Why we care presentation
Table of Contents Summary of Sustainabililty Policies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major Green Initiatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Environmental Issues & Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land Pollution. . . . . . . . Air Pollution. . . . . . . . . Ocean / Water Pollution . . Climate Change . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 8 Property Donations, Auctions and Sales . Recycled Paper. 19 20 48 63 . 79 113 . . . . . . . . . . Sustainable Transportation . . . . Swap Surplus Supplies. . . . . . . Writing Instrument Recycling . . . Other Sustainable Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 220 222 232 235 240 Physical Planning & Facilities Management . . . . . . . Appliance Timers and Ipans . . . . Custodial Services . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy Efficiency. . . . . . . . . . . . LEED Green Buildings . . . . . . . . . . Lighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Landscape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water Conservation. . . . . . . . . . . Water Refilling Stations . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What CSULB is Doing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49er Shops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Japanese Gardens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Associated Students, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Green Campus Interns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Academics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Financial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CSU Buy Recycled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copier Duplex Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office Supply Boomerang Boxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printer Cartridge Recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 . . 137 . . 143 . . 154 . . 1 6 1 . . 171 . 1 96 . 19 7 . 2 0 1 . 205 . 208 . 2 1 0 244 . 245 . 249 . . 250 . 257 . 2 6 1 . 269 . 273 . 295 . 298 . 299 . 302 What You Can Do!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Food/Organic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 1 Upcycle = Repurpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348 CSULB Brochure: What You Can Do To Create A Sustainable Community . . . . . . 359 Summary of Sustainability Policies Page 3 Summary of Sustainability Policies Federal Government: Two executive Orders are in place (EO13423 dated 1/24/07 & EO13514 dated 10/5/09) that aid Federal facilities in developing and maintaining sustainable facilities and helping to develop and promote sustainable practices. A few highlights within these orders are: • Must reduce their total consumption of petroleum products by 2% annually through 2020. • Must increase the total non-petroleum based fuel consumption by 10% annually. • Use plug-in hybrid vehicles when they are commercially available at a reasonable cost. • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by using alternative fuel vehicles and optimizing the number of vehicles in the agency fleet. • Reduce the quantity of toxic/ hazardous chemicals and materials acquired, used or disposed of. • Increase the diversion of solid waste as appropriate. • Divert at least 50% of non-hazardous solid waste, including construction and demolition debris, by the end of fiscal year 2015. • Reduce energy intensity by 3% each year, leading to 30% by 2015 • Ensure that at least half of all renewable energy comes from new renewable sources. • Reduce water intensity (gallons per square foot) by 2% each year through 2015 for a total of 16%. • Achieve 50% or higher diversion rate on non-hazardous solid waste by 2015. • Achieve 50% or higher diversion rate on construction and demolition materials and debris by 2015. • Ensure 95% of all new contracts require products and services that are energy-efficient, water-efficient, biobased, environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting, contain recycled content, non-toxic or less toxic alternatives. (www.fedcenter.gov) Page 4 State of California: Executive order dated 4/25/12 requires: • New or renovated state buildings larger than 10,000 square feet to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED ‘Silver’ certification or higher; • A target of zero net energy consumption for 50% of the square footage of existing state-owned buildings by 2025; • A target of zero net energy consumption from all new or renovated state buildings beginning design after 2025. Executive order dated 3/23/12 requires: • That all State entities support and facilitate the rapid commercialization of zero-emission vehicles. • A target for 2050 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector equaling 80% less than 1990 levels.’ • The State’s zero-emission vehicle infrastructure will be able to support up to one million vehicles by 2020. • Electrical vehicle charging will be integrated into the electricity grid by 2020. • The State’s clean, efficient vehicles will annually displace at least 1.5 billion gallons of petroleum fuels by 2025. (www.green.ca.gov) Page 5 SUSTAINABLE City of Long Beach: LONG BEACH Adopted the Long Beach Sustainable City Action Plan on February 2, 2010 to guide ‘operational, policy and financial decisions to create a more sustainable Long Beach.’ This includes: • Having 100% of major city facilities LEED certified by 2020. • Have 100% of city-owned vacant lots utilized with interim green uses by 2012. • Plant at least 10,000 trees in Long Beach by 2020. • Have 100% of suitable alley and parking lot projects use permeable pavement by 2020. • Goal of having 50% of Long Beach residents work in Long Beach by 2020. • Reduce future port-related emissions by 47% by 2011. • Create 8 acres of open space per 1000 residents by 2020. • Establish a community garden in every park 5 acres or larger by 2020. • Increase bike ridership from 1% to 10% by 2016. • Increase public transit ridership by 25% by 2016. • Have 100% of taxi cab fleets on alternative fuel and/or low emissions by 2016. • Reduce vehicle emissions by 30% by 2020. • Reduce electricity use in City operations by 25% by 2020. • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions from City facilities and operations by 15% by 2020. Page 6 Sustainability The California State University System: Energy policy in place since 1978 (and revised over time) to reduce the use of non-renewable resources and increase energy efficiency. Executive Order No. 987 dated 8/2/06 outlines energy conservation, sustainable building practices and physical plant management for the CSU. CSULB President F. King Alexander signed the American College & University Presidents Climate Commitment on 5/31/11 which requires: • Within two years of document signing develop an action plan for becoming climate neutral. • The adoption of two or more of the following: • All new campus construction to be built to at least the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED Silver standard. • All appliances purchased to be ENERGY STAR certified. • Offset all greenhouse gas emissions generated by air travel • Encourage public transportation for all faculty, staff, students and visitors • Purchase at least 15% of our electricity from renewable sources • Support climate and sustainability proposals at companies where our endowment is invested • Participate in the Waste Minimization component of the national RecycleMania www.calstate.edu/cpdc/sustainability/policies-reports/ Page 7 Major Green Initiatives Page 8 Major Green Initiatives U.S. Postal Services The Postal Service is the only mailing and shipping company in the world whose shipping supplies are Cradle to Cradle Certified (eco-effective products that have been evaluated on every aspect â€“ from creation to reuse or recycling â€“ & chosen as one that is most efficient and waste-free), meeting established standards for human and environmental health and recyclability. USPS is issuing 27 billion Cradle to Cradle Certified postage products, including the Go Green stamps, which promote environmental awareness and action. (about.usps.com) Page 9 The Global Alliance for Cleaner Cook Stoves received a $50 million dollar pledge from Hillary Clinton on behalf of the United States to help bring cleaner cook stores to the developing world. Currently, pollution from the widely used crude, biomass and wood burning stores leads to millions of deaths a year, mostly women and children, and emits millions of tons of greenhouse gasses in the process. (www.treehugger.com) Page 10 Banana Skin for Fuel • By admin, 2 April, 2012 Researchers at Nottingham University have managed to make banana peels into usable fuel, ridding the need to gather firewood for cooking, boiling water and heating. Since there is an estimated 10 tons of waste (made up of skins, leaves and stems) for every 1 ton of bananas eaten, this new low-tech briquette can be extremely beneficial not just economically but also for the environment. According to the BBC report, it was on a visit to Rwanda that Joel Chaney, a PhD student from the University of Nottingham came up with the idea of turning banana waste into an efficient fuel source. He first mashes a pile of rotting skins and leaves. This pulp is then mixed with saw dust, compressed and dried to create briquettes that ignite readily and throw out a steady heat, ideal for cooking. “The banana skins bind other materials together really well, they act like glue,” says Mr Chaney. Best of all, no machines are needed to make these banana briquettes which means that the locals can easily make them. This could be a great boon indeed for third world countries, especially the so called “banana republics”. Page 11 Top Ten Green Initiatives from Global Automakers: Tesla motors is working on a 100% electric-run vehicle that can go from zero-to-60 in under four seconds. Renault, Nissan, Daimler and BMW have created a $42 million dollar initiative that supports the research and development of transportation solutions utilizing renewable sources of energy and includes the creation of more than 10,000 electric vehicle charging stations throughout the continent. Nissanâ€™s Green Program objective is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions wherever Nissan has corporate endeavors, and they have dealerships with environmental staff that guarantees end-of-life vehicles are property disposed of. General Motors (GM) sponsors the EcoCAR initiative competition, which is a global vehicle engineering competition where university students are challenged to not only design, but build a vehicle where the main objective is to reduce the overall environmental impact associated with personal transportation. Volkswagen has invested in a plant to build TFSI engines, which are electronically controlled and reduce fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions by 20%. Page 12 Honda had the first automobile in California to comply with the SULEV (Super Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle) requirements and is involved in a number of ‘Green Factory’ projects including recycling industrial water and installing solar panels at all their plants. Ford is involved in the TerraPass Program where Ford owners can calculate the total amount of carbon dioxide their vehicle gives off while driving, then buy a TerraPass between $30 and $80 yearly to fund projects like wind energy to decrease carbon dioxide emissions equaling the same sum as the vehicle. One of Toyota’s main initiatives is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in technologies, improvement of traffic flows and the creation of clean-energy vehicles. They have also – through research and development – created two new species of plants derived from the gardenia and cherry sage that actually offset carbon dioxide emissions. In 2009 Hyundai Motor Group pledged $3.2 billion to develop environmentally friendly vehicles as well as reduce total carbon dioxide emissions coming from manufacturing factories. Some of this money will be used to develop hydrogen fuel cell and hybrid vehicles and for the improvement of engine and transmission fuel efficiency. Fiat’s green initiative is known as the ‘Uno Ecology’ Concept, which is a proposal for a green car that will utilize renewable materials, reduce carbon dioxide emissions and improve overall fuel economy. Another feature is photovoltaic cells located along the roof of the vehicle that will utilize solar light for powering different car systems. And even the car itself was made with recyclable and renewable materials, including recycled PET and coconut fibers. (http://blog.cleantechies.com/2011) Page 13 Walmart (world’s largest public corporation): goals are: • to be supplied 100% by renewable energy • create zero waste • to sell products that sustain people and the environment. • They have also partnered with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to create Acres for America in 2005; this is a 10 year commitment to purchase and preserve 1 acre in the U.S. for every acre of land they develop. (corporate.walmart.com) European Commission: Eco-innovation: • This initiative provides funding for projects in various sectors that mitigate environmental impacts or promote a more efficient use of resources. • Priority areas include material recycling, buildings, food/drink sector and greener business. • Projects must be environmentally beneficial, innovative and economically viable. • 300 proposals have been received for 2012. Page 14 Greening Kenya Initiative: Government of Kenya has rolled out a massive national tree planting campaign to restore the depleted Kodera Forest in Nyanza. Target is to have some 7.6 billion trees planted over the next 10 years. Initiative also intends to establish a million trees in 47 countries. Page 15 Clinton Climate Initiative: Implementing programs that create and advance solutions to the root causes of climate change – while also helping to reduce our reliance on oil, saving money for individuals and governments, creating jobs, and growing economies. CCI, in partnership with the C40 Climate Leadership Group (C40), focuses on helping large cities reduce