CD 8 Brooklyn (2009) (2009) (2009) 0%K-5 Grades Grades (2009) 6-8

17.4%

CD 8 Private

20.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

44.4%

48.9%

5.2%

7.8%

CD 14 (2000)

23.0

2.4

Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

44.4%

Preschool

3.8

24.9%

21.7%

24.5%

CD 8 Not Enrolled

5.2%

7.8%

CD 14 (2009)

Brooklyn (2011)

18.0

24.9%

CD 8 CD 8 Brooklyn (2000) CD 8 (2009) CD 8 (2009) Brooklyn (2000)Preschool (2009) (2009)

CD 8 (2011)

50.6

37.2%

25.0%

11.4%

CD 14 (2009)

59.1

25.0%

43.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

13.9% 43.5%

37.2%

5.2%

CD 14 (2009)

30.6%

21.7%

Brooklyn (2009)

Source: Heart of Brooklyn

CD 14 (2000)

30.6%

5.2% 24.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

11.4%

13.9%

Disconnected Youth

11.1% 12.3%

5.8%

Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School (2010/11) (2010/11) College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

CD 8 (2007/09) 32.3%

30.4% 19.3%

22.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09) 29.0%

18.3%

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

3

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Investment Income

Economy

Poverty

36.3% 37.5%

CD 8 (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Age 15 and Up with

24.9%

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

21.2%

$43,755 Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Living in Poverty

Jobs 58.0%

% AgeInvestment 15 and UpIncome with Investment Income

30.7%

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 8 has decreased by 2.2 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has increased by 1.2 percentage points.

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

27.1%

CD 8 (2007/09)

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

CD CD88(2000) (2000) CD CD88(2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

5.4%5.4%

Median Household Income

$39,503

9.4%

8.8%

Community District 8

$36,639

9.4%

8.8%

$1,570 $2,236

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$2,033

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

63.3% 61.1%

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 8 Residents CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

14.2%

10.0% 8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 8 (2000)

CD 8 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 7.6% ($26,171)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 6.2% ($21,270)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Administrative Assistant 3.6% ($36,639)

Security Guard 3.4% ($20,330)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Office Clerk 3.6% ($26,040)

Administrative Assistant 3.0% ($35,578)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Security Guard 3.6% ($22,245)

Janitor 2.5% ($34,561)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Janitor 2.4% ($29,704)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.5% ($51,537)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: vige, Flickr

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 8 Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings)

Source: Suzanne Spellen, Crown Heights North Association

136.6

Total Households

134.0

The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family buildings in CD 8 has increased 61.1%, from $131,100 in 2000 to $211,250 in 2010.

100.0 CD 8

49,040

45,914

CD 8 (2000)

Brooklyn

CD 8 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

2000

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 8 (2010) CD 8 (2000) Brooklyn (2010) CD 8 (2010)

42.5

30.3%

29.7

CD 8 Renters

Brooklyn Owners 69.7%

Housing Burden of Owners

29.7

Brooklyn Renters

CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/0

CD 8 (2000)

42.5

CD 8 Owners

84.1% 79.7%

2010

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

2009

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households

15.9% 20.3%

2008

38.7%

Brooklyn (2010)

22.2% 24.3%

25.2 25.2

44.0%

38.7%

CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

44.0% Owners Paying Owners Paying 24.3% 50% 22.2% 30% or More of or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties Foreclosure Rate per 1,000for Real Estate and Urban Policy Data Source: Furman Center

Owners Paying Owners Paying or More ofData50% Source: 2007/09 30% or More of American Community Survey Income on Income on Housing Housing

1-4 Family Properties

5

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent

$946

$1,002

$775

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing Housing Violations

54.3%

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

48.4%

43.6%

137.7

CD 8 (2005)

100.8

CD 8 (2009) 18.2% 19.1% 18.3%

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 8 (2000) 64.1

CD 8 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Median Gross Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 22.1% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 8.

Housing Burden of Renters CD 8 (2007/09)

51.2% 52.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 8 (2007/09)

51.2% 52.3% 29.9% 28.7%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

29.9% 28.7%

Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Renters Income Paying on Rent Renters Income Paying on Rent 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: Matthew Rutledge, Flickr

www.studybrooklyn.org

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 8

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio CD Lanes CD8 8Bike Bike Lanes

1 mile mile CD 8 (2010) 15.1 CD 8 (2010) miles 5.1 miles 1 mile Brooklyn (2010) 1 mile

Brooklyn (2010)

Source: Nick Johnson, Flickr

Access to Parks 89.2%

Transportation to Work 69.8% 72.3%

CD CD8 8Streets Streets 13.7 miles

13.7 miles

69.8% 72.3%

60.0%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes

60.0%

Brooklyn Streets

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Brooklyn Planning (2010)

25.7%

9.9% 9.9% 6.9% 6.9% 6.0% 6.0%

There are 9.2 miles in CD 8, 0 of bike lanes 20 compared to 46.9 miles of streets.

