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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 14 Ditmas Park, Flatbush, Manhattan Terrace, Midwood, Prospect Park South

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 14 Age

Gender

52.5% 52.7% 10.0% 65 and Older 47.5% 47.3% 11.8%

Brooklyn 63.2% 63.3%

17.6% 15.8%

6-17

Population

CD 14

Brooklyn

18-64

Source: Brooklyn College

CD 14 52.5% 52.7% CD 14 Brooklyn 47.5% 47.3% 52.5% 52.7% Brooklyn 47.5% 47.3%

CD 14

9.2% 9.1%

0-5

164,693

163,638

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male

CD 14 (2000)

Male

Female

CD 14 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

Race/Ethnicity 37.6%

37.4%

Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 14 (2000)

41.5% 37.6%

37.4%

34.5% 32.7%

CD 14’s population has grown by 0.6% since 2000.

CD 14 (2007/09)

36.8%

34.5% 32.7%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 14 (2000)

41.5%

Number of Residents

12.4% 7.9%

7.9%

6.9%

CD 14 (2007/09)

36.8%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

19.5% 15.1%

9.4% 6.9%

19.5% 12.4%

9.4% Asian

Black

4.7%

15.1%

2.0% 1.5% Latino

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Female

Male Data Source: 2007/09 Female American Community Survey

White

Other

4.7% 2.0% 1.5%

1

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 14 (2000)

CD 14 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Haitian (9.8%)

Religious Responses (17.9%)

African American (15.3%)

African American (8.8%)

African American (9.0%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Religious Responses (8.5%)

Haitian (8.5%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Russian (5.3%)

Mexican (4.9%)

Italian (5.8%)

American (4.4%)

United States (4.9%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 21.1%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

18.7%

Top 5 Places of Birth CD 14 (2000) New York State (43.2%)

CD 14 (2007/09) New York State (48.4%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

Haiti (8.0%)

Haiti (7.2%)

China (3.8%)

Ukraine (4.2%)

Trinidad and Tobago (3.9%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

Trinidad & Tobago (3.8%)

Mexico (3.6%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Jamaica (3.6%)

Jamaica (2.6%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

12.3%

13.6%

18.1%

13.2% CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 14 (2000)

CD 14 (2007/09)

English (48.5%)

English (50.3%)

English (53.9%)

Spanish (12.1%)

Spanish (14.0%)

Spanish (16.9%)

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Russian (10.0%)

French/Haitian Creole (9.3%)

Chinese (5.6%)

French/Haitian Creole (7.5%)

Russian (7.3%)

Russian (5.4%)

French (3.6%)

Hebrew (3.9%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born

100%

49.8%

Foreign Born Citizenship Status

90%

43.9%

The percent foreign 70% has born in CD 14 60% 5.9 decreased by percentage 50% points 40% since 2000.

Citizen

80%

36.8%

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

45.7%

Not A Citizen 53.3%

55.2% CD 14 Citizen

45.7%

CD 14 Not A Citizen 53.3% 54.3%

55.2% 46.7%

44.8%

Brooklyn Citizen Brooklyn Not A Citizen

30% 20%

54.3%

46.7%

44.8%

Source: John Wright, South Midwood Residents Association

10%

Foreign Born Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

0%

CD 14 (2000) Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

2

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 14

Public and Private School Enrollment

Disconnected Youth CD 14 Not Enrolled

24.5% 40.3%

Source: Brooklyn College

50.0%

43.5%

41.4%

24.5%

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 14 Public

CD 14 Not Enrolled

20.5%

CD 14 Private

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 14 (2009)

CD 14 (2000)

Brooklyn (2009)

Graduation, Drop Out, and Preschool Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates Brooklyn 68.0% 58.8% 48.2%

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in (Age 5 and Under Poverty) Below 200% Poverty)

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

12.3%

Brooklyn (2011)

1.6%

11.5%

Disconnected Youth Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older 31.3% 27.7% 22.3%

27.5%

CD 14 (2011) 9.0%

12.3%

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

CD 14 80.5%

30.0%

11.8%

12.7%

CD 14 Private

constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students Preschool Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 (i.e. those students not in school).