their carbon emissions. Other programs aim to increase energy efficiency through building retrofits; to increase access to clean energy technology and deploy it at the government, corporate, and homeowner levels; and to reverse deforestation by preserving and regrowing forests. C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group –a network of 59 large and engaged cities from around the world committed to implementing meaningful and sustainable climate-related policies and programs locally that will help address climate change globally. Forest Conservation & Restoration: The CCI Forestry Program assists projects that conserve or re-grow forests at the invitation of the following countries: Cambodia: In Cambodia CCI works with local partners to bring together 13 community forestry sites in the country’s first effort to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) through the sale of forest carbon credits. Indonesia: CCI is currently supporting five projects in Indonesia, working with private investors in carbon-rich peatland forests. Kenya: In a country where less than two percent of the total land area is forested, CCI is developing a reforestation project with local communities that seeks to employ carbon financing to protect a critical water catchment area. Tanzania: CCI is working with 13 villages to design a REDD+ project that seeks to enable them to derive revenues from sustainable timber harvesting as well as carbon sales. Guyana: CCI is helping the government advance a low-carbon development strategy that protects the country’s 18 million hectares of forests. Page 16 Environmental initiatives, waste management and technology dissemination in Bangladesh The project aims to facilitate environmental and social consciousness and improvement through environmental initiatives and technology partnerships and dissemination, with a focus on waste management and recycling activities in selected areas in Bangladesh. Four thousand selected household members in Gazipur District will directly benefit through awareness programs, training and skills development. Indirectly, all target area community members will benefit from increased awareness of environmental issues and better practices. Main activities are: 1. awareness building, communication and knowledge/information sharing including EU-Asia partnerships; 2. introduction of alternative eco-friendly technologies and practices including demonstration activities; 3. training and skills development; 4. advocacy and lobbying for greater environmental controls at local, national, regional and international level. Practical Action Bangladesh has started this project as a partner of BASA (Bangladesh Association for Social Advancement). It particularly focuses on supporting eco-friendly technology implementation, dissemination and development, including establishing a number of demonstration units. It also provides support for monitoring and evaluation of technology initiatives, plays a catalytic role to bring other partners together through training, back-up support and as a knowledge broker. Page 17 Green Sydney government initiatives Sydney is fast becoming one of the world’s leading ‘green cities’. The City of Sydney Council is the first in the nation to become carbon neutral, while Tourism Australia (TA) maintains a ‘green checklist’ for planning events, and Business Events Australia (BEA) promotes the value of sustainable tourism. Sustainable Sydney - green city living The City of Sydney Council has created an ambitious blueprint to deliver low-impact energy and water for the city - while connecting it via green networks and infrastructure hubs. Called ‘Sustainable Sydney 2030’, the plan responds to the challenges of global warming, rising oil prices, declining housing affordability and growth. It incorporates five big moves, 10 strategic directions and hundreds of small steps that it hopes will transform Sydney into a ‘green, global and connected’ city by 2030. But the Council is not wasting time or waiting for 2030 to arrive, and the numbers are stacking up. Council’s recent initiatives include: • 1,000 trees planted in the inner city during 2008 • 30 rainwater tanks installed to provide water for the city’s green spaces • 1,200 solar parking meters to save 1.4 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions a year • 49 water harvesting and recycling systems being built at key sites Page 18 Environmental Issues and Trends Page 19 Land Pollution Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Landfills are not designed to break down trash, merely to bury it. When a landfill closes, the site, especially the groundwater, must be monitored and maintained for up to 30 years! (science.howstuffworks.com/environmental) Page 23 Most of the trash that is not recycled ends up in a landfill. (www.ehow.com) L.A. County Landfill in La Puente 7-31-12 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 In 2009 Los Angeles County disposed of 9.18 million tons or 29,621 tons per day of solid waste. Of this amount approximately 81%, or 23,881 tons per day were disposed in landfills located within Los Angeles County. (lacsd.org/education) Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Land can become polluted by household garbage and by industrial waste. In 2010 Americans produced about 250 million tons of garbage consisting of product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint and batteries. Thatâ€™s about 4.3 pounds of waste per person per day, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. (Katharine Gammon, LiveScience Contributor) Page 33 Trash production in U.S. has almost tripled since 1960. About 32.5% of the trash is recycled or composted, 12.5% is burned and 55% is buried in landfills. (EPA) Page 34 Over 1 trillion plastic bags are used every year worldwide. (reuseit.com) About 1 million plastic bags are used every minute. (reuseit.com) Page 35 A single plastic bag can take up to 1,000 years to degrade. (reuseit.com) Plastic bags remain toxic even after they break down. (reuseit.com) Page 36 Less than 1% of plastic bags are recycled each year. Recycling one ton of plastic bags costs $4,000; the recycled product can be sold for $32. (www.cleanair.org/Waste) Page 37 827,000 to 1.3 million tons of plastic PET * water bottles were produced in the U.S. in 2006, requiring the energy equivalent of 50 million barrels of oil. 76.5% of these bottles ended up in landfills. (U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2009, June) * Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in beverage, food and other liquid containers. Page 38 Roughly the equivalent of one quarter of a bottle of water in oil and 3 bottles of water are used for the production and transportation of each bottle. (Polarisinstitute.org) Page 39 Every year in the U.S. nearly 200 billion beverage containers are sold, two-thirds of which are landfilled, incinerated or littered. Page 40 (As You Sow and Container Recycling Institute, 2006. U.S. Beverage Container Recycling Scorecard and Report.) Approximately 80% of what ends up in landfills each year could be recycled or reused. (pollutionworl.com) Page 41 There are three major areas of concern when it comes to land pollution: it is believed that 80% of it is due to food production, the production of energy or the various methods of transportation. (pollutionworld.com) Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Due to industrial exploitations Honduras has lost 37% of its forests, Nigeria 36% and The Phillippines 32%. (National Geographic Society) The biggest cause of deforestation is agriculture: farmers cut forests for planting crops and grazing livestock. Other causes are industrial use, fuel and lumber. (National Geographic Society) Deforestation: increases global warming, dries out land, lowers soil quality and triggers soil erosion & flooding, makes climate drier and destroys habitat for millions of animal and plant species. (National Geographic Society; www.interestingfactsnow.com) Page 46 The rate of deforestation in the tropics is approximately one acre per second. (U.S. EPA, 2009) Page 47 Air Pollution Page 48 The air we breathe in many cities is being polluted by driving cars and trucks; burning coal, oil and other fossil fuels; and manufacturing chemicals. (www.cbsnews.com) Page 49 Page 50 Los Angeles, Long Beach and Riverside are the #1 most polluted (by ozone) cities in the United States. (As per the American Lung Association/2012) According to the American Lung Association Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside get a failing grade for: High Ozone Days, 24 Hour Particle Pollution and Annual Particle Pollution. (2012) Page 51 Carbon dioxide (from cars, planes, power plants and other human activities that involve the burning of fossil fuels like gasoline and natural gas) is the main pollutant that is warming the Earth. (environment.nationalgeographic.com) Page 52 Besides carbon dioxide, other greenhouse gases include methane â€“ which comes from sources like swamps and gas emitted from livestock â€“ and CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) which were used in refrigerants and aerosol propellants until they were banned. (environment.nationalgeographic.com) Page 53 create smog and acid rain, cause cancer and other serious health effects, diminish the protective ozone layer in the upper atmosphere and contribute to the potential for world climate change. (www.cbsnews.com) Page 54 Pollutants Page 55 Breathing ozone can trigger many health problems including chest pain, coughing, throat irritation, and congestion. It can worsen bronchitis, emphysema and asthma. Repeated exposure may permanently scar lung tissue. (epa.gov/airquality/ozonepollution) Air pollution threatens the health of human beings and other living things on our planet. (www.cbsnews.com) Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Since the Industrial Revolution began in about 1750, carbon dioxide levels have increased nearly 38% and methane levels have increased 148%. (www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov) Page 59 Donate | Download Re Share Print A Follow Us On: Key Findings City Rankings Our Fight Health Risks Compare Your Air Press Materials Home > 2012 > City Rankings City Rankings » Cleanest Cities » Most Polluted Cities » View State Map Most Polluted Cities Take Action » Join Our Fight For Air » Donate » Share Your Story » Share Your Air » Shop For Air » Send an eCard » Download Report 1000 km 1000 mi Map data ©2012 Google, INEGI, MapLink, Tele Click on a city below to learn more about its ranking BY OZONE Select Your State BY YEAR ROUND PARTICLE POLLUTION BY SHORT-TERM PARTICLE POLLUTION 10/22/2012 8:15:09 AM http://www.stateoftheair.org/2012/city-rankings/most-polluted-cities.html Page 60 BY OZONE #1: Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA #2: Visalia-Porterville, CA #3: Bakersfield-Delano, CA #4: Fresno-Madera, CA #5: Hanford-Corcoran, CA #6: Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Yuba City, CA-NV #7: San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA #8: Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX #9: San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA #10: Merced, CA #11: Modesto, CA #12: Dallas-Fort Worth, TX #13: Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV #14: El Centro, CA #15: New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA #16: Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD #16: Chico, CA #18: Charlotte-Gastonia-Salisbury, NC-SC #19: Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ #20: Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA #21: Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, AL #21: Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, OH-KY-IN #23: Stockton, CA #24: Baton Rouge-Pierre Part, LA #25: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL BY YEAR ROUND PARTICLE POLLUTION #1: Bakersfield-Delano, CA #2: Hanford-Corcoran, CA #3: Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA #4: Visalia-Porterville, CA #5: Fresno-Madera, CA #6: Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA #7: Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ #8: Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, OH-KY-IN #9: Louisville-Jefferson County-ElizabethtownScottsburg, KY-IN #10: Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD #10: St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL #12: Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV #12: Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, AL #14: Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN #14: Fairbanks, AK #14: Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH #17: Charleston, WV #17: Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH #17: Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL #20: Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH #20: Wheeling, WV-OH #20: Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH #23: Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX #24: Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL #24: Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV #24: Fairmont-Clarksburg, WV #24: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL Page 61 BY SHORT-TERM PARTICLE POLLUTION #1: Bakersfield-Delano, CA #2: Fresno-Madera, CA #3: Hanford-Corcoran, CA #4: Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA #5: Modesto, CA #6: Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA #7: Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT #8: Logan, UT-ID #9: Fairbanks, AK #10: Merced, CA #11: Provo-Orem, UT #12: Visalia-Porterville, CA #13: Eugene-Springfield, OR #14: Green Bay, WI #15: Stockton, CA #16: Las Cruces, NM #17: Harrisburg-Carlisle-Lebanon, PA #18: San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA #18: Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI #20: Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI #21: Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Yuba City, CA-NV #22: Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV #22: Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD #22: Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL #25: South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka, High