Chapter 3 The Royal Highland Fusiliers The Regiment takes its present form and name from 20th January 1959 when the Royal Scots Fusiliers and the Highland Light Infantry were amalgamated. The Royal Scots Fusiliers was raised in 1678 as the Earl of Mar’s Regiment of Foot and became a Fusiliers Regiment in about 1690 (the exact date is unknown but was certainly before July 1691): the royal title was granted in 1712 to commemorate the regiment’s service in the field throughout the entire war of the Spanish Succession, taking part in all the major actions and most of the minor ones in France, Flanders and Germany. The Regiment’s subsequent career included service in Asia, America and Australia: particular incidents include the utter defeat of the Gens d’Armes of the French Household Cavalry at Dettingen (theoretically) a nigh impossible feat) the capture and burning of Washington in 1814, the defence of the Barrier at Inkerman (Crimea 1854) the carrying of the Colours in action for the last time at Ulundi (Zulu War) and the gaining of the regiment’s first VC in the Boer War (Pte G Ravenhill, Colenso, 1899). Service in the Great War included France and Flanders, Macedonia, Gallipoli and Palestine, and in the Second War, NW Europe 1940, 44 – 45, Sicily, Italy and Burma. Post war active service included Malaya (1954 – 57) and Cyprus (1958). The defence of the Barrier at Crimea in 1854. The story of the Highland Light Infantry begins in 1777, with the raising of MacLeod’s Highlanders, the first clan based Highland regiment to be retained on the permanent establishment. Fraser’s, later 71st Highlanders became Light Infantry in 1809, when the designation Highland Light Infantry came into use. After early campaigns in India the 71st fought in Spain and Portugal (1809, 1810 – 14) and was part of Adams’ Brigade at Waterloo, taking part in the defeat of the last attack of the Imperial Guard. Subsequent campaigns included the Crimea, the Indian Mutiny and the Boer War. The Great War saw battalions of the regiment in France and Flanders, Gallipoli, Palestine and Mesopotamia: in the Second World War, NW Europe 1940, 44 – 45 Abyssinia, North Africa, Sicily, Italy and Greece. Post-war active service included Palestine 1945 – 48 and Cyprus (1956).