The September issue of the Marine Option Program's newsletter Seawords.
Seaw rds The Marine Option Program Newsletter September2013 18 “ I helped organize YEARS OF MESSAGES IN BOTTLES OCEAN ART GLOBAL WARMING CAUSING CHANGES IN BREEDING? and participated with the surfers who paddled out into the bloody waters of the Taiji cove.... ” m o r f r Lette s r o t i d the E re hanges he c e m o s d r, an e school yea rs we hav o w e it n d e a w o e t y two n Here’s That’s wh long with . A n e . s m d h r s o e w at Sea f new fr ing class o egular m o c in le n to the r io a who it d d a the luding, in Critter of d n a e lu we are inc ion B gs to e Generat ide to thin u g a , e u ar ticles lik s ch is t come ea Month tha ll. g try this Fa e upcomin h t r fo u o e is y xcited as . Each issu e r a s e a y t s P O ju ing M g We are are lookin the upcom e d w n a d r n e a t s g seme xcitin MOP new and e loring the p g x e in h d t n e a m so nting . o docume s this year ie forward t it iv t c a y and er this communit ing togeth k r o w e b ng! usiastic to ws how lo h o t n n k e o o h s e W n’t We’r ybe next. er, you do a h t m o d h n c a a e r rite). ﬁving semeste ofﬁce favo ntly highn a t a s o n o ls c a e is r We a unding . (Fist po w ke o n k n e ev you feel li n e h w ll d a Dean H ou can ﬁn in Y e . r t e a h h c e b P -MO ent We’ll still a good-ole y Depar tm g r lo fo io y B b e g h ugh t stoppin r good 05A altho ll. Anothe a 1 H n a n e o s D d n us in advantage to Edmo e d k e a v t o o m t s d a er u nee ofﬁce h inute pap by is if yo m p o t t s s la o t d e n e reaso g or n onditionin c ir a e h t of updates! am Kathryn L d n a e n o t S --James 2| Seawords Volume XXVII, Number 9, September 2013 Co-Editors: James Stone Kathryn Lam Dr. Cynthia Hunter (éminence grise) Seawords- Marine Option Program University of Hawai‘i, College of Natural Sciences 2450 Campus Road, Dean Hall 105A Honolulu, HI 96822-2219 Telephone: (808) 956-8433, Fax: (808) 956-2417 E-mail: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Website: <www.hawaii.edu/mop> Seawords is a monthly newsletter of the Marine Option Program at the University of Hawai‘i. Opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Marine Option Program or of the University of Hawai‘i Suggestions and submissions are welcome. Submissions may include articles, photographs, art work, or anything that may be of interest to the marine community in Hawai‘i and around the world. All photos are taken by MOP unless otherwise credited. Seawords SEPTEMBER 2013 |3 September 2013 Volume XXVII, Number 9 Page 2: -Letter from the Editors Page 4: -Table of Contents Page 6: -Student Perspective Page 8: -International Focus: Summer Ocean Updates Page 10: -Years of Messages and Bottles Page 12: -Ocean Art Page 14: -Changes in ocean temperatures bring about changes in aquatic breeding habits Page 16: -Generation Blue Page 18: -Mermaids that work to save the ocean Page 20: -Critter of the Month Page 22: -Hanauma Bay Calendar of Events -Flashback Page 23: -September MOP Calendar of Events About the Photography in this Issue -Cover photo by: UHM MOP Coordinator Jeff Kuwabara -Year of messages in bottles photos from shutterstock -All uncredited photos by: UHM MOP 4| Seawords As seen on the cover... Years of Messages and Bottles By James Stone, Co-editor pg 10 61-year-old man from Long Island has been writing messages in bottles for his whole life. Ocean Art pg 12 By Cheyenne Barela, UHM MOP Student New UHM MOP student’s ﬁrst comissioned piece. Warming oceans bring about changes in aquatic breeding habits By Logan Magad-Weiss, UHM MOP Student pg 14 How rising temperatures are having a negative impact on breeding. Mermaids that work to save the ocean By Naomi Lugo, Editor Emeritus pg 18 A new “profession”? Plus a UHM MOP part time merman talks about how he made his ﬁn. SEPTEMBER 2013 |5 Reiterating the MOP interview Why you should take advantage of MOP and participate in the activities By Kathryn Lam, Co-editor MAST 2013: Students at MAST this year dived on three WWII wreck sites. In this picture they are measuring the width of a sunken amphibious tank from the end of one track to the end of the other. The quadrat held by the third diver is so that the divers can take a picture of the quadrat and then measure the distance from a base line transect to two corners of the quadrat. Later on that night, the divers will use this to triangulate the position of the given square to be able to acurately draw what was in that square on a map of the wreck. W hen each MOP student joins MOP, they have an interview with the campus coordinator for that MOP program. They attend new student orientation