Ozone Days Ozone Grade: Weighted Average: Particle Pollution - 24 Hour Grade: Weighted Average: Particle Pollution - Annual Grade: Design Value: Groups at Risk Total Population: Pediatric Asthma: Adult Asthma: Chronic Bronchitis: Emphysema: Cardiovascular Disease: Diabetes: Children Under 18: Adults 65 & Over Poverty Estimate: Notes: Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Albany-Corvallis-Lebanon, OR F 127.8 DNC 0 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Albany-Corvallis-Lebanon, OR F 28.8 B 0.3 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Albany-Corvallis-Lebanon, OR Fail 17 Inc 0 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Albany-Corvallis-Lebanon, OR 17,877,006 302,853 1,017,972 557,067 228,858 4,109,427 1,125,917 4,565,478 1,951,619 2,869,935 116,672 2,125 8,409 3,939 1,855 30,968 6,717 28,173 17,991 20,901 (1) INC indicates incomplete monitoring data for all three years. Therefore, those counties are excluded from the grade analysis. (2) DNC indicates that there is no monitor collecting data in the county. Page 62 Ocean/Water Pollution Page 63 Some of the main causes of water pollution today are: Sewage and Wastewater, Farm Pollution (fertilizers, pesticides and waste), Gasoline/Oil, Chemical and Industrial Waste, Household Products, Marine Dumping, Mining, Chemical Waste, Radioactive Waste and Plastics. (www.waterpollution.com) Page 64 Page 65 Plastic does NOT biodegrade; instead it photo-degrades with sunlight, breaking into smaller and smaller pieces that never really disappear. (www.savemyoceans.com/plastics) (2012) Page 66 Plastic particles are magnets for different types of toxic pollutants; organisms at the bottom of the food chain ingest the chemicals and are then consumed by larger fish and on up the food chain to have a devastating effect on human health. (www.savemyoceans.com/plastics) Page 67 Page 68 Plastic trash has already killed millions of sea birds and marine mammals. (www.savemyoceans.com/plastics; www.engineering-resource.com) Page 69 Plastic in the ocean breaks down into such small segments that pieces of plastic from a one liter bottle could end up on every mile of beach throughout the world. Page 70 (www.savemyoceans.com/plastics) Did you know there is a floating garbage dump in the Pacific Ocean that is estimated to be twice the size of Texas??!! (newsfeed.time.com/2012/05/11) Page 71 visualizedata.wordpress.com Page 72 It is a ‘gyre’ (circular ocean current) called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch and it stretches from the coast of California to Japan. There are 5 main gyres in the world’s oceans and several smaller ones throughout Alaska and Antarctica. (treehugger.com) Page 73 oceanâ€™s surface, and the U.N. Environment Program estimates that each square mile of ocean carries 46,000 pieces of plastic litter. (newsfeed.time.com/2012/05/11) Plastic makes up approximately 90% of all trash floating on the The Pacific gyre is estimated to be about 90% plastic and it goes 90 feet deep; and 80% of this garbage is from land. (www.oprah.com/world/Ocean-Pollution-Fabien-Cousteaus) Page 74 of untreated sewage, storm water, and industrial waste are discharged into US waters annually. In 2009 there were over 20,000 beaches around the world closed due to land pollution. (pollutionworld.com) Page 75 1.2 trillion gallons (dosomething.org; www.engineering-resource.com) 40% of Americaâ€™s rivers and 46% of Americaâ€™s lakes are too polluted for fishing, swimming or aquatic life. (www.ecocycle.org) Page 76 Water pollution is a major global problem. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. (www.engineering-resource.com) Page 77 Long Beach’s coastal waters slipped to failing grades within the month of September 2012 according to ‘Heal the Bay’ a nonprofit organization that monitors the quality of water at more than 350 beaches. Grades throughout the summer averaged A’s and B’s but slipped dramatically within a single month. Out of the 15 test points within L.B. city limits, six of them received D or F grades, meaning they have some of the worst bacteria in the state. ‘It is believed that most of the bacteria found in waters is due to leaky septic systems, boat owners dumping raw waste into the ocean, and urban runoff carrying animal droppings directly into the ocean.’ (Long Beach Post, 10/1/12) Page 78 Climate Change Page 79 The National Research Council concluded that â€˜climate change is occurring, is very likely caused by human activities and poses significant risks for a broad range of human and natural systemsâ€™. (www.epa.gov/climatechange/facts) Many places have experienced changes in rainfall resulting in more intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. (www.epa.gov/climatechange/facts): Page 80 Heavy rains fell in B.C.â€™s Shuswap region in Canada, where more than 340 people were ordered out of their homes. A low pressure system dropped 3â€? of rain overnight in the area; almost three times more than expected within a month for this region. (www.disasterscharter.org) Page 81 B.C.â€™s Shuswap region in Canada. Page 82 (www.disasterscharter.org) 8/29/12: Flooding in West Africa â€“ more than 250 villages were flooded, 18 people died and several others were trapped by the heavy flooding in Adamawa State, Nigeria. West African nations experience torrential rains during their annual rain season, but this season has been reported as the worst in 50 years. Page 83 6 people died after torrential rains flooded the Senegalese capital of Dakar. Thousands have been left homeless and at least 13 lives were lost by August 29th. Exceptional rainfall has been experienced in the region this season. 8/27/12: Flooding in Senegal â€“ Page 84 JULY 8, 2012 JULY 12, 2012 During a four-day period in July, 2012, 57% of the surface of the Greenland ice sheet melted, bringing the total melted area to 97% of the surface, according to NASA. This is the worst surface melt in 123 years. (latimes.com/news/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-greenland-ice-melts) Page 85 Oceans are warming and becoming more acidic; ice caps are melting and sea levels are rising. All of these changes are evidence that our world is getting warmer. (www.epa.gov/climatechange/facts) Page 86 Sea level has been rising significantly over the past century of global warming, according to a study that offers the most detailed look yet at the changes in ocean levels during the last 2100 years. This information firmly establishes that the rise in sea level in the 20th century is unprecedented for the recent geologic past. Rising sea levels are among the hazards that concern environmentalists and governments with increasing global temperatures caused by greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels like coal and oil over the last century or so. (huffingtonpost.com, 2011) Page 87 10/7/12: Floods in Russia: Page 88 10/7/12: Floods in Russia: Torrential rains swept the Southern Russian Krasnodar region, killing 144 people. A foot of rain dropped in the Black Sea region forcing several residents to scramble out of their beds seeking refuge on trees and rooftops. Monday has be recognized as a day of mourning, this is the worst flooding seen by Russians. Page 89 Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earthâ€™s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels. The rate of temperature increase has nearly doubled in the last(www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov) 50 years. Page 90 8/13/12: Fires in North Algeria â€“ As estimated 77 square miles of land have been ravaged by forest fires in the north of Algeria since June. These are a result of hotter than average heat waves that have been reported to reach as high as 122 degrees Fahrenheit. Page 91 Page 92 Page 93 Regions Vulnerable to Sea Level Rise A small rise in sea level will increase the risk of coastal flooding for millions of people, many who would have to permanently leave their homes. (www.epa.gov/climagechange/facts) Page 94 Page 95 About 3.7 million Americans live within a few feet of high tide and are at risk by coastal flooding in coming decades due to the sea level rise caused by global warming and the melting of the ice piled up in Greenland, Antarctica and elsewhere. Melting that ice would have a major impact by raising ocean levels. As temperatures rise so too will the sea level. (New York Times) Page 96 For every 2 degrees of warming we can expect to see: 5-15% reductions in crop yields, 3-10% increase in amount of rain falling during heaviest precipitation events which increases flooding, 5-10% decreases in stream flow in some river basins, and 200400% increase in area burned by wildfire in parts of the western U.S. (www.epa.gov/climatechange/facts) Page 97 The World Wildlife Fund reports that â€˜low-lying nations are particularly vulnerable to flooding, and rising seas have already swallowed up two uninhabited islands in the Central Pacific. On Samoa thousands of residents have moved to higher ground as shorelines have retreated by as much as 160 feet.â€™ (www.epa.gov/climatechange/facts) Page 98 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. In the same year, the UN General Assembly endorsed the action by WMO and UNEP in jointly establishing the IPCC. The IPCC is a scientific body. It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters. Page 99 Page 100 Page 101 Page 102 Global Warming Fast Facts Yes. Earth is already showing many signs of worldwide climate change. • Average temperatures have climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 degree Celsius) around the world since 1880, much of this in recent decades, according to NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. • The rate of warming is increasing. The 20th century’s last two decades were the hottest in 400 years and possibly the warmest for several millennia, according to a number of climate studies. And the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports that 11 of the past 12 years are among the dozen warmest since 1850. • The Arctic is feeling the effects the most. Average temperatures in Alaska, western Canada, and eastern Russia have risen at twice the global average, according to the multinational Arctic Climate Impact Assessment report compiled between 2000 and 2004. • Arctic ice is rapidly disappearing, and the region may have its first completely ice-free summer by 2040 or earlier. Polar bears and indigenous cultures are already suffering from the sea-ice loss. • Glaciers and mountain snows are rapidly melting—for example, Montana’s Glacier National Park now has only 27 glaciers, versus 150 in 1910. In the Northern Hemisphere, thaws also come a week earlier in spring and freezes begin a week later. • Coral reefs, which are highly sensitive to small changes in water temperature, suffered the worst bleaching—or die-off in response to stress—ever recorded in 1998, with some areas seeing bleach rates of 70 percent. Experts expect these sorts of events to increase in frequency and intensity in the next 50 years as sea temperatures rise. • An upsurge in the amount of extreme weather events, such as wildfires, heat waves, and strong tropical storms, is also attributed in part to climate change by some experts. Page 103 Page 104 Page 105 Are Humans Causing It? “Very likely,” the IPCC said in a February 2007 report. The report, based on the work of some 2,500 scientists in more than 130 countries, concluded that humans have caused all or most of the current planetary warming. Human-caused global warming is often called anthropogenic climate change. Industrialization, deforestation, and pollution have greatly increased atmospheric concentrations of water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, all greenhouse gases that help trap heat near Earth’s surface. (See an interactive feature on how global warming works.) • Humans are pouring carbon dioxide into the atmosphere much faster than plants and oceans can absorb it. • These gases persist in the atmosphere for years, meaning that even if such emissions were eliminated today, it would not immediately stop global warming. • Some experts point out that natural cycles in Earth’s orbit can alter the planet’s exposure to sunlight, which may explain the current trend. Earth has indeed experienced warming and cooling cycles roughly every hundred thousand years due to these orbital shifts, but such changes have occurred over the span of several centuries. Today’s changes have taken place over the past hundred years or less. • Other recent research has suggested that the effects of variations in the sun’s output are “negligible” as a factor in warming, but other, more complicated solar mechanisms could possibly play a role. Page 106 What’s Going to Happen? A follow-up report by the IPCC released in April 2007 warned that global warming could lead to large-scale food and water shortages and have catastrophic effects on wildlife. • Sea level could rise between 7 and 23 inches (18 to 59 centimeters) by century’s end, the IPCC’s February 2007 report projects. Rises of just 4 inches (10 centimeters) could flood many South Seas islands and swamp large parts of Southeast Asia. • Some hundred million people live within 3 feet (1 meter) of mean sea level, and much of the world’s population is concentrated in vulnerable coastal cities. In the U.S., Louisiana and Florida are especially at risk. • Glaciers around the world could melt, causing sea levels to rise while creating water shortages in regions dependent on runoff for fresh water. • Strong hurricanes, droughts, heat waves, wildfires, and other natural disasters may become commonplace in many parts of the world. The growth of deserts may also cause food shortages in many places. • More than a million species face extinction from disappearing habitat, changing ecosystems, and acidifying oceans. • The ocean’s circulation system, known as the ocean conveyor belt, could be permanently altered, causing a mini-ice age in Western Europe and other rapid changes. • At some point in the future, warming could become uncontrollable by creating a so-called positive feedback effect. Rising temperatures could release additional greenhouse gases by unlocking methane in permafrost and undersea deposits, freeing carbon trapped in sea ice, and causing increased evaporation of water. Page 107 What is Climategate? In late November 2009, hackers unearthed hundreds of emails at the U.K.