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

  



                                 <= 



  

>

   @== A @  

?

  

B

 DEFGGHIFJEEFK <L<M=@ALN O<<@L@JD  DEFGGHIFJEEFK E=<PQ ONNRCC? JL<DO<STN< 

    JQ JJA =U =  AM  <M M  <A@ M< P <@  <@   VN  = @ <A  P   <=MN=N=MN  

WXYZ [P\U W@=X  YZ  =\U W=X  

  @QQ==PYPMZ< AAQ<=QA@N    #$%&'()*&+,-( QPAPGQ<<P@ U=<L] M=P<<@N    D^<L_L@NN<  L@P\U`    L@  KQFQ<    D@JabbcN  =PM<LAAL<N C

  

c



d

         =Q   P<A  A=@@  PP   fLQLQR<AA<   P@  P   P=   M@   =P  <P              P<A     =@     PA<          @Q  ./*&+&(

e

KK                                             

b

\FIEH  KKFgFH\FS  OEEF    GHgEG A@ [\KiGH A@ GGg<ijK < K A@ GFKEK < KEEI A@  FEEH\K <   \GFO\GGjEE FM FM GFKE A@

<LY<MZ d

<<YAZ >hBhch

L<P<P >hc

L<P< Bh

PAPA=M C

= c  e

AL== b P@< Ch?d

@LAA@M  c PP<AM= fMPPL AL@L=UL >bh?h?chc?hd

^PP<AMk_ ^MM_ ?e

=Q=Q=@

  



KK                                             



EFIjEFKi A@

Bb

E`ElG A@

B

`mFKSGK`EFK A@  \GFO\GgKl A@ < [SSGHNIiE < gF\ESGH A@ gGl\l\ A@ <

M=P<

P<@<@^M@_ Bhb>hb

nM<AN  B>hCdhc

RAL= MM B?  Ce

<= cbhbB

N @=

IjKSGiK A@

de

KIFGmi 

eb

MoPfL=

=PP

gm <

e P

[\gFl <

ed MM

iGEIE`EFK < ImFI\GKKIl M

 <P< >



   

>

  

?

 @g     JJP    PAQPLQ @<A@ S=pjQP@=<N HpM<P @A@<A<<@ PN\=D PN@QPP =AL=Q A=V<@NP A<A<P @=mP@N K@PQLN L<Q@PAQfMP P@<<== P=PPLP@P @A@PQfA@ [Q P@P=PAPLN  

B

 [Pi@   Fn<M<L PP=N \<@=< PS= L<nP=LPA PP@N @PPP<PNNN i<Q=QIMN \MP@Fn @=P<[PPAQ qP<PP<PgQ LPFnN PQP@PPN  Fn<P@UQ <PPAN <Q<QPAA PL@Q P=<P<LPP<AN nP<APLJAQ APN P=PA<P=APLQ <JQ PPP@nPPN  AARNNN == PN F<LPPFANNN =P APPN  

C

     GLg<i  

\mKFIP@FpMNMP@NF <pPULNN<pL P@=P<=P=NjP<PFpMQ@ PNO@<PP<<<@Q<=L<M MNFp@<@NK@DFp@A=QP MA<QPQPPPLPP@PN E=Q<NPP<<PFpM <@=MPP=P==A@== AALL@P@@<<NE PLQP<PALL@<���<Q P<P<L@RP=NPPMLP P<<P@pMLMNHpLP<P@N FpM=P=PPP@=@P= PPLrP=NPFpM<V= MPN<FpP@F QLPAANPpM PQLMNP@P@P@pM <P=QL@@Q@M@L==@f PM=L<PPNK@QPF P=p@@r<AQFQP= FMP@=NKP@P=L@ R<@QPL==<NM@N @PPPP=QPpP@QPp <P<@AQPN H<M@]M@PA<QM@ <M=@=<<NHLps

c

g<i

pP@PMA@PAAP@ PAAN@P@=PP=P@ P@P=PM=PNP==NFP A@A<ANLQ@ @PpNHPMP@@ NR<AP=M<A<@@= <NFpMNPpPFNHp@PM=<L< NPp@P=@P@=PPMLN P=QP=N@P=NPLD R<QP<MML@<AQP @@AN\=@APD@p@= MNKP@=PAP@pMQ@p ULP@Q@LN @ML@LP=L @P@P=QP@P=PQ@P@ P=PQ@pA<LQ@@ <PP=LQP@@<M =LNFp=P@=QPQ<== A=Q@P=QPUPP@pM @=L@=NGMN  \KI IFKGFg 

d

 L   FMD>bOgP @n@N  P=QPL  P=N  FQ  <<Q LAMF  M=N  PA P<LPM P@F  AAN  FP< >OgPAQ PA< <= @P P<PM P=P@  <M<N  

e

 E  

LN

\p=<PPN

PLAMNKPA<N^jP<F=

@t_PLP<N 

^Q_@P<N

^jPL@t_PL@PN

^Fp<Q_@PN

PL@PNPL@P<NP

LMPNPLA =A=<PLN 

^\@QPp<QPps_<APN

^HPt@LPpL<PLQA@N

Q@@=<Q_@PLN 

P@PLNPP<PL

PgiIQPP<PPNPA MMQ<PN 

PpL@AAPQP<A=Q

PpPPLL@PNPM PPP=<NPLMPL PL@NPPLL<@P <N 

^jPPP<PLt_PLN

^iLt_P<N

^P=Q_@PLQ=MQ=@Q

N 

P<<PQ<QAP

LN^LP@P=P=@=LQ b

jP@<t

<=U@p<PPA<Q_@P <N 

^\@Q@Pt_PLQ=U=

L@P<p@N 

^FpQ_@P<Q=<=PQ^\

=QFPPAQP=<<N_ 

^=PQ_@PLQ==N

^K@LQ_@P<QPPL

P=Q^Q=A<<Pt_ 

PL@P<QP@PPgiIN

PLPLPQP=PPL<N\ A<N^HPQ_P@@Q^@PQP@P<N_ 

PL=MPQLP<<P

PAANjPP<PP<PQPA<P= =L<@L^OK_=@^EI_NS QP=P@PPL<@QP@ UUPfLPPLN 

^O<==t_P<Q<PAPPLp

LN 

PLAJPL@PP<P���

PN^I<==Ngu@Q_P@A@Q=PAA AfPL<<<N 

P<p=PN^jPM@@Q_

@P<Q^PM@@N_ 

PP=PQP<<AA<==PL<

LAP@P<p<=Q PLP<PAPLpN 

[QPLPQ=P

A<PQPP=PPPp=<<PPN



jP@<t

SPLpAQP<PLNFp< PPP<pLAf=NFpM<PP PpPAA@QQ=NPLQ<P@P PL=@N 

jPPLpJ=QPP

<P=N 

IQPLQP<VU=AL<NP

ANPL@=NPpRA<PL A<=L=PLNPpAAL@NP <APLQ=NPLP P<APN 

^FP=PPP=<@Q_@PLQ

^P=PA<L@N_ 

P<V=N^Pp=P@QPPtK

NK<PNFPN_P<APQ PAQ<PL<PL<QAAPPA P<QP<L<PLN^@ LPQ_@P<N 

^FpPMLPQ_@PLN

^N_@P<N\APLQA<A@

P=L=QPLN^HAPA<PfJJFN [PQfPQf@NjP@p@P@pP PQLJJJJPpANKP=<P=MPAA PL@pNPP=PPP@pNH @@@QL@<pP@pN_ 

^i=QPM@t_==PLN

^M@PLQ_@P<Q^MP=

PpQp=LPNp= PN_



jP@<t

^jP<=QFt_PLN

^pAuQ_@P<Q^L=PFp==

@@PPVNFp==Fp== P=L=PPQFp==@p===L P<A<NFp==P@p =L<PpP@pM=N_ 

^jPQ_@PLAA=PP=P=P=Q

^Fp@F<p@JJ@@JJLFP= P<@AtHPPpPF=P==@A< ==JJPtHPFp@=@Q@=<t@sH @<s_ 

^ifJJ@Q_@P<N

^QP@Q@<QLJQ_@P

LQ^LPPp@t_ 

^PF==PF==Q_@P<Q^pL

@=PN_ 

^F=PQ_@PLN\<<PPPP

=P@P]PPAD^\PfQ@ <N_PfLQL===Pp L==N 

P<A<APfQAQ@PLN^KQ<pLNNN

@NNNF==P=NNNPQRA< MQ_@P<N 

^@RA<MN@Q@@=P

RA<uN_@PLN^Pp@fLRA< =Qf@fLLQLPPLPPN @pMMPPAAQPM@t_PLP PPQA=PN

>

jP@<t

P<V<QU@LP=

NP<pP@QP@L= P@N 

^KMLA@LQPM@t_PL

A=Q^<@pP@M@pQ@@ <<P=NQQ@LNF=P@P @p@@Q@N_PLp@=N 

^@<PPQ_@P<N

PLQAMPfP<N

^@A@Pt_PLN 

^AQ_@P<Q<PPLAP

fLPPQ<PQAPVM PfPNNN 

<LNP<p=fA<<

===NP<<LAPP LN^iQ_@P<Q^A<==N_ 

PLQMP<NPLA

<VQAQPL<PLLN 

^jPLP==t_P<N

^E@@=@==Q_@PLN

P<<PLPgEQ<

P=fA<<===NP<NF P<N^P==Pft_@P<Q^KQP@p QP@pNp@<P=@p@ @NNNNNNN@<=NH<Np@t_ 

P<@P=QLMNPL

@<@APP=PL=NPPM= LLPP@L<N 

?

jP@<t

;<;<;=

B

 KL   `=`=  L=  @  P  AA  PP  =PM    A  <  U==  @P<P<   PP=P@MM  P=  R  =PP  A=f@

C

   @\    PLPM<P=FP@ <APLPLPA=P iR<UPPN P=P=Q<J<@ <PPA=P<NP=Q@<J L==ML<JA=PA< =<M=PP@AN<Q PPPQPpM=PPPPi g<P>QP<PLPL<=A]L@QP <P<vPLQ<=AQ< <<N F@P<PRAP A@=PFfNFPQ@Q<pP AML<==L<Q@PAP @QAP<QPPMN PQ^\@Qp@L@QLP=@MPfs fs_<PAPAM<@N ^jPtP=@P\Pt_ ^KQ@sPp@LPNFpP=@PPL< P=RN_ PJ<ALPL=fNOA @=R<@PP<<AMMNjP@A<@ LL<JAQ^L<P<_QAUUJ=A AQp@@PPPNP@ P<A@fPMLA@P=<P< P<ARQAQJ<MPR L@P@=PPPN @QP=@MAA<L=fN FPQ=<<A=QL= <<<RA==PP<Q<P AA<FN P=PLQP R<ANPA@<=PNFPPPLQ ?b`Q<QP<PF<ALL=@PP L=AP@<<LPM<@PNF c