and, more often than not (hopefully), feel as if they are going to be an active student. They will come in to utilize the study center and resources. They will attend activities and events and apply for internships (paid and unpaid) and actively look for job opportunities. However, there are over 300 UHM MOP students yet Student Coordinator, Nikki Guylay who is always in the office when she isn’t in class, only knows a few of them. It has been hammered into each MOP studen’t’ heads over and over again, and so here is yet another time that it is being drilled into MOPers, take advantage of the opportunities that are being presented while there’s still time and ability to take advantage of them. In this month alone there is a back to school MOP barbeque and a field trip to the Honolulu Fish Auction (yes it’s at 5:30 in the morning. Yes you should go). In addition to that there are three weeks of two night a week classes in which MOP students learn to identify over 200 different species of fish, invertebrates, and limu by sight with their scientific names. And it’s free. These QUEST ID classes culminate in an exam that students with 80% and higher can then use to get into the QUEST field school in May. The best part (besides that it’s free)? It can be taken over and over again. The rest of this semester includes many other fun activities such as a tour of UH’s Kilo Moana Research Vessel, a tour of HURL (Hawai‘i Undersea Research Lab), and a learning to surf day. Each event is free with a $5 deposit that is returned when the participant shows up. The surf lesson costs $22 but this covers the cost of the board. MOP offers many brilliant opportunites for those who wish to have hands on experience with the marine world while the classes students take for their desired major might not. There are three field schools- QUEST (Quantitative Underwater Ecological Surveying Technique), MAST (Maritime Archaelogical Surveying Techniques) which is featured at right, and MUT (Marine Underwater Techniques). Each are dive schools and present students with the ability to get experience. 6| Seawords STUDENT PERSPECTIVE SEPTEMBER 2013 |7 international Three South Korean dolphins released after years of illegal captivity Summer Ocean Upd T hanks to animal rights activists across the globe, three dolphins in South Korea were released in July after being kept in aquarium tanks for many years. According to The Huffington Post, the Korean Animal Welfare Association says that two of the three dolphins have even been able to reunite with dolphins from the pods they had been taken from years before. After local courts ruled Sampal, Chunsam and Jedol’s captures to be illegal, the dolphins were moved into a new sea pen so that rehabilitation could begin. The rehabilitation was overseen by Ric O’Barry, dolphin activist and expert. Sampal has received the most media attention. On June 22 she escaped the sea pen after finding a hole and in five days had reunited with the pod she’d been taken from four years earlier. When the official release date came on July 18, Chunsam and Jedol were tagged with GPS and the net was cut so that they could be free. While Jedol did not join a pod immediately, Chunsam joined with two dolphins from her former pod, and a calf. Jedol was spotted swimming about one to two miles away displaying “normal behavior.” According to O’Barry, on August 3, Chunsam rejoined her original pod at around 10 in the morning and later that afternoon, both Chunsam and Jedol were spotted swimming with a pod of over 50 dolphins. Japan takes advantage of “loophole” in whaling moratorium; Australia takes them to court S 8| ince the international whaling moratorium in 1986, Japan has continued to “collect” whales for scientific purposes. According to BBC news, Japan withdrew its objections to a whaling moratorium in 1988 after the United States threatened to reduce Japan’s fishing quota within US waters. Australia banned whale fishing in 1978 and, with New Zealand, took Japan to the International Court of Justice on June 26, 2013. Australia claims that Japan has “violated its international obligations pursuant to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling”. Australia says that Japan is still conducting commercial whaling while calling it science. Japan argues that Australia’s accusations are an “affront to the dignity of a nation,” and that the tradition and culture of Japan are being sacrificed in order to “appease other people’s sentiments and selective moral judgments”. The case closed on July 17, but the court is still in session. The verdict is thought to be finalized in a few months. Seawords dates focus: By Kathryn