â€™s University of East Anglia that exposed private conversations among top-level British and U.S. climate scientists discussing whether certain data should be released to the public. The email exchanges also refer to statistical tricks used to illustrate climate change trends, and call climate skeptics idiots, according to the New York Times. One such trick was used to create the well-known hockey-stick graph, which shows a sharp uptick in temperature increases during the 20th century. Former U.S vice president Al Gore relied heavily on the graph as evidence of human-caused climate change in the documentary An Inconvenient Truth. The data used for this graph come from two sources: thermostat readings and tree-ring samples. While thermostat readings have consistently shown a temperature rise over the past hundred years, tree-ring samples show temperature increases stalling around 1960. On the hockey-stick graph, thermostat-only data is grafted onto data that incorporates both thermostat and tree-ring readings, essentially presenting a seamless picture of two different data sets, the hacked emails revealed. But scientists argue that dropping the tree-ring data was no secret and has been written about in the scientific literature for years. Climate change skeptics have heralded the emails as an attempt to fool the public, according to the Times. Yet climate scientists maintain that these controversial points are small blips that are inevitable in scientific research, and that the evidence for human-induced climate change is much broader and still widely accepted. Page 108 National Geographic: Global warming is leading to such severe storms, droughts and heat waves that nations should prepare for an unprecedented onslaught of weather disasters, an international panel of climate scientists says in a report issued Wednesday. The greatest danger from extreme weather is in highly populated, poor regions of the world, the report warns, but no corner of the globe–from Mumbai, India, to Miami–is immune. The document by a Nobel Prizewinning panel of climate scientists forecasts stronger tropical cyclones and more frequent heat waves, deluges and droughts. The 594-page report blames the scale of recent and future disasters on a combination of man-made climate change, population shifts and poverty. In the past, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has focused on rising temperatures and oceans. This report by the panel is the first to look at extreme weather changes.“We mostly experience weather and climate through the extreme,” Stanford University climate scientist Chris Field.. He is one of the report’s top editors. The scientists say that some places, particularly parts of Mumbai could become uninhabitable from floods, storms and rising seas. Other cities at lesser risk include Miami; Shanghai, China; Guangzhou, China; Bangkok, Thailand; Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Yangon (formerly Rangoon), Myanmar, and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India. The report — the summary of which was issued in November – is unique because it emphasizes managing risks and taking precautions, Field said.The study forecasts that some tropical cyclones, including hurricanes, will be stronger because of global warming, but the number of storms should not increase and may drop slightly. The scientists also predicted more heat waves worldwide and increased downpours in Alaska, Canada, north and central Europe, east Africa and north Asia. Study coauthor David Easterling of the National Climatic Data Center said this month’s U.S. heat wave fits the pattern of worsening extremes. Page 109 Source: Trends in natural disasters. (2005). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library. Retrieved October 3, 2011 from http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/trends-in-natural-disasters. Page 110 Page 111 ‘Recent heat waves that have triggered wildfires, droughts, and heat-related deaths in the United States and around the globe almost certainly would not have occurred without global warming – and will become more routine in coming years’ according to NASA climate scientist James Hansen. (http://news.nationalgeographics.com) According to a new report released 10/10/12 by Munich Re, the world’s largest reinsurance (a company that buys insurance from other companies as a means of risk management). • ‘The number of natural disasters per year has been rising dramatically on all continents since 1980, but the trend is steepest for North America where countries have been battered by hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, searing heat and drought.’ • This report represents the first finding of a climate change ‘footprint’ in the data from natural catastrophes. • Shows trends that are ‘linked with changes in atmospheric conditions, such as more water content in the atmosphere due to global warming; additional water vapor in the atmosphere is the fuel for the big storms.’ (www.usatoday.com) Page 112 Food Page 113 Scientists believe about 2/3 of American cattle raised for slaughter today are injected with hormones to make them grow faster; and Americaâ€™s dairy cows are given a genetically-engineered hormone called rBGH to increase milk production. Despite the FDA, USDA & other health agencies claiming these hormones do not harm humans, concerns are rapidly increasing about human and environmental negative effects. (www.sustainabletable.org) Page 114 Many industry-funded studies show no risk, but there are independent studies that suggest a potential cancer risk from hormones in milk. The European Union has banned all hormones in beef, and Japan, Canada, Austraila, New Zealand and the EU have banned rBHG (a hormone given to dairy cows to increase milk production). No major studies are under way in the U.S. to evaluate the safety of hormones in meat and milk. Page 115 (www.webmd.com) Ranchers and farmers feed antibiotics in a daily low dose to their livestock. Itâ€™s not to stop them from getting sick, but to make them gain weight. But many doctors and researchers suspect that this practice is contributing to the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, posing a serious danger to our health. (www.webmd.com) Page 116 Page 117 Page 118 Pesticides are specifically formulated to be toxic to living organisms, and as such are usually hazardous to humans. Most pesticides used today are acutely toxic to humans. Pesticides cause poisonings and deaths every year and are responsible for about one out of every sixteen calls to poison control centers. Chronic health effects have also been reported from pesticides, including neurological effects, reproductive problems, interference with infant development and cancer. (www.nrdc.org â€“ natural resources defense council) Page 119 Page 120 The potential health problems from pesticide exposure can be divided into two classes: acute (short term exposure causing nausea, skin irritation and other minor problems) and chronic (long term exposure leading to cancer, mutations, birth defects, and immunological problems). Although gaps exist in scientific data, there is consensus that pesticide use is an endemic problem that threatens our health. Currently, an average of three California farm workers report pesticide poisoning each day. (Agricultural Chemicals in Ground Water: Proposed Pesticide Strategy, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, December 1987.) Page 121 Pesticide use affects the health of farm workers and consumers and damages the environment. EPAâ€™s experts rank pesticides as a more serious public health risk than hazardous waste sites. (Johnson, Congress Again Tries Rewriting Pesticide Law, San Francisco Examiner, July 31, 1987.) Page 122 Chemicals such as pesticides, antibiotics and hormones are used in plant and animal farming to boost production and ensure adequate food supply. However, residues can be harmful to humans if taken in large amounts. Chemical levels in food are set by law. Some people choose to buy organic produce to avoid pesticide residues. To reduce your exposure to pesticides and other chemicals: Buy organic produce O Thoroughly wash all fruits and vegetables O Grow your own vegetables O Peel vegetables or remove the outer layer of leaves O Cook vegetables, rather and eat them raw all the time O Trim visible fat from meats, as many residues are fat soluble O Cook meat and chicken thoroughly O Page 123 According to a 2006 report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) the meat in our diets causes more greenhouse gasses to be released into the atmosphere than either transportation or industry! (www.scientificamerican.com) Page 124 The current production levels of meat contribute between 14 and 22% of the 36 billion tons of CO2 equivalent greenhouse gases the (www.scientificamerican.com) world produces every year. Producing half a pound of hamburger (the size of two decks of cards) for someoneâ€™s lunch releases as much greenhouse gas into the atmosphere as driving a 3,000-pound car nearly 10 miles! Page 125 (www.scientificamerican.com) A report from the Stockholm International Water Institute showed that â€œthere will not be enough water available on current croplands to produce food for the expected population in 2050 if we follow current trends and changes towards diets common in Western nations (20% calories coming from animal proteins). There will be just enough if the proportion of animal based foods is limited to 5% of total calories.â€? (Reported by Dave Burdick in GOOD at www.good) Page 126 Though meat consumption in the U.S. has dropped off slightly in recent years, at 270.7 pounds per person a year, we still eat more meat per person here than in almost any other country on the planet. Only the Luxumbourgers eat more meat than we do. Sources: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010, Livestock and Fish Primary Equivalent, June 2, 2010, FAOSTAT on-line statistical services, FAO, Rome Page 127 U.S. meat consumption is more here than almost any other country on the planet at 270.7 pounds per person per year. (www.npr.org) Page 128 What it Takes to Make a Quarter-Pound Hamburger. (J.L. Capper, Journal of Animal Science, December, 2011) And thatâ€™s not even including the animalâ€™s waste or the methane emissions from its digestion. Page 129 Animal Mistreatment Headlines: ‘Feds Close Slaughterhouse After Video Shows Abuse.’ California Egg Factory Farm.’ –NYDailyNews.com, 8/21/12 ‘Undercover Investigation Exposes Shocking Cruelty at –YubaNet.com, 5/6/08 –abcnews.go.com, 5/26/10 –ABC News, 8/29/12 ‘Graphic Video: More Dairy Farm Animal Abuse?’ ‘Butterfall Farm Worker Guilty of Animal Cruelty.’ ‘A Protest Against Animal Cruelty at Ohio Dairy Farm.’ –Examiner.com, 6/1/10 ‘Animal Cruelty Charges Filed Against Owner & Workers at Texas Cattle Farm.’ ‘Video Alleges Abuse at Pig Farm.’ Page 130 –Dallasnews.com, 5/26/11 –Newser.com, 5/9/12 If just 5% of Americansâ€™ food scraps were recovered it would represent one dayâ€™s worth of food for 4 million people. 34% of all methane emissions in the U.S. come from landfills. (CNN) Food Waste Page 131 According to a study conducted by the University of Arizona up to 50% of food in this country is thrown away, and says the countryâ€™s supermarkets, restaurants and convenience stores alone throw out 27 million tons every year. When food decomposes in landfills it releases methane, a greenhouse gas which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says is 20 times more damaging to the environment than carbon dioxide (CO2). Methane, the gas food waste produces, traps 23 times as much heat in the atmosphere as the same amount of CO2, the EPA says. Page 132 Genetically Modified Foods (GMO) Page 133 There is ongoing debate on the safety of genetically modified foods. The top 10 GMO foods to avoid are: Corn – has been modified to create its own insecticide & mice fed this corn were discovered to have smaller offspring and fertility problems. Soy – has been modified to resist herbicides & hamsters fed this soy were unable to have offspring and suffered a high mortality rate. Cotton – designed to resist pesticides; it is considered food because its oil can be consumes. Thousands of Indian farmers suffered severe rashes upon exposure to this cotton. Papaya – modified to be virus-resistant. Rice – genetically modified to contain a high amount of vitamin A and has a tendency to cause allergic reactions. Tomatoes – engineered for longer shelf life; some animal subjects died within a few weeks after consuming these tomatoes. Page 134 Rapeseed – in Canada this was renamed ‘canola’ to differentiate it from non-edible rapeseed. Dairy Products – 22% of U.S. cows were injected with rbGH (genetically modified bovine growth hormone). Scientists are concerned that this increases levels of insulin growth factors which is associated with colon and breast cancer. Potatoes – Mice fed with potatoes engineered with a bacterium were found to have toxins in their systems. Peas – found to cause immune responses in mice and possibly in humans. The American Academy of Environmental Medicine has warned that GMO’s pose a serious threat to health, and they have advised doctors to tell their patients to avoid GMO’s due to its correlation to an alarming rise in chronic diseases and food allergies. (NaturalNews.com) Page 135 What CSULB is Doing Page 136 49er Shops Page 137 Meatless Mondays at Hillside, Parkside & Beachside Dining Halls Did you know that studies have shown that we can do more good for our planet Earth by consuming meat-free meals for only one day a week? Or that if each person ate meatless on just one day a billion fewer animals would have to be factory farmed in one year? And that the benefit for going meatless this one day even outweighs those of eating only 100% local foods? Starting the Fall Semester 2012, our Forty-Niner Shops residential dining halls implemented a Meatless Monday program providing our students an array of delicious vegetarian and vegan options for all of their Monday meals. Meat-free meals