IMPiKfk

MPAAA=P=P@AQ@L@ L<PPL<PQF<P<<PA< PP@=AAPN F=<PJJMF<p @APLFMLPPFM= =P@@@JJF<@@@PM= L=PANP@PLA@fLQPwB AF=<PM@@N jPQP<AAPA@ <P@=N<Q@<LU@AL<UQ PA@=L==PQL=V A<P@N ^IL<As_PP\MMN ^I@PM@L<P<tFA@PPtFAF pLPs_PL=f<PJP <=LJAN ^Q@pft\APNp@AAL umi=PpP=t_<<@PLR@JA<<P PMPQ<LFA<PL@ <PAPNP=pM AA<P@@<@<A PPPAN ^<@Q_FQ=M@M<PLPQ ^PpiKfN_ g@PA@<PQM =<@PL<P<NP=Q APAP<Q@JJF=PP MQ<=PJJP@=P<LA P<MPQ@<A<L@P ===P<M@p=L@N \@A<N\QFP=QQ=P PAKfPP@PMQM@ @RA<AA@<<M<LPNFP A@PPAA<=PCcQdbcQ>bb @L@MLP<AP A<P<NFLP@MPFPP ^OpF<_PN jQPP=PQ^jPOp F<Pt_P=P<@=QFP AQ^<@Q>?F<PN_N O@QFF=MPA<PLML@=PP d

km\PSPOL@=lL

Pi<JOG<L[L]P@PpPM f@PPL@=ML QAAf@=@N @PQP=@<=P<P RNF@LPPM@PQ���F ARA=@PAM@N S<QP<A=AP=fLFPPJ A<m<@<MPPPN\LPL@ A@ML<=QP@PPPM @N PPPMJPLJL pf<NK@F=PPM<P<=ULQJ <PPQLPA<P<APAP@< PAAPLRA< AfLN MPAJP=@=<JJMPP <Pf@PF<<@R<JJf PFLP<<<@J=P=PP Q=PA=P=L<P=P=PP mMLNm=tP=iQ N

e



  

>b

IMPiKfk

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IMPiKfk

<QP=QPM@M<QP=P Qfp<PLPN Q@PJ@A<AF@ P<PP<<AAQLf L=LNQP@QP@GQ< ==A@fP=<LP=@Q AAN P<@@L=PP<PP f@LQPM=<AQ <AAQ==@ =QAPA=@APR<= <AJLRN HF<<<PNF<N FPAPAM< <<N QPL<AN \A<PFAAPPLNFP R<PU=<PLP@=P@PQ APP<P@N P=PQPFP=PLQMP=PP<= AQ<<RAL@=P=P =<P=NFLPF<PPfL PN F@A<Q<<M@PM MA<PPMLL =L@PPNP<PMV<L<< PMg<L@<=PQL=JL==P <L=@AAN@JJF<PAAP @JJP=PPM<VAP<AA= <M@=A@=<L@=@< <PVN F=PPP@LN <p<<LPQF@@ AA@@QAM<Q^PA@pQ_ PL<==PN<FfPP���P A<<M<<PAPFPM@N FA<PA=<p<MPi g<P><PPPRN<P@A<PP= ==L<QF<MPPL@P FPANP<@P@MA@ =P=P<Q==PF >

km\POL@SP=lL

<APPAPM@<<PQ ==<MN  xxx F<]\UQGF<<AQ LL@PP<y<RAA<P PAPMN P@MPMPM@ QRAPMQ<Q=<=Q <=AQPPN g@<JF<<f@PQ@ MP<APQ=A@ <<@Q@P=<PAA@=M=PNOPL M<VAM@LQVPMA@ wCNeeAMRV=N \UGPLVU gP@APAP<<NE<A@fQPLP LU@R<L<PRM=N <PQf<@<PMP<<L P=PP<A@P@AQ<P@ =gIN ^PpPQ_\UQ@=A=<L@P MN 

^Pp=PQ_GAN

^I@@AMN_

^FpA_

 ^PQ@<LA<@tE@<M=PN@ AAPAU=J;g<PV P<M<PP@MN_ P<<PAL<PL<M<L P@<A<Q=Q@NF@Q =@AA=@`pJJ<<< <AVUPRQ<@QPLPQ <P<P@NF=@N PQ@<Jp<AP PPR<LM=QM<MLA<P <<LP@P<A<@PPP =PP<PP@AL<P=<P<< AN

>>

IMPiKfk

P=@L@<A=L==<<<=P P@QMRP@ PPMQL@N P@A<@<PLP<PPP P<<<<AQP@Q PLf<N  @QPA@= APALL<QP@QA=< P@<P@P=PPPp<N 

PPQF@<P=APMN

F<==M=Q P=QLfP=N F=PPMA=LP@PAL@ =Pf@A@Q@PA<L@P@ RA<A@<M@PPPMMPP \@M[P`PJJ@PQA@<<M A<Q@LPAL@I@PN  ^I@Q_GQAA<P==LL=P <@PQA=@<P@N\L<= M<PP<PN^HP@pLPt_  \AF<PQ<=P@ PN\ALL@pM==LPFPfPN E@QF<PMRA<<PP===Q ^FAPL=@LQ_^FQFPFL pQ_^FPF<@A<P<N =N_ \UQPQPN\A A=QF<PP@AJP=N F<f<@LPLPLP=@L== AP<M@LP<APN PQAL=L@QF<pPA LL@@N PF<pMPNj LPALF=PA<P AP=P=M=PM@=<Ng@F <=PPL=PP PPFPN PQFP=PLIMN IMP<FPM<=N\ @LL@Q@<NFFPPfP=P<PQ PP@APFPMSS^FM@_ >?

km\POL@SP=lL

P@LP<A@<PQAA@JPR@P <LP<@NPA<PM L<PPMP<<< <P<<PPpV<QL<<@Q J<<P@P<P<LLMPP AAPPpImILRN QIMNFPPPPJYJtZPN FLPNF= EMNF@L<^JAJPJM<J<���JJPJJ =JJJ@J<A<JJAJJJPJ <JJAJL@=JJJJ@LJJJ=J=J JPJJJPJ=JJJJJLJPJPJJRPJ MLJJPJAJJ<JJPJ<JJJJJJPJJ JJ<_fLNO@N PfLPQFAP=P<@LP AL<JAPJVP=P LQ=A<@PL=ANF <A=@\==<PQLPM@P L==\===M<\U= PIg<fLM@LNA\UPL=PN FLPL@ALL< @MN jP=PP@==P=PP JMP<=f<P=Q@ <<<Q@Q<<P=L@A< LPP=PQP<PAF@A<=U=@ =PAAPN P@<=P=Q==@ =PNjPPRLP@=PV< =<@J=P<@UPAPQF @;@<p<F@PP @PGLG@JA@MN FAQPPQP<PM<P< =@<P=PPpL<P MPA<<PNFAL@@ A<fP=QP=<PA=PL Af<N P<==QF@ <=UPPULN QPLfULNP PAM@P<MP@QP M=P=P=PP=KfLi= >B

IMPiKfk

jP=g@QVQPJ=P[ g<IQ<A@=PR<MAA@m<QF<N [LP=QPLP=R= PMJAA@AP<QLNIL MMM=<=ULN HQPA@=ULLP= AQP<LP<@AQiPQ A<QLL=D^g@IpEgMJ KAAgS@Q_^L<g@jPKfiLN_ PULAA<=L@Lp<<P RAPM=JAQP@PL@P <@=UL=P<Mi@ <<A<A<PN ^FpPULQP@RAA= P=A<<@<=@<Q_ LpN K@QPP<@N F@AAp=MPPP<Ng@ @@@fLPA@L@@A@Pf NF<Q@=<A <A@=PbNb<Q= P=P<A@L<@ A@=A@PA<<=N P=PQF<<O=< <APML<<@<A@NHF A<@<LVM= OPAQP<PPA<<<=<<ON KPFMPF<PML LN<<O@L<MQQFP P<<PVP=P@<P<@ =LP@=@N S<<OQFA<PQ<P=GUJ <Q<<MPL=N P<=@=PQ@M@<<@<PO<= [<N PJ<PP=O=LPNHP <@POPN F<P=S@NFAL@QP<P= i@=j@gPN PI=OL@O==\=O@AN >C

km\POL@SP=lL

G\M=OPAON I=pKL=GPP@ iM@N S@QF<@<PV]P=P= <P=LPPip<= =A<PN F@L<QFPA<QPUL PPQL<@<PVNPA =PAP=@JA<N PUL<AAP<PNPQF AA<PPQ@P@P<<Ng@ PQAP<PQP=N ^K_PULANF< <<APUL=PA<< NHAAM<=UPULp=Q=Q LJ<=<<PAP==NPUL =<@<PMLQA@<V LJJM<N FPLV<FP<L PNPNKMPQF@<AL =PULJAQFPP=Kf=Q =PUP====M<Q P<@gAQPMJJ<A P<PU<N AQFPPULPP RM<LP<NFA<QFV f@PM@<ARPlLS@`P \[AP[<Lg@QO==PPE=YPp ^O==PP_^O==P_ZQNNL IN_ F@QLFLMPULpD^iPQ LsjR<NA@<ANFPL@@@<N g@IMNFp<@Ng@=pM@=PN jPp@t_ IMAPJ@PL@APQ =<PLPM<<PQP<PPP =@<J<NF<PPVA A<PQPP@LLPM<= <=<P<@QP=GAPQ @R=<<=<LN

>c

IMPiKfk

F<@A=@P <PQ<=PP@=ULP PAAPLPL=AA LL<@f=PPN ^D_FAN^H=@N Fp\NjP@@Q=<@fRA<Q@ L=PM@M=QF=L=PLL @QAA<fPP<@A=P PAL=PN_ ^FLL@Q_IMAN\APPUL== A@LQL=PL<@AN F<<P<P@RJfMF =PM=P=PJAA<<PP P<<PMD<U@<Ap=PNP<A PL=QPAAPLPAPN jPP=QFPAP<p PAPPNPJJFpM=PJJF ==@@=p@@AQM<Q ^DN_@QPP=P<A @PA=ULNPP=PP P=Nj@PMRVMP=PP=PQ=P PPFpf<PP<LMJ=P PPAAV<<PfL L@L=@<PAANP@QF<@ LMpL=PFPpL@PPN IM<LQL@P <L@@A<M@<PPN jP=QPLRQAP<P< L@P<@=QJ<L<NPL@P== P<@PJA<<J< <PQFPPN\PJJPQP<AP@ PPPM<JJA<<L@A AAA<@L@RV=@ L]P=PQP@PML<L= PPNFp@AMN ^@@<V<Q_IMA< <@PM=AJA<P@=P@ =QP<M@=fFPP @A<NjP=<@<<=<<<s^<P APQPP<PFPM@LQ_P<N^Fp M@@P@<<@NA@

