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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 15 Gerritsen Beach, Gravesend, Homecrest, Madison, Manhattan Beach, Sheepshead Bay

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn

Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 15 Age

Gender

65 and Older

17.3% 11.8%

Brooklyn

0-5

143,390

150,967

Brooklyn CD 15 Brooklyn

7.8% 9.1%

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male

CD 15 (2000)

Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 15 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

CD 15

13.5% 15.8%

6-17

Population

52.0% 52.7% 48.0% 47.3%

61.5% 63.3%

18-64

Source: Rebecca Wilson, Flickr

52.0% 52.7% 48.0% 47.3%

CD 15

Male

Race/Ethnicity

Female

75.5% 74.9%

Number of Residents Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 15’s population has decreased by 5% since 2000.

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09)

36.8%

32.7%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

19.5% 12.4% 13.8%

9.4% 3.5% 3.6%

Asian

Black

6.4% 7.2% Latino

2.3% 0.5% 1.5% White

Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

1

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 15 (2000) Religious Responses (12.1%)

CD 15 (2007/09) Religious Responses (20.9%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) African American (15.3%)

Russian (11.8%)

Russian (13.1%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Italian (11.3%)

Chinese (8.7%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Chinese (7.9%)

Italian (7.7%)

Italian (5.8%)

Ukrainian (5.8%)

United States (5.1%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 28.3%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

21.4%

Top 5 Places of Birth CD 15 (2000) New York State (49.8%)

CD 15 (2007/09) New York State (50.3%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

Ukraine (9.3%)

Russia (9.3%)

China (3.8%)

Russia (8.0%)

Ukraine (7.4%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

China (5.3%)

China (5.4%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Syria (2.0%)

Israel/Palestine (1.9%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

18.1%

16.6% 14.3%

13.2%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 15 (2000)

CD 15 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

English (44.3%)

English (41.1%)

English (53.9%)

Russian (23.0%)

Russian (25.2%)

Spanish (16.9%)

Chinese (9.2%)

Chinese (9.6%)

Chinese (5.6%)

Spanish (5.4%)

Spanish (5.6%)

Russian (5.4%)

Hebrew (3.4%)

Hebrew (4.8%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born

Foreign Born Citizenship Status

44.5% 44.7% 100%

36.8%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

90% The percent foreign born in CD 15 80% has increased by 70% 0.2 60% percentage points 50% since 2000. 40%

53.2%

70.0%

55.2%

CD 15 Citizen CD 15 Not A Citizen 46.8%

30.0%

44.8%

Brooklyn Citizen Brooklyn Not A Citizen

30%

Source: Mike G, Flickr

20% 10%

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

0%

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 15

Public and Private School Enrollment

Disconnected Youth CD 15 Not Enrolled

21.7%

24.5% 47.0%

0.7

90% 24.9% 80% 75.5% 70% 24.9% 56.7% 50.4% 75.5% 60%

28.0% 28.0%

31.6%

Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

68.0%

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in (Age 5 and Under Poverty) Below 200% Poverty)

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

11.5%

CD 14 (2009)

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 14 (2000)

12.7% 12.7%

8.1% Disconnected Youth

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

DisconnectedYouth Youth Disconnected

Grades 9-12

65.6%

58.8%

CD 15 (2011)

0.0%

17.8% 12.7% 21.3%12.5% 11.6%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 13 12(2000) (2000) 15 CD CD 13 12(2007/09) (2007/09) 15 CD Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

CD 15

14.6% 12.3%

Brooklyn

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older

48.2%

42.4%

9.0%

Brooklyn Public

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates

30.0%

www.studybrooklyn.org

Grades K-5 Grades 6-8

12.5% 12.7%

79.5%

73.0%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school).

35.0%

Brooklyn (2011)

Brooklyn Private

50.4% 40% 31.6% 3.8% 26.5% 25.0% 30% CD 15 Brooklyn CD 15 20% Brooklyn CD 15 Brooklyn CD 15 CD 15 Brooklyn 3.8% (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) (2009) CD 15 CD 15 Brooklyn CD 15 Brooklyn CD 15 Brooklyn CD 15 CD 15 Brooklyn 10% (2000) (2009) (2009)Grades (2009) (2009) Grades (2009) 6-8(2009) (2000) (2009) Preschool K-5 Grades 9-12 (2009) 0% Preschool Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12

Preschool

Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

72.9%

50% 56.7%

2.4

Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

CD 15 Public

79.5%

73.0%

72.9%

78.3%

CD 14 (2009)

25.0%

26.5%

78.3%

11.6%

CD 15 Private

Brooklyn Not Enrolled

Brooklyn (2009)

20.5%

27.0%

27.1%

69.7%

CD 14 (2009)

23.0

21.7%

CD 15 Private CD15 15Not Public CD Enrolled

49.6%

Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2011)

43.3% 100%

CD 14 (2009)

42.3

47.0%

CD 15 (2000)

CD 15 (2011)

43.5%

CD 14 (2000)

44.6

49.6%

24.5%

69.7%

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

43.3%

Brooklyn (2009)

Source: New York City Department of Education

50.6

43.5%

20.5%

27.0%

27.1%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09)

35.4%

17.8%

29.1%

29.0%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

22.3%

21.8% 14.6%

Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) (2010/11) (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Economy

Investment Income 20.7% 15.9%

Community District 15

9.4%

Median Household Income

Poverty 30.7%

$49,119

21.2% 21.5%

CD 15 (2007/09) 17.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

13.1%

12.8%

$43,755 Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Living in Poverty

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

Jobs 61.1% 52.1%

% Age 15 and Up with Investment Income

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 15 has decreased by 4.5 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has also decreased by 8.4 percentage points.