give you all the nutritionally good stuff without all of the bad stuff which includes additional saturated fat and bad cholesterol. Eating this way can reduce the risk of subsequent strokes, diabetes, heart attacks and other medical issues. But more than that, it encourages our students to do something not only good for themselves but good for our environment too! For more information please visit humanesociety.org/meatfree Page 138 Grounds for your Garden As a way to keep used coffee grounds out of landfills and our community gardens thriving, the Library and University Dining Plaza Starbucks actively participates in the “Grounds for your Garden” program designed to promote a healthier planet. Why coffee grounds for a garden? Believe it or not, coffee grounds possess a nutritional additive for soil. During the brewing process, most of the acidity is removed, leaving used ground with an average PH of 6.9 and a carbon-nitrogen ration of 20 – to – 1. This can be used for nitrogen loving plants including most perennials and allium plants and makes a wonderful addition to compost. To learn more about Starbucks Shared Planet, visit starbucks.com/sharedplanet. HERE’S TO A HEALTHIER PLANET! Page 139 49â€™er Shops Water Refilling Station Placed in the University Dining Plaza Sept. 2012. Filled 2,500 bottles in the first week! Page 140 49er Shops Green Bag Campaign In support of the City of Long Beach Plastic Bag initiative, the Forty-Niner Shops have partnered with Associated Students to eliminate the use of plastic bags on campus. Plastic bags have been phased out in all FortyNiner Shops retail operations at the end of April 2012. As a part of this transition, the Shops now encourage customers to forego bags altogether, or to purchase alternative paper or reusable bags. Page 141 Trayless Dining Program In an effort to understand the impact of food waste in the residential dining halls, the FortyNiner Shops conducted a study to measure the amount of food and liquids that are discarded during a normal lunch period. Our findings concluded the following trends: â€˘ During a normal lunch period, over 200 pounds of solid food waste were collected in the dining halls. â€˘ This would create over 17,200 pounds (nearly nine tons) of solid food waste in one semester! â€˘ The average student generated over 50 pounds of solid waste, and nearly 50 gallons in liquid waste in a single academic year. Shifting all three residential dining halls to trayless dining decreased these figures significantly. Our water consumption also noticeably decreased once we removed and were no longer cleaning the trays. Today, all three residential dining halls are trayless facilities. Page 142 Japanese Garden Page 143 The Earl Burns Miller Japanese Garden Inspires â€Ś Aesthetic Enjoyment Active Learning Social Engagement established for this and future generations of students and citizens Urban Oasis and Supports University Priorities â€Ś Student Success Research & Creative Activity Page 144 Sustainability Collaborations Recycling at the Garden: Supports Campus Sustainability Goals Page 145 Garden volunteers follow best greenwaste practices. Page 146 Greenwaste at the Japanese Garden Weekly volunteers rake, weed, and generally beautify our garden, discarding the waste in the greenwaste dumpster. Greenwaste from CSULB is taken to a local processor where it is shredded in a tub grinder and used for a variety of uses, including fuel for power plants (50%), alternative daily cover at landfills (40%), and compost (10%). Page 147 Collaboration at the Japanese Garden CSULB students, volunteers, and Garden staff team up for a rooftop moss installation research project aimed at helping to solve global warming. Page 148 Moss is known as “nature’s sponge” and performs like a drought tolerant plant, helping to stabilize the soil and prevent runoff of irrigation and rain water. Page 149 Green Up at the Japanese Garden CSULB Students, Faculty, Staff and Community Green Organizations Partner at “Green Up” at the Japanese Garden Sustainability Mixers. Page 150 Green Up Projects at the Japanese Garden Landscape lighting goes LED Page 151 Green Up Projects at the Japanese Garden Sustainable Bridge Materials All 3 garden bridges have been rebuilt in the last decade and are made from ipe wood (Tabebuia), a dense, moistureresistant wood found in tropical climates including Brazil. Page 152 Green Up Projects at the Japanese Garden Koi Pond & Water Use Study Fall 2012, a team (including representatives from CSULB Facilities Management, the Campus Sustainability Task Force, faculty, students and EBMJG staff) will collaborate to create a water use plan. Page 153 Associated Students, Inc Page 154 Associated Students Inc. For additional information and to support the Recycling Center, contact ASI Development Office at (562) 985-2402 or via e-mail at ASI-Development@csulb.edu Page 155 In 1970, ecology minded CSULB students founded the Recycling Center as they identified a need for a campus-recycling facility. Page 156 - Campus Recycling - Community Drop-Off - Licensed State of CA Recycling Center Separate bins located on campus for: • trash, • bottles, and • other recyclables Page 157 ASI operates 3 programs: The Recycling Center Average Monthly Stats Approximately 150,000 pounds, including approximately 300,000 beverage containers, collected and processed. • Aluminum cans recycled save the equivalent of 7,488 gallons of gasoline or enough energy to operate a TV 24 hours a day for 55 years. • Soda and water bottles recycled conserve 88 million BTUs. • Paper recycling conserves 213,500 gallons of water and 518 trees. • Glass recycling saves 3,650 pounds of mining waste. Page 158 The Recycling Center processes annually more than 1,000 tons of recyclable materials, such as: - used beverage containers, - paper products and - plastics. Page 159 Page 160 Green Campus Interns Page 161 CSULB PowerSave Green Campus is focused on creating a more energy efficient campus. Take a look around to see what our team is working on and how you can become involved! Page 162 The Green Campus Interns focus on â€Ś - promoting green workforce development, - achieving energy savings, and - educating students, faculty, staff and the local community about the importance of energy efficiency. Page 163 Green Office Certification • • • • Created to monitor and improve campus sustainability from within offices. Interns conduct a department walk-thru, evaluation and offer suggestions. Departments implement and receive certification as appropriate. Ready to become Green Office Certified? Contact firstname.lastname@example.org Platinum Certification received by Purchasing & Financial Services and Risk Management Page 164 Page 165 2012 Mega Energy Competition A multi-campus collaboration to encourage student's in the residence hall's to save energy and water. In October 2012, 5 Southern California teams (CSULB, CPP, UCLA, UCSB, and UCI) step up to try and take the coveted trophy and Grand Prize worth roughly $1000. Each week, the hall that has the biggest reduction in energy will receive a prize (pizza party, ice cream sundaes...). In 2011, CSULB saved more than Fullerton and took home the Grand Prize Foosball table. Track your Hall's progress and standings during the month of October at: http://www.lbpowersavegc.com/energycompetition.html Page 166 Soarâ€™in over the Japanese Gardens During summer of 2011 and 2012, the PowerSave Green Campus interns teamed up with SOAR and the Japanese Gardens to host events during the overnight SOAR Program. Incoming students were introduced to sustainability on campus and were able to meet various environmentally oriented groups and learn about energy efficiency concepts through interactive carnival style games. Students also had the opportunity to sign the Power Save Green Campus Program sustainability pledge. Page 167 Green 101 Workshop In Spring 2011, the PowerSave Green Campus Program interns collaborated with the CSULB University Honors Program to host a workshop called “It’s Easy Being Green.” The workshop focused on campus initiatives and methods to live sustainability as a student. The event concluded with a meet and greet with on-campus clubs and community organizations committed to making Long Beach a greener city. Students pledged to change one behavior in an effort to live more sustainably by signing a poster that hangs in the University Honor’s Program office. Page 168 Energy Star Vending Machines The CSULB PowerSave Green Campus Program interns collaborated with the FortyNiner Shops and Coca-Cola to replace old vending machines throughout campus with new ENERGY STAR machines. • The ENERGY STAR machine provides a 49% reduction in total energy use compared to the older machine. • After identifying the energy savings, the Forty-Niner Shops replaced 19 machines with ENERGY STAR models. • This upgrade will save 47,785 Kwh which equates to $4,779 per year. Page 169 Classroom Occupancy Sensors • HOBO meters are light sensitive instruments that continuously record the time and duration lights are on/off. • These meters were installed in classrooms to determine whether the sensor in the classroom was working properly. • 27% of the classrooms on campus had malfunctioning sensors which now have been replaced. • The green interns identified a potential savings of 31,000 kilowatt-hours per year, which translates to $4,000 cost savings per year for CSULB. Page 170 Academics Page 171 Classroom Projects, MBA Program and Published Articles Page 172 Biology 459 Conservation Biology Christine Whitcraft, Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences Service learning students work with Tidal Influence (consulting company) and Friends of Colorado Lagoon to conduct a native plant restoration project at CO Lagoon. Page 173 Biology 459 Conservation Biology Christine Whitcraft, Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences Service learning students work with Palos Verde Peninsula Land Conservancy (PVPLC) to learn how to lead tours around the White Point Preserve. Page 174 Biology 459 Conservation Biology Christine Whitcraft, Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences Service learning students work with Tidal Influence (consulting company) and Friends of Colorado Lagoon to conduct a native plant restoration project at CO Lagoon. Page 175 Biology 459 Conservation Biology Christine Whitcraft, Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences Service learning students work with Tidal Influence (consulting company) and Friends of Colorado Lagoon to conduct a elevation and bathymetry survey as well as a native plant restoration project at CO Lagoon. Page 176 Professor Wesley Woelfel, Dept of Design Design 333B Industrial Design Methodology B Student designed hydration station mockups and prototypes were used to obtain student and faculty input from across the campus. Page 177 Locations included the Student Union, Library, Wellness Center and Japanese Gardens. Page 178 DESN 300 – Designers in Their Words September 13, 2012 Guest speaker – R. Tourje, Founder of the ANEW Foundation, an organization which transforms corporate surplus into community service. October 4, 2012 Guest Speaker – D. Saravis presents Designing for Change http://idsala.wordpress.com/duncan-anderson-lecture-series Page 179 ENGR 302I Energy and Environment: A Global Perspective Professor Reza Toossi, Dept of Engineering Page 180 ENGR 302I Energy and Environment: A Global Perspective Professor Reza Toossi, Dept of Engineering Page 181 Student Sustainability Mixer Japanese Garden (Spring 2011) Page 182 Professor Wesley Woelfel, Dept of Design Design 333B Industrial Design Methodology B 2010 & 2011 student designed International E-Waste Design Competition Entries. These entries explored solutions for the prevention and reduction of electronic waste. Page 183 Professor Wesley Woelfel, Dept of Design Design 333B Industrial Design Methodology B Student designs of hydration stations on display at the 2011 CSULB Sustainability Mixer. Page 184 David Teubner, Associate Professor, Dept of Design DESN 431B Industrial Design Page 185 David Teubner, Associate Professor, Dept of Design DESN 431B Industrial Design Page 186 David Teubner, Associate Professor, Dept of Design DESN 431B Industrial Design Page 187 Sustainability Studies Abroad Reza Toossi, Professor, Dept of Engineering Page 188 Sustainability and the Business Organization The 9-unit course takes an integrative and in-depth look at issues and questions in sustainability and how they impact the business environment. The objectives are: â€˘ to engage students in an exploration of sustainable development and collaboration with some of our community and university partners and â€˘ to bring value added to their own companyâ€™s sustainable business practices. CSULB MBA Program Page 189 Sustainability and the Business Organization MBA students learn about the â€˜greeningâ€™ strategies of 2 very important players in the Long Beach economy: The Port of Long Beach (POLB) and the Aquarium of the Pacific (AoP). MBA student teams work with community and university partners on sustainable development projects for 4 to 8 months. CSULB MBA Program Page 190 Page 191 MBA Program Port of Long Beach (POLB) Learn about important environmental and business strategies that are reducing the carbon footprint of the POLB, including: • the Clean Trucks program, • the “coldironing” project for ships, and • wind turbines for power. Page 192 MBA Program Aquarium of the Pacific (AoP) Learn about the sustainability strategies of the Aquarium and the impact that humans & business have on the oceans and waterways of the world. Green Business Practices: • Reducing Carbon Footprint • Carbon Neutral Exhibits • Solar Energy • Low Water Native Garden Page 193 MBA Program Projects • Aquarium of the Pacific project: The students will help develop the procedures for ISO 14001 certification for the Aquarium. • Catalina Sea Farms: The students will help define and develop a business plan and monitoring program for an aquaculture venture. • Century Villages of Cabrillo: The students will develop a business plan for an urban community garden at CVC. • CSULB - Physical Planning & Facilities Management: The students will identify and measure