>d

km\POL@SP=lL

MQ@=Ng@FVP@ <PVt_ F<=Nfp<< <PAPM@<PM<AL <V==NP@MLMP@ <<<Q<PNQPM<@P= PP<P=AP@^FpEA_<@ <AA=PR<P=f<PVNF =PN @QF<pPALA<IMpL@N MM== M@<=VPV<@L<=MP JAQ<VPP@@P=Pp =ALN gMQP=PA<PULQFPP P@VQ=@\@QP<P@ UL@A@A<PA< LP@N S<QPMULPPL=P LP@Q=<=QP<@A=A =P@LP=L<PAPPNPP @A<==ULQ<PP L=NAL=@@QUL VMNjPPA==L@=P <=A=PPPPQ@ ULLLPPNvP@QF<@ fF==PAQ@PMPA LP<PJP=@<NK<@ UL<<<PPP@L <<A<=PUL==PAQ^PQp= @Qs_ F<QF<@PP<<PLP PULFPPA A<]MPJMAJ @P@LLPP=A<M<QPPJ P=PQP[AN SPQ@PPFLL@P<M @fLP=PM@ULR<N <P<@QFAAP@ R<<=@PIM<P<AP<M< KfLQFPA=<A<=IMp P=P@JJA=<LP< >e

IMPiKfk

<A@R<NHF<pL= @L<QA<@=MPIM A<LAAN F<PAQ=P<MP=PPA<P =P@A@UNP@PAIM@PM P<A=QP@<PA@P L<@<<MLLLQF MPRJA<F=PPP@N P=PFL=@PPPL@<A A==LA<QP=PL<P f==L=L<PPPQA=PPANF P@=<P<AN g@LP@Q====== LPPp<fLRA== <Ng@<=P<]<L= A=AM<PLPN ^OQ_IMAQP=@QA=P MPQA@<<N ^Ht_ ^g@A=QLF<pPAL<@<P< Pp\AP@PLN_ ^HQt_ ^jQPFV@f=QLFPA=P@ =PPPU=M<<PVNOPAQ I<PVp<AA<QP=VN_  VUU<RA@@<NFP QIMAAPMPPRM =<A@KfNI<PV iKfp<PVQM<<A<PP@ L<<@R<PPP@fJJ<L@P =@i\@L<L@N  <<QIMN\APFPM <ANF<PPP <PVPA<Q<PPF<ALA=N 

^F@Q@=PfAMQ_FN

 IM<P<N^HNF<PFA=L fL<@P@QP=PF@<PQ_P N P<@RAPAf<PV =fP@N ?b

km\POL@SP=lL

^F<Q_IM<Q^fP=P<PQFPA@ <QR<=L<<=<PP<A< <A<NFMP<<M@<APM@ <=N_ ^gAMs_FNFFP=A=@@ PQMPPL=NIMA<L PPPAP<fP=P<PAP <P=P<=MN ^FPAAPfM@J=MQ@PM= APV=Q<QRJ <<<MQ_PN^g@P<P@<P< M@=QP@<<A<@< MN_ 

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

  

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km\POL@SP=lL

M@P=IMP<A=<@ QFP<M@APL<=fNF LPALPNKP@<PMM M@AMP=MPPAP@<AA<Q =AQRJ@QIKNPP=PAL@PM== LPM=NFUfP= PN<P<=<@g OiPMJJPJMNFF< N IM<P@Q==P@A<M P<MNPA<PPLLQIMp AQJQAAMAQPLIMp PAL==NPP=@<<<= LP<PP]PAA=QL=QA@<P=<@== PQHUP=PALPM@@NP A<PPIM<pAL@LP<P PP@@P@N ^PALPFL@ <=AA<NF@AA<@QF<P@A PA<L=P<=M< <@N_ ^PQ<M@<<M=@N_ ^P@NF<@P=PNPA<AL@ @<AQLP<<L@J AL==N@PA@MQFL<P@ALP M@@NPPMPMQPA@@P PMPP@Q<QPMA<L=P <=MNAAQ@<AL<P= PAQPPQ=<P<<<N_ IMpPM@P=<QF@ PPA<@PPLQ Pf<PJJL=PQ<<@<LPP@ JJ==P@P=L@LLN ^FMf<@<=PN_ F<pPAL=A@IMpQPA =@MN L=<=QPPP= <PL@==<P<P=@QM= <@M<Q@==NF@<PP< PM==L<L=J APPAQ@===PM=P<L@ LPM<P=P@N ?>

IMPiKfk

 S@QIMp==AA<P A=P<<QP<PA<<@L===L <==P@<MM<@Q =PLA@L@=<P@\AN  \A=M<PAf<PPQ P<PAP<M@LMQP<P<P =MAAP<Q@PM= AANP@<PMP=PP LN ^F@L<PQQ_PN qP@@P=PL@QFLA<P ULN_ IMRAPPLPAP <<N\@=PM=PN\pM <PPP<P<AAMP <<<N ^FMPM@<PQP<PP@FM@< PPLPP@PA<A<@<P LP@NP=PQFP@ <QP@N_ \PPULQ=P=PQLL=P M<QA=PL<PN PPAPPPIMA LL=ULQPAQLM@VA PULJ=A@L<P@N PAP@A<<PP P<<<PPPAAf<PP ULAA<PPQP<PLLJ=M P@=P@AJKLN F<PIMQAPP A<<MM@QPFAAPML=PAN g@@<MFL=<P=LA<Q <M==@<PA=JAPQ=PJ AA=P=N<== @A@]FPPA@N jM<@A<M<<=P VP=MpA<@ A<=N jPLPLPA=P =L=Q==<<PM AAA@M<=JA<AL=A<N ??

km\POL@SP=lL

jMP@=PL===PVfP@ <=P<GAAM P<<LMQ<P= UQ=M<QPP=P<L =P@<P<<N F<PQALL@pMPMPA <PP<@A<@PPPP=Q P@M<U<PP=P@L <<ANHMQAQ L<P=<LL= LV<=<<=@ P=PJMP<fPeeNezP< P<PNMP<PIMp <@=PQFM=@<A<PAP<A PMA=<PP<< L=P=PJMN <MPM=L<@PFP< @<PPPMFpPM==PPQA@<P<A <L@L<<=PAP@<FP <<QQ<PNFP@PFP M<PCQ??CQ>Q>eeD@N PPL<N PF=<<QF@PL= P@=AAPPPPA=P=PIMp<Q U=@PFPL<NSVLF <@QPLP==P<@ <PP=Ng@N PL@LQFP=PL<PP<<P M<U@QF<Q<<PIMFL=<= PMMPN \���@A<LJ@PPP Pf@Q=P==<=N ^FPMp<P<PMQ_FQ^P=PFPM LAP<pN_ ^H<@PfMAJLPt_ IMpAN^jP@QpLJP<P=R [P@QM[@EP@N_ PN FpP=PQ<@NFL=PL<PA <P<NFPpM<PPP]f=PP UFL@PNF<@PpPL ?B

IMPiKfk

<L<LPP=<<@ PLNF@APPR<< A=<<QP<L= LRN \@QPPAALPPt@Q VL=P=PP@Q EPL<PK=PAN ^[Mt_^EJLt_\IMP<^MM_ MP<PU==PA<fLP g<=P<<=PPf==<PA@ <PLQPL=ML@P^[jt_FPM=P <@PfP=PAPPL<@@ <L<RA@AAP<Q <<FP<MP@N FALPP=PQ@L <APPQIMPL@<<MR<P L=@iA=g=pgJI< A<QFPP=<PNL f<IMp<MJ<QPQFAP <MP<P@<PAP@=Q^H JN_ PU@QFMLLJAIMp <J<<N=P<QFA<P=Q A@N j<@QFPPfALPP A@<P<F=P<AL<@=NFp @A@=<FP@A<<AMP =P^[j_fN EFpPM<MIMMF<NFPL@P @LN  

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

 

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 KL   A= P<A  <AP  L MM<  <PU  <PA@ PP<@  L  < M<L@  LL@PpP  P=P  f P@   PML== = <   P<= L=PP= L@=   PP<P P A@L=   << < <M=P@

?d

    iA@Q<N H<M=N \PAN QP@A@PPLN P@<<<ALN =pf<PQ<@Q LPp==<N `A@=PA<@N PEMpMQP<N =pM<LQLAMN IpP=Pp@N EMpALQ@pLMN i@Q=N EP<AML@M=N  

?e

 EI=  FPP<PPP PP=PtJJMPPAQ^g@_  g=F== PPDAQ P<PQP@L P@M<=N PL@LAA P<<<Q@ APP<P=@N  jLLP< QLP<=PL=Q FLAPN\A@ P@@AQA PL@NjPFP PM@<QFPM= PPAQ<PM =<P=<N  F<pLPQL PAQPARQ PPALAQP< PNF=QFQMP@ MQ=P<L P=AN=P PJ@P@PAA@ QFpMPA< PQf=Q@PN  Kf@QP= =LA@P<Q P=PPPL<LL P@NjfP AQAPPP@< NjA@= L=LALN@QPA <QF<AP=P== P<QFPPAA PPPP=PN

Bb

 EU   <<s J P P<L<AN <=s FP=Pn=f< AP=PPPMnJ LLQN @PPP@@Q @PAF@ PF@@ P<P<P<NNN qjnQN =AA@L=Nq F@@<Q@@NNN F@@Q qHnPLL= PK=<=PANq  HnPPPN  

B

 `mKSGK`EK   FA@FP=PQj<PO@Q P@RP=P@<<PL@=Q P=U=@PLNgLP@ =PPPPF<MMPN <AA@=PQ@M=QP<LP L@P=PNP@@QQ FL<N FAPA=]P@QAA L@P==PNLUAQ== P<Q<PPFpMD  PpM<M@LPPLJ@L=@f  PPN @Q<@M=@P=UQ  LP<^jPI@N_ LPQP<J@AM=<  ip@Q<J  P<LN =QL@AfQPPL  FP@PPA<@N L@QP<PLPP=@J@J  QPL<P  =PL@PN @PP<@=@P=PPL[@pI   PPL@PMAPN mPL@FLLP\[PL<@@PA  @P?bbFAAP=PLN SQPPOPAANO<Q@OG<NUQ  S<Q[AQp=PN P<FA<N  FAP=PP=N F=PFQ=PpPN PF@D@QLL<AN FP@=P=N P< AQ=<PN  

B

 PgU   <A AM= P=P  FA=< PF A<PA= = P  F@LP P P V@  pP@@ L@P L L<   =D  ui=M FM=L@ <P=A APF @p  

B>

 [@PAPI=  PpM<A@ \@P<P\p=PQAA= A<PQPPM=<<P=U< \A\=P<<<PQ=P =@=AMPL<@QAMP<@ S=<@@ FP<<<P\Qui@p \Q<<L=P=QuHP=p \@QuHPIp uSPsMQpMPP<QuP <@P=p \A<<A<@@=P  uH<=@<L<QpA=\Qu@ Pp \@QuFfP=Ip ujPtp uKP=IQp\P<@uF==p uHf=Pp \@QuR<@p \APA<PQ=PPQ AMP@=PL@A=Q <PMQ=<<LQM= QAfL@= P==MP<@\=\< ==@P=PP=PLP<=Q \=P@ P=QPPPPL<= A==A==P< \P=QuF\QpA@P=PP =P

B?