86.0%

CD 8 (2000) CD CD88(2000) (2007/09) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Walks or Rides Takes TakesPublic Public Walks or Rides Bike Transportation Bike Transportation

25.7% 20.8% 20.8% 16.8% 16.8%

Drives Drives

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 8 (2009)

Community Gardens

Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 301 requests for new trees in CD 8, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are 12 community gardens in CD 8.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 32.5

125 Tons

110 Tons

2,660 Tons

26.8

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

CD 8 (2001) CD 8 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Asthma 16.5%

CD 8: % Garbage 87.2%

86.9%

85.6%

CD 8: % Recycling Brooklyn: % Garbage

3.8

Brooklyn: % Recycling

12.8%

13.1%

14.4%

CD 8 (2005)

CD 8 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics D 14 (2005)

5.5

13.2%

8.0

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

11.3%

2.9 Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Adults with Asthma

Sites of Environmental Concern

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Elevated Blood Lead Levels

In 2011, an average of 1.7 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 8.

19.7

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2001) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) 3.4

4.8

Brooklyn (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

8

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown Heights United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

Health

Community District 8 Fruits and Vegetables

Self-Reported Health Status 35.4%

21.4%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

34.3% 32.8% 35.4% 25.7%34.3% 32.8% 24.3% 23.7%

23.8% 23.4%

21.4%

23.8% 23.4%

76.7% 76.6% 77.6% Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002)

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

18.9% 18.2% 18.1% 25.7% 24.3% 23.7%

19.2%

18.9% 18.2% 18.1%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

16.5% 13.0% 4.0%

7.0%

9.4%

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Fair or Poor

Good

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

Health Insurance

Excellent Good

Very Good

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Excellent

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Physical Activity 72.9%

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking 22.0% 69.6%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/03) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2008/09) Brooklyn (2008/09)

CD 8 (2009)

13.9%

Uninsured

Fair or Poor

63.9%

32.9% 31.8%

16.6%

Very Good

20.4%

22.0%

16.5% 20.4% 16.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

10.9% 10.9%

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

Bed Stuy/Crown H UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown H UHF (2007/09) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights Brooklyn (2007/09 UHF (2002/04)

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

12.7%

12.7%

12.3%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

12.3%

Binge Drinking

Cigarette Binge Data Source: NYC Smoking Department of Health andDrinking Mental Hygiene

www.studybrooklyn.org

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths 122.6

CD 8 (2002) 12.0

29.1% 29.1%

CD 8 (2007) Brooklyn (2007)

9.3 7.7

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

25.0%

6.9 5.2

4.9

12.1% 11.6%

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Infant Mortality Rate per 8 1,000 Live Births

CD 8 (2002)

CD 8 (1998/00)

CD 8 (2007)

CD 8 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

70.0 40.0

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

10.2%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

7

Obesity

6

5

Diabetes

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

39.5

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

4

19.7

3

5.2

Disabilities

1

Rate per rths

1,131

0 CD 8 (2009)

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population Brooklyn (2009)

2.8%

2.4%

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

769

2.2%

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2003/04) Brooklyn (2003/04)

1.6%

Cognitive Visual Disability Hearing Disability Disability (Age 5+)

16.0

Mental Health

2

4.7% 4.7%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults

Data Source: NYS Department of Health

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown Heights United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 96.8% of new diagnoses and 97.7% of deaths are of persons of color. 10

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 8 Crime and Stop & Frisk

82.1

81.3

Prison Admissions 4.53

CD 8 (2001) CD 8 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

1.98

CD 8 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Source: Piece In, Piece Out, Groundswell Community Mural Project

Domestic Violence

19.6

87.8

8.7

CD 8 (2011) 32.1

Brooklyn (2011)

Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population

Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

5.1

10.9 5.1

Violent Crime

5.9

7.8

Property Crime

11.0

12.9 n/a

Felony Crime

Stop & Frisk (2009)

Rates per 1,000 Population

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $442

Hate Crimes

$206

0.5 0.4

CD 8 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

CD 8 (2011) Brooklyn (2011) Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2009, a total of 254 adults from CD 8 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $24,782,160 over the term of their sentences.

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

11

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 8

Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.18

$3.43

CD 8 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

Cultural Activities Rating

Arts & Culture Funding per Person

26.1%

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

14.8%

CD 8 (2008) Brooklyn (2008)

Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 31 arts & culture organizations in CD 8. Arts & Culture Employment 7.8%

4.3%

4.8%

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, a total of $401,685 was granted to 12 arts organizations in CD 8 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 8 Residents CD 8 (2000)

CD 8 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Producer/Director (9.4%)

Producer/Director (15.1%)

Designer (8.9%)

Designer (13.7%)

Designer (13.7%) Artist (7.6%)

Artist (8.9%)

Writer (7.8%)

Editor (6.3%)

Administrative Assistant (7.2%)

Editor (6.6%)

Manager (5.6%)

Security Guard (5.0%)

Administrative Assistant (3.9%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Nicholas Whitaker, Flickr

12

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 8

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections CD 8 Brooklyn

79.8% 69.5%

63.8% 55.5%

65.5%

60.5%

Source: House Tour 2011, Suzanne Spellen, Crown Heights North Association

311 Requests 16.8

CD 8 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

11216

1.1% ($73,560)

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009)

Brooklyn:$6,982,933 11213

1.2% ($82,991)

11238

2.3% ($160,836)

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

19.4

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 8

Voting

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 16.0% 14.0%

Census Mail Response 47.5%

12.6%

10.9%

56.1% 58.0%

9.5%

9.0%

CD 8 (2000)

CD 8 (2000) CD 8 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Average Census Mail Response Rate Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 8 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Employed by a Non-Profit

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 8 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report