the carbon footprint of the trigeneration power source for the university. • CSULB – Parking & Transportation Services: The students will conduct a feasibility study to develop a continuous bicycle path through the university that links up with the City of Long Beach network of bicycle trails. Page 194 “The Dark Side of Development in Vietnam – Lessons From the Killing of the Thi Vai River” Journal of Macromarketing, 32(1), 69-81 Hieu P. Nguyen, Department of Marketing, CBA, CSULB and Huyen T. Pham (2012) This article discusses negative aspects of economic development in Vietnam involving Vedan, a Taiwanese company caught poisoning the Thi Vai river in the South of Vietnam. Vedan Vietnam’s general director, signed an agreement to fully compensate affected farmers in the three provinces. Affected farmers. A fishery farmer from Dong Nai province, with abandoned fishery tools after the Thi Vai river had been poisoned. Page 195 Financial Management Page 196 CSU Buy Recycled Campaign Substituting more recycled and environmentally friendly products when economically and operationally feasible. The CSU Buy Recycled Campaign is a joint effort between the campuses and the Chancellorâ€™s Office in support of the State Agency Buy Recycled Campaign (SABRC). The CSU Buy Recycled Campaign was developed to comply with State laws requiring the procurement of recycled content products. Campuses are encouraged, whenever feasible, to maximize the purchase of goods that contain recycled content or may be recycled or reused when discarded. Go to http://www.calstate.edu/CSP/recycle/recycle.shtml to learn more about the campaign. Page 197 CSULB Buys Recycled Products - Plastic Page 198 CSULB Buys Recycled Products Metal Glass Page 199 CSULB Buys Recycled Products - Paper Page 200 Recycling E-Waste E-waste is one of the fastest growing segments of our nation's waste stream. What is â€œe-wasteâ€?? E-waste is a popular, informal name for electronic products nearing the end of their "useful life." Computers, keyboards, televisions, VCRs, stereos, copiers, and fax machines are common electronic products. (http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov) Page 201 At CSULB e-waste is picked-up by Property Management and/or delivered by campus departments to the Receiving Warehouse. Centralized Delivery (Receiving) coordinates pick-up with our local e-waste vendor. Page 202 What happens to campus Computer (CRT) Monitors (e-waste)? Page 203 What happens to campus hard-drives (e-waste)? Page 204 Join the Duplex Printing Carpool • We encourage campus departments to join the printing duplex carpool; stop procuring personal printers and instead print via the campus printer carpool (Copier Program) using “duplex” mode. • All Division of Administration and Finance (DAF) department copiers are set to “duplex” mode. Page 205 How can I “Go Duplex”? Contact the Copier Program: email@example.com 562/985-7558 Go Duplex! Go Green! Go Beach! Page 206 Save $’s and Preserve Trees Printing duplex (doubleside) reduces the amount of paper used by half. Plus less document storage space is required. If all 6 million prints done by departments on Copier Program copiers last year were duplexed, the campus would have realized: • an annual paper cost savings of $18,600 and • the equivalent of preserving 360 trees per year! (http://www.kyoceramita.eu/index/environment/green_it_tips_and/Green_IT_Tools.html). Page 207 Coming soon to your office Office Max Reusable Shipping Totes Page 208 Office Max Totes Office Max reusable shipping totes will contribute to the campus sustainability efforts by reducing landfill waste. Here’s how it works: • Office Max will deliver your office supplies in a reusable tote. • The tote will be picked up from your department by Centralized Delivery (Mail Services and Receiving) during their routine daily delivery/pick-up. • Office Max will pick-up the totes from Centralized Delivery, to be used again to deliver office supplies. Page 209 Closing the Loop at CSULB At CSULB, used printer cartridges are placed in outgoing intercampus mail for collection by Centralized Delivery (Mail Services) and then recycled. Page 210 Printer Cartridges are palletized by Centralized Delivery (Receiving) and trucked to a local manufacturer. Page 211 Used printer cartridges recovered from CSULB Year 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 to-date 6.56 tons Quantity 599 484 639 1018 1359 1802 1517 1670 1958 1896 897 Tons .89 tons .72 tons .95 tons 1.52 tons 2.03 tons 2.71 tons 2.27 tons 1.68 tons 2.93 tons 3.66 tons 1.73 tons Page 212 Ultimate end-product result of recycling CSULB printer cartridges: – Undamaged outer shells = "new" toner cartridges. – Damaged/unusable shells = asphalt industry ingredient in road surface. – All critical wear components = recycled. – Non-critical wear parts (i.e., screws, metal rods) = inspected and reused to produce remanufactured printer cartridges or recycled. – Packaging material = recycled. Page 213 Use Remanufactured Printer Cartridges to close the loop. The Why We Care Event committee strongly recommends the use of Copier Program copiers for all printing and copying needs. However, if you require a printer, then please use a remanufactured printer cartridge. To obtain remanufactured printer cartridges, go to the Purchasing & Financial Services website: http://daf.csulb.edu/offices/financial/pur chasing/office_max/index.html Page 214 At CSULB, we chose local... Page 215 CSULB Donations of Surplus Items to Local Organizations • Goodwill • LA Shares • Lions Club • Women Shelter of Long Beach • Palms Elementary School (LAUSD) • Franklin Classical Middle School (LBUSD) • College-Ready Academy High School • Starr King Elementary (LBUSD) • The City School (LAUSD Charter School) • Downey Unified School District Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research Page 216 • Surplus Furniture and Equipment Donated Chairs Scanner Bookshelves Track Filing Systems Page 217 With a focus toward sustainability and reutilization, the Property Office/Lost & Found held a sale/auction on September 19th, 2012. Page 218 Property/Lost& Found Sale / Auction The sale/auction consisted of University property which had been identified as no longer needed by the University and items which had been in the custody of the Lost and Found Department for at least three months and which had not been claimed. Remaining items were donated to Goodwill. Page 219 Campus-wide Utilization of 30% recycled copy paper compared to using Virgin (non-recycled) Paper By using 1 ream of the Copier Program recycled paper, you’ll contribute to: • Saving 20 liters water consumption • Reducing 0.1 lbs of emission of air pollutants • Saving 3.1 kwh electricity consumption • Saving 1.1 liters of oil consumption • Saving 40,500 btu heat energy …Each pallet saves 7.2 trees Data Source: Exceedo Premium Recycled Paper Packaging Page 220 Is recycled paper better for the environment than virgin paper? Yes! It's common sense that making new paper from old paper is easier on the Earth. â€˘ It helps preserve forests, because it reduces demand for wood; â€˘ It conserves resources and generates less pollution during manufacturing, because the fibers have already been processed once; and â€˘ It reduces solid waste, because it diverts usable paper from the waste stream. www.greenamerica.org Page 221 U-Pass Ride free on LB Transit all year round with CSULB ID. http://daf.csulb.edu/offices/ppfm/parking/program/rideshare/ Page 222 CSULB U-PASS GHG Emission Reduction Stats Page 223 Zimride Carpool Ridematch at CSULB Have a car? Split the costs of driving by networking with fellow CSULB community members. Don’t have a car? Find a ride. • Save money • Protect the environment • Obtain access to priority carpool parking Page 224 CSULB Zimride Carpool Ridematch GHG Emission Reduction Stats Over 1,700 CSULB Zimride Carpool members to date • • • • • • • • Vehicle Miles Traveled Saved Gallons of Gas Saved Pounds of CO2 Emissions Reduced Grams of VOC Emissions Reduced Grams of NOx Emissions Reduced Pounds of CO Emissions Reduced Grams of PM Emissions Reduced Grams of SO2 Emissions Reduced 531,618 20,847 404,446 225,406 286,010 5,847 115,892 37,744 http://www.zimride.com/csulb Page 225 Zipcar Car Share at CSULB • Makes having a personal car, not a necessity anymore! • Get 24/7 access to Zipcars parked right on campus – Lot 3 and Lot 14! • Simply join, reserve online, let yourself in a zipcar with your Zipcard and drive. • Low hourly and daily rates always include gas and insurance. • You only need to be 18 to join. Page 226 http://daf.csulb.edu/offices/ppfm/parking/program/rideshare/ CSULB Zipcar Car Share Program Over 600 approved campus members http://www.zipcar.com/is-it/greenbenefits Page 227 How to Start: Take the Free Bike Traffic Skills 101 Class at CSULB CSULB promotes Riding your Bike To register, go to: http://csulb.edu/rideshare Page 228 Bike Friendly CSULB Awarded the following distinctions CSULB Sustainable Transportation Page 229 Bike Fix-it Stations Located at: SRWC, Parkside and Hillside. Page 230 Jax Bicycle Center supports CSULB • Jax Bike Clinics at SRWC • continued donations for CSULB events Page 231 Annual Swap Surplus Supplies In 2012, in an effort to promote and increase reutilization at CSULB, Purchasing & Support Services held the 1st campus Swap Surplus Supplies Event. Here’s how it works: • Campus Departments contact Centralized Delivery (Receiving) to pick-up their un-needed office supplies. • All supplies are stored in the Receiving Warehouse until the annual event. • During the event, staff and faculty can pick-up needed office supplies at no charge to for campus use. • Items not swapped are donated to a local school. Page 232 Estimated Cost Savings of $6K - $15K achieved at the 1st Annual Swap Surplus Supplies Event (April 2012) Page 233 Here’s what departments can do throughout the year to prepare for the annual Swap Surplus Supplies: • Collect your un-needed office supply items in boxes • Contact Support Services at firstname.lastname@example.org for your items to be picked up and stored for the 2013 event. Page 234 Writing Instrument collection Program launched at CSULB in April 2012 To-date, CSULB has collected and diverted 85 lbs of used writing instruments from landfill. It is estimated that millions of used writing instruments are discarded and end up in landfills annually. Page 235 Writing Instrument Collection Boxes Collection boxes are placed throughout the campus as a simple way for the campus community to become involved in sustainability efforts. http://daf.csulb.edu/offices/financial/purchasing/terracycle.html Page 236 Qualifying writing instruments include: • • • • • • • Pens Markers Highlighters woodcase pencils mechanical pencils dry erase markers correction tape products Page 237 Writing Instrument Recycle Program Pick-up and Shipment of the writing instruments is a coordinated effort between campus departments and Centralized Delivery (Mail Services, Receiving and Lost & Found). Page 238 Upcycling is the process of reusing waste to form creative new products. The writing instruments we collect are “recycled” or “upcycled” by TerraCycle and turned into low cost consumer items that are sold by major retailers. Page 239 Bursar’s Office On-Line Sustainable Practices • Conducting campaign for students to agree to have their 1098T Tax Forms delivered electronically. • 90% of Installment Payment Plans are completed online by students. • 94% of Financial Aid Disbursement payments are processed by direct deposit to students bank accounts. • 75% of all payments are made online. Page 240 1098-T Tax Forms Delivered Electronically Go to My CSULB Finances, Select “View 1098-T” and click on “Grant Consent” to electronically receive your 1098-T tax form. Grant Consent Page Page 241 Financial Management Information Systems (FMIS) & Controller’s Office implementing and maintaining Sustainable Practices • All FM Office printers set to print in duplex mode --- reducing paper consumption • Ipans installed in all FM Office workstations --- reducing energy consumption • Vendor invoices being sent to campus departments electronically for approval of payment --- reducing paper consumption • Document images being sent electronically from Financial System to Imaging System --eliminating need to print various documents within FM (purchase orders, Awards …) • Additional applications implemented into document imaging system --- preventing need for duplicate copies within FM (Financial Management) Page 242 Promoting ACH deposits for employee reimbursements and vendor payments in lieu of hard-copy checks. Just submit an â€œEmployee Reimbursements Direct Deposit Authorizationâ€? form to Accounts Payable. Form located at: http://daf.csulb.edu/forms/financial/contr oller/index.html#accounts Page 243 Physical Planning and Facilities Management Page 244 Appliance Timers installed at CSULB to reduce energy consumption â€˘ relatively inexpensive ($10-20). â€˘ range from simple mechanical units with a single stop-start function, to more sophisticated digital models . â€˘ can be programmed by the day or week. Consider using an appliance timer at home. Page 245 Appliance Timer installed on Water Coolers to reduce energy consumption Page 246 IPANs plugged in at CSULB What is an IPAN? • IPANs are power strips that sense movement and automatically power down devices when you’re out of the workspace. • When a workspace is unoccupied for 30 minutes, the Power Strip shuts off power to selected outlets – leaving power on only for the devices that need it. • As soon as movement is detected, power is restored. An average savings of $40 in energy costs per year with each ipan. Page 247 • 1 outlet always on – use for a device that needs to have continuous power (i.e., computer) • 1 master outlet and 4 energy saver outlets – use for devices that can be powered off when not in use (i.e., Monitors, printers) What can plug into an IPAN? Page 248 Custodial Services • Utilizing “Green Seal” environmentally friendly cleaning products and practices • Utilizing non paper based hand drying systems • Use of concentrated cleaning products to reduce the environmental impact on shipping Page 249 Energy Efficiency CSULB Central Plant Page 250 