IiEFg

S=<<<P=L<PP= =PPQPA===PL MLAA<< AAP PR=Q<P=P< L<<P<MP<P<AP  PAP=PP<pAP P=@<=@ PPRP<<PPP=P 

O\P<A@Qu=p==AP@

L= 

\pLP=L\L=

\A\@@QuPP@p

FPV<PP=<=

PM@PP=\<PPLL=\<P @=Qu@L@PAAPpPp 

\<PP=PP\PL

P<Q\PA=\Q\ @QuS@AAV<L@L=p 

\=AP=PPP<P=@

P=QPAA==AL< P<AP<BLA@<P< @f@ 

\@Qu@f@p

@=L@PLP=P=P<P==

 

\@QuSLp

\APAP<< Pp=PLP=\=

P@MA<=P=PV<P@P PPLP \PP@Qu=LPM==p

BB

Fg

\<PP<APQ\L<P A=A\LA\PA= @A<PP=Qu=PPp 

\@=PP=QML@

P=<VPA=EP=@ <ALL<PLgR<L@PP<P PAPAPAA=PJ@P 

P=PPA=P=P<PVQ

P=PPLAPP`=@LPP<< <=Q=UA<==V=A @Qug=p 

uPp\P@L=AA

L<P<QA@M@M<VQ <P<AP`=@uIA<@p P<APL<P@P <@P=PLP@ 

P<PP=PP=PA

<<=PP=MP@PJ L<; 

PPP@P<PQP

<M<P<<P<L== LRQPL@P@<PL<P \P@QuP<@=P tp 

P=PPAAPA=P

P 

\P=PP<@=P

\A<PLL@L@=c=\

@Qup<Ptp 

uKAQpP=PQu\PMp

ui@L<Pp

\A= PAPPPAPP=P

<@=

BC

IiEFg

PPPM=PA=L<=PAP

=P==PL<PP<PM= 

PA=Q<M=\AA\QPAP

L< 

P<L=PP<=<

AAP@=Qu\M@@=tpPA@P AP<<PQuFPQpPAPLPp=RQ uL@@p 

PP\P=\QP=QL<

P<P 

\<A=RL@P<

L@A@P==PA= APAA 

Pp=P<PQL<===<<PP@A\

=QP@QuS<sFp@QpP=A\ 

PAPP===L<P<L<\

P@Qu@p 

\PP<L=\P<P=<=L@P

@QuS<<QpP<PP L\pP<P 

\AAPAALL

\A<L<P<PP@ MPP<@=P<==<=P PM@<P==P PPM=AA<

\<PPM@Qu\MPP p 

PP=P=<AAP

MPL@PPPPP<=@ \@QuPPAPQp P=P\=QA=\PA =PA==\ P@QuP=P@p 

PPPAQPQ

P<QP=P=P

Bc

Fg

PMP<<=L@ 

P@Qu\p=PpP<PP<PQuFPAL=

<QpAPjS===\<GMN 

P<@\<PAP

=A@PA<PL@A< <P<<PAA=PUU==P 

A=QuPQp

P<A=Qup

PA=Qujp

PP<P<A@AP=

=P<<<Q\PP LQujPPFp=sp 

P=P\P=<PP

AA< PA=APQ\@Q PAP\ 

\PPL@==P

@\PL<PA= 

\@QuPPPPP=@p

P<<PA<@

=P@QujL@Utp 

\@Qu\@PQp

PPPpPmJ<PP

L<PPPPAA=P 

PR\PA=QuF

L=P=Q<pP=PP= =MAP<Pp= LP=R=fPp L<PApP<M<= S==P<@ 

\PQEL 

P<=PQuPPL=P

PM@MP=@<=Pp 

\P<PA=@Qu=@=P

A=PP=tp

Bd

IiEFg

P<P<<==Qu=P@PQpP

<PPA<Qu=PQpAA<<=QuP PQpAPPQuIp=MPPQP= =@P 

P<=PL=PAP==A

P=P<@QuPf<PL@ PP=p 

\@QuO=P<p

ujPtp

\@uKP=p

PPP<=L\PPP

P=PPp<L ML\PP\P@LL P 

\PpPPt

uF=P<UQp

\P<PL=@

= P@Qu\<P@==Mtp 

uFpPM@@Qp

PAQuH@L@tp

uFQp\AP@QAP=QuFfpPM@

@p 

uPFp=@p Pp=P=LP<M=fAPP

j\g<@<APL< 

P@QuP<LP<AP<p

PpP\=P\AP=PPQAP

<L<P 

PA\=PPAP

A\SKKI{FFKi 

PPP<AAM=

LP=@=M@P=LM@P= 

PP\P=P

P@QuFpLP=<<p

Be

Fg

PP@=fAQP@uGp \p=PA=P<Q

PL@==@P=@P@AP P<<A<P=PPAPM= P===P=<PAP< 

P=<MP=PP@

\@Qu=Q=QpM<

<P=P<P<=LAL<M<P <<PPP@PM<PPPA A=@ 

\@Qu=A=p

FPPP==<<=P===@\

@QuFA=@p \<P=@LPLP@L<gj ==PP@ 

\@uFA<MQp=AP=P

 

P<\<PA=P

P=PPL=PV<APP A=P=A@L=LPP O@LA@Qu`sp 

P@QuFpbD?Bp=AP@P<PLL@=P=

Pf=PPP=P<MA< LPP=PPfUUPP@L< P<A<L<<L OPP<PL PP=PA@p= Pp==@=Q=<PLL@ =@PA@L=PA==L@<PP =LL<=QPp=AP=APL=Q =<Q==P==A<<Q ===L<<Q=PA LPL 

Cb

P=\PP@QuP

IiEFg

PPA<ALPL

M\<LLP 

P<AL<

F<LLAM

Pp<P<LL<LL<M<

\=@RPA P=ULRP<< < 

E=P<AL<\QuH=@PMP

iiUtp 

PP<P=@P=PP

P@QuKp 

\QuH=Qp

PPP\A<LLL@\@

ujPA<Mtp 

@@=P=@A=Q@u@QP

@=tp 

u[p\A=

PP<AA=LA\Q

PMPA=P=PAPL@P <fUUPQPV<AP 

AP<A@Qu`Q@M@

@tp 

PPL<

\PJ@<QP=PP

=PgR<@P <P<A=@L<PL<  

\P<<P@<P@=@=

LPP<<VPAA=@P=P PQLPP<P<P=L <ALP=L<P=L< \L@P<P=<AP== A<

C

Fg

\PL<P=LLLAP A=L<PP<MLPP <P@=@Qu\@=p 

\PpP=PA<L= \@QuIPPPPtp P=���VPL<P@uM

tp uQpP 

P=L<@QuPp

<PL@

\@QuF@VL<p

PB<LP<AL

=AP=PP<A<A<P@ << 

PMA<PPLPL<

=PL==@<L@=@P <M=MRA=A=P 

PL<L=<=<R@<L \P=P@= P@QuQF<p@@QpPVP

@=<uPp@<p 

uFpQF@VL<p

u<p@QF<p=M@VL<QpP

=PL=Qu\p 

uiM@Vp

uPp

\APPP<QuFp=Pp

PPP=PL==PPA=

A@@P\<PAA<U PLP<P<\ \<PL=PL=P@PL< @Qupsp \<==L@PPAP<P =A= 

C

P=P=P=P=AA<P<

IiEFg

iP=QA==@<P@AA@P

@QuFM@p 

PR=<LPLPM

PLRP<AL 

P@QuFp=p

iP==PQuPPQFp PLR=LPLp<=PQP

=PPPP 

\LL<PL@<=P=PP=P=

PP<=P=PP@= L=AAM=L@ML<P P=PPPLMR= A=P=PPA\<PPAApP =LPAPLfPp= 

\@QuQ@=p

PLPAA

PPP@QuFp@LM

pLp 

iP=PA==@@QuF<P=PPP<Q

PL==AAQpPAP<PLL@ QujPtp 

PP P@uPQ??

Gk@pM<PpL@@pM< @PM<QpPAPAA@ P<PLL@<PQuPpPFp<=p 

iP=P=P<QuP=MP=

PFPMP=PLQp<QFp=<p 

P@QuI@@PAtp

\PPPAPL=

P<P<LA<PpPQPM

@Q<M@f=P 

\<PL<<PAP<LP=

A<P<PPPAL<A 

PL=<<P

C>

Fg

PA<PA@AP

\ 

P<LPL=MPL=L<

M@ 

\MPA<PP=PP

L=A=AA=A@=P@ @@== 

P<P<L=A@L

=PL\<QPpM@QPM@=P \AL<A@A =AAVL=PA@A P@<<P=PR=QP AQP\A=QP@PM=<M \==A=<LMG<p <M PpP<P\ \PA=<A=PP M=PAL<=PMP=A =L@PPQE=<P R=PPP<P jPA\<<PP<=QuC; G<? P<<@\Rp<< \MPA<AP=PL<P P=Q=P<M =P<A===LQ<AP=PQ AAA====@PA<@ PAP<PL<Q\Q\AP ML\L<A<PpR=P@=Qu A?tp 

PRL<Q

PR\Q

PRL<Q

C?

