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SciDev.Net

Annual Review 2004 SciDev.Net

The Science and Development Network

International development technology news policy information innovation communication environment health sustainabili biodiversity brain drain climate change cloning digital divide gene patent GM crops intellectual property malaria renewabl tropical disease infectious disease biotechnology genetic modification nanotechnology e-news IT media patents poverty en microbes ebola bird flu International development technology news policy information innovation communication environm publishing HIV AIDS biodiversity brain drain climate change cloning digital divide gene patent GM crops intellectual proper public health disease tropical disease infectious disease biotechnology genetic modification nanotechnology e-news IT me deforestation microbes ebola bird flu International development technology news policy information innovation communic journalist publishing HIV AIDS biodiversity brain drain climate change cloning digital divide gene patent GM crops intellect gender public health disease 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disease biotechnology genetic modification nanotechnology e-news IT media patents poverty energy global war International development technology news policy information innovation communication environment health sustainabili biodiversity brain drain climate change cloning digital divide gene patent GM crops intellectual property malaria renewabl tropical disease infectious disease biotechnology genetic modification nanotechnology e-news IT media patents poverty en microbes ebola bird flu International development technology news policy information innovation communication environm publishing HIV AIDS biodiversity brain drain climate change cloning digital divide gene patent GM crops intellectual proper public health disease tropical disease infectious disease biotechnology genetic modification nanotechnology e-news IT me deforestation microbes ebola bird flu International development technology news policy information innovation communic journalist publishing HIV AIDS biodiversity 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The world’s leading electronic source of free news, views and analysis about science and technology in the developing world www.scidev.net www.scidev.net

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The Science and Development Network Annual Review 2004

About SciDev.Net The Science and Development Network (SciDev.Net) is an organisation committed to enhancing the communication of information about the science and technology required to meet the needs of the developing world. Its main activity is the operation of a free access news and policy oriented website (www.scidev.net). In addition, SciDev.Net is engaged in building regional networks of individuals and institutions committed to improving science and technology communication. It also organises workshops and other meetings aimed at capacity building in this field, as well as generating discussion about the role of science and technology communication within development policy. This review covers the period January 2004-December 2004

User responses An electronic survey of SciDev.Net’s users was carried out in July 2004. We received 1,530 replies, representing a healthy response rate of 12.5%. 58% of responses were from developing countries. Some of the main results of the survey were:

To register please visit www.scidev.net/register-ar

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Distribution of registrants At 31 December 2004 North America 17%

Oceania China 2% 5% Latin America 25%

Europe 16%

Sub-Saharan Africa 15%

Middle East/ North Africa 3% South Asia South-East 13% Asia 4%

Profession of registrants At 31 December 2004 1000 800 600 400 200 0

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• More than two-thirds of the respondents visit the website at least once a week • 48% of respondents rated the website as “excellent” or “indispensable”, and a further 30.5% as either “good” or “useful” • 67% of respondents agreed that SciDev.Net “keeps me up-to-date with relevant news”, 54% that it “brings my attention to important issues”, 48% that it “provides valuable background information”, and 47% that it is “a good source of relevant reports and contacts” • The news section was the most popular aspect of the site, being described by 78% of the respondents as either “valuable” or “very valuable” • Other sections receiving a high score included features (73%), opinion articles (67%), and editorials (66%) • Dossiers were seen as ”valuable” or “very valuable” by 55% of respondents • 53% of respondents agreed that SciDev.Net “has allowed me to expand my professional knowledge” and 35% that “it has helped me to make up my mind on critical issues relating to the role of science and technology in development” • 60% of respondents said that they were actively involved in developing policy, in policy-related discussions, or in researching on policy-related issues, even though for two-thirds of these, this was not the main part of their job

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At the end of December 2004 SciDev.Net had just under 14,000 registered users compared with 8,330 at the same time the year before.

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The world’s leading electronic source of free news, views and analysis

Regional activities Since its launch in 2001, SciDev.Net has been keen to ensure that its activities directly reflect the needs of developing countries as perceived by these countries themselves. It has sought to do so through creating regional networks that bring together individuals and institutions that share its goals and concerns.

Latin America

One active regional network has been that covering Latin America, which was launched in São Paulo, Brazil, in May 2003. The main achievement of the regional network has been to recruit a growing range of Latin American science journalists, scientists and others to write articles for our website. There has been particular enthusiasm in Latin America for the electronic guide to science communication. A Portuguese translation of key components of the guide has been financed by the Brazilian government and was published as a booklet. A Spanish translation is planned. A workshop on science communication, attended by about 50 individuals from Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela, was held in Panama on 7–9 July 2004. A subsequent meeting of key members of the Latin American regional network was held in Quito, Ecuador, on 24 and 25 November 2004.