Lam, Co-editor New Seamount, Lō’ihi, to be new Hawaiian Island? T he seamount, Lō’ihi, is already within 3,100 feet of the water surface, and it is predicted that it will become the next island in the Hawaiian chain (http://geology.com/usgs/loihi-seamount/). Detailed mapping has shown that Lō’ihi will be similar in form to both Mauna Loa and Kīlauea, two of the five volcanoes that make up the Big Island of Hawai‘i. Seismic data also shows that earthquakes below Lō’ihi merge with those below Kīlauea. This suggests that Lō’ihi, Kīlauea, and Mauna Loa all share the same deep magma supply. The triangular zone that these three active volcanoes create can perhaps be taken to “lie over the postulated Hawaiian hotspot,” says geology.com. It will take Lō’ihi tens of thousands of years to break the surface, if consistent with the other volcanoes in the chain. However, “it is also possible that Lō’ihi will never emerge above sea level and that the next link in the island chain has not yet begun to form.” Reunion Island plans massive shark cull, second in a year By Logan Magad-Weiss, UHM MOP Student A pproximately 585 miles of the coast of Madagascar lies Reunion island. A property of France, Reunion Island is famous for its beautiful beaches and exceptional surf. However, in July, 2013, Reunion Island came into the spotlight following a plan to cull 90 sharks following the death of a 15 year old girl. Since the attack, the government has placed a ban on surfing, and is issuing fines to anyone who steps in the water prior to October 1, 2013. According to The Huffington Post, the government also plans to kill 90 sharks in what is known as a cull. In July 2012, about 300 surfers protested calling for a thinning of the sharks in the area after the death of 22-year-old Alexandre Rassica, says Surfer Mag. Some scientists suspect that this high number of attacks can be attributed to the booming marine reserve, where large schools of fish gather. They believe it is these large schools that are attracting more sharks. Environmental groups are attempting to stop the cull, because they believe that removing an apex predator will disrupt the structure of the food chain and have very negative impacts. SEPTEMBER 2013 |9 Both images from shutterstock.com 10| Seawords Years of messages in bottles By James Stone, Co-editor I t’s not uncommon to have childhood pastimes that often follow us through adolescence and sometimes well into adulthood. For one man from Long Island, that is just the case. Harvey Bennett, 61, has lived his whole life on the East End of Long Island and every couple of months since he was a boy; he placed a note in a bottle and threw it into the ocean. That’s a lot of messages floating around off the coast of Long Island. Bennett stated in an interview with The New York Times that of the hundreds of bottles and messages he’s sent out over the years, about 50 have been found. Some of Bennett’s bottles have reached as far as Bermuda and England, but some bottles only got so far as a few miles up the coast. Bennett owns a store in Long Island called, the Tackle Shop. Of bottle messaging, he says, “It’s a pretty primitive way of communicating, but it works,” said Bennett. Bennett notes which bottles are faster than others. “The plastic ones travel much faster. You can see them literally skipping across the surface with the wind,” said Bennett. Often, the finders of Bennett’s bottles mail them back to him rather than risking returning their messages back by sea. In the midst of our modern technology, this simple form of communication seems to fascinate Bennett. “It’s a tremendous thrill to throw a bottle in the ocean and get a phone call from some guy in Bermuda saying, ‘I got your bottle,’ “ said Bennett in an interview with The New York Times. It isn’t all fun and games for some folks who are lucky enough to receive one of Bennett’s messages. One woman brought up a very good point that didn’t quite deter Bennett, “She said something like, ‘You know, that bottle could have broken and my kids could have stepped on it,’ “ As a child, Bennett came upon a bottle with a message inside on a local beach in Long Island and attributes this early exposure to his life long passion. As he grew older, he became aware of the optimal weather conditions to throw his bottles for a greater chance of being found. Someone found one of Bennett’s bottles in the Bahamas in 2004, two years after Bennett threw it in. Bennett chooses to live a simple life in Long Island with the security of his store, his messages and his bottles over a busy life in the city. Bennett said he passed up a career in New York City for the simpler things. “I became