IiEFg

\AL<PP<@= A=AA=RPL<L AP<P=PLL<P@p 

\LLM\PQ=PL=MP

RA=\A@=PQ\P@A A<<<Lp<A<@<<PP <A<PAL@<k \P==@L=\\ 

QPL<M\

\@QuM=P=P==P

PAA<P���P@@L<Atp 

S=QPL<@QuKp

uEmA=P@A<tp

PL<=@@QuP<@=Ltp

<@AP=

uPP@p

uHPQpL<QuFp

PP@PA=P=P

AA@\<PP== =P=<@P=PP =P=PPPM@P=LP@QuF <p 

\APMLPR=@QI

 

PRL<QAP<MAPM=

@Sp 

\=\<PQPAA=PAA=

P=@\AP=P AAAALQLQ<AAA<P AMP \@QuF<PQpPP<M@ P=PP=P 

P=<L< <@MPM=PA<L@ <PP<P<

CB

Fg

PP@LM<=P <PMQ=P=PP=PM=QALP <Q@=Q=P=PL<QM=P < APP<L<R=P<M L PPM<PP< P=PPP=PP<P<P =PP< PPM=PLLLP= @QuAP=PP<<PA<@Qp P<PP=QA<@P =P=PP\P \AP=<M<M =LM==P=QL @<=PA<= PPP=P\@QuSLp P=PPAP@\AA<P<A< PP<@AA \R\Q\===PL<P P\ 

P@P P=<PPL<PP=PP

=@<=@M 

\@QuGLP=PF@P

L<Ptp 

PpP\PP<P

\@QuF<f==<=QJp

uAp

\P=P

PP<PL<<P<PPL

PM=P 

\@P=PA

\M@

CC

IiEFg

PP=PQuGLP@P@

=PFP=PPtp 

\@QuKp

<PPLPP=<P

<P@QuF<L@PAp P@PP=<<L= @ P=PP= 

P<P<PA=P=

P@Qu\pf=tp

\P=QuFAPAp

ujPtp

P=PPAP=PP

\@QuFpPp

ujP@p@APtp

\P=QuFp@PMPp

PAPP@QuFP

@p 

\@QuFp

PM<PP=PPA

P@QuG@p

uFp

==PP@= KP<

\Qu@<tp

P@QuAp P<P=<

P=PPA

\@Quj=@Ptp

uHpPMPp

\P=QuF<p

FP<P=P@QuKp

\M<PP@<PP@

=PQM<<<P= L=P=N

Cc

 PgU  jP@< <P<@MN  HF<@L@N  FQ FpMMLN  g@AA@ PLN  <=P< =Pf<Q @N  F@Q Fp=@N  HQ Fp==P@P=N  jM< P<N  F< AAP<AN  FQ F||||HN  HQ F@A<PiN  F<\   M@P N M@P   YLZ FHN 

Cd

 g<PS@   F=<L@AQ LAP FPN  FP=P@A=M@ PLP@< @M=@PF@PPN  F<L=PLQ PPFP@<PN FMYZ<N  Q<P< LLUL@N P=P<Q P=N  FPAPP<FL< L@PP< PFPp<N  P==<M P<=P=MMN  K@AN FPP=QP=PA<N PQFP<N  F<L<<AAAQ =ApN j<Q^P@<@A@VP=Ptq  F@<AAL@<<<N KPN g=@PAN

Ce

 lPUP  gN` P    P<M  @P@  \=  =P  <<P  PM  \P==PA  \L<P<PQ A@=PP<PA<  P  PPP<<P  @P@=  PM L \<P  PL<  \L<P<<  \PAQ^\@=<=@<t_  PL<PA@=A= P  cb

 \=P  PMAP  \=LP  \AP<PA<  \PPP<P  \APL<  PLM=P===  \<P  PAP@A=PL <N 

c

 PgU    QPIMPPL<PQ P\N\<pp@pMPP =PVAL@LPp@NPp P@<PpL<<NKPL@PPA =\MQLFuAM=PPN \P=<QP@@PPAN\ @L<PQ@pLN\=L<Q MpQ<pP<NP@ <pf@N\p<@<L@ PQ=LL<A=QALN \PLR<ig<`U PVLP@N@=LLP<PALP <PL<<PPIMp=<P p@L=p@<PA<P<N 

K<iAQ@p<AN\

<PuLM@=P=pPPQAn PMpP=LPNK<=Pp LPN=PP<pP@pp <PP=PN<ip=P< P=QLP@NPL@P@P=< ipM@LN 

<iPLL@PPIM<

AAARPN^Pp=P@A@P=@ @Q_PpMPPPIMN

c

@A<PLP@PPP

IMQ^IpA@PQPpP PLApN_ 

PIMAPP<ipPQAP

=@==PN\APP@ <<QP=PPPA L<<<ipL=ANPPPV PLPPLA<N 

^Fp@QFpPP@Q_PIM

A@M<N^g@p=Q@N_\<P PAQ^FpML<p@LL@=@Pf< @AN<@@=t_ 

<iAAPpPLL<AP

L<AP<NPIMPP=P P=PA<PM<N^jQ@=Ppf PAn@t_ 

<iAP=PLAP

IMpPNPPIM<P=PQ ALL@g<`UnPpQQ^FPA@ P@n@N_\<P=L<=PMP LNjQPnM=Pp<i<PAAP A=PPL<@N 

^IpL<<iQ_PIMN^PQ

A@NFpfA@nP@N_

c>



  

c?

IMSM

<iPP=PL<

RPIMNjPP=tPIMAP LP@APPN^@Q@RNHp =PP@=PpA@N_\M<N^<@ @Pp@Q<iQ@<<t_\=PN^ @PNPs_P==PP LN 

@PL=pMNpM

P<N^NA<NFpPM P@L@Q_PN 

PIMpPPP@@Q^

@NjPp=tHpP<P<PNP Pp@<Qt 

^=P���Q=PQFpLQ_@N

^g@L@PP=PLPL@Ap

@PMPPNH<ip PpN_p@=<P<PN 

^\@nQ@t_<iN

^<iQ@PIMLAnNH

=LMPt_ 

<iPL<PPP@Q^PQF

pPLMN_ 

PIM===pPN\==P

LPLN 

^PLp\MNPQQPP

PN_

cB

IMSM

P@MPpPLP@p

<PLPIMpNP@fpPpP N 

^IpM<N\@[N_\L<<

iN^\@<iQ<P@LL@=Nj PPLNKQ<QFp==u=PNFpp @@@FpAA@MN_PIM=A PLP@PNLP< Q<iPQA<P=APQ PuPPL<NPPPP<P =LpPL<L@MN  

@Pp@L=PPIMPI<pPQP

P=PpNPPIML=PA =A@pQMPA<PPp LRA<Pp@N 

^K@LP[QP=PPIM

<MM@LPP=QuM=<p <PPENj<PPNj PApE<QP=\MQP]PP PMPPL@PM=PNSPE @PQuMP@QLPPA<@NNN_ 

PQg@jP=MpPPPp

<=N\AAP<=pP<P= \MQAPQAPLN\P I<pPL=nPP<Q ^KM@PSPi=P@Q@PN@

cC

IMSM

PP<NFp@A<N_\PA PN 

FPML@=<PP<

P<pP=<pP PNF=PP<PP@NP IM@pLPMN\LpLp P=PPPA=pPLAN 

^<LQ@I<t_P@N

^HQFPN_

^jP<PQI<t_

^jQ@QpP<PLpL

PN_ 

g@jP=AP=<PIMp<Pp

AN\APL<=PN^F NNNs_\AP=PPN^OPEQ sI<Q<PPAAP<PNj<p PN_ 

^@Pp=Q@t_

^jQPQP@tPP@N_

^FpNg@LP<PA<PPN_

QP@=PA<PAA<Pp<A

L=PPNPA<PMPIMpLPAp PPpPA@N 

^jQi=QPp@Pt_P@N

^FPt_

^QAPm=PNPQFPpQ<

PLM@PpQQQPP<NNN

cc

IMSM

P<L=Q@@pNHQ @LLp<P<PN_ 

^jQg@QPEL=P=MP

MQPP@<AP\ P==PP=NPQFLMP< [PPN[\Q\PL\ AA<=s_ 

QSPi=Qg@jP=I<EM=

=P@ALP@<PP PPIMpLNP@=@LPp =PPP@pPLPL<NPQ< LP=PPPPIMAP@NjP PPPLpMPM=Pp<@n APLPPQP=PAA PN 

^HL<PPPL<P@LN

Ip@PL=<@pM<Pt FpMPPM<PLPANHpM <@M=PPPNF<p PNFLp\MN_PP=Pp P<@N^HPPPi<@tHpL L==p@LFpP=PNpMP\= MPPNPQPP iPP==NNN_ 

\ApPPPpPL

LP<P@AN

cd

IMSM

^IpA@PQg@N\fLpL

P@Nj=ipP@PA<MQ_ PA<PN^F<@PN_ 

^=@<PPAAPQFp

LpQ_P@A=PN 

^KALQ_PA<PA=PN\AA

PA<PP<QLP@ pN 

^@QQ_PA<PPN^jPM@

=t_ 

^jQSPQP@<PPIMPpPP@

=uPP@pPNPnPFP P@=nQ_PL@N 

^HL=PQ_Pg@N^FpPAPN_

jPPg@=L<PPPIM

=NPVUPPP<L<LPL PL<QPPP@<@PN 

SPi=PM@PMP

<P<PA@LpPPPA<PP EpO@QLP@P<P<PPP<<p p@nMNS=pPLpp@nQP nAPLP=nNfP LAPQ<LpQLPn P@L<<NP@<SPi==PP <N 

^jQAPQpfMpN_

^jFPA@MpPQ_PA<P

N ce

IMSM

^HQpQPQ=nPPQA@puN_

P@=PLMPpPN 

^P@PN_PA<PPPPN

PMfLpPAANFLPPP <=PN[@[P<A@nP< P<<<pPANp@pP @pMAANSPi=<pLMP@N \APP@PL<L=PAQApP =ApLN 

^ILPQP@PM@<PA<t_

P<PAAN

^jPP@P@=QP

IM=\NQP=t_ 

^g@<PQiPPLQ<NH=

LMPIMQPPQP<MtIp@Pf @pAApPELp=t PIMfPP=<E[P<L Lp\<PNNN_ 

SPi=<<PL=p

PMNL@NP@ PQPQLPNPQP< PP=PPMQLP<PP =PPPLPA ANPA<PfAPLPP LQLPPP=PM@PpIM PPp@QpPLNjPAAQ SPi=PQLPM@APQP IMPP=PP=N db

IMSM

AA===puLNFAAP@L<N PP<PPpPN\AA <A@NF@QP@L<PPIMp LNPA<LpP@N i=L=pV@N\Pp=QL PMPPiQPPP=P\ @pNPPLAM@p pAP@P@p[<p \<<PPLPAAN\pN  

