This research aims to understand the dynamics of CSR in the sugar production sector in Pakistan. It examines the sugar arena and attempts to verify the barriers to CSR implementation. The sugar sector plays a vital role in Pakistan's economy. Key stakeholders have been interviewed to understand the value chain and its governance. The sector is analyzed on various levels: structural, environmental and developmental, to establish a framework for understanding the fragile relationship between farmers and millers and the existing policy and governance gap.