that kid of 6 or 7 who decided to throw a bottle into the ocean.” SEPTEMBER 2013 |11 ART C 12| heyene Barela is a sophomore and majoring in Plant and Environmental Biotechnology at the UH Mﾄ］oa Campus. She joined the UHM MOP program this month. For this painting she used mainly water color along with tempera paint. This is her first commissioned and her first ocean themed piece. Seawords SEPTEMBER 2013 |13 Richard Tabor/SubtlePatters Changes in ocean temper changes in aqua By Logan Magad-Weiss, UHM MOP Student T here is no question among most scientists as to whether the oceans are warming. For decades, researchers have measured an increase in ocean temperatures, and have postulated as to its impacts. The rise in ocean temperature can be largely attributed to the greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has been steadily increasing since the dawn of the industrial revolution. As carbon dioxide builds up in the atmosphere, it traps heat, thus causing an increase in temperature in the atmosphere and the oceans. The effect of this climate change can be seen on many levels. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA citation?), in 2012 the minimum Arctic sea ice coverage reached a record low. The ice sheet receded to 3.41 million square kilometers, while the lowest previous recession was 4.17 million square kilometers in 2007. Scientists have found a direct correlation between low sea ice coverage, and higher oceanic and surface air temperatures. According to a satellite used in the same study, both oceanic, and surface air temperatures in the Arctic were warmer than usual. Globally the ocean temperatures were .10째C-.14째C warmer, while on land they were .24째C-.29째C warmer. In addition to the temperature increase, rising sea levels have also become a major concern. According to NASA (citation?), globally the sea level has been rising at about 3 millimeters per year, which is considerable as sea level changed little between 0 A.D. and 1900. Scientific research has attributed this rise in sea level to two primary events, the melting of the polar ice caps, and the warming of the seas. When water heats up, it expands, so with more ice melting into the oceans, and temperature of the water rising, the sea level is going up. These increases in sea level and sea temperature are also having dramatic impacts on marine life. One of the species most affected are turtles. Some of the species most affected may be sea turtles. A major cause for the decline in turtle populations is due to sea level rise, and increased temperatures. When female turtles are ready to reproduce, they will return to the beach on which they were born and dig nesting holes in the sand for their eggs to incubate. With sea level rising, turtles are losing essential nesting beaches from erosion and producing less young because the eggs 14| Seawords ratures bring about atic breeding are being washed out of the sand. In addition, turtle gender is determined by the incubation temperature; females result from warmer temperatures, and males cooler. Temperature increase by as little as 1°C can be the difference between some male hatchlings and none. According to the New England Aquarium, loggerhead turtles in Florida are producing 90% females because of the increase in temperature, and if it goes up by another 1°C, no males will be born, reproductive rates will plummet further, and this species could ultimately face extinction. Scientists are also concerned about the detrimental effects ocean warming will have on coral reef communities. Corals are very temperamental creatures, and small fluctuations in temperature can result in coral bleaching. Coral bleaching occurs when zooxanthellae (photosynthetic algae within the polyps) leave the coral, and leave only a white calcium carbonate skeleton. If the zooxanthellae do not return, the corals will die, because the sugars the zooxanthellae produce are the corals’ main source of food. Corals are the foundation of the entire reef community, and with no corals, reefs that teem with life will collapse. Scientists expect that lower levels of nutrients in the water will take a toll on reproduction in reef fish. Marine scientists from James Cook University and Griffith University in Australia conducted an experiment that tested the reproductive rates of the spiny chromis (Acanthochromis polyacanthus) a fish commonly found in Indonesian, Philippine, and Northeastern Australian reefs. They measured the number of pairs of fish that spawned in average summer water temperature (28.5°C) and elevated water temperatures (30.0°C and 31.5°C). In addition to water temperature fluctuations, the scientists