Energy Efficiency & GHG Reduction • Became signatory of the American Colleges and University Presidents Climate Commitment in 2011 • Registered 2006 Green House Gas emissions with California Climate Action Registry through CSU system-wide reporting • Implemented Energy Efficiency and GHG reduction projects with UC/CSU Energy Partnership • Reduced regional power demands via the Central Plant Thermal Energy System • Installed energy saving solid state LED lighting in all campus parking structures • Installed first wireless based smart lighting systems in 13 campus buildings • Renovated first parking lot (Lot 18) to be fitted with LED lighting and wireless control system • Implementing a campus-wide energy efficient lighting upgrade Page 251 Centrifugal Chillers Variable Speed Pumps Cooling T owers Page 252 Boilers w/ Heat Recovery Energy Efficiency • HVAC Upgrades and Retrofits • Campus wide Control Systems Upgrade • Campus wide Energy Meters Upgrade • T5 , T8, and LED Lighting Upgrades • Building Retro-Commisioning (MBCx) • Building Envelope Upgrades i.e. Cool Roofs Buildings Page 253 Wind Energy Page 254 On Site Renewable Energy Page 255 On-Site Generation Combined Heat, Power, and Cooling Early stages of planning Page 256 What is a “Green” building? A green building is a facility that was designed and built or is currently being operated and maintained using sustainable practices to minimize the building’s negative impact on the environment and to its occupants. • All new buildings will be designed and constructed to at least US Green Building LEED (Leadership for Energy and Environmental Design) silver standard • The new Hall of Science building is undergoing USGBC LEED for New Construction certification • The Student Wellness and Recreation Center is the first campus USGBC LEED Gold building • The Horn Center is currently undergoing USGBC LEED Certification for Existing Building Operations and Maintenance CSULB Green Buildings Page 257 Student Recreation and Wellness Center •75% of Construction Waste Diverted From Landfill •Energy Efficient Design (20% better than T24 standard) •Non Potable Water For Irrigation •LowVOC Emitting Materials •Low Flow Plumbing Fixtures •Designed to Minimize Storm Water Contaminants •Interactive Kiosk for Sustainable Building Features Page 258 Page 259 Page 260 • Campus-wide Lighting Retrofit (35 Buildings) • 1.4 M kWh Savings and $145K Avoided Energy Cost Lighting Design and Retrofit Best Practices • • • • • • • Volumetric Luminaires High Output T-5s Bi-level Stairwell Luminaires CFL Down lights Digital Lighting Controls LED Luminaires (Garage/Area) Wireless Lighting Control Page 261 New Energy Efficient Lamp System Page 262 Bi-level Stairwell Lighting Page 263 High Bay T5HO Page 264 High Bay T5HO Page 265 CFL Down lights Page 266 Bi-level LED Garage Page 267 Bi-level LED Area Page 268 CSULB "Solar" Green Power Every year these systems generate over 500,000 Kilowatt hours of clean electrical energy resulting in the following equivalent environmental benefits: • 1,100 Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide emissions averted • 200 passenger vehicles taken off the road • 207 acres of pine or fir forest planted • Energy to supply 78 homes • 1800 barrels of oil use averted Page 269 CSULB Solar Photovoltaic Systems Vivian Engineering Center 50KW Page 270 FM Corporation Yard 100 KW Page 271 Brotman Hall Administration 200 KW Page 272 State-mandated Recycling Requirements AB 75 required all state agencies to divert 50% of solid waste AB 341 establishes goal that not CSULB Diversion Rates less than 75% of solid waste be source-reduced, recycled or composted by 2020 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 26 34 40 70 77 72 70 92 72 75 75 % % % % % % % % % % % Page 273 How CSULB is achieving 50%+ diversion rate: Materials Recycled at CSULB Batteries Landscape debris Wood Cardboard Mixed paper Scrap metal Construction & Demolition debris Surplus Property Pallets & Tires Cans & Bottles Electronics Page 274 Batteries Used batteries that have exhausted their life span should not be thrown in the trash, as they may contain toxic materials that can contaminate ground water when landfilled or cause air pollution when incinerated. All dead batteries (rechargeable and non-rechargeable) should be placed in a battery collection box. Page 275 Battery Drop-off Locations Brotman Hall Purchasing Department (BH-346) Brotman Hall ITS Supply Room (BH-195) Carpenter Performing Arts Center Production Office (S-141) Design Department Safety Office (DSN-123B) Education Building 2 - Staff Photocopy and Supply Room Facilities Management Warehouse Facility Management Customer Service Office Horn Center Information Desk K-JAZZ Radio Station Parkside Commons Dorm Office Residence Commons Dorm Office Residential Learning Center Science Safety Office (MIC-001) University Audio Visual Department (LA1-103) USU Information Desk University Bookstore - 2nd floor Women's Resource Center (LA3-105) Page 276 Landscape debris is hauled offsite for grinding and reuse. Tree trimmings are chipped onsite and used for mulch. Landscape Debris Page 277 Landscape Debris Recycling 4,375 tons recovered 2001 - 2011 600 538 500 423 400 tons 300 395 420 435 383 300 533 478 438 200 100 32 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 278 Wood Debris Recycling Page 279 Wood Debris Recycling 120 688 tons recovered 2002 -2011 118 100 81 98 88 75 80 tons 60 42 40 45 41 58 42 20 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 280 Cardboard picked up from collection points throughout campus and flattened into 40 cy roll-off at main yard Cardboard Recycling Page 281 Cardboard Recycling 60 479 tons recovered 2002 - 2011 55 50 45 41 46 55 52 46 49 60 40 tons 30 30 20 10 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 282 Mixed Paper 3,000 deskside containers and 250 intermediate containers are distributed to staff and faculty. Recycling Collection Containers are distributed to all residents living on campus Page 283 Custodians collect paper in clear bags and place at collection points throughout campus. Clear bags of mixed paper are emptied into 40 cy compactor. Paper is taken to local Material Recovery Facility. Mixed Paper Recycling Page 284 Mixed Paper Recycling 200 1,554 tons recovered 2002 - 2011 181 184 196 177 199 173 160 138 120 tons 122 138 80 46 40 0.2 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 285 Scrap Metal Recycling 3 cubic yard tilt hoppers are emptied into 40 cubic yard roll-off at laydown yard Page 286 Scrap Metal Recycling 250 1,441 tons recovered 2001 - 2011 237 200 167 150 tons 113 100 95 80 103 93 67 137 175 174 50 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 287 Construction & Demolition Debris Contractors required to haul C&D debris to sorting facilities Page 288 Surplus Property Excess property is either re-used on campus, donated (government or non-profit organizations), auctioned, or scrapped for recycling Page 289 Surplus Property 75 477 tons auctioned 2001 â€“ 2011 67 60 51 45 tons 36 30 23 15 23 38 35 56 51 51 46 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 290 Pallet & Tire Recycling 14.4 tons of pallets recovered in 2011 2.1 tons of tires recycled in 2011 Page 291 Cans & Bottles 55-gal Pyramid barrels and containers for class rooms & special events are located throughout campus. Page 292 Cans & Bottles 14 12 10 8 tons 95 tons recovered 2001 - 2011 12.4 11.3 10 7.8 6.4 6 4 2.4 2 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 0.7 11.6 10.6 9.58 12.7 2008 2009 2010 2011 Page 293 CSULB Recycling Website Page 294 Green Landscaping Practices • Developed and began implementation of a Sustainable Master Landscape Plan • Utilizing a weather based irrigation system • Utilizing and have expansion plans for reclaimed water for irrigation • Implemented a Green Waste to Mulch program • Implemented Integrated Pest Management Control strategies Page 295 Page 296 Sustainable Landscape Estimated Water Savings • • • • Parking Lot 8 - Replant, 122 Drip Emitters: 69% VEC - 706 Drip Emitters: 57% Nursing - 200 Drip Emitters: 84% Cole Plaza - 616 Drip Emitters – 64% Page 297 Water Conservation • Installed over 300 waterless and low flow urinals • Installed touch free faucets in restrooms to improve hygiene and eliminate water waste • Installed a centralized weather based landscape irrigation system Page 298 Water Bottle Refilling Stations These stations provide the CSULB campus community a means to eliminate/reduce their use of plastic bottles, resulting in a long lasting impact on the environment. Page 299 There are currently 20 water bottle refilling stations on campus and 11 more to be installed by June 30, 2013. Approximately 75% of empty plastic bottles end up in our landfills, lakes, streams, and oceans. 1 of the 5 Water Bottle Refilling Stations located in the Student Wellness and Recreation Center (Picture taken October 3, 2012) Page 300 Page 301 Transportation â€˘ Maintains campus fleet of electric powered vehicles â€˘ Fleet of electric powered vehicles recharged from solar power Page 302 In August 2012 CSULB unveiled its first publicly accessible Electric Vehicle Charging Stations • located in Parking Structure 1 • free public charging on campus We are grateful to Adopt A Charger and the sponsor ‘Friends of Doug Korthof’ for their contribution to campus sustainability. Page 303 Page 304 What You Can Do! Page 305 STEP #1 Reduce: Don’t buy as much – ask yourself if you really need it? STEP #2 Reuse: Before you dispose of something try and think of a way to reuse it, or give it to someone else who can use it. STEP #3 Recycle: Before throwing something away be sure there is no way to recycle it! Page 306 AT WORK • Have your office machines plugged into a power saving device as applicable. CSULB Offices can contact Paul Wingco for more info. at x.58167. • Turn off the printer and copier at the end of the day (if not set to turn off automatically). • Remove personal printers and use shared copiers that automatically print on both sides. • Save files and emails electronically, and don’t print out a hardcopy of everything. • Use a lunch box or insulated cooler and bring your lunch to work. • Keep a reusable coffee mug, water bottle and utensils at work. • Be aware! Learn about and use all available recycling containers and programs. Page 307 Transportation: Combine errands into one trip Be sure tires are properly inflated â€˘ Use the bus, carpool and drive a fuel efficient car. â€˘ Walk, bike, skateboard or rollerblade whenever Page 308 Household Operations Page 309 What You Can Do. Page 310 • Weatherize your home with insulation and double-paned windows • Switch to compact fluorescent bulbs • Adjust your clothing, not your thermostat • Install low-flow devices for toilets, showers and faucets • Run full loads in the washing machine and dishwasher • Use a clothesline • Conserve water – turn off the tap when running water is not necessary • Use natural (non-toxic) household cleaners like vinegar, lemon and baking soda or store-bought green cleaning products • Wash clothes in cold instead of hot water • Use the ‘air dry’ feature on your dishwasher instead of energy-hungry ‘heated dry’ • Aerosol cans are not recyclable – buy in pump spray bottles • Do not use disposable dishes, utensils and napkins • Use in-home water filtration and reusable water bottles instead of buying bottled water • Use rechargeable batteries or recycled your used batteries • Have your appliances plugged into energy saving power strips as applicable • Make sure your water heater is properly insulated and set at correct temperature • Use and reuse sponges and dishcloths instead of paper towels (you can sanitize sponges in the microwave: sponge must be wet, microwave for 30 seconds at a time until hot & steamy) • Start composting. For more information on free workshops: www.longbeach-recycles.org Page 311 What You Can Do. Page 312 What You Can Do • You can apply to the Long Beach Water Department to receive up to $2500 for replacing your lawn in their ‘Lawn-to-Garden Turf Replacement Program. • Replace water=guzzling grass lawn with a water-smart landscape • Conserve vast amounts of water and save on your bill • Reduce water use per square foot by 70% or more • More information at: http://lblawntogarden.com Before Page 313 After Before After Page 314 Page 315 Household Hazardous Waste & E-Waste • Household hazardous waste is labeled toxic, poisonous, corrosive, flammable, combustible or irritant • Purchase non-toxic/less hazardous products and only what you need • Finish all unused products and recycle the containers or donate what is leftover • NEVER throw HHW into your household garbage, toilets or sinks; never dump on the ground or pour down storm drains–it is illegal–and can seep into groundwater waterways and oceans • Dispose of HHW/E-Waste properly at a FREE Los Angeles County Roundup or a permanent center near you: www.CLEANLA.com (Current schedule posted.) • Most, if not all household hazardous waste products have an eco-friendly alternative • HHW includes: abrasive cleaners, air fresheners, antifreeze, asbestos, automotive products, bug spray, car batteries, chlorine bleach, compact fluorescent light bulbs, disinfectants, drain cleaners, fertilizers, floor/furniture/shoe polish, fluorescent light tubes, fungicides, herbicides, weed killers, furniture/paint strippers, gasoline and diesel fuel, glass/window cleaners, hair spray, hair relaxers, dyes, permanents, herbicides, household batteries, insecticide, medicine, mercury thermostats, nail polish and remover, oven cleaners, paints, pet products (flea collars and sprays), pool chemicals, small propane tanks, insect/rodent poisons, medical needles, rug/upholstery cleaners, solvents, stains and varnishes, transmission and brake fluid, thinners and turpentines, tub/tile/toilet bowl cleaners, use motor oil and filters and weed killers. • E-Waste includes: cell phones, computers, electronic games, fax machines, light switches, printers, t.v.’s stereos, VCR’s and DVD players and microwaves, which should always be recycled. Page 316 • Use native and drought-tolerant plans and grasses • Use compost to fertilize • Mow grass high and leave clippings to fertilize • Don’t overwater; and water in