South Asia

The family of SciDev.Net regional networks expanded in 2004 with the addition of a new network for South Asia, covering the seven countries India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and the Maldives. The network was launched at a meeting in Delhi on 19 November 2004, under the title: ‘Science, communication and society: needs and challenges for South Asia’. The workshop was successful in bringing together a strong panel of speakers from other countries in the region, including four speakers from Pakistan, and others from Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal. Financial assistance with the travel and accommodation of speakers from outside Delhi was provided by IDRC.

Sub-Saharan Africa

The first regional network, covering subSaharan Africa, was launched in 2002. Since then, our coverage of African issues has expanded considerably on the website. We have a growing network of journalists filing articles from across the continent. Two African newsletters were produced in 2004, one focusing on new communications activities in Africa, and the second on the role of women in African science. In addition, we organised a photographic competition for African photographers, which resulted in a large entry, the winner being a researcher in Nigeria, who received a wind-up radio as a prize. We also welcomed a Kenyan intern, Gloria Katsuiime, to the London office for a month in June 2004.

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Workshops and other events HIV/AIDS reporting workshop

A workshop on â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The use of ICTS in reporting on the science of HIV/AIDSâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; was held at the Asian Institute of Technology on Bangkok, Thailand in July 2004, in collaboration with UNESCO. The workshop was held to coincide with the biannual International AIDS conference, being held in Bangkok, and participants in the workshop were able to attend the main conference to test out their newly learnt skills. Sixteen print, TV and radio journalists and other communicators attended the workshop from different countries within South East Asia, namely: Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia and The Philippines. An evaluation carried out at the end of the workshop revealed a high level of satisfaction with the outcome.

Public Communication of Science and Technology (PCST)

Two staff members attended the 4th international Public Communication of Science and Technology conference (PCST), which took place in Barcelona, Spain, and was attended by more than 300 science communication professionals from around the world. The main purpose of the visit was to make a presentation on the theme of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Networking in the Developing Worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, in which two of our Latin American collaborators also participated.

Fourth World Conference of Science Journalists The 4th World Conference of Science Journalists was held in Montreal in October. The meeting was very useful for SciDev.Net, thanks largely to the fact that support from the IDRC meant that 15 of our contributing journalists from around the world were able to attend and meet together, most for the first time, using the opportunity to discuss issues of common interest about the functioning of SciDev.Net. The meeting was also extremely successful in raising the profile of SciDev.Net within the international science journalism community.

To register please visit www.scidev.net/register-ar

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about science and technology in the developing world

News SciDev.Net’s high standard of journalism is one its unique strengths. Working with journalists in the developing world, the site provides news, views and information that is updated daily. 2004 saw a substantial increase in the number of news articles published on the website. This rose from an average of 40 news items a month in 2003, to an average of about 55 articles a month by the end of 2004. During the year, various collections of news items and other material were put together into ‘news specials’. For example, a special section was created bringing together news and other articles about bird flu, focusing in particular on research into its nature and origins, and its potential impact on developing countries.

Dossiers and quick guides At the beginning of 2004, the website included six dossiers on science and technology topics at the interface between research and policy. During 2004, a new dossier was launched on the topic ‘biodiversity’. Two ‘quick guides’, which contain the same basic reference material as dossiers, but without the additional commissioned policy briefs, were also added to the website in 2004. One of these focused on genomics, and the second on science publishing. A new ‘quick guide’ to nanotechnology was also developed, and was posted on the website in February 2005. And initial plans were developed for a new dossier on malaria. New material was constantly added to the dossiers and quick guides during the year. In addition, resources covering the area of science, technology and innovation policy were developed. An additional ‘dossier’ on research and development policy, and a ‘quick guide’ on technology transfer will be introduced in the spring of 2005. The dossiers and quick guides are: • Biodiversity • Brain drain • Climate Change • Ethics of medical research • Genetically modified crops • HIV/AIDS • Indigenous knowledge • Intellectual property • Nanotechnology [launched in 2005] • Research and Development [launched in 2005] • Science publishing • Technology Transfer [launched in 2005]

In October 2004, SciDev.Net compiled a selection of articles and other resources based around presentations made at the World Conference of Science Journalists, held in Montréal, Canada (see opposite). And in the final few days of the year, a second ‘news special’ was put together based on scientific aspects of the tsunami that devastated many countries around the Indian Ocean on 26 December. The proportion of freelance articles from Southern based journalists increased to approximately 40% of the total. Articles from other sources such as Nature and Science continue to represent approximately 30% of the total. The balance of the stories is contributed by SciDev.Net staff. In terms of the geographical focus of the articles, 17% of the news stories published during the year were international in scope, defined as being related to two or more regions. The remaining news stories related primarily to each region as follows: South-East Asia 13% China 13%