also took measurements when the fish had a large abundance of food available and little food available. What they found was that spiny chromis spawned less in elevated water temperatures, and had smaller eggs when there was high food supply. While with low food supply, pairs only spawned in average water temperatures. Since ocean temperatures have continued to increase, and food abundance decrease, lower fish reproduction has become a major issue. This is a critical point for the world’s oceans. Drastic changes have to be made, or the future of the ocean and mankind looks bleak. SEPTEMBER 2013 |15 GENERATION BL UE THE OCEAN SPANS OVER 70 PERCENT OF OUR WORLD. It is responsible for regulating temperature, food production, sustaining numerous marine species, and is a source for inspiration among multiple other things. The ocean gives us so much and it is time for us to return the favor and take actions to make the ocean ecosystem healthy again. Almost every action that we take affects the ocean in some way. Our everyday choices can be tailored to support a healthy ocean. Here are some examples of green acts that will keep the ocean blue. Actions for the Ocean Naomi Lugo, Editor Emeritus Turn electrical devices off when you leave the house. It might get hot during the summer months, but leaving the fans or air conditioning on when you leave the house can rack up a big energy bill. By being smart about keeping you house cool (pulling the drapes to block out the sun during the day, opening the windows to create a cross breeze), you can save electricity and money. 16| Seawords Give up a couple of hours of TV a day to learn a new activity. It may be tempting to waste the last summer days away in front of the TV or video games, but try using that time to learn a new craft or exercise your brain. The bit of energy you don’t use will save you some change and the sense of accomplishment you get will be worth it. Make your electronics last. Even though new makes and models for every type of electronic may be coming out daily, resist the urge to purge your “old” phones or laptops. Your wallet will thank you when you get the full mileage out of your devices. SEPTEMBER 2013 |17 Mer W h f m making a sta Hannah Mer professional tail for photo ment campa tantly she us to help save with which s Hannah Mer sion, and bri of profession fascinating a The Huffingt film about th the age of ni skills and pa â€œthe Angelin H ÂŠ Shawn Hendrichs 18| Seawords ann ing Han identity for o truly functio On her webs a profession not discoura rmaids that work to save the ocean H By Naomi Lugo, Editor Emeritus hen marine mammals and other aquatic creatures ace dangers from pollution, hunting and other manmade dangers, one underwater activist in Australia is and. rmaid, also known as Australian Hannah Fraser, is a l mermaid. She has sported her shimmery mermaid o shoots as a model, and has appeared in advertiseaigns for products like Skyy Vodka, but more imporses her special connection to the underwater world the sharks, whales and the other marine animals she swims. owever, despite the unique job description and work apparel, the mermaid business seems to be growing. Annually, there is even a Mer-Con, a convention for all things mermaid, held at the Silverton Casino in Las Vegas. In an article about the first international Mer-Con in 2011 by Business Week, the aquarium manager at the Silverton Thomas Harder “It hasn’t become mainstream, but we’re not on the fringe anymore.” Further evidence of mermaid culture no longer being on the fringe of public knowledge would be the presence of organized groups of mermaids. One such group located in the Pacific Northwest calls itself “The Rogue Mermaid Pod”, and consists of freelance professional mermaids. These groups are also popping up on Facebook and other social media platforms such as a website called MerNetwork.com. rmaid, has made a career out of a childhood obsesings a whole new scope of possibilities to the realm ns. “Ever since I could remember, mermaids seemed and romantic to me,” said Fraser in an interview with ton Post. After becoming inspired and watching a he sirens of the sea, Fraser fashioned her first tail at ine with the help of her mother and with her natural assions she evolved into what Business Week called na Jolie of the tail business.” A nah Mermaid is reported as being one of the pioneerwomen in her profession. According to her website, nnah Mermaid has been swimming in her finned over 10 years, having created her second but first oning tail in 2002. site, Hannah Mermaid warns the curious that “Being al mermaid is a SELF CREATED job,” but she does age against trying. nother