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

$47,369

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$2,617 $1,520

$2,033

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 15 Residents

54.8%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

6.1% 6.1%

8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 15 (2000)

CD 15 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Administrative Assistant 4.7% ($35,331)

Administrative Assistant 4.3% ($32,008)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Computer Programmer 3.2% ($78,512)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 4.1% ($22,088)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 3.2% ($45,799)

Retail Salesperson 3.4% ($25,413)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 2.9% ($23,030)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.7% ($57,848)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Retail Sales Manager 2.6% ($39,649)

Accountant 2.7% ($72,928)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Violette79, Flickr

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 15 Index of Housing Price Appreciation (1 Family Building)

Source: Violette79, Flickr

149.2

Total Households

137.2

The median sales price for single family buildings in CD 15 has increased 40.8%, from $355,027 in 2000 to $500,000 in 2010.

100.0

Brooklyn

CD 15 (2000) 53,720

56,627

CD 15 CD 15 (2007/09)

2000

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Housing Burden of Owners

25.2

30.3% CD 15 Owners

25.2 25.2

Brooklyn Owners

69.7%

Brooklyn Renters

CD 15 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Brooklyn (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

11.3 19.7

11.3 CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties 3.94.5 Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 Foreclosure Rate per 1,000

39.8% 44.0%

(2000) CDCD 1512 (2000) (2010) CDCD 1512 (2010)

3.9

www.studybrooklyn.org

2010

CD 15 (2000)

CD 15 Renters

59.3% 54.5%

2009

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households

40.7% 45.5%

2008

20.1%

24.3%

CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09

CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

39.8% 44.0% Owners Paying 24.3% Owners Paying 20.1% 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing Owners Paying Owners Paying Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing

5

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing Housing Violations

$916

$973

$1,002

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

58.1%

64.1

52.9% 43.6%

CD 15 (2000)

CD 15 (2005) CD 15 (2009) 18.3%

25.5

Brooklyn (2009)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Brooklyn (2010)

11.7

7.8% 8.6%

Median Gross Rent

CD 15 (2010)

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 6.2% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 15.

Housing Burden of Renters CD 15 (2007/09)

52.3% 52.3% 53.3% 52.3% 52.3% 52.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09) 28.1% 28.7%

CD15 13(2007/09) (2007/09) CD Brooklyn(2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn

28.7% 28.1% 24.2% 28.7%

Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Rent Income onPaying Rent Renters Paying Paying Renters Renters Paying Renters 30%or orMore Moreof of 50% 50%or orMore Moreof of 30% Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Income onRent Rent Income onRent Rent Income on Income on Source: TheFadedPast, Flickr

www.studybrooklyn.org

6

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 15

Transportation to Work

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio 1 mile

CD 15 (2010)1 mile CD 15 (2010)

29.7 miles 29.7 miles

1 mile Brooklyn (2010) 1 mile 13.7 miles

Brooklyn (2010) 13.7 miles

Source: Plumb Beach Dunes, Janine and Jim Eden, Flickr

60.0%

CD 15Bike BikeLanes Lanes CD 15 CD 15 CD 15Streets Streets

46.1% 47.8%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes

46.1% 47.8%

Brooklyn Streets

60.0%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) C Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Brooklyn Planning (2010)

38.7% 44.3% 38.7% 25.7%

25.7% 9.9% 6.6% 8.8%

Access to Parks 89.9%

9.9% 6.6% 8.8% Walks or Rides Takes Public Bike Transportation

There are 5.1 miles0 of bike lanes in CD 15, 20 compared to 151.3 miles of streets.

86.0%

Walks or Rides Bike

C B

44.3%

Takes Public Transportation

Drives

Drives

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 15 (2009)

Community Gardens

Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 153 requests for new trees in CD 15, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are no community gardens in CD 15.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 29.3

186 Tons

174 Tons

2,660 Tons

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

81.7%

85.6%

CD 15 (2001) CD 15 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Asthma 10.5%

CD 15: % Garbage 78.0%

26.8

CD 15: % Recycling

6.5

Brooklyn: % Garbage

9.4

8.0

10.7

11.3%

8.6%

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002/04) Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn: % Recycling

22.0%

18.3%

14.4%

CD 15 (2005)

CD 15 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics 14 (2005)

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Adults with Asthma

Sites of Environmental Concern

Elevated Blood Lead Levels

In 2011, an average of 2.4 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 15.