PpPIMQ<iLpL

pPPMPNPAR<P =P@L=PLpPL@N \===PLL@=NPAA<PpP P<PMQP<P<A=p L<PPPNpPP@A <P\PQPPP LAN^L@==ApQ_PP LPNP=<QPPp=pP@< PPNjPPP=QQP L@pL<

d



PPLL<PQPLM=PPL <PMPN 

d

IMSM

^\@F@PPp@t_

PIMApP=P<ipN\pP

LAMVN 

^F@ppP<pAQ

P@LpPMQ@pL<p=PN_ 

<=APPPAN

^i@NHML<PNHpAAuN

PpP=sP@Q@=Q_ <iN 

PP=PApN

^\<PMPNQP<<@Q

A<ApN_ 

<iAP=PPPP

PLLMPPNP@<pP PQL==pPAQ@pP@pQLPL PLMPNP@@pPPPP LNpPN 

^@Q@@L@PNjP@p@@

LPA<PN_GUpPPPL=PP P@Q<iPQP=P< APPPPN\AP==QLP= L=N  

jPL<L<LPPQg@jP=

<P<@PN\<Pp<=PPN\ L@P@PppPP ���@PPNLP<<PPAQP AP<PL<PNSpPPPL< d>

IMSM

PQPAAPL<QApPL<LMP A@<N\@P=@pAPP@Q LPP<MN\PP=PA<P=P=P N 

^H@pAPPPN_PIM

PPPP<=PAPg@pN 

^F@Q@<@QN_\AP

PPPNg@jP=@LU PPP\NPIMpPL =NKAQPL=ApPPQ=PpP PPNjPPIM@QjP=<L@MN\ f@PPpQ<MpPN  

K<ip@g@jP=AM

A@N OAMPPN`<=P P<PL@NPIMp< PPP@<PN\<QPP A@nPf==@=P@L=AAp pNP@LppPL@==PL <PN 

K@QAAP=MAPANSPi=

PL<AAQpPPM@Pp =P==P@[NKLMpP <NPAPA<<@L<PPLNP<P AMN 

^IpPNFpR<@PPIMN

APPE\LPf=M d?

IMSM

AMMN_PALPi= L=pPPN\@PLMPPA<PpN @=<iPMMP==N\ P@pQpPSPi=P=PLLpN FpN 

^m=<<PPEN_PIMA

<P<PpApSPi=N^uM@P <P=P<PPLPQ PpN\@PQuAQ@<QP M=pNHp@=@ L@=NiP<@Q=M=MP Fp=LP=NIpM\<@N HP<N_\=PpNP=PQ pP<P<PNP=P PA<PpALUNM@p PLp<p@ApPMNSPi= L@MN 

KQfP<PPIMLL

ipP@<@SPi=VPPi@ PNg@LP@<iN P=PPPPPQPpL PpfPIMQLP<P<PQP< AQMP@L<PPNP@p =f@NKAQP@=PM=PPIM P=NP@PnAPQ=Pp PLP@PPLN\AAp PA@uA<pu=<pN\A@@ PQpPP<PA@pN dB

IMSM

^Fp=PNjpM<P@

pA@p<PpAANis@f =@PIMUP<= tEPIM<QF@NEP<P@PNS QuPLPQL<PPPpN_ 

i==PpV<PPfP

@NPP@=PM=PQ P@==@NP@=PPPPP<P< P<P<PNFPA<PP@L <iP<<NLPP AApPIMPA<PALPSP i=N\P=AApPPPQp PPUN@PPIMAAPP <R=L<==LPPQP P=<<PLpPM =PpNP@@=PNG@=PNG@ N  

dC



dc

dd

L@PA<

QPP AP =PL }J L  Q  <AQ P@Q      <@N



 J<LN    YAA L@PQ^<@_ }<< MNZ  

  P A @LN  <P <=P ~<PR< P= < L PAA= @P=P}<P}<}< PR=o P@@ LM AAP QP}PJ NL M@PN M=A }AJ P=N} ^P PJJ P@P@= ~<= @ N_  < @<L@ <P LQ<Q  N  YP=PA< M@   PZ  }P@@      <@N de

   

eb

 gM  

M@=PPPMNPQ=@P

PLAP=P<LNF@L< LPM<PNPPUP=PP <APN\fLQMQPPL< =QA@PMA@N 

PQPPMNPPPMAQQ

==LPNP~= A@QLN<PMAPP<< PL<P~P<APUPMAP AMN 

QP<L<NPPL=@

ALPPL<~=ALNP <@PQLPNFL<=<=@< RAPAPAMNPM= L<PPL=P@PM<L<= =N 

<GPP=PQ<M<=@NPP=P

=PP=PAP<PP<MP <N<<P<N?N 

PLPNjPP

M<<PPPPfPPM L<LP@LQP@@< LMNP<<AN=<LP A=N 

\LPPP<N\<IN

g<PQAA@<PPAP<P

e

P

NPPP=PLPAA RAN MG<<GQPP=PNDL< N 

<QPpLP<PPNP

<QINiQPP<<UP=PLNP P=PP^<_<PAP@NF@<Q ]PPMMP<P<LPPJ AP@<@N 

P=<MPA<<P<=P

=PRAM@=<A<NPPP LPAAP<PpPNPPAPP Pp=P<<P=PLNjQP= PM=AP<@<M=P<<NP QPL=L<==PP=PA@= PPUPA=MPN@QP =QP<L<PLP=PP=P MP<PP<N 

jPP<QPP=PM=NP

P=P<PP=<PNQ A<PL<~P=PPPM APL<P<LA=PNPPLL PfAP<=PPN 

^jt_PN

PP<<<P

P=PNPLPQPP=PPL NjPPAA=tjP=tjP@PRJPLQ PPPpA@Q=PM=Q=

e

P

P=PtPP=PALP=PP =A@NQPN ^EQ_PN^F<pPPNF@p=M <P=QPPp==N[QFM<N_ 

^\@AQ_[AN^HFp@=@LNF@p

=PFQp@=P`pN P==P=PM@=PN_ 

^KQ_PN

PR<<=A=P[p<P

A=L<@N ==LM=P@LP< P=P<<PM=NPPPL PQPP=P<<=PNP @QP<L=LP@PN Q<L=NPPM @==<N ?QPP=PNM<?LN P<LPP@NP P=PAQPPM@=<N EL;;QPP=PN PPP=L@P P<LNFQ=P@QP=P <<N\=@=PL==PLPL ==PP<PLP@PPMN PP=P=P~A=P@<LNP @QPPL<@=P<APPLQ QPA=LAN PM<MNP=LP LQPA=P<LLL

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P

NPPPLPPAA LP<<PN M;;GQPN NO<;GLL? ;LN PAP<<AR@<=U PA<PPP=PPA@N`pL���P PP@NPQPQPP[P= M<PALL@L=PN`@P M<PPNFPLPN`PL<M@< PPQM=PPANPM<Q` L==NPLPP`P @PQPL=UAN PL<Q; QPP=PNE<L@N PL=A@~==P <PM=P<PLNP=P[` P=PPQPPUPN =Q=P<<=PNFM< <PQ@<=ANPM P=PP<PQLPP=APLN P@AQPP=QMQ @<PPAAPNQPf <L<~@N ^jt_PN ^LPt_PN^FpA=PF PMLA@J_ ^SPt_PAN^SP@PP< t_

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P

[L<N ^Fp@P@PP=PPPQ_PN PL<QLV<@LP =P<<<P<NPP<[p<PM <PN\PA<P<<p=P MQPPpP=PN ^O<Q_PN^S`N_ PA@PN ^H<L@@[N@PMA@N_ [RPPQP<PAP@NP@ @P=MPNPP==L< P@P@QLPM<NOLL=PL PP=PQPP[@L@P =PNPP=PPPPPLL= N QL<PQ <<AP@NPfP<<<PP<N \@P@PLP<NF=L PLNPP<<?D>dNPM PPNP<A@P< PP~M==MP<p<<<P PPMN APQPPPPNg P<APPNP<A<=P <p<PLLN \L<QAP<PP @=PQ=PAP<<PNPR@ <<<PAM@NO=QP< M@P=LPQPM=MUPP=

eB

P

PLPNPPPPL<pPAL PMNELRPP=PNv<@=P QPA<A@=<A@PPS@ PPPL=P=PNPQU= PP@<=PLP PN PP<=QPLNPA<A A<`P=<NP<pPA= ALP=Pp<N<Q<@PPP PLAPQL=QP=P=P RPLN\<P<<N PPNPMPL@P =P`<A<@=N E<;;QPP=PN AA=@P<QP=[PP L<PQ@@NPQ=P P=@PNSQPPN[ PLMPL=QPPM<<=PNF [N ^js_P<N^@f==P @=PptF@<LPfJJ_ 

AA=PPPA=L<P

A@@NPQ@=RPLP P<M@NPP@<< PMQLP@L<APUNP <MP<QAA@P@L<P PN

eC

  

ec

 [<PU 

P^GMM_P@P= =N=PPP>L=<P@NPL<J =LPp<@NF< PPPPLPMJ=PpF <PM<PN jP<pAPL ANj=PA=PP <Pg<AQLJL===L@A <NP[<@=@A @N\L<P<PpML PM==PR@N  ^\Ng@g<PFp<P<N_ ^\g<PQ_P=APAN ^Fp@F<P<JLPPPPM L<<���==APAP@ ANFPLL@PL@PPVF P<@L@==N_ ^jP@p@LLP@@<P=Pt_P A=@QL@QPP< E=<PN ^FAPM=@PF=P= MFAPN_P=AV@AAN  P@[@PMP< A@NP^g@g=_P@P= MN\?LPPRNPPF @=PL<PJA=A@ <PNP=LPpP`@@PP G=PAAPJPNFP=PL= PPAFP=P@PPN PS<P<=FPL<PA< PPPNjPKS@O ed

GMM

IAP<=PLM=P NFP=PLP@LM@<LN  ^F=pLP@QLFpM@L@=L@ LPMPAPNFp<P@A<^P jPL_PMNFpMPMNPFp A@=PLPNjPPL FpP<PPPP APR@PPP@PNFpM P@FQLFpM@N[JP PN_P=AAA=<=MPAAN P=PFFF<N\ @N^jPF@=FM@AQQPM@]LF PF@AN@P=LP PAANP=@=D<P<JA@J ]LFpPpNEQP=L== Fp<PPPP==ANPP=pPAA FpN_F@<=P<N  PPMFp=A<P=f PQ<<@EJPNPPM> <NPMP=PPF NM@@PpPM@@P<P=L==FpA <NPAAP=PP=< =PMPNP<P<= MA<APLRNPPS PA=P<NPL< =@A@PQ<LP<NPP<M ^G\L_P<===PNP[<N PAAPPL<<<NF@=< ?FpLPL@CP@=P NpLPLN ^FpFP@<PNFQF<=@P =NM=N<FQF=QQ=L=NM@=F P<@PP<@@LN_