professional mermaid, Linden Wolbert was also profiled in The Huffington Post earlier this year. Wolbert spoke to the Women’s section of the Post about quitting her day job to fulfill a dream and become a professional mermaid. In the article, writer Emma Gray points out that mermaids “…are having their moment right now.” A merman was also profiled on Yahoo! in April of this year. Wolbert shares an anecdote about her unique profession, “My friends love to introduce me as a professional mermaid. People’s eyes get really wide and say “What does that mean?” And at first people think it’s a practical joke.” Wolbert serves as a “mermaid to the stars” often appearing in celebrities’ pools, however she also uses her mermaid tail to help save ocean wildlife, similarly to Aussie Hannah Mermaid. SEPTEMBER 2013 |19 “ The mermaid is a symbol of the land and the primal ocean reuniting again as one. The ocean is calling out to humans to make a shift...” A portion of the profits she makes nah Mermaid go to support oce vation charities. She has also wo the organization Surfer’s for Cetaceans the killing of marine mammals such as dolphins. Fraser further demonstrated her devoti ocean activism by appearing in the 2009 mentary, The Cove. Hannah Mermaid, activists such as professional surfer Dav tovich and actress Hayden Panettiere, a to save dolphins in the now infamous c Japan. “I helped organize and participat the surfers who paddled out into the blo ters of the Taiji cove where dolphins we slaughtered,” Fraser said to the The Huffi Post. Even though that day their attemp the dolphins failed, the press and public public interest, and on the film’s website letter writing campaign, where people i in helping out can contact officials in Ja M H 20| annah Mermaid, takes her work in saving the ocean seriously, “ The mermaid is a symbol of the land and the primal ocean reuniting again as one,” she said to The Huffington Post. “The ocean is calling out to humans to make a shift.” In photographs, Hannah Mermaid can often be sighted with manta rays, dolphins, whale sharks, whales and even sharks---the last being something that she admits she used to fear. Hannah Mermaid has been photographed alongside whale sharks to highlight local ecotourism that changed fishing practices from slaughter to animal respect, according to her website bio. ermaids seem to have a draw public’s eye due their mystery Hannah Mermaid says, “merm alluring, yet independent... I think youn especially identify with mermaids becau exemplify eternal youthfulness and a sy freedom inherent in the energy of the o “The whales seemed so aware —of their where I was it came up within a couple me. It was amazing how conscious it wa fect on me,” said Hannah Mermaid on h about one experience she had while free with a whale. Seawords s as Hanean conserorked with to prevent whales and To become a mermaid yourself Hannah Mermaid suggests first creating your own or buying a tail (googling mermaid tail creators in your area should be sufficient). A next step would be learning how to move in your new appendage, and with some grace. “You need to have a very strong ability to hold your breath (Hannah Mermaid can hold her breathe for two minutes underwater according to her website) and develop extremely strong swimming skills,” said Fraser to the The Huffington Post. After these skills are developed then depending on what your end goals are, you may want to learn how to work your face gracefully underwater as well. Say goodbye to your contact lenses. Q&A with UHM MOP Student Billy Roehl By Naomi Lugo, Editor Emeritus I asked UHM MOP student and part time merman, Billy Roehl this question: When did you get started and how much time goes into making a ﬁn? He answered: I got started in 2011, it took me almost a year to make my ﬁrst tail. The total cost came out to around $600. It only takes about a month now to make a ﬁn; a big part of the cost both of materials and time comes from trial and error. [MOPer alum] Ryan Tabata, made me a custom ﬁberglass monoﬁn-- the materials, design, and production of that piece alone took several months. Even small additions like a zipper can add months of time to tailmaking. I ordered a wetsuit zipper and when it came, it was too thin. I tried it out anyway and it broke the ﬁrst time I zipped up my tail. Finding another kind of zipper and having it shipped out and then hand sewing it in took [another] a month. ion to 9 docualongside ve Rasattempted ove in ted with oody waere being ffington pts to save city raised e there is a interested apan. I f you plan on swimming with any endangered animals, make sure to read up on state and federal laws (see the sidebar