Latin America 22%

Sub-Saharan Africa 26%

South Asia 18% The Middle East 18%

A significant effort was made during 2004 to increase the number of websites carrying the SciDev.Net newsfeed, which allows the headlines and summaries of news items to appear on other websites – supplied and automatically updated by SciDev. Net. By the end of the year, the number of websites containing our newsfeed had increased from 17 to 48.

Building communication skills One of the main events of 2004 was the launch of an electronic guide to science communication, bringing together a range of resources intended to assist all those keen to develop their professional skills in science communication. This included not only articles aimed at science journalists, but also material for scientists keen to know how to interact with the media, and other science communication professionals. The electronic guide was enthusiastically received on its launch in February 2004, generating a significant increase in the number of registered users. Much of the material that it contains was subsequently translated into both Spanish and Portuguese, these respective versions of the e-guide both being launched at a subsequent workshop in Panama in July 2004. And the Brazilian government provided funds to cover the costs of producing the Portuguese versions of the articles as a booklet.

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M crops intellectual property malaria renewable energy ethics tuberculosis women gender public health disease tropical d arming tsunami bioprospecting deforestation microbes ebola bird flu International development technology news policy in odiversity brain drain climate change cloning digital divide gene patent GM crops intellectual property malaria renewable The world’s leading electronic source of free news, views and analysis about science and technology in the developing world odification nanotechnology e-news IT media patents poverty energy global warming tsunami bioprospecting deforestation

The Science and Development Network Annual Review 2004

Mission

Since its launch in 2001, the Science and Development Network (SciDev.Net) has established itself as the leading source of online news and analysis about the role of science and science-based technology in promoting the economic and social development of the developing world, with the overall aim of improving health, reducing poverty and enhancing social well-being. We do this primarily through our free access news-based website, our in-depth online dossiers, and workshops and events that aim to help build capacity in science communication. As our reputation has grown, so too has our network, made up of individuals and institutions who share our mission and aims. These scientists, journalists, science communicators, educators and policy-shapers have helped foster the growth of regional activities and the SciDev.Net gateways (the region-specific parts of the website).

Guiding principles

• Editorial independence • Free access website • Constructive dialogue on science- and technology-related issues • Efficient use of other data and information sources

We are committed to

• Addressing the information needs of a range of communities, including scientists, journalists, policy-shapers, and those working in nongovernmental organisations and international aid agencies • Providing perspectives and information of particular relevance to the developing world • Presenting information about scientific and technological activity in the developing world to a global readership • Covering a broad range of scientific and technological disciplines relevant to social and economic development and related policy issues • Fostering partnerships, networks and communities as a contribution to enhancing their role in science and technology communication and transparent governance • Supporting capacity-building for science communication in developing countries

Letter from the Director

I am delighted to report that 2004 was another year of significant achievement for the Science and Development Network (SciDev.Net), and would like to thank all those who helped to make this possible, and share our belief in raising the profile of science and technology in development strategies. Major accomplishments during 2004 included a 65 per cent increase in the number of individuals registered with the website; substantial growth in the breadth and quantity of our news coverage; the launch of a regional network for South Asia; a successful training workshop on HIV/AIDS reporting held in Bangkok, Thailand; a threefold increase in the number of websites hosting our ‘newsfeed’; and the launch of a dossier on biodiversity and ‘quick guides’ on nanotechnology and scientific publishing. Particularly rewarding for us has been the high satisfaction with our material among users of the website that was revealed by an electronic survey carried out in June 2004. These achievements would have been impossible without the dedication of SciDev.Net’s staff, regional coordinators, consultants and freelance contributors. We are also grateful to members of our dossier advisory panels, our regional advisors and our trustees, as well as the many others who have given us time and support during the year. Finally I would like to thank those users of the website who sent us messages of appreciation during the year, to urge those who support our activities to encourage friends and colleagues to register for our free weekly email alert, and to confirm that we are always delighted to hear comments and suggestions on how to improve the services we offer.

