Russian Adaptogens - Harvested By Hand In The Wild, Not Cultivated From Tunguska, Siberia Russian adaptogens (Tunguska Mist) have been in usage for thousands of years by the Siberian and inhabitants of the Asian continent. They were utilized as native tonics by fishermen, hunters and warriors to stave off fatigue after long intervals of physical activity. They were also used by the women to support the body during childbirth and for the entire population during long journeys of migration. During the 1940's, a pharmacognosist that studied the medicinal effects of plants, Nikolai Lezarev, established the term "adaptogen" to illustrate a specific group of herbs with immune, endocrine and metabolic support properties. In the 1960's, his student, Israel Brekham established a definition for the classification of Russian adaptogens including: 1) Non-toxic activity, 2) Non-specific response to protect against and reduce effects of stress, and 3) Normalization of body systems including the endocrine, immune, and metabolic organs of the body. Sports Nutrition The use of adaptogens is especially interesting, not just because of the aboriginal origin of the substances to support native populations but because of the use in contemporary times. The Russians and Chinese have been known to make use of phytonutrient formulas including Russian adaptogens to decrease fatigue and improve athletic performance in many record setting Olympic athletes and Olympic teams. During the 1990's, athletes on both the Russian and Chinese Olympic teams that demonstrated spectacular performance and were under suspicion for use of banned performance enhancing drugs, were found to be negative when stringently tested for drug use.