17.0

7.5 4.8

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2001) Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

Health

Community District 15 Self-Reported Health Status

34.9% 34.8% 25.5% 25.7%

Fruits and Vegetables Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002/04) Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2007/09)

32.8%

25.5% 25.7%

23.4%

18.1%

24.9% 24.1%

14.6% 15.4%

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

Good

Very Good

Fair or Poor

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Excellent

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking

Physical Activity 69.6%

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002/03) Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2008/09)

24.4%

Brooklyn (2008/09)

CD 15 (2009)

18.9%

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Coney Island/Shee Bay UHF (2002/04) Coney Island/Shee Bay UHF (2007/09) ConeyBrooklyn Island/Sheepshead (2007/09)

16.5%

22.6% 18.9%

12.0%

12.0% Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

13.8%

12.3%

16.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

8.6%

10.6% 12.0% 9.4%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

64.5% 66.0%

31.8%

Uninsured

13.0%

22.6%

Health Insurance

13.9%

9.2% 9.6%

18.1%

Very Good

Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Excellent

Good

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2009)

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2007/09)

25.7%

14.6% 15.4% Fair or Poor

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002)

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002/04)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

34.9% 34.8% 24.9% 24.1% 25.7% 32.8%

23.4%

80.2% 78.3% 77.6%

13.8%

12.3%

Binge Drinking

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

Bay UHF (2002/04) Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Binge Drinking

9

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes

40.0

CD 15 (2002) 6.3

6.9

CD 15 (2007)

24.0%

Brooklyn (2007)

6.0

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths

5.2

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002/04)

25.0%

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2007/09)

19.9%

4.1 4.3

Brooklyn (2007/09)

10.2% 9.2% 9.9% 8

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births 7

CD 15 (2002)

CD 15 (1998/00)

6

CD 15 (2007)

CD 15 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

5.2

Obesity

5

18.8 11.2

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

32.2

Diabetes

32.2 25.0

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

25.0

4

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

16.0

3

Rate per Births

Mental Health

1

CD 15 (2009) 0

5.8%

2.4%

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay UHF (2003/2004)

2.2%

Brooklyn (2003/04)

Cognitive Visual Disability Hearing Disability Disability (Age 5+) Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000769 Live 679Births

3.6%

3.4%

www.studybrooklyn.org

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Brooklyn (2009)

4.7%

Coney Island/ Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002) Coney Island/ Sheepshead Bay UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

16.0

2

Disabilities

Coney Island/ Sheepshead Bay UHF (2002) Coney Island/ Sheepshead Bay UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults Data Source: NYS Department of Health

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the Coney Island/Sheepshead Bay United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 66% of new diagnoses and 75% of deaths are of persons of color. 10

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 15 Crime and Stop & Frisk

81.3

Prison Admissions 1.98

CD 15 (2001) CD 15 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Source: Violette79, Flickr

37.6

Domestic Violence 32.1 17.9

17.2

13.5 5.1

CD 15 (2011)

3.7 1.9

Brooklyn (2011)

Violent Crime

5.9

7.8

Property Crime

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population

12.9 7.8

Felony Crime

0.63

CD 15 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

n/a Stop & Frisk (2009)

Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Rates per 1,000 Population

Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population

Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $206

Hate Crimes 0.5

CD 15 (2009) $63

0.4

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 15 (2011) Brooklyn (2011) Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2009, a total of 55 adults from CD 15 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $5,484,960 over the term of their sentences.

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

11

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 15 Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.43

CD 15 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

$0.37 Arts & Culture Funding per Person

Cultural Activities Rating

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

14.8% Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 14 arts & culture organizations in CD 15. Arts & Culture Employment 4.8%

2.3%

2.7%

CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, a total of $53,305 was granted to 4 arts organizations in CD 15 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

9.8%

CD 15 (2008) Brooklyn (2008)

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 15 Residents CD 15 (2000)

CD 15 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Artist (9.9%)

Artist (10.8%)

Computer Software Engineer (6.8%)

Agent/Business Manager (9.6%)

Designer (13.7%) Artist (7.6%)

Designer (6.8%)

Designer (9.4%)

Editor (6.3%)

Receptionist (5.6%)

Manager (8.7%)

Manager (5.6%)

Librarian (5.5%)

Writer (7.9%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: Robin Michals

12

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 15

74.5%

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections CD 15

79.8%

Brooklyn 63.1% 63.8%

57.0%

60.5%

Source: Hall of Flags, KBCC, TheFadedPast, Flickr

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 15

Voting

11229

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009)

3.1% ($214,206)

11235

Brooklyn:$6,982,933

3.6% ($254,318)

11223

6.1% ($428,435)

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

311 Requests 21.2

19.4 CD 15 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 14.0%

Census Mail Response 60.5% 57.3% 58.0% 7.8% CD 15 (2000) CD 15 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Average Census Mail Response Rate Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.studybrooklyn.org

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

13.2%

12.6%

9.0% CD 15 (2000)

6.8%

CD 15 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Employed by a Non-Profit

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13 w

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

www.studybrooklyn.org

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 15 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report