for a brief overview of some of the guidelines). Also, Hannah Mermaid gives the advice to “Learn about the ocean and the creatures before you try to interact with any animals.” After all, if you plan on becoming a mer-activist, you do not want to put the animals you are working to save in any more jeopardy. You may also want to get scuba certified to ensure your own safety. If you do decide to become a sea siren, remember these tips and take this advice from the mermaid herself, “Working with projects or organizations that help the ocean and its animals is a great way to understand the environment you want to work in and a way to give back to this amazing resource.” in the y and as maids are ng girls use they ymbol of oceans.” r own size, of feet of as of its efher website e-diving SEPTEMBER 2013 |21 Critter of the Month Seawords features marine critters seen and photographed by MOP students. Send your critters to seawords@hawaii. edu to be featured and be sent an issue of Seawords in color and a MOP sticker. (Come in after we contact you to claim your prizes). This monthâ€™s critter photo is by UHM MOP alum Dieter Stelling Crown of Thorns Scientific name: Acanthaster planci The Crown of Thorns sea star has venomous spines. It feeds mainly on coral polyps, by extruding its guts and digesting the coral, then sucking everything back up. They are found on tropical, and subtropical coral reefs including in Hawaii. There are times when nutrient levels are high that there are large increases in Crown of Thorns on reefs. When large outbreaks of Crown of Thorns occur, reefs can be decimated within a few days. 22| Seawords To submit photography, send an email with photographs attached to email@example.com SEPTEMBER 2013 |23 Calendar of Events at UH Sea Grant’s Hanauma Bay Education Program Marine Science in East O`ahu ***Presentations take place in the theater of the Hanauma Bay Education Center, beginning at 6:30 p.m. every Thursday evening. Events are free and open to the public with no charge for parking after 5:30pm*** September Events Exploring Hawai‘i’s Marine Environment with COSEE Island Earth SEPTEMBER 5, 2013 If They Could, Why Corals Would Care about Such Things as High Curbs, Pigs, Flood Plains, Car-washing, Housing Projects, Ships and Even National Defense by Dr. Danielle Jayewardene, Coral Reef Ecologist, NOAA Fisheries, PIRO Habitat Conservation Division SEPTEMBER 12, 2013 A Rising Concern: How Sea Level at Your Beach Affects What We Know About Global Sea Level Rise by Dr. Philip Thompson, Research Associate, Sea Level Center, University of Hawai‘i SEPTEMBER 19, 2013 Fish Anesthetics and Aquaponics? Investigation of ‘Auhuhu, A Traditional Fish Poison Plant by Leina‘ala Bright, School of Hawaiian Knowledge, University of Hawai‘i and Danielle Hull, Oceanography-Marine Geochemistry, University of Hawai‘i SEPTEMBER 26, 2013 Investigating Coupled Human and Natural Systems in an Ahupua‘a by Dr. Florence Thomas, Dr. Henrieta Dulaiova and Dr. Hokulani Aikau, University of Hawai‘i For more information or questions please contact: Hanauma Bay Education Program 100 Hanauma Bay Rd. Honolulu, HI 96825 Phone: (808) 397-5840 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://hbep.seagrant.soest.hawaii.edu/ FLASHBACK: 1988 This picture came from the May 1988 issue of Seawords. It appeared alongside an article about turtle tagging on the Big Island. The caption read: “A turtle caught in Punalu‘u in the evening rests on an inﬂated tire tube, waits to be measured in the morning. -Photo by Raymond Boland” 24| Seawords MOP & Community Events September Sun. 1 Mon. Labor Day (No classes) Tues. 3 Wed. 4 Thurs. Fri. 6 Sat. 2 5 Water Resources Research Center Seminar 3-4pm (@ POST 126) 7 MOP Back to School BBQ 9:45am-4pm (@Bellows Beach) 8 9 QUEST Fish ID Class 6-9pm (@Dean 104) 10 11 QUEST Fish ID Class 6-9pm (@Dean 104) 12 13 14 15 16 QUEST Invert ID Class 6-9pm (@Dean 104) 17 18 QUEST Invert ID Class 6-9pm (@Dean 104) 19 Honolulu Fish Auction 5:30-7:45am (@Commercial Fishing Village) 20 21 Coastal Cleanups with -Get The Drift & Bag It! (getthedriftandbagit.com/) -Sustainable CoastlinesWest Side (schawaii.com or call Kahi at 808-221-7678) 22 23 QUEST Limu ID Class 6-9pm (@Dean 104) 24 15th International Conference of the Pacific Basin Consortium for Environment and Health Sept. 24-27 (@ East-West Center) pacificbasin.org 25 QUEST Limu ID Class 6-9pm (@Dean 104) 26 27 28 29 30 QUEST ID Exam 6-9pm (@Dean 104) SEPTEMBER 2013 |25 University of Hawai`i at Mﾄ］oa Seawords, Marine Option Program College of Natural Sciences 2450 Campus Road, Dean Hall 105A Honolulu, HI 96822-2219 Address Service Requested Thank you for reading!