2.4

Infant/Toddler Preschool Group Universal Pre-K Group Day Care Day Care Seats Seats per 100 Seats per 100 per 100 Children Children Age 4 Children Under Age 3-4 Age 3

35.3%

22.4%

CD 14 (2009)

12.6 2.6

20.5%

24.9%

Brooklyn (2009)

23.0

21.7%

CD 14 (2009)

Brooklyn (2011)

39.5

43.5%

19.9%

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 14 (2011)

50.0%

35.9%

CD 14 (2009)

50.6

26.4%

22.4%

35.3% CD 14 Public 41.4% 100% Brooklyn Not Enrolled 79.5% 78.3% 77.6% 75.5% 73.6% 90% 64.7% 58.6% Brooklyn Private 80% Brooklyn Public 70% 31.6% 30.1% 24.9% 35.9% 23.8% 19.9% 79.5% 60% 75.5% 78.3% 77.6% 73.6% 64.7% 58.6%50% CD 14 CD 14 Brooklyn CD 14 Brooklyn CD 14 Brooklyn CD 14 CD 14 Brooklyn 40% (2000) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) (2009) 31.6% 30.1% 30% 23.8% Preschool Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 20% CD 14 Data CDSources: 14 Brooklyn CD 1410%2000; Brooklyn 14 Brooklyn CD 14 Survey. CD 14 Due Brooklyn U.S. Census 2009CD American Community to data (2000) (2009) (2009) (2009)0% (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) (2009) 40.3%

CD 14 (2000)

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

21.7%

26.4%

17.8%

29.0%

24.4%

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

18.3%

4.1% Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School (2010/11) (2010/11) College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

3

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Investment Income

Economy

12.8%

12.8%

Community District 14

7.7% 7.7%

27.5% 28.4%

CD 14 (2000) $43,247

CD 14 (2007/09)

$42,071

Brooklyn (2007/09)

30.7%

22.2% 20.9% 21.2%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Living in Poverty

Jobs 57.2%

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2000) CD CD14 14 (2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Age and with % Age 15 15 and UpUpwith Investment Income Investment Income

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$43,755

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

9.4%

Poverty

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 14 has decreased by 1.3 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has increased by 0.9 percentage points.

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

Median Household Income

9.4%

$2,486 $1,924

$2,033

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

60.5% 61.1%

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

10.3%

7.4%

8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 14 Residents CD 14 (2000)

CD 14 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 8.1% ($24,862)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 7.7% ($25,322)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 3.7% ($39,256)

Janitor 3.7% ($30,495)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Administrative Assistant 3.2% ($34,545)

Administrative Assistant 3.1% ($38,831)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Office Clerk 2.3% ($30,096)

Retail Salesperson 2.7% ($30,495)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Retail Salesperson 2.3% ($28,788)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.4% ($40,009)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Brooklyn College

4

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 14 Index of Housing Price Appreciation (1 Family Building)

Glenwood Avenue, Source: Julianne Hirsh

168.7

Total Households

149.2 100.0 CD 14 Brooklyn

CD 14 (2007/09)

56,267

56,846

CD 14 (2000)

2000

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

2008

2009

The median sales price for single family buildings in CD 14 has increased 52.6%, from $491,627 in 2000 to $750,000 in 2010.

2010

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters

25.2 20.3% 23.1%

25.2 CD 14 Owners 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

21.6

CD 14 Renters 79.7% 76.9%

69.7%

CD 14 (2010)

41.1% 44.0%

CD 14 (2000) Brooklyn (2010)

21.6

30.3%

Housing Burden of Owners

CD 14 (2000)

CD 14 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

19.2%

24.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn Owners Brooklyn Renters

7.4

Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing

7.4 Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 14 (2007/09)

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy 1-4 Family Properties

5

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent

$903

$1,021

$1,002

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

78.1%

82.5% CD 14 (2005)

Housing Violations 109.4

CD 14 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

86.4

43.6%

64.1

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

18.3% Median Gross Rent

3.4% 1.7%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 13.1% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 14.