morning or evening to avoid evaporation • Use a broom or rake rather than a hose to clean sidewalks and driveways • Use mulch in garden to control weeks and retain moisture • Participate in local beach clean-ups Landscape Page 317 Page 318 Page 319 Page 320 Food • Eat Less Meat! • Buy and eat more locally grown organic fruits and vegetables • If shopping at a supermarket buy certified organic products • Start a garden • Carry reusable bags to the store • Take a reusable container with you when you go out to eat for leftovers • If you buy drinks on the road, bring your own cup and/or patronize places that provide refillable containers • Shop at local farmer’s markets Page 321 Don’t buy more than you need Don’t cook more than you need Don’t put large amounts on your plate Page 322 Extra Food? Ways to Start Preserving At Home Perhaps the most famous form of food preservation â€“ and also the most complex â€“ is canning. Canning is a very effective method because foods can be kept for a long time without spoiling. The canning procedure kills bacteria that causes food to spoil. It also creates a vacuum seal, which keeps air away from the stored food. Page 323 You may not think too hard about throwing leftovers into your freezer, but freezing is still considered a food preservation method. Not surprisingly, it is one of the most popular options since itâ€™s so easy to do. Keep in mind, though, that freezing is a technique, so there are guidelines you should follow so that your food will emerge from the freezer as fresh as possible. Page 324 Depending on the type of food with which you’re dealing, drying can be a good option. It works well for fruits and also for vegetables and herbs. Even jerky has been preserved by drying. Dried foods don’t take up too much space and they don’t weigh much, either. They can also supply a crispy (or chewy, depending on the food) snack. Page 325 Page 326 Consume a variety of foods (including meat alternatives like legumes, tofu, nuts and eggs) to reduce your intake of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, hormone and pesticides. (w ww.betterhealth.vic.gov) Page 327 Maximize your intake of healthpromoting foods. Organic produce contains, on average, 25% higher levels of 11 key nutrients compared to conventionally grown produce. (www.organic-center.org) Page 328 Know where your food comes from and support local farmers. Page 329 Farm Lot 59 is a One-acre community farm in Long Beach at 2714 California Av. (www.longbeachlocal.org) They welcome all friends, volunteers, donors and supporters! Volunteer workdays: Wednesdays 9-3, Fridays 9-3, 2nd Saturday 9-3 Opportunities for entry-level jobs and internships. Page 330 $30 buys a box full of their current produce. Sample of boxes offered on 9/5/12: Cucumber, Heirloom tomato, Amaranth, Zucchini, Bell peppers, Watermelon, Passion fruit, Basil and Parsley. Page 331 Their goal is to grow and eat locally grown organic food and train young farmers. Page 332 ORGANIC MEANS: no toxic synthetic pesticides, herbicides or fumigants; no chemical fertilizers or sewer sludge used as fertilizer; no intentional genetically modified organisms; no hormones, antibiotics, artificial ingredients or trans fats and no irradiation (being exposed to radiation). (www.generationsoforgamoc/org) Organically produced crops must be grown on land which has been free of prohibited substances for three years prior to harvest (www.organicitsworthit.org) Imported produce, on average, poses pesticide risks over three times higher than produce grown in the U.S. (www.generationsoforgamoc/org) Page 333 Cleaner Water Cleaner Air WHY BUY ORGANIC? Supports Small Farms Chemical Free Food Taste! (www.greenster.com) Humane Treatment of Animals Organic Feed for Animals Protects Farmers Health Soil Erosion Prevention Reduce Pesticide Reliance No Growth Hormones or Antibiotics Yes, organic foods cost more, but itâ€™s a matter of responsibility. Each bite that you consume, each dollar that you spend provides an opportunity to make positive change for a sustainable future. (www.webmd.com) Page 334 Page 335 Page 336 Organic regulations provide assurance that organic products are produced in a manner that supports animal well-being. (www.organicitsworthit.org) Page 337 Fundamental Organic Principle: Healthy soil = Healthy plants = Healthy animals = Healthy people = Healthy earth Page 338 offers a sustainable solution that addresses the worldâ€™s hunger problems and the long-term health of the planet. (www.organicitsworthit.org) Page 339 Know where your food comes from and support local farmers. Page 340 Page 341 • Food Day takes place annually on October 24 to address issues such as hunger, nutrition, education, agricultural policy, animal welfare and farm worker justice • Food Day is a nationwide celebration and movement toward healthy, affordable, and sustainable food • Was created by the nonprofit Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) • Is not just a day, it’s a milestone on the way toward a better food system, a long-term partner for existing projects and a catalyst for new ones! • Major goals: Promote Safer, Healthier Diets (annual medical costs for diet-related diseases are over $100 billion; more than 2/3 of American adults are overweight or obese; 1 of 3 children born after 2000 will develop diabetes in their lifetime.) Support Sustainable and Organic Farms (Only 1.6% of all fruits and vegetables sold in the U.S. are locally grown; Agricultural practices are responsible for 70% of all pollution in U.S. rivers and streams) Reduce Hunger (50 million Americans are ‘food insecure’ or near hunger; in 2009, 20.7% of American children under the age of 18 lived in poverty.) Reform Factory Farms to Protect the Environment and Animals (Only 9 states have laws mandating that some farm animals be given enough room to stand up, sit down, turn around, and extend their limbs; On average about ½ of a pound of fertilizer, 1,900 gallons of water, and 7 pounds of grain are required to produce one pound of grain-fed beef.) Support Fair Working Conditions for Food and Farm Workers (Almost 90% of restaurant workers don’t receive a single paid sick day. Because of this, 2/3 report cooking, preparing, or serving food while sick; Immokalee, Florida is ground zero for modern-day slavery; if you’ve eaten a winter tomato purchased at a supermarket or on a fast food salad, then you have eaten fruit picked by a slave. That’s not an assumption. That’s a fact.) WANT A CHANGE? BE A CHANGE! CHECK OUT WWW.FOODDAY.ORG FOR WAYS TO GET INVOLVED; LIKE FOOD DAY ON FACEBOOK & FOLLOW @ FoodDay2012 on twitter (hashtag: #foodday2012). Page 342 Page 343 Page 344 Page 345 Page 346 Page 347 Upcycle = Repurpose Page 348 Products • Buy only what you need • Borrow or rent (for infrequently used equipment) instead of purchasing new • Repair rather than replace • Buy previously owned products • Support locally-owned and independent businesses • Buy locally made products • Stay healthy& keep the earth healthy: avoid toxic cleaners, paints, stains, adhesives • Buy products in bulk, concentrate and/or refillable containers • Buy recycled - this encourages manufacturers to make more of these products • Buy ‘energy star’ rated equipment and appliances • Buy vintage clothing to reduce waste • Use cloth reusable shopping bags even when not required Page 349 Page 350 Page 351 Upcycle = Repurpose: We should prevent wasting potentially useful materials by making use of existing ones. This reduces the consumption of new raw materials when creating new products. Reducing the use of new raw materials can result in a reduction of energy usage, air pollution, water pollution and even greenhouse emissions. Wine bottle chandelier Look at some of these creative ideas for reuse and come up with some of your own! TV tray becomes mini ironing board Metal drink can becomes earrings Page 352 Broken pottery planters www.notjustahousewife.net New life for old jars Plastic drink containers become planters Page 353 Tie - cell phone & credit card holder Bike chains become candle holders CD cases for ribbon storage Bottles become bracelet holders Coasters from floppy discs New life for an old wagon Page 354 Diaper boxes become decorative storage Reuse food packaging at home Another use for utensil organizer VHS tape cases = photo frames Page 355 Mobile from childrenâ€™s books Bottle cap wind chime Ladder becomes kitchen organizer Kiddie pools become mini gardens Page 356 New life for an old dresser Crib becomes storage desk Sweater sleeves become bottle wrap Cake pans & candle holders = food trays Drawers get wheels and go under the bed Bottle bird feeder Room divider made from old album covers Page 357 Page 358 Why We Care about Sustainablity at CSULB WHY WE CARE @ CSULB As individuals and as a community, we can What YOU Can Do To Create A Sustainable Community Sustainability California State University, Long Beach 1250 Bellflower Blvd. Long Beach, CA 90840 Visit Us: csulb.edu/sustainability csulb.edu/sustainabletransportation look at almost any aspect of our daily lives through the lens of sustainability: from food to transportation, from our education to our interactions with other cultures. When we make choices, we must ask ourselves: in the long term, is this sustainable, can this be continued indefinitely into the future? Page 359 If the answer is no, then it is time to start looking for better alternatives. As a University, we have a special role in society as educators, as future students and leaders. By working together to make choices that support sustainability, we will succeed in insuring viable alternatives for a thriving human society. Sustainability W h at can I do ? Household Operations There are lots of things • Carry reusable bags to the store • Take a reusable container with you when you go out to eat for leftovers • If you buy drinks on the road, bring your own cup and/or patronize places that provide refillable containers • Shop at local farmer’s markets Products you can do to create a sustainable community: At Work Page 360 • Have your office machines plugged into a power saving device as applicable. CSULB Offices can contact Paul Wingco for more info. at x.58167 • Turn off the printer and copier at the end of the day (if not set to turn off automatically) • Remove personal printers and use shared copiers that automatically print on both sides. • Save files and emails electronically, and don’t print out a hardcopy of everything. • Use a lunch box or insulated cooler and bring your lunch to work • Keep a reusable coffee mug, water bottle and utensils at work • Be aware! Learn about and use all available recycling containers and programs Transportation • Walk, bike, skateboard or rollerblade whenever possible. • Use the bus, carpool and drive a fuel efficient car. • Combine errands into one trip • Be sure tires are properly inflated • Buy only what you need • Borrow or rent (for infrequently used equipment) instead of purchasing new • Repair rather than replace • Buy previously owned products • Support locally-owned and independent businesses • Buy locally made products • Stay healthy& keep the earth healthy: avoid toxic cleaners, paints, stains, adhesives • Buy products in bulk, concentrate and/or refillable containers • Buy recycled - this encourages manufacturers to make more of these products • Buy ‘energy star’ rated equipment and appliances • Buy vintage clothing to reduce waste • Use cloth reusable shopping bags even when not required • Household Hazardous Waste & E-Waste: • Household hazardous waste is labeled toxic, poisonous, corrosive, flammable, combustible or irritant • Purchase non-toxic/less hazardous products and only what you need • Finish all unused products and recycle the containers or donate what is leftover • NEVER throw HHW into your household garbage, toilets or sinks; never dump on the ground or pour down storm drains–it is illegal–and can seep into groundwater waterways and oceans • Dispose of HHW/E-Waste properly at a FREE Los Angeles County Roundup or a permanent center near you: www.CLEANLA.com (Current schedule posted.) • Most, if not all household hazardous waste products have an eco-friendly alternative • E-Waste includes: cell phones, computers, electronic games, fax machines, light switches, printers, t.v.’s stereos, VCR’s and DVD players and microwaves, which should always be recycled. Food • Eat Less Meat! • Buy and eat more locally grown organic fruits and vegetables • If shopping at a supermarket buy certified organic products • Start a garden Sustainability • Weatherize your home with insulation and double-paned windows • Switch to compact fluorescent bulbs • Adjust your clothing, not your thermostat • Install low-flow devices for toilets, showers and faucets • Run full loads in the washing machine and dishwasher • Use a clothesline • Conserve water – turn off the tap when running water is not necessary • Use natural (non-toxic) household cleaners like vinegar, lemon and baking soda or store-bought green cleaning products • Wash clothes in cold instead of hot water • Use the ‘air dry’ feature on your dishwasher instead of energyhungry ‘heated dry’ • Aerosol cans are not recyclable – buy in pump spray bottles • Do not use disposable dishes, utensils and napkins • Use in-home water filtration and reusable water bottles instead of buying bottled water • Use rechargeable batteries or recycled your used batteries • Have your appliances plugged into energy saving power strips as applicable • Make sure your water heater is properly insulated and set at correct temperature • Use and reuse sponges and dishcloths instead of paper towels (you can sanitize sponges in the microwave: sponge must be wet, microwave for 30 seconds at a time until hot & steamy) • Start composting. For more information on free workshops: www. longbeach-recycles.org • Landscape: • Use native and drought-tolerant plans and grasses • Use compost to fertilize • Mow grass high and leave clippings to fertilize • Don’t overwater; and water in morning or evening to avoid evaporation • Use a broom or rake rather than a hose to clean sidewalks and driveways • Use mulch in garden to control weeks and retain moisture • Participate in local beach clean-ups Make a List! Create Change!