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GMM

^Qg<PJjP@@P<@< Lt_ ^jP@t_FQL=@N ^g@L@<@==NjP==@Pf= P@P@t_ ^FNEt_  PAA=PAAAAR=<NP P<^E<L_PPP NP=L<JPPJAPL @NP^RgN_POg=P ==AA==PPNPL< PAP=APNPAA=?N\P ==P=NPA AANPAAPP=Pg@A@NP P=NjPFpPPFP=PL=PQP QF==P@=N  ^jPQg<Pt_ ^g@MQ_FA@<=N ^j@<t_ ^<@JFQQ<PPN_F PN ^J@MMMt_ ^FMMtPFt_F=AN^gPF <M@N_ ^PM=QPQPMM@=t@Q @QP@t_PAQPNP P<P=P=PP= P@A=gLQf==N  PP@PPNP=<PL@@NP PMPV<PPQ<<@^ @p_=MPPL=AAPANPU LNP@QQP

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ANL@NFAPQFL=PPF=MP< @PNFAF=MPLPPPPNP fQPFANP@= =NFP?PPQPFAQP=N  ^FpPM=P=f== ���F=P=LNg@LF@PPL<FQF J==P@N_FRAFP =N^g@LFp=@P=P@<APF R<N_ 

^HQ@LNPn@PAL

AP@pt@t_P<=A =P=PP=PPP<L L<<@<=P=P@J@=N ^g@L@=PLP=NP@ALpL@ f=Ng@LP@=NFPFpML<=@ FpP=P<N_ ^OPA<=PA=PP ANP@=N_P<=MAAP FLLP=A<=PL =N ^@<PL@APP @N_PAAP=<<N\LP OgNP=@PPAL= L<P<L<N 

^FpAPpP<N_

^QPQ@@t_

^jP@t_

^FpM@P=P@=P=PtFQP @QP=PRQPNP=<L QLP@<LNI@t_ 

^FPFN_g@P=PN

^jPJPPJPAA <PPLPPPNP@p

b

GMM

L<P@<LM@P@<P= N_ ^Q@@@QF<P=t_ ^PpPL=P@P=PQpt_F<PP M<P<LPPOPQLP ANFPQQPFP=PL=@<P QQMNF@N ^P=<L<P=JPpAP<P== Pt_PLNNNP@A<PPM =F<<<PN ^PpNP<P<A=P=QPPM @Q@PNM@PR<=M P=@A@P=AMN_ ^L@PQPpPAtjP@MAPF <@t_             

b

  `mKSGK`EK  OAFP=PF@ L<FpL= @p=LP PN    Pp=P Fp= @P= MP=PFPMp@ <F@LP@< Pg<@gPr g<@pFP=P P=PPL@ P[@pEV Pr P=L< P<P<P PMPL@PP@< P<<N    @POA FP=PFp @P=<L@ @LL=@D PL@FMP PFP] OAQPPL@<P P<A=MO<= @r A=PA@A PL<@ P<P<< PM@P<P pN    P@ uPPP@L YP@L<PZ P=<P PPPPN    MP=P @FM<PP FA@@Q b>

A@PPpfA@r PpFPLPA<N  FPP =PUPp P=<<N    OA @@@ PFpA@M=@ = L<FpPMM FpPPpAA Ff <PP LPP= FPP 

b?

 lPUP   S<=S JPGL gg FNI PPAL<PNP@ <=P=<R<@P<QV <NFARQP=<ALPPpL M@=NFP<@@QP=PQUPA@ nN PAQFnPPFn==N P<=PN==PPLP<@PAALF PPN\@=QPPPL<P A<=L@NFnMP<PQP=PnMM<@ AN \PfPPF=P<=PL<PnL=N AM==PQPL=P=PA<=PF@ PfPP=QPLPQP<=A=NMP=PF M<@QFPn<=P=ALN qjP@tqPQP=UMM=Q<M@FA@Q q`PJPiNq \@QP<PPL<PPP<P<NP PA=Q@PnP==N jPPPPYPPPPfZPP==@Q <=N PP<P<N qPQQqP@QPP=N FFNN FLLU=n@P=@F< f@P@APPL<=P=F nPFL@AF<PLLF< PPL<<L=PMPFP<P=L A<=AF<M@P< F=P=L<FnPAA@PF=PLF=F=P L<@P@<PPPFPFn= Fn@@P=PP=@LPn= <<<P@PnPn=PP@=LPRAM PP<<PFPPn== PLPnN bB

KI@=

 FFFN`P Pnf=PFPL@=NPP=PP< LQP@QLPn=@NP FnL@M@N F@<A@=PNP=P NFAP<=N g@PP<PNPPFnMLFPLP UPFnLNFPPPAARLP P@QqjQ@PMtq F@QqFPq=@NF=<]= M@P=A<@PMLPLnMLN FP=@L<@@N |||| SIL;T=NG;G< T<<< U=<<L<= PL=S JL |||| mg FNI jn@=PnNFn=@L= P<NPMP=MPPAPU@ PPP<P=L<@P@=PL@ ALN F@PLPP<N g@=PnAM=NF<nPPPn@=FPN S@F<PN qkPP=kPP<MkPPkPP =kPP<MkPPkkq FA=LF<nL<PAPP@P <nfQLPfM=Pn<P=NP <P=PPL@P P=Q=P=F@<N   FFNN g@P=AA=@PP=MM@=@q@ bC

KI@=

pPM@AL@nPM@ALM@P=n@P n@q=@PP=AM=P PF=UU@L<FPM@<LPn=N FFFN`P Pn@ALPL@QP<P=L<PP gNEn<MPQPFnPM@L ==P=PM=PP<=PP@@NP @P@A=Pn@N jn=NgNE<=NF<LL@@AA AFnA@=N FPLPN\Fn==QFNF@PA=P ]F<PFA@PLA@PQM@@ L@NP<=@P==@=P @PN PF<@@AQ==L<PLMP< PP<<PP<AN PJLMN<PQFPL<Q@ @P=N g@<PP=F=ANPnAPPNP P<P=PLPQP L<N<<@PNg@LPL PANF<@L@M<=N PA<PP=nL<PL<P<PNM@< @=PFA<QLnP@NF PN FANF<@LM@PQP=P<=NF=A= =PFP@<PN P<=NgNEPAA=M@NP PPPF@FpNPPPP @QL<P@=P=NgNE@PPP= PA<AN VVVV SN;=B<G=;= =<T<=S J@MOP ||||  g FNI FnPA@F<PQ<P=PNFPAP bc

KI@=

PPN PM@LLF<@MAN P<=PIM���=NFPPIMLF N\=MN\FAPR<@PP ==NPQP@QFPNFPQF PPFPML=Pk PIMN FMF<@LN \MPFNjPPFMPPPF A<PNFLPPL<MPN =@<=<MNF<@M@ APPPMQMPPPM<M=A N PPPA@LL< <PP=PNP=PL<P =M@PQP<P=M@PP @=LN =UQQ=U=@PN PPAPQ==PP=<<LN \MP=PPAP=N \@@L<QPA@PQFPP A<P=PLP=PN \<PN \R=<QPPFPA<=PPF N jMP@QLFM=@Q@ LPP=PN jPPn@=A<@<QPL<MLNF P LPQ=MPPe <@iP< =N j<LPM<MNPQM@ L@M<=QPPAQq< G=<L;=M L=M<Nq PDq@P@A<NPM=L<N@Q@ <Pkq\PLPP<==@<Qqk@A@ PQQ=PMA@Q==APP M<<A@Nq qFP=PqJ qPQ@NjP@tjP@PPNH@P@ NF@QPDPM@P<=P<@tq bd

KI@=

FFNN F@@L@NFL@@PP@<PLnF <n<A@<PFPAFF<PAP= P=<P=FA<P@=PRAPL PM@P=PP@=YZP@@ @@=<A<<AP< <=k FFFNFA qj<kPP<=Qq@PA@fLF N nPn@nAAR=NnOAR=QL<<<=PF Pqq=NPPMLAL=@NFMP LP@L=<AN qG@QqP@=QqPL@ <P@ANHAk<LQL@FnPM= LLM=P@n@NFP @UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUPUUUUUUUUUPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPUUUUJ JFNF=<NP@<MA<P M=<=NFMPLP@AQ=N M=Ng@RM=NFP<@L<NM=N g@PA@@P=@QL@P<PF PMPPP=PP@FN KFARN FMPM<L<NFP=PNFnL<P=PPF P<nPAN FMP<PQFUPQPP=FPML<Q @P@AnMA@QP=A= AP@<PPP<M< <<<P<<N PNF@N qIn@QqFNqFnPLNFPPQ AAMNFnM@A<PPNP@P=F@P@ UkAQ@PDFNFAP<PP<A PNFf@JAQf@NS@QF@PPAA PPMMNq  

 

be

 `mKSGK`EK   FMN   PLPA <JPV<Q  P HK=P  =PP jPL<  RA=MAN  FP=PFiL= PJ  IAAQ<<=< @L<  PP=PN F<N

b

 iE<   <UUAPPS@=I<LQP P[@LL@<PNPMP PL@rP<<ArLP <P<iL=iMS@PPNF P@=QP=PQP<MP =@QP<V=PA PG<P@N\APM@P<PP P<P<Q<@M<MP<=PP =PA=QA<P@A<MP APP<N��� =R@QU<PPAQ PAM<PnLMPPL<AM MQ<=P<<PP=PQ L<P<P@QQ<PAA <PQLVPN[@P Af<LQP=PPJLJDi Y<@LLiPU@L@[@nQP=P<P FP=ZN\==PtFPPML@JM @=QPecbN iQPP<P<PN\n AAA@Q[@Q[@PM=APP @JQ@JDfJPf<NjP<=U P@@tjP<tiPA<DPL= PPRPA<N@PAPMjNN jnAq<q[@n<NPi@N 

P<S

\=PQPP=L=P A@@@NNNQiP@<PLJ PP@<PQ<@<PiGPMQLA A=<Q@PO\P [@n<PP=LPL U=@PM<NSL@[@n=N SL@in=NSL@=Q<P =NSL@[@nML=PN [@VUPPP@Q<QM@ =PPPMPQ@QqFP<Nq qPP<A@Nq qN\=<PP=P[PNq qiNF==AAPLNFn P=Nq qFNq qHPAtq qFNq qjQFAA<@<=Nq qFn=F<N<QANq \=MPVUL<PPQ P[@nMQ==P<LN qAA<n=Qq@Nq<P P@<nP@LPPLNq qF<=NFnn@Nq qFFnPM=PF<n=Nq qFP@PM<=A Nq



qK@QFPANFPAP@MNFPAP@ <P=<PNF=<<tPnMQ Ptq qKQP@QAP@P LNLNq qSPnQPPLtq qP@@P@A<@@P<PN LPNq q\Pt[=P@@=P@Qn P@tq qHPQP=PnNNLNPnL= P=P<PNFn@P@PPPn@@QL P@PM@Nq qg@P@LPnPP<LN QP<NFnM@U<@PP <P@PQPQ@LPLNq qFMPNq q<PL=Nq qPNq qPMtPQ<NNNPP <PNq qFnPPPMPMNPnMPM i<PPP<Nq q@iQFn=PPPNFPP A=P<P=PNq qjnL=Nq |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| P@<<A@AJ@PN<is P[@L@<=UP@PL<P >