Housing Burden of Renters 54.9% 52.3% 54.9% 52.3% 30.3% 28.7% 30.3% 28.7%

CD 14 (2007/09) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or Paying More of Renters 50% or Paying More of Renters Income on Rent Income on Rent 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Morris Manor, Source: CAMBA

www.studybrooklyn.org

6

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 14

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio 1 mile (2010) 1 mile CDCD 14 14 (2010) 22.4 miles 22.4 miles 1 mile Brooklyn (2010) 113.7 mile Brooklyn (2010) miles 13.7 miles

Source: Pamela Brown-Laurenceau, Brooklyn College

Transportation to Work

Bike Lanes CDCD 14 14 Bike Lanes CD 14 Streets CD 14 Streets

59.5% 59.5%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes

61.7%

30.7% 24.8% 25.7%

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Planning

30.7% 24.8% 25.7%

71.2%

7.1%

7.1% 9.4% 9.9%

9.4% 9.9%

Walks or Rides Takes Public Drives Takes Public Bike Transportation Transportation

Walks or Rides Bike

CD CD Bro

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn Streets

There are 3.7 miles of bike lanes in CD 14, compared of streets. 0 to 82.9 miles 20

86.0%

60.0%

60.0%

Brooklyn (2010)

Access to Parks

61.7%

Drives

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 14 (2009)

Community Gardens

Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 187 requests for new trees in CD 14, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are two community gardens in CD 14.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

7

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 26.8

224 Tons

193 Tons

2,660 Tons

20.9

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

20.9

CD 14: % Garbage

86.3%

86.6%

85.6%

CD 14: % Recycling

6.0 5.8

Brooklyn: % Garbage

13.4%

14.4%

CD 14 (2005)

CD 14 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics 14 (2005)

8.0

8.0 6.0 5.8 Air Complaints per 10,000 People

Brooklyn: % Recycling 13.7%

26.8

CD 14 (2001) CD 14 (2011) Brooklyn (2011) CD 14 (2001) CD 14 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

10.4%

8.1

11.3%

8.3%

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002/04) Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

8.1 Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

DataAir Source: NYC Department Environmental Protection, Complaints pervia My Neighborhood Complaints per ofNoise Statistics

10,000 People

Asthma

10,000 People

Sites of Environmental Concern

Adults with Asthma Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Elevated Blood Lead Levels

In 2011, an average of 2.3 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 14.

21.5

4.7

4.8

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2001) Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

8

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Flatbush/East Flatbush United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

Health

Community District 14 Self-Reported Health Status

35.3% 33.9%

21.3%

35.3% 33.9%

21.3%

Good

25.8% 25.9% 25.7% 22.3% 18.2% 18.1%

Very Good

15.8% 17.9%

13.0%

8.1% 6.3%

9.4%

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Excellent

Good

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002) Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

18.2% 18.1%

23.4%

Fair or Poor

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

16.6%

Fair or Poor

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002/04) 76.1% 75.8% 77.6%

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2007/09)

32.8%

25.8% 25.9% 25.7% 22.3%

23.4%

16.6%

32.8%

Fruits and Vegetables

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002/04)

Very Good

Excellent

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

Physical Activity

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking

Flatbush/Eas UHF (2002/04

16.5% 67.5%

71.1%

69.6%

Health Insurance 32.1% 31.8%

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002/03)

13.3%

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2008/09)

11.0%

Brooklyn (2008/09)

26.0%

12.3% 10.5% 8.7%

24.3% 25.0%

Flatbush/Eas UHF (2007/09

Brooklyn (200 Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002/04) Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

CD 14 (2009)

14.7% 13.9%

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

Brooklyn (2009)

Uninsured

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

Binge Drinking

11.8% 10.2% 9.6% and Mental Data Source: NYC Department of Health Hygiene

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

9

%

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes CD 14 (2002)

6.8

6.1

6.9

7.7

Brooklyn (2007)

26.0%

5.2

4.9

Flatbush/East75.5 Flatbush UHF (2002/04)