David Dickson Director, SciDev.Net

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Staff London, United Kingdom David Dickson Director Catherine Brahic Staff journalist Joined October 2004 Kirsty Cockburn Managing Editor Barbara Keating Project Coordinator Karen Levin Office Manager Nicky Lewis Production Coordinator* Katie Mantell News Editor* Mike Shanahan News Editor Internal promotion June 2004 Priya Shetty Staff Editor Joined September 2004 Sharon Worrell Website Support Technician Brazil Luisa Massarani Latin America Coordinator South Africa Christina Scott Consultant * Left during the year

Other meetings During 2004, the director raised the profile of SciDev.Net and its work by giving a number of talks and presentations to international audiences. These included: • American Association for the Advancement of Science February 2004

• Rockefeller Foundation, New York February 2004

• Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University February 2004

• China Association of Science and Technology, Beijing April 2004

• European Laboratory for Molecular Biology, Heidelberg June 2004

• World Conference of Science Journalists, Montreal October 2004

• INASP symposium, Oxford November 2004

• Launch of SciDev.Net South Asia network, Delhi November 2004

• World Academy of Young Scientists, Marrakech December 2004

“We are fortunate to live in an age that offers new opportunities for involving all nations in the great adventure of science and technology... The London-based Science and Development Network (www.scidev.net) offers up-to-date information on science-related issues to the developing world.” Kofi Annan Secretary-General of the United Nations, Science, February 2004

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The Science and Development Network Annual Review 2004

Summary financial statements

Funding SciDev.Net is grateful to the following donors:

Income and expenditure Incoming resources Donations, legacies and similar incoming resources Bank interest Other income

2004 UK£

2003 UK£

654,544 3,375 -

531,654 1,549 250

Total incoming resources

657,919

533,453

Resources expended Charitable expenditure:

The UK Department for International Development

The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida/SAREC)

The Canadian International Development Research Centre (IDRC)

Cost of generating funds Costs of activities in furtherance of the objectives of the charity Cost of management and administration

6,320 596,404 19,432

16,840 513,172 18,987

Total resources expended

622,156

548,999

35,763 86,587

(15,546) 102,133

122,350

86,587

Net income for the period Fund balances bought forward at 1st January 2004 Fund balances carried forward at 31st December 2004

The Rockefeller Foundation

Supporters

Summary balance sheet at 31st December 2004 2004 2003 UK£ UK£ UK£ UK£ Fixed assets Tangible assets 60,609 41,442

SciDev.Net is supported by the journals Nature and Science, as well as the Academy of Science for the Developing World (TWAS)

Current assets Debtors Cash at bank and in hand

36,656 73,926 110,582

16,172 116,330 132,502

The Science and Development Network (SciDev.Net) is a not-for-profit company – known as a ‘company limited by guarantee’ – registered in England and Wales (no. 4218234). Registered charity number 1089590.

Creditors: amounts falling due within one year

48,841

87,357

Trustees As at June 2005

Net current assets

61,741

Net assets

45,145

122,350

86,587

61,741 60,609

122,350

86,587

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Contacting SciDev.Net SciDev.Net, 97/99 Dean Street, London W1D 3TE Tel: +44 (0) 20 7292 9910 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7292 9929 Email: info@scidev.net

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Sunita Narain Director, Centre for Science and Environment, India

Xue Lan Director, Development Research Academy Institute for the 21st Century, Tsinghua University, China

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Philip Campbell Editor, Nature, United Kingdom

RA Mashelkar Director, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, India

45,145 41,442

TRUSTEES’ STATEMENT These summarised accounts have been extracted from the full annual financial statements (prepared in accordance with the Companies Act 1985), which were approved by the Board of Trustees on 20 June 2005 and signed on their behalf by the Chair (Geoff Oldham) and the Treasurer (Anne Whyte). The full annual financial statements have been audited by Gotham Erskine, Chartered Accountants and Registered Auditors, and the auditors’ opinion was unqualified. The accounts have been prepared in accordance with the provision of part VII of the Companies Act 1985 relating to small companies and the Financial Reporting Standard for Small Entities (effective June 2002). The full annual report and financial statements have been submitted to the Charity Commission (and Registrar of Companies). These summarised accounts may not contain sufficient information to allow for a full understanding of the financial affairs of the Charity. For further information the full financial statements, the auditors report on those financial statements and the Trustees’ annual report should be consulted. Copies of these may be obtained from the Secretary at 97-99 Dean Street, London, United Kingdom W1D 3TE.

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Fred Binka Associate Professor, School of Public Health, University of Ghana

Lydia Makhuba Vice-chancellor, University of Swaziland

Funds Unrestricted funds: General funds Designated funds

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Picture credits Front page clockwise: USDA_bauer; Practical Action; Practical Action; USDA_bauer; Practical Action. Other pages: Practical Action; NASA; Practical Action; UN Photos.

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SciDev.Net Annual Review 2004