P<S

PNin==@PLQLP PA=P=PnN\LQPn@LRJ QLPPMLPQPP< L@PPM=f=PL@PPNP@@ PPQ<APALQP@ ==LPrPPnLPAP=iL@[@ PAQLP<=AQLP<A<L<N inPAAPAPAPPPMQLPnMP @PPnRL=N\L@QP <LP=<MUPL=N\fA@< NNNPA<NNNP<PNNN =PPP=IF=P@<PP=N FPin=PQPMPM =MPPN[@PM<=A<P PAPPN |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| FP[@nL<PPnQ <L@@=NgPE=rPLMQ <A<==PL@@P[<rL VDP=IPQ=L<PLL@@== =M<PQPMQRP=J=P@PP@ PML<qOqDqU=i<Qq<Q 

=P> OP[@nMPNNNP<< PPA@PPn=U@PIMn PO<QLL<PDqSHQP=PFP=PPm@ PPIPFPNNNFPgL<PP m@NqAA@P@P@P=<> WEQA<P<<gMPOA[PP> PAPNi==N ?

[@nP<PPLP<P@A<LR<< =@M=JL@A=NE=PL L@P=PQLAALMPP= NNNMAP\@jNPHDPQQ\@Q A<SPNNNnQPPPAPP ==@@t <rI<[trPAPiArP< PP@tr@PAPAA@ NV@P<@rPP PPrPPPPn@ PNPAM=Pn=P=rPP<=tr G@NNNjNNNP=K=@NNNP=KjM@rP PLPPP=Q=M= =M=NNN NNNNNN g@iQP<P=P<@LP P@M<iNNNPAA<nLPAQ PAAPA@PQ PM<QPrP@Pqqr PP@<LPA]@P<@PQPP @<<Q<k [@RA<iAPPAAN\ RAAP=<PJPPn< MPPPA@rLPP<@L<= PPA@L==PPMiP<@ LLLAA@@N iLPAQP<L= P<Q<P=A<PMNg@LPPAAP M<<PM@P<=A B

P<S

<P<PP@PPQPP< MAPANg@LPP<@==N OPAPPnL=QP@PP A<=Ng@PQ[@Q<PALP <APL@=nPNm=<gQPP EQPEQPAAPjPA<PP PPPAJP`=PN PiQPMPA@<P UPMPM<QP<PAJA AA@QP=MPPPMANNNM <@=PN |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| PP<=PgPLrP< =PP<P[P\@KQ ig@\ArLPP<<DP@Q P<QPN[@QCbQ<<P< PL@nEGAQL@P@JM@DJ<G N<<L OOO<<<N MN P=PN |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| PMPP<P<[@PP <QPPLL=<P=P@ PN\PP<LMN P<PP=QP\PgQPMP<P< =PN[@QMQ<<PM@=<@P P<PQPP@PP <P<<<PP<@PA<<<NK@ C

@L<A[@NKMQP<N\ AQP<<<<PPN P<P<PPPLPf<L@P<AP@@ D<=Q<QQ=@A<Q<<M LQPA<<MQ<P mMPA=mP=NNNPqP= QqUAN[@nP<PP<PPLQ PP@LR<<QPAPA=RQ PL<P<<PP[@Q <AQ@LLPLPN K@N\PMLL=PPPPLN g@LPPLQL@<n<PR@<PQ OYA@L@EitZIENPP=PPM@ A<NfJPN=L<P LUrIPQ[@inQPFONf<P g=<PANJ<MP P<Pf<=N |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| P<=A<AP=Q@ <=PANMPq<<QqPPM <P<MPL=PP<PN<P<< PV@LQ<QLQ<PAN J< P=PPPLGVgQ[@P <PPML<QPPN rI@jPr<PO\rgg��� IQ@<N IPP<<inAQ =Mt c

P<S

j@QPiQLMP P@@N F@==QPMLPf@N jPMAA<PAAQ A@<PAP<<A<N Qg<P\L<VA<>XH< LL<PA<<PR<QA< P<P=<LPF@N >LX= |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| \@j<Mnq@g=q@t |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| \@[@P=<PQ PL<QJ=<<QA<QLJQ< PNF=PPP=<P@QP PDP<QPALQPA=PP@QP P=P=<QP@PP<PP QPPN KM<N @QPQPAA< A=N QPAWPL<At |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| AAL=LPL<P<P<PQ PLP@===<MP[@P <PM<N\nMPinN |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| qjPnitq q\nPPNq d

qiNq q@==PtPtq qKNKPNHtq qKNEQn@=@QN<@Q g@Nq qFnMPL@NP@NH<NFnM @AQ@Q@MNNNq q[LDKNq E=PN qFnL=M=@<QN<A<P=F @Nq qE=DHnM=@PP<PNq qKQf@<Nq qjPP@Qg@Atq qP@<PNq qL=Nq qFNq qin@Nq qKNPnNq qH=P=PNq qg@L==A<@N g@LPAPL=====<P=Ng@L i=PP<LLP<@J <Nq qG=n@L<Q[@NFn<PNF@A P=ANq qHn=QNPnP@@PQP@@= NHMPM@NHnM=@N

e

P<S

Hn@LPPFnM@ ANq qiM<LP<<Q[@NFn<@Nq qF@Nq |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| F@QL==P<PP=LP P=NAP<APPJ@Q P<P=JNjP=PP@n=MQ @LY=[@MNP[=MP> J<GP=P<PQPI =<PNKPPMMPPN \<PQ <=QPLnPNFAPQqP LNq qjP@@@Ptq qj=PPPiP@ <=PNFNjMP=Nq qFPP=PNFnMA iNq qF=@Nq q<PMQnPPNP@<n <<P@MPP@PPPNq qPfL<PNq qFnALQq[@@N@AA P=Pr=QP<Q<==@LLPN PQ@P<<PQR===P =<QP<P@PMLV@A<N

b

@Q[@<LP=<PAP <QPP< QP@PP<P<MN |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| I=PQP=PPH M<P=PL=<Q@ QPmP<PQ<P=<L P=P=<Y=<AQM LQf=PLA=PA@= O=@P=PZNPP@L A<i=PQ=@MAP=N[@ MP<PPMQMP< PHrPP<HrMnL@Q AA<PP<@QP=R<=PP< <N\PP<PPQL@PP< QPP<P@=PPLMQP P<P<LfPA<P=Pr RQP<P=PP<eBb QPR<ANH<LA [@<nHP<PQ@P[@n=QA< N =<LPPLPL <PPDM@P=Zn==FP <@AMPL@<[[@<NNN[@ =L<@PPN HM<PI<DP<PON P<���<<PQP<ML<< PQPP<PAPQPP<PAP =<=NNN 

P<S

gjN SjN >NNWH= 



 @g   PA=M PR =PPP  @APN jAQA PQ P N PA=Mp P= QN< LP =P P=N j=PQ= PQ P PA=MN FP=P MA@Q AM< P PPP J ==N FPP A=MQ @Nj@Q P =PPP@AN jPfP P@Q LPN 

>

jF\N L@[P\UYZ   JD=NM=E[G= >;;\

  >;;\

  E   X   < L   JG= E   @@   J  ; G ]= E B L; J<;G<;;\

     D= N E[       G   G O L L  \U <      ^   O = M    U  JG<GL; L=  N E[T G << < @ I= _J  W H `aabc    CL < J  H   \j=g<_>GH`aadc=`aaeEGC GL<A<P=EGGGPg GMQ O=PPQ SFEIQ v@Q iKFQ P P GMQ  P F GM= E    GG   [ <FGM=NI<C K=  ?

FM

P

[\QgN\UQ@PPe < PtjPPMPPM AAR@BeQbbP@Pt\@@@trFp PP<N  I\f=f?;< L<?<=FB< LLGGLLL?=  [\QA=\UQP==PPP IM\UAP<=tF@QP<@L@ \UANI@PP<PA <MP<QPL@=P<L<@t  NEgg> GGLG= PGG?GG ;>;<= J<G<<;G=  [\HA<A=PJ=AJL<= A=PP<<NHAA<<J =A<<AY<AttZkPM@M <A=P=Pt  NEggNGLU<G <<R_<cM<?<L L=?L<GB ;^XY<QUD<IOYHL^? <GGGG=  [\P\UPm<PMAM PL==M==Q<P =AP<MQPQ=QjQPMQOS@Q PN\uL@t  NEggf=;IOHL <Y<=>G <GU=?;C J<?;YXNIJQ\D; L;<<=ELR  

B

FM

[\\@<PPPP<P@pRAP=P @L@=<=PrPPAQ<PQAP=APtF <<<Q@P<^@A_= @=P=P@AMPt  NEggP?? <=ML?L< ;GGG< <<^]L;G=L =>?G G<=<G=  [\A=P<PRA@Q@PMM <A<E=<PQQPPt PPA<<@<t  NEgg?<G<LDB< YI<^XO?HCE=E LR?=? <���<LL<< XO<G<< <]XO?=<? <LLG?=  [\@APA=PPP@LU <<BGQ LkHAA@E<NI@AooPAPt jP@PL=Y<PZtI@ PA[FILPMPMPPMtjP PLP<PgmQPA t  NEggNGCCL? G;JG=<<JGL ?;]G=M?LL<L<JhF iXO?=ML<j?; L=?? <=FDkO[LQlJ =N I?XJG=  [\\<A@P@LVYF<P<P{JS <PQP<Q@@]F<pPAZN@@Q@ A@PLPP<PP@=@<Q C

FM

P<V^P@JR=V@_Y txZNjPA<FPM@ M@=M<@o<@o <A=Q@APU =QPU=<QoML@NEPP j<PxxPP@UPP=@PP= PLPL@=N<PLM< @A=QP@@@<r<PQ t  NEgg?GGGGGL?<< ?;L^?G< GGL=><<< ?<GG=X? <=P; ;GRE ?]R  [\FQp=@Vp <tkgN\Uk   

 ;<   xGUQQ^G=PjPF=_QjPPQbbB xxgQQIMiLLQPj<PQI<QbbB

 c

d


Vulcan: a literary dis-allusion Issue Two