26.0%

CD 14 (2007)

57.1

24.3% 25.0%

Flatbush/East Flatbush Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002/04) UHF (2007/09)

24.3% 25.0%

Flatbush/East Flatbush Brooklyn (2007/09) UHF (2007/09)

40.0

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Infant Mortality Rate per 8 1,000 Live Births

CD 14 (2002)

CD 14 (1998/00)

CD 14 (2007)

CD 14 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

11.8%

9.6%

11.8%

10.2%

Brooklyn (2009)

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

10.2%

7

Obesity

6

5

Diabetes Obesity

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

33.8

Diabetes

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002)

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

4 Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

13.9

16.0

2

2.4%

Rate per irths

4.4%

4.7%

1.8%

2.2%

Mental Health

1

CD 14 (2009) 0

Brooklyn (2009)Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

2.5% 2.4% e Visual Disability Hearing Disability Age

1.8%

2.2%

750

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2003/2004)

CD 14 (2009)

Cognitive Visual Disability Hearing Disability Disability (Age 5+)

www.studybrooklyn.org

769

Brooklyn (2003/2004)

Brooklyn (2009)

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

3

Disabilities 2.5%

Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2002) Flatbush/East Flatbush UHF (2009)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

9.6%

5.2

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults

Data Source: NYS Department of Health

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the Flatbush/East Flatbush United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 94% of new diagnoses and 98% of deaths are of persons of color. 10

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 14 Crime and Stop & Frisk

81.3

1.98

62.5

CD 14 (2001)

1.32

CD 14 (2010)

CD 14 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2010)

Source: Danny Howard, Flickr

Domestic Violence 29.2

Prison Admissions

22.5

32.1 8.9

CD 14 (2011) Brooklyn (2011) Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population

Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

4.8

5.1

Violent Crime

13.6 7.2

7.8

Property Crime

12.0

12.9 n/a

Felony Crime

Stop & Frisk (2009)

Rates per 1,000 Population Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $206 $167

Hate Crimes

CD 14 (2009)

0.7

Brooklyn (2009)

0.4

CD 14 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2009, a total of 134 adults from CD 14 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $17,041,440 over the term of their sentences.

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

11

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 14 Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.43

CD 14 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) $0.22

Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

Arts & Culture Funding per Person Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

Cultural Activities Rating 13.2%

Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 24 arts & culture organizations in CD 14 Arts & Culture Employment 4.8%

2.2% 1.9%

CD 14 (2000)

CD 14 (2007/09)

Editor (6.4%)

Designer (14.5%)

Dispatcher (5.9%)

Librarian (11.0%)

Artist (7.6%)

Office Clerk (5.8%)

Sales Manager (8.4%)

Editor (6.3%)

Designer (5.5%)

Network Systems Analyst (7.2%)

Manager (5.6%)

Manager (5.3%)

Stocker (7.1%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 14 (2008) Brooklyn (2008)

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 14 Residents

CD 14 (2000)

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, a total of $37,803 was granted to 4 arts organizations in CD 14 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

14.8%

CD 14 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09) Designer (13.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Walt Whitman Theatre at Brooklyn College; Source: Brooklyn Center for the Performing Arts

12

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 14 85.1%

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections CD 14

79.8%

Brooklyn 63.3% 63.8%

63.0% 60.5%

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 14

Voting

11226

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009)

1.2% ($85,252)

Brooklyn: $6,982,933

11230

5.7% ($388,166)

11210

6.1% ($416,619)

Source: John Wright, South Midwood Residence Association Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

311 Requests 18.0

19.4 CD 14 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government

9.1%

56.1% 60.1% 58.0%

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

9.1%

CD 14 (2007

Brooklyn (20

12.3% 12.3%

12.6%

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

9.0%

Employed by a Non-Profit

CD 14 (2000

12.6%

9.0%

11.8%

Average Census Mail Response Rate

12.3% 12.3%

11.8%

Census Mail Response

CD 14 (2000) CD 14 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

